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Due to the racial mixture of the Brazilian people, affirmative action is failing its intended goal. However, Rochetti does see how this system could benefit the population of Brazil with some benefits. In order to help bridge the gap between the rich educated Brazilians and the poor, uneducated people there, Rochetti believes that admission quotas should be used based not solely on an individual's race, but rather their class (Rochetti 2004). This would help bring in students of all races and mixed races, who would have been otherwise denied access to higher learning and all its benefits after graduation because they did not fit the exact racial profile. Rochetti believes that admissions quotas are ineffective in Brazil not because they are bad policies, but that they are just not being applied to the populations which need them most. Once adjustments are made, Brazil will also see the benefits of college…
CNN.com staff writers. (2003). "Narrow Use of Affirmative Action Preserved in College
Admissions." Law Center. http://www.cnn.com/2003/LAW/06/23/scotus.affirmativeaction/
Rochetti, Ricardo. (2004). "Not as Easy as Black and White: The Implications of the University of Rio de Janeiro's Quota Based Admissions Policy on Affirmative Action in Brazil." Vanderbilt Journal of Transitional Law. Vol. 37
Sowell, Thomas. (1999). "Racial Quotas in College Admissions: A Critique of the Bowen and Bok Study." Hoover Digest. No. 3. p. 37.
College Admission on Why I Have Chosen to Become a Physician Assistant
The reason I have chosen to become a physician's assistant is based on my desire to be a part of the medical community. I have always had great respect for those who chose to dedicate their lives to helping others, whatever their field of career. However, the medical community holds a strong attraction for me because it is ever changing with new treatments and innovative techniques discovered almost daily.
My family instilled in me the value of an education and the sense of duty to service that we each owe society.
Knowledge is the one thing that cannot be taken from you and service to society is the responsibility we each carry.
Moreover, I am also aware of the value of persistence and dedication to overcoming challenges and obstacles. I have learned to achieve my goals in life…
Foreign Student College Admissions Application am planning on transferring to an American university to further my education. I have lived in the United States for the past two years as an international student. Attending ESL school here opened me to new people and learning situations and also helped me be more outgoing. The confidence that comes from learning a new language enabled me to meet new friends. I blended in well with my peers and am ready to experience more cultural immersion from the American university system. Ultimately I hope to develop my career goals as well.
A attended ESL school in the great city of Boston. Boston is an amazing cultural center and offers a lot of history and art. I have learned a lot just from walking around the city, taking in the sights, and going to museums. Boston is a perfect place to learn about American history…
This paper aims to appraise the document submitted to the United States Supreme Court by the American Sociological Association (ASA) on a Michigan Law School case. This paper presents a summary of the argument maintained by the ASA. This paper further presents an argument on race's relevance by college admissions officers in deciding whom to accept into a college.
Ethnic and racial diversity in the student body is considered a valuable educational experience in American higher education. This diversity is also regarded as a means of rectifying the problems caused by the unfair discrimination exhibited against certain groups of people. Due to the low representation of racial and ethnic minority groups in many institutions' student bodies, some admission policies have made allowances for racial preference to be used as an admission criterion to encourage more minority students' admission. But using racial or ethnic preference as an admission criterion to…
Bielby, W. T. (2003). ASA submits Amicus brief in U.S. supreme court case on affirmative action in college admissions. Retrieved from https://www.asanet.org/sites/default/files/savvy/footnotes/mar03/indexone.html
Garces, L. M. (2009). The impact of allowing the consideration of race in admissions policies on the representation of students of color at Texas professional and graduate schools. Retrieved from https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/btl/files/liliana_garces_-_qp_1-27-09.pdf
Hanssen, C. (2015). Should race be a factor in college admissions? Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/24/opinion/should-race-be-a-factor-in-college-admissions.html
Klosowski, T. (2010). Should race still be a factor in college admissions? Retrieved from https://money.howstuffworks.com/personal-finance/college-planning/admissions/race-college-admissions2.htm
Oyez. (2003). Grutter v. Bollinger. Retrieved from https://www.oyez.org/cases/2002/02-241
Sayo, K., & Choi, E. (2016). How race plays a role in college admissions. The Mirror, Van Nuys High School, 6. Retrieved from http://studentpress.org/nspa/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2017/09/121516-p06.pdf
Uerling, D. (2004). Racial and ethnic preferences in college admissions: how much is too much? Journal of Women in Educational Leadership, 110. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1116&context=jwel
Affirmative Action - Should ace be a Factor in Deciding College Admissions?
Should race be a deciding factor for college admissions? The debate is one that is hotly contested among students and administrators alike. Many feel that in a tight job market acquiring a college educational is an essential prerequisite for career advancement (Worsnop, 1996) thus competition for admission to many of the nation's best universities is increasing.
In addition tuition expenses are also rapidly rising and applicants are seeking out more and more scholarships and other forms of academic assistance to overcome financial obstacles. Most employers seek out candidates that have at minimum acquired an undergraduate degree. Thus competition is fierce and candidates are seeking out equal opportunities not only with respect to admissions but also with respect to financial assistance.
Currently the state of the educational system at higher universities is in flux. Many universities report that minority…
Gurin, Patricia; Dey, Eric; Hurtado, Sylvia; Gurin, Gerald. "Affirmative Action Encourages
Educational Diversity." Civil Rights. Karen F. Balkin, Ed. Current Controversies Series. Greenhaven Press, 2004. From: Patricia Gurin, Eric L. Dey, Sylvia Hurtado, and Gerald Gurin, "Diversity and Higher Education: Theory and Impact on Educational Outcomes," Harvard Educational Review, vol. 72, Fall 2002
Jost, K. (2001, September 21). Affirmative action. The CQ Researcher Online, 11, 737-760. Retrieved November 27, 2004, from http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/cqresrre2001092100 . Document ID: cqresrre2001092100.
Jost, K. (1995, April 28). Rethinking affirmative action. The CQ Researcher Online. Retrieved November 27, 2004, from http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/cqresrre1995042800 . Document ID: cqresrre1995042800
Drachman, Edward R., Robert Langran, and Alan Shank. Case 4: Race-Based Affirmative
Action in College Admissions: Keep It, Mend It, or End It? You Decide: Controversial cases in American Politics. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2008. 47-67. Print.
Colleges have given three main justifications for affirmative action policies that would aid certain minority applicants, especially African-Americans and Hispanics: to compensate for long-standing practices of discrimination; to achieve diversity of the student body; and to overcome 'underrepresentation' of historically disadvantaged groups (47).
In California in 1995, the Board of Regents decided to stop race-based admissions, and the next year voters passed Proposition 209, which ended racial preferences in all public-sector state programs including college admissions; and laws were soon enacted in Washington State and Florida prohibiting state universities from using race-based admissions policies (48).
Critics of racial preference in college admission argue that:
The U.S. Constitution, especially the Fourth Amendment,…
"The Supreme Court under its new chief justice decided the Meredith v. Jefferson County case, involving the Louisville, Kentucky, public schools, and a companion case involving the public schools of Seattle, Washington, it outlawed the use of race or diversity for any purpose -- benign as well as punitive, inclusionary, or exclusionary. The court found there is no compelling state interest that would justify acknowledgement of group characteristics in public education or the value of diversity" (xv-xvi).
Wygant v. Jackson Board of Education (1986): "Required that the use of racial classification support a compelling interest of state and be narrowly tailored to satisfy that particular interest. The court's ruling in this case also stated that historic social discrimination was not by itself a compelling reason for an affirmative action policy, and that a public employer should only enact such a policy if it is indeed needed" (7).
1994 -- 5th Circuit of the U.S. District Court of Appeals "held that the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment does not permit the University of Texas to establish admissions policies that give preferential treatment to one race over another" (7).
Future for the SAT?
Today, the American College Testing (ACT) and Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) and SAT Subject Tests are among the most commonly used standardized tests to evaluate academic potential and progress. In the case of the SATs, these standardized tests are specifically designed to evaluate student academic readiness for entry into college. According to the SAT's vendor, The College Board, "These exams provide a path to opportunities, financial support, and scholarships, in a way that's fair to all students. The SAT and SAT Subject Tests keep pace with what colleges are looking for today, measuring the skills required for success in the 21st century" (About the tests, 2015, para. 2). Unfortunately, far too many educators and educational institutions use the results of standardized tests such as the SATs that do not conform to this stated purpose, making the need for a careful analysis concerning appropriate applications for these…
About the tests. (2015). The College Board. Retrieved from https://sat.collegeboard.org/about-tests .
Atkinson, B. M. (2012, May-June). Target practice: Reader response theory and teachers' interpretations of students' SAT 10 scores in databased professional development. Journal of Teacher Education, 63(3), 201-205.
Finn, A. S., Kraft, M. A. & West, M. R. (2015). Cognitive skills, student achievement tests, and schools. Psychological Science (in press).
Helm, D. M. (2008, Fall). Standardized test scores as acceptance criteria for dental hygiene programs. Journal of Allied Health, 37(3), 169-173.
“Be the change you want to see in the world.” Mahatma Gandhi’s quote highlights the importance of taking action to promote positive social change. When I consider the ways I will contribute to creating positive social change, I keep in mind my heroes: those who have stood up to oppression and injustice like Gandhi, King, Mandela, and Malala. Although I may not be Nobel Peace Prize material, I can make a difference in the world by embodying the changes I want to see in how organizations are managed. I intend to make a positive social change through my work as a human resources specialist
My work as a human resources manager will be complex, as I advocate on behalf of employees to help create an organizational culture that best reflects the values, goals, and ideals of the company. At the same time, I recognize that all firms thrive when they…
Edberg, H. (2013). Gandhi’s 10 rules for changing the world. Retrieved online: http://www.dailygood.org/story/466/gandhi-s-10-rules-for-changing-the-world-henrik-edberg/
earliest childhood I have been fascinated with architecture. Even as a little child working with crayons and magic markers, I was drawing buildings and bridges while other children drew family members, animals and flowers. My favorite toys were Legos and building blocks, and unlike many boys my age, my pleasure was always in constructing and never in demolition. I pursued the art of building throughout my childhood, and by the time I was in middle school I already knew that I wanted to be an architect. It should be no surprise, then, that when I informally began my college search a few years ago, Ball State University quickly distinguished itself in my mind as a school whose architecture and design programs would help me succeed in my life goals.
I have always stayed focused on my goal to become a great architect and a credit to my family and school.…
The Hollywood Cheating Scandal exposed what life is like on the other side of the tracks—the side where wealth and fame are used to buy a way into top-tier schools for trust fund kids. The college admissions cheating scheme involved some big names across a range of industries: actors, actresses, fashion moguls, Wall Street guys, real estate giants, doctors and many others were all implicated in the scheme along with Ivy League teachers, coaches, and test takers. This article will discuss what happened, why, and what it means for America.
Money Can’t Buy Happiness—But It Can Buy You a Four Year Degree with the Right Connections
People have always wondered why some get into the elite schools are others are denied. Well, the answer is that money talks and always will. The people who have to do so earn their degrees the hard way—through hard work and…
Universities and colleges have been described as 'loosely coupled systems...'
"What does this mean to you based on the readings?" loosely coupled system is one that only occasionally works, and sometimes produces unpredictable results. Given the disparate goals and social elements of the modern university, a university is clearly such a loosely coupled system. Students come wanting a degree to get a good job and may have to take liberal arts courses they dislike, professors who want to research must teach students with little interest in deeper, critical thinking about life, the university community is diverse and brings together teachers, students, and administrators with different backgrounds and views of the purpose of life and education -- and sometimes students, faculty, and administrators use their position for social change, other times college is simply a place to 'fill time.'
Student organizations, social and extracurricular, may have different interests than…
pursuit of my MBA and CFA certification, is why I am interested in the business and financial world. My answer is not an academic one, but one rooted in the knowledge of how a failure to engage in appropriate financial planning can have an impact that ripples throughout one's family. I began my college education by attending Hudson County Community College (HCCC), where I initially majored in engineering. However, like many people in my age group who come from less affluent beginnings, I was unable to devote myself full-time to my studies. In addition to having the responsibility of paying for my own education, I also felt responsibility to help support my family. As a result, I did not have the time or attention that I needed to devote to my studies. My grades suffered and, in reality, I was in danger of becoming a college dropout. This would have…
Applications Decision Models Supply Chain Management
How will emerging web-based technologies and decision models change supply chains in the future? The response to this question has incredible stakes. It is projected that the Internet has the prospect to capture more than $1 trillion from the $7 trillion spent every year on mechanisms, supplies, and services globally (USA Today, 2008, p. I). How this will occur is a high-priority subject in many industries and companies at the moment. In this paper, I endeavor to develop our indulgent of this serious issue by developing a conceptual framework for how supply-chain companies may react to emerging technologies in order to make competitive leeway's. The model suggests that one method by which buyers and suppliers can together perk up their competitive position is to study how to intelligently incorporate the new technologies into their day by day activities and methods. This can be done…
Clark, K.B., and T. Fujimoto. Product Development Performance. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2001.
Eppinger, Steven D., Daniel E. Whitney Robert P. Smith, and David Gebala. 'Model-Based Method for Organizing Tasks in Product Development. Research in Engineering Design. 2006, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 1-13.
Fleischer, M., and J. Liker. Concurrent Engineering Effectiveness: Integrating Product Development across Organizations. Cincinnati, OH: Hanser Gardner, 2009.
Horovitz, B. Fast-Food Giant's New Plan: Hot, Juicy Made to Order. USA Today. Feb. 20, 2008, pp. B1-B2.
To meet the standards, an application, either has all the accessibility features built in, or it has to be compatible with assistive technology (Software Applications and Operating Systems (1194.21), 2001). In order to function together, the application and the operating system must be compatible. Software that is designed to run on an operating system is executable with the keyboard where the functions discern the text. The keyboard accesses the program's controls and functions. All actions are labeled or identified as text and must be executable from the keyboard.
The accounting software has to be compatible with the operating system to run smoothly and without disrupting other features and programs. The application program interface is the way programs communicate with each other with the input and output devices. The application and the operating system communicate with the input and output that creates the compatibility between the two. The application…
Software Applications and Operating Systems (1194.21). (2001, June 21). Retrieved from access-board.gov: http://access-board.gov/sec508/guide/1194.21.htm
Application Process Improvement Models Organizations Systems
A clinical practice improvement initiative
The strategy of treating patients with dementia must be dependent on a thorough neurological, psychiatric, and general therapeutic assessment of the nature and causes of the cognitive setbacks and related non-cognitive symptoms, in the setting of a strong collaboration with the patient and family. It is crucial to distinguish and treat general medical conditions, notably delirium, that may be answerable for or contribute to dementia symptoms (Ferrara, 2010).
Currently, the organization is embracing the Progressing evaluation strategy. This approach focuses on incorporating occasional monitoring of the advancement and development of cognitive and non-cognitive psychiatric and how they respond to intervention. With the end goal to provide prompt medication, improve patient safety, and provide convenient advice to the patient and family, it is ordinarily fundamental to see patients in routine follow-up at regular intervals. Frequent patient visits such as once…
Baur, C. (2011). Calling the nation to act: Implementing the national action plan to improve health literacy. Nursing Outlook, 59(2), 63-69.
Ferrara, L.R. (2010). Integrating evidence-based practice with educational theory in clinical practice for nurse practitioners: Bridging the theory practice gap. Research & Theory for Nursing Practice, 24(4), 213-216.
Grant, B., Colello, S., Riehle, M., & Dende, D. (2010). An evaluation of the nursing practice environment and successful change management using the new generation Magnet Model. Journal of Nursing Management, 18(3), 326-331. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2834.2010.01076.x
Lavoie-Tremblay, M., Bonin, J.-P., Lesage, A., Farand, L., Lavigne, G.L., & Trudel, J. (2011). Implementation of diagnosis-related mental health problems: Impact on health care providers. Health Care Manager, 30(1), 30(1): 4-14 (50 ref). doi:10.1097/HCM.0b013e3182078a95
Within the field of psychology, I hope to qualify as a marriage counselor - a decision I made after I experienced the pain of my parents' divorce and subsequent break up of my family. For it was at this time that I realized the important role that family plays in an individual's sense of psychological well-being.
As a first step to achieving my career ambition and dream, I plan to attend the University of Findlay, from where I hope to obtain a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology, followed by a Master's Degree. However, I find that the assistance of a scholarship would go a long way in helping me achieve my educational and career goals. I am, therefore, applying for a scholarship with the sincere hope that my request will be given due consideration.
College sports and recreational activities are traditionally dominated by men. Although there have been dramatic increases in women's involvement in sports at the college level, men continue to make up the majority of the participants and spectators of events and activities. The availability of high-quality recreational facilities for athletic training as well as general fitness and maintenance is necessary and integral to sports programs in colleges. It may be assumed that these types of facilities are mostly utilized by men due to their predominant participation in sports and recreation activities.
Even though participation in campus sports and recreational activities still involves men more than women, this doesn't necessarily mean that men value the importance of sports and recreation in college more than women. Milton (1998) was interested in this concept and investigated beliefs among men and women in college as to whether the development of new, high-quality sports and recreation…
Milton, P. (1998). Female and male prioritization of the availability of campus recreational facilities. National Intramural-Recreational Sports Association Journal, 22(2), 30-1.
App Fallacy," a columnist New York University's ashington Square News argues wisdom Common Application college application process. You read essay college newspaper; opportunity responds.
The fallacy of "The Common App Fallacy"
The Common Application is a standardized application that makes it very easy for college students to apply to a multitude of schools, all of which use its basic format. A student merely has to fill out the forms associated with the Common Application once and then can send the form electronically to a wide range of institutions spanning from Cornell University to the University of Miami to The College of New Jersey. According to NYU student Damon Beres, it has made it too easy to apply to college, particularly competitive colleges, with a touch of a 'send' button. Beres cites statistics which indicate only a very tiny minority of highly qualified students are able to get into the Harvards…
Beres, Damon. "The Common App Fallacy." Washington Square News, 22 Jan 2008:1-2.
Interaction between SES and College Performance
wick, R. & Himelfarb, I. (2011). The effect of high school socioeconomic status on the predictive validity of SAT scores and high school grade-point average. Journal of Educational Measurement, 48(2), 101-121.
African-American (AA) and Latino students underperform other racial groups during their first year of college if SAT scores are used in the prediction formula. The reasons for this are unknown, although socioeconomic status (SES) is suspected.
The current study was undertaken to evaluate whether an SES index could improve the predictive performance of a formula incorporating high school grade-point averages (HSGPAs) and SAT scores.
Evaluate the value of including a SES correction factor in the formula used for predicting first-year college grade-point average (FGPA) performance, for the purpose of correcting for errors introduced by the suspected racially-insensitive HSGPAs. The predictive value of the SAT score in relation to SES will also be…
Zwick, R., & Green, J.G. (2007). New perspectives on the correlation of SAT scores, high school grades, and socioeconomic factors. Journal of Educational Measurement, 44, 23 -- 45.
Zwick, R., & Himelfarb, I. (2009, April). The effect of high school quality on the predictive validity of SAT scores and high school grade-point average. Presented by I. Himelfarb at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego.
Zwick, R., & Schlemer, L. (2004). SAT validity for linguistic minorities at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 25(2), 6 -- 16.
"Attending a college with a 100 point higher average SAT is associated with 3to 7% higher earnings later in life." (e.g., Kane, 1998, cited by Dale, and Krueger 1999, 1) as higher education constitutes up 40% of total U.S. educational expenditures, understanding "the impact of selective colleges on students' labor market outcomes is central for understanding the role of human capital," Dale, and Krueger (1999, 1) stress.
Previous literature cited by Dale, and Krueger (1999, 1) includes work by "Hunt (1963), Solnion (1973), ales (1973), Solmon and achtel (1975), and ise (1975),...Brewer and Ehrenberg (1996), Behrman et al. (1996), Daniel (1997), Kane (1998), and others." c. BACKGROUND:
To remove the effect of unobserved characteristics that influence college admission, this study considers information on the set of colleges where students were accepted and rejected.
A difficulty interpreting past estimates a many estimates of the effect of college quality on students' subsequent…
Black, Dan a. And Smith, Jeffrey June. 2003. "How Robust is the Evidence on the Effects of College Quality? Evidence from Matching?" http://www.ssc.uwo.ca/economics/centres/cibc/ .
Brewer, Dominic J., Eide, Eric R., and Ehrenberg, Ronald G. Does it Pay to Attend an Elite Private College? Cross-Cohort Evidence on the Effects of College Type on Earnings the Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 34, No. 1. (Winter, 1999), pp. 104-123. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022166X%28199924%2934%3A1%3C104%3ADIPTA%3E2.0 . O%3B2-F.
Cohn, Elchanan, Cohn, Sharon, Balch, Donald C., and Bradley, James Jr. 2004. Determinants of undergraduate GPAs: SAT scores, high-school GPA and high-school rank. Department of Economics, Moore School of Business, University of South Carolina, Columbia SC.
Dale, Stacy Berg and Krueger, Alan B. (1999). Estimating the Payoff to Attending a More Selective College: An Application of Selection on Observables and un-observables.
Bakke v. Regents of the University of California
The so-called Bakke decision was the earliest in which the United States Supreme Court addressed affirmative action. The case certainly did not mean and end to the issues involved, and there have been several attempts to overturn the Bakke decision since. It has been referred to as a reverse discrimination case, and it was of great import when it was decided in the late 1970s after nearly a decade of affirmative action to bring more blacks and members of other minorities into the mainstream of work and academic life through programs of recruitment and special assistance to redress historical imbalances and discrimination. The issue of affirmative action remains a difficult one for Americans to this day. Affirmative action is often characterized as a quota system, though quotas need not be part of affirmative action at all. The Bakke case was an early…
Bresler, Robert J. "The Courts Close in on the Diversity Rationale." USA Today Magazine 130(2680)(January 2002), 13.
Burka, Paul. "Fight Bakke." Texas Monthly 24(5)(May 1996), 228.
Gose, Ben. "Supreme Court Rejects Appeal of a Decision That Cited 'Bakke' to Defend Affirmative Action." Chronicle of Higher Education 47(39)(6 June 2001), A24.
Gratz v. Bollinger (122 F. Supp.2d 811 [E.D. Mich. Dec. 13, 2000]).
Appelrouth, J. I., & Zabrucky, K. M. (2017). Preparing for the SAT: A review. College and University, 92(1), 2.
In this article, Appelrouth and Zabrucky write for an audience of both educators and students. The purpose of the article is to show how preparation and personal qualities help students to score well on the SAT. It compares favorably to the study by Park and Becks (2015), which also focuses on who benefits from SAT prep. The study here shows that students have to hold themselves accountable and the teachers have to facilitate that process by working with them so that they know what aspects to focus on in order to succeed in the taking of the SAT. This work highlights the idea that the SAT can be successfully taken. It supports the work of this bibliographic topic by showing that individual differences and test preparation have to be considered by…
Appelrouth, J. I., & Zabrucky, K. M. (2017). Preparing for the SAT: A review. College and University, 92(1), 2.
Camara, W. J., Mattern, K., Croft, M., Vispoel, S., & Nichols, P. (2019). A validity argument in support of the use of college admissions test scores for federal accountability. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 38(4), 12-26.
Hyman, J. (2017). ACT for all: The effect of mandatory college entrance exams on postsecondary attainment and choice. Education Finance and Policy, 12(3), 281-311.
Maruyama, G. (2012). Assessing college readiness: Should we be satisfied with ACT or other threshold scores?. Educational Researcher, 41(7), 252-261.
Park, J. J., & Becks, A. H. (2015). Who benefits from SAT prep?: An examination of high school context and race/ethnicity. The Review of Higher Education, 39(1), 1-23.
Richardson, C. C., Gonzalez, A., Leal, L., Castillo, M. Z., & Carman, C. A. (2016). PSAT component scores as a predictor of success on AP exam performance for diverse students. Education and Urban Society, 48(4), 384-402.
Soares, J. A. (2012). The future of college admissions: Discussion. Educational Psychologist, 47(1), 66-70.
Soares, J. A. (2012). For Tests That Are Predictively Powerful and without Social Prejudice. Research & Practice in Assessment, 7, 5-11.
Of late, an alarming hike is being witnessed in college tuition fees. This, coupled with books, housing, supplies, transport and food expenses, leads to unmanageable debt for college students. A majority of financial experts suggest maximum borrowing to amount to one’s anticipated earnings during one’s first year following graduation. But the hike in tuition fees renders this suggestion hard to follow. Nearly 50% of collegegoers today consider quitting college midway owing to debt incurred. Unable to meet these expenses, an increasing number of pupils are actually quitting college. Meanwhile, other pupils have no option but to seek full-time employment, besides attending college full-time. Hardly any student graduates without being burdened by debt. In this paper, the issue of college campus debt, its prevention, and potential solutions if one cannot escape it, will be addressed.
Normally, the highest-risk group isn’t that of pupils having the biggest debt; rather, it…
university is, as Fr. Lawton believes, a sacred place where you find "your imagination, develop your skills, and enrich your compassion," then it has an enormous task in the world as we know it today. In the world as we know it today, the very term sacred is on the endangered species list. And yet, sacred is perhaps the underpinning of it all.
There are any number of vaguely similar definitions of sacred in any number of dictionaries. The one that I think applies best here is this one:
regarded with the same respect and reverence accorded holy things; venerated; hallowed. (Webster's New World Dictionary of the American Language)
Universities were, in the early days, almost monastic in that there was total dedication of the professors and those being professed to -- the students -- to what they were learning. And what they were learning was, first and foremost, how…
College -- Importance, Values, and Goals
The global labor market has changed dramatically over the last half century. Increasingly, access to jobs in technology and Internet communications don't require college degrees so much as the ability to successfully contribute to a technology start-up. A recent trend shows technology entrepreneurs hiring savvy undergraduates who have become disenchanted with college (William, 2012). These young whiz-kids -- often programmers who spend their days inventing new software applications and writing code -- reject the idea of spending years in classes that seem irrelevant to their interests and result in enormous student load debt (William, 2012). The problem with this mass migration away from higher education is that there are only so many jobs in the labor market that fit this mold. Like a "one and done" college-age hoopster who shows up on campus just to get noticed, with the hope that they will be…
Hacker, A. (2012, February 28). Is Algebra Necessary? The Sunday Review. The New York Times. Retrieved http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/29/opinion/sunday/is-algebra-necessary.html
R.A. [Washington Correspondent]. (2011, January 18). The value of college. Free exchange: Education. The Economist. Retrieved http://www.economist.com/blogs/freeexchange/2011/01/education_0
Williams, A. (2012, December 2). The old college try? No way. The New York Times, ST, 1, 16. New York, NY: The New York Times.
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To some, that suggests that college is a more viable alternative for many of those who would otherwise have sought jobs in the manufacturing sector previously.
However, there are at least two reasons that such a conclusion may be invalid. First, while many manufacturing jobs have disappeared, many other types of technical jobs opportunities have emerged from numerous new technologies (Klein, 2012). Many of them require vocational degrees and certifications but no college degrees. For many people without specific interests in vocational applications of any college degrees being considered, training programs for these types of jobs is much less expensive, quicker, and more likely to lead to satisfying employment options than a college diploma in a random academic area or one of great intellectual value but few employment prospects outside of academia (Klein, 2012).
Second, vocational training, in general, has changed significantly in the last several decades. Specifically, whereas vocational…
Coy, P. (2009). "The lost generation." Business Week (October 19, 2009): 33-35.
Ewing, J. (2009). "Germany's answer: The apprentice." Business Week (October 19,
Hay, J. (2013). Question of 'Is college worth it?' weighs on local students. The Press
Application Quality Improvement Models Organizations Systems, Part I Analysis equired esources eadings Course Text: Applying Quality Management HealthCare: A Systems Approach eview Chapter 9, "Improving Processes Implementing
oot cause analysis
According to Nicolini (2011)
the first step in CA is identifying the incident to be analyzed. This step requires for the problem or incident to be clearly defined and identified. Identifying the problem will assist in determining what caused the incident and how the incident occurred. In the case study, the mother requested for pain medication, and this was within her right. The nurse performed the request, and it was approved by the pharmacist, but the incident occurred when the nurse did not check the IV line correctly. The nurse confused the infants IV line with the mothers, which resulted in the infant been administered with Morphine. This should be an indicator, and it should be recorded as a fact.…
Brown, J.E., Smith, N., & Sherfy, B.R. (2011). Decreasing mislabeled laboratory specimens using barcode technology and bedside printers. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 26(1), 13-21.
Brunner, L.S., & Suddarth, D.S. (1986). The Lippincott Manual of Nursing Practice. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania J.B. Lippincott Company.
Cooper, M.R., Duquette, C.E., McWilliams, T., Orsini, M., & Klein, A.A. (2009). The unintended consequences of being friendly: A case study. Journal for Healthcare Quality: Promoting Excellence in Healthcare, 31(5), 43-47.
Nicolini, D., Waring, J., & Mengis, J. (2011). Policy and practice in the use of root cause analysis to investigate clinical adverse events: Mind the gap. Social Science & Medicine, 73(2), 217-225.
Medicine as a discipline is predominantly rooted in science, particularly biology and chemistry. My strong performance in and enjoyment of sciences makes me an ideal candidate for medical school. Nevertheless, my greatest motivation to pursue the field comes from my passion for serving people. Right from elementary school through to college, I have always been passionate about serving people in a direct way. I have participated in numerous volunteer and community initiatives, which have further strengthened my desire to serve people. Serving people gives me satisfaction more than anything else. Medicine is one field that offers the opportunity to serve humanity. It is not only a job, but also a career. It enables one to practically apply the knowledge acquired in class in helping people.
Dissimilar to most courses, medicine is a vocational course in the sense that one gets practical training in a specific job. Students do not just…
college sophomore student, U.S.A. I taking SOC100 (Introduce sociology) semester. I writing assignment called 'eflection' Below guides write reflection: eflections: eflections textbook chapter due fulfilling requirements: -2-page, typed, double-spaced, 12 point font, Times New oman, 1-inch margins.
Maintaining the momentum behind New York City's sustainability initiatives
According to Steven Cohen's article "Maintaining the momentum behind New York City's sustainability initiatives," as one of the dominant global cities of the developed world, New York is striving to set an example for other cities (including less developed cities and nations) by emphasizing sustainability in terms of its new constructions. Mayor Bloomberg was concerned that his successor might be swayed on the course he had set as mayor to create a sustainable New York. Thus, "Local Law 17 of 2008, enacted by the City Council with the Mayor's support, requires that PlaNYC be updated every four years... The Mayor's Office of…
Giddens, et al., 445-449
Cohen, Steven. (2013). Maintaining the momentum behind New York City's sustainability initiatives. Huffington Post.
college grades accurately reflect the academic capabilities of students. I base my argument on my personal experience. In order to achieve a 3.74/4 grade point average, I spent not only countless number of hours in studying but also found my self-learning the subtleties of analytical logic and descriptive frameworks. My academic background reflects both of the above novelties: my educational knowledge in areas such as Economics, Mathematics, and Computer Science entails the use of analytical logic, while my interests and education in English, French, and Latin literatures involve the application of descriptive frameworks. The knowledge of integration of analytical and descriptive schemas has provided me ample opportunities to view the intricacies and interactions between different subject areas. My interdisciplinary educational background has been quite useful in making my critical decisions in carrying out my work successfully.
A find that in order to achieve a 3.74 grade point average requires one…
college campus across the country, students are greeted with the familiar sight of individuals seated at folding tables, with the purpose of marketing credit cards to them. These salespeople are most frequently seen during the beginning of the college semester and are usually young and attractive and smiling, barely older than the students themselves. Quite often, if a student fills out an application for the credit card, he or she may receive a small toy or a gigantic in exchange for his or her pains. hat could be more harmless? hat's wrong with having a credit card on hand, 'just in case?'
However, this familiar sight is one of the many reasons that college students are becoming more and more deeply ensnared in debt. These smiling individuals prey upon students when they are at their most vulnerable. Most of these students have just had to pay hundreds of dollars for…
Indentured Servitude Contract in 17th Century Virginia. Stratford Hall History Resource of Historical Documents. http://www.history.pdx.edu/hst201/headrts.htm
Encarta Encyclopedia. "Sharecropping."
college sophomore student, U.S.A. I taking SOC100 (Introduce sociology) semester. I writing assignment called 'Reflection' below guides write reflection: Reflections: Reflections textbook chapter due fulfilling requirements: -1 page, typed, single-spaced, 12 point font, Times New Roman, 1-inch margins.
Textbook chapter and revisiting the quinceaneras
America has long been called a nation of immigrants and is particularly noteworthy because of the diversity of its immigrant population as well as the larger percentage of inhabitants that hail from many different nations, although this immigration pattern is becoming increasingly common worldwide (Giddens 280). The history of various ethnic groups in America is quite varied, given the legacy of slavery (a 'forced' migration) and the different ethnic character of new waves of immigrants flooding into America: Germany, Italian Irish, and European immigrants predominated early on in American history while Hispanic and Asian immigration, for a variety of political and economic reasons has begun to…
Giddens, et al., 278-280, 285-291
"The Power of a Party." The Economist. 3 Aug 2013. [17 Nov 2013]
The research I perform while at the Wharton School of Business will be in part how to start and manage such an organization, how to receive and maintain reliable funding, and also how to contend with regulations. On the other hand, I also intend to extensively study business and international law to the extent that it impacts my business model.
While at the Wharton School of Business I will not only be studying hard and working with academic advisors on how to craft an ideal path for the future. I will also be one of many other students. The social aspects of my degree program are important to cultivate, and will require a great degree of time management as I balance work, school, and social life. The University of Pennsylvania campus offers a wealth of extracurricular activities, and so too does the vibrant city of Philadelphia. I look forward to…
Technology in Higher Education
hy use Technology in a College Classroom?
Author Linda B. Nilson does not posit that technology suits all student needs nor does she assert that technology is helpful to all types of students. But in a survey involving 882 college students (from Texas, North Carolina, and New York State), 99% had a cell phone, 90% owned a laptop computer, and 83% owned an MP3 player (Baker, et al., 2012). Given the overwhelming number of students in this survey (41.2% were female and 58.8% were male) who use technology regularly, it can be assumed that for the most part students would be comfortable with the use of technology in a college classroom (Baker, 2012).
Nilson does explain that technology enhances students' productivity and also allows them to work at the pace they are most comfortable with. Increasingly instructors show a willingness to provide students with computer-based tutorials,…
Baker, W.M., Lusk, E.J., and Neuhauser, K.L. (2012). On the Use of Cell Phones and Other
Electronic Devices in the Classroom: Evidence From a Survey of Faculty and Students. Journal of Education for Business, 87(5), 275-289.
Bertrand, W.E. (2010). Higher Education and Technology Transfer: The Effects of "Techno-
Sclerosis" on Development. Journal of International Affairs, 64(1), 101-114.
Consequently a student when graduate is already under debt thousands of dollars. Most of the time those students are awarded aid that are need-based but quite a number of students are entertained based on academic merit, sports ability or musical talent rather than financial need. Universities gave almost half of their $14.5 billion in scholarship money in 2000 to students based on merit or ability.
Students gaining admissions and financial aid could still display poor result as shown by the 1996 study of UCLA according to which there were less than 40% students who finished their degree in the first four years of joining university, a decline by 7% from 20 years ago.
As the large some of public money goes into the higher education system public definitely do take cognizance of who is taking advantage of the scheme and how much is been spent. Majorities say it's important to…
1]the state constitution of 1974
http://senate.legis.state.la.us/Documents/Constitution/Default.htm Accessed March 8, 2007
http://www.publicagenda.org/research/research_reports.cfm Accessed March 8, 2007
Adoption Of the EH Technology Systems
In a contemporary health environment, nurses have long been using the computer technology to achieve the health outcomes such as the laboratory tests, however, the EH (electronic health records) has become a revolutionary innovative technology for the enhancement of the healthcare system. It is very critical for nurses to understand their roles as an agent of changes and influence other to change the tradition way of doing things. My role as a nursing facilitator of a small hospital in New York is to prepare the implementation plan of a new EH system for the hospital. While the decision has been finalized for the implementation of the EH, nevertheless, there is still a resistance from the nurses of the hospital.
The objective of this paper is to use the five qualities of the oger (2003) model for the implementation of the new system.
Evans, S. & Stemple, C. (2008). Electronic Health Records and the Value of Health IT. Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy JMCP. 14 (6):S16-S18.
Lee, T. (2004). Nurses' adoption of technology: Application of Rogers' Innovation-diffusion Model. Applied Nursing Research. 17(4): 231-238.
Rogers, E. M. (2003). Diffusion of innovations (5th ed.). New York, NY: Free Press.
As technology becomes more sophisticated the effects of new technologies affect all aspects of our lives. Technological advances affect many different occupations as well, especially the field of health care. As a result the advancements in technology have impacted the field of nursing as well. For instance, advances in technology affecting the nursing affects almost every aspect of the field including daily routine tasks such as charting. The use of electronic charting has resulted in an increase in the safety of patients and a subsequent decrease in the time nurses utilize for documentation. For many nurses advances in technology have made their jobs easier, for the most part. However, as with any advancement there is a trade-off in efficiency with other areas. In is impossible to list all the effects of technology of nursing within the confines of this paper. Therefore the primary discussion for this paper will be…
Bradley, V.S., Steltenkamp, C.L., Hite, K.B. (2006). Evaluation of reported medication errors before and after implementation of computerized practitioner order entry. Journal of Healthcare Information Management, 20, 46-53.
Courtney, K.D., Demiris, G., & Alexandre, G.L. (2005). Information technology: Changing
nursing processes at the point-of-care. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 29 (4), 315-
Gearing, P., Olney, C., Davis, K., Lozano, D., Smith, L.B., & Friedman, B. (2006). Enhancing patient safety through electronic medical record documentation of vital signs. Journal of Healthcare Information Management, 20 (4), 40-45.
The four financial statements are the balance sheet, income statement, statement of cash flow, and statement of owner's equity. Briefly, the balance sheet is comparison of assets to liabilities and equity. This statement is indicative of a company's position at a specific time. The income statement is a record of a company's operations over a given period of time. It shows a company's expenses, losses and revenues and is indicative of the company's net income during that period of time. The statement of cash flows is intended to provide information about a company's cash receipts and cash payments for operations, investments and financing during an accounting period. Finally, the statement of owner's equity is intended to show changes in owner's or shareholder's equity from one fiscal year to the next. Owner contributions and any additional capitol, such as the sale of new shares, are added to the equity,…
Kurtz, D.L. (2010). Contemporary Business, 13th ed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
U.S. Security and Exchange Commission. (2007, February 5). Beginner's guide to financial statements. U.S. security and exchange commission. Retrieved August 24, 2012, from http://www.sec.gov/investor/pubs/begfinstmtguide.htm
"Uses of the income statement in financial accounting." (2010). Financial-accounting.us, Retrieved August 24, 2012, from http://www.albany.edu/news/pdf_files/impact_of_aging_excerpt.pdf
Technology and Academic Success
Higher education across the world and the lure of new information technologies has remained uncertain as it is unsettling. While few people doubt information technology has great potential of enhancing teaching and learning there is a wide and general agreement on how technology can and should be used to boost academic productivity or whether this type of increase is on its own a valid goal if its enhancement means that the substitution of technology to take the place of the more traditional and labor intensive forms of higher education. It is not that there is lack of technology in micro scale but there are many examples of new technology applications that abound. Most of the institutions have invested majorly in new technologies, distributing the capacity of computing across most of the campuses creating a link between the faculty and the students as well as with the…
Reichstetter, R.(2007). Literature Review: Technology Use and Its Relevance to Academic Achievement. Retrieved March 25, 2014 from http://www.wcpss.net/results/reports/2002/0246_tech_use_achievement_lit_review.pdf
Massy, W. & Zemsky, R.(2009). Using Information Technology to Enhance Academic Productivity . Retrieved March 25, 2014 from https://net.educause.edu/ir/library/html/nli0004.html
Junco R.(2010). Using Emerging Technologies to Engage Students and Enhance Their Success Retrieved March 25, 2014 from http://www.nacada.ksu.edu/Resources/Academic-Advising-Today/View-Articles/Using-Emerging-Technologies-to-Engage-Students-and-Enhance-Their-Success.aspx
Brown J., (2011). Does the use of Technology in the Classroom Increase Students' Overall Academic Performance? Retrieved March 25, 2014 from http://web02.gonzaga.edu/comltheses/proquestftp/Brown_gonzaga_0736M_10115.pdf
Tell use about your career goals. How do you envision an MBA from Auburn University will help you achieve these goals? Are there other reasons you are interested in pursuing an MBA at Auburn?
After earning an MBA from Auburn, I intend to work in the business world for a small or mid-sized firm where I can get hands-on experience and learn the ropes, but my ultimate goal is to own my own business. While I am open to a myriad of options, I do have some solid ideas about the type of business I would like to own and operate, specifically, a firm that provides personal assistant services to middle-income people who can't afford or don't need a full-time personal assistant. This service would be on a contract basis, providing people with specific services, such as dry cleaning drop off and pick up, or computer back-ups, or…
Thus, the college has not only developed values, but has put them into practice using the preceding methods.
What are the greatest challenges facing the institution?
As previously mentioned, the challenges facing the institution are similar to those facing other institutions, including client services, problem technology, professionalism, and environmental vulnerability (Baldridge et al., 2000, p.128-130). In the area of client services, Readers State College has difficulty meeting the needs of all clients, whose diverse demands are often too great for the college to handle. While "the clients demand and often obtain significant input into the institutional decision-making processes" (Baldridge et al., 2000, p.129), that input is not necessary the same for all clients, as the college has not yet found a good balance regarding how to handle the demands from all clients. In the area of problem technology, the college's problems are much the same, as clients demanding different actions…
In this paper, we began with an examination of a college pub as a place where there is a culture of consumption of services and products. Like any other part of material culture, the culture of consumption is just as much a part of technology as it is any other part of material culture. The technology of alcohol goes back into human memory to a time prior to written language. In this essay, we examined alcohol as a technology of consumption in the broader context of human culture .
Charest, M. (2011, September 22). The virtual pub project. etrieved from http://proteus.brown.edu/charest/2588.
Lemonnier, P. (1986). The study of material culture today: Toward an anthropology of technical systems. Journal of Anthropological Anthropology, 5, 147-186 .
Luther, S.S. (2003). The culture of affluence: Psychological costs of material wealth. Child Development, 74(6), 1581 -- 1593.
Prentice, D.A., & Miller, D.T. (1993). Pluralistic…
Charest, M. (2011, September 22). The virtual pub project. Retrieved from http://proteus.brown.edu/charest/2588.
Lemonnier, P. (1986). The study of material culture today: Toward an anthropology of technical systems. Journal of Anthropological Anthropology, 5, 147-186 .
Luther, S.S. (2003). The culture of affluence: Psychological costs of material wealth. Child Development, 74(6), 1581 -- 1593.
Prentice, D.A., & Miller, D.T. (1993). Pluralistic ignorance and alcohol use on campus: Some consequences of misperceiving the social norm. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
Faculty Fairness in Compensation, Gender, & Field of Study (1970-2000)
The American university has never been -- and will likely never be -- a perfect or perfectible society, according to Dr. Holborn Grey, an authority on the university and college communities (Holborn, 2010). But on the subject of evenhandedness vis-a-vis faculty resources, when the period in question (1970-2000) is carefully reviewed, there are instances of unfairness in compensation, in gender, and in salaries for faculty in varying fields of study.
hile the media has focused on student issues -- a worthy field of study -- between 1970 and 2000, there has been a dearth of attention paid to the difficulties / challenges experienced by faculty on university campuses. These discrepancies need to be pointed out and rectified.
Unfairness in Compensation for Certain Faculty Members
In the book Faculty Productivity: Facts, Fictions and Issues, the author references a 1987 book by…
Cox, D.D., and Morison, W.J. (2000). The University of Louisville. Louisville, KY:
Holborn, H.H. (2010). Uses (and misuses) of the University Today. Clark Kerr Lecture Series
on the Role of Higher Education. UCTV (University of California Television). Retrieved
July 10, 2014, from http://www.uctv.tv .
Technology and Product eview for Application Lifecycle Management Tools: OutSystems
Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) tools are important for ensuring software quality and trustworthiness. They track applications throughout their entire lifecycle, from requirements definition and design to development, testing, execution and maintenance (Search Software Quality, n.d.). ALM also entails documenting and tracking modifications to applications. This ensures all software components meet the acceptable configuration requirements all through an application's whole lifecycle. More importantly, using ALM software can minimise time to market, enhance collaboration across the software development process, increase compliance with regulatory requirements and industry standards, and enhance project visibility and stability (Search Software Quality, n.d.). With growing operations, it is important for Aberdeen Software to adopt a suitable ALM tool, particularly against the backdrop of increased cyber security risk. The organisation must ensure its software products are properly configured and of the expected quality.
There are numerous ALM tools…
Capterra (2016). Outsystems. Retrieved from: http://www.capterra.com/application-lifecycle - management-software/spotlight/103549/OutSystems%20Platform/OutSystems
GetApp (2017). OutSystems pricing, features, reviews & comparison of alternatives. Retrieved from: https://www.getapp.com/it-management-software/a/outsystems - platform/#questions
OutSystems (n.d.). Platform overview. Retrieved from: https://www.outsystems.com/platform/#_
Search Software Quality (n.d.). Application lifecycle management tools: a buyer's guide to ALM software. Retrieved from: http://searchsoftwarequality.techtarget.com/buyersguide/Application-lifecycle - management-tools-A-buyers-guide-to-ALM-software
Predictive analytics is a statistical technique used to analyze current and historical data in order to make a reasonable prediction about future. In a business environment, organizations employ predictive analytics model to identify market trends, opportunities and risks. Using the predictive analytics, organizations are able to assess potential risks and opportunities to achieve competitive market advantages. In other word, predictive analytics is part of data mining focusing on extracting information from historical data and used the data to predict behavioral patterns and trends. Typically, predictive analytics can be applied to any type of unknown events in order to predict the presents and future events. Banks are the early adopters of predictive analytics model. For example, banks use the data collected from credit scores to determine the likelihood of an individual to qualify for a bank loan. The technique has assisted banks to minimize the risks by detecting applicants likely to…
Budale, D. & Mane, D. (2013). Predictive Analytics in Retail Banking. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT), 2 (5): 508-509.
Kent, B. (2006). Predictive Analytics: Algorithm Nirvana. DM Review,16(30):40.
Maciejewski, R. Hafen, R. Rudolph, S. et al. (2011).Forecasting Hotspots -- A Predictive Analytics Approach. IEEE Computer Society.Issue 10.
NYPD CompStat Unit (2014). CompStat. Police Department City of New York. 21(22).
Amato & Baca (1989) note that throughout history bilingual education has shifted multiple times, from "nonbiased native-language assessments" to specific services directly related to a student's special needs and bilingual ability (168). Many consider the field of bilingual special education one that is emerging and growing. Baca & Cervantes (1989) note a need for a bilingual special education "interface" exists that incorporates training for special education students and teachers (168). Amato & Baca (1989) observe that certain teacher competencies are clearly necessary for bilingual special education teachers, competencies that must be more clearly defined. Neuman & oskos (1997) and other researchers including Gonzalez-Bueno (2003) suggest promoting literacy among bilingual special education students should be a primary concern for educators. They suggest use of a bilingual alphabet will help facilitate this process.
Jackson-Maldonado (1999) suggests that multiple factors may impact bilingual special education student's ability to excel including student's socio-economic status…
Amato, C. & Baca, L. 1989. Bilingual Special Education: Training Issues. Exceptional Children, 56.2, 168.
Correa, V.I., Figueroa, R.A. & Fradd, S.H. 1989. Bilingual special education and this special issue. Exceptional Children, 56.2, 174+
Gonzalez-Bueno. 2003. Literacy activities for Spanish-English bilingual children. The Reading Teacher, 57(2); 180
Jackson-Maldonado. 1999. Early language assessment for Spanish-speaking children.
Trans-Theoretical Model for Health Behaviors
The adoption of a healthier and new clinical behavior consists of multiple factors. The oger's diffusion theory is helpful in adopting specific clinical health behaviors. oger identifies compatibility, relative advantages, complexity, observability, and trialability as the elements that determine a change clinical behavior. (Sanson-Fisher, 2004).
Moreover, the TTM ("Trans-theoretical Model of Behavioral Change") (James & Wayne, 1997 p 38) is one of the most popular theoretical models used to modify a health behavior. The TTM focuses on decision-making with reference to the abilities of an individual rather biological and social influences on human behavior. The paper uses the TTM for the implementation plan for heathier changes of diabetes patients.
Overview of the TTM
The trans-theoretical model of health behavioral changes involves six changes: Contemplation, preparation, pre-contemplation, maintenance, action and termination. In essence, the model assesses the individual readiness to employ a healthier behavior as well…
Campbell, J. (2012). Diabetes Empowerment. Diabetes Technology and Therapeutics, 14
James O. P. & Wayne, F. V. (1997) The Transtheoretical Model of Health Behavior Change. American Journal of Health Promotion.12 (1):38-48.
Lach, H.W. Everard, K.M. Hisghstein, G. et al. (2004). Application of the Transtheoretical Model to Health Education for Older Adults. Health Promotion Practice. 5 (1): 88-93.
Translating an Evidence Into Practice
Among the older adults aged 60 years and above, falls have been identified as a leading cause of fatal injuries and non-fatal injuries. In the United States, nearly 50% of hospitalized adult patients face the risks of falls and nearly 80% of the patients who fall suffer from fatal or non-fatal injuries. (CDC, 2010). When patients fall, the issue can lead to negative health effects that include longer hospital stays, elevated patient's costs, and longer recovery times. An average hospital stay can increase by more than 12.3 days, and consequently increase the cost of hospitalization by 61%. In essence, elder population face the risks of severe head or leg injuries after a fall, and the issue can ultimately increase the risk of head trauma and hip fractures. (CDC, 2010).
Numerous organizations have employed different strategies to prevent falls. Current practice includes bed alarms, adequate light,…
CDC (2010). Falls among Older Adults: An Overview. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. USA.
Ford, M.B. (2010). Hourly Rounding: A Strategy to Improve Patient Satisfaction Scores. MEDSURG Nursing. 19(3):188-191.
Hicks, D. (2015). Can Rounding Reduce Patient Falls in Acute Care? An Integrative Literature Review. MEDSURG Nursing. 24 (1):51-55.
Keough, V. A., & Tanabe, P. (2011). Survey research: An effective design for conducting nursing research. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 1(4), 37-44.
Genesis 12:10-20 and the Modern World:
Genesis 12:10-20 is a text about Abram and Sarai in Egypt that is considered as one of the great epos narrated in the ook of Genesis. efore the narration of this story, Abram is portrayed as an individual with several positive attributes including righteousness and humility. However, the story highlights several troubling concerns and questions regarding Abram's character, beliefs, and behaviors in relation to God and Sarai. These troubling questions and concerns have become the subject of interest and study throughout the ages. Actually, the concerns have been examined in various commentaries, adaptations and interpretations, and plot extensions. The story has mainly been examined from two schools of thought starting with a description of Sarai's beauty, attractiveness, and sexuality from the male perspective
. The second school of thought is typical expressions of male sexual discourse in light of Abram's disturbing behavior. Therefore, Genesis…
Cochran, Brian T. "Genesis 12:10-20: "The Struggle to Walk by Faith" Redeemer Reformation
Church, April 22, 2014, http://storage.cloversites.com/reginapresybeterianchurch/documents/Gen.%2012.10-20.pdf
Deffinbaugh, Robert L. "When Faith Fails & #8230; (Genesis 12:10-13:41)." Bible.org. Last Modified May 12, 2004. https://bible.org/seriespage/when-faith-fails-8230-genesis-1210-1341
Enhancements to Inductive Bible Study. InterVarsity/USA Bible Study Task Force. Last Modified April 1999. http://www.intervarsity.org/sites/default/files/uploaded/bible-studies/communal/enhancements_to_ibs.doc
There is still a great degree of relevance found in Uustal's "Values clarification in nursing: Application to practice," despite the fact that it was written some time ago. This relevance pertains to the nursing profession and to some theoretical and practical components of performing this job. Specifically, the article's approach to the correlation of a nurse's values and his or her actions is of extreme importance today, just as much if not more so than it was when the article was first published. In this respect, the author is able to truly get to the essence of what impacts how nurses administer treatment and interact with their patient's overall, and explain it to the reader in a way that is both lucid and informative.
The crux of the article is the notion of values clarification, which is a seven step process the author advocates that helps to clarify some…
Dorothea Orem Nursing Theory
A theory is related concepts, and propositions used to guide a professional practice. Moreover, nursing theory serves as the interrelated concepts, predictive in nature, statement explanatory that assists in understanding the nursing phenomenon, which helps to explain and predict the nursing outcomes. Nursing theory is an organized body of knowledge used to explain the phenomena and supporting the nursing practice. Moreover, the nursing theory is defined as a set of definitions, concepts, assumptions, and relationships or propositions that are derived from the nursing model. However, the nursing theories consist of grand and middle-ranged theory. The middle ranged theory is the testable theory, limited in scope, limited in a variable, and used for the clinical research. More importantly, nursing theory serves as the body of knowledge that assists in carrying out the nursing research.
The objective of this study is to use the Dorothea Orem theory to…
Aliakbari, F., Parvin, N., Heidari, M., & Haghani, F. (2015). Learning theories application in nursing education. Retrieved May 10, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4355834/
Maria, O. (2015). Application of Dorothea Orem's Theory of Self-Care to the Elderly Patient on Peritoneal Dialysis. Nephrology Nursing Journal 41(5): 495-498.
Roussel, L. (2013). Management and Leadership for Nurse Administrators, Sixth Edition. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Wong, C. L., Ip, W. Y., Choi, K. C., & Lam, L. W. (2015). Examining Self-Care Behaviors and Their Associated Factors Among Adolescent Girls With Dysmenorrhea: An Application of Orem's Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 47(3), 219-227. doi:10.1111/jnu.12134
Coding Theory for Discrete Mathematics
In the contemporary IT (information technology) environment, increasing number of organizations are using large computer to transmit data over a long distance and some of these data are transmitted across billions of kilometers. During data transmission, some data can be degraded; the coding theory is an effective strategy to recover degraded data in order to guarantee reliable data transmission. Coding theory also assists in recovering and detecting errors, which assists in enhancing efficient data storage and data communications.
Objective of this paper is to discuss the coding theory and its real world application. The paper discusses the errors detecting codes and its application in the next section.
Error Detecting Codes
A simple strategy to detect errors is to add parity in order to check bit. To detect errors, a bit strong will be transmitted in order to add a parity bit. Typically, when a bit…
Key, J.D. (2000). Some error-correcting codes and their applications. College of Engineering and Science Clemson University.
Moon, T.K. (2005). Error Correction Coding. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
Pless, V. (1998), Introduction to the Theory of Error-Correcting Codes (3rd ed.), Wiley Interscience.
Rosen, K.H.(2012). Discrete Mathematics and Its Applications. (Seventh Edition).New York. McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Balanced Scorecard approach in an organizational situation
The Application of the Balanced Scorecard Approach in an Organizational Situation
A balanced scorecard is used to help ensure that a company is on the correct path and moving forward in a way that benefits it and its customers, as well as anyone else who has an interest in it, such as stakeholders or shareholders (ohm & Malinoski, 2010; Kaplan & Norton, 1992). While some scorecards are only focused on the end result when it comes to what the numbers say, other scorecards deal with the strategy behind the numbers (Norreklit, 2000). These are the scorecards that are much more significant when it comes to technology companies, because they offer information about the how and why instead of just providing final numbers that are not going to provide strategic information (ohm & Malinoski, 2010). It is not just about what a company is…
Kaplan, R.S. & Norton, D.P. (1992) The balanced scorecard: Measures that drive performance, Harvard Business Review, Jan-Feb: 71 -- 80.
Norreklit, H. (2000). The balance on the balanced scorecard - a critical analysis of some of its assumptions. Management Accounting Research, 11: 65 -- 88.
Rohm, H. & Malinoski, M. (2010). Strategy-based balanced scorecards for technology. Balanced Scorecard Institute. Retrieved from: http://www.balancedscorecard.org/Portals/0/PDF / Technology%20Company%20Balanced%20Scorecard%20Systems_06222010_Final.pdf
theoretical concepts from parts XII and XIII to the events and actors at the Malheur Wildlife efuge occupation. Be sure to utilize the different sections in your application.
Environmental criminology often focuses on opportunity theory, which is linked with rational choice theory. Opportunity theory suggests that criminal behavior is motivated or prompted by available opportunities to commit the crime. Although the Malheur occupiers were not environmental criminals in the traditional sense of being motivated also by an environmentalist agenda with related ecological goals, the Malheur Wildlife efuge is a nature preserve. There are also compounding issues related to territoriality, the "extent to which a space conveys a sense of being 'owned' or 'private' and has having clearly designated purposes," (XII, p. 459). Territoriality has been a primary driving factor in the occupation. The occupiers, spearheaded by Ammon Bundy and the Hammond brothers "sought to turn the refuge into a symbol…
Bernton, Hal. "Birds -- and staff -- return to Malheur National Wildlife Refuge." Seattle Times. 27 March, 2016. Retrieved online: http://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/northwest/birds-and-staff-return-to-malheur-national-wildlife-refuge/
Carpenter, Zoe. "Inside the Bundy Brothers' Armed Occupation." The Nation. Jan 5, 2016. Retrieved online: http://www.thenation.com/article/inside-the-malheur-wildlife-refuge-occupation/
Pedagogic Model for Teaching of Technology to Special Education Students
Almost thirty years ago, the American federal government passed an act mandating the availability of a free and appropriate public education for all handicapped children. In 1990, this act was updated and reformed as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, which itself was reformed in 1997. At each step, the goal was to make education more equitable and more accessible to those with special educational needs. During the last presidential term, the "No Child Left Behind" Act attempted to assure that individuals with disabilities were increasingly mainstreamed and assured of high educational results. All of these legislative mandates were aimed at insuring that children with disabilities were not defrauded of the public education which has become the birthright of all American children. The latest reforms to IDEA, for example, provided sweeping reforms which not only expanded the classification of special…
Managerial Social Responsibility - Volkswagen Diesel Scandal
In 2015, Volkswagen was accused of installing secret software in its engine management computers to cheat strict fuel economy and emissions tests. In order to determine the ethical decision Volkswagen should have made, one can use ethical decision-making models, such as: Utilitarianism; Kantian Ethics; Ethical Rights; and Distributive Justice. Though these four models use different approaches, one or more of them can result in a justified recommendation for the correct ethical decision that Volkswagen should have made.
Facts Underpinning the Ethical Dilemma
In 2015, Volkswagen was accused of installing secret software in its engine management computers to cheat strict fuel economy and emissions tests. In 2014-2015, U.S. emissions experts tested some Volkswagen vehicles and found deliberate fraud through the use of "defeat device" software that turns emissions equipment on for emissions tests and off for actual driving (Plungis & Hull, 2015). The deception…
Ewing, J., 2016. VW presentation in '06 showed how to foil emissions tests. [Online]
Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/27/business/international/vw-presentation-in-06-showed-how-to-foil-emissions-tests.html?smid=tw-share&_r=1
[Accessed 27 April 2016].
Plungis, J. & Hull, D., 2015. VW's emissions cheating found by curious clearn-air group. [Online]
When io de Janeiro recently won its bid to host the 2016 Olympic Games, they had one world famous representative on their Olympic committee that may have actually been more famous than our President Barak Obama. This individual may not be a household name in America, but he is most famous for scoring 2 goals in the 1958 World Cup championships when he was only 17 years old. This made him the youngest player to ever play in these renowned championships and over the course of his distinguished career; the majority of the football world would certainly consider him to be the best soccer player ever. Brazil actually has declared this individual as a national treasure in order to thwart other teams and countries from stealing him away and out of their country. His name is Edson Arantes Do Nascimento, but you may know him simply as --…
Adams, James A. (1971). "A Closed-Loop Theory of Motor Learning." Journal of Motor Behavior 3:111-150.
Keele, Steven W. (1968). "Movement Control in Skilled Motor Performance." Psychological Bulletin 70:387-403.
Leawoods, Heather. "Gustav Radbruch: An Extraordinary Legal Philosopher." Retrieved on November 3, 2009, from http://law.wustl.edu/journal/2/p489leawoods.pdf.
Magill, R, A. (2007) "Motor Learning Control: Concepts and Applications. McGraw Hill: Louisiana State University, USA.
520). Viewpoint neutrality ensures that funding is equally allocated to all registered student groups, and that registered student groups use their allocated funds in neutral ways.
or instance, public funds collected by students can be used to support campus facilities and meeting halls but not donations to political action groups. Student funds must be designated in ways that maintain institutional neutrality: meaning that student-funded groups cannot use student monies to support a political candidate. Moreover, student organizations "with a primary political mission" are not viewpoint neutral and are thus not entitled to student money (Kaplan & Lee p. 520). Universities are also not permitted to allow funding allocation decisions to be made by student referendum: "because there were no safeguards in the referendum process for treating minority views with the same respect as majority views, a fundamental principle of viewpoint neutrality," (Kaplan & Lee p. 521). Public universities are permitted…
For instance, public funds collected by students can be used to support campus facilities and meeting halls but not donations to political action groups. Student funds must be designated in ways that maintain institutional neutrality: meaning that student-funded groups cannot use student monies to support a political candidate. Moreover, student organizations "with a primary political mission" are not viewpoint neutral and are thus not entitled to student money (Kaplan & Lee p. 520). Universities are also not permitted to allow funding allocation decisions to be made by student referendum: "because there were no safeguards in the referendum process for treating minority views with the same respect as majority views, a fundamental principle of viewpoint neutrality," (Kaplan & Lee p. 521). Public universities are permitted to instate an opt-out policy for the collection of student funds, but are not obliged to do so. Courts have determined that obliging a university to permit opting out would be seriously disruptive to achieving First Amendment objectives.
Student organizations are prohibited from discriminatory practices, and universities are not obliged to recognize or fund student organizations that practice discrimination. In rare cases, student organizations are permitted to use affirmative action policies if such policies can be shown to serve the ultimate function of increasing minority student participation. Similarly, religious student organizations are permitted to restrict membership to those who profess belief, protected by the First Amendment freedom of expression clause that guarantees religious organizations the right to exist and practice their religion freely (Kaplan & Lee p. 528). However, religious student organizations may not discriminate against persons on the basis of race, gender, or sexual orientation simply by claiming a right to do so under the freedom of religion or the freedom of speech clauses (Kaplan & Lee p. 528).
Religious organizations sometimes claim protection under the freedom of speech clause rather than the freedom of religious expression clause, however. In Widmar v. Vincent (1981), a religious student organization vied for the use of public campus facilities for the purpose of prayer: which was framed as freedom of speech more so than freedom of religious expression. The Court also ruled that equal access to the school's public facilities trumped the need for strict separation of church and state (Kaplan & Lee p. 530). Simply using campus facilities was not deemed to be an endorsement of any particular religion.
Social Work Leadership Theories and Areas of Application
Leadership Theories - Servant
The philosophy and collection of practices constituting the 'servant leadership' style enrich people's lives, improve organizations and, eventually, foster a kinder and fairer world. While the concept is ageless, the coining of the term "servant leadership" is attributed to obert K. Greenleaf, who cites it in his 1970 essay, The Servant as Leader. In his paper, Greenleaf states that servant-leaders are, first, servants. Leadership starts with one's inherent wish to serve. Subsequently, conscious choice generates the aspiration to lead. Such an individual sharply differs from the person who is, first, a leader, probably because of the latter's desire to procure material wealth or satisfy an abnormal power drive. Therefore, servant-first and leader-first types are positioned at two extremities of the continuum of leadership styles. Between the two, an endless assortment exists, forming part of human nature's infinite variety.…
212 books. (2012, December 7). An Introduction to Organizational Communication. Retrieved from 212 Books: http://2012books.lardbucket.org/books/an-introduction-to-organizational-communication/s09-01-approaches-to-leadership.html
Bal, V., Campbell, M., Steed, J., & Meddings, K. (n.d.). The Role of Power in Effective Leadership. Center for Creative Leadership.
Chuang, S.-F. (2013). Essential Skills For Leadership Effectiveness In Diverse Workplace Development. Online Journal for Workforce Education and Development, 6(1).
Cowles, T. B. (2015, December 7). Ten Strategies for Enhancing Multicultural Competency in Evaluation. Retrieved from Harvard Family Research Project: http://www.hfrp.org/evaluation/the-evaluation-exchange/issue-archive/evaluation-methodology/ten-strategies-for-enhancing-multicultural-competency-in-evaluation
Nursing Handoff Communication
The delivery of patient care services is usually characterized by the involvement of various professionals in the healthcare team, especially nurses. In most cases, the delivery of care to patients involves various nurses with different functions at different stages in this process. Given the nature of their work, nurses transfer responsibility and authority of care to other nurses to help ensure continuity of care and promote patient safety. This implies that medical communication and competence plays an important role in the transfer of authority and responsibility of care from one nurse to another. This is primarily because nursing handoffs involves medical communication, which must be effective in order to enhance patient safety through ensuring continuity of care.
The theoretical framework for conducting this study on nursing handoffs is communication competence and medical communication behaviors. To this extent, the researcher assumes that nurses possess medical communication competence that…
Delrue, K.S. (2013, April). An Evidence-Based Evaluation of the Nursing Handover Process for Emergency Department Admissions. Retrieved from Grand Valley State University website: http://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=dissertations
Streeter, A.C.R. (2010). What Nurses Say: Communication Behaviors Associated with the Competent Nursing Handoff. Retrieved from University of Kentucky website: http://uknowledge.uky.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1057&context=gradschool_diss