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Data Collection, Analysis, And Measurement Elements
Identify data collection, analysis, measurement elements studies. Limit box sentences attached document. 1. Accuracy reliability instruments 2. Statistical analytic methods Note. Not studies elements, element addressed.
Data Collection Elements
This method is used concurrently with quantitative methods but, it is said to be comparatively entailing. As a method of gathering information, it gathers more information and has a validating aspect that these other methods lack. By observation method, - a researcher - is in a position to resolve differences that may be present of be appearing in a study. Observation also allows researcher gather information that would otherwise be unavailable. In the case of the dance_of_ the call_bells, the observed disconnect as far as the call bells goes is not obtainable with required objectivity other than through observation.
Observations made clearly brought to light the notion that matters concerning the call bells…
Desimone, L.M., & Kerstin Carlson Le, F. (2004). Are We Asking the Right Questions? Using Cognitive Interviews to Improve Surveys in Education Research. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 26(1), 1-22.
Data Collection Tool
Part Four Design a data collection tool aggregate population. Make tool elements: Demographics --, birth date, ethnicity, sex, education level, the questions created Part One feel apply Two additional questions consistent goals Healthy People 2020 Data reliable sources answer questions asked (MY aggregate population Hispanic Gay population Jackson Heights, NY.
Data collection tool: Structured interview
What is your name?
When you were born? Were you born in the U.S.
How do you define your ethnicity? What were the ethnic and religious origins of your parents?
With what gender do you identify with?
What is your educational background and how would you describe your profession?
Q6. How do you identify your sexual orientation?
Q7. When did you know that your sexual orientation was not heterosexual?
Q8. Do you feel that the political interests of gay men are represented?
While the recent decision in favor of…
HIV. (2012). Healthy People 2020. Retrieved:
Lesbian, gay, bisexual health. (2012). Healthy People 2020. Retrieved:
This reduces response bias for better reliability of the information gathered and a higher anticipated response rate for an adequate sample size. A one month time frame gives better assurance of an appropriate response rate adequate analysis of results.
Patient wait time: How long did you wait before being register? < 5 min, 5 min, 10 min, longer
How long did you wait to be called after being registered? < 5 min, 5 min, 10 min, longer
Once called, how long did it take to see the Doctor? < 5 min, 5 min, 10 min, longer
Staff friendliness: How would you rate friendliness of staff? Very unfriendly, somewhat unfriendly, somewhat friendly, friendly, very friendly
How would you rate helpfulness of staff? Very unhelpful, somewhat unhelpful, helpful, somewhat helpful, very helpful
Rate the quality of time staff provided: hurried, inattentive, took time to listen to concerns
Treatment: Were treatment…
Keough V.A. & Tanabe, P. (2011 Jan). Survey Research: An effective design for conducting nursing research. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 1(4), 37-44.
Data Collection in the Field of Human Services
In the history of science and research, collecting data has always been based on empiricism. Collecting information that can be easily verifiable and validated, through means that are repeatable and information based on scientific experiments. In the field of Human Services information is collected in many different ways such as observation, questionnaire, longitudinal studies and other methods of collecting data that are newer to the world science. There are two basic techniques that are utilized for collecting data in the field of human services, qualitative methods and quantitative methods of collecting data. In this paper I will discuss qualitative methods and quantitative methods for collecting research in this field. I will also discuss how quantitative methods are utilized.
Quantitative method of collecting data allows the researcher to collect information utilizing mathematical models, utilizing theories and hypothesis. This method is often used to…
Fisher, C.B. (2003). Decoding the ethics code: A practical guide for psychologists. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Data collection and analyses are important processes in research because of their role in determine research findings. The collection of data can simply be described as the process of gathering information in order to capture quality evidence that is in turn used for data analysis. On the other hand, data analysis entails measuring the collected information on variables of interest in order to develop a convincing and reliable answer to the specific research questions. Therefore data collection and analysis helps a researcher in answering the established research questions as well as test hypotheses and assess outcomes. These two processes play a vital role in maintaining the integrity of the study and providing valuable findings and outcomes.
The process of data collection and analysis is multifaceted, which implies that researchers should be very careful when conducting these processes in order to achieve the best possible results and/or outcomes. Some of the…
Rabinowitz, Phil, and Stephen B. Fawcett. "Section 5. Collecting and Analyzing Data." Chapter 37. Operations in Evaluating Community Interventions. Work Group for Community Health and Development at the University of Kansas., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2015. .
446). Again, since data collection methods are relevant to specific research studies based on their questions, hypotheses, and literature reviews, this funneling of "phenomena of interest" should ideally suit most research studies -- so long as the those methods are tailored to meet a particular study. When researchers have narrowed down certain characteristics or behaviors that they are looking to observe in their study, they can do with a variety of technological applications for auditory or visually recording their sample participants, and do in increments with measures such as rating scales or checklists -- each of which allows a researcher to denote how much of what he or she is looking for is actually being observed.
Measurement, the assigning of numeric values to certain attributes identified and researched within a study, is an integral component of gauging how much of a particular characteristic one is able to observe, either through…
Chowdhurry, J., Reardon, J., Srivastava, R. (1998). "Alternative modes of measuring store image: An empirical assessment of structured vs. unstructured measures." Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice. 6 (2): 72-86.
Golafshani, N. (2003). "Understanding validity and reliability in qualitative research." The Qualitative Report. 8(4): 597-607. Retrieved from http://peoplelearn.homestead.com/medhome/qualitative/reliab.validity.pdf
Kimberlin, C.L, Winterstein, a.G. (2008). "Validity and reliability of measurement instruments in research." AM J. Health Syst Pharmacy. 65: 2276-2284. Retrieved from http://www.ashpfoundation.org/MainMenuCategories/ResearchResourceCenter/FosteringYoungInvestigators/AJHPResearchFundamentalsSeries/KimberlinArticle.aspx
Levine, H.G., Gallimore, R., Weisner, T.S., Turner, J.L. (1980). "Teaching participant-observation research methods: a skills building approach." Anthropology and Education Quarterly. 11(1): 38-54.
Data Collection Tool Aggregate
Objective of this paper is to design the data collection tool to be used for the aggregate population. The study uses both survey and semi-structure interview as the data collection tools. The survey is used to collect demographic background of the participants while the study uses the semi-structured interview to collect the health issues of participants.
Data Collection Technique Used
This study uses the mixed method as data collection tool for the aggregate population. The mixed method will combine the strengths of both quantitative and qualitative data collection method to understand the aggregate population. The survey technique is a data collection-gathering tool used to collect data from large population. The quantitative research often uses a survey technique to collect data, and the descriptive statistics are used for the analysis. The results are presented in tables, graphs and charts. A major benefit of survey technique for a…
Finer, L.B. & Zolna, M.R. (2011). Unintended Pregnancy in the United States: Incidence and Disparities, 2006. Contraception. 84(5): 478 -- 4850.
Harden, A. Brunton, G. Fletcher, A et al. (2009). Social Disadvantage, Teenage Pregnancy and Systematic Review Integrating Controlled Trials and Qualitative Studies. BMJ: 339:b4254.
USDHHS, (2009). Healthy People 2020: Child and Adolescent Health.USA.
By assigning the numerical value to all data, researcher is able to present data in tables, graph and chart to assist the presentation of the research findings. In addition, the data presented are used to compare the performances of the experimental group and control group. The graph, chart, and table are also used to make comparison of the two groups.
Curricular Innovation Development
The findings of the research seek to improve the curriculum of the preschool children. The innovation in the curriculum of the preschool is very important because children are eager learn new things at preschool age, and their learning abilities depend on the encouragement from the parents and the environment. Thus, the findings of the research seek to enhance innovation on the method the preschool children are handled at the day-care centre. Typically, there are still scanty of research on the impact of motivation on the preschool children.…
Lutz, M.N. Fantuzzo, J. & McDermott, P. (2002). Multidimensional Assessment of Emotional and Bahavioral Adjustment problems of Low-income Preschool children: Development and Validation. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 17, 338-355.
McKechnie, L.E.F (2000). Ethnographic Observation of Preschool Children. Library & Information Science Research, 22(1):61 -- 76.
Merrell, K.W. (1994). The Preschool and Kindergarten Behavioral Scales . Brandon, VT: Clinical Psychology Publishing.
Taylor-Powell, E. & Steele, S. (1996). Collecting Evaluation Data: Direct Observation. Program Development and Evaluation. University of Wisconsin Extension.
data collection methods employed study. Is relation element? Use references readings data collection methods address questions: •What data collection methods study? Justify .
Data Collection Methods as applied in the study
The study was carried out to help identify the global changes in the business world, and how organizations are adjusting themselves to the changes (Gouws, & Shuttleworth, 2009). It is undeniable that with the many changes, a lot of information, and especially financial information, is in circulation. This information needs to be processed, understood, and analyzed for it to make sense to the targeted users.
For the study, a qualitative approach was used. First, an empirical research was carried out to provide theoretical information that would form the basis of the study. For this to be successful, interviews were conducted with relevant personalities. Information from the interviews was later used to create questionnaires. These questionnaires were supposed to help…
Russ, M. (2010). Knowledge Management Strategies for Business Development. Florida: Idea Group Inc.
Gouws, D.G., & Shuttleworth, C.C. (2009). Financial literacy: an interface between financial information and decision-makers in organisations. Southern African Business Review, 13(2), 141-165.
data collection (people, researcher, institutional, event problems)?
Unfortunately, there are a number of common problems that routinely occur when scientists or professionals are attempting to collect data for a specific study. These problems usually revolve around four integral elements for a study -- those that pertain to people or subjects involved within the study, the researchers themselves, institutional problems, as well as problems with specific events that take place during the research. Although it is best to go about the process of conducting a study by adhering to any number of scientific methods, one of the most common problems occurs when researchers do not adhere to a specific methodology that is backed by a concrete research theory. This omission can happen for a variety of reasons and, although not all of them are necessarily planned, it is still a common problem during the data collection phase of several studies.
No author. (2005). "Data Collection." Responsible Conduct of Research. Retrieved from http://ori.dhhs.gov/education/products/n_illinois_u/datamanagement/dctopic.html
No author. (2011). "The importance of quality sample size." Unite For Sight. Retrieved from http://www.uniteforsight.org/global-health-university/importance-of-quality-sample-size#_ftn2
Lunsford, T.R., Lunsford, B.R. (2005). "Research forum -- The research sample, part I: Sampling." American Academy of Orthotists & Prosthetists. Retrieved from http://www.oandp.org/jpo/library/1995_03_105.asp
Whitney, C.W., Lind, B.K., Wahl, P.W. (1998). Quality assurance and quality control in longitudinal studies. Epidemiologic Reviews, 20 (1): 71-80.
data collection for phenomenological research done? State the method then explain/Illustrate.
Phenomenological research is grounded in the personal and subjective perspective. It falls into the larger category of qualitative research which is not theory-driven, but rather discovers the relationships among phenomena. (Patton, 2002). Phenomenological research can be considered inductive in nature as it moves from the specific to the general, unlike positivist experimental research which begins with general theories and tests specific hypotheses in a deductive fashion (Patton, 2002). Phenomenological research is field-based and requires the researcher to make observations which are analyzed for emerging themes (Patton, 2002).
What 5 key factors determine whether to use qualitative research or quantitative research? Explain.
Qualitative methods are used when researchers are interested in the meanings of human experiences rather than measurements of manifestations of human experience (Patton, 2002). Qualitative methods are useful when it is important to get a holistic picture of…
Creswell, J.W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Patton, M.Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE
data collection tool that can be used with your aggregate population. Make sure the tool contains the following:
• Demographics -- name, birth date, ethnicity, sex, education level, and so forth
• The questions that you came up with in Part One and any others that you feel would apply
• Two additional questions that would be consistent with the goals of Healthy People 2020
• Data from reliable sources that answers each of the questions you asked
Include data points with two levels of data for each -- if you cannot find two points, a data gap exists.
The aggregate population is sa sample from Belle Glade Community who are predominantly blacks, Hispanics, and immigrants who have a high level of preventable diseases. The health problem that most interest me is that most of the males aggregate that lives in this area suffer from HIV / AIDS.
Hogben M, McNally T, McPheeters M, et al. (2007) The effectiveness of HIV partner counseling and referral services in increasing identification of HIV-positive individuals: a systematic review. Am J. Prev Med, 33, S89-100.
CDC. (2008) Recommendations for partner services programs for HIV infections, syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydial infection. MMWR; 57, 1-83.
Marks G, Crepaz N, Janssen RS, et al. (2006) Estimating sexual transmission of HIV from persons aware and unaware that they are infected with the virus in the U.S.A. AIDS, 20(10):1447-50.
Observations are possibly the oldest scientific tool around. Likely, too, it is the cheapest method, and, in a manner of speaking (depending on the length of time of the observation), the least time-consuming. Certainly, it is the easiest. Observations are also more direct than questionnaires or experimental method in that they do not require the subjects to respond to written (or verbal) questions, nor attempt to persuade them to do so, nor, likewise, to gather in rarefied situations to respond to stimuli presented (usually) under certain constraints with much preparation done beforehand.
Observation in psychology today is less used than it used to be. It focuses more on the covert, cognitive aspects of human functioning, and, otherwise, assumes the term 'ethology' where it observes behavior in natural settings and aims to exert little or minimum experimental control over the subject/s. Observation has the advantage of the other methods in…
Blaxter, l., Hughes, C., & Tight, M. (1996). How to research. Phil: Open Univ. Press,
Breakwell, G., Hammond, S., & Fife-Schaw, C. (2000). Research methods in psychology. London: SAGE
data collection (e.g., focus groups, surveys, experiments) used in the literature of your Final Project. Then describe one benefit and one limitation of each method of data collection.
uman trafficking: Literature and methodology review
One of the most difficult aspects of studying human trafficking is that even international authorities that collect data on the phenomenon acknowledge the impossibility of finding authoritative sources on how often it occurs. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime has stated that such a "statistical goal may prove to be unachievable...[and] a 2005 report by the International Labor Organization said that there were approximately 12,300,000 victims in forced labor in the world (ILO, 2005), while Bales (2005) offered an estimate of 27 million" (Loring, Engstrom, illard & Dias 2007:1). The UN does state with some authority that "the majority of persons trafficked are female, perhaps nearly 80%" (Loring, Engstrom, illard & Dias 2007:1)
However, within the limits of what accurate quantitative analysis is available, some aspects of the practice have been illuminating. For example, the female nature of trafficking highlights the predominance of the sex industry in fueling the economic demand for trafficking. The increase in trafficking in recent years is linked not simply to globalization but also to the growing economic chasm between the 'haves' and the 'have-nots' of the developed world and the developing world, creating conditions for exploitation. However, the extent to which possibly incomplete data can be used to support policy changes may not be motivating for governments that have a personal, vested PR interest in denying the extent to which trafficking takes place. In China, only 147 suspected traffickers were arrested in 2007, even though the extent of the crime is far wider, according to virtually all outside estimates, including the UN (Lagon 2008).
Quantitative and statistical analysis, even when the limits of data collection are acknowledged, can also highlight how best to help women who are trafficked. For example, a survey of women who were ultimately liberated from their captors found that 28% of trafficked women saw a health care professional while they were still in captivity, suggesting an important role that healthcare providers can play in stopping trafficking (Dovydaitis 2011). Thus, even though quantitative analysis may be limited in its accuracy in all instances, when used in a specific and targeted manner, it can yield surprising, even stereotype-busting results. This type of quantitative data, amassed from a smaller organization, may ultimately be more illuminating than the wide-scale data collection used by the UN when designing laws and intervention programs. Critics of current trafficking laws in the U.S. contend that current policies make it too difficult for victims to prove they have been victims and obtain the necessary visa to remain in the U.S. (Dovydaitis 2011).
Qualitative surveys or interviews can also yield evidence about the best ways to prevent trafficking. The advantage of qualitative
data collection to solve the problems arising from the impact of mass media on terrorism following the reviewing of the case study titled "Threat of Terrorism: Weighing Public Safety in Seattle." (Lundberg, 2002 p 1).
The case discusses the possibility of terrorist attack at Seattle following the arrest of the essam at the U.S.-Canadian border for the possession of the explosive bomb. The follow-up investigation reveals that assam was connected with some terrorist groups. However, Mayor Schell had already organized a grand plan for the celebration of millennium, New Year's Eve at Seattle. Meanwhile, the problem of the terrorist attack heightened because of the media contributions to the terrorist threats at Seattle. The mass media are the major agents that promote the act of terrorism globally. Following the arrest of essam, mass media quickly fueled the public fears of imminent act of terrorism on Seattle and other cities in the…
Altheide, D.L. (2007). The mass media and terrorism. Discourse & Communication, 1(3), 287-308.
Brikci, N. & Green, J. (2007). A Guide to using Qualitative Research Methodology. London: Sage
Lundberg, K.(2002). Threat of Terrorism: Weighing Public Safety in Seattle. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.
Manuel, R. & Torres, S. (2008). Terrorism and the Mass Media after Al Qaeda: A Change of Course? Athena Intelligence Journal, 3( 1): 1-20.
data collection, the author conducted semi-structured, "in-depth interviews" with minority female participants (p. 102). However, the study was broad enough to also include input from white females, white males, and ethnic minority males. A total of twenty organizations were contacted, all of which publically proclaimed their commitment to ethnic diversity in the workplace. This is because "the broader study aimed to…examine whether reality matched the rhetoric of equality of opportunity within organizations," (p. 102). Of the twenty contacted, only three granted the interviewers access; and one of those three withdrew later. That organization claimed it was "restructuring," which would imply that its public relations department understood full well the ramifications of exposing potential problems among its workforce. Moreover, the author did interview managers at the only two organizations that agreed to participate formally in the research. etailCo. And Health Trust managers were interviewed to offer their perceptions of organizational policies…
"Gender Diversity in the Workplace." Retrieved online: http://www.analytictech.com/mb021/gender.htm
Kamenou, Nicolina. Reconsidering Work -- Life Balance Debates: Challenging Limited Understandings of the 'Life' Component in the Context of Ethnic Minority Women's Experiences. British Journal of Management 19(2008).
Konrad, A.M. Special Issue Introduction: Defining The Domain Of Workplace Diversity Scholarship. Group Organization Management 28(1): 2003
Statistics: Data Collection Process and Analysis
This research work conducts the study in the form of an exploratory analysis of differently positioned youngsters' 'sexting' experiences. esearch with regard to the above topic encapsulates experiences of youth from privileged classes of society, in addition to those of youngsters hailing from rural and suburban localities. Teachers are entrusted with choosing study participants. Eighth and tenth year heads of School One will choose pupils from the school on the basis of their personal knowledge of school students (ingrose et al., 2012). That is, the research sample will comprise of a broad range of pupils hailing from diverse cultural, socioeconomic, ethnic, and religious backgrounds, reflecting the diversity of sample schools. School Two students will be chosen out of those who voluntarily wish to participate in the research. Eligibility criterion for student participation is experience in utilizing mobile or online technologies.
Student interview plans will…
ACT Foundation (1995). Suggested criteria for qualitative research. Association for Educational Communications and Technology.
Gibbs, G. R., (2007). 4 Thematic coding and categorizing. Analyzing Qualitative Data. London: SAGE Publications, Ltd.
Ringrose, J., Gill, R., Livingstone, S. & Harvey, L. (2012). A qualitative study of children, young people and 'sexting'. NSPCC
Data Collection and Improving the Mayo Clinic
The Mayo Clinic is one of the best and most respected medical institutions in the world. However, even an organization at the forefront of the healthcare industry must remain always in a state of improvement. In order to do so, an organization must conduct meaningful and empirical research regarding its own capabilities and performance. This requires the use of the appropriate modes of data collection and implementation of instructive data presentation tools. The discussion here below considers the need for the Mayo Clinic to help improve the scale of private investments that it helps draw to its home state and to improve the ability of other healthcare institutions to replicate its successful model.
Areas of improvement:
The Mayo Clinic has an inextricable relationship with its home state of Minnesota. As such, it has long been a creator of jobs in the region, a…
Carlson, J. (2013). Mayo's Ultimatum. Modern Healthcare.
Cecire, K. (2002). Histograms: Construction, Analysis and Understanding. Quarknet.
Mayo Clinic. (2012). Helping Fix the Broken Health Care System. Mayo.edu.
Traub, D.S. (2013). Quantitative, Positivist Research Methods in Information Systems. GSU.edu.
Data Collection and Management Techniques for a Qualitative esearch Plan
Data management for my qualitative research study:
Organizing my interview results
Given that the focus of my qualitative research study is on the female victims of human trafficking, observational analysis would not be suitable: my interviews would take place after the women had been rescued from their situation. It would be unrealistic and impossible to bear witness to what the women were actually going through while they were being subjected inhuman conditions while being trafficked. The focus of my research will be on interviewing the women, which I do regard as an appropriate method of data collection.
However, even the interviewing process is somewhat problematic from the point-of-view of a researcher. Many of the women who are the subjects of the study will have limited command of English. Translators must be provided who are reliable and understand the cultural…
Features and benefits. (2013). NVivo. Retrieved:
Sanbourn, J. (2002). Coding and entering data. SW 3120. Retrieved:
U.S. with prison data collection?
The major problems encountered by United States in managing and collecting the data of its prisoners encompass the historical importance of the police department and the extent to which there activities contribute to well being of the society cannot be denied in the modern settings of the society. But yet when the term police come to the mind of an individual the most primitive adjective that comes to the mind is the law enforcement and protection of the civil violence in the society along with the safeguard of the rights and properties of the citizens.
As a matter of fact the importance of the police department cannot be denied due to the fact that these specialized individuals are responsible for the commencement f the most core activity of the society- the activities associated with the safeguarding the rights and responsibilities of the citizens. But yet…
Kaufmann-Kohler, G. (2003). Globalization of Arbitral Procedure. Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 36(4), 1313+. Retrieved November 6, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002055166
McFadden, K.W. (2009). The Fulfillment of the Law's Dikaioma: Another Look at Romans 81-4. Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, 52(3), 483+. Retrieved November 6, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5036955555
Morrisson, I. (2007). Moral and Nonmoral Freedom in Kant. The Southern Journal of Philosophy, 45(1), 129+. Retrieved November 6, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5035175963
Murray, J. (2010). Assessing Allegations: Judicial Evaluation of Testimonial Evidence in International Tribunals. Chicago Journal of International Law, 10(2), 769+. Retrieved November 6, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5040710911
adoption of a particular methodology affect the researcher's choice of methods for data collection and analysis?
Two researchers can have the same essential subjects yet pursue completely different methodologies. For example, someone who is studying alcoholism from a qualitative perspective to collective narrative experiences of recovery may use interviews and open-ended questionnaires. The researcher will likely focus on a relatively small population group and proceed in an inductive fashion. esponses may be 'coded' after-the-fact to group them into various subject areas but these categories will not be predetermined but reflect the evidence accumulated through the research. To allow for thoroughness and to permit all respondents to speak for themselves the researcher will limit the numbers of subjects. ather than creating a narrow research question and using an experimental method, any conclusions and theories will only be arrived at after data is accumulated. And because of the relatively narrow scope of…
What is qualitative research? (2013). What is qualitative research. Retrieved from:
Interviews can be incredibly valuable research tools, but there are definitely problems associated with them. For one, in an interview, there is opportunity clarify the question, so if the respondent needs clarification, it can be obtained. This is unlike most other forms of research. The interviewer can also encourage participation, and there is the opportunity for deeper probing of a subject. However, the interview could lead or bias the interviewee, skewing the results, and with an interviewer the respondent could be either more open or less open. That ends up being dependent on the interviewer and the interviewee, depending on subject matter and overall context.
Surveys have some merits, too, however. They are easier to administer, and less time-consuming, so the cost per response is usually much lower than for interviews. However, there is a fairly low response rate, and many times a survey risks falling…
Primary Data Collection
Secondary Data Collection
Performance evaluation of the optimized supply chains
Carrefour Ooshop e-grocery
Structural decisions items of operations strategy in logistics
Hardware of the firm
Infrastructure decision areas
Software of the organization
Planning and control
Comparison of structural and infrastructural logistical operations management decisions
Globalization and Logistics Optimization
Logistical optimization models
Challenges in e-grocery Logistics
E-grocery logistical solution
Store-based order picking model
Figure: Store-based order picking model
Store-based order picking for attended goods reception
Store-based order picking for unattended goods reception
Dedicated order picking model
Figure: Dedicated order picking model
Delivery from dedicated centers for attended goods reception
Delivery from dedicated centers for unattended goods reception
E-basic needs frameworks so that organizations can get beneficial
Distinctive logistical results
ecognize e-basic framework
Anand, G., Ward, P.T., Tatikonda, M.V., & Schilling, D.A. (2009). Dynamic capabilities through continuous improvement infrastructure. Journal of Operations Management, 27(6), 444-461.
Barnes, D. (2008). Operations management: An international perspective. United Kingdom: Thomson.
Griffin, R.W., & Pustay, M.W. (2009). International Business: A Managerial
Perspective. (6th ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.
leadership styles in evidence at Proctor & Gamble and Colgate-Palmolive. The paper will begin with an examination of the different leadership theories. Of particular interest will be surveys that can identify leadership types. When looking at leader-member exchanges, the key for this paper will be to ask both leaders and followers questions to determine what leadership styles are in use at these two companies. The survey technique will be utilized.
There are four different methods of data collection, including questionnaires (surveys), interviews, observations and unobtrusive measures. The questionnaire method for this project has the advantage of being easy to gather and tabulate, and in that way it is relatively inexpensive to gather large amounts of data. This will be important given that the project requires information from many different managers in these two companies. Interviews are more in-depth, which allows for the gathering of richer, more detailed data. Observations can…
S. Why or why not? Be specific in your response.
Not necessarily. The NIBS is not designed to provide national coverage (Hirschel, 2009; USDOJ, 2005). In practice, the NIBS does provide a reliable method for estimating the incidence of those types of crimes that are defined similarly in the NIBS and in other data collection methods and in reporting jurisdictions covered by the NIBS. Conversely, the NIBS is a less reliable method to the extent specific crimes are defined differently and to the extent the data collection omits jurisdictions not covered by the NIBS. Typical examples would include the underreporting of robberies and car thefts in the NIBS by virtue of the absence of large urban areas from NIBS reporting jurisdictions (Schmalleger, 2009).
5. Identify the obstacles to law enforcement agencies to full implementation of NIBS data collection protocol.
According to a comprehensive review conducted jointly by the U.S. Department…
Hirschel, D. "Expanding Police Ability to Report Crime" The National Incident-Based
Reporting System." U.S. Department of Justice -- Office of Justice Programs -- National Institute of Justice Doc # NCJ 225459 (July 2009).
Safir, H. (2003). Security: An Inside Look at the Tactics of the NYPD. New York: St.
This is a codified part of student behavior that we may never fully penetrate but which is important to intervening in habitual bullying scenarios like the ones that helped to create Columbine.
c. What political realities impact your ability to be effective?
Again, most political matters are simply those related to our limited finances and resources.
5. What are the safety challenges which you see as most pressing to our students, teachers and resource officers as a whole?
Our most pressing collective safety challenge is keeping the school free from bullying or student-on-student verbal or physical abuse. These things can become habitual, are often ignored by staff as 'normal' student behavior and can nonetheless make school a hostile and unsafe environment for targets.
a. Is violence/weapon possession/threats of violence a serious reality for your school?
Every school must take threats of violence, weapons possession and shooting seriously, even if we…
Using a random sampling helps to insure that there will be a randomly equal number of learning disabled students, gifted students, underachievers and overachievers in each group. In addition the random sampling will help insure a statistically close to equal sampling of males and females in each group.
Assumptions will also be made that the students will put forth their best effort in the class work and instruction so that the semester test results will be a true reflection of what they have learned in the American History course that semester.
This methodology section is designed to produce the most pure results with regard to the research question. Care has been taken to explore the different elements of the research topic and produce the best possible method by which to test that question.
Dobrosielski-Vergona, Kathleen a.; Gallagher, Judith E.; Williams, Theresa M.; Wingard, obin G. More (2005) Web-based…
Dobrosielski-Vergona, Kathleen a.; Gallagher, Judith E.; Williams, Theresa M.; Wingard, Robin G. More (2005) Web-based vs. traditional classroom instruction in gerontology: a pilot study. Journal of Dental Hygiene
Beard, Lawrence a.; Harper, Cynthia (2002) Student perceptions of online vs. On campus instruction.(Brief Article)(Statistical Data Included) Education Journal
Piotrowski, C. & Vodanovich, S.J. (2000). Are the reported barriers to Internet-based instruction warranted?: A synthesis of recent research, Education, 121, 48-53.
Rossman, P. (1992). The emerging worldwide electronic university: Information age global higher education. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Data Collection Procedure
What do you see as the value of the IB? Why would one be needed for informal research, such as a class assignment?
IB's value to researchers in America's Universities (AU) is enablement of superior ethical standards in conducting research works (including respondent protection), while allowing students, teaching faculty and other staff members to carry out research works in an efficient and timely manner. IB aims at creating an atmosphere of awareness and respect for research subjects' welfare and rights in university campuses, along with expanding on knowledge and enabling research of the best quality (Enfield & Truwit, 2008).
Issues that the IB might be interested in reviewing regarding the research question and design for this research study
especting Involved Individuals. Mandated by a moral obligation to respect other people, the idea of informed consent comprises three components: information, voluntariness, and understanding. esearch subjects are to be…
Amdur, R.J. & Bankert, E.A. (2011). Institutional review board: member handbook. (3rd ed). Boston: Jones & Bartlett Publishers. pp. 12-15.
Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. (4th ed.) Pearson Education, Inc.
Enfield, K. B. & Truwit, J. D. (2008). The Purpose, Composition, and Function of an Institutional Review Board: Balancing Priorities. Respiratory Care, 53, 1330-1336.
Fowler, F. J. (2009). Survey research methods (4th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
Issues Associated with Online Data Collection by Advertisers;
There is an increased interest and use of information which can be collected from a person's digital footprint. Individually, the single pieces of information may not provide any great insight to a behavior patterns, but with firms able to collect and aggregate data, they are able to create profiles which will be used for commercial purposes. This may be seen as good sense, when considered from a commercial perspective, as much of the information collected is not personal, as the information may be seen as non-intrusive, such as occupation, home value, There is also data collected that is more personal, such as the type and amount of spending on different products, from luxury goods through to cat food (Singer np). The digital footprint information, when aggregated, can provide a great deal of insight into the profile of a potential customer, especially…
research database be part of the protocol development team. Perhaps the most eminent of these reasons pertains to the need to have the data collection process aligned with the efforts of the protocol development team. The sort of congruence that needs to exist between database collection and protocol development is essential to ensuring that the data that is captured for analysis directly relates to the research study as a whole. In this sense, the research database design process contributes to the development of a research study's protocol in that it provides a mechanism for determining what sort of data is possible to capture (and able to be analyzed) to support the purpose of the study. Again, it is critical to have these two elements in a research study aligned because the former directly influences the latter. If a research database is not able to capture data that is used to…
Harper, J. (2014). The vital intersection between science and technology. www.dataversity.net. Retrieved from http://www.dataversity.net/vital-intersection-science-technology/
Harper, J. (2014). Governing self-service analytics. www.dataversity.net. Retrieved from http://www.dataversity.net/governing-self-service-analytics/
Data Input Accuracy
Why Accuracy of Data Input is Important
The continuous operation in today's many systems depends on the accuracy of data that the systems use. As the amount of data increases, it is critical to ensure that every data input and used in a system is error-free to eliminate unwanted system problems.
Computer systems, software, and applications are basically created to provide efficiency in accomplishing a task. If the data used by a system is inaccurate, what help and sense will a computer system provide to its users? Accuracy of data input is important because data is considered as the life of a successful system operation. Jack Olson has the following view on the importance of data. Such importance provides the reason why accuracy of data input is similarly important.
Corporate databases are filled with data that reflects their business activities. This data is collected through routine business…
Olson, J. Data Accuracy: The Challenge.
Retrieved July 31, 2004, from DM Review Online. Web site: http://www.dmreview.com/editorial/newsletter_article.cfm?nl=dmdirect&articleId=6019
Star, J. Data Input.
Retrieved July 31, 2004, from University of California Online. Web site: http://www.geog.ubc.ca/courses/klink/gis.notes/ncgia/u07.html
Data Warehousing: A Strategic Weapon of an Organization.
Within Chapter One, an introduction to the study will be provided. Initially, the overall aims of the research proposal will be discussed. This will be followed by a presentation of the overall objectives of the study will be delineated. After this, the significance of the research will be discussed, including a justification and rationale for the investigation.
The aims of the study are to further establish the degree to which data warehousing has been used by organizations in achieving greater competitive advantage within the industries and markets in which they operate. In a recent report in the Harvard Business eview (2003), it was suggested that companies faced with the harsh realities of the current economy want to have a better sense of how they are performing. With growing volumes of data available and increased efforts to transform that data into meaningful knowledge…
Agosta, L. (2003). Ask the Expert. Harvard Business Review, 81(6), 1.
Database: Business Source Premier.
Babcock, Charles (1995). Slice, dice & deliver. Computerworld, 29, 46, 129 -132.
Beitler, S.S., & Lean, R. (1997). Sears' EPIC Transformation: Converting from Mainframe Legacy Systems to Online Analytical Processing (OLAP). Journal of Data Warehousing (2:2), 5-16.
second type of most commonly conducted research, the first being quantitative. Quantitative research uses broad study groups to analyze and interpret results based exclusively on the numbers. Unlike quantitative research, qualitative research allows the researcher the ability to integrate their own opinions and biases into the research. Qualitative research seems to conduct much smaller more isolated studies and interpret the data based on minimal facts. The real advantage to qualitative research in the medical field is the ability of an insider to utilize observable facts and improve hospital procedures through a simple, cost, and time effective study.
The first study reviewed was a qualitative study on the preparedness of EMS providers to deal with WMD situations. That study was conducted by interviewing participants in a program where WMD emergency preparedness was taught and determining how ready the staff felt to deal with those scenarios. Out of those studied, rough half…
The anti-virus software company Symantec (NASDAQ symbol: SYMC) makes Norton antivirus software, one of the industry's leading anti-virus programs. This paper investigates how Symantec fares against Network Associates, Inc. (the makers of MacAfee anti-virus software) in terms of the relationship between revenue and computer virus outbreaks, as well as overall averages. Specifically, stock quotes for Symantec and Network Associates will be compared post-virus outbreak for each of these four major outbreaks: 1) Blaster, Category 4, August 12, 2003, 2) SoBig, Category 4, August 22, 2003, 3) Bugbear, Category 4, October 2, 2002, 4) Klez, Category 4, April 25, 2002, and 5) Sircam, Category 4, July 24, 2001. Ultimately, there is a small decrease in stock price for both Symantec and Network Associates the day after a major virus outbreak occurs.
One of Symantec's main competitors in terms of industry anti-virus software is McAfee, a business unit of Network Associates,…
Forbes.com. Symantec Stock Seen With More Than 25% Upside, 02.26.04, 12:27 PM ET. 01 March 2004. http://www.forbes.com/markets/2004/02/26/0226automarketscan06.html?partner=yahoo&referrer=
Yahoo Finance. Company Profile: Symantec. 01 March 2004. http://finance.yahoo.com/q/pr?s=SYMC
Yahoo Finance. Competetors: SYMC. 01 march 2004. SYMANTEC CORP (NasdaqNM:SYMC) Quote data by Reuters
(2001) research has considerable questionable areas that require questions to the overall application of the specified survey research. he provided statistical analysis does not assist with validation of their research findings with the provided information having uniformity or little description in the application. For instance, there is an analysis of varying questions through the application of varying confidence levels with t-distributions only provided to support specified statistics. Another concern potential is the author's application of scholar's self-assessment as the core tool for data collection. Not only little information provided concerning the research design and methodology with the questionnaire content, but also there is also no indication given concerning the application tackled.
As a significant data collection instrument, care is considerable with the areas under research to enable the validation and substantiation of the given results. he last concern is on the Miller et al. (2001) general conclusions arising from the…
The statistical analysis of the experimental study had detailed information with the provision of future study base. The mediation analysis addition is a positive means of identifying inconsistencies to enable the avoidance of inconclusive results. While there is an omission of certain information, the experimental study is well executable with researched results.
Neuman, W.L. (2006). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches (6th ed.). Boston: Pearson.
eflexivity and esearcher's Voice In Qualitative esearch
A key feature of qualitative research is that the entire research process involves reflection and the researcher has a primary role in the research. According to Watt (2007) and itchie et al. (2013), a qualitative research is done with the primary objective being to understand and get insights on human phenomena, aspects of and nature of human experiences and the dynamic nature of process-oriented elements in human live. As a result, qualitative research is interpretive and doing a qualitative research means questioning the way humans experience the world and understand better the world. Qualitative research would therefore be credited for presenting us with the plausible possibility of understanding that makes the living-experience better and improved contact with the world.
Despite the crucial role of qualitative research, this type of research doesn't involve following rules, as the case with quantitative research (Watt, 2007; Knapik,…
Eriksson, P., & Kovalainen, A. (2015). Qualitative Methods in Business Research: A Practical Guide to Social Research. Sage.
Lewis, S. (2015). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Health Promotion Practice, Vol 16, Issue 4, pp. 473 - 475
Phelan, S. K., & Kinsella, E. A. (2013). Picture this... safety, dignity, and voice -- Ethical research with children: Practical considerations for the reflexive researcher. Qualitative Inquiry, 19(2), 81-90.
Ritchie, J., Lewis, J., Nicholls, C. M., & Ormston, R. (Eds.). (2013). Qualitative research practice: A guide for social science students and researchers. Sage.
DDI is a systematic and precise method designed to enhance learning by students. The cycle of inquiry for data driven instruction entails assessment, analysis of the student performance and action. It is a central causal factor for the realization of student success. The student tasks indicate to us what our learners are capable of doing and what they know. They also indicate points of weakness in their learning activities. The central question is how to make use of such data to close the gaps in the learning process. Experts in the education sector cite the use of data driven instruction and inquiry as an important tool in improving student performance (Data Driven Instruction, 2016).
What did you learn in the program you are now completing, including in student teaching, about the use of data-supported instruction?
The data that shows student achievement is highly valuable in helping education managers…
Barbara Means, Lawrence Gallagher, & Christine Padilla. (2007). Teachers' Use of Student Data Systems to Improve Instruction. Jessup: U.S. Department of Education.
Bongiorno, D. (2011). Student Assessment. Virginia: U.S. Department of Education.
Data Driven Instruction. (2016, October 9). Retrieved from Engage: https://www.engageny.org/data-driven-instruction
Jerry L. Johns. (2002). What is Evidence-based reading instruction? Newark: International Reading Association.
Kottke, J., & Pelletier, K. (2013). Measuring and differentiating perceptions of supervisor and top leader ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 113(3), 415-428. doi:10.1007/s10551-012-1312-8
Davis, A. L., & othstein, H. . (2006). The Effects of the Perceived Behavioral Integrity of Managers on Employee Attitudes: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Business Ethics, (4). 407.
Locate, download, and print "Empirical esearch Checklist."
For this assignment, selection of quantitative studies is preferred.
Instructors will be scoring your submission based on the number of correct identifications of empirical articles as noted in the checklist submitted. To be accepted as an empirical article, at least 13 of the 15 characteristics identified in the checklist must be present.
ead the Kottke and Pelletier article in the topic materials.
ead the articles in detail.
Complete the Empirical esearch Checklist for each article by giving the page number where the characteristic is found or marking an "X" in the…
References used in the study are presented.
NET, PHP, Crystal Reports, and more.
In order to support the end-user database application, the user must maintain files like Adobe, Acrobat (pdf), PostScript, and FrameMaker to rapidly setup, test, modify, run, save and print database. Microsoft Excel files are also needed to enable information distribution in spreadsheet form and mark-up files (e.g., HTML, XML, etc.). There is no need to learn a programming language or meta-language and the setup can be accomplished by using a graphical user interface (GUI).
The most popular way to design a database is through Relational DMS, which provides a collection of operations to manipulate relations, where data is presented as a collection of relations. A table depicts each relation, attributes as Columns, and Rows ("tuples") represent entities. Among the main features and functions of the software include: Supports various configurations (single-user, networked multi-user, and client-server); Ease of installation and distribution; Transaction processing; High speed…
F. Stamatelopoulos, N. And Roussopoulos, B. Maglaris. (1995). "Using a DBMS for Hierarchical Network Management"
SourceForge.net. "LEAP: Frequently Asked Questions" taken on November 10, 2006 from http://leap.sourceforge.net/faq.html
Stanczyk, Stefan, Bob Champion and Richard Leyton. 2nd Edition. "Theory and Practice of Relational Databases."
student data is vital to the student's readiness, interest, learning profile and affect. As studies have shown, the more comprehensive the data about a student, the more capable a teacher becomes in tailoring lessons to use each student's strengths and address each student's challenges. By assessing X with even a simple tool like "Learning Style Inventory" and discussing the student's strengths, weaknesses, likes and dislikes, a clearer picture is obtained for accommodating her strengths and addressing her challenges with unique lessons.
The Importance and Value of Collecting Data
Rather than relying on happenstance to discover information about our students, teachers are now consciously collecting pertinent data about students, for "research and experience in increasingly global classrooms are revealing the complex interplay of factors that influence a student's learning" (Powell & Kusuma-Powell, 2011). The goal of such data collection is "personalized learning -- to use what we find out about our…
Anonymous. (nd). Learning style inventory. Retrieved on June 3, 2012 from www.personal.psu.edu Web site: http://www.personal.psu.edu/bxb11/LSI/LSI.htm
Popham, W.J. (2009, May). Assessing student affect. Retrieved on June 3, 2012 from www.ascd.org Web site: http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/may09/vol66/num08/Assessing-Student-Affect.aspx
Powell, W., & Kusuma-Powell, O. (2011). How to teach now: Chapter 1. knowing our students as learners. Retrieved on June 3, 2012 from www.ascd.org Web site: http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/111011/chapters/Knowing-Our-Students-as-Learners.aspx
Crime Data Sources in the United States
The collection of crime data in the United States is carried out through different approaches including Uniform Crime eports and the National Incident-Based eporting System, which also act as the two primary sources of crime data for crime reporting. The data obtained from these sources are used for research and documentation of crime status at the county, state, and national levels. Notably, the National Incident-Based eporting System emerged as an advancement of the conventional summary of Uniform Crime eports that were used to track crime in the country. In addition, the Congress uses data from these sources together with those from the National Crime Victimization Survey to guide policy decisions and create suitable responses to crime. While the use of these sources helps in dealing with crime in the United States, they have some similarities and differences between them with regards to methodological…
Addington, L.A. (2008, February). Assessing the Extent of Nonresponse Bias on NIBRS
Estimates of Violent Crime. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 24(1), 32-49.
"Data Collection Guidelines." (2000, August). National Incident-Based Reporting System.
Retrieved from U.S. Department of Justice website: https://www.fortworthpd.com/docmgmt/NIBRS_Volume1_Major_Differences.pdf
First, there is open coding, where frequently used words or concepts help separate useful data from other data that may not be useful in that particular research context. Next, the researchers turn to selective coding, which is "the process that links all categories and sub-categories to the core category thus facilitating the emergence of the 'storyline' or theory" (Corbin & Strauss, 2008, p. 155). This style of coding focuses on making relationships out of the emerging categories of more abstract qualitative data. Last, there is axial coding, which strengthens relationships between core concepts and categories. According to the research, "this process is used to make connections between categories and sub-categories and allows a conceptual framework to emerge" (Corbin & Strauss, 2008, p. 154). By using such coding methods, core concepts can help point to meaningful answers.
Moreover, data collection can be overlapping with data analysis within the context of qualitative…
Corbin, J.M., & Strauss, a.L. (2008). Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
National Science Foundation. (1997). What is qualitative analysis. Analyzing Qualitative Data. Web. http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/1997/nsf97153/chap_4.htm
State education agencies and local school districts needs to work to incorporate the major provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act (U.S. Department of Education, 2004a). The evaluator feels it is imperative that as teacher preparation programs, along with state and local education agencies, address the training, recruitment, and retention of highly qualified teachers and conduct counseling sessions for every American classroom.
Teacher education programs can prepare future teachers to work in true collaborative arrangements with a variety of community stakeholders and families by helping teachers and school administrators understand the mandates, timelines, and overall missions of other public human services agencies. This type of information is critical and could be easily incorporated into the general and special education teacher preparation curricula, including field experiences in schools as well as in community human service agencies (such as mental health centers or juvenile justice).
As more educators are trained and…
Kolbe L, J. (2006) A framework for School Health Programs in the 21st Century. Journal of School Health. Pg 75:226-228.
Lechtenberger, D.A., & Mullins, F.E. (Fall, 2004). Promoting better family-school community partnerships for all of America's children. Beyond Behavior, 14(1), 17-22.
Lewis, T.J., Powers, L.J., Kelk, M.J., & Newcomer, L. (2002) Reducing problem behaviors on the playground: An investigation of the application of school-wide positive behavior supports. Psychology in the Schools, 39, 181-190.
Miles, P., Burns, E.J., Osher, T. W, Walker, J.S., & National Wraparound Initiative Advisory Group. (2006). The Wraparound process users guide: A handbook for families. Portland, OR: Portland State University, National Wraparound Initiative, Research and Training Center on Family Support and Children's Mental Health.
In research, data and information collected needs to be organized in a manner that makes sense for the researcher at the analysis and report writing stages. Data can be organized depending on the data analysis objectives of the researcher. The researcher would organize qualitative data differently than a survey or quantitative data. It is through data organization that the researcher, at times, would make sense of the data at hand and would either confirm or change the direction or focus of the data analyses (while keeping in mind that any changes should still be aligned with the study's objectives).
Organizing data collected using qualitative methods require a different kind of organization or approach to data analysis. Qualitative data are made up of text relevant to the study at hand, and may be in the form of a key word, phrase, sentence, or passage from a specific discussion into…
Creswell, J. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Reisman, J., Gienapp, A. And S. Stachowiak. 2007. A Handbook of Data Collection Tools: Companion to "A Guide to Measuring Advocacy and Policy." Organizational Research Services.
(362) One additional note on this half of the duel research study was that the pair of applicants with and without fictitious criminal records was rotated throughout the experiment to reduce the odds that a single applicant would alter results if assigned the rigid role of ex-con or clean record applicant.
In the second half of the research study the same set of potential employers was surveyed using a vignette method. The vignette described the scenario of applicants who matched the (tester) applicants. The employers who were screened by asking for the person in charge of hiring at the place of business were then asked to respond to the scenario by answering questions regarding if they would or would not hire or consider hiring the applicant in the vignette. Data was collected utilizing the responses to the survey questions, which avoided direct racial comparisons but simply stated the race of…
Pager, Devah and Lincoln Quillian.. "Walking the Talk? What Employers Say vs. What They Do." American Sociological Review 70: 2005, 355-380.
Gray, Paul S., John B. Williamson, David a. Karp, and John R. Dalphin the Research Imagination: An Introduction to Qualitative and Quantitative Methods: Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Sampling Data Analyses the single-study critique paper 2 individual assignment. Develop individual response Single-Study Paper 2 IOM topic area. Use article Single Study Critiques 1-2. It a requirement a quantitative study paper.
Quantitative article analysis
The Nursing esearch article "Effectiveness of an Aspiration isk-eduction Protocol" addresses a proposed method to reduce the risk of aspiration in critically ill patients through a three-pronged intervention strategy. The intervention strategy components include "maintaining head-of-bed elevation at 30 degrees or higher, unless contraindicated; inserting feeding tubes into distal small bowel, when indicated; and using an algorithmic approach for high gastric residual volumes" (Metheny, Davis-Jackson & Stewart 2010: 1). It used a two-group quasi-experimental design of critically ill, mechanically ventilated adult patients receiving tube feedings. 329 were in the control population, 145 in the experimental group (Metheny, Davis-Jackson & Stewart 2010: 1). The patients were all drawn from the same five ICUs at a Level…
Metheny, Norma A., Jami Davis-Jackson & Barbara J. Stewart. (2010). Effectiveness of an Aspiration Risk-Reduction Protocol. Nursing Research, 59(1): 18 -- 25. Retrieved: doi:10.1097/NNR.0b013e3181c3ba05.
Urban Data eview
eades et al. (2007) presented some interesting ideas about the use of data collection and its practical application in an urban setting. The authors discussed spatiotemporal data as a new object of desire for those wishing to control and understand human behavior in large city. The authors called for a synthesis of data information from all available sources, including telecommunications companies to assist in urban planning and understanding the complex and chaotic idea of urban dynamics.
This paper discussed this topic by explaining the details of a study conducted by MIT and Telecom Italia (TI), in ome, Italy's largest city. TI supplied data that recognized bandwidth usage on mobile phones and classified them as Erlongs. The data was collected, synthesized and modeled to help paint a picture of how ome operates and how people move about and communicate. Ultimately, the paper concluded that "Our preliminary findings suggest…
Reades, J. et al. (2007). Cellular Census: Explorations in Urban Data Collection. Pervasive Computing, 6(3), July-September, 2007.
The FEP (Fundraising Effectiveness Project) aims at helping non-profits quicken fundraising. The Project strives towards the above objective by offering yearly charity growth tracking and evaluation features to nonprofits. An increase in giving may be defined as net gains minus net losses in contribution (Tools - Fundraising Effectiveness Project). Nonprofit entities raise a larger sum of money via investments in growth-focused fundraising methods which amplify gains as well as decrease losses. FEP's emphasis is "effectiveness" (or charity growth maximization) instead of "efficiency" (or cost minimization). A yearly survey is performed, helpful performance measurement instruments for gauging increase in giving are provided, and loss/gain statistics are issued via an annual report, by partnering with The Urban Institute, the Association of Fundraising Professionals (AFP), and participant donor software companies. FEP resources back growth-focused fundraising initiatives. The Gig (Growth in Giving) program endeavors to increase philanthropy's GDP (gross domestic product) share. This initiative…
Future of Data Storage in Computer Networks
There are a number of problems facing the future of information technology including the fact that networks are increasingly asked to expand in order to accommodate more and more data. Many experts believe that such increases will mean two things; one that the networks will become increasingly secure, and two because of the security, the data contained on the network will become more difficult to access. This study sought to determine the various processes that are currently being used to secure data on various networks, and to determine if that security will, or will not, ensure that data will become incrementally more difficult to obtain. To this end, this study used the most current literature available to determine if there is a problem with the data being stored in the current manner, or if there is a perception that the data will be…
Axellson, A-S. & Schroeder, R. (2009). Making it open and keeping it safe: E-enabled data-sharing in Sweden. Acta Sociologica, 52(3), 213-226.
Datt, S. (2011, Winter). The information explosion: Trends in technology review. The Journal of Government Financial Management, 60(4), 46-54.
Folk, M. & Barkstrom, B. (2003). Attributes of file formats for long-term preservation of scientific and engineering data in digital libraries. Paper presented at the Joint Conference
on Digital Libraries, Houston, TX, May 27-31.
manage and organize qualitative data. LeCompte (2000) notes that data can be organized using traditional organization techniques like creating files, cataloging, labeling, and creating indices. These techniques are often applied to qualitative data that comes in the form of field notes or other written information. Today, the information might be stored in a database on the computer. Often the data might be recorded on a smartphone or tablet, which will make it even easier to transfer to a computer. However, the techniques of indexing, cataloging and labeling are still used to manage large amounts of qualitative data.
It is important that the research is able to make sense of the data, but it should also be remembered that one of the most valuable traits of qualitative research is that it has a lot of flexibility with respect to how that data can be analyzed and presented. As such, it is…
Bansal, P. & Corley, K. (2011). The coming of age for qualitative research: Embracing the diversity of qualitative methods. Academy of Management Journal. Vol. 54 (2) 233-237.
Guest, G., Bunce, A. & Johnson, L. (2006). How many interviews are enough? An experiment with data saturation and validity. Field Methods. Vol. 18 (1) 59-82
LeCompte, M. (2000). Analyzing qualitative data. Theory Into Practice. Vol. 39 (3) 146-154.
Morse et al. (2002). Verification strategies for establishing reliability and validity in qualitative research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods. Vol. 1 (2) 13-22.
Database Data Warehouse Design
Our company, Data Analytic Limited, specializes in collecting and analyzing data for various organizations. Over the years, we have assisted various companies to turn raw data into valuable information that assists the companies in making effective decision profitable in the short and long run. Our research and data analytics are geared towards giving extra edge to various companies. Our services include processing and analyzing terabytes of data to provide customer meaningful information for business decision and enhance competitive market advantages. ecent growth of our company necessitates the needs to design and develop data warehouse that will accommodate large volume of customer data.
Objective of this project is to design and develop the data warehouse for our company.
Importance of Data Warehousing for our Organization
Comprehensive portfolios of our business include Business, Market, and Financial research, Data processing services and Domain based analytics. While the relational database…
Hillard, R. (2010). Information-Driven Business. UK. Wiley.
Microsoft (2012).Data Warehousing | Microsoft SQL Server 2012. Microsoft Corp.
Patil, P.S., Srikantha, R., Suryakant, B.P. (2011). Simplification in the Reporting and Analysis Optimization of the Data Warehousing System:, Foundation of Computer Science, 9 (6): 33 -- 37.
Rostek, K. (2010). Data Analytic Processing in Data Warehouses. Foundations of Management, 2(1), (2010), 99-116.
comfortable do you feel with data and the data collection and analysis process?
A better understanding on data, data collection, and analysis process informs me on the need to have effective training and professional development. With the increased diversity in data collection methods, I often face the challenge of grasping differentiated data, which require great skill and knowledge level. While enhancing the skills related to collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data, I am potentially equipped to adjust my knowledge to accommodate different needs. While accessing great data volumes, I have learnt to collect and analyze them in a timely manner (Johnson & La, 2010). Experts consider such skills crucial in understanding and identifying the areas that need improvement whilst applying tailored data in such situations. Data collection and analysis are useful processes especially when one has to make an informed decision.
Are you more likely to rely on quantitative data, qualitative…
Johnson, R.S., & La, S.R.A. (2010). Data strategies to uncover and eliminate hidden inequities: The wallpaper effect. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Corwin.
Klein, M.F. (2011). The Politics of curriculum decision-making: Issues in centralizing the curriculum. Albany: State University of New York Press.
easily reduced to a single data point. This allows researchers to find the answers to their questions quickly and in direct relation to the research question. However, one of the key drawbacks to quantitative research is that it often does not allow for a detailed exploration or to explore the "human" side of the equation. Quantitative research gives quick and simple answers, but it does not always provide the best solution to the research problem. Qualitative research provides greater depth and insight into the problem at hand.
According to Creswell (2007), "we conduct qualitative research because a problem or issue needs to be explored" (pg. 39). esearchers embark on the exploration of a phenomenon because of a "need to study a group or population, identify variables that can be measured, or hear silenced voices" (2007, pg. 40). esearchers ask open-ended questions to allow the participants to tell their stories, and…
Creswell, J.W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Flyybjerg, B. (2006). "Five Misunderstandings About Case Study Research." Qualitative
Inquiry, vol. 12, no. 2, April, pp. 219-245.
Flyybjerg, B (2011). "Case Study," in Norman K. Denzin and Yvonna S. Lincoln, eds., The Sage
emerged from the various sources above about how often a review of data should take place?
In principle, review of data should occur continuously and, more importantly, at intervals contemporaneous with ongoing lesson delivery to confer the maximum benefit to learners. By contrast, retrospective review of the data completely excludes current learners from the benefits of even the most prescient data analysis and any corresponding changes to the educational program or curriculum inspired by those analyses. In theory, the more frequently and regularly data review is conducted, the better for all stakeholders. Ideally, data review should occur on a day-by-day, hour-by-hour, or even minute-to-minute to provide maximum benefit. Realistically, periodic data review at practical intervals allows educators to respond to the implications of those data while those responses can still benefit current learners and without over-burdening the institution or the system's resources.
In the Canadian Report of Data Use PDF…
5. As you read through the SEDL article on school improvement through the use of data, can you see common themes to the Schmoker, Canadian Report, and the Texas School Turnaround center initiatives? Explain detailed reasons as to why or why not there have common themes.
All of the referenced articles share a broad common theme: namely, that the quality of modern education systems can be improved through a purposeful collection of relevant data and the implementation of policies, practices, and procedures according to the evidence of need disclosed by data analysis. Where the referenced articles differ is in connection with what they regard as the most important aspects of improvement through conceptual vision, strategy, and operational change management. The SEDL article mainly presents the process of educational system improvement through the application of data for that purpose. The Texas Turnaround Austin ISD Program suggests that the necessary data-analysis skills and conceptual understanding among educators can be established through annual summertime retreats.
Mike Schmoker would characterize the goals set by the 2011 Region XIII Texas Turnaround Framework as too complex and overly ambitious and would encourage the more conservative framing of goals and strategies for reaching them. The Canadian report would support the approach provided by Schmoker, but would apply the same focus on preparing educators to understand and apply data at two different levels. That outline advocates the training of individual educators to understand data but it also introduces the concept of promoting a culture of data comprehension throughout educational institutions and systems.
Quantity and Quality
Describe the strengths and limitations of the provided data collection instrument for gathering data you need to evaluate the fitness course in the scenario provided.
The strength of the data collection instrument suggested is that it can be uniformly applied. The students are enrolled in three weeks each of five different activities for a total of fifteen weeks each. The research study will be for a period of three years meaning that at least ten groups of students can be utilized in the research and the same questionnaire can be used in all ten groups of students. The limitation is that with any survey, the results will be dependent on the reports of the participants of the study. Given that it is both a pre- and post- questionnaire, researchers must believe in the self-report of the individuals participating which allows for a great deal of fallibility (McKenzie…
Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012). Program evaluation and evaluation instruments. Baltimore, MD: Author.
McKenzie, J.F., Neiger, B.L., & Thackeray, R. (2013). Measurement, measures, measurement instruments, and sampling. Planning, Implementing, and Evaluating Health Promotion Programs (6th ed.). Pearson: San Francisco, CA.
control group as well as potential other study groups (grade level and ability level
DCS2 -- Field Notes/Observational ecords -- Observation of the above classes engaged in either a various lessons; take detailed notes on behaviors observed and current strategies being use to refocus or mitigate that behavior.
DCS3 -- Audiotaped Interviews (Children) -- Interview students about ways they believe behavior or management intervention can be effective. Students innately understand that certain behaviors are acceptable and certain ones unacceptable, within the classroom. Use this to get their view on how they believe a teacher can be effective in classroom management and what that means to them.
DCS4 -- Interviews with experts -- Similarly, interview experts in the field of behavioral psychology, long-term teachers, or specialists in classroom management to discuss appropriate levels of classroom management and intervention techniques.
DCS5 -- Behavioral Scales -- Once literature review and interviews are complete,…
Churchward, B. (2009). 11 Techniques for Better Classroom Discipline. Discipline by
Design. Cited in:
Craig, D.V. (2009). Action Research Essentials. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.
Databases and Data Communications
Understanding whether or not the need for a database exist occurs within several types of businesses at all levels. Several professionals have taken time to determine this need in order to improve operations within their operations. These professionals include educational institutions and doctors, as well as insurance companies. Databases are becoming a part of everyday living. There are several things a database can bring to a company which includes, efficiency and the ability to manipulate, input and use information. These benefits provide organizations with powerful decision making tools that aid in onscreen delivery and printed reports. Possessing a database management system is an essential tool in the ability of an organization to retrieve and store mass amounts of data at command. Although the possibility of a database being nothing greater than a time consuming expense, when used properly, a database can be an asset to any…
Business Dictionary, (2012), Decision Support System (DSS), Retrieved from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/decision-support-system-DSS.html
Kroenke, D.M. (2012). MIS Essentials (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice
Decision Making Situations
One of the most critical issues that gripping our national debate today is the issue of unemployment and the subsequent concerns the rate of unemployment raises, regarding the U.S. economy's ability to fully recover. According to the Bureau of Labor and Statistics, the unemployment rate was 5.6% in January.
Unemployment rates for most major worker groups, including adult men (5.1%), adult women (5.0%), teenagers (16.7%), whites (4.9%), and blacks (10.5%) -- were little changed in January. The unemployment rate for Hispanics rose to 7.3% over the month, about the same rate as last fall. The unemployment rate for Asians was 5.2% in January, not seasonally adjusted." (Unemployed situation summary, 2004).
The Government conducts a monthly sample survey called the Current Population Survey (CPS) to measure the extent of unemployment in the country. (FAQ, 2004) Thus the method of data compilation is not universal; rather it is a…
FAQ." (2004). Bureau of Labor and Statistics. Retrieved on February 23, 2004 at http://www.bls.gov/cps/cps_faq.htm#Ques1
Unemployment situation summary." (2004) Bureau of Labor and Statistics. Retrieved on February 23, 2004 at http://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.nr0.htm
Occupational outlook handbook." (2004). Bureau of Labor and Statistics. Retrieved on February 23, 2004 at http://www.bls.gov/oco/home.htm
Qualitative data is characterized by the deep, rich aspects that enable researchers to enter the realm of the participants in a study. Qualitative research projects are characterized by considerable coordination challenges and tight deadlines. Business clients of market research providers and academic research colleagues anticipate that the value qualitative researchers bring to inquiry is the ability to analyze and interpret, providing insights or contributions to themes. But often these processes are given short shrift with regard to time allotments in the overall inquiry process.
Challenges of Qualitative Data Analysis (QDA)
Data analysis software is a strong tool for textual analysis, and the benefits fall primarily into three categories: (1) Efficient systematic analysis, (2) effective retrieval and identification of data, and (3) capacity. Data analysis software is a grounded in machine learning -- algorithms and mathematical approaches to textual analysis that are interpretation neutral. That is, either patterns exist in…
NVivo: NVivo supports the cognitive activities associated with qualitative research and the productivity capabilities for managing large amounts of data are strong. The students-only license is $189. The full NVivo 9 license is $650 for 1 computer installation with indefinite use.
Source: NVivo. http://www.qsrinternational.com/products_nvivo_pricing_pricelist.aspx
Atlas.ti: Use Atlas.ti collect, manage, analyze, and share both primary and secondary qualitative data. The learning curve is short, operations are intuitive, and it has embedded survey and transcription components. The cost is $99 for a student license and $1,800 for a regular single user license. Source: Atlas.ti. http://www.atlasti.co
City of Alexandria -- Time Series Data
Tufte (2001) and other ambassadors of the visual display of data have shown us how easily it is to understand complex data when it is graphically represented in ways that our minds are designed to understand. Tufte argues that "experience with the analysis of data…is essential for achieving precision and grace in the presence of statistics, .but even textbook of graphical design are silent about how to think about numbers" (Tufte, 2001, p. 104). Tufke remarks, that "Illustrators too often see their work as an exclusively artistic enterprise -- the words "creative," "concept," and "style" combine regularly in all possible permutations -- a Big Think jargon for the small task of constructing a time-series a few data points long" (Tufte, 2001, p. 204). Visual display of data has other uses than simply an elegant way to view, appreciate, and analyze data. The process…
Averch, H.A. (XXX). Chapter 10 Using expert judgment. [In XXXX].
Gladwell, M. (2007, November 12). Dangerous minds: Criminal profiling made easy. The New Yorker.
Miller, J.E. (2005). The Chicago guide to writing about multivariate analysis. Chicago, Il.: University of Chicago Press.
Meier,, K.J., Brudney, J.L., and Bohte, J. (2005). Applied statistics for public and nonprofit Administration, 6th ed. Belmont, CA: Thompson Wadsworth.