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Connected vs. Stand-alone
Communication revolution has moved from a world connected by telephone (a synchronous and asynchronous) including e-mail, bulletin boards, broadcast messages and chat rooms. As a result, new learning tools have developed to access knowledge.
Active vs. Passive
There is much less tolerance for passive situations such as lectures, and digital natives need and want interactive learning opportunities.
Payoff vs. Patience
The same attributes that keep young people engaged for hours to learn and master a computer game can be tapped to improve the quality of civics education as well; the challenge remains for educators to develop similar interactive rewards dynamics for learning content.
Fantasy vs. Reality
Young learners' lives are pervaded by fantasy elements through television programs and video games; therefore, learning experiences should be structured to include such fantasy elements to be more interesting.
Technology as Friend vs. Tech. As Foe
Digital immigrants" perceive technology as…
Beckerman, Marvin, Simon Kim and B. Sue Parks. (1996). "Effects of Participatory Learning Programs in Middle And High School Civic Education," Social Studies, 87:171.
Black's Law Dictionary. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1990.
Freeman, L.A. (2003). "Simulation and Role Playing with LEGO Blocks. Journal of Information Systems Education, 14(2):137-144.
Godwin-Jones, Robert. (2005). "Emerging Technologies: Messaging, Gaming, Peer-to-Peer Sharing Language Learning Strategies & Tools for the Millennial Generation. Language, Learning & Technology, 9(1):17.
Although discriminated, the immigrants have chances of being employed. The gay/lesbian, on the other hand, were totally banned from employment that laws were even passed to legally bar them from having jobs.
Obstacle Facing Immigrants and Gay/Lesbian Groups
The main obstacle facing the immigrants is their citizenship. For the gay/lesbians, the main obstacle against them is the norm that the society follows.
Since the early centuries up to the present, discrimination in the United States had been present in the lives of those who are not purely American citizens - an obstacle that seems to haunt them until the day they die. Louie identifies this in the following.
A janitors in New York City, by way of example, were largely Irish in the early twentieth century; African-American in the middle part of the twentieth century; and mainly Latino as we pass into the twenty-first century
Further, being an immigrant, Jun…
Still combined with the impediments that every citizen would face, women also have additional challenges to meet as female citizens of a country.
Apart from these, sheer lack of knowledge can also act as a serious impediment. Since citizens are not aware of their responsibilities and rights about active participation, they may accept the passive form of citizenship and never question the system. It is when systems and structures are questioned and their need and validity. This is the only way active citizenship can flourish. For this reason education of citizenship is encouraged and is being actively promoted throughout western democracies. According to Gillgren (2005) the best way to remove barriers is by talking about them and identifying them. He writes:
In building citizenship capacity, citizenship education should practice what it preaches, providing not just information, but experiences of engaging in democracy. Citizenship capacity building is about developing people's capacity…
QCA (1998) Education for Citizenship and the Teaching of Democracy in Schools, Final Report of the Advisory Group on Citizenship, QCA, London.
Marshall (1950) Citizenship and Social Class and Other Essays, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Robin Bunton. Alan Petersen. The New Genetics and the Public's Health. Routledge. London. 2002.
Longstreet, W. 1985. "Citizenship:"The phantom core of social studies curriculum. Theory and Research in Social Education 13 (2): 21-29.
This results in the creation of a sense of insecurity in people, which drives them to the comfort, and security of their cultural identities. enato osaldo in his introductory essay to Latino Cultural Citizenship (Flores and Benmayor, 1997: 37) warns that "too often social thought anchors its research in the vantage point of the dominant social group and thus reproduces the dominant ideology by studying subordinated groups as a 'problem' rather than as people with agency -- with goals, perceptions, and purposes of their own."
Cultural citizenship thus allows Latinos to claim their rights as members of one ethnic group while it also lends supports to their beliefs, ideas and traditions. United States may appear to be nationalistic whole to the outside world, but within the country, there are several divisions and multiculturalism is a hot topic. Everyone knows and understands that dominant groups tend to receive nepotistic treatment from…
Flores, William V. And Rina Benmayor, 1997 Latino Cultural Citizenship: Claiming Identity, Space, and Rights. Boston: Beacon Press.
Inter-University Program for Latino Research, Culture Studies Working Group 1988 "Cultural Capital: Allusions, Gaps, and Glissandos in Recent Theoretical Developments." Sociological Theory 6: 153-168.
Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Counterproductive orkplace Behaviors
Employee performance can be highly variable, even those with the same set skills may provide employers with different levels of contribution/productivity based on personal characteristics and attitude. The sunny side of employee behavior, which relates to organizational citizenship behavior (OCB), can be very beneficial for employers (Landy & Conte, 2013). However, while there are employees with positive behavioral traits, there may also be employees that have negative behavioral traits, which are referred to by Landy and Conte (2013), as the "dark side" of the performance continuing, undertaking counter-productive workplace behaviors (CB). The aim of this paper is to explain both of these types of behavior patterns, and give some examples that have been observed in the real world.
Organizational Citizenship Behavior
OCB is a general term which refers to the way in which employees may behave in a positive manner at their…
Where OCB takes place the benefits may not only for the employer, directly and indirectly through the culture supported provide, but also for the employee. Anecdotal evidence has found a correlation relationship with OCB and employee satisfaction, there is also evidence to indicate that those employees who display positive OCB are likely to gain favor performance reviews, and gain a good reputation for themselves, for a phenomenon known as the "halo effect," which may help with their own success (Podsakoff et al., 2009).
Over the years the number of examples of OCB has been seen in college. In one workplace, where there was a project that was required in order to tender for a contract, the deadline was less than 24 hours away and the documents required for the tendering process were nowhere near being finished. Two employees stay behind to help finish the document, although they were not being paid for overtime. They did this in order to help the employer, knowing they were not going to be paid, not expecting to be paid. Another example of OCB was seen when a new employee started in the office, and despite their initial training from the owner of the business, they were struggling. One employee stepped in to act as a mentor, a role they continue to fulfill for almost 2 weeks as the new employee found their feet. Training support was not part of their job description; they did not have to undertake this task. Interestingly, after the one employee started to help the new worker, other people in the office also followed the example. This demonstrates OCB, with both examples fulfilling Organ's (1988) three requirements.
Hall also admits that changes do not come easily, but that in a society that is based on respect for the individual and the will of the majority, there is only one way that deep change will occur -- through "education in the broadest sense: education in the schools at all levels, education in nonformal setting..., education in adult settings..., education through the news media, education through popular literature, films, theatre, art, even dance and music." (Hall 365)
She goes on to state that the goals, the teachers and their curriculum must be carefully chosen to develop "ecological literacy," to gain an overall appreciation of life in all its manifestations, to counteract an advertising industry by providing a "sober view of the world, but without inducing despair," and to learn how to live as caring stewards of our world, rather than consumers of it. (Hall 366)
In contrast, "Green" believes…
Hall, Pamela C. Environmental Education in a Democratic Society.
[Author]. Green Citizenship.
Managing Corporate Citizenship / ExxonMobil: Corporate Citizenship
How does ExxonMobil manage its reputation and corporate citizenship?
What is the company doing right? Where can it improve?
Positive Points of ExxonMobil
What has your experience been? What do other stakeholders report about the company's citizenship and reputation?
What makes you remain a stakeholder (customer)?
ExxonMobil is the biggest public Oil and Gas Corporation in the world, providing fundamental energy for bettering the life of several billion individuals across the globe. Energy access supports human mobility, comfort, social growth, and economic prosperity. It affects almost all facets of modern living (ExxonMobil, 2015).
How does ExxonMobil manage its reputation and corporate citizenship?
ExxonMobil's eport on Corporate Citizenship states that the company adopts a methodical strategy in the management of its worldwide operations, and employs measures for successful operations in multiple settings. The company's superior business ethics and conduct standards are the…
ExxonMobil. (2015). Corporate governance -- a CCR overview. Retrieved from http://corporate.ExxonMobil.com/en/community/corporate-citizenship-report/corporate-governance/overview on 4th November, 2015.
ExxonMobil. (2015b). Corporate Social Responsibility Framework. Retrieved from https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://cdn.ExxonMobil.com/~/media/global/files/other/2014/emcipl-community-investment-framework.pdf&ved=0CBkQFjAAahUKEwjP8fe8zffIAhUJJZQKHUPLBWQ&usg=AFQjCNGHZjxS0jTZcnrysv0SAyfiWQLHOw on 4th November, 2015.
ExxonMobil. (2015c). Engaging with our Stakeholders. Retrieved from http://corporate.ExxonMobil.com/en/community/corporate-citizenship-report/stakeholders/overview?parentId=899e10b1-f995-42f6-b88a-cbe22cf98353 on 4th November, 2015.
Akan, O., Allen, R. & White, C. (2009). "Equity sensitivity and organizational citizenship behavior in a team environment." Small group research, 40 (1), pp. 94-112.
The factor measured before the study was conducted was the degree of the participating subjects' equity sensitivity orientation. People on the benevolent end of the equity sensitivity scale tend to be happy in positions where they give more than they receive, while those on the entitled end of the spectrum are happier in situations where they receive more than they give. The purpose of the study was to determine what relationship, if any, exists between equity sensitivity and organizational citizenship behavior. Though no data variables were manipulated, the set-up of this study made equity sensitivity the independent variable, and citizenship behavior was the dependent variable (though this dependence was, in fact, what the study tested for).
The study found that there was indeed a positive…
The social definitions of citizenship here, Park argues, play the major role since legally children of immigrants are not required to overcome the barriers imposed by the existing social hierarchy. The idea of social citizenship helps us to understand the unequal power structure that relegates immigrants -- and other representatives of the lower class, for that matter -- "to particular spaces within this hierarchy based upon their race, class, and gender" (p. 5).
Asian immigrants in America, Park argues, have to choose between being a "dependent" immigrant and a "deserving" one. Most Asian-Americans strive for the latter, fulfilling the expectations of the dominant culture as a "model minority." This decision, according to Park, is based on a "false" idea, as this notion, rather than granting Asian-Americans full citizenship, reinforces their designated social space where Asian-Americans know how to "behave" in a certain way. The "model minority" notion presumes that Asian-Americans…
In fact, those rights and freedoms are even more broad than those of many other countries simply because the U.. Constitution specifically protects the rights and freedoms of all persons and not just of American citizens.
In many respects, the principal agent of beneficial change as far as the relative rights and freedoms of Americans are concerned is the U.. upreme Court. Over time, the most important issues affecting the rights and freedoms of persons in the U.. are decided in cases that reach the upreme Court either because lower courts cannot agree on the way to resolve important issues or because cases decided in lower courts are appealed all the way to the upreme Court.
In modern times, some of the most important upreme Court decisions affecting the rights and freedoms of citizens were the decisions that were generated during the Civil Rights era of the 1950s and 1960s.…
Edwards, G.C., Wallenberg, M.P., Lineberry, R.B. (2008). Government in America:
People, Politics, and Policy. New York: Longman.
Goldfield, D., Abbot, C., Argersinger, J., and Argersinger, P. (2005). Twentieth-Century
America: A Social and Political History. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson-
S. government is not in favor of dual citizenship as a policy matter due to the problems it might bring. But there is a felt need that dual citizenship must be allowed because of considerable rise in global migration from other nations into America. Dual citizenship benefits the American society in more ways than one. Economic advantages are primary, as also social and political benefits. Besides, it also assists in legalizing the exercise over them of governmental power; it minimizes the risk that they will be subject to discriminatory treatment. Granting dual citizenship makes the immigrants to naturalize and develops a strong bond with the labor force. The estimated encouraging influence of dual citizenship rights on the rates of naturalization also suggests that some of the relative advantages in employment might be due to acquisition of American citizenship.
Brummett, Suzanne. Dual Citizenship. 2002.
Hansen, andall; Weil, Patrick. Dual Nationality,…
Brummett, Suzanne. Dual Citizenship. 2002.
Hansen, Randall; Weil, Patrick. Dual Nationality, social rights and federal citizenship in the U.S. And Europe. Berghahn Books. 2002.
Joly, Daniele. International migration in the new millennium.
Therefore, there is a room for future research (Swaminathan & Jawahar, 2013). The results of this study indicated a possibility of other factors that influence job satisfaction. From this fact, it is important to recommend further research for the purpose of revealing the factors and improving job performance through the use of the results (Mohamed & Anisa, 2012). esearchers should perform the investigation by using many and few participants and compare the results in order to devise the best samples. This is because this research relied on a sample of 65 participants. if, a bigger number than the one stated on this research is used, there is a possibility of a considerable difference being evident (Mohamed & Anisa, 2012).
Swaminathan, S., & Jawahar, P. (2013). job satisfaction as a predictor of organizational citizenship behavior: an empirical study. Global Journal of Business esearch (GJB),
Mohamed, M., & Anisa,…
Swaminathan, S., & Jawahar, P. (2013). job satisfaction as a predictor of organizational citizenship behavior: an empirical study. Global Journal of Business Research (GJBR),
Mohamed, M., & Anisa, H.H. (2012). Relationship Between Organizational Commitment and Organizational Citizenship Behavior. IUP Journal of Organizational Behavior, 11(3), 7-
Immigration can be defined as the voluntary movement of non-native persons into a different country with the goal of settling and living there (Boneva & Frieze, 2001). The major reasons that people immigrate from one country to another is that they want to improve the quality of their lives, improve the future prospects for their families, or to be closer to family or close friends (Boneva & Frieze, 2001; Skrbis, 2008). Illegal immigration has been a problem in large countries like the United States that border on other countries where the standard of living is significantly lower (such as the case of the United States and Mexico). People find these relatively unprotected borders easy to transverse and are motivated to do so by the promise of a better life for them and their families. When large numbers of people legally immigrate to another country barriers are created between the immigrants…
Boneva, B.S., & Frieze, I.H. (2001). Toward a concept of a migrant personality. Journal of Social Issues, 57(3), 477-491.
Hoeing, J. (2013). Immigration benefits America. In Capitaistpig. Retrieved on July 1, 2015
from http://capitalistpig.com/news-media/open-immigration-benefits-america/ .
Ngai, M.M. (2014). Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens and the Making of Modern America:
Organizations must tread a careful balance between not demanding that employees perform tasks that go above and beyond their job description yet still encourage employees to take a vital and interested role in giving back to the organization. They must also tread a delicate balance between striving to micro-manage employees to ensure ethical compliance and showing that they trust employees to follow ethical guidelines using their own discretion. As noted by Singh, Pathardikar, and Bandyopadhyay (2012) most organizations trust employees in a manner that is not “readily monitored or enforced” (p.26). The authors call this model that of Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) which is an important component of enhancing organizational performance but which is still at the discretion of the individual employee. Employees are encouraged to become good organizational citizens or “good soldiers” that go above and beyond their personal needs and tasks in a manner that adds to organizational…
Organic Act to explain Guam's U.. citizenship. It has 4 sources.
Guam is a place that comes under the United tates in almost the same way that Hawaii does. It is a unique place like Hawaii but the difference is that it does not have the same kind of freedom. This refers to the fact that it is not free to take decisions for its people independently. This is because of the fact that it has to complete a process for achieving self-determination. This is the reason why there is a governor chosen for this place. However, they are allowed to elect their own legislature. But it is obvious that the governor has the final say. This enables everything to remain under the control of the United tates. However, democracy does exist because of the fact that there is a proper executive and judicial system in place. These are few…
Yax, Laura. Brief History of the Island Areas. 2002. http://www.census.gov/population/www/proas/pr_ia_hist.html
Guam's Location. Accessed on 17-4-2003. http://ns.gov.gu/location.html
Honory. Robert A. Underwood of Guam in the house of representatives Tuesday, February 24, 1998. http://members.aol.com/magastodu/guahan/news/news1998/02251998.htm
Keith-Reid, Robert. Confusion Reigns As Power Struggle Continue. 2003. http://www.pacificislands.cc/pm22003/pmdefault.cfm?articleid=28
This is why it is important to see Greece not so much as a successful story of the administrative reform, but rather as an ongoing process of it.
Braunstein, Florence, and Pepin, Jean Francois. Les Grandes Doctrines. Paris: Ellipses, 1998.
Chlepas, N.K.. Administration of multiple levels. Theoretical debates and institutional reforms. Athens, Komotini: Sakkoulas, 1994.
Dunleavy, Patrick, and Brendan O'Leary. Theories of the state. The Politics of Liberal Democracy. London and New York: Macmillan and Meredith, 1987.
E- Government Observatory. Factsheet: e-Government in Greece. 2005. 29 Jan. 2008. http://europa.eu.int/idabc/servlets/Doc?id=21011
European Federation of Public Service Unions. Greece - civil servants to strike on 21 October, protesting 2005 budget. 2005. 29 Jan. 2008. http://www.epsu.org/a/767
E-User. The context for supply and demand of public online services in Greece. 2008. 29 Jan. 2008 http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/eiro/2001/07/feature/gr0107116f.htm
Fotinopoulou, Thalia. From the "application by telephone" to the "citizens' centers": An integrated system for public service delivery -the…
Braunstein, Florence, and Pepin, Jean Francois. Les Grandes Doctrines. Paris: Ellipses, 1998.
Chlepas, N.K.. Administration of multiple levels. Theoretical debates and institutional reforms. Athens, Komotini: Sakkoulas, 1994.
Dunleavy, Patrick, and Brendan O'Leary. Theories of the state. The Politics of Liberal Democracy. London and New York: Macmillan and Meredith, 1987.
E- Government Observatory. Factsheet: e-Government in Greece. 2005. 29 Jan. 2008. http://europa.eu.int/idabc/servlets/Doc?id=21011
Citizenship as described in the section "Going Global" of An Introduction to Global Studies.
The first chapter in the book 'An Introduction to Global Studies' provides an overview of the concept of globalization in a number of ways. One, in particular, is the concept of citizenship. The historical concepts and models of citizenship are juxtaposed against the rising new concept of global citizenship. The authors dwell, define and compare the two basic model of citizenship -- republican and liberal. They also dwell with the concept of the fast developing notion of global citizen that tends to borrow elements and differ from the traditional notions of citizenship.
The transformations taking place in the society has made the idea of citizenship a topical issue. Globalization and its effects on migration and the political and the social change and the emphasis on issues related to collective identity based on aspects of nationalism, cultural…
Campbell, P., MacKinnon, A., & Stevens, C. (2010). An Introduction to Global Studies (p. 23). Wiley-Blackwell.
Sundberg, M. Training for model citizenship.
.....citizenship is essential to a democracy. Good citizenship entails active engagement in political issues, which creates an educated and informed voter empowered to make decisions based on fact and reason rather than on emotion and opinion. Good citizenship also entails active participation in the political process, including voting, political activism, and ongoing political education. The opposite of good citizenship is idiocy: self-centeredness and short sightedness that can damage and destroy a democracy. When citizens are idiots, they hijack the democracy by voting according to narrow and selfish concerns rather than by making concerns for the good of the polis. Idiots "place personal concerns (their own and their families' needs and wants) far out in front of community concerns and, in this lethal act of imbalance, threatened the freedoms and rights they were so eager to enjoy," (Parker, n.d., p. 71). Idiots do not understand or appreciate the privileges or responsibilities…
Indigenous populations in epublican ome (ca. 500 BCE -- 31 BCE)
Citizenship in colonial era
IV Comparison and Contrast
The issues citizenship of indigenous populations in the oman epublic and during the colonial era in Europe provides comprehensive information regarding how the indigenous populations were treated by Europeans. The right to get justice and to self-determine their politico-social life is the main issues that political philosophy is confronted with (Kabeer, 2002). The internationalization and globalization phenomenon has increased the debate on the issue as the indigenous population demands the rights that only citizenship status grants to individuals. espect and rights are demanded by the indigenous populations and these are accompanied with obligations as well, that being argued by the nation states and expansionist regimes. Citizenship has been regarded as a humane word with plethora of rights and obligation associated to it. The oman epublic is considered as a spearhead of…
Acemoglu, D, Johnson, S & Robinson, J 2003,'The rise of Europe: Atlantic trade, institutional change and economic growth',The American Economic Review, Vol. 95, No. 3, pp. 546-579.
Dodds, S 1998,'Citizenship, justice and indigenous group-specific rights-Citizenship and indigenous Australia',Citizenship studies, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 105-119.
Fantham, E 2005,'Liberty and the people in Republican Rome',In Transactions of the American Philological Association, Vol. 135, No. 2, pp. 209-229.
History.org 2013, 'Voting Chain of Events Directions', Viewed on 15 Apr 2013, [ http://www.history.org/History/teaching/enewsletter/volume4/images/ChainDirections.pdf ]
Naturalized Citizenship 101
Requirements for Naturalized Citizenship
hat are the different categories of requirements for citizenship?
Foreign citizens who have been a permanent resident for five years or longer can apply to become a naturalized citizen of the United States (U.S. Department of Homeland Security [U.S. DHS], "Citizenship through Naturalization"). For permanent residents who are married to an American citizen the waiting period is reduced to three years. Permanent residents serving in the military can apply to become a naturalized citizen after one year of service, and if already discharged must have separated honorably. This one year waiting period can be waived if service is during a period of hostilities. Anyone that was born outside of the United States can apply for citizenship if one of the parents is a U.S. citizen.
hat do you think it takes to be a good citizen of the United States, based…
Adams, Charles Francis, ed. The works of John Adams. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1865. Out of print.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Citizenship through Naturalization. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. 3 June 2011. Web. 29 August 2011.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security. A Guide to Naturalization. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, M-476 (rev. 04/11). Web. 29 August 2011.
The theme of gende and sexuality is elated to social powe. In Repoducing Empie: Race, Sex, Science, and U.S. Impeialism in Pueto Rico, Biggs shows how ace, class, gende, and powe ae inteelated and inteconnected. Pueto Rican cultue has been sexualized, and the sexualization of Pueto Rico has been lagely o exclusively the pojection of white Anglo-Saxon Potestant values placed upon a dake-skinned, Catholic populace. The esult has been the conceptualization of an exotic otheness, coupled with a simultaneous fea. Pueto Ricans have been citicized as developing a cultue of povety in the United States, and Pueto Rican families ae blamed.
Regading the theme of gende and sexuality and how it is elated to citizenship and immigation, Biggs shows that white Ameicans have pojected the cultue of povety on Pueto Rico by blaming Pueto Ricans, athe than acknowledging the sociological oots of the poblem that can be taced to…
references to the Cold War. However, the main gist is related to the theme of global apartheid.
The strengths of this article in relation to the theme is that it is about global apartheid, linked thematically to other analyses thereof. Moreover, this article has a strong sense of time and place, which is important for a reliable and valid historiography. The weakness of the article is that it is not inclusive of gender issues.
Analyze strengths and weaknesses for essay themes, see above each book.
gender and sexuality how is related to citizenship (violence, abuse, immigration)
2. meaning of citizenship in the U.S. Empire (immigration laws change culture)
slavery and citizenship in Aristotle's Politic:
Aristotle believes that most people in the world can be enslaved devoid of injustice as they are born to be slaves. At the same time some are born to be free and dominate as masters. Most modern critics have smeared these concepts of Aristotle. In this paper the writer evaluates the concepts of citizenship and slavery in light of Aristotle's politic to reveal not only Aristotle's thinking but also how his views are inferred by contemporary philosophers.
One is forced to do the disagreeable task of reading Aristotle's account of slavery because of such divergence in the opinions of the expert scholars. If one takes a look onat Aristotle's account of slavery, he/she will notice that on one hand; his opinion about slavery is that the enslavement of someone can't be proved as acceptable merely based on weak arguments and on the other hand;…
Ambler, Wayne. 1987. "Aristotle on Nature and Politics: The Case of Slavery." Political Theory 15:390-410.
Annas, Julia. 1996. "Aristotle on Human Nature and Political Virtue." The Review of Metaphysics 49: 731-53.
Arendt, Hannah. 1958. The Human Condition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Arendt, Hannah. 1961. Between Past and Future: Eight Exercises in Political Thought. New York: Viking.
Immigration in America
The purpose of this paper is to introduce, discuss, and analyze Bharati Mukherjee's essay, "Two Ways to Belong in America." Specifically, it will discuss the position that immigrants who legally come to this country should become citizens of this country, because they have enjoyed all the benefits the country has to offer, and they should be loyal to the country that has given them success and a new life. Immigrants who come to this country to live and work as legal immigrants certainly are not bound to become American citizens. However, as author Mukherjee notes in her essay, many immigrants are grateful to the country that has given them so much, and so, they do not want to take it for granted, or turn their back on it. Immigrants who do not become citizens have a place in American society, but if that is their choice, then…
Mukherjee, Bharati. "Two Ways to Belong in America." Writer's Presence: A Pool of Readings, 4th Edition. New York: Bedford/St. Martin's.
Salins, Peter D. "Toward a New Immigration Policy." Commentary Jan. 1997: 45+.
Schuck, Peter H. Citizens, Strangers, and In-Betweens: Essays on Immigration and Citizenship. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1998.
Susser, Siskind. "Why Become a Citizen?" VisaLaw.com. 4 Feb. 2004. 22 Nov. 2004.
During the investigative process, this researcher documents the formulation and thinking of the citizenship education programme in a typical Singapore secondary school.
Singapore, a contemporary strategic island known as one of the world's busiest economic powerhouse seaports, also currently constitutes a major global banking, petroleum, and ship building center. During the past few decades, Singapore, considered a "melting pot of cultures" moved to the top of considerations for international travelers. "A bridge and causeway connect Singapore to the Malaysia mainland…." (Singapore, 2008) Due to problems evolving from the aggressive current patterns of the Strait of Singapore, however, vital, on-going land reclamation projects routinely occur.
Regional fishermen and pirates originally claimed Singapore, at one time part of the Sumatran Empire of Srivijaya. During the 16th century, European control of the Malaysian area began. In 1819, Britain founded Singapore as a British trading colony, and consequently built one of Britain's most vital…
Figure 8: Yishun Town Secondary School Location (1) (Yishun Town Secondary, 2008)
X -- pic in other TEMPLATE
Figure 9: Yishun Town Secondary School Location (2) (School Information Service, 2008)
"I seek to discern the different analytical techniques Aristotle brings to bear on the problem of what justice is" (Allen, 2004). What is interesting to be noticed is that even in the beginning of the book, when presenting the racial segregation at the high school in Little ock, Allen does not turn to religion to explain or condemn the practice, but to the social principles of the Greek philosopher (Morris, 2006).
Some of these principles promoted by Aristotle and used by Danielle Allen could be succinctly presented as follows:
fluidity of our conceptual universe the power / or lack of power of persuasion the art of generating trust the difference between means and intentions friendship and justice - "if men are friends, there is no need for justice between them whereas merely to be just is not enough - it is also necessary to be friends" (Allen 2004 quoting Aristotle)…
Allen, D., 2004, Talking to Strangers: Anxieties of Citizenship Since Brown V. Board of Education, University of Chicago Press
Morris, L., 2006, Talking to Strangers: Anxieties of Citizenship, Journal of American History
2008, the Institute for Advanced Study, http://www.ias.edlast accessed on December 4, 2008
2005, Danielle Allen, John M. Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs at Ashland University, http://www.ashbrook.org/events/colloqui/2005/allen.htmllast accessed on December 4, 2008
Undocumented tudents Equity to in-tate Tuition:
Reducing The Barriers
There exist policy ambiguities and variations at federal, state, and institutional levels related to undocumented student access to and success in higher education and this has created problems for these students. This study investigated specific policies and procedures to provide the resources and capital to assist undocumented students as well as reviewed key elements of showing the correlation of these difficulties with ethnic identity in access and equity to higher education that would help eliminate student's frustration. The study also illustrated that there is no accountability system surrounding the success of undocumented student's postsecondary education divide significant structure. Three research questions guided the study; a) Without the fundamental requirements met how will undocumented students achieve their goal to attain a degree, and seek a rewarding career? b) Is it unjust to extradite an illegal alien who has been living a constructive…
Scott, W.R. (2004). Institutional theory: Contributing to a theoretical research program. Retrieved from http://icos.groups.si.umich.edu/Institutional%20Theory%20Oxford04.pdf
Spickard, P. (2007). Almost all aliens: Immigration, race, and colonialism in American history and identity. New York, NY: Routledge.
Taylor, E. (2009). The foundations of critical race theory in education: An introduction. In E. Taylor, D. Gillborn & G. Ladson-Billings (Eds.), Foundations of critical race theory in education (pp. 1-13). New York, NY: Routledge.
They also focus more on institutional support, like the need for appropriate funding for such educational programs, rather than psychological issues attacked to assimilation. Changing demographics in recent years in Canada have forced adult education programs to meet the challenge of doing more with fewer resources, as they fight, for more funding for programs designed to orient immigrants in the language and culture of the area. "As new citizens to Canada, they need educational programs to help them navigate the complex paths that citizenship entails and to upgrade their language, knowledge and skills to fully participate in Canadian society."
Unlike Ferrigno's article on education that accepts community criticism and a critique of society as a whole, Guo and Sork's see "adult education as an agency of social progress" in moving students forward into better economic opportunities. Adult education is "an important forum for building inclusive citizenship" more so than changing…
Pursuit of Equity: Women, Men, and the Quest for Economic Citizenship in Twentieth Century America, the social historian Alice Kessler-Harris clearly defines the intertwined relationship between full political citizenship in America and full economic citizenship in America. Women's citizenship, that is, full participation in the sphere related to articulating one's political rights, was once often seen as coming to its full fruition after women won the right to vote. However, Kessler-Harris makes clear that even today, because women's work is not perceived as being as necessary and as legitimate as work performed by men, women laborers continue to be discriminated against in political legislation. This discrimination is not only evident in terms of the way that women are treated at work. t is still incorporated and woven into the fabric of pre-existing political social legislation, ideology and rhetoric meant to address the inequities of the workforce. Social Security is only…
In recent years, more and more men have taken on housekeeping duties, and even, in the recent economic downturn evident in America, become full-time child care providers themselves. This has expanded the notion of what constitutes a head of household, and thus changed and shifted the notion of what it means to be a worker in America. Work is not only quantifiable in terms of paid employment. Furthermore, the challenge posed by non-white workers and women to the current feminist movement has made the country more socially aware of such political blindness. The 'right to work' has been a right 'enjoyed' by many non-white women for some years -- however, the right to education and professional work has come to these women with far greater difficulty. However, if these social shifts will change the fundamental political structure of the nation and give rise to a gender-neutral economic citizenship for all laborers still remains to be seen in the future.
Alice Kessler-Harris, In Pursuit of Equity: Men, Women, and the Quest for Economic Citizenship in America, New York: Oxford University Press, 2001, p.20.
Ibid., pp.173-175; 199-200.
Hershey's is a listed company. Its products are sold in Hershey's own retail stores, but also in most store chains. In addition to this, the company develops several partnerships with suppliers.
Some of the most important issues in the company's code of ethical conduct that ensure its success are represented by promoting diversity, producing products consumers can trust, and dealing fairly within the marketplace. In order to benefit from productive employees it is important to develop a cultural environment that sustains their productivity (Hershey's, 2012). One of the most efficient ways to reach this objective is to promote workplace diversity. This ensures that all issues are viewed from different points-of-view, and that different solutions can be determined. It also ensures that employees can improve their skills of anticipating situations that can affect the company's activity.
Producing products consumers can trust is one of the most important issues that…
4. Corporate Social Responsibility Report (2014). Hershey's. Retrieved July 6, 2014 from http://www.thehersheycompany.com/social-responsibility/shared-goodness/pdfs/2013_THC_CSR_140505_V6_TR.pdf .
5. The Hershey Company (2012). Industry Today. Retrieved July 6, 2014 from http://industrytoday.com/article_view.asp?ArticleID=FDQ_F23_hershey.
6. Hostetter, C. (2004). Sugar Allies: How Hershey and Coca Cola Used Government Contracts and Sugar Exemptions To Elude Sugar Rationing Regulations.
The best forms of government are those in which the leaders work for the benefit of the whole community. Little governments are actually good, as most act in favor of a specific social class, and not of the entire community. People tend to choose the form of government which benefits them the most, whether it is an oligarchy or a democracy.
Plato could argue that the Aristotelian citizenship politics is completely opposite to his own authority politics that implies the necessity of an authority that rules all the rest thus making the existence of a state possible under the correct laws and ruling imposed by those few who are able to rule due to their superiority.
The problem with the power in the state is that there are always groups that are unsatisfied with their leaders, so the best possible solution is to give the power to the many, as…
Aristotle. Politics. Book Three. (pp. 1-14).
Most Israelis do not desire assimilation into a common whole, given that they hold the other components of their identity equally dear as their Jewish heritage and their Israeli citizenship. A Russian Jew may have more in common with fellow Russians than an Ethiopian Jew and an Israeli may be an atheist yet a member of a religious state.
Does an Israel national identity still exist, asks Yehoshua? He does not ask this question of the Palestinian nationals, who clearly see themselves as apart from Israeli society, both legally and in terms of how they profess their own citizenship and nationhood. However, even for Jews, Israel proposes an interesting question of what constitutes a nation. Israel gives refuge and citizenship to every Jew, no matter where he or she may hail from, but the state of Israel also has civic institutions that are limited to professed nationals, some of whom…
One of the most dramatic consequences of the Civil ar and Reconstruction was that the South was effectively driven from national power for roughly six decades. Southerners no longer claimed the presidency, wielded much power on the Supreme Court, or made their influence strongly felt in Congress But beginning in the 1930s, the South was able to flex more and more political muscle, and by the 1970s some began to think that American politics and political culture were becoming 'southernized'.u How did this happen and what difference did it make to the development of the South and the United States?
Under segregation most blacks in the U.S. still lived in the South and were employed as sharecroppers, laborers and domestic servants, but the system of segregation and discrimination was also found everywhere in other sections of the country. Certainly virtually nothing was done for civil rights during the…
Brinkley, Allen. American History: A Survey, 14th Edition. McGraw-Hill, 2012.
Foner, Eric. Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War. Oxford University Press, 1995.
Foner, Eric. Forever Free: The Story of Emancipation and Reconstruction. NY: Knopf, 2005.
Gold, S.D. The Civil Rights Act of 1964. Marshall Cavendish, 2010.
(Needs to be specified by the writer)
When referring to the mechanisms of life and society, one can assume that the most trustful key for understanding the given world with all its issues and particularities is the scientific Sociology, based on research which further leads to elaborated theories. With no intention of underestimating its importance, the current paper work focuses on an alternative method of providing a complete view over social facts: movies.
Along with literature, movies represent a projection of the real world in the fictional area. y presenting an issue from an artistic point-of-view, a good movie not only provides a good understanding of an issue for the large masses of citizens, but it is also a very efficient method for drawing attention to a particular problem that the society faces. A well done movie uses symbolism in order to highlight relevant points, together with an intense…
1. Kaye, Tony. American History X. Perf. Edward Norton. John Morrissey, 1998
2. Singleton, John. Boyz N. The Hood. Perf. Ice Cube, Cuba Gooding, Jr. Steven Nicolaides, 1991
3. Castles, Stephen; Davidson, Alastair. Citizenship and migration: globalization and the politics of belonging. New York: Routledge, 2000
4. Chavez Leo Ralph. The Latino threat: constructing immigrants, citizens, and the nation. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 2008
To protect themselves, many Americans chose to avoid working with or becoming friends with those who immigrated. A lack of trust permeated everything that the Americans did in regards to the immigrants, at least with the men. This was not always true of the women, as they often got along together and shared the trials and difficulties of raising families. However, many men who owned shops and stores would not hire an immigrant laborer (Glazer, 1998).
They believed that immigrants took jobs away from people in the U.S., and they did not want to catch any diseases that these immigrants might have brought with them. The general attitude during this time period was that immigrants were so different from Americans that they could never mesh into one society, but that attitude has obviously changed, as today America is a mix of all kinds of people (Glazer, 1998; Sowell, 1997).
13 MEXUS 45, P52
21 BYE J. Pub. L. 153 P. 157
U.S.C. Section 1101(a)(15)(F)(i) (2006
U.S.C. Section 1184(g)(1)(a)(i) (2000
They are the people who are not media-savvy enough to have their name recognized but should still be considered good citizens. Many of the people who are in the public eye and recognized as good citizens deserve their accolades. However, a good citizen cannot be defined solely by a person's image or level of popularity.
Interestingly, one classmate said that good citizens feel a sense of personal gratification when they help someone. Deriving personal gratification from helping someone is admirable, but an impossible standard to measure. Plus, even the most stalwart good citizen grows frustrated with local bureaucracies and derives little personal gratification from some of their work. Deriving personal gratification from helping others does, however, suggest that the good citizen must act out of a sense of duty and not out of a desire for fame or fortune.
Classmates implied that being a good citizen is important for creating…
Other tools frequently used in this approach are positioning surveys and moving-average trend following trading rules. Fund managers regularly use these patterns to take informed decisions for short-term investments (Exchange ate Forecast, 2010).
Exchange rate risk affects both revenues and costs, which in turn affects a company's marketing, production, and financial decisions (Shapiro, n.d.). If a company's revenues are down then they might find themselves with less money to produce and market their product or service. If a company cannot produce or market their product or service they will probably not remain in business for very long. This is why it is so important to make financial decisions based upon a good model for forecasting exchange rates. A company's bottom line and ultimately their continued success rely heavily on their capability to have enough money to produce products and market them. A company that has no money to manufacture and…
2011 New design solar water heater. (2011). Retreived from http://www.alibaba.com/product -
Boyabatl, O. & Toktay, L.B. (2004). Operational Hedging: A Review with Discussion.
Retrieved from http://www.prism.gatech.edu/~bt71/articles/pompaper.pdf
Eric Jones and declare under the penalty of perjury that the following is true and correct to the best of my knowledge.
Honorable field office director of The United States Citizenship and mmigration Services; my name is Eric Jones am a very close friend of Mr. Sam -, despite his busy schedule Sam and speak or see each other at least three times a week. was born in Tucson Arizona and am currently employed as a project engineer with Raytheon Missile Systems, have been employed with this company for eleven years. am writing this letter in support of Mr. Sam's appeal regarding the denial of his efforts to become a United States Citizen. am compelled to write this letter not only because Sam is a true and great friend but also to help alleviate the sense of devastation that he felt upon learning his petition to become a naturalized U.S.…
I first met Sam in 1992 at Pueblo High School which is located in Tucson Arizona. Even as a young teenager Sam exhibited all the exceptional qualities that are the essential components of having a good moral character. Even as a sophomore in high school Sam was very mature, honest and kind. He treated everyone with respect and compassion regardless of their race, social class or physical traits. He was always there to help out anyone who needed it without expecting compensation or rewards. He truly was back then, and still is now a selfless man, always looking out for the welfare of others instead of thinking of himself. All the positives in his character that attracted me towards his friendship in those days still remain in Sam's person. A have never known Sam to lie or be dishonest about anything, not even the smallest detail.
He is the ideal candidate to receive the esteemed title of United States Citizen. Sam exemplifies all the values that this country was built upon. He is selfless, hardworking, dedicated, and patriotic. He holds freedom and liberty in the highest of regards. Sam is an exceptional member of his community and also a great father and supportive husband to his wife. His whole life is dedicated to ensuring their prosperity and well being. Sam loves his kids and is intent on providing the best life possible for them, which is one of the main reasons he wants to become a naturalized United States citizen. Sam did one of the most thoughtful and kind acts a man can make, he adopted a young feeble and desperate child. He did this for no other purposes than to help a child in need, and to enrich the life of his family. In the state of Arizona in order to adopt a child a candidate must pass a thorough and extensive process that validates the good character and proper legal standing of the candidate. The state of Arizona and the authoritative agencies responsible for adoptions procedures have deemed Sam to be of good moral character. I ask you to please reconsider his case and approve his petition to become a citizen of this great nation. He is a man that strictly follows all rules, regulations and laws as a lawful permanent resident, and I am sure that his efforts to be an outstanding member of his community will double if he is bestowed the honor of citizenship. He understands the honor and privileges that come with being a U.S. citizen and would never do anything to jeopardize them. Please carefully reconsider your decision and allow Sam who is a worthy citizenship candidate to become a full fledge member of this beautiful and great nation. Thank you.
Creating Democratic Citizens
In American society, individuals are taught that their thoughts and opinions are valued. From this idea, democracy is born. Each individual has the right to have an opinion of any subject and to present his or her idea in a public arena. To determine the best-suited idea for a group, a vote is conducted to determine the most agreed upon conclusion. Since the majority of participants choose the conclusion, it is the one that will take precedence and is considered the fairest conclusion for the group.
The United States of America is built upon democracy.
As a citizen of the nation, it is mandatory for each individual to understand his or her role within such a society. Each person has a variety of responsibilities to adhere to as a member of our democratic society. These responsibilities include respecting others, understanding the democratic system, questioning others' viewpoints…
Psychology of Multiculturalism: Identity, Gender, And the Recognition of Minority Rights
This paper looks at the issue of multiculturalism, its development, its use by society and the ways in which the field of psychology have reacted towards, and used, multiculturalism. Firstly, a brief history of the meaning of multiculturalism will be entered in to, next a brief discussion of the work of five authors (in particular Kymlicka, Taylor and Gerd) who have been influential in the development of research about multiculturalism will be presented, and then the psychology of multiculturalism will be discussed, from the viewpoint of how multiculturalism has been embraced by psychologists.
What exactly is multiculturalism? Everyone has a different idea of the meaning of this word in their minds, and consequently many different meanings of multiculturalism float around in the literature and in popular speak. Multiculturalism has gained particular significance in the United States, where there have…
Gerd, B. (1999). The Multicultural Riddle: Rethinking National, Ethnic, and Reliogious Identities (Zones of Religion). Routledge.
Gordon, W and Newfield, W. (2000). Mapping Multiculturalism.
Kymlicka, Will. (1995). Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights. Oxford University Press.
Kymlicka, W. And Norman, W. (2000). Citizenship in Diverse Societies. Oxford University Press.
AT&T STANDARDS AND Business
Global business environment is an environment within different sovereign countries and exogenous factors to the home of an organization influence the process of making decisions when it comes to the use of resources and capabilities. These include political, social, economic, legal, cultural, tax, regulatory and technological environments.
Global business environment is an environment within different sovereign countries whereby factors that are exogenous to the home environment of a particular organization have an influence on the process of making decisions when it comes to the use of resources and capabilities. These include political, social, economic, legal, cultural, tax, regulatory and technological environments.
Challenges to global business environment
Unethical business practices,
Failure to embrace technology advancements.
Stiff competition among the businesses.
Unethical business practices exist due to the lack of established ethical code of conduct within an organization
There are serious challenges on the global business environment which…
Irish Social Policy
The global recession came along with many negative effects to may countries in the world. Coupled with the terror attacks, the global fear increased even more and the situation became worse and worse for asylum seekers in the Western countries. Ireland consequently found itself in a situation that made it awkward for the refugees and other asylum seekers who run there for shelter. The asylum seekers and the refugees found themselves deprived of many basic human provisions and rights that every individual should be allowed to enjoy.
Inequalities of Irish policy
The policies in Ireland are very detrimental to the refugees. For instance with introduction of the Direct Provision policy the adult asylum seekers were entitled to an allowance of €19.10 per week, children €9.60 which are way below what the average Irish earns and is barely enough for any tangible provision for an individual leave alone…
Integrating Ireland, (2009). Direct Provision. Retrieved May 10, 2011 from http://www.integratingireland.ie/direct_provision
Justin Frewel, (2010). The Plight of Asylum Seekers in Ireland. Irish Left Review. Retrieved May 10, 2011 from http://www.irishleftreview.org/2010/02/24/plight-asylum-seekers-ireland/
Mikko Lahteenmaki, (2004). Refugee and Migration Policy in the European Union. International Seminar for Experts in the Series Great Debates organized by the Cicero Foundation, Paris. May 10, 2011 from http://www.cicerofoundation.org/pdf/report_refugee_migration.pdf
The Referendum Commission (2011). Background Information on the Citizenship Referendum.
products or service of your chosen organization, and two (2) key factors in the organization's external environment that can affect its success. Provide explanation to support the rationale.
De Beers is the world's famous diamond company, established in 1888, with proficiency in exploration, mining and marketing of diamonds. More than 20,000 employees make contribution to the communities in which we work. De Beers carries out profitable business which helps the government reach their aims of turning natural resources into natural wealth and is working to provide good long-term development for Africa. Anglo American and the Government of the epublic of Botswana are the two shareholders of De Beers, 85% and 15% respectively. This company is made up of fully owned partnerships, investments and subsidiaries. It is involved in most of the diamond chain value such as exploration in four continents, mining in Namibia, Canada, South Africa and Botswana; valuation, arrangement,…
Austin JE (2000) The Collaboration Challenge: How Nonprofits and Businesses Succeed Through Strategic Alliances. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Baker, R (2010). Pepsi Reveals Sustainable Business Plan', Marketing Week U.K., 19 October. Available from: http://www.marketingweek.co.uk/sectors/sustainability/pepsico-reveals-sustainable-businessplan/3019459.article
Barkay, T. (2013). When Business and Community Meet: A Case Study of Coca-Cola. Critical Sociology, 39: 277.
Bieri1, F. And Boli, J. (2011). Trading Diamonds Responsibly: Institutional Explanations for Corporate Social Responsibility. Eastern Sociological Society.
Legal Immigration Is Good for the United States
With the United States opening its boarders to thousands of legal immigrants each year, immigration has become one of the most hotly debated issues in the country. However, what has largely fueled this debate has to do with the impact of both illegal and legal immigrants on the United States' economy, crime rates as well as education and environment. While some continue to advocate for the reduction of immigration within the U.S., others are of the opinion that legal immigration impacts positively on the U.S. In terms of diversity and economic gains amongst other unique benefits. It is important to note that when legal immigration is viewed from a critical perspective, the United States does benefit greatly from the same. This text will clearly and concisely highlight some of these benefits.
Immigration in the United States: An Overview
Considered a complex demographic…
Arnold, K.R. (2011). Anti-Immigration in the United States: A Historical Encyclopedia. California: ABC-CLIO.
Estrom, P. (2007, June 7). Immigration: Google makes Its Case. Retrieved February 12th, 2012, from Business Week website: http://www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/content/jun2007/db20070606_792054.htm
Geigenberger, J. (2008). The lasting Value of Legal Immigration for the United States of America. Norderstedt Germany: GRIN Verlag.
Griswold, D. (2009, July 21). As Immigrants Move in, Americans Move Up. Retrieved February 14th, 2012, from CATO Institute website: http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=10650
Dark Age and the Archaic Age
Having watched the lectures for the prior learning unit on video, I was prepared to enjoy the video lecture presentation for this learning unit. I previously found the presentation of lectures in the video format to be very convenient because I could observe at my own pace, rewind if I missed part of the lecture, have flexibility about when I was viewing the lecture, and not be distracted by the behavior or questions of other students. I acknowledged that there were some negatives to the video-learning environment, such as missing out on the organic and natural question and answers that develop in a live classroom setting, but had decided that missing those was an acceptable trade-off given the other benefits that I was receiving from the video lecture environment. Therefore, I was surprised to find that I did not enjoy the video lectures for…
The essence of Zapatista philosophy and action is the discovery of a new order of revolution. In the wake of failures of other socialist movements from Lenin to in Russia to the Sandinistas in Nicaragua, the small group of Mayan farmers in southwestern Mexico contend not only with reconstructing revolutionary tactics but also with the massive opposition from dominant governments, including those in Mexico and the United States. Governments that continually uphold the principles of capitalism will find in the Zapatistas an idealistic, hopeless cause of swimming against the tide of globalization. Even before the ratification of the North American Free trade Agreement (NAFTA), Mexicans struggled with political and economic oppression. The indigenous peoples of Mexico, like the Mayan nations of Chiapas, fared worst. Lowest on the scale of economical, social, and political power, these individuals hearkened to the voice of their martyred namesake Zapata, who was murdered on…
De Angelis, Massimo. "Globalization, New Internationalism and the Zapatistas." Capital and Class 70 (2000): 9-35.
Mills, C. Wright. "The Sociological Imagination." The Sociological Imagination. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1959.
Harvey, Neil. "Globalisation and resistance in post-cold war Mexico: difference, citizenship and biodiversity conflicts in Chiapas." Third World Quarterly 22 (2001): 1045-1061.
AT&T's code of ethics can be found on its ATT.com website (2014). The code exists in accordance with the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission, according to the company. The code contains nine items: honest and ethical conduct, conflicts of interest, disclosure, compliance, reporting and accountability, corporate opportunities, confidentiality, fair dealing and protection and proper use of company assets. Under each category, the company explains its policies. Under "honest and ethical conduct," AT&T says it will "act with integrity," using a synonym to make a redundant statement. It also says it will "observe both the form and spirit of laws and government rules and regulations," which is the same as line IV, compliance. It will "adhere to a high standard of business ethics," another redundant statement, and without defining "high standard."
The company rather curiously defines "conflict of interest:" as arising when a personal interest interferes…
A&T Code of Conduct. (2014). Retrieved February 18, 2014 from http://www.att.com/gen/investor-relations?pid=5595
AT&T (2013) AT&T global supplier diversity. AT&T. Retrieved February 18, 2014 from http://www.att.com/gen/corporate-citizenship?pid=17724
Holmes, A. (2014). AT&T buoyed in lobbying push against spectrum auction limits. Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved February 18, 2014 from www.publicintegrity.org/2014/01/07/14081/att-buoyed-lobbying-push-against-spectrum-auction-limits
Saint Louis University. (2013). $1 million AT&T contribution to support global education initiatives. Saint Louis University. Retrieved February 18, 2014 from http://www.slu.edu/x87581.xml
The next big brand was the Mustang in 1964. In the 80s, the Aston Martin and Jaguar purchases allowed entry into the luxury and sports car markets; the deal with Kia got it into subcompacts. Ford's Taurus, Aerostar, F-series trucks, and the Explorer were star performers in their segments. However, the company's market share peaked in the mid-90s, and the company continues to struggle amidst formidable global competition.
Marketing Strategy: Ford's goal is to be the industry's innovator and leader in all segments: Cars, Hybrids, Crossovers, SUVs and Trucks. As such, it focuses on progression, quality, technology, safety and going "green." Even though its primary target market is the United States, Ford also pursues a global market. Ford depends heavily on its strong brand name as well as promotions and advertising to drive sales. Its current marketing messages emphasize customer satisfaction and dependability to appeal to consumers during the economic…
ut in the 30s, most waves of Korean migrants came in because of the policy of forced conscription. Japan's economy rapidly improved at the time and there was a huge demand for labor. This and industrialization led to the creation of a Japanese national mobilization plan. This plan, in turn, led to the conscription of roughly 600,000 Koreans. Japan's military forces continued to expand and the government had to regular the increase in the Korean population. They were required to carry an identification card. In 1942, the government promised them equal citizenship if they extended their work contracts. They became eligible to vote, run for public office and serve in election committees. Conscription was implemented in the same year. Despite official political equality, Korean inferiority remained prevalent. Yet they were expected to observe and practice Japanese culture as a condition to political equality (Minorities at Risk).
With the defeat of…
Alvin, Koh Zhongwei. Koreans in Japan. National University of Singapore: NUS
History Society E-Journal, 2003.
Kichan Song. The Appearance of "Young Koreans in Japan" and the Emergence of a New Type of Ethnic Education. Vol 9 237-253. Kyodo University: Kyodo Journal of Sociology, 2001
Kyodo. Jong Raps Japan for Historical Crime Against Koreans. Asian Political News.
Perceptions of Che Guevera
PERCEPTIONS OF CHE GUEVARA
Che Guevara was born as Ernesto Guevara de la Serna in 1928 to a middle-class family (Castaneda 1998, 3). He was Argentinean by birth but was later awarded with an honorary Cuban citizenship in recognition of his contribution towards the armed struggle in the Cuban revolution. Studying to become a doctor, Guevara became influenced by Marxist ideals and teachings upon a motorbike trip across South America at the age of twenty-four where he observed the exploitation and deprivation of the poor people under capitalism (Castaneda 1998, 50). He became a champion of the class struggle against capitalism on an international level. He joined Fidel Castro in 1955 in overthrowing the Cuban government of atista. Subsequently, he became an important figure in Cuban diplomacy and a vocal critic of the United States and the Soviet Union. Later on he helped revolutionary groups…
Anderson, Jon, L. 2010. Che Guevara: A Revolutionary Life. Grove Press
Castaneda, Jorge, G. 2008. Companero: The Life and Death of Che Guevara. Bloomsbury Publishing
Harris, Richard, L. 2010. Che Guevara: A Biography. ABC-CLIO
Salmon, Gary, P. 1990. The Defeat of Che Guevara: Military Response to Guerrilla Challenge in Bolivia. Greenwood Publishing Group
Heroic Ideal Greece, ome
An Analysis of the Heroic Ideal from Ancient Greece to oman Empire
The mythopoetic tradition in Greece begins with Homer's Iliad, which balances the heroic figures of Achilles and Hector, two opposing warriors and men of honor, amidst a war on which not even the gods are in agreement. Hector and Achilles mirror one another in nobility and strength and both represent an ideal heroic archetype of citizenry -- men who do battle to honor both their countries and their names. To illustrate, however, the way the ideal of heroic citizenship changes from the Greek mythopoetic tradition through to the late Stoicism of oman imperialism, it is necessary to leap ahead several centuries and survey the several different bodies of work.
The mythopoetic tradition in Greece somewhat continually dwells on the same themes with regard to heroic citizenship, whether in Homer or in the Golden Age…
Aristophanes. (1973). Lysistrata/The Acharnians/The Clouds. Trans. Alan Sommerstein. NY: Penguin Classics, 1973.
Homer. (2008). The Iliad. Trans. Robert Fitzgerald. UK: Oxford University Press.
Educational Excellence eview goals put Educational Excellence All Children Act (1999). Goal 1: eady learn year 2000, children America start school ready learn. Goal 2: School Completion year 2000, high school graduation rate increase 90%.
Educational Excellence for All Children Act (1999):
How does Louisiana measure up?
When President Clinton reauthorized the Elementary & Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965 in the form of the Educational Excellence for All Children Act (1999), he intended to reinforce such concepts as 'high academic standards, top-quality teachers in smaller classes, safe schools" and emphasize the need for a greater degree of accountability of schools and teachers (Kickbush & Winters 1999). The Act set six major goals for all schools. Sadly, the state of Louisiana has received a failing grade from a number of independent, objective review boards in relation to its ability to meet these six goals. The National Center for…
Drug and alcohol abuse amongst teens in Louisiana. (2012). Inspirations Youth. Retrieved:
Ernest Gallet. (2011). Louisiana Schools Report Cards. Retrieved:
Multiple Levels of Analysis
Models for single-level and multi-level research
Multiple levels of analysis in organizational research:
Advantages and disadvantages to using this approach
Given today's increasingly complex organizational structures, equally nuanced levels of organizational research are required to ensure a full and comprehensive portrait of the environment. Different approaches have been created to deal with the need for organizational complexity. Two dominant approaches are that of multilevel and comparative approaches, both of which "present rather distinct traditions in organization studies, each with its own epistemological assumptions and associated methods" (Lacey & Fiss 2009: 3). Organizations can be compared with other organizations as a whole or they can be compared in terms of their different internal 'levels.' According to the multilevel approach organizations are made up of a series of interconnected individuals, dyads, groups, organizations, industries, markets, and other components based upon the belief that "to examine organizational phenomena is…
Kidwell, R.E., Mossholder, K.E., and Bennett, N. (1997) Cohesiveness and organizational citizenship behavior: a multilevel analysis using work groups and individuals. Journal of Management, 26.7: 775.
Klein, K. & Kozlowski, S. (2003). A multilevel approach to theory and research in organizations: Contextual, temporal, and emergent processes. Multilevel Theory, Research, and Methods in Organizations: Foundations, Extensions, and New Directions
Lacey, R, & Fiss, P. (2009). Comparative organizational analysis across multiple levels: A set theoretic approach. From Studying differences between organizations: Comparative approaches to organizational research. B. King, T. Felin, & D. Whetten. (Ed).
Research in the Sociology of Organizations, 26. Bingley, UK: Emerald/JA. Retrieved:
Race and Ethnic Inclusion and Exclusion
In Ira erlin's (1998) Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America, the author shows how groups in the U.S. struggled to exclude other groups. White people made a serious effort to exclude black people from anything other than the most menial jobs for a very long time (Davidson, 2005; Gasorek, 1998). The desire to exclude was based on skin color and race, but there was also an element of inclusion in that black people were included in one group based on their skin color, and were not seen as individuals who were unique people based on their own merits (Sherif, 1967; Tajfel & Turner, 1979).
lack people struggled to gain access to institutions and status as they developed their own identities in an area with which they were unfamiliar (erlin, 1998). They became soldiers and worked as artisans, along…
Berlin, Ira. 1998. Many thousands gone: The first two centuries of slavery in North America. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Davison, K.N. (2005). The mixed race experiment: Treatment of racially categorized individuals under title VII. Law journal library, 12: 161-164.
Gasorek, Dory. 1998. Inclusion at Dun & Bradstreet: Building a high-performing company. The Diversity Factor 8(4).
Hyter, Michael C. & Turnock, Judith L. 2006. The power of inclusion: Unlock the potential and productivity of your workforce. NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Even in a secular society like ours, it is important to conceptualize a set of universal values that can be codified in doctrines of human rights and freedoms. These universal human values and ethics can therefore undergird social norms and laws, preventing recourse to superstition and religion as excuses for human rights abuses. As modern society shifts towards a new moral order based on secular values rather than on religious doctrine, the concept of piety as it is elucidated in Plato’s Euthyphro is the most important concept to be integrated into the Socratic Citizenship Initiative.
In Plato’s Euthyphro, both Socrates and Euthyphro exemplify the need for a universal moral order, one that transcends either church or state. At one point in Euthyphro, Socrates cryptically questions, “is it that where there is piety, there is also justice, but piety is not everywhere justice is, since piety is a part of justice?”…
At the same time, however, citizens use this belief to attempt to get as much as they can from the "system," exhibiting the same qualities that lead them to distrust the government.
There is also a deeper element to the problem, however, in what can most succinctly be described as the bastardization of the system of government and society envisioned by the revolutionaries like Madison, Washington, Jefferson, and Hamilton (Bellah, 250-6). The notion of democracy has come to be equated with individual freedom and truly rampant individualism, where the ability for each individual in society to protect their own interests is seen as the paramount effect of democracy. The framers of the Constitution and of American government and society as a whole, however, established a republic wherein the individual good was tied to the common good, and this was supposed to remain an explicit and conscious part of society (Bellah,…
Carlisle Indian School: founded 1879; Indian boarding school; Pennsylvania; forced assimilation of native children; abuse of children
11. Cheyenne Tribe: Plains Indians; a Sioux name for the tribe; currently comprises two tribes; ties with Arapaho; hunters; ghost dance
12. ed Cloud: leader of Ogala Lakota; fierce warrior opposed U.S.; ed Cloud's War 1866-1868; Wyoming, Montana; became leader on reservation
13. Comanche Tribe: Texas, Colorado, New Mexico, Kansas, Oklahoma; Plains Indians; hunter-gatherers; about 14,000 remain; speak Uto-Aztecan language related to Shoshone
14. Joseph Brant: Thayendanegea; Mohawk; American evolution fought with British to help Indians; became Mason; active political leader for Six Nations
15. Trail of Tears: massive relocation of Native Americans; affected Choctaw, Cherokee and other southern Indians; move to Oklahoma Indian Territory; 1830s; related to Indian emoval Act; represented treaty violations
16. Pontiac's War: 1763; Great Lakes region; Pontiac was Odawa leader; war against British after Seven Years War; British…
"Red Cloud." PBS. Retrieved Mar 26, 2009 from http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/i_r/redcloud.htm
Saunders, R. (2007). "Chief Pontiac's War -- 1763." Retrieved Mar 26, 2009 from http://colonial-america.suite101.com/article.cfm/chief_pontiacs_war_1763
All of these are admittedly challenging problems and the key to lasting change is that employees must first identify and internalize the need and desire for change for these strategies to succeed.
Yuen H. Chan, obert . Taylor, Scott Markham. "The ole of Subordinates' Trust in a Social Exchange-driven Psychological Empowerment Process. " Journal of Managerial Issues 20.4 (2008): 444-467,421-422. ABI/INFOM Global. ProQuest, 1 Mar. 2009
Fulkerson, John ., and andall S. Schuler.. "Managing worldwide diversity at Pepsi-Cola International." Diversity in the workplace: Human resources initiatives. 248-276. New York, NY U.S.: Guilford Press, 1992. PsycINFO. EBSCO. [2 Mar. 2009
Ann Gilley, Jerry W. Gilley, Heather S. McMillan. "Organizational change: Motivation, communication, and leadership effectiveness. " Performance Improvement Quarterly 21.4 (2009): 75. ABI/INFOM Global. ProQuest. 1 Mar. 2009
Edward Martin. "Employers boost perks to build workforce loyalty. " the Business Journal 22 Sep. 1997: 30. ABI/INFOM Dateline. ProQuest. 2 Mar.…
Yuen H. Chan, Robert R. Taylor, Scott Markham. "The Role of Subordinates' Trust in a Social Exchange-driven Psychological Empowerment Process. " Journal of Managerial Issues 20.4 (2008): 444-467,421-422. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest, 1 Mar. 2009
Fulkerson, John R., and Randall S. Schuler.. "Managing worldwide diversity at Pepsi-Cola International." Diversity in the workplace: Human resources initiatives. 248-276. New York, NY U.S.: Guilford Press, 1992. PsycINFO. EBSCO. [2 Mar. 2009
Ann Gilley, Jerry W. Gilley, Heather S. McMillan. "Organizational change: Motivation, communication, and leadership effectiveness. " Performance Improvement Quarterly 21.4 (2009): 75. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 1 Mar. 2009
Edward Martin. "Employers boost perks to build workforce loyalty. " the Business Journal 22 Sep. 1997: 30. ABI/INFORM Dateline. ProQuest. 2 Mar. 2009
This is true with a new generation of immigrants, as well. While many people see Hispanics as a cause of additional strain on our societal resources, many of these people are coming here for the same opportunities and advantages that our own ancestors came her for - a better life and to follow their dream. They work in industries that white Americans shun, such as agriculture, domestic labor, and hospitality, and they do it willingly, rather than grudgingly. These people hold on to their culture, but they also assimilate into American culture, just as Appiah notes. It would be impossible for them to move to the U.S. And live as they had in their own country. They adapt and conform, and hold on to the values and traditions that are the most important to them.
Thus, it would seem Appiah would oppose the Secure Fence Act as an act of…
Media Articulation Of The ites Of
HETEOSEXUAL vs. HOMOSEXUAL MAIAGE IGHTS
In the Land of the Free where the Bill of ights is supreme, all marital unions between consenting adults should be accorded the same level of societal respect and legality under federal and state laws. It was just a few decades ago when the Gay ights Movement was born in a raucous Greenwich Village bar, but homosexuals have become increasingly accepted in mainstream American society in the years since and a growing number of states are legalizing same-sex marriage in response to this trend. Unfortunately, the path to equal rights for all American citizens has been hampered by negative media coverage of homosexuals in the United States in recent years in ways that are frequently subtle but which are discernible through careful analysis. This type of analysis is important because prejudicial public information or notice of the…
Black's law dictionary. (1999). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. (2011). Library of Congress. Retrieved from http://
Gallagher, M. (2006, May 15). Banned in Boston. The Weekly Standard, 11(33), 3.
In the past, I have volunteered for Tree City USA in Orland Hills in a number of projects and events. I also have a soft spot for communal well-being and development and in that regard; I occasionally coach the little league basketball just as a way of making a small contribution towards the development of others.
I may not be the brightest student in my class at Western Illinois University, the college from which am transferring, but I have made deliberate moves in the recent past to double my efforts so as to enhance my grades. As you will find out, I have had three grades in the past which may be an issue of concern i.e. An F (got a C+ on re-taking the same) and two Ds. I am fully convinced that poor time management contributed largely towards the three dismal grades and my relatively low GPA. With…