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3. As an Intellectual Property expert, I have been involved at the stage of review of the results of product branding focus groups.
Branding and logo design are exciting and creative stages of the marketing process. Marketing and legal concerns can occasionally clash but often they do not. Because legal constraints might prohibit a certain type of packaging, logo, or product design, the focus groups should always include multiple examples. If the brand or logo that was liked best cannot pass the legal vetting process, then the second-best can be used. Intellectual property issues should always be taken seriously because they can create heavy costs. Those costs can be avoided via skillful researchers and attorneys.
4. It has been a while, but I participated in a focus group for a computer curriculum we used to use.
The focus group described was a complete waste of time and valuable resources. Instead…
The honeymooners do not mind traveling long distances.
Families used travel agency brochures as their main source of information for overseas travel. Nearly all selected package tours and considered price, attractions near the hotel, and the view from the hotel when they selected their package.
New Fifties used direct mail, brochures from travel agencies, magazines, the Internet, and newspaper travel advertisements as their main source of information for overseas travel. After they have made a decision they refer to magazine articles and the Internet for further information. Some make their own travel arrangements. When selecting a package tour, many seek a tour that is not too rushed, allows them to spend a long period of time in each city and gives a significant amount of free time.
Within the tourism industry there is a growing need for research to investigate the economic, social and environmental impacts of tourism…
About this project." Available:
http://www.lanna.com/html/about_this_project.html (Accessed 2005, January 23).
African-American focus groups key findings and applications." (2000, December 28). Wisconson Department of Tourism. Available:
http://agency.travelwisconsin.com/Research/MarketResearch_Active/00afram.shtm (Accesed 2005, January 23).
Employing qualitative research, would conduct a focus group (minimum, 8-12 participants for 1 hour) where one session would feature a particularly controversial discussion conducted using active listening and almost passive involvement enabling participants to free-associate and emote, followed by the same issue reduced to its H.P. fundamentals using f.. Then connectives validated according to real life instances. would then present participants with a questionnaire regarding their experiences of the sessions, involving questions such as which type of exercise / discussion they felt to be more useful, which empowered them more, and which produced greater action-oriented processing.
would use a focus group for various reasons: Focus groups are helpful in evaluation research or in understanding how people regard a specific experience or event (Krueger, 1994). More importantly, focus groups have the advantages of flexibility, economy of time, and direct contact between researchers and participants.
Human reasoning is conducted in terms…
In addition to these statistics there were over 1,500 offenders that had as part of their terms parole, supervision program such as focus groups that are designed to transition them into civilian life. Of those the recidivism was significantly lower than for those released directly into civilian life. (USDOJ, 2010).
The rates for those that were part of a supervisory transition such as a focus group or parole were 24% and 28% respectively. This would indicate that with assistance of a supervisory focus group, offenders are close to 25% more successful in transitioning back into public life (USDOJ, 2010).
There are Parole officers and supervisory programs that apply Johari window concept a way to learn more about their parolees in the attempt to assist them with personal challenges that interfere with their adaptation to civil life. The strategy for the Johari Window calls for getting insight of how the parolee sees himself or herself to gain an understanding of how others see them (Mckean & Ransford, 2004). This allows them to gain a perspective of what others may be thinking or feeling as well. Building a relationship with a parole officer starts out for many offenders as a
Gatta, M., Rotondo, M. C. G., Svanellini, L., Lai, J., Salis, M., & Ferruzza, E. (2015). Focus groups as a means for preventing adolescent alcohol consumption: Qualitative and process analysis. Journal of Groups in Addiction & Recovery, 10(1), 63-78.
In this study, researchers conduct a process analysis of focus groups as an intervention for alcohol abuse prevention among adolescents. Structured like a sort of meta-analysis of focus groups, the study included data and participants from four different focus groups occurring throughout a school year, including a total of 86 9th grade students and 83 10th grade students between 14 and 18 years of age. From the raw data, the researchers conducted a qualitative textual analysis to uncover adolescents’ attitudes and beliefs about alcohol. Findings showed that participants viewed alcohol as normative in the society, and were nominally aware of the risks associated with problem drinking.
The purpose and design of this study…
There are several key elements to conducting a focus group. The first is to gather a group. The group needs to be a representative sample so that the findings can be extrapolated to the population at large. This is a necessity in any research, and it does not change with a focus group. Greenbaum (1998) notes that "the quality of output from focus groups depends on having the right people in the room."
The second element is that the group needs to have a purpose. The focus group must have a specific objective, a specific set of questions that need to be tested. Only by understanding what the point of the exercise is will the questions be able to be structured in a manner that actually provides the answers that the company needs.
The questions are a critical element in focus group research. The questions need to effectively…
Silverman, G. (2015). How to get beneath the surface in focus groups. MNAV.com. Retrieved April 29, 2015 from http://mnav.com/focus-group-center/bensurf-htm/
Greenbaum, T. (1997). Getting the most from focus group moderators. GroupsPlus. Retrieved April 29, 2015 from http://www.groupsplus.com/pages/getmost.htm
Greenbaum, T. (1998) 10 tips for running successful focus groups. GroupsPlus. Retrieved April 29, 2015 from http://www.groupsplus.com/pages/mn091498.htm
Chlamydia Screening Focus Groups of Healthcare Providers
My research focus is the study of Chlamydia trachomatis. I am interested in Chlamydia because it is the most prevalent bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the United States. Young adults have the highest rates of chlamydial infection and are at the highest risk for infection among all age groups. Yet, as a group, they do not use Chlamydia screening services. hy? Early diagnosis of Chlamydia is important, not only to minimize disease spread but also to prevent sequelae, including epididymitis, pelvic inflammatory, disease, ectopic pregnancy, infertility and chronic pelvic pain. Traditional Chlamydia testing procedures have served as another obstacle to early detection because collection of endocervical and urethral specimens is uncomfortable at best. Fortunately, the introduction of several nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) now makes it possible to detect Chlamydia noninvasively from male and female using a simple urine sample. My interest in…
Arcadian, et al. (2005, September 4) Trachoma. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trachoma
Decius, et al. (2005, October 2) Chlamydia. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlamydia
Duncan, B. (2001, January 27) Qualitative analysis of psychosocial impact of diagnosis of Chlamydia trachomatis: implications for screening. British Medical Journal. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0999/is_7280_322/ai_70634425/print
Duncan, B. (1999, April 3) Sexuality and health: the hidden costs of screening for Chlamydia trachomatis. British Medical Journal. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0999/is_7188_318/ai_54514754/print
Focus Group Marketing
Focus Group -- Ideal Composition
Focus groups are a powerful means to evaluate services or test new ideas." Basically, focus groups usually involve six to ten people. All of the members test and discuss a product, either individually or at the same time, and then reconvene in the same group to discuss their subjective impressions and experiences with a member of the marketing team. A company can gain a great deal of information during a focus group session, albeit from subjective sources and from a relatively narrow base of opinion. Thus designing the demographic makeup of the focus group is crucial to obtaining useful and accurate results from this often-expensive process. (McNamara, 1999)
hen designing a focus group, the most obvious selection criteria might be to find the product's target marketing group, as determined beforehand through less expensive marketing measurements such as surveys and questionnaires, and create…
McNamara, Carter. (1999) "Basics of Conducting Focus Groups." Retrieved on October 7, 2004 at http://www.mapnp.org/library/evaluatn/focusgrp.htm
Question for each of the following topics were developed: (a) what infants and children up to age 3 should eat, (b) how parents decide what to feed their children, (c) knowing when a child has been sufficiently fed, (d) parental control over a child's eating behaviors, (e) concern about overweight in children, (f) using food to influence behavior, (g) parent involvement in physical activity with the child, and (h) preferred methods for learning about child health issues (McGarvey et. al 2006). Furthermore, participants were invited to share experiences related to feeding their child that was outside of these general categories.
An analysis of the data provided three main commonalities to all four groups. A lack of awareness of the relationship between increased physical activity and health, the effects of the use of food to influence behavior, concern over a loss of parental control over feeding when a child starts child…
McGarvey, EL, Collie, KR, Fraser, G, Shufflebarger, C, Lloyd, B & Oliver, MN 2006, 'Using focus groups to inform preschool child hood obesity prevention programming', Ethnicity and Health, Vol. 11, No. 3 August, pp. 265-285.
Schetzina, KE, Dalton III, WT, Lowe, EF, Azzazy, N, von Werssowetz, KM, Givens, C, & Stern, HP 2009,'Developing a coordinated school health approach to child obesity prevention in rural Appalachia: results of focus groups with teachers, parents and students', Rural and Remote Health, 9: 1157, October, viewed 17 June 2011,
Focus Group Discussion (FGD) Plan
The objective of this preliminary report is to present a Focus Group Discussion (FGD) plan that seeks to formulate recommendations to improve employee-employer relationships within the organization and develop strategies that will prevent: (a) the high rate of employee turn-over in the company; and (b) expected loss of additional personnel in the next 10 years through projected retirements. The FGD will provide insights about the sentiments, thoughts, and opinions of the participants/discussants concerning the presence/absence of motivation, satisfaction, and effectiveness in working in the state highway agency.
The Focus Group Discussion (FGD) Plan
There will be a total of three (3) sessions for three different classes of employees that will be interviewed. The first session will be the group of maintenance managers and engineers, while the second session will be composed of the maintenance workers. Sessions 1 and 2 will have 6-10 participants each. The…
Kreitner, R. (1995). Organizational Behavior. (3rd ed.). Chicago: Richard D. Irwin, Inc.
Lindlof, T. (2002). Qualitative Communication Research Methods. (2nd ed.). CA: SAGE Publications.
No conceptual or theoretical framework was clearly identified. However, the authors do focus on patient-centered care within an evidence-based practice framework.
The research design is described as being descriptive and is therefore phenomenological. The authors use a focus group model, and operationalize the definition of the term focus group. A focus group for the purposes of this study is defined as a small group and has as its objective the "acquisition of information based on perceptions, beliefs, traditions, and values of its participants," (Heinrich & Karner, n.d., p. 31). Focus groups are one of the most commonly used study designs in qualitative research in health care (Gill, Stewart, Treasure & Chadwick, 2008). Furthermore, the focus group was selected for this qualitative research design because it permitted 'interaction and discussion" among the participants, leading to "rich data related to the learning needs of older adults living in…
Gill, P., Stewart, K., Treasure, E. & Chadwick, B. (2008). Methods of data collection in qualitative research: interviews and focus groups. BDJ 204: 291-295.
Heinrich, C. & Karner, K. (n.d.). Ways to optimize understanding health related information. Geriatric Nursing 32(1).
Uniformly, those in the former category indicated that they would be willing to pay something in the range of 10 to 20% more on customized orders. Customers willing to spend $100 on a pair of shoes indicates that $110-$120 would be an acceptable range for a customized pair.
Respondents who demonstrated a less proclivity both for online shopping and for shoe-shopping in general indicates that whereas they might spend something in the range of $40 to $60 for a pair of shoes, that $60 to $80 might be a suitable price point for customized footwear. The findings in this section would demonstrate that focus group respondents in all categories indicated a willingness to pay a statistically significant percentage more for the service of customization.
4. Through what distribution channels are potential customers likely to buy mass customized footwear?
The best distribution channels are those which have already established a relationship…
Next, the facilitator will pose an introductory question that will stimulate brainstorming by engaging students in the "why" of their involvement in the group (Bouassida et al., 2006). Next a transitory question will lead to examination of the problem at hand, where the members of the group attempt to answer key questions including (1) what is the foundation of the problem (2) what tools are available to solve the problem (3) what are the most probable outcomes of a problem given the information provided (Bouassida, et al., 2006).
Bouassida et al. (2006) provide the rationale for this protocol, suggesting it enables group members to participate in a manner that allows greater collaboration and verification of the results. This form of focus group enables each member to participate on an equivalent basis. The outcome will result in rapid resolution of complex problems including those presented in the future to students…
Bouassida, M.S., Chridi, N., Chrisment, I., Festor, O. & L. Vigneron. (2006, Jun).
Automatic verification of a key management architecture for hierarchical group protocols, in, Cuppens, F. And Debar, H., editors, 5th Conference on Security and Network Architectures.
CEISMC (2006). Focus Group Protocol, Center for Educational Integrating Science,
Mathematics and Computing at Georgia Tech College of Sciences. Retrieved October 18, 2007: http://www.ceismc.gatech.edu/MM_Tools/FGP.html
group facilitation organization using the theory of constraint as portrayed by Eliyahu Goldratt. It uses 3 sources in MLA format.
The purpose of any management theory is to achieve maximum productivity out of limited resources. This could be done through process management and inventory management. There have been many studies conducted on this topic but Eli Goldratt provides a comprehensive background for management application. The reason being that he provides practical solutions to management problems from the viewpoint of a manager. Any one in a supervisory level will understand how management works and could easily adapt his theory of constraint to their own situation and finally resolve the situation according to the organization need. After having studied his theory of constraint as portrayed in the Goal and Its Not Luck, I have also endeavor to apply it to my organization. Its analysis is as follows:
group facilitation consultancy service company…
Goldratt, Eliyahu and Cox, Jeff. The Goal. Gower. 1992 ISBN 0 566 07418
Cianni, Mary; Wnuck, Donna, Individual growth and team enhancement: moving toward a new model of career development.(Special Challenges of Careers in the 21st Century). Vol. 11, The Academy of Management Executive, 02-01-1997, pp 105(11).
Group Social Work: Nurturing Father's Program
The group investigated for this paper is the Nurturing Father's Program. I encountered the Nurturing Fathers Program while working for my state's child protective services division (DCFS). The NFP is an evidence-based, 13-week training course designed to teach parenting and nurturing skills to men. Each 2 1/2-hour class provides proven, effective skills for healthy family relationships and child development" (Nurturing Fathers, 2012). The goal of the program is to help men transform themselves into nurturing fathers by enabling cognitive, behavioral, and affective changes in the group participants. The NFP program has been used successfully in a wide variety of contexts, including, but not limited to schools, preschools, churches, government child-safety programs, and the military.
This particular NFP group meets at First Presbyterian Church, 270 Franklin Street, Quincy, MA on Tuesday evenings from 6:00pm to 8:30pm. There is no charge for participation, and group participants…
Association for the Advancement of Social Work with Groups, Inc. (2006). Standards for social work practice with groups. Alexandria, VA: AASWG, Inc.
Brandler, S., & Roman, C.P. (1999). Group work: skills and strategies for effective interventions. New York: Haworth Press.
Department of Children and Families. (2012). Report child abuse. Executive Office of Health
and Human Services website: http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/consumer/family-services/report-child-abuse.html
The AA also provides a strong network of relationships that is important for the recovery and support process as pointed out by Khantzian & Mack, (1994, pp.348).
The steps are important since they assist the alcoholics in becoming patient. They also admit that they are reckless and out of control. They also give up the alcoholic struggle with self and the bottle in order to allow the higher power as well as assistance of other to emancipate them. In the recovery process, there are sponsors. A sponsor is an alcoholic who has fully recovered and the recovering alcoholic can reach them at any time.
Alcoholic Anonymous believes even the alcoholics are important help to others. The concept of AA is beneficial in getting rid of the incessant alienation as well as shame that the alcoholics feel. It then proceeds to instill a sense of hope, contact with other as well…
Alcoholic Anonymous (2002). Service Material from the General Service Office: THE TWELVE STEPS OF ALCOHOLICS ANONYMOUS
Browne, B.R. (1991). The selective adaption of the Alcoholics Anonymous program by Gamblers Anonymous. Journal of Gambling Studies, 7(3), 187206. Fagan, R.W. (1986). The use of volunteer sponsors in the rehabilitation of skid-row alcoholics. Journal of Drug Issues, 16(3), 321-337.
Doweiko, H.E. (2009). Concepts of chemical dependency (7th ed.). Pacifi c Grove, CA:
Group Motivation and Evaluation
Group Motivation Inventory
I work very hard in my group.
I work harder in this group than I do in most other groups.
Other members work very hard in this group.2
I am willing to spend extra time on group projects.
I try to attend all group meetings.4
Other members regularly attend group meetings.
I often lose track of time when I'm working in this group.
Group members don't seem to mind working long hours on our project.2
hen I am working with this group, I am focused on our work.
10.I look forward to working with the members of my group.2
I enjoy working with group members.
Group members enjoy working with one another.3
I am doing an excellent job in my group.
I am doing better work in this group than I have done in other groups.4
The other members are making excellent contributions…
Lei, s., Kuestermeyer, B., Westmeyer, K. (2010). Group Composition Effecting Student
Interaction and Achievement: Instructor's Perspectives. Journal of Instructional
Psychology, 37(4), 317-325.
Nihalani, P., Wilson, H., Thomas, G., Robinson D., (2010). What Determines High- and Low-
Discussion of the Results
Mr. Spyridos can count on French and Italians to spend more money than the Germans, and all three to spend more money than the Brits. There is a great deal of difference between German groups, which suggests that there may be some high-Euro spenders who should be appealed to in a separate marketing campaign.
The French appear to have the least variability in spending as a group, while the Italians and the Brits seem to have the highest variability. This may suggest that the French are more amenable to package tours with 'all-inclusive' or more easily-predicted pricing, a la Club Med. At the same time, the Brits and Italians may be willing to spend more once they arrive. The Brits may be lured in by promises of low initial pricing, with a propensity to spend more once they arrive. Italians are willing to spend more, and…
Individuals trust that agreement speaks something relating to the fact. Complying with the group norms hence fulfils our requirement relating to mastery. When individuals privately, show their compliance since they trust group norms represent fact, the group has the impact of information. At the time when the chances are high, individuals are more inspired to take correct decisions, and hence correspond even strongly. Going away from the agreement weaken the impact of the group. Additionally, it weakens confidence, and hence we could feel perplexed, apprehensive and ambiguous. (Smith; Mackie 315-319).
Norms accord us the feelings of linkage since compliance to group principles lead to achieving a positive as well as principled social identity and getting respect from the members of the other group. Compliance as such gives rise to encountering a view of belonging, and it indicates assurance to members of other groups. A group has positive impact at the…
AlRoomi, Dhari. The effect of Cohesion of Group Productivity. The MBA Journal. 23 February 2006. http://businessadministration.wordpress.com/2006/02/23/the-effect-of-cohesion-of-group-productivity/
Bostro, Alan; Bredemeier, Brenda Jo Light; Gardner, Douglas E; Shields, David Lyle Light. The Relationship between Leadership Behaviors and Group Cohesion in Team Sports. Journal of Psychology, vol. 131, no. 2, 1997. pp: 196-211.
Christensen, Ulla; Schmidt, Lone; Budtz-Jorgensen, Esben; Avlund, Kirsten. Group Cohesion and Social Support in Exercise Classes: Results from a Danish Intervention Study. Health Education & Behavior, vol. 33, No. 5, 2006, pp: 677-689
Glass, Scott. J; Benshoff, James. M. Facilitating group cohesion among adolescents through challenge course experiences. The Journal of Experiential Education. Fall, 2002. vol. 26, no. 2, pp: 47-51.
GOUP LEADESHIP SKILLS refer to the ability of a leader to manage a group in a manner that ensures maximum cooperation between group members and helps each make significant contribution for the accomplishment of organizational goals and objectives. ecent studies in the field suggest that group leadership skills may differ from individual leadership but the essential core competencies probably remain the same. For this reason, let us first understand what leadership means and how crucial a role in plays in organizations today.
Fenton (1990) explains who a leader is: "Leaders stand out by being different. They question assumption and are suspicious of tradition. They seek out the truth and make decisions based on fact, not prejudice. They have a preference for innovation."
Leadership is therefore "an interactive process that influences, motivates, and elicits human potentialities in the pursuit of group goals or interests" (Sogunro, 1996, p. 31). The most damaging…
Adrianna Kezar, Reconstructing static images of leadership: an application of Positionality theory. Journal of Leadership Studies. Volume: 8. Issue: 3. 2002. 94+.
Bavelas, A. (1969). Leadership: Man and function. In C.A. Gibb (Ed.), Leadership. (Pp. 9-16). Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books.
Beal, G.M., Bohlen, J.M., & Raudabaugh, J.N. (1962). Leadership and dynamic group action. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press.
Dimock, H.G. (1987). Factors in working with groups: Leadership and group development. (Rev. ed.). Puslinch, ON: Center for Human Resource Development.
Zeff & Higby (2002) also point out that respect is a common feature enhancing communication within teams. Therefore, quiet members can be encouraged to participate more readily in the informal and supportive team environment than they might in a group environment.
A diverse workplace benefits especially well from teamwork because of the enhanced communication potential. Moreover, minority voices are more likely to be acknowledged within the respect-oriented setting of a team. The team has no choice but to work together to achieve goals meaningful to each individual. In the group, individuals only care about their own performance. The motivation to help others in the group is low, and the desire to seek help by expressing concerns is also low especially when some members of the group are domineering. Quiet members of a group will feel dominated by the more aggressive ones ("Teams & Groups" 1996). This is especially true when…
"Differences between Work Groups and Teams." (nd). For Dummies. Retrieved May 3, 2010 from http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/differences-between-work-groups-and-teams.html
"Teams & Groups." (1996). Retrieved May 3, 2010 from http://www.see.ed.ac.uk/~gerard/MENG/MECD/gf1.html
Zeff, L.E. & Higby, M.A. (2002). Teaching more than you know. Academic Exchange Quarterly 6(3). Retrieved May 3, 2010 from http://www.rapidintellect.com/AEQweb/6jan2118j2.htm
The study was performed on groups of White and South Asian students, and showed that cross-group friendships provided a platform for reducing out-group prejudice and perceived hostility among these groups.
A study by McGregor, Haji and Kang (2008) also reveal that in-group individuals who display a high Personal Need for Structure (PNS) tend to be inclined towards out-group derogation and hostility. The authors found that lowering PNS also lowers this inclination. Interestingly, this is not done by means of focusing upon the out-group, but rather upon in-group dynamics. This indicates that a positive in-group focus and stability lies at the root of the problem, rather than the perception of out-group hostility or the need to display such hostility towards out groups.
McGregor, Ian, Hagi, eeshma and Kan, So-Jin. (2008). Can in-group affirmation relieve out-group derogation? Journal of Experimental Psychology. Vol. 44, pp. 1395 -- 1401
Turner, hiannon N., Hewstone,…
McGregor, Ian, Hagi, Reeshma and Kan, So-Jin. (2008). Can in-group affirmation relieve out-group derogation? Journal of Experimental Psychology. Vol. 44, pp. 1395 -- 1401
Turner, Rhiannon N., Hewstone, Miles, and Voci, Alberto (2007, Sep). Reducing explicit and implicit out-group prejudice via direct and extended contact: The mediating role of self-disclosure and intergroup anxiety. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Vol 93(3), pp. 369-388.
ut the truth is it boils down to one thing: Teamwork and Unity. With it everything comes along, sense of responsibility, accountability and concern.
Team is a cooperative unit composed of people with complimentary skill committed to a common purpose, performance goals and approach to which they hold themselves mutually accountable. It is essential that each member is willing to work in unity and should any differences arise, find a way to resolve them.
The success of the team is the success of each member. However, one bad seed included which may cause its failure will not be reflected on that individual alone but the whole team may suffer.
Marc J. Mackert, M.S. Group Functions and Development. Retrieved April 18, 2007 from http://www.umkc.edu/medpharm/408/group_process.htm
Dawn Steinward. (1999). Analysis of Group Progress. Retrieved April 19, 2007 from http://www.uiowa.edu/~c07w110/dsteinwand3003/ProgressMemo.htm
The Leadership Handout Series - Stages of Group/Team Development. Retrieved April 18, 2007…
Marc J. Mackert, M.S. Group Functions and Development. Retrieved April 18, 2007 from http://www.umkc.edu/medpharm/408/group_process.htm
Dawn Steinward. (1999). Analysis of Group Progress. Retrieved April 19, 2007 from http://www.uiowa.edu/~c07w110/dsteinwand3003/ProgressMemo.htm
The Leadership Handout Series - Stages of Group/Team Development. Retrieved April 18, 2007 from http://www.units.muohio.edu/saf/sac/handout/stages.html
Work Group Development. (2006). Retrieved April 22, 2007 from http://www1.umn.edu/ohr/toolkit/workgroup/index.html
Social workers deal with many different types of people in many different situations, but probably the most common interaction is with some type of group. The job of a social worker is to be an advocate for whomever the individual is working with and to find resources that the individual or group did not know existed. This work can either be difficult because the worker in question does not understand the dynamics involved in the work, or it can be made easy by focusing on the objectives of the particular assignment. When working with a group of people it is essential to remember what type of group it is, know the roles the different participants can take, and have the training required to adequately facilitate the group.
Understanding the type of group is the first step. The study guide (Maidment, 2010) lists the different types of groups that…
Beck, D., Fisch, R. & Bergander, W. (1999). Functional roles in work groups -- An empirical approach to the study of group role diversity. Psychologische Beltrage, 41(3), 288-297.
Bianchi, A., & Shelly, R.K. (2007). Guest editors' introduction: Group process as social microcosm. Sociological Focus, 40(2), 117-119.
Finn, J. (1999). An exploration of the helping processes in an online self-help group focusing on issues of disability. Health and Social Work, 24(3), 220-230.
Gross, B. (2002). Online therapy. Annals of the American Psychotherapy Association, 5(5), 30-31.
The maintenance roles help to support the creative side, which is a task that can be high risk at times (Benne & Sheats, 1978). The work that the junior members do in providing support to the creatives while simultaneously challenging them to develop stronger ideas is one of the reasons that the shop's output is so highly regarded.
This group has a significant amount of trust. The different members have built this trust over the course of years and multiple projects. ith this trust, however, they are able to be stronger, in particular with task roles. Assumptions are challenged frequently, in particular with regards to the outcomes sought by the customers. The group views this is value added to the customer, by refining a vague customer concept into something that is actionable for the advertising firm.
The high level of trust that the group members have in one another allows…
Baltes, B.; Dickson, M.; Sherman, M.; Bauer, C.; LaGanke, J. (2002). Computer-mediated communication and group decision-making: A meta-analysis. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. Vol. 87 (1) 156-179.
Benne, K & Sheats, P. (1978) Shared experiences in human communication: Functional roles of group members. Hayden Publishing.
Week 2 DQ 2 -- Diversity is having a team comprised of heterogeneous members -- in physical characteristics, education, experience, outlook and other facets of being. Diversity brings a number of viewpoints to the workplace. In addition, it helps the company to better understand its customers if the workforce reflects the customer base. By opening up more markets within the general populace, diversity can increase the potential value of a firm by increasing its potential revenue streams. There are a number of strategies to increase diversity, including targeting recruiting, building better networks in specific communities and establishing mentorship programs that can encourage members of different communities to apply at the firm by improving the firm's employer brand within those communities.
Week 3 DQ 1 -- I was engaged in a field operation and my team faced enemy fire. Keeping the team together under such an adverse circumstance was partly the…
Other than this, I would try to establish my own personal goals and objectives that are subordinated to group objectives. For example, I would try to establish very tight deadlines for the tasks assigned to me, because I work very well under pressure.
I would also try to establish a career path that I would follow in the future, determining medium term objectives for me to reach. Knowing where I want to be in my career would motivate me to achieve my full potential, and even to develop new skills and abilities that would help me advance in my career.
e. In large corporations, where there are hundreds or thousands of employees, many of them covering similar positions, it is difficult for the H department and top managers to establish a motivational system analyzing each individual in particular. As a consequence, H managers develop a motivational system that is generally…
1. Engleberg, I.N. & Wynn, D.R. (2007). Working in Groups: Communication Principles and Strategies. Published by Allyn & Bacon. Retrieved February 18, 2010.
hile allowing an authoritarian voice to hold final sway over what is done may be least desirable, it may be necessary in a very spread-out group with many areas of expertise, or if the leader bears the brunt of the responsibility for the project and has greater knowledge of the different organizational factors involved.
There is no single perfect formula for forming a cohesive group, making decisions, and arguing in a constructive manner. The only rule that does hold fast and firm, regardless of the composition and authority structure of the group, good listening skills are necessary, as well balanced consideration of all sides of a debate. A healthy group, even a group dominated by a single leader, must not fall into groupthink, or create an environment where only a single opinion is considered valid, and dissent is not permitted.
Engleberg and ynn. orking in groups: Communication principles…
Engleberg and Wynn. Working in groups: Communication principles and strategies. 3rd ed. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2003.
People function in work groups together much as they do in unified departments within an organization.
How does a group differ from a team?
On a true team the human parts of the group still retain their integrity as individuals, but become a part of a whole that is larger than their individual selves -- teams bring specialized skills or knowledge that are vital to larger organizational goals, like a baseball team is made up of a good pitcher and a hitter, fielders, etc., with the aim of winning a championship -- rather than just lots of great hitters.
How can a group become a high-performance team?
People must feel free to share their unique skills and ideas, so they can work together to solve problems and achieve common goals. High-performance teams listen as well as talk, are comfortable with reasonable disagreements, but keep task-focused so consensus ultimately occurs and…
Create a teaching tool that would help others learn about the core tenets of the educational philosophy of your group.
In education, there are different philosophies which have an impact on the techniques used by teachers. Neo-Scholasticism is taking various religious and philosophical beliefs to have an effect on how someone sees the world around them. This is achieved through dialectical reasoning, gaining knowledge by inference and resolving contradictions. (Hollins, 1964) (Souza, 2007) (Sherman, 1988)
At the same time, there is a focus on a concept called natural philosophy. Under these pillars, it is believed that everything related to God and the world is interconnected. A perfect balance is created when there is an alignment of these concepts. (Hollins, 1964) (Souza, 2007) (Sherman, 1988)
In the field of education, these ideas can be used to create a basic philosophy for reaching out to students. This is achieved by…
Hollins, T. (1964). Aims in Education. Manchester: University of Manchester Press.
Sherman, R. (1988). Qualitative Research in Education. New York, NY: Routledge.
Souza, M. (2007). International Handbook of Religious. New York, NY: Springer.
All of the above roles are positive influences on the group. Each is necessary in providing or prompting information, utilizing that information, and allowing for the free and equal flow of that information. Effective leadership in a group dynamic means ensuring that all of these roles are being met; if this is the case, little overt leadership should be required to maintain an effectively functioning group. There are also, however, several self-centered roles that disrupt the group dynamic and can lead to negative group performances and experiences.
Self-centered roles attempt to attract attention to themselves, and this away from the group task. Aggressors do this by belittling others and their issues, or blaming others for their mistakes; calm confrontation is often the only way to make aggressors aware of their behavior and its damages. Jokers quite obviously make jokes of things, not with the intent of relieving tension but rather…
Different demographic groups also feel differently about the demographics of a group, and racial and gender differences can cause reduced efficacy for some individuals. Group size must also be considered.
Group cohesiveness is also another important factor in measuring group efficacy, though some cohesion can be detrimental to the group's purpose. The cohesive elements must support the group's states and intended purpose to be effective. Group development can also be studied; this perspective treats the group as an individual entity that changes over time, hopefully for the better. This concept is most useful to practitioners as a way of organizing the individual members of the group as far as their goals are concerned, and to draw their attention to the dynamics of the group, especially during times of group change.
Though empirical evidence is still difficult to come by when addressing group development, there is a general consensus in the…
Addressing Challenges in Group Work
Group work can be complicated and challenging, since there are different individuals from different backgrounds attempting to achieve one common goal. Students in many universities are required to work in groups or learning teams. These teams are a representation of the work environment, and team work. In the job force, most types of jobs require working in groups; with one common goal. The academic learning team was established to educate students how to work in groups, work with others to accomplish the same task. In this training plan I will identify some of the challenges, and benefits of working in teams. I will also discuss team communication, collaboration, conflict and how this information would apply to the workforce.
Some of the main challenges that groups encounter are distrust in team members, communication failure and individuals not knowing how to handle group…
Metlife (2010). MetLife History. Retrieved on March 19, 2011 from http://www.metlife.com/about/corporate-profile/metlife-history/index.html
Pattman, R. (2007). Working with Groups. South African Review of Sociology. 38 (1) 99-101.
Potential challenges with cooperative learning . (2010). Retrieved from http://serc.carleton.edu/introgeo/cooperative/challen.html
Sarkisian, E. & Bok, D. (1997). Working in Groups. Teaching and Learning, Harvard University. Retrieved from http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/html/icb.topic58474/wigintro.html#GettingStarted
Group Dynamics and Teams
This paper examines an experience I had in a group dynamic that did not go well. The group was tasked with a rush project and the members of the group were not prepared professionally or personally to meet the demand. The result was a complete failure, but looking back on it I can see why it failed. This paper will describe the experience, discuss it from multiple points of view, and show what could be done to turn a similar situation into a success the next time around.
We were a team of five: Paul was the group leader; Bishop was from sales; I was heading the social media team; Carlos was from product development; Dodd was from HR; and Michelle was from PR. Each of us had worked together in the past, so we were familiar with one another; however, on this…
Scholarship notes that these five groups are critical in managing the electoral politics of the U.N., and in the manner resolutions are adopted by group. Complications arise, for instance, because the Arab world is split between Africa and Asia, and the former Soviet Republics are split between Asia and Eastern Europe, which also includes Russia. [12: Ibid.]
The importance of understanding these groupings is that they play a strategic role in controlling issues surrounding leadership, membership, responsibilities, and structure. The success or failure of a number of campaigns and issues follows the ability to find consensus with the groups, and the individual group's ability to exercise negotiation techniques to sway other blocs. Ironically, analysis of voting records over the past few decades show that despite the importance of electoral groups, 10% of written commitments between groups and 20% of oral commitments are discounted based on misleading information or intention. [13:…
Canadian Forces, small group military relationships
Within the Canadian Forces, how are small group military relationships on operational deployments in Kabul, Afghanistan?
A group is mostly defined to be two or more people interacting together so they can achieve a common specific goal. The main purpose of the group would be towards a shared and desired outcome. With this in mind, Military groupings are formed to achieve a common interest like defeating a common foe, or lobbying for a specific cause. The group will have some form of leadership structure to ensure it is not mistaken for a crowd. The leadership for military groups is formal. Military groups report to one leader, and follow the orders or instructions given by their leader. For the effectiveness of the military groups, the group members should work together. Working closely together, and for long periods, the group members will form certain bonds, and…
Cox, D.R., & Snell, E.J. (1974). The Choice of Variables in Observational Studies. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series C (Applied Statistics), 23(1), 51-59.
Jiroutek, M.R., Muller, K.E., Kupper, L.L., & Stewart, P.W. (2003). A New Method for Choosing Sample Size for Confidence Interval-Based Inferences. Biometrics, 59(3), 580-590.
Johnson, B.A., & Tsiatis, A.A. (2004). Estimating Mean Response as a Function of Treatment Duration in an Observational Study, Where Duration May Be Informatively Censored. Biometrics, 60(2), 315-323.
Morgan, D.L. (1996). Focus Groups. Annual Review of Sociology, 22(ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: 1996 / Copyright © 1996 Annual Reviews), 129-152.
National Group Technique
The Nominal Group Technique (NGT) is a very helpful and practical process for a sports facility due to the fact that a facilitator is always on hand to mediate discussions -- especially those discussions which become arguments. hen a university intercollegiate facility, for example, is using NGT and a decision must be made, the NGT strategy is to allow every person in the group that has any part in the presentation of activities to participate equitably in the process. This paper delves into the advantages to the group -- and to the public that will utilize the facility -- of a sports facility organization implementing the NGT.
The Seven Steps to Solving Difficult Problems -- Making Sound Decisions
Step ONE: A group by definition will always have a variety of personalities within its structure, and those varied personalities can be (and should be) the source of strength…
King, Nigel, and Horrocks, Christine. (2010). Interviews in Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
Stewart, David W., Rook, Dennis W., and Shamdasani, Prem N. (2006). Focus Groups: Theory
and Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
University of Illinois Extension. (2009). Nominal Group Technique. Retrieved November 18,
ole of Mental Health Group in Helping an Individual
ole Of Mental Health Group In A Helping Individual Overcome Schizophrenia In Hawaii: A Substantive Grounded Theory
ole of mental health group in helping an individual overcome schizophrenia in Hawaii: a substantive grounded theory
Schizophrenia is a brain disease that is emotionally distressing for patients and their families. In a society that has misunderstood schizophrenia for a long time, its victims have been undeservingly stigmatized. This study compares the development of social skills and coping skills of schizophrenia patients in support groups: can support groups help these patients? The purpose of this study is to analyze and compare schizophrenia patients with social skills issues and the care they receive from support groups with respect to developing these skills. Schizophrenia patients need a lot of support. They attend support groups to discuss housing, job, and family issues. This also gives them an…
Aneshensel, C.S. (2009). Toward Explaining Mental Health Disparities. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 50(4), 377-394. doi: 10.2307/20617650
Austrian, S.G. (2005). Mental Disorders, Medications, and Clinical Social Work (3 ed.): Columbia University Press.
Bateman, J., & Smith, T. (2011). Taking Our Place: Community Managed Mental Health Services in Australia. International Journal of Mental Health, 40(2), 55-71. doi: 10.2307/41345351
Dyke, C.V. (2013). Research Policies for Schizophrenia in the Global Health Context. International Journal of Mental Health, 42(1), 51-76. doi: 10.2307/42003833
Factors that augment risks of self-cutting
Treatment of Self-Cutting
Aims of Group Therapy
Aspects of Group Therapy
The aim of this research is to investigate and identify opinions regarding vital elements for successful group therapy and to suggest the distinguished elements as guiding principles for future group counselling guidelines, theoretical as well as program development. Therapists are to recognize the essential factors of group therapy, which contribute to positive therapeutic results. The important elements of group therapy established by the board of professionals shall be suggested as guiding principles for future group therapy, theoretical and program development (Edwards, 2001).
Group therapy is a type of psychotherapy whereby one or more therapists attend to a tiny group of patients together as a group. It entails one or more psychologists that head a group of approximately five to fifteen clients. In the same milieu, group counselling…
Conyne, R. K. (Ed.). (2011). The Oxford handbook of group counselling. Oxford University Press.
Edwards, S. A. (2001). The essential elements of multi-family group therapy: A Delphi study.
Fehr, S. S. (Ed.). (2012). 101 interventions in group therapy. Routledge.
Glass, S. D. (2010). The practical handbook of group counselling. Bloomington, Ind.: Trafford Publishing
Solution-Focused Brief Therapy on Mothers with a Disabled Child
This research paper will focus on the ability of the author to effectively provide therapy services to individuals and adopt an enabling role, coaching the client in exploring his/her own way of solving the problems experienced, thereby using his own competence to the greatest extent possible. By using the Solution Focused Therapy approach and the author's own views on letting the client become the expert, promoting self-esteem, and most importantly creating change through various techniques and interventions, it will allow client to see through a new 'lens' of self.
This researcher selects Janet as a case study. She is 25 years old and lives in with her boyfriend with whom she has two son. The older son, James, has a disability in his clef foot. This incurable disability, her husband's abusive attitude and the natural inner struggles of a growing woman…
Bryman, A. (n.d.) Triangulation. Reference World. Retrieved on November 29, 2015 from http://www.referenceworld.com/sage/socialscience/triangulation.pdf
Cepeda, L. M. and Davenport, D. S. (2006). Person-centered therapy and solution-focused brief therapy: an integration of present and future awareness. Vol. 43 # 1,Psychotherapy: Pubmed.
Retrieved on November 26, 2015 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22121955/
Darlaston-Jones, D. (2007). Making connections: the relationship between epistemology and research methods. Vol 19 # 1, The Australian Community Psychology: University of Notre
Self-Help Group Observation
The purpose of the group (diabetic group) is basically to educate patients on how to sustain a healthy lifestyle in case they are diabetic. The main aim for patient education is for individuals suffering from diabetes to enhance their knowledge, confidence and skills, allowing them to have increased control of their condition and incorporate effectual self-management into their day-to-day lives. High quality structured education could have an intense impact on health outcomes and considerably enhance the quality of life (Tidy, 2014). Some of the potential benefits that patient education could have on individuals suffering from diabetes are:
Enhancing health, knowledge, beliefs, and lifestyle changes
Enhancing patient outcomes, for instance, smoking, weight, and psychosocial changes like depression levels and quality of life
Enhancing physical activity levels
Minimizing the need for, and potentially better targeting of drugs together with other items like blood testing strips.
Educational events, like community…
Mensing, C. R., & Norris, S. L. (2003). Group education in diabetes: effectiveness and implementation. Diabetes Spectrum, 16(2), 96-103.
Powers, M. A., Bardsley, J., Cypress, M., Duker, P., Funnell, M. M., Fischl, A. H., ... & Vivian, E. (2015). Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support in Type 2 Diabetes A Joint Position Statement of the American Diabetes Association, the American Association of Diabetes Educators, and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. The Diabetes Educator, 41(4), 417-430.
Tang, T. S., Funnell, M. M., & Anderson, R. M. (2006). Group education strategies for diabetes self-management. Diabetes Spectrum, 19(2), 99-105.
Team Care Approach for Diabetes Management (n.d.). Retrieved 25 February 2016 from http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/ndep/pdfs/ppod-guide-team-care-approach.pdf
Group Counseling for Jake Green
The group will be designed for children suffering from Attention Deficient Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The group will be for young children aimed at focusing on self-awareness. The children will be taught self-management skills like positive self-talk techniques and self-soothing behaviors. All this is aimed at improving their social skills and improve interactions with others. Having a group of ADHD children will allow Jake to recognize he is not alone and he will be able to interact with other children who have the same challenges. The group to be created will be a psychoeducational group because the purpose is to develop the members feeling, thinking, and behavioral skills by using a structured learning format. Psychoeducational groups are aimed at high-functioning individuals who have a deficit in specific areas (Pitschel-Walz et al., 2006). The group will be focused on educating group members regarding their disorder…
Ates, B. (2016). Effect of solution focused group counseling for high school students in order to struggle with school burnout. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 4(4), 27-34.
DeLucia-Waack, J. L., Kalodner, C. R., & Riva, M. (2013). Handbook of group counseling and psychotherapy. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Erford, B. (2014). Research and evaluation in counseling. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Furr, S. R. (2000). Structuring the group experience: A format for designing psychoeducational groups. Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 25(1), 29-49.
Diversity as a Barrier to Group Psychotherapy
According to the Center for Collegiate Mental Health, the psychopathology of college students, and their demand for counseling services in university college centers (UCCs) has risen substantially over the last decade (Center for Collegiate Mental Health, 2014). Well, there are number of reasons why this is so. The most significant of these perhaps is that the modern-day college student faces significant psychological concerns in the form of anxiety, depression, substance abuse, suicidal ideation, and history of hospitalization resulting from lifestyle factors. It is reported, for instance, that between 15 and 20% of college students today suffer from depressive symptoms, compared to between 5 and 6% ten years ago (Center for Collegiate Mental Health, 2014). For this reason, most UCCs have adopted and expanded the use of group psychotherapy platforms as an alternative to the traditional individual psychotherapy in a bid to address the…
Lee, J. (2014). Asian International Students' Barriers to Joining Group Counseling. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 64(4), 444-464.
Perez, S.M., Yang, K.Y., Edelman, M.W. & Jones, J.M. (2014). South-East Asian-American Children: Not the Model Minority. Children of Immigrant Families, 14(2), 121-137.
Peters, S. (2015). Barriers to Group Psychotherapy for Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual College Students. Professional Dissertation (Wright State University). Retrieved July 14, 2015 from https://etd.ohiolink.edu/!etd.send_file?accession=wsupsych1434388016&disposition=inline
Riva, M. (2013). Emphasizing Training and Supervision. The Group Psychologist, 23(1), 1-24.
group MGN42 ( 300 words section) critically analyse incident models theories levels organisational behaviour ( individual, group organisation) show understandings gained group experience draw conclusions recommendations manage future recommend manage work occurrence future.
Group Incident Analysis
The following pages focus on analyzing an incident in a company. This incident is represented by a conflict between the sales manager and the account managers in the company. The conflict is analyzed on individual level based on the hierarchy of needs model, and on organizational level based on the diversity theory.
The workplace environment and its characteristics are very important in determining employee satisfaction. The level of satisfaction of companies' employees significantly influences their performance, which affects the performance of these companies. It is important that managers understand these issues and focus on analyzing the organization behavior in their companies in order to develop workplace environment that are in accordance with employees' needs…
1. Rahim, A. (2001). Managing Conflict in Organizations. Retrieved June 7, 2012 from http://raqi148.weebly.com/uploads/3/6/7/2/3672942/managing_conflicts_in_organizations.pdf .
2. Chapman, A. (2010). Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Motivational Model. Retrieved June 8, 2012 from http://www.businessballs.com/maslow.htm .
3. Lieberman, S. (2002). Diversity Benefits Organizations and Communities. Retrieved June 8, 2012 from http://www.simmalieberman.com/articles/diversitybenefits.htm .
57). Although both teams and work groups are similar, there are some instances in which one is better suited than the other, and these issues are discussed further below.
elative effectiveness of work groups compared to teams.
While some authorities suggest that team and work groups share a sufficient number of commonalities to make them indistinguishable, there are some situations in which work groups may be more effective if they are defined within certain categories (Biech, 2001). In this regard, Lewis (2001) reports that a useful definition of team is "a group of people who work together to achieve a common goal. Unless they collaborate and cooperate with each other, they cannot achieve the goal because it is too big for any one of them to accomplish individually" (p. 410). Although this general definition could well fit most work groups as well, there are some distinguishing characteristics involved. According…
Biech, E. (2001). The Pfeiffer book of successful team-building tools: Best of the annuals.
San Francisco: Jossey-Bass/Pfeiffer.
Kristof, A.L. (1999). Person-organization fit: an integrative review of its conceptualizations, measurement, and implications. Personnel Psychology, 49(10, 1-2.
Kruppa, R. & Media, A.K. (2005). Group dynamics in the formation of a Phd cohort: a reflection in experiencing while learning organizational development theory.
That way the next time we meet I can help steer the group in the right direction. For example, I once realized that we wasted a lot of time at the beginning of the meetings with small talk because everyone was afraid to be the first to start. The next time we met I just started talking. I also believe that we share common values like cooperation, commitment, competence, and positive collaboration.
4. Assumes responsibilities for interrelating with groups and units and reporting results to group members.
I have gathered information from individuals in the group and from our collective meetings. Then I will let the group decide in a democratic fashion. We often have question and answer sessions, which gives the opportunity for all individuals to voice their concerns in a safe and supportive environment. I am always willing to act as a mediator or an intermediary between members…
group a marketing analysis a case study "cabo san viejo." I upload file. My section "marketing sales." A small section. Break 3 pages. Include graphs citations good. The question answer paper "cab implement a loyalty program" group
Marketing and sales: Cabo San Viejo
According to Michael Porter's Five Forces analysis, every company must position itself within a certain segment of the market, either taking a global strategy, or focusing on a particular demographic (Porter's five forces, 2010, Quick MBA. For Cabo San Viejo, the focus of the company's marketing and sales is clearly upon the high-end of the vacation traveler market. ather than focusing on a narrow market segment, the company seeks to attract a wide range of high-end consumers, given the varied offerings of the resort. Marketing and advertising is currently a very small part of the company's budget, and the emphasis of the advertising has always been on…
Porter's five forces. (2010). Quick MBA. Retrieved February 15, 2011
1% greater than the Texas average.
The cost of living in Canyon is 2.6% less than the national average.
The cost of living index is based on a national average of 100.If the region shows a cost of living index that is lower than 100, it means it is living below national standard, and the reverse shows it is living above national standards. Canyon's living standard is 97, which shows that it is living below average national standards. At the same time, however, it is significantly greater than cost of living in Texas in general. Its groceries, its goods, and its transportation are one or more notches higher than Texas in general. Its housing index is considerably higher. Its utilities index is however significantly lower than Texas and certainly than the Nation as a whole. Its health care index is also slightly lower than Texas in general.
Misc. The price…
Otherwise, you face rejection, and in some cases even murder or other violence. This indicates the great influence groups can have over our minds and our actions, and indicates how whole groups of people can get swept up into a movement like Nazism, where Hitler created a "master race" that was better than everyone else and wanted to exterminate others from the earth. That's a good example of a very frightening and influential primary group (the German people, which seems like a secondary group, but they had nationalistic pride that brought them together as a "family").
In an article, sociologist Gil Friedman talks about much the same group dynamics in our own nationalism and patriotic pride after the events of Sept. 11, 2001. He notes that leaders can use rallying tactics to "mobilize the public through patriotic appeals" (Friedman, 2006). This is exactly what Hitler did when he mobilized the…
Henslin, J.M. (2005). Essentials of sociology a down to earth approach. 7th Edition. New York: Allyn & Bacon.
Friedman, G. (2006). Insights from sociology's in-group-out-group hypothesis for the explanation of rallying-round-the-flag and diversionary force. Retrieved 25 Jan. 2008 from the Allacademic.com Web site: http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p98707_index.html.
Group eport that critically analyses the different models of human behaviour in relation to consumer decision-making. Explain and illustrate how marketers take account of these models of behaviour.
Knowing personality theories is beneficial for marketers in that knowing what motivates people can help us know how to attract them to our products. Although, these theories present different approaches, many of them approach the consumer from a different perspective and many marketers combine several of the approaches in order to target the prospective consumer.
Decision-making models may be the most scientific as far as evidence goes maintaining that we are evolutionarily influenced by certain heuristics (i.e. mental shortcuts) that cause us to judge and direct our decision-making. Some of these heuristics include: 'availability' (the rarer the content usually the greater desired); 'us vs. them' (with the former being more acceptable since more familiar); and 'frequency'.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs places human…
Schiffman, L.G, & Kanuk, L.L. 2007. Consumer behavior, Pearson, USA.
Groups Make Decisions?
Decision making by an individual is a straightforward process due to the unilateral source thereof. ut when it comes to group decision making, the matter has several complications particular when there are disparate opinions and several issues that needed addressed. Group decision making even becomes more challenging when there is a minority that is forming dissenting opinions. The paper by De Dreu and West is focused on this especially in determining if minority dissent and individual creativity hinders or contributes to group decision making. To prove or disprove this hypothesis, two studies were made where the first "involved self-managed postal service teams responsible for the distribution of parcels in a particular geographic region while the second involved semiautonomous product and management teams in a variety of organizations (De Dreu & West, 2001, p. 1193)." The results of the two studies proved that minority dissent is a positive…
De Dreu, C.K.W. & West, M.A. (2001). "Minority dissent and team innovation: The importance of participation in decision making." Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(6): 1191-1201. doi 10.1037//0021-9010.86.6.1191
MAIN STUDY QUESTION: If a particular personality trait or component is removed from a group, will the remaining members compensate for that loss?
What methods are appropriate for determining the group's locus of control, assuming it has one?
How might this determination influence whether or not the group values a particular personality trait or a specific component?
And, based on that knowledge, what measures could be used to determine if it was necessary to compensate for whatever loss occurred?
As sociology is the study of group behavior, there is an acceptance from the beginning that the existence of a group means something more than just a collection of individuals who each do their own things. This fact is not really disputed. But there are still many questions about the various roles that individuals and circumstance play in making a group function, just as there are questions…
Akins, L.H. (2001), Functional Group Roles. Viewable at http://www8.sunydutchess.edu/faculty/akins/documents/Vocabulary.pdf .
Hyldegard, J. (2009), Personality traits and group-based information behaviour: an exploratory study. Information Research, Vol. 14, No. 2. Viewable at http://informationr.net/ir/14-2/paper402.html .
Neill, J. (2006). What is Locus of Control? Viewable at http://wilderdom.com/psychology/loc/LocusOfControlWhatIs.html#Rotter1966.
groups in this study are independent. Despite the fact that they were not randomly assigned to groups but were assigned based on physical sex/gender is immaterial; inclusion or exclusion in one group did not influence inclusion or exclusion in the other group in any way. As there was no matching/pairing and no influence on the inclusion/exclusion or group assignment of any participant based on the status of another participant, the groups are independent.
is the t-statistic for the Mental Health (MH) questionnaire completed by the participants. This corresponds with a p-value of 0.002. According to the Bonferroni principle, significance in this study would be indicated by a p-value of 0.0033 or lower given the alpha level of 0.05 and the fact that 15 individual measures were taken/t-tests performed (0.05/15=0.0033). As 0.002 < 0.0033, this result is significant -- the groups can be said to have a significant difference in Mental…
Social Work Groups
Definition of Three Types of Groups
Most of us have participated in a task group at one point, and indeed many of us participate in tasks groups on a regular basis. A task group is any group of individuals who come together (or who are brought together) to produce a particular outcome, either a particular product or a specific action. Such groups exist in every aspect of life. Such groups can be found in business, such as a group formed to assess whether a company should shift to a new software system. Such a group might do research on different types of software, interview managers at other companies to determine how well different software systems work in similar situations, and survey the staff on their needs.
Task groups also exist in the political realm. Many communities across the country have recently been hosts to such groups as…
groups (control and treatment) for change in mobility of the women with osteoarthritis (OA) over 12 weeks with the results of F (1, 22) = 9.619,
p = 0.005. Discuss each aspect of these results.
The researchers were able to conclude that the finding was significant because the Statistical value (F) had a p-value of less than .05, which is the cut-off point for significance. Consequently, they can conclude that there is a significant difference between the control and treatment groups over time.
State the null hypothesis for the Baird and Sands (2004) study that focuses on the effect of the GI with PMR treatment on patients' mobility level. Should the null hypothesis be rejected for the difference between the two groups in change in mobility scores over 12 weeks? Provide a rationale for your answer.
The null hypothesis is that there are no differences in mean scores. The p…
KAPesources Consulting Firm
KAPesources Consulting Firm, a Human esources consulting company, has recently made the decision to expand its operations internationally. This expansion has been identified to require twenty-five families to relocate from the domestic headquarters to offices in Spain and Hong Kong. The plan is to also hire an additional fifty employees from the local international regions to support the company's growth plan. It has been identified that the transition for the families to the overseas locations could be a critical success factor and it is commonly known that many families have trouble during an extended overseas assignment.
Not only will the new cultures require significant amounts of adaptation from the employees and their families, but the employees' new roles in the international markets will also require new skills and new perspectives. This analysis will focus on the company's task force who has been asked to make…
Hatch, M., & Cunliffe, A. (2006). Organization Theory (2nd ed.). London: Oxford.
Tsai, W. (2001). Knowldedge Transfer in Introgranizational Networks. The Academy of Management Journal, 996-1004.
With workplace tasks becoming increasingly complex, the significance of teamwork cannot be overemphasized. Teamwork often facilitates faster and more effective execution of tasks. Nonetheless, managing a group or team of people can be a challenging endeavor in large part due to conflicts and communication issues. Indeed, conflict, misunderstanding, and miscommunication can greatly affect team success and productivity (Bateman, Snell & Konopaske, 2016). With reference to Kolb's learning model, this paper describes my own experience with a team. Following a description of the experience, I reflect on the experience, interpret the experience at a deeper level and identify ways to respond to a similar experience in the future.
At my place of work, I was recently appointed as one of the members of a team aimed at investigating the potential of a certain product the organization wanted to venture into. More specifically, the responsibility of the team was to…
Designing a Group
A Group for Individuals Concerned about School ullying Incidents
What population is the group designed to serve?
The group is ultimately designed to serve students of a school where bullying has occurred, and the entire school students, staff, and administrators. Local community members, such as physicians and health professionals would also be welcome; individuals who are professional counselors may have useful contributions. As well, it will serve the students' families, friends, and the community. Each of these individuals has something to contribute in a group dialogue about bullying, from a different perspective. The largest issue to be faced at the onset is empowering individuals, such as students, to speak frankly in the presence of not only their peers, but also in the presence of perceived authority figures.
Parental involvement is important so that the parent can assist with issues that their child may have had concerning bullying;…
Anti-bullying procedures for primary and post-primary schools. (2013). Retrieved from: https://www.education.ie/en/Publications/Policy-Reports/Anti-Bullying-Procedures-for-Primary-and-Post-Primary-Schools.pdf .
Berlin, R., & Ruscitti, D. (2011). Best Practices in Bullying Prevention and Intervention. Illinois: The County of Du Page.
Burns, J.H. (2015). Retrieved from Bully Proof Classroom: http://bullyproofclassroom.com/great-anti-bullying-activities
Developing an Evaluation Plan (n.d.): Retrieved from: http://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/evaluate/evaluation/evaluation-plan/main
Felt never would agree
This level of disagreement was never reached, although there was some debate as to what constituted private and public traits and societal rules, for instance, in determining whether the different group's traits of dominance or subservience counted as societal rules.
Lack of clarity about group remark
There was some difficulty in defining what constituted a sociocultural rule, versus a personality characteristic. It was clear amongst all group members that the frogs were in the middle and subservient to mammals, and that the fish were prey, but just how this worked out in the society in terms of rules and laws was open to debate.
Lack of clarity about own message
Because I did not really emerge as a dominating and defining group force, in terms of the beginnings of the discussion that set the terms for the society, I did not feel that I was misunderstood,…
Handbook For Facilitators
Your function as a group facilitator and leader is to see to it that the most constructive decisions are made and the positive and creative actions are followed through on. One way to do these things is in how effectively you are able to conduct planning and follow-up meetings.
Following are some of the guidelines that help any leader make the best use of the time and talents of those people assigned to get any given project planned and completed.
There are basically ten aspects of successful leadership/facilitating:
Safety: An effective facilitator creates a "safe space." This means that no one attacks or belittles anyone else in the meeting. No rude remarks, no personal demeaning. Everyone's ideas get a fair and equal hearing. It is the facilitator's responsibility to set the example in the appropriate behaviors that create safe space.
Free interaction: This aspect of successful facilitating…
What is your age?
What is your race or ethnicity origin?
What is your level of education?
What is your marital status?
What is your gender?
Are you currently a student?
Where do you live?
What is your opinion when it comes to learning?
How do you keep up-to-date in regards to current events?
Are you a cat or dog person?
What is worse? War or Disease?
Tell me about your pet peeves.
Do you have any talent in the arts?
Do you prefer being alone or in groups?
Can you dance and/or sing?
Do you prefer to take lead or to follow?
Do you communicate well?
Criteria for choosing appropriate members of a group vary. However, the focus is on finding individuals that like being in groups, work well in groups, and have some degree of artistic talent and/or interest in the arts. Although leaders…