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Hollywood Movies made on Disasters
World Trade Centre (2006)
esponse to Disaster Movies
easons for Watching Disaster Movies
The Impacts of Natural Disasters on Mental Health
Traumas and Weaknesses
esponse to Natural Disasters in eality
Why Disaster Movies?
Dealing with Disaster Effects
Disasters are the sudden occurrence of certain events that results in causing a huge amount of damage, loss and destruction to the human life and the nature. The harm or damage caused by the disasters cannot be measured and demands upon the geographical location, the climate or the other environmental factors. Eventually these disasters affect the mental condition, socio-economic, political and cultural condition of the affected area. Generally disasters have the following effect on the influenced areas.
It completely changes the normal life routine.
It affects the emergency system.
The normal needs of life are shortened like food, shelter and…
Brent, J. (2006). Plot Summary. World Trade Centre.
Golembiewski, J. (2013, january 14). The Conversation. Natural Disasters have Unexpected Impacts on Mental Health.
J.Lazarus, P. (2003). Responding to Natural Disaster. Helping Children and Families.
M.Winstanley. (2009, May 28). BBC News. Have Disaster Movies had their Day?
Disaster and Internation Agencies
Countries face increased risk from a full range of known to unknown crisis. Disaster consequences have greater severe effects on populations and environments. The governments try their level best to take action to prepare for and mitigate the effects of this natural, technological and intentional hazard. Although efforts have been invested in curbing the occurrences of this hazard it still becomes difficult, not only to local response capacities but also the response capacities of entire nations or regions. This calls for support from the international community, intervention, requiring international disaster management. The international agencies comprise of international Federation of ed Cross and ed Crescent societies, the United Nations, various Non-government organizations (NGOs).These agencies are involved in four phases of emergency management that is mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery.
In this paper we will look at two international agencies:
The International ed Cross and Crescent…
Bilham (2006) the 1737 Calcutta earthquake and cyclone evaluated, Bull.seism.soc.amer
Favez, Jean Claude (2009) Red Cross and the holocaust, cambrige university press
Wanfield, c. (2004) disaster management cycle
This fact has made recovery and preparation for the next disaster all the more difficult.
The critical infrastructures in the world, and in the U.S. In particular, have become increasingly dependent on one another. Disasters that singly affect one critical infrastructure will have cascading negative effects for all of the other interdependent infrastructures. In those cases in which energy infrastructures are damaged from the outset, the impacts on the rest of the network of interdependent systems and infrastructures are especially dramatic. Without access to energy, recovery after any disaster is difficult and since all infrastructures depend on energy inputs in one form or another, the collapse of an energy infrastructure can be especially devastating. Nonetheless, the important lesson to retain from these disasters discussed above is that all of our existing critical infrastructures are increasingly dependent on each other to operate and, as a result, increasingly susceptible to collapse and…
Casazza, J. 2004, 'What caused the blackout?', Energy, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 43-45.
Cratty, B. And Fellhoelter, K. 2004, 'One year later: lessons learned from the August 14th blackout', Energy User News, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 10-12.
Gallagher, J. 2005, 'Struggling in Katrina's wake', Traffic World, vol. 269, no. 37, pp. 10-12.
Lorinc, J. 2004, 'Power hungry: a year after the great summer blackout, the future looks dim', Toronto Life, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 55-58.
The Director will be responsible for compiling a monthly and yearly calendar that will detail the continuing education credit offerings, which are approved by the airport for attendance by staff including both optional and required events, and any outside offerings identified by staff will require prior approval for the allowance of credit toward the yearly goal. Pilots are responsible for maintaining certification for pilot's license and utilization of facility and are subject to a separate review of documentation by the pilot's association chair and vice chair with all concerns to be submitted both verbally and in writing to the director of the airport, if concerns arise. The chair and vice chair along with the director will be responsible for compiling a list of eliminated pilot's due to failure to comply with requirements to reception and tower staff, to ensure that said pilots do not utilize facilities while out of compliance.…
Disaster Specific Plans
Emergencies can be and have always been when we least expect them. This means we need to have plans to respond to them in a manner that will put the larger population out of danger and in the safest position possible. There are a wide variety of disasters like fire, earthquake, flooding, Tsunami, terrorist attack (by explosion or chemical), accidents in large scales like trains or plane, wild fires and so many other categories of disasters that can befall us on a daily basis.
The general emergency response/mitigation plans are good, though not good enough to have as a standard for the entire city. It can only be applicable in situations where there is a preliminary training of staff within a small organization, or general refresher courses/training for people who had already undergone the full disaster response training.,
There are several factors that makes the specific disaster…
FEMA, (2012). NIMS Recommended Standard List. Retrieved May 31, 2012 from http://www.fema.gov/library/viewRecord.do?id=3139
Three Mile Island and the Challenger Disasters
The series of memo's entitled "The Filthy Five from the Three Mile Island Disaster" details how a conflict over the operation of the Three Mile Nuclear Facility, between the Babcock & ilcox Company and the operators of the Three Mile Island Nuclear facility, led to the greatest nuclear power disaster in the history of the United States. hile the builders of the reactor warned the operators that their operating procedures were incorrect, the operators refused to accept the findings of the builders and continued to operate the facility incorrectly, with the result being a nuclear power disaster.
The initial memo, called "Memo 1," explains two incidents where operators did not follow procedures as recommended by the B& company. (Kelly) In response, came "Memo 2," which was written by the management of the facility and stated that the other operators "responded in the…
Cook, R. Memo 1 (Cook). 23 July, 1985. The Challenger Disaster.
Davids, Irv. Memo 2 (Davids). 17 July, 1985. The Challenger Disaster.
Dunn, Bert. Memo 3 (Dunn). 9 February, 1978. The Filthy Five from the Three Mile Island Disaster.
Dunn, Bert. Memo 4 (Dunn). 16 February, 1978. The Filthy Five from the Three Mile Island Disaster.
They are likely to relate well to programs staffed by people similar to themselves, so senior volunteers might be very effective.
Kilijanek & Drabek:
1. This study was a quasi-experimental study of the effects of a major tornado one subset of the affected population - the elderly
2. The research looked at the impact of natural disaster on different segments of society; compared types of loss with four age groups in the affected area; which groups made use of available aid, both personal and external; compared victim and non-victim groups; and looked at the effects of the disaster on the physical and mental health of victims.
3. 33% of the older victims reported losing items of sentimental value, things that represented the spans of their lives, such as landscaping, which many had put years of effort into.
4. It means that different groups responded to the question in markedly different…
Japan may seem a long way away from a high school in America, but the images shown on the nightly news of people suffering horrendous conditions are real people, like myself. Although the tragedy may have happened on the other side of the world, there is something that I could do, just a small part in the overall effort to aid the thousands of suffering Japanese, my part. And while my part may have been small in the larger scale, the overall effort could not have succeeded without thousands of people doing their small part. I am proud to have been a small part of that effort.
Finally, it took the suffering of people around the world to stir something in me that I did not know that I had. When I saw those terrible images, the death and destruction, I knew I wanted to help but I did not…
"Magnitude 9.0 - NEAR the COAST of HONSHU, JAPAN." U.S. Geological Survey
Earthquake Hazards Program. Retrieved from http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2011/usc0001xgp/%20//%20summary
Although disasters may result in an outpouring of compassion, many victims still suffer from chronic need of assistance in a disaster’s wake. Disaster preparedness obviously plays a critical role in obviating the need for intensive relief efforts, but no disaster preparations can entirely eliminate the possibility that a disaster can generate tremendous loss of life and destruction of property. People may show apathy in the face of the possibility of meeting with destruction themselves and losing their homes because the possibility seems so remote before a storm hits or if previous predictions have not come to fruition in a particularly terrible fashion. If others meet with disaster, populations may show apathy likewise due to the fact that the disaster is in a relatively remote location, and is happening to people to whom they feel little connection.
Fatigue, in other words, may be one of the primary reasons people show apathy…
Carter, A. (2014). Are you suffering from compassion fatigue? Psychology Today. Retrieved from: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/high-octane-women/201407/are-you- suffering-compassion-fatigue
Resnick, B. (2017).Why some people never evacuate during a hurricane, according to a psychologist. Vox. Retrieved from: https://www.vox.com/science-and- health/2017/8/25/16202296/hurricane-florence-2018-evacuation-psychology
Wilde, C. (2013). Complacency, apathy lead people to ignore disaster warnings, researchers say. Retrieved from: http://www.buffalo.edu/news/releases/2013/06/048.html
Disaster esponse and Business Continuity Plan
The disaster response of the U.S. military consists of well-coordinated processes that ensure effective response and minimization of loss of lives and property among the affected populations. As stated by the safety administrator, the response comprises of different stages with unique activities conducted to minimize losses and damage to property of the affected populations. As a responsive strategy, the U.S. Military Hospitals assess the nature and severity of the disaster facing the American society. The assessment assists the response team with comprehensive information related to the scope and impacts of the disaster. The information obtained from the assessment facilitates the adoption of sound decisions applicable to managing the impacts of the disaster. In addition, the assessment provides the team with adequate information required for creating awareness in the society alongside the development of the plan for resources required to facilitate the minimization of the…
Keyes, D.C., & Jonathan L.Burstein. (2005). Medical response to terrorism: Preparedness and clinical practice. Philadelphia [u.a.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Disaster Life Cycles and Major Disaster Events
A disaster is an encounter between human population and the forces of harm in harm's way with its influences being in the ecological context (McDaniels & Small, 2004). Disaster causing hazards follow from either natural occurrences or human activities. Natural disasters include volcanic eruptions, floods, forest fires or wildfires, tornadoes and hurricanes. Human disasters include terrorist attacks, war and deforestation (Wynne, 2008). In this paper, floods and war are the chosen disasters for discussion.
Disaster Life Cycle
Disaster life cycle gives four main components that help to reduce vulnerability to people with high potential of suffering or reducing its severity once it occurs. These include mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery (Grossi & Kunreuther, 2005). Mitigation entails exercises for minimizing or preventing the negative effects of possible disasters. Mitigation involves an analysis of possible disaster and coming up with strategies to minimize…
Grossi, P., & Kunreuther, H. (2005). Catastrophe Modeling: A New Approach to Managing Risk. (Eds) New York: Springer.
McDaniels, T., & Small, M.J. (2004). Valuing Risk Management Choices, (Risk Analysis and Society. An Interdisciplinary Characterization of the Field) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wynne, B. (2008). Risk and Environment as Legitimatory Discourses of Technology: Reflexivity Inside Out? Current Sociology, 50(30), 459-477.
Disaster recovery refers to the IT components of the business that, in times of a disaster, need to be safeguarded so that business can be continued. Disaster recovery is more a preventive plan set in motion prior to the organization and implementation of the business than a series of actions that are followed once the disaster hits the company. Given that most companies are, to a large extent and in many ways, reliant on their IT system, and that collapse of IT system has ramifications beyond the company, disaster recovery has become a significant part of planning to today's organization.
Disasters can be classified into two areas:
Natural disasters -- for example floods, hurricanes, or earthquakes where mitigation measures ahead of time can work towards avoiding or reducing data loss and IT cessation.
Man-made disasters -- such as terrorism where surveillance and avoidance planning can also work towards mitigating and…
Bahan, C. The Disaster Recovery Plan. SANS Reading Room, 2003
Bell, Judy. Why Some Recovery Plans Won't Work. Disaster Recovery
Journal. Spring 2003
Disaster Preparedness Plan:
Georgia has been an area threatened by some of form of natural disaster that has a huge negative impact on the well-being of its residents and the personnel and financial resources of the emergency response agencies. The most common natural disaster that occurs in this area is tornadoes that have terrorized both the rural and urban areas while making everyone in danger of their perils. In the recent years, Georgia experienced deadly tornadoes that caused harm, damages, and deaths in approximately 15 counties within the state. Give the nature of these tragedies, residents of this state need to be prepared and planned on how to respond to such emergencies.
Tornadoes in Georgia:
Tornadoes are regarded as nature's most violent storms since they can generate wind speeds of over 250 mph and appear from nowhere with little warning ("March Marks Start of Active Tornado," n.d.). These natural disasters…
"Defining the Need." (2002). Georgia Amateur Radio Emergency Service. Retrieved January 31,
2012, from http://www.gaares.org/ARESPlan/potential_disasters_in_georgia.html#tornadoes
"Georgia Emergency Operations Plan." (2010, August). GEMA / Homeland Security.
Retrieved from Georgia Emergency Management Agency / Homeland Security website: http://www.gema.ga.gov/content/atts/prepare/Plans%20and%20Maps/Plan%20Library/GEOP2010.pdf
Disaster in Franklin County
Explain the role of the major public health personnel, including the public health nurse, involved in the disaster.
There are many expectations of the public health personnel in such a situation. The major one is to take care of the security of the affected right on the spot. In addition, the general welfare of the whole society is also a role that the personnel have to play immediately. Moreover, it is imperative that the personnel also give attention to any future issues that may arise in relation to the disaster. In this instance, the nurse is also part of this team and, therefore, is expected to perform all these obligations (Olson et al. 2010). In this particular disaster, the concerns that required urgent attention were the welfare of the people. These include food and water, which are necessary for the survival of the casualties. Power is…
Couig, M., Johnson, K.A., & Rick, S. (2011). Nursing Scope of Practice Issues in Public Health
Emergencies. Journal Of Nursing Regulation, 2(3), 13.
Olson, D., Scheller, A., Larson, S., Lindeke, L., & Edwardson, S. (2010). Using gaming simulation to evaluate bioterrorism and emergency readiness education. Public Health
Reports (Washington, D.C.: 1974), 125(3), 468-477.
Emergency Planning and Disaster ecovery: Technological and Managerial Solutions
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is a body that is entrusted with alerting, evacuation coordination and managing disaster situations. Their website http://www.fema.gov/emergency-alert-system-eas deals with emergency issues and how response to disasters are usually undertaken by the agency. This portal in particular covers the use if technology to advance alert systems to the general public during and impending disaster. The alert system that is used by the agency and several other bodies will be focus of the paper and a detailed look at how successful these alert systems described in the FEMA website are and how they can be improved to ensure a much higher success rate in the future.
The approaching disaster alert system described in the FEMA website is known as the Emergency Alert System (EAS). This is a system that is used by the alerting authorities to…
FEMA, (2012). Emergency Alert System. Retrieved July 21, 2012 from http://www.fema.gov/emergency-alert-system-eas
For example, the company could consider placing the data recovery system in the desert between West Texas and Nevada. In general, these areas are not subject to tornados or hurricanes. You could then choose, to place the location for all backup servers in a facility that will protect it against the weather such as: placing it underground. Once the facility is complete, you want to ensure that there is key staff to monitor and address any kind of issues that arise. Using such a system, will allow you to reduce the overall amounts of lost data that can occur at a particular location (due to weather / terrorist related activity).
Emergency Operations Center
The next issue that is going to be faced by the company / location is: establishing an Emergency Operations Center (EOC). In general, an EOC will serve as a place where the company can effectively coordinate a…
Great Britain Intelligence and Security Committee." Report into London Terrorist Attacks on 7 July 2005." London:
Stationary Office. 2006. Print.
Hoffer, Jim. "Backing Up Business - Industry Trend or Event." Health Management Technology, 12.9, (2001): 79
As Nielsen and Lidstone (1998) note,
It is ironic that the public demands safety yet a number of cost-effective and feasible measures to mitigate disasters are not adopted by many... Such a failure of the public to adopt disaster mitigation measures has a long record in Australia
(Nielsen and Lidstone 1998)
This attitude is one of the reasons given for the greater emphasis on public education. In theoretical terms, the view is put forward that an educated public will be able to deal with emergencies and disasters more effectively and that this should form an integral part of emergency and disaster management and planning. This in turn has resulted in a "...renewal of focus, at both a national and global level, upon public education as a means to disaster mitigation" (Nielsen and Lidstone 1998). To this end the Federal Emergency Management Agency of the United States (FEMA) has collected data…
Asghar S. et al. Dynamic integrated model for decision support systems. I. j. Of simulation 6. (http://www.ema.gov.au/agd/EMA/rwpattach.nsf/viewasattachmentpersonal/(85FE07930A2BB4482E194CD03685A8EB)~Public_education_and_disaster_management.pdf/$file/Public_education_and_disaster_management.pdf. (Accessed July 15, 2008).
D'Ercole, R. 1994. "Les Vulnerabilites des Societes et des Espaces
Urbanises: Concepts, Typologies, Mode d'Analyse." Revue de
Geographie Alpine 32 (4): 87-96.
("About FEMA," 2007)
The method followed by FEMA is to lead the country in cases of a disaster, in a risk-based comprehensive emergency management system that would have as its important tenets preparedness, protection, response and recovery, and finally, mitigation of the losses that the people have suffered. These are some of the plans that FEMA has in place, and for which it recruits trainees: the National esponse Plan, strategic Plan, and Annual Agency Performance Plan. The National esponse Plan encompasses a sort of a complete and all hazards approach to the management of domestic incidents. Some of the protocols that the National esponse Plan have established are: to save lives and also to effectively protect the lives and the health and safety of the public, the responders to the calamity, and to the health care and rescue workers at the scene, while at the same time making sure that…
Auerhahn, Elliot. (2006, Jun) "Broward's new Hurricane Ready Decal
Program Helps Residents Identify Businesses That Will Be Open after a Hurricane" Retrieved 12 October, 2007 at http://bcegov2.broward.org/newsrelease/viewscreen.asp?MessageID=1168
Brunelli, Mark. (2003, Jun) "Data Center Futures: More companies seeking to create internal disaster recovery centers" Retrieved 12 October, 2007 at http://searchwebservices.techtarget.com/tip/0,289483,sid26_gci905212,00.html
Hickey, Andrew R. (2006, Oct) "Disaster Recovery centre focuses on network management" Retrieved 12 October, 2007 at http://searchtelecom.techtarget.com/originalContent/0,289142,sid103_gci1222603,00.html
In the wake of a disaster, a business is likely to suffer from a reduction of revenue, until the normal business climate returns. In some cases, the normal business climate may take years to return, and the loss of business will be prolonged. The loss of business can be insured against to some degree, but there are also systemic steps that can be taken to mitigate the damage. Having a low debt level can help a business to survive a post-disaster slowdown, because the business will still be able to meet its financial obligations even with reduced revenue streams. Diversification, in particular geographic diversification, can help as well. A small restaurant operator with three restaurants in Miami is more susceptible to business failure post-hurricane than a restauranteur with three locations spread between Miami, Tampa and Orlando, since any given hurricane will only close one restaurant in the group instead of…
Accenture. (2010). Business continuity and disaster recovery planning. Accenture. Retrieved November 27, 2010 from http://www.accenture.com/Global/Technology/Technology_Consulting/Security-Solutions/Services/ContinuityDisasterRecover.htm
Momani, N. (2010). Business continuity planning: Are we prepared for future disasters. American Journal of Economics and Business Administration. Vol. 2 (3) 272-279.
In the second hypothesis of the proposed research project, disaster management and emergency response are critical areas which can be explored further in terms of the United States' current performance in this area, applied in the context of national security. he second hypothesis of the study states that, there is a significant relationship between performance/competence in disaster preparedness and emergency response capabilities and the successful implementation of homeland security in the United States.
o test this hypothesis, the important variables that must be taken into consideration are (1) performance or competence in terms of disaster management and emergency response and (2) successful implementation of homeland security in the U.S. o measure performance or competence in terms of disaster management and emergency response, specific measures that could help determine this variable are the following: competency of individuals in agencies and departments responsible for disaster management and emergency response (on…
This journal article explores the disaster preparedness of the government in terms of a medical emergency response in the event that a disaster or attack (such as the September 11 attack) occurs in U.S. territory. One of the identified issues in medical emergency response is the lack of resources (staff and capacity in hospitals) necessary for an effective emergency response to be implemented in hospitals (i.e., from a medical perspective).
Waeckerle, J. (2000). "Domestic preparedness for events involving weapons of mass destruction." Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 293, No. 2.
The article discusses the importance of frequent and intensive trainings as an effective mitigation plan in disaster management and emergency response planning. The discussion centers on preparedness in terms of responding to emergencies related to attacks with weapons of mass destruction or WMDs. The model introduced by the author proposed subsistence to the following steps in curtailing or preventing a WMD attack from escalating, such as: establishment of a surveillance system; specific training for health care personnel; and a central federal coordinating office responsible for spearheading an effective emergency response program, which would include the state and local representatives of law enforcement, fire services, emergency managers, and healthcare professionals.
In the modern era, it is important that government from the federal to the local level have risk management plans in place for natural disasters, man-made issues and of course, terrorism. Generally speaking, risk management helps identify, prioritize and put plans in place regarding areas of risk that can impact the community. The overall purpose of risk management is so that agencies can be proactive in their identification and implementing plans for disasters and risks since in the modern world these plans involve numerous agencies and complex coordination. Thankfully, standards have been developed that organize risk management by looking at six general paradigms: 1) Identifying risks in the context of the area (e.g. flood planning is less important in Arizona than in Louisiana); 2) Planning a process to mitigate the situation (who is in charge); 3) Mapping the objectives of stakeholders (who will be involved); 4) Developing a…
Colorado Division of Emergency Management. (2013). News, Info and Preparedness.
Retrieved from: http://www.coemergency.com/
Drabek, T., et.al.. (1991). Emergency Management: Principles and Practices for Local Government. International City Management Association.
Frenkel, M., Hommel, U., & Rudolf, M. (Eds.). (2005). Risk Management - Challenge and Opportunity. New York: Springer.
Answering the posed question depends on one's understanding of "substantially different." On the one hand, there is the basic commonality of a recognition of the threat that natural hazards and man made activities pose upon environmental safety. Also, there is the common element of intensified efforts made in the direction of attaining environmental sustainability. What differs however is the extent to which researchers, lawmakers, organizations and individuals will go to protect the environment. Additionally, differences are obvious in terms of the emergence of new threats, such as bioterrorism. So yes, even if they refer to environmental threats and protection, the issues throughout this course will be substantially different from those forwarded in 1996.
Charlesworth, a., 29 September 2009, Cost-Cutting Takes Precedence Over Environmental Concersn, Computing, http://www.computing.co.uk/computing/news/2250303/cost-cutting-takes-precedence last accessed on October 2, 2009
Logue, J.N., 1996, Disasters, the Environment, and Public Health: Improving Our esponse, American Journal of Public Health,…
Charlesworth, a., 29 September 2009, Cost-Cutting Takes Precedence Over Environmental Concersn, Computing, http://www.computing.co.uk/computing/news/2250303/cost-cutting-takes-precedence last accessed on October 2, 2009
Logue, J.N., 1996, Disasters, the Environment, and Public Health: Improving Our Response, American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 86, No. 9
Revkin, a.C., January 22, 2009, Environmental Issues Slide in Poll of Public's Concerns, New York Times
2009, Fuel Economy Website, http://www.fueleconomy.gov last accessed on October 2, 2009
This would likely have resulted in a long delay in raising suitable support to those health care professionals already at the disaster site.
Duties of the DMAT
The initial duties of the DMAT were to assist the nursing team at Charlotte egional Medical Centre as most nurses there had been on duty for around 40 hours. This was due to the problems which relief staff had in getting to the facility and also the problems which had been caused at the hospital due to the power failures and the structural damage that had been inflicted on the hospital (Cohen and Mulvaney). This initial aid that the DMAT provided was invaluable, as if they had not been so well prepared and arrived so early there would have been far greater pressure on the staff at the hospital, which would have greatly reduced the quality of care which the patients received.
Cohen, Sharon S. And Karen Mulvaney. "Field observations: Disaster Medical Assistance Team response for Hurricane Charley, Punta Gorda, Florida, August 2004." Disaster Management and Response 3.1 (2005): 22-27.
Mace, Sharon E., Jaszmine T. Jones and Andrew I. Bern. "An analysis of Disaster Medical Assistance Team (DMAT) deployments in the United States." Prehospital Emergency Care 11 (2007): 30-35.
McEntire, David a. Disaster Response and Recovery: Strategies and Tactics for Resilience. Indianapolis: Wiley, 2007. 156-157.
South Florida Regional DMAT FL 5 / IMSuRT South. 2007. South Florida Regional DMAT FL5. 31 October 2007 http://www.fl5dmat.com/ .
The Public Manager. 31.
In "World Trade Center Recovery: A Challenge't Traditional Disaster Management" (2002), Melissa M. oward and Richard a. Buck describe how the bombing of the World Trade Center in New York was such an unexpected catastrophe, that normal forms of recovery plans are not equip to fully dealing with the situation. Because of the massive monetary cost of the horrible event was much more than the federal Disaster Fund through FEMA could imagine. Also, the president decided that the federal government would recovery 100% of the damage, rather than the standard 75%. The authors want to show how inefficient even this nation's best laid plans are, and show how the federal government needs to be more flexible and creative with their solutions for disaster management. They are writing to the educated and active portion of the public, who would then try to take action…
Howard, Melissa M., Buck, Richard a.
2002 World Trade Center Recovery: A Challenge to Traditional Disaster Management. The Public Manager. 31.
In "World Trade Center Recovery: A Challenge't Traditional Disaster Management" (2002), Melissa M. Howard and Richard a. Buck describe how the bombing of the World Trade Center in New York was such an unexpected catastrophe, that normal forms of recovery plans are not equip to fully dealing with the situation. Because of the massive monetary cost of the horrible event was much more than the federal Disaster Fund through FEMA could imagine. Also, the president decided that the federal government would recovery 100% of the damage, rather than the standard 75%. The authors want to show how inefficient even this nation's best laid plans are, and show how the federal government needs to be more flexible and creative with their solutions for disaster management. They are writing to the educated and active portion of the public, who would then try to take action to change disaster relief policies within the U.S. government.
Avoid dangerous spots near a window, hanging objects, mirrors, or merchandise fixtures
If you take cover under a piece of furniture, be sure to hold onto it. If the furniture moves be prepared to move and navigate along with it
Hold the position until the aftershock abates and it's safe to proceed further.
A pandemic or other people disaster has struck, and people resources (employees) have been impacted.
Being located in South Florida, heavy rains will undoubtedly occur. These rains coupled with the high prevalence of winds increases the likelihood of a flood. This problem is further compounded as the hurricane season is south Florida is predicated with high winds and rain. Floods can be troublesome for XYZ personnel as merchandise is damaged, the threat of electrical damage is increased, and the water damage to the facility can be substantial (United States Department of Commerce, 2006). In…
1) Amanda Ripley. "Floods, Tornadoes, Hurricanes, Wildfires, Earthquakes... Why We Don't Prepare. "Time. August 28, 2006.
2) Burgos, Jr., Nestor P. (11/07/2010). "Iloilo power firms asked to explain brownouts." Philippine Daily Inquireir. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/inquirerheadlines/regions/view/20101107-301974/Iloilo-power-firms-asked-to-explain-brownouts. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
3) Dobson et al. Blackout Mitigation Assessment in Power Transmission Systems. System Sciences 2003. July 20, 2011
4) Petroski, Henry (2006). Levees and Other Raised Ground. 94. American Scientist. pp. 7 -- 18..
Disaster Preparedness Research: Proposed Methodology
Exploring the issue of disaster preparedness in emergency centers and trauma clinics require not only an understanding of the challenges that have been experienced in the past (i.e., lack of supplies and/or equipment, staff shortage, poor management, among many others) and through extant literature on the topic, but also an understanding of how these emergency centers and trauma clinics operate in the event of a disaster or an emergency.
It is only through understanding the operations of emergency centers and trauma clinics that the researcher would be able to fully explore, identify, and determine weak and strong points that is the current situation in emergency and disaster preparedness management. In order to do this, a research into the operations of emergency centers and trauma clinics must be conducted. In line with this requirement, the proposed methodology for the research study on determining points of improvement…
Disaster Recovery Plan for "The Travel Company"
My company has developed an efficient disaster recovery plan with the purpose to deal with potential threats. One of the first and most important concepts that the company makes use of is a constant saving program meant to make sure that saved files are backed up each time their users save them. This means that even though a file might be lost for the moment, the respective document's user can check the server and see the last saved instance of the file.
In order for them to be able to contribute to recovering lost files, employees are also provided with instructions meant to assist them in saving and recovering files effectively.
Considering that they are a major asset in the company, customers are among the first concepts that the company thinks about when considering the likeliness of a disaster occurring. Customers need to…
There is a modern emphasis, which has resulted from the experience of the economic impact of disaster, on a more extensive and 'distributed' mode of thinking about disaster recovery. This is an important factor that should be stressed as it has direct implications in terms of the economic aspects of disaster recovery planning in an increasingly networked and technologized contemporary working environment. This aspect is cogently expressed in a White Paper on this issue.
Many organizations have strong business recovery plans for their mainframe and mini-computer systems. but, as more and more critical applications are migrated to distributed systems, companies are becoming concerned about how they can protect these systems in the event of a disaster. Chances of a disaster increase significantly as systems are moved away from traditional central computer facilities that have hardened security and environmental controls.
(Disaster ecovery - a White Paper)
This emphasizes a cardinal issue…
Bielski, L. (2002). Thinking the Unthinkable: Often Dismissed as Mere "Insurance," Disaster Recovery Ought to Be Considered Part of the Lifeblood of Any Business. ABA Banking Journal, 94(1), 44+.
This article focuses on the subject of disaster management in the banking industry. It provides insight into actual situations where disaster recovery plans were effective in preventing large-scale economic loss. It also provides examples of what can occur when there is a poor or recovery plan. This is also a good background study that provides insight into the economic effects and implications of disaster in the it context.
Carlson, S.J., & Parker, D. (1998). Disaster Recovery Planning and Accounting Information Systems. Review of Business, 19(2), 10+.
This was a very useful article in that it provided an extensive and well written overview of issues surrounding disaster recovery and management. The article was particularly focused on the effects and implications in economic terms of the failure of disaster management planning. These aspects were compared to the effect of good and well thought out disaster planning.
Due to the Act North Carolina implemented a program known, as Advance Infrastructure Mitigation (AIM).It is a program designed to assist North Carolina's counties develop an infrastructure mitigation plan. This plan is now a requirement for counties following adoption of the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 by Congress and Senate Bill 300 an Act to Amend the Laws egarding Emergency Management, by the North Carolina General Assembly. (NCDEM, 2000)
This act helped insure that everyone is making viable efforts towards having emergency plans in place, by implement consequences for failure to comply with these regulations gives further support, and stresses the importance of having a current plan in place.
North Carolina Division of Emergency Management (2000). Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000. etrieved June 16, 2007, at…
North Carolina Division of Emergency Management (2000). Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000. Retrieved June 16, 2007, at http://www.dem.dcc.state.nc.us/PA/dma_2000_detail.htm
Tsunami in Japan
Japan has been having a series of natural disasters of great magnitude from some of which are recorded as early as 1920s with the most common disasters being the earthquakes resulting from seismic actions and storms. The worst of the quakes took place in 1923 with a casualty of 143,000 deaths followed by the March 2011 quake that occasioned a tsunami.
The magnitude of the 2011 earthquake in Japan that triggered the Tsunami from within the Pacific Ocean was 8.9 magnitude, a scale that way higher than the other quakes that have been happening in this region and the surrounding. It is worth noting however that this quake had been expected over many decades by earthquake specialists and geologists. They anticipated a huge earthquake but the magnitude of the quake was way higher than they expected hence the reason for the huge number of people…
The International database, (2012). Country Profile: Japan. Retrieved March 14, 2012 from http://www.emdat.be/result-country-profile
isk Management: Disaster ecovery
In essence, disaster recovery has got to do with protecting an organization against events of a negative nature and their effects/impact. Such events include, but they are not limited to, failure of equipment, serious cyber attacks, and natural disasters such as hurricanes and earthquakes. All these put the operations of the organization at risk. This text concerns itself with practical risk management. In so doing, it will, amongst other things, address the need for disaster recovery and highlight the key components of a disaster recovery plan.
The Need for Disaster isk Management
The relevance of disaster risk management cannot be overstated. This is particularly the case given that disasters put the continued operations of an enterprise at risk. It is important to note that in the past, many businesses have had to contend with huge losses when disasters strike. This is more so the case when…
Doig, J. (1997). Disaster Recovery for Archives, Libraries and Records Management Systems in Australia and New Zealand. Wagga, NSW: Center for Information Studies.
EC-Council. (2010). Disaster Recovery. Clifton Part, NY: Cengage Learning.
Rodriguez, R., Quarantelli, E.L. & Dynes, R. (Eds.). (2006). Handbook of Disaster Research. New York, NY: Springer Science & Business Media.
Snedaker, S. (2013). Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery Planning for IT Professionals (2nd ed.). Waltham, MA: Elsevier.
disaster recovery plan outlining several strategies that must be taken into consideration. The paper will further take into consideration the e-commerce as well as the brick and mortar operations. The reference page appends three sources in APA format.
Disaster Recovery Plan
When unprepared organizations are hit by disasters, the consequences are not only dire but often prolonged thereby robbing the companies of not only financial stability but also their hard earned established brand name and image. Since RJ compressors have an unwavering reputation for their high quality products and its compressors are known worldwide for their reliability and durability, it has to be prudent in making plans and formulating strategies in order to keep its reputation and established brand name intact. This is because, every firm entering the global market and wanting to stay there for generating handsome profits must not leave room for risks, disasters and threats in all…
Bagneris B, Galas D. Hudson J.M. (2003) SPHR. EBUS 520 - e-Law and Risk Management
Tufano P. (1996) - Harvard Univ. Graduate School of Business Administration, How Financial Engineering Can Advance Corporate Strategy., Harvard Business Review, 01-01
How to create a disaster recovery plan;
http://archive.devx.com/enterprise/articles/drecovery/DRPlan/DRPlan-1.asp (July 3, 2003)
Joplin Tornado Disaster
The Category EF-5 tornado that struck Joplin, Missouri, in 2011 devastated the region, killing 161 people and injuring over a thousand more (Smith, Sutter, 2013). In all, local, state and federal agencies and officials worked together to ensure a better response to the disaster, when compared to the debacle that was the response to Katrina; what was most notable about the disaster recovery in Joplin was that officials allowed the private sector "to lead the response and recovery (Smith, Sutter, 2013, p. 166). In other words, authorities from government agencies took a hands-off approach to the disaster response in Joplin and allowed non-profits and private organizations do the majority of the work. Volunteers took part in providing shelters and faith-based organizations rallied around the community to assist in the various needs using social media to help put out notices, organize and identify strategic aims; local organizations, churches…
After the Storm. (2012). Missouri's Commitment to Joplin. Retrieved from http://sema.dps.mo.gov/newspubs/publications/AfterTheStormMissouriCommitmentToJoplin.pdf
Bollin, S. (2011). The Day After: Recovery Efforts at St. John's Mercy Joplin.
Retrieved from https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwiD0u7YwLnNAhVOdlIKHZZ6DOgQFggeMAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.iowadnr.gov%2FPortals%2Fidnr%2Fuploads%2Fwaste%2FP2%2520Workshops%2520Resources%2F11oct05joplin.pdf&usg=AFQjCNFte_zoIqgVi1RC6ZHbBYvNI_UGoQ&sig2=X0DPREp-8vdIIfHMvjjSkg
Joplin Proud. (2016). Joplin Disaster Recovery Summit. Retrieved from http://www.joplinproud.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/JoplinProud-SummitProgram-8.5x11-WEB.pdf
Public Health Preparedness Policies
Accidents and disasters are unpredictable occurrences that may hardly be prevented from occurring. However, their effects can be minimized especially in a public health facility. These challenges are common many public places and many societies. It is the prerogative of all stakeholders to ensure that they have appropriate disaster preparedness mechanisms. Disaster preparedness is a systematic way of averting mishaps before they occur and ensuring that the entire program runs sustainably. It is the role of the management of any public health facility to secure a good place environment for the execution of any necessary precautionary measure that will avert disasters from happening. This is the fundamental rule of safety.
The responsibility of taking care of safety in any public health facility is a departmental head in charge of health safety. This department must be fully equipped with the personnel and the resources necessary for…
Hooke, W. (2010). Public Health Risks of Disasters Communication, Infrastructure, and Preparedness: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
Kapur, G. (2011). Emergency Public Health: Preparedness and Response. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Toms iver Township is a hub of the Jersey Shore. On October 29, 2012, "superstorm" Sandy hit the area, leaving widespread damage to property and infrastructure. A month after the storm hit, most of Toms iver homes are uninhabitable and businesses are far from returning to their "usual" operations. The mayor has been working closely with the state of New Jersey and federal agencies like FEMA, but requires the assistance of an experienced NGO like Acme Disaster Support Services (ADSS).
Goals of recovery include debris removal, restoration of infrastructure, essential services, and core structures, and returning the community to a livable state as soon as possible so that residents and business owners may return. ADSS serves in a support and organizational role, focusing primarily on facilitating communication and coordinating recovery efforts and activities. While ADSS does not supply actual funding or resources, we will help the township understand how to…
Katz, A. (2012). One month after Sandy: Where the storm came ashore. Time. Nov 29, 2012. Retrieved online: http://nation.time.com/2012/11/29/one-month-after-sandy-where-the-storm-came-ashore/
NOAA (n.d.). Toms River, NJ: Community Profile. Retrieved online: http://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/read/socialsci/pdf/NJ/toms%20river-nj.pdf
O'Neill, E. (2013). A year after Sandy, Toms River officials say dunes are top priority. New Jersey.com. Retrieved online: http://www.nj.com/ocean/index.ssf/2013/10/toms_river_sandy_one_year_later.html
Spoto, M.A. (2014). Hurricane Sandy recovery is slow but steady in Toms River, mayor says. New Jersey.com. Retrieved online: http://www.nj.com/ocean/index.ssf/2014/10/hurricane_sandy_recovery_is_slow_but_steady_in_toms_river_mayor_says.html
Communications Plan VMDR
Virtual Machine Disaster Recovery for Mom and Pop Shop. LLC
Banyon Jarvis Madeleine Coleman Yolanda Stephens
Project Description (Summary): Virtual Machine Disaster Recovery Site will be installing the tier 1, "cold site" back up scheme for Mr. And Mrs. Huntsman of Mom and Pop LLC. The company now needs to survey the location and set up of Mom and Pop, LLC in order to install and configure the back up plan appropriately.
Not all Stakeholders are located in the same geographical location
Stakeholder Name / Title
Elysia and Mario Hunstman
The customer who will work with the tier 1 of the Virtual Machine Disaster Recovery backup project. They are ultimately the final ones to sign off on the completion of the project and need to see the process of…
Tax Deductions Based on Falling Home Value
In any natural disaster where there were extreme losses to nearby homes, a house's value can fall dramatically. Ultimately, this raises home owner's insurance and sets the stage where the value of the home is lowered because of the potential for future damage. It is important to understand tax structures in order to try to compensate for some of these losses.
Although the house was not damaged itself, it was in an area where there was severe damage. The house next door was completely destroyed. This has severely impacted the value of the home. Not only is the value impacted by the fact that there is potential for future damage, it is also impacted by the damage caused by neighboring properties. The look of damaged property and the future construction that will be needed around the home will ultimately continue to keep a…
IRS. (2014). Topic 515: Casualty, disaster, and theft losses. Tax Topics. Web. http://www.irs.gov/taxtopics/tc515.html
Perez, William. (2013). Casualty & theft losses. Tax Planning: U.S. Web. http://taxes.about.com/od/deductionscredits/qt/CasualtyTheft.htm
Turbo Tax. (2014). About casualty deduction for Federal Income Tax. Tax Deductions and Credits. Web. https://turbotax.intuit.com/tax-tools/tax-tips/Tax-Deductions-and-Credits/About-Casualty-Deduction-for-Federal-Income-Tax/INF14772.html
Workplace Issues/Disaster Management -- Journal eview
Nursing profession faces pervasive horizontal violence and there is even a saying "nurses eat their young." Nurses should take efforts to bring a change in their existing professional culture. They can begin by sharing tips to overcome bullying and model positive behaviors. Nurses can exchange their experiences in horizontal violence through multiple workshops across the country. They have also examined different roles such as discussing contemporary perspectives, employing methods of engagement, promoting debate, and using practical resources to prevent horizontal violence. Those workshops indeed revealed increased knowledge regarding horizontal violence and its application to the workplace, among the nurses. Those evaluations are made through pre-tests/post-tests or written evaluations. Nurses need an exposure to practical approaches to deal with horizontal violence (Egues & Leinung, 2013).
Implications for Personnel
Bullying, horizontal violence or workplace incivility should not be tolerated or accepted by nurses. To stop those…
Egues, A., & Leinung, E. (2013). The Bully Within and Without: Strategies to Address Horizontal Violence in Nursing. Nursing Forum, 185-190.
Hurricane Floyd was deemed to be a Category 4 storm with 145 mph winds. It was also seen to be bigger than the hurricane Andrew, which had struck south Florida in 1992. Andrew caused a huge disaster and left 26 dead, 160,000 homeless, and property damage of $25 billion. Floyd was determined to be bigger and potentially more dangerous than Andrew, which caused people to panic. Officials had reported by Sunday night Floyd could become a Category 5 hurricane with winds exceeding 155 mph, which led to the officials deciding to evacuate the residents who were most likely to be affected by the storm. However, hurricane Floyd bypassed the state completely with its 140 mph winds skirting the peninsula off the coastline. Floyd did not make landfall and the evacuation orders issued were not necessary.
The issue hurricane Floyd presented was one to do with communication on who should evacuate.…
Disasters and Their Management
egional Disaster Analysis
Both natural and human caused disasters have been an issue in the safety of human beings all over the world. Fortunately, there are international agencies that are created for the purpose of mitigation purposes and assist in the prevention of disaster effects that would be more adverse. State governments also have the obligation of adopting the right preventive and counter actions to assist in cushioning citizens from the effects of disasters. This paper, therefore, analyzes the types of disasters in Africa, and the theoretical approaches in the management of the disasters. Under management of disasters, different factors are discussed including response, preparedness and recovery and mitigation practices. There is also a review of both the International Agencies and Local Governments, relating to their preparedness in responding to disasters. Finally, there is an analysis on the partnership relationships between public and private…
Christopher, M. & Tatham, P. (2011) Humanitarian Logistics: Meeting of Challenge of Preparing for and Responding to Disasters. New York: Kogan Page Publishers.
Congress (2006) congressional Record, V. 149, Pt.2, January 21, 2003 to February 11, 2003. Congress.
Holden, S. (2003) AIDS on the Agenda: Adapting Development and Humanitarian Programs to meet the challenge of HIV / AIDS. New York: Oxfam Publishers.
Oniang'o, R. (2009) Food and Nutrition Emergencies in East Africa: Political, Economic and Environmental Associations. New York: International Food Policy Restoration Institution.
ecovery: Disaster and Crisis
Disaster recovery has become an important aspect of a company's strategic plan. The main reason for an increased concern can be attributed to the fact that integration and alliances at an international level have increased so that there are more linkages and higher interdependencies that have increased the exposure of people to international risk. This also means that companies are more prone to be affected by a force majeure impacting a vendor located in another part of the world. Some cases that have recently come to light in the spate of the Japanese Earthquake are the impact on General Motors leave alone Nissan. Moreover, giants such as Sony have been impacted in the wake of natural disasters in Thailand where a Tsunami impacted the Integrated Chip provider, making it difficult for Sony to continue to manufacture its products.
In light of these vulnerabilities it…
Jones, V.A. (2011). How to Avoid Disaster:RIM's Crucial Role in Business Continuity Planning. Information Management Journal .
Keenan, G. (2011). After a year of disasters, Japan's auto sector fights back. Retrieved January 20, 2012, from CTV News: http://www.ctv.ca/generic/generated/static/business/article2284601.html#ixzz1k0x14zsf
Momani, N.M. (2010). Business Continuity Planning: Are We Prepared for Future Disasters . American Journal of Economics and Business Administration, 272-279.
Omar, A., Alijani, D., & Mason, R. (2011). Information Technology Disaster Recovery Plan: Case Study. Academy of Strategic Management Journal .
The author of this report will be answering several questions that relate to disaster pre-planning and post-planning. To be specific, there will be a focus on the documents and plans that are created for both. The author of this report will elaborate on the differences that exist between the planning that exists for both pre-disaster and post-disaster scenarios. The author of this report shall use personally gleaned examples to make the case. Finally, there will be the answering of whether pre-planning or post-planning is more important in the grand scheme of things. While post-disaster reactions in terms of documentation are very important, planning for the disasters in advance and knowing what to do and why when the time comes is much more important.
When it comes to the three differences between pre-disaster planning and post-disaster planning, there are easily more than three differences but the author of…
DHS. (2015). Denver UASI All-Hazards Regional Recovery Framework (pp. 1-154). Denver, CO: Department of Homeland Security.
Fairfax County. (2012). Fairfax County Pre-Disaster Recovery Plan. Fairfax, VA: Office of Emergency Management.
Guarino, M. (2010). Would New Orleans levees hold for a second Katrina?. The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 14 September 2015, from http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2010/0829/Would-New-Orleans-levees-hold-for-a-second-Katrina
Schwab, J. (2014). Planning Post-Disaster Recovery (pp. 4-197). Chicago, IL: American Planning Association.
Disaster First esponder
From: Commander, First esponders
e: Disaster Event
Using a Situational Awareness framework, we need to ensure NO gaps exist in the following categories. If we don't have the information, then we can assume that the missing information may be critical to a good decision. While maximizing expediency, we must put forth sufficient effort to fill as many gaps with high-level information as possible -- in the shortest time possible. ecall that, "Studies found that 76% of SA errors in pilots could be traced to problems in perception of needed information" (Endsley, 1997, p. 3). Keep in mind that an inaccurate assessment at this stage increases the odds of an erroneous mental schema.
All critical objectives will be mapped to the activation plan and my command. All of the SA phases listed below must be considered cyclic as we respond to changes and as new information is discovered.…
Endsley, M.R. (1997). The Role of Situation Awareness in Naturalistic Decision Making, In Gary Klein and Caroline E. Zsambok, (Eds,) Naturalistic Decision Making (Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1997).
Disasters that can critically compromise the accessibility of knowledge include floods, fires, earthquakes, hurricanes, employee sabotage, computer viruses, and theft. The effects of disasters can lengthen even after the restructure of physical damage. Simply, the earlier a business recovers from a disaster; it will experience lesser wide-ranging continuing effects of the disaster. Not only the thrashing of sales during a disaster is destructive for the company, "the loss of customers, vendors, inventory and employee records extend recovery times from weeks and months to years" (Carlson & Parker, 1998). However, if a company has a premeditated disaster recovery plan (DP), it can reduce the nuisance of a disaster, whereas inappropriate preparations can result in a business experiencing liquidation of its bank accounts (Carlson & Parker, 1998).
In the Information Technology industry, Disaster ecovery (D) security issues occur repeatedly. The critical security measures in the environment are frequently covered by…
Carlson, S.J., & Parker, D. (1998). Disaster Recovery Planning and Accounting Information Systems. Review of Business, 19(2), 10+. Retrieved July 21, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001370062
Disaster Recovery Security: The Importance of Addressing Data Security Issues in DR Plans. (2011, January). Retrieved July 21, 2012 from http://searchdisasterrecovery.techtarget.com/feature/Disaster-recovery-security-The-importance-of-addressing-data-security-issues-in-DR-plans
O'Sullivan, K. (2010, September 23). Knowledge Continuity: Strategies, Approach & Tools. Retrieved July 21, 2012 from http://star-knowledge.com/websites/star-knowledge/skblog/?p=70
Nursing Intervention in Disaster
The possibility of occurrence of disasters is a reality. With this in mind there should be efforts made to prevent any upcoming or potentially disastrous events. These efforts are what are known as disaster prevention. Disaster prevention therefore refers to efforts put in place to ensure that adverse effects of events that are potentially disastrous are prevented even when the disaster cannot be controlled. Disaster prevention is done at various levels of the society and is undertaken so as to prevent all types of disasters. Nurses are involved to a large extent when it comes to the prevention and mitigation of disasters. Nurses are involved in institutions that can influence change and due to the unique skills that they posses they can make interventions in disasters. To perform efficiently, a nurse must be always prepared to make changes in plan actions at any time and at…
Harden, E.G., (2004). The role of nursing in disasters. Retrieved march 22, 2013 from http://helid.digicollection.org/en/d/Jdi018e/2.html
Rittenmeyer, L., (2007). Disaster preparedness: Are you ready? Retrieved march 22,2013 from http://www.nursingcenter.com/prodev/ce_article.asp?tid=726331
Wolters Kluwer Health, (2007). LWW Journals - Beginning with A. Retrieved March 22, 2013, from http://journals.lww.com/smajournalonline/fulltext/2007/09000/spiritual_issues_in_the_aftermath_of_disaster.32.aspx
Presidential Disaster Declaration Process
Preparedness and Mitigation from Disasters in the Twentieth Century
Numerous disasters have always brought intensive destruction to the environment and human lives over the years. The twentieth century, however, has experienced rather greater disasters, which have called for intervention through ensuring mitigation and preparedness. The presidential disaster declaration process is aimed at fulfilling the ambitions of preparing for disasters. These disasters include both the man-made and natural ones, ranging from the outbreak of fires, contagious diseases that need extreme control, earthquakes and hurricanes, the nightmare of global warming, political instability and many others. The essay evaluates analytically, the need for preparedness through the presidential disaster declaration process, which is a strategy to getting assistance. The evolution of the process in the twentieth century to strengthen hazard management is also discussed in the content.
I. What is the presidential disaster declaration (PDD) process?
Bellamy, J.S. (2009) Cleverland's Greatest Disasters!: 16 Tragic True Tales of Death and Destruction: New York: Gray and Company.
Ec-Council (2010) Disaster Recovery: New York, Cengage Learning.
Kapucu, N. & Alpaslan, Z. (2011) Managing Emergencies and Crises: MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishing.
Oliver, J. & Aldcroft, H.D. (2007) Economic Disasters of the Twentieth Century: New York: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Hazard and Vulnerability Analysis
Disasters in Australia.
Source of data EM-DAT (2012)
The above table is a summary of the disasters that have taken place in Australia over the last thirty years and the damage they have left behind in terms of deaths and property destroyed. It is worth noting that there are other disasters that in smaller scales hence may not have been captured but the above is a general reflection of the actual picture of what happens in Australia. It is also worth noting that some disasters exacerbate other, for instance the storms .often result in storms due to water disposed into the landmass from the oceans, an event that is possible due to earthquakes as well. Extremes temperatures have also been noted to create conditions suitable for the wildfires which are here above categorized…
Australian Journal of Emergency Management, (2001). Economic Costs of Natural Disasters in Australia. Retrieved September 2, 2012 from http://www.em.gov.au/Documents/Economic_costs_of_natural_disasters_in_Australia.pdf
Commonwealth of Australia, (2013). About Tropical Cyclones. Retrieved September 2, 2012 from http://www.bom.gov.au/cyclone/about/
EM-DAT (2012). Country Profile: Australia. Retrieved September 2, 2012 from http://www.emdat.be/result-country-profile
Piper Alpha Disaster
An Environmental and Safety Management Analysis of the Disaster that Occurred on the Piper Alpha Oil Rig off the Coast of Scotland
Piper Alpha (Seconds from Disaster, 2013)
The Piper before the Explosion
Timeline of Events
Piper Alpha Mechanism
Root Causes of the Analysis
Design and Process Factor
Permit to ork System
Evacuation and Escape
Piper Alpha was a North Sea oil production platform operated by Occidental Petroleum (Caledonia) Ltd. The platform began the oil production in 1976 and then later converted to gas production as the hub of multiple networked rigs. The piper alpha platform was operated in multiple shifts by the employees who worked the whole platform to continue supply the oil and gas on a perpetual basis. The operations of the Piper Alpha platform included receiving the oil and gases…
Allen, B., 2008. Lest we forget: Piper Alpha. [Online]
Available at: http://www.beckyallen.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/Lest-We-Forget-Piper-Alpha.pdf
[Accessed 19 April 2013].
Centre of Risk, N.d.. Piper Alpha Accident. [Online]
This study reviews Pat obertson's "Courting disaster: How the Supreme Court is usurping the power of Congress and the people." Pat obertson is the founder and chairperson of the Christian Broadcasting Network, founder of egent University, and The Center for Law and Justice. He and his wife have four children and thirteen grandchildren. They reside in Virginia Beach, Virginia. Using both legal and religious points-of-view, obertson attempts to prove that the current operation of the judicial system is dangerous to both the republican form of government and our individual freedoms. While seeking to strengthen his argument, the author has compiled fascinating facts, quotes, case decisions, and opinions of the Court (Mu-ller-Fahrenholz, 2007).
From this study, it is evident that obertson undertook a political expedition seeking to identify various issues that bedeviled the American society. However, he fails to provide solutions to the identified problems. This is an action…
Barrett, P., & Smolla, R.A. (2010). A year in the life of the Supreme Court. Durham [u.a.: Duke Univ. Press.
Edwards, L., & Meese, E. (2011). Bringing justice to the people: The story of the freedom-based public interest law movement. Washington, DC: Heritage Books.
Melashenko, E.L., & Smith, D.B. (2009). Rock-solid living in a run-amok world. Hagerstown, MD: Review and Herald Pub. Association.
Mu-ller-Fahrenholz, G. (2007). America's battle for God: A European Christian looks at civil religion. Grand Rapids, Mich. [u.a.: William B. Eerdmans Publ.
Robertson illustrated his point about the dangers of the Supreme Court's power anecdotally, such as when, later in the book he talks about the McCain-Feingold Bill which was designed to restrict campaign finance and reform the ways political campaigns were funded both privately and via government assistance. Although the Republicans in neither the Legislative or Executive branch supported the bill, they agreed to pass it in order to end the debate, believing that the bill would be ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in that it violated first amendment laws, among other things (Robertson 2004,-page 234). hen the voted for or signed the bill as the case may have been, they believed that the court would ultimately overrule the other branches by finding the proposed legislation unconstitutional based on the text of the law itself. The Supreme Court, however, did not agree with this perspective and ruled the law legal.…
Appel, J.M. (2009, August 22). Anticipating the incapacitated justice. Huffington Post.
Center for Internet and Society. (2005). Pat Robertson suggests that Muslims shouldn't serve as judges. Stanford University Press: Stanford, CA. Retrieved from http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/blogs/chander/archives/003105.shtml
Robertson, P. (2004). Courting Disaster: How the Supreme Court is usurping the Power of Congress and the People. Integrity: Brentwood, TN.
Intrusion detection is the method of keeping track of the events taking place inside a computer or perhaps a network and then examining them to get indications of potential situations, that are transgressions or impending dangers of breach of IT security procedures, appropriate usage guidelines, or standardized security strategies. Intrusion prevention is the method of carrying out intrusion detection as well as trying to stop recognized potential situations. Intrusion detection as well as prevention systems (IDPS) happen to be mainly centered on determining potential situations, writing down details about them, trying to end all of them, as well as reporting these to security managers. Additionally, businesses make use of IDPSs for various other objectives, like identifying issues with security guidelines, documenting current risks, as well as stopping people from breaking safety guidelines. IDPSs have grown to be an essential accessory for the security system involving just about any…
Allen, J., Christie, A., Fithen, W., McHugh, J. And Pickel, J. (2000). State of the Practice of Intrusion Detection Technologies. Pittsburg, PA: Carnegie Mellon Software Engineering Institute, January.
Base, R. And Mell, P. (2001). SP 800-31, Intrusion Detection Systems. Washington, DC: National Institute of Standards and Technology.
Kent, K. And Mell, P. (2006). SP 800-94, Guide to Intrusion Detection and Prevention (IDP) Systems (DRAFT). Washington, DC: National Institute of Standards and Technology.
Kent, K. And Warnock, M. (2004). Intrusion Detection Tools Report, 4th Edition. Herndon, VA: Information Assurance Technology Analysis Center (IATAC).
"Disaster" as a Trigger
Joseph Scanlon, Director of the Emergency Communications esearch Unit at Carleton University, states that the term "disaster" has undergone a transformation in the wake of 9/11. Its transformation is the center of debate for researchers whose work relies on an adequate definition and understanding of "disaster" -- yet Scanlon makes clear that he has been particularly struck "by how much of the debate [is]...influenced by awareness of various events and how much of that awareness [is] media related" (Scanlon 2005:13). In the field of emergency communications, that awareness has led to a new culture of "disaster" maintenance, and it has been largely influenced by media representation. According to Wolf Dombrowsky, "the term 'disaster' has only ephemeral significance. It is a trigger, a flag to signal a meaning, a stimulus to produce a specific reaction" (Dombrowsky 1998:15). Dombrowsky's assertion has been challenged by several researches, but…
Alexander, D 2005a, 'An Interpretation of Disaster in Terms of Changes in Culture,
Society and International Relations. What is a Disaster?: New Answers to Old
Questions. [Ed. Ronald W. Perry & E.L. Quarantelli] International Research
Committee on Disasters.
International Cooperation During Disasters
Discuss how leaders of nations and the international community can strengthen the framework for international cooperation and collaboration in response to disasters
In the contemporary world, there seem be increasing trends of the global weather events or scenarios. This makes it critical for governments to focus significantly on activities that can provide a lasting solution to the problem at hand. This would involve majoring in activities that aid disaster management within the nation. In order to tackle the prospective disasters facing the globe, it is essential to have measures in place to enable organizations to be ready in case of any hit. This notion calls for crucial involvement of leaders of the nations and international communities to strengthen the framework for international cooperation and collaboration in response to disasters.
The first approach by the leaders of the nation to strengthen the framework for international cooperation and…
Asimakopoulou, E. (2010). Advanced ICTs for disaster management and threat detection:
Collaborative and distributed frameworks. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.
Murphy, R. (2009). Leadership in disaster: Learning for a future with global climate change.
Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.
Natural and human-induced disaster cause major damages; they are usually concentrated in facilities or areas where they are of great significance to the impacted society. Sudden onset disaster like hurricanes, floods and earthquakes cause more impact socially and economically than slow-onset disasters like drought. Different types of hazards have different consequences and impacts, but to some extent some attributes are common across all types of disasters.
Impacts of disasters
The society has institutions that shape different access to different resources; these institutions determine the social impacts of disaster. Different communities are structured by a myriad of social relationships, competition and obligation that shape social characteristics associated mostly with vulnerability and loss; in disaster prone areas. Some impacts are loss of heritage because of cultural architecture due to floods or earthquake like in Prague university floods caused destruction of books; they erode social networks and community integrity. Disasters…
Joseph, P.J. (2010). International Perspectives of National Disasters. Atlanta: Springer.
Programme, U.N. (2007). Enhancing Urban Safety Settlements: Global Report on Human Settlements. New York: Earth Scan.
ole of Technology in educing and Exacerbating Disaster isk: A Case Study of -- Haiti
Examine how technology(s) exacerbates.
Examine how technology(s) reduces the vulnerability of different people facing the same risk.
Make policy recommendations that would reduce the risk for the most vulnerable.
How to involve communities in technology development.
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The technological inventions and life often go hand in hand and the disasters have often been…
Cashmore P. (2010) Haiti Quake Relief: Hoe Technology helps. Cable News Network [online]. Available from [13Nov 2014]
Choney S.(2010) Mobile Giving to help Haiti Exceeds $30 Million[online].Available from [11November 2014]
Encyclopedia of the Nations (2014)Haiti- Agriculture. Available from
21). When pressed, the ed Cross said they did not know if any of their recipients had received aid from other agencies, or even actually lived in the affected areas (O'Meara, 2004, p. 21). There was a controversy after the facts became known, and after the controversy hit the news, the President of the organization, Dr. Bernadine Healy resigned in October 2001 after allegations that the organization did not use all the funds collected for victim relief. In December 2005, Marsha J. Evans also resigned her position as the President And CEO, after new allegations surfaced over the terrorist attacks and problems with the relief effort in the Gulf Coast area after the 2005 hurricane season. Today, the organization posts their tax returns and annual reports on their Web site, and has a list of commonly asked questions about where their funding comes from and where it goes.
Editors. (2006). American Red Cross. Retrieved from the RedCross.org Web site: http://www.redcross.org/index.html1 Dec. 2006.
Editors. (2006). Northern Nevada Chapter American Red Cross. Retrieved from the NevadaRedCross.org Web site: http://www.nevada.redcross.org/1 Dec. 2006.
O'Meara, Kelly Patrick. Are They Cheating on 9/11 Payouts? (2004, March 15). Insight on the News 21.
Hurricane Katrina and the Plan Efforts to educe elated Disaster Impacts in Future
The hurricane Katrina is one of the deadliest hurricanes to occur in the United States. The hurricane hit Louisiana, Florida, and New Orleans amongst other places. It led to losses, evacuation of people, loss of lives and many businesses came to stand still. New Orleans had flood preparedness systems, which did not help, and floods persisted for weeks. The tragedy was contributed to by the lack of risk preparedness systems. Scientists have estimated lower storm surges and small coverage of wetlands in the 20th century. The winds, surges, and wetlands help to weaken the powerful winds. The areas are still vulnerable to hurricanes and storms in the future due to the geographic location. New Orleans city is also sinking geologically rapidly. Lessons learned from the hurricane Katrina should be used for disaster preparedness.
Department Of Homeland Security Appropriations. (2008). New York: DIANE Publishing.
Daniels, R.D. (2006). On Risk And Disaster Lessons From Hurricane Katrina. New York: University of Pennslyvania.
Huddow, G.J. (2010). Introduction To Emergency Management. Atlanta: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Jenkins, O. (2009). National Preparedness. New York: DIANE Publishing.
Teaching Disaster and Emergency Management
The whole world has turned into a place where people encounter experiences with diverse forms of disaster. Most of the disasters are usually extremely complicated and strike unexpectedly in any region causing massive damages and loss of lives. The complexities accompanying the catastrophes require the existence of well-trained personnel oftentimes ready to deal with disasters as they occur before causing irreparable harm to people and property. In some regions, many people have lost lives and properties destroyed because of the slow response by the people dependable for handling the emergencies. This calls for the training of new and many people who provide quick and efficient response to the disasters whilst saving lives. Various regions and countries have taken up the initiative of training people expected to play a critical role in the management of disasters. There has been an argument whether teachers handling disaster management…
Alexander, D. (2000) "Scenario Methodology for Teaching Principles of Emergency
Management," Disaster Prevention and Management, vol. 9(2): 89 -- 97
Neal, D.M. (2000). Developing Degree Programs in Disaster Management: Some Reflections
and Observations. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 18(3): 417-
Crisis and Disaster
The running of any Government, Community, Society or even an Organization for that matter is, no doubt, a very complicated matter. The main reason for this complication is the many arrays of problems and situations that can arise and each one of them demands special attention to cater to. This makes the smooth running of any setup, then, a big challenge for the concerned authorities. However, this smooth running turn into more of a challenge in the face of a disaster or a crisis, which can completely turn the entire setup upside down.
Before an analysis of the Frontline Documentary "The Spill" can be presented, it is important that we understand the background of the event presented and the difference between crisis and disaster and how it ties up to the incident in question.
Merriam ebster defines Crisis as "A situation that has reached a critical phase"…
BBC News. (2006, November 1st). BP 'knew of Texas safety worries'. Retrieved December 17th, 2011, from BBC News: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/6100938.stm
Boin, A. (2009). The New World of Crises and Crisis Management: Implications for Policymaking and Research. Review of Policy Research, 26, 367-377.
Bolton, C.A. (2006, October). The Difference between Crisis and Disaster is a Plan. Retrieved December 16th, 2011, from Public Relations Society of America: http://media.prsa.org/article_download.cfm?article_id=929
Broder, J.M. (2010, March 31st). Obama to Open Offshore Areas to Oil Drilling for First Time. Retrieved December 17th, 2011, from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/31/science/earth/31energy.html
manmade disasters seen in the United States over the past several years have produced a demand in the public for a higher level of preparedness and competency. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines a disaster as "a sudden ecological phenomenon of sufficient magnitude to require external assistance." The Joint Commission Accreditation of Health Care Organizations (JCAHO) has a somewhat different definition, which states a disaster is "an imbalance in the availability of medical care and a mal-distribution of medical resources vs. casualties within a community." Certainly other definitions exist. These two definitions focus on the medical aspects of a disaster, while there are indeed many other aspects of an event which might qualify it as a disaster. It is estimated that 3.4 million lives have been lost and trillions of dollars in related damage have been seen worldwide due to disasters in the past quarter century. It is very imperative…