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Without outside knowledge of Stalingrad, it is unlikely that a reader
of Stalingrad by Antony eevor would truly grasp the impact and unreal
brutalities of this conflict. Watching a ten second black and video of the
battle being waged in the streets of the decimated city would more
effectively help one understand the nature of Stalingrad. eevor is unable
to capture the reality for the reader and this is only one area where
Stalingrad falls short. It falls short also by the lack of portrayal of
the bigger picture. Sure eevor depicts the events leading up to
Stalingrad, and he has researched and writes about why the battle was
fought where it was fought. ut these are all technical aspects that
eevor accomplishes, but the emotional aspects are lacking.
This would be fine, if it was not for the fact that eevor does seek
merely to relay the facts but…
Beevor, Antony. Stalingrad: The Fateful Siege: 1942-1943. New York: Viking,
[i] Antony Beevor, Stalingrad: The Fateful Siege: 1942-1943 (New York:
Viking, 1998), .213.
[ii] Beevor , 213.
Desperate Passage Critical Review
ronically, one of the most often recounted stories centered around the pioneer trek to California is that of the group of 87 American pioneers known as the Donner Party. The wagons left in May, 1846 and opted to try a new, faster route through Utah and Nevada which slowed their progress and resulted in a loss of wagons, horses, and cattle. Hoping to be in California by September, the delay trapped them in the snowy Sierra Nevada Mountains by early November. Most of the stayed in three cabins that were already on the route, but as food ran low, 15 members attempted to reach California on snowshoes. Rescue attempts originating in California were delayed because of the Mexican-American War and harsh weather. Of the 15 members who set out wearing snowshoes only seven survived by resorting to cannibalism. n February, 1847, the first rescue group reached…
In the long ordeal of their journey, they had survived accidents, misjudgments, inexperience, and disease. They had battled each other and helped each other. They had buried some comrades and abandoned another. They had hacked their way over trackless mountains and willed their way across murderous deserts. They had listened to the blandishments of a huckster promoting a shortcut that did not exist. Most important of all, they had fallen behind their fellow emigrants. That was the one unpardonable sin of the whole great venture, and now their penance was upon them (Rarick, 1).
One of the more ironic conundrums of history is the manner in which the Donner experience has been told, retold, and elaborated on so much that it has become an archetype of frontier mythology. The story has been adapted to movies, television, books, novels, plays, documentaries, and even a Gary Larson cartoon. Varyingly, the survivors have been lauded and condemned for the decisions that were made, so much so that there had been little left of a more balanced account of the saga until recently[footnoteRef:1]. [1: See for instance: Hardesty, D. The Archeology of the Donner Party. Reno, NV: University of Nevada Press, 1997; King, J. Winter of Entrapment: A New Look at the Donner Party. New York: PD Meany, 1992; Stewart, G. Ordeal by Hunger: The Story of the Donner Party. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1936 and 1988; American Experience -- The Donner Party. PBS, 2007, Retrieved from: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/donner/ ; Trial of Tragedy: The Excavation of the Donner Party Site. Internet Archive FedFlix. 2004, Retrieved from: http://archive.org/details/gov.ntis.ava19387vnb1 ; and last but not least, "Looks Like the Donner Party Started Without Us," 1990 Far Side Cartoon by Gary Larson, Retrieved from: http://seabendy.blogspot.com/2008_04_01_archive.html ]
Over the past two decades, however, research on the Donner Experience has shifted to a socio-cultural historiography and archaeological bent. The result has been works like Desperate Passage, in which journalist Ethan Rarick turns from sensationalism and a focus on cannibalism to a story about the tragedy of humanity and the hopes and dreams of a party of eager, but naive, pioneer explorers. Indeed, Rarick does not really focus on the Donners, but finds the epitome of the travels in one James Reed,
Finkielman et al. (2003)
In a study conduction by the Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care at the Haukeland University Hospital in Norway which was a follow-up of after intensive care with objectives of research of "health problems, quality of life, functional status, and memory" Kvale et al. (2003) following intensive care. Findings in brief were that further research is needed to fully understand exactly how the many psychosocial and physical possibilities of problems after a stay in the ICU are specifically related to and resulting from that stay. Kvale et al. (2003)
In the study "Leaving the Intensive Care Unit: A Phenomenological study of the Patient's Experience" conducted by the elfast School of Nursing and Midwifery at Queen's University in the UK, McKinney et al. (2002) states that the study was focused on that which is termed "relocation stress" and is a phenomenon not examined fully or thoroughly understood…
Ball C, Kirkby M, Williams S. (2003) Effect of the critical care outreach team on patient survival to discharge from hospital and readmission to critical care: non-randomised population-based study. BMJ. 2003 Nov 1;327(7422):1014. PMID: 14593033 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Berardino et al. (2004) "Discharge Criteria from Intensive Care Unit in Brain Injured Patients" Epub 2004 Mar 25 Neuroanethesia and ICU, Neuroscience Dept. San Giovanni Battista Hospital Italy.
Chaboyer W, Foster M, Creamer J. (2002) Health status of ICU survivors: a pilot study. Aust Crit Care. 2002 Feb;15(1):21-6. PMID: 11979986 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Chaboyer W, Grace J. (2003) Following the path of ICU survivors: a quality-improvement activity. Nurs Crit Care. 2003 Jul-Aug;8(4):149-55. Review. PMID: 12940690 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
The processes individuals select to determine whether something is just as subjective as using cohesivism or evidence based approaches to determine whether a belief or idea is justified or not. Wood also points out how great a debate exists as to whether justification can be internally or externally produced. Internalists tend to suggest that people may have introspective access to their justified beliefs.
eflections Chapter 6
This chapter helps some up some of the ideas presented by Wood thus far, suggesting that some suggest success is related to reliability when tracking truth according to Wood, whereas others rely on adequate evidence to support their beliefs and still others suggest that beliefs must cohere with one another to be just and true. This chapter is very helpful in creating a foundation for ones own beliefs and principles. In my case I would suggest relaying on evidence based approach when working with…
Wood, J. (1998). Epistemology: Becoming Intellectually Virtuous. Downers Grove, IL:
Stephen R. Cover
Covey, Stephen. First Things First. Simon & Schuster, 1995.
At first, Stephen Covey's 1995 book First Things First strikes the reader as a curious mix of self-help and time management advice. Gradually, however, it becomes clear upon reading this text that in Covey's eyes, effective time management and self-actualization are linked. Only if people have a strong sense of their goals and moral 'true north' can they prioritize tasks in an effective manner. The nature of modern life demands that people multi-task and deal with a great deal of overstimulation on a daily basis. Through Covey's simple yet revolutionary technique, he hopes that the reader will never say: "I would love to do x, y, and z, but I simply don't have the time."
According to Covey, one of the reasons that people become overwhelmed and do not use their time efficiently is because they…
Generating Hypothesis/esearch Question
Systematic and critical reviews
The long established concepts and specialists reports have progressively been substituted by more organized reviews on the basis of latest researches (Heming and Brereton, 2009). An effort is made to maintain the same standards of researches that were previously maintained, by these organized reviews (Hemingway and Brereton, 2009). Findings on which the review is based should be properly expressed so that the data can be utilized again if needed (Hemingway and Brereton, 2009).
eviews and researches, based on systematic studies aim to:
Classify all the data which is available on the subject.
Make a superior selection for preparation of report.
Evaluate the standard of research studies.
Compose the results by impartial methods
Understand what the findings mean and depict a well rounded and an unbiased picture of the conclusions while giving sufficient attention to the mistakes present in the proof gathered (Hemingway and…
Australian School of Business. (2011). Writing a Critical Review. Education Development Unit.
Bekker LG, Myer L, Orrell C, Lawn S, Wood R. (2006). Rapid scale-up of a community-based HIV treatment service: Programme performance over 3 consecutive years in Guguletu, South Africa. S Afr Med J;96:315 -- 320.
Bristol-Myers, Squibb (2007). Secure the Future Manual: Seven Steps to Involve the Community in HIV / AIDS Treatment Support Programmes. New York, NY: Bristol-Myers Squibb.
Bunnell R, Ekwaru JP, Solberg P, et al. (2006). Changes in sexual behavior and risk of HIV transmission after antiretroviral therapy and prevention interventions in rural Uganda. AIDS; 20:85 -- 92.
For example, "Out on the lake, for example, calling and voices are heard within the mist almost detached from Gray and Gisele. The mist dissolves all boundaries between themselves and the point of landing, creating a space which seems infinite but in which one is contained. As viewers, we, too, become contained within this space and share the characters' experience of blocked vision and of doubled and repeated echoes" (Sayers & illiams 41).
Figure 1. Still from Vampyr (1932).
Source: Sayers & illiams 41.
This eerie use of mist and blend of light and dark to create a surreal atmosphere as shown in Figure 1 above added a supernatural feel to the production that modern reviewers admire for its relevance and effectiveness. For example, "Given that vampires usually inhabit night and remain covered during the day, it is significant that this mist shrouds the point between appearance and disappearance, similar…
Andrew, Dudley. Concepts in Film Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984.
Auerbach, Nina. Our Vampires, Ourselves. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.
Cook, David a.A History of Narrative Film. New York W.W. Norton, 1996.
Glover, David. Vampires, Mummies, and Liberals: Bram Stoker and the Politics of Popular Fiction. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1996.
Indeed, Durer's woodcut has become so famous that it may have influenced the tendency to see the first white horseman in a more negative than a positive light, underscoring the power and influence of representational Biblical art upon popular theology and the collective cultural religious imagination. Of course, the fact that the other horsemen are so negative in their apparent intentions towards humanity, as the second horseman, riding the red horse, seems to be representative of war, the third horseman on the black horse seems to spread famine, and the fourth horseman on the pale horse is explicitly named death, further contribute to the sense that collectively, all four figures are destructive.
In the print, three of the powerful riders on their white, red, and black horses gallop at the forefront of the work. The white horses' rider holds a bow and wears a medieval, peaked hat towards the background,…
The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse." Commentary on Revelation. Chapter 6. 2005. http://www.apocalipsis.org/fourhorsemen.htm
neural activations that are related to perceived body form, anxiousness and the outcomes that follow the same when it comes to teenage patients that have anorexia nervosa. ather than just regurgitate and restate what is already stated in the article, there will instead be a critical analysis and review of what is being said, how valid it seems to be and what questions might be important to answer next. While synthesizing the conception and treatment of mental health disorders can be hard to pull off, it is something that needs to be done given the implications and stakes involved.
The article starts off by stating some of the more widely known issues and factors surrounding anorexia nervosa, inclusive of the fact that it is a mindset whereby the suffering patient feels that they are fat and overweight even if they are the picture of health or even too skinny as…
Xu, J., Harper, J., Van Enkevort, E., Latimer, K., Kelley, U., & McAdams, C. (2017). Neural
activations are related to body-shape, anxiety, and outcomes in adolescent anorexia nervosa. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 87, 1-7.
Critical Thinking Application
"Every job, and every company, can benefit from critical thinking" (Pauker, 2010). Pauker makes this assertion with good reason. In considering this argument, Pauker suggests taking a second to think about any job, and the daily responsibilities and decisions that people need to make. She argues that if one considers the margin of error that could ultimately cost a company a project, a client, profits or even its reputation, it is clear how dependent every company is on its employees' ability to execute critical thinking in every position. Pauker concludes that, after several days of pondering, she could not come up with any job that would not benefit from critical thinking. She supports this conclusion by quoting a survey of 400 senior H professionals who, when asked what skills their employees will need in the next five years, put critical thinking skills at the top of the…
Chartrand, J., Ishikawa, H., and Flander, S. (2009). Critical thinking means business: Learn to apply and develop the new #1 workplace skill. Retrieved on April 14, 2011 from http://www.talentlens.com/en/downloads/whitepapers/Pearson_TalentLens_Critical_Thinking_Means_Business.pdf
Pauker, L. (2010). What job doesn't benefit from critical thinking? Critical Thinkers website. Retrieved on April 14, 2011 from http://critical-thinkers.com/2010/06/what-job-doesnt-benefit-from-critical-thinking/
Paul, R., Elder, L. & Bartell, T. (1997). California Teacher Preparation for Instruction in Critical Thinking: Research Findings and Policy Recommendations: State of California, California Commission on Teacher Credentialing. Retrieved on April 14, 2011 from http://www.criticalthinking.org/aboutCT/briefHistoryCT.cfm
Sumner, W.G. (1906). Folkways: A Study of the Sociological Importance of Usages, Manners, Customs, Mores, and Morals, pp. 632, 633. New York: Ginn and Company. Retrieved on April 14, 2011 from http://www.criticalthinking.org/aboutCT/sumnersDefinitionCT.cfm
Such an example
cannt be refuted withut statistical research t make an argument against
Urmetzer, and thus his arguments refuting the impact f glbalizatin n
eliminating the natin-state's svereignty are strengthened.
This sets up Urmetzer's primary pint, and the thesis f his argument-
it is a myth that because f glbalizatin "natinal brders have becme s
prus that gvernments are n lnger able t prperly manage their wn
affairs" (Urmetzer 2005: 123). In the case f Canada, a welfare state,
Urmetzer even maintains glbalizatin strengthens the welfare state. T
reach this pint, and t prve that ecnmic freedm des nt ultimately
cmpletely eliminate plitical pwer frm the ecnmic spectrum, Urmetzter
evaluates the effects f glbalizatin n the different prgrams f
gvernment invlvement within the ecnmy. Fr example, in regards t the
afrementined welfare-state services, Urmetzer ntes hw this is an ften
verlked aspect t glbalizatin (Urmetzer 2005: 142). By tuching…
Urmetzer, Peter. Globalization Unplugged: Sovereignty and the Canadian
State in the Twenty
First Century. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005.
Critical Thinking for Homeland Security
Everyone navigates their way through the world using a set of preconceived ideas, stereotypes, notions and beliefs concerning how things work and how others will behave in any given situation. Not surprisingly, many people are surprised and even shocked to learn that some of the things they have firmly believed to be true all of their lives are inaccurate or even false. These frailties of the human condition mean that the search for the truth is ongoing and learning how to find it represents a critical part of the skill set needed in the 21st century. This paper provides a discussion and comparison of "elements of truth" and the "right questions" that should be asked in any given situation to discern the facts, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Not only does…
Browne, N. & Keeley, S.M. (2012). Asking the right questions. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice.
Critical Thinking Action Project
The assumptions that can be reached through deductive reasoning -- that there are most definitely problems between the home office and the foreign office; and that the two offices have different objectives -- are certainly not rocket science. These kinds of problems create tension and conflict, which detract from the objectives and mission of ExtraVert. The solution (or solutions) to the problem presented by this assignment -- what has gone wrong with ExtraVert and can the problem be solved -- will be presented in this paper. Solutions can almost always be arrived at if careful, thoughtful, thorough understanding and courtesy is the strategy and theme of the problem-solving project.
Cultural Differences and Constructive Behaviors
Clearly, with any global operation, there needs to be clear-cut communication established between the home office and the foreign office -- or offices, if there is more than one foreign unit as…
Chan, A.W.H., and Cheung, H.Y. (2012). Cultural Dimensions, Ethical Sensitivity, and Corporate Governance. Journal of Business Ethics, 110(1), 45-59.
Van Hove, N. (2012). Successful Global S&OP: Leadership, Change Management, Behavior,
& Cross-Cultural Differences. Journal of Business Forecasting, 31(3), 4-20.
Critical Thinking for Homeland Security
The objective of the article is to question the credibility of the decision adopting by the Bush's administration on North Korea due to claims that it (North Korea) was constructing a Uranium plant. Based on the universal structures of thought by Elder and Paul, it is apparent that the question at issue in the presented case is the credibility of the decision taken by the U.S. government towards North Korea. The U.S. believed that the North Korean state was in its quest of building a nuclear power plant secretly without the awareness of the U.S. As such, it promoted to U.S. To adopt sanctions against the North Korea such as suspending its deals with the state. The U.S. depended on unreliable information since up-to-date it has not verified the existence of a Uranium plant in North Korea as speculated by the report.
The decision adopted…
Another Intelligence Twist. (2007, March 2). Washington Post. Retrieved August 23, 2014, from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/03/01/AR2007030101507.html
2002). This paper's focus will be on the CPM and PET methodologies.
The ockfest event has 26 tasks, each conveniently denoted by a letter in the alphabet. Having drawn up the Critical Path and analyzed it, I found the following. The Critical Path starts with task A, continues with B, D, E, F, G, and finally O. The time it takes to complete these tasks is 34 weeks. That is approximately eight and a half months. You will notice that the Critical Path does not include myriad tasks. That is because these tasks can be completed while the Critical Path tasks are being implemented.
Now, if, for instance, task B, or "select a local printer" took two more weeks than planned, how would a project manager handle the problem? I argue that the best thing to do, since task B. is part of the Critical Path, is begin crashing tasks…
Chen, Y.M. & Liang, M.W.; (2002) Design and implementation of a collaborative engineering information system for allied concurrent engineering, International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Vol. 13, pp. 11-30
Chu, X.N.; Tso, S.K.; Zhang, W.J.; Li, Q.; (2002) Partnership synthesis for virtual enterprises, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 19, pp. 384 -- 391
Huang, X.G.; Wong, Y.S.; Liu, Z.J.; Qiu, Z.M.; (2005) Critical-path-analysis-based dynamic component supplier optimization, International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Vol. 18, Issue 8, pp. 702- 709
Sorkin, however, posits no argument per se. ather, his book offers insight into how the financial crisis manifested from a far more personal perspective of those involved than anything else. The book is informative in nature, and give insight into some of the thought processes and activities those on the outside may not otherwise be exposed to or privy to. The title of the book sums it up best, and the book outlines how the banks and the primary players and stakeholders have become too big to fail. The book highlights the self-interest of those in charge of some of the biggest financial institutions in the world and their blatant disregard for Main Street.
The book has a place in the larger academic debates raised within public knowledge because it adds to the public's real knowledge of those involved in the nation's financial industry and government offices. Instead of speculating…
Cassidy, J. (2008). Anatomy of a meltdown, New Yorker, 84(39), 1-756.
Cherry, C. (1998). God's new Israel: Religious interpretations of American destiny.
UNC Press Books.
Cohan, W. (2010, Nov. 27). The power of failure. New York Times. Retrieves from www.thenewyorktimes.com.
Public Policy Scholarship
Despite significant progress in addressing institutionalized racism and other public policies that operate to the disadvantage of oppressed and marginalized groups, the recent upsurge in race-related incidents across the country underscores the fact that much more remains to be done to eliminate these oppressive and inequitable policies from American society. This paper provides a critical review of the assigned readings to assess the extent to which the concepts, assumptions and arguments that are presented are an example of public policy scholarship and a critical assessment of the extent to which the arguments presented in readings reveal the social justice impacts of public policy on groups that are excluded and marginalized. Finally, an explanation concerning how the argument that minority inclusion programs are ineffective in really assisting black women in the oil and gas sector based on the readings is followed by a summary of the research and…
Alexander, M. (2010). The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. New York: The New Press.
Cho, S., Crenshaw, K. W. & McCall, L. (2013, Summer). Toward a field of intersectionality. Signs, 38(4), 785-810.
Collilns, P. H. (1989, Summer). The social construction of black feminist thought. Signs, 14(4), 745-773.
Crenshaw, K. (1991, July). Mapping the margins: Intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color. Stanford Law Review, 43, 1241-1299.
The following review of current literature is categorized by a number of variables. Statistics and Data initiate the report and is quickly followed up with Policy Literature. From there, an Academic Literature Review focusing on five articles (with corresponding studies and citations) takes place. After the Academic Review comes a Relevant Campaigning Review and a Media Review. Finally, a quick conclusion ties the literature together in a neat little bow.
The charts below provide data that allows researchers to understand exactly how significant the problem is. Chart A (see below) shows the rates of pregnancies in the UK broken down by age. As is evident, since 1990 pregnancy rates for older women have been rising significantly, while the rates for those woman under 29 years of age (including teenagers) have been holding steady, or slightly declining for the most part. Since current public policy was first initiated in…
Arai, L.; (2003) British policy on teenage pregnancy and childbearing: The limitations of comparisons with other European countries, Critical Social Policy, Vol. 23, Issue 1, pp. 89 -- 102
Bingley, P.J., Douek, I.F., Rogers, C.A. And Gale, E.A.M. (2000) Influence of maternal age at delivery and birth order on risk of Type 1 Diabetes in childhood: Prospective population-based family study, British Medical Journal, Vol. 321, pp 420 -- 424.
Brewer, M.; Ratcliffe, A.; dSmith, S.; (2011) Does welfare reform affect fertility: Evidence from the UK, Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 25, Issue 1, pp. 245 -- 266
Doling, J. & Ford, J.; (2007) A union of homeowners? European Journal of Housing Policy, Vol. 7, pp. 113 -- 127.
Evaluating theoretical framework also assists in determining whether the structure directs the research study. This process entails identification of constructs or concepts, assessment of definitions, relationships, variables, hypothesis, methodology and findings.
Discussion Question Two: Will there always be a theoretical framework that aligns with your chosen topic of study? Why or why not?
Theoretical framework entails the collection of combined concepts that are not essentially well established (Aparasu, 2011). Theoretical framework determines the things a researcher measures and the statistical link to look for. Through theoretical framework, researchers engage preconceived ideas. For instance, some people deem that human beings are untrustworthy and lazy. Such basic beliefs regarding human temperament influences how a researcher views things when conducting a research. In this regard, not understanding the actual framework is an enormous concern. Theoretical framework directs the researcher to what he/she views in his/her environment, and what he/she does not notice in…
Aparasu, R. (2011). Research methods for pharmaceutical practice and policy. New York:
Beck, C., & Faan, C. (2013). Routledge international handbook of qualitative nursing research.
New York: Routledge
Proposed Plan for Improvement
The above assessment of the current personnel management challenges facing the organization indicates that there are a number of pertinent issues that must be addressed if the organization is to effectively optimize its human resource capabilities and help facilitate the development of change in the organization. With this in mind, the proposed plan for organizational development focuses on two specific areas for improvement. First, the proposed plan considers the need for the strategic development of human resource practice in the organization. Strategic human resource management will enable the organization to embed human resource function into the process of facilitating organizational objectives. Second, the proposed plan considers the need for a comprehensive change management program which will facilitate H integration while building the necessary organizational infrastructure to help improve change outcomes.
Strategic Human esource Management
Strategic human resource management or SHM is the process by which human…
Acquaah, M., 2004. "Human factor theory, organizational citizenship behaviors and human resources management practices: An integration of theoretical constructs and suggestions for measuring the human factor," Review of Human Factor Studies, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 118-151.
Boswell, W., 2006. "Aligning employees with the organization's strategic objectives: Out of line of sight, out of mind," International Journal of Human Resource Management, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 1489-1511.
Breen, V., Fetzer, R. & Howard, L., 2005. "Consensus problem-solving increases perceived communication openness in organizations," Employee Responsibilities & Rights Journal, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 215-229.
Change management: The HR strategic imperative as a business partner," 2007. HR Magazine, vol. 52, no. 12, pp. 1-9.
Part One: Main Ideas and Insights
Critical thinking does not necessarily come naturally to people, who are subject to biases and prejudicial assumptions. According to Paul & Elder (2016), critical thinking can be learned and mastered. Critical thinking is essential for improving quality of life and promoting best practices in any field. With critical thinking, a person actively seeks answers and solutions to problems, probing multiple points of view and perspectives. Therefore, critical thinking requires open-mindedness and strong communication skills. Critical thinking also requires time and self-discipline, including the painstaking gathering of data, information, and evidence, and picking apart each issue using systematic methods. Rather than being reactive or subjective, critical thinking involves thorough analyses and assessments, with problem solving as its primary goal. Critical thinking is clear, accurate, significant, and ultimately, fair.
According to Paul & Elder (2016), all thought involves the same eight elements including point of view,…
Business Case Studies
Critical Thinking -- Erroneous Thinking
Logical Fallacies in Business Reporting
lthough the reporting of facts and figures is often thought of as an objective science, quite frequently even business reporting is characterized by logical fallacies, including but not limited to appeals to ignorance, hasty generalizations, and ad hominem attacks. In fact, one could argue that these logical fallacies, however, are particularly common and pernicious in business reporting because of the frequently technically complex nature of the subject matter in regards to facts and figures, combined with the emotional texture of business reporting that involves the fabric and texture of individuals lives. Reporters wish to attract attention and render complexities comprehensible, but frequently fall into logically fallacious traps to accomplish these objectives.
Hasty Generalization hasty generalization is often characterized by an all or nothing style of reporting. The fallacy of the hasty generalization is a failure of…
Appeal to Ignorance.
An appeal to ignorance is an appeal to the lowest common denominator of knowledge -- 'it's the economy, stupid,' one might say is the ideal example of this rhetorical device. It is a seductive rhetorical technique because it implies an individual's gut instinct and gut ignorance is correct, regardless of the facts. Recently, "William Wolman, author and former Business Week chief economist" has questioned "the usual explanation of the job problem -- a rise in productivity. In his opinion, many Americans are working far more hours than the productivity numbers measure. In fact, he ventures what he calls a radical notion that the workweek should be shortened, but with no reduction in pay." Wolman cites how the simplistic 'lazy American' trope is in fact misguided. In fact, Europeans work fewer hours and although the anti-European sentiment may contain American pride in our longer hours, one must ask if longer hours are really personally and economically profitable for the economy as a whole. ("The Key to Wealth," January 19, 2004, Business Week Online retrieved on January 19, 2004 at (http://www.aol.businessweek.com/bwdaily/index.html#top)
The fact that the American economy appears to be growing is assumed in the rhetoric of politicians to be proof that the economy is improving -- an 'I don't know much, but I know I have a job approach.' However, the quality of the jobs being generated and their long-term stability is important as well. "Everyone should realize that what the productivity number actually measures is nothing that you or I would call productivity. Instead, it's output per measured hour worked. Stress the word 'measured,' because it seems
What information was expected to be found and was not there expected to find much more on this site than is present today. To begin with, the SMS is a highly academically focused organization, and as a result its members are continually working on research projects, presenting papers, and also working through many academic calendars and teaching schedules. As a result of the richness of this research one would expect to find at least a trace of these materials on the site, and in fact there are none. This is disturbing. Further, the Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal and Strategic Management Journal aren't offered on a trial basis, and content is not even available from them. Instead there are links to subscribe to these publications. This makes the entire site look like an organization of academicians also promoting these two journals.
Links from the site that are helpful
The site does include…
Silvio Napoli at Schindler India (a) (2003). - Accessible after purchase from the Harvard Business Review Website: http://harvardbusinessonline.hbsp.harvard.edu/b01/en/common/item_detail.jhtml;jsessionid=3XHOCFKZZ3NGQAKRGWDSELQ?id=303086
The World Is Flat (2005) - Thomas R. Friedman, author. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. New York, NY. Published 2005
Mental illness appears in various forms. It is characterized by some serious disruptions in someone's thoughts or even demonstrated in their actions. The person presenting these symptoms is often unable to deal with the day-to-day activities and patterns of a normal life. Mental illness can take over 200 forms each having an effect on the patient's disposition, character, traits, and even the way they interact with others. Some of the common forms of mental illness are 'schizophrenia', 'depression,' 'bipolar disorders' and 'dementia'. Taylor and Brown (1988) state that mental illness can be presented in a psychological, emotional way and even in physical symptoms. A person under severe stress due to dealing with an incident or series of stressors' build-up over time is prone to mental illness. A person may also present symptoms of mental illness through a biochemical imbalance, a negative reaction to his environment, and the pressures accrued thereby,…
Bartlett, A., & McGauley, G. (2010). Forensic mental health: Concepts, systems, and practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Clinic, M. (2015, October 13). Mental illness. Retrieved December 7, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/mental-illness/basics/definition/CON-20033813
Corrigan, P. W., Morris, S., Larson, J., Rafacz, J., Wassel, A., Michaels, P., ... Rusch, N. (2010). SELF-STIGMA AND COMING OUT ABOUT ONE'S MENTAL ILLNESS. Journal of Community Psychology, 38(3), 259-275. http://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.20363
Dowrick. C., Dunn. G., Ayuso-Mateos.J et al. (2000). Problem-solving treatment and group psycho-education for depression: multicenter randomized controlled trial. British Medical Journal, 321, 1450-4
The four American history-related web sites used for this paper are: United States History (http://www.u-s-history.com/index.html); American History: The Heritage of the United States (http://www.legendsofamerica.com/americanhistory.html); History (http://www.history.com/); and USHistory.org (http://www.ushistory.org/).
United States History: How much information is provided? hat sort of information is offered? In the United States History site, there is an enormous amount of specific information within each time period. For example, there are fourteen window of time (up to 1630; 1630-1763; 1763-1783; all the way through 2001), and in each window there are eight to ten links that take the reader to specific events, personalities, groups and laws. In the 1815-1860 window of time a reader can get in-depth information on the Monroe Doctrine, Nat Turner Rebellion, The Alamo, Manifest Destiny, The Compromise of 1850, and the California Gold Rush, among several other links.
Is the eb better at transmitting some kinds of information as compared…
Best of History Websites. (2013). Welcome to Best of History Websites. Retrieved June 10, 2014, from http://www.besthistorysites.net .
History.com (2013). History by Topic. Retrieved June 10, 2014, from http://www.history.com .
Legends of America. (2012). American History / The Heritage of the United States. Retrieved June 10, 2014, from http://www.legendsofamerica.com .
United States History. (2013). American History / Time Period / Historical Era. Retrieved
1968 Olympics Black Power Salute
Black Power Salute (Dominis, 1968)
Photograph Description and Context
The picture is a black and white photo that was taken at the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City. Two Olympics sprinters stood atop the podium wearing the gold and bronze medals. Their names are Tommie Smith and John Carlos. They are shown holding their first in the air as an expression of solidarity with the Black Power movement. It is argued that they are expressing their disillusionment with a nation that so often fell behind, and still does, relative to racial equality (Dominis, 1968).
The two individuals received significant negative reaction to their expression. For example, they were suspended from the U.S. Track team. They were vilified at home and they even later received death threats for their public display. Yet, the picture has become one of the iconic photographs from this period that deals with…
Dominis, J. (1968). John Dominis Collection. Retrieved from Photographers Gallery: http://www.photographersgallery.com/photo.asp?id=4037
Staples, R. (2009). White Power, Black Crime, and Racial Politics. The Black Scholar, 31-41.
Responsibilities of a Critical Thinker in a Contemporary Society
Some thinkers consider critical thinking to be solely a type of mental skill, devoid of any moral value; it is often utilized to rationalize prejudice and to promote self-interest. While moral integrity is understood as good heartedness, it is also susceptible to manipulation to satisfy vested interests in the same way as responsible citizenship can be manipulated. The human mind, regardless of conscious goodwill, is subject to the more powerful and self-deceptive egocentricity of the unconscious part of the mind. The complete development of each and every characteristic, be it critical thought, responsible citizenship, and moral integrity - needs to include cultivation of each other characteristic, in a parallel strong sense (Paul, 1993). The three characteristics of higher thought can only be developed in an environment that promotes intellectual virtues such as integrity, intellectual courage, intellectual fair-mindedness, intellectual empathy, intellectual perseverance,…
Ambert, A. Parents, (1997) Children, and Adolescents: Interactive Relationships and Development in Context. New York, NY: Hayworth Press.
Duffy, A. & Momirov, J.(1997) Family Violence: A Canadian Introduction. Toronto: James Lorimer and Company.
Duperrin, B. (2013). Social Media make critical thinking critical. Www.duperrin.com. Retrieved from www.dupperin.com: http://www.duperrin.com/english/2013/06/28/social-media-critical-thinking/
Erdur-Baker, O. (2010). .Cyberbullying and its correlation to traditional bullying, gender and frequent and risky usage of internet-mediated communication tools. New Media & Society, 12(1), 109-125. DOI: 10.1177/1461444809341260
CISM in the Event of a Terrorist Attack on a Nuclear Facility
This research explores the impact of mental stresses experience by workers at a nuclear power plant during and after a critical incident. Concerns over critical incidents at nuclear facilities has caused public fear that was exasperated during the Three Mile Island incident. The dangers of nuclear power and radiation exposure are embedded in modern culture and have been since the height of the Cold War. Another associated fear has been the possibility of terrorists using a nuclear facility as a target. The World Trade Tower bombings exasperated these fears when it was realized that such an attack was possible right in everyone's backyard.
A critical incident involving a nuclear power facility is different from a similar critical incident that does not involve a nuclear plant. Core meltdown is the greatest fear surrounding nuclear power plant accidents. The recent…
Barnett, L. (2007). Psychological effects of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. Medicine, Conflict, and Survival. 23 (1), 2007.
Hatch, M., Wallenstein, S. & Beyea, J. et al. (1991). Cancer rates after the Three Mile Island nuclear accident and proximity of residence to the plant. Am J. Public Health. 81(6): 719 -- 724.
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) (2011). Fukishima Nuclear Accident Update Log. Retrieved from http://www.iaea.org/newscenter/news/tsunamiupdate01.html
Jones, B. (2011, March). Praise for 'heroes' working to avert nuclear catastrophe. March 16, 2011. CNN World. Retrieved from http://articles.cnn.com/2011-03-16/world/japan.nuclear.heroes_1_millisieverts-radiation-nuclear-power-plant?_s=PM:WORLD
Complementary and Alternative Medicine and CISM in Diverse Populations
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) as often referred to as integrated medicine. This term refers to therapies used to enhance health that fall outside the realm of conventional or "western" medical therapies. Southern Medical therapies are often limited to pharmaceutical drugs, surgery, and other interventions that directly affect the body. CAM therapies can simply refer to culturally-based medical practices that are not part of mainstream medicine in the United States. ecently, the trend is toward using CAM therapies along with evidence-based Western medical practices. This research will explore CAM interventions for diverse populations within the scope of the CISM plan.
CAM Interventions for prevention of Stress and esilience
One of the most widely accepted areas for the use of CAM interventions is in the area of stress reduction, depression, anxiety, chronic pain, and other conditions that are common symptoms…
Ahn, A., Ngo-Metzger, Q., & Legedza, A. et al. (2006). Complementary and Alternative Medical
Therapy Use Among Chinese and Vietnamese Americans: Prevalence, Associated Factors, and Effects of Patient -- Clinician Communication. American Journal of Public Health. 96 (2), 647-653.
GoodTherapy.org (2011). Complimentary and Alternative Medicine (CAM). Retrieved from http://www.goodtherapy.org/complementary-alternative-medicine.html
Kutch, M. (2010). Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Treating Mental Health Disorders. Retrieved from http://repository.lib.ncsu.edu/ir/bitstream/1840.16/6044/1/etd.pdf
Psychological First AID in CISM
Psychological First Aid
In this scenario, an act of terrorism has occurred at a nuclear power facility. Portions of the facility were destroyed by the explosion, killing some of the workers instantly. However, the threat of a core meltdown is imminent and both remaining workers and first responders are on the scene trying to prevent a community-wide radiation event. Both remaining workers inside the plant and the first responders will be experiencing a similar type of stress. Stress will be due to the loss of life, including friends and coworkers, as well as the dangers to their personal well-being from the potential radiation exposure. Tertiary stress is caused by a feeling of responsibility for protecting the community from the potential radiation release, including the lives of their own families who live in the area.
Acute Stress Symptoms
Stress reactions in this situation can be expected…
CISM International (2010a). Tips for Coping With Critical Incidents. Retrieved from http://www.criticalincidentstress.com/coping_with_critical_incidents
CISM International (2010b). Acute Stress Disorder. Retrieved from http://www.criticalincidentstress.com/acute_stress_disorder
Mitchell, J. (n/d). "Stress Management" (PDF). Szko -- a G-owna S-u-by Po-arniczej. Retrieved from http://www.sgsp.edu.pl/sos/mitchel/wyklady/stress.pdf
Regel, S. (2010). Post-trauma support in the workplace: the current status and practice of critical incident stress management (CISM) and psychological debriefing (PD) within organizations in the UK. Occup Med (Lond) 57 (6): 411-416. Retrieved from http://occmed.oxfordjournals.org/content/57/6/411.full.pdf
Vocational Assessment Test eview: Myers Briggs Type Indicator
The Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a personality assessment that can help guide people to suitable vocations, but which is also useful in other scenarios. It was developed by Isabel Briggs Myers and Katharine Cooks Briggs, from a Jungian psychology perspective. Although they began working on it in the early 1940s, it was first published in 1962. It is a self-report questionnaire, which examines the individual's preferences along different components of personality. It was created for a normal population distribution and can be used for members of any demographics that can process the test, though it is probably most appropriate for late teens and beyond; perhaps ages 14 and up. The MBTI is a multiple-choice test and is written at a 7th grade reading level. It takes approximately 20-30 minutes to administer the test, but the test is not timed and…
Carlyn, M. (1977). An assessment of the Myers Briggs type indicator. Journal of Personality
Assessment, 41(5), 461-473.
Fretwell, C., Lewis, C., & Hannay, M. (2013). Myers-Briggs type indicator, A/B types, and locus of control: where do they intersect? American Journal of Management, 13(3), 57-66.
Lok, C. (2012). Career development: what's your type? Nature, 488, 545-547.
Compassion Fatigue and Secondary Trauma
It is now six months after the attack on the nuclear power facility and low level radiation release. The critical incident stress management plan has been an affect and long-term intervention strategies are now in place. However, it is now time to consider the effects of long-term stress from managing those that have stress related to the critical incident. This research will consider the effects of compassion fatigue on staff and secondary stress on those who have to treat first responders and in their families.
Symptoms of Secondary Trauma Among Family Members and Staff
The issue of secondary trauma among family members was addressed previously in the overall critical incident stress management plan. Family members were offered services when requested by them. At the time of the incident, supervisors were requested to schedule workers on rotating shifts with adequate time off for rest and stress…
Figley, C. (1995). Compassion Fatigue: Coping with Secondary Traumatic Stress. Routledge,
Clair, M. (2006, August). The Relationship between Critical Incidents, Hostility, and PTSD
Symptoms in Police Officers. Retrieved from http://idea.library.drexel.edu/bitstream/1860/1118/1/Clair_Mary.pdf
difficult, in retrospect, to point to an instance where I was ahead of everyone else, but I have been able to solve problems. I remember I was in need of a career change. Mostly, things just did not feel right in my career. I did not really know what it was -- did I need a new company? A new boss? It turned out that my career path that I was on really was not a good career path for me. I went off the grid, so to speak, and came back after a period of a few months with a new sense of what I wanted. I don't know if that is a creative solution -- I think I just see things as solutions and let the "creative" or "uncreative" judgment fall to someone else. But I do know that it was an somewhat unorthodox approach to things --…
This study is a theoretical framework exploring whiteboard use preferences and recommendations for patient-centered care and communication through whiteboard use.
This study is a theoretical framework exploring whiteboard use, script-based communication, and hourly rounding to evaluate effectiveness of care associated with pain management and patient satisfaction.
The study utilizes a conceptual framework.
This article uses a conceptual framework that provides a literature review
A 3-week pilot involving multidisciplinary whiteboard use
The setting is Stanford University Medical Center
Sample characteristics (# of patients) Patients available for the pilot were 104 patients: 56 from inpatient units with use of whiteboards and 48 from inpatient units with no use of white boards.
internal medical residents were also surveyed.
Design: The study involved a semi-structured interview.
Setting: The interview took place in a pediatric urban academic hospital inpatient surgical service
Sample characteristics (# of patients) The…
Alaloul, F., Williams, K., Myers, J., Jones, K. D., & Logsdon, M. C. (2015). Impact of a Script-based Communication Intervention on Patient Satisfaction with Pain Management. Pain Management Nursing, 16(3), 321-327. doi:10.1016/j.pmn.2014.08.008
Brosey, L. A., & March, K. S. (2015). Effectiveness of Structured Hourly Nurse Rounding on Patient Satisfaction and Clinical Outcomes. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 30(2), 153-159. doi:10.1097/ncq.086
Cholli, P., Meyer, E. C., David, M., Moonan, M., Mahoney, J., Hession-Laband, E., . . . Bell, S. K. (2016). Family Perspectives on Whiteboard Use and Recommendations for Improved Practices. Hospital Pediatrics, 6(7), 426-430. doi:10.1542/hpeds.2015-0182
Emerson, B. L., Chmura, K. B., & Walker, D. (2014). Hourly Rounding in the Pediatric Emergency Department: Patient and Family Safety and Satisfaction Rounds. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 47(1), 99-104. doi:10.1016/j.jemermed.2013.11.098
Yang, Shan, Saxena and Morris (2014) provide a review of liver transplantation in their study for Liver International. The researchers are from Melbourne Medical School and the Department of Surgery in South Eastern Sydney, Australia. The article is entitled "Liver transplantation: a systematic review of long-term quality of life." It focuses on how liver transplants are the only way to cure terminal liver disease because no other intervention works. The study explores the quality of life of patients who receive this treatment by examining the QOL of transplant survivors of "5 or more years" post-surgery. The study's method is a literature review and what it finds is that quality of life of patients post-surgery is far better than those who do not undergo the operation. Complications aside (and these are often predicted to be worse than they actually are), the findings suggest that recovery is typically reasonable and side effects…
Yang, L., Shan, L., Saxena, A., Morris, D. (2014). Liver transplantation: a systematic review of long-term quality of life. Liver International, 34: 1298-1313.
Transportation Security and Intrusiveness of Security Screenings
America's land, seaways, and air transportation systems are structured in such a manner that enhances efficiency and enables easy access, the two features that also at the same time make these transportation systems susceptible to attacks. The expenses and difficulty of protecting the entire transportation systems from attacks raises a critical issue for legislators and other policymakers in the government: in that how much money and effort should be utilized towards preventing attacks in the country compared to the alternative of pursuing and defeating terrorists wherever they are. While completely proofing the entire transportation sector from attacks is an almost impossible task, strategies can be formulated to significantly reduce the risk of attacks. The emphasis by policymakers should be put in coming up with the resources to build a prevention, protection, and rapid response system that can greatly reduce the likelihood and consequences…
Accardo, J., & Chaudhry, M. A. (2014). Radiation exposure and privacy concerns surrounding full-body scanners in airports. Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences, 7(2), 198-200.
Alberto, V., & Bogatz, D. (2015, November 10). Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening
System ("Capps Ii"): National Security V. Civil Liberties. Retrieved from maxwell.syr.edu: ww.maxwell.syr.edu/uploadedFiles/campbell/events/AlbertoBogatz.pdf
Bajoria, J. (2010, December 28). The Debate Over Airport Security. Retrieved from Council on Foreign Relations: http://www.cfr.org/border-and-port-security/debate-over-airport-security/p23673
Compliance Patch Level
The author of this report has been tasked with discussing the overall subject of patch compliance level. Indeed, the pros and cons of using the patch compliance level framework will be assessed. There will also be an assessment of several critical things such as the patch compliance level of a given patch, what level of patch compliance is safe and what needs to be considered when evaluating the current patch compliance level. Patching is very much a security-related matter and helps both system and network administrators to keep their systems completely up-to-date and as safe as possible from vulnerabilities and hacking attacks. Not applying and installing needed patches to software such as operating systems, firmware, device drivers, databases and so forth can leave an enterprise information technology environment susceptible to attack. While the deployment of patches should be planned and deployed carefully, it is very important to…
Blue, V. (2015). New report: DHS is a mess of cybersecurity incompetence -- ZDNet. ZDNet.
Retrieved 21 October 2015, from http://www.zdnet.com/article/new-report-the-dhs-is-a-mess-of-cybersecurity-incompetence/
Chan, J. (2015). Patchmanagement.org. Retrieved 16 October 2015, from http://www.patchmanagement.org/pmessentials.asp
Codenomicon. (2015). Heartbleed Bug. Heartbleed.com. Retrieved 21 October 2015, from http://heartbleed.com/
push towards greater inclusiveness has led to meaningful trends in American education, especially since the passing of federal legislation ranging from the Educate America Act and No Child Left Behind to the egular Education Initiative. To learn more about the ramifications of any federal legislation, parents, students, teachers, administrators, and community leaders can access the appropriate web portals to detailed information including full-text versions of the bills. Moreover, any interested parties can learn about how the federal legislation impacts educational practice, pedagogy, and curriculum in their state or district by visiting the web pages of those venues. Exploring the issues of legislation can be daunting without verbal supports, which is why some parents, students, and other stakeholders might want to attend public workshops and meetings related to education in their areas as part of the "comprehensive involvement plan" vision that coincides with Goals 2000 ("Goals 2000: Educate America Act," n.d.).…
"Goals 2000," (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://www.tecweb.org/eddevel/telecon/de99.html
Jenkins, J.R., Pious, C.G. & Jewell, M. (1990). Special education and the regular education initiative. Except Child 56(6): 479-91.
Woods, A., Dooley, K., Luke, A. & Exley, B. (2014). School leadership, literacy, and social justice. Chapter 28
Critical Thinking in Nursing Education
For far too long nursing has been seen as a profession that requires compassion along with obedience to the orders of doctors who were traditionally considered to be the "real" medical professionals. Nurses were until recently inside and outside of the profession seen as sort of helpmeets to the doctors, a form of junior wife to the male doctor. Of course nurses were always more than this, but it has become true only relatively recently that the medical profession as a whole has begun to acknowledge that critical thinking is as important for nurses as it is for doctors and other medical professionals.
This paper examines the ways in which the teaching of critical thinking can be incorporated more fully (and more deeply) into the teaching curricula and praxis of nursing. Focusing on the importance of critical thinking from the first day that nursing students…
Duchscher, J.E. (1999). Catching the wave: understanding the concept of critical thinking. Journal of Advanced Nursing 29(3): 577-583.
Fowler, L.P. (1998). Improving critical thinking in nursing practice. Journal of Nurses Staff Development 14(4): 183-7.
Kuhar M.B. (1998). Critical thinking: A framework for problem solving in the occupational setting. AAOHN Journal 46(2): 80-81.
Simpson, E. & Courtney, M. (n.d.). Critical thinking in nursing education: A literature review. Retrieved from http://eprints.qut.edu.au/263/1/SIMPSON_CRITICAL_THINKING.PDF.
Participants filled out a Short-Form McGill Questionnaire, an Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale, and Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire in order to measure their levels of pain over the past few weeks. What the researchers found through statistical analysis was self-management strategies that reduced pain over time were most effective in the group that was exposed to guided imagery techniques. The level of guided imagery therapy was not itself significant, but more of the fact of whether or not it was present in the patient's therapy or not. This helps illustrate the effectiveness of guided imagery in managing long-term chronic pain when there are no fundamental cures present within traditional therapeutic practices. Pain management symptoms improved, but the symptoms overall remained. This shows that guided imagery is not a cure in and of itself, but rather an effective way to reduce and manage the pain that is present in chronic conditions like fibromyalgia.
Ferrell, Betty R., et al. "Pain management for elderly patients with cancer at home." CANCER-PHILADELPHIA- 74 (1994): 2139-2139.
Menzies, V., Taylor, a.G., & Bourguignon, C. (2006). Effects of guided imagery on outcomes of pain, functional status, and self-efficacy in persons diagnosed with fibromyalgia. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 12(1), 23-30.
Weydert, J.A., Shapiro, D.E., Acra, S.A., Monheim, C.J., Chambers, a.S., & Ball, T.M. (2006). Evaluation of guided imagery as treatment for recurrent abdominal pain in children: a randomized controlled trial. BMC pediatrics, 6(1), 29.
This study reviews Pat obertson's "Courting disaster: How the Supreme Court is usurping the power of Congress and the people." Pat obertson is the founder and chairperson of the Christian Broadcasting Network, founder of egent University, and The Center for Law and Justice. He and his wife have four children and thirteen grandchildren. They reside in Virginia Beach, Virginia. Using both legal and religious points-of-view, obertson attempts to prove that the current operation of the judicial system is dangerous to both the republican form of government and our individual freedoms. While seeking to strengthen his argument, the author has compiled fascinating facts, quotes, case decisions, and opinions of the Court (Mu-ller-Fahrenholz, 2007).
From this study, it is evident that obertson undertook a political expedition seeking to identify various issues that bedeviled the American society. However, he fails to provide solutions to the identified problems. This is an action…
Barrett, P., & Smolla, R.A. (2010). A year in the life of the Supreme Court. Durham [u.a.: Duke Univ. Press.
Edwards, L., & Meese, E. (2011). Bringing justice to the people: The story of the freedom-based public interest law movement. Washington, DC: Heritage Books.
Melashenko, E.L., & Smith, D.B. (2009). Rock-solid living in a run-amok world. Hagerstown, MD: Review and Herald Pub. Association.
Mu-ller-Fahrenholz, G. (2007). America's battle for God: A European Christian looks at civil religion. Grand Rapids, Mich. [u.a.: William B. Eerdmans Publ.
Company Critical Elements
Business Continuity is a vibrant industry dedicated to identifying, prioritizing and safeguarding critical business functions. From small businesses such as neighborhood bakeries to business titans such as Microsoft, each entity that can name, rate and guarantee the continued functionality of its required systems can survive in crisis. As the following analysis shows, the critical processes of all modern businesses fall into common basic categories that are vital to survival.
A bakery has several critical functions, some common to all businesses and some unique. "Agility Recovery" generally identifies "business critical functions" as those that: "(1) are most sensitive to downtime; (2) fulfill legal or financial obligations to maintain cash flow; (3) play a key role in maintaining your business' market share and reputation; (4) safeguard an irreplaceable asset" (Agility Recovery, 2010, p. 1). Simplifying the process somewhat for small businesses, CSO defines critical areas as those…
Agility Recovery. (2010). Prepare My Business: Critical Business Functions. Retrieved from Agility Recovery Web site: http://www2.agilityrecovery.com/assets/SBA/criticalbusfuncsba.pdf
Anderson, J. (2011). Planning Strategy for Business Continuity | Small Business. Retrieved from Small Business Demand Media Web site: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/planning-strategy-business-continuity-5157.html
Okolita, K. (2009, December 2). How to Perform a Disaster Recovery Business Impact Analysis. Retrieved from CSO Security and Risk Web site: http://www.csoonline.com/article/509539/how-to-perform-a-disaster-recovery-business-impact-analysis?page=1
Smith, C. (2011). Business Continuity Planning Guidelines | Small Business - Chron.com. Retrieved from Small Business Demand Media Web site: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/business-continuity-planning-guidelines-2552.html
This is because majority of people who read theater reviews are knowledgeable and they will quickly tell if the reviewer is an expert or just an amateur. Therefore, according to Palmer (1988)
any theater critic should be an expert in one of these areas acting, directing, theater music, theater history, stage crafts, and drama history. Since Through the Wire is a new play, the reviewer has to comment on the script. Indicating how well or badly the script flows, and also how it intertwines the various characters.
Concentrating on the script and the characters within the script has ensured that the review does not take up much space than required Stefanova-Peteva and Stefanova 1993.
The characters have given life to the play and the script has been written as an account of real life stories.
McCallum, John. 2003. "Waiting for Godot & Endgame (review)." The Australian, 119-121.
McCallum, John. 2003. "Waiting for Godot & Endgame (review)." The Australian, 119-121.
-- -- . 2004. "Brutalisation for the sake of our nation." The Australian, 015.
Palmer, R.H. 1988. The Critics' Canon: Standards of Theatrical Reviewing in America. WestPort, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.
Stefanova-Peteva, K., and K. Stefanova. 1993. Who Calls the Shots on the New York Stages? Newark, NJ: Harwood Academic Publishers.
Beyond the critical incident itself, which will be described and looked at as part of this report, I will also bring in a number of major themes and analysis methods. The two major tools that will be used in this report are Carper's Fundamental Patterns of Knowing and Gibb's eflective Cycle. Each step and part of those two frameworks will be looked at in fairly strong detail. The essay will end with a conclusion that encapsulates and summarizes all the main points made throughout the report.
Coming back to the incident itself, the incident will not name the hospital or any of the people involved but the incident will be described with a strong level of detail. The details will include the problem that occurred, what led to the problem occurring, how the incident came about and climaxed and the resolution to the problem will be discussed at the end.…
Berman, W 2006, 'WHEN WILL THEY EVER LEARN? LEARNING AND TEACHING
FROM MISTAKES IN THE CLINICAL CONTEXT', Clinical Law Review, 13, 1,
pp. 115-141, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 22 October 2013.
Brady, M 2013, 'How to improve patient care by learning from mistakes', Emergency
This is challenging, as it will require Whole Foods to continue to adapt in order to make themselves stand out. Prices can have a negative impact on the firm's bottom line results. This is occurring through increasing costs on the wholesale level and tremendous amounts of discounting. Over the course of time, these factors can hurt the company's earnings and ability to maintain their competitive position. ("Global Food etailing Industry," 2013) (Burch, 2007) ("Annual Stakeholders eports," 2012)
Clearly, ABC should integrate with Whole Foods. This will allow the company to maintain its market share and augment the products they are selling into the firm's strategy. At the same time, the management team could help Whole Foods to more effectively address the challenges they are facing from: increased competition and pricing. This will enable both firms to take advantage of each other's cost structure and create a unique atmosphere which…
2011 Supermarket Trends. (2011). Seeking Alpha. Retrieved from: http://seekingalpha.com/article/247930-2011-supermarket-trends-good-for-food-manufacturers-and-retailers-tough-for-consumers
Annual Stakeholders Reports. (2012). Whole Foods Market. Retrieved from: http://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/sites/default/files/media/Global/Company%20Info/PDFs/2012-WFM_Annual_Report.pdf
Company Info. (2013). Whole Foods Market. Retrieved from: http://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/company-info#
Global Food Retailing Industry. (2013). Reporter Link. Retrieved from: http://www.reportlinker.com/ci02212/Food-Retailing.html
Vincent Vinikas' review of Dominic J. Capeci's The Lynching of Cleo Wright takes a critical stance toward Capeci's account of the case of Cleo Wright, a black man who was lynched in Missouri in 1942. ather than examining the underlying causes concerning why lynching took place (particularly as late as 1942), Vinikas restricts his focus to elucidating logical fallacies that hinder Capeci's article. Vinikas argues that it is lamentable that even in books that purportedly reveal information concerning actual lynching cases, the true facts involved in such cases is never truthfully revealed, such that the public is still not privy to crucial information that colors America's history. In contrast, in her article "An Outrageous Proceeding: A Northern Lynching and the Enforcement of Anti-Lynching Legislation in Illinois, 1905-1910" Stacy Pratt McDermott applies a more comprehensive approach, determining the cultural forces that promoted lynching and made it incredibly difficult to abolish. Consequently,…
McDermott, S.P. (1999). An outrageous proceeding: A northern lynching and the enforcement of anti-lynching legislation in Illinois, 1905-1910. The Journal of Negro History, 84(1), 61-78.
Vinikas, V. (1999). The lynching of Cleo Wright by Dominic J. Capeci. Review by Vincent Vinikas. The Journal of Southern History, 65(4), 907-908.
The author of this brief report has been asked to speak about a couple of things as it pertains to the Book of Tobit, one of the books of the Apocrypha. These items include an outlining of the setting and context for the work, a brief precis about the work and a critical assessment of its significance in a historical, religious or sociocultural context in the modern times as it relates to second temple Judaism. While the verdict is far from definitive, there is a lot that can and should be seen about the Book of Tobit, what it meant then and what it means in a modern context.
The Book of Tobit is held as an important work in certain sects of the Christian church, with the Catholics being the major one. The book, as the title infers, is about a man named Tobit. He was an Israeli that…
Performance review session: Nick was relieved after his performance review from Warren because Nick did not seem to be penalized to any great degree for the servers going down while he was on duty. However, the performance review was extremely vague and undefined. It is unclear what a 'three' means in terms of a rating. Nick was told he was doing a 'fine' (i.e., acceptable) job but was not given any specific information about how to improve his performance. Warren was also extremely casual and informal (making comments about Nick's appearance and jokes) which destroyed the necessary subordinate-manager distance required for an effective review process. It made the review seem more personal and subjective. If the review had been negative, Nick may have been offended and complained about Warren's objectivity.
Q1b. When a performance review is given to a subordinate with whom you have a good personal relationship…
Educational Excellence eview goals put Educational Excellence All Children Act (1999). Goal 1: eady learn year 2000, children America start school ready learn. Goal 2: School Completion year 2000, high school graduation rate increase 90%.
Educational Excellence for All Children Act (1999):
How does Louisiana measure up?
When President Clinton reauthorized the Elementary & Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965 in the form of the Educational Excellence for All Children Act (1999), he intended to reinforce such concepts as 'high academic standards, top-quality teachers in smaller classes, safe schools" and emphasize the need for a greater degree of accountability of schools and teachers (Kickbush & Winters 1999). The Act set six major goals for all schools. Sadly, the state of Louisiana has received a failing grade from a number of independent, objective review boards in relation to its ability to meet these six goals. The National Center for…
Drug and alcohol abuse amongst teens in Louisiana. (2012). Inspirations Youth. Retrieved:
Ernest Gallet. (2011). Louisiana Schools Report Cards. Retrieved:
The authors of the report, Carthton et al., are very well qualified to write this report on diabetes. This team not only has the medical knowledge necessary to write the report, but they have take an interdisciplinary stance in the investigation, which helps them analyze the medical, social and psychological factors involved in their diabetes self-management study (Carthron et al., 2009).
The report title is not very clear. This title does not-specify that the team is investigating how primary-care duties impact a grandmother's self-management (Carthron et al., 2009).
The abstract clearly outlines the purpose for the study and the methods used to obtain data. The paper also outlines the study's findings. They do not, however, offer clear recommendations for medical providers or social workers to work more effectively with this population (Carthron et al., 2009).
The purpose of the research is to investigate how the responsibilities of caregiving…
Carthron et al. 2009. "Give Me Some Sugar!" The Diabetes Self-Management Activities
of African-American Primary Caregiving Grandmothers. Journal of Nursing Scholarship. 17 October, 2009.
This was even though he received no immediate remuneration, in terms of money or benefits, from developing such interests. Leonardo's notebooks of this period of his life reveal a spirit of scientific inquiry and a mechanical inventiveness that were centuries ahead of his time.
Ivor Hart makes it clear that Leonardo was far more than a great artist: he had one of the best scientific minds of his time. Perhaps Leonardo's great talent was in observing -- he made careful, painstaking observations of the natural world, such as birds in flight. Such careful observations of the natural world are critical, of course, to the eye of a great artist. But Leonardo's eye enabled him to carry out research of precision as well as beauty, in science as well as art.
Perhaps the real paradox is how separate art and science have become in the modern construction of the disciplines. Leonardo…
Hart, Ivor. The World of Leonardo da Vinci Man of Science, Engineer and Dreamer of Flight. New York, 1962.
(Eljamal; Stark; Arnold; Sharp, 1999)
To conclude, it be said that if we will not be able to master imparting the capability to think in a developed form, our profession, as well as perhaps our world, would be influenced and taken over by someone who would be able to outsmart us to find it out. We would in that case not only remain thinking as to what happened but would also not have the skills required to provide answers to our own question.
Braun, N.M. (2004, March/April) Critical thinking in the business curriculum. Journal of Education for Business, 79(4). etrieved from ProQuest database on February 20, 2007.
Carroll-Johnson, .M. (2001, April - June). Learning to think. Nursing Diagnosis, 12(2).
etrieved from Thomson Gale database on February 14, 2007.
Cheung, C., udowicz, E., Kwan, a.S.F., & Yue, X.D. (2002, December). Assessing university students general and specific critical thinking. College Student…
Braun, N.M. (2004, March/April) Critical thinking in the business curriculum. Journal of Education for Business, 79(4). Retrieved from ProQuest database on February 20, 2007.
Carroll-Johnson, R.M. (2001, April - June). Learning to think. Nursing Diagnosis, 12(2).
Retrieved from Thomson Gale database on February 14, 2007.
Cheung, C., Rudowicz, E., Kwan, a.S.F., & Yue, X.D. (2002, December). Assessing university students general and specific critical thinking. College Student Journal, 36(4). Retrieved from ProQuest database February 14, 2007.
Education is one of the critical aspects in the society especially in the case of the United States. The success of education relates to the ability of the relevant authority to adopt and integrate effective and efficient educational policy with the aim of addressing goals and targets in relation to elements of the society such as economy, politics, and social spheres. One of the critical federal educational policies is the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). This is the most recent iteration in relation to the context of Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA). It reflects one of the major federal laws essential in facilitating federal spending on relevant programs with the aim of supporting K-12 schooling. NCLB educational policy should focus on integration of new qualification standards for teachers, concentrate on the improvement of schools, as well as include higher-thinking and problem-solving skills.
Tavakolian, H., & Howell, N. (2012). The Impact of No Child Left Behind Act. Franklin
Business & Law Journal, (1), 70-77.
Daly, B.P., Burke, R., Hare, I., Mills, C., Owens, C., Moore, E., & Weist, M.D. (2006).
Enhancing No Child Left Behind -- School Mental Health Connections. Journal Of
Most of the literature deals with healthcare issues experienced in the United States or Europe. hat small amount of literature there is available on healthcare in Malaysia seldom has anything to do with the clinic(s) in specific. This study could help, in some small measure, to alleviate that problem.
Chowdhury, N., (1999) the Power of Towers, Fortune, Vol. 139, No. 7, pp. 110-112
Kurokawa, I., Takami, M., Cheriex, H., (1999) Futuristic flight plan - the Kuala Lumpur International Airport was designed for the new millennium, Lighting Design + Application, Vol. 29, No. 8, pp. 42-45
Manson, L.A., Baptist, a.J., (2002) Assessing the cost-effectiveness of provider-based status, Healthcare Financial Management, Vol. 56, No. 8, pp. 52-59
Romano, M., (2006) Physicians in pain, Modern Healthcare, Vol. 36, No. 4, p. 40
Shameen, a., (2004) Malaysia: Coining it in Kuala Lumpure - Start-up ECM Libra has capitalized on strong markets, hard…
Chowdhury, N., (1999) the Power of Towers, Fortune, Vol. 139, No. 7, pp. 110-112
Kurokawa, I., Takami, M., Cheriex, H., (1999) Futuristic flight plan - the Kuala Lumpur International Airport was designed for the new millennium, Lighting Design + Application, Vol. 29, No. 8, pp. 42-45
Manson, L.A., Baptist, a.J., (2002) Assessing the cost-effectiveness of provider-based status, Healthcare Financial Management, Vol. 56, No. 8, pp. 52-59
Romano, M., (2006) Physicians in pain, Modern Healthcare, Vol. 36, No. 4, p. 40
emote Nursing eview
The oles of egistered Nursing in Shaping and Providing Care in ural and emote Locations: A Literature eview
The roles and perspectives of nursing have undergone major changes in the past several decades, continuing the rapid and profound development that this area of medical science and art has experienced in its relatively brief history. For quite some time, nursing existed either as a highly denigrated and unskilled profession looked down upon my others in the medical establishment and society at large, or as the semi-sacred and highly secret practice of healing through natural remedies and purely experiential knowledge transmitted orally and though demonstration from generation to generation. An appreciation and codification of nursing as a science -- albeit a science with certain subjective and aesthetic principles, making the designation of nursing as an art somewhat appropriate as well -- did not really occur until the nineteenth century,…
Banner, D., MacLeod, M. & Johnston, S. (2010). Role Transition in Rural and Remote Primary Health Care Nursing: A Scoping Literature Review. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research 42(4): 40-57.
Coyle, M., Al-Motlaq, M., Mills, J., Francis, K. & Birks, M. (2010). An integrative review of the role of registered nurses in remote and isolated practice. Australian Health Review 34(2): 239-45.
Naylor, M. & Kutzman, E. (2010). The Role Of Nurse Practitioners In Reinventing Primary Care. Health Affairs 29(5): 893-9.
There is no acknowledgement that leaders may indeed be flexible according to the situation and followers that they are dealing with. Even though women, for example, may favor a more laissez-faire type of leadership style than men (Eagly, Johannesen-chmidt & Van Engen), this does not mean that they will do so in all circumstances, or indeed that all female leaders will have this tendency.
The Path-Goal Theory
The path-goal theory is one of the most flexible and popular models used in the changing business world today. It allows for an integration of various styles, personalities and situations. The components inherent in this theory is the particular path that employees are expected to follow in order to reach a certain desired goal. The position of the leader in this model is to provide followers with desirability in terms of goals and the removal of obstacles along the way towards obtaining the…
Eagly, A.H., Johannesen-Schmidt, M.C., & van Engen, M.L. (2003, July). Transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership styles: A meta-analysis comparing women and men. Psychological Bulletin, 129(4), 569-591.
Hughes, Richard L., Ginnett, Robert C. & Curphy, Gordon J. (2002). Leadership: Enhancing the lessons of experience (4th ed). New York: McGraw Hill.
Kuriger, Craig C. (2006, July/August) Workplace change and worker fears: when new technology enters the workplace. Army Logistician
Parker, Dennis R. (2002, January/February). Create opportunities, not fear, through change. Leadership.
Therapeutic Hypothermia Review
Lucero, Catherine (2010) Therapeutic Hypothermia. Clinical Correlations. Retrieved from: http://www.clinicalcorrelations.org/?p=2032
Lucero (2010) writes of therapeutic hypothermia "resumption of spontaneous circulation after prolonged ischemia due to cardiac arrest carries significant morbidity and mortality and much effort has been directed toward reducing the debilitating consequences." Lucero reviews the studies that demonstrate an association between therapeutic hypothermia in post-cardiac arrest patients and improved neurological outcomes.
Tran, Bau P., et al. (2010) Use of Mild Therapeutic Hypothermia to Treat Cardiac Arrest. Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants. 1 Mar 2010. Retrieved from: http://www.jaapa.com/use-of-mild-therapeutic-hypothermia-to-treat-cardiac-arrest/article/164767/
Tran, et al. (2010) reviews the key findings of research studies on the usefulness of therapeutic hypothermia following cardiac arrest.
3. Lutes, Michael and Larsen, Nathan (2007) Focus on: Therapeutic Hypothermia. Clinical Practice and Management March 2007. Retrieved from: http://www.acep.org/content.aspx?id=26776
Lutes and Larsen (2007) reviews recent studies that examine the use of therapeutic hypothermia,…
Human Resources as Critical Investments
IN AN ORGANIZATION'S FUTURE
The purpose of this paper is to explore whether or not the human resources (HR) within an organization should be used as critical investments. To support this exploration, the terms "human capital," "human assets" and "intellectual capital" will be discussed, on the merits of each specific term as well as in relation to one another. Finally a conclusion will be drawn that determines if human resources should be viewed as any or all of the above terms, and if HR managers should utilize them as critical investments in an organization's future.
To begin, the overarching term "human resources management (HRM)" must be understood. HRM essentially is an all-encompassing term that refers to how an organization's human resources are used to achieve the organization's overall objectives or strategic directions. HRM includes a continuum of activities that can be compartmentalized into seven categories:…
Boone, Christophe, Arjen van Witteloostuijn. Industry Competition and Firm Human Capital. Small Business Economics. 1996. Vol. 8. Pp. 347-364.
Boudreau, John, Peter Ramstad. Measuring Intellectual Capital: Learning From Financial History. Human Resource Management. Fall, 1997. Vol. 36, No. 3. Pp. 343-356.
Bradley, Keith. Measuring Return on Human Assets in Companies. Feb., 1993. London School of Economics, Business Performance Group.
Sage, who has seen how costly application customization can be, has created a series of template-based charts of accounts, with the last count indicating they had over 70 of Charts of Accounts that could be quickly used by customers to customize for their business. Sage has also seen that inordinate customization of software can lead to a lack of adoption; hence their motivation for creating a library that can easily be used by customers. As Peachtree suffered from an exceptionally bad reputation for usability in its first several product generations on the Microsoft Windows platform (Collins, 2006), Sage is attempting to overcome these limitations through intensive investment in ergonomics and usability. Adding to these efforts include the development of an Online Knowledgebase and Help Center, in addition to the development of AJAX-based microsites that interlink content together. All of these sources of data are in turn integrated via XML to…
Bernoff, J., & Li, C.. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.
J Carlton Collins. (2006). Small Business Software Grows Up. Journal of Accountancy, 201(3), 50
Yu Cong, & Hui Du. (2007). Welcome to the World of Web 2.0. The CPA Journal, 77(5), 6,8-10.
Michael Giardina. (2004). Buying Software: Look for What's Right, Not for What's 'Best'. The CPA Journal, 74(3), 10.
A reduction in farm subsidies is stated to be necessary in order to improve access to market along with Common Agricultural Policy reforms, which should be "de-linked from production." Finally, stated as a requirement is that of a commitment for a 20% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, which may be achieved "through market mechanisms..." (OECD, 2007) the OECD additionally states that structural reforms are required in addressing the challenges that the EU faces and while there is an improvement in terms of the economic prospects of the EU, "there is no room for complacency." (OECD, 2007) the OECD survey relates that the EU has the potential to play a critical role in the provision of solid conditional framework and the ongoing enhancement of the internal market in the EU.
The provision of the single market includes the wider range of goods access for consumers as well as a wider range…
Economic Survey of the European Union (2007) OECD Policy Brief. Sep 2007. Online available at www.oecd.org.
The European Union (2008) Environmental Aspects of Regional Trade Agreements. (2000) United Nations Environment Programme. International Institute for Sustainable Development. Online available at http://www.iisd.org/trade/handbook/7_2.htm
Cini, Michelle (2007) European Union Politics. 2007. Oxford University Press. Online Google Scholar Books at http://books.google.com/books?id=ZZf1839nw0gC&dq=European+Union:+Organizational+impact+on+market+and+trade&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0
Organizational Review of European Union