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Friendship in Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring
The Lord of the Rings embodies friendship and its importance through the many relations among its stimulating characters. Tolkien truly lives vicariously through his creations by emphasizing on companionship throughout the course of the epic fantasy. Relations such as those between Sam and Frodo, Gandalf and Aragorn and Legolas and Gimli, prove time and time again how friendship indeed was the central theme of the tale.
It is believed that aficionados of English literature all over the world feel that it is their obligation to have read The Lord of the Rings by JRR Tolkien. The epic saga is a tumultuous ride of absorbing mystery and immense entertainment. It is a journey of all things chimerical and fictional, propagating all messages as real as human life itself. There are many central themes that prevail in the contexts of this…
Tolkien, J.R.R. The Lord of The Rings. Vol. The Fellowship of the Ring. George Allen & Unwin, 1954.
This is what the friendship between Gilgamesh and Enkidu represents.
Thus, during the friendship of Gilgamesh and Enkidu, the two engage in numerous adventures, often dangerous in nature. For example, Enkidu assists Gilgamesh in his fight against Humbaba, the guardian monster of the Cedar Forest. Even though Enkidu does not agree with the actions, he nonetheless cooperates with Gilgamesh in successfully defeating and killing Humbaba. He later assists Gilgamesh with slaying the Bull of Heaven.
In the end, these actions anger the gods and the goddess Ishtar demands that both Gilgamesh and Enkidu should pay with their lives. However the god Shamash argues with the other gods that both should be spared. As an act of compromise, the gods agree to save only Gilgamesh and thus issue a judgment on Enkidu that holds he had no justification for fighting the Bull of Heaven. As a result, Enkidu is overcome with…
Elena Irrera interprets Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics on friendship as having three distinct, but possibly overlapping purposes. In addition to friendships based on love, there are also friendships based on "ethical excellence" and "utility" (p. 7). Friendships based on love can be rooted in a mutual sense of understanding and trust, and are typically rooted in a long history of companionship. Friendships based on ethical excellence are more difficult to explain, but nonetheless easily recognized by most people as a mutual attraction based on similar values and ethics. 'Ethical excellence' friendships contrast with utilitarian friendships, because the former deals with the good of the individual and the latter deals with the good of the polis or political community (Zunjic). However, to understand the meaning of a Aristotelian friendship based on utility, the philosophical foundation upon which Aristotle's concept of polis must be understood.
Aristotle's view of morality was based…
Irrera, Elena. "Between Advantage and Virtue: Aristotle's Theory of Political Friendship." 2nd Pavia Graduate Conference in Political Philosophy, University of Durham, n.d. http://www-3.unipv.it/deontica/seminari/irrera.pdf.
O'Brian, Michael. "GOP resistance to immigration reform could be casualty of 2012 election. NBC Politics, NBC News, 2012. http://nbcpolitics.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/11/09/15040894-gop-resistance-to-immigration-reform-could-be-casualty-of-2012-election-lite .
Zunjic, Bob. "Aristotle: The Nicomachean Ethics. Books 1 & 2. Department of Philosophy, University of Rhode Island, n.d. Accessed November 13, 3012, http://www.uri.edu/personal/szunjic/philos/nicom.htm .
The mentor guides and counsels and takes an interest in the younger person, and is inspired by seeing the trainee succeed. This may occur in the workforce, in the classroom between teacher and pupil, and even in cross-generational friendships.
This mentoring relationship may have some overlap with friends who are also family members. One of the proudest things any parent can boast is that his or her child is a friend as well as a dependant. This means that the parent and child share fun times, hobbies, and confidences together, as well as merely relate to one another as authority figure and subordinate. This can occur as well, to a lesser degree, with other relatives who fulfill friendship as well as familial roles, both across generations, or within similar age groups in a more common, equal fashion.
There is a final, perhaps darker type of friendships -- forced friendships. These…
Plato, Augustine and Montaigne all define friendship in different ways, though they share many similarities. Augustine, for instance, defined it in terms of the ultimate aim of man as a Christian, which is to be united to God: a friend was thus one who assisted or supported the development of that holy union. Plato viewed friendship in a more philosophical (and less theological vein) but nonetheless defined it as one of the bonds that help to create a strong society based on the pursuance of the Ideals—the one, the good, and true. Montaigne viewed friendship from a political perspective, showing how Aristotle pointed out that “good legislators had more respect to friendship than to justice” (1) in order to show that there is a great deal of good to be said for the charity that is often associated with friendship. This paper will discuss the meaning of friendship as defined…
Augustine. Confessions. Translated by Maria Boulding. Hyde Park, N.Y.: New City Press, 2003. 978-15654808344
Montaigne. “On Friendship.” Digital File.
Plato. Symposium. Translated by Paul Woodruff and Alexander Nehamas. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1989. 087220076
The Friendship of Huck and Jim
As Huck and Jim drift on to Cairo, Huck begins to feel that Jim is displaying more hubris than a runaway slave should. His "civilized" self begins to come to the surface and he contemplates turning Jim in as it would be the "right" thing to do -- after all, Jim does belong to Miss atson and not to himself. The struggle in Huck at this point is between his emerging friendship with Jim and his sense of what "society" deems proper. Huck has always rebelled against "proper" values, but now that he is on his own he is unsure of the way and falls back on "proper" values from time to time as a crutch. However, Huck has a strong conscience informed by natural sense and it is this sense that will not allow him to betray Jim, especially when he…
Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. NY: Dover Publications, 1994.
Aristotle, friendship important virtuous regimes. Why Aristotle "complete" friendship important a healthy
One of the most important concepts in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics is the notion of friendship. The philosopher attributes a great deal of attention to friendship largely because he believes it is one of the most readily accessible ways of exercising and manifesting virtue. The truly interesting part about this text in relation to the tenet of friendship is that the author posits that there is a fundamental relationship between friendship and politics, at least in terms of providing a basis for a civil or state regime. In order to properly understand the relationship between friendship and various forms of regimes such as aristocracy and polity, it is necessary to explicate the many types of friendship and the ones that most apply to the political realm. In doing so, the prudent reader and thinker will be able to discern…
Aristotle. (350 B.C.E.) Nicomachean Ethics. www.classics.met.edu. Retrieved from http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/nicomachaen.8.viii.html
Friendship share many deep similarities, but are also different in a number of important ways. Today's world sees love as an almost effortless romantic relationship. However, Peck argues that love is instead is sometimes complex and difficult choice that we make. Friendship can also be seen as a series of choices, rather than an effortless relationship. In any discussion of love, we must remember that their different kinds of love. Once we accept that their different kinds of love, we can begin to see close and intimate friendships as a form of love. At the same time, it is important to remember that some friendships never go so far as to develop into love.
In today's society, we most often think of love in romantic terms. Love is often equated with Valentine's Day, romantic dinners, and sexuality. To North American society, love is equated with the Cinderella story of a…
Peck, M. Scott. 2003. The Road Less Traveled, 25th Anniversary Edition: A New Psychology of Love, Traditional Values and Spiritual Growth. Touchstone Books.
Aristotle differentiated friendships of pleasure from friendships of utility by virtue of the fact that the former are based on preferences and shared interests whereas the latter are based on specific needs that exist irrespective of preferences and interests. For example, the friendship between shopkeepers and their customers is based on a reciprocal need: the shopkeeper has a need for the patronage of the customer to support himself and the customer has a need for the goods sold by the shopkeeper. In most cases, neither of those individuals has any choice or control over the need that generates the friendship. Conversely, in friendships of pleasure, the individuals involved typically choose their respective interests that they share with their counterparts in the friendship and that form the basis of that relationship (Magill & McGreal, 1981).
Whereas Aristotle characterizes friendships of utility as most natural among the elderly, he suggested that friendships…
Egner, R.E. And Denonn, L.E. (1961). The Basic Writings of Bertrand Russell. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Hursthouse, R. (1999). On Virtue Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Magill, F.N. And McGreal, I.P. (1981). Masterpieces of World Philosophy in Summary
Form. New York: Harper & Row.
ristotle's View Of Friendship
ristotle views friendship as one of the most necessary and integral components to life, something sought after by all men. He goes so far as to imply that without friendship, life is not worth living at all. Friendship is described by ristotle as one of the most important human needs, more so than power, status or prestige and is held in higher regard than these things by powerful men. Impoverished men, on the other hand also greatly value friendship, but for different reasons as poor men see friendship as potentially on of their only assets, as the most important refuge from a harsh world. Not only is the necessity of friendship recognized, but also the nobility of friendship. s stated by ristotle in Book VIII of ristotle's Nichomachean Ethics, "we praise those who love their friends, and it is thought to be a fine thing to…
Aristotle also describes the love of friendship experienced by individuals as givers and of receivers. People, in general, are described as longing to receive love in friendship rather than give love, as the person giving the love is perceived as the inferior in the relationship. This experience in love exists in incidental friendships, those based in utility and pleasure, as love received is perceived as being honored. This experience of being a receiver is sought after because the love received is felt as useful or pleasant, not as a genuine expression for its own sake. Inferior individuals hope to gain love in friendship from superiors because it demonstrates the ability to achieve desires that can be granted by the authority figure. On the other hand, superior individuals hope to gaining love in friendship from inferiors through the expression of honor, which validates and affirms the superior's own opinions and perceptions of themselves. In these cases, superiors only believe in their own goodness and strength based on the judgments of those around them as expressed through gestures of honor. As soon as one party in the superior-inferior friendship believes they should receive more from the other, the friendship dissipates quickly. The superior usually feels a lesser man should not receive as much as him, and the inferior feels that a friend more powerful than himself should be required to help out a man in need.
Bartless, Robert C. & Collins, Susan D. (Eds.) Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011.
That love and friendship still very much exists between them, but it is different and unequal because they are unequal as parts of a socially stratified society. Aristotle makes a similar argument regarding the unequal friendship between a father and a son.
The chapter upon friendship between unequals ends on an interesting note. The focus shifts somewhat to the topic of justice within friendships in general, and the question of justice within unequal relationships. In this section, Aristotle digs deeper into his question (and his answer) to whether or not there can exist friendship between unequals. Here, he begins to consider how justice and equality would exist in proportions in friendships among unequals. Ultimately, there is not a hopeful tone to the end of this line of thinking. It seems that while friendships among unequals can exist within certain parameters, they are often doomed, or at least have a definitive…
What is friendship?
Most people have 'friends' in the sense that they have people with whom they spend their time. However, when asked what 'true friendship is' merely being the acquaintance of someone does not suffice as an answer. Friendship is something deeper than going shopping with someone or playing a game of pick-up basketball, although our friends may share our hobbies. A true friend will also be willing to sit by our side in silence during a difficult time, like a parent's illness. Friends share laughter and fun, but they are also willing to share experiences that are difficult and painful.
Trust is perhaps the most important aspect of true friendship: we trust our friends with our secrets. We trust our friends to tell us the truth. And when we do hear the truth, although it may hurt, we know that the friend's words come from a…
In this case the child comes out with the aim of showing off what they have achieved and it is from the group of friends of the same sex that they can get the approval to commence such behaviors.
This phase of life is experienced differently depending on the environmental surroundings e.g. The socio economic status or the structure of the family. This is a critical stage in development of both moral and social values. At this age peers become as important as family members. They will strive to fit in particular groups where they can share the same ideas and tell stories; this way, they build trust and gain intimacy among themselves. The peers become not only playmates but confidants hence it is quite important for a parent to know who their child is hanging out with to avoid bad influence (Kennedy-Moore Eileen, 2012).
Since the children are then…
Angier, Natalie. (2011). The Hormone Surge of Middle Childhood. New York Times,
Retrieved March 28, 2012 from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/27/science/now-we-are-six-the-hormone-surge-of-middle-childhood.html?pagewanted=all
CDC, (2011). Positive Parenting Tips. Retrieved March 28, 2012 from http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/childdevelopment/positiveparenting/index.html
Kennedy-Moore Eileen, (2012). Children's Growing Friendships Retrieved March 28, 2012.
children cope with friendship and death after reading Charlottes' Web?
The book, Charlotte's Web is probably the best selling paperback and is really a story about a farm, and how friendships develop between different animals and how they help each other. In this book, the most important development is the friendship that develops between Wilbur and Charlotte. Wilbur is a pig and Charlotte is a spider which turns out to be the leader of all animals. The book developed as a natural consequence to the author having resided on a farm and seen all the animals in action. In this book, Charlotte ends up saving the pig from slaughter and in practice; the author himself had tried to save a pig and not succeeded. The author has written about many such animals, but this became the most popular.
Animals were dear to the author and though the animals…
Children and Grief. American Academy of Child. July, 2004. Retrieved from http://www.aacap.org/publications/factsfam/grief.htm Accessed on 8 June, 2005
Hartman, Holly. Charlotte's Web. Retrieved from http://www.factmonster.com/spot/charlotte1.html Accessed on 8 June, 2005
Helping Children Cope with Loss, Death and Grief: Response to a National Tragedy. National Association of School Psychologists. 22 October, 2001. Retrieved from http://www.nasponline.org/NEAT/grief.html Accessed on 8 June, 2005
Information for the Media on Childhood Traumatic Grief. The National Child Traumatic Stress. Retrieved from www.nctsnet.org/nccts/asset.do?id=361 Accessed on 8 June, 2005
(Alypius was not necessarily being disobedient, of course, but was not doing what his father might have ideally wished) Friendship can even move one to do what is good and right, as Augustine's friendship for Alypius is what motivated the later to give up circuses in he first place. On the other hand, Augustine sees that friendships can lead one (through peer pressure and mutual encouragement of the baser instincts) into sin. He also believes that when a relationship is based entirely on the physical, so that "ut no restraint was imposed by the exchange of mind with mind, which marks the brightly lit pathway of friendship," (24) then that friendship can not only lead one into evil but an also be evil in itself. As he says when remembering his early gang of ill-mannered friends: "Friendship can be a dangerous enemy, a seduction of the mind lying beyond the…
Augustine. Augustine's Confessions.
Sellner, Edward. "Like a Kindling Fire: Meanings of Friendship in the Life and Writings of Augustine." Spirituality Today Fall 1991, Vol. 43 No. 3, pp. 240-257.
Aristotle vs. Mill
The Greek philosopher Aristotle and John Stuart Mill agreed that the objective of morality was the pursuit of general happiness and the good life in society and in the individual. ut they deviated in the concept of, and the manner of arriving at, "the right thing to do," especially in reference to friendships. Mill held that actions are right in the proportion that they tend to promote that happiness and wrong, as they tend to promote unhappiness. He advocated the action/rule-based type of morality, which determined the goodness of an act according to the consequences of that act and independently of the doer's virtues or character traits (Fieser). This type directly opposes the virtue-based morality propounded by Aristotle, who believed that happiness as the ultimate end of existence that is sought for itself and not for any other end.
Aristotle contended that friendship is the greatest external…
1. Fieser, James. Moral Philosophy Through the Ages. http://www.utm.edu/~/jfieser/vita/research/moralphil.htm
2. Irwin, Terence, trans. Nicomachean Ethics. Second edition, UK: Hackett Publishing,1998
Popular culture differs from what was once referred to as "high" culture ("Popular Culture" 2000). High culture distinguished and continues to distinguish itself from popular culture by subordinating the latter. However, a tremendous shift in academia has led to the critique of both "high" and "low" culture and a subsequent merging of the two ("Popular Culture" 2000).
Also known as "mass" culture, popular culture can be considered crude even as it shapes politics and policy ("Popular Culture" 2000). According to Chito Childs & Laudone (2004), popular culture is uniquely responsible for the shaping of values, beliefs and norms surrounding interracial friendships, interracial relationships, and race relations in general. Films that depict interracial couples "tend to reinforce the existing racial hierarchy, rendering interracial relationships problematic," (Chito Childs & Laudone 2004, p. 1). Popular culture is part mirror for social realities and part shaper of those realities.
One exception to the generally…
Chito Childs, E. (2009). Fade to Black and White: Interracial Images in Popular Culture. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Chito Childs, E. & Laudone, S. 2004-08-14 "Interracial Images: Popular Cuture Depictions of Black-White Couples" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA, Online . 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p108369_index.html
Dolby, N. (2001). Constructing Race: Youth, Identity, and Popular Culture in South Africa. Albany: SUNY Press.
All of us have established various close relationships with significant others while at school, but two of us noticed a pattern with our third friend that has changed the relative quality of our friendship and that has greatly contributed to the waning of our friendship with the third friend.
At various times, all of us have either been in a significant relationship with a member of the opposite gender or we have been alone in that respect. One of my friends and I have always continued to share the same types of conversations and shared the same degree of confidence regardless of whether or not we happened to be in a relationship. The other friend has communicated with both of us very differently in that respect. Whenever he is not in a significant relationship, he shares highly personal details about his life just the same as we always have. However,…
" (Amidon). ith this passage, hite helps parents and educators that children can understand even the saddest things in life, even if they cannot understand or tolerate things like injustice.
ilbur is similar to the children that hite targeted as readers. hen ilbur realizes that he cannot save Charlotte's life or even be with her in death, he takes a step to ensure her immortality. He pesters Templeton to help him, and he retrieves Charlotte's egg sac and takes it back to the barn. Once Charlotte's eggs hatch, ilbur is excited to meet her children, hoping to find the type of friendship he had with their mother. However, ilbur is again reminded that friendship is different, and that he saved the eggs for Charlotte, rather than for himself, when almost all of Charlotte's children leave the barn. However, some of them, like ilbur, are runts, and are too weak to…
Amidon, Stephen. "Caught in the Finest Web." The Guardian. 23 Nov. 2002. The Guardian.
14 Oct. 2006 http://books.guardian.co.uk/reviews/classics/0,6121,844748,00.html#article_continue .
MacPherson, Karen. "At 50, 'Charlotte's Web' Still Enraptures Readers Young and Old." Post-
Gazette. 30 Jul. 2002. Post-Gazette.com. 14 Oct. 2006 http://www.post-gazette.com/books/20020730corner0730p1.asp .
Anita Diamant's fiction, "The ed Tent (1997)," is her interpretation of the activities in the red tent, where the Canaanite wives of the first patriarchs dwelt and celebrated the facets of womanhood, such as menstruation and childbirth. There, they were shielded from their men's outside affairs and cares. These patriarchs were Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and the wives were Sara, ebecca, Leah, achel and their maids Zilphah and Bilhah. It assumes that these women were priestesses of goddess-worshipping tribes of the Canaan region who practiced and perpetuated rituals, traditions and habits until obliterated by their only daughter, Dinah, because of her violation by an Amorite and the murder of the Amorites by two of her 12 brothers (Diamant)
The novel is told from the first person viewpoint of Dinah, the only daughter and last child of Jacob and Leah and the last in the maternal line that should…
1. American Bible Society. Good News Bible, 1982
2. Biblical History Timeline. Jewish Patriarchy. http://www.biblicalhistorytimeline.com/a953to1400BC.htm
3. Day, Paula. The Red Tent by Anita Diamant, 2003
4. Diamant, Anita. The Red Tent. Paperback. St. Martins/Picador, 1997
Whereas more substantive friendships are characterized by shared philosophies, fundamental beliefs, moral values, and principles, superficial friendships usually reflect nothing more than the fact that two individuals share a circumstance (such as a place of employment) or a superficial interest (such as sports).
More significant friendships are those between individuals who choose each other's friendship specifically rather than the types of relationships between individuals who just happen to share circumstances or superficial interests. In fact, because genuine friendships are based on fundamental shared attitudes and beliefs, they need not necessarily share any other of the superficial bases of work friendships or hobbyists.
Genuine friends may have nothing in common in terms of interests or lifestyle; they may not even see each other very often compared to friends with whom we share workspaces or bowling schedules. Genuine friendships share essential characteristics of honesty and substantial (if not full) mutual…
In this process, the principles of Grounded Theory Analysis were utilized. Primary coding categories were used in the analysis of the interview transcripts, as well as the identification of a range of significant themes. These were then organized into a formal codebook. The coding of the transcripts also led to new themes and modifications were made to the findings on this basis, where it was deemed to be appropriate.
hat kind of statistical analysis was used?
Chi-square analyses were used to examine differences and deviances in the reason why men feel emotionally close to women vs. men.
as the hypotheses supported?
One of the main aims of the study was to determine and evaluate the adequacy of men's relationship in terms of fulfilling emotional needs. There were a number of central concerns that were investigated through the interviews. These were; whether men share emotionally closer relationships with women or men;…
ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA: definition of loyalty. October 18, 2007. http://www.worldfreeinternet.net/archive/arc3.htm
Love: the crucial issue in psychotherapy. October 18, 2007. http://web.clas.ufl.edu/ipsa/journal/2001_casonato01.shtml
Social Exchange Theory. October 18, 2007. http://psychology.about.com/od/sindex/g/socialexchange.htm
Self-Disclosure. October 18, 2007. http://www.abacon.com/commstudies/interpersonal/indisclosure.html
Christian gospel is love. Christian love is conceived of as the divine love of God for Creation, but equally as important to Christ's teachings is human love. Human love can manifest in a number of different ways or types of relationships. Marriage and friendship are two of the most important and universal types of human relationships that are based on love. In spite of differences in culture, language, and ethnicity, all Christians perceive and communicate love in similar ways. Christian love as a strong theological component, as for the first time in recorded history, God became equal to love: "God is love," (1 John 4:8). The Bible also shows how and why love can be psychologically as well as spiritually transformative, which is why the theme of love remains constant throughout the New Testament. Essentially, there are three distinct but related types of love in Christian doctrine: agape, eros, and…
Carmichael, E.DH Friendship: Interpreting Christian Love. New York: T&T Clark, 2004.
Cooke, Bernard. "Christian Marriage: Basic Sacrament." In Scott, Kieran and Warren, Michael. Perspectives on Marriage. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press, 2006.
Lawler, Michael G. "Marriage in the Bible." In Scott, Kieran and Warren, Michael. Perspectives on Marriage. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press, 2006.
Scott, Kieran and Warren, Michael. Perspectives on Marriage. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press, 2006.
" (Cresswell, p. 249)
In a manner, this also points us toward a more direct consideration of the friendship around which this novel revolves. In the relationship between Sal and Dean, we are given not just an autobiographical window into the lives of Jack Kerouac and Neal Cassidy respectively, but also into the core values to which the counterculture movement was essentially committed. Again, this denotes the inherently relatable nature of Kerouac's otherwise bold content, with the friendship between Sal and Dean serving as a reflection of the community and family values that round out the parallels with 'establishment' culture. These parallels make the text a particularly valuable meditation on America as it struggled between its cherished traditional values and the creeping threat of modernization.
ith respect to this struggle, it can be said that the characters of Sal and Dean battled endlessly with a sense of disillusionment and disenfranchisement.…
Cresswell, T. (1993). Mobility as Resistance: A Geographical Reading of Kerouac's 'On the Road.' Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 18, 249-262.
Cunnell, H. (2007). Fast This Time: Jack Kerouac and the Writing of on the Road (from on the Road: The Original Scroll. Penguin Classics.
Hassani, a. (2005). On the Road. Nabou.com.
Kerouac, J. (1957). On the Road. Penguin (Non-Classics).
Case #14: Confidentiality, Obligations, and Friendship
Recognize an Ethical Issue/Dilemma
Henry's leadership style had always been personal and this worked well for him and his staff. Henry had been a school administrator for Grover Cleveland High for five years, but he had managed to change the place. There was an atmosphere of good, warm feelings across the halls and faculty morale was high. Having developed this personal touch with his staff he was considered a friend by many including the Jim Austin who was the head of Cleveland's physical education department. Jim and Henry had become good friends since they were early morning jogging companions. Jim approached Henry and requested for a confidential meeting where he disclosed to Henry he has discovered he has AIDS and he would like to continue with his work for as long as he could without anyone knowing. The school board did not have any…
Friendship, Marriage and God
One of the most compelling themes of the Christian gospel is love. Christian love refers to many things including the divine love of God for Creation, and also to human love for each other. Human love can manifest in a number of different ways or types of relationships. Marriage and friendship are two of the most important and universal types of human relationships that are based on love. In spite of differences in culture, language, and ethnicity, all Christians perceive and communicate love in similar ways. Christian love as a strong theological component, as for the first time in recorded history, God became equal to love: "God is love," (1 John 4:8). The Bible also shows how and why love can be psychologically as well as spiritually transformative, which is why the theme of love remains constant throughout the New Testament. Essentially, there are three distinct…
Carmichael, E.DH Friendship: Interpreting Christian Love. New York: T&T Clark, 2004.
Cooke, Bernard. "Christian Marriage: Basic Sacrament." In Scott, Kieran and Warren, Michael. Perspectives on Marriage. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press, 2006.
Lawler, Michael G. "Marriage in the Bible." In Scott, Kieran and Warren, Michael. Perspectives on Marriage. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press, 2006.
Scott, Kieran and Warren, Michael. Perspectives on Marriage. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press, 2006.
Human relations to each other in the society are usually discussed and examined through examining the simplest kinds of relationships between family and friends. It is customary for people to go back to these simplest forms of relationships because they are considered as intimate relationships. These relationships are used as the foundation for learning and extrapolation to the wider and less intimate form of human friendships. This implies that civic relationships are examined on the basis of personal relationships, which are tied together in a long chain of political philosophy. Civic relationship has traditionally been considered as a form of friendship that involves how people relate to each other in the public domain in a well-ordered society. However, Aristotle presents different ideas on civic relationships with regards to virtues, friendship, justice, happiness, and deliberation.
Aristotle's Ideas on Civic Relationships:
Generally, civic relationship is defined as the way people…
Healy, Mary. "Civic Friendship" Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain. Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain, 2009. Web. 21 Sept. 2013. .
McCarthy, George E. "Chapter One: Aristotle on the Constitution of Social Justice and Classical Democracy." Dreams in Exile: Rediscovering Science and Ethics in Nineteenth-Century Social Theory. N.p.: State University New York, 2009. 1-20. Web. 21 Sept. 2013. .
Pangle, Lorraine S. "Aristotle and the Philosophy of Friendship." Univesity of Toronto. Cambridge University Press, 2003. Web. 21 Sept. 2013. .
Smith, George H. "The Roots of State Education Part 3: Aristotle and Civic Virtue." Libertarianism. CATO Institute, 28 Feb. 2012. Web. 21 Sept. 2013. .
A child in this stage also understands that other people can do the same thing, and they are able to take on the perspectives of disinterested parties in order to anticipate how such individuals would respond. The final stage takes place between the ages of 12 and 15, in which the child sees the societal role of perspectives and can evaluate their own perspective as well as the perspectives of others and compare them with the values and morals of the social system in which they live.
All of these stages of social perspective taking influence how a child makes friendships. The various stages impact how a child views the meaning of friendship. In the egocentric stage children see friends as being anyone who shares a common activity. As the child ages, and enters Stage 1, common activity continues to be the basis for friendship but they also consider the…
Damon, W. (1977). The Social World of the Child. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Selman, R.L. (1980). The growth of interpersonal understanding. Orlando, FL: Academic Press.
In addition to the diplomatic relationships established between the Greek poleis, in the frame of the political arena, there were also the alliances made between persons, usually high raking members of the ruling classes: "there was a fine-meshed network of personal relationships between prominent persons in the different cities based on 'guest friendship' (xenia): two friends (xenoi) from different poleis could promise to house and help each other when they were in the polis of wither of them" (Hansen, 127). This was the case of Telemachos receiving in Pylos. After he had exposed his intensions and the goals of his trip, Nestor offered him his advice and material support as a manifestation of the friendship and reciprocal aid the leaders of different Greek cities often used to give each other as a result of reciprocity.
From an unwritten law, xenia progressed into becoming an institution, like, for example, in the…
Hansen, M.H. Polis: an introduction to the ancient Greek city-state. Oxford University Press, 2006
Gill, C.Postlethwaite, N. Seaford, R. Reciprocity in Ancient Greece. Oxford University Press, 1998
Homer, tr. By Lattimore, R. Odyssey
Evangelistic Method #1: The Four Spiritual Laws
The Four Spiritual Laws provide an intellectual approach to the relationship between God and the human being. The Four Spiritual Laws are relatively simple and straightforward, and are clearly rooted in scripture. The first of the Four Spiritual Laws is "God loves you and offers a wonderful plan for your life." The Bible abounds with messages of love; the most poignant of which is God's giving His only begotten Son: "God so loved the world that He gave His one and only Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life," (John 3:16, NIV). The second of the Four Spiritual Laws has to do with the nature of sin and separation from God: "Man is sinful and separated from God. Therefore, he cannot know and experience God's love and plan for his life." In Romans 3:23, we read,…
"A Look at Friendship Evangelism." Coming in the Clouds. Retrieved online: http://comingintheclouds.org/evangelism/friends.htm
Bible: New International Version (NIV).
"Four Spiritual Laws." Campus Crusade for Christ. Retrieved online: http://www.campuscrusade.com/fourlawseng.htm
The Way of the Master. "About the Way of the Master." Retrieved online: http://www.wayofthemaster.com/about_wotm.shtml
Friendship is one of the most important relationship types in human interaction. Without friends, it would be impossible to obtain the support necessary throughout the ups and downs of life. Indeed, especially when going through hard times, friendship can be one of the most valuable assets a person can have. Friends can offer both emotional and material support. When a person needs a temporary place to stay, for example, a friend's house would be the most likely place. When losing someone close to death, friends are the ones that offer the most support. For these reasons, it is important to create a climate in which friendship can thrive. In my friendship with Andrew McNamara, I will therefore use what I have learned from the reading to maintain the closeness we already enjoy and to cultivate and ensure our future closeness as friends.
One of the things I use on…
family, friendship and love are addressed by the collection of authors in the readings. Specifically, these include issues of sexuality, gender, homosexuality, and the relationship between parents and children. All these issues have changed as the world developed sociologically and technologically. Current technological and informational developments for example have a profound effect on the morals and norms relating to the above issues.
In terms of sexuality, Erich Fromm suggests that erotic love is frequently deceptive, as it is mistaken for the phenomenon of love itself, rather than an extension of the emotion. When the union is however achieved, no barriers are left to conquer and the tendency is to crave a new union with another stranger. This urge is however frequently curbed by the ethics of sexuality imposed by society as described by Bertrand Russell. Although the structure of society favors polygamy, monogamy is often imposed by the subconscious that…
Ainsworth, Corsaro, And Children's Relationships
Theories of child development generally focus on whether there it is more indebted to their private relationships (typically consisting of the child's interactions with their family) or public relationships (involving the child's interactions with their peers.) The former theory is known as attachment theory since it refers to the child's reliance on their parents, while the latter is considered an ethnographic approach, as it places greater emphasis on the environment in which the child's development takes place. Although both approaches are scientifically viable, they are in many ways antithetical; this essay elucidates some of the salient differences between the two.
Mary Ainsworth's approach to child development is characterized as "attachment theory." In Ainsworth's seminal procedure "The Strange Situation," she offers a comprehensive model for measuring a child's sociability, with a complete taxonomy for various diagnoses. The procedure lasts for 20 minutes and involves the child,…
A Lack of Real Friendship in The Great Gatsby
Money and wealth may not be lacking in Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby—but friendship is. On the surface, it appears that several characters are friends, and indeed they are friendly at times towards one another. But there is always the hint or suggestion of an ulterior motive lying just beneath the surface—whether it is Gatsby using Nick to get closer to Daisy, Tom using Myrtle for personal pleasure, or the guests at Gatsby’s parties using him to have a good and reckless time that they could never enjoy elsewhere. The fact that Nick ends up alone, leaving the East and heading back to the Midwest indicates that he failed to find true friendship in the novel. Friendship is about caring for and giving oneself to another person—yet the characters in the novel all seem so inherently selfish that no one can be…
Friend by Any Other Name
Sex matters between friends. No, not in the way you might think -- or the kind of sex that you might think. Sex matters in terms of gender: Male friendship and female friendship really is different from each other. Of course, there are always exceptions to statements as broad as this, and other traits of any individual dyad matters a great deal. ace matters as well as gender, and age, and physical disability, and personality.
But aside from all of these factors there are substantial differences between the ways in which men and women (and before them, boys and girls) conceptualize and practice the art of friendship. These differing definitions of friendship reflect larger social and cultural ideas about gender, a point that will be taken up below in this paper that examines how sex -- that is, gender -- affects friendships.
The basis for…
Benenson, J.F. & Alavi, K. (2004). Sex differences in children's investment in same-sex peers. Evolution and Human Behavior 25(4): 258-266.
Hamilton, W. & Busse, C. (1982). Social dominance and predatory behavior of chacma baboons. Journal of Human Evolution 11(7): 567-573.
Moscovice, L.R. et al. (2010). Hedging their bets? Male and female chacma baboons form friendships based on likelihood of paternity. Animal Behaviour 79(5): 1007-1015.
Mehta, C. & Strough, J. (2009). Sex segregation in friendships and normative contexts across the life span. Developmental Review 29(3): 201-220.
What about being in love, for example? The feeling you have for a girl could override everything else and make you blind to her mistakes, right? Or what about the love of a parent? My mom's not blind to my mistakes, but she forgives me for them because she's my mother.
Tony: You're making this really difficult, aren't you?
Mark: I guess friendship is really difficult to define. Can you think of other definitions to apply to friendship?
Tony: Let me think. What about understanding and support? Surely you get these nowhere as deeply or as often as in friendship. A friend would support you in whatever you're going through. A friend would understand all of your moods and share all your good and bad times. There is no better support than a friend, is there? Take for example the thing with Gary. I'm providing you with understanding and support,…
"Sonnet 130" by Shakespeare and "Sonnet 23" by Louis Labe both talk about love, as so many sonnets do. Their respective techniques however, differentiate them from each other. Shakespeare uses a rhyme scheme that became known as Shakespearean rhyme scheme or English rhyme. He writes about love in a sarcastic manner though. He is mocking the traditional love poems and the usual expressive manner in which women are often compared to. It is ironic in a way because Shakespeare himself also uses the very techniques in his previous writing when he is writing from a man's point-of-view and describing a woman. But in this sonnet he uses the technique of mocking this exaggerated comparison. Usually women are compared to having skin as white as snow, however, in reality, Shakespeare points out, women don't really fit this description, "If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun."
Social Media Friends
Social media has become a virtual world where relationships are sustained via the instant messaging of short little blurbs and the posting of random photographs followed by the arbitrary "like" button. In a world where the concept of friendship has become digitized, it is somewhat difficult just to even define the concept of friendship. Old world terms or traditional norms seldom apply in the 21st century where everything from sex to gender to political affiliation has taken on a new meaning of its own in recent years. So when the subject of friendship and social media comes up, the first thing to do is define the concept. If "friends" is being defined as someone you at least talk to (if not face-to-face then at least over the phone) in order to catch up on each other's life, as someone you take that much interest in and feel…
Dailey, Kate. "Friends with Benefits: Do Facebook Friends Provide the Same Support as
Those in Real Life?" Writing Today: Brief Third Edition. Eds. Richard Johnson-Sheehan and Charles Paine. Boston: Pearson, 2016. 202-205. Print.
Staples, Brent. "What Adolescents Miss When We Let Them Grow Up in Cyberspace."
New York Times. May 29, 2004. A24.
Your answer should be at least five sentences long.
The Legend of Arthur
Lesson 1 Journal Entry # 9 of 16
Journal Exercise 1.7A: Honor and Loyalty
1. Consider how Arthur's actions and personality agree with or challenge your definition of honor. Write a few sentences comparing your definition (from Journal 1.6A) with Arthur's actions and personality.
2. Write a brief paragraph explaining the importance or unimportance of loyalty in being honorable.
Lesson 1 Journal Entry # 10 of 16
Journal Exercise 1.7B: Combining Sentences
Complete the Practice Activity on page 202 of your text. After completing this activity, read over your Essay Assessment or another journal activity you've completed.
* Identify three passages that could be improved by combining two or more sentences with coordinating or subordinating conjunctions. Below the practice activity in your journal, write the original passages and the revised sentences you've created.
* Be sure to…
"I seek to discern the different analytical techniques Aristotle brings to bear on the problem of what justice is" (Allen, 2004). What is interesting to be noticed is that even in the beginning of the book, when presenting the racial segregation at the high school in Little ock, Allen does not turn to religion to explain or condemn the practice, but to the social principles of the Greek philosopher (Morris, 2006).
Some of these principles promoted by Aristotle and used by Danielle Allen could be succinctly presented as follows:
fluidity of our conceptual universe the power / or lack of power of persuasion the art of generating trust the difference between means and intentions friendship and justice - "if men are friends, there is no need for justice between them whereas merely to be just is not enough - it is also necessary to be friends" (Allen 2004 quoting Aristotle)…
Allen, D., 2004, Talking to Strangers: Anxieties of Citizenship Since Brown V. Board of Education, University of Chicago Press
Morris, L., 2006, Talking to Strangers: Anxieties of Citizenship, Journal of American History
2008, the Institute for Advanced Study, http://www.ias.edlast accessed on December 4, 2008
2005, Danielle Allen, John M. Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs at Ashland University, http://www.ashbrook.org/events/colloqui/2005/allen.htmllast accessed on December 4, 2008
In Mark Twain's Huckeberry Finn, the title character and escaped slave Jim bond together in their mutual quest for freedom. Neither knows where they are headed, but they do know where they have been and what they are running from. Both have endured a different type of slavery. Jim escapes from the actual legally sanctioned and racialized form of slavery; whereas Huck Finn is running from an abusive father who literally locks him up. Therefore, Huck Finn and his friend Jim are mirrors for each other as well as partners. It matters not that their backgrounds are different, and in spite of the overarching theme of race, the two friends bond psychologically in a mutually respectful and mutually protective relationship.
Huckleberry Finn and Jim go out of their ways to help one another while they are on the island, and after. There is no formal bond of loyalty…
Arac, J. (1992). Nationalism, hypercanonization, and Huckleberry Finn. Boundary 2, 19(1).
Chadwick-Joshua, J. (1998). The Jim Dilemma: Reading Race in Huckleberry Finn. University Press of Mississippi.
Jehlen, M. (1995). From Banned in Concord: Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and classic American literature. In The Cambridge Companion to Mark Twain, Forrest G. Robinson ed. (Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1995)
Robinson, F.G. (1988). The characterization of Jim in Huckleberry Finn. Nineteenth Century Literature 43(3): Dec 1988.
Impressions of the Teaching Profession
The profession of a teacher and a teacher's role in an educational system is assuming new dimensions as the children's learning and family environment is getting more complex day by day. A few years ago, teaching was primarily concerned with imparting academic knowledge and this was often done with little consideration to the learning capability of the student, leading to high dropout rates and student alienation in schools and families, even resulting in the development of anti-social behaviour in children. Aggression, bullying and the increasing school violence are all considered as the result of such inappropriate teaching methodologies. If the student has learning disabilities, the consequence is even worse. Hence, the educational system presently lays much emphasis on the student's general developmental issues, (Smith, Cowie and lades 1998), requiring the teacher to understand the learning capability of students and formulate such learning aids and teaching…
Grusec, J.E. (1982). The socialisation of altruism. In N. Eisenberg (ed), The Development of Prosocial Behavior, 135-57.New York: Academic Press
Good, T., and J. Brophy. (1995). Contemporary Educational Psychology. (5th ed.) New York: Harper Collins.
Hartup, W.W. (1996) The company they keep: Friendships and their developmental significance. Child Development, 67, 1-13
Jones, V. (1996). Classroom Management. In J. Sikula, T. Buttery, and E. Guiton (Eds.), Handbook Of Research On Teacher Education. New York: Macmillan.
A teenager's ability to thrive in his/her social circle may have more to do with innate qualities such as companionship than looks or talents, attributes that are commonly associated with popularity.
Whereas peer relationships can clearly have a positive role in social development, there are certain types of peer orientation that can also be detrimental. There are some teenagers who are extremely orientated to their peers to the extent that they break parents' rules, sacrifice school performance, undermine their talents, and even hide positive areas of their lives in order to maintain their peer relationships (uligni et al., 2001). This is the type of peer orientation that parents commonly object to and for good reason. Extremely peer oriented teenagers often feel that they have to stand out and hence seek problem behavior-oriented peer groups such as those that regularly skip class, abuse alcohol, and use drugs (uligni et al., 2001).…
For parents who may be concerned about their child's troubled peer relationships or peer orientation, much can be learned from these documented evidences on child social development. Parents must understand that problems such as bullying, deviant behavior, association with problematic peer groups, and the like are often processes that evolve over time and involve an interplay between many early risk and protective factors (Schwartz, et al. 2000, Fuligni et al., 2001). While some of these factors are temperamental in nature (e.g. non-assertiveness, submissiveness), many of them are also parental control related. For instance there is evidence to suggest that maternal over-protectiveness can be a factor in the bullying of submissive and passive victims (Olweus, 1993 in Schwartz et al., 2000). Similarly, excessive parental control during the teenage years can drive adolescents to place greater importance on their peer relationships rather than their parents (Deveraux, 1970, in Fuligni et al., 2001). On the other hand, a complete lack of parental control or support can also lead adolescents to seek more advice from their peers and thus be more influenced by them rather than their parents (Bonfrenbenner, 1967; Condry and Simon, 1974; and Steinberg, 1987; in Fuligni et al., 2001). Hence, parents must try to exert a developmentally appropriate level of control on their children and learn to adjust their relationship with them to accommodate their child's increasing level of maturity.
Parents should encourage their children to cultivate friendships within peer groups that are achievement oriented, wherever they may be found - in school, a sports or hobby club, church, work, etc. Studies show that association with healthy peer groups such as these are less likely to result in children showing problem behavior and low academic achievements in the latter adolescent years (Fuligni et al., 2001). Parents should also try to promote closeness in the family (e.g. By having meals or doing simple things together). Family cohesion has been shown to buffer the effects on adolescents who may be involved with deviant peers and is hence a protective factor for possible problematic behavior (Fuligni et al., 2001).
This paper has described the many roles that friendships and peer groups can play in a child's social development. The impact of these relationships is especially significant during the volatile teenage years, a critical transitional stage when children have to renegotiate relationships with their parents while at the same time seek acceptance from their peers. Friendships can either make or break a child and the important role of parents lies in giving them age-appropriate freedom and control; providing a supportive, cohesive home environment; and encouraging their children to associate with peer groups that have a positive influence.
Conclusions: The friendship environment affects suicidality for both boys and girls. Female adolescents' suicidal thoughts are significantly increased by social isolation and friendship patterns in which friends were not friends with each other. (Am J. Public Health. 2004; 94:89-95) Adolescent well-being is largely the product of interactions among the multiple contexts in which, adolescents are embedded. Central contexts for adolescents include family, school, friendships, romantic relationships, peer groups, and larger social networks. The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health provides unique data on adolescents' relationships with their friends, in that it is the only national level data set to provide unique data set to provide information on network structure." (Bearman, Moody, 2004)
According to Duncan (2001), "We use nationally representative data to calculate correlations in achievement and delinquency between genetically differentiated siblings within a family, between peers as defined by adolescents, bestfriend nominations, between schoolmates living in the same neighbourhood,…
Armstrong, M.I. & Boothroyd, R.A. 2008, "Predictors of Emotional Well-Being in at-Risk Adolescent Girls: Developing Preventive Intervention Strategies," the Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 435.
Bearman, P.S. & Moody, J. 2004, "Suicide and Friendships Among American Adolescents," American Journal of Public Health, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 89.
Duncan, G.J., Boisjoly, J. & Harris, K.M. 2001, "Sibling, peer, neighbor, and schoolmate correlations as indicators of the importance of context for adolescent development," Demography, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 437.
Uruk, a.C. & Demir, a. 2003, "The role of peers and families in predicting the loneliness level of adolescents," the Journal of psychology, vol. 137, no. 2, pp. 179.
This is a reasonable element of consideration to be pointed out, because many of the people holding public office and performing public service in the District of Columbia are lawyers, who have varying and extensive careers in law. By reason of this, they do reasonably come together and throughout the course of their legal education and careers become friends and, or, acquaintances. They are often, by virtue of their profession and by virtue of the affluence that often accompanies the rise to power, found to be in the same social circles in support of charity, or in the pursuit of continuing legal education, areas of interest, and, yes, recreationally too.
To abandon these relationships because one has been appointed to a particular office is an unreasonable request, and a practice that would actually cause the relationship to receive an unnecessarily amount of scrutiny. Nor is it any secret, as Justice…
So while the case study contains both elements that Justice Scalia cites as being elements for recusal, the recusal of both Justices Smith and Jones leaves intact the integrity of the intended majority in the decision making process.
The two elements, as Justice Scalia cited them, specifically and unquestionably apply to the case study as elements in support of recusal. The case study specifically meets not just the first, and probably more obscure of the two criteria, but specifically and wholly the second criteria because the action of appealing the NY Court of Appeals decision is in fact an action by, taken by, the incumbent whose relationship with both Justices meet the first element.
The conditions of the case study are much like those in the case in which Justice Scalia did in fact recuse himself. See Elk Grove Unified School District v. Newdow, 540 U.S. _ (cert. granted, Oct. 14, 2003) (p. 4).
Please understand that one of the reasons I have come to this decision is precisely that I want to preserve our friendship. Lately, I have begun to have concerns that the way things are going, this venture could potentially affect our long-term friendship. I fully expect that we may very well do business together again sometime in the future and I would also like to preserve the professional rapport and mutual respect and trust that we have established over the last five years.
I have decided to seek an opportunity to learn the business from a different perspective but I sincerely hope to do so without any adverse effect on our friendship. I welcome your input on how to accomplish a termination of our current professional relationship most fairly and in a way that is mutually satisfactory. Above all, I wish to do so without changing our personal friendship and…
This is a fact that Austen herself most certainly appreciated as an unmarried female of the same social set she was writing about, which explains the centrality of this concept to so many of her novels. Persuasion is far from the only Austen novel where conflicts between emotional love and the necessary practical considerations of marriage arise, nor the only one where ironic changes in circumstance lead to the formation and/or solidification -- as well as the dissolution -- of friendships. Similar circumstances occur in Emma and Pride and Prejudice, for example, and Anne Elliott could certainly have taught Emma Wodehouse and Elizabeth Bennett something about love and politics as these two heroines of these respective novels also navigate the waters of their social class and end up finding themselves husbands, whether or not they even knew they were looking.
Elizabeth Bennett regarded most men with disdain -- most people,…
Divorce and Communication
In the past few decades, divorces have become much more common than they traditionally were. Lack of communication has been identified by psychologists, marriage counselors, and clergy members as the main reason why families end in divorce. The last-reported U.S. divorce rate for a calendar year, available as of May, 2005, was .38% divorces per capita per year (National Center for Health Statistics, 2005). Since every divorce involves two people, the percentage becomes somewhat more meaningful if you double it; for example, .74% of the entire population gets divorced every year (National Center for Health Statistics, 2005). This paper will first analyze the divorce statistics in the United States, along with a discussion of the issue of communication as it relates to the reasons behind divorce, family breakups, conflict in marriage caused by different cultures, lack of friendship in a marriage, and what can be done to…
Boland, J.P. & Follingstad, D.R. (1987). The relationship between communication and marital satisfaction: a review. J Sex Marital Ther. 13(4), 286-313.
Dreyfus, Edward. (2002). Making your Marriage Work. Retrieved June 28, 2005 from http://www.planetpsych.com/psychology101/relationships/making_marriage_work.htm .
National Center for Health Statistics. (2005). Divorce Rates in the United States. Retrieved June 26, 2005 from http://www.divorce.rates.reform.com
Segrin, Chris; Taylor, Melissa; Altman, Julie. (2005). Social cognitive mediators and relational outcomes associated with parental divorce. Journal of Social and Personal
It is learned and is the outcome of both teaching and practice and the force of habit.
Discuss Aristotle's doctrine of the mean
The mean is the result of moral virtues being balanced within the individual. Aristotle saw the mean as the middle road to happiness. He argued that all of life is really an attempt to find the highest good. Pleasure is momentary, but happiness is an ethical state of balance of the individual soul.
Explain the role Aristotle assigns individuals for removing their own ignorance
Although he felt teaching was necessary to achieve this goal. Aristotle placed a strong responsibility upon the head of the individual for removing their own ignorance. He stressed that happiness was the utmost moral goal of every individual, and striving for such a balanced and virtuous state was the unique characteristic that set humanity apart from the beasts (and slaves and women, in…
Finally, Lee descibes the agape style, chaacteized by selflessness and sacifice and a fundamental appoach to elationships that emphasizes poviding the love and benefits of the elationship that they believe eveyone deseves (Hahn & Blass, 1997). They ae not peoccupied with any paticula "type" of potential patne and tend to be extemely suppotive, patient, honest, and not jealous o highly emotionally chaged (Hahn & Blass, 1997).
The Significance of Diffeent Types of Relationships on Patne Pefeence
As helpful as Lee's six love styles ae to undestanding choice and behavio in intimate human elationships, that analysis does not take into account the degee to which individuals (egadless of thei pimay stylistic oientation in Lee's tems) sometimes engage in vey diffeent kinds of elationships. Pesumably, Lee's stylistic analysis petains mainly to omantic pai bonds such as potential maiage patnes and dating patnes but not necessaily to casual-sex patnes o platonic fiendships.
references in romantic relationships and friendships." Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, Vol. 19, No. 4: 463-481.
William J. Bennett assumes an old school, straightforward approach to ethics in The Book of Virtues: A Treasury of Great Moral Stories. The book contains several chapters on different moral or ethical concepts, like self-discipline, responsibility, courage, honesty, loyalty, and faith. Part of what makes Bennett's book unique is that he uses stories to show what the ethical principles mean. The stories in the book are great, because readers are familiar with many of them including the ones that have been appropriated by Disney such as Pinocchio. This makes the ethical concepts easier to understand, because I can apply the principles to my own life. While readers have heard it all before, Bennett presents the material in a unique and fresh way to show why ethics are important. As the author puts it, it's not about being caught for doing something wrong; it's about doing the right thing.
Bennett, William J. The Book of Virtues. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993.
nd are trying to make their own hallmark in the life of today. mericans are quiet eager to leave up their children as soon as they grow up and therefore they inculcate a sense of insecurity and loneliness in their children from the onset when they are too young and are still looking for someone to nurture them.
Friendships and close relationships suffer when increased amount of time is spent at work. Increased working hours translate into time away from friends and loved ones and this leads to social isolation, which is having a huge negative impact on mental and physical health of people in the U.S. ccording to a recent study, it was reported that 50% more than the figure that was attained in 1985 complained of having no one they could turn to when personal problems arise. Most people said that their spouses were the only persons they…
And are trying to make their own hallmark in the life of today. Americans are quiet eager to leave up their children as soon as they grow up and therefore they inculcate a sense of insecurity and loneliness in their children from the onset when they are too young and are still looking for someone to nurture them.
Friendships and close relationships suffer when increased amount of time is spent at work. Increased working hours translate into time away from friends and loved ones and this leads to social isolation, which is having a huge negative impact on mental and physical health of people in the U.S. According to a recent study, it was reported that 50% more than the figure that was attained in 1985 complained of having no one they could turn to when personal problems arise. Most people said that their spouses were the only persons they could confide in but if that relationship dies or disintegrates, they are left with absolutely no one to talk to and share their problems with. Family structures have suffered a lot and close relationships have withered because of inflexible working hours. Everyone has the same 9 to 5 schedule, which is not the only time spent at work. Add the time spent in commuting and you will realize how little people have left to enjoy time with their families and parents. It is thus important that an alternative to this is sought. Either people should make a conscious effort to mingle with their neighbors, friends and family or they should be allowed to have flexible hours so they can fit in more time for those who really matter.
By going through the article, 'Social Isolation In U.S.' By Shankar Vedantam, one can conclude that it is certainly the time for the Americans to wake up and evaluate themselves. Striking a balance between personal and professional ambition adds value to ones existence. It is a time to look down with disdain on the ambitious streak of people because sooner or later this workaholic habit is likely to cause excessive loneliness that leads to variety of mental and emotional problems.
Whereas the pristine manicured lawns of the course might seem to be a boon for Bottom, the encroachment of white culture onto African-American culture will prove devastating. The golf course signifies white control over newly-gained black property, the imposition of white culture on that of African-American culture, and also the reclamation and reformation of land, something that African-Americans had only recently been permitted to own. While it would seem that such a tragic possibility would serve to strengthen the tries between Bottom residents, by the end of the novel, black families are slowly edging their way out of Bottom and into Medallion, destroying the integrity of the African-American community. Added to the moral and ethical conundrums symbolized by Sula, the problem of American race relations threatened to shatter Bottom's fragile identity.
Sula becomes an unwitting martyr for her community. "In Sula, the character of Sula must sacrifice her 'self' completely…
Teachings in "The Prophet" by Kahlil Gibran
The Prophet" by Kahlil Gibran is a book published in 1923 that discusses the different aspects of life and how these important elements will help an individual to lead a right path to good living. The book is divided into different stories, which are actually philosophical discourses about the elements of life. These elements includes love, joy and sorrow, friendship, freedom, and other important concepts man needed to understand or know through Gibran's thoughts. This paper will analyze some of these stories with commentaries about the author's message about the topic.
The story of "Love" speaks of selfish love, which has been the primary or general thought that religion and philosophy has taught mankind. However, Gibran evokes truth in his own description of love, especially when equated with pain: "...when his wings enfold you yield to him, Though the sword hidden among his…
love you but then I'd have to kill you by Ally Carter
Modern girls are caught in a bind: how can they have a social life yet still be talented, intelligent, and athletically amazing, all at once? This dilemma is starkly illustrated in Ally Carter's I'd tell you I love you but then I'd have to kill you. The book is set in the Gallagher School for Girls, a boarding 'spy school' modeled on Harry Potter's Hogwarts for young wizards The heroine Cammie (alias 'the Chameleon') can speak fourteen languages and engage in covert operations (including making herself invisible) but has no idea how to talk to a 'normal' boy she likes. The book stresses that the support of your fellow girls is the only way to navigate the treacherous waters of female adolescence.
Throughout the book, Cammie's best friends support her, even during the strangest aspects of 'spy school.'…
Carter, Ally. I'd tell you I love you but then I'd have to kill you. Hyperion, 2009.
UWEAR is undergoing a difficult period that has been characterized by declining sales and relatively low profit margins. This situation has generated considerable concerns and pressure of the firm's employees include Joe who is fearing cutbacks and layoffs because of the company's merger with PALEDENIM. However, Joe has established good relations with the CEO of Peninsula Hotels and signed a contract with them in the past financial year. Given the good relations that already exist between Joe and the CEO of this hotel chains, Peninsula is seeking to renew the contract for the upcoming financial year. However, the contract renewal has generated several concerns given that the initial price was so low while Threads4U has offered to beat that offer by 10%. As a result, Joe is facing a leadership and ethical decision-making dilemma that is exacerbated by the pressure to perform.
Joe's Probable Course of Action
In light of…
Infant Physical, Cognitive and Social Development
One of the most important aspects of a child's physical, cognitive and social development is motor skills development. In this case, an infant is expected to master fine and gross motor skills in order for him/her to effectively explore the surrounding environment/world. Gross motor skills are considered as large muscles movements such as arms and legs whereas fine motor skills are considered are movements of smaller groups of muscles like hand and wrist. Berk & Meyers (2016) have developed a table that provides a list of gross- and fine-motor skills milestones in different stages of an infant's development. As an 11-month old infant, David has relatively developed necessary and anticipated motor skills based on the milestones listed in the table. He has fairly developed nearly all motor skills expected of infants his age and seems to be progressing well in motor skills development. David's…
Lopez writes that his relationship with Ayers is both a gift and a burden for them both: "I've got no time to play music-room monitor. I've set a trap for myself without knowing it, and readers aren't letting me forget it" (Lopez 25). Some of Lopez's interventions prove difficult, such as his attempt to reconnect Nathaniel with his family. "Stigma, March says, keeps families from accepting a loved one's illness and seeking treatment for them, and it also marginalizes those who are afflicted" (Lopez 76). Interestingly, Lopez writes, undercutting the accepted idea of the biological basis of mental illness, "I've been unable to find any evidence of mental illness in the history of Nathaniel's family (Lopez 77). The deeper Lopez becomes involved, the more paradoxical Nathaniel's madness and relationship to music becomes, and the more difficult it is to find out what is the cause, much less the solution, to…
Lopez, Steve. The Soloist: A Lost Dream, an Unlikely Friendship, and the Redemptive Power of Music. New York: Putnam, 2008.
Aristotle and the Cynics Conspire to get Snowmobiles out of Yellowstone National Park
In the scenario whereby individuals are rampaging across the wilds of Yellowstone National Park, willy-nilly upon snowmobiles, the great Greek philosopher Aristotle (presumably after overcoming his initial surprise at the existence of such a mechanized craft) would remind the snowmobile's users of Book VIII, Chapter 3, of his Ethics. A means of use of the park that is amicable and amenable to all, rather than to one subspecies of user, the snowmobiler, would be most desirable.
In this treatise upon Ethics, Aristotle defines relationships between human beings on the basis of friendships into of good people, friendships based on utility and friendships based on shared pleasures of company. Ethics, for Aristotle, is grounded in a need in human nature, that is, the essence of living human beings to require a just, virtuous, and happy way of…
Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. "
Hamlet and Horatio
The relationship between Horatio and Hamlet is one based on extraordinary trust and confidence. It is this trust that allows the two to share everything and to not fear being labeled. This is a very important and critical feature of the foundation on which this friendship is based. While there are others who love Hamlet, most of them are quick to judge and label Hamlet. Horatio is not that interested in dismissing Hamlet's actions as acts of lunacy. He is aware of what Hamlet is doing and cares about it despite that. He is genuinely interested in Hamlet's welfare and Hamlet recognizes this. At one point in the play, he praises Horatio lavishly to make it clear that he values their friendship. In Act 3, Scene 2, Hamlet calls for Horatio in his preparation for the play. Horatio is quick to answer his call to which Hamlet…