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However, anxiety, like all emotions, is not the same for every person who experiences that emotion. One person may value the relationship more than the other person who is engaged in a conflict. Thus, the stakes are higher in the conflict, and one party has more motivation to instigate resolution.
There is also the potential for different levels of post-resolution anxiety to vary between individual to individual. A highly suspicious person may still experience intense anxiety, even after the conflict has been resolved, and continue to feel the heightened sense of awareness that goes along with the physical changes induced by conflict resolution.
Living in a social group presents conflicts of interest but is the result of interests in common. Explain how social interactions can result in positive emotional responses and influence the strength of a social bond. How is physical contact important for maintaining relationships and facilitating conflict resolution?…
Managing emotions in an organization is a challenge, for a number of reasons, and many organization prove ineffective at this. There are several possible reasons. One is that the emotions themselves can be quite complex, varying between individuals and even within an individual over time. For a single individual to manage their own emotions is a challenge, much less a third party (like a manager) trying manage the emotions of multiple individuals simultaneously. People typically have multiple emotional roles, and this can affect them in the workplace, especially where there is an element of role confusion, such as being asked to work overtime on a stressful project at a time when they are needed at home (Wharton & Erickson, 1993).
Organizations can also struggle in dealing with emotions in the workplace because they fail to place sufficient emphasis on developing emotional intelligence in the workplace. Managers are often selected,…
Gunkel, M., Schlagel, C. & Engle, R. (2013). Culture's influence on emotional intelligence: An empirical study of nine countries. Journal of International Management In press.
Jordan, P. & Troth, A. (2009). Managing emotions during team problem solving: emotional intelligence and conflict resolution. Human Performance. Vol. 17 (2) 195-218.
Wharton, A. & Erickson, R. (1993). Managing emotions on the job and at home: Understanding the consequences of multiple emotional roles. Academy of Management Review. Vol. 18 (3) 457-486.
Wierzbicka, A. (1986). Human emotions: Universal or culture-specific? American Anthropologist. Vol. 88 (3) 584-594.
Emotions, Stress, Health
Emotions and stress play a strong role in the mental and physical health of a person. Some people react more strongly to the stress that they face in their life, and some people are much more emotional than others. The topic of emotions, stress, and health is an interesting one because it shows just how delicate and also how resilient people can be when it comes to their mental and physical health, as well as their ability to let go of stressful situations and their ability to face and deal with their emotions. The link between stress and health should be addressed and recognized by everyone, because taking steps to control emotions and mitigate stress is one of the ways in which people can help themselves to live longer and healthier lives. Often, stress is said to be a killer. While the actual act of getting stressed…
Emotions as Motive
The two theories on emotion are the Cannon-Bard theory, introduced by Walter Cannon in 1927, and the Schacter Two-Factor Theory, introduced by Stanley Schacter in 1964. In the Cannon-Bard theory, it was posited that physiological arousal could occur without emotion also occurring (i.e. one could experience a racing heart and goosebumps without seeing a snake and being afraid) (Weiten, 2005). Cannon-bard was incorrect in the theory that emotion began in the thalamus, but other theorists have since agreed that emotion sits somewhere in the brain's subcortical brain structures (Weiten, 2005).
The second theory of emotion, the Schacter Two-Factor theory, introduced the idea of situational cues and decision between alternate emotions (Weiten, 2005). According to Schacter, emotions depend on two factors, the being autonomic arousal to something, and the second being an interpretation of the arousal felt (Weiten, 2005). For example, if I were to wake up tomorrow…
Dolan, R.J. (2002). Emotion, Cognition, and Behavior. Science, 298(5596), 1191. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Parkinson, B. (1997). Untangling the Appraisal- Emotion Connection. Personality & Social Psychology Review (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates), 1(1), 62. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Weiten, W. (2005). Psychology: themes & variations 6th ed. briefer version. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
The other important factor that has been mentioned in the previous section includes rumination. umination is when an individual consistently thinks negative about a certain situation or a set of situation. The negative thoughts are the main source of increased negativity in relation to reality and a complete loss of touch with the real meaning of life (Papageorgiou & Siegle, 2003, p. 243). If literature is taken into account, it was previously believed that rumination was the main factor that helped in determining the total duration of cycle of depression. esponding to and focusing consistently on the Symptoms of depression is referred to as rumination. umination is more commonly seen in the people who are anxious, neurotic, negative, pessimistic, and those who believe in having negative attribution styles. The literature has mentioned that the tendency that the individuals have to ruminate remains constant over a certain period of time and…
Derakshan, N., & Eysenck, M.W., (2009). Anxiety, Processing Efficiency, and Cognitive Performance: New Developments from Attentional Control Theory. European Psychologist, 14(2), 168-176.
Eysenck, M.W., Derakshan, N., Santos, R., & Calvo, M.G., (2007). Anxiety and Cognitive Performance: Attentional Control Theory. Emotion, 7(2), pp. 336-353.
Papageorgiou, C., & Siegle, G.J. (2003). Rumination and Depression: Advances in Theory and Research. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 27(3), pp. 243-245.
Self-control is rarely enough to stop even unethical or immoral behavior in the context of sexual aroused states (Ariely, Loewenstein, 2006). The authors also contend that when major decisions need to be made, respondents would be best to negate the influences of these sources to reduce the risk of myopic focus and decision-making (Andrade, Ariely, 2009). For those making major life decisions, being able to gain greater self-awareness and moving beyond the constraints of myopic perceptional bias based on sexual stimuli is advised (Ariely, Loewenstein, 2006).
The same holds true for other emotions including fear or sadness. There is an inherent false consensus that those making decisions often experience, seeing others' perceptual valuation and belief in a given decision-making outcome. Not only does this completely change the context and perception of actual alternatives, it can also create false pressure on the decision to be made in a specific way or…
Andrade, E.B., & Ariely, D. (2009). The enduring impact of transient emotions on decision making. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 109(1),
Ariely, D., & Loewenstein, G. (2006). The heat of the moment: the effect of sexual arousal on sexual decision making. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 19(2), 87-98.
(Andrade, 2009, pp. 1 -8) (Ariely, 2006, pp. 87 -- 98)
How might other emotions, such as fear or sadness affect our decisions?
Fear or sadness could cause someone to consume more or less of a particular product. This is because it can set off emotional triggers that will help the person feel better. For example, when someone is feeling sad, worried, stressed out or fearful they will often smoke cigarettes and drink alcohol. This is because both can change the person's underlying state by allowing them to forget about their problems. Once this takes place, is when they are able to feel a sense of comfort in times of extreme amounts of stress. (Andrade, 2009, pp. 1 -8) (Ariely, 2006, pp. 87 -- 98)
Moreover, this can cause a person to become disengaged in particular activities. For instance, if someone is afraid of losing something, they will do anything…
Andrade, E. (2009). The enduring impact of transient emotions on decision making. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 109(1), 1-8.
Ariely, D. (2006). The heat of the moment: the effect of sexual arousal on sexual decision making. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 19(2), 87- 98.
Emotions and Memory
Emotions, memory, and Freud
Emotion and memory
Describe how emotion influences memory for details and how non-emotional events are remembered.
Emotion can have a measurable impact on what and how different environmental stimuli are recorded in one's memory. Because emotional arousal facilitates storage -- "neuroimaging studies demonstrate amygdala activation during the encoding of emotionally laden stimuli" -- memory recall is enhanced "for information presented in a (negatively) emotional context" (Anderson & Shimamura 2005: 323). However, there is also contradictory evidence to this supposition given "studies of eyewitness memory and psychological trauma suggest reduced or distorted memory under emotional stress" (Anderson & Shimamura 2005: 324). This paradox is partially explained by the fact that because "emotional events produce a narrowing of attentional focus for emotional stimulus" -- the brain tends to focus on only one thing and thus can create a distorted memory (Anderson & Shimamura 2005: 324).…
Anderson, Lisa & Arthur P. Shimamura. (2005). Influences of emotion on context memory while viewing film clips. Socrates. Retrieved:
Jones, Susan C. (1995). Memory aids for math. Fayetteville, AR: Educational Memory Aids
Excerpted at: http://www.memoryaids.com/research.html
Emotions or feelings assume a fundamental part in our day-to-day social interactions (Scherer, 2003) and work as essential administrative and utilitarian capacities inside the body and mind, and emotions also encourage logical thinking and discernment. After thorough evaluation and assessment of hypotheses and methodology utilized in the field of emotional study, I considered different advantages and shortcomings in every one of them and decided upon an unbiased/neutral stance in my methods. This particular field is not that much established though it is growing rapidly. My viewpoint is that after careful observation, the evaluated techniques have had a comparative level of presentation and acceptance. In spite of the much time spent on investigation into the attributes of emotions there is an obvious absence of accord and consistency among scientific researchers on what feeling or emotions are and how they are shown or represented (Lopatovska & Arapakis, 2011; Cozby & Bates, 2012).…
Lopatovska, I., & Arapakis, I. (2011). Theories, methods and current research on emotions in library and information science, information retrieval and human-computer interaction. Information Processing & Management, 47(4), 575-592.
Cozby, P.C., & Bates, S. (2012). Methods in behavioral research. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Scherer, K.R. (2003). Vocal communication of emotion: A review of research paradigms. Speech Communication, 40(1-2), 227-256.
Frijda, N.H. (1994). Varieties of affect: Emotions and episodes, moods, and sentiments. The nature of emotion. New York: Oxford University Press (pp. 59-67).
Instead, perhaps because of her gender, she is emotionally cruel and self-centered. She does not do harm, but like Frank she does nothing to prevent harm from being done to others -- she does nothing to 'stanch' Mary's internal bleeding, just as Frank does nothing to staunch Kenny's real hemorrhaging.
3) What doesn't Mary like about the people at the New York college?
Mary finds them brittle, false and superficial -- she realizes she is being interviewed to satisfy 'a rule,' nothing more and despises the formulaic and hypocritical nature of the process.
4) One might identify Mary's desire for __approval____ to be in conflict with her desire for __originality____?
5) The hearing aid is symbolic of Mary's inability to...
…to truly hear others and to speak her own mind. At the beginning of the story, Mary is shown straining to hear a professor, showing she is always on the…
Gratitude and Thanksgiving Good Habits for Character Development
Gratitude is a moral emotion of appreciation and thankfulness. It is considered a moral emotion because it promotes a social attitude and behavior that is deemed virtuous and positive both for one’s character and for one’s community (Buck). But why is gratitude deemed important? What value does it bring to the community or what development does it enable in the human character? Gratitude is obviously important enough in American society that the holiday of Thanksgiving was long ago set aside so that Americans could remember to express their gratitude for life’s blessings and to remember how it was that the Pilgrims came to survive their first harsh winter. However, as the modern world turns away from its traditions and embraces a new, more politically correct philosophy of life, can one say that gratitude still plays a part in one’s life or…
Buck, Ross. "The gratitude of exchange and the gratitude of caring: A developmental-interactionist perspective of moral emotion." The psychology of gratitude (2004): 100-122.
Nussbaum, Martha. "Emotions as Judgments of Value and Importance." (2004).
Srinivasan, Amia. "The aptness of anger." Journal of Political Philosophy 26.2 (2018): 123-144.
Thomason, Krista K. "The moral value of envy." The Southern Journal of Philosophy 53.1 (2015): 36-53.
g. Ota et al. 2009; Wang and Ching 2009). No other similar comparative studies exist on the difference between facial and word recognition of emotion, making comparison difficult. Yet the findings of the present study correlate with the increased accuracy given clear intent as found by Wang and Ching (2009). The fact that the speeds of both word recognition and facial expression recognition matched those of earlier studies is also a confirmation of the accuracy and reliability of the present studies design and findings.
Ota, M.; Hartsuiker, . & Haywood, S. (2009). "The KEY to the OCK: Near-homophony in nonnative visual word recognition." Cognition 111(2), pp. 263-9
Van der Haagen, L.; Brysbaert, M. & Davis, C. (2009). "How does interhemispheric communication in visual word recognition work? Deciding between early and late integration accounts of theory." Brain and language, 108(2), pp. 112-21
Wang, M. & Ching, C. (2009). "ecognition intent…
Ota, M.; Hartsuiker, R. & Haywood, S. (2009). "The KEY to the ROCK: Near-homophony in nonnative visual word recognition." Cognition 111(2), pp. 263-9
Van der Haagen, L.; Brysbaert, M. & Davis, C. (2009). "How does interhemispheric communication in visual word recognition work? Deciding between early and late integration accounts of theory." Brain and language, 108(2), pp. 112-21
Wang, M. & Ching, C. (2009). "Recognition intent and visual word recognition." Consciousness and cognition, 18(1), pp. 65-77
Yap, M. & Balota, D. (200(). "Recognition of multisyllabic words." Journal of memory and language, 60(4), pp. 502-29.
All the greatest people ever lived have been telling us that for five thousand years and yet you'd be surprised how people are always losing hold of it. There's something way down deep that's eternal about every human being (Wilder, p.68).
Looking at what happens in Act III with reference to that quotation, it is clear that Wilder is trying to say that something about Emily lives on in the town. It is not Emily. By having the Stage Manager offer to take her back to life and demonstrating that Emily literally cannot return to the world of the living, Wilder explodes the idea that Emily can return to the living. He makes it clear that death does mean the end of something. However, it is important to realize that Wilder's play does show some type of life in the cemetery. The cemetery's inhabitants may not be engaging in the…
Naughton, James. (2003). Our Town. Line by Line Productions.
Wilder, Thornton. (1938). Our Town: A Play in Three Acts. New York: Coward McCann, Inc.
EMOTION (singular) you think readers will feel
People from all areas have tried for years to get the public to react to the dangers oil companies pose to our environment. Regardless of where one stands, Frances Beinecke's article "Trip to the Arctic Refuge Reveals How Far Oil Industry ill Go to Drill Pristine Landscapes" definitely raises one's curiosity. Beinecke's title alone clearly states the author's position and, furthermore, it makes the reader want to dive into it and see what she might have to say on the specific topic. Not only does she provide information concerning oil companies and their obsession with exploiting every bit of land, but she also cleverly builds her arguments against such enterprises. Beinecke's decision to write this article using the 1st person, as in a personal testimony, not only gained her readers' attention, but also their curiosity to find out more about the subject. She…
• Beinecke, Frances, "Trip to the Arctic Refuge Reveals How Far Oil Industry Will Go to Drill Pristine Landscapes"
• Chance, Norman, "A Special Report," Retrieved September 22, 2013, from the University of Connecticut
Emotion of Love and Its Commercialization
Sexual love and marriage is a central theme in the lives and culture of human beings throughout the world. With very few exceptions, even the most diverse societies share the general concept of romantic love and the ritualistic importance of the monogamous union between man and woman (Ackerman, 1995). Certainly, major components of the complex emotions and physical urges that we associate with romantic love are purely biologically based. In this respect, we share sexual urges, ritualistic mating, courtship displays and pair bonding with (other) animals. In other respects, human intelligence and cultural diversity have given rise to a tremendous variety in societal beliefs about romantic love and marriage. In the United States, sex and love have been commercialized to such a degree that it is clearly the dominant overall marketing theme of the advertising industries. Many of the same evolutionary biological bases of…
Ackerman, D. (1995) A Natural History of Love.
Vintage: New YorkBranden, N. (1981) The Psychology of Romantic Love.
Batam: New York Sex in America. U.S. News & World Report.
October 17, 1994 (Cover Story).
What are your speculations regarding the survivability utility of the emotion of anxiety? Could you find any empirical evidence to support your views?
eality represents the type of fear human beings experience in the presence of any realistic danger of unique kinds. The ability of human beings to survive or cope with the daily occurrences depends on the survivability of the emotion of anxiety. My speculation in relation to survivability utility of emotion of anxiety is that human beings have the capacity to live with certain amount of emotions concerning anxiety. This would determine the level of success or effective development as human beings. The theory of evolution states that human beings or other creatures evolve or adapt with relevant conditions in order to maximize their potentials. This theory relates to the ability of human beings to survive certain amount of emotion of anxiety to be able to achieve…
Ammerman, R.T. (2006). Comprehensive Handbook of Personality and Psychopathology Volume 3. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.
Coon, D., Mitterer, J.O., Talbot, S., & Vanchella, C.M. (2010). Introduction to psychology: Gateways to mind and behavior. Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Flack, W.F. (2008). Emotions in psychopathology: Theory and research. New York [u.a.: Oxford Univ. Press.
Milton, K. (2005). Mixed emotions: Anthropological studies of feeling. Oxford [u.a.: Berg.
EMOTION vs. COGNITION: DIFFEENCES & INFLUENCES
Emotion and cognition are integral aspects of the human condition. The average person, when asked, is quite likely to have a working definition and knowledge of emotions. Emotions are almost constant within human beings. Cognition may not be so easy to understand or be easy for define for the average person. Emotions can also be called feelings; there are affective aspects to emotions as well as biological, physical, and/or physiological aspects to emotion. Various feelings or emotions correspond to neurochemicals released in the brain due to particular stimuli. Such chemicals include dopamine, serotonin, and noradrenalin. Cognition refers strictly to mental processes that include different stages of attention, memory, problem solving, decision-making, computation, and language. Cognition and emotions can be conscious and unconscious. Certainly people use their cognitive skills in their waking lives, but psychological research shows that some of these functions are active…
Markus, H.R., & Kitayama, S. (1991) Culture and the Self: Implications for Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation. American Psychological Association, 98(2), 224 -- 253.
Phelps, E.A. (2006) Emotion and Cognition: Insights from Studies of the Human Amygdala. Annual Psychology Review, 57, 27 -- 53.
I feel fear in my shoulders: I want to hunch over or curl up. It causes my body to shake; I become nervous and don't know what to do with my hands. I have trouble standing in one spot or being comfortable with myself. It does not matter what generates the feeling of fear: it can be a social situation, or being in an unsafe environment, or feeling threatened by an authority figure. My body typically responds the same way: it loses all composure. My face takes on a look of anxiety, my features either become rigid and tense or they completely lose all form and I become like a bag of jelly.
It is quite a different feeling from anger: when I feel this emotion, my body tightens and I have to move around a lot. It does not matter what I am doing, so long as I…
Using the death of her mother on emotional response she argues that in case it had been discovered in the whole episode that her blood pressure seemed to be very low or her pulse rate did not go beyond 60, no any reason that can be used in concluding that she was not grieving. Contrary to claim of James that without existence of bodily feeling then emotion does not have value but only a sort of cold judgment. Nevertheless, as discussed before, to some extent Nussbaum agree that emotions are eudaimonistic due to the fact that it has a bearing on the well-being and flourishing of the subject.
Upon analyzing the criticisms that is directed to the William James' theory, a conclusion can be made that emotional accuracy is not enough to be used in defining perception of bodily change. Based on the criticisms we are able to reach the…
FACIAL EXPESSION & EMOTION
From the perspective of many psychologists, there is no set formal definition for emotion. We know that emotion is universal insofar as all humans experience and express emotion. There have been many studies, specifically over the past several decades that demonstrate that some emotions are expressed universally across time and culture. Just because there is not a universal definition for emotion, does not mean that there are not working definitions of what is emotion is, as a means to do the job in the meantime, until the global psychological field comes to a more overall agreement. On a very basic level, emotion is an affective change from a person's previous emotional state as a result of a huge spectrum of stimuli. There are a number of physical representations of emotion in the human body. Emotion occurs on a neurological level. Emotions show up in parts…
Abelson, R.P., & Sermat, V. (1962). Multidimensional scaling of facial expressions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 63(6), 546-554.
Adolphs, R. (2002). Recognizing Emotion From Facial Expressions: Psychological and Neurological Mechanisms. Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews, 1(1), 21 -- 62.
Browndyke, PhD, J.N. (2002). Neuropsychosocial Factors in Emotion Recognition: Facial Expressions. Telepsychology Solutions, Web, Available from: www.neuropsychologycentral.com. 2012 December 04.
Dimberg, U., Thuberg, M., Elmehed, K. (2000). Unconscious Facial Reactions to Emotional Facial Expressions. Psychological Science, 11(1), 86 -- 90.
The author concludes that as sublimated and oblique emotions where in previous management theories ignored passion, the author contends that ultimately this trait is one of the most powerful for leaders to possess, a point supported by additional research (Ali, 2005).
Comparison of both Articles' Arguments
Both articles by (Lieberman, 2006) and (Muchinsky, 2000) illustrate how critical it is for organizations to recruit managers and promote leaders who can effectively develop strategies to accentuate the positive emotional and personality-based approaches to leading both individuals and teams. The articles reviewed both underscore how critical it is to nurture emotional environments in organizations and can serve as the catalyst of as Muchinsky calls them in his hierarchy of emotions "favorable life conditions," or those emotions that include happiness, pride, and love. Muchinsky argues that these emotions in conjunction with the empathetic emotions as defined in his proposed taxonomy are the necessary catalysts…
Abbas J. Ali (2005). The PASSIONATE EXECUTIVE. International Journal of Commerce & Management, 15(2), I, II. Retrieved April 4, 2008, from EBSCO HOST Global database. (Document ID: 977565991).
Joyce E. Bono, Hannah Jackson Foldes, Gregory Vinson, John P. Muros. (2007). Workplace emotions: The role of supervision and leadership. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(5), 1357. Retrieved April 12, 2008, from EBSCO HOST Global database. (Document ID: 1337089971).
Shlomo Hareli, Noga Shomrat, Nahum Biger. (2005). The role of emotions in employees' explanations for failure in the workplace. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 20(8), 663-680. Retrieved April 13, 2008, from EBSCO HOST Global database. (Document ID: 967090691).
Amy L. Lieberman (2006). The "A" List of Emotions in Mediation from Anxiety to Agreement. Dispute Resolution Journal, 61(1), 46-50. Retrieved April 5, 2008, from EBSCO HOST Global database. (Document ID: 1034264051).
People sometimes behave irrationally because of their emotional feelings. A perfect example in this case would be love relationships. Why do people involved in love relationships behave sometimes strangely? Why do they keep changing their minds? Why do such people do things they once said they would have never done? Why do these people keep repeating their "mistakes" over and over? And finally, why do these people sometimes seem to enjoy suffering although under normal circumstances they are not necessarily masochists? A person who has not experienced love would be hard pressed to answer these questions. Without experiencing the feeling of love in an emotional way, we can never understand it. For a person who has experienced love, none of the questions I am asking here would seem strange. In other words, certain things cannot be understood without emotion.
The importance of emotion in understanding things can be illustrated in…
Diploma Program, Theory of Knowledge: Guide. International Baccalaureate Organization. Cardiff, Wales, Great Britain. 2006
Solomon, Robert, C. "On Emotions as Judgments." American Philosophical Quarterly, 25/2 (1988): 183-191.
"Emotion," Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 14 January 2010. Web 21 June 2011, from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/emotion/#9 .
Managing the Cultural Values and Emotions of Employees
This essay is intended to explain the reasons that determine the use of employees' values management by certain companies and their effects. I consider that this method is not recommended as a strategy for improving the performance standards of employees in such companies. Certain contexts have revealed the fact that managing employees' cultural values and emotions can produce benefits, but this does not recommend the large use of this technique. The Corporate Culture section provides the arguments of several specialists in the field that explain the relationship between corporate culture, employees' values, and their performance. The Benefits of Managing the Cultural Values of Employees section addresses some of the benefits that can be observed in certain situations. The Managing Employees' Values and their Effects section addresses the reduced level of efficiency and other effects that such strategies have on the motivational standards…
5. Parker, M. (2000). Organizational Culture and Identity. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
6. Peters, T. & Waterman, R. (1982). In Search of Excellence: Lessons from America's Best-Run Companies. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
7. Willmott, H. (1993). Strength is Ignorance, Slavery is Freedom: Managing Culture in Modern Organizations. Journal of Management Studies. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
It has not been established as of yet what it is that triggers the remembrance of memories that have been repressed so inducing them in a laboratory environment seems next to impossible.
c) With your knowledge, imagine as a future professor how you might be able to help students remember important parts of your lectures.
I know from personal experience that when it comes to remembering things presented in a lecture it is always more helpful if the lecture is interesting and alive. I think that if I were a professor I would do my best to make each of my lectures electric and exciting as possible. It is very important to not only capture your audience's attention but to retain it as well. A lecturer must connect with students and draw them into the lecture. This rapport can be accomplished in a variety of ways. Students must decide how…
How to Create Memorable Lectures. (2005). Retrieved from http://www.stanford.edu/dept/CTL/cgi-bin/docs/newsletter/memorable_lectures.pdf
The role of emotion in memory. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.memory-
Music on Brain and Emotions
The Effect of Music on the Brain and Emotions
The study of human's mental state on subjection to music has been a research subject to many with interest. Over the past decade, interconnection between human's physical and mental strength and music has been subject to research with a number of positive outcomes. These research endeavors suggest that music exhibits the healing power in certain elements, in a human's life. A sample of music with the best or strongest healing power is the Indian music. What music does is that it injects a calming effect into a human's mind. This speeds recovery-time of certain health ailments. Music positively effects the human's hormone system allowing easy brain concentration and information assimilation (Adalarasu, K.K. et al., 2011). This means that music boosts the learning process thereby augmenting cognitive skills. This paper outlines a brief overview of the various…
Adalarasu, K.K., Jagannath, M.M., Naidu Keerthiga Ramesh, S.S., & Geethanjali, B.B. (2011). A Review on Influence of Music on Brain Activity Using Signal Processing and Imaging System. International Journal of Engineering Science & Technology, 3(4), 3276-3282.
Figueiredo P, Pereira CS, Castro SL, Teixeira J, Figueiredo P, Xavier J, et al. (2011). Music and Emotions in the Brain: Familiarity Matters. PLoS ONE 6(11): e27241. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0027241]
Koelsch, S. (2009). A Neuroscientific Perspective on Music Therapy. Annals Of The New York Academy Of Sciences, 1169374-384. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04592.x
In the future, this helps to give everyone a greater appreciation for the emotions and challenges that were endured. (Henry, n.d., pp. 522- 535) (Legett, n.d., pp. 802 -- 818) (Gray, n.d., pp. 678 -- 697)
In the Victorian Period, there is focus on showing the impact of the industrial revolution on society. In the poem Dover Beach, there is discussion about how this is creating vast disparities. Evidence of this can be seen with the passage that says, "Ah, love, let us be true
To one another! For the world, which seems. To lie before us like a land of dreams, So various, so beautiful) so new, Hath really neither joy, nor love, nor light, nor certitude, nor peace, nor help for pain; and we are here as on a darkling plain. Swept with confused alarms of struggle and flight, Where ignorant armies clash by night." (Arnold, n.d.) This…
Arnold, M. (n.d.). Dover Beach.
Arnold, M. (n.d.). To Marguerite-Continued.
Blake, W. (n.d.). London.
Blake, W. (n.d.). Chimney Sweeper.
umors of the impact of repressed memory are prevalent, "yet data on cognitive functioning in people reporting repressed and recovered memories of trauma have been strikingly scarce" (McNally 2011). Part of the explanation for this lack of evidence is the high rate of failure to actually pull out repressed memories within the context of the lab. Many studies examining the issue focused on using psychologists using hypothetical scenarios "hoping that this guided-imagery technique will unblock the presumably repressed memories" (McNally 2011). ather than providing the guidance that would help the participant show repressed memories, "unfortunately, this procedure may foster false memories," therefore jeopardizing the entire study (McNally 2011). As such, evidence for repressed memories remains elusive.
As a future professor, it is important to understand how memory works within the minds of one's students. There are a number of different strategies one can use to help students remember the most…
Kensinger, Elizabeth a. (2007). Negative emotion enhances memory accuracy. Association for Psychological Science, 16(4), 213-219.
McNally, Richard J. (2011). Recovering memories of trauma: A view from the laboratory. Psychological Science. Harvard University Department of Psychology. Web. http://www.psychologicalscience.org/journals/cd/12_1/McNally.cfm
attitudes emotions influence behavios -Explain ways pesonality values influence behavios -Ceate a plan incease employee motivation, satisfaction, pefomance -Discuss topics comfotable -Discuss stuggle -Discuss elate oganiazation (human esouces) • Use ONLY pesent tense! NO PAST TENSE a -wite equested. Souces
The influences of attitudes and emotions on behavios
The behavio of individuals is influenced by seveal factos. Some of the most impotant factos that influence human behavio ae epesented by upbinging, education, pesonal expeience, the envionment, leaned behavios, thei thinking style, and othes. These factos basically shape the geneal lines of human behavio. Thee ae also othe factos that influence it.
The attitudes and emotions of individuals influence thei behavio on contextual basis. In othe wods, the behavio of individuals can be diffeent in situations that have little diffeence between them. This is because duing the situations in case, the individual can be affected by cetain attitudes and…
references of employees are addressed by different approaches. In addition to this, the different values of employees determine them to respond to different motivational factors. In other words, employees are motivated by different factors. What motivates certain employees, does not motivate others. Therefore, the company analyzes the behavior of employees and identifies their personality, their values, and the emotions that affect them.
The company struggles with identifying these issues. This is because in order to identify them, the employees must provide this information. In case they do not want to offer such information about themselves, it is difficult for the company to identify their motivational factors. This means that it is difficult to develop a motivational strategy that can increase their satisfaction. It is important to develop strategies that influence employees and their productivity.
1. Fargus, P. (2000). Measuring and Improving Employee Motivation. Pp 45. Prentice Hall. Retrieved March 18, 2013 from http://books.google.ro/books?id=-0VYAAAAYAAJ&q=employee+motivation&dq=employee+motivation&hl=ro&sa=X&ei=8V9HUdn1NIvltQbJooCoAw&ved=0CEkQ6AEwBQ .
2. Griffin, R. (2000). Management. Pp. 509. Cengage Learning. Retrieved March 18, 2013 from http://books.google.ro/books?id=7_NuZvMEvdgC&pg=PA509&dq=employee+motivation&hl=ro&sa=X&ei=8V9HUdn1NIvltQbJooCoAw&ved=0CFgQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=employee%20motivation&f=false .
In the scene, Randy the Ram cries, exposing to his daughter the emotional place he is in. The emotional burden of a family was more difficult to face than the physical pain of wrestling, so he left her, and threw himself entirely into a career that required no emotions, only physical strength and endurance. Now, he confesses, he is a broken hunk of meat, and he doesn't want to be alone.
The step he took, exposing his emotional vulnerability, is more than he can emotionally take; and he lets his daughter down once again. Then he is confronted by a young punk while behind the counter of the deli job he took, and the punk is successful in provoking him, making him feel inadequate in his physical aging, and, with a violent outburst, Randy quits the job and returns to the wrestling circuit for what will be his last show.…
Aronofsky, Darren (Dir.) 2008. The Wrestler, motion picture film, Wild Bunch, English,
Grant, Jon E. And Potenza, Marc N., 2007. Textbook of Men's Mental Health, American
Psychiatric Publishing, Inc., Arlington, VA. Print.
Everywhere there is the drumbeat of the natives, and the ominous reminder of the presence of untamed native life. Blackness is the dominant image of the Congo in Heart of Darkness -- whirls of black limbs, the black water -- all of which suggest that the environment is anathema and destructive to white civilization, as manifest in the persona of Kurtz. The natural beauty of the land, its colors, and the nuances of local cultures of tribes that would be perceptible to an Africa blur into a singular image of darkness in Conrad's prose.
Q4. Some critics argue that you can only fully understand a piece of literature if you understand the historical events that were ongoing when it was being written. Others argue that each piece of literature is independent of its historical context and you should not have to look for information outside the text to understand it.…
Desire, Emotion, and Knowledge: Greek Society and Culture in the Classical Period (480-338 .C.)
Following the aftermath of Greeks' victory over Persians during 480-479 .C., Greek society has undergone rapid changes and revival in its political, economic, and cultural structures, called the Classical period of Greek society and culture. This period, 480-338 .C., is characterized by the emergence of new reforms in the society, such as the establishment of a new Athenian democratic government, the gradual assertion of women equal treatment in a patriarchal Greek society, and the flourishing of the arts through philosophy, literature, mathematics, and science.
Indeed, the Classical period is more appropriately described as a time wherein human potential and intelligence is at its highest. As Plato had stated, "Human behavior flows from three main sources: desire, emotion, knowledge." This statement from the Greek philosopher brings into lucidity the important works of literature that had…
Kagan, D., S. Ozment, and F. Turner. (1995). The Western Heritage. NJ: Prentice Hall.
unborn baby's emotions be affected?
illke & illke state that nervous tissue in embryos is "open" to communication made possible by neurotransmitters. They further suggest that this makes it possible for the mother's emotional state to "affect the unborn almost from conception onward." Additionally, it can sense discord between parents, fear, hostility, grief and anger. It's also, apparently, capable of feeling anger itself, according to illke & illke, because the grandson of Sigmund Freud "once saw unborn twins fighting." Hopson suggests that the fetus is calmed by the sound of its mother's voice because its heart rate has been observed slowing when she speaks.
hich factor of prenatal development is suggested to have more impact on IQ than genes?
Hopson states that "the environment of the womb" may have more impact on IQ than genes.
hat was De Casper's discovery on fetal primitive learning?
De Casper's most significant discovery on…
Hopson, Janet L. "[no title given]." Psychology Today 31.5 (1998): 44.
What factors do you think make some organizations ineffective at managing emotions?
Employees' emotions can be harder to control at work as opposed to in other parts of life. In many cases, employees will not reveal their emotions which can make it difficult to pick up on any emotional problems. For example, an employee's personal life might be affecting their work performance but they might be trying to hide their emotions about an event such as a death in the family. Therefore, emotions that are due to external factors are difficult to identify and deal with in an organizational context.
Do you think the strategic use and display of emotions serve to protect employees, or does covering your true emotions at work lead to more problems than it solves?
There are many professional boundaries that should be maintained by employees in an organization at all times. It is…
Biro, M. (2013, December 15). Leadership Is About Emotion. Retrieved from Forbes: http://www.forbes.com/sites/meghanbiro/2013/12/15/leadership-is-about-emotion/
The Workplace. (2012, April 24). When is it appropriate to take sick leave due to work stress/fear of burnout? Retrieved from The Workplace: http://workplace.stackexchange.com/questions/922/when-is-it-appropriate-to-take-sick-leave-due-to-work-stress-fear-of-burnout
Established at the outset of the 80s by Dr. Les Greenberg and Dr. Sue Johnson, emotionally focused therapy (EFT) abides by the way of life that relationships are at the center or essence of human experience. It is founded on the principles that emotionally satisfying relationships are basic constituents of mental and physical health, and that interventions that are emotionally oriented have the authority to create and reconstruct helpful connections and ties between persons. The founders of EFT have the belief that each and every individual can take full advantage of their potential if placed in a fostering social setting (Johnson, 2009). Emotion-focused treatment was advanced as an empirically-cognizant method to the exercise of psychoanalysis grounded in present-day psychosomatic philosophies of working. Emotion-focused therapy endeavors to change the emotional or mental or behavioral sense of balance by putting emphasis on the vital role of the familiarity of adaptive emotion in…
Brenning, K.M., Braet, C. (2013). The emotion regulation model of attachment: An emotion-specific approach, Personal Relationships, 2013, 20, 1
Goldman, R.N., Greenberg, L.S. (2014). Case Formulation in Emotion-Focused Therapy: Co-Creating Clinical Maps for Change
Greenberg, L.S. (2004). Emotion -- focused therapy. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 11(1), 3-16.
Greenberg, L.S. (2010). Emotion-focused therapy: A clinical synthesis. Focus, 8(1), 32-42.
Aristotle, Mill & Kant on emotion
Ethics and its role on Emotion of Pleasure: Views from Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, and J.S. Mill
Analyzing the ethics of emotion, especially feelings of pleasure, is contemplated upon by the great philosophers Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, and John Stuart Mill. Each philosophers have arguments about the ethics of human emotions; however, despite the differences in focus and discussion of this issue, all three philosophers that the path towards achieving happiness or emotion of pleasure is subsistence to individualism and rationalization of society. That is, Kant, Mill, and Aristotle emphasize the vital role that intellectual development plays in the achievement of happiness among individuals.
In Immanuel Kant's discussion of the ethics of emotion, he argues that feelings of pleasure should be generated morally and rationally -- that is, there is a conscious effort in the individual to achieve pleasure that is right not only for him/her…
The ability to regulate one's emotions has been increasingly incorporated into models of psychopathology, distress disorders such as depression and anxiety, eating disorders, and substance abuse. Emotion regulation has been conceptualized as mental processes by which individuals control or temper their emotions in a conscious or unconscious fashion in order to respond environmental demands (Fresco et al., 2007). The process of emotion regulation is believed to be distinct from the emotion generation process; however, the specific distinction between the two processes still remains a source of debate. Theoretical models have been able to associate successful emotion regulation with positive health outcomes, improved personal relationships, and even more productive performances in academic endeavors and work, whereas difficulties with emotion regulation have been associated with mental disorders and emotional distress (Fresco et al., 2007). One emotion regulation strategy is decentering.
Fresco et al. (2007) discuss the concept of decentering as an…
Fresco, D.M., Moore, M.T., van Dulmen, M.H.M., Segal, Z.V., Ma, S.H., Teasdale, J.D., & Williams, J.M.G. (2007). Initial properties of the experiences questionnaire: Validation of a self-report measure of decentering. Behavior Therapy, 38, 234-236.
Anyone who through merit broke through the class barrier and moved up a notch aroused fierce jealousy amongst those left behind who knew they would not follow. (De ono, E. 2001)
In this sense, jealousy is a part of human nature and does not only exist within relationships between two people but extends into the society at large. A good example is the play Othello, by William Shakespeare. In this play, Iago is jealous of Othello for both personal and social reasons. Firstly he is jealous because Othello, a black man, has achieved a higher rank and status than he has. Secondly, Iago is jealous of the relationship that Othello has with the beautiful Desdemona. His jealousy is the driving force and centre of conflict in the play.
Advertising, envy and jealousy
Jealousy and envy of others is often used in the advertising and marketing world to promote product sales.…
Comstock, J. Effect of relationship length on the experience, expression, and perceived appropriateness of jealousy. The Journal of Social Psychology. 2/1/1997
De Bono, E. Jealousy. 2001. Accessed March 22, 2005. http://www.edwdebono.com/debono/msg08m.htm
Grow, G. The Two Faces of Envy. Accessed March 22, 2005. http://www.longleaf.net/ggrow/Hate/Envy.html
Simmel, Georg:. "The Sociology of Conflict: I" American Journal of Sociology 9 (1903): 490-525. Accessed March 23, 2005. http://spartan.ac.brocku.ca/~lward/Simmel/Simmel_1904a.html
functional approach to the study of emotions, the current study by Larissa Z. Tiedens examines whether the expression of anger is related to the conference of social status. "Anger and Advancement vs. Sadness and Subjugation: The Effect of Negative Emotion Expressions on Social Status Conferral" incorporates the results of four separate research designs. Prior research in the area focuses on negative emotions for two main reasons: negative events encourage an active awareness of one's surroundings; and negative events may lead people to question the existing social hierarchies. The ways people deal with negative situations and the emotions they express in public largely determine their perceived competence and their social status. Past studies have also distinguished between different negative emotions as well as different ways of exercising power. There are two main ways of exercising power according to prior research: through coercion and intimidation or through legitimate and endorsed power. Power…
Therefore, he is very much painted as the victim of this love story.
David on the other hand lends himself to the kind of character that reacts to save Beile. He is characterized as a shy and constant jokester, and in his humor he is at the same time evidenced as a very passionate individual. This is established by the narrator through his daydreams where David feels an impulse to "through himself" on Beile's lips. The author paints David as an underdog, an individual who had hitherto never made his love clear to Beile, but clearly cares for her. In this way, his actions are even more passionate when he stands up to defend her.
The author again uses careful juxtaposition to establish the reader's sympathy and support for David. He is described at the outset as a "shy" individual who rarely speaks but to make jokes. His heroism in…
Fear is an emotion that often paralyzes people and fear of the unknown often precipitates irrational thoughts and behavior. One hot topic that illustrates this point is cloning. Many opponents to the subject of cloning are basing their arguments on fear. This fear is irrational and totally unfounded and extremely damaging to the cause of science. As a society, we are on a path that is leading us to embark on nothing short of fantastic discoveries and allowing fear to hinder this growth would be a dreadful mistake. Cloning is not bad or wrong -- the fear that accompanies it is.
Alun Anderson brings to mind several reasons why human cloning could be beneficial. One example can be seen in the couple who carries a recessive gene for disease. In this scenario, one of the parents cloning him or herself would remove the risk of their child being born diseased.…
Anderson, Alun. "Cloning Can be an Ethical Form of Reproduction." Cloning. Winters,
Paul, ed. San Diego: Greenhaven Press. 1998.
Baum, Rudy. "Human Cloning is Inevitable." Cloning. Winters, Paul, ed. San Diego:
Greenhaven Press. 1998.
These appraisals can be for an activity that has helped the community in one way or the other. Emotional influence is more based on the presence of social appraisals as well. How an individual can be more beneficial to the society is also counted as an important factor.
This is considered as one of the most important factor. In these cases, the more managed a person is, the lesser is the emotional influence. The main definition of self-management is to make sure that minimum influence is taken of the emotions and more focus is given to the main tasks. Self-management is an important task that can help in managing stress that may relate to the community and work.
Communication and Symbolization
Increased communication is important in reducing the emotional influence on an individual. Symbolization and communication is an important factor as these can help in reducing emotional influence. Social…
Kensinger, a.E. (2009). Emotional Memory Across the Adult Lifespan, Essays in Cognitive Psychology. Psychology Press.
Lewis, M., Haviland-Jones, J.M., and Barrett, F.L. (2010). Handbook of Emotions. 3rd edition. Guilford Press.
Emotional Intelligence and Transformational Leadership
There is a definite correlation between emotional intelligence and transformational leadership. Although it might be a little extreme to define that relationships as causal and imply that emotional intelligence is what begets or enables transformational leadership, it certainly enhances it. This fact is discussed at length in various passages in "Transformational leadership and emotional intelligence: A potential pathway for an increased understanding of interpersonal influence." An analysis of some of the more incisive passages in this article indicate that emotional intelligence is of immense benefit for transformational leaders.
The overall impact of a leader's emotional intelligence on transformational leadership is that it allows him or her to understand how to best inspire people. Inspiration is frequently the crux of transformational leadership because this leadership methodology is predicated on effecting positive change. Change will not simply happen unless people are motivated and moved to create it.…
Brown, F. W., & Moshavi, D. (2005). Transformational leadership and emotional intelligence: A potential pathway for an increased understanding of interpersonal influence. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26(7), 867-871.
Choi, J., Chung, G., Sung, S., Butt, A., Soliman, M., Chang, J. (2015). Does emotional intelligence matter in interpersonal process? The mediating role of emotion management. Seoul Journal of Business. 21(2), 45-70.
Rage in Shakespeare
Of all the emotions, rage is one of the most unpredictable and often ends with unexpected consequences. illiam Shakespeare used rage as a major theme is many of his plays because of the unexpected consequences of the emotion. In his play Othello, for instance, rage was used as a tool by which tragedy ultimately occurs. On the other hand, in The Comedy of Errors, Shakespeare used tragedy to invoke a comedic response on the part of the audience. These two plays demonstrate how rage can be used in different ways with different results.
One of the most prominent themes of Shakespeare's Othello is that of rage, it dominated the entire play. It began with the rage of Iago, who has been angered because he had been passed over for a promotion. His rage unleashed a series of events that caused a great deal of destruction, not only…
"The Compete Text of Othello." Shakespeare Online. Web. 01. Dec. 2011.
" The Complete Text of The Comedy of Errors." Shakespeare Online. Web. 02 Dec.
Automatic Thoughts and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
A primary objective of cognitive therapy is to identify some underlying patterns, thought processes, behaviors and assumptions within the patient that might light the way to the root of a cognitive dissonance. As we work with patients to uncover these dissonances, certain patterns occur commonly across a wide variant of disorders or dysfunctions. Among them, automatic thoughts are a common occurrence and can often reveal behavioral tendencies that contribute directly to one's condition. As the discussion here will show, automatic thoughts often play a large but unseen role in the negative emotions experienced by those suffering with various cognitive dissonances, disorders or dysfunctions.
Advantages and Disadvantages:
One of the primary advantages to identifying Automatic Thoughts and explaining them to the patient is the degree to which this will arm the patient with the awareness to begin combating his or her own dysfunctional tendencies. As…
Beck, J.S. (1995). Cognitive therapy: Basics and Beyond. Guilford Press.
Franklin, D.J. (2003). Cognitive Therapy for Depression. Psychology Information Online.
Little, N. (2011). Automatic thoughts. Insight Journal.
Emotion in Criminal Justice
Although criminal justice professionals strive to maintain and promote ideals of objectivity, emotion will always enter into the equation. No human endeavor can be emotionless, and criminal justice is no exception. Crimes, especially violent ones, can have devastating effects not only on the victim and his or her family, but on the entire community. Anger, fear, vengefulness, sorrow, grief, and even elation can all accompany the criminal justice process. Media hype and other elements contribute to the creation of intense emotion that surrounds the process of criminal justice. The process of criminal justice entails balancing the needs of the community with the needs of the individual victim(s) and the perpetrator(s). To balance these needs, criminal justice officials must occasionally rely on emotional input. Sometimes that emotional input arises from within the professional, in the form of sympathy for the victim, or in many cases, compassion for…
Emotions of Love and Lust in the orks of Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo is easily one of the major figures of world literature. Hugo has been responsible for painting some of the most compelling portraits of the struggle of the human condition and how certain emotional conditions continue to subsist among untold levels of depravity and suffering. One can examine The Hunchback of Notre Dame and Les Miserables as portraits of not only human suffering but as literary demonstrations of how even lust can continue to subsist throughout the human condition even when under intense strain. This paper will examine how Hugo is able to showcase the carnal longings of humanity throughout those works.
The Hunchback of Notre Dame demonstrates two different types of lust, emotional lust and sensual lust (Chris, 2010). Emotional lust in this case is first represented by the words and actions by the gypsy Esmeralda and…
Chris, T. (2010, November 10). Two Kinds of Lust: Lessons from The Hunchback of Notre Dame. Retrieved from Wordpress.com: http://mytwocents.wordpress.com/2010/11/09/two-kinds-of-lust-lessons-from-the-hunchback-of-notre-dame/
Grossman, K. (1994). Figuring Transcendence in Les Miserables: Hugo's Romantic Sublime. Springfield: SIU Press.
Hugo, V. (2010). Les Miserables. London: Courier Dove Publications.
-- . (2013). The Hunchback of Notre Dame. New York: United Holdings Group.
Emotions affect how memories are processed, stored, and retrieved, which also impacts how learning takes place. Perhaps more importantly, emotions impact cognitive processes and learning. Neuroscience shows the ways thoughts are processed depends on one's cultural context and also emotional states. Thinking styles may be also linked to the learning process, as Zhang & Sternberg (2010) point out, and thinking styles are themselves related to cultural variables. The ways people process information therefore has to do with social learning as well as emotional learning and memory. Certain types of emotions may be more conducive to specific types of learning styles or learning behaviors. Emotions can also promote synchronized or chaotic neurological responses. These findings have implications for classroom design and pedagogy.
Wealth means far more than just possession of material goods. As Zhang & Sternberg (2010) point out, capital refers not only to assets in the traditional sense but also…
Emotions can be linked to everything a person does. When students enter school, they often have trouble with learning and may develop negative emotions to education. The aim of this study was to discover and highlight what emotional regulation techniques work best with students and getting them ready for learning. The study involved 3 focus groups from two schools picked from across the country. Two were public schools. The second was a private school.
Each focus group represented an age group. The first focus group had 2 children ages 5 and 12 years old. The second group had 2 children ages 14 and 17 years old. The group from the private school had a focus group of 4 children ranging in ages from 5-17 years of age.
The results derived from the qualitative data analyses demonstrate three kinds of classroom experiences participants feel work best for motivating them to learn…
J. Davidson, R., Dunne, J., Eccles, J., Engle, A., Greenberg, M., & Jennings, P. et al. (2012). Contemplative Practices and Mental Training: Prospects for American Education. Child Development Perspectives, 6(2), 146-153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-8606.2012.00240.x
Jennings, P., Frank, J., Snowberg, K., Coccia, M., & Greenberg, M. (2013). Improving classroom learning environments by Cultivating Awareness and Resilience in Education (CARE): Results of a randomized controlled trial.School Psychology Quarterly, 28(4), 374-390. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/spq0000035
Meiklejohn, J., Phillips, C., Freedman, M., Griffin, M., Biegel, G., & Roach, A. et al. (2012). Integrating Mindfulness Training into K-12 Education: Fostering the Resilience of Teachers and Students. Mindfulness, 3(4), 291-307. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12671-012-0094-5
Pekrun, R. (2016). Using Self-Report to Assess Emotions in Education.Methodological Advances In Research On Emotion And Education, 43-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29049-2_4
Emotion intelligence and apathy are often needed within the medical profession. The health care industry overall, has the privilege of dealing with varying degrees and severities of health concerns. Due to this privileged position, practitioners must be cognizant of the emotion extremes that prevail within the environment. Particularly within the nursing profession, stressful situations abound. It is these situations that can cause emotional and physical harm to an individual nurse. Management must therefore be aware of these occurrences and work to remedy them once they are suspected.
Management is predicated on leadership. Without it, goals, tasks, and objectives will be difficult to complete. To accomplish goals within the health care environment, teams must work together in unison. This concept is very prevalent with nurses, as they must work in unison to achieve a desired goal. Customer service, timely care, and proper floor coverage are all achieved through teamwork. A nurse…
Kaufman, Bruce E. (2010). Managing the Human Factor: The Early Years of Human Resource Management in American Industry. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.
Maugans, Chris. "21st Century Human Resources: Employee Advocate, Business Partner, Or Both?." Cornell HR Review (2015): 1-4. Business Source Complete. Web. 25 Sept. 2015
personality has been influenced both by nature and by nurture, considering that I have come to identify in it a series of factors that originate in my genetic background and that come from the environment that I grew up in. Even with the fact that I would prefer to consider myself as being a unique individual, I am well aware that there are numerous individuals who think and behave relatively similar to me. There are a lot of traits in me that I observe to be similar to the same traits in my parents, thus meaning that I have genetically inherited their behavior.
While most people would prefer to believe that their personalities are only shaped by themselves, I know that genetics and the surrounding environment both played an important role in my upbringing and in developing my personal identity.
My self-esteem has been significantly influenced by nurture, taking into…
2006). The neurological degeneration caused by this disease has also been found to reduce cognitive abilities pretty much across the board, and the inclusion of emotional recognition in its list of reduced functions suggests a stronger neurological basis for the phenomenon (Winblad et al. 2006). This also suggests a definite relationship between the neurological functions recognized in conscious cognition and the processing of emotional inputs (Winblad et al. 2006).
Much of the information regarding the psychological mechanisms that allow for the phenomenon of emotional recognition via facial features also comes from the study of unhealthy or abnormal cases. Interestingly, in one study involving "average" college students, the existence of primary psychopathic traits was positively correlated with recognition of fearful faces, but seemed to show no effect on the ability to recognize other emotions (Del Gaizo & Falkenbach 2008). This suggests a psychological predisposition to the recognition of certain emotions even…
Cheng, Y.; Chou, K.; Decety. J.; Chen, L.; Hunge, D.; Tzenga, O. & Lin, C. (2009). Sex differences in the neuroanatomy of human mirror-neuron system: A voxel-based morphometric investigation. Neuroscience, 158(2), pp. 713-20
Del Gaizo, a. & Falkenbach, D. (2008). "Primary and secondary psychopathic-traits and their relationship to perception and experience of emotion." Personality and Individual Differences, 45(3) pp. 206-12
Elkman, P. (1994). "Strong evidence for universals in facial expressions: A reply to Russell's mistaken critique." Psychological bulletin 115(2), pp. 268-87.
Focquaert, F.; Braeckman, J. & Platek, S. (2008). "An evolutionary cognitive neuroscience perspective on human self-awareness and theory of mind. Philosophical Psychology, 21(1), pp. 47-68.
opening: Rate the opening on how dynamic, dramatic, exciting it is. Can you think of a way to make it more dramatic? Can you think of a different opening that would more effectively capture the reader's attention?
The introduction of the Claude essay is pretty basic and, in many ways, is fairly effective. However, the formatting and attention to detail on the citation style as well as some spelling and capitalization are noticeably wrong and this does not speak well of the rest of the document even if there is something decent said, and there is. It is dynamic in the thought that went into it but the quality of the formatting and spelling leaves a lot to be desired.
Is each paragraph dedicated to a single thing, or are they a sort of wash of information squeezed together? Can you suggest a way to organize the material so that…
Social Perceptions and Bias
Within any organization there is a dual cognitive and emotional role in making decisions. In the 21st century global environment, this role is accentuated and allows far less time than ever before. Typically, decision making is the result of stimuli, then choosing from alternatives based on past and current knowledge, then making a final choice of an action or group of action. One way of looking at the decision making process is that it is ingrained within the human psychological perspective, which makes it both unique and complex for the individual or organization involved. esearchers Seo and Barrett (2007) present a theory that contrary to the popular belief that emotions (feelings) are dysfunctional in decision making, in fact, research shows that individuals who are able to identify and distinguish among feelings have a greater chance of making successful and discreet decisions by looking critically at their…
Ashforth, B., Humphrey, R. (1995). Emotion in the Workplace: A Reappraisal.
Human Relations. 48 (2): 97-125.
Baron, R., Kenney, D. (1986). The Moderator-Mediator Variable Distinction in Social
Psychological Research. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 51 (6): 1173-82.
eciprocal relationship can be simply defined as a relationship in which the two parties make an association on the basis of mutual privileges, emotions etc. There are different relationships between people and they influence their emotional development. These reciprocal relationships influence a person's life till the end of time. As far as children are concerned, their learning is mainly dependent on the engagement of family as it is the members of the family that enhance a child's experiences and family well being. Family engagement is responsible for the continuous, mutual and strong association between children and other adult members of the family (Bell and Wolfe, 2004).
When a child is of six months, he/she develops a sense of identity and agency. This whole growth mechanism is responsible for the transformation of his/her infancy-related associative original secondary emotions to the advanced levels. This system is focused on the first stable and…
Bell, M., and Wolfe, C. (2004). "Emotion and Cognition: An Intricately Bound Developmental Process," Child Development, Vol. 75, No. 2, 366 -- 70.
Social-Emotional Development in Young Children. (2012). Michigan.gov. Retrieved August 18, 2013, from http://www.michigan.gov/documents/Social_Emotional_Development_in_Young_Children_Guide_88553_7.pdf
Wilson, R.L. (2003). The Emotional Life of Children. Wagga, NSW: Keon Publications.
He questions whether he should try to clear the court of corruption or just give up and end his life now. It is this emotional doubt that drives Hamlet to act deranged at times, but he overcomes it, and almost manages to answer the difficult questions posed in his life. In Act V, when calm returns, Hamlet repents his behavior (V, ii, 75-78) (Lidz, 164).
In Lidz's book Freud is quoted as saying "that if anyone holds and expresses to others an opinion of himself such as this [Hamlet's "Use every man after his desert, and who shall escape whipping?"], he is ill, whether he is speaking the truth whether he is being more or less unfair to himself." Though Hamlet has proved his intellectual stability, he is quite obviously emotionally "ill."
This emotional illness and uncertainty is why Hamlet procrastinates in the killing of Claudius. On his way to…
Babcock, Weston. A Tragedy of Errors. Purdue Research Foundation 1961.
Charlton, Lewis. The Genesis of Hamlet. Kenniket Press, Port Washington, NY 1907.
Elliot, T.S. "Hamlet and His Problems." Sacred Woods. 1920.
Leavenworth, Russel E. Interpreting Hamlet: Materials for analysis Chandler Publishing CO, San Francisco 1960.
True Altruism Exist?
The objective of this study is to analyze the work of atson, et al., and Cialdini, et al. And to discuss whether true altruism exists.
atson et al. entitled "Is Empathic Emotion a Source of Altruistic Motivation" published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (1981) holds that true altruism does exist while the work of Cialdini, et al. entitled "Empathy-ased Helping: Is It Selflessly or Selfishly Motivated? Published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology" (1987) holds that true altruism does not exist.
It is the belief of atson et al. that people assist others at time for reason that are purely altruistic and states specifically that the primary reason for altruism is that of 'empathy'. Cialdini et al. On the other hand do not believe that empathy is enough alone to motivate individuals to assist others but instead believe that individuals assist others…
Batson, D. et al. (1981) Is Empathic Emotion a Source of Altruistic Motivation? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (February 1981)
Cialdini, RB (1987) Empathy-Based Helping: Is It Selflessly or Selfishly Motivated?" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (April 1987)
The first point addressed by Clark's review determines that a fundamental change in medical perspective had begun to transpire with the assumption of varying clinical research investigations on the subject.
This would contribute to what Clark identifies as a major shift in the way that physicians had begun to perceive and treat terminal illness. As opposed to a cut and dry preparation of the patient for the certainty of death, Clark points to a juncture in the mid to late 20th century at which medical professionals had begun to adopt "an active rather than a passive approach to the care of dying people was promoted in which the fatalistic resignation of the doctor ('there is nothing more we can do') was supplanted by a determination to find new and imaginative ways to continue caring up to the end of life." (Clark, 2002) In addition to serving as a fundamental motivation…
Clark, D. (2002). Between hope and acceptance: the medicalisation of dying. The British Medical Journal, 324, p. 905-907.
Eckholm, E. (1991). The price of hope: Medicine's Disputed Frontier. The New York
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McCombe agrees, observing that Zeffirelli's film "links Hamlet's hesitancy to his unnaturally strong bond with his mother" (McCombe). Crowl believes that Gertrude is at the center of the film, or "at the center of Hamlet's fractured consciousness, rather than the ghost or Claudius. The film is much more about sons and mothers than fathers and uncles" (Crowl). hile this may be true, we should also consider how this interpretation is much more emotional this way. Hamlet's troubles are predominantly linked to his mother in one way or another. Zeffirelli captures the complexities of this relationship by making it complicated and a sensitive issue for Hamlet in the long run. In the final scene of the film, we see the depth of the emotions Hamlet feels for his mother. Ophelia is another woman that allows us to see the extremity of Hamlet's emotion. She is beautiful and seems quite innocent. hen…
John P. McCombe. "Toward an Objective Correlative: The Problem of Desire in Franco Zeffirelli's Hamlet." Literature/Film Quarterly. 1997. Gale Resource Database. Site December 02, 2008. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.com
Crowl, Samuel. "Zeffirelli's Hamlet: The Golden Girl and a Fistful of Dust." Shakespeare in the Cinema. 1998. Gale Resource Database. Site Accessed December 02, 2008.
Aldao, a., Nolen-Hoeksema, S., and Schweizer, S. "Emotion-regulation strategies
across psychopathology: A meta-analytic review." Clinical Psychology
Review, Vol. 30, No. 2 (2010): 217 -- 237.
This article considered of a meta-analytic review of data pertaining to six typical strategies of regulating emotion in relation to four different types of psychopathology. More specifically, the researchers considered the following emotion-regulation strategies: acceptance, avoidance, problem solving, reappraisal, rumination, and suppression; and they considered them in the context of each of the following psychological disorders: anxiety, depression, eating, and substance-related disorders. The method employed by the researchers consisted of primarily of systematic literature searches of studies presenting data about any of the six emotion-regulation strategies in the context of any of the four types of psychological disorders. The authors also conducted various supplementary searches of available databases, articles with potentially relevant literature cited as references, and solicited colleagues for their experience and recommendations…
Sexuality is another common theme in music. We see in the songs studied testosterone and estrogen, the sexual response cycle, psychosexual images and sexual orientation issues. These treatments of the same basic thing are again complex, ranging from purely physical explorations of the subject to the deep-rooted psychological attributes of sex. Self-esteem and denial are also wrapped up in this subject in some of the songs. This again reflects our need to understand our sexual selves, in particular as distinct from our emotional/loving selves.
In the other category, power proved a major theme. Self-esteem, self-serving bias, defense mechanisms, ego, superego, the spotlight effect, achievement motivation and projection are all components of this theme that emerge in the music. The need for power reflects a desire for achievement that we all have and the need to feel important in this world, perhaps explaining why this theme is so popular. Its popularity…