Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly
What essential characteristics effective teaching. Your essay include: Introduction - establishes interpretation topic, covering aspects effective teaching addressed essay; I things lesson preparation, communication, knowledge student's level knowledge, & classroom management, & assessment
What are the essential characteristics of effective teaching?
Using scaffolding in a mixed-level 5th grade math classroom
One of the most critical aspects of effective teaching is having a clear understanding of student's different levels of ability. A teacher is a performer in many respects, and a good performer knows his or her audience well. Aspects the teacher must consider are the level of previous preparation of different students; levels of ability; the enthusiasm of the class for the subject, and the different learning styles present within the class. This will determine aspects of the presentation such as the assumptions the teacher brings to the lesson, the need for review, and the use of visual aids…
Larkin, Martha. (2002). Using scaffolded instruction to optimize learning. Teacher Development and care. Retrieved at: http://www.vtaide.com/png/ERIC/Scaffolding.htm
Lewis, Beth. (2012). Scaffolding instructions. About.com. Retrieved at:
Roberts, Florence. (2012). Melcombe Primary School in Hammersmith. Retrieved at:
Effective teaching instruction discussion forum
he joy of every teacher is when they are part and parcel of each other that is teacher and the student; they get it easy and tend to move on so well. his comes out when almost 100% of the students are eagerly occupied in their tasks as well as raising profound and motivating questions. Such kind of in the flow moments is brought about properly set active learning environment packed with project-based sessions. his experience brings more joy to the teacher and is less tiring than the frustrations picked from student apathy. It is clear that the policies for building as well as running high-quality project-learning atmosphere are industrious in several classrooms regardless of the project learning.
According to Dennen, 2005; Gerbic, 2006; Helbers, Rossi, & Hinton, 2005; Mazzolini & Maddison, 2003; hompson & Savenye,( 2007) http://www.ascilite.org.au/conferences/melbourne08/procs/watson.pdf, there has been a wide research…
Thompson and Savenye (2007) http://www.ascilite.org.au/conferences/melbourne08/procs/watson.pdf share the opinion that the majority of preceding researches on participation were paying attention on individual courses to a certain extent than complete programs, as a result establishing whether or not the course is a factor in the level of involvement is extremely improbable. They further reported on the connection linking factors they acknowledged as preceding familiarity with online courses, the course of study as well as the teacher. The finding was that all the three factors were having a quantifiable impact on the participation level as contrasted to other researches on participation with additional limited scale (Mazzolini & Maddison, 2003)
Extant literature has attempted to explore the concept of an effective teacher. The question of what constitutes an effective teacher is one that is asked by several stakeholders in the educational sector. According to The Teaching and Learning Center at Winthrop University, an effective teacher is defined as a scholar who uses an appropriate methodology in the sharing of knowledge, demonstrates as well as encourages a high level of enthusiasm on the subject matter while showing a lot of concern for the students in a manner that leaves a lasting as well as vivid conviction of the student having immensely benefitted from the provided instructions.
Some qualities of an effective teacher are noted to be innate to a given person. This is because an individual can never learn to feel a sense of concern if they lack the capacity as well as empathy with their students.…
Barry, K. & King, L. (2004). Beginning teaching and beyond (3rd Ed.).South Melbourne: Social Science Press.
Bennett, B., Rolheiser, C. & Stevahn, L. (1991). Cooperative Learning: Where Heart Meets Mind. Toronto: Educational Connections.
Bennett, B. & Smilanich, P. (1994). Classroom management: A Thinking and Caring Approach. Toronto: Educational Connections.
Bloom, B.S., Engelhart, M.D., Furst, E.J., Hill, W.H., & Krathwohl, D.R. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives: The cognitive domain. New York: Longman.
activity of learning is central in the life of humans, and forms the core of education, in spite of most learning taking place outside school (Shuell, 2013). Psychologists and philosophers have been striving for ages to comprehend how learning takes place, its nature, and how people can influence each other's learning by means of teaching and other similar activities (Shuell, 2013).
Learning Theories and Special Education
There are numerous propounded theories regarding how individuals learn, employed at schools by teachers for enriching their pupils' learning experience (LTSE, 2011). Teachers can apply an appropriate theory and help their pupils retain necessary information. This is applicable to how special education (SPED) can work with learning theories (LTSE, 2011).
SPED teachers should make the most of these theories in their classrooms; the best theories to aid special education are: Cognitive Load Theory, Gestalt, Component Display Theory, Sign Learning Theory, Connection Theory, L. Atincronbsch…
Walther-Thomas, C. S., Korinek, L., McLaughlin, V. L., & Williams, B. (2000). Collaboration for effective inclusive education: Developing successful programs. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Whitaker, K. S. (1998). The changing role of the principal: View from the inside. Planning and Changing, 29, 130-150
Williams, R., & Portin, B. (1997). The changing role of principals in Washington State. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL.
As I began to realize that I was expecting less than they were capable of I realized that some of my preconceived notions about the teaching profession were coloring my viewpoint.
One example was the day a preschool student from the regular education class came to me and handed me a book that she wanted to read to me. I was surprised but let her open the book and begin reading. It reminded me not to assume the level of ability of any student as each student is an individual and develops at individual rates.
In observing the classrooms I found that problems can be dealt with by remaining flexible and keeping an open mind (Safer, 2003).
An example of this philosophy occurred when an autistic preschool student was included in the inclusion setting. "Tommy" did not respond to verbal cues nor was he a verbal child. The teacher made…
GRIESHABAER, SUSAN and CANNELLA, GAILE S. (EDS.) (2001). EMBRACING IDENTITIES in EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION: DIVERSITY and POSSIBILITIES. MIDWOOD; LB1139.23.E58.
SAFER, STEFFEN (2003). PRACTICAL SOLUTIONS to PRACTICALLY EVERY PROBLEM: THE EARLY CHILDHOOD TEACHER'S MANUAL. REDLEAF PRESS.
WOMG, HARRY K., WONGN, ROSEMARY T. (2004). FIRST DAYS of SCHOOL: HOW to BE an EFFECTIVE TEACHER. HARRY K. WONG PUBLICATIONS.
PELLETIER, CAROL MARRA (2003). STRATEGIES for SUCCESSFUL STUDENT TEACHING. REDLEAF PRESS.
Description of Learning:
Educational institutions are teaching subjects for a digital future but it is from a superficial manner however students need a deeper knowledge of it as a curriculum. When teaching students about math, it should be integrated in all subjects they are learning by being motivated by educators (Singhal, 1997). As shown in the examined scenario planning with an elementary school, it is apparent things became better for the students as far as the educational resources, and environment, which ultimately affects the learning process. Educational institutions must engage partnerships with other schools around the world. By providing student exchanges they will produce world class students, the internet is facilitating the process of globalization and providing virtual interaction with others. As it is shown in schools, technology is the key to change the educational environment and resources. The internet is encouraging students to engage in meaningful cross cultural dialogue…
Teaching used to be easier than it is now. Teachers presented the information, assigned homework, made up tests, and graded students. It was the teacher's job to separate the wheat from the chaff, and the test was one of the most effective tools for that important task. Tests were sometimes complicated or tricky. Students who were weak readers found that their reading difficulties depressed their grades in all subjects, because only the best readers could negotiate the complicated test formats often used in social studies and science classes.
However, it was an easy way to grade. Tests were constructed to have ten items, not nine or eleven; or twenty, not nineteen or twenty-one. This made grading easier: "-2" to "-0" was an A, because those grades were 90% or higher.
The way teachers graded affected the way they wrote their tests: that 20th question might not have been important; that…
"Many of our current challenges are unprecedented," the president explained. "There are no standard remedies, or go-to fixes this time around. That is why we are going to need your help. e'll need young people like you to step up. e need your daring and your enthusiasm and your energy." I will continue to offer my enthusiasm and my energy -- and hopefully I will be daring enough to learn new skills and strategies for the betterment of my students and my community.
Critical Incidents in Education
Before I share specific school experiences I have had, I want to express my own perspective on teaching and education. I have always been very impressed by the thinking of John Dewey, who is considered the "Father of Public Education" in America, and also I've been influenced by the more contemporary strategies put forward by Albert Bandera, who is well-known for his…
Bandura, Albert. (1994). Self-efficacy. In V.S. Ramachaudran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Human
Behavior, 4. New York: Academic Press, pp. 71-81
Dewey, John (2002). Waste in Education. In The School and Society (pp. 77-110).
Bristol, UK: Thoemmes Press.
Since smaller class size has been shown to positively affect student learning, at least in the early grades, one might also infer that this affects teachers' work positively. Further, researchers have found a positive relationship between collective bargaining and increased preparation time for teachers, which many educators believe is essential for good teaching and collaborative work among colleagues within a school.
Collective Bargaining, Unions and Teacher/Educational Quality
In a March 1999 study of Texas Schools, teacher salaries were shown to have a modest impact on teacher mobility and upon student performance. The authors of the study found that teacher mobility was more affected by the characteristics of the students, including income, achievement and race.
Salaries are also more weakly related to performance on teacher certification tests. This appears to be relevant only in districts where there are high levels of hiring (ibid., 30). The study found that certification tests were…
Driscoll, D., Halcoussis, D., & Svorny, S. (2003). School district size and student performance. Economics of Education Review, 22, 193 -- 201.
Farber, H.S. (2006). "Union membership in the United States: the divergence between the public and private sectors." In J. Hannaway & A.J. Rotherham (Eds.), Collective Bargaining in Education: Negotiating Change in Today's Schools (pp. 27-51). Cambridge, MA: Harvard Educational Pub Group.
Hanushek, E.A., Kain, J.F., & Rivkin, S.G. (1999). Do higher salaries buy better teachers?. In American Economic Association (pp. 1-51). New York, NY: American Economic Association.
Hess, F.M. And Kelly, A.P. (2006). "Scapegoats, albatross or what? The status quo in teacher collective bargaining." In J. Hannaway & A.J. Rotherham (Eds.), Collective Bargaining in Education: Negotiating Change in Today's Schools (pp. 53-61 ). Cambridge, MA: Harvard Educational Pub Group.
Atkinson, .C. & Shiffrin, .M. (1968). "Human memory: A proposed system and its control processes." in, Spence, K. & Spence, J. (Eds), Advances in the Psychology of Learning and Motivation, 2(1): New York: Academic Press.
Bailey, a.J. (1986). Policy making in schools: Creating a sense of educational purpose.
Balshaw, M. (1991). Help in the classroom. London: David Fulton Publishers.
Campbell, J., Kyriakides, L., Mujis, D. & obinson, W. (2004). Assessing teacher effectiveness: Developing a differentiated model. New York: outledge Falmer.
Field, K., Holden, P. & Lawlor, H. (2000). Effective subject leadership. London:
Hoban, G.F. (2002). Teacher learning for educational change. Buckingham: Open
Likert, . (1961). New patterns of management. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Loughran, J. & Wallace, J. (2003). Leadership and professional development in science education: New possibilities for enhancing teacher learning. London: outledge Farmer.
MacBeath, J. (1998). Effective school leadership. London: Paul Chapman Publishing.
Maslow, a.H. (1943). "A…
Atkinson, R.C. & Shiffrin, R.M. (1968). "Human memory: A proposed system and its control processes." in, Spence, K. & Spence, J. (Eds), Advances in the Psychology of Learning and Motivation, 2(1): New York: Academic Press.
Bailey, a.J. (1986). Policy making in schools: Creating a sense of educational purpose.
Balshaw, M. (1991). Help in the classroom. London: David Fulton Publishers.
Campbell, J., Kyriakides, L., Mujis, D. & Robinson, W. (2004). Assessing teacher effectiveness: Developing a differentiated model. New York: Routledge Falmer.
Now, teachers are complaining that they feel abused and harassed with the young students.
The students tend to become abusive. They do not respect the teachers. They swear and shout at the teachers. They throw things at the teachers and in some instances, the students physically assault the teachers.
This is the reason why most teachers feel threatened and would want to resign from their works.
Thus, without the corporal punishment, the students do not learn the real value of discipline and they do not maintain proper conduct. The students who did not receive any corporal punishment when they were still on their younger years tend to have deviant behaviors as they grow older.
Meanwhile, there are also studies which have proven that corporal punishment offers nothing but negative effects to both the psychological and emotional aspects of a child. Some of the proven negative impacts of corporal punishment are:…
Curry, Lisa M. Effective Teaching through High Expectation and Class Management. 2000. USA Gymnastics. http://www.usa-dymnastics.org/publications/technique/2000/4/effective-teaching.html
Effective Instructional Strategies. http://www.flstw.fsu.edu/integrate/efins.html
Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew. 2004. "The effect of corporal punishment on antisocial behavior in children." Social Work Research
Lombardo, Lucien X. And Polonko, Karen A. 2000. "Comparative Analysis of the Corporal Punishment of Children: An Exploration of Human Rights and U.S. Law," International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice. Vol. 29, No.2, Fall 2005 pp. 173
Effective Teaching of eading Comprehension
Just like writing and speaking, reading comprehension is a language skill that needs to be developed in order to enhance understanding of various types of texts. For a long time, teachers have employed different strategies in an attempt to assist their students catch a glimpse of their focus. However, some of these strategies have been applied haphazardly, most often out of ignorance. As a result, most students ended up having trouble in comprehending even basic text. Nevertheless, recent years have seen language experts coming up with techniques that have proven to be effective in solving some of these reading comprehension challenges. The following presentation explores some techniques a teacher can employ to make a reading exercise a successful adventure.
Duke and Pearson (2004) recommend a number of tested instructional strategies for assisting students acquire effective comprehension skills. Despite the existence of…
Block, C.C. & Israel, S.E. (2004). The ABCs of Performing Highly Effective Think-aloud. The Reading Teacher vol. 58(2): 1-14
Duke, N. K, & Pearson, P.D. (2002). Effective Practices for Developing Reading Comprehension. International Reading Association, pp1-27
Hassan, S and Fatemeh, N, (2012). The Effect of Learner Constructed, Fill in the Map Concept Map Technique, and Summarizing Strategy on Iranian Pre-university Students' Reading Comprehension. English Language Teaching, vol. 5(9):78-87
Stevenson, G. (2000). Concepts in Reading Comprehension. Advanced Learner Journal, vol. 3(4): 12-13
In the classroom, quizzes, homework, and tests can be designed to match previously learned material to the new information being tested. This can also be done with pre-tests, and by having students re-check the facts they verbalize or wrote in class (Kerns, et al., 2005).
Provide timely feedback
Students can presume they know how well they are doing in class, but they may not. In order to help them focus on what they need to know, the teacher should spend time going over quizzes, homework and tests to link incorrect information to what was actually studied.
Also, students should be given techniques and hints for self-assessment in order to provide their own feedback. They should be taught not to assume they know why they missed an answer and understand how to explore and research the correct one (Kerns, et al., 2005).
Constructive education-related interaction between students, and between students and…
Berg, C., & Clough, M. (n.d.). "Alternative" still requires reaching your destination: A visual framework for teacher decision-making. Retrieved June 28, 2009, from stemtec.org: http://www.stemtec.org/act/ABSTRACTS/CRAIG%20BERG.doc. (Google Search Name of Web Page)
Brophy, J. (1988). Research linking teacher behavior to student achievement. Educational Psychologist, 23(3), 235-286.
Ellis, E., Worthington, L., & Larkin, M. (n.d.). Executive summary of the research synthesis on effective teaching principles and the design of quality tools for educators. Retrieved June 28, 2009, from University of Oregon: http://idea.uoregon.edu/~ncite/documents/techrep/tech06.html
Kerns, B., Elhouar, S., Sterling, M., Grant, J., McGowan, McGowan, M., et al. (2005, August). Ten principles of effective teaching and practical examples for the classroom and blackboard. Retrieved June 28, 2009, from Bradley University: http://blackboard.bradley.edu/faculty/Recommended_Ef_Use_BB/index.shtml
First Year Teaching Performance
Current Teaching Performance
Selection of Content
Selection of Instructional Strategies
Use of Assessment for Learning
First Year Teaching Performance
Current Teaching Performance
Protecting Learners and Learning
Application of Generalizations
Approach to At isk Students
Professional vs. Personal Orientation to Students
eaction to Burnout
My first year teaching experience was one that can be described as an adjustment period. No amount of education or student teaching could have prepared me for the challenges that I faced as a first year teacher. I felt very much like a student myself, during that first year as I attempted to absorb all the information that was presented to me by my peers, students and principal. While I failed quite often in this first year, I believe I also learned much as to how to adapt to new situations and build…
Marazano, R. (2012). Marzano School Leadership Evaluation Model. Marzano Research Lab, Feb 2012.
I don't grade the final draft in class, as I need more time to carefully read it and give it a rubric score (TIMELINE (http://www.kimskorner4teachertalk.com/writing/writingprocess/timeline.)"
This is a valuable aspect of the writing timeline that the teacher has developed. It provides the student with the ability to earn points on having excellent ideas and content even if the grammar and spelling is not up to par.
For many students the fear of writing begins when they turn in something they worked hard to produce and thought they had a wonderful writing idea, only to have it returned with red marks all over it for grammar errors.
Grammar and punctuation are very important elements to the lesson of writing, however, one must also consider the ideas and content that were offered as well.
Dividing the grading system into two areas, one for ideas and content and the other for grammar, spelling…
The Writing Timeline http://www.mhhe.com/mayfieldpub/tsw/wt.htm in Kim's classroom and predict the advantages and disadvantages of using a tool such as the TIMELINE. http://www.kimskorner4teachertalk.com/writing/writingprocess/timeline.html
Teaching writing to exceptional children: reaction and recommendations.
From: Exceptional Children | Date: April 1, 1988 | Author: Barenbaum, Edna | More results for: "teaching writing"
The Bridge to Powerful Writing and Increased Test Scores: Skills and Effective Methodology for Teachers by Barbara Mariconda http://www.teach-nology.com/tutorials/teaching/powerwrite/
A diminutive sum of time prearranged for enjoyment, related to physics activities is more than reimbursed in increasing participation and interest on the measurement of the students. Physics lessons are generally increasing in life and often rotate around numerous innermost thoughts from which it specifics in the lessons which follow quite naturally, it can be mostly helpful in physics lessons to offer a repeatedly efficient theoretical chart of the lessons, into which the students can fit their hard won understanding of particular topics. Another technique which is effective in teaching physics is to involve students to work in problem solving groups. (C. Wieman and K. Perkins, 2005).
For the more difficult content in the thermal physics and reduced subject course, it is very significant to pursue a short theoretical presentation with one or more concrete calculations on carefully selected physical examples. While this might seem clear, that an amount of…
C. Wieman and K. Perkins. (2005). Transforming Physics Education. Physics Today, p.36
C. McDermott and E.F. Redishl. (1999). Resource Letter: PER-1: Physics Education Research. Am. J. Physics. p. 755
Professional development is the strategy used by schools to ensure that educators continue to strengthen their practice throughout their career. The most effective professional development engages teams of teachers to focus on the needs of their students. They learn and problem solve together in order to ensure all students achieve success. Presently, most school systems are using a variety of schedules in providing a collaborative learning as well as, work time for teachers. Professional development in education has gotten a bad reputation, and for good reason. A wide variety of professions such as educators participate in professional development to learn and apply new knowledge and skills that allow them to improve their performance on the job. Therefore, this paper will discuss professional development in education and methods to establish effective teacher growth practices for the learning communities.
Today, everyone talking about education reform agree that teachers receive sporadic professional opportunities…
Frank, V. (2013). Evaluations serve as pathways for professional growth. Teacher-led teams help build evaluation system that promotes learning. Retrieved June 30, 2014, from http://learningforward.org/docs/learning-system/ls-w13-teacher-evaluations.pdf?sfvrsn=2
Mizell, H. (2010). Why Professional Development Matter. Why Professional Development Matter. Retrieved June 30, 2014, from http://learningforward.org/docs/pdf/why_pd_matters_web.pdf?sfvrsn=0
Teacher I Ever Had
As we move from childhood to adolescence and on through young adulthood and beyond, many of us can look back and focus on one particularly effective teacher or professor we were blessed to have had the opportunity to have learned from. There is a tsunami of evidence that as bright, alert young people we are like sponges when it comes to learning new and interesting things about the world. That is especially true when we take a course from a very effective teacher or professor. Thesis Statement: When a teacher has a unique, charismatic way of making important points and motivating students to rise above mediocrity -- and who gets the most out of everyone because he establishes trust and his lectures are compelling -- students become better people and more prepared for the "real world" outside the university.
Learning journalism is a joy and an…
Learning about bullying has revealed the darker side of cultural integration. When students are bullied, their self-esteem suffers. They are prevented from being welcomed into the dominant culture and may also become hostile to the learning process itself. To avoid bullying, students need to build on a reserve of self-confidence. Associating with other English language learners is a good way to build a reserve of self-confidence. However, my job is to teach students how to best get across points in English. This means advocating for the students and helping them to feel like their culture is equal to that of the dominant culture. Like Obert Lake does in "An Indian Father's Plea," I will ask that my students value their native language(s) as well as English.
"English Language Teaching Methodology." English aven. etrieved online: http://www.englishraven.com/methodology.html
Lake, . (n.d.). An Indian father's plea. etrieved online: http://geibtechforlearning.org/lvu/resources/WindwolfPlea.pdf
mietana, . & Czabanowska,…
"English Language Teaching Methodology." English Raven. Retrieved online: http://www.englishraven.com/methodology.html
Lake, R. (n.d.). An Indian father's plea. Retrieved online: http://geibtechforlearning.org/lvu/resources/WindwolfPlea.pdf
mietana, R. & Czabanowska, K. Teaching Methodology. Leonardo da Vinci Program. Retrieved online: http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:g13odCh08wwJ:www.seeph.pro.mcg.pl/pliki/IH_Broszura.pdf+teaching+methodology&hl=en&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESgENoPC0f8Iz_MumRE_BrcZ12crqQSaksjlbP0NLcEDuE_mhfWwbfyKCHHpeQy8dncPklIAVxnACDfQfptTBKHPWaRl-lWwku-JYudPPSOkTon0O-eiBKTxws_0EGcyjQtVRjrD&sig=AHIEtbQYRM7o39olRVSjT0YFmt1gwE64Jg
TEJO (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://www.tejo.org/info/pri_tejo.php?lingvo=en
Self-Efficacy: A Definition
Social Cognitive Theory
Triangulation Data analysis
Problems for the researcher
Data Analysis and Related Literature review.
Comparison of data with other literature in the field.
Efficacy, Self-esteem, Confidence and Experience
arriers to use
Co-oping and Project design.
Teacher Integration Education.
Meta-evaluation of data and related literature.
Data Analysis and Comparison
Recommendation for Further Research
Data Review Report
Teacher efficacy in the classroom is facilitated by a number of different factors for different professions. However, in the case of the teaching classroom, and adapting to new technology, andura's belief that the environment and the person's attitude toward / interactions with the environment are reciprocally affective.
andura (1993) identified 4 specific ways that self-efficacy is formed:
Through cognitive experiences
Through motivational experiences
Their affective interactions with environment
Through selectional experiences and choices.
Bibliography of the literature dealing with teacher training in the uses of the computer in education. (ERIC No. ED 260-696)
Bushman, B. And Baumeister, R. (1998, July) Threatened Egotism, Narcissism, Self-Esteem, and Direct and Misplaced Aggression: Does Self-Love or Self-Hate Lead to Violence? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
Campus Computing Project. (1999). The continuing challenge of instructional integration and user support. Encino, CA: Retrieved November 21, 2003 from the World Wide Web: http://www.campuscomputing.net/
Christensen, R. (2002, 22 June) Effects of technology integration education on the attitudes of teachers and students.Journal of Research on Technology in Education.
Clifford, M., Kim, A. McDonald, B. (1988 Fall) "Responses to Failure as Influenced by Task Attribution, Outcome Attribution, and Failure Tolerance." The Journal of Experimental Education. Volume 57, Number 1. Pages 19-35.
Teaching and Learning Through Using Stories in the Young Learner Classroom - Annotated Bibliography
In my research paper, I intend to analyse the methodologies and implications of using stories as a vital tool for young learners in a class room. To support my study, I have studied five papers that are either from a book or from a journal. The first and the fourth paper summarized here talks about how stories can help in increasing the vocabulary of children. Stories are described as a means to sustain brain activity in young people. The second paper by Husbands and Pearce talks about the need to have a multi-pronged teaching strategy to have an inclusive learning environment. Their article supports the need of story-telling as part of the strategy. The third paper ideates the need of creating a syllabus parallel to the contemporary one with main focus on story-telling. The final article…
Interview ith Teacher of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students
The United States educational environment consists of students from different cultural and linguistic background, and a classroom may consist of students who are native English speakers and students whose origins are from Latin America, Asia, Africa, Middle East and Europe. Thus, many teachers often face challenges in adopting an effective and appropriate methodology to teach students from diverse cultural and linguistic backgrounds.
This study carries out an open-interview with a teacher of culturally and linguistically diverse students to enhance a greater understanding of his teaching methodology.
The researcher uses the open-interview method to allow the teacher to express all views about the strategy used in managing culturally and linguistically diverse students. The questions used to collect the information are presented in Appendix 1.
Outcome of the Interview with a Teacher of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students
The teacher reveals that his…
Echevarria, J.J. Vogt, M. and Short, D.J. Making Content Comprehensible for English Learners: The SIOP Model. (4th Edition). Pearson. 2012.
Moore, K.D. & Hansen, J. Effective Strategies for Teaching in K-8 Classrooms. USA. SAGE Publications, Inc.2012.
SIOP . Frequently Asked Questions. Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol. USA. 2015.
Richard-Amato, P.A. Make it Happen: Interactive to Participatory Language Teaching - Evolving Theory and Practice (4th Edition). Pearson Education ESL. 2010.
Teaching Philosophy and Educating Students
Traditionally, the focus of education has been the primary "3Rs" -- writing, reading, and arithmetic. ut with ever-growing technological innovation driving universal change, educators need to reconsider whether or not the skills taught in schools truly offer learners the best chance to enjoy success in life, at school, and in the workplace (Sledd, 2015).
From my personal experiences and approaches in the area of education, some things vital to me in the roles of student and teacher are:
Great teachers are kind to everyone around them- students, their parents, coworkers, etc. Kindness truly has a great impact on the school and classroom environment, with students feeling loved, welcomed, and cared for.
The profession of teaching is humanistic. Compassion represents the utmost sense of understanding, as well as showing other people that they are important. Compassionate teachers instill this quality in their pupils through their actions,…
Alrubail, R. (2015, January 14). The heart of teaching: What it means to be a great teacher. Edutopia. Retrieved from http://www.edutopia.org/discussion/heart-teaching-what-it-means-be-great-teacher
Alrubail's article discusses teaching requirements, apart from the experience and knowledge criteria. A student-teacher bond must exist, which can be made possible if the teacher is kind, compassionate, optimistic, inspiring, and empathic. The scholar has provided valuable advice to current and future teachers, in this essay.
Erkilic, T. A. (2008). Importance of educational philosophy in teacher training for educational sustainable development. Middle East Journal of Scientific Research, 3. Retrieved from http://idosi.org/mejsr/mejsr3(1)/1.pdf
This study's chief purpose is discussing and proposing a working educational philosophy through a comparison of existing main education philosophies, with regard to attitudes on important questions having basic ESD (Education for Sustainable Development) properties. The five key educational philosophies, namely- perennialism, reconstructionism, essentialism, existentialism, and progressivism, have been discussed according to curriculum, classroom management, teaching methods, and teacher role and evaluation.
The teacher must use effective discipline to ensure students do not interrupt one another, know to raise their hands, not get out of their seats during class, or engage in disturbing activities. This is disrespectful to the learning of others as well as simply against the rules. Drawing up a list of rules to obey for the students is one way to help students understand how the U.S. Constitution, for example, was negotiated and formulated.
Student assignments will include everything from pretending to be various historical characters in costume, to doing Internet research to understand what are reliable and unreliable sources, as well as more standardized essays and tests to prepare them to meet nationalized testing standards. Field trips will reinforce many of class lessons. To encourage student confidence without relaxing curriculum standards, teachers should assign a variety of projects in a variety of media. Some students are natural talkers…
What are three rewards and three challenges that you will face as a teacher?
As a rabid student of popular culture, I have been interested in the so-called "achievement gap" in education, popularized in the media, the political spectrum, and even within contemporary business culture. There is clearly a demonstrable gap in educational relevancy; second, there are basic skills that are absolutely vital in order to participate in the modern global village that are not universal with the U.. educational environment. cholarship also points out that the earlier the attention to this "gap," the earlier the attention to potential reading disabilities, and the earlier the intervention towards socialization issues, the higher rate of success and inclusion. This, too, engenders challenges within the profession. For instance, today's classrooms are more diverse than ever, they are multi-dimensional as well. To help fill the gap, teachers need to be able to jump…
Kauchak, D. And Eggen, P. (2011). Introduction to Teaching, Becoming a Professional,
4th Edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
Teaching is one of the most important, although also the most underrated, professions in the world. Teachers today prepare young people not only for their next level of schooling, but also for tertiary education and ultimately to become gainfully employed and contributing citizens themselves. The problem is that there are so many varying levels of education today, ranging from the extremely poor to the extremely excellent. One factor that plays a major role in how well teachers are able to present materials in the classroom is the education they receive themselves. Although the quality of teacher education depends on several factors, one major argument revolves around whether they should be exposed to unproven theory or not. On the one hand, the argument may be that exposing them to unproven theory may only detract from the central purpose of their education, which is to provide them with the tools…
Chye, T.E. (2008, Jul.) Learning to Teach, Teaching to Learn: A handbook for NUS teachers. Retrieved from: http://www.cdtl.nus.edu.sg/handbook/home/foreword.htm
The Critical Thinking Community (2013). The Role of Questions in Teaching, Thinking and Learning. Retrieved from: http://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/the-role-of-questions-in-teaching-thinking-and-learning/524
National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) (2007, Jul.) Quality Indicators for Teacher Education. Retrieved from: http://www.col.org/SiteCollectionDocuments/PUB_QITE.pdf
Porter-Magee, K. (2013, Feb. 8). Common Core v. The false promise of leveled literacy programs. Common Core Watch. Retrieved from: http://edexcellence.net/commentary/education-gadfly-daily/common-core-watch/2013/common-core-v-the-false-promise-of-leveled-literacy-programs.html
Teaching Style of Lecturing
From the ancient Grecian sophists delivering rhetorical oratories to adoring throngs, to the staid scientists presenting analytical treatises to graduate students, vocalizing an organized lecture to a group of students has long been among the hallmarks of traditional educational delivery. The process of arranging complex subject matter within the relatively accessible framework of lecturing affords educators a number of distinct benefits, including the standardization of student exposure to learning material, the ability to customize lessons in accordance with the collective needs of a class, and the opportunity to inject creativity into dense and demanding instruction. Despite the historical reliance on lecturing to impart knowledge and skills to a wide audience, however, the modernization of educational communication which has occurred in conjunction with the digital age has exposed many of disadvantages inherent to the typical teacher-delivered lecture. The availability of online lecture series delivered directly from experts…
Coughlin, S. (2013, May 01). Jimmy wales: Boring university lectures 'are doomed'. BBC News. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-22160988
Exley, K., & Dennick, R. (2009). Giving a lecture: from presenting to teaching. (Vol. 10). Newy York, NY: Taylor & Francis.
Knight, J.K., & Wood, W.B. (2005). Teaching more by lecturing less. Cell Biology Education, 4(4), 298-310. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1305892/
Morrison, G.R., Ross, S.M., Kalman, H.K., & Kemp, J.E. (2011). Designing effective instruction. (6th ed). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Teaching Strategy for Special Ed
Special Education Standard
Direct instruction is the most widely-used teaching strategy, although it has become controversial in recent years. Critics argue that it limits the creativity of good teachers and provides a crutch for poor ones (What is direct instruction? 2011). It is a teacher-centered approach that relies on structured lesson plans, offering little or no variation and no opportunity for discussion or active participation. The effectiveness of direct instruction has been demonstrated widely but it can be a poor choice for students with disabilities who would benefit from another approach.
What is Direct Instruction?
"Direct instruction is a theory of education which posits that the most effective way to teach is by explicit, guided instructions" (What is direct instruction? 2011). Although it is the oldest form of instruction, it gained attention in the 1980s when implemented in the schools of inner-city Baltimore. Instruction was…
Adams, G., and Carnine, D. (2003). Direct instruction. National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities. Retrieved from http://nichcy.org/research/summaries/abstract1
National Institute for Direct Instruction. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nifdi.org/15/
What is direct instruction? (2011). Teach-nology. Retrieved from http://www.teach-
ardhaugh indicates that there is a problematic need in the field to reverse expectations about the capacity of this approach to instruct in practicable and usable linguistic ability. The author takes exception with traditionalist ideas the argue "the single paramount fact about language learning is that it concerns, not problem solving, but the formation and performance of habits." (ardhaugh, p. 21) The linguistic theorist rejects this principle as failing to acknowledge many of the more abstract contextual factors relating to the applicable usage of language. Particularly, the impact levied by culture, by regional dialect, by accent, by generational difference, by distinctions between formal, informal or slang usage and by a host of other even less tangible effectors cannot be introduced simply through the use of habit-forming drills or other techniques which rely singularly on rote practice.
Kanno & Varghese (2010) contribute research that does endorse this more integrative approach, which…
Booth, N.B. (2009). English as a Second Language (ESL) learning communities: An approach to retaining ESL students in a community college. Rutgers the State University of New Jersey.
Burdett, B.E., & National Association of Independent Schools, B.A. (1967). Foreign language teaching- A Review of current problems. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Celce-Murcia, M. (2001). Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language. Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle.
Flood, J. (2003). Handbook of Research on Teaching the English Language Arts. Psychology Press.
As a result they are often excluded from the mainstream and from being productive members of society.
I feel that it is not only ethically and morally important to help these individuals but that it also makes economic and social sense to assist those who are disadvantaged to receive a better education and advance their potential in life.
I also believe that we should be careful to consider the fact that adult education is an area that requires a very different approach and involves different modes of understanding, as well as the use of appropriate techniques, when dealing with the various categories of disadvantaged adult. For example, in terms of those adults who are disadvantaged with regard to education backlogs, one has to realize that they often face a number of unique and specific problems; such as the fact that many will have families, children and work commitments, which make…
Moore, M.G., & Kearsley, G. (1996). Distance Education: A System's View.
Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Motivating Disadvantaged Adult Learners. Retrieved July 5, 2009 from http://ujop.cuni.cz/page/en/dalsi/presentations/MoDAL-basic%20idea.ppt.
Incidental teaching. Retrieved July 5, 2009 from Incidental Teaching.
Teaching Diversity in the Classroom
In recent decades it has become increasingly important that educators understand the importance of multicultural education. Given that society has become more pluralistic and diverse, there is a need for a curriculum that focuses on diversity. This research proposal recognizes that diversity can and should be taught, and proposes a methodology for doing so.
This project reviews the literature on teaching diversity. Achieving diversity in higher education involves a wide range of approaches. Teaching diversity includes the need to recruit and maintain a diverse student body, as well as faculty, and to provide instruction to a diverse group of students, provide an inclusive curriculum that reflects the contributions of non-Western and minority groups, and to teach so as to critically examine the humanities and the professions from perspectives of groups that have been marginalized.
The Center for Instructional Diversity in Research divides strategies for diversity…
Banks, J.A., Cookson, P., Gay, G., Hawley, W.D., Irvine, J.J., Nieto, S…Stephan, W.G. (2001). Diversity within unity: Essential principles for teaching and learning in a multicultural society. The Phi Delta Kappan, 83(3), 196-198, 200-203. Retrieved from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20440100
Center for Instructional Diversity in Research. (2008). Inclusive teaching. University of Washington. Retrieved November 9, 2011 from: http://depts.washington.edu/cidrweb/inclusive/diversify.html
Center for Teaching. (2011). Diversity & inclusive teaching. Vanderbilt University. Retrieved November 9, 2011 from: http://cft.vanderbilt.edu/teaching-guides/interactions/diversity/
Davis, B.G. (1993). Tools for teaching. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass
Additionally, teachers provide information on upcoming math topics so tutors can come more fully prepared" (Baker, Riet & Clendaniel, 2006: 1).
The program demonstrates how an elementary school's mathematics education can be enhanced by a good tutoring program. The program helped inject fun into the discipline of mathematics, provided personalized attention to struggling students, featured 'previewing' critical material to be covered the next day in class, had less structured break/snack time so students had time to 'digest' new material (no pun intended), and the tutors worked closely with the student's regular teachers. The tutors also said that they learned a great deal that would serve them well in their own classrooms while working with the teachers, and also from their students. Supervising university observers of the tutors noted they had fewer absences in their classes than non-participants. Finally, the program made effective use of community outreach, as it merged the…
I never used to like math but now it is my favorite subject since I have been going to math tutoring. Now I understand it" (Baker, Riet & Clendaniel, 2006: 1). Few words could more delightful to the ears of an elementary math school teacher. But what prompted this student's enthusiasm? The student became excited about math because of a program created by a rural school district that was seeking to raise its students' standardized test scores. The district took proactive action and created a partnership with the local university to formulate an after-school tutoring program, staffed by university volunteers from the elementary education program at the university.
Elementary children in grades 3-6 were chosen to participate who had math scores below the 30th percentile on the standardized test used by the state of Pennsylvania, the results of their Stanford 9 Achievement Tests, and classroom teachers' recommendations. The ratio of elementary students to university tutors was two students to each tutor. Sessions included individual meetings with tutors, snack time during which tutors 'previewed' upcoming math lessons, homework assistance, and games. "Each child has a folder that contains an information sheet for classroom teachers to guide tutoring with assigned homework and skill areas to be practiced. Additionally, teachers provide information on upcoming math topics so tutors can come more fully prepared" (Baker, Riet & Clendaniel, 2006: 1).
The program demonstrates how an elementary school's mathematics education can be enhanced by a good tutoring program. The program helped inject fun into the discipline of mathematics, provided personalized attention to struggling students, featured 'previewing' critical material to be covered the next day in class, had less structured break/snack time so students had time to 'digest' new material (no pun intended), and the tutors worked closely with the student's regular teachers. The tutors also said that they learned a great deal that would serve them well in their own classrooms while working with the teachers, and also from their students. Supervising university observers of the tutors noted they had fewer absences in their classes than non-participants. Finally, the program made effective use of community outreach, as it merged the resources of the local university and solicited the input of school and district administrators to create an effective program. Despite the occasional logistical and emotional problems created by the difficulties of using the same tutor for individual students from grade to grade, the program was deemed a success.
I view education holistically. Students are developing their character and their values in addition to facts and figures. Language learning is a critical component of character development because language mastery enhances cross-cultural communication. A fellow teacher offers a powerful statement on the role of progressivism in the classroom: "In a progressivist classroom, teachers plan lessons to arouse curiosity and push the student to a higher level of knowledge. The students are encouraged to learn by doing and to interact with one another. This develops social virtues such as cooperation and tolerance for different points-of-view," (Wilt 2003). A progressive teaching philosophy acknowledges the persistence and potency of change. Optimism and creativity will motivate my students to achieve, inspiring their curiosity and ability to think critically.
The means by which I will achieve my teaching objectives include the use of proven classroom management techniques, the implantation of creative cooperative learning strategies, and…
Haugen, L. (1998). Writing a Teaching Philosophy Statement. Iowa State University. Retrieved online: http://www.celt.iastate.edu/teaching/philosophy.html
Sofsian, D. (n.d.). Teacher education philosophies. Retrieved online: http://ezinearticles.com/?Teacher-Education-Philosophies&id=227410
Wilt, B.L. (2003). A personal philosophy of education. Retrieved online: http://schoolmarm.org/main/index.php?page=p-genphil
There are some papers that are to be released and referred to by her in the above article. In the first of those papers, the belief is that the present result of the aptitude tests of the teachers today is the same as was the case a generation earlier, but the best among them are not likely to become teachers. In the second paper, the result shows that the women from the best colleges are not continuing to be teachers as the pay received by them as teachers is low, and not due to the attraction of higher pay in other occupations. On the level it can be assumed that if the salary of teachers were better, a lot of the best students would still be going into teaching.
According to the columnist, "Teachers aren't exactly getting worse. They're getting more consistently mediocre." She ends her own article by saying…
Ave, Melanie. Educators want more Mr.'s in their classrooms. St. Petersburg Times. 14 November, 2004. Retrieved at http://www.sptimes.com/2004/11/14/Tampabay/Educators_want_more_M.shtml . Accessed on 27 May, 2005
Bhat, Sanjay. Schools struggle to reduce high teacher turnover. 3 January, 2005. The Seattle Times. Retrieved at http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2002138717_turnover03m.html . Accessed on 28 May, 2005
Direct Instruction: Is it the Most Effective Science Teaching Strategy? 15 December, 2004. NSTA Web News Digest. Retrieved at http://www.nsta.org/main/news/stories/education_story.php?news_story_ID=50045Accessed on 28 May, 2005
Errickson, Tiffany. Mentoring teachers. September 21, 2004. Retrieved at http://deseretnews.com/dn/view/0,1249,595092712,00.html . Accessed on 27 May, 2005
actual. The sample size is so small and concentrated that it is possible that intra-respondent bias was also present. Finally, the results provide support for the Internet in general and social networking applications specifically supporting appreciative, expressive and creative abilities yet fails to actually define how these strategies can be attained based on the research. The result is a study that reflects more of a consensus across the teaching profession than a rejection or critique of rote memorization and the embracing of scaffolding as a teaching strategy. It is disappointing that the research is not more robust and focused on getting past the obvious conclusions, stating instructors need to sharpen their online teaching skills. The most critical questions of how to create effective scaffolding strategies for each student using the new tools available from Web 2.0-based technologies goes unanswered. There is also the lack of charting and analysis of the…
Josh Bernoff, Charlene Li. "Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. " MIT Sloan Management Review 49.3 (2008): 36-42. 1 Aug. 2008
Derrick Huang, Ravi S. Behara. "Outcome-Driven Experiential Learning with Web 2.0. " Journal of Information Systems Education 18.3 (2007): 329-336. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest 2 Aug. 2008.
Chin-Chih Lin, Chien-Chung Lin. "Instructional Strategies and Methods of e-Learning for Nurturing Appreciative, Expressive, and Creative Abilities." Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge 13.1 (2008): 199-207. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest.3 Aug. 2008
Mehdi Najjar. "On Scaffolding Adaptive Teaching Prompts within Virtual Labs. " International Journal of Distance Education Technologies 6.2 (2008): 35-54. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 3 Aug. 2008
(Fletcher & Crochiere, 2004)
Motivation to Learn
Motivation to learn can be defined as the degree of cognitive effort invested to achieve educational goals (Li, 2003). It can also be understood as the degree of "seriousness" with which a student attempts to address the commitments and targets school with the purpose of: a) master the knowledge and skills rather than and get away with doing the minimum, b) clearly verify the status of their knowledge rather than try to complete the task independently of being sure that they actually learned something (MacIntyre, 2002).
Marshall (2001) have proposed to distinguish two types of motivation to learn, one that manifests itself as a personality trait and one that manifests itself as a state. In the first sense, the concept refers to a general provision that allows a student to perceive learning as an inherently valuable and satisfactory and therefore to engage in…
Barbetta, P., Norona, K. & Bicard, D. (2005). Classroom behavior management: A dozen common mistakes and what to do instead. Preventing School Failures. Vol. 49, Issue 3, p 11-19.
Bear, G.G. (2008). Best practices in classroom discipline. In Thomas, A. & Grimes, J. (Eds.), Best Practices in School Psychology V (1403-1420). Bethesda, MD: National Association of School Psychologists
Bear, G.G., Cavalier, A., & Manning, M. (2005). Developing self-discipline and preventing and correcting misbehavior. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Fletcher, L., & Crochiere, N. (2004). How to Design and Deliver Speeches (8th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Most Internet providers will create Web sites for their members, and there are large amounts of software that can be purchased to create one's own Web site as well as companies that will do this for a fee. ecause of this, creating a web site for a particular instructor and his or her particular classes will be relatively easy. Most universities already have allocated this type of space to each faculty member and even adjunct professors often have space for Web sites for distance learning classes. These are usually not overly fancy, but this is irrelevant based on the fact that any type of web site which provides the necessary information clearly and correctly will be sufficient to do what is needed for a class to learn and understand (Cornell, 1999).
This type of simple web site and an e-mail address are really all the faculty needs for a very…
Cornell, R. (1999). The onrush of technology in education: The Professor's new dilemma. Educational Technologies, May/June. pp 60-63.
Ehrmann, S. (1995) Using technology to transform the foundation of higher education. On the horizon, April/May, Vol 3, No. 4.
Jones-Delcorde, D. (1999). The Information Age: The instructor-Computer Dilemma. Education Today, 45 (2). pp 32-33.
If a religion forbids dancing, those children should not have to learn a new dance, even though it might be a lot of fun for others. In other religions, any kind of image is forbidden. These children should not be served cookies that have, for instance, a jack-o-lantern or the country's flag on it.
At the same time, such a day can help students learn about each others' cultures. In those cases, parents who belong to those cultures might organize the activities. For instance, if there are Jewish children in the school, parents might make latkes with applesauce or have an activity that explains the significance of a Jewish holiday. Ethnic minorities might set up an activity that demonstrates something important about their culture and history. "Under Eights" can be a learning experience as well as a lot of fun.
13. You are a teachers' aide. Discuss with a teacher…
When students can see and manipulate objects, they can be asked to describe them and put objects in visual and verbal terms that they can relate to, in their current developmental stage. Piaget observed students relate to objects at this age by touching what is concrete, describing objects and an object's location in space.
How well did Jenny follow constructivist guidelines? What could she have done differently to make the lesson more constructivist?
Jenny made use of group activities, and socially engaged forms of learning, although a strict constructivist would have wanted her to begin with such group activities.
Discuss constructivism in terms of the constructs defined and discussed by both Piaget and Vygotsky in the text. What is the basic difference between the approaches of these two theorists?
Piaget believed that biological development drives the movement from one cognitive stage to the next, while Vygotsky stressed the need…
Teaching Impression and eality
Out of all things I expected myself to do, teaching was probably the least of my expectations. However, things unraveled and led me to get a job at ICCD School.
Prior to this job, I had no experience as a teacher at any level. However, I had been raised by two parents in the field of education, both of whom would always come home with their share of amazing stories that I enjoyed hearing. I also got an ample amount of opportunities observing my parents at their work place, during breaks, when they would be busy with enrichment programs and would bring me along so that I would be able to spend quality time with them. Although I can't say I spent a lot of time bonding with them during their working hours, I can doubtlessly say I got to learn a lot from those trips.…
Magolda, M.B. (2000). Teaching to promote intellectual maturity. Jaussy Bass Publishers.
Orfalea, P. (2008). An eye for opportunity . Perspectives on Language and Literacy, 34(3), 46
Reid, G. (2003). Dyslexia a practitioner's handbook. Moray House School of Education University of Edinburgh
Slavin, R.E. (2001). Effective programs for latino students in elementary and middle schools . Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
If I had been in the instructor's position, I fear that I would not have handled the disciplinary issues quite as well, as I had not thought of all of the considerations mentioned by the instructor during the interview, especially the issue of the disruptive students' right and need to be educated and grow. An aide would have been of assistance in these scenarios, as they could remove the student from the public setting while going over rules and restoring discipline, but this is secondary to a proper consideration of the issues. I might have dropped different items from the week's curriculum, as well, but these changes would have been minor and largely unimportant. As far as moving ahead with tasks, I would have done just what the instructor did.
The rationales along which the above decision would have been-based is simply that these approaches appear to be the best…
Teacher leader(s) is an individual teacher or a group of teachers who can influence their fellow teachers, the principal and other members of the communities of the school so as to improve learning and teaching practices. The aim of teacher leaders is the increase of student learning as well their achievement. Teacher leaders are therefore facilitators within the school and are important elements when it comes to the spread and strengthening of reforms and improvements in schools. The definition of teacher leadership gives it value as well as making it realistic and an accelerated process of progress towards development of leaders in the community (WETA Washington DC, 2013).
There are various individual capabilities that enable a person to be a good leader in an organization. Team leadership ability is one of the capabilities I possess as a teacher. This means that I can drive students and my colleagues…
Harrison, C. & Killion, J. (2007). Ten Roles for Teacher leaders. Retrieved March 21, 2013 from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/sept07/vol65/num01/Ten-Roles-for-Teacher-Leaders.aspx
Sorrells, S., & Patterson, S. (2008). Types of Change. The Linked Business Models. Retrieved March 21, 2013, from http://www.westbrookstevens.com/Types_of_Change.htm
WETA, Washington DC.(2013).What Does Research tell us About Teacher Leadership? Retrieved March 21, 2013 from http://www.readingrockets.org/article/24932/
1 million today, Smith explains. About 79% of ESL students have Spanish as their native language, and hence, Smith insists, "there is an urgent need for as many teachers as possible to be skilled in and passionate about working with ESL students" (Smith, 2008, p. 5).
The mentor (an ESL specialist) needs to apply "professional knowledge to actual practice" when working with another teacher, Smith explains. There are two components to Smith's mentoring suggestions: a) the ESL specialist shares his or her "best of ideas"; and b) but by mentoring, the ESL specialist is "supporting the professional and personal growth of the teacher" (Smith, 6). Smith breaks down her mentoring program ideas into six conversations, or specific aspects, of how to relate to ESL students. This mentoring is for new teachers, who need to be submerged in diversity and inclusion quickly, and for existing teachers, that have perhaps avoided becoming…
Conroy, Paula Werner, Rude, Harvey, and Phillips, Jacqueline S. (2006). Rural Challenges to Educating English Language learners with Visual Impairments. Rural Special Education
Quarterly, 25(4), 16-24.
Duncan, Arne. (2011). Preparing Students with Disabilities for Success: Secretary Duncan's
Remarks to the American Association for People with Disabilities. U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved June 28, 2011, from http://www.ed.gov .
Even the most idealistic young teacher will quickly realize that while the dog did not eat the student's homework, something stopped the student from completing the assignment. eality will seep in, and the teacher will have to adapt to that reality. Existentialism may assist the good teacher in that adaptation process. The teacher that assimilates existentialism into the classroom can help the students understand that they must take responsibility for their own actions, their own deeds, and the homework or project that was (or was not) completed is solely due to their own efforts or lack thereof. The student that learns (and the teacher that teaches) the truths of distractions will both be rewarded accordingly. Distractions can be the cause of anger, anxiety, despair and boredom and if the unlucky student falls victim to those distractions or the underlying emotions brought on by those distractions, then more than just…
Esi, M. (2010) Promoting the human values beyond prejudice and stereotypes, Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti Bulletin Educational Sciences Series, Vol. 62, Issue 1A, pp. 140-146
Moore, A.; Edwards, G.; Halpin, D.; George, R.; (2002) Compliance, resistence and pragmatism; the reconstruction of schoolteacher identities in a period of intensive educational reform, British Educational Research Journal, Vol. 28, Issue 4, pp. 551-565
She says that even "ordinary" situations, as soon as mandatory state testing is emphasized, that testing process becomes less valuable because it often ends up measuring results that are more representative of test-taking preparation rather than they are representative of genuine learning and academic proficiency.
The interview subject expressed intense frustration at the way that the tenure system in modern education undermines the system. She has encountered several different fellow teachers who were tenured but clearly no longer motivated or particularly interested in teaching except as a regular paycheck. Some of them simply do the minimum and never challenge their students. Other teachers have even been disciplined for serious conduct issues. However, those teachers are almost always retained and even when they are suspended or placed on modified administrative duty, they still receive their full salaries. According to the interview subject, the tenure system is much too protective of…
Teacher Performance Assessment
Lesson Title: Science
Central Focus of Lessons: What science is all about
State Standard(s) Addressed: 7th Grade on science, science methodology and famous scientists.
Lesson Objectives and Language Demands
• Content/Skill Objectives:
Students should state the definition of science
Students should discuss the various science methodologies
Students should name and discuss various prominent scientists
Students should be able to identify the application of science in day to day life
Language Demands: students are required to define and describe what science is. They should also be able to use this understanding of science to apply scientific knowledge.
Use scientific terms and language both in spoken and written presentations of scientific information.
• Key Vocabulary:
Science, scientists, famous scientists, scientific methods
esources and Materials
• esources: class text-books, handouts, charts etc.
• Materials: worksheets, games, projector, Smartboard, paper, pencils, art supplies, cards, post- its, etc.)
NOTE: Attach and/or embed…
Edelson Daniel (2001). Learning-for-use: A framework for the design of technology-supported inquiry activities. Journal of Research in Science Teaching. Volume 38, Issue 3. Pages 355 -- 385.
Pappas Christoforos (2014). Instructional Design Models and Theories: Inquiry-based Learning Model. https://elearningindustry.com/inquiry-based-learning-model
Teaching Historical Events to Student With Disabilities
Our perspective of the concept of the passing of time and our place in the history of the world is important to us towards our growth and evolution. Lacking a sense of time and space, one is prone to be disconnected with the universe. While it can be frightening to be trapped in a moment in time and not be cognizant of the position in space you occupy, it is the experience people classified to have Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties (PMLD) go through (Tony Jones, 2013). Adolescents who have learning disabilities (LD) face a number of challenges with the strict application of Common Core State Standards for literacy when considering subjects such as social studies and history. Besides the challenges they have with reading, students with LD are required to take part in reasoning and thinking at a high level. For teachers…
Candy Bear, & Cheryl Mason Bolick. (2013). Teaching Social Studies in Middle and Secondary Schools. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill: Pearson.
Carole Boudreau, Anne Rodrigue, Veronique Parent, Julie Myre-Bisaillon, & Annick Tremblay-Bouchard. (2014). Teaching History to High School Students with LDs: Pedagogical Considerations & Strategies. LD School.
Janis A. Bulgren, Patricia Sampson Graner, & Donald D. Deshler. (2013). Literacy Challenges and Opportunities for Students with Learning Disabilities in Social Studies and History. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 17-27.
Tony Jones. (2013). History for Individuals Experiencing Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties. Nottinghamshire: Talksense.
The most practical nursing education facilities began in the 1800s, but minimal education standards were not put into place until 1923, when the Goldmark eport highlighted the need for certain educational certifications for nursing practice (Scheckel, 2011). An educational philosophy began to develop shortly after, with education becoming a primary role for many advanced nursing practitioners. By the late 1940s, education for nursing was pushed out of vocational training in the field and began to require nurses going to colleges and higher education facilities in order to receive a more appropriate and in-depth education (Scheckel, 2011). Since then, there have been more developments which have specialized the roles and practice of the advanced nursing practitioner as a primary educator for nursing students and new nurses in the field. Today, there are a decreasing number of advanced nursing practitioners working as educators to teach future nursing staff. Yet this is occurring…
Blair, Kathryn. (2005). Does faculty practice validate the NP educator role? The 2005 Sourcebook for Advanced Practice Nurses. P. 9-12.
Fitzgerald, Cynthia, Kantrowitz-Gordon, Ira, Katz, Janet, & Hirsch, Anne. (2012). Advanced practice nursing education: Challenges and strategies. Nursing Research and Practice, 2012(2012).Web. http://www.hindawi.com/journals/nrp/2012/854918/
Scheckel, Martha. (2011). Nursing education: Past, present, and future. Understanding Nursing Education Programs. Jones and Barllett Publishers. Web. http://www.jblearning.com/samples/0763752258/52258_CH02_Roux.pdf
Weber, Scott. (2006). Teaching nurse practitioners how to teach patients to take responsibility. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 18(2006), 346-347. Doi: 10.1111/j.1745-7599.2006.00145.x
I believe that students who are capable of 'learning to learn' are much more capable as professionals, in whatever field they aspire to, but especially nursing. It is important for these students to understand the importance of continuing to learn and applying the knowledge they gain through learning to other situations. As Gagne espoused a progression of intellectual knowledge in a step-by-step process, I too would require the same type of process from my students. Beginning with the most fundemental nursing requirements and standards and adding to that each day in my classroom would assist my students in gaining the necessary knowledge they will need to succeed in the nursing community. Progression allows for a simple method of adding incrementally to their knowledge.
As I stated in the opening paragraph, my teaching philosophy will likely be very different in the future; that is because I will be using the same…
Basi, S.; (2011) Undergraduate nursing students' perceptions of service-learning through a school-based community project, Nursing Education Perspectives, Vol. 32, Issue 3, pp. 162 -- 167
Lillibridge, J.; (2007) Using clinic nurses as precptors to teach leadership and management to senior nursing students: A qualitative descriptive study, Nurse Education in Practice, Vol. 7, pp. 44-52
Hernando County, Florida, is the site of one such success story; though the union asked for a raise in recent contract negotiations, it did not insist on one, instead accepting an increase in healthcare benefit payments to offset Blue Cross/Blue Shield's premium hike of fourteen percent (Marrero 2009). Though no one emerged from the deal exactly ecstatic about the situation, there was a sense of realism and pragmatism that has been notably lacking in the loud and vociferous insistences of both teachers' unions and administrative offices in many other districts and at other institutions (Marrero 2009).
t is still abysmal and largely unacceptable that educational districts and institutions entered into contracts that they were unable to uphold. t is equally unacceptable that a growing number of educators facing retirement, or already retired, are unable to receive the pension payments and/or healthcare benefits upon which they depend. The situation is…
In some districts, however, the teachers' unions and the district administrators are working more closely with each other, and with an understanding of economic realities, in ways that allow the districts to reduce costs while still providing valuable and necessary benefits to its teachers. Hernando County, Florida, is the site of one such success story; though the union asked for a raise in recent contract negotiations, it did not insist on one, instead accepting an increase in healthcare benefit payments to offset Blue Cross/Blue Shield's premium hike of fourteen percent (Marrero 2009). Though no one emerged from the deal exactly ecstatic about the situation, there was a sense of realism and pragmatism that has been notably lacking in the loud and vociferous insistences of both teachers' unions and administrative offices in many other districts and at other institutions (Marrero 2009).
It is still abysmal and largely unacceptable that educational districts and institutions entered into contracts that they were unable to uphold. It is equally unacceptable that a growing number of educators facing retirement, or already retired, are unable to receive the pension payments and/or healthcare benefits upon which they depend. The situation is here, however, and no amount of unacceptability is going to change that. more schools, teachers, unions, and administrators should take the Hernando County example to heart, and realize that they must deal with the financial mess that they have been handed. Through compromise and a willingness to see the practical realities of the situation, true security can be created.
One example of this flaw is found in the third force in Sergiovanni's model, the educational force, which is associated with gathering and analyzing specialized knowledge applicable to education (Victoria Department of Education 2007). At the private senior school where I am employed, certain school leaders have certainly mastered the educational force and have amassed a wide range of specialized educational knowledge, but their inability to interact effectively with their colleagues in the school has rendered this knowledge largely useless. In fact, the interpersonal difficulties that these leaders have in dealing with others have led to a certain level of resentment regarding such information as it has become attached to hostile personalities.
Yet despite this apparent flaw of Sergiovanni's hierarchy, the actual identification and separation of the forces in his Model of ransformational Leadership still holds up to examination. hese first three forces taken separately paint a nearly complete picture…
The symbolic force in Sergiovanni's leadership framework is the aspect of leadership that involves providing an example to other members of the learning institution in regards to making this type of differentiation (Victoria DOE 2007). Particular behaviors that exhibit this force include clearly reflecting goals and priorities through action -- basically "leading by example" -- and making "explicit reference to school goals when decisions are being made about changes within the school" (Victoria DOE 2007). Sergiovanni's separation of this aspect of leadership makes total sense; the symbolic elements of a leadership role do not involve any direct practical action that is immediately relevant to educational situations, but instead helps both the leader and those under her or his leadership to prioritize their practical decisions.
The fifth and final leadership force that Sergiovanni identifies, and the one that appears at the pinnacle of his pyramid, is the aspect of cultural leadership which makes a sort of "high priest" out of the leader (Sergiovanni 1984). This is where the hierarchy defined by Sergiovanni truly makes sense; just as the symbolic level of leadership is meant to differentiate and prioritize the other leadership aspects according to the various goals of the school/learning institution, the higher level of cultural leadership's aim is "leading the school community by defining, strengthening, and articulating values and beliefs that give the school identity over time" (Victoria DOE 2007). That is, the effective cultural leader will consistently define goals (i.e. The aims of the symbolic aspect of leadership) that in turn reflect the aims of each of the lower three leadership forces. My particular place of employment has been decidedly lacking in cultural leadership, but this in no way subtracts from the validity of Sergiovanni's Model of Transformational Leadership. Rather, the noticeable absence of effective long-term and consistent leadership in my school can be seen as the direct result of failings in the symbolic and cultural leadership forces at work (or not at work) in the private senior school.
Part of the problem with the differentiation of leadership roles in theoretical frameworks is the subsequent attempt to fragment leadership in practical situations by placing certain leaders in charge of different aspects of the school. Though this can be effective and even necessary to a degree in many situations, my experience has shown that Sergiovanni's insistence that the separability of these leadership aspects is theoretical only, and cannot be effective in real world situations.
Teaching as a Career
Teaching Special Education requires a gentle temperament and devotion to the children. Maturity, regardless of age, and patience is very important. Special Education teacher must be loving, kind, and nurturing in order to make the children feel safe and secure. He or she must also be focused and creative in teaching methods. nd most importantly, present a positive role model for the children. I feel that I have the qualities and experience to become an effective Special Education teacher.
My background is vast and varied. I worked as a secretary at the University of California - Los ngeles for two years. The department in which I worked dealt with the clubs and fraternities on campus, therefore, I was constantly involved with the students and problems that arose from their activities. I spent a little over two years working as an office manager for a doctor's office.…
A then studied and received my real estate license. I worked as an agent for approximately seven years. This position required much the same skills as my other positions, flexibility, patience, and an aptitude for detail. It also required social skills, self-motivation and the ability to enjoy working with people from varying backgrounds. Between 1999 and 2000, I worked 900 hours as a substitute Educational Assistant for all grade levels in Special Education. In this position I worked with mildly to severely mentally challenged students. In 2000, I was hired full time as an Educational Assistant in the Resource Center, and am currently still employed in this position. I tutor multiple subjects, science, consumer math, algebra, social studies, and English, to special educational students. These students are mainstreamed into regular educational classes, however, still need tutoring. I have approximately 700 hours in this position.
As a wife and mother, I have devoted my life to my family and was always involved with my children and their activities. I have raised two sons, both graduated college. I have an Associate of Arts degree and will be returning to college to work towards a degree in education, with a teaching certificate and an endorsement in Special Education.
The years that I spent working as a substitute, and now full time as an Educational Assistant has given me the opportunity to understand and fully appreciate this field of study. I feel my diverse working background and life experience gives me the foundation for dedication in this area. I enjoy teaching and working with the students is very rewarding for me. I am confident that I have chosen the right career to move into at this time in my life and feel comfortable that I possess the qualities to become an effective teacher.
Facilitating Teaching and Assessment
Facilitating, Teaching and Assessment
Facilitating, teaching and assessment in practice
The facilitation, teaching and assessment of nurses are important and critical jobs. Hospitals understand that it is cost effective for them to have a senior employee mentor the junior employees so that they are soon trained enough to be on their own at work. Mentors are employees that have supervisory as well as leadership qualities to teach and facilitate learners. The nurse mentor carries on the job by assessing and evaluating the methods that can be used to facilitate the nurse. These methods may include but are not limited to lectures and discussion. The processes of facilitation and teaching depends on the capacity of both the mentor as well as the learner. The following discussion will focus on mentor and learner backgrounds, learning needs of the learner and the responsibilities of both parties. It also offers…
American Medical Association, 2013, "Continuing Medical Education," Retrieved from:
Brown, J.S., 2005, "New Learning Environments for the 21st Century," Retrieved from:
Fellows hired teach 'high' schools located low-income communities. Why teach specifically a high-school New York City? Why effective teacher a high-school?
There are several issues that must be taken into consideration when deciding to work in high-need schools. It is important to thoroughly weight both the advantages and the disadvantages associated to teaching in this type of schools. I think that if this is done for the right reasons, this activity can have significant benefits for teachers, for their pupils, and for the community in case.
The most important advantage of teaching in high-need schools is that this represents a real challenge for those that want to make this a successful career. I think this is a great opportunity for young teachers to refine their skills and to gain important experience on working with different types of students. It is my strong belief that if teachers are successful in such…
Mentoring the New Reading Teacher
Suppose you have been assigned to mentor the new reading teacher. Explain to her, as clearly and concisely as possible, the relationship between her role as a reading teacher, theory, and research
One of the biggest challenges facing most new teachers is they fail to understand their responsibilities. Part of the reason for this, is because the majority of individuals enter the field with preconceived notions. As, they believe that they can be able to have a steady amount of work and stability in their schedule. However, what they fail to realize is that effective teaching requires dedication and doing more than what is required to help students. As a result, the best educators are playing a unique role in the lives of their pupils by: serving as a liaison to the world around them. Where, they are helping them to learn the necessary skills…
Educational Theories. (2011). Cresntok. Retrieved from: http://crescentok.com/staff/jaskew/isr/education/theories.htm
Building Effective Technology Support Teams: A esearch Thesis
The effectiveness of technology support teams depends on the ability to combine theoretical and contextual technology support (Harich, 2006), as well as to share understandings with different kinds of specialists (Koutsoulis, 2006). In addition, the conduciveness of the social context for realizing intrinsic work goals-especially learning and mastering new technology support and skills-is an important aspect of the job.
Hiring is especially important since organizations often rely on the exploitation of technology support to achieve competitive advantage and the difference between hiring an average and a high-potential candidate can significantly affect an organization's reputation and profitability.
Graduates were hired on an annual basis, while experienced persons were recruited when vacancies arose. The emphasis in the workflows we studied was on hiring for immediate organizational requirements, so that, compared with the number of experienced hires, there were relatively few recent…
Harich, J. (2006). Analytical activism: A new approach to solving the sustainability problem. Clarkson, GA: Thwink. org.
International Technology Education Association. (2003). Advancing excellence in technological literacy: Student assessment, professional development, and program standards. Reston, VA: Author.
Koutsoulis, M. (2006). The characteristics of the effective teacher in Cyprus Public High School: The students' perspective. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association. Chicago, IL. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED478761).
Ploof, R. (2004). The Edison effect: Success strategies for the information age. Leawood, KS: Cypress Publishing group.
, 2000). This increased responsibility has placed a tremendous amount of pressure on teachers, which in turn places a tremendous amount of pressure on the students as well.
However, even with the negative issues that have come with education reform, it has been shown that discarding certain traditional teaching methods may be a positive step for education especially in the math and science departments. Hands-on lab exercises have begun to dominate the landscape of science classes, replacing the traditional methods of passive-student lectures. True experimentation and exploration of scientific principles is encouraged and highlighted in many classrooms and seem to be much more effective than the traditional "recipe"-driven lab experiences. These interactive approaches have, so far, been proven to be far more effective teaching techniques than the traditional ones. However, even through these techniques the scoring on standardized tests are still disappointingly low in America especially in comparison to students…
Hake R.R. (1998) "Interactive-engagement vs. traditional methods: A six-thousand- student survey of mechanics test data for introductory physics courses." American Journal of Physics, 66 (1), 64-74.
National Committee on Science Education Standards and Assessment, National Research
Council (1996) National science education standards. Washington D.C.: National Academy Press.
Watters, J.J., Diezmann, C.M., Grieshaber, S.J., & Davis, J.M. (2000) Enhancing science education for young children: A contemporary initiative. Australian Journal of Early Childhood 26(2):pp. 1-7.
Intervention within normal curriculum can be understood as "giving contingent, specific, and credible praise and feedback; motivating students to learn; and judging the extent of pupil attainment of instructional outcomes," (American Federation of Teachers 1990). Adjusting material and implementing methods to give student detailed and tailored feedback can help teachers' best influence the path of learning of their students. Not only does it make lesson plans most efficient, it also helps perk student interest within the classroom. When the student feels that their needs and interests are being taken care of, they are more likely to participate within class and teacher discussions. Students need to feel that their teachers are paying attention to their strengths and weaknesses. Such attention can also help build a report between teacher and student which will also help solidify the influence of the teacher within the context of student learning.
Finally, one of the most…
American Federation of Teachers. (1990). Standards for teacher competence. Buros Institute of Mental Measurements. Retrieved February 10, 2009 at http://www.unl.edu/buros/bimm/html/article3.html .
Hulley, Kathy a. & Thompson, Judith a. (1997). Parent-teacher interaction for student success. Annual Meeting at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association. Retrieved February 10, 2009 at www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_storage_01/0000019b/80/15/1f/96.pdf.
paradox that teaching is not possible without learning. It uses sources in MLA format.
Paulo Freire's quote could be "It is essential therefore, from the very beginning of the process, that the following principle be clear: namely, that although the teachers or the students are not the same, the person in charge of education is being formed or re-formed as he/she teaches, and the person who is being taught forms him/herself in this process. In this sense teaching is not about transferring knowledge or contents. Nor is it an act whereby a creator-subject gives shape, style, or soul to an indecisive and complacent body. There is, in fact, no teaching without learning. One requires the other....Whoever teaches learns in the act of teaching, and whoever learns teaches in the act of learning."
Education reforms in the modern age has become a means to struggle against time. For the Latin American…
Zeng, Langmin and Le Tendre, Gerald (November 1998). Adolescent suicide and academic competition in East Asia. Comparative Education Review.
Ogawa, M. Nickell, P. And Field, S.L. (March April 2001). Life environment studies and social studies in Japan. Social Studies and the Young Learner.
I, Rigoberta Menchu. http://184.108.40.206/int/Vorbilder/vorbilder/rigoberta/zitate.htm
The TEEMS program would allow me to merge the higher-level knowledge I acquired as part of my discipline-specific undergraduate degree with the type of education-related knowledge I would gain through the Masters in Teaching, Social Studies Education program at Georgia State University. I seek further education in such elements of teaching practice as classroom management, lesson planning, and deploying a wide variety of pedagogical techniques, designed to address student's unique learning styles while still meeting standardized assessment goals.
I believe that I could be an asset to the TEEMS program because of my enthusiasm for teaching and my passion for expanding high school student's financial literacy. Students today have seen the impact a lack of financial knowledge can have upon the world in the wake of the recent subprime mortgage crisis. The recent recession that will continue to have an impact upon their future vocational lives.
I have lived in…