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Politics Mexican Government the Zapatistas

Words: 347 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77196986

S. And Mexico as this political issue binds them on common ground, creating the synchronic relationship between them. Mexico must do more to create jobs and economic growth to keep her young people at home, because the implications of emigration on both countries are staggering. Hispanics are now the fastest growing minority in the country, and most of them have come from Mexico. These emigrants are taxing the social systems of the country, especially in order States like California and Texas, and Mexico is losing an entire generation of young men, which can only cripple the country in the long run. Mexico is a land of poor people, and the government must work to create better living conditions, better jobs, and a vibrant economy to turn the country and the people around.


Author not Available. (2005). Zapatista Delegates. Retrieved from the Web site: July 2005.

Mahler, Gregory…… [Read More]


Author not Available. (2005). Zapatista Delegates. Retrieved from the Web site:  July 2005.

Mahler, Gregory S. (2003). Comparative Politics: An Institutional and Cross-National Approach. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
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Challenging the Beijing Consensus China Foreign Policy in the 21st Century

Words: 24240 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Dissertation or Thesis complete Paper #: 17194104

Foreign Policy of China (Beijing consensus)

Structure of Chinese Foreign Policy

The "Chinese Model" of Investment

The "Beijing Consensus" as a Competing Framework

Operational Views

The U.S.-China (Beijing consensus) Trade Agreement and Beijing Consensus

Trading with the Enemy Act

Export Control Act.

Mutual Defense Assistance Control Act

Category B

Category C

The 1974 Trade Act.

The Operational Consequences of Chinese Foreign Policy

The World Views and China (Beijing consensus)


The Managerial Practices

Self Sufficiency of China (Beijing consensus)

China and western world: A comparison

The China (Beijing consensus)'s Policy of Trading Specialized Goods

Chapter 5

The versions of China (Beijing consensus)'s trade development

The China (Beijing consensus) Theory of Power Transition


Foreign Policy of China (Beijing consensus)

Chapter 1


ACD arms control and disarmament

ACDA Arms Control and Disarmament Agency

ADB Asian Development Bank

ADF Asian Development Fund

APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

AF ASEAN [Association of Southeast…… [Read More]


Barnett, A.D. (1977). China (Beijing consensus) and the Major Powers in East Asia. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Questia database: 

Boorman, H.L., Eckstein, A., Mosely, P.E., & Schwartz, B. (1957). Moscow-Peking Axis: Strengths and Strains (1st ed.). New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Questia database: 

Sardesai, D.R. (1974). Chapter 6 India: A Balancer Power?. In Southeast Asia under the New Balance of Power, Chawla, S., Gurtov, M., & Marsot, A. (Eds.) (pp. 94-104). New York: Praeger. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Questia database: 

Chawla, S., Gurtov, M., & Marsot, A. (Eds.). (1974). Southeast Asia under the New Balance of Power. New York: Praeger. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Questia database:
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Removal of the Native Americans

Words: 3097 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99174425

He was viewing them as little children who required guidance. He tended to believe that the policy of removal had great benefits to the Indians. Majority of the white Americans were thinking that United States was not capable of extending past Mississippi. The removal was capable of saving the Indian nationals from the white's depredations Foreman 1932).

The removal could make them to govern themselves peacefully

It was assumed that the removal was to resettle the Indians in a region where they were capable of governing themselves peacefully. However, a number of Americans viewed this as being a mere excuse for a cruel and appalling course of action, and complained against the removal of the Indian nationals. Their complaints however could not prevent the southeastern populations from being removal. The first lot of people to sign the removal treaty was the Choctaws. They did this in September 1830. A number…… [Read More]

(415 pp., 14 ill., 6 maps, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1932.)

Gibson, Arrell M. Oklahoma: A History of Five Centuries. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press, 1981

Lindberg, Kip and Matthews, Matt. "To Play a Bold Game: The Battle of Honey Springs" North and South Magazine December 2002: pgs. 56- 61.
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Albania Migration and Immigration Issues

Words: 1184 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 23870858

(Council of Europe, 2001 This report relates that in the "Implementation of the Provisions of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities: Part II, Section I and Article 3 it is stated: (1) Every person belonging to national minorities shall have the right freely to choose to be treated as such and no disadvantage shall result from this choice or from the exercise of the rights, which are connected to that choice; and (2) the persons belonging to national minorities may exercise the rights and enjoy the freedoms flowing from the principles enshrined in the present framework Convention individually as well as in community with others. (Council of Europe, 2001) Additionally reported is that Albanians "have historically claimed distinction for understanding and tolerance towards national minority members, a fact which has determined the exemplary coexistence between them and religious communities." (Council of Europe, 2001) Toward this end, Albania…… [Read More]


Implementation of the Provisions of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities: Part II, Section I and Article 3 (2001) Council of Europe. 26 Jul 2001. Onlineavailable at:

Report on Albania: ECRI's country-by-country Approach (1999) European Commission Against Racism and Intolerance. Strasbourg 9 Nov 1999. Council of Europe. Online available at 's_work/1-Country_by_country/CBC1-Albania.pdf

Vullnetari, Julie (2007) Albanian Migration and Development: State of the Art Review. IMISCOE Working Paper 18. September 2007. Online available at
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Budget Variance Analysis Managerial Accounting

Words: 476 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50745546

Chinese bibliography

Baker-Barnhart, J. he Fair but Frail: Prostitution in San Francisco 1840-1900 Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1986.

During the time of the prior to the Chinese exclusion, Chinese immigrants were restricted to male immigrants only. In addition, only the men could enter into the coolie contracts, and thereby secure passage into America. As a result, the demand for Chinese women for sexual gratification, and for potential wives grew. his resulted in a thriving sex trade in San Francisco, served by both Chinese and white women who were sold into prostitution.

Campbell, P.C. Chinese Coolie Emigration to Countries within the British Empire. 1923, repr. 1971.

he Coolie emigration from china was similar to the slave trade which emanated from Africa during this same time in history. he Coolie laborers were brought to the U.S., and other British and Portuguese colonies are workers. hey entered into repayment agreements, called coolie…… [Read More]

The Chinese emigration into America, and other westward nations was an atypical change for Chinese citizens. The high degree of family commitment, and social bonding, in addition to a political aversion toward emigration created strong cultural ties for Chinese citizens to stay in china. However, a series of economic and agricultural setbacks, together with the advent of ocean bound merchants created economic reasons for the Chinese to leave their homelands, and venture to other countries.

Chiu, P. Chinese Labor in California, 1850-1880: An Economic Study Madison, 1967.

Chinese laborers in California during the period from 1850 to 1880 faced some of the greatest opportunity, and the greatest discrimination. News of the gold rush reached as far as China by ocean traveling merchants, and a flood of Chinese immigrated to the states for the same reasons that Americans traveled from east to west n to find gold. Also, the availability of work on the national railroad guaranteed peasant Chinese citizens the ability to start a new life. These factors brought Chinese laborers to America. At the same time, a high level of Americanism, and a bit of xenophobia created an environment in which the Chinese were treated as threats rather than co-labors who contributed to American prosperity.
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Holocaust and Its Effect on

Words: 1484 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 92731362

This triggered the mass emigration of Jews to Israel and to other countries that has been discussed in the paragraphs above. Most likely, the trust had never existed to the fullest degree, but the Holocaust and its impact assured that it would be difficult to regain it in the future.

Culturally, in all of Europe, but more notably in Central Europe, the effect of the Holocaust in its aftermath was remarkable. Starting with Theodor Adorno's mention that "writing poetry after Auschwitz is barbaric," many Jewish and non-Jewish inhabitants of Central Europe continued to create often based on the experience of the Holocaust or, in many cases, with direct descriptions of their own experiences as part of the Holocaust. The emotional impact that the Holocaust had on people in Central Europe was often expressed in art and culture. At the same time, the weight of the conscience for the event that…… [Read More]


1. The Aftermath of the Holocaust. Encyclopedia. Updated May 4, 2009. On the Internet at . Last retrieved on November 18, 2009

2. Legacy -- the aftermath of the Holocaust. On the Internet at . Last retrieved on November 18, 2009

3. Bolaffi, Guido. Dictionary of Race, Ethnicity and Culture. Sage Publications Ltd. 1st edition. December- 2002.

4. Preusser, Kate. Poetry after Auschwitz. The Stranger. June 2004. On the Internet at . Last retrieved on November 18, 2009
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Puerto Rican Migrant as Coming

Words: 2578 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49135323

In the city of New York there was a strong Italian, Jewish, and Black presence but nothing along the same lines ever developed for the Puerto ican community. The concerns of the Puerto ican community failed to ever gain a political foothold in the city where nearly 90% of all migrated Puerto icans lived (odriquez-Morazzani, 1999).

As the vast wave of migrating Puerto icans began to reach middle age in the 60's and 70s they had still not achieved a standard of living that was remarkably improved from what they enjoyed when they first migrated to the United States. Their numbers had increased significantly as migration had continued and their birthrates had skyrocketed but the typical Puerto ican family still made far less than the typical White American (Wilson, 1996). The rate of employment among Puerto icans was twice that of White Americans and Puerto ican women were virtually non-existent…… [Read More]


Lewis, O. (1965). La Vida: A Puerto Rican Family in the Culture of Poverty. New York: Random House.

Perez, G. (2004). Know Your Fellow American Citizen from Puerto Rico. In G. Perez, The Near Northwest Side Story (pp. 61-91). Berkeley: University of California Press.

Rodriquez-Morazzani, R. (1999). Political Cultures of the Puerto Rican Left in the United States. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Whalen, C. (2001). From Puerto Rico to Philadelphia: Puerto Rican Workers and Post War Economics. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
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Albanian Immigrants

Words: 858 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16850199

Albanian Immigrants

According to the New York City Department of City Planning's publication, titled, "The Newest New Yorkers," between 1990 and 1994, some 925 Albanians immigrated to New York City, and between 1995 and 1996, Albanian immigration to New York City increased by 154.9%, largely due to the escalating violence in the region of Kosovo (Gorman pp).

There are many success stories among the Albanian immigrants, such as Haki Krasnigi from Kosovo (Casey pp). . He is the owner of Sal's Pizzeria. Although he comes from a country where pizza is mostly unheard of and dishes such as byrek and grosh are the norm, Krasnigi speaks Albanian in the kitchen and is very passionate concerning the fate of his native country (Casey pp). The 52-year-old immigrant is only one among scores of other Albanian immigrants who have discovered that twirling pizza dough is one way to succeed in America (Casey…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Casey, Michael. "Albanian Immigrants Spin Success."

The Record (Bergen County, NJ). June 12, 2001. Retrieved October 19, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.

Fischer, Bernd J. "Albanian refugees seeking political asylum in the United

States: process and problems." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. January 01, 2005. Retrieved October 19, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.
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Famine to Five Points the Story From

Words: 849 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75306279

Famine to Five Points

he story From Famine to Five Points is based on experiences of Lansdowne's people and their immigration from Europe to North America's Most Notorious Slum. yler uses individual's experiences to highlight the social, economic and political transformation of this population from the famine and disease stricken mountain region of Kerry to the Most Notorious area in New York. yler Anbinder tells the story of Ellen Holland and her journey from Kerry parish of Kenmare to New York. An English nobleman Henry Petty Lansdowne made it possible for the Irish immigrants including Holland as he financed the emigration program in Europe. He was an influential politician serving in whig cabinet and owned large tracks of land from which all those emigrants he assisted came from. he Lansdowne tenants especially those who lived in the mountain regions, were the poorest. In the summer, they would leave their cabins…… [Read More]

Tim Sullivan the son of Daniel and Catherine Sullivan, living in Baxter Street, saw an opportunity in politics taking advantage of the numbers as well as the unity of the Irish-Americans. New York had many opportunities for the immigrants from Lansdowne; at the age of seven in 1870 worked as a bootblack and as a newspaper boy. Due to the nature of his newspaper delivery job, Tim Sullivan established a wide network of contacts among the newspaper boys in the city. When he reached his teenage years, Sullivan moved to the news plants. However, the distribution managers knew about his sales network, associated benefits, and made him one of them. He got a distribution opportunity in every newspaper that was rolled out due to his network of news dealers all over New York City. He got significant income from his operations that by the time he reached his late teens he opened his first saloon and owned three or four by his early twenties.

Sullivan became very popular such that by twenty-three he was elected to the state assembly of New York without any law experience. Despite the fact that he was chosen as an insurgent running against Tammy Hall, he made gainful connections with him and moved up through the ranks. He became a member of the state senate and even the United States House of Representatives. Things changed so fast that soon Tim Sullivan became the political icon of downtown New York popularly called "Big Tim." Many considered him one of the most powerful politicians in New York with the like of Tammy "boss" Richard Croker.

Many observers considered Sullivan a very wealthy man though some critics claim that his fortune was a s a result of payoffs from illegal businesses such as gambling and prostitution syndicates in his area of representation. However, Sullivan vehemently discredited these accusations repeatedly reiterating that he had never taken a bribe and that his income was a result of his investment in legitimate businesses. Observers note that no matter the source of his income, he never forgot his humble origins and always shared his wealth with the less fortunate members of his constituency by giving them thousands of pairs of shoes and dinners every Christmas. In a time span of 60 years, the Irish immigrants had risen from the streets to be leaders of New York City.
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Norman Conquest on England the

Words: 2065 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10501753

Among the practices of the Anglo-Saxon in England before the conquest include, the introduction of their religious beliefs into the country. England became a Christianity practicing nation, as most of the Anglo-Saxons were Catholic Christians. Additionally, their political landscape had the organization of a divided nation, which devolved power to the states, then later the unified state. Therefore, due to this dynamic organization of the states in England, England was the most organized of all states in estern Europe. The country had divisions into shires, which are equivalent of counties and hundreds also called wapentakes (arren et al., p 78). Under these divisions, taxation assessment continued progressively, from hundreds to the shires, then the central kingdom. Tax collection was a duty of the local appointed agents of the kingdom, who after assessing the people, levied them. The tax was in the form of coins, with fresh coins minted three times…… [Read More]

Works cited

Warren Hollister, Robert Stacey, and Robin Chapman Stacey, the Making of England to 1399.

8th edition, Houghton Mifflin, 2000. ISBN 0618001018.

Lacey Baldwin Smith, This Realm of England, 1399-1688. 8th edition. Houghton Mifflin,

2000. ISBN 0618001026.
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Effects of Kasp

Words: 6179 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 33578773


For most of its existence, Saudi Arabia's economy has been driven by revenues from its massive oil fields. While this has allowed the country to have a healthy balance sheet, it has also discouraged investment in other areas. Other countries in the region have begun to realize that having an oil-dependent economy is not sustainable in the long run. Nations with burgeoning populations and limited resources tend to be unsustainable. That lack of sustainability can be seen today in milder forms, such as high unemployment among youth, social problems like abuse and deviant behaviour and stunted economic growth.

The facts concerning the Saudi economy reflect the structural issues in the Saudi economy. The country has a population of roughly 27 million, a third of whom are non-citizen immigrants. Nearly 50% of these are under the age of 25 and the median age is 26.4 years. This means that the…… [Read More]


Alamri, M. (2011). Higher education in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Higher Education, Theory and Practice. Vol. 11 (4) 88-91.

Alshahrani, S. & Alsadiq, A. (2014) Economic growth and government spending in Saudi Arabia: An empirical investigation. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved August 13, 2014 from 

CIA World Factbook. (2014). Saudi Arabia. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved August 13, 2014 from 

Fleischaker, C., Hu, M., Khandewal, P., McHugh, J., Qu, H. & Westelius, N. (2013). Saudi Arabia: Selected issues. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved August 13, 2014 from
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Irish Culture Background

Words: 2139 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 35617269

Irish Culture Background

Ireland is a rather cultural place. The most ancient stories from the country are partly about mythological personages that appear to have been known as deities, whom they referred to as Tuatha De Danann. They are also partly about the chivalry of some heroes and heroines, who had Cuchulain as their central figure (Hull, 1931). Emain Macha' Ulster was the group's chief center. Within the district are indications of burial-places, chariot-paths and forts. The neighborhood here still has old traditions and names that are correspondent to the heroes, as they appear in writing on the 10 thcentury and 11th century manuscripts. Disputes have erupted regarding the period when the five provinces were formed. There is an ancient tradition that states that the first segmentation took place during the Firbolg era. The Firbolg were, one among the pre-Gaelic Ireland people. Later on, the Clann Mileadh, also known as…… [Read More]


"Cesar Chavez - Facts & Summary -" -- American & World History. Web. 31 Oct 2016. .

Eleanor, Hull. A History of Ireland and Her People. Vol. 1. London: 1931. Print.

Eleanor, Hull. A History of Ireland and Her People. Vol. 2. London: 2015. Print.

"Irish-Americans - History, Irish emigration, Immigration until the famine years." World Culture Encyclopedia. Web. 16 Oct 2016. .
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Origins of the Thirteen Colonies

Words: 3081 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 71524723

James II. had pursued it from a very different point-of-view when he consolidated the northern and middle colonies under Sir Edmund Andros (Appleby, 1984). The high-handed proceedings of Andros and his master rendered the Americans averse from any future plans of federation imposed from without, and the social and religious differences between the various regions long prevented the rise of any motion to union from within. All had their disagreements with the home government, but none had sufficient sympathy with their neighbors to fight their battles in common. Nevertheless, the French peril from 1689 onwards rendered co-ordination at least of military effort desirable, and plans were discussed from time to time which, whilst themselves abortive, kept alive the idea of union which bore fruit at length in the Philadelphia Congress of 1774. In all these plans the initiative came from the British government or its representatives; the royal officials in…… [Read More]


Akenson, Donald Harman. 1985. Being Had: Historians, Evidence and the Irish in North America. Don Mills: P.D. Meany Publishers.

Appleby, Joyce. 1984. Capitalism and a New Social Order: The Republican Vision of the 1790s. New York: New York UP.

Appleby, Joyce. 1992. Liberalism and Republicanism in the Historical Imagination. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP.

Archibald, Peter. 1978. Social Psychology as Political Economy. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson.
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Globalization the Intent of This

Words: 1581 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59953415

In summary, globalization is essential for global economies to continually grow. Protectionism is allegorical to a person going on strike and not working; it is imperative for nations to not pursue this strategy and instead realize that each of them competes on a global playing field every day. While the critics of globalization voice their fears, they need to realize that the many aspects of competing globally have been in existence within economic systems for centuries, and that the gauntlet of efficiency and ability to respond quickly and accurately to customer's needs, no matter where they are, is the gauntlet any company must pick up if they hope to survive in the 21st century.


Friedman, (1999) - the Lexus and the Olive Tree. Anchor Press. May 2, 1999. New York, NY

Friedman, T. (2005) - the World Is Flat. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. New York, NY. Published 2005

Geert…… [Read More]


Friedman, (1999) - the Lexus and the Olive Tree. Anchor Press. May 2, 1999. New York, NY

Friedman, T. (2005) - the World Is Flat. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. New York, NY. Published 2005

Geert Hofstede (1983). The cultural relativity of organizational practices and theories. Journal of International Business Studies (pre-1986), 14(000002), 75. Retrieved November 7, 2007, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 83259133).

Hall, Peter V (2005). Globalizing L.A.: Trade, Infrastructure, and Regional Development. Economic Geography, 81(3), 329-330. Retrieved November 7, 2007, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 884511621).
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John Winthrop Founder of Puritanism

Words: 1737 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12706230

These conditions were evident in a letter to his wife, where inthrop described wintertime as "weather being cold and the waters perilous," and the difficulty of finding logs to burn for warmth.

The Puritan colonies survived, due in large part to inthrop's efforts at both instilling this culture of discipline, and in addressing any growing factionalism within the ranks. Such actions have indeed been a double-edged sword, for they planted the seeds for suffering, they also ensured that the colony endured and later, flourished. In this way, inthrop played a largely forgotten role in the founding of this country.

orks Cited

Bremer, Francis J. 2003. John inthrop: America's Forgotten Founding Father. New York: Oxford University Press.

Morgan, Edmund S. 1958. The Puritan Dilemma: The Story of John inthrop. New York: Little, Brown and Company.

inthrop, John. 1630, "A Model for Christian Charity." Hanover Historical Text Project. Available online at…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bremer, Francis J. 2003. John Winthrop: America's Forgotten Founding Father. New York: Oxford University Press.

Morgan, Edmund S. 1958. The Puritan Dilemma: The Story of John Winthrop. New York: Little, Brown and Company.

Winthrop, John. 1630, "A Model for Christian Charity." Hanover Historical Text Project. Available online at 

Winthrop, Robert C. 1869. Life and letters of John Winthrop: governor of the Massachusetts-Bay Company at their emigration to New England, 1630. Boston. Available as an electronic resource via the American Law Biography Database
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Immigration Late 1890's Toward the

Words: 1778 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66531230

hile some eventually returned to their homelands, the vast majority settled throughout the United States, forming ethnic communities in urban areas, and homesteading farmlands in the west and mid-west rural areas. They fled their homelands due to economic depressions, and/or religious and political persecutions for the opportunity to establish a better life in the New orld, and in the process endured many hardships and often discrimination. Today, more than 43 million Americans claim German ancestry, and another 34 million claim Irish roots.

orks Cited

Cohn, Raymond L. "Immigration to the United States." Illinois State University.

Retrieved November 13, 2006 at http:/ /

Hansen, Lawrence Douglas Taylor. "The Chinese Six Companies of San Francisco and the smuggling of Chinese immigrants across the U.S.-Mexico border, 1882-1930." Journal of the Southwest. March 22, 2006. Retrieved November 13, 2006 from HighBeam Research Library.

Hardwick, Susan . "Galveston: Ellis Island of Texas." Journal of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cohn, Raymond L. "Immigration to the United States." Illinois State University.

Retrieved November 13, 2006 at http:/ /

Hansen, Lawrence Douglas Taylor. "The Chinese Six Companies of San Francisco and the smuggling of Chinese immigrants across the U.S.-Mexico border, 1882-1930." Journal of the Southwest. March 22, 2006. Retrieved November 13, 2006 from HighBeam Research Library.

Hardwick, Susan W. "Galveston: Ellis Island of Texas." Journal of Cultural Geography.
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Italian Immigrants in America and What Problems They Face When They Get Here

Words: 1337 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 83929168

Black Studies- Social Issues

Italian Immigrants in America

There was modest Italian emigration to the United States prior to 1870. Nevertheless, Italy was one of the most overfull nations in Europe and a lot started to think about the option of leaving Italy to flee small wages and elevated taxes. The majority of these immigrants were from rural neighborhoods with very little schooling (Italian Immigration, n.d.). Throughout the mass emigration from Italy from 1876 to 1976, the U.S. was the biggest sole recipient of Italian immigrants around the world. In 1850, less than four thousand Italians were reported to be in the U.S. Nevertheless in 1880, only four years after the arrival of Italian immigrants, the population escalated to forty-four thousand, and by 1900, to over four hundred thousand. From 1880 to 1900, southern Italian immigrants became the main Italian immigrant and remained that way all through the mass migration.…… [Read More]


Colella, Nicola. (n.d.). Southern Italian Immigration. Retrieved from

Italian Immigration. (n.d.). Retrieved from

The Italians. (n.d.). Retrieved from

The Story of Italian Immigration. (2008). Retrieved from
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Shi'ite and Sunni Muslims Throughout

Words: 3552 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36944432

Finally some sects command their followers to perform ziyara, or what they consider to be minor pilgrimages, to the tombs of Imams in addition to the pilgramage to Mecca ("Shiism," 2005).

hile recognizing the two Islamic holidays Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha, Shi'ites incorporated additional festivals into their system, some of which will be described here. The first major festival is the Festival of Muharram and Ashura, in which Shi'ites observe the martyrdom of Husayn, the son of Ali. This festival is supposed to fall upon the 10th of the Islamic month Muharram. Sunnis observe fasting on this day for reasons completely different from the Shi'ites.

The second major festival is known as Milad-un-Nabi, which is supposed to commemorate the birthday of Prophet Muhammad. Shi'ites consider the 17th of the month Rabi al-Awwal as being the prophet's birthday. Sunnis place the day to be 12th of Rabi al-Awwal; they do not place…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fact Sheet: The Shi'ites of Iraq" Fox News.Com-U.S. & World. Nov 13, 2005:,2933,84406,00.html 

Gezari, Vanessa. "Religious resentment feeds flames in Iraq." St. Petersburg Times. December 21, 2004. Nov. 13, 2005:
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U S Constitution With the Indiana Constitution It

Words: 927 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15634951

U.S. Constitution with the Indiana constitution. It has 3 sources.

The constitution of United States of America and the State of Indiana are two different constitutions. In United States of America there is one Federal constitution that encompasses the general backbone of the legislative, judicial and federal system of the nation. Then there are the various states, which as done in any proper democratic and Federal State, have their own respective constitutions running. This would mean that State of Indiana being a part of the sovereign nation would abide by the general constitution along with running a constitution of it's own for the stability and prosperity of it's own populous.


How U.S. & Indiana constitution are different?

The sphere that de marks the end of the U.S. constitution and the beginning of the Indiana constitution is when the general principles and articles that apply to the whole country end…… [Read More]


1). In what ways is the United States constitution a conservative document? At

Our Living Shield at http://*****/get_essays/govt/29_2_2.shtml

3) 1816 Constitution of the State of Indiana at
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History of Poles in Chicago

Words: 2755 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81193722

Polish immigrants have always been an integral part of the melting pot of America. Indeed, a Polish War Hero named Casimir Pulaski was granted a legion of men during the Revolutionary War. This particular immigrant was partially responsible for a victory over ritish troops in Charleston. He would later die in battle, defending the newly formed country. Stories of this particular immigrant have trickled down through the years. Many of the newly arrived Poles saw Pulaski as a hero, someone to emulate - a true Polish-American hero.

After the last shots of the Civil War were fired, a new era began in the United States, an era of emigration. etween 1865 and 1900 over thirty-five million immigrants sought refuge within the United States. A tremendous number of these immigrants came from the faltering nation of Poland.

In the late seventeen hundreds and then throughout the eighteen hundreds, Poland was systematically…… [Read More]


The Second Generation's New Ethnic Identity." Polish-American Folklore.

Chicago's Northwest Polish Community." Chicago Historical Society.

Parot, Joseph John. "Historical Research and Narrative." Multicultural Difficulties in Chicago's Polish Catholic Community. 

Lorys, Jan. "Polonia Rich in History." Chicago Sun-Times.
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Global Business Planning for Spain

Words: 3203 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 91361095

People and services are not easily moved among the various countries. Although securing work and permits in the United States for Mexican and Canadian immigrants, NAFTA has also caused considerable concern in terms of legislation.

This is particularly the case in Canadian lawmaking. Several disputes resulted from NAFTA trading activities in the country. Such disputes for example include gasoline additives and possible related health concerns and nerve damage (Weintraub, 2004). Canada was also engaged in a long dispute regarding a 27% duty on softwood imports to Canada. This lasted for years before it was finally resolved in 2006. Significantly however, the decision was not ratified by either Canada or the United States (Weintraub, 2004). According to the U.S. Court of International Trade, imposing the duty was contrary to the United States law.

Other problems include the fact that Canada has lost more than 10,000 companies to foreign takeovers since NAFTA…… [Read More]


CIA. (2010). CIA -- the World Factbook -- France. Retrieved February 16, 2010 from 

Dow Jones Sustainability Index. (n.d.). Retrieved January 10,2010 from

Glass, a. (n.d.) World Economy Vertical vs. Horizontal FDI. Department of Economics,

Texas a&M University. Retrieved February, 22, 2010, from
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Feed the World the Economist

Words: 3049 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4137780

Native populations never had such concepts. That many nations are artificial creations incapable of food self-sufficiency undercuts the self-sufficiency argument. Nations around the world may need, at the very least, to organization into larger, more diverse blocs the way Europe has in order to have any hope of attaining food self-sufficiency.


Inefficient and illogical colonial-era boundaries are just one externality that is impacting the ability of the world to feed itself. Trade regulations are another. No matter the justification, trade barriers and tariffs reduce the efficiency of the global food trade. hen nations protect certain industries with these barriers, they fail to take advantage of comparative advantages. orse, such regulations stifle innovation. hen regulations are removed, innovation allows industries to find a new equilibrium. An example of this can be found with Canadian wine production. Prior to the U.S.-Canada Free Trade Act, the Canadian wine industry was subsidized heavily.…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Eide, W. & Kracht, U. (2009). Official responses to the world food crisis in light of the human right to food. Retrieved March 20, 2010 from 

Whitman, D. (2000). Genetically modified foods: Harmful or helpful? CSA Illumina. Retrieved March 20, 2010 from 

Bello, W. (2008). How the World Bank, IMF and WTO destroyed African agriculture. Retrieved March 20, 2010 from
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Cuban Americans the Relationship Between

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 59390126


It had been complicated for Cubans to be assimilated by the American community right away, as the fact that they came in large numbers prevented them from socializing with U.S. citizens to a large degree. Determined to keep their cultural identity, the first people to immigrate into the U.S. did not want to learn English. Instead, they taught their children and grandchildren Spanish, so that they would take their family traditions further.

Americans have had the inclination to treat Cubans differently from other immigrants coming from Latin America because of the circumstances that lead to each ethnic group leaving their respective country. While most Latin Americans had been coming to the U.S. because they wanted to escape the poverty in their homeland, matters had been different when concerning the Cubans. They left their country because they could not survive there knowing that they were supporting a corrupt political ideology.…… [Read More]

People in Cuba had been desperately trying to emigrate to the U.S. And in 1965, at the time when the Cuban government had announced that "any Cuban with relatives in the United States was free to go there after October 10" (Victor Andres Triay, pp. 100), matters went berserk, with some people even perishing because they attempted to leave the island with unseaworthy boats.

Several waves of immigrants followed throughout the twentieth and the start of the twenty first century. My mother came with the 1980 Mariel boatlifts, which were part of a mass-immigration action performed by people that could not live in the conditions imposed by Fidel Castro. The Cuban leader took advantage of the fact that his people were leaving him in favor of democracy and the U.S. And sent along a large number of criminals from Cuba's prisons.

Adults actually had more trouble adapting to the U.S. environment than children. For children, the U.S. seemed like a place of wonder, where they had access to everything that they dreamed of. "It was only a few weeks until I moved in with the family with whom I lived for two years. They are a very, very nice family" (Aimee How'd). A large number of American families did not hesitate to offer shelter to the children immigrants coming to their country.
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Ethnic History and the Construction

Words: 1269 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11923982

Essentially concerned with property rights and citizenship, the early American conception was fairly simple in that almost anyone who was not an Indian or a Negro was considered white. Since "white" America was fairly homogenous at the time, meaning mostly Anglo-Saxon, and still had a wide-open frontier, the main threats to white dominance came from the natives and the slave population.

By the time my great-grandparents were arriving around the turn of the century, decades of immigration by Europeans who were not from Great Britain and were usually not Protestant, made the Anglo-Saxon elite began to view the new immigrants as a larger threat to the republic. Therefore, the notion of who was white began to shrink and there was a fragmenting of races into nations. Italians, Celts, Finns, Jews, and Slavs were now all considered distinct races, unfit for assimilation and republican self-governance, as opposed to being part of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Albensi, Elizabeth Dirupo. Personal Interview. 1 April, 2010. "Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1943." Operations, Inc., 2006

Web. 3 April, 2010. "New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1957." Operations, Inc.,
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Iron Law of Wages Posits

Words: 585 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30949678

he ramifications for this in the economy would be that in order to maintain profits, prices would need to increase in order to match the rise in wages that stemmed from sustained constraints on the labor supply.

he Corn Laws were introduced in 1815 as import tariffs, designed to protect corn prices in Great Britain from lower-priced imports. Ricardo naturally opposed the Corn Laws, as he believed in free trade as espoused in his theory of comparative advantage. Ricardo viewed the corn tariffs as unnecessary -- if other nations can product corn better, labor would need to be repositioned in Britain to other activities in order to trade with those grain-producing nations.

he Corn Laws also had an adverse impact on wealth distribution. At the time, unemployment was high in Great Britain so it was more likely that usual that the iron law of wages would hold, given the surplus…… [Read More]

The Corn Laws were introduced in 1815 as import tariffs, designed to protect corn prices in Great Britain from lower-priced imports. Ricardo naturally opposed the Corn Laws, as he believed in free trade as espoused in his theory of comparative advantage. Ricardo viewed the corn tariffs as unnecessary -- if other nations can product corn better, labor would need to be repositioned in Britain to other activities in order to trade with those grain-producing nations.

The Corn Laws also had an adverse impact on wealth distribution. At the time, unemployment was high in Great Britain so it was more likely that usual that the iron law of wages would hold, given the surplus of labor. The Corn Laws essentially locked in prices for grain for local producers, meaning that land owners would see increased profits, precisely at a time when workers were seeing real wages decline.

Ricardo understood that the Corn Laws would produce unequal distribution of wealth. He saw that if protections of domestic grain markets were removed, labor would be redeployed to other areas of the economy. Real wages in the agricultural sector would increase and the workers' share of wealth would increase as a result. The nation would also benefit as the price of corn and grain would decrease due to foreign trade. Redeployed workers would be able to help other areas of the economy grow, in particular those free from tariff burdens, again achieving a greater distribution of wealth than occurred under the Corn Laws.
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1979 the European Monetary System

Words: 4332 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 32315421

What kind of regional and international cooperation is needed to respond to emigration pressures in many low and medium income countries within EU? In addition to the existing EU standards on migration, what other measures could be taken at the national, regional, and international levels to better protect migrants? Answers to these questions inexplicitly have direct implications for the growth environment and have become more pressing issues as the enlargement continues.

A balanced budget exists when tax revenues equal government spending. Within the EU, economic policy dictates that efficiency is achieved when the amount of revenue collected by the government is what is spent in a given period. Hence budget deficits and/or surpluses represent a misallocation that can lead to macroeconomic stability within an economy. As the growth cycle within Europe continued and deepened in 2008/2009, it was clear that macroeconomic objectives for all member states became misaligned and inefficiencies…… [Read More]


Barro, R., (2000). Rule of Law, Democracy, and Economic Performance. Index of Economic Freedom, Chapter II.

Basu, K., (1991). The international debt problem, Credit Rationing and Loan Pushing: Theory and Experience. Princeton Studies in International Finance, 70.

Bulow, J. And Rogoff, K., (1990). Cleaning up Third World Debt Without Getting Taken to the Cleaners. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 4, 1.

Cole, H., and Kehoe, T., (1996). A Self-Fulfilling Model of Mexico's 94-95 Debt Crisis. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, Paper 210.
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Anne Hutchinson Introduction to the

Words: 1239 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26576963

She held regular "meetings" -- discussion groups that reinterpreted doctrine. She believed, for instance, in the Free Grace model -- the saved could sin, then ask for forgiveness, without endangering their salvation. She also claimed she could identify the spiritual elect, causing many to view her as a heretic (Ibid).

Trials- Finally, the religious community could tolerate no more. Hutchinson was gathering new followers; women were blatantly defying Puritan rules, and in 1637 she was brought to civil trial in the General Court of Massachusetts on the charge of "traducing the ministers." This Court included government officials and Puritan clergy. Despite being 46 and in the advanced stages of her 15th pregnancy, she was forced to stand for several days of interrogation before an all-male board who tried desperately to get her to admit to blasphemy and tempting mothers to neglect the care of their own families (Anne Hutchinson -…… [Read More]


Anne Hutchinson - Trial at the Court of Newton. (2002, December 5). Retrieved December 2010, from Anne

Coffey, J. And P. Lim. (2008). The Cambridge Companion to Puritanism.

Fraser, J. (2000). Between Church and State. New York: Macmillan.

Gomes, P. (2002, Nocember-December). Anne Hutchinson. Retrieved December 2010, from Harvard Magazine:
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African Beginnings Africa Was the

Words: 8160 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 90731928

This can be traced to the conservative view that lacks have in fact no real history in comparison to the richness and significance of European history. "As astonishing as it seems most of the prestigious academics and universities in Europe and America have ridiculed the idea that blacks have any substantive history."

This derogatory view has its roots as well in the colonial attitude that tended to see all lack people as inferior in status and 'ignorant' in order to justify the intrusion and invasion of their lands and territories.

In other words, the justification for conquest and what was in reality the theft of African land and wealth was provided to a great extent by the ' rewriting' of iblical texts. lacks were cast as 'heathen' people who had not achieved the enlightenment that the white group had attained through the ible and Christianity and therefore lacks were seen…… [Read More]


"African Heritage: The Original African Heritage Study Bible,"  (accessed September 20, 2010).

BibleGateway, Genesis 2:10- 14,  (accessed September 20, 2010).

"BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES," , (accessed September 20, 2010).
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Vietnamese Immigration to California 1975

Words: 1731 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 7273681

Moreover, the research also showed that the vast majority of all of the immigrants from Vietnam have managed to overcome the hardships and obstacles facing them upon their arrival to become assimilated into the larger American society and create new lives for themselves and their families.


Do, Hien Duc, The Vietnamese Americans (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press).

Menjivar, Cecilia, "Immigrant Kinship Networks: Vietnamese, Salvadoreans and Mexicans in Comparative Perspective," Journal of Comparative Family Studies 28(1, 1997): 1-2.

Profile of General Demographic Characteristics -- California: 2000 Census. (2009). U.S. Census

Bureau. [Online]. Available:



Wood, Joseph, "Vietnamese American Place Making," The Geographical eview 87(1, 1997):


Yang, Philip Q. Post-1965 Immigration to the United States: Structural Determinants (Westport,

CT: Praeger, 1995).

Profile of General Demographic Characteristics -- California, U.S. Census Bureau.

Philip Q. Yang, Post-1965 Immigration to the United States: Structural Determinants (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1995), p. 23.

Cecilia…… [Read More]


Do, Hien Duc, The Vietnamese Americans (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press).

Menjivar, Cecilia, "Immigrant Kinship Networks: Vietnamese, Salvadoreans and Mexicans in Comparative Perspective," Journal of Comparative Family Studies 28(1, 1997): 1-2.

Profile of General Demographic Characteristics -- California: 2000 Census. (2009). U.S. Census

Bureau. [Online]. Available: ;-
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Immigration and Crime in DENMARK& 8230

Words: 2354 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 9445749>.

This work is a consummate discussion of the strain that immigration has placed on the public and social systems of Denmark, as another example of the strain and stress pulling public opinion in favor of anti-immigration.

Kirkwood, R. Cort. "The Gathering Storm: Islamic Violence in France, Fostered by French nti-Christian Political and Cultural Elites, Gives a Glimpse of What Our Own Elites re Bringing upon Us Via Uncontrolled Immigration." The New merican 23 Jan. 2006: 23+. Questia. 21 May 2009 .

This work offers a discussion of how Islamic violence is effecting Europe, with brief but essential discussions of Denmark.

Kvist, Jon, and Lisbeth Pedersen. "Danish Labour Market ctivation Policies." National Institute Economic Review (2007): 99+. Questia. 21 May 2009 .

This work is an overall discussion of the Danish labor market and where immigrants fit into it.

Kymlicka, Will, and Keith Banting. "Immigration, Multiculturalism and the Welfare State."…… [Read More]

A editorial discussion of the issue of street level crime with regard to Islamic immigrant groups in Denmark.

Tierney, Jack. "The Right Becomes a Major Factor - the European Right Has Attracted Voters in Western Europe Who Feel the Center-Left Parties Are out of Touch and Even Corrupt." World and I Dec. 2002: 18. Questia. 21 May 2009 .

Another discussion of Denmark's political shift toward right-wing conservative politics in representation, largely as a result of anti-immigration sentiment.
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Puritan Poetry Puritanism as Seen

Words: 1238 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 734101

First, his use of rhyme is incredibly heavy, and quickly becomes awkward and intrusive:

Ye sons of men that durst contemn the Threatnings of Gods ord,

How cheer you now? your hearts, I trow, are sthrill'd as with a sword.

(stanza 8)

The internal rhyme in the odd numbered lines of each stanza, especially when coupled with the end rhyme in the even numbered lines (this pattern repeats in the second half of the stanza), gives the poem a condescending feel as though it is an instruction for children, while at the same time hammering itself into the mind of the reader in an obsessive manner. The complete lack of enjambment strengthens this effect, especially when reading the poem out loud.

In comparison to this, Bradstreet's sometimes stilted rhyme comes out very favorably. In one of her most well-known poems, "To My Dear and Loving Husband," even her twelve straight…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bradstreet, Anne. "To My Dear and Loving Husband." Accessed 5 May 2009.

Bradstreet, Anne. "In Honour of that High and Mighty Princess, Queen Elizabeth." Accessed 5 May 2009.

Wigglesworth, Michael. "The Day of Doom." Accessed 5 May 2009.
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Nevada History I First Heard

Words: 1081 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 91753329

The Bannock people in ashington State had held some Paiutes hostage during the Bannock ar, including Sarah's father. innemucca said she then felt compelled to travel to ashington to help rescue her father and the other Paiutes. Her role in the Bannock ar was integral and spurned Sarah to go on her speaking tours: innemucca worked for the United States Army translation service against the Bannock to help her people. Thus, she pitted herself willingly against another Native tribe. The conflict of interests was apparent to Sarah. hen she relayed the story I noted the sadness in her eyes, but she did not regret helping the Paiute escape from Yakima and return to Nevada.

For several days, I toured the state's many burgeoning silver mines, lead mines, and frontier towns as well as the Nevada-Oregon railroad that had recently been built with a hub in Reno. The frontier land was…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Library of Congress. "Today in History: October 14." Retrieved April 24, 2009 from 

"Nevada History at a Glance." Retrieved April 24, 2009 from 

"Sarah Winnemucca." Nevada Women's History Project. Retrieved April 24, 2009 from 

"Women of the Hall." Retrieved April 24, 2009 from
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Augustine of Hippo Was One

Words: 386 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76739110

ugustine was far from an austere man of the Church, however. His thinking betrays a kind, loving, and even lustful heart. The aspects of his thinking that led more towards individual expression and aesthetic enjoyment found and continue to find resonance with later philosophers. ugustine believed that love should be the central motive to all human actions, even war, and there is another line from one of his sermons that is often quoted: "To sing once is to pray twice." The joy ugustine took in God and life, as well as the serious consideration he gave to theological issues, show how much he cared about his religion and his fellow man. This caring, and the amazing intellect behind it, influenced both his own era and every period of human thought since, making it clear that ugustine of Hippo is the most influential man of his time.


Internet Encyclopedia of…… [Read More]

Augustine was far from an austere man of the Church, however. His thinking betrays a kind, loving, and even lustful heart. The aspects of his thinking that led more towards individual expression and aesthetic enjoyment found and continue to find resonance with later philosophers. Augustine believed that love should be the central motive to all human actions, even war, and there is another line from one of his sermons that is often quoted: "To sing once is to pray twice." The joy Augustine took in God and life, as well as the serious consideration he gave to theological issues, show how much he cared about his religion and his fellow man. This caring, and the amazing intellect behind it, influenced both his own era and every period of human thought since, making it clear that Augustine of Hippo is the most influential man of his time.


Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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War of Tripoli as a

Words: 3129 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 78635994

Lear and Comodore Barron, the commander of the American fleet in the Mediterranean agreed in 1805 that Ahmad was no longer useful to the American cause. As a result, Lear met with Muhammad D'Ghies, Tripoli's Minister for foreign affairs, and eventually reached an agreement. War prisoners would be mutually exchanged, and America had to pay a sum of $60, 000 to Tripoli. However, this sum was considerably smaller than what the Pasha had asked for in 1804. Legendary Commodore Charles Morris wrote, "On the 3rd of June, a peace was concluded with Tripoli by Colonel Lear, who had been authorized by the President to negotiate."

One of the most important consequences of the war was its power to produce some of the earliest American war heroes. In the absence of news correspondents, and the far-reaching means the press has today, the accounts of the war were given by the people…… [Read More]

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Liberal Capitalism Is the Ideology

Words: 1474 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 54749738

Flax was a major industry because of the ease of production. The prosaic nature of the homespun ideal led it to be the symbol of the revolution. It also induced progress. enjamin Franklin referred to it as the "first Ages of the world." ut this was linked to European finery, historically made from the animal skins of the Indians, who did not have a cloth-making industry. In his 1787 Notes on the State of Virginia, Thomas Jefferson declared all forms of manufacturing, including household, as a mortal threat to American virtue. As the American president in 1806, he drew the attention of Cherokee chiefs on the civilizing effect of spinning and weaving their own cotton cloths. In 1812, Jefferson and John Adams agreed to a common homespun vision of commercial progress (Zakim).

The overall view is that capitalism threatens or hinders democracy (Muller 2007). Capitalism involves an inequality of reward,…… [Read More]


Anderson, Kim. Liberal Capitalism: the Will to Happiness. Policy: the Centre for Independent Studies, Summer 2007

Lowell National Historical Park. Early American Manufacturing. National Park Services:

US Department of the Interior, 2002. Retrieved on October 8, 2008 at 

Muller, Jerry Z. The Democratic Threat to Capitalism. Daedalus: MIT Press Summer,
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Migratory Labor Identity in Exile

Words: 3186 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 28952037

Never cold. an'fruit ever'place, an' people just bein' in the nicest places, little white houses in among the orange trees [...] an' the little fellas go out an' pick oranges right off the tree. They ain't gonna be able to stand it, they'll get to yellin' so."(Steinbeck, 95) Their conviction is enhanced by the stories they hear and by false advertisements they are sent. These false advertisements may very well stand for the archetype of contemporary commerce which is dependent on advertisement. California may moreover be a symbol for America itself, which was once seen as a heavenly continent, an unspotted, holy land. Steinbeck thus drafts at once a story of migration and tries to settle and capture the archetypes of the modern world. The story thus focuses on the fall of human life from wholeness into fragmentation: "Carbon is not a man, nor salt nor water nor calcium. He…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kingston, Maxine. China Men. New York: Vintage, 2002.

Mukherjee, Bharati. Jasmine. New York: Grove Press, 1989

Steinbeck, John. The Grapes of Wrath. New York: Penguin Classics, 1992
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Rise of China Much in

Words: 2861 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37693471

Some policymakers and academics have interpreted this rise as a serious threat, directed specifically against the United States, its friends, and the Western way of life.

The belief on the part of some is that China will gain enough economic strength to threaten the peace and security of the West and specifically to challenge the United States on issues like Taiwan. They also see a threat to American security as China infiltrates U.S. capital markets. In addition, "they point to China's poor record on proliferation, its weapons sales to many of America's adversaries, and its largely successful attempts to gain dual use technology and elicit military secrets through espionage as undeniable threats to American national security."

Vincent Cable and Peter Ferdinand note the conflict presented by the more open economic policies of China, at least as compared with the past, pointing out the economic opportunities seen by many companies while…… [Read More]


Anderson, J.G. "Tensions across the Straight: China's Military Options Against Taiwan Short of War." Heritage Foundation Backgrounder (September 28, 1999), 1-9.

Ask Dr. Foreign Relations." Time (23 June 1997), 23.

Broomfield, Emma V. "Perceptions of Danger: The China Threat Theory." Journal of Contemporary China 12(35)(2003), 265-284.

Cable, Vincent and Peter Ferdinand. "China as an Economic Giant: Threat or Opportunity?" International Affairs 70(2)(April 1994), 243-261.
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Friedrich Engels Biography Friedrich Engels

Words: 5699 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64371288

This does not suggest that one assimilate the ideas of another without having first contemplated those ideas at length, rounded them with individual ideas, expectations, experiences and theories before adopting those ideas and holding the originator of the ideas as a source of ideological guidance.

Engels is described by social researcher Dudley Knowles (2002) as a "Hegelian (20)." As mentioned earlier, Engels took a position in favor of Hegel when the philosopher was coming under fire from the university philosophy professor where Engels attended university. As has been previously mentioned, again, and from the positions Engels took and his manner of expressing his positions that were counter authority and anti-authority in nature, it leaves open to speculation Engels' motivation in backing Hegel; was it sincere agreement in philosophy, or his tendency to follow his young and somewhat immature tendencies to thwart the sitting authority? Given that Engels took a journalistic…… [Read More]

Works Cited 

Carver, Terrell. 2003. Engels. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. Book online. Available from Questia, . Accessed 15 April 2008. 

Engels, Frederick. 1902. The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State. Translated by Untermann, Ernest. Chicago: Charles H. Kerr. Book online. Available from Questia,
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Psychic Distance the Natural Occurrence

Words: 2744 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36719756

Nevertheless, other psychic distance stimuli do still play a significant role.

Finally, Dow and Karunaratna (2006) also stressed Shenkar's (2001) 'the assumption of equivalence,' where it is inappropriate and unjustified to assume that all factors contribute equally to the overall psychic distance construct. Examples of this were Kogut and Singh's (1988) methodology for combining Hofstede's cultural dimensions and Barkema and Vermeulen's (1997) results. They showed that, for their sample population, the apparent relationship between a composite measure of Hofstede's cultural dimensions and international joint venture survival is driven entirely by only three of the five dimensions. The importance of various factors cannot be determined in isolation from appropriate dependent variables. The weighting of the various factors needs to be determined empirically, in concert with the dependent variable(s).

Conway and Swift (2000, p. 1391) looked at psychic distance from a different parameter based on this need for variables, specifically with relationship…… [Read More]


Barkema, H.G. And Vermeulen, F. 1997 'What differences in cultural backgrounds of partners are detrimental for International Joint ventures?' Journal of International Business Studies vol.28. no. 2. pp. 845-864.

Blois, K.J. 1996. Relationship marketing in organizationa markets. Journal of Strategic Marketing. vol.4. no. 3. pp. 181-191.

Boyacigiller, N. 1990 'The role of expatriates in the management of interdependence, complexity and risk in multinational corporations', Journal of International Business Studies vol. 21. no. 3. pp. 357-381

Brewer, Paul. 2007. 4 Psychic distance and Australian export market selection. Australian Journal of Management.
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New Revolution Literature the Literature

Words: 1966 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79789462

The expansion meant progress and it implemented the idea of progress into the minds of the new people. As Thomas Jefferson noted, the permanent moving forward of the boundaries and the idea of growth and multiplication enhanced the feeling of unfailing progress: "However our present interests may restrain us within our limits, it is impossible not to look forward to distant times, when our rapid multiplication will expand itself beyond those limits, and cover the whole northern, if not southern, continent, with a people speaking the same language, governed in similar forms, and by similar laws; nor can we contemplate with satisfaction either blot or mixture on that surface." (Peterson, Thomas Jefferson and the New Nation, 1970, p. 746) Turner was the one who has actually laid the basis for a theory of the frontier in American history in the nineteenth century. Before him however, Jefferson, long before he came…… [Read More]


Donald McQuade, Robert Atwan et all. (1999) Harper American Literature, Single Volume Edition. Third Edition. New York: Harper.

Peterson, Merrill D. 1970. Thomas Jefferson and the New Nation. New York: Signet

Smith, Greg. (2001) "Supernatural Ambiguity and Possibility in Irving's 'The Legend of Sleepy Hollow'." The Midwest Quarterly 42.2: 174.

The Frontier and the West.(2001)" Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons.
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American Revolution it Could Be

Words: 2259 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77259109

This strategy also permitted the more speedy management of local dealings. Basically the purpose of this strategy was to centralize of colonial affairs; however, it simply solidified the idea that the colonies needed a system of self-governance that was not inclusive of the British government. Because of the behavior of the British government, the English colonies that revolted in 1776 had in common: "representative assemblies and this institutional affinity laid the foundations for the concerted resistance without which the American evolution would have been impossible."

It was under the auspices of the English government's attempt to control the colonists that the idea of American independence began to be viewed as necessary. The colonist felt that they had the right and the wisdom to rule and to develop a governmental structure that would be conducive with meeting the needs and the goals of those living within the colonies. The structure of…… [Read More]


Becker, Carl Lotus Schlesinger, Arthur M. The History of Political Parties in the Province of New York, 1760-1776. University of Wisconsin Press: Madison, WI. 1960.

Declaration of Independence. Online Available at 

Miller, John C. Origins of the American Revolution. Boston: Little, Brown, 1943.

Priest, Claire. "Currency Policies and Legal Development in Colonial New England." Yale Law Journal 110, no. 8 (2001): 1303.
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Wiener Werkstatte the Gesamtkunstwerk in

Words: 3692 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71835080

The actual construction was the work of ast (Villa ast). Similar to his previous creation, classicism is captured within the "fluted pillars" and "lateral projections." Numerous ornaments, such as pearl, egg-and-dart, and leaf moldings, are incorporated. Notable sculptures include one by Anton Hanak, above the tall windows on the right side of the house. Hoffmann's geometric motifs are also detected through the verticals and latticework. The furnishings also bear geometric grid patterns. Specific features include square flowers and lozenge patterns with complementary colors of white and black (white and gold is used as well). An overall impression of lightness is also achieved, with high stairwells, freestanding marble columns, and decorative glasswork. Notably, the design of the garden was intended to give off an exclusive impression. The terraces (some semi-cylindrical, some not) and ground level disparities instigate a conservative sense. In contrast, freedom is also employed with the rich modulations of…… [Read More]

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Immigration Turkish Immigration to the

Words: 1528 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42122428

Economic and political factors in the originating country influenced the decision to migrate; the perception that the United States has greater political freedoms and more economic opportunity has consistently influenced the decision of Turkish immigrants to come to the United States rather than other nations, such as in Europe. hatever opportunities there might be more immigrants, those without specific job skills or a higher level of education quickly find themselves relegated to a low class job market and struggling to survive. Turkish immigrants are also likely to form close-knit communities upon arriving in the United States because of strong ethnic identification and general American animosity towards Muslims in the United States -- whatever the religious beliefs of individual immigrants. These historical factors have facilitated the creation of a sizeable Turkish immigrant population in the United States that, nonetheless, finds it difficult to integrate with mainstream American society.

orks Cited

Acehan,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Acehan, Isil. "Outposts of an Empire: Early Turkish Migration to Peabody, Massachusetts." The Institute of Economics and Social Sciences of Bilkent University. Ankara, Turkey: Bilkent University, May 2005.

Akcapar, Sebnem Koser. "Turkish Highly Skilled Migration to the United States: New Findings and Policy Recommendations." Migration Research Program at the Koc University. Istanbul, Turkey: Koc University, 2005-2006.

Kaya, Ilhan. "Identity and Space: The Case of Turkish Americans." The Geographical Review 95.3 (July 2005): 425-440.
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Hitlers' Germany the Role Propaganda

Words: 1434 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63619546

Marie Corelli writes in her article: Poisoning Young Minds in Nazi Germany: Children and Propaganda in the Third Reich about a math problem taught in the German schools under the Nazi regime: "The Jews are aliens in Germany -- in 1933 there were 66,060,000 inhabitants in the German Reich, of whom 499,682 were Jews. What is the percent of aliens?"(Corelli, 2002).

Another important age group, the youth, received full attention from the part of the Nazis and the first youth organization was established in 1922 and was called the Jungsturm Adolf Hitler. It went through a series of transformations and had several different names, till it finally became the name: Hitler Yugend. y 1935 over a half of the total German youth was member of this organization. After 1939 it became compulsory for the young Germans to join the organization.

It is obvious that children, young people, mothers were only…… [Read More]


1. Eher, Franz. On the German People and Its Territory.Nazi Propaganda: 1933-1945. 2007. Retrieved: Oct. 21, 2007. Available at 

2. Spielvogel, Jackson J. Hitler and Nazi Germany a History 5th Edition. Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River. 2004

3. Welch, David. The Third Reich Politics and Propaganda 2nd edition. London. Routledge. 2002.
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Existence of the Industrial Revolution

Words: 2112 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79232127

Generally, the European economy was characterized by the following aspects:

The development of the economic activity's industrial side, not only in Western Europe but also in other countries previously considered to be exclusively agrarian. The industry and services presented the highest increases, and the gap between labor productivity in agriculture and the one in industry significantly increased

The Eastern and South-Eastern European countries' economic evolution suffered important transformations, with quantitative and qualitative restructurings

Maintaining the inequalities between European countries, given their distinct evolution

The heterogeneity of options regarding European development strategies

It is considered that the war delayed the European economy's evolution with approximately 8 years, which means that the 1929 production quantum might have been attained in 1921 if it had not been for the war and if the growth rates before 1913 would have been maintained (Kennedy, pp 361).

2.2. The Great Depression and European Economy's Post-crisis situation…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Perry, K. Modern European History. Made Simple. London, 1976.

2. Heaton, Herbert. Economic History of Europe. Harper & Row, London, 1966.

3. Kennedy, Paul. The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers. Economic Change and Military Conflict from 1500 to 2000. London, 1989.

4. Kindleberger, C.P. The World Depression 1929-1939. University of California Press, 1973.
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Rise of East Asia Was

Words: 2594 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49316685

The British Empire gained significant land share within North America through its conquests and emigration. From the founding of Jamestown to the growth of the greater New England region, the North American territories represented a significant portion of the British Empire. Following the Seven Years War, England won the entire territory of New France and doubled the territory possession within North America. Although from a trade perspective North America was not the furtive economic zone that Britain originally envisioned, it did become a several exporter of tobacco, cotton and rice to the British Empire, as well as naval material and furs from the northern region. The American Revolution affected the British Empire in several different ways, it proved to be a symbolic blow the largest empire of the European Continent, and it provided a model for liberation and freedom throughout the rest of the colonial territories. The American Revolution occurred…… [Read More]

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Iceland Is a Country Most

Words: 2444 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25426466

However, the country recovered well and has improved its GDP considerably in the past decade.

The economic performance of Iceland has been good in recent years, with a growth in GDP over the past decade of 4% per annum, significantly bettering OECD growth over that period. Because of this, per capita GDP has recovered most of the ground lost in a preceding period of sluggish growth, making the country the fifth-wealthiest in the OECD on that benchmark:

Most of the rise in trend growth reflects productivity gains following the implementation of widespread structural reforms, which opened the economy and enhanced competition. Financial-market liberalization and privatization have unleashed entrepreneurial dynamism. Many companies have expanded abroad, and the country now plays a role that belies the small size of its economy. Labor markets have been increasingly opened to foreign participants, helping to reduce labor market tensions. ("Economic survey of Iceland 2006" para.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Economic Survey of Iceland 2006." April 23, 2007.,2340,en_2649_201185_37217255_1_1_1_1,00.html .

Frank, a.G. Capitalism and underdevelopment in Latin America; historical studies of Chile and Brazil. New York, Monthly Review Press, 1967.

Gilbert, Alan and Josef Gugler. Cities, Poverty, and Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Iceland." The CIA World Fact Book. April 24, 2007.
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America's Failure to Act During

Words: 1874 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92946954

On the other hand there is a growing consensus that these reasons do not fully explain the failure to deal with a problem like the Holocaust when the dimensions of the situation were known at a relatively early stage. The weight of the argument would the therefore be inclined towards critics such as Wyman who see political reasons for this lack of action based on anti-Semitic sentiment in the county at the time. This seems to be supported by the fact that strict immigration laws were implemented in a time of crisis


Abzug . America and the Holocaust. etrieved April 23, 2007, at

Ambrose S. How America Abandoned the Jews in World War II. etrieved April 23, 2007, at

Barnett, V.J. (1999). Bystanders: Conscience and Complicity during the Holocaust. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. etrieved April 23, 2007, from Questia database:

Brustein W.I. (2003) oots of…… [Read More]


Abzug R. America and the Holocaust. Retrieved April 23, 2007, at 

Ambrose S. How America Abandoned the Jews in World War II. Retrieved April 23, 2007, at 

Barnett, V.J. (1999). Bystanders: Conscience and Complicity during the Holocaust. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. Retrieved April 23, 2007, from Questia database:
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Evolution of International Tourism Citation

Words: 2345 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16280082

During the period from April to June2003, the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak had a negative impact on Thai economies. The total revenue from tourism was 10% lower than expected.

Seenprachawong U.)

However many studies of the tourist industry in the country point out that it is extremely resilient and " in the tsunami disaster, a quick recovery process began after a deep sentiment of sadness. Investment recovered very quickly with a view to cleaning up the destruction left behind. Following recent years of strong growth, the economy of Thailand should be in a strong position to recover from this tragedy." (Seenprachawong U.)

4. Conclusion

There is little doubt that the Thai tourist industry is one that is extremely dependent on changes in the natural environment and influences on the culture from the outside. While the resilience of this industry have be shown in the face of natural disasters,…… [Read More]


Asia Market Research. March 16, 2007. 

Continued unrest, travel warnings hit Thai tourism. March 16, 2007.

Community-Based Tourism in Doi Inthanon National Park:Case Study of Ban

Mae Klang Luang Tourism Alliance, Chiangmai, Thailand. March 16, 2007.
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Mercantilist School To What Extent

Words: 2521 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 91620383

Therefore, a country which is able to produce one good with a lower opportunity cost than another country, should specialize in producing that good which will turn into a competitive advantage.

However, when assessing this theory at the level of international trade, it is harder to depict the competitive advantages. The model may seem to be unrealistic. The resources employed in real world are not restrained to labor and the markets in which the goods are supplied are not perfectly competitive. Moreover, there may be countries able to specialize in the production of one or several goods and other countries unable to find any competitive advantage. Other disadvantages are the ones assembled when trying to form a general framework of the labor costs. Due to the fact that these costs are similar within the boundaries of a certain country and vary from one country to another, it is problematical to…… [Read More]


LaHaye, Laura. "Mercantilism." The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics. The Library of Economics and Liberty. 11 Mar. 2007 

Mercantilism." The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05. 11 Mar. 2001 

Biography of Adam Smith (1723-90)." The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics. The Library of Economics and Liberty. 11 Mar. 2007 

Korten C., David. "The Betrayal of Adam Smith." When Corporation Rule the World, 2nd Edition. 11 Mar. 2007
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Romanian Education in Romania According

Words: 1085 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55537428

The language of instruction in schools and universities is omanian, but Hungarian and German are also used for the benefit of the country's two largest ethnic minorities.

The Pre-University Level ("nv? mantul Preuniversitar) is structured in 4 cycles: Kindergarten, Primary school comprised or two 4-grade periods - grades I to IV and grades V to VIII, and High school (Liceu) - four or five grades (grades IX to XII/XIII). There are two categories of higher education: Vocational education ("nv? mant profesional ?i tehnic), which can continue or supplant High School to prepare students for careers that are based in manual or practical activities, and Higher education (Studii Superioare) organized (or in the process of being organized) according to the principles of the Bologna process, which aims at the construction of the European higher education area. It has the following four components: Bachelor-3 years in most disciplines, Master (Masterat) 2 years…… [Read More]


Capita, L and Capita, C. "Country Reports on Education: Romania," Education and Media in Southeast Europe. Retrieved January 27, 2007 at


Calin, M. And Dumitrana M. (ed.) "Values and Education in Romania Today," Romanian Philosophical Studies I, Cultural Heritage and Contemporary Changes Series IVA, Central and Eastern Europe, Volume 14

Ryan, K. And Lickona, T, "Character Development: The Challenge and the Model," in K. Ryan and T. Lickona, ed., Character Development in School and Beyond (Washington: The Council for Research Values and Philosophy, 1992), p. 5.
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Divergence Between Humans Beings Was

Words: 1230 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39919561

A 1400-year-old volcanic or other induced "winter" likely spurred the divergence possibly even later than 150,000 years ago, brought about by an explosion of Toba in Sumatra. The elimination of this bottleneck 10, 000 years later allowed another wave of emigration from Africa. Volcanic winter may have succeeded in the reductions of populations to levels low enough for founder effects, genetic drift and local adaptations to produce rapid population differentiation (Ambrose 623 -- 651) .

This new research posits new assumptions about evolutionary rates, anagenesis, gene flow and population stability. Most biological evolution consists of the following two processes: anagenesis and cladogenesis. Anagenesis describes the transformations that occur within a single lineage, that is, as a population develops new characteristics. Cladogenesis, describes the splitting of a single species into two or more groups that later subsequently diverge in their individual traits through the anagenetic process. Gene flow and population stability…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ambrose, Stephen H. "Late Pleistocene human population bottlenecks, volcanic winter, and differentiation of modern humans." Journal of Human Evolution. 34. (1998): 623 -- 651. Print.

Johanson, Donald. "Origins of Modern Humans: Multiregional or Out of Africa?" Action 2011. Web. 6 May 2011.

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Social Black Experience

Words: 3284 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 58353729

" (Adams et al.)

hat the report went on to show was how a decades long deception was practiced on a race that was viewed primarily as a guinea pig for medical science.

The Tuskegee Institute had been established by Booker T. ashington. Claude McKay had passed through there in 1912 to study agriculture (under the patronage of alter Jekyll, a man who provided the basis for Robert Louis Stevenson's classic horror tale character). Around the same time that Eleanor Dwight Jones was striving to preserve the white race, the United States Public Health Service began the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. hat took place was a forty year analysis of the life of syphilis. The two hundred black men who had syphilis were "deliberately denied treatment" (Adams et al.) in what was just one more step in oppression and callous social engineering.

And at the same time the Tuskegee experiment was…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Adams, Myrtle, et al. "Final Report of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study Legacy Committee."

1996. Web. 8 June 2011.

Cone, James. Risks of Faith. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1999. Print.

Dowlings, Keven, and Knightley, Philip. "The Spy Who Came Back from the Grave."
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Demographic Profile of Chicago ZIP Code 60631

Words: 1316 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 23712077

metropolitan city of Chicago. The area has a total population of 28886 persons. The socio economic class structure is dominated by the middle class or lower middle class families. The overall population is dominated by the females. Life expectancy is higher among females as compared to males.

The racial and ethnic composition of the area is dominated by whites followed by Asians, of which majority comprises of Indian origin. The third highest ethnicity is of blacks. There is little or no existence of Pacific Islanders or Native Americans.

The highest level of education in the area 60631 is of high school graduates. The second highest level of education is college attendance without a diploma while the third highest level of education is of bachelor's degree holders. The level of education from there onwards is on significant decline. Suggested reasons for this may be people opting out of educational institution to…… [Read More]


Hello Chicago. (2011). Census data for Chicago 60631. Retrieved from #census" target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">
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Biology Ecology Afghanistan Canada 2008 Pop

Words: 538 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79255703

However, the cost of construction in areas without adequate roads would be astronomical. This being said, it is not without precedent that a nuclear power facility, under the strict guidelines of the United Nations, might be set up to provide power to the major cities. Public attitudes towards nuclear power remain ambivalent, and issues with Chernobyl, etc. still sting, but the simple fact is that the technology is there (Dittmar, 2010).

What does Afghanistan have in abundance, though? Not really enough sunlight to make solar profitable in all seasons, but certainly that could work in major cities and for certain applications. Based on the Copenhagen Climate Conference, there are four major ways to finance new energy options in countries like Afghanistan that actually benefit global climate initiatives (Brown, Bird, and Schalatek, 2010). Afghanistan, like much of Central Asia, is ideal for the development and robust exploitation of wind power technology.…… [Read More]


Brown, J., Bird, N. And Schalatek, L. (July 2010). Climate Finance Additionality: Emerging Definitions and Their Implications. Overseas Development Institute. Retrieved from: 

Dittmar, M. (August 18, 2010). Taking Stock of Nuclear Renaissance that Never Was. The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved from: 

Elliott, D. (2005). Wind Resource Assessment and Mapping for Afghanistan and Pakistan. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Retrieved from:
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Labor and the Industrial Revolution

Words: 3156 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69742315

Other employment prospects in fields such as petty trading, retailing, transportation and domestic service also developed simultaneously in urban areas. In the nineteenth century, when the industrial working class became much larger and more important in the social structure they begin to assert themselves socially, politically and economically, evolving into the social order we see today.

Growth of Cities

According to Jeffery G. Williamson (1990) Britain grew at an unusually rapid growth rate during the first part of the nineteenth century. Census data of the period indicates that some nineteenth-century cities grew at rates "that would bring cold sweat to the brow of twentieth-century housing committees" (p.2). Glasgow grew at 3.2% annum in 1830's, Manchester and Salford at 3.9% in the 1820's; Bradford at 5.9% in the 1830s, and Dukinfield nearly tripled in size the 1820's. These were the fast-growing cities and towns in the industrializing north.

The British population…… [Read More]


Comanor, W.S. (2005). Life during the Industrial Revolution. World book. Retrieved November 19, 2011, from 

Emsley, C., Hitchcock, T., & Shoemaker, R. (2011, March). Communities -- Irish London. Old Bailey proceediongs online. Retrieved November 19, 2011, from 

"Industrial revolution: The industrial revolution in Great Britain." (2006) The Columbia electronic encyclopedia. Pearson Education Publishing as Infoplease. Retrieved November 16, 2011, from 

Kreis, S. (2001). The origins of the industrial revolution in England. The history guide. Retrieved November 19, 2011, from
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Nurse Discuss as Well as

Words: 7577 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 66122797

The fact that a novel in the sentimental and seduction genre attained such heights of popularity is, in the first instance, evidence its impact and effect on the psyche and minds of the female readers of the novel. As one critic cogently notes:

hy a book which barely climbs above the lower limits of literacy, and which handles, without psychological acuteness or dramatic power, a handful of stereotyped characters in a situation already hopelessly banal by 1790, should have had more than two hundred editions and have survived among certain readers for a hundred and fifty years is a question that cannot be ignored.

(Fiedler 94)

The initial question that obviously arises therefore is what made this book so popular and in what way does this novel speak to the feelings and aspirations of the readers to make it such a perennial favorite. As Fudge ( 1996) notes,

It is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barton, Paul. "Narrative Intrusion in Charlotte Temple: A Closet Feminist's Strategy in an American Novel." Women and Language 23.1 (2000): 26. Questia. Web. 10 Dec. 2011.

Fiedler, Leslie A. Love and Death in the American Novel. Rev. ed. New York: Stein and Day, 1966. Questia. Web. 10 Dec. 2011.

Fudge, Keith. "Sisterhood Born from Seduction: Susanna Rowson's Charlotte Temple, and Stephen Crane's Maggie Johnson." Journal of American Culture 19.1 (1996): 43+. Questia. Web. 10 Dec. 2011.

Greeson, Jennifer Rae. "'Ruse It Well": Reading, Power, and the Seduction Plot in the Curse of Caste." African-American Review 40.4 (2006): 769+. Questia. Web. 10 Dec. 2011.
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Fiji Culture Fiji Is a Multiethnic Society

Words: 648 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6605619

Fiji Culture

Fiji is a multiethnic society, and unfortunately the ethnic mix has lead to conflict and political instability since the country won its independence from Great Britain. Open ethnic competition in Fiji has led to the two main sides viewing the nation and its resources effectively as a zero sum game. As a result, when Indian-majority governments have been formed, the native Fijian response has been military coup. This has had a predictably negative impact on investment in the country (Pramdas, 1995).

Fiji's majority population consists of the native Melanesian group, the Fijians, and these have some Polynesian blood as well. This group has inhabited the islands for centuries. Ethnic Fijians account for 57.3% of the country's population. The second main group is the Indians, who were brought as indentured labourers during the British era. They comprise 37.6% of the population. Most of the Indian minority are Hindu, but…… [Read More]

Works Cited: (2011). Fiji. Retrieved April 25, 2011 from 

Geert Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions. (2009). India. Retrieved April 25, 2011 from 

IndexMundi. (2010). Fiji demographics profile 2011. Index Mundi. Retrieved April 25, 2011 from 

Pramdas, R. (1995). Ethnic conflict and development: The case of Fiji. Research in Ethnic Relations, Ashgate Publishing. Abstract from