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Dream Act Essays (Examples)

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Dream When Dreams and the
Words: 1078 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46679559
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" (Flanagan: 38) Theorists, scientists and thinkers have come up with their own views on dreaming. Dreams are considered "warnings," "premonitions," "announcer of good" and "indicators of future" as well. Many feel that dreams come from a divine power that warns people about the consequences of their actions or tries to put them on a better path by sending messages in the form of dreams. Initially it was believed that EM period was the only time when we dreamt but this theory has been replaced by a more comprehensive one that states that dreams are divided into all parts of our sleep with EM sleep accounting for most of the dreams. Neuroscientist Mark Solms goes back to Freud saying that dreams are connected with preservation of sleep on a statistical level. He doesn't bring wish fulfillment into the equation but does agree with Freud on the subject of preservation of…


Flanagan, Owen. 2000. Dreaming Souls: Sleep, Dreams, and the Evolution of the Conscious Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Freud, S, "An Autobiographical Study," the Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud 20 (1925-26).

Freud, S. (1900), the interpretation of dreams. Standard Edition, 4 & 5. London: Hogarth Press, 1953

Panksepp J. (1985): Mood changes, in Handbook of Clinical Neurology 45, P. Vinken, G. Bruyn, H. Klawans, Eds. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 271-85.

Dreaming Is Just One of the Natural
Words: 3258 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Chapter Paper #: 44098530
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Dreaming is just one of the natural phenomenons that human beings do during the process of sleeping. Indeed, this natural process is not constrained to any particular characteristic and people with cultural diversity, all age groups and different social backgrounds dream throughout their entire lives. Since dreaming is linked to the mind and soul, thus it is considered that people will continue to dream until they are living (Hobson 2004).

Dreaming is an entire chain and cycle of metaphors, feelings, sensation and insight that forms a story while a person is asleep. Since the dreams people see are not in one shape, hence it can be peaceful, thrilling, practical, scary, chaotic, or implausible. This means that during the entire phenomenon of dreaming, a person can hallucinate about humans, houses, places such as cities, hills, rivers and various other things that the individual have not even seen in real life (Hobson…


Coon, D & Mitterer, J.O. (2008). Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior, 12th Edition, Cengage Learning, Canada.

Harvard Health Publications (2012). 'Understanding Sleep: Body Clock and Sleep Cycles', HELPGUIDE.ORG -- A Trusted Non-Profit Resource, Viewed September 24, 2012: 

Harvard Medical School (2007). 'Sleep, Learning, and Memory', Healthy Sleep, Viewed September 24, 2012: 

Hobson, A.J. (2004). Dreaming: An Introduction to the Science of Sleep, Second Edition, Oxford University Press, Great Britain.

Dream Vision and Other Poems
Words: 1075 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9280332
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Chaucer basically offers an idea of the acceptance of the temporal quality of the world and how that relates to life and love. This can also be seen as a lack of consolation; however, in this lack of consolation he is admitting that there is no consolation and that that fact alone should act as a consolation. The man is destined to grieve for his wife as this is how the temporal world works. There is no consolation for the grieving.

There is not one of the two characters whom find any kind of consolation, though it is clear that the Dreamer is quite taken with the dream. e aren't able to say what happens next -- after he wakes up; however, it is somewhat accepted that the Dreamer and the Black Knight are a bit closer to making peace with their situations. Neither of them have been on a…

Works Cited

Chaucer, Geoffrey. & Lynch, Kathryn L. Dream Visions and Other Poems. W.W. Norton & Company, 2006.

Fichte, Jorg O. Chaucer's 'Art Poetical: A Study in Chaucerian Poetics. John Benjamin's

Publishing Company, 1980.

Phillips, Helen. "Structure and Consolation in the Book of the Duchess." The Chaucer

Dream Team One of the
Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73738129
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Other positive leaders in this regard are the "priestly" ones, who bring continuity and hierarchy to the goal, delegating to the most powerful and differentiating individuals; the "elected" leaders, who gain authority by being chosen; and the "missionaries," who have a certain kind of mission to achieve -- economic, religious, political or social service (Stewart).

The way that leaders work with individuals in both sports and at work will also reinforce their ability to stay on task; cooperate; use time, talents and resources wisely; embrace diversity; learn from each other and share accomplishments. Dennis Kinlaw, who recommends ways to coach or lead individuals for successful performance, offers what he calls a "coaching skills inventory" that breaks coaching into "shades of coaching" or different methods for driving results. For example, in one inventory, he breaks coaching into five specific categories: Contact and Core Skills, Counseling, Mentoring, Tutoring, and Confronting and Challenging…

Dream Community Unlike the Popular
Words: 1330 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38566663
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Older people could receive tax incentives to act as teachers to students in areas of expertise, or simply to help out as coaches or staff. Ideally, private educational institutions would be few, to ensure a lack of a drain of community resources from the public schools, although private schools could supplement student education for students with special needs that could not be met by the public system.


Unless it was required for their daily work-related commute, residents would agree to drive fuel-efficient cars and receive tax credits if they drove hybrid or electric cars.


Community watch groups would supplement the police force. Both police and volunteer organizations would also engage in educational efforts with the school system regarding anti-drug, anti-bullying, and anti-violence campaigns. Fire safety would be ensured by a professionally trained core force, supplemented by a group of volunteers for less vigorous conflagrations.

aste collection

Collection would…

Works Cited

Best Foot Forward. (2004) "Ecological Foot printing." Retrieved 24 Mar 2005 at

CNN Money. (2005) "Best Places to Live in USA." Money Magazine Survey. Retrieved 24 Mar 2005 at 

Frantz, Douglas & Catherine Collins. (2000) Celebration, U.S.A.: Living in Disney's Brave New Town. New York: Owl Books.

Schmidt, Wayne. (24 Mar 2005) "Best Places to Live" This & That Website. Retrieved 24 Mar 2005 at

Dream Can Be Described as
Words: 2968 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 31491686
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The is also based on drive-defence model which was advanced by Freud.

The second topology one includes the less common dreams whose meaning are different and should therefore be treated and handled in the light of latest theoretical frameworks as advanced by Kohut Self-psychology. He referred to these dreams as "Self-state dreams" which are experienced when the patient's psychological structure stability is in jeopardy .Such crisis or threat usually occur in different pathological states, the states can however vary from being hyper-stimulation (maniacal), to tension reduction in approach of a depressed state. This might lead to a serious problem related to the of the psychic structure's disintegration .

Kohut in (1977) stated that the act of exhibiting the elements of a dream makes up the attempt by the unconscious to tackle the psychological dangers that are related to the actual processes portrayed in the visual images in the dream



Altman, L (1969).A dream in York: INt Univ Press

Blum, H.P. (1976). The Changing Use of Dreams in Psychoanalytic Practice.Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 57:315-324.

Bonime, W. (1965). A Psychotherapeutic Approach to Depression. Contemp. Psychoanal., 2:48-53

Fosshage J.L. (1987) New vistas on dream interpretation. in: Dreams in New Perspective: the Royal Road Revisited, M. Glucksman, N.Y., Uman Sciences Press

dreams the unconscious mind and defense mechanisms
Words: 2116 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54763749
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Psychodynamic and Psychoanalytic theory suggest that early stages of human development have a significant impact on our relationships and our ego throughout the life span. According to Freudian theories, manifested behavior is based on latent problems of the past. The therapeutic process of psychoanalysis is designed to help the client become aware of past problems or latent desires that have been suppressed during the process of psychological development. Key themes that emerge in the literature on psychoanalytic theory include the role of the unconscious mind in shaping self-concept and behavior, dreams as the language of the unconscious mind, and the development of ego defense mechanisms as psychological coping mechanisms.

Dream analysis is one of the hallmarks of Freudian theory and central to psychoanalysis. In this article, Hebbrecht (2013) presents several case studies from clinical practice to illustrate some of the ways dream recollection can be stimulated during therapy, and how…

Dreamed of Creating Magic - And He
Words: 1956 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40462341
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Dreamed of Creating Magic - and He Does

One of my dreams was to grow up and become a magician. ell, that's what happened. I'm not a science fiction writer. I'm a magician. I can use words to make you believe anything." -Ray Bradbury

Ray Bradbury is one of the classic authors of our day- one of the fathers of science fiction. At nearly 82 years old, and over 500 works later, he is still going strong. He is still writing, creating and producing.

Ray Douglas Bradbury was born in aukegan, Illinois on August 22, 1920. He was the third son of Leonard Spaulding Bradbury, a telephone line worker, and Esther Marie Bradbury, a Swedish immigrant. Bradbury credits his mother, with jump-starting his love of fantasy and the supernatural. His mother was fascinated with the new motion pictures. She would sneak Bradbury in with her when he was only two…

Works Cited

About Ray Bradbury." June 18, 2002. 

Biography of Ray Bradbury." June 18,2002. 

Eyman, Scott. "Q&A with Ray Bradbury." Palm Beach Post. Sunday March 10, 2002.

Fat Chucks Index." May 21, 2002. June 18, 2002.

American Investment Recovery Act Throughout American History
Words: 2438 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98187978
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American Investment ecovery Act

Throughout American history there has been an emphasis on maintaining a balance of power between different branches of government. This is from the belief that concentrating too much authority in one area will lead to inevitable abuses in others. To prevent this, the federal government and states have always practiced these basic principles. As a result, there are varying interpretations as to the overall scope of power given to particular branch. (McNeese, 2001)

In 2009, these issues were continually being brought to forefront with the American ecovery Act and einvestment Act of 2009. This law was designed to provide the economy with additional amounts of stimulus to address the lingering challenges from the financial crisis. However, the process of enacting this legislation, there were increased amounts of controversy surrounding the balance of power between the President and Congress. This is because the Democrats had an overwhelming…


The American Investment and Recovery Act. (2009). Fiscal Accountability. Retrieved from:

The American Investment and Recovery Act. (2009). GPO. Retrieved from: 

Estimated Impact of American Investment and Recovery Act. (2012). CBO. Retrieved from: 

Wickard v. Filburn. (2012). Case Briefs. Retrieved from:

Control Our Dreams Without Waking
Words: 1521 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 65594525
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hen people who experienced lucid dreams were studied in order to determine their brain activity during lucid dreaming, it was found that their cerebral hemispheres behaved similarly to how they did while they were awake. The left cerebral hemisphere was more active when people sang in their dreams while activity in the right cerebral hemisphere would intensify when the subjects counted (Laberge, p. 300).

One of the most common concepts present in the reports of those who claim to have experienced a lucid dream is the one relating to sexual activity. Laberge was also engaged in studying sexual activity during lucid dreams and found that the body reacted to sexual stimuli imagined by the person sleeping similarly to how it would react if the subject was awake. In spite of the fact that most subjects who underwent lucid dreams reported having orgasms, they did not show any signs of actually…

Works cited:

1. Bulkeley, Kelly. (1997). An Introduction to the Psychology of Dreaming Westport, CT: Praeger.

2. Shulman, David and Stroumsa, Guy G. eds. (1999). Dream Cultures: Explorations in the Comparative History of Dreaming. New York: Oxford U.S..

3. Southern, S. Darkness into Light: The Dream Journal of an Addicted Trauma Survivor. Journal of Addictions & Offender Counseling 24.2 (2004).

4. (1992). The Neuropsychology of Sleep and Dreaming, ed. John S. Antrobus and Mario Bertini. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

REM Sleep and Dreaming Last
Words: 1525 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 72929698
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However, things have advanced. ith better technology, we can monitor the brain's activity while in REM. Certainly, one thing is certain: with out sleep there is no life. ithout sleep, body temperature, eating, infection prevention, and basic brain functioning suffer.

In terms of survival, where do dreams fit in? Researchers argue that the continuation of a complex brain process such as REM sleep indicates serves an important function for the survival of mammalian and avian species. Certainly, it was a very valuable step along the evolutionary ladder and led to survival. As the brain grew more complex, it needed downtime to process new information. Like any computer, especially a complex one, the human brain requires maintenance. Besides simple "down time," it also requires reprogramming every 24 hours. Just like our network computers take necessary updates and downloads, the brain needs a reprogramming session every 24 hours to recharge itself and…

Works Cited

Animals have complex dreams, mit researcher proves. (2001, January 21). Retrieved


Aserinsky, E; Kleitman, N. (September 1953). "Regularly occurring periods of eye motility and concomitant phenomena, during sleep." Science 118 (3062): 273 -- 274.

Gokce, Gokalp. (1999). Sleep and dreams. Retrieved from

Relation Between Culture and Dream and Use of Those Element in the Art Work
Words: 2900 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98092538
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Culture, Dreams, And Artwork

Dreams and artwork are two things that seem to provide an invitation for interpretation, and cultural perspective is almost always going to influence that interpretation. At first blush, this statement may seem to fly in the face of Jungian interpretation, since the collective unconscious and the enduring interpretation of symbols might suggest that symbols would not vary across cultures. However, such an interpretation ignores the fact that Jung acknowledges the impact that individual culture has on the interpreter. While symbols may retain a broader overall meaning across cultures, the details of those symbols are certainly influenced by the surrounding culture. Moreover, some symbols may be culturally specific. In fact, this paper will discuss the veil and its relation to Islam, and how the surrounding culture can color interpretations of the veil in art and in dreams.

Because the symbols in dreams and artwork are influenced by…

American Dream in Arthur Miller's Death of
Words: 1635 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87974772
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American Dream" in Arthur Miller's "Death of a Salesman" with References to Mark Twain and Henry Thoreau

Arthur Miller's play entitled "Death of a Salesman" is a story about a man who has created a conflict with his family because of his great belief in the American Dream. Willy Loman, the main character in the story, makes a living by being a salesman, and the story revolves around his frustrations in life, particularly the strain in his relationship with his eldest son, iff Loman. Willy's frustrations stems from the fact that iff was not able to have a permanent and stable job, and is often fired from work because of some petty offense or misconduct on his son's part. Willy always insist that his son iff must develop relations with other people, and he must also have charisma and the ability to interact with them in order to achieve prosperity…


Miller, Arthur. "Death of a Salesman." New York: Penguin Books USA Inc. 1949: 137-8.

Thoreau, Henry. E- text of "Walden: Part I, Economy." American Transcendentalism Web site. 15 November 2002 .

Twain, Mark. "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court." New York: Penguin Books USA Inc. 61, 303.

Arthur Miller the American Dream
Words: 1523 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8647128
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"(Miller, 96) However, even if it can appear that illy's death is a further failure and humiliation, Happy points out at his funeral that Loman had the braveness to pursue his dream to the end, despite the fact that he did not succeed: "I'm gonna show you and everybody else that illy Loman did not die in vain. He had a good dream. it's the only dream you can have - to come out number-one man. He fought it out here, and this is where I'm gonna win it for him."(Miller, 111) the promise that Happy makes to follow his father's dream and accomplish it for him is again ironic however. Miller points thus to the perpetuation of the American Dream in society, and hints at its probable permanence.

Thus, Miller's play is one of the most 'American' productions as it points to the conflictive relationship established between the American…

Works Cited

Gordon, Lois. "Death of a Salesman'; an Appreciation," in the Forties: Fiction, Poetry, Drama, Everett/Edwards, Inc., 1969, pp. 273-83.

Miller, Arthur. Death of a Salesman. New York: The Modern Library, 1975.

Elvis and the Dream Elvis
Words: 551 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74970243
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This lesson sparked one of the most influential times in American History: the 1960's. The dream of freedom from preconceived notions of happiness, which Elvis first whispered in the ear of everybody in 1956, had by the late 1960's, blossomed into a time of social awareness. By creating a new way to live the "American Dream," no longer constrained by the traditions of the materialistic past, American society has been expanded, allowing for all Americans to pursue their own version of the "American Dream." And this version can still be the traditional version if one likes, but it can also be whatever makes one happy, without the restrictions of race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or anything else.

Recently the United States of America has been rocked to its financial core by the actions of many in the financial community. Hard working Americans will once again suffer the consequences of economic…

One of the leading figures of the younger generation in the 1950's was Elvis Presley, but he stood out against the traditional view of the "American Dream" and offered the young people of America a different "dream." Instead of simply "playing along," sacrificing family and personal fulfillment for financial success and the ability to purchase new things, Elvis showed that one can refuse to "play along," and that real self-fulfillment comes, not from the accumulation of material goods, but from more personal sources. One can refuse to be a cog in the machine of industry, refuse to put the accumulation of material things above personal fulfillment. Happiness is not found in the latest gadget but in one's heart.

This lesson sparked one of the most influential times in American History: the 1960's. The dream of freedom from preconceived notions of happiness, which Elvis first whispered in the ear of everybody in 1956, had by the late 1960's, blossomed into a time of social awareness. By creating a new way to live the "American Dream," no longer constrained by the traditions of the materialistic past, American society has been expanded, allowing for all Americans to pursue their own version of the "American Dream." And this version can still be the traditional version if one likes, but it can also be whatever makes one happy, without the restrictions of race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or anything else.

Recently the United States of America has been rocked to its financial core by the actions of many in the financial community. Hard working Americans will once again suffer the consequences of economic calamity caused by the greed and materialism of those in positions of financial authority. It would seem that the traditional "American Dream" of the accumulation of wealth and material goods has once again raised its head to the detriment of the nation. The lessons of Elvis Presley and the 1960's had been forgotten in the rush of financial success of the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Americans had forgotten that the accumulation of wealth was not a way to achieve personal fulfillment, and that real happiness came from within. As The U.S. struggles to rebuild itself economically, Americans must remember the "dream" that Elvis whispered in everybody's ear, they must remember to seek personal fulfillment through personal endeavors, not gaining wealth at any cost.

Goal The Dream Begins Summary of Plot
Words: 1301 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Movie Review Paper #: 22706272
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Goal! The Dream Begins

Summary of Plot

The movie begins by showing a young Hispanic man working in Los Angeles both with his father as a landscaper and in a restaurant. The young man has played soccer on the streets of Los Angeles and in the parks since he was a child, but he has never taken the incredible skill he has acquired farther than local city leagues. His father is of the belief that people of their background and station in life should not dream of becoming something that they are not. The father thinks that Santiago, the young man, should work as the father has all of his life. Santiago is able, with the help of his grandmother, to travel to Newcastle, England to try out for their soccer team.

Through a lot of difficulty (another player becomes jealous and smashes his inhaler, he is stuck on the…


Jeffries, M., Barrelle, M., Huffam, M., & Stepper, D. (Producers), Cannon, D. (Diector). (2005). Goal! The dream begins [Motion Picture]. United States: Touchstone Pictures.

Santillan, J. (1998). The patriarchal system: The exclusion of women in medical case studies. Retrieved from

Message of Empowerment in Dream Deferred Dreams
Words: 654 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88599525
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Message of Empowerment in Dream Deferred, Dreams, and Daystar

Dream Deferred (Harlem) by Langston Hughes, Dreams by Nikki Giovanni, and Daystar by Rita Dove are most often categorized as poetry offering insight into the frustration of African-Americans because of societies continuous oppression of their hopes, desires, and dreams. This is correct, but upon further examination one finds there is a deeper, more universal message among the prose...personal empowerment.

A person's individual capability must be fully developed before embarking on a revolution. Langston Hughes in A Dream Deferred warns of the danger involved when potential is subjugated. "What happens to dreams deferred" (Line 1) he asks. "Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun?" Or fester like a sore and run" (Lines 3-5) The imagery is vivid, bringing a tangibility to the emotional death caused by a crushed spirit. The inevitable result of burying potential is a powder keg…

Hakespeare's a Midsummer Night's Dream
Words: 1603 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 54534867
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Theseus reminds Hermia that the person she is, with her beauty as an asset that is so appreciated by Lysander, is because she is the product of her father. She is "but as a form in wax (Shakespeare online), a reproduction of her father, "By him imprinted within his power (Shakespeare online).

Johnnie Patricia Mobley resolves the conflict between the characters of Hermia and Helena (on whose behalf Oberon intercedes with his good intentions of administering the magic potion). Hermia and Lysander do this by sharing with Helena their plan to run away beyond the authority of Hermia's father so that they can be together (Mobley 16). This is Shakespeare's way of addressing the love triangle, which must have often come up in the lives of people whose marriages were arranged. It also looks at the solution for Hermia and Lysander, and Oberon's intervention gives the audience, and Hermia, time…

Reference List

Kehler, D. A Midsummer Night's Dream: Critical Essays, Routledge (1998), London,


Mobley, J.P. A Midsummer Night's Dream: A Facing Pages Translation Into

Contemporary English, Lorenz Educational Publishing (2000), Chicago, Il.

American Dreams by HW Brands
Words: 695 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82253544
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American Dreams by H.. Brands

American Dreams chronicles the history of the United States after the defeat of the Axis powers until the present day. After orld ar II, America emerged as the major world power. It had an atomic capacity and had been less scarred, economically and politically, than Europe. How America managed this new role and how Americans' self-perceptions of themselves have changed over the subsequent decades is the subject of H.. Brand's brief social history.

The book is organized into three sections. The first section, called Visions of Omnipotence (1945-1965), details the heady postwar time when America was first beginning to establish its authority in the world. It played a critical role in revitalizing the fortunes of Europe through the Marshall Plan and contained communism through the establishment of NATO and the Berlin airlift. This was also the era of the Korean ar, the Bay of Pigs,…

Work Cited

Brands. H.W. American Dreams. New York: Penguin, 2010.

Sorrow Beyond Dreams Peter Handke's
Words: 1932 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 60031487
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This postmodernist writing that finally ends up having a dialogue with itself reveals an idea common to most of the postmodern art: that language and formulations, as means of expression, are also a means of finding the meaning of something, and that most often, meanings do not reside out of language.

But, at the same time, Handke also demonstrates that the life can sometimes be to terrible to be expressed in language.

The book ends, significantly, with the same Handke sitting at his desk and reading the article about the suicide of a woman. It is not only that the writing turns upon itself, to reveal that the most important subject of the book has not been altogether elucidated and has not been given meaning to yet, but also, the fact that the author is in front if a piece if a newspaper article relating this event is crucial: the…

Works Cited

Handke, Peter a Sorrow Beyond Dreams, New York: Farrar Straus and Giroux, 1975

Klinkowitz, Jerome the Self Apparent Word, Fiction as Language, Language as Fiction Illinois: Southern Illinois Press, 1994

Wertheimer, Alison a Special Scar: The Experience of the People Bereaved by Suicide, New York: Routledge, 2001

Summer Night Dream the Relationship
Words: 593 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46710094
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Hipollyta, his bride to be, is Queen of the Amazons. As a warrior, she grows into understanding love and marriage throughout the play, However, through the fact that she is Theseus's partner, as well as the fact that she has her own qualities, she also symbolizes order and stability.

3. In terms of Theseus's attitude towards marriage, Shakespeare follows this in the way he manifests himself with regards to third parties who are to get married in imposing the law of the nation of which he is king. In the first act of the play, Theseus appears as being undecided about the decision he needs to make. On one hand, there is a law that he needs to respect and, indeed, enforce. On the other hand, he talks with both Egeus and Demetrius in order to try to reach a different decision by negotiating a third solution (which is somewhat…

Equal Pay Act
Words: 2584 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57885459
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Equal Pay Act: Difficult but Essential to Enforce

According to the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics, in 2009, women made about 80% of what men of the same race performing the same jobs did. Historical data from the BLS (and this is consistent with other sources) demonstrate that things have improved little in terms of pay equity for women over the past half century or so (Bureau of Labor Statistics, ). This is true despite the fact that in 1963, the Pay Equity Act became federal law in 1963. It is nearly impossible not to consider this law a failure in its effects given that so little has changed. (One might argue that things might have gotten worse for women absent this law, but this argument seems at least primarily specious.)

Congress enacted the law, which amended the Fair Labor Standards Act, for a number of reasons, including the…


AFL/CIO, "Pay Equity," retrieved 5 February 2010 from ).

Bureau of Labor Statistics, retrieved 4 February 2010 from -


Juno and the 3 Act
Words: 1427 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15759688
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If we consider the fact that Juno's goal, although not known to her at this point, is to end up in the end with Bleeker, this midpoint makes the character seem farthest from reaching her goal.

I think that this midpoint divides the first and second act because of the relationship between Juno and Bleeker. As mentioned, at this point, their relationship seems to no longer have any potential future, while the first act has always left this possibility in the open, as we could still see them interacting in the same manner and getting along.

5. The break-up in the adoptive couple is also essential and we can probably identify this as a second plot point, despite the fact that the previously presented midpoint is also important as a plot point (I have selected this, however, as the plot point because it seems to have more influence on the…

Treatment modalities for ACT and IPT
Words: 1012 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22005872
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IPT have distinct roles, and different patients may be referred to one of these treatment modalities yet resist treatment in some way. Rather than viewing these patients as categorically "difficult," therapists would be better off repositioning and rebranding ACT and IPT to better sell their respective models. It is also helpful to understand patient reservations, recognize there may be cross-cultural variables at stake in the communication process, or other patient-centric variables impacting their attitudes toward the particular modality. Many patients naturally mistrust a treatment modality that is new or unfamiliar to them, or which they have never heard of before in the media. Therefore, therapists of either ACT or IPT need to use a variety of communications strategies to encourage patient compliance when necessary. It may be helpful to describe examples of noncompliant or resistant patients in order to better grasp the types of techniques used to educate and inform,…

psychotherapy using IPT and ACT
Words: 2750 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50111321
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Jen is a 19-year-old female of mixed ethnic background. When asked what her therapeutic goals are, Jen states that she wants to "get over" the physical abuse she was subjected to her from her mother's ex-husband (her stepfather). In the third therapy session with Jen, she abruptly claims that she may not be continuing with therapy because she is just "therapist shopping."

Also in this session, Jen mentioned for the first time that she works as an exotic dancer. She asks with a belligerent tone, "You don't have a problem with that, do you?" Even though there was no response, Jen quickly defends herself, saying, "I love my work. I make so much money. There is nothing else I can do to make this much money. All my friends work harder than I do but they make less than me! I mean, I not only pull in what I make…

Globalization the Secure Fence Act
Words: 677 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35493491
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This is true with a new generation of immigrants, as well. While many people see Hispanics as a cause of additional strain on our societal resources, many of these people are coming here for the same opportunities and advantages that our own ancestors came her for - a better life and to follow their dream. They work in industries that white Americans shun, such as agriculture, domestic labor, and hospitality, and they do it willingly, rather than grudgingly. These people hold on to their culture, but they also assimilate into American culture, just as Appiah notes. It would be impossible for them to move to the U.S. And live as they had in their own country. They adapt and conform, and hold on to the values and traditions that are the most important to them.

Thus, it would seem Appiah would oppose the Secure Fence Act as an act of…

Enemy of the People ACT
Words: 1222 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94362336
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Yet I suggest you consider that it is also not always blind. You should consider not only the benefits of your obfuscation, but also the costs. Certainly today you will keep your business afloat... But what will you do in the summer when typhoid starts killing your visitors? No-one was happier about these baths than Thomas... yet he noticed the pattern. Do you think no one else will notice? The situation is only made worse by the fact that he has not fled. What will you do when visitors stricken by plague are told by the most available local doctor -- that would be our brother, you know, now that no one in town will go to him -- that these plagues are the results of your water? You should balance the costs of lawsuits... And innumerable deaths on your conscience... against the cost of repairs.

PETER: What of the…

Butterfly Dream
Words: 1582 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34742994
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Lao Tzu Psychology

Dreaming: Exploring Philosophy through Psychology

What are we, really? Are we the human, or are we the butterfly? Our cognitive reasoning is definitely limited to our mere mortal senses, and so this question is actually quite difficult -- if not impossible -- to ask. One thing that is certain, the brain has a degree of complexity that is perplexing. According to the philosophy of Lao Tzu, the father of Taoism, we are connected to the universal life force and thus all other living creatures. This is part of our most basic foundations of existence, thus residing deep within what modern psychologists would label the unconscious. Dreaming, as seen in modern psychology, is a way to allow that unconscious much more freedom to explore and grow. Ultimately, it is the mind's increased flexibility that occurs during sleep that allows us to better connect with the universal Tao and…


Myers, David G. Psychology. 10th ed. Worth Publishers.

The Analysis of Dreams From a Jungian Perspective
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Jungian Psychology

What does Jungians mean by the Symbolic Quest?

According to Jung, a symbol enables the development of themes from the unconscious in an effort to rewire us as human beings, in a manner of experience, from which we have come to be disengaged. In a better form of analysis, human beings experience external matters, aspects that can be detected and identified using our senses, and which have implication on us in a particular perspective that we have understood and gained knowledge of. In the same manner, human beings also experience inner matters that they cannot essentially distinguish or identify. Both of these aspects are depicted by imageries, which show themselves as representations of the outside world, and are consequently employed by the consciousness to outline the inner world. Symbolic Quest can be perceived as the action of seeking an inspiring source and a moral imperative in an individual;…


Benedetto, P. (2009). Dreams. Jungian Analysis. Retrieved 1 October 2015 from:

Bright, B. (2012). Psyche and the Symbolic Life: How do Symbols Transform You? Depth Insights. Retrieved 1 October 2015 from: 

Hall, J. A. (1983). Jungian Dream Interpretation: A Handbook of Theory and Practice. Canada: Inner City Books.

Harley Therapy. (2014). Freud vs. Jung -- Similarities and Differences. Harley Therapy Counseling Blog. Retrieved 1 October 2015 from:

Film Analysis Field of Dreams and Any Given Sunday
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Sport in Two Films: Any Given Sunday and Field of Dreams

Sport has been a significant part of society for centuries. In part, sport is a recreational activity, a social activity, and a means of competing. However, sport also holds greater significance for many people. It represents something that goes beyond just competing or just winning and says something about the way people interact and work together to achieve their dreams. At the same time though, the meaning of sport has been lost over the years. Winning has become so important to some that the joy of sport has been lost. For others, sport has become so intertwined with making money that the meaning has eroded. In today's society, the joy and meaning in sport has begun to be lost. Two films that deal with these issues are Any Given Sunday and Field of Dreams. Both films offer a view…


Any Given Sunday. Dir. Oliver Stone. Warner Bros, 1999.

Field of Dreams. Dir. Phil Alden Robinson. Universal, 1989.

Dragon the American Dream in
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Sissy Eng stands out in direct contrast to her younger brother, having fully embraced the American Dream by marrying a white husband -- one who interestingly exoticizes Chinese people and culture -- and capitalizing on her Chinese heritage through the publication and sale of a cookbook, in which she takes enormous pride and pleasure. She, like her father though in a less subservient manner, fully caters to the American expectation of her Chinese identity, and uses it to make her own version of the American Dream. She is quite successful at this as well, and is entirely happy with the life she has created for herself as a staunch Chinese-American. Sissy does not exhibit any sense of guilt or conflict for having "sold-out," but rather accepts the largely artificial identity of her mixed culture or nationality as her natural place in the American systems of thinking and success.

Fred Eng…

Kidnapped Wife and the Dream
Words: 1222 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32405089
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Miller's play is very similar with respect to its main theme. Joe Keller also makes an economical decision at one point in his life: being in charge of the military equipment of the Air Force planes during the Second orld ar he provides the army with 121 defective cracked cylinder heads. As a result, twenty one of the planes crash and all the pilots die. Thus, faithful to the American Dream of prosperity and wary of his family's finances, Joe knowingly ignores the possible consequences of his act. Years after this tragedy, Joe is still in denial, refusing to acknowledge any personal responsibility or guilt. Thus, the structure of the play is almost identical with that of the short story previously discussed. Joe refuses to take responsibility in two situations, not just one: first for the pilots, and then for the death of his own son, Larry who commits suicide…

Works Cited

Hammond, Susan Hazen. The Kidnapped Wife and the Dream Helper.

Gibson, P.J. Long Time Since Yesterday. New York: Samuel French, 1985.

Miller, Arthur. All My Sons. New York: The Modern Library, 1987.

Why Did Pat Allanson Act as She Did About the Movie Deadly Magnolia
Words: 760 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9895433
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American Justice: Deadly Magnolia. Specifically it will discuss why the main character, Pat Allanson, acted as she did. Patricia Allanson was a Southern belle who seemed to have a chip on her shoulder when it came to relatives. She convinced her new husband to murder his parents, and then she tried to murder his grandparents. She served prison time for that, and then attempted to kill two of her nursing care clients after she was released from prison. What made Patricia Allanson act the way she did, and kill for her own selfish wants and needs?

Patricia Allanson seems to have been motivated to kill by many different things in her life. She was raised as a spoiled Southern girl who was used to getting what she wanted and being taken care of in every way. Her mother was socially ambitious and her father was a strict Army man. Throughout…


American Justice: Deadly Magnolia: Patricia Allanson. 2000.

Soloist Lost Dream an Unlikely
Words: 1032 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57762215
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Lopez writes that his relationship with Ayers is both a gift and a burden for them both: "I've got no time to play music-room monitor. I've set a trap for myself without knowing it, and readers aren't letting me forget it" (Lopez 25). Some of Lopez's interventions prove difficult, such as his attempt to reconnect Nathaniel with his family. "Stigma, March says, keeps families from accepting a loved one's illness and seeking treatment for them, and it also marginalizes those who are afflicted" (Lopez 76). Interestingly, Lopez writes, undercutting the accepted idea of the biological basis of mental illness, "I've been unable to find any evidence of mental illness in the history of Nathaniel's family (Lopez 77). The deeper Lopez becomes involved, the more paradoxical Nathaniel's madness and relationship to music becomes, and the more difficult it is to find out what is the cause, much less the solution, to…

Works Cited

Lopez, Steve. The Soloist: A Lost Dream, an Unlikely Friendship, and the Redemptive Power of Music. New York: Putnam, 2008.

Sociology and Req For a Dream Arequiem
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Sociology and Req. For a Dream

ARequiem for a [email protected] takes sociological deviation to the extreme. Deviation is defined as behaviors which do not conform to significant norms held by most members of a society or group. This movie uses drugs as the deviation and shows how it destroys the four main character's lives. Harry and his girlfriend start out as ambitious young adults with dreams of starting their own clothing store. Tyrone just wants happiness with his girlfriend. Lastly Sara Goldfarb, Harry's mom wants to be on television. The three friends end alone, with nothing but their addiction to heroin and Sara is committed to an asylum because of the effects of the speed she uses to lose weight in order to be on TV. There are many specific sociological principles that apply to things that happen within deviant subcultures. This movie illustrates a good many of them in…

American Dream Hey Kim Do
Words: 1116 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10291005
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My heart was always full of things I wanted to say -- questions that needed answering, or opinions bubbling beneath the surface, but I no longer had words to say them. I had lost my old world, but could not gain my footing in my new land.

How I longed to be normal -- a normal Korean or a normal American, I did not care. But I knew that I was neither. My family history had aged me far beyond my years, although I had only a child's vocabulary in English. I could not go back, as my American experience soon made me different from my fellow Koreans. But my assimilation into America was imperfect. I chuckled at Gary Soto's essay "Looking for ork," about how he wished to make his American family act like the perfect families on TV, like Father Knows Best. It is hard to imagine one's…

Works Cited

Soto, Gary. "Looking for Work." From Rereading America. Edited by Gary Columbo, Robert

Cullen & Bonnie Lisle. New York: Bedford/St.Martin's, 2004.

Wu, Frank. Yellow. New York: Basic Books, 2003.

Myth of the American Dream
Words: 658 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94996596
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Paine is broken and reveals the entire scheme.

Similarly, Dumbo suggests that a belief in one's self can accomplish anything, even in the face of the most seemingly insurmountable obstacles. Dumbo is the story of an elephant with enormous ears. Dumbo is a freak and the mockery of the circus. His mother is taken away after she tries to protect him. The circus is a cruel and judgmental environment that put animals on display for the public's entertainment. However, Dumbo proves that with gumption, unrecognized talents can be honored. This is was typical of the Disney style -- much like during the Great Depression, the third little pig was celebrated as someone who "exhibits old-fashioned virtues, hard work, self-reliance, self-denial" (Sklar 204). The social prejudice that hurts Dumbo does not have to be cured; he merely needs to try harder to use his disability in service of society.

These films…

Works Cited

Dumbo. Directed by Walt Disney. 1941.

Mr. Smith Goes to Washington. Directed by Frank Capra. 1939.

Skylar, Robert. Movie-Made America. Vintage, 1994.

American With Disability Act American
Words: 1103 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95492817
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The Act is not adaptable, it is not distinct in nature and it is costly to implement (eynolds, 1995). These factors have allowed the public to disregard the members of the society that were supposed to be protected by the Law. It has been difficult to distinguish the groups that are protected by the Act, to ensure the Act is understood and applicable, the Act should be refined, reworded and simplified to ensure that it is easily understood and adapted (Lande, 1998).

Employers have in a greater way been able to deny disabled people employment although the disabled person may be in a position to perform most of the responsibilities; they are not given the opportunity to prove their ability to perform. The employer refuses to hire the person not on the basis of inability to perform but because they are physically disabled (Shaw, 2008). Whenever an employee is terminated…


Shaw, K. (2008). The Disability Rights Movement -- The ADA Today. Academic Search Premier 4(2), 20-25.

Meneghello, R., & Russon, H. (2008). Creating a Movement: The First 18 Years of the ADA. Academic Search Premier. 4, 21-25.

Hermes, J. (2008). Attempt to Broaden Disabilities Act Concerns Some College Officials. Chronicle of Higher Education. 40, A23-A23

Lande, R. (1998). Disability law: Problems and proposals. Southern Medical Journal, 6, 518.

Japan 1941-1945 and the Acts
Words: 2630 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54044185
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While many argued that it was a mistake the attack happened anyway and the result was a punishment that had never been experienced before in the history of the world. The dropping of an atomic bomb changed the strategic thinking of Japan for the rest of history. Today, and for the past five decades the nation has spent its energies trying to be a friendly ally to America and Great Britain instead of trying to become more powerful than they are. It has focused its attention on technological development and assisting the world in moving forward and not on which nation has the most power, the most money or the best military forces. The strategy behind the attack on Pearl Harbor was founded in the fear of economic and trade threats. Now the nation addresses those fears through advances in technology and the sharing of those advances with the nations…


Alperovitz, Gar (1995) Hiroshima: historians reassess. (atomic bombing)

Foreign Policy

Honan, William (1991) Who Planned Pearl Harbor?;a British Expert Warned the World, but Only Japan Remembered.The Washington Post

Fallows, James (1991) the mind of Japan. (Japanese history) (Special Report: Pearl Harbor: 50 Years) (Cover Story) U.S. News & World Report

Role Americans Disabilities Act 1990 Plays Hiring
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role Americans Disabilities Act 1990 plays hiring evaluation process police officers. 3. The ethical conflicts unique police psychologists.

Exhibition review:

Abelardo Morell At the indow: The Photographer's View

The Cuban-born photographer Abelardo Morell is best known for his photographic work using the technique known as camera obscura. This technique actually pre-dates contemporary photography and was used by the ancient Greeks and Romans as well as Leonardo. Camera obscura involves the use of "light passing through a pinhole into a dark room" which will "project and transpose an image of whatever lies outside" (Di Pero 2013). Morell has adapted this technique to cotemporary photography. He dates his fascination with the method to the birth of his son, in after which he became inspired to look at the world with the eyes of a child and desired to take a more domestic view of life. "I started making photographs as if I…

Works Cited

"Camera Obscura: The Captivating Work of Abelardo Morell." Apartment Therapy. Oct 2013.

[8 Nov 2013]

Di Pero, W.S. "In a dark room: The photography of Abelardo Morell

San Diego Reader. 30 Oct 2013. [8 Nov 2013]

O'Neill Dreams and Man's Tragic
Words: 1113 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35789639
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But it is perhaps so that had the man followed his dream, he would have died content rather than in abject misery and with a sense of imprisonment in the confines of farm and family. In this regard, Beyond the Horizon suggests that man's tragic fate is to be pulled at once by his dreams and by the realistic imperatives of life such as love, family, work and obligation. In the resolution, this internal paradox renders man an empty and discontent shell of what he dreams to become.

If this perception of man's tragic fate is altered in any regard during the intervening four years between the two plays in question, it is perhaps in the yet less redeeming nature of the dreamers in Desire Under the Elms. here the parties in Beyond the Horizon bypassed their dreams in spite of themselves, the greedy brothers and the inconstant wife of…

Works Cited:

O'Neill, E. (1920). Beyond the Horizon.

O'Neill, E. (1924). Desire Under the Elms.

Death of a Dream Arthur
Words: 1256 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28429052
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Throughout the play, Willy longs for the wealth, privilege, and equality the America was alleged to have been built upon until he can no longer deny that the promises of the American dream are just an illusion. While this is without a doubt a scathing critique of capitalism, at the same time, the play seems to be trying to show that nothing is truly real and once you remove all of the 'bells and whistles.' In other words, 'real' people, just like the American dream, are a myth. No one is immune to putting on a 'front' for other people, but when the opinions of others dictate your life and your decisions, this is when the human soul begins to deteriorate. Willy Loman is the characterization of this corrosion.

The death of the American Dream portrayed in the play, as well as the constant comparisons between the rich and the…


Bloom, H. (1991) Willy Loman. New York: Chelsea House

Miller, a. (1998), Death of a salesman, New York: Penguin Books

Novick, J. (2003) Death of a salesman: Deracination and its discontents. American Jewish History 91(1), 97-107

Death of a Salesman Willy and the American Dream
Words: 882 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37455718
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Exchange at the End of Act Two:

THE WOMAN: I just hope there's nobody in the hall. That's all I hope. To Biff: Are you football or baseball?

BIFF: Football

THE WOMAN: (angry, humiliated) That's me too. G'night.

Both Biff and Happy are shown throughout the course of Death of a Salesman to have a very careless attitude in regards to how they treat women. They treat women like conquests, not as human beings. In a flashback sequence, Linda complains that mothers have informed her that they are worried that Biff is rough with girls; Happy has slept with a number of the girlfriends and fiancees of the superiors at his place of employment. He does so not because he is in love with these women but as a passive-aggressive way of getting back at the people who tell him what to do on a daily basis at work.


City and Space True Dream
Words: 1118 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 94947063
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Although Cuiyuan expresses world-weary attitudes about the nature of men and women in her inner monologue, Zongzhen clearly spots a desire for a connection with another human being in her eyes. And Zongzhen thinks he is merely avoiding Dong Peizhi, but he is also unconsciously avoiding his wife. Dong Peizhi is his wife's nephew, and part of the disgust Zongzhen feels towards Peizhi is clearly tied to his unhappiness in his own marriage. That is why he blames his wife for Peizhi's persistence, just like he resents being forced to buy spinach buns by his wife -- even though he clearly likes them, as he eats them to pass the time, while he is stalled on the tram.

The spatially constructed flirtation between Zongzhen and Cuiyuan becomes real, partially because of the unconscious needs of the protagonists but also because of the enforced closeness of the train car. The arbitrary…

Works Cited

Chang, Eileen. "Sealed Off." Film in Focus. November 16, 2009.

management and leadership dream job CFO
Words: 2096 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 65483668
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My Utopia Job: CFO
Being a Chief Financial Officer (CFO) for a major Fortune 500 company would be my dream job. Capitalizing on a core base of competencies in accounting, cash flow management, and risk management, the CFO sits in the C-suite with a greater sense of purpose and a role that is instrumental in guiding the organization’s strategies (“Chief financial officer (CFO) job description,” 2017). An understanding of management concepts, theories, and principles will help me achieve this goal to help me manifest a utopic career. For example, systems theory shows how the CFO fits into the overall organization and its interdependent, multilateral nature. Likewise, the CFO must have mastered the main management concepts like those we have studied in this class including control and coordination. The CFO is role that balances strategy, tactics, vision, ethics, and communication. To be a successful CFO, one must also master essential conceptual,…

Silhouette of America's Dream Negro
Words: 6280 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93705310
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hen Johnson defeated Jeffries, however, it unleashed white violence against blacks nationwide. "In ashington, D.C., the ashington Bee reported, 'hite ruffians showed their teeth and attacked almost every colored person they saw upon the public streets'."

Similar events occurred in New York City and tiny towns in the deep South. By the time Jackie Robinson left the Negro Leagues, the backlash was not nearly so pronounced. Arguably, the Negro Leagues kept violence at bay, while producing athletes of exceptional quality without risking Jim Crow law violence.

That, of course, is shining a favorable light on a tradition that is not worthy of accolade, and that arguably prevented numerous black ballplayers from receiving a fraction of their worth.

Today, few people understand the sociological factors that prevented black and white baseball players from competition with each other, as opponents or as members of racially mixed teams. They therefore know even…

Works Cited

Ayers, Edward L. 1993. The Promise of the New South: Life after Reconstruction. New York: Oxford University Press. Place of Publication: New York.

Bennett, Lerone, Jr. 1994. "Jack Johnson and the great white hope: historic boxer. Ebony, April. Available from Accessed 7 February 2005.

Big Labor Day Celebration," (original document) Norfolk Journal and Guide, 8 September, 1917; available at . Accessed 7 February 2005.

Bill 'Bojangles' Robinson." 2004. International Tap Association, 13 December. Available from. . Accessed 9 February 2005.

Riders to the Sea the One Act
Words: 983 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56179208
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iders to the Sea

The one act play iders to the Sea by John Millington Synge is a recognized classic, often utilized as an expression of the iconic place and time of its setting, early 18th century Aran Isles. Synge himself writes about his visit to the Aran isles, which became the inspiration for many of his dramatic works, that the struggle between man and the sea,

The maternal feeling is so powerful on these islands that it gives a life of torment to the women. Their sons grow up to be banished as soon as they are of age, or to live here in continual danger on the sea; their daughters go away also, or are worn out in their youth with bearing children that grow up to harass them in their own turn a little later (Synge, 1907).

Analyzing the work itself illuminates to this reader three literary…


Synge, J.M. (1907). The Aran Islands. Boston, MA: John W. Luce. Retrieved from Project Gutenberg: 

Synge, J.M. (1904). Riders to the Sea. Boston, MA: John W. Luce. Retrieved from Project Gutenberg: / 994

Undocumented Students Equity to In-State Tuition Reducing
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Undocumented tudents Equity to in-tate Tuition:

Reducing The Barriers

There exist policy ambiguities and variations at federal, state, and institutional levels related to undocumented student access to and success in higher education and this has created problems for these students. This study investigated specific policies and procedures to provide the resources and capital to assist undocumented students as well as reviewed key elements of showing the correlation of these difficulties with ethnic identity in access and equity to higher education that would help eliminate student's frustration. The study also illustrated that there is no accountability system surrounding the success of undocumented student's postsecondary education divide significant structure. Three research questions guided the study; a) Without the fundamental requirements met how will undocumented students achieve their goal to attain a degree, and seek a rewarding career? b) Is it unjust to extradite an illegal alien who has been living a constructive…

Scott, W.R. (2004). Institutional theory: Contributing to a theoretical research program. Retrieved from

Spickard, P. (2007). Almost all aliens: Immigration, race, and colonialism in American history and identity. New York, NY: Routledge.

Taylor, E. (2009). The foundations of critical race theory in education: An introduction. In E. Taylor, D. Gillborn & G. Ladson-Billings (Eds.), Foundations of critical race theory in education (pp. 1-13). New York, NY: Routledge.

Except for the Indigenous Native
Words: 8783 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 72367303
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S. citizenship (Bloemraad 2002). Given the ongoing need for qualified recruits by the U.S. armed forces, it just makes sense to determine the extent of enlistment in the armed forces by immigrants to identify their personal reasons for doing so. To the extent that these reasons are directly related to their desire to obtain American citizenship rather than a sense of patriotic responsibilities is the extent to which military service may represent a viable alternative to more time-consuming, expensive and complication naturalization procedures. It is important, though, to ensure that these immigrant recruits are provided with accurate information concerning how military service will affect their naturalization status and efforts to secure ultimate citizenship.

Rationale of Study

Military recruiters typically experience increases in enlistments during periods of economic downturn because of limited employment opportunities elsewhere in the private sector. Nevertheless, recruiting adequate numbers of high-quality and motivated service members is more…

Works Cited

Anbinder, Tyler, 2006. "Which Poor Man's Fight? Immigrants and the Federal Conscription of

1863." Civil War History 52(4): 344-345.

Black's Law Dictionary. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1990.

Bloemraad, Irene, 2002. "The North American Naturalization Gap: an Institutional Approach to Citizenship Acquisition in the United States and Canada." The International Migration

Mnd William Shakespeare's Play a
Words: 621 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42137867
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" Creating this intermediary set of characters is one of the main techniques Shakespeare uses to confound appearance and reality in a Midsummer Night's Dream.

Act II reveals yet another layer of Shakespeare's reality in a Midsummer Night's Dream. In Act II, the central human drama is shifted from the realistic and familiar world of Athenian reality to the world of the woods in which fairies dwell. Even the fairies allude to yet another layer of reality, when Puck recalls the story of Oberon and Titania fighting over the Indian prince: "Oberon is passing fell and wrath, / Because that she as her attendant hath / a lovely boy, stolen from an Indian king," (Act II, scene i). Moreover, it is soon revealed that the alternative forest reality is filled with different laws of physics than the familiar worlds. Shakespeare shows that these two worlds are well-integrated and blend seamlessly…

Work Cited

Shakespeare, William. A Midsummer Night's Dream. Retrieved online:

United States Government Should Grant
Words: 3332 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61418791
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4 trillion and $3.6 trillion, an impressive boost to the U.S. economy in those years, the IPC explains. A study conducted by Arizona State University determined that when a person has a bachelor's degree that person earns about $750,000 more over the course of a lifetime of earning than a person with just a high school diploma earns.

The data from that study indicates that as of 2006, those working without a high school diploma earned approximately $419 per week and had an unemployment rate of 6.8%, the IPC explains. Those with a bachelor's degree earned approximately $962 per seek and their rate of unemployment was only 2.3%; over their careers college graduates earn "in excels of 60% more than a high school graduate, and workers with advanced degrees earn two to three times as much as high school graduates" (IPC, p. 2).

The Dream Act would remove the uncertainty…

Works Cited

Associated Press. (2011). Court rules against Arizona immigration law. Justice Department filed suit to block law it says violates U.S. Constitution. Retrieved May 4, 2011, from .

Barreto, Matt. (2010). Senators who opposed DREAM Act may fact Latino roadblocks in 2012.

Latino Decisions. Retrieved May 7, 2011, from .

Bennett, Brian. (2011). GOP drafts legislative assault on illegal immigration. Los Angeles

Americans Having to Pay for
Words: 1203 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 65863063
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S. is that they accept the problem as if there is no solution to it. The government believes that preventing immigrants from entering the country is the only answer to reducing the number of undocumented individuals. However, if they were to carefully analyze the dilemma, they would come to the conclusion that it needs to be stopped from its core. Illegal border-crossings would be reduced if people had been acquainted with the fact that the U.S. government does nothing to support illegal immigrants.

ords such as medievalism, nationalism, and discrimination might spring into one's mind when relating to illegal immigrants in the U.S. not receiving any assistance from the government. However, legislations such as the DREAM Act are only contributing to the increase of the number of undocumented immigrants.

Observing that their kin abroad are virtually being provided with help by the American government itself, people from around the world…

Works cited:

1. Knott, Tom. "Dream Act Begins an American Nightmare." The Washington Times, 11 Oct. 2007.

2. Porter, Lakeisha. "Illegal Immigrant Should Not Receive Social Services." International Social Science Review. 81 (2006).

3. "Public Policy." NASFA: Association of International Educators. 22 Nov. 2009

Porter, Lakeisha. "Illegal Immigrant Should Not Receive Social Services." International Social Science Review. 81 (2006).

Waves in the Mass Immigration
Words: 1596 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 74717418
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For instance, most illegal immigrants earn a living that is below the poverty threshold. Towns and cities can enforce legal policy created due to the economic incentive of protecting local schools and hospitals from financial ruin. Therefore, if there is a large population of illegal immigrants living in a town/city and are below a minimal level of income, the most effective policy is to build additional schools and hospitals designed to cater specifically to these populations.

The idea is to create facilities where illegal immigrants can learn and understand how to become an assimilated immigrant into American life. Additionally, these facilities will house programs that enable immigrants to become American citizens through the legal process of obtaining citizenship. The creation of additional schools and hospitals will increase jobs in the community, which can be funded in part through a number of federal programs that provide direct and indirect monetary resources…


Joch. (2010). "Immigration in the United States." New Presence: The Prague Journal of Central European Affairs. July 1, 2010. Retrieved from: 

Independent Review. January 1, 2010. Retrieved from: 

Independent Review. 2010

Difficulties for Undocumented and Foreign Students in the U S
Words: 1121 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 9784350
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1960s to date, the U.S. has had the highest inflows of international students. The number has been growing over the years. Whereas 65,000 student visas were issued in 1971 the number of visas reported to have been issued in 2000 were 315, 000 (orjas, 2002). The number of international students in the country by 2003 was approximately to be 586, 323. This represents a massive growth from the student numbers in the 1950s and the 1960s (Open Doors, 2004a). The figure represents 4.6% of the entire U.S. student population. It is noteworthy that international students comprise more than 10% of the students and the proportion is even higher for the technical disciplines like computer science and engineering (Open Doors, 2004a). It is estimated that in the last decade, 49% of engineering doctorates and 35% of physical sciences were awarded to foreign students (orjas, 2002; aker and Finn, 2003;Hazen & Alberts,…


Baker JG, Finn MG. 2003. Stay rates of foreign national doctoral students in U.S. economics programs. Available at: ? abstract_id=398640 [accessed 3 March 2005].

Borjas GJ. 2002. Rethinking foreign students. National Review 17 June.

Hazen, H., & Alberts, H. (2006). Visitors or Immigrants? International Students in the United States. Wiley Interscience, 201 -- 216 .

Marshall, T., & Gonchar, M. (2014, December 10). Border Politics: Debating Immigration Policy. Retrieved from The New York Times:

Earning an Education Degree the Advantages a
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Earning an Education Degree

The advantages a person can realize with a college degree are numerous. And getting a bachelor's degree in education has many benefits for those who wish to go into teaching. The nation always needs quality teachers, and getting a degree in Education helps prepare a student for this vitally important aspect of learning in America. This paper examines and critiques the opportunities that are out there for a person with a degree in Education. Every student that has a chance to attend a college or university should seize that opportunity and make the most of it. In this paper the importance of a degree in education will be fully presented and critiqued.

How much is a college or university degree actually worth in dollar terms?

First of all, the basic facts of obtaining a college or university degree are eye-openers. A study conducted by Arizona State…

Works Cited

College Board. "Major: Education." Retrieved May 10, 2011, from .

Degree Advantage. "Value of Earning A College Degree." Retrieved May 10, 2011, from

Dillon, Sam. "Report Envisions Shortage of Teachers as Retirements Escalate." The New York

Times. Retrieved May 10, 2011, from .

Immigration Issues
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Immigration issues have been hot in the media ever since the Obama administration proposed to change the immigration rules in the U.S. earlier this year. The current rule states that illegal immigrants need first to leave the country before they can request a waiver on the 3-10-year ban on coming back to the U.S. legally. The ban is placed based on how long the immigrants have lived illegally in the country. With the proposed rule, the children and spouses of legal U.S. citizens can request the government to make a decision on the waiver without them having to first leave the country. After the waiver has been given, they can then head back to their countries to apply for their visas. Associated Press, 2012()

The director of U.S. citizenship and immigration services, Alejandro Mayorkas, stated that this new rule would cut down the amount of time an illegal immigrant would…


Associated Press. (2012). Obama Administration Proposes Immigration Rule Change for Family of Citizens Retrieved February 5th, 2012, from 

Fox News Latino. (2012). Romney Grabs Florida Latino Vote, Immigration Not Major Issue Retrieved February 5th, 2012, from 

Madison, L. (2012). Romney on immigration: I'm for "self-deportation" Retrieved February 5th, 2012, from