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Role of Accounting on Business and Our
Words: 943 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52772604
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ole of Accounting on Business and Our Society

Financial statements play a key role in reporting the financial performance of a business besides helping managers to make better decisions. Business leaders often would interpret the different financial statements in order to understand the position of their business, the necessary risks that their businesses are facing, and the financial actions that should be taken to make the business to grow. All the financial statements developed for the operation of a business are critical in providing necessary information on the accounts. They allow business leaders to understand the business and take of necessary investment or controls needed for the success of the business.

Financial statements have unique roles since they are essential in determining the extent of success in an organization. A cash flow statement is helpful in analyzing the amount of cash available and those needed to meet the operating costs…


Weygandt, J., Kimmel, P., & Kieso, D. (2013). Accounting principles, Volume 1 (11th ed.).

Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Roles of a Police Psychologist in an
Words: 2003 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32674037
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oles of a Police Psychologist in an Investigation

The following paper describes the roles played by a police psychologist in an investigation of a situation in which a former police officer has been killed. The police force constantly takes risks to save the lives and belongings of the people they serve. This force is known for its bravery and courage but when a situation involves the homicide of a former member of their own group, they are faced with extra trouble as their own safety becomes a concern for them. In addition to that, the pressure from media exacerbates the problem for the police force. In this case, the police force needs psychological support which is given to them by a police psychologist.


Police offers face severe stress in their day-to-day routine. They risk their lives and their families in order to fulfill the duty assigned to them. Their…


CR, V. (2010). Psychological Autopsy -- A Review. Journal of Punjab Academy of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 10 (2), 101 -- 103.

Mayhew, C. (2001). Occupational Health and Safety Risks Faced by Police Officers. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. pp. 1-2.  [Accessed: 24 Dec 2013].

Mitchell, J. (n.d.). Critical Incident Stress Debriefing. College Park: University of Maryland. pp. 1-3. [Accessed: 24 Dec 2013].

Scrivner, E. (1994). Controlling Police Use of Excessive Force: The Role of the Police Psychologist. Washington, D.C.: National Institute of Justice. pp. 1-10.  [Accessed: 24 Dec 2013].

Role of Marketing in Business Over the
Words: 1121 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35952330
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ole of Marketing in Business

Over the last several years, the role of marketing in business has been increasingly brought to the forefront. This is because a host of strategies have been introduced which are designed to improve the efficiency of firms. For marketing departments, this can result in drastic cuts in the sales force and funding. This is problematic, as it is making companies less productive. (Importance of Marketing 2005) (Farrell 2005)

However, there are theories which support these kinds of changes. This is because many proponents will argue that marketing efforts must be focused. The only way this can be achieved is through monitoring the results they are providing to the firm. This means eliminating unproductive employees. These conflicting views have led to heated discussions about the importance of the marketing department. To fully understand the role that they are playing in the success of a business requires…


Importance of Marketing, 2005, EBIOA. Available from: [17 Aug. 2012].

Farrell, O 2011, Marketing Strategy, South Western, Mason.

Steele, W 1991, 'Perceptions and Marketing Positioning,' Administration and Policy, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 81 -- 92.

Role and Application of Management Functions by
Words: 978 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22829139
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ole and Application of Management Functions by Today's Health Care Managers:

One of the most exciting positions within the healthcare field is that of healthcare managers who are mainly responsible for the efficient and effective running of healthcare facilities. In order for an individual to become a healthcare manager, he/she must possess necessary skills to handle personnel, develop and implement policy, and carry out the long-term goals of the healthcare facility. In most cases, a healthcare manager is required to have leadership and organizational ability qualities. The need for a healthcare manager across health facilities emanates from the rapid growth of the health industry that has led to numerous job opportunities in this field. Since healthcare managers play a critical role in the effective running of a health facility, they have important management functions to implement.

ole of Healthcare Managers:

The role of healthcare managers usually varies depending on the…


Ricks, K.M. (n.d.). Duties of a Healthcare Manager. Retrieved April 16, 2012, from

"Role of a Healthcare Manager." (n.d.). All Articles & Resources -- Thoughts, Information and Resources. Retrieved April 16, 2012, from

Thompson, J.M., Buchbinder, S.B. & Shanks, N.H. (n.d.). Chapter 1 - An Overview of Healthcare Management. Retrieved April 16, 2012, from 

"What is Health Care Management?" (n.d.). Guide to College Majors in Health Care

Role of Family Physician in Improving Healthcare Equality
Words: 3859 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 76577105
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ole of Family Physician

It is important for us to understand the role of a family physician before we begin our discussion on the importance of family physicians in any health care system of the community. Many reforms have been made in the health care systems of various communities all over the world. Almost all of these reforms lay their focus on the prevention as well as the treatment of any disease along with the promotion of health and management of conditions that have become a chronic problem for the patients. All of these areas are the center of the family physicians and therefore family medicine has a huge role to play in here.

In this paper, we shall look at the current health care system in Libya and see how the government and other organizations like WHO are playing their role to improve the health care system in the…


(2005). Libya country profile. Library of Congress Federal Research Division (April 2005).

(2004). Pfizer Clear Health Communication Initiative. What it Health Literacy? [Online].

(2004). The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition; 2000. [Online].

Kates N. (1997). Psychiatry and family medicine: sharing care. Can J. Psychiatry. Vol. 42:913-14.

Role of Management in an Organization the
Words: 2185 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22363501
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ole of Management in an Organization

The management and unions are two important entities within an organization. For decades, these two entities have assumed an adversarial role towards one another. In some cases, unions believe that organizations do not compensate its employees fairly, or the working conditions are not favorable and secure. On the other hand, the managements sometimes feel that unions interfere with the decisions of management and impede on positive relationships between employees and managers. Such an adversarial relationship between the management and unions has given rise to competition with the organization that affects the competitive advantage of an organization. For an organization to retain its competitiveness in the current business world, the union and company management must establish some corporation. This paper identifies strategies for creating a good working relationship between the management and the union (Kyo-kai, 2008).

The role of management in an organization

Management assumes…


Blackard, K. (2010). Managing change in a unionized workplace: Countervailing collaboration. Westport, Conn. [u.a.: Quorum.

Debroy, B., & Kaushik, P.D. (2010). Reforming the labour market. New Delhi: Academic Foundation in collaboration with Friedrich Naumann Stiftung and Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies.

Ebrary, Inc. (2009). Monitoring international labor standards: Techniques and sources of information. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.

Fernando, A.C. (2011). Business environment. New Delhi: Pearson.

Role and Functions of Law in Business
Words: 946 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65342984
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ole and Functions of Law in Business and Society

The relevance of law and order in both business and society cannot be overstated. In this text, I address both the functions as well as the role of law in business and society. In so doing, I will also state the primary role played by law in my present job industry.

In basic terms, law permeates almost every facet of our daily lives. To properly highlight the role law plays in business and society, there is a need to first define the term law. It is important to note from the onset that law as a term does not have an assigned definition. In that regard, scholars and legal experts have over time attempted to define law by floating various definitions of the same. One of those who have attempted to define law is William Blackstone. According to Mann and oberts…


Mann, R. & Roberts, B.S. (2012). Essentials of Business Law and the Legal Environment (11th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning

Melvin, S.P. (2011). The legal environment of business: A managerial approach: Theory to Practice. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Role of Media in Vietnam There Can
Words: 2805 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 21729226
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ole of Media in Vietnam

There can be various reasons for a nation to get involved in war and conflict of cultures is considered to be the major reason. Silence can be men's greatest enemy and history is evident that many wars are fought to break vicious circle of silence, pain and agony. It is not easy for humans to get out of their comfort zone and raise their voice against the injustice, unethical practices and even government policies. When a situation comes where individuals realize that human spirit no longer existed and their self-esteem is being engulfed by the so called principals of justice in the hands of law; this point is the verge of tolerance, forbearance and moderation and ultimately gives rise to uncertainty and turbulence.

Nations are in continuous thirst of power, territorial usufruct and control over resources to gain economic control. In this battle of power…


Donohue, G, Tichenor, P, & Olien, C. (1995). A Guard Dog Perspective on the Role of Media. Journal of Communication, 45(2), 115 -- 132.

Halberstam, D, Sheehan, N, & Arnett, P. (1996). Once upon a distant war. Vintage Books: NY.

Hallin, D. (1984). The media, the war in Vietnam, and political support: a critique of the thesis an oppositional media. The Journal of Politics, 46, 1-24.

King, L. (1992). A Time to Break Silence. Retrieved June 16, 2011 from

Role of Treasury the Role
Words: 1655 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86419760
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The treasury works with the IT department to develop means of transmitting information to the managers with regards to risk management strategy and the firm's financial position. Thus, the way the treasury prepares and disseminates information can also contribute to better strategic decisions and cost reductions throughout the organization.

hile the treasury is a supporting component of the organization, it is one that can add a significant amount of value. The treasury manages money and it manages the firm's total risk as well. By reducing risk, the treasury reduces the costs associated with doing business and stabilizes the firm's profits and cash flows. This in turn gives management greater flexibility with regards to setting and executing strategy, resulting in greater exploitation of opportunities.

In understanding the degree to which the treasury is central to an organization's success, it must be considered what the outcomes might be if the treasury does…

Works Cited:

Duong, H. (no date). Introduction to treasury management. Deakin University.

San Jose, L., Iturralde, T., Maseda, A. (2008). Treasury management vs. cash management. International Research Journal of Finance and Economics. Vol. 2008 (19) 192-204.

Pan, L. (2006). Fine-tuning cash portfolios through liquidity management. Financial Executive. Retrieved March 27, 2010 from 

Loth, R. (2010). Evaluating a company's capital structure. Investopedia. Retrieved March 27, 2010 from

Role of Accounting in Economy
Words: 1321 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38689763
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" (2004)

Ricol states in relation to the audit area that "...actions were recommended in two primary areas:

1) Reducing threats to auditor independence; and 2) Strengthening audit quality control processes. (Ricol, 2004)

In regards to corporate management and governance, it is related in Ricol's speech that the task force called for corporate boards to "demonstrate greater accountability for the information, financial management and internal controls necessary to produce trustworthy information. Sound corporate governance policies are especially important in emerging economies, directly impacting investor confidence and economic growth." (Ricol, 2004)


Accounting clearly plays a central role in the economy through "building confidence in financial information and financial infrastructure." (Ricol, 2004) According to Ricol the accounting profession "cannot afford to look the other way and focus on capital markets in developed countries." (Ricol, 2004) Additionally stated by Ricol is that the accountancy profession needs…


Hoggett, J.R., Edwards, L. And Medlin, J. (nd) Decision Making and the Role of Accounting. Accounting in Australia, Fifth Edition. Chapter 1. Online available at 

The Role of Accountancy in Economic Development (2004) presented to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

Rene Ricol, President International Federation of Accountants June 16, 2004.

Yinglang, Edward L. (2008) Improve Accounting Standards, Improve the Economy. Mark to Market Watch. The American Spectator. 11 Dec 2008. Online available at

Role Islam Played in the
Words: 2913 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 92209702
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According to Hiro (2001), "During the Iran-Iraq ar it openly backed Baghdad, arguing that its defeat would lead to the spread of Islamic fundamentalism in the region which would hurt estern interests. It was the French corporations that were building two nuclear reactors near Baghdad which were bombed by Israel in June 1981" (75). Approximately 1,000 French companies were active in Iraq, and 6-7,000 French specialists were based there by 1983. As much as 40% of total French military exports were destined for Iraq. Military cooperation between the two states had developed to the extent that the French government decided to lease to Baghdad five Super-Etendard warplanes originally meant for use by the French air force. This raised the more immediate lucrative prospect of selling scores of expensive Exocet missiles to Iraq to be used by Super-Etendards to hit Iranian oil tankers in the Gulf. These missiles proved devastatingly effective.…

Works Cited

Abdulla, Abdulkhaleq. 1994. "Gulf War: The Socio-Political Background." Arab Studies

Quarterly 16(3): 1-3.

Aydin, Mustafa and Damla Aras. 2005. "Political Conditionality of Economic Relations between

Paternalist States: Turkey's Interaction with Iran, Iraq, and Syria." Arab Studies

Role of Research and Statistics
Words: 787 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42191915
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Assessing descriptive statistics in the form of raw data is often a critical component of primary research when constructing an experiment, where the experimenter then can have control over the various variables affecting the specific phenomena that is being studied. the, in the actual experiment, the tendency of other information to influence statistical results can be restricted or taken into consideration, and a control, or unaffected group can be included to see what the population resembles without the experimental variable. Descriptive statistics, in short, can be useful, but many variables can affect their results, so they cannot always be relied upon.

In contrast, "inferential statistics are used to help psychologists draw inferences, or conclusions, from the data obtained from their research" ("Statistics in psychology," 2008, Encyclopedia of Psychology). For example, inferential statistics are collected when researchers test if watching a particularly violent film makes a group of subjects more apt…

Works Cited

Research: The scientific method. (2008). SIEM HI Research Retrieved 15 Oct 2008 at 

The Milgram Experiment. (2008). New Life. Retrieved 15 Oct 2008 at

Statistics in psychology. (2008). Encyclopedia of Psychology.

15 Oct. 2008.

Role of Regional Planning in
Words: 2337 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 64424107
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However, the issue of informal settlement, which includes squatter areas, cannot be overlooked, as it is a common problem especially in developing countries. These forms of settlement are more prone to both the natural and human disasters, which deny the people living in those areas their rights as human beings. Poor regional planning is to blame for this, and it is for this reason that the study seeks to find out how regional planning can be used to curb these problems and why it has been difficult to do so.

Purpose Statement

The purpose for carrying out this study is to get an understanding of the role of regional planning in disaster management through re-planning of disaster prone squatter regions. The research paper will center on identifying the way in which modern technologies can be applied to come up with solutions that are lasting and helpful. The case study will…


Abubakar, a.S., Kuta, G.I., Salihu, S.O. & Mairo, M. (2012). An Assessment of Some Environmental Effects of Squatter Settlement in Dutse Alhaji, Bwari Area Council, Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria. Advances in Natural Science, 5(1), p. 10-28.

Caputi, P. (2012) Personal construct methodology. Malden, MA, Wiley.

Guangyao D., Wenji Z., Zhuowei H., and Dan F. (2011) an improved model of regional flood disaster risk assessment based on remote sensing data. 19th International Conference on Geoinformatics, p. 1-6.

Neuwirth, R., (2007) Squatters and the cities of tomorrow. City, 11(1), p.71-80. Available at: .

Critical Thinking Professional Nursing Issue
Words: 3335 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87157399
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The decade-old system that specifies least standards for staffing in nursing homes need to be restructured, the report says. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services must call for nursing homes to have at least one N within the facility during all times. Based on the departments' 2001 report to Congress on minimum staff-to-patient ratios for nursing homes, the HHS should mention the staffing levels that increased with the number of patients. Central and state report cards on nursing homes should give information on levels of nursing staff, and measuring of staffing levels should be developed for hospital report cards. The healthcare facilities should avoid using nurses from temporary agencies to fill the vacancy. (Substantial Changes equired in Nurses Work Environment to Protect Patients from Health Care Errors)

Working for long hours on the part of the nurse's makes them fatigue since it decreases their energy and reduces their…


ANA Commends IOM Report Outlining Critical Role of Nursing Work Environment in Patient Safety" (November 5, 2003) Retrieved at . Accessed on 11 February 2005

Hallmarks of the Professional Nursing Practice Environment" (January, 2002) AACN White Paper. Retrieved at . Accessed on 11 February 2005

Statement of the American Nurses Association for the Institute of Medicine's Committee on Work Environment for Nurses and Patient Safety" (September 24, 2002) Retrieved at . Accessed on 11 February 2005

Substantial Changes Required in Nurses Work Environment

Role of Advocacy and Professional
Words: 2286 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 29189032
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133). This informal power is quite significant when it comes to patient decisions and as such doctors need to appreciate and understand this power nurses wield.

Due to the unique information nurses have about patients, nurses have considerable decision-making responsibilities concerning patients. For this reason, many medical schools have implemented programs, in their curriculum, to teach medical student how important it is to listen to the advice of their nurses. Innovative universities like the University of Kentucky Medical Center actually encouraged their residents to develop a collaborative partnerships with the nurses with which they worked. Paynton (2009) notes that outcomes of patient care improve when collaboration increases and the role of nurses is valued. However, regretfully, this collaboration does not always take place.

Although there is a shift in trends towards more collaboration between doctors and nurses, giving nurses more formal power in advocating for patients, the narratives collected by…


Goodman, B. (Nov 2003). Ms. B and legal competence: Examining the role of nurses in difficult ethico-legal decision-making. Nursing in Critical Care, 8(2). Retrieved April 22, 2009, from CINAHL Plus.

Keatley, V. (2008). Identifying and Articulating the Characteristics of Nursing Agency: BSN Students' Perspective. Self-Care, Dependent-Care & Nursing, 16(2). Retrieved April 22, 2009, from CINAHL Plus.

Lawson, L. (2008). Person-centered forensic nursing. Journal of Forensic Nursing, 4(3). Retrieved April 22, 2009, from CINAHL Plus.

McCarthy, V. & Freeman, L. (Fall-Winter 2008). A multidisciplinary concept analysis of empowerment: Implications for nursing. Journal of Theory Construction & Testing, 12(2). Retrieved April 22, 2009, from CINAHL Plus.

Role and Improving Management Performance Nurse Shift
Words: 2634 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52328564
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ole and Improving Management Performance: Nurse Shift Leader

Management plays a key role towards improving performance in an organization. In the 21st century organizational setting, management is fundamental in ensuring that there is a high performance in an organization. Organizations are investing in developing the right management systems, people so that they boost the employee performance, and foster the realization of departmental objectives. This has become a critical thing in enhancing employee performance in the workplace. In this study, I have focused on various issues of management and the role that I, as the Nurse Shift Leader, will play in boosting the performance of employees under me in adult intensive care unit and the entire hospital.

Managers have a role to play to improve performance in an organization. In fact, all the success of an organization begins and ends with the form of management and style adopted. Effective organizations are…


Armstrong, M. (2006). A handbook of management techniques. London: Kogan Page Publishers.

Awamleh, R., & Gardner, W.M. (2004). Perceptions of Management and its effectiveness. The Leadership Quarterly, 10(3), 345 -- 373.

Avolio, B.J., Bass, B.M., & Jung, D.I. (2009). Re-examining the components of transformational and transactional leadership, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, Vol. 72, Issue 2, p. 441 -- 462.

Alannah E. & Mark A. (2004). Transformational leadership, The Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 15, Issue 2, p. 329 -- 354.

Role of Law in Society the Law
Words: 1009 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59082647
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ole of Law in Society

The law places a critical role in society, often serving to informally support the same rules and norms that it can formally enforce if someone violates them. The four primary functions of the law are: to ensure that the government, its officials, and private individuals are all accountable for their actions; to protect fundamental rights; to provide fairness; and to ensure justice (The World Justice Project, 2012). The rule of law provides the framework for society, so that all people come to the table with the same understanding of how transactions should work some knowledge of the remedies for wrongdoing, and knowledge of the consequences of inappropriate behavior. In fact, in many ways the presence of the law is prophylactic, preventing wrong behavior simply because that behavior has been made illegal.

One of the most critical uses of the law is to ensure basic human…


Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, 558 U.S. 310 (2010).

The World Justice Project. (2012). The Rule of Law. Retrieved May 9, 2013 from

Role of Privately Owned Media in a Democracy
Words: 1959 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16137384
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The media has been referred to as the fourth estate, a bedrock element of democratic society. The term has its origins referencing the critical role that media plays in society. The first three estates are taken to be the clergy, the nobility and the commoners. This concept derives from England, in particular attributed to something that Thomas Carlyle wrote in 1841 about there being three estates in parliament, but the reporters in the gallery were the fourth estate." Carlyle had written that they were the most important of all (Crichton et al, 2010).

When applied to a country's media, the terms "free" and "independent" reference privately-owned media that operate without undue interference from the government. The media is considered to be a bedrock of democracy because they are responsible for the flow of information to the populace. More specifically, this refers to organized media companies, prior to the digital…

Role of a Training Manager
Words: 557 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 2940078
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The survey will e design to provide for quantitative and open-ended qualitative responses.

6. What is the purpose of your research?

The purpose of this research is to uild a ody of knowledge aout the role of the training manager. This contriutes to a larger ody of knowledge aout the role of training in general, with particular emphasis on mature manufacturing companies. It is important to know how these companies are using training to contriute to organizational success, and if they are not it is important to understand the gaps etween the approach of these types of companies and the est practices within the industry, again something to which this research contriutes.

7. What source material have you located thus far to support your research plans?

There is a fair amount of material in academic journals, particularly on the role of training in strategy. When this is refined to the…

bibliography. The bulk of the research in this paper will be from my survey, and this will be developed in line with the findings that will be compiled in the literature review.


Kontoghiorges, C. (2001). Factors affecting training effectiveness in the context of the introduction of new technology. International Journal of Training and Development. Vol. 5 (4) 248-260.

Patterson, M., West, M. & Wall, T. (2004). Integrated manufacturing, empowerment, and company performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior. Vol. 25 (5) 641-665.

Saari, L., Johnson, T., McLaughlin, S. & Zimmerle, D. (1988). A survey of management training and education practices in U.S. companies. Personnel Psychology. Vol. 41 (4) 731-743.

Role as a Military Officer
Words: 1203 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94976697
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Over the course of time, these high professional standards will improve moral and allow the military to more appropriately, adapt to the different challenges that they are facing. As professional officers, will men highly trained and professional enlisted personnel. ("The Armed Forces Officer," 1988)

The fourth aspect of what society expects from officers is: a willingness to put their lives on the line for their country. This is important, because there are going to be times that key personnel are going to be in very dangerous situations. Those officers who are willing put their lives on the line for others and their country, help to advance the cause of freedom. Where, they are willing to ensure that those who are looking to do harm to the nation, are prevented at all costs from doing so. In some cases, this could mean that the officer may place their lives on the…


The Armed Forces Officer. (1988). Washington DC: U.S. Department of Defense.

Role of Immigrant Workers in the Development
Words: 345 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46577787
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ole of immigant wokes in the development of U.S. business industy.

Examine elevant infomation fo suppoting the idea that immigants played a pivotal ole in ceating Ameican industy.

Immigants played a significant ole in ceating Ameican industy and business.

Immigant Wokes: An In-depth Study of Thei Role in U.S. Business and Industy

Analytical Exposition

Statement of Pupose: I plan to implement a study of the pivotal ole that immigants played in developing Ameican business and industy.

I will conduct a compehensive study that can suppot my theoy that immigation played a significant ole in the development of the Ameican economy as we know it today.

Methodology: I will eview elevant and cuent infomation that will include an oveview of seveal key figues in industy that immigated to the United States.

Expected Findings: I anticipate that my findings will identify immigants as a fomidable foce in U.S. business.

Citical Context


references for this research, including reviewing historical material, articles, books and any preliminary studies that may have already been completed. I will use the Internet, the library and investigate other avenues of information once I begin to delve into this topic.

Role Does the World Trade
Words: 797 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 81860107
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hile most European nations state if a product has GMO technology it must be labeled, in America, consumers are accustomed to using GMOs with impunity, unaware if GMOs are present or not in the products they purchase -- and eat. The Europe Union has maintained "a voluntary eco-labeling program" in an effort to allow consumers to make informed choices ("Eco-labeling," hat's wrong, 2009). However, the U.S. commercial agricultural interests opposed even this policy, arguing that there is no evidence of a lack of safety attached to GMOs. American agricultural interests argued that the simple labeling of GMOs was anti-free trade and discriminatory, because it created the implication that a safe, usually American-produced product was possibly unsafe. "The issues were never resolved and the TO committees finally adopted a neutral report" ("Eco-labeling," hat's wrong, 2009).

The need to resolve difficult controversies regarding the free flow of trade between different nations is…

Works Cited

"Greenhouse Gases Controversy." What's wrong with the WTO? August 7, 2009. 

"Eco-Labeling Controversy." What's wrong with the WTO? August 7, 2009.

Role of Emotional Intelligence in Job Performance
Words: 2305 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26949026
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Emotional intelligence and job performance Emotional Intelligence and the Important ole it Plays in Job PerformanceEmotions significantly affect an organization or individuals intelligence, and work culture has been substantially impacted. The concept of emotional intelligence gathered a lot of popularity, though it remains one of the ignorant topics. Emotional intelligence plays a critical role in new affective revolution perspectives in organizational and social psychology. According to Goleman 1998, emotional intelligence can evaluate ones emotional status and regulate them appropriately. Multiple researchers have severally tried to define the nature of the relationship between work performance and emotional intelligence. According to Semadar et al. (2006), the performance of employees is best predicted by emotional intelligence as it can preempt their productivity by managing and understanding their emotions in the best manner accordingly. Emotional intelligence can empower a person to motivate oneself, regulate ones mood, control impulses, boost persistence level, and thus, manage…

ReferencesAllen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance, and normative commitment to the organization.Journal of occupational psychology,63(1), 1-18.Baksh Baloch, Q., Saleem, M., Zaman, G., & Fida, A. (2014). The Impact of Emotional Intelligence on Employees Performance. Journal of Managerial Sciences, 8(2). Boon, L. K., Fern, Y. S., Sze, C. C., & Yean, O. K. (2012). Factors affecting individual job performance. In International Conference on Management, Economics, and Finance. ekmecelio?lu, H. G., Gnsel, A., & Uluta?, T. (2012). Effects of emotional intelligence on job satisfaction: An empirical study on call center employees. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 58, 363-369. Dulewicz, V., & Higgs, M. (2003). Leadership at the top: The need for emotional intelligence in organizations. The International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 11(3), 193-210. Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional intelligence. New York: Bantam Books. Kassim, S. I., Bambale, A. J., & Jakada, B. A. (2016). Emotional Intelligence and Job Satisfaction among Lecturers of Universities in Kano State: Empirical Evidence. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(10), 53- 59. Naderi Anari, N. (2012). Teachers: emotional intelligence, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment. Journal of Workplace Learning, 24(4), 256-269. Romanelli, F., Cain, J., & Smith, K. M. (2006). Emotional intelligence as a predictor of academic and/or professional success. American journal of pharmaceutical education, 70(3), 69. Salovey, P., & Mayer, J. D. (1990). Emotional intelligence. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 9 (3), 185 211.

Role and Importance of Bilingual Interpreters
Words: 4899 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81003044
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The Impact of Using Professional Bilingual Interpreters
Elderly Hispanic patients experience numerous challenges when seeking for healthcare services since they are only eloquent in their native language and are classified as Limited English Proficient (LEP) patients. This paper examines patient-provider communication between these patients and healthcare providers. The evaluation is carried out to determine the role and significance of bilingual interpreters in promoting medication adherence among elderly Hispanic patients aged 50-75 years. The project will be implemented in an outpatient clinic and community center that provides care to different kinds of patients including elderly Hispanics. This project demonstrates that bilingual interpreters would help promote medication adherence and compliance with treatment among these patients.
Keywords: elderly Hispanics, patients, medication adherence, bilingual interpreters, treatment, patient-provider communication, healthcare providers.
Statement of the Problem
Hispanic population is one of the fastest growing groups of people in the United States, particularly among America’s elderly…

Role of Social Workers With Respect to Undocumented Immigrants
Words: 1893 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90718764
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social issue that I want to discuss is that of illegal immigration, particularly where it pertains to families. Undocumented migrants face numerous social and legal challenges in America, but first and foremost they are human beings, and they are only here to seek a better life. Yet, the conditions under which they come are often trying. Many are virtual slaves, others struggle with the lack of access to public services, housing, and employment. In many instances there are children involved. There is also an element of social advocacy with respect to this issue --one need not look any further than protests in the past year or two in border states that targeted undocumented children to see how vulnerable this population is. Politically, the issue of undocumented immigrants might be highly-charged, but for the field of social work it is a human issue. These are people, after all, and the challenges…


Cleaveland, C. (2010). We are not criminals: Social work advocacy and unauthorized migrants. Social Work. Vol. 55 (1) 74-81.

Furman, R., Ackerman, A., Loya, M., Jones, S. & Negi, N. (2012). The criminalization of immigration: Value conflicts for the social work profession. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare. Vol. 39 (1) 169-185.

Role of Social Media in Social Movements
Words: 1758 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77002504
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Role of Social Media in Social Movements
The rapid technological advancements have played a major role in shaping today’s society, especially in terms of communication and information sharing. Technological developments have contributed to the emergence of social media, whose use has grown rapidly over the last decade (Anderson et al., 2018). Currently, many people across the globe including in the United States are using a wide range of social networking sites to get news and information. As a result, social media has become a key avenue for public discourse on various issues as people engage in civic-related discussions and activities. For many people, social media allows them to obtain more secure and reliable information or knowledge on various issues including civic-related issues (Balci & Golcu, 2013). By providing avenues for people to get more secure and reliable information and enhancing communication, social media has played a critical role in recent…

Anderson, M., Toor, S., Rainie, L. & Smith, A 2018. Public Attitudes Toward Political Engagement on Social Media. Pew Research Center. Viewed November 26, 2020,
Balci, S. & Golcu, A 2013. The Role and Impacts of Social Media in Social Movements: “Example of the Arab Spring.” The Asian Conference on the Social Sciences, pp.269-281.
Breuer, A 2012. The Role of Social Media in Mobilizing Political Protest. German Development Institute. Viewed November 26, 2020,  
Brown, H., Guskin, E. & Mitchell, A 2012. The Role of Social Media in the Arab Uprisings. Pew Research Center. Viewed November 26, 2020,
Cammaerts, B 2015. Social Media and Activism. LSE Research Online. Viewed November 26, 2020,
Clark, E 2012. Social Movement & Social Media: A Qualitative Study of Occupy Wall Street. Sodertorn University. Viewed November 26, 2020,
Elshahed, H 2020. Social Media Mobilization and Political Activism in Egypt. Global Media Journal, vol. 18, no. 34. Viewed November 26, 2020,
Granillo, G 2020. The Role of Social Media in Social Movements. Portland Monthly. Viewed November 26, 2020,

Role Boundaries in Care Work Role Boundaries
Words: 1264 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 14684637
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Role Boundaries in Care ork

Role boundaries are a critical component in a health care setting. Much of this is a response to how the system is organized. The health care industry is composed of many different roles that specialize in different areas and expertise. Therefore, the individuals in the system must honor their role boundaries to ensure that the collective efforts of the individuals in the system can work together to provide high levels of patient care. The care experienced by Anwar Malik in hospital was defined by the collective effort that each individual gave to Anwar. Each team member has a range of tasks that can be organized with various role boundaries. If any of the members violate their roles, then this can lead to the team's effort not being effective and could also compromise the level of care provided to the patient.

Diabetic Anwar Malik was admitted…

Works Cited

Caplan, A., McCartney, D., & Sisti, D. (2004). Health, Disease, and Illness. Georgetown: Georgetown University Press.

Hewa, S., & Hetherington, R. (1995). Specalist without Spirit. Theoretical Medicine, 129-139.

Medi Lexicon. (N.d.). Definition: 'Biomedical Model'. Retrieved from Medi Lexicon:

The Open University. (n.d.). K101 Block 1. Faculty of Health & Social Care.

Role of Private Investment on
Words: 14411 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 672069
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This also implies inadequacies in fiscal sustainability, which influences investments in private sectors.

The second channel happens through the level, composition and quality involved within the public investment, which shows the level at which the public investment replaces the private investments (Schmidt- Hebbel, Serven, & Solimano, 1996).

The final channel regards the level of taxation on the corporate earnings and the rules applicable in depreciations.

There have been arguments that fiscal policy and public expenditure reduces the private investments in two different manners. These include increasing the interest rates or lowering the private funds involved in financing the investments.

According to the neoclassical theory, the interest rate is also an imperative variable in finding the level of investment. Consequently, it results into a negative effect because it upsurges the interest payable in investments. Concurrently, McKinnon and Shaw, contends that this is likely to cause a positive relationship between the investment…


Shrestha, M.B. (2005), "ARDL Modelling Aproach to Cointegration Test," Proceedings of the 46th Annual Conference of New Zealand Association of Economists, Paper

No. 13, Wellington, July 2005.

Keynes, J.M. (1936). General Theory on Employment, Interest and Money., London,


Roles and Functions of CMHC
Words: 2064 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 7445459
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All these dimensions conclude on one problem which a CMHC could interpret the best through his experience, intelligence and practice.


Mental Health parity is considered as an evolution in an American Politics. States took over federal policies and fought hard to implement mental health insurance along with general health insurance. (Harris, 2006) Parity Law says, "Compared with the general population, individuals with mental health problems experienced a deterioration in their health insurance status."

It does not implement any specific conditions about hospitalization, treatment duration but unlike before it allows to avail insurance on mental health treatment

(NAMI, 2007) Although self insured employers, small entrepreneurs and insurance companies are against this law but States Legislation have proved a little in achieving its goal of providing mental health insurances to every individual without discrimination. This…


Beck, a.T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York: International Universities Press.

Finley. J. (2012). "Professional Advocacy: Looking Ahead at Health Care Reform," Retrieved October 11, 2012, from .

Finley, J. (2012). "TRICARE Provider Certification Urged for CMHCs" Retrieved October 11, 2012, 

Hackney, H. (1992). " Differentiating between Counseling Theory and Process," Retrieved October 12, 2012, from

Role of a Manager Within the Functional
Words: 815 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24835264
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ole of a Manager Within the Functional Areas of Business

The role of a manager in the functional areas of a business are multifaceted and often include elements of planning, organizing, leading, controlling in addition to emotional intelligence (EI). The best managers are capable of moving fluidly through these four traditional roles of management and addressing needs along with aligning people and teams to goals and objectives (Shireman, Kiuchi, 2002). Managers of cross-functional teams are also often called upon to create a high degree of collaboration with their peers, and superiors across potentially competing departments. The foundational elements of Cross-Functional Team (CFT) success are predicated on a manager maturing past the four vital functions of management to becoming a transformational leader as well (Daspit, Tillman, Boyd, Mckee, 2013). In this analysis, the role of the manager within the functional areas of a business are assessed with an orientation towards how…


Josh Daspit, C. Justice Tillman, Nancy G. Boyd, Victoria Mckee, (2013) "Cross

functional team effectiveness: An examination of internal team environment, shared leadership, and cohesion influences," Team Performance Management, Vol. 19 Iss: 1/2, pp.34 -- 56

Shireman, B., & Kiuchi, T. (2002). Master the four seasons of management. Industrial Management, 44(2), 8-14.

Critical Thinking and Language Roles
Words: 1102 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96276514
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Finally, as he or she goes to express which type of furniture he or she means to buy, he or she uses "couch" to denote an informal piece of furniture and "sofa" to denote a formal one. If others have different interpretations of these two words, then they will have trouble understanding what this buyer wants to purchase.

Thus, language and the diversity of language greatly impact the critical thinking process. People assign linguistic terms to objects, ideas, and abstractions, which impacts how they are characterized in a person's mind. In addition, these characterizations affect the expression of one's thoughts, limiting that expression. These expressions are limited because no two people have the exact same understanding of different words and phrases. Each word or phrase has, for each individual person, a repertoire of childhood memories, connotations, associations, etc. Thus, it is never possible to be sure that what you are…

Critical Thinking Is an Activity
Words: 1185 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55068266
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The problem in having a firm grasp of critical thought is that it can be clouded by many different distractions and affected by variables outside of controllable circumstances. One of these factors is cognitive development. It is evident that cognitive development as a strong overall impact on the development of critical thinking. Genetics plays a strong role within cognitive development, as individuals are all born with differing genetic levels of comprehension and thus some people will have better critical thinking abilities purely based on their genes. The circumstances that an individual grows up in also have a profound effect on their critical thinking abilities and process. This is because as an individual grows up they can form differing opinions and stigmas that are taught both explicitly and implicitly through cultural doctrine, social convention, as well as education in both informal settings such as at home as well as formal settings…

Role of Emotions and Personality
Words: 1151 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Article Critique Paper #: 23558882
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The author concludes that as sublimated and oblique emotions where in previous management theories ignored passion, the author contends that ultimately this trait is one of the most powerful for leaders to possess, a point supported by additional research (Ali, 2005).

Comparison of both Articles' Arguments

Both articles by (Lieberman, 2006) and (Muchinsky, 2000) illustrate how critical it is for organizations to recruit managers and promote leaders who can effectively develop strategies to accentuate the positive emotional and personality-based approaches to leading both individuals and teams. The articles reviewed both underscore how critical it is to nurture emotional environments in organizations and can serve as the catalyst of as Muchinsky calls them in his hierarchy of emotions "favorable life conditions," or those emotions that include happiness, pride, and love. Muchinsky argues that these emotions in conjunction with the empathetic emotions as defined in his proposed taxonomy are the necessary catalysts…


Abbas J. Ali (2005). The PASSIONATE EXECUTIVE. International Journal of Commerce & Management, 15(2), I, II. Retrieved April 4, 2008, from EBSCO HOST Global database. (Document ID: 977565991).

Joyce E. Bono, Hannah Jackson Foldes, Gregory Vinson, John P. Muros. (2007). Workplace emotions: The role of supervision and leadership. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(5), 1357. Retrieved April 12, 2008, from EBSCO HOST Global database. (Document ID: 1337089971).

Shlomo Hareli, Noga Shomrat, Nahum Biger. (2005). The role of emotions in employees' explanations for failure in the workplace. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 20(8), 663-680. Retrieved April 13, 2008, from EBSCO HOST Global database. (Document ID: 967090691).

Amy L. Lieberman (2006). The "A" List of Emotions in Mediation from Anxiety to Agreement. Dispute Resolution Journal, 61(1), 46-50. Retrieved April 5, 2008, from EBSCO HOST Global database. (Document ID: 1034264051).

Critical Literacy the Discourse of
Words: 981 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48385549
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Changes in and to children's literature mirror, as well as construct, changes in social norms. For example, the 1908 book by Kenneth Grahame, Wind in the Willows, is a frolicking fantasy tale starring a cast of anthropomorphic animals. Themes of camaraderie, friendship, and adventure do not serve as vehicles for political discourse. When Jan Needle published Wild Wood nearly a century later in 1981, the author imbued the basic structure of Grahame's story with political awareness. Issues like social justice are explored in Wild Wood, issues that were not touched upon in Wind in the Willows. A similar vehicle of storytelling was used for a different literary function. Both 1908 and 1981 were times ripe for the exploration of labor issues and class-consciousness, and it is in many ways ironic that Needle would have been more overtly political than his forebear.

There seems to have been a deliberate awakening of…


"Children's Book of the Year Awards." Retrieved online: 

DAWCL. Website retrieved: 

Leland, C., Harste, J., Ociepka, A., Lewison, M. & Vasquez, V. (1999). Exploring critical literacy: You can hear a pin drop. Language Arts, v77 n1 p70-77 Sep 1999.

Shor, I. (1997). What is critical literacy? Journal for Pedagogy, Pluralism, and Practice. Retrieved online:

Critical Thinking Application Every Job and Every
Words: 1207 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12463389
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Critical Thinking Application

"Every job, and every company, can benefit from critical thinking" (Pauker, 2010). Pauker makes this assertion with good reason. In considering this argument, Pauker suggests taking a second to think about any job, and the daily responsibilities and decisions that people need to make. She argues that if one considers the margin of error that could ultimately cost a company a project, a client, profits or even its reputation, it is clear how dependent every company is on its employees' ability to execute critical thinking in every position. Pauker concludes that, after several days of pondering, she could not come up with any job that would not benefit from critical thinking. She supports this conclusion by quoting a survey of 400 senior H professionals who, when asked what skills their employees will need in the next five years, put critical thinking skills at the top of the…

Reference List

Chartrand, J., Ishikawa, H., and Flander, S. (2009). Critical thinking means business: Learn to apply and develop the new #1 workplace skill. Retrieved on April 14, 2011 from 

Pauker, L. (2010). What job doesn't benefit from critical thinking? Critical Thinkers website. Retrieved on April 14, 2011 from

Paul, R., Elder, L. & Bartell, T. (1997). California Teacher Preparation for Instruction in Critical Thinking: Research Findings and Policy Recommendations: State of California, California Commission on Teacher Credentialing. Retrieved on April 14, 2011 from 

Sumner, W.G. (1906). Folkways: A Study of the Sociological Importance of Usages, Manners, Customs, Mores, and Morals, pp. 632, 633. New York: Ginn and Company. Retrieved on April 14, 2011 from

Role of a Manager the Four Components
Words: 863 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62537601
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ole of a Manager

The Four Components of Emotional Intelligence:

Implications for Managing in the 21st Century

The most effective leaders are able to transform their organizations by defining a compelling vision that is challenging yet attainable. Implicit in the skill sets of exceptional leaders is Emotional Intelligence (EI) including the ability to understand complex situations, emotions of subordinates and peers, and coordinate them to ensure successful outcomes and accomplishments. The four components of EI are self-awareness, self-management, social awareness and relationship management (Chopra, Kanji, 2010). As more organizations face perennial time shortages, EI is a critical skill set for keeping groups, departments and divisions all working together towards a common goal. The intent of this analysis is to define each of these four components of EI and build a convincing argument as to which is the best one overall given the resource and time demands many organizations face in…


Chopra, P.K., & Kanji, G.K. (2010). Emotional intelligence: A catalyst for inspirational leadership and management excellence. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 21(10), 971.

Groves, K.S., McEnrue, M.P., & Shen, W. (2008). Developing and measuring the emotional intelligence of leaders. The Journal of Management Development, 27(2), 225-250.

Roles of Japanese Emperors 1863-1945
Words: 3585 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62796132
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Roles of Japanese Emperors 1863-1945

An Analysis of the Respective Roles of Japanese Emperors: 1863-1945

Today, Japan stands side by side with many of the Western nations of the world in terms of its political philosophy and free market economy, but it has not always been thus. In fact, many contemporary observers would be surprised at just how much political intrigue and maneuvering took place over the past century and a half to arrive at this position today. The recent anniversary of the 60th anniversary of V-J Day only serves to reinforce just how far Japan has come in recent years, from a country than was virtually devastated to one that can compete on equal terms with any nation in the world. To determine how Japan has come to this phase in its history, this paper will provide an analysis of the respective roles played by the emperors Meiji, Taisho…


Bix, Herbert. 2000. Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan. New York: HarperCollins.

Buruma, Ian. 2003. Inventing Japan: 1853-1964. New York: Modern Library.

Dobson, Hugo, and Glenn D. Hook. Japan and Britain in the Contemporary World: Responses

to Common Issues. New York: Routledge.

Role of Information Systems in
Words: 2932 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 99768440
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An unforeseen benefit of this online strategy Dell used to increase brand awareness and remove some of the tarnish from their brand image was Word-of-Mouth (WOM) of the brand began to grow significantly as a result (Jarvis, 2008). Dell had not experienced WOM success of its brand awareness strategies in nearly a decade prior, and what the marketing managers attributed this to was the commitment to listen and respond to customers and talk openly about the strengths and weaknesses of products. In short Dell was able to redefine their brand through the use of augmented branding strategies based on listening to customers. They showed they cared when they listened and this engenders trust, which was critical for their brand to be seen as credible again. Information technologies were tertiary to this effort. Web-based portal applications made it possible for Dell to get their website up and running within weeks.…


Bernoff, J., & Li, C.. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.

Bughin, J., Shenkan, A., & Singer, M.. (2009). How poor metrics undermine digital marketing. The McKinsey Quarterly,(1), 106.

Dan Coffey. (2005). Matching strategies in car assembly: the BMW-Rover-Toyota complex. International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management, 5(3), 320-335.

Duray, Rebecca. (2004). Mass Customizers' Use Of Inventory, Planning Techniques And Channel Management. Production Planning & Control, 15(4), 412-421. (125 mass merchandisers)

Role of Production Manager in
Words: 715 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77621778
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Instead the ability to be more efficient at sensing and responding to demand is where the future of Production Managers will be able to make their greatest contribution. According to AM esearch (2004) the concept of the demand-driven supply network (what this research firm calls DDSN) exemplifies the role of the Production Manager as the critical point in making supply chains as competitive as possible.

Production Manager as Change Agent

The concept of line-of-business owners, of which Production Managers will increasingly become in the next twenty years, also must become very adept at infusing ownership into their organizations. In fact Production Managers must find approaches that infuse ownership in entire processes for their organizations. This concept of ownership throughout the entire process is well highlighted in the many research efforts of Alstyne, Brynjolfsson and Madnick from MIT who in several research papers and results report the importance of having ownership.…


Alstyne, Marshall van, Erik Brynjolfsson, and Stuart Madnick (1997). "The Matrix of Change: A Tool for Business Process Reengineering." MIT Sloan School Working Papers available on the Internet, accessed on January 6, 2007: 

Alstyne, Marshall van, Erik Brynjolfsson, and Stuart Madnick (1995). "Why Not One Big Database? Principles for Data Ownership." Decision Support Systems 15.4 (1995): 267-284.

AMR Research (2004) - Demand Driven Supply Network: Striving for Supply Chain Transparency. AMR Research.

Role of Information Technology in Promoting Lean
Words: 3186 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52372178
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Role of Information Technology in Promoting Lean Thinking/Practices in a Hospital:

How it Helps Streamlining Processes

Lean Thinking and Healthcare

Lean thinking has evolved from well-known business management disciplines such as the Toyota Production System (TPS), Just-in-Time (JIT) and Kaizen. The core principles of lean are fundamentally the same as these other disciplines, but lean thinking has developed this theory into a generic concept that can be more readily applied in a diverse range of industries using a more people focused approach. Lean thinking is more than an initiative; it is an all-encompassing business ethic that every function throughout the company supply chain must be committed to if the company is to achieve an integrated approach to improving our products, processes, people and plant capability.

Lean thinking is based on creating value driven activity by defining the value stream of a product from the customers' perspective. The value stream is…


Bartlett J, Cameron P, Cisera M. The Victorian emergency department collaboration. Int J. Qual Health Care 2002; 14: 463-70.

Balle, F., & Balle, M. The gold mine: A novel of Lean turnaround. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Lean Enterprise Institute. 2005.

Bicheno, J. The Lean toolbox for service systems. Buckingham, UK: Picsie Books. 2008.

Doll R. Controlled Trials: The 1948 Watershed. BMJ. 1998; 317:1217 -- 20. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Role of Information Systems in Organizations What
Words: 508 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75463576
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ole of Information Systems in Organizations

What unifies all businesses is their continual need for accurate, timely information to base decisions on and continually guide their strategies to achievement. Information is the new oil; it is what enables complex processes to be simplified and integrated into the broader infrastructure of an enterprise. The intent of this analysis is to evaluate how every organization must make the most of its information systems if it is to stay competitive over time and gain new customers. One of the most critical success factors for the profitability of any business is its ability to unify and strengthen its business model based on its intelligent use of information systems (Kroenke, 2013).

How Information Systems Create Competitive Advantage

Across the many types of businesses and the industries they compete in, all shares a common need to synchronize their supply chains, create profitable products and services, manage…


Kroenke, D.M. (2013). Using MIS (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Page 1-24.

Critical Thinking in a Changing
Words: 2365 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35606500
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The question then becomes do these nurses become worried about the long hours that they may have to work and the quality of care that the patients are getting, or do they sit back and remind the world that they knew this was going to happen, because pay has traditionally been low for nurses and this is why more people are choosing other fields of study when looking for career (Taft, 2001).

Perhaps many nurses will not choose either of these options. Many may choose to continue doing the job that they've been doing for years, for the pay that they have come to expect. Those that choose this option will likely be more concerned with care of the patient then they will with the money that they receive from their job, or how many hours they have to put in for that paycheck. Their primary concern will always remain…


Beu, Burke. 2002. Nursing Issues. The Association of Perioperative Registered Nurses. Retrieved at 

Cheskin Life Sciences Perspectives: The emerging healthcare consumer. 2001. Cheskin. .

Grace, Helen, & Gloria Smith. Women in Health Leadership Roles: The Challenges of Change. 2002. Center for Research on Women and Gender, the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Green, David. French health service is best. 2001. Guardian Unlimited.,7894,440883,00.html .

Role of Government Economic Regulation
Words: 2122 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 20881408
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All it is really accomplishes is forcibly transferring wealth from one party to another.

These transfers can actually create new market failures by forming barriers to market entry, and creating unfair competitive advantages through subsidies, tariffs, tax-breaks and regulations that favor one party over another.

Fundamental to the notion of government regulation is that its purpose is to eliminate unfairness in competition. However, powerful businesses have huge influences on policy making in the United States that make this an ideal rather than a reality. They hire lobbyists, create ad campaigns, and court politicians to gain influence. Companies compete for bureaucratic power just as much as they do for market power.

ecause of the advantages government regulation can offer, firms try to out-regulate each other rather than to just out-compete each other in the market. Government regulation has invited businesses to become involved in government and the best way to put…



Conigliaro, a., Elman, J., Schreiber, J. And Small, T. "The Danger of Corporate Monopolies."

Franco, Nicholas C. "Corporate Environmental Disclosure: Opportunities to Harness Market Forces to Improve Corporate Environmental Performance." U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 8-11 Mar. 2001. 

Invisible Hand."

Roles of Women Figures in
Words: 1940 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 51848216
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Either as mothers, sisters, wives, daughters, mistresses, lovers or supernatural creatures, women populate the world of the Odyssey and bring thus an important source of information when it comes to finding parallels between their representations in real life as drawn from the representations they get in the Homeric epic.

Based on the same starting point as the Odyssey, another ancient author, the Roman irgil wrote the epic Aeneid. He lived in the most flourishing times of the Roman empire, in the first century BC, almost seven centuries after the Odyssey and the Iliad had probably been written. The heroes in irgil's epic are still men, but the women gain a new role: that of sounders and rulers. Analyzing the whole range of epics and poems written by ancient Greek and Latin writers, A.M. Keith points out that "classical Greek and Latin epic poetry was composed by men, consumed largely by…

Virgil. Aeneid. Trans. Stanley Lombardo. Indianapolis: Hackett, 2005.

Avery, Dorothy. Women in the Iliad. Copyright: D. Avery 2004. Retrieved: May 7, 2009. Available at: 

Keith, A.M. Engendering Rome: Women in Latin Epic. Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Role of Religion in Higher
Words: 2043 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13208666
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These board members are most likely to observe these institutions as corporate business organizations and even instill the idea of top-down management to it. Birnbaum (1988) pointed out dualism of control as a problem of the institutions of learning. Westmeyer (1990) pointed out that certain signs of business theory can be identified in the institutions of higher learning. These includes competition for purchases (clients), the importance and relevance of cost-effectiveness, incentives and sanctions as well as the structured nature of departments. It has also been argued that institutions of higher education are similar to corporate businesses since they are multi-billion dollar business enterprises that are governed similar financial realities of outlay and income as well as by the market forces of demand and supply. Lenington (1996) pointed out that higher education institution's resources are similar to those of any other corporate business entity. They need similar personnel, capital as well…


Birnbaum, R. (1988). How Colleges Work: The Cybernetics of Academic Organizations and Leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Birnbaum, R. (2000). "The Life Cycle of Academic Management Fads." The Journal of Higher Education. Vol. 71, No. 1, pp. 1-16.

Darnell, A and Sherkat, DE (1997). "The Impact of Protestant Fundamentalism on Educational Attainment." American Sociological Review 62: 306-316.

Ferren, A. (2001). Reconciling Corporate and Academic Cultures. [electronic version] AAC&U Peer Review. Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 9-11.

Role of Diet in Weight
Words: 2900 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 196412
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By educating patients on early warning signs of hepatotoxicity, this rare but potentially fatal consequence could be detected early to allow appropriate intervention." (Wright and Vandenberg, 2007) it is extremely critical to understand the nature of psychiatric nursing in today's clinical environment.


Specifically stated in the work of Kathryn R. Puskar entitled; "he Nurse Practitioner Role in Psychiatric Nursing" published in the Online Journal of Issues in Nursing is: "Commercialization of psychiatric care is underway. Psychiatric inpatient admissions have decreased, admissions to general hospitals have decreased, while outpatient admissions are increasing. Academic centers are purchasing smaller hospitals as affiliates; satellite clinics and networks of services are being established. Physicians in solo practice are merging into group practices. New health care professional roles must be restructured and "cross trained" to maintain competitiveness by offering flexible, cost-saving effective care. his is the background environment in…

To improve participation in outpatient programs, social workers can identify and address client barriers to keeping appointments, such as inadequate transportation, non-cooperative employers or family members, limited financial or child care resources, or even poor client motivation. Pairing newly diagnosed patients with "diabetic sponsors" -- individuals who are experienced and successful at managing their diabetes -- also may enhance attendance. Rather than relying on clients to come to clinics, social workers may need to bring the clinics to clients by organizing diabetic health fairs, outreach, or training programs in work settings, church facilities, or community centers. It is related that: "For people with Type 2 diabetes, Medical Nutritional Therapy (MNT) is often the "first-line therapy of choice" (Lipkin, 1999). The goal of MNT is to maintain near-normal glucose levels by matching dietary consumption with actual caloric (energy) needs, necessitating that the right foods in correct proportions be eaten at prescribed times for many MNT may include a secondary goal -- weight loss. Nutritional self-management or compliance with a prescribed diet can be handicapped by many of the same factors that impede self-care knowledge and skill mastery. In MNT, food assumes an almost medicinal quality, and many may resist altering long-held consumption patterns, inasmuch as food plays a part in their cultural heritage or serves as a source of pleasure; therefore, dietary changes are interpreted as loss of either function. For some patients, making these lifestyle changes may require assistance with concrete resources. As resource brokers, social workers can assess needs and link clients with community agencies for nutritional assistance, fitness training, additional diabetic education (professionals or material), medical care, health insurance, insulin and glucose monitoring supplies, prescription assistance, transportation, and counseling or support groups" (Lipkin, 1999)


The social worker is also experienced in 'resource brokering' and as related by Lipkins (1999): "As a therapist, the social worker may practice independently or in conjunction with other professionals (such as psychiatrists and psychologists) to treat more serious mental health issues inhibiting the management of diabetes. In this role a social work practitioner may screen and treat illnesses with high rates of comorbidity among diabetes patients, such as major depression or eating and anxiety disorders. The social worker also may ensure the management of preexisting chronic mental illnesses like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and alcohol or substance abuse." (Lipkin, 1999) the social worker also has the capacity to: "...coordinate a comprehensive assessment, treatment plan, and intervention, striving for an optimal level of collaboration among professionals, patients, and families. Financially, social work case management can effectively and efficiently use community resources, creating an optimal environment that promotes glycemic control to delay complications and reduce hospitalizations."

Role-Playing Activities a Traditional Aspect of the
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Role-playing activities, a traditional aspect of the way children play, has attracted attention by both educational theorists and markets for children's games. The use of role-playing as a method of instruction is a crucial element in social studies instruction. There are a number of key reasons for this. First, child's play has always been characterized by role-playing. Children will usually adopt a number of roles when playing with other children; they reap enjoyment from the processs of emulation. In past generations, children have played 'cops and robbers,' 'cowboys and Indians,' and any number of games that require that they characterize themselves as actors. riters and game manufacturers have capitalized on this process, and have introduced an array of ever more intricate games that involve problem solving, social interaction, and a precise understanding of the context in which game-players must operate.

One of the most important concepts that teachers must convey…

Works Cited 

High, James F. Teaching Secondary School Social Studies. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1962. 

Hope, Warren C. "It's Time to Transform Social Studies Teaching." Social Studies 87.4 (1996): 149-151. 

Lowe, William T. Structure and the Social Studies. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1969.

Role of Management and Cost
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Many managers who already are involved with competition in time-based industries realize that manufacturing strategy is often influenced by the traditional cost management system and this proves to be a mistake as time management system might have worked better (Hutchinson, 2007, p. 31). In the manufacturing sector, the traditional managerial cost accounting reporting system is still used but as many managers are ready to adopt the advanced manufacturing strategies and technologies, the managers object to the inclusion of cost accounting system as the only decision criterion in manufacturing (Hutchinson, 2007, p. 32).

The managerial cost accounting reporting system should also involve the activity of performance measurement that provide an impressive influence on the performance and motivation of the workers. Furthermore, it also provides extra information for the managers to take proper decisions that may help in achieving the pre-determined organizational goals to achieve future prospects and profits (Maskell, Baggaley, 2001,…


Alnoor, Bhimani., 2003. Management Accounting in the Digital Economy, Oxford University Press: Oxford.

Brian, Maskell H; Bruce, Baggaley L., 2001. Future of Management Accounting in the 21st Century, Journal of Cost Management, 15(5), pp: 24-32.

Dale, Geiger R., 1995. The Emerging Need for Managerial Cost Accounting, The Government Accountants Journal 44(3), pp: 46-53.

George, Joseph., 2006. Understanding Management Accounting Techniques in the Context of Organizational Change, Management Accounting Quarterly 7(4), pp: 24-32.

Role of Media and Its Effects
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ole of Media in Disasters

The ole of Media in Affecting Public Perception of Hurricane Katrina 'Victims'

esearch conducted in the 1950s and 1960s has effectively demonstrated that the general public tends to respond to both local and national disasters in an orderly and compassionate way marked specifically by the desire of individuals to help those in need. This viewpoint contrasts sharply with the ways in which disasters, and those affected by disaster, are portrayed by the media. Tierney and colleagues' (2006) article "Metaphors Matter: Disaster Myths, Media Frames, and their Consequences in Hurricane Katrina" illustrates that the public draws much of its information about ongoing disasters from media outlets which both create and perpetuate a series of negative myths which do nothing to alleviate the suffering of those directly impacted by disaster. Hurricane Katrina serves as a strong example of the manner in which a media framework can directly…


Tierney, K., Bevc, C, & Kuligowski, E. (2006, Jan.). Metaphors matter: Disaster myths, media frames, and their consequences in Hurricane Katrina. The ANNALS of the American

Academy of Political and Social Science, 604(1): 57-81. doi:10.1177/0002716205285589

Role of a Project Leader
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This part-time project manager was being asked to fulfill several different roles in the organization concurrently. It is commonly known that for a project to stand a high probability of success, it requires a dedicated project manager (Schulz, 2000).

A second aspect of why this project failed was the lack of focus on goals, objectives and how the project fit into the overarching objectives of the company. The project goals drifted and often didn't have a clear focus on deliverables and quantified performance. The lack of a very clear, well defined mission for a project will often lead to its failure and confusion over status and deliverables (Puccinelli, 1999). This is exactly what happened on this project. Finally the leader did not provide enough visibility into hwo the project on a global level was progressing. The project teams in India did not know the status of software development in Cincinnati,…


Barczak, G., McDonough, E.F., & Athanassiou, N. (2006). So you want to be a global project leader? Research Technology Management, 49(3), 28-35.

Burton, J.P. (2009). The great leader project. Organization Management Journal, 6(2), 69-75.

Krishnan, V.R. (2001). Value systems of transformational leaders. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 22(3), 126-132.

Puccinelli, B. (1999). Principles of a project leader. Inform, 13(1), 50-51.

Role of a Strategic Consultant
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ole of a Strategic Consultant

As enterprises face an increasingly diverse set of constraints and uncertainty, the need for insight and guidance from a strategic perspective becomes critical. The larger and more diverse an enterprise becomes, the more complex its business model becomes while often agility and speed to respond suffers. Strategic consultants assist enterprises and their leaders determine how best to confront uncertainty, risks and challenge sin their core markets while staying profitable for the long-term. This is accomplished based primarily on the strategic consultant's insights and experience in addition to their ability to clearly and convincingly communicate what strategic options an enterprise needs to consider.

Of the many frameworks strategic consultants rely on, the Determinants of Competitive Advantage, Five Forces Model and the value chain are all used extensively to provide insightful analysis that is clearly communicated to senior management. The value chain, created by Dr. Michael Porter…


Berman, K. & Knight, J. (2008). Financial Intelligence For HR Professionals. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Press. Part Eight

Bryan, L. (2010). Dynamic management: Better decisions in uncertain times. The McKinsey Quarterly, (1), 32.

Fernandez-Huerga, E. (Sep 2008). The economic behavior of human beings: The institutional/post-Keynesian model. Journal of Economic Issues (Association for Evolutionary Economics, 42 (3), 709-726.

Porter, M.E. (1980). Competitive strategy, The Free Press, 1980.

Critical Thinking and the Thought Process the
Words: 327 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35504536
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Critical Thinking and the Thought Process

The practice of critical thinking is an influence of various elements that affect not only individual behavior and personality, but one's thought processes as well. The first element that affects an individual's thought processes, i.e., critical thinking, is the personality of the individual. A person's thought processes is influenced by external factors such as time and place where the individual constantly interacts with others, influence of society via the mass culture, and self-perceptions developed from the self and through other people. Determining an individual's thought processes also takes into account the cognitive development within the individual as well, where the line distinguishing mind and brain is determined. Brain is the physical manifestation of thinking and thought processes in humans, while the mind represents the metaphysical form in which thinking occurs. Distinguishing between these two concepts is vital, since each concept plays a role in…

Role of Psychics in Criminal
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1985) held that municipal ordinance prohibiting fortune-telling and any related activity were in violation of Cal. Const. art. I, 2; while arrests for fortune-telling are now less frequent in California than before Azusa, they still occur. For example, in San Diego, four women belonging to the same Gypsy family were recently charged with theft by false pretense; as a precondition of being offered bail, these psychics were prohibited from engaging in fortune-telling or from being in locations of psychic activities (Weyrauch, 2001).

Certainly, there has been much skepticism concerning the reality of paranormal powers since antiquity. A number of "natural philosophers," people that would eventually be known as scientists when more organized systems of thought came into existence, disproved such claims several centuries ago (andi, 1982). For example, in 1692, a French dowsing practitioner by the name of Jacques Aymar was hired by municipal authorities to discover a murderer by…


Abanes, R. (1998). End-time visions: The road to Armageddon? New York: Four Walls Eight Windows.

Cavendish, R. (Ed.). (1970). Man, myth & magic: An illustrated encyclopedia of the supernatural, vol. 17. New York: Marshall Cavendish Corporation.

Dodge, a.G. (1996). Psychic the science of psychical activity: A psychic's viewpoint. Education, 116(3), 387.

Drury, N. (1985). Dictionary of mysticism and the occult. San Francisco: Harper & Row.

Critical Thinking Forces of Influence
Words: 1798 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59682929
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Critical Thinking Styles and Forces of Influence

Any choice or decision that a manager makes influences the organization's performance. It is one of an employee's job responsibilities to make decisions that are in favor of the organization. If the decision taken serves any personal interest of one person or a few people then it is bound to prove harmful for the organization. Therefore such decisions can bring devastating results for the entire company. However it cannot be ignored that any decision made by an employee is influenced by a number of factors since decisions are not made in a vacuum. These factors include the different thinking patterns that are employed by a person in making a choice and the various forces of influences that act upon him and determine the choice he is going to make.

Critical Thinking Patterns

One of the most important factor that determines the choice or…


McAulay, Laurie, Russell, Graeme and Sims, Julian. How Do Financial Directors Make Decisions? Management Accounting (British), (1997): Vol. 75.

McCall, Morgan, Jr. And Robert E. Kaplan. Whatever it Takes. The Realities of Decision Making. Prentice Hall 1990.

Waldersee, Robert and Sheather, Simon. The Effects Of Strategy Type On Strategy Implementation Actions. Human Relations, (1996): Vol. 49, No. 1.

Role of Market Research in
Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 45609654
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What is lacking however are programs to better monitor competitors, understand more macro-economic and larger industry trends, and also understand how substitute technologies could potentially influence the company's direction. In short, the company's market research department excels at the short-range projects yet is either neglecting or doesn't have the resources to deal with the longer-range research areas that will also impact the company.

Each of these areas of shortcoming will next be analyzed, in addition to a series of recommendations for making the department more effective at the longer-term market research needs going unmet today.


The company I work for manufactures high technology products including parts for computer equipment used in personal computers and network routing equipment used for creating local area networks. As this is a fast-changing industry the ability to monitor and capitalize on longer-term trends is critical for our company, which is an area of market…

Role of Leadership in Police Management Police
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Role of Leadership in Police Management

Police organizations have historically emphasized the use of authoritarian types of administration and Machiavellian leadership practices. Even today, many police organizations have behavioral orientations reflective of dominance, individual achievement and masculinity.

However, recent challenges such as developing community-oriented policing and transforming a traditional police culture that typically emphasized operational "efficiencies," to one that promotes team collaboration, innovation, and "effective" processes suggest the need for new leadership patterns within law enforcement agencies.

In all organizations, effective leadership is necessary, as a lack of it can be detrimental to an organization's success. In many cases, organizations faced with bankruptcy have turned their businesses around by replacing ineffective administrations with efficient, dynamic leadership. In addition, military leaders have used various leadership styles to turn ineffective military units into highly effective and motivated teams.

While the importance of good leadership is not a new one, it is one…


Blake, Robert. (1964). Mouton, Jane. (1964). The Managerial Grid. Houston, Texas: Gulf Publishing.

Bucqueroux, Bonnie. (2002). Leadership vs. Management. Retrieved from the Internet at

Hansen, Paul. (2002). Developing Police Leadership. Rochester, New York: Irondequoit Police Department.

Hersey, Paul. (1984). The Situational Leader. New York, New York: Warner Books.

Role of Bias Is an
Words: 1044 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14058519
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" After describing his peaceful but forced departure from the casino, the author considered the similarity of the "hernia" chant with the mainstream elements of the crabs tables: " Every casino in Las Vegas is, among the other things, a room full of craps tables with dealers who keep up a running singsong that sounds as though they are saying 'hernia hernia hernia' and so on. & #8230; What they have to say contains next to no useful instruction." Wolfe here indicates that, despite the prejudice of the crabs table dealers, they were in fact more similar to the man they threw out than different. The only difference was that he was not imitating their chants in their way, although the sound "hernia" could be easily distinguished in the casino by anyone who would care to try. The prejudice is therefore socially imposed, but entirely unjustified.

Finally, Barbara Tuchman argues…