Cheating at Nascar: Who's at the wheel?"
"If you don't cheat you look like an idiot," says it all; this comment was made by one of the icons of NASCA, Darry Waltrip, after he was caught cheating (amsey, 2010). NASCA is a gigantic organization where cheating is not only rampant, it is expected. Perhaps it is because NASCA was born in an environment of illegal activity where outsmarting the law was the only way to succeed. Today, however, there are many motivational factors that promote cheating in the organization. These factors are varied but they all eventually lead to the almighty dollar. Money is not the only reason that cheating is so pervasive in NASCA. In fact, the culture within NASCA is comprised of many aspects which contribute to unethical behavior. Cheating is so omnipresent throughout the organization that it will be extremely difficult to eradicate it, but not impossible.…… [Read More]
This presented the troubling consideration that many of the current standard-bearers for physical excellence were the product of performance enhancing drug use. Moreover, this cast a dark shadow on what have been regarded as some of the game's greatest recent accomplishments, which had been achieved through cheating.
In that vein, Canseco's claim was succeeded by an admission that seemed to justify this reproach. Mark McGwire, Canseco's former Oakland Athletic teammate, admitted that he had actively used steroids throughout the course of the fabled 1998 season in which he dethroned Roger Maris as the single-season homerun champion (Ferrell, 1). To many, it called into question the true nature of his accomplishments. In 2002, Ken Caminiti dealt a similar blow to professional athletic achievements' credibility when he admitted that his 1996 National League MVP season was one largely propelled by steroid use. Further, he marked the number of active players in the…… [Read More]
Cheating is a relative term and most likely has numerous different definitions that depend on the point-of-view of the event and persons involved. Human beings are not perfect and are expected to fall short of expectations on a daily basis. Due to the inherent flaws in man, cheating will definitely occur. My personal definition of cheating is as follows: cheating is an intentional act that intends to deceive or gain an unfair advantage over somebody else. Fairness and justice are important principles for society to follow in my opinion and when they are ignored consequences of an unpleasant nature should be expected by those within that society.
In today's world, technology has allowed distance education to be a practical and useful method of education. With this new technology comes a large responsibility of all parties involved to ensure that fairness and justice are demonstrated throughout the constructs of any online…… [Read More]
In severe cases, cheating can impact a student's professional development and even impact the lives of others. For example, student who cheats on a first aid exam and then performs a life-saving technique jeopardizes the other person's life. A law student who cheats his or her way through school does not provide adequate representation for clients. Any time a student gets away with cheating in class, a bad precedence has been set. That student learns that cheating leads to success, and may cheat in their business transactions and even in their romantic relationships. Cheating can essentially become a way of life.
If the student is caught cheating in school, the practical effects are more direct. First, the student violates the teacher's trust. That teacher is unlikely to spend time with that student and offer personalized support. The student might stop showing up for class at all. Some students cheat defiantly,…… [Read More]
Materialism flourished as a core ideal of American culture throughout the 20th century and most likely fueled the tendency to cheat in school. Moreover, the secularization of American society made it so that students were not inundated with the fear of spiritual retribution for cheating. It is highly likely that in a secular society cheating becomes easier, and more acceptable. However, religion may have nothing to do with the prevalence of morality in a society. Instead, social cohesion might be the key to creating and maintaining morality. Social pressures dictate social norms. If cheating is socially sanctioned then students are more likely to cheat. If peers pressure their friends to refrain from cheating such as by ostracizing cheaters, then cheating would be less prevalent. egardless, cheating remains salient in American culture.
Shulman also points out that one of the reasons cheating persists on college campuses is the lack of universal…… [Read More]
Both men and women, consciously or subconsciously, dream of connecting with a soul mate. Or, in other words, the archetypical dream is of an intimate relationship where each partner feels complete in the presence of the other. In fact, it could even be argued that it is this hope that leads to the expectation of mental and sexual fidelity from one's partner. Viewed from this perspective, I agree with Stephen O. Watters's contention that cybersex can be just as damaging to a relationship as a live affair because it runs the risk of diverting one partner's mental and sexual attention away from his or her mate, resulting in unfulfilled needs and discontent.
While it is true that sexual excitement and desire soon fade from a long standing relationship, the fact remains, that sexual fidelity is important in protecting an existing relationship. This is because there is ground to believe…… [Read More]
I was raised to have a very strong moral and ethical code, and cheating has always seemed abhorrent to me from the first time I can remember being aware of it. Perhaps this kind of morality, similar to others like those regarding personal relationships and possessions, must be learned young if they are to be learned at all. According to J.D. Heyman et al. In their article, "Psssst...What's the Answer?," the authors state that "Anita Cava, co-director of the University of Miami Ethics Program, believes ethics should be taught as early as kindergarten" (Heyman et al., 37). This might not be a bad idea. At that age, children are not under all of the pressure that college students cite as a reasonable excuse to cheat. This makes it easier for them to understand and admit that cheating is wrong -- just ask any five-year-old if cheating is okay and see…… [Read More]
The other principal objection relates to the fact that the poor would have much greater incentive to sell their organs while the rich would benefit more from the plan. This objection also must compare other areas of modern life where that is (already) no less true. Coal miners, loggers, and deep sea fishing are all exceptionally dangerous occupations normally held by those who have few other vocational opportunities and their labor provides power, lumbar, and food for those who are wealthier.
Academic Course Reflection
[Just let me know what you want me to do with this section and I'll take care of it.]
JOURNAL ENTRY 11: DEFINITION:
Examine the term cheating as it relates to one of the following as it relates to family, career or personal needs (Not academic)
DEFINE: Free write an extended definition of cheating based on the above. (2 paragraphs, 5 sentences each)
JOURNAL ENTRY 12:…… [Read More]
Cheating is a significant problem among college students, and prior studies have shown that a majority of students either cheat or implicitly condone cheating. In order to study this issue in a particular campus setting, self-accounting surveys were performed on 161 students inquiring their opinions and experience regarding cheating, and the likelihood that they would report a cheater. This study concluded that while a majority of students believe that cheating is never justified, that same majority has participated in cheating either actively or passively, and would not be very likely to report cheating. This shows that cheating is not a problem with confused or "alternative" morality, but demonstrates a "hypocrisy gap" between student morality and student behavior.
Cheating is a significant issue in schools today. According to a study performed by California State University, "Most students (78%) reported cheating of at least one type." (Butler et al.) Past studies…… [Read More]
In my observations, I watched children between the ages of seven to twelve at a middle school during recess. Most were Caucasian and middle-class, thus I was not able to observe racial or socio-economic differences, only gender differences. Some of my observations confirmed what I had read. Children who were angry, aggressive, and did not have a group of friends to talk to on the playground were more likely to cut in line to play on popular equipment. However, the gender difference was much more pronounced than the literature might reveal. Rejected girls seemed more likely to withdraw from games, than attempt to become involved and to cheat to show mastery through cheating.
Another interesting observation was that cheating was not confined to rejected children. I noticed that in one baseball game, a popular and well-liked and highly skilled child was 'inching' off of a base in an…… [Read More]
Felicity Huffman and Lori Loughlin are only a few of the actors whose careers have been unfortunately overshadowed by a cheating scandal. This article will show you that cheating is no joke, based on the experiences of those embroiled in the highest profile cheating scandal in recent years.
The Hollywood Cheating Scandal had less of an impact on academia than you might think, though. As newsworthy as these stories are, and how the scandal was broke, the involvement of high-profile actors from Hollywood only revealed what had ostensibly been going on for years among the general public.
In addition to explaining the details of the cheating—what it entailed and how it was carried out—this article will analyze some of the causes and effects of the cheating scandal. If you have been curious about the Hollywood Cheating Scandal and want to learn more, you have come to the right place.…… [Read More]
The highlights on the victim and his hat, and the woman add interest and detail to the work.
This painting has extremely rich texture and pattern. Many of the details are intricate, and they make the painting come alive. The detail in the clothing makes it come alive, and it seems to have texture that the viewer could touch. The patterns of the fabric and the entire scene are quite vibrant too, and the give an overall feelings of depth and space that seems almost 3-D. The artist uses shading and shadow to create depth too, and it gives the effect of real fabric draped around the servant's head and in the tunic and feather on the hat of the victim. The texture of the four people's skin seems almost like porcelain and contrasts with the texture of the fabric they are wearing.
The clothing indicates this painting was painted…… [Read More]
Social Forces and Costs of Cheating
The rules of personal academic conduct generally require students to do the work necessary to complete class assignments on their own. Any effort to evade this rule in a manner that maintains the impression that the student is performing adequately, would be considered cheating.
Academic cheating can take many forms, from looking over the shoulder of a classmate during an exam, writing notes on inside of the palm or forearm, purchasing the answers from an online service, to paying someone to complete a take-home exam. The justifications a student might use for cheating can be just as varied, and can include being uninterested in the course material, struggling to keep up, a temporary personal crisis, scheduling conflicts, or arrogance. While all of us have experienced personal problems, scheduling conflicts, and boring class material, and some of us may have found instructional material…… [Read More]
Academic Dishonesty and Student Cheating
Academic dishonesty has existed as long as organized schooling, whether in the form of glancing at a neighboring student's examination, copying a classmate's homework, or plagiarizing source material in written assignments. According to many reports, academic dishonesty has increased dramatically in over the last several years and three factors, in particular, have been implicated as contributing factors.
The widespread availability of Internet sources represents a convenient opportunity to plagiarize online material, especially where instructors are less familiar with the Internet medium than students. Similarly, recent technological advances in communication technology (and the miniaturization thereof) has enabled students to devise clever new strategies to facilitate cheating during in-class examinations.
Interviews with students who admit to cheating reveals that many of them justify their academic dishonesty by reference to high profile accounts of corporate dishonesty and widespread deterioration of business ethics, in general (Boon). Others maintain that…… [Read More]
The Hollywood Cheating Scandal exposed what life is like on the other side of the tracks—the side where wealth and fame are used to buy a way into top-tier schools for trust fund kids. The college admissions cheating scheme involved some big names across a range of industries: actors, actresses, fashion moguls, Wall Street guys, real estate giants, doctors and many others were all implicated in the scheme along with Ivy League teachers, coaches, and test takers. This article will discuss what happened, why, and what it means for America.
Money Can’t Buy Happiness—But It Can Buy You a Four Year Degree with the Right Connections
People have always wondered why some get into the elite schools are others are denied. Well, the answer is that money talks and always will. The people who have to do so earn their degrees the hard way—through hard work and…… [Read More]
Ironically, the single most important thing a university could do might be to suspend all forms of grading by the traditional test methods. Even without cheating, the focus on grades only encourages studying to perform on test instead of learning for the sake of learning. It might not be practical for large classes, but one-on-one oral exams between students and professors or TAs might be more difficult to cheat on and provide more accurate indications of what students have actually learned than traditional testing methods. If the university cannot suspend traditional grading and testing, the single most important thing might be to provide a mandatory ethics course to freshman in conjunction with employing a very strict one-strike policy for cheating.
8. Do you agree or disagree with Professor Couser, author of the "Dear Plagiarist" article? Why? What are two main points he is trying to communicate to students in this…… [Read More]
In academic institutions throughout the world, there are systems of codes which dictate how administration expects the student bodies to behave. These codes can be different based upon the specific rules of the institution in question. Some have clothing rules, others alcohol or narcotic rules, but there are certain dictums which are more universal. Many schools have rules which dictate that students must behave in ways which the institution considers to be honorable. These honor codes can include different components, but it is primarily a pledge against cheating in any sense of the word. Students in many institutions must sign honor pledges wherein they promise that they will not cheat on their assignments or their examinations. Also, if they are witness to any dishonesty on the part of their classmates, then they are responsible for revealing that duplicity to members of the staff or administration. The students pledge…… [Read More]
omen Are More Faithful Than Men
The libraries and bookstores are overloaded with published books about love and relationships, and television programs deal with those topics on a daily basis. One of the most frequently addressed topics in these books and programs is infidelity.
And while digging into the subject, as this paper does, it is apparent that when it comes to infidelity and cheating, men do it more than women. This paper does not try to delve very deeply into the why, but it provides solid scholarship on the data and the literature on the situations that exist in society, and in marriages, that tempt men to stray from their relationships. The substance of this paper is that women are more faithful than men. Young women considering marriage should engage in a patient and thorough investigation into the tendency of men to cheat, and be totally familiar with her…… [Read More]
Ethics in Technology
Business - Management
The purpose of this paper is to highlight and present the ethical issues that are involved in using modern technology. The paper highlights some of the current ethical issues faced by computer users that are due to unethical practice and lack of proper ethical policies by different businesses. The paper pinpoints the causes and gives recommendation on how the current issues can be minimized. A portion of this paper also consists of lawsuits that have recently occurred due to unethical practices adopted by businesses.
Ethics in Technology
We live in a modern era, the era of modern technology and innovation. Our lives are encircled by modern creations. These technology and advancement have surely brought comfort and ease in our life but unfortunately, the use of modern technology has also given rise to many ethical problems out of which few are a topic of discussion…… [Read More]
One obvious counter-argument is that this goes against the idea so fundamental to the American ethos that the accused is innocent until proven guilty, and it is better to let two guilty people go free than to punish one innocent individual. While this may be true of serious capital crimes, a college Honor Board has a responsibility not to simply uphold the rights of the individual but also to the need to create a livable and upright academic community. A community where cheating is tolerated is not academically healthy, and if people feel that others can get away with cheating, they will be less morally rigorous in terms of their own academic honesty.
Furthermore, cheating by computer has gotten easier and easier, and until better controls can be instated, and hacker-proof technology has essentially caught up with the cleverness of dishonest students, some non-technical controls and sanctions must take their…… [Read More]
Black Swan is a sort of horror film, but one that we don't expect as it takes place in the world of ballet. Nina (Natalie Portman) is a ballerina who wants her chance at playing the swan in "Swan Lake," which means she will have to portray both the 'good' swan and the 'bad' swan. The problem is that she is such a good girl that nobody believes she has the chops to play the black swan. And in enters Lily (Mila Kunis), the bad girl who befriends Nina…and who tries to take over her role in "Swan Lake?"
The Black Swan is like a dream. It is about ambition, dreams, and self-doubt. It is about betrayal and desire. It is a film that is hard to put into a few neat words. Like Aronofsky's other films -- most notably Requiem for a Dream, Aronofsky is the king…… [Read More]
Lessons Learned - Plagiarism, Proper Citations, Paraphrasing
A Masters Degree in Information Systems builds on the student's former education, gives the student new, specific tools for using, understanding and building hardware and software, and prepares the student for valuable work in perhaps the most important global system developed to date. In obtaining a Masters Degree in Information Systems, the student must learn state-of-the-art knowledge, with one phase building on the one before it, and enabling the student to keep learning throughout his/her life and keep developing new systems to keep up with demand. In obtaining this Degree, the student must learn to recognize and avoid plagiarism, use proper citations and properly paraphrase.
Plagiarism is using the thoughts and words of another as your own, without giving credit to the original author (Bouville, 2008). Plagiarism is currently a major problem in education and in business. In fact, though plagiarism…… [Read More]
In fact, from the movie's beginning, Bell's actions are both unethical and obnoxious. Bell uses his leadership skills to convince other boys to join him in his delinquency, offering them contraband materials and taking them on against-the-rules outings. Regardless of these actions, however, Bell's two largest unethical acts during the movie are the incidences in which he cheats. It is these incidences that suggest Bell has not learned from his unethical mistakes, while Hundert has. In fact, throughout the movie Hundert feels sorry for his unethical actions, and he does his best to repair them. He talks about them with other faculty, confronts Bell about his choices, and at the end of the movie apologizes to the boy who was knocked out of the competition by his actions. Bell, on the other hand, simply cheats again in order to obtain another position of power. In both their motivations and their…… [Read More]
happy birthday. I know that you must have heard this from me numerous times, but I would like to speak again of my undying love for you. You are the love of my life and my heart is filled when you walk in the room. I am but a humble man from Lebanon, and I came here to the United States looking for a better opportunity; yet love had other plans for me, and my venture here lead me to you, as well. I recall the day I first laid eyes on you as if it were yesterday. It was when I was working as a salesman in my brother's store in New York when luck had struck me and you walked into my life. My jaw dropped and my eyes felt as if they were deceiving me since I thought you were too beautiful to be real. It was…… [Read More]
Shakespeare's Sonnet # 138
Shakespeare's "Sonnet 138"
illiam Shakespeare's "Sonnet 138" provides audiences with the opportunity to get a more complex understanding of the speaker's relationship with the Dark Lady and concerning the insecurities that come to dominate his thinking as a result of him growing older. It seems that this relationship has become platonic and it influenced the speaker to experience an emotional detachment as he concentrates on turning a blind eye to what goes on around him -- he simply prefers to ignore the fact that she lies to him and that she is cheating on him with other men. The sonnet actually puts across a psychological study with regard to ideas like love, adultery, and acceptance of one's position in the world.
The speaker focuses both on himself and his mistress in trying to provide audiences with a thorough account about their affair. Even with the fact…… [Read More]
The answer that he found the most interesting and the most likely to start a research on the degree of integrity society is showing today and the means of correcting it was: "You don't know if he was breaking the rules, until you know what rules are about following the rules."(Carter, 188) Carter's reason to begin by explaining the concept of Integrity and distinguishing it from honesty, for example, is setting a step further in comprehending his motifs. Everyone must have encountered at some point or another, an ethical dilemma. Adults are able to discern between the basic rules of "playing by the rules," but most of us are sometimes confused about the final destination of a real life situation or just a game. A certain example from my life comes to mind when discussing about how aware people usually are when it comes to the real goal of their…… [Read More]
Gender, Sexuality, and Identity -- Question 2 "So, is the category bisexuality less or more threatening to the status quo than is homosexuality?"
The passage suggests that in fact, rather than presenting patriarchic constructs of identity with less threatening formulation of human sexual identity, bisexuality does the exact opposite -- it presents common social norms with the more threatening notion that human sexuality is not an either/or 'Chinese menu' option of stable choices. The practice of homosexuality, even when it is deemed taboo and beyond the pale of the human sexual order is still a 'comfort' to the heterosexual norm. The construct of homosexuality suggests that human sexuality exists in an either/or dichotomy. So long as one is attracted to the opposite gender one is, in essence, safe from the presumably aberrant, even pathological orientation of homosexuality.
However, bisexuality presents a potentially fluid rendering of human sexual desire, whereby even…… [Read More]
Jacob's Unique Mission / Position/Opponent
Perhaps one of the most useful ways to understand the unique position and mission of Jacob, rather than merely thinking of him as someone who could simply do what they wished without consequence, and to think that he was "wrestling" with a merely human opponent, is to look deeper into why Jacob was indulged by God as he was.
If one thinks about a modern situation, such as the deployment of American troops in Iraq, in comparison to Jacob, the issue becomes much clearer. Like the Iraq soldiers, Jacob is playing by rules that no one else is using, against a sort of invisible enemy that may or may not exist. Also like the Iraq situation, Jacob, it seems, is waging more of a symbolic than concrete type of war; in Jacob's case, it appears that a struggle with faith is taking place, while God…… [Read More]
Conselling Master Questionnaire
Describe the Boolean Approach (Hauser, 2009 p. 18)
In order to use counseling databases to search for information, it is important to develop appropriate search practices. The terms one types when searching will most likely provide the results owing to their meaning. Therefore, it is up to an individual to come up with a search strategy and learn the tips of using counseling databases. The tips will assist an individual in acquiring high quality information in the required amount. Additionally, an individual is likely to add intelligence to their search strategies, the more one knows the tips of searching, and they are likely to obtain better results.
The Boolean approach is among the techniques that will generate useful results when using counseling databases, and it aims at supporting scholarly research. On the other hand, Boolean operators are words, which have unique meanings that instruct the database to…… [Read More]
As Jason states,"Twas not for the woman's sake I wedded the king's daughter, my present wife" (Euripides 547). This shows that he has no real regard for his new wife. He also goes on to describe how they will benefit from the marriage. In part, Jason is telling the truth. He has married to further his position. His lie to Medea is that he pretends he has done it for their family, when his only real concern is himself. This shows that Jason is driven and unscrupulous, focused on getting what he wants and willing to manipulate and wrong others to achieve his own needs. This difference in what they want from life is part of the reason that Jason is an adulterer and Charles is not. Jason's drive for success is the reason he is not faithful to Medea. Jason's focus exclusively on his own personal success also means…… [Read More]
Subprime loans are said to be among the biggest reasons for the most recent financial crisis which hit the world economy at the end of year 2008. Had the lenders considered the level of income and repaying abilities of the borrowers before lending them money, the World's financial sector would not have seen such critical circumstances. The consequences of subprime loans have not ended yet; economists and researchers in the field of International Finance are of the view that they may further get worsen in the coming five to ten years period. Beside the criticism regarding the approval of subprime loans to low income borrowers, the lenders have also been strongly criticized for using unethical business practices in their customer dealings and transactions (Mandal, 2010).
This paper investigates the consequences and risks that were caused by subprime loans in the World's financial sector and their impact on the lenders, borrowers,…… [Read More]
Emperor's Club: Kantian, utilitarian, and Aristotelian views
According to Kantian ethical principles, Mr. Hundert should have allowed the grades of his four students to remain as they were, and not altered them. A Kantian ethical schema suggests that a person should behave as if he is setting a law for all time, not merely reacting to the specifics of a situation. A Kantian philosopher would say teachers cannot subjectively change grades simply because they believe that a particular student emotionally 'needs' to win more than another student. Hundert allowed his personal feelings for Bell and Bell's improvement as a student to influence his decision-making, and hurt another student in the process. However, from a utilitarian standpoint, by showing Bell the importance of hard work and moral activity, a great service is done to society because Bell is the child of a powerful man, and will likely grow up to be…… [Read More]
Use sound reasoning to explain to Bradley how the situation will get better if he allows the hostages to go free. Perhaps the negotiator can call in a favor on Bradley's behalf if Bradley shows a sign of good faith and allows the hostages to go free.
Providing Bradley alcohol would be against protocol, but the food and the promise of aiding Bradley is getting the help he needs rather than going to jail may be of help. Bradley is looking for help right now and not to get drunk. He also may be looking to make a demand that the negotiator will say no to in order reiterate the fact that Bradley does not trust the police.
If the alcohol is a necessity to Bradley, the negotiator may try to pull some strings and allow it. Against protocol or not, if lives are in danger, providing the alcohol to…… [Read More]
An interesting point they bring up is the circumvention of cheating by having another person complete your coursework:
In the future we may be able to remotely identify individuals using devices that scan finger, voice, or eye-prints technology, which is already in use for security applications, but at present this seems a rather extreme measure. (Moore & Kearsley)
This also introduces the problem of plagiarism that has seeming run rampant in both online and traditional brick and mortar education. "Plagiarism is a particular worry for educators in the online environment because materials can be so easy located in captured electronically that the line between legitimate research and plagiarism is sometimes not easy for students to recognize." (Moore & Kearsley) However, anti-plagiarism efforts have increased tremendously over the past several years, both in distance learning as well as traditional education. Web sites like TurnItIn.com and others have greatly improved the search…… [Read More]
It is learned and is the outcome of both teaching and practice and the force of habit.
Discuss Aristotle's doctrine of the mean
The mean is the result of moral virtues being balanced within the individual. Aristotle saw the mean as the middle road to happiness. He argued that all of life is really an attempt to find the highest good. Pleasure is momentary, but happiness is an ethical state of balance of the individual soul.
Explain the role Aristotle assigns individuals for removing their own ignorance
Although he felt teaching was necessary to achieve this goal. Aristotle placed a strong responsibility upon the head of the individual for removing their own ignorance. He stressed that happiness was the utmost moral goal of every individual, and striving for such a balanced and virtuous state was the unique characteristic that set humanity apart from the beasts (and slaves and women, in…… [Read More]
but, if we buy Product X, then all our problems seemingly evaporate overnight. Instead of this outmoded way of thinking, though, Sachs tells us that the way we can overcome objections and really get the message through to a consumer base that must turn off most advertising or go mad with the message is to use a concept called: Freaks Cheats and Familiars (Sachs, Winning, p. 108).
Freaks are characters who play off the human concept of focusing on certain other humans -- the most unusual humans we can find in our environment (Like trench coated animals, oopheus and Leo the pig ala orpheus and Neo-from the atrix) (Sachs, pp. Winning, 183-4). Cheats are characters who challenge social norms -- the break the rules. We wonder if they will succeed or be punished (e.g. Ferris Buhler or Neo-trying to change a society run by machines) (Sachs, Winning, p. 183). Finally,…… [Read More]
Brian Short v. State of Florida
Is it legal for the State of Florida to prohibit the marriage of two very short people to each other, using the rationale that two short people are likely to produce short children and short children are less likely to help maintain dominance in state athletic programs and in more danger of falling into holes and not fitting properly into seatbelts?
elevant Legal Concepts from Text
The Fourteenth Amendment prohibits the making or enforcing of any laws "which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States" (U.S. Const. amend. XIV).
elevant Case Law from Text
"Marriage is one of the "basic civil rights of man," fundamental to our very existence and survival" (Loving v. Virginia). "To deny this fundamental freedom on so unsupportable a basis as the racial classifications embodied in these statutes, classifications so directly subversive of the…… [Read More]
The motivations of those using LinkedIn are to find a better career and grow their circle of influence throughout the industry of which they are a part. On Facebook, the same goal may be present, yet it is more likely to be connecting with long-lost friends and also bragging about only the most glamorous parts of one's life (Ledbetter, Mazer, DeGroot, Meyer, Mao, Swafford, 2011). Facebook tends to bring out the worst in people, namely arrogance, pride and the tendency to flirt with long-lost girlfriends and boyfriends, no wonder it has been a catalyst of divorces recently (Ledbetter, Mazer, DeGroot, Meyer, Mao, Swafford, 2011). It is considered cheating if one flirts and entices another on a social network, just as it would be if it happened in person as well. The flipside of this is that Facebook has brought together friends and family who have not seen each other in…… [Read More]
54) the student want to know what they will need to know for the test and this paradigm is frustrating because it support subsistence learning, i.e. learning just what you need to know and no more. Subsistence learning does not support or foster independent though and educators answering the questions the student ask with formal preparation material, especially very specialized material would seem to be ethically murky and frustrate creativity and independent learning. As Gallagher stresses in a work about what she terms readicide, where students and individuals are not out seeking new and novel ideas and are in fact not likely to read independently at all the problem is that the education system, "teaching to the test" is not responding to the need for individuals to develop independent thought (2010, p. 36). Though there are likely hundreds of other contributing factors as to why students today are just simply…… [Read More]
Although interpersonal and group level communications reside at a lower level than organizational communication, they are major forms of communication in organizations and are prominently addressed in the organizational communication literature. Recently, as organizations became more communication-based, greater attention was directed at improving the interpersonal communication skills of all organizational members. Historically, informal communication was primarily seen as a potential block to effective organizational performance. This is no longer the case is modern times, as on-going, dynamic, and informal communication has become more important to ensuring the effective conduct of work
It is also widely accepted that top managers should communicate directly with immediate supervisors and that immediate supervisors should communicate with their direct reports. In regard to issues of importance, top managers should then follow-up by communicating with employees directly. The Communication Accommodation Theory supports this rationale. In terms of supervisor-employee communication, one researcher argues the difficulty of trusting…… [Read More]
ince very little research has yet been done for the online community, the study will be simplified by discussing the aspects of fidelity in an online environment for the sake of direct outreach. The methodology of the study combines with the literature about human interaction to provide a new insight into the role of Internet-based interactions in the modern day. The fieldwork, careful analysis, and interaction with the surveyed users will allow for a greater understanding of this developing portal and the way it has come to intersect society.
Review of Literature
Danah Boyd is a doctoral candidate in the IM program at UC-Berkeley. Her goal is to understand the new anthropology of cyberculture, particularly through the presentation of the online self in its relation to the physical, bodied self. Her papers have been published by a variety of credible sources and presented at conferences internationally, including the 2005…… [Read More]
It is right to save a person from drowning, and even if that person turns out to be a murderer, one could not know that the person would become a murderer at the time the person was saved. Thus, there is excuse to refuse to save a drowning man or woman.
On a 'gut' level, one might say, over-rationalizing one's ethnical decisions is incorrect -- but this works against Kant in some areas, as one might rationalize the idea that 'obeying the law is a good thing' to use this as an excuse to not lie, cheat, and conceal the truth to save a Jewish person in Nazi Germany. The ultimate judgment of a decision should be -- does this help or harm human life, given what I know at present and my social context? Even moral laws can be wrong in some contexts, and one cannot predict the consequences…… [Read More]
Justifications and Excuses
As Adam leaves the bank and approaches his car, he sees his wife behind the wheel of the car with an unknown man seated next to her holding an object to her side. Another man approaches Adam and informs him that he and his partner will kill Adam's wife unless Adam robs the bank and returns to the parking lot within five minutes. He hands Adam a stick-up note and a fake gun. Adam robs the bank and delivers the money to the men. Adam is arrested for bank robbery.
In the past there have been cases where innocent individuals have been forced to rob banks. Either they were threatened with guns or their family members were; others have been hooked up to explosives and told that if they do not rob the bank, then the bomb will detonate. In 2012, a woman was forced to rob…… [Read More]
Gender Equity in Education
Taking the Field: Women, Men and ports (Michael a. Messner)
Chapters One, Two, Three & Five
Women and men are clearly different, in ways far beyond mere physical composition, as Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus discusses in deep detail. But, the author (Messner, 2002) of Taking the Field: Women, Men and ports also wonders: where children are from, how children "do gender," how the American Youth occer Organization (AYO) does gender, and he wonders about the cultural symbolism of the process of sports. These are valid investigative questions.
Other questions posed by Messner: is gender a "thing" that one "is" or "has" - or is it situation-constructed through one's performance on the soccer field, for example? Those questions came to mind after the author witnesses the "Barbie Girls vs. ea Monsters" soccer contest - with "boys...unwittingly constituted as an audience for the girls"…… [Read More]
On the other hand, the most acceptable treatment, the survey showed, would be to give that student a failing grade and allow him or her to redo the assignment.
Article #3: TIME (supporting details from the article): This piece states that there are "hundreds of online paper mills" [i.e., web sites that produce research papers] which cater to "all the stressed-out, disaffected or just plain lazy students" who have credit cards and Internet access. And the Time article asserts that according to Rutgers professor Donald McCabe's research (a survey of 13,248 students), some 67% admitted to having cheated "at least once on a paper or test." That having been said, it is also true that colleges and universities are fighting back against the tidal wave of cheating by purchasing the services of www.turnitin.com, a eb site that reportedly has a database of "billions of eb pages, tens of thousands of…… [Read More]
Game theory is a model that can be used to examine and explain the way that different actors in a given situation may choose to act and develop strategy, using a mathematic approach. The model looks at how players will make decisions which will be based on both the firms own position and resources as well as the way their competitors are or are expected to act. Game theory can therefore be used to help try and identify the optimal course of action (McEachern, 2009).
There are many scenarios where Game Theory will be useful; in the commercial environment game theory is most applicable in oligopoly situations
To consider the application of the theory the concept needs to be described. The situation examined is a game. For there to be a game players are required; these are the firms (Nellis and Parker, 2006). For a game to…… [Read More]
Universities provide an amazing opportunity for both growth and development in regards to academic development. Universities in particular provide a means of providing a stable and more robust income for individuals seeking a particular specialization. The University of Phoenix, in particular, has a unique method of teaching and providing a quality educational experience. Small class sizes, online specialization, and knowledgeable professors all make the university experience all the more manageable. However, I personally have experienced conflict of values that undermine the overall university experience. This conflict pertains mainly to the notion of academic honesty. I have encountered instances where many of the university values would be compromised by actions. Cheating is particularly important in a university setting. As such, having strong values and convictions regarding cheating is important within the overall university setting (Stuart, 2006).
The experience, looking back, was not unique to me. In fact, many students…… [Read More]
The research by Mazar, Amir & Ariely (2008) shows that ordinary people often find ways they can cheat and still believe themselves to be honest. People do this by rationalizing their actions, and preserving a self-concept of honesty and integrity. Most people are willing to stretch or manipulate their moral codes under certain circumstances, particularly when they can find ways of maintaining a self-concept or project the image of being honest.
A psychopath would be theoretically less concerned with self-concept or reputation than the ordinary person. Like anyone else, psychopaths will be driven to "minimize risk to themselves," and ensure they do not get caught (Grohol, n.d.). The ordinary people in the Mazar, Amir & Ariely (2008) study likewise do not want to get caught. The psychopath might be more inclined to cheat for the sake of cheating, more often than the ordinary person who cheats primarily for things…… [Read More]
Iveta Marusak Course Journal
Journal Entry One: Me a Writer?
I guess everyone is required to take at least one composition course, so it doesn't bother me to have to take this class. In some ways I am actually excited about taking the class. I am not a great writer, and I hope that this class will give me some tools that will make me more successful in other college classes that require writing. I know that most classes have at least some writing. Also, I think since I have a good attitude about the course, I will be able to write well during it.
I learned that I could get better when it comes to writing different kinds of essays. There is also a lot about writing that I don't know, and this course will help me. One of the ways that the course can help…… [Read More]
In order to encourage Linda to continue giving her account, Oprah defends Linda's right to make a choice. However, Oprah then shows an excerpt from a video diary that Linda has kept about when Fred is not at home and about the phone call from his mistress. After showing Linda the obvious anguish that she experiences when she does not know where Fred is, Oprah then confronts her, but in a gentle manner. Oprah simply asks Linda, "And life is good that way?" When Linda tries to use another disclaimer to push aside the concerns by explaining that Fred does not frequently leave the house anymore, Oprah has clearly reached her limit and asks for Dr. Saltz to come back into the discussion.
At this point, Dr. Saltz takes an interesting approach to Linda. She calls Linda the consummate victim. In doing so, Dr. Saltz may have appeared harsh, because…… [Read More]
Sociological Issues of Our Times
Self compassion can actually play an integral role in stress management. Self compassion involves considering one's self and dealing with it in such a way that one is able to make allowances, and to treat one's self in an advantageous way. To that end self-compassion certainly decreases stress while bolstering physical health. People who take the time to treat themselves well are able to be compassionate and kind to themselves. Therefore, when things go awry or when they make mistakes, they do not indulge in lengthy negative feelings of guilt or melancholy that function as punishments. Instead, they are able to react in a way that is more positive, and which helps to reduce feelings of stress, anxiety, and other negative emotions. There is a definite correlation between such negative emotions and physical health. People who work or live in stressful environment typically incur physical…… [Read More]
Managerial Social Responsibility - Volkswagen Diesel Scandal
In 2015, Volkswagen was accused of installing secret software in its engine management computers to cheat strict fuel economy and emissions tests. In order to determine the ethical decision Volkswagen should have made, one can use ethical decision-making models, such as: Utilitarianism; Kantian Ethics; Ethical Rights; and Distributive Justice. Though these four models use different approaches, one or more of them can result in a justified recommendation for the correct ethical decision that Volkswagen should have made.
Facts Underpinning the Ethical Dilemma
In 2015, Volkswagen was accused of installing secret software in its engine management computers to cheat strict fuel economy and emissions tests. In 2014-2015, U.S. emissions experts tested some Volkswagen vehicles and found deliberate fraud through the use of "defeat device" software that turns emissions equipment on for emissions tests and off for actual driving (Plungis & Hull, 2015). The deception…… [Read More]
It is widely accepted in literature that this is a significant threat, as the education establishment is unable to control the conditions in which exams are taken (Cluskey et al. 2011; Yates and Beaudrie, 2009; Lanier, 2006). However, the potential for cheating does not necessarily mean it is occurring. The research by Yates and Beaudrie, (2009) compared the results achieved by students who were assessed within a proctored environment, and students who undertook non-proctor and assessment online. The results were interesting, comparing 406 traditional students, with 444 online students, the research indicated that there was no significant difference in the grades that were achieved, arguing that this does not substantiate the worries found in other literature that cheating is taking place. The assessment is utilized argued that online testing is a viable approach. However, it maybe argued that this conclusion has a significant flaw, as an underlying assumption is that…… [Read More]
Brannigan's Moral Reasoning Applied to a Specific Case Study
Using Brannigan's six steps to moral reasoning, the situation involving the business man, his wife, and her lover can be broken down and analyzed from a moral perspective in order to arrive at an agreed upon moral option. The first step in using Brannigan's Moral Reasoning logic is to identify the fact. Since the case went to court, the article used to relate the case to the public is adequate for identifying these facts. Here are the facts as stated by the article:
The wife was a teacher at the secondary school where the 16-year-old student attended when the affair began, the husband filed for divorce 20 years after the affair began, the divorce was filed in August, 2009, the couple had not had sex for over 10 years due to the husbands impotence and related health problems, the wife was…… [Read More]
The Vietnam War was a turning point in the Army's growing realization that senior military leaders, and not just political leaders, had a responsibility to be able to speak to soldiers, to the American people, and to the press about ethical issues.
The Professionalism Study of 1970, examined institutional systems and requirements for success in the Army, attitudes and values of senior officers, and tasks for the 1970s. One of the striking conclusions of the first study was that the Army contained "untoward and unhealthy pressures to strive for success" on the part of officers. Systems that regulated the selection, education, promotion, and reward of Army officers were in need of major correction.
It was clear that the Army needed to evaluate its concepts of values and ethics.
During the decades of the 1970s and 1980s senior commanders in all the services began to exert their influence on the direction…… [Read More]
100). Much of the focus of personnel selection using psychological testing was on new troops enlisting in the military during two world wars and the explosive growth of the private sector thereafter (Scroggins et al., 2008). Psychological testing for personnel selection purposes, though, faded into disfavor during the 1960s, but it continues to be used by human resource practitioners today. In this regard, Scroggins and his colleagues advise, "Many H practitioners, however, have continued to use personality testing with an optimistic and enduring faith in its ability to discriminate between good and poor job candidates" (p. 101).
In cases where cheating is suspected (such as in the case of an teen applicant possibly using a smartphone or consulting crib notes during testing by visiting the restroom), psychologists have a professional responsibility to conform to relevant privacy laws with respect to the results of such tests, including following the decision-making model…… [Read More]
Corporate Strategies: Why are they so Important?
What is your biggest Professional Accomplishment?
Organizational Design and Culture
The 80s and Deregulation
The Election of Barack Obama
US rise as a world super power
Dominoes use the strategy by depending on the population and household. They believe that the population and household income are what needs to help when it comes to figuring out if people are willing to pay the pizza price and how much is the request for pizza. They think that this method is important because the population is what helps figuring out the demand for pizza as a consequence of the law of the demand, the bigger population the greater the demand. The household income will help likewise for the reason that the more disposable income the more individuals will purchase a common good. However, Pizza is…… [Read More]
D., What is Altitude Training section). The Website promoting products that Hypoxico Altitude Training Systems offers, reports that when a person is exposed to hypoxia, oxygen reduced environments, his/her body "struggles to produce required amounts of energy with less available oxygen. This struggle triggers the onset of a range of physiological adaptations geared towards enhancing the efficiency of the body's respiratory, cardiovascular and oxygen utilization systems" (Hypoxico Altitude Training, N.D., Why it Works section). In consideration of controversial perceptions regarding ethical conclusions relating to hypoxico, Lippi, Guides and Franchini stress that the "spirit of sport" needs to be developed to include the notion of ethics and authenticity. Lippi, Guides and Franchini, nevertheless, report that they do not entirely agree with the assumption that teleologically, no evidence suggests that more harm than good comes from these particular devices. They note that a universal ban on passive training regimens, such as hypoxic,…… [Read More]
The treatment of the undocumented workers has legal and economic implications, but is only an issue in the political arena.
Companies that hire illegal immigrants are being socially responsible. The argument that illegals suppress wages is not based on sound evidence - the jobs illegals do would otherwise be unfilled. If anything, hiring illegals is socially responsible because it gives those people an opportunity to better themselves, something they otherwise would not have had. The notion is especially absurd given that 99% of Americans received this same opportunity at some point in their own family's history. Furthermore, mankind has an obligation to look out for our fellow man. This duty transcends any sense of duty to a state or that state's rule of law.
The only small issue with regards to illegal immigrants is that with regard to legal immigrants, those who play by the rules, sometimes to their detriment.…… [Read More]
" -- San Luis Obispo professor, as reported in Net Learning.
Who wants to sit around looking for websites trying to find out if a paper is plagiarized or not... pretty soon you're a private investigator." -- a Stanford University professor, from an article in TechWeb News.
Plagiarism] is one of those areas in the academy that no one wants to talk about and is often rewarded for not addressing actively." -- an Associate VP of Student Life, as posted in The Chronicle of Higher Education's "Colloquy."
Too few universities are willing to back up their professors when they catch students cheating, according to academic observers. The schools are simply not willing to expend the effort required to get to the bottom of cheating cases" -- as stated by The National Center for Policy Analysis. (qtd. In "Statistics").
Types of Plagiarism:
There are several different types of plagiarism, many of…… [Read More]