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Beyond Blue is a campaign that is designed to help with depression and anxiety in Australian youth. They tackle a number of issues related to this, including getting help during times of distress. Cyberbullying is one campaign issue that Beyond Blue can work with, because cyberbullying is a major cause of depressions and suicide among teenagers. Addressing this cause of depression at its root can help teenagers to tackle their depression more effectively.
It is important to outline the key roles and responsibilities for the team in order to build the most effective campaign possible. Beyond Blue's organisational structure has three main leaders -- the Chairman Jeff Kennett, the CEO Kate Cornell and the Deputy Chair Tim Marney. There is a Board of Directors that provides leadership to the organisation. From there, Beyond Blue is designed around a geographic structure. There is on overarching Commonwealth of Australia unit, and…
Beyond Blue. (2014). Our governance structure. Beyond Blue. Retrieved May 19, 2014 from http://www.beyondblue.org.au/about-us/corporate-information/our-governance-structure
Sveticic, J., Milner, A. & De Leo, D. (2010). Suicide Research: Selected Readings, Vol. 4. Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention: Bowen Hills, Qld.
h. isks -- the safety and anonyminity of the participating students is of central concern for the researchers. All data will be coded to protect identifying information about the participants. The rules and guidelines of the IB will be adhered to throughout the study. Also, students will be provided with access to school counselors if they become upset or want to talk further about cyberbullying. A virtual environment was chosen to be the safest, best controlled and most ethically sound method in which to examine cyberbullying.
i. Confidentiality -- the identity of the participants will be protected by coding all identifying information. Also, only the primary researchers will be allowed to listen to the original transcripts of the focus groups and after transcription the tapes will be destroyed.
2. Informed Consent Form
a. Statement of Invitation to Participate -- We would like to invite you to participate in a study…
Beale, a., Hall, K. (2007). Cyberbullying: What school administrators (and parents) can do. The Clearing House: 81, 8-12.
Carney, J. (2008). Perceptions of bullying and associated trauma during adolescence. Professional School Counseling: 11(3), 179-187.
Li, Q. (2007). New bottle but old wine: A research of cyberbullying in schools. Computers in Human Behavior: 23(4), 1777-1791.
Morgan, D.L. (1988). Focus groups as qualitative research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Cyberbullying by Singapore Adolescents
Cyberbullying and Empathy
An inverse relationship between empathy and traditional bullying has been well established empirically (reviewed by Ang and Goh, 2010). Whether the same claim can be made about cyberbullying is unknown, although research data indicates that the anonymity of online bullying may encourage such behavior. Direct bullying, which commonly involves physical aggression, has been shown to be associated with poor affective empathy. In contrast, indirect bullying, such as backstabbing behaviors, is associated with poor cognitive empathy. Affective empathy is the ability to share emotional experiences, whereas cognitive empathy is the ability to understand the emotional experiences of others.
The interaction between gender and empathy has been studied extensively, and boys generally score lower in this respect (reviewed by Ang and Goh, 2010). However, gender seems to have a bigger impact on affective, rather than cognitive empathy. How these forms of empathy and gender interact…
Ang, Rebecca P. And Goh, Dion H. (2010). Cyberbullying among adolescents: The role of affective and cognitive empathy, and gender. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 41, 387-397.
Are existing laws the most effective strategy to address the issue of cyberbullying? Yes or No.
This paper addresses cyberbullying and uses research articles to answer the question and provide background and perspective. One of the references used for this paper is a story from the Connecticut Post (2011) by Linda Conner Lambeck ("New Cyberbullying Law Forces Schools to Intervene"). A second source used in this paper is written by two professors from the Cyberbullying Research Center -- Sameer Hinduja and Justin Patchin -- who take great care to present narrative that covers a wide range of issues relating to cyberbullying.
hile laws are important in terms of setting proper legal standards for expected behavior and by attempting to prevent some cyberbullying behaviors -- and in some cases punishing offenders -- laws are not the most effective strategy in terms of addressing the challenges presented through the act of…
Hinduja, Sameer, and Patchin, Justin W. "Cyberbullying: Identification, Prevention, and Response." Cyberbullying Research Center. Retrieved July 19, 2013, from http://www.cyberbullying.us. 2010.
Lambeck, Linda Conner. "New Cyberbullying Law Forces Schools to Intervene." Connecticut
Post. Retrieved July 19, 2013, from http://www.ctpost.com . 2011.
Cyberbullying: Annotated Bibliography
Evans, C.B.R., Cotter, K. &. Smokowski, P. (2017). Giving victims of bullying a voice:
A qualitative study of post bullying reactions and coping strategies. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 34, 543–555.
All too often, the focus of research on bullying is on the perpetrators’ motivations, rather than the long-term negative impact upon the victims. This article is valuable because it addresses the fact that adolescents who are bullied are more apt to suffer from loneliness and a sense of social isolation. Its qualitative approach, via interviewing 22 victims from the same rural setting, was designed to solicit information directly from victims themselves, and has the additional value of allowing victims to speak in their own voices of the personal impact of bullying. Coping strategies included directly asking for help from adults, and also negative strategies such as lashing out physically and verbally.
Although the study does not specifically…
Evans, C.B.R., Cotter, K. &. Smokowski, P. (2017). Giving victims of bullying a voice.
Reason, L. & Boyd, M. (2016). Cyberbullying in rural communities: Origin and processing through the lens of older adolescents. The Qualitative Report, 21(12), 2331-2348.
Roberto, A. J., Eden, J., Deiss, D. M., Savage, M. W., & Ramos-Salazar, L. (2017). The short term effects of a cyberbullying prevention intervention for parents of middle school students . International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(9), 1038. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14091038
Cyberbullying Essay Outline
A. Bullying involves an imbalance of power between the victim and the bully.
B. Bullying is more than just isolated incidents of negative behavior; it requires repetitive behavior.
C. Cyberbullying occurs electronically, via the internet, cell phones, and social media.
II. Imbalance of power
A. Bullies have some type of power over victims.
B. There are different ways that bullies can exert power over victims.
1. Social power
2. Financial power
3. Sexual power
4. Group power
C. Bullying cannot be mutual, but bullies and victims can switch roles over time.
III. Bullying is repetitive.
A. Not all mean actions are bullying.
B. To qualify as bullying, behaviors have to be repetitive.
C. Not all acts of bullying have to be committed by one bully to be considered part of a repetitive pattern of bullying.
IV. Cyberbullying occurs electronically.
A. Cyberbullying can occur several ways:…
Bullying has been around since the beginning of recorded history, and probably well before then, as well. However, many people express a belief that people are becoming more aware of and sensitive to bullying. While it may be true that there is a heightened awareness of bullying, the increased sensitivity to bullies may be a misconception. The nature of bullying has changed and evolved with technological changes. With the advent of cyberbullying, victims are no longer able to escape from bullies. Instead, bullies can follow victims into almost any setting. The inability of victims to escape from their bullies for even small amounts of time seems to be exacerbating the impact of those bullies. Victims seem more vulnerable, and victims may be taking dramatic actions, up to and including suicide, in the hopes of ending the bullying. In this article, the author discusses cyberbullying. The discussion begins with a…
Bullying can be a difficult topic to tackle. That is why this bullying essay will help offer an idea of what will comprise a good paper and what potential areas of research to cover within this controversial and popular subject. From developing a good thesis, carrying it throughout body paragraphs, and closing with a brief and concise conclusion, this essay will show what to do to obtain a high grade. The first step before the thesis, the body, and the conclusion, is a unique and informative introduction. This will help lead to an idea of where to start the paper and when all is finished, an abstract can be created, thus putting a successful end to any writing project.
Understanding a Bully
What Makes Others Bully?
Bullying: The Need to Control
Identifying the Four Common Types of Bullying
The possible connection between bullying experiences in school and online is consistent with data showing that when most schoolmates have Internet access at home, electronic communication is conducted largely within school-based peer networks.
Cited Study: Gross EF Adolescent Internet use: what we expect, what teens report. J Appl Dev Psychol. 2004; 25:633-649.
Livingstone S. Children use of the Internet: reflections on the emerging research agenda. New Media and Society. 2003; 5:
esearch design was based on correlational factors involving experimental quantitative statistical analysis. Targeted participants ranged from ages 12-17. Additionally, participants were introduced to an electronic survey on a popular teen Web site called Bolt in which an incentive was offered to induce participation, such as a raffle for an iPod or gift card. Through this Web site, data was collected from August through October 2005. In conducting an electronic survey, parental consent was not necessary, participants could…
Juvonen, J., & Gross, E. (2008). Extending the school grounds? -- Bullying experiences in cyberspace. Journal of School Health, 78(9), 496-505.
1 of 1
Bullying and Conflict in Relation to Learning About Gender and Other Forms of Equity
One of the harsh realities of life in the United States is the potential for bullying behaviors to adversely affect the learning environment for young victims, transforming the school environment from a place of learning into one that is dreaded and feared. Moreover, bullying behaviors can have a profound effect on the manner in which young people are socialized concerning gender roles as well as their perspectives concerning equity later in life. To determine the facts about these issues, this paper provides a review of the literature to develop a discussion concerning the issues of bullying and conflict in relation to learning about gender and other forms of equity and the implications these have for students and teachers. Finally, following this discussion, a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are presented in…
Keijsers, L., & Poulin, F. (2013, March 11). Developmental changes in parent -- child communication throughout adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 49(12), 2301-2308. doi:10.1037/a0032217
The science of Developmental Psychology purposes and endeavors to elucidate the change that comes about in both children and adults in the course of time. I have decided to focus and lay emphasis on this topic as the most change takes place in the course of a person's lifespan during this particular period (Mcleod, 2012). Further, the topic "Developmental changes in parent-child communication throughout adolescence," lays emphasis on the individual changes and variations in the patterns of change between the association that exists between the child and the parent in the course of adolescence. Particularly important is the fact that any individual during its infancy is largely attached to the parent and therefore communicates a lot. However, according to this topic, it is delineated that the attachment and…
Social Media and Suicide
Internet has become a gadget of everyday use for people of 21st century. As it is offering many benefits to the users in terms of information communcaition, interaction, entertainment, socialization and earning livelihhod, there are certain dark factors related to it. The dark factors are as severe as forcing people to commit suicide. It is no exaggeration to mention that Intenet is used as a medium to harass people and get undue benefits from them.
Social media today is playing major role in enabling people and organizations to communicate and share ideas, views and knowledge with other people. The traditional methods of communication have been modified through social media platforms like chat rooms, social networking sites (Facebook, My-Space, Twitter, Google+ etc.), video sites (YouTube), discussion forums, video chat, text messages, blogs etc. (Lexton et al., 2012). The most well-known social networking website Facebook had…
Biddle, L., Donovan, J., Hawton, K., Kapur, N., Gunnell, D., 2008. Suicide and the Internet. British Medical Journal, 336, 800-802.
"Cyberbullying Does Not 'Cause' Teen Suicide," 2012. Retrieved from http://www.science20.com/news_articles/cyberbullying_does_not_cause_teen_suicide-95444
"Facebook Statistics," 2011. Retrieved from http://www.facebook.com/press/info.php?statistics
"Facebook statistics by country," n.d. Retrieved from http://www.socialbakers.com/facebook-statistics
Responsibilities of a Critical Thinker in a Contemporary Society
Some thinkers consider critical thinking to be solely a type of mental skill, devoid of any moral value; it is often utilized to rationalize prejudice and to promote self-interest. While moral integrity is understood as good heartedness, it is also susceptible to manipulation to satisfy vested interests in the same way as responsible citizenship can be manipulated. The human mind, regardless of conscious goodwill, is subject to the more powerful and self-deceptive egocentricity of the unconscious part of the mind. The complete development of each and every characteristic, be it critical thought, responsible citizenship, and moral integrity - needs to include cultivation of each other characteristic, in a parallel strong sense (Paul, 1993). The three characteristics of higher thought can only be developed in an environment that promotes intellectual virtues such as integrity, intellectual courage, intellectual fair-mindedness, intellectual empathy, intellectual perseverance,…
Ambert, A. Parents, (1997) Children, and Adolescents: Interactive Relationships and Development in Context. New York, NY: Hayworth Press.
Duffy, A. & Momirov, J.(1997) Family Violence: A Canadian Introduction. Toronto: James Lorimer and Company.
Duperrin, B. (2013). Social Media make critical thinking critical. Www.duperrin.com. Retrieved from www.dupperin.com: http://www.duperrin.com/english/2013/06/28/social-media-critical-thinking/
Erdur-Baker, O. (2010). .Cyberbullying and its correlation to traditional bullying, gender and frequent and risky usage of internet-mediated communication tools. New Media & Society, 12(1), 109-125. DOI: 10.1177/1461444809341260
The author of this report has been asked to compare and contrast three different forms of media that all pertain to the same subject, that being cyber-bullying. The three types of media that will be singled out for analysis and research are podcasts, blogs and videos. For each source, the author will assess the source's use of bias, validity and applicability of information. Beyond the compare and contrast mentioned above, the author will examine the influence of web-based information on global citizenship and multi-cultural understanding. Lastly, there will be a listing of three factors that should be considered when evaluating Internet sources for use in researching information. While there is a lot of "good" when it comes to internet research and the data that is present, there is also a lot of "bad" that muddies up the proverbial waters.
The podcast media that was selected for this…
NCPC. (2015). Cyberbullying - National Crime Prevention Council. Ncpc.org. Retrieved 16 June 2015, from http://www.ncpc.org/topics/cyberbullying
Panuska, M. (2015). Internet predators 'emerging' criminals. TimesWV.com. Retrieved 16 June 2015, from http://www.timeswv.com/news/local_news/internet-predators-emerging-criminals/article_413ade31-037c-599b-8242-53f74263c429.html
StopBullying.gov. (2015). Cyberbullying | Blog | StopBullying.gov. Stopbullying.gov. Retrieved 16 June 2015, from http://www.stopbullying.gov/blog/categories/Cyberbullying
YouTube. (2015). THE CYBER BULLYING VIRUS. YouTube. Retrieved 16 June 2015, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-5PZ_Bh-M6o
Dark figure of crime is a term employed by criminologists and sociologists to describe the amount of unreported or undiscovered crime (Maguire & Reiner, 2007, p. 129). The notion of a dark figure undetected by standard crime reporting system casts doubt on the reliability of these systems. It also raises questions about the true magnitude of criminal activity in the United States.
The main source of crime data in the U.S. is the Uniform Crime Database, which is operated by the Federal ureau of Investigation. The UCR records crimes which are identified through the observation of a law-enforcement officer or reported by a victim or witness to law enforcement authorities. The UCR is not an exhaustive source of crime data because many crimes are neither observed by law enforcement officials nor reported by victims or witnesses.
There are two sources of crime data in the U.S. that try to ascertain…
Lynch, J.P. & Addington, L.A. (2007). Understanding crime statistics: revisiting the divergence of the NCVS and UCR
Maguire, M., Morgan, R., & Reiner, R. (2007). The Oxford handbook of criminology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lewis, D.A., & Salem, G. (1986). Fear of crime: Incivility and the production of a social problem. New Brunswick, U.S.A: Transaction Books.
Lilly, R.J., Cullen, F.T., & Ball, R.A. (2007). Criminological theory: context and consequences
Boyd, Danah M., and Nicole B. Ellison. "Social Network Sites: Definition, History and Scholarship (Excerpt)." Everything's an Argument with Readings. Eds. Lunsford, a.A., J.J. Ruszkiewicz and K. alters. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2010. Print.
Calvo-Armengol, Antoni, Eleonora Patacchini, and Yves Zenou. "Peer Effects and Social Networks in Education." The Review of Economic Studies 76.4 (2009): 1239-67. Print.
Common Sense Media. Is Technology Networking Changing Childhood? A National Poll. San Francisco, CA: Common Sense Media, 2009. Print.
Conan, Neal, et al. "Is Creating a Fake Online Profile a Criminal Act?" Everything's an Argument with Readings. Eds. Lunsford, a.A., J.J. Ruszkiewicz and K. alters. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2010. Print.
Cyberbullying Research Center. "Research: Summary of Our Cyberbullying Research from 2004-2010." 2011. December 5th 2012. .
Giles, G., and R. Price. "Adolescent Computer Use: Approach, Avoidance, and Parental Control." Australian Journal of Psychology 60.1 (2008): 63-71. Print.
i-SAFE America. "Cyber…
Boyd, Danah M., and Nicole B. Ellison. "Social Network Sites: Definition, History and Scholarship (Excerpt)." Everything's an Argument with Readings. Eds. Lunsford, a.A., J.J. Ruszkiewicz and K. Walters. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2010. Print.
Calvo-Armengol, Antoni, Eleonora Patacchini, and Yves Zenou. "Peer Effects and Social Networks in Education." The Review of Economic Studies 76.4 (2009): 1239-67. Print.
Common Sense Media. Is Technology Networking Changing Childhood? A National Poll. San Francisco, CA: Common Sense Media, 2009. Print.
Conan, Neal, et al. "Is Creating a Fake Online Profile a Criminal Act?" Everything's an Argument with Readings. Eds. Lunsford, a.A., J.J. Ruszkiewicz and K. Walters. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2010. Print.
Online bullying and online harassment typically happens through chat rooms, text messages, and emails, and it generally happens when teens aren't in school, the studies show.
The findings appear in a special edition of the Journal of Adolescent Health.
Internet Harassment: What to Do?
Focus on safe use of new technology, not banning the technology.
Today's kids and teens are major media users, but they need grown-up guidance about safe media use, note the CDC's Corinne David-Ferdon, PhD, and Marci Feldman Hertz, MS. They predict that "with the development of new cell phones that are small enough to fit into young children's hands and that are designed to be visually attractive to a younger audience, more and younger children will become competent and frequent users of this technology."
That means that research on preventing online harassment "must be rapid and flexible enough to keep up with the evolving nature of…
Be Safe Bullying. (2002). Online Bullying. Retrieved on March 23, 2008 at http://www.besafeonline.org/English/bullying_online.htm
Belsey, Bill. (2004). Cyberbullying.ca. Retrieved March 23, 2008, from Web site: www.cyberbullying.ca
Liz Carnell and Bullying UK. (2008). Formally Bullying Online. Advice for Pupils. Retrieved on March 23, 2008 at http://www.bullying.co.uk/pupils/index.aspx
Li, Q. (2006). Cyberbullying in Schools: A Research of Gender Differences. School Psychology
Clemmitt, Marcia. "Cyber Socializing: Are Internet sites like MySpace potentially dangerous?" Congressional Quarterly Researcher 16.27 (2006): 627-47. cqresearcher.com Web. 28 Jul 2006.
Marcia Clemmitt, a veteran social-policy reporter for CQ Researcher, explains the history and current popularity of online socializing. Clemmitt illustrates the gradual replacement of conventional live socializing with online socializing, especially among the nation's younger generation. She explains the many benefits and opportunities provided by online socializing. She also points out the new privacy risks and lifestyle consequences that arise as personal information becomes more accessible to a wider group of people. Regarding the access to online socializing sites at public libraries and schools, Clemmitt includes a short debate between a congressional representative and a scholar in order to show how policymakers see these problems. Overall, the article is for researchers for its rich historical background and its even-handed survey of the most publicized online socializing issues.
Kathy Koch, a CQ Researcher staff writer, addresses the fairness of school policies punishing bullying by students. Koch explains the impetus for such zero tolerance policies, caused by the increasingly aggressive nature of social interaction between school-age children. Koch notes the successes and failures of these zero tolerance policies in preventing bullying incidents at schools. Koch also addresses the long-term wisdom of such strict punishment of students, suggesting that there may be less onerous methods available to prevent bullying among students.
Greenya, John. "Bullying: Are schools doing enough to stop the problem?" Congressional Quarterly Researcher 15.5 (2005): 101-124. cqresearcher.com Web. 4 Feb 2005.
John Greenya, a CQ Researcher staff writer, addresses the many consequences of bullying in schools, including mental problems and retaliatory actions in victims. Greenya illustrates the human face of the problem by recounting specific bullying incidents at various schools across the nation. He then conveys the significance of the problem by documenting the long-term damage left by bullying, such as depression, aggression, and withdrawal. More specifically, Greenya notes the disturbing trend of school gun violence, many of which are committed by former bullying victims in retaliation to bullying. Overall, the article is a great source for factual evidence of bullying events and retaliation by victims.
Texas House Bill (HB304) - Relating civil liability bullying a child
1. Title of the Suggested Bill
Texas State’s ‘anti-bullying’ house bill possesses the following key features. Its title appropriately alludes to the protection of children’s rights (CAIR Texas, 2017). If enacted, the law would:
a. Offer tools to educational institutions: This bill would authorize educational institutions to examine cases of bullying outside of school, develop a tip line that maintains anonymity, and enable greater educational institution latitude in penalizing pupils who engage in major cyber bullying (e.g., urging a child to kill him/herself).
b. Reduce the number of victims: Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimates reveal suicide to be the second main cause of adolescent deaths.
c. Offer tools to law enforcers: Law enforcers can, by means of summonses, increasingly expose anonymous users on social media websites who post or convey intimidating messages. The law will render e-bullying and…
Cyberterrorism, illegal (and legal) espionage, piracy, and cybercrimes differ from their pre-digital counterparts in serious and meaningful ways. For one, the nature of online social interactions diverges from that of face-to-face or even voice-only interactions due to the shields of anonymity. Second, technological prophylactics ranging from encryption to skillful network architecture can add multiple levels of protection to shield perpetrators while exposing the weaknesses in a less advanced consumer public. Third, the rapid advancement of artificially intelligent systems creates new possible realities and problems, as non-human actors become part of increasingly complex systems. Finally, digital media has enabled formal and informal surveillance and other forms of illicit behavior, transforming the relationship between actors and objects in ways that could alter political and social realities. Actor-network theory is an ideal lens and process by which to better understand the complex gamut of cybercrime. Developed initially in the 1980s and solidified…
They predict age and gender variations relate to bullying concerns. Of the 25 cartoons implemented in the study, two depict characters with different shades of skin color where skin color appeared to be an issue. One cartoon relating to sexual orientation was not used in several countries. Smith et al. report Olweus to assert bullying to be characterized by the following three criteria:
1. It is aggressive behavior or intentional "harmdoing"
2. which carried out repeatedly and over time
3. In an interpersonal relationship characterized by an imbalance of power. (Smith et al., 2002, p. 1120)
In their study, Smith et al. (2002), participating researchers in the 14 countries to completed the following
1. Listed and selected bullying terms as well as social exclusion in the applicable language.
2. Used fundamental focus groups with participating children to confirm usage and extensive comprehensive of terms.
3. Using cartoons, sorted tasks to…
Anti-Bullying programs for schools. (2009). NoBully.com. Retrieved March 3, 2010 from http://www.nobully.com/index.html
Beaty, L.A., & Alexeyev, E.B. (2008). The Problem of School Bullies: What the Research Tells Us. Adolescence, 43(169), 1+. Retrieved March 3, 2010, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5026476147
Beran, T.N., Tutty, L. & Steinrath, G. (2004). An evaluation of a bullying prevention program for elementary schools. Canadian Journal of School Psychology. Vol. 19, Iss. 1/2, p. 99
116 . Retrieved March 3, 2010 from http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1188387401&Fmt=4&clientId=9269&RQT=30
Civil penalties, if pursued by an organization such as the IAA, can range from a minimum of $750 per song to thousands of dollars per song. Due to the civil lawsuits filed by the IAA, piracy awareness rose from 35% to 72%. The IAA has since stopped its broad-based end user litigation program [IAA 2010].
The Internet has also facilitated the disturbing trend of cyber-bullying and cyber-harassment. Attempts to curb cyber-harassment may prove difficult as "cyber-bullies" may be anonymous and therefore, difficult to identify. In "Cyber-Bullying in Schools: A esearch for Gender Differences," Qing Li states that school violence is a serious social problem that is persistent and acute during middle school [LI 2006]. Cyber-bullying, as defined by Tanya Beran and Qing Li in "Cyber Harassment: A New Method for an Old Behavior," is defined as "the repeated and intentional use of various forms of technology such as cell-phones, pagers,…
BERAN T., LI Q. 2005 Cyber-Harassment: A Study of a New Method for an Old Behavior
JOURNAL of EDUCATIONAL COMPUTING, Calgary, AB, Canada.
CYBERBULLING RESEARCH CENTER 2010 Accessed 3 December 2010
The much-promised value of social networks is then an illusion, with benefits that could easily be attained through other means.
A second aspect of why social networks have such a negative social impact is because it creates a fertile environment for cyber bullying and abuse that many are too cowardly to do in person (Meredith, 2010). Cyber-bulling is often anonymous, concerted across multiple people in a group targeting an outsider, and faceless, yet vicious in its verbal attacks and threats of violence (Meredith, 2010). The point of cyberbuylling is to ostracize someone and also make them feel terrible so they will leave a school, university or workplace permanently. What is very troubling about this type of behavior is the fact that spreads and becomes commonplace across groups; in effect there is a proliferation of hate that occurs because everyone can stay anonymous (Meredith, 2010). Cyberbullying is reason enough to not…
James Bennett, Mark Owers, Michael Pitt, & Michael Tucker. (2010). Workplace impact of social networking. Property Management, 28(3), 138-148.
Bernoff, J., & Li, C.. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.
Di Cagno, D., & Sciubba, E.. (2010). Trust, trustworthiness and social networks: Playing a trust game when networks are formed in the lab. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 75(2), 156.
Hathi, S.. (2008). BILLIONS LOST FROM SOCIAL NETWORKING. Strategic Communication Management, 12(2), 9.
There have even been reports that have mentioned that this theory is just an "account of crime not a clarification," (Cassell, 2005). The Victim's ight Act of 2004 has been able tom defend those that fall up under this theory because those that committed these crimes are producing victims that will need protection. While these issues have been pointed out, there is no doubt that the outine Activity Theory works when used to explain why crime is more prevalent for certain groups, as well as why certain types of crime occur more often.
In terms of strategy suggestion that comes along with the outine Activity Theory, many have made the suggestion that if one merely decreases the three issues, they will be capable to decrease crime. This would not have much effect on the Victim's ight Act of 2004 because the less crime the less victims and if there are…
Baron-Evans, a. (2006). Traps for the unwary under the crime victims' rights act. Federal Sentencing Reporter, 19(1), 49-56.
Beloof, D.E. (2006). Judicial leadership at sentencing under the crime victims' rights act. Federal Sentencing Reporter, 19(1), 36-43.
Cassell, P.G. (2005). Recognizing victims in the federal rules of criminal procedure: Proposed amendments in light of the crime victims' rights act. Brigham Young University Law Review, 2005(4), 835-925.
Michael, M.O. (2007). The second chance act and the future of reentry reform. Federal Sentencing Reporter, 20(2), 75-83. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2007.20.2.75
Media in the Development of Antisocial Personality Disorder vs. the Effect of Media in the Development of Prosocial Behavior
Some researchers contend that media has a negative impact on individuals and can be instrumental in the development of antisocial personality disorder (obertson, McAnally, Hancox, 2013), while other researchers contend that media can actually have a positive effect on individuals and support prosocial behavior (Greitemeyer, 2011; Greitemeyer, Oswald, 2011). This paper will discuss the two competing viewpoints regarding the effects of media on the mental disorder of antisocial personality disorder (APD) and then discuss why I support the view that media is inherently antisocial and thus has a negative effect on the development of APD. The paper will conclude with an experimental research idea containing a reason for the study and the issue that will be resolved by the experiment.
Media does have a negative impact on personality development that…
Collings, S., Niderkrotenthaler, T. (2012). Suicide prevention and emergent media:
surfing the opportunity. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 33: 1-4.
Davis, B. (2008). Defeating Diabetes: Lessons from the Marshall Islands. Today's
Dietitian, 10(8): 24.
This too is meaningless, a chasing after the wind."
8. Everything in life is a win-lose perspective.
Always play on level ground with peers. Each situation can be a win-win one when we respect other people. Philippians 2:3: "Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit, but in humility consider others better than yourselves."
9. People who believe differently are viewed as having moral inferiority's rather than merely differences in behavior.
People of different persuasions whether religious or behavioral are not morally inferior. Unfortunately even Jesus wanted to kill any non-believers. Luke 19:27: "But those enemies of mine who did not want me to be king over them -- bring them here and kill them in front of me."
10. ne has the right to be free from discomfort and to glide through life with only minimum frustration.
Suffering is a part of life; however, there is always relief…
One of the reasons for the lack of interest in ecclesiastical form, ritual, and participation is the hypocrisy and corruption inherent in organized religion. Gunter, L. (2010). A stain of sin. National Post. Retrieved April 8, 2010 from http://www.nationalpost.com/opinion/columnists/story.html?id=199ebda3-0447-42af-a1d1-44300a83a13b
7. The ability to manage the premature granting of adult roles and responsibilities
Bristol Palin, daughter of Darah Palin, speaks out against teen pregnancy based on her personal experience: http://www.usmagazine.com/momsbabies/news/video-see-teen-mom-bristol-palin-urge-teens-not-to-have-sex-201074
Education is a basic need and a fundamental right of every human being regardless of what background or class he belongs to. An important nurturing ground for any child is his primary educational institute. This is a place where a child is groomed and prepared into a confident human being in order to face the world practically in future. However, for many young children this very place becomes a source of damaging their confidence and esteem and pushing them towards isolation by subjecting them towards constant physical and/or verbal abuse. This paper highlights such forms of bullying that is prevalent in schools not only in Canada, but in many parts around the world. The paper evaluates the actions that could and that could not be classified as an act of bullying. Furthermore, the paper also evaluates the causes and effects of bullying. Finally, the paper discusses the ways in which…
Education, and that too, a quality education is a right of every human being regardless of gender, race, cast, color, creed or socio economic background. Education plays an important role in the grooming, upbringing, nurturing and mental nourishment of a person. Good education does not only guarantee good living, but also builds one's confidence and esteem. Unfortunately, the double standards and inequality in the provision of education has led to a lot of social problems. These inequalities lead to serious social gaps, and in many cases, the ones who are not among the privileged lot, face social discrimination and are treated as inferiors. There are various forms of inequality in the education system that exists. These include inequality in terms of class and economical background, racial and religious discrimination and discrimination on account of one's mental or physical abilities. The victims of these double standards usually fail to get into the same institution as their superior and privileged counter parts. However, even if they somehow manage to make into those superior institutions, they many a times are subjected to severe discrimination, both intentional, and unintentional, which makes them feel alienated and leads to their isolation. These issues, in turn have serious psychological impact on the victim (Pivik, McComas & Laflamme, 2002). Many a times, this discrimination takes an extreme form and as a result, offends and abuses the victim. This is referred to as bullying.
Bullying is one of the most common, and at the same time,
Integration of Social Networks Changed Society and How People Socialize?
The objective of this work is to examine how the integration of social networks has changed society and the ways in which people socialize. This work will answer the question of how the new forms of socialization and communication have affected people and if this effect is positive or negative and will answer as to whether the social networks have served to make life better or alternatively, make life worse.
Despite the positive aspects of social networking sites, the negative aspects of social networking sites have provide to make life worse in many ways.
Pros and Cons of Social Networking Sites
Social networking sites have both positive and negative effects on the lives of individuals. For example, social network positively enables people to "create new relationships and reconnect with friends and family." (Procon.org, 2012, p.1) Studies show that increased communication…
Are Social Networking Sites Good For Our Society? (2012) Social Networking. Procon.org. Retrieved from: http://socialnetworking.procon.org/
Sigman, A. (2009) "Well Connected?: The Biological Implications of 'Social Networking'," Biologist, Feb. 2009
Derbyshire, D. (2009) "Social Websites Harm Children's Brains: Chilling Warning to Parents from Top Neuroscientist," Daily Mail, Feb. 24, 2009.
National School Boards Association (2007) "Creating and Connecting: Research and Guidelines on Online Social - and Educational - Networking," NSBA.org, July 2007.
changing because of advances in technology. How we communicate with each other has changed dramatically with the implementation of powerful and popular social media platforms, like Facebook. Today, both teams and adults spend a surprising amount of time on the social media sites. The question here is whether or not such activities can actually be a positive potential in regards to the growth of literacy and language development.
Social media is a trend that is only continuing to grow. It is used by most adolescents and young adults, who are still rolling in terms of their literacy and reading skills. This current dissertation aims to explore how we use and prevalence of social media can actually assist in developing literacy skills. As teenagers and young adults spend so much time on social media sites like Facebook, they are bombarded with visual and textual material. The current research was aiming to…
Ronda, Natalia Sinitskaya. (2011). Facing the Facebook challenge: Designing online social networking environments for literacy development. Graduate Programme in Language, Culture, and Teaching. York University.
Language Barriers & Issues
Other cultures/languages iii. Issues specific to a given area/school
Improper terms used
Classroom Decorum (or lack thereof)
Gossiping/Cliquish behavior iii. Lack of Attentiveness
Students not staying on task
Insults b. Physical violence/injury
Groups cornering single victim
Text messages iii. Teasing/Taunting by Groups
Poorly Trained and/or Behaved Teachers
Use of unlicensed teachers
Teachers not adhering to curriculum
c. Teachers injecting personal/political/religious views
Overall inexperience of young teachers
a. Racial minorities tend to be poorer
b. Racial minorities more likely to be in single parent household
c. Racial minorities more likely to be discriminated against
d. Racial minorities often perform more poorly on tests
e. Accusations of institutional bias against minorities in general
f. Racist/stereotyping behavior by students
g. Segregated schools/neighborhoods
VI. Student Pacing
a. Students able to…
actions from the perspective of the principal and determine the proper courses of action dealing with issues of student harassment and ethical issues related to this topic.
It is necessary to investigate Julia's claim regarding the threatening email she received. The tone of the harassment is very serious and demonstrates a problem within the school. Proper school procedures should be followed in this case which involves interviewing all parties involved including parents, Julia, and those students in the library. The violent nature of the threat requires a response in this case.
If the investigation revealed that the threat to Julia was created by a known student at home through his computer, the nature of the threat creates a different dynamic because the offense did not necessarily occur on campus. The Supreme Court of the United States is currently weighing the legality of this issue in Elonis v United States and…
Lithwick, D. (2014). Are Facebook Threats Real? Slate, 16 June 2014. Retrieved from http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/jurisprudence/2014/06/elonis_v_united_states_supreme_court_will_hear_the_facebook_speech_case.2.html
New York City Department of Education. Regulation of The Chancellor, A-832. Student to Student Discrimination, Harrassment, Intimidation and Bullying. 21 Aug 2013. Retrieved from http://schools.nyc.gov/NR/rdonlyres/68542AE0-CA99-4C8B-A31B-A1E96FEC7633/0/A832.pdf
Policies and Procedures
Health and Safety Guidelines
There are several elements to health and safety guidelines that must be adhered to. The presence of equipment, hot water, and chemicals all represent safety hazards to the workers. Furthermore, to the extent that the operation carries cash, and may be at risk for robbery, there are other safety considerations that need to be taken into account. There will be electrical equipment in this environment, a risk given that water will be everywhere on site and its spray uncontrolled. A further risk is that customers will be operating the car wash, meaning that employees do not have full control over the equipment. OSHA has published a list of the common citations specific to the car wash industry, including fall protection, hazard communication, scaffolding, respiratory protection, control of hazardous energy, machines, wiring and more (Lawless, 2012).
A lot of health and safety guidelines can…
Lawless, P. (2012). OSHA for carwash operators: Regulations, enforcement and citations. Professional Carwashing and Detailing. Retrieved March 30, 2016 from http://www.carwash.com/osha-regulations-enforcement-and-citations/
OSHA (2009). Unguarded conveyor injures carwash worker. Occupational Health & Safety Association. Retrieved March 30, 2016 from https://ohsonline.com/articles/2009/09/28/conveyor-injures-carwasher.aspx
Censorship, the Internet, and Schools
Describe two implications for schools from the CIPA policy rulings, and two reasons for opposition to the policy
The Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA) was legislated in the year 2000, obliging public schools and libraries to set up specific technology that restricts internet access to graphic depictions that are indecent, child pornography, or detrimental to minors (Finsness, 2008). One of the implications of these policy rules is that it infringes on intellectual freedom. This is in the sense that it goes against the First Amendment, as intellectual freedom is the right of every person to seek as well as receive information from all perspectives devoid of limitation. Secondly, there is the implication of impacting the capability of students to gain access to information they require for school (Finsness, 2008). Being in a fast-paced technological area and with students having to attain such skills for writing…
Batch, K. R. (2014). Fencing Out Knowledge: Impacts of the Children's Internet Protection Act 10 Years Later. American Library Association, Policy Brief No. 5.
Finsness, L. S. (2008). The implications of internet filters in secondary schools (Doctoral dissertation, UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA).
Flowers, B. F., & Rakes, G. C. (2000). Analyses of Acceptable Use Policies Regarding the Internet in Selected K -- 12 Schools. Journal of Research on Computing in Education, 32(3), 351-365.
Hu, Q. (2004). To Censor or Not to Censor at the School Library. State University of New York.
umors can be detrimental to any organization. There are four kinds of grapevine rumors that often lead to unnecessary gossip in any group setting. The first one is wish fulfillment and in this type of grapevine rumor, there is an identification of the hopes and wishes of the organization or company's employees. The second kind is bogey rumors. This second kind of rumor exaggerates the concerns and fears of employees.
The third is the wedge-drivers. These rumors are damaging, aggressive, and unfriendly; splitting and dissolving groups/allegiances. The last rumor is home-stretchers and these are based on anticipation of announcements or decisions. They serve the purpose of filling the gap in times of confusion or ambiguity.
esearch provides a figure for grapevine information accuracy and places it at an estimated 80% (Papa, Daniels, Spiker, & Daniels, 2008). This is because the basis of such rumors starts with a personal account that…
Levine, J. & Hogg, M. (2010). Encyclopedia of group processes & intergroup relations. New Delhi.: SAGE Publications.
OPM,. (2016). Hiring Reform. U.S. Office of Personnel Management. Retrieved 28 September 2016, from https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/human-capital-management/hiring-reform/#url=Security-and-Suitability
Papa, M., Daniels, T., Spiker, B., & Daniels, T. (2008). Organizational communication. Los Angeles: Sage Publications.
Riccucci, N. (2015). Public personnel management. Routledge.
The topic for this paper is to determine what is meant by social change from the perspective of graduate students today. The paper is organized into four parts. The first part presents a background statement concerning the issue of interest and the gap in the existing body of knowledge the study intends to address. A description concerning the role of the researcher is provided in the second part and an explanation concerning the process of gathering, organizing, and analyzing data to form the basis of the methods used in this study are presented in part three followed by the analysis and interpretation of those data. Finally, a discussion concerning the trustworthiness of the findings that emerged from this analysis and a summary of the research are presented in part four.
What you have learned about social change as a social issue. Because the historical record confirms that…
In the past, there was no such term as “juvenile delinquent” or “juvenile delinquency” within the justice system. As frightening as it is to consider, over a hundred years ago, children who committed crimes were thrown into prisons with adults and some children were even sentenced to corporal punishment or even death (Yale.edu, 2000). Reformers of the justice system were the ones who pushed for a distinct court system for the treatment of juveniles, with the underlying notion being that these young people could potentially be helped and reformed. “Central to the concept of juvenile court was the principle of parens patriae. This meant that instead of lawyers fighting to decide guilt or innocence, the court would act as a parent or guardian interested in protecting and helping the child” (yale.edu, 2000). These reforms were novel at the time, and helped to enact changes such as closed hearings for…
School Legal Entanglement Plan
This Legal Entanglement Plan seeks to examine the policies, programs, strategies, and practices of a particular school with respect to its moral, legal, and ethical implications. The plan is developed based on a three-step process that will help in addressing the issue that could potentially become a liability or legal entanglement if left unaddressed. The plan will help in addressing the issue since it will be communicated to appropriate stakeholders.
Step 1 – Analysis
Moral and Legal Issues in School Strategies
One of the moral, ethical or legal issue facing Carson Elementary School in West Price and could escalate into a legal entanglement is school bullying, which poses significant threats on the welfare and well-being of students. Bullying is a broad concept that involves intentional aggression, power imbalance between the perpetrator and victim, and repetitive aggressive behavior (Cornell & Limber, 2015). Carson Elementary School recognizes that…
hat impact does media violence have on society? How are children affected and how are adolescents affected by violence portrayed in movies, television, video games and in other forms? This paper reviews and critiques peer-reviewed articles that address the subject of media violence from several perspectives -- and takes positions on the arguments and research presented in those scholarly articles.
There is ample empirical research available to back up the assertion that violent video games, movies and television programs have a negative impact on young people. It is the thesis of this paper that ultimately the responsibility for guidance vis-a-vis violent media is not on schools or law enforcement but in fact is on the shoulders of parents.
The Influence of Media Violence on Youth
An article in the Psychological Science in the Public Interest (Anderson, et al., 2003) flatly asserts that there is "…unequivocal evidence that media…
Anderson, Craig A., Berkowitz, Leonard, Donnerstein, Edward, Husemann, Rowell L.,
Johnson, James D., Linz, Daniel, Malamuth, Neil M., and Wartella, Ellen. (2003). The
Influence of Media Violence on Youth. Psychological Science in the Public Interest,