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One of the most serious of these concerns is the affect that radio waves have an essential medical apparatus, such as pacemakers. This could pose a significant health risk and is often cited as a negative factor by those opposed to cell phones.
While one of the advantages of cellular phones is the ability to use the Internet, yet this also has a downside in that there has been a dramatic and serious increase in spam mail - which can be directly related to the large number of cellular phones. Another related problem which is becoming prevalent in Japan as a result of cellular phone usage is an increase in antisocial behavior patterns. In many cases the use of cellular phones are becoming socially unacceptable due to uncaring and impolite behavior and etiquette, which is counter to social traditions and norms in Japan. This has resulted in recommendations from the…
However, the basis for prohibiting cell phones actually goes a lot further than a simple comparison of cell phone use by drivers and every other possible driving distraction. Specifically, the most recent neurological evidence suggests that talking on a cell phone is actually much more of a distraction than talking to someone in person.
Apparently, the human brain uses entirely different mechanisms to conduct in-person conversations from the mechanisms used to conduct in-person conversations. Therefore, it is the act of having a conversation with someone who is not present that is the problem rather than the physical act of manipulating the phone keypad. Opponents still object to the imposition of such restrictions and a violation of personal freedoms.
The final argument against cell phone use while driving is simply that it contributes to rudeness and inconsideration to other drivers. Apart from actual safety issues, people who are engaged in conversations…
Therefore, the suggestions forwarded would most definitely be different if the discussion had been about another country or another industry. But even so, there are some rules compulsory to be implemented, without which the organization will not retrieve the desired beneficial results. These general recommendations include:
Clearly analyzing the features of the new market in order to get an idea of the product demand and the needs of the customers, as well as the strategies implemented by the competition
Developing a marketing plan that is extremely well adapted to the unique features of the new market
Positioning the product in such a manner that it reveals the core benefits of using the item and makes it appealing to the target audience (Kotler and Keller, 2006)
And most importantly, always treating the customers with the utmost respect and striving to serve all of their needs
Bellman, E., Networking: In India,…
Bellman, E., Networking: In India, Rural Poor Are Key to Cellular Firm's Expansion, the Wall Street Journal, September 24, 2007
Kotler, P., Keller, K.L., Marketing Management, 12th Edition, Prentice Hall, 2006
Country Profile - India, BBC News, February 6, 2008, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/country_profiles/1154019.stmlast accessed on March 25, 2008
India - Internet Usage Stats and Telecommunications Market Report, Internet World Statistics, 2000-2007, http://www.internetworldstats.com/asia/in.html . Ast accessed on March 25, 2008
In that regard, a deliberately quiet exchange between colleagues on a matter important enough to discuss in the library is usually permitted in person. But for the rules necessary to address wholly inappropriate types of conversations (and volumes) of obnoxious cell phone users in restaurants and libraries, such harsh rules would be unnecessary.
The reason cell phones must be banned, absolutely, from restaurants, libraries, and even gyms is simply because people whose cell phone habits are completely obnoxious ruin it for the rest of us. People who use cell phones appropriately tend to share certain traits: (1) they speak in the lowest possible volume necessary, (2) they purposely turn away from others and shield their conversations with their bodies as much as possible, (3) they cover their other ear, (4) they understand the difference between situations where "necessary" conversations are acceptable but purely social conversations inadvisable or offensive, based on…
Cellular Phones in Japan:
It's different here.
Cell phone usage has undergone a tremendous jump in a relatively short amount of time. Indeed, the time has come when one feels slightly "naked" if one is out and about without one. Interestingly, however, cell phone technology within the United States is in its infancy compared to that found over the Pacific in Japan. In fact, the Japanese are so enamored of their cell phones and new cell phone technologies that Japanese companies are striving to create novel and powerful products to keep pace with the overwhelming demand.
Compared to American cell phone technology, Japanese products are truly striking. Indeed, for an industrialized nation, and a "world leader" at that, it is truly surprising to note the tremendous disparity between United States cell phone technology (in use), and the technology available and utilized even in the developing world. Consider, for example, that…
Earthlink. "Japan Developing Cell-Phone Wallet." Technology News. 25 July, 2004. Retrieved from Web site on August 13, 2004 http://start.earthlink.net/newsarticle?cat=2&aid=D841P6880_story
Gecko. Gecko Beach. "The Japanese Cell Phone Market." Web site. Retrieved from Web site on August 13, 2004 www.geckobeach.com/cellular/articles/japan.asp2002
Suzuki, Shou. Cell Phone Gaming in Japan. Gaming Age Online. 11 June, 2002. Retrieved from Web site on August 13, 2004 http://www.gaming-age.com/cgi-bin/specials/special.pl?spec=celphone&pagenum=1
Suzuki, David. Oiwa, Keibo. The Other Japan, Voices beyond the Mainstream. Fulcrum. New York. 1999.
However we measure time, it is outside our control, and was before we learned how to measure it the linear way we do now. Time has real personal and collective qualities as our phone bill analysis demonstrated above, where distance is large enough that one person born at the exact same 'moment' as someone else, is actually older because of their position on the earth. And differences become apparent for the same individual at different periods. Sometimes time seems to pass slowly when you are waiting for something but moves faster when you have to solve an elusive problem. Likewise a period of time can seem longer beforehand than after, and in the distant past or future. So, two people, or all of them, could experience time at different rates, and place different values on those rates, all at the 'same time.'
Free time is time when an individual can…
These are subjective values that represent the altruistic view of ethical behavior, and they apply to corporations as well as individuals within the corporations. Thus, the employees of the organization that sell phones to individuals who fit the profile of a terrorist or criminal are acting unethically, and it is the corporation's responsibility to ensure that does not occur. They should require some kind of identification or registration from all customers, and they should maintain the records so they can be searched and identified if necessary. Moral pragmatism demands that the provider use common sense as one of its ethical solutions to problems, and it makes common sense for the provider to require some kind of identification to protect and serve others in the community.
In conclusion, this is a true ethical dilemma in every sense of the words. Ultimately, it seems senseless to allow cell phone companies to sell…
Frain, Jonathan. "Call in if You Suspect Terror Threat." The Birmingham Post. 27 Feb. 2008: 6.
A prototype system for cellular phone service was created by at&T and Bell in 1977. In 1978, this new system was put through public trials with more than two-thousand trial customers in the Chicago-area. The first actual commercial cellular telephone service was offered in Japan in 1979. The United States lagged a little behind, as they were still testing cellular systems in the Washington area in 1981. Finally, in 1982 the FCC authorized the establishment of commercial cellular telephone service in the United States. In 1983, the first commercial analog cellular telephone service in America was available in Chicago, under the name Ameritech. The popularity of cellular phone service skyrocketed through the 1980s, and subscribers to cellular telephone service exceeded one million by 1987.
This fast and dramatic increase in demand for cellular telephone technology necessitated changes within the system so that more cellular service users could be accommodated. There…
Bellis, M. (2007). Selling the cell phone. Retrieved 6/13/2007 at http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa070899.htm .
Farley, T. (2007). Privateline.com: mobile telephone history. Retrieved 6/13/2007 at http://inventors.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?site=http://www.privateline.com/PCS/history.htm.
Applying the Data to Address the Apparent Challenges
On the basis of the Digitron marketing survey, ETPH will have to focus its marketing efforts in the following specific directions: First, it is essential to create a campaign that will increase the potential interest among those who have no current perceived need for cellular phone service. Second, that effort should emphasize the many situations and circumstances where the need for mobile phone capabilities are most useful. Third, future marketing campaigns should emphasize the convenient design and portability of the product and the fact that subscribing to cellular phone service provides only increasing flexibility and convenience for the user and does not in any way necessarily decrease the user's ability to choose not to respond to incoming calls.
Based on the marketing research, the first ETPH marketing campaign should feature users in depictions of situations in which the target audience…
cell phone use while driving. Specifically it will discuss the increased use of cell phones in the United States, and the dangers of driving while talking on a cell phone. Talking on a cell phone while driving is dangerous. Studies show it is just as dangerous as drunk driving, and talking on a cell phone while driving should be banned nationally, not simply on a state-by-state basis.
CELL PHONES SHOULD E ANNED
Driving while talking on a cell phone has become quite controversial as more Americans use cell phones every day. Using cell phones in public can be annoying and downright rude, but driving while talking on a cell phone can be deadly. One analyst noted, "Driving and talking on a cell phone is like drinking and driving. In both cases, the driver's reaction time is slowed, especially in the event of a roadway mishap requiring urgent response. In addition,…
Author not Available. "Cell Phone Users Drive 'Blind'; Study Explains Why Hands-Free Phones Just as Bad As Hand-Held." U.S. Newswire, 01-27-2003.
Egan, Bob. "Commentary: Common Sense and Cell Phones." CNET.com. 23 May 2001. http://news.com.com/2100-1033-258172.html?legacy=cnet&tag=owv
Ferzan, Kimberly Kessler. "Opaque Recklessness." Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 91.3 (2001): 597+.
Kanallakan, Jamie. "Cellular Phones: Policymakers Consider the Effects of Highway Usage." Spectrum: the Journal of State Government 74.1 (2001): 17.
9 million subscribers (38.5% share); and Telus has 6.1 million subscribers (29.7%).
The cell phone industry's wireless providers partner with cellular phone and wireless device manufacturers in order to provide devices to consumers. In the third quarter of 2008, an estimated 3,000,000 devices were shipped, indicating strong device turnover nationwide. The market leader in devices is Samsung, with a 27.8% share (Samsung/IDC, 2008). The market is still growing, despite the economic downturn, with a growth rate of 4% expected for 2009 (IDC, 2009).
One strong segment in the industry is the advanced smartphone industry (Blackberry, iPhone). This segment now accounts for 21% of the market, driven by an under-30 demographic (Persaud, 2009). These devices are marketed through the usual providers. Blackberry has deals with all three providers; the iPhone is marketed exclusively through Rogers. The other main segment is the general wireless (regular cell phone) market.
The government plays a…
No author. (2007). Ottawa opens up wireless industry to more competition. CBC News. Retrieved April 10, 2009 from http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2007/11/28/auction.html?ref=rss
Lasalle, Luann. (2008). Competition in Canada's Cell Phone Industry. Canadian Press. Retrieved April 10, 2009 from http://northcentralcomm.wordpress.com/2008/07/01/competition-in-canadas-cell-phone-industry-2/
No author. (2007). Canadian Telecom Industry. Swedish Trade Council. Retrieved April 10, 2009 from http://www.swedishtrade.se/PageFiles/137357/Canadian%20Telecom%20Industry.pdf
No author. (2008). Samsung leads Canada's wireless wars. Samsung/IDC. Retrieved April 10, 2009 from http://www.cellphones.ca/news/post004644/
Cellular Carlock's Financial Information
The introduction or launch of a new product in the market requires preparation of financial information and establishing evaluation and control metrics for measuring performance. The financial information for Cellular Carlock includes forecasting demand, promotional budget, break-even, marketing expense, and sales. Forecasting demand is important for this company since it helps in decision making relating to future production capacity, human resource planning, marketing budgets, and research development (Jahanbin, Goodwin & Meeran, 2013). Therefore, forecasting demand is an important element in managerial decisions for the launch of a new product into the market.
Since the automotive lock industry is a relatively new market, the demand for this product is expected to grow within the first three months by about 10% and more than 20% thereafter. The expected growth in the demand for Cellular Carlock is influenced by the steady growth in the production of automotive locks because…
Jahanbin, S, Goodwin, P. & Meeran, S. (2013). New Product Sales Forecasting in the Mobile Phone Industry: An Evaluation of Current Methods. Retrieved September 21, 2015, from http://forecasters.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/gravity_forms/7-2a51b93047891f1ec3608bdbd77ca58d/2013/07/Jahanbin_Semco_ISF-2013.pdf
Malinoski, M. & Perry, G.S. (n.d.). How Do I Measure "Innovation?" Retrieved September 21, 2015, from http://www.balancedscorecard.org/portals/0/pdf/howtomeasureinnovation.pdf
Rainey, D.L. (2005). Product innovation: leading change through integrated product development. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Vision Plan - Our Vision Plan is administered by Vision Services Plan (VSP).
Life Insurance/Accidental Death and Dismemberment Plan - We provide Basic Life Insurance coverage in the amount equal to your annual base earnings (a minimum of $30,000).
Short-Term Disability (STD) Plan
Long-Term Disability (LTD) Plan
Flexible Spending Account (FSA) Plan
Tax-Deferred Savings Plan - 401(k)
Employee Stock Purchase Plan (ESPP)
Business Casual Dress
Associate Scholar Program
Associate PC Purchase Program
Associate Adoption Assistance" (Official Website of U.S. Cellular, 2008)
U.S. Cellular has often been accused for implementing a rather strict method of selecting their employees. And they do. In addition, criticism in regard to their human resource policies also stated that the company is not interested in hiring middle-age individuals. This is not entirely true, for I do have several colleagues around the age of 50, but it does have some truth in it…
Investor Relations, Thomson Financial, 2008, http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=106793&p=irol-IRHomelast accessed on April 9, 2008
US Cellular Corp, Forbes, 2008, http://finapps.forbes.com/finapps/jsp/finance/compinfo/Ratios.jsp?tkr=USMlast accessed on April 9, 2008
ROI on Staffing Technology, Human Resources, 2005, http://www.hr.com/servlets/sfs?&t=/Default/gateway&i=1116423256281&b=1116423256281&application=story&active=no&ParentID=1119278110749&StoryID=1120080606687&xref=http%3A//www.google.com/search%3Fhl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla%3Aen-U.S.%3Aofficial%26hs%3DWBY%26sa%3DX%26oi%3Dspell%26resnum%3D0%26ct%3Dresult%26cd%3D1%26q%3Dhiring+process+at+U.S.+Cellular%26spell%3D1last accessed on April 9, 2008
Official Website of U.S. Cellular, 2008, http://www.uscc.comlast accessed on April 9, 2008
4G Phones and Technology
In the field of telecommunications, the term 4G is the fourth generation of mobile communication standards; obviously the successor to 3G. In general, a 4G system provides mobile ultra-broadband Internet access to devices, amended mobile web access, gaming, High Definition television, video conferencing, and Voice Over IP technology. Most Android and indows-enabled cellular devices are not 4G capable, but not ever location is able to access 4G technology. However, one real advantage of 4G is that it can provide an internet data transfer rate higher than any current cellular services, other than broadband and i-Fi connections (Cox, 2012).
4G is not a new technology, and has been on the market commercially since at least 2008. However, Since 2010 Smartphone technology has grown so much that aggressive speed and market expansion have pushed the envelope and consumer expectations for coverage and more rapid downloads. Even with the…
Cox, C. (2012). An Introduction to LTE: LTE, SAE and 4G Mobile Communications. New York: Wiley.
Hallwachs, J. (2010, September 13). 4G soC Platforms: Using Moore's Law to Overcome. Retrieved from Wirelessweek.com: http://www.wirelessweek.com/Articles / 2010/09/Technology-SoC-Platforms-Moores-Law-Overcome-Limits-Shannons-Law-4G/
Ibrahim, J. (2006, October 18). 4G Features. Retrieved from M-Indya Tutorials: http://www.m-indya.com/shownews.php?newsid=2248
Rathod, R. (2012, March 17). Mobile Generations - 4G. Retrieved from My Phone Factor: http://myphonefactor.in/2012/03/mobile-generations-4g/
" New York State has imposed stricter laws regarding cell phone use which call for a ban on wearing even head-sets or hands-free phones. These laws also require drivers to pull up if they need to answer a phone. But people have serious objection to this requirement as we are all aware of the lack of parking spaces in NY. "Where do you get the space to put your car? & #8230; "Pull over to the side to talk and you will get a parking ticket." (Grynbaum, 2009)
All these arguments against cell phone use appear plausible and logical but there is a serious "But" involved. The number of accidents on the road due to drivers' use of cell phone indicates that talking while driving actually keep the mind off the road which is highly dangerous. To allow free use of cell phones while driving is to invite more accidents…
Wood, Daniel B. "How ultimate car culture handles a cell phone ban." Christian Science Monitor. 10 June 2003
Sibbald, Barbara. Jury calls for cell phone ban for drivers." CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal 167-8 (2003)
Grynbaum, Michael M. "Taxi Commission seeks new ways to enforce cell phone ban for Cabbies." New York Times, 17 Oct, 2009
"Safety Group seeks ban on cell phone use for all drivers." Cement Americas, Mar
Smart Phones Impact on Society
There are few pieces of technology available today that have has as great an impact on society as smart phones. Placed within its proper context, however, smart phones perhaps epitomize the trends towards mobile communication devices that were initially began in the 1980's with the issuance of pagers. Pagers, of course, eventually heralded the era of cellular telephones, which became immensely popular near the midway point of the final decade of the 20th century. 21st century mobile device technology has widely been led by smart phones, which have cast a considerable influence on education, relationship, morals, the economy and the environment.
From a strictly educational perspective, smart phones are widely used for basic edification purposes as well as for formal scholastic pursuits. Both of these trends are largely accounted for due to their internet access. Students in classrooms (and outside of them) now have instant…
Harper, J. (2013). "Mobile business intelligence." DATAVERSITY. Retrieved from http://www.dataversity.net/mobile-business-intelligence/
Gill, P.S., Kamath, A., Gill, T.S. (2012). "Distraction: an assessment of smartphone usage in health care work settings." Risk Management Healthcare Policy. 5: 105-114.
Cellular service was launched in UK in 1985. Cantel and affiliates of Mobility UK were licenced to operate at 800 MHz. Personal Communications Services (PCS) operating at 1.8 GHz was licenced in UK in December 1995 with two new players, Clearnet and Microcell each receiving 30 MHz of spectrum. Mobility UK affiliates and Cantel each received 10 MHz of new spectrum. PCS service was launched in late 1997. Today, a wide variety of national and regional licenced wireless carriers, along with numerous resale partners, provide wireless voice and data services covering more than 99 per cent of the UK population:
Petro UK Mobility
7-Eleven Speak Out Wireless
Organizational Plan for Peace of Mind Mobile
Description of the management team and requisite talents and skills
The company is a cellular ("cell") phone service designed just for kids aged 6-13 years. The company's cell phones contain tracking capabilities, Internet safeguards, and so on so parents can feel safe when their children on using their cell phones. The management team for Peace of Mind Mobile (hereinafter alternatively "the company") will initially be comprised of three executives who will bring the respective talents and skills set forth in Table 1 below.
Management team for Peace of Mind Mobile and requisite talents and skills
Talents and Skills
Author, Chief Executive Officer/Chief Financial Officer
This executive has extensive experience with marketing products and services to young people, including cell phone-related merchandise and mobile apps. In addition, this executive has owned and operated several successful small businesses, including the financing required for start-up.…
Charles, A. S. (2012, Summer). Cell phones: Rule-setting, rule-breaking, and relationships in classrooms. American Secondary Education, 40(3), 4-9.
Dixon, B. R (2009, April). Urge parents to guide teens' cell phone use. Clinical Psychiatry News, 36(4), 30.
Florell, D. (2011, October). Just a click away. National Association of School Psychologists. Communique, 40(2), 36.
iley v. California case, outlining, in particular, the method adopted for investigating the defendant's phone, alternative means of investigation, and an analysis of the practicality/legitimacy of investigating cell phones.
The police stopped defendant, iley, for breaking a traffic rule; the ultimate result of this event was iley being detained for weapon possession. An official who searched iley following the arrest got hold of the latter's smartphone. Upon browsing through the phone, the officer observed the recurrent usage of a word linked to a criminal street gang. A couple of hours later, a detective, who was an expert in gang-related crime investigation, conducted a thorough examination of the digital content present in the offender's phone, at the station (ILEY v. CALIFONIA, n.d). Partly based on videos and pictures found by the detective, iley was indicted by the State for playing a part in a shooting incident that had taken place some…
(n.d.). Home - Supreme Court of the United States. RILEY vs. CALIFORNIA. Retrieved December 15, 2015, from http://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/13pdf/13-132_8l9c.pdf
Moore, J., Langton, J., & Pochron, J. (2014). THE COST OF PRIVACY: RILEY V. CALIFORNIA'S IMPACT ON CELL PHONE SEARCHES. 9(3). Retrieved, from http://ojs.jdfsl.org/index.php/jdfsl/article/viewFile/267/227
Marketing Plan for Combined Home and Cell Phones:
Home and cellular phones have transformed the communications arena since they have revolutionized the perceptions of people regarding voice communications. Traditionally, home phones have been the most commonly used tools for voice communications while cellular phones remained inaccessible to many customers because of their high costs. However, in the past few years, both home and cell phones have been widely used as communication gadgets. The use of cell phones has been fueled by the investment of time and resources to develop the system's capacity and lessen their costs as well as the emergence of several cellular phone companies. While the traditional home phones are still in use across many residential places, cell phones have become increasingly common because they have been developed into large-scale consumer products. The focus on marketing both home and cell phones acts as a new positioning and beneficial…
"Cell Phones Retailer Business Plan." (n.d.). Bplans: Your Business Starts Here. Retrieved April
6, 2012, from http://www.bplans.com/cell_phones_retailer_business_plan/executive_summary_fc.php
"Cellular Marketing Strategies." (2006, January 10). Phone Dog. Retrieved April 6, 2012, from http://www.phonedog.com/cell-phone-buying-guide/cellular-marketing-strategies/
Maxwell et, al. (2007, May 22). iPhone Marketing Plan. Retrieved April 6, 2012, from http://www.iphoners.com/threads/iPhone-marketing-plan.141/
hen a market becomes saturated, it becomes more difficult to sell new items; there is a limit to replacement sales, and even adding 'bells and whistles' has limited appeal. In addition, in the cellular phone market, because of both technology improvements and manufacturing cost decline, the margin of profit on the innovations -- the bells and whistles -- declines rapidly as well. An example of this is the picture phone: when first introduce just a couple of years ago, a low consumer price was about $200; now they are sold as 'twofers' with prices for a pair as low as $40 or so.
The cellular phone market in the United States is mature, perhaps even on the verge of decline. So it makes sense to look for profitable markets elsewhere. Chile is an appropriate choice.
Beginning to sell our ABC Cellular phones and service in Chile will offer…
CIA World Factbook. (April 21, 2005). CIA. 17 May 2005 http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ci.html
Howell, Llewelyn D. "Human Rights and International Business. USA Today 126.2630 (November 1997), 35. Questia. 17 May 2005 www.questia.com.
James, Harvey S., Jr. And Murray Weidenbaum. When Businesses Cross International Borders: Strategic Alliances and Their Alternatives. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1993.
Kogut, Bruce. "International Business: The New Bottom Line. Foreign Policy (Spring 1998) 152+. Questia. 17 May 2005 www.questia.com.
Cell Phone as an Electronic Wallet
apid advances in technology in recent decades have brought about a dramatic change in the way people work, transact and communicate. Yet, it is widely believed that there is still ample scope for technology to make life even more convenient and efficient. For instance, the cell phone is already showing the promise of functioning as an electronic wallet. It is the purpose of this paper to demonstrate that using the cell phone, as an electronic wallet, will in fact add a great deal to convenience and safety, especially in the area of replacing plastic credit, debit and smart cards.
paid card; convenience; efficiency; safety; security; electronic; identification; business; bank; credit card company; consumer; transaction; identity theft; fraud; charge back; commissions.
Advances in Information Technology and Communication in recent decades have brought about a dramatic change in the way people live, work and play.…
Batista, E. (2002, Nov. 25). Shopping by cell phone? No thanks. Wired News.
Retrieved Aug. 29, 2004: http://www.wired.com/news/business/0,1367,56511,00.html?tw=wn_story_page_prev2
Beaudette, M. (2002, Aug. 5). Firms offer cell phone users services to dial for; devices not just for talking anymore. The Washington Times. Retrieved Aug. 27, 2004 from the Cellbucks Web site: http://www.cellbucks.com/en_US/news/080502WT.html
Bhatnagar, P. (2004, Feb.3). New cards: Flash but don't swipe. CNN Money.
. The mobile business market has seen significant of uptake of 2E (mobile sales-force and field service) solutions and Microsoft has the chance to develop its offerings around its acquisitions, adding mobile functionality. Microsoft partners with many application vendors across the board and moving too heavily into the application space would incense many. However, there is viability in developing a mid-market mobile application proposition, given the unconsolidated nature of offerings from operators, traditional ISVs, start-ups and mobile middleware players.
In the device OS market, as at desktop level and in the server-room, Linux clearly represents a threat to Microsoft, and one it expends much energy playing down. Although there has been little uptake of Linux to date specifically as an operating system for multimedia cell phones, there are many who are not keen to implement end-to-end Microsoft solutions. Linux will give these companies added freedom in choosing applications, middleware…
Ovum Research (2006) - Worldwide Multimedia Cell Phone Forecast.
Source: Credit Suisse First Boston Analysis of the Multimedia Cell Market (2006)
Flextronics (2006) - Annual Report and key investor5 briefing materials. Accessed from the Internet on November 29, 2006 http://www.flextronics.com/en/Investors/ConferenceCalls/tabid/69/Default.aspx
IDC (2006) - Worldwide Multimedia Cell Phone Forecast. Framingham, MA. Published July, 2006.
First discuss the organization's strategy and classify it according to Porter's three generic competitive strategies.
Then identify the most critical inputs in each of the first three categories and justify WHY they are critical. Also explain what effect the inputs from one category have on inputs from the other categories. How well does the strategy fit with the environmental, resource and historical inputs you identified?
Make a Case for your proposition as to how the Key Inputs support (are congruent with) the trategy. pecifically make a claim: "The inputs at kype consisting of Organizational Environment factors. Internal Resource factors, and Historical Tradition factors are, [highly, partially, or minimally] congruent with the company's strategy."
kype offers product uniqueness. This is one of Porter's competitive strategies. kype has, in fact, received a reputation as being a highly unique company and indeed it works on being innovative and is constantly producing…
Aamoth, D. (May 10, 2011) A Brief History of Skype. Time Techland
Skype eesti keeles http://blogs.skype.com/et/2012/05/skype_seeks_new_employees_from_ukraine.html
ComputerWeekly.com. Interview: The man driving Skype's strategy http://www.computerweekly.com/feature/Interview-The-man-driving-Skypes-strategy
As a result they demand more convenient means of addressing communications needs like text messaging and are more prone to use Blackberry-like devices for their SMS needs. The development of the Blackberry came far after Hong Kong users had mastered the art of SMS on standard cellphones. The product "mapping," as Norman (1996) describes, is more intuitive on the Blackberry but the technology arrived too late to compete with the Hong Kong market. This supports what (author of "Do Artifacts Have Politics") describes as the "social determination of technology."
Sociological theories of technology suggest that artifacts may reflect political and cultural realities. Differential cellular phone usage between North America and Canada reflects a political and cultural reality: telecommunications infrastructure in the United States and Canada continues to emphasize land lines, and cellular phone services are less entrenched as a result. In Hong Kong the reverse is true: land lines were…
Cell Phone Usage Statistics." CellNumbers.com Retrieved April 1, 2007 at http://www.cellnumbers.com/cell-phone-usage.aspx
Chowdhury, Mridul & Yeung, Steve. "Hong Kong SAR." Retrieved April 1, 2007 at http://www.cid.harvard.edu/cr/profiles/Hong%20Kong%20SAR.pdf
Do Artifacts Have Politics?"
Heilbroner, Robert L. (1967). "Do Machines Make History?" Technology and Culture. 8(3). July 1967: 335-345.
Cell Phones (Technology) On Communication
Cell phones and other cellular communication equipment are omnipresent in today's digital age, with roughly 1.5 billion cellular phones used, at present, across the globe; on an average, 75 billion SMSs are sent globally, in a month (Merry, Domlija & Mackenzie, 2005). While the use of cellular communication has greatly contributed to the area of communication, cellular interferences have hampered functioning in various contexts, including driving, parenting task completion, and enrolment in academic courses. Strayer and colleagues (2005) proved that cognitive impairments linked to cell phone usage while driving may be the same as those linked to drunken driving. Impacts of distractions from cell phones have been observed in laboratory as well as naturalistic settings. Here, the word 'distraction' implies the unintentional inattention to the task at hand, which is characteristic of unlooked-for events (e.g. a call on one's cell phone). By contrast, the word…
Adler, I. (2013 January 17). How our digital devices are affecting our personal relationships. WBUR. Retrieved on 4 December 2015 from http://www.wbur.org/2013/01/17/digital-lives-i
Baron, N.S. (2008). Always on: Language in an online and mobile world. New York: Oxford.
Brignall, T.W., & van Valey, T. (2005). The impact of Internet communications on social interaction. Sociological Spectrum, 335-348.
Campbell, S.W. & Kwak, N. (2011). Mobile communication and civil society: Linking patterns and places of use to engagement with others in public. Human Communication Research, 37, 207-222.
Speakes wee told to shae a "close call" stoy that they had not shaed with the dive befoe.
Thee wee two distinct sections of the expeiment: dual-task and single-task. Duing the dual-task scenaio dyads wee convesing eithe in peson o ove a simulated phone call. Duing the single-task thee was only diving and no convesation: the single-task scenaio seves as the contol. The ode of the assignments was andomized. In all diving conditions, dives wee given cetain instuctions on what exit amp to use. The whole expeiment took 60 minutes, but individual diving sequences lasted ten minutes fo both single-task and dual-task sections.
What types of measues do they use?
Measues include those involving diving pefomance and convesation analysis. Diving pefomance measues include opeational, tactical, and stategic measues. Opeational measues include "how well paticipants stayed in the cente of the lane without lateal moving o difting," (Dews, Pasupathi & Staye…
references to traffic conditions occurred during the cellular phone conversation. Number of turns was greater for the passenger vs. cellular phone conversations. Production rate of conversation was greater in the cellular phone condition, but complexity was not significantly different.
What are some critiques? Ideas for future directions? (say something beyond what is presented in the article.)
Future research might attempt to analyze a real driving scenario, which is bound to have a different cognitive affect on both the driver and the conversation partner.
Is the sample sufficiently large and representative of the population of concern?
The sample is sufficiently large, but not representative of the population of concern because each state and each region will have different styles of driver. Also, familiarity with the road and region might affect driver performance.
home control system using mobile commerce -- or, how your cell phone can connect you to your home when you are away from home
For better or for worse, the cell phone technology has changed modern communication and modern life. Mobile communication systems have undoubtedly made modern human beings more 'connected' to one another, or at least more able to talk to, or to reach one another, at any point in time. Now, an individual with a 'switched on' cell phone can always be accessed through the use of mobile cell phone technology -- barring any interference from poor connections or poor service, of course! However, besides simply being able to talk to others more easily, mobile phones can also make it easier to access other aspects of one's daily existence, from one's calendar, list of frequently called numbers, and yes, one's home.
The ability of mobile commerce to connect…
Forbes.com Staff. "Nortel Networks." (February 19, 2004). Forbes.com Retrieved on February 19, 2004 at http://www.investorguide.com/cgi-bin/browse1.cgi?tick=NT& site= http://biz.yahoo.com/n/N/NT.html
"Home Control Systems." (2004). Electronic House Magazine. Retrieved on February 4, 2004 at http://www.electronichouse.com/default.asp?NodeId=1200
'Motorola." (February 18, 2004). Business.com. Retrieved on February 4, 2004 at http://www.business.com/directory/telecommunications/motorola,_inc/profile / 'Motorola: and Leading Developers Add Multimedia and Connectivity to Feature Phone Reference Design. (2004). CNBC.com. Retrieved on February 4, 2004 at http://www.investorguide.com/cgi-bin/browse1.cgi?tick=MOT& site= http://news.moneycentral.msn.com/ticker/rcnews.asp?Symbol=MOT
'Market Report -- In Play." (February 19, 2004). Briefing.com. Retrieved on February 4, 2004 at http://www.investorguide.com/cgi-bin/browse1.cgi?tick=MOT& site=
Flextronics International is the world's largest outsourcer of electronics manufacturing jobs. The company is based in Singapore and has established a devised sophisticated logistical, supply and design series of methods that allow the customers to reduce fixed assets and product development time. Although Flextronics is not just a company based on low-wages labor, it currently has 9,000 employees in 29 countries, with half of them being concentrated in China, while the others work in low-wage centers such as India, Poland and Mexico.
Flextronics' clients are a different story: they are all from the United States: Microsoft, Dell, Motorola, Palm, Hewlett-Packard and Xerox. There is a high chance that many Americans have used a Flextronics'-built product, thrown on the market under a more popular brand.
Michael Marks, the man who runs Flextronics International, is the one responsible for the increasing outsourcing trend in the hi-tech industry, as it has currently reached…
1. Justin Doebele, "Flex Forward," Chief Executive. New York: Jul 2004., Iss. 200; pg. 34
2 David W. Tice. "Remember the Bottom Line: What's going to happen when investors again demand profits? " On Wall Street. New York: Dec 1, 2000. pg. 1
3. Shad Dowlatshahi "Bargaining power in buyer-supplier relationships"
. Production and Inventory Management Journal. Alexandria: First Quarter 1999.Vol.40, Iss. 1; pg. 27,
The signal-jumping algorithm necessary for the being able to deliver the signals to specific mobile devices as they move through an entire network is also critical.
In summary, location-based wireless services would provide the necessary means to stay continually informed as a mobile device travels through a network of servers (Junglas, Watson, 2008). The more critical question however is how the data is tracked of a person's movements, and if their privacy is being too compromised for the sake of convenience. Location-based services will eventually become more pervasive, underwritten initially by advertising models and later by services content models, yet the security and privacy issues must be dealt with for this mobile technology and its application to deliver on the promise of more accentuated location-based intelligence.
ajiv Chakravorty, Sulabh Agarwal, Suman Banerjee, Ian Pratt. 2007. A mobile bazaar for wide-area wireless services. Wireless Networks 13, no. 6
Rajiv Chakravorty, Sulabh Agarwal, Suman Banerjee, Ian Pratt. 2007. A mobile bazaar for wide-area wireless services. Wireless Networks 13, no. 6
December 1): 757-777. http://www.proquest.com (Accessed February 11, 2009).
Cristian Chelariu, Vinita Sangtani. 2009. Relational governance in B2B electronic marketplaces: an updated typology. The Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing 24, no. 2 (February 13): 108-118.
For specialty goods, however, brand and packaging are very significant (Nickels, McHugh, & McHugh, 2005). These are items that are purchased because of their brand of packaging. In other words, the person that goes to a jeweler to purchase a Rolex watch with a gift box and papers will not settle for a Timex in a plastic box because it is cheaper. Cell phones are also considered to be specialty goods because packaging, brand, and features matter very strongly to many of the people that purchase them. These people may be interested in whether the phone offers text messaging, camera features, or eb access, among other features. They may also be interested in what they can save or what they receive along with their phone, which means that they will be interested in irelesstoyz because the company offers many important promotions that customers will see as being valuable. The idea…
Hurst, Mark. (2002, November 21). Interview: Maryam Mohit, Amazon.com. Good Experience.com. Retrieved at http://www.goodexperience.com/columns/02/1121.amazon.html
Nickels, William G, McHugh James M, and McHugh, Susan M. (2005). Understanding Business. 7th Ed. McGraw-Hill Irwin: New York.
Press Release (2003, January 23). Free shipping threshold lowered from $75 to $39. Amzn Investor Relations. Retrieved at http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=97664 p=IROL-NewsText&t=NewsRelease&id=374261 & highlight=
Wirelesstoyz. (2006). Wirelesstoyz Limited. Retrieved at http://www.wirelesstoyz.com
Parents also typically call to confirm that our caregivers have remembered to dispense medications or provide other types of special care required by their children. Generally, telephonic communication is the primary communications medium that we use, simply because it is the most common and frequently used communications medium among people.
he use of email has been tremendously influential in our industry just as it has throughout society since approximately the turn of the 21st century. When we first installed a computer system in 1995, it was strictly used to maintain information, financial records, employment information, and to generate printed material. We upgraded to Internet connectivity and email capabilities in 1997 but email was not used that often for direct communication with clients. We constructed our website in 1998 and at that time, we provided a contact us link that was initially intended to be use primarily by prospective…
The use of email has been tremendously influential in our industry just as it has throughout society since approximately the turn of the 21st century. When we first installed a computer system in 1995, it was strictly used to maintain information, financial records, employment information, and to generate printed material. We upgraded to Internet connectivity and email capabilities in 1997 but email was not used that often for direct communication with clients. We constructed our website in 1998 and at that time, we provided a contact us link that was initially intended to be use primarily by prospective clients.
Almost immediately, we noticed that some of our clients started using that link to contact us for routine communications. At that time, most of our e-mail exchanges came from clients' business computer systems because while many professional businesses had already implemented Internet connectivity, comparatively fewer private individuals and families had yet moved to computer communications at home. In between 1999 and 2000, we noticed a dramatic increase in the use of email for routine communications and inquiries from our existing clients and we upgraded our network system to be able to handle the increased volume of email communications.
Now that email communication has become the primary means of communication besides the cellular telephone, we have changed many of our procedures to make sure that we exploit that medium to its full potential. We provide our customers with an electronic email newsletter and we frequently use email to provide supplemental information as necessary. We also give our clients the option of receiving their billing information online only, for which we give a nominal discount to support the global environment and because it would reduce our overhead if we could gradually convince all of our clients to go paperless. Communication via email offers instantaneous transmission of critical information in a format that also allows us to delay responding to routine exchanges. That is tremendously helpful to us in comparison to telephonic communications because they require a real-time response whether the nature of the communication is critical or merely routine.
Nano particles and nano tubes are on the small scale of a virus, which is why the living organism is crucial for downsizing the materials that are customarily used in portable rechargeable batteries. The new batteries will be more powerful and also prove less taxing on the environment. Manufacturing the virus-assisted batteries will also be more efficient and safer, as no solvents are needed to manipulate them and engineers do not have to use high heat or resort to high-pressure procedures. Instead, only water is necessary.
Although prior research has revealed ways to genetically manipulate viruses to create a material suitable for the anode of a battery, the most recent research revealed ways to use viruses for the cathode of the battery too. The first genetic manipulation revealed the potential for the virus to cover itself in nano-particles of iron phosphate. The most recent research showed that this genetic manipulation…
Barazesh, Solmaz. "Viruses Could Power Devices." Science News 175(9). Retrieved April 25, 2009 from http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/42454/title/Viruses_could_power_devices
Global warming has been an issue of debate for decades, however, today there seems to be more evidence pointing to its reality. Type in "global warming" on Google search engine and access to more than fifteen million web sites will appear. One such web site is "Natural Resource Defense Council" at http://www.nrdc.org/globalarming/default.asp, which contains a wealth of information concerning global warming (Global pp). Those who believe in global warming assert that higher temperatures will produce dangerous consequences such as drought, disease, floods, and lost ecosystems (Global pp). According to the theory, carbon dioxide and other air pollution from sources such as coal-burning power plants and automobiles, collects in the atmosphere and creates a "thickening blanket" that traps the sun's heat and causes the planet's temperature to increase (Global pp). Over the past fifty years the average global temperature has increased at the fastest rate in recorded history and scientists predict…
Life on Mars.
Science and Nature: Space.
Indeed, with 5000 customers, the company is now on the cusp of taking on larger market proportions and should seize the opportunity accordingly.
The sensible approach to this would be the adoption of a Universal Data Architecture. By combining the principles of warehousing and data mart presentation, the organization can create a body of information which is continually growing and a forum for quick and useful analytical examination.
here data warehousing is concerned, it important for an organization to be possessed in the knowledge of its core clientele. By maintaining a database, the hardware store can consider such options as a regular mailings to loyal customers, the distribution of coupons and other schemes aimed at targeting those with an already established interest in the retail location. The nature of a date warehousing strategy, which suggests a continually growing body of information which is in its own regard never fully compete,…
Friedman, Tom. (2005). The World is Flat: A Brief History of the 21st Century. Farrar Straus and Giroux.
Ni*****h, P. (2006). Data Mart vs. Data Warehouse: The Great Debate. Open Source Analytics. Online at http://opensourceanalytics.com/2006/03/14/data-mart-vs.-data-warehouse-the-great-debate
This lead was accomplished through a partnership nearly a half-century old among government, industry and academia. I member of that partnership was the National Science Foundation (NSF). As Strawn noted, early on, scientists and engineers at American universities began to join the young APANet, as they worked on basic research funded primarily by the NSF. Acknowledging this, the NSF began supporting national supercomputing centers, in the mid-1980s, as a means of giving American scientists, engineers, and students greater access to high-performance computing that was state of the art, and developed Computer Science Network (CSNET).
Creation of these national supercomputer centers by NSF was critical to the development of the Internet. To further enhance U.S. scientists' access to these centers, NSF established the NSFNET national backbone network that connected the NSF supercomputing centers to U.S. universities. NSF also promoted the creation of regional networks to connect colleges and universities to the…
Bellis, M. Inventors of the Modern Computer. 2007. About.com. November 7, 2007 http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa091598.htm .
Brief History of the Internet. 10 Dec 2003. Internet Society. November 7, 2007 http://www.isoc.org/internet/history/brief.shtml .
Cold War. 2003. National Park Service. November 7, 2007 http://www.nps.gov/archive/elro/glossary/cold-war.htm .
DARPA Over the Years. 27 Oct 2003. DARPA. November 7, 2007 http://www.darpa.mil/body/overtheyears.html .
I want to also understand how to add serve them and deliver quality services and products, and how to be profitable doing it. I'm also very interested in how to better stay in touch with customers on a constant basis. It seems like the best companies in the world have defined processes and approaches for making sure they stay in tune with what their customers want. Apple's iPod, iTunes and now iPhone are a case in point. As Johansson and Nonaka (1987) make the point in their article, Market esearch the Japanese Way, it's not the volume of statistics generated on customers, but the relevance of the numbers that matters most. I want to gain from my MBA program how to make the entire series of strategies for the company I want to create all synchronize on one strategic goal: giving the customer exceptional value and service at a reasonable…
Marketing Myopia, 1975. Dr. Theodore Levitt. Marketing Myopia. Harvard Business Review. September - October, 1975.
Johansson and Nonaka, 1987. Johny K. Johansson and Ikujuro Nonaka. Market Research the Japanese Way. Harvard Business Review. May - June, 1987.
ecently, I was riding behind a car in a 40 mph zone. The Toyota Corolla in front of me was going 25 mph. A line of angry motorists were following behind us. The slow car was bobbing and swaying, not keeping a clear, linear path forward. When the road finally opened up into two lanes, I was able to pass the car. Instead of a frail and elderly person in the driver's seat, which my slightly prejudiced mind's eye had envisioned, there was a young man -- yakking away on his cellphone, oblivious to the world around him.
People who drive while talking on a cellphone insist they are great drivers. Other people might have problems with distractions, but they do not, they say. However, all of the anecdotal evidence to which I have been exposed indicates the contrary. I have seen people run red lights -- or…
Calandra, Lion. (2009). Public grooming. The New York Times. Retrieved:
Most of the world's electronic trash -- especially old computers -- is dumped in the third world countries, resulting severe environmental problems and illnesses among residents. A latest news agency declares that about 80% of the world's electronic trash is imported to Asia every year, and about 90% of which ends up in China (Chandran, 2002). The large amount of electronic trash dumped in Chinese cities has created serious health hazards for residents living across these cities. Although Chinese authorities have listed Guangdong's towns of Guiyu, Longtang and Dali and other areas as the country's major collection and distribution centers for electronic trash, these areas now have become a health hazard. The health problems arise through cathode ray tubes (CTs), and any device that might hold them. CTs contain lead and other chemicals that leach from landfills into groundwater. The pollutants are released into the air during burning.
Bartholomew, Doug (2001). E-Business Commentary -- PC Makers: Haul Your Own Trash. Industry Week, August, pp.21-24.
Berger, Sandy (2004). Recycling Computers & Electronic Equipment. Compu-Kiss, pp. 1-2.
Chandran, Rina (2002). Trash e-trash. Business Line, April 10, pp. 4-5.
Markoff, John (2002). Technology's Toxic Trash Is Sent To Poor Nations. Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition, pp.7-8.
Home Goods M-Commerce
During the earlier parts of the internet and technological revolution that began in the 1990's with the emergence of the World Wide Web was what eventually came to be known as E-Commerce. Indeed, there was the shift whereby what was done in brick and mortar stores was increasingly done online. Thus, regular commerce became electronic commerce, or e-commerce for short. Nowadays, there has been yet another shift to a subset of electronic commerce, that being on mobile devices like cellular phones, tablets and personal data assistants, or PDA's. Mobile commerce has become prominent enough that it should get its own mention. The covering of mobile commerce within the modern paradigm can be associated with a number of product categories and industries. The specific industry that will be focused on in this report is goods for the homes such as those for cooking, other food preparation and gardening.…
al.); (Rahman, 136- 138) (Dasgupta)
From the segmentation analysis and mobile content revenues forecast, the need for launching the low-cost and ultra-low cost mobile cellular phone business in India based on value-added services that can be incrementally added to consumers' accounts is preferable to concentrating only on price alone. Creating the unique value proposition for the service based on mobile content also is attractive to potential partners who are necessary for the nationwide success of the company across India's broad geographic regions. This concentration on value-added services is also critical when the competitors to the proposed company are also taken into account. The following section provides insights into the competitive landscape in India for cellular and telecommunications.
Competitive Landscape and Analysis
The following is an analysis of the competitive landscape of providers that the proposed company will need to partner with in some cases, and compete with in others. Clearly…
AMR Research Study. Research Alert on Cellular Phone Costing and Forecast Alert. August 2005. Boston, MA. ABI/INFORM Trade & Industry. ProQuest.
Mike Clendenin. "Tale of two cell phone markets: INDIA and CHINA. " Electronic Engineering Times 4 Jun 2007: 33-34. ABI/INFORM Trade & Industry. ProQuest.
Nibedita Das. "Technology, efficiency and sustainability of competition in the Indian telecommunications sector. " Information Economics and Policy 12.2 (2000): 133-154. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 6 May. 2008
Anjan Dasgupta. Competition Policy in Telecommunications - a Case Study of India. 2005. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 8 May. 2008
In addition to gaining a high percentage of the 15-29 segment as defined in the case study, there is the added strategy of being able to take more of the mainstream customers from cellular service providers with bad service, high prices, and complex programs to understand. Presented below are the specific assumptions that illustrate the financial viability of this strategy:
Pay-as-you-go is expected to be the fastest growing segment of cellular telephone service industry (SEC 2007) as defined by research firms the Yankee Group and Current Analysis. Included in this analysis by these research firms is significant churn from existing cellular telephone service providers, which is a strength of Virgin Mobile.
Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) is assumed to stay flat over the forecast period for both basic and deluxe service levels, further increasing profitability and the potential for increasing investment in capital equipment and service assets, including customer service…
4G LTE Encryption
When cellular phones first came out, the concerns about data loss and theft was not all that high. This was mostly because these devices functioned mostly (if not entirely) as phones with perhaps a camera phone here and there. Nowadays, however, cellular phones are often smartphones and they are literally small computers in terms of the data that they carry and the abilities that they have. Given that and the fact that tablets and other devices have entered the cellular signal fray, it is important to focus on the data security that these data devices have and whether that technology is being used in the way it could or should be and whether improvements are needed. While technology and encryption have come a long way, it is imperative that the envelope is pressed harder and harder every day so as to maintain (or create) privacy and safety…
Alam, M., Yang, D., Rodriguez, J., & Abd-Alhameed, R. (2014). Secure device-to-device
communication in LTE-A. IEEE Communications Magazine, 52(4), 66-73.
Huang, Y., Leu, F., You, I., Sun, Y., & Chu, C. (2014). A secure wireless communication system
integrating RSA, Diffie-Hellman PKDS, intelligent protection-key chains and a Data
Motorola- International Business
Motorola, since it first entered the electronic market as the world leader in the field of communication technology using mobile phones, has up until today maintained its status as a leader in the manufacture of mobile phones, pagers, microchips that can be used in computers as well as for other purposes, and automotive semi-conductors. Though Motorola has indeed been facing stiff competition from the Japanese, and it has been pushed literally into the background on many occasions when the Japanese, especially during the 1980's and early 1990's began to flood the U.S. market with high quality and low costing cellular phones, when the demand for these devices was just catching up in the U.S.A. Even though Motorola headed the cellular phone revolution in the U.S.A. during that period, it was not able to catch the chunk of market that it deserved because of the phenomenon of Japanese…
Bailey, Kelly. Six Sigma methods and Tools. Retrieved From
http://www.isixsigma.com/library/content/c040802a.asp Accessed on 4 December, 2004
Career Fusion. 2003. Retrieved From
http://www.careerfusion.com/knowledgebank/bestpractices.htm Accessed on 4 December, 2004
The transaction was all-cash and was estimated at approximately $4.3 billion, including the assumption of approximately $900 million of net debt. Before acquiring Alamosa, Sprint Nextel Corporation was involved in some litigation issue with one of Alamosa Holdings' subsidiaries, AirGate PCS Inc. Therefore, completing the Alamosa acquisition brought final resolution in this matter. Alamosa was one of Sprint's most important affiliates before the merger with Nextel and the acquisition of this wireless affiliate. Texas based Alamosa Holdings provides Sprint PCS services in 19 states across the United States, and it has about 1.5 million direct wireless subscribers. The affiliate has approximately 1,300 employees. In 2005, Alamosa Holdings' revenues reached $1.32 billion. The most important outcome of acquiring Alamosa Holdings was the fact that the acquisition extended Sprint Nextel Corporation's direct service territory to an additional 20 million people in 19 states.
Another wireless affiliate that was acquired by Sprint Nextel…
The Sprint Tradition (2007). Sprint Nextel. Retrieved June 12, 2007 at http://www.sprint.com/companyinfo/history/ .
Sprint Corporation 1899-2005 (2007). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved June 12, 2007 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sprint_Corporation_%%29 .
Nextel Communications (2007). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved June 12, 2007 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NEXTEL_Communications_%%29 .
Sprint Nextel (2007). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved June 13, 2007 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sprint_Nextel#Merger_of_Sprint_and_NEXTEL .
BluetoothTM is a low cost, low power, short-range radio technology- originally perceived as cable replacement alternative for the cable / wire connected devices such as mobile phone hand, headsets, and portable computers. The BluetoothTM's goals expanded to include standardized wireless communications between any electrical devices and created a notion of Personal Area Network. The write-up traces history of BluetoothTM starting with its unusual name to formation of Special Interest Group, SIG's formation, its growth culminating into implementation of version 1.0b.
Version 1.0 of the Bluetooth came out in 1999-starting as early as 1994 by engineers from Ericsson. The specification is named after Harald Blatand- a tenth century Viking. Ericsson Corp. founded the Bluetooth SIG in February 1998, Intel Corp., IBM Corp., Toshiba Corp., and Nokia Mobile Phones. In December 1999, core promoters group enlarged to include four major players, namely, Micorsoft, Lucent, 3 Com and Motorola.
Then, the components of…
Bluetooth Revealed, Brent, Miller. September 2000, Prentice Hall PTR
Bluetooth Demystified, Nathan Muller, J.J. September 2000, Prentice Hall PTR
Technology and Social Change
There is an intrinsic relationship between technology and social change. The exact nature of that relationship is interesting, especially when one considers the myriad facets of it. On the one hand, technology impacts social change in a way that is arguably causal. On the other hand, social changes can help to engender technological advances, which in turn continue to affect additional social changes. In this way, the relationship between these two phenomena are somewhat cyclical, much like the proverbial chicken and the egg conundrum. Suffice to say that both technology and social change affect one another, and are interwoven in the sort of advancements they foster in today's world.
It is difficult to discuss today's society without considering the impact that the personal computer, cellular phones, and the internet have had upon it. Quite simply, the ramifications of these technological developments are that considerable. The commercialization…
Abboud, L. (2014). Telecom firms mine for gold in big data despite concerns. www.reuters.com Retrieved from http://www.reuters.com/article/us-mobile-world-bigdata-idUSBREA1M09F20140223
Harper, J. (2014). How to do operational intelligence. www.dataversity.net Retrieved from http://www.dataversity.net/operational-intelligence/
McClelland, K. (2000). Functionalism. http://web.grinnell.edu Retrieved from http://web.grinnell.edu/courses/soc/s00/soc111-01/IntroTheories/Functionalism.html
McClelland, K. (2000). Conflict theory. http://web.grinnell.edu Retrieved from http://web.grinnell.edu/courses/soc/s00/soc111-01/IntroTheories/Conflict.html
Smartphone marketing, ACME
Smartphone Marketing Plan
Marketing Proposal: Smartphone
Palm Computing, Inc., released the Palm Pilot 1000 and 5000 in March 1996, in a technological climate that had weathered much disillusionment with handheld computing, owing largely to the unfortunate blunders in marketing the overhyped Newton Message Pad. The Palm Pilot, soon to have the word "Pilot" dropped from its name due to legal infringement on the Pilot Pen company's trademark, had a different approach to handwriting recognition than the Message Pad. It required that the user learn a glyphic alphabet that would allow the handwriting recognition software to use constraints as an aid to letter recognition. Thus, less processing power and software code would need to be dedicated to this task. This power came standard with the Palm's onboard operating system, the Palm operating system (OS).
The Early Days
The philosophy behind the Palm OS was also different than those…
Abascal, J. & Civit, A. (2007). "Bridging the 'Gap between Design for all and Assistive devices'" In Stephanidis, Constantine (ed.), Universal Access in HCI. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Bailey, R. W (2006). Human performance engineering: Designing high quality professional user interfaces for computer products, applications and systems. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Buchanan, G.Jones, M., Thimbleby, H., Farrant, S., & Pazzani, M. (2004). Improving mobile internet usability. Proceedings of the 10th International. WWW Conference (pp. 673 -- 680). New York: ACM Press.
Improved ommuniation onstitutes one of the threads needed for mending the rift between those individuals responsible for advertising and Boomers. To bridge the apparent generational divide and begin to raft ommerials that onnet with Boomers requires lear, onstrutive ommuniation (Derrik and Walker). Goals for messages advertised in ommerials or other means also need to be lear. One primary motivation for Boomers, as well as for younger generations is the belief that they, along with their ontributions matter (Derrik and Walker). When businesses and advertising reatives fous on similar missions and visions, this ontributes to the realization that differenes between younger generations and Boomers need not divide them. Instead as these differenes are hallenged, they an be surmounted.
For Generations Currently Shop in the U.S.
Currently, oneivably for the first time in U.S. history, four generations of individuals live, work and shop in Amerian ommunities. Consequently, four generations serve as potential…
cited in Lang, et al., Channel changing behavior, section ¶1). A number of factors contribute to channel changing habits, including "passing time, habit, companionship, escape, low involvement, and negative affective reactions" (Lang, et al., Channel changing behavior, section ¶ 2), to what an individual is viewing. In addition, when a person watching TV does not like a particular message, he/she will likely decrease his/her cognitive effort. When he/she watches an interesting, relevant, and involving message, on the other hand, he/she allocates more of his/her resources (Production pacing section, 2). A person's channel changing habits, consequently affect his/her commercial viewing. Lang, et al. note that practice, as well as, research indicate that the increase in the pace of a production may also impact a person's channel preference, which in turn, also affect an individual's commercial viewing.
Consumers' Purchasing Decisions the price and quality of a product and service, according to Christensen have traditionally contributed to consumer's purchasing decision. During 1995, however, "softer' issues, such as environmental friendliness" (Customers seek section, ¶1) served to break the tie between similar products and services. In response to this trend during the years surrounding 1995, companies responded by marketing one in nine new products as being, what later became known as environmental friendly. Numerous other factors, including TV commercials, albeit, also reportedly contribute to buying practices of Boomers, as well as habits of other consumers, in their decisions to purchase a particular product, including a cell phone surface provider.
TV Commercials Carleton (2007) challenges readers to, "Fill in the blank: 'There are some things money can't buy. For everything else, there's -- '" ¶1).
Carleton points out that while MasterCard captures an individual's attention with this TV commercial, the credit card company also "proved the point that a creative, repetitive ad logs its place in our memory. Indirectly, it tells us there's plenty of stuff that money can buy" (Carleton, ¶1).
In advertising ventures, Carlton notes, the same scenario proves true. In advertising there are a number of things no amount of money can buy. In advertising a product or service, a cell phone service provider or other business could spend several thousands of dollars, simply by the volume of ads or commercials it places. The challenge, however, is to connect with consumers, convince the potential buyer that the advertising business can meet or fill the consumer's wants and/or needs. The most challenging part, however, according to Carlton, lies in having customers remember the name of the business doing the advertising.
Environmental Impact Requirements. As noted above, many citizens maintain that the aesthetic impact of cellular towers lowers their residential property values, but there are other concerns involved in such installations as well. According to Crowell (1996), there have been a number of concerns voiced about the potential health and environmental problems that electro-magnetic radiation from cellular communications towers and their supporting facilities may create. In an effort to protect the aesthetics of these communities as well as to ensure public health and safety, local governments have increasingly applied zoning powers to regulate tower installations by requiring setbacks from residential or commercial structures, imposing height restrictions, and requiring safe zones in the event the tower collapses or debris falls from the tower; in fact, some municipalities have specifically established setback requirements for towers based on health and environmental concerns (Crowell 6). Still other local governments have imposed moratoriums on issuing facility…
Cellular Tower Installations through Public/Private Partnerships." (2005). WEL Associates, LLC. Available: http://www.welutz.com/cell_tower.html.
Clark, Martha L. (2005). "Massachusetts: The Land." In Encyclopedia Britannica [premium service].
Crowell, Anthony. (1996, June). "Local Government and the Telecommunications Act of 1996." Public Management, 78(6):6.
Czerniawski, June. (2000, March 19). "Fence Post: Police station needed." Daily Herald, 15.
LTE (Long-Term Evolution)
Long-Term Evolution (LTE)
A Summary of LTE
Implications for Stakeholders
Application of Theories
Structured Cabling Issues
Features of LTE
The Best Choice?
Long-Term Evolution (LTE)
A Summary of LTE
Long-term evolution (LTE) is an emerging technology. It is a standard in wireless communication, and relates to the effective and efficient transfer of high-speed data for both data terminals and mobile phones (Sesia, Toufik, & Baker, 2011). Based on GSM/EDGE as well as UMTS/HSPA technologies, LTE increases both the speed and capacity of a network by utilizing modulation techniques that are new. The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) has developed the standard by which other companies must work if they are interested in getting involved with LTE (Agilent, 2009; Khan, 2009; Sesia, Toufik, & Baker, 2011). It was not until December of 2009 that LTE became publicly available. At that…
Agilent Technologies. (2009). LTE and the Evolution to 4G Wireless: Design and Measurement Challenges. New York: John Wiley & Sons
Dahlman, E., Parkvall, S., & Skold, J. (2011). 4G -- LTE/LTE-Advanced for Mobile Broadband. New York: Academic Press
Dahlman, E., Parkvall, S., Skold, J, & Beming, P. (2008). 3G Evolution -- HSPA and LTE for Mobile Broadband, 2nd edition. New York: Academic Press
Dahlman, E., Ekstrom, H., & Furuskar, A., et al. (2006). The 3G Long-Term Evolution -- Radio Interface Concepts and Performance Evaluation. IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC), Melbourne, Australia
One of the most pervasive new technological inventions is the cellular phone. The mobile phone has greatly impacted the social and aesthetical values of people in most parts of the world. It is not uncommon for people to receive calls in public places, and frequently these one-sided conversations are even louder than those between two people talking in person. Loud rings, which are often digital sound files of popular tunes, contribute to the cacophony of sounds in urban environments. People are becoming increasingly more used to the sounds of cell phones ringing, which proves that the technology has already altered our perception of the environment. Mobile phones are now a pervasive part of our culture; people of all ages walk down the street with telephone in hand.
However, cell phones also raise a lot of controversial social values issues. There seems to be a lack of common courtesy in…
As cellular phone usage has increased the emergency response systems in rural areas has found itself being jammed with over use while the traditional wired trunk lines go unused. Unfortunately, balancing the cost of adding new wireless trunks line in order to meet the new demand has to be balanced against the cost of maintaining the old wired trunk lines. Due to the fact that cell phone coverage is not universally available in rural areas, traditional wired phone access is still needed so rural areas must still adequately meet the needs of both technologies, the old and the new. (Kurtis)
The new E-911 system is an enhanced version of the old 911 system. The advance of wireless technology has allowed the transmission of more information in a much more efficient manner. Under the E-911 system, the 911 operator can easily identify the telephone number of the person calling and any…
Chapman, S. a. (1998). Emergency Use of Cellular (mobile) telephones.
Federal Communications Commission. (2010). Wireless 911 Services. Washington D.C.: FCC.
Habib, I.M. (20007). Wireless technologies advances for emergency and rural communications. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing .
Kurtis, M. (2004). Deploying E-911 Phase II in Rural America. Business Source Complete .
" (Al-Ghaith, Sanzogni, and Sandhu, 2010)
With a focus on Saudi Arabia it is reported that there is "no reliable local production in the fields of software or the hardware. The increased demand for ICTs is met by acquiring overseas technologies.
The trend towards increased reliance on ICTs by the Saudi people, in particular computers and internet services, is one of the highest when compared with other developing countries; however it is still far below the ownership rate in developed countries. Table 1 illustrates the ownership rate of equipment such as fixed-line telephones, cellular phone and personal computers. The ownership rate was calculated per 1000 persons in variant countries over the world." (Al-Ghaith, Sanzogni, and Sandhu, 2010) the goal of the study reported in the work of Al-Ghaith, Sanzogni, and Sandhu (2010) is to enhancing the understanding of factors that influence adoption and usage of online services in Saudi Arabia.…
Molina, Alfonsa, Ben-Jadeed, Mohammed (2004) the Emergence and Evolution of e-Banking in Saudi Arabia: The Case of Samba Financial Group. Frontiers of E-Business Research 2004
Jasimuddin, Sajjad, M. (nd) Saudi Arabian Banks on the Web. Online available at: http://www.arraydev.com/commerce/JIBC/0103_02.htm
Agarwal, R. And Prasad, J. (1998), "The antecedents and consequents of user perceptions in information technology adoptions," Decisions Support System, Vol. 22, pp. 15-29.
Ahmed, a.M., Zairi, M. And Alwabel, S.A. (2006). Global benchmarking for internet and e-commerce applications, Benchmarking: An International Journal 13(1/2), 68-80.
It is noteworthy that most recently the government started soliciting opinions from legal academies, interested groups and the general public when drafting a major piece of legislation, to achieve democratic lawmaking and advance further compliance with the law (Lo, V.I., 2007).
The most important economic event at this stage or in the years following the 1978 economic reform in China is undoubtedly its accession to WTO at the end of 2001. Following 15 years of numerous negotiations and adjustments of policies, China eventually entered the mainstream world economy and started enjoying the benefits and facing the challenges of WTO.
In response to WTO requirements, China underwent a "make-over" in many aspects. A brief summary of China's WTO promises is shown in Figure 9A. According to the WTO agreement, China is subject to reviews by the WTO in the 8 years following its accession. The most recent one was announced in…
Bailey, P., China in the Twentieth Century. 2nd ed. 2001: Wiley-Blackwell. 296.
Brainard, S. Lael, "An Empirical Assessment of the Proximity-Concentration Trade-off between Multinationals Sales and Trade," American Economic Review, Sep. 1997, pp. 520-544.
Chow, G.C., THE IMPACT OF JOINING WTO ON CHINA'S ECONOMIC, LEGAL AND POLICAL INSTITUTIONS, in International Conference on Greater China and the WTO. 2001:Hong Kong.
Clarke, D.C., Legislating for a Market Economy in China. The China Quarterly, 2007(191): p.567-585.
Academic Dishonesty and Student Cheating
Academic dishonesty has existed as long as organized schooling, whether in the form of glancing at a neighboring student's examination, copying a classmate's homework, or plagiarizing source material in written assignments. According to many reports, academic dishonesty has increased dramatically in over the last several years and three factors, in particular, have been implicated as contributing factors.
The widespread availability of Internet sources represents a convenient opportunity to plagiarize online material, especially where instructors are less familiar with the Internet medium than students. Similarly, recent technological advances in communication technology (and the miniaturization thereof) has enabled students to devise clever new strategies to facilitate cheating during in-class examinations.
Interviews with students who admit to cheating reveals that many of them justify their academic dishonesty by reference to high profile accounts of corporate dishonesty and widespread deterioration of business ethics, in general (Boon). Others maintain that…
Boon, Miriam (2003) Student Cheating Rises at Stanford: Educational Outreach, Overhaul of Disciplinary System May be Contributing Factors. (Palo Alto Weekly Online Website; Embarcadero Publishing Company). Accessed June 12, 2004, at www.paloaltoonline.com/weekly/morgue/2003/2003_04_11.cheating11.html
Innerst, Carol (1998) Universities Retreat in War on Cheating. (Washington Times, Jan. 29, National Center for Policy Analysis Website). Accessed June 12, 2004, at www.ncpa.org/pi/edu/jan98o.html
Slobogin, Kathy (2002) Survey: Many Students Say Cheating "OK"
CNN.com Website) Accessed June 12, 2004, at www.cnn.com/2002/fyi/teachers.ednews/04/05/highschool.cheating
More advanced MIMO techniques can increase performance well beyond the current limits of data rate and reach" (p. 238). It would also appear that a growing number of vendors are recognizing the inherent constraints involved in the previous MIMO configuration and are developing superior alternatives. In this regard, according to Hedayat and his associates (2007), "Many MIMO systems for WiMAX are being developed without beamforming, and although it helps in robustness and can add some capacity, MIMO does nothing for the uplink. The result will be an uplink limited system that either has very slow uplink and frequent coverage holes, or a system that requires many more base stations and cell sites for universal coverage" (p. 8). Navini is in the process of introducing a new standards compliant MIMO solution that it calls "Smart MIMO"; Smart MIMO applies adaptive beamforming to MIMO in order to provide additional benefits beyond what…
References practical guide to WiMAX antennas: MIMO and beamforming technical overview. (n.d.) Motorola: White paper.
Brooks, a.C. & Hoelzer, S.J. (2001, May 15). Design and simulation of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signaling: Final report.
Chen, S., Ahmad, N.N. & Hanzo, L. (n.d.). Smart beamforming for wireless communications: A novel minimum bit error rate approach. Department of Electronics and Computer Science
University of Southampton, Southampton, U.K.
Cimini, L., Jr. (1985, July). Analysis and simulation of a digital mobile channel using orthogonal frequency division multiplexing. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 33(7), 665.
North Korea Info Collection
Over the many decades that it has had a dictatorial regime, North Korea has attempted to use a number of different approaches to gain access to the vital information it believes it needs to counter the forces of its warring enemy, South Korea. Even so on just about every level it is assumed that North Korea is quite far behind in its abilities to compete effectively in the challenge to confront or spy on other nations that it doesn't like or distrusts -- including the United States.
For the most part, North Korea funnels its strategies regarding the capturing of information through its military and spy networks (Pike, 2011). However, it has also begin using other more contemporary methods of information gathering and monitoring, including adjusting their military systems to facilitate better control and provocation strategies. This is thought to be occurring because of the country's…
Associated Press (2009). N. Korea reshuffles key spy agencies. Hindustan Times. Viewable at http://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/RestOfAsia/NKorea-reshuffles-key-spy-agencies-Report/Article1-409400.aspx .
Breitbart (2009). N. Korea operating cyber warfare unit. Viewable at http://www.breitbart.com/article.php?id=D97VRISG0 .
Dies, H. (2011). North Korean Special Operations Forces: 1996 Kangnung submarine infiltration. Viewable at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0IBS/is_4_30/ai_n13822276/ .
Jin, H.Y. (2007). NSC's Detection of Cell Phone Usage is Strengthening. Inside North Korea. Viewable at http://www.dailynk.com/english/read.php?cataId=nk01500&num=2792 .
Personal Digital Assistants in Healthcare
Current Applications and Future Trends in the Use of Personal Digital Assistants in Healthcare
Today, healthcare practitioners enjoy a wide range of digital equipment that can help them provide more efficient healthcare services, including laptop computers, cellular telephones and personal digital assistants, or PDAs. These devices have been used in various ways by clinicians to improve their ability to deliver more timely and accurate diagnoses and treatments, and it is clear that the use of these devices will continue to increase in the future. The purpose of this study is to provide a current snapshot of how personal digital assistants are being used in various healthcare settings, including military and government tertiary facilities and the use of PDAs on the battlefield in times of war, but with a specific focus on how PDAs are being used in nongovernmental healthcare facilities today. To this end, a…
Blow, F.C., Barry, K.L., Walton, M.A. et al. (2006). The efficacy of two brief intervention strategies among injured, at-risk drinkers in the emergency department: Impact of tailored messaging and brief advice. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 67(4), 568.
Cieslak, D.M., & Van Winkle, M. (2004). Carry your office in the palm of your hand; a pocket-size device is your computer when you're on the road. Journal of Accountancy, 198(2), 52.
Corbett, M.L. (1996, January). Choosing the perfect PDA: Personal digital assistants help busy professionals. Black Enterprise, 26(6), 34.
Greisler, D.S., & Jackson, J.R. (2000). The changing nature of physician power: Understanding physician power and its future. Journal of Power and Ethics, 1(4), 260.
BARTNICKI v. VOPPER
In Bartnicki v. Vopper, the Supreme Court ruled that the First Amendment protects the news media even when they broadcast private cellular-phone conversations that were illegally intercepted by someone else. Ruling in its first major press-freedom case in a decade, the high court said the federal law making it a crime to intercept and disseminate phone conversations cannot be used against the news media when they report on matters of public concern. This decision is of great legal significance due to its political and practical effects.
This paper analyzes and examines the United States Supreme Court case of Bartnicki v. Vopper. In Part II, the facts of the case are discussed. Part III outlines the Court's ruling, including the dissenting justices' position. In Part IV, the legal basis for the ruling and the political and practical effects of the Court's ruling are reviewed.
Bartnicki v. Vopper (99-1687) 200 F.3d 109.
First Amendment Center: Supreme Court Files." Retrieved at http://www.freedomforum.org/fac/2000-01/bartnick_ind.htm . On October 6, 2002.
Mauro, Tony (5/22/01). "Press Rights Outweigh Privacy in Wiretapping Cases, Justices Find." Retrieved at http://www.freedomforum.org/templates/document.asp?documentID=13976on October 6, 2002.
Paulson, Kenneth A. (5/22/01). "Stolen Conversations and Freedom of the Press: Inside the First Amendment." Retrieved at http://www.freedomforum.org/templates/document.asp?documentID=14015 on October 6, 2002.