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There are various points regarding distance learning that have to be highlighted. The aim of the teaching program planned here is for students to be somewhere other than the school and still be able to go through a learning process. The name of the different methods used here depends on the networks like Internet, the local school's local area network or a corporation's wide area network. Considering that we are planning a system to provide education to students for ancient languages, we have to try to approach a wide area and thus the site has to be situated on the Internet. (Distance Learning) The system of such a presentation has the following points:-
The advantages of this system are that it provides the education generally provided by qualified teachers for students who would not otherwise have the money to afford learning from them.
This will help…
'Background" Retrieved from http://etnet21.bauinf.tu-cottbus.de/spII/Background.html Accessed 19 August, 2005
"Distance Education for Medical Training in the Pacific" (1 December, 1998) Telehealth
Lessons from the Pacific: PACNET / WESTERN PACIFIC HEALTHNET - Pacific Telehealth Conference. Vol: 3; No: 1. Retrieved from http://hcro.enigma.co.nz/website/index.cfm?fuseaction=articledisplay& FeatureID=61
Accessed 19 August, 2005
Distance education has opened many doors for persons otherwise unable to gain access to tertiary instruction. There are therefore many advantages to this phenomenon. The most obvious of these is the cost saving in travel money towards class attendance. Concomitantly, distance learning students are also free to pursue their own endeavors in terms of careers and relationships, which would not be possible when traveling to the physical location of study.
Furthermore, distance education enables students to gain access to a variety of expertise that would not otherwise be possible. Online databases for example can be accessed from a remote computer, whereas an on-campus class would entail only the expertise of the professor.
Most importantly, students are able to cultivate in themselves a greater responsibility for their own learning than would otherwise be the case. The tendency of on-campus students is to rely on the professor to provide learning materials…
Distance Learning Colleges. (2005). Distance Learning Benefits. http://www.distance-learning-college-guide.com/distance-learning-benefits.html
Florida Center for Instructional Technology. (1998, 1999). A Teacher's Guide to Distance Learning. College of Education, University of South Florida http://fcit.usf.edu/distance/chap3.htm
Distant students and their teachers often have little in common in terms of background and day-to-day experiences and it takes longer for student-teacher rapport to develop.
Technology is typically the conduit for information and communication flow. Until the teacher and students become comfortable with the technical delivery system, communication will be inhibited.
As a result, it will be necessary for me to use study habits that are more applicable to distant learning. The SQ3 reading method developed by obinson (1970), for example, could be a helpful approach. It consists of five steps of learning: Survey the chapter, question what you are surveying, when you begin to read, recite after you read a section and review: an ongoing process. Of course, this is only one of many different approaches and I have to find the one that is best suited to the way I study. Western Illinois University's Department of Academic…
Investor's Business Daily (2004). Need to do research? go further than Google.
October 4, A04
Robinson, F.P. (1970) Effective study (4th ed.). New York: Harper & Row.
Schuemer, R. (1993). Some psychological aspects of distance education. Hagen, Germany: Institute for Research into Distance Education.
Attitudes: classroom vs. distance learning
The question of the differences between conventional teaching experience and distance education is also a factor that impinges on the issue of student attitude and involvement. This refers to the fact that many students have different and often opposing views about distance education and these attitudinal patterns affect the success or failure of a distance learning model. As Chapter seven of the readings state, "...a common question that is examined is how students feel about distance education relative to traditional classroom instruction." (Chapter seven, p.175)
The student responses to this aspect vary from satisfaction with the distance courses or education to views that distance education tends to detract from the overall learning experience. These can include aspects such as technological issues and problems and the experience of instructors or teachers. (Chapter seven, p.175)
One of the primary concerns that were found with regard to students…
De Simone, C. (2006). Preparing Our Teachers for Distance Education. College Teaching, 54(1), 183+. Retrieved November 11, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com /PM.qst?a=o&d=5014218644' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
The Future Points to Distance Education and Web- based Instruction
One positive outcome of the Cold War was the advent of computers and the use of technology. Present time technology is a rapid force in globalization and has helped to create a global job market. Society has shifted from one that depends upon service and industry to one that is in need of technologically knowledgeable critical thinkers. With a job market in the need of technologically knowledgeable critical thinkers postsecondary educational institutions have had to shift their instructional design and classroom learning to include more technology.
The demographics of the student population are evolving in education. The median age of learners is on the rise. Economics force many learners to seek skills or educational opportunities to stay competitive in the global job market. Many of these learners work full-time jobs and are burdened with other time…
Hodell, C. (2006). ISD from the ground up: a non-nonsense approach to instructional design. Alexandria, VA: ASTD Press.
Lengel, J.G., & Lengel, K.M. (2006). Integrating technology: a practical guide. Sadle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Reiser, R.A., & Dempsey, J.V. (2007). Trends and issues in instructional design and technology (2 ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, Inc.
An innovative program called Mauritius College of the Air (MCA) raised the standard of education significantly. It was clear that in order to make education more relevant to this country, young and old citizens on the island needed to become conversant with emerging scientific, technical, vocational and agricultural knowledge, and yet the cost of building schools and training / hiring teachers would have been prohibitive. Hence, DL was instituted.
MISSING LINK: The input presented so far in this paper suggests that scholars, instructors and authors are looking closely into several of the issues surrounding DL. But what about trust, which is a pivotal concept when assessing how much students are really getting out of their online learning experiences? How many students are engaging others in the process of completing their homework? How serious is the problem of plagiarism and how can instructors trust that students have not only completed assignments…
Dhurbarrylall, Roshun. (2005). Development of Distance Education in Mauritius. The Quarterly
Review of Distance Learning, 6(3), 185-197.
McMahon, Joan D. (2007). "Ethical Issues in Web-Based Learning," Ed. Badrul H. Khan,
Flexible Learning in an Information Society, 210- 224. Hershey, PA: Information
Distance learning, sometimes called "distance education" is, according to Kerka (1996), a method of education in which the learner is physically separated from the professor and the institution sponsoring the instruction. Distance education may be used on its own, or in conjunction with other forms of education, including face-to-face instruction.
The advent of television and, indeed, the whole complex of newer communications media (from video to satellites) has given American citizens unparalleled opportunities to advance in their ability to record, disseminate, and communicate ideas. These new communication resources must now be harnessed to serve education. (Educational Media Study panel, 1962, p.15)
The purpose of this paper is to take an in-depth look at policies and written procedures that pertain to instruction of baccalaureate level courses taught through the use of the interactive television at Colleges of Engineering which are accredited by Accredited oard of Engineering and Technology (AET), as a…
Chute, Alan G., Hancock, Burton W., and Balthazar, Lee B. 1991. "Distance Education
Futures: Information Needs and Technology Options." Performance & Instruction.
IDE 1996. Models of Distance Education. University of Maryland Institute for Distance
The general challenge in online education is the failure to embrace the paradigm that online programs are fundamentally different than traditional pedagogy, and must include alternative ways to link learning styles and learning outcomes. Failure to acknowledge the difference and to adjust delivery to meet the delivery medium runs the risk or providing ineffective instruction. The specific problem is that although there is a body of literature addressing online learning there is little research addressing best practices for teaching in a blended online synchronous and asynchronous model (Carr-Chellman, et al., 2001; Freeman and Field, 2004).
The current qualitative case study examined the phenomenon of teaching practices of faculty and student progress in the Florida Virtual School. The study examined the experiences of at least 15 facilitators of blended online synchronous and asynchronous learning within the FVS environment, as well as the use of generalized performance data regarding overall student performance…
West, R., et al., (2006). Reflections from the introduction of blogs and RSS feeds into a preservice instructional technology course. TechTrends: Linking Research & Practice to Improve Learning, 50(4), 54-60.
Wu, D., Bieber, M. & Hiltz, S.R. (2008). Engaging students with constructivist participatory examinations in asynchronous learning networks. Journal of Information Systems Education, 19(3), 321-330.
Xie, K., DeBacker, T.K., & Ferguson, C. (2006). Extending the traditional classroom through online discussion: The role of student motivation. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 34(1), 67-89.
Finally, charts were compiled for each item showing the percentage of each response divided between counselors and administrators and as percentages of the whole, with responses quantified and averaged at this point as well. This allowed for the inclusion of a Mantel-Haenszel Chi-Square analysis, also shown on the charts, to determine the degree to which counselor and administrator responses to the instrument items differed, or if any statistically significant differences existed at all. Each of these steps in the statistical analysis of the raw data collected is clearly justified by the effects of such analysis; few manipulations were employed that ran a risk of eroding validity or encouraging misinterpretation.
The results of the statistical analysis were fairly clear in many cases, though there were also areas where statistically significant differences were not found to exist between behavioral health counselors and administrators. Even when differences were found, in fact, these differences…
The reasoning behind such a project is that the current IPv4 is quickly running out of IP addresses. China realizes that an upgraded Internet protocol could be a huge advantage to its citizens in the future. The question that begs to be answered is, "why does China realize that importance, while the U.S. does not?"
The Moore article presents the data that "European languages make up 37.9% of users, and Asian languages 33%" and that "the proportion of sites originating in English is falling, from about 70% in 1998...to 40.2% in 2002." Such data is not a healthy sign if what one is looking for is reassurance that the United States realizes how important it is to be a leader in not just technology but the content created and used by that technology.
In the Moore article (pg. 290) it states "one effect of this continuous expansion of information is…
Kass, DH; (2006) Next-Gen IPv6 networks boosted by Juniper deal, America's Network, Vol. 110, No. 1, pg. 11
One of the most important is that distance education is not new. Although we now use computers and the Internet to accomplish the task, distance education began with correspondence. Thus, if we are to further the research regarding effective distance education, we must look, not simply for a description of types of distance education or a rehashing of history, but rather an innovation, like the computer and the Internet, that can bring the field of study forward nearly as much as that innovation did. That distance education has certainly become a form of learning that has transcended social, political, and financial boundaries, allowing even the most stigmatized to go to school, is the field's most impacting contribution. Perhaps further study will allow researchers to determine how distance education can not only be bettered but stretched to meet more of those whom most agreed would never go to college.
These actions made it difficult to concentrate on her opening words. Furthermore, she appeared too nervous to make eye contact with any of the delegates present.
The above-mentioned actions made it difficult to be positive towards the presenter, her presentation, or the subject matter itself. While the subject matter itself is worthy, the manner in which it was presented was not. The apparent nervousness of the presenter was the most deterring factor. Furthermore, the presentation could benefit from a stronger opening. The presentation was for example not in any way either unusual or striking. Perhaps it would have been better if a person less given to nervous attacks and of greater talent in speaking were to handle the opening. This would have set the stage for a better general content in the presentation as a whole. The presenter was in effect not bad, but there were certain deterring factors that…
nursing school students can apply their critical skills in appropriate ways that maximizes critical thinking. The researchers documented in their research the ability for nurses to interact and learn with people from elder generations. The authors wrote "Educators and instructors who work with young health professionals need to be aware of the short-term effects of service learning activities on students' knowledge of aging in general and their longer term effects on students' knowledge of mental health care needs in the aging population. The knowledge and attitude gains are limited. This may suggest that service learning activities stimulate students' learning of aging issues and older adults' actual needs."
This study is useful because it highlights the importance of service learning and how this approach can be used in a manner to increase patient outcomes. By documenting the way of service as a learning method to explore critical thinking models that can…
American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2000). Distance technology in nursing education: Assessing a new frontier. Journal of Professional Nursing, 16(2), 116-122.
American Psychological Association (nd). Code of Fair Testing Practices in Education. Viewed 15 Feb. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/science/programs/testing/fair-code.aspx
Axley, L. (2008). The integration of technology into nursing curricula: Supporting faculty via the technology fellowship program. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 13(3).
Holder, B. (2007). An investigation of hope, academics, environment, and motivation as predictors of persistence in higher education online programs. The Internet and higher education, 10(4), 245-260.
Thus for students to reap the maximum benefit from the distance education more particularly over the cultural obstacles, these elements are to be taken into account prior to designing of the courses. (Global Distance Education Initiative: Principles and Practices of International Distance Education)
To supplement, only one in 20% of people worldwide are online and most of those about 60% reside in North America having only five percent of global population. Only 14 million telephone lines exist in the whole of Africa which is quite lesser than that exists in Manhattan or Tokyo. It is not possible in case of a particular agency or nation to meet the huge costs of extending universal Internet access. However, most of the organizations, companies, and individuals are engaged in devising the methods to bridge the gap one connection at a time through targeted and cost-effective efforts. Devoid of electricity and phone lines, the…
Forster, Peter. The effect of distance learning on tertiary education in the pacific region: A discussion article. Retrieved at http://www.blue-oceans.com/psychology/docs/globalisation_pac_edu.pdf . Accessed on 24 December, 2004
Lee, Inkyung; Do, Joonho. Global Distance Education Initiative: Principles and Practices of International Distance Education. Occasional Paper 97-01. Institute for Public Policy and Social Research Michigan State University. October 1997. Retrieved at http://www.ippsr.msu.edu/Documents/gdei.pdf. Accessed on 24 December, 2004
Strehle, Glenn P. Distance Learning in America: How Institutions and Corporations are Stimulating Growth. September 26, 2000. Retrieved at http://caes.mit.edu/headquarters/report-20000926.html. Accessed on 24 December, 2004
Van Hook, Steven R. Distance Education: Will Global Learning Get Online? Jones International University. August 26, 2000. Retrieved at http://www.west.net/~wwmr/distance.htm. Accessed on 24 December, 2004
There is a great responsibility for society to educate its citizens properly and to provide them the necessary tools to become successful. Educational systems are varied and are designed for different purposes that places each member within society according to its skills, talents and desires. One form of education, distance learning, is becoming very popular in today's world. The purpose of this essay is to examine the advantages and disadvantages of distance learning and contrast them with more traditional types of education.
Hanna described today's educational world as ever changing and offered many approaches to solve this dilemma. He claimed "our approach to creating positive environments for learning must change to engage learners more directly with the world at hand. Teaching and learning strategies must meet learners where they are and build from the knowledge and understanding they bring to the learning situation " (9). It is important…
Bronack, Stephen, Riedl, Richard, Tashner, John. "Learning in the Zone: A social constructivist framework for distance education in a 3 dimensional virtual world." Interactive Learning Environments Vol 14, No 3 December 2006, 219-232. Web
Hanna, David. Higher Education in an Era of Digital Competition. Atwood Publisher, 2000.
Sherry, L. "Issues in Distance Learning." International Journal of Education Telecommunications 1, (4), 337-365. Web
Introductory remarks and objectives of proposed research
Education is -- if we have any recollection of our classical language training -- supposed to be a drawing out rather than a putting in, which would seem to make it at least as an appropriate activity for adults as for children. Adults have their far greater basis of experience than do children and so are in many ways much more easily educated (avitch 2000).
Education is, after all, not simply the acquisition of facts but their synthesis as well, the creative and unique ways of putting together information about the world that those with experience in the world can achieve. Education may well be -- as it is often humorously argued -- wasted on the young, not because of any inherent fault of their own but because their range of experience is so narrow that it is difficult for them…
Berg, B.L. (2000). Qualitative methods for the social sciences. New York: Allyn & Bacon.
Cross, K.P. (1992). Adults as learners. New York: Jossey-Bass.
Mezirow, J. (2000). Learning as transformation. New York: Jossey-Bass.
Newman, W.L. (1999). Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. New York: Allyn & Bacon.
Online distance learning is completely different environment from that of a traditional classroom. There are different rules and regulations that must be adhered to. Class discussion often takes place via a bulletin board and more often than not also serves as a way of taking attendance. Students should expect to spend between two and three hours per credit hours per course studying every week. This is a completely different learning style that involves no face-to-face contact and often takes away from human aspect of learning. Distance learning is not for everyone, but for those who have the self-discipline to be successful it can open an entire set of new opportunities to get an education. Those who partake in this type of learning often find that they like the freedom that it gives them to get an education without having to be tied down to a traditional learning environment.
Benefits of Distance Learning. (2009). Retrieved March 21, 2010, from Web site:
Fairfax, BJ. (2010). Distance Education Gains Popularity. Retrieved March 21, 2010, from Online-Education Web site: http://www.online-education.net/articles/general/distance-education.html
Larson, Ryan. (2005). Limitations of Distance Learning. Retrieved March 21, 2010, from Explore Online Degrees Web site: http://www.exploreonlinedegrees.com/limitations-of-distance-learning.html
auditoy leanes), motivation and pesonality such as extovesion vs. intovesion, although the aticles' authos suggests that tailoing mateial to expessed leane pefeences ae not always the best ways to achieve positive outcomes. Leanes ae not always clea as to thei tue leaning oientation and leane styles ae not 'fixed' but may vay accoding to the type of media used and the subject mateial. Using a vaiety of media may be a moe effective appoach fo educatos, and thinking in tems of 'appoaches' that can change, athe than fixed student leaning styles.
One fequent fustation expessed by online instuctos is the absence of immediate feedback fom thei students. Undestanding individual students can help the teache modify instuction, even without the immediate esponse povided by eye contact in the classoom. It is essential that moments exist within the online pocess when students can communicate that they do not undestand, while in the…
references alone but must keep a real-world and virtual ear upon the students to shift his or her learning strategy. Understanding overall learning process required of the subject material and the need to modify the learning approaches to meet the unique demands of the instruction in its particular venue and format is essential. Simply knowing a learning 'style' of a student is not enough, and a label can be misleading. As more students must learn independently, greater knowledge of how the learner functions and the use of different settings are required, and the article calls for more extensive into how to create a more effective learning environment that uses a diversity of approaches to convey content.
In various trials in which learners were presented with different formats of video- only, auditory-only, combinations of both, and formats combining each with note-taking by students, researchers have determined that results are comparable, although more so for superior students than for average students. In that regard, average students learn better from repeated viewing in conjunction with audio-based information while superior students benefited equally regardless of the precise combination of those variables.
The author presents the results of research documenting the extent to which developers of computer-based video instruction may be overemphasizing the value of technical sophistication and suggests that the relative value of video-based lessons is substantially the same without the inclusion of all the bells and whistles available by virtue of the latest computer-based information formats. On the other hand, the author reports that vocational task-specific training effectiveness is somewhat more dependent on more sophisticated interactive information formats.
The Impact of Distance Learning in Accounting Higher Education
This paper is intended as an Introduction to a research study in to the impact of distance learning on the teaching of accounting in higher education. The context of the research will first be introduced i.e., the background to the research. The research to be undertaken will then be introduced, as will the specific questions and sub-questions to be addressed. The significance of this study will then be analyzed, and the people who are expected to benefit from this research will also be outlined. The research methodology and the practical design of this research methodology will be discussed, and the primary and secondary sources to be used will be introduced, and a list of preliminary resources will be given in the ibliography.
Distance learning has grown in popularity amongst students over recent years, for many reasons, one of which has…
Anne Nicholls, Flexible study opens doors., Independent on Sunday, 01-14-1996, pp 12.
Serwatka, Judy A, Improving student performance in distance learning courses., THE Journal (Technological Horizons In Education), 04-01-2002, pp 46.
Mariola, Eleni; Manley, John, Teaching finance concepts in a distance learning environment -- a personal note., Journal of Education for Business, 01-01-2002, pp 177
SBUs C. And D. are the cash cows necessary to fund the growth of SBUs a and B. The dog of the group, SBU E, provides no net cash flow and adds no value to the overall product mix. The European distance learning center's current product mix is relatively well balanced. There are SBUs able to generate cash and SBUs that could become stars with cash infusions from the cash cows. The college's competitive "health" is good, but the college must have a strategy to remain healthy.
To formulate future strategy, dividing the SBUs into business units that fit into clear categories and SBUs that do not fit easily into a category helps the company focus on the SBUs that need work. The ideal cash cow is SBU D. The large amount of excess cash generated by this SBU is very secure. The college has a strong leadership position. The…
Also, as independent distance educators, these highly successful distance professors will be able to offer their services to a wider range of students.
The wider range of students could expand globally, taking advantage of the emerging global community. The educator's fears that the cultural limitations of a student receiving distance learning in a setting that is not traditional, and the concern as to the communication problems arising out of that setting, are, again, based in fear of the unknown. The educator, whose reputation for success and achieving outstanding performance with students on a distance learning course, should put aside fears of communication gaps, because it will be incumbent upon the student to resolve those problems, and the centers through which the distance taught course is offered will be ultimately responsible for working with the student to resolve any communication problems.
It is also important to understand that distant programs that…
Education Industry Marketing Distance Learning?
"Online advertisements by traditional and dot.com institutions is an indication of a new trend in mass marketing of education. The strategies are based on traditional transactional marketing approach where each transaction is treated as an isolated event" (Shaik, 2005).
The opportunities for getting a degree without having to physically attend classes have grown exponentially the past twenty years or so, thanks to the explosive growth of distance learning (also called online education). This paper delves into the marketing of distance learning, and presents a wide range of approaches by various educational institutions and marketing eb sites that promote distance education.
According to eLearners.com, a eb site that markets online colleges and universities, there are 222 colleges currently offering distance education, and there are 5.6 million students taking courses online. The eLearners.com site sells ads to online colleges and universities and offers a link to each…
College-Scholarship.com. (2011). College Scholarships, Colleges, and Online Degrees.
Retrieved October 26, 2011, from http://www.college-scholarships.com .
Education-Portal.com. (2011). Colleges and Universities that Offer Free Courses Online.
Retrieved October 25, 2011, from http://education-portal.com .
Structuring Your Message
Benefits of distance learning from a student's perspective
The duration of e-learning should be justified from the duration of stay expected in the organization
a) the education may be directly related to the information required
b) the education must be specific for the situation that is to be faced
c) the education must set a standard of learning which is to be uniform for all the individuals going through the course
The education has to be provided in a manner that is easy for the students
The education should also be beneficial to the person providing the information so that it will continue.
The use of e-learning is for various purposes, but what is being discussed here is about e-learning that is provided for commercial purposes. This system has been found to be useful for employers and has the possibility to evolve into a major method for…
"Formulas for Quantifying the Value of a Training-Technology Investment" Retrieved from http://www.workforce.com/archive/article/22/13/78.php Accessed 10 August, 2005
Herman, Roger. E. (November, 2000) "Liberal Arts: The Key to the Future" USA Today:
(Society for the Advancement of Education) Retrieved from http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1272/is_2666_129/ai_67328802 Accessed 10 August, 2005
'Humor in Practice - Presenting Powerful Presentations" (August, 2001) Retrieved from http://www.funsulting.com/h_august_2001_newsletter.html Accessed 10 August, 2005
Above all, there is the need for a responsive and supportive instructor who is genuinely interested in assisting the students get to their learning goals in the short-term and their broader objectives in the long-term. All of these strategies are discussed in the article to minimize the probability of students quitting the programs. The Rochester nstitute of Technology's staff specifically sees the first few weeks as critical in the development of a commitment to completing online learning courses.
Response and Reaction to Article
n the article analyzed (McClure), the insights provide a glimpse into how critical it is to have change management strategies in place for getting online students to become committed to online programs. nstead of relying purely on technology alone and celebrating it, the article provides a glimpse into how difficult it is for institutions to get students to take ownership and accountability of online courses. What is…
In the article analyzed (McClure), the insights provide a glimpse into how critical it is to have change management strategies in place for getting online students to become committed to online programs. Instead of relying purely on technology alone and celebrating it, the article provides a glimpse into how difficult it is for institutions to get students to take ownership and accountability of online courses. What is most refreshing is the fact that the author does not criticize the students, yet describes how a social ecosystem must first be created that can support the students' needs for community, reinforcement of their learning strengths, and underscores how critical the role of the instructor is. Beyond being a mentor, the instructor in an online environment must work to reach out and not only teach the content, but also help students to overcome the barriers to their learning experience online. This includes providing online students with the flexibility of learning how they choose to. it's critical for online learning institutions to take this approach as advocated in the article and work at change management first, over and above merely enabling technologies for distance learning.
McClure, Ann. "Distant, Not Absent." University Business Nov 2007 1-3. 25 Mar 2008 http://www.universitybusiness.com/viewarticle.aspx?articleid=933 .
That should not be surprising in light of the fact that many are surprised to hear of the extent to which people relied on so-called "snail mail" even for correspondence in decades past; let alone the concept of taking advanced education courses through traditional mail service.
Pittman seems to make a point that relates to the proposed area of hypothetical research (above) in that he criticizes the adherence to the mode of lesson presentation, irrespective of whether the medium involved is face-to-face instruction or computerized lesson module. According to Pittman, expansion of educational efforts to include novel and newer media is a necessary but largely insufficient first step. In many respects, the principal flaws inherent in the traditional concept of education transcends the shift to even the most advanced computer presentation. Specifically, lecture-based lesson presentation is not conducive to the highest retention of student interest, and the limits of passive…
In addition, the structure and presentation of required, basic course material are more goal-oriented and motivating to meet the needs of students.
While critics initially charged that Net-based learning was vastly inferior to traditional classroom settings, some now wonder if traditional education will survive as the transformational possibilities of Net-based learning, teaching and developing course content are fully realized. he answer is a resounding 'yes'. he reason is that net-based learning can be designed to include some elements of socialization, but not all. Physically attending college is a great experience. Colleges shape students' lives and teach values, ethics and cultures that are unique to schools. Often, one can tell which school a person has attended just by listening to the person's communication style. Going to an online school is different. Students can have a great learning experience in an online school, but students may not get a chance to fully…
Teachers will have to adapt to the new role of the student on the Net. For instance, the teacher role must shift from being a leader to being a coach as student autonomy in the learning process increases. The traditional methods of oral and written review of assigned textual material will no longer be the way to measure learning. Instead, students will measure and document their own learning progress. Within the knowledge building community, teachers will be one expert of many and must now function as a "team of experts" rather than as a sole source of expertise.
With regards to course development, technologies in Net-based learning such as multimedia, hypertext, and search engines for ubiquitous information access "are creating non-linear and multidimensional learning environments" to support student autonomy. In addition, the structure and presentation of required, basic course material are more goal-oriented and motivating to meet the needs of students.
While critics initially charged that Net-based learning was vastly inferior to traditional classroom settings, some now wonder if traditional education will survive as the transformational possibilities of Net-based learning, teaching and developing course content are fully realized. The answer is a resounding 'yes'. The reason is that net-based learning can be designed to include some elements of socialization, but not all. Physically attending college is a great experience. Colleges shape students' lives and teach values, ethics and cultures that are unique to schools. Often, one can tell which school a person has attended just by listening to the person's communication style. Going to an online school is different. Students can have a great learning experience in an online school, but students may not get a chance to fully immerse themselves the culture of the college they are attending. Colleges offer interactive environments and encourage students to participate in extra-curricular activities. Students join different clubs and student unions at the colleges, and participate in debates, games and sports. These activities help shape students' lives and characters. Online learning communities can offer only some of a college's social environment; it can never replicate the same degree of face-to-face interactions. According to Peters (1998), "Although distance education and Net-based learning will significantly impact university learning, the traditional university will not be lost because it provides experiences that are unavailable to the distance learning student. As a result, "the university of the future will be a mixed mode university and distance education will be a prominent if not the fundamental element in it."
An admission interviewer could help explore the above issues with any student considering the program and help the student determine for herself or himself whether the program might match his or her needs. Students who are most likely to be actively engaged in the process are also likely to achieve success in distance-learning program.
Clariana & Mohler (2000) performed a survey of distance-learners enrolled in a program sponsored by Pennsylvania State University and came to the following conclusions. The students themselves described these traits as being essential to their own success. It should be noted that these are students who have attended more than one distance-learning class and so -- as suggested above -- are more likely than first-time distance-learners to succeed:
The factors active engagement and independence were highly correlated with course achievement. Students that are actively engaged are likely taking maximum advantage of the course resources, while independent…
Clariana, R. & Mohler, L. (2000). Presentation for AECT Annual Convention in Denver, CO in October 2000. Retrieved 31 March 2010 from http://www.aect.org/ .
Diaz, D.P., & Cartnal, R.B. (1999). Students' learning styles in two classes: Online distance learning and equivalent on-campus. College teaching 47(4), 130-135
Muse, H.E. (2004).The web-based community college student: an examination of factors that l ead to success and risk. Internet and higher education 6(3): 241-261.
Osborne, V. 2001. Identifying at-risk students in videoconferencing and web-based distance education. The American journal of distance education15 (1): 41-54.
Learning Platforms -- K-12 and Beyond
A Comparison of Learning Platforms that Focus on the K-12 and Higher Education Learning Environments
Many of the educational initiatives in recent years have focused on improving the delivery of services by incorporating learning platforms that focus on the K-12 and higher education learning environments, such as WebCT or Blackboard. To determine how these learning platforms are being used today and for what learners, this paper will provide an overview of the features of learning management systems (LMS) that have assumed increasing importance for a wide range of corporate and government-sponsored learning environments. A comparison and evaluation of these platforms and their applicability to the different learning environments is followed by a summary of the research in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Background and Overview. In their book, Handbook of Distance Education Technology, Anderson and Moore (2003) suggest that it just makes good sense…
Anderson, W.G., & Moore, M.G. (2003). Handbook of distance education. Mahwah, NJ:
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Carlivati, P.A. (2002). E-learning evolves. ABA Banking Journal, 94(6), 49.
Granger, D., & Bowman, M. (2003). Constructing knowledge at a distance: The learner in context. In W.G. Anderson & M.G. Moore (Eds.). Handbook of distance education.
Community Colleges in America
In 1983 and 1984, a dozen major reports on the United States' schools were published. All stressed the need for "excellence" in education. These reports are the subject of: Excellence in Education: Perspectives on Policy and Practice. The reports pertaining to higher education were published by The BusinessHigher Education Forum, and saw higher education as "unable to train skilled managers and technicians that they believed industry needed." (Altbach 32) These reports essentially claim that student achievement has declined at technical schools because schools "do not demand enough of their students, do not apply stiff criteria for promotion, do not test students enough, and particularly in high school, provide students with too many choices about what subjects they study." (Altbach 32) These reports are somewhat dated in that they compare American students with Japanese students and focus on technical proficiency vs. The intuitive grasp of problems and…
Altbach, Philip G., Gail P. Kelly, and Lois Weis, eds. Excellence in Education: Perspectives on Policy and Practice. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1985.
Baker, George A., Judy Dudziak, and Peggy Tyler, eds. A Handbook on the Community College in America: Its History, Mission, and Management. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.
Diaz, David P., and Ryan B. Cartnal. "Students' Learning Styles in Two Classes Online Distance Learning and Equivalent On-Campus." College Teaching 47.4 (1999): 130-135.
Miller, Richard I., Charles Finley, and Candace Shedd Vancko. Evaluating, Improving, and Judging Faculty Performance in Two-Year Colleges. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey, 2000.
Pre-Course Program for Entry-Level Online Adult Students
Distance education is one of the most dynamic and fastest-growing segments of college and graduate level education. Many educational institutions with long histories of traditional classroom-based learning opportunities are expanding their programs to include distance-based learning via the Internet. In fact, many colleges and universities have invested heavily in their distance education programs. Courses for distance learners are offered in an array of formats that are designed to make learning opportunities accessible to students at anytime, anywhere in the world.
Limited information is available concerning the ability of traditional adult learners to adapt to the online learning environment to successfully complete an online learning degree program. (Baker, et al., 1994)
Today, educational elitism is a serious problem for many distance and non-traditional students. Most traditional learners look down on the non-traditional learner and distance-based educational programs as a whole. Many times these degrees…
Altbach, Philip G. (1999). Private Prometheus: Private Higher Education and Development in the 21st Century. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Astleitner, Hermann (2002). Teaching critical thinking online. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 29.
Baker, Eva L., et al. (1994). Technology Assessment in Education and Training.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Beard, Lawrence A., et al. (2002). Student perceptions of online vs. On campus instruction. Education, 122.
Distance Education and How to Do them While Achieving My Goal
Many believe that education is the most important treasure that can never be stolen from anyone. I myself am among those who believe in this principle. As evidence, despite of the cost of distance education, I am willing to face the challenges that I must bear just to achieve my goal of completing further education.
Aside from the challenges in balancing work responsibilities, studying, and time for family and personal life, I am aware of the challenges that I have to take to cover the cost of distance education. One of these challenges is to work harder than I do now. I know that I may need to obtain a second job, or even a third job, to be able to earn more to support the cost of distance education. I am also aware that I may need to…
Learning that is imparted through an educational institution or training company within the workplace setting in known as Work-based learning (WL). WL is administered by an external teacher in professional capacity and supervised by an employee of the company where WL is imparted. An exhaustive literature review indicates that it was only after Moser report's shocking revelations, regarding lack of literacy, language, and numeracy skills in one out every five adults in ritain that U.K took expedited policy actions to introduce WL. WL is relevant for all adult and young learners and more pertinent for instruction of English as a second language (ESL). Since medium of interaction and business transactions in U.K is English, instruction of ESL is essential for empowering vast percentage of population that does not have requisite skills to compete in labor market due to lack of language skills. Increased use of computers and multimedia in teaching…
Anderson, RC & Freebody, P 1981. 'Vocabulary knowledge'. In J.T. Guthrie (Ed.),
Beck, IL, McKeown, MG & Kucan, L 2002. 'Bringing words to life: Robust vocabulary instruction'. New York: Guilford.
Becker, HJ 2000. 'Pedagogical motivations for student computer use that lead to student engagement'. Educational Technology, Vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 5-17. Viewed on 6 Mar 2013, [http://www.crito.uci.edu/tlc/findings/spec_rpt_pedagogical/ped_mot_pdf.pdf]
Brown, HD 2001. 'Teaching by principles: An interactive approach to language pedagogy'. (2nd ed.). White Plains, NY: Longman.
This study investigates how ESL students' perception affects the teacher-student interaction in the writing conferences. The multiple-case study explores: ESL students' expectations of the writing conference and factors contributing to the expectations, participation patterns of ESL students in the conferences, and ESL students' perception of the effectiveness of teacher-student conferences. A questionnaire, distributed to 110 (65 NS and 45 ESL) students enrolled in the first-year composition classes, examines students' previous writing experience and expectations of the writing conferences. Pre-conference interviews with 19 focus students (8 NS and 11 ESL) were conducted to verify the survey results. Students' participation patterns were investigated via the video-recorded writing conferences of the 19 focus students. Students' perceptions of the conference were investigated through the post conference interviews with the 19 focus students and follow-up interviews with six Chinese students.
esults of the research that Liu (2009) conducted determined that ESL students and NS students…
Beare, K. (n.d.). ESL Writing Workshop 2. Retrieved from http://esl.about.com/od/writinglessonplan/a/l_wwshop2.htm
Bitchener, J., & Knoch, U. (2009). The value of a focused approach to written corrective feedback. ELT Journal: English Language Teachers Journal, 63(3), 204-211. doi:10.1093/elt/ccn043.
Liu, Y.. ESL students in the college writing conferences: Perception and participation. Ph.D. dissertation, The University of Arizona, United States -- Arizona. Retrieved September 06, 2010, from Dissertations & Theses: Full Text.(Publication No. AAT 3359771).
Matthews-Aydinli, J. (2008). OVERLOOKED AND UNDERSTUDIED? A SURVEY OF CURRENT TRENDS IN RESEARCH ON ADULT ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS. Adult Education Quarterly, 58(3), 198. Retrieved from MasterFILE Premier database.
A child can learn that pressing a button on remote changes a channel on a television set. The experiment used two set of participants where one set learnt from a machine while the others learnt from a human participant. It was evident that the use of a ghost machine yielded better results compared to the use of a participant (Nairne, 2011).
The method used to learn how observational learning influences children will be the use of questionnaires. Short questionnaires will be sent to twenty baby care centers to evaluate the observational learning skills possessed by the caregivers. The questionnaires will be filled by the participants using three main methods. Centers that are a long distance from researcher's location will be provided with the questionnaires through emails. Centers where the care giver is busy will be called when convenient and the questionnaire filled through a telephone conversation. Centers that are…
Mishra, B.K. (2008). Psychology; the study of human behavior. New Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Nairne, J.S. (2011). Psychology. Australia: Thompson/Wadsworth.
e. In instances where the students have already demonstrated a diversity of learning styles (DeCastro-Ambrosetti & Cho, 2005). The use of authentic assessments includes greater student directive-ness and increased empowerment and self-guidance and -reliance in the learning process.
Self-assessment is seen by many to be the culmination of the individualization of learning assessment, but when this occurs solely for the purposes of accountability, learning is far from guaranteed (Gaytan & McEwen, 2007). This is partially due to the difference students and instructors, at least in the study conducted by Gaytan and McEwen (2007), perceive in the purpose of self-assessment tests; students viewed them primarily as a way to receive feedback as to their progress and achievement, while instructors saw them more as a way to make sure students understood the material (Gaytan and McEwen, 2007). Both views underline the usefulness of self-assessments, but perhaps they can be best applied by…
Commons, P. "The contribution of inspection, self-assessment, investors in people...: an initial exploration." Journal of further & higher education, vol. 27, issue 1 (Feb 2003), pp. 27-47
DeCastro-Ambrosetti, D. & Cho, G. "Synergism in learning: A critical reflection of authentic assessment." High school journal, vol. 89, issue 1(Oct/Nov 2005), pp. 57-62
Feinstein, S. "Performance assessment in Juvenile Correction education programs." Journal of correctional education, vol. 53. Issue 1 (Mar 2002), pp. 9-12
Gaytan, J. & McEwen, B. "Effective online instructional and assessment strategies." American journal of distance education. Vol. 21 issue 3 (Sep 2007), pp. 117-32
The imperative then is to design and deliver a course that inspires the interaction with the appropriate tools (Summerville & Johnson, 2006). If this is the case social networking sites used in education will shortly become accepted. This would lead us to the belief that the days of lecture and repeat and 'death by PowerPoint bullets' in education are coming to a close and, in turn, its end signals that there is not only a shift in the actual physical delivery of education, but also in our methods of instruction.
Hanna, D., Glowacki-Dudka, M., & Conceicao-Runlee, S. (2000). 147 Practical tips for teaching online groups: Essentials of Web-based education. Madison, WI: Atwood Publishing.
Summerville, J., & Johnson, C.S. (2006). Rural creativity: A study of district mandated online professional development. Journal of Technology…
Hanna, D., Glowacki-Dudka, M., & Conceicao-Runlee, S. (2000). 147 Practical tips for teaching online groups: Essentials of Web-based education. Madison, WI: Atwood Publishing.
Summerville, J., & Johnson, C.S. (2006). Rural creativity: A study of district mandated online professional development. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 14 (2), 347-361.
learning in schools. Schools must progress and advance in order to keep up with the ever changing and advancing workload. In order to do that, online learning is an option that can be incorporated. I hope the reader is able to realize the scope in the necessity for schools to have options that can include online learning as a means to better serve the student population at large.
What I learned from completing this assignment is the need for the school system to evolve to meet the needs of students presently. Things always to have to adapt and change for the requirements and demands of students are constantly growing and changing. The more options are presented to aid in resolving this issue, the better.
It was difficult to research successful strategies in adopting internet learning for schools. Children didn't seem to respond very well to internet learning. This counteracted my…
Repetto, J., C. Cavanaugh, N. Wayer, and F. Liu. "Virtual high schools: Improving outcomes for students with disabiltiies." N.p., 2010. Web. 18 May 2012.
To improve outcomes for students with disablities academically, one must increase contact and communication. Communication is key to their success.
Ogunleye, Ayodele. "Evaluating An Online Learning Programme from Students' Perspectives." The Clute Institute. Journal of College Teaching & Learning, 2010. Web. 18 May 2012.
It is important to incorporate today's technology into the teaching regime. Keeping up-to-date is vital to the evolution of education.
An interesting point they bring up is the circumvention of cheating by having another person complete your coursework:
In the future we may be able to remotely identify individuals using devices that scan finger, voice, or eye-prints technology, which is already in use for security applications, but at present this seems a rather extreme measure. (Moore & Kearsley)
This also introduces the problem of plagiarism that has seeming run rampant in both online and traditional brick and mortar education. "Plagiarism is a particular worry for educators in the online environment because materials can be so easy located in captured electronically that the line between legitimate research and plagiarism is sometimes not easy for students to recognize." (Moore & Kearsley) However, anti-plagiarism efforts have increased tremendously over the past several years, both in distance learning as well as traditional education. Web sites like TurnItIn.com and others have greatly improved the search…
Virtual Schools: Personalizing Learning Online," Julie Young asserts that distance education offers a "more personalized type of instruction," (2004 p.1). Virtual schools are becoming increasingly more sophisticated and in some instances prove to be superior to their traditional counterparts. Overcrowding of classrooms and shortages of teachers make distance learning opportunities particularly attractive for students of all ages and learning abilities. High schools in as many as twenty-five states offer virtual classroom environments for their students. Distance learning has enormous advantages over classroom alternatives. Students can select from a wider range of courses, according to Young. Many rural schools simply do not have the facilities or teachers for specialty courses or advanced placement (AP) courses. Therefore, using the Internet may be the only means by which students from rural areas can compete with other students from around the nation in the hopes of entering a university. At the university level, students…
Young, Julie (2004). Virtual schools: personalizing learning online." Media and Methods. Sept/Oct 2004, Vol 41, Issue 2, p.11 (2).
Online questions that are used in discussions that take place over the Internet have to be worded in just the right way, or they will not be appropriate for the students - and misunderstandings could occur. In other words, communicating online through discussion questions is not the same as communicating in a regular classroom where clarification can take place quite easily (Moody, 2004). Because of that, best practices indicate that any discussion questions that are created for online use should be more simplistic than questions that might be asked in the classroom. If one starts out small and simple with the discussion questions, it is easier to avoid misunderstandings. At that point, once the question has been asked and answered, the instructor can move on to asking follow-up questions, because a strong basis for understanding would have already been established (Addison, 2000).
By creating follow up questions, an online faculty…
Addison, J. (2000). Outsourcing Education, Managing Knowledge, and Strengthening Academic Communities. In Werry & Mowbray Online Communities: Commerce Community Action, and the Virtual University (175-194). New York: Prentice Hall.
Moody, J. (2004). Distance education: Why are the attrition rates so high? The Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 5(3), 205-210.
A Comparison of Online Learning and Campus-Based Learning
The development and growth of online learning has created opportunities for both students and academic institutions alike. The online learning environment may be argued as offering many benefits such increasing accessibility to education and support of diversity as well as providing a potentially lucrative revenue streams for the institutions. These benefits have driven the growth, but the benefits are not without drawbacks, with online courses reporting a higher attrition. The aim of the paper is to look at online learning, discussing the advantages and the disadvantages of the online environment comparing it to campus-based learning and the blending environment.
An online course has been defined as one where there is a minimum of 80% of the content is delivered through the online environment (Allen & Seaman, 2014). Online delivery may include a range of different mediums, including, but not necessarily limited…
Allen IE; Seaman J, (2014), Grade Change: Tracking Online Education in the United States, The Sloan Consortium
Bauman, P, (2002), Student Retention: What You Can Control, & How, Distance Education Report, 6(16), 41
Cluskey, G.R. Jr.; Ehlen, Craig R; Raiborn, Mitchell H, (2011), Thwarting online exam cheating without proctor supervision, Journal of Academic and Business Ethics, 4, 1-7
Diaz, D.P. (2002), Online drop rates revisited, The Technology Source, accessed 11th March 2-014 at http://technologysource.org/article/online_drop_rates_revisited/
Another recent change is that more studies are being completed about learning and how students learn in distance education, in an attempt to mold courses and course development into something that is even more appropriate for distance learners. These studies are giving a greater understanding of how distance learners actually learn, and how they perceive their learning experience, all of which can lead to more relevant classes.
Distance learning has become more acceptable, more institutions offer it, and more students are taking advantage of it than ever before. More schools are partnering together into consortiums to offer blocks of distance learning courses, and there are other developments, including online counseling and other guidance that can allow students to complete their entire degree programs without setting foot on campus. These and many other elements of distance education have changed in the past few years, and it is clear that trend will…
Jung. I. (2001). Building a theoretical framework of web-based instruction in the context of distance education. British Journal of Educational Technology. Vol. 32, No. 5. 525-534.
Moore, M. (1973) Toward a theory of independent learning and teaching. Journal of Higher Education, Vol. 44, No. 9. 661-680.
Moore, M. (1991). Distance education theory. American Journal of Distance Education, Vol. 5, No. 3. 1-6.
Moore, M. And Kearsley, G. (2005). The theory and scholarship of distance education. Distance education: A system view. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
For the purposes of this review, Web-based instruction is considered to be any educational or training program distributed over the Internet or an intranet and conveyed through a browser, such as Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator. Java applet-based instruction is a special form of Web-based instruction.
Although there is very little research on comparing the effectiveness of Java applet-based instruction to the traditional face-to-face offering. However Web-based instruction has received enough attention that many studies are now available in the research literature.
Comparing the learning effects of Web-based learning with traditional face-to-face teaching and learning is emphasized in the research on the Internet as a medium in higher education. However, these research studies always produce conflicting results. esearchers found significant differences, positive or negative, in using different Internet-based approaches to facilitate teaching and learning.
This literature review explores three dominant themes: impact on student performance, student attitude, and student satisfaction.…
Rajshree Agarwal, a Edward Day. (1998). The impact of the Internet on economic education. Journal of Economic Education, 29(2), 99. Retrieved November 14, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 28501331).
Al-Jarf, a. & Sado, R. (2002). Effect of online learning on struggling ESL college writers. San Antonio, TX: National Educational Computing Conference Proceedings. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 475-920).
Anthony Basile, Jill M. D'Aquila. (2002). An experimental analysis of computer-mediated instruction and student attitudes in a principles of financial accounting course. Journal of Education for Business, 77(3), 137-143. Retrieved November 17, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 115217377).
Carey, J. (2001). Effective student outcomes: A comparison of online and face-to-face delivery modes. Retrieved November 14, 2008, at http://www.ed.psu.edu/acsde/deos/deosnews/deosnews11_9.asp
Computer Mediated Education
The rapid growth of computer-mediated learning has created both the ideology and the challenging need to crossover to an online learning environment. Although there are several differences between the design processes of computer-mediated learning modules and distance learning, changes can be made to implement the computer-mediated module as a distance learning product. The literature on teaching online is just developing and as a result, researchers are forced to speculate on particular teaching and learning problems due to the absence of research studies. This paper will examine some of these necessary changes in this type of an environment, in which the student would complete all requirements online without the presence of an instructor.
The main difference between these two modules is the lack of the physical presence of an instructor. Research indicates that contemporary learners often have legitimate instructional needs and vary greatly in their academic abilities (Muirhead,…
Huang, G.T. (2004). China's Clever Classroom. Technology Review, 26.
Muirhead, B. (2001). Practical Strategies for Teaching Computer-Mediated Classes.
Retrieved March 15, 2005, from Ed at a Distance Web site:
There are varying educational backgrounds and levels in distance education and the delivery method must be in a way that is interactive using visuals, charts, graphs and other stimulating realia.
In conclusion, the Dick & Carey Model of Instructional Design and the Jerrold Kemp Model of Instructional design are both excellent models for developing both traditional and distance learning materials. However, the differences among the types of ISD Comparison 6 learners must be clearly identified and defined in order for either of these models to be successful. With technology changing the face of education, instructional design models will also need to change in order to best educate and meet the needs of the different types of learners.
Dick, Walter, & Carey, Lou. (1985) The Systematic Design of Instruction (2nd ed.) Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman and Company.
Kemp, Jerrold E. (1977). Instructional Design. (2nd Ed.) Belmont, CA: Fearon Publishers,…
Dick, Walter, & Carey, Lou. (1985) The Systematic Design of Instruction (2nd ed.) Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman and Company.
Kemp, Jerrold E. (1977). Instructional Design. (2nd Ed.) Belmont, CA: Fearon Publishers, Inc.
Brown, Frederick G. (1981). Measuring Classroom Achievement. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Dalton, William. Assessing Student Learning: It can be more than a survey. Retrieved May 25, 2006 at http://fie.engrng.pitt.edu/fie95/2c1/2c14/2c14.htm
Shifting Classroom Learning to Online Learning: A Case Study to Transition From the Traditional Classroom-Based Program to Online CBT Format
The objective of this study is to examine the transition from the Traditional classroom-based program to Computer-Based Training. There are reported to be a great number of colleges and universities that are presently transitioning to Computer-Based Training and fully transitioning to "online, blended or web-facilitated courses." (Keengwe & Kidd, 2010) The number of online programs and classes available have grown exponentially during the course of the last ten years. Other terms used to refer to Computer-Based Instruction include those stated as follows: "…web-based training, e-learning, distributed learning, Internet-based learning, web-based instruction, cyber learning, virtual learning, or net-based learning. Online learning is a subset of distance education and embraces a wide set of technology applications and learning processes including, computer-based learning, web-based learning, virtual classrooms, and digital collaborations." (Keengwe & Kidd,…
Keengwe, J. And Kidd, TT ) (2010) Correspondence Study, CBI & OJT. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching Vo. 6, No. 2 June 2010. Retrieved from: http://jolt.merlot.org/vol6no2/keengwe_0610.htm
FAA Academy Distance Learning (2010) MY FAA Academy Distance Learing. Retrieved from: https://www.academy.jccbi.gov/distancelearning /
Mobile phones can also be used to create 'experiential' classes: "Images can be captured and uploaded to the Web through mobile weblogs (moblogs)…a team from Umea University in Sweden moblogged Jokkmokk's 399th Annual Sami Winter Market. Students applied their academic learning about the Sami to the real world, interviewing participants, conducting follow-up digital research on the fly, and uploading and expanding on commentary online" (Alexander 2004). The classroom spilled out conference, and all students in the class participated simultaneously, in a way they could not, had they traveled through the conference as a group or reported back to the classroom as individuals.
m-Learning thus has several demonstrable benefits. The first is its ease of access, where updated information and alerts can be sent immediately. It also offers options to pace a student's study so it is compatible with the student's other lifestyle demands. A student can learn while on the…
Alexander, Bryan. (2004, September/October). Going nomadic: Mobile learning in higher education. EDUCAUSE Review. 39. 5-28 -- 35. Retrieved January 19, 2010 at http://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE+Review/EDUCAUSEReviewMagazineVolume39/GoingNomadicMobileLearninginHi/157921
The 2009 Horizon Report. (2009). Retrieved January 19, 2010 at http://www.nmc.org/pdf/2009-Horizon-Report.pdf , pages 1-10.
Jacob, Seibu Mary & Biju Issac. (2007, June). Mobile learning culture and effects in higher
Education. IEEE Multidisciplinary Engineering Education Magazine. 2.2: 19-21
Kinshuk, Liu, ., & Graf, S. (2009). Coping with mismatched courses: Students' behaviour and performance in courses mismatched to their learning styles. Educational echnology Research and Development, 57(6), 739-752. Retrieved from ERIC database.
Kinshuk and Graf first establish the fact that students are often required to learn material that is not adaptive to their preferred learning style. he work then goes on to analyze how an interactive adaptive online/computer aided system could aide these students in allowing individual learning through designs that were more adaptive to learning style preference (i.e. had multiple ways of learning the same material) the work indicates that non-adaptive computer aided designs, i.e. that simply teach with one learning style are not as effective as those which offer students in mismatched courses several ways to learn material.
Sahin, a., Cermik, H., & Dogan, B. (2010). Is it "Writing on Water" or "Strike it Rich?" he experiences…
This work analyses interactive complex group learning tasks through the implementation of computer learning models. The research indicates that the computer model must be structured in a specific way to best aide the student in finding answers to complex learning tasks. The model that was most effective involved task specific step processes organized in a linear way and computer aided scripting (through chat) to help the learner answer enduring questions about the subject and the computer program, with a pre-task orientation to the system by a computer learning aide live in the computer lab, where each student worked independently on his or her own computer.
Wang, S., & Heffernan, N. (2010). Ethical issues in computer-assisted language learning: Perceptions of teachers and learners. British Journal of Educational Technology, 41(5), 796-813. Retrieved from ERIC database.
Wang and Heffernan discuss the issue of ethics as it is associated with Computer- Assisted Language Learning (CALL) as it has transitioned from stand alone formats to internet driven interactive learning. The researchers state that there has been a near complete lack of attention paid to online privacy and security in the classroom which could potentially create a demonstrative difficulty for computer aided learners and instructors as well as for the use of internet-based learning systems in general. The researchers seek to let their work serve as a starting point for a serious discussion about these issues, specific to the classroom and the industry of internet-based computer learning in general.
However, because distance learning provides written records of student-teacher communication, it provides teachers with an easier way to track student participation, so that teachers can initiate contact with students who appear to be struggling.
In addition to taking away from individual time with the instructor, the large class environment of many traditional institutions of higher education demonstrates that traditional colleges are focused on socialization, not simply education. There is absolutely nothing wrong with the college socialization process; in fact, it makes sense when one considers the typical age of beginning college students and their positions in life. However, for students who have established careers, family lives, and outside responsibilities, the heavy social influence of traditional colleges can be distracting. In addition, the focus on socialization can be alienating for students who do not fit into the "norm;" whether because of appearance, race, culture, sexuality, or disability. Distance learning opportunities take…
However, surprisingly, distance educators have not caught onto the trend. Web 2.0 applications offer users an experience beyond the typical University experience. Second Life offers the ability to add the social element and interaction that is often missing from the distance education experience. If traditional universities and public entities see the opportunity to use Second Life for education, and to disseminate public information, then this would seem like the next logical step in improving distance education programs. Students could attend a virtual classroom that is like a brick and mortar classroom in many ways.
One of the key difficulties in implementing online education in an online world is that students may not have access or the skills necessary to function in an online world. Second Life requires the most advanced graphics cards and systems to run. It will not run on older systems or those that do not meet the…
Hoover, Aaron. (2007). At UF, distance learning moves off the planet. February 7, 2007. University of Florida News. Retrieved December 20, 2008.
Simteach.com (2008a). Second Life Universities and Private Islands. Retrieved December 19, 2008 at http://www.simteach.com/wiki/index.php?title=Second_Life:_Universities_and_Private_Islands
Simteach.com (2008b). Second Life Universities and Private Islands. Retrieved December 19, 2008 at http://simteach.com/wiki/index.php?title=Second_Life:_Universities_and_Private_Islands
Some of the pedagogical methods in the Group Approach are: " team tasks and group problem solving; creative group activities (e.g. brainstorming); group case studies; group critical analyses; group role play; collective games; dialogues and debates; forum discussions and chat; joint projects and research; multipoint videoconferences. The appropriate technology and a moderator with appropriate skills and knowledge combined with enough time make the efforts of e-learning successful.
II. Teaching Methods
There must be more than a simple provision of learning materials made available in e-learning. The design of an education course or subject in distance education requires definitive goals and objectives be stated in advance. Considered as well in this learning initiative is the participant's previous knowledge and skills, as well as expectations and motivations of participants must be considered as well as the knowledge and skills which the participants seek to acquire. Further addressed should be the measures that…
Teaching Methods and Communication in E-education (2005) Carnet Website http://www.carnet.hr/referalni/obrazovni/en/m kod/syncwork' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Strategic Distance Learning Tactics
A strategy for successful online learning in planning involves planning in an extremely comprehensive way. Specifically, then, it is necessary for students to analyze their syllabi and determine what exactly is required for them in terms of assignments. It is best to do so while considering any sort of final projects/assessments, as well as nightly assignments, particularly since online learning has increased exponentially (Elbeck and Mandernach, 2009).
The best strategy that one can employ for time management in an online learning environment is to denote specific days and times for when one will complete one's coursework. One of the key differentiators between distance learning and conventional classroom learning is that there is not a set schedule for when students are to complete their coursework with the former, as there is with the latter. By setting a schedule to study, however, students are able to not only…
Chua, B. B., Bernardo II, D.V. (2011). Integrating scholarly articles within an e-learning courses: a framework. www.db2powerhouse.com / Retrieved from http://www.db2powerhouse.com/soar.pdf
Elbeck, M. Mandernach, B. J. (2009). Journals for computer-mediated learning: publications of value for the online educator. www.irrodl.org Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/676/1268
he 1992 sessions, for example, consisted of approximately twenty-five pupils between 10 and 15 years of age who were mainly drawn from the Seattle area, plus about a dozen staff members.
he daily timetable was organized around activities such as computer graphics, electronic music, and VR itself. he end goal, however, was to build a virtual world. Pupils worked in small groups on the process of world-building and were encouraged to work as teams. (Schroeder, 1996, p. 70)
he technology for this system consisted of both the developmental tools, the PCs and special plug in technology and an immersive system, not afforded to all program trials but very useful here, as can be seen by the outcomes and the engaged student body of the program.
he equipment for building worlds was Swivel 3-D software (see Kalawsky 1993:211-212), and the immersive system consisted of a VPL system with a glove or…
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With proper instructional techniques, the effects of online education could potentially be altered significantly in a positive direction. This research will attempt to determine the specific obstacles that still exist to online education and the current best practices for overcoming these obstacles, as demonstrated by a variety of independent and original research studies conducted on the topic.
Many studies have pointed out that inadequately equipped e-learning systems can result in 'frustration, confusion, and reduced learner interest' (Zhang et al. 2004). An example of this is the fact that many e-learning course offer only text-based learning materials, which could lead to a student's boredom and disengagement in students, preventing them from gaining a good understanding of a topic (2004). However, multimedia technology is becoming more and more advanced and now e-learning systems are able to incorporate materials in different media such as text, image, sound, and video (2004), all sources of…
Academic Argument on Faculty Perceptions of Student Disengagement in Online Learning
The emergence of technology has meant that today people are challenged every single day to accept something new in their lives on a regular basis. This is not to say that this is a bad thing, but the argument that can here is that are we really ready as a society to incorporate these new technological advancements in their day-to-day life? And it is exactly at this juncture that we face a critical issue.
hile there is no doubt that the mark of technology has been felt on every segment of our lives, no matter how trivial it may seem, the fact of the matter remains that there is currently a majority of people who are not equipped to handle this new intrusion in their lives. The reason for this can vary from the lack of acceptability to the…
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Liyan Song, E.S. (2004). Improving Online learning: Student perceptions of useful and challenging characteristics. Internet and Higher Education, 7, 59-70.
Michael W. Ward, G.P. (2010). Student and Faculty Perceptions of the Quality of Online Learning Experiences. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 11 (3).
The instructor does sit with the student when he or she is training with the devices the FAA approves for the educational computer training. Sometimes a separate computer is used during this process, but the teacher is able to monitor and control the student's flight as well as plan out every detail for him or her at that particular time (United States Gernal Accounting Office, 1999).
For those that are educators, they too have noticed trends with computer-based training. The convenience of learning on the Web has stretched all the possible barriers that occur locally and globally. When it comes to distance learning, the Internet is used to deliver material to the learner, such as Word documents or PowerPoints. However, in other online environments, this is provided through hypertext, which allows the learner more opportunities to explore the information provided as well as to have much interactivity (Khalifa & Lam,…
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The four pillars that must be included in a technology plan are: Infrastructure, software, hardware and the professional development (Cradler, 2013).
There are two basic categories that the software instruction and curriculum can be divided into:
Teaching and Learning Software Tools: the use of technology to improve the quality of education for the students as well as the teachers. Subscription-based electronic learning resources have enabled the teachers as well as the students to access more reliable and vast sources of information like they were never before able to do (Cradler, 2013).
Productivity Software Tools: the basic technology tools that have increased the usage of technology to the extent that it has changed the landscape of how work was done in the past and how it is being done today. Student information systems and the electronic gradin systems are an example of such tools (Cradler, 2013).
The most important…
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Nurse, Legislation and egulation
Identify a legislative issue/policy change related to a workforce/patient care issue that you believe to be a priority. Describe legislative efforts surrounding your interest.
The developments and strides in distance education has proved to be a worthwhile evolution in educating as well as practice of modern nursing construct that now requires some really fast and accurate means of knowledge dissemination (Benner et al., 2010; IOM, 2010; Jones & Wolf, 2010). The advanced technology helps in extending the reach of multifaceted nursing faculty, where the students might be placed in remote areas and lack access to quality education in pursuing their nursing dreams as a career option (Jones & Wolf, 2010). The predicaments faced in these newly evolved settings, as envisaged by Board of Nursing (BON), are noted as under:
BON needs that the local educational regulations match with their own while approving distance education programs.
Anderson, K. M., & Avery, M. D. (2008). Faculty teaching time: A comparison of Web-based and face-to-face graduate nursing courses. International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship, 5, 1-12.
Benner, P., Sutphen, M., Leonard, V., & Day, L. (2010). Educating nurses: A call for radical transformation. Retrieved from www.carnegiefoundation.org/newsroom/press-releases/educating-nurses-call-radical-transformation
Billings, D. (2000). A framework for assessing outcomes and practices in web-based courses in nursing. Journal of Nursing Education, 39(2), 60-67.
Chappy, S. L., Stewart, S. M., & Hansen, T. S. (2010). Eliminate border wars. Nursing Education Perspectives, 31(6), 392-394.
" Shin (2006) Shin also states that the CMC literature "illustrates shifts of focus to different layers of context." Early on, research relating to CMC in language learning and teaching looked at the linguistic content of CMC text to examine how language learners could improve certain communication functions and learn linguistic figures through CMC activities (lake, 2000; Chun, 1994; Kern, 1995; Ortega, 1997; Pellettieri, 2000; Smith 2000, Sotlillo, 2000; Toyoda & Harrison, 2002, Tudini, 2003; Warschauer, 1996) Recent studies of "tellecollaborative projects have examined how language learners jointly construct the contexts of their CMC activities, as part of their focus on tensions among intercultural communication partners. (elz, 2003, 2003; Kramsch & Thorn, 2002; O'Dowd, 2003; Ware 2000, War & Kramsch, 2005) IN the study of Shin (2006) which was "informed by Ware's (2005) examination of a tellecollaborative communication project between American college students and German students" Shin (2006) looks into…
Introduction to Computational Linguistics (2006) Computer-Assisted Language Learning http://www.georgetown.edu/faculty/ballc/ling361/ling361_call.html .
Lusnia, Karen B. (1000) Teaching Teachers Long-Distance: A Paradigm-Shift for the Teacher-Planner in Mexico - Applied Linguistics. Paper presented at the International Conference on Language Teacher Education.
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