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Leadership Approaches and Theories
The objective of this study is to examine various leadership approaches and theories. This study will reflect upon the readings and consider the various leadership approaches and theories and attempt to answer how the ideas presented in the article relate both to the ideas and concepts presented in leadership as well as to the notion of ethics in leadership and finally, how these ideas and concepts in the article can be applied in ones' personal leadership practice. The work of Blanchard (2010) entitled "Mission Possible" published in the Journal for Leadership Excellence relates that leaders, while learning from the past, must also prepare for the future to avoid organizational stagnation. Blanchard's work presented the GAP Analysis Model for leadership.
Blanchard on Learning and Growth
Blanchard writes that one has to pay attention to "not only what you're doing now to perform better but also to what…
Blanchard, K. (2010) 'Mission possible', Leadership Excellence, 27 (4), p.17.
How to Conduct a GAP Analysis of Leadership (2011) Toolbox.com. 5 Jan 2011. Retrieved from: http://hr.toolbox.com/blogs/strategic-employee-recognition/how-to-conduct-a-gap-analysis-of-leadership-43481
South West Regional Skills Enterprise and Employment Analysis 2007/2008. Retrieved from: http://www.swslim.org.uk/labourmarket/swrsp/gapanalysis/chap4/leadership.asp
The Gap Analysis Model (nd) The Oregon Schools Initiative.
Leadership is everyone's business it is for women, men and even children. We therefore need leadership now in everything that we do be it in our homes, organizations we work in, in church and many more Ares (Leadership Now, 2014). This means that understanding leadership is a vital thing for everyone. Many treatments of leadership have their focus on high-impact leaders but fascinating as these people are they operate in unique environments that most people will never see .the limitation about getting our leadership principle from carrying out studies on the group of the elite is that they are not so many and each and every one of them is in an extremely different situation. Therefore studies on leadership mainly focus on middle and lower level leaders in organizations (American Psychological Association, pg. 474).This paper will look at two different modern leadership approaches with examples of where they…
American Psychological Association (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological
Association. ISBN: 1-4338-0561-5
Leadership Now.(2014). Leadership Now; Building A community Leader. Retrieved March 29,2014 from http://www.leadershipnow.com/
Leadership and You
Leaders play a crucial role in the society and organizations, especially with regards to helping the organization achieve its objectives and purposes. These individuals use varying approaches to leadership that inform their practices in motivating organizational members towards the accomplishment of common objectives. Through their practices, leaders not only influence the behaviors of their followers or subordinates but also help in shaping organizational culture. The use of different leadership styles and philosophies is also attributed to the difference in concept and practices of the leader. Moreover, leaders can improve their effectiveness through adopting strategies that address the weaknesses of their leadership approaches since every leadership style or approach has certain weaknesses.
Definition of Leadership
Leadership is a term or concept that means different things to different people depending on the context of where the leadership practice takes place. As a result, different people have different definitions of…
Fanning, B. (n.d.). Tony Hsieh and Zappos.com: Leadership and Corporate Culture. Retrieved December 16, 2014, from http://static.squarespace.com/static/52fae3d6e4b071a64a8aac54/t/535c505ae4b009fc847df281/1398558810086/Tony+Hsief+and+Zappos.com+-+Leadership+and+Corporate+Culture.pdf
Mielach, D. (2013, March 6). Defining Leadership: 8 Ways to be a Great Leader. Business News
Daily. Retrieved December 16, 2014, from http://www.businessnewsdaily.com/4069-business-leaders-define-leadership.html
Northouse, P.G. (2012). Leadership: theory and practice (pp.78-128). New York, NY: SAGE
Desirable Leadership Approach
My Leadership Approach, Case study Apple Mac Legal Center
The quality of organizational culture and output depends on the nature leadership approach instituted by the leader. Ideally, a good leadership approach that seeks to energize various departments with intent steer a collective productivity. I realized these things during my stay at the Apple Mac Legal Center. During my pursuit for a desired organization culture, I realized that the Apple Mac Legal Center was facing two core problems, one related to communication and the other on sustainability. While developing a leadership approach, I realized that there were decisive considerations one position, charisma, influence, and situation. This reflection will attempt to prove that my leadership approach would mitigate Apple Mac Legal Center organizational culture problems.
My Leadership Approaches
When it comes to leadership schemes, position is a crucial element since this negotiates the control. During my stay…
Grieves, J. (2010). Organizational change: Themes & issues. New York: Oxford University
Laasch, O., Conaway, R. (2014).Principles of Responsible Management: Global Sustainability,
Responsibility, and Ethics. New York: Cengage Learning
My Leadership Approach
We all have diverse and unique leadership styles and approaches to leadership. In essence, my styles of leadership are essentially drawn from Goleman’s six situational styles. It is important to note that although Goleman is of the opinion that the said leadership styles ought to be customized to the situation, a person could be accustomed to any of the six styles of leading highlighted (Ahlstrom & Bruton, 2009). Towards this end, I am more of a coaching/pacesetting leader. As a coaching leader, I tend to be more focused on being conversational and aim to create a good rapport with those that I engage. In so doing, I seek to develop the skills and capabilities of others while at the same time playing the encouraging role. My approach is true to the assertion of Ahlstrom and Bruton (2009) that “this style is more like a counselor than a…
Psychodynamic Approach Survey
This is approach to leadership is based on personality study and change by the leader and those who are under leadership. According to Psychodynamic Approach Survey, a leader is a person who is supposed to learn from analyzing and realizing the personality and reaction of the people who are being led so that he or she can know how best to handle them. A leader who has borrowed from the Psychodynamic Approach Survey is not worried of how the followers perceive him and understand him. He is not interested in how to change his personality so that he or she can appeal to the people. Nonetheless, such a leader is focused on observing the behaviors and the personalities of the followers, making sure that he captures the way they react, think, interact, and do everything, as a basis for influencing them to act in a…
McIntosh, G. L. & Rima, S. D. (2007). Overcoming the Dark Side of Leadership: The Paradox of Personal Dysfunction. New York. Baker Books
Nohria, N. & Khurana, R. (2013). Handbook of Leadership Theory and Practice: An HBS Centennial Colloquium on Advancing Leadership. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Press
Northouse, P. G. (2012). Leadership: Theory and Practice. New York: SAGE Publications
representation of leadership in literary works is not identical to the representation of leaders. To take one of the most famous examples in English literature, King Lear may be the highest-ranking leader in the Shakespeare tragedy that bears his name, but his actions are neither wise nor principled; Lear's Fool, the court-jester, arguably displays more leadership over the course of the drama. Examining literary representations of leadership in the past two decades, therefore, will not always entail examining stories about powerful or influential people. In outlining a research proposal to examine how leadership issues are illuminated by recently published works, it is crucial to understand that a proper survey will include a mix of works. Some of these works will examine directly the highest leadership roles, like that of a commander-in-chief, while other works will illuminate leadership from the perspective of the ordinary soldiers who follow that lead. This proposal…
Beilin, K. (2012): "The split-screen syndrome": Structuring (non)-seeing in two plays on Abu Ghraib. Comparative Drama 46: 427-450.
Franzen, J. (2010). Freedom. New York: Farrar Straus.
Goodwin, DK. (2005). Team of rivals: The political genius of Abraham Lincoln. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Greenberg, KJ. (2007). Split screens. In McKelvey, T., ed. One of the guys: Women as
Leadership Style of oehner
John oehner, the speaker of the House, is one of the most reputed men among the Gang of Six. oehner has always raised his voice when matters of taxation were discussed in the Congress or the House. At the same time, he has adopted a leadership style that has set him apart from other politicians and has made him popular among the Republicans as well as the Democrats.
oehner has always believed in politics of consensus and that is what defines his leadership approach. However, he was still unable to convince Obama when he tried to negotiate the "grand bargain" on the ever growing federal debt. Obama was also seen to accuse oehner for not being able to pass a bill in his chamber, since it was rewritten so many times. In the middle of these accusations oehner, the Speaker of the House, also left the…
Bouie, Jamelle (2013). "President Obama's 'grand bargain' for the middle-class." The Washington Post.
Erickson, Erick (2013). "Eric Cantor's Failure of Leadership." RedState.
Newton-Small, Jay (2011). "The Inside Story of Obama and Boehner's Second Failed Grand Bargain." Time Swampland.
Leadership is the ability of influencing individuals or groups for attainment of particular goals. It is the ability of managing interpersonal behaviour by motivating others. There are a number of approaches to leadership, but these can broadly be categorized as Behaviouristic theory, Traits theory, Charismatic theories of leadership and transformational leadership. For the purpose of this assignment, we have chosen transformational leadership approach.
The process of transforming and changing individuals is termed as transformational leadership. In simple terms, transformational leadership can be defined as the ability to make people improve, change and led. Transformational leadership involves assessment of subordinates' needs, motives and giving them due value. Thus, it can be said that a leader having characteristics of transformational leader has the ability to increase the performance of company by giving due value to the employees/subordinates. (Hesselbein and Cohen 1999)
Transformational leadership has four factors which are commonly named…
Hesselbein, Frances, and Paul M. Cohen. (1999). Leader to Leader. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
Northouse, Peter G. (2001). Leadership Theory and Practice, second edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
Leadership in Organizations
Leadership refers to the process of influencing other people towards attainment of organizational or group goals. Leadership entails three key factors: first, leadership is a process of social influence. It is non-existent without followers and a leader. Second, leadership requires that the followers act voluntarily. The nature of compliance is voluntary thus differentiating leadership from other forms of influence based on formal authority. Finally, leadership elicits behavior in followers that are goal directed in an organized setting (Griffiin, 2010).
Most organizational sciences focus on the topic of leader-behavior approach. There is enough documentation showing that thousands of leader-behavior approach studies have undergone publication. However, the precise nature and correlation of leadership with key criterion variables such as commitment, subordinate satisfaction, and performance remains uncertain (Green & obinson, 2010). This paper focuses on leader-behavior research approach for studying leadership. It also incorporates the strengths and weaknesses…
Green. G., P. & Robinson, J.W. (2010). Introduction to Community Development: Theory,
Practice, and Service-Learning. Michigan: SAGE
Griffiin, R. (2010). Management. New York: Cengage Learning
Leadership Path Goal Theory
The Boy Scouts" using the "path- goal theory
Path Goal Theory
Explain how the theory works and include an example
Explain the effect of power and influence that leaders have on followers in the organization
Are the followers receptive?
Would you recommend another strategy?
Evaluate the role of transformational and transformational leadership in the organization
Effectiveness of transformational and transactional leadership in the organization
Assess the traits and characteristics of an effective team leader within the organization
Explain how the leadership supports vision, mission, and strategy in the organization
If you were the leader in the organization, what would you change and why?
The leadership theories are different in their relevance and approach, however, the importance of effective leadership cannot be undermined in operations of a successful organization. The boy scouts and other military organizations also…
Bolman, L.G., & Deal, T.E. (2011). Reframing organizations: Artistry, choice and leadership. USA: Jossey-Bass.
Samson, D., & Daft, R.L. (2009). Fundamentals of management. Australia: Cengage Learning.
Winkler, I. (2010). Contemporary leadership theories. USA: Springer.
The integrative approach is almost always used in real world leadership. No leader succeeds solely on the basis of traits, solely on behaviors or solely be adapting to situations. Leaders use all of the tools at their disposal. Consider Apple under Steve Jobs. Jobs had some fantastic traits as a leader, particularly with respect to his vision for the company, its products and how society would use those products. But Apple never succeeded solely on vision. Jobs' behaviors served to reinforce his vision and the corporate culture. His formal and informal power was constantly leverage to make the company better. He used power in dealing with suppliers, partners, and consumers as well, all of which has contributed to Apple's success. The only approach not used at Apple under Jobs was situational leadership, because the company never really changed its leadership style to fit the circumstance. But like any good leader,…
Two of the most pressing issues in corporate leadership today include gender equality and labor rights. In "Women See Slow Progress in Leadership," Gay (2013) cites numerous empirical studies showing that the glass ceiling remains nearly impenetrable at the highest levels of management. The report cites the work-life balance ideal as the most common reason offered for why many women are either opting out of the CEO lifestyle, or are not considered ready or willing to handle the challenges and pressures of senior leadership.
In "The Best etail Companies to Work for ight Now," Smith (2013) describes Costco's approach toward human resources management. The company has recently been named one of the best companies to work for in the United States because of their relatively high salaries, supportive work environment, opportunity for growth, and job security. Its ethical labor rights practices are helping gain positive publicity for Costco, showing…
Gay, M. (2013). Women see slow progress in leadership. The Wall Street Journal. 14 Nov, 2013. Retrieved online: http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303289904579196123043065800
Greenleaf, R. (2013). Ten principles of servant leadership. Butler University. Retrieved online: http://www.butler.edu/volunteer/resources/principles-of-servant-leadership/
Lavinsky, D. (2013). Are you a visionary business leader? Forbes. Retrieved online: http://www.forbes.com/sites/davelavinsky/2013/04/26/are-you-a-visionary-business-leader/
Robert K. Greenleaf Center for Servant Leadership (2013). What is servant leadership? Retrieved online: https://greenleaf.org/what-is-servant-leadership/
Over the decades, much research has been devoted to studying leadership traits and the qualities of an effective leader. Some of the approaches to assessing leadership include personality theory, as well as the qualitative approach to leadership research.
In the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, (1988), D.K. Simonton used the personality basis of leadership research that looks at the effectiveness of a leader as a result of particular personality traits. For this study, Simonton carried out an archival analysis of the personalities and personal histories of thirty-nine American presidents, and related that to their perceived effectiveness as Heads of State. An analysis of eight-two separate personality characteristics were ultimately reduced to five general categories; "The interpersonal, charismatic, deliberative, creative, and neurotic styles." (Simonton, 1988).
Simonton makes the point that research into leadership is frequently concerned with the question of whether a great leader is born, or becomes a…
Bryman, A., Stephens, M., & Campo, C. (1996). The importance of context:
Qualitative research and the study of leadership. Leadership Quarterly, 7(3),
Simonton, D.K. (1988). Presidential style: Personality, biography and performance.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55(6), 928-936.
Most conclusions on this approach were vague or indecisive in terms of social, psychological or mental significance (ice, 1978, 1981; Graen et al., 1972; Ashour, 1973).
Furthermore, over the years, many scholars have come to the realization that leadership is situational and hence there are many realistic settings like the environment, the employees, the resources, etc. that determine the characteristics needed in a leader as well as his/her business approach (Hershey and Blanchard, 1977, 1984). This is why it is important to first understand the different types of scenarios that a leader can face and then use those scenarios as the foundation on which most leadership techniques and approaches are built. This idea of leadership being situational is very helpful in outlining the methods through which leadership can be developed and has taken up a good part of the last three-decade of research (Mckenna, Boyd and Yost, 2007).
Adler, a. (1946). Understanding human nature. New York: Permabooks.
Ashour, a.S. (1973). The Contingency Model of Leadership Effectiveness: An Evaluation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 9: 335-76.
Bandura, a. (1997). Self-efficacy. The Exercise of Control. New York: W.H. Freeman. (Bass, B.M. 1985). Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations. New York: The Free Press.
Bennis, W., and B. Nanus. (1985). Leaders. New York: Harper and Row.
Leadership for Organizations
The success of organizations and individuals' careers are influenced by the role of leaders. Nowadays firms seek leadership skills in individuals for all sorts of careers while recruiting. Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) believe that it has become critically important to nurture leadership approach at all levels of the organization (Lussier, Achua, 2009, p. 4).
The topic of leadership has been gaining tremendous attention of academic world and media (ass, Riggio, 2006, p. 17). Many experts have written about leadership and the challenges related to it as the subject is highly valued and at the same time a complex phenomenon (Northouse, 2009, p. 1).
In today's world individuals need to develop skills and capabilities required in professional world through personal development. They need to assess their strengths, weaknesses, leadership competencies and goals in order to achieve leadership capabilities (Rothstein 2010).
Leaders need to possess a wide range…
Adams, J.D. (Ed.). (1986). Transforming leadership: From vision to results. Alexandria, VA: Miles River Press.
Allen, K.E. (1995). Making sense out of chaos: Leading and living in dynamic systems. Campus Activities Programming, 52-59.
Argyris, C. (1970). Intervention theory and method: A behavioral science view. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Armstrong, S., & Armstrong, S. (1996). The conductor as transformational leader. Music Educators Journal, 82(May), 22-25.
Leadership Self-Assessment Analysis
In the wake of the corporal scandals of Enron and the Arthur Anderson Company, there have been increased calls for strong ethical leadership. Leadership had always been regarded as a key factor in ensuring the effectiveness of any organization. However, new models are also being developed to challenge the limitations of the prevailing classical theories of leadership.
This paper argues for a tempered approach, one that combines effective leadership with good management. Both factors are important, since over-managed and under-led organizations tend to lose sight of their goals. By the same token, while charismatic leaders can lead their organizations to high levels of success, the lack of management skills means that such victories do not last in the long run.
The growing awareness of corporate and white-collar crime has likewise presented new challenges to the classical leadership model. Organization leaders should now be wary of lawsuits the…
Bolman, Lee G. And Deal, Terrence E. 1997. Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice and Leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2nd ed.
Northouse, Peter G. 1997. Leadership: Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publishing.
The four lanchard leadership styles include:
3) coaching; and 4) delegating. (Clawson, 1989)
2) House's Path Goal Theory of Leadership - the motivational function of the leader consists of increasing personal payoffs to subordinates for work-goal attainment and making the path to these payoffs easier to travel by clarifying it, reducing roadblocks and pitfalls, and increasing the opportunities for personal satisfaction en route. (Clawson,1989)
V. CHARISMATIC THEORY
Charismatic leadership is measured by: (1) Followers' trust in the correctness of the leader's belief; (2) similarity of followers' beliefs to the leader's beliefs; (3) unquestioning acceptance of the leader by followers; (4) followers' affection for the leader; (5) followers' willing obedience to the leader; (6) emotional involvement of followers in the mission of the organization; (7) heightened performance goals of followers; and (8) belief of followers that they are able to contribute to the success of the group's…
Liu, W., Lepak, D.P., Takeuchi, R., and Sims, H.P (2003) Matching Leadership Styles with Employment modes: Strategic Human Resource Management Perspective. Human Resource Management Review. 13 (2003).
Clawson, J.G. (1989) Leadership Theories. University of Virginia Darden School Foundation. Charlottesville, VA. Online SSRN Research.
Stodgills Handbook of Leadership (1981) revised Bernard M. Bass New York: The Free Press 1981.
Mintzberg, Henry (1973) Mintzberg's Ten Managerial Roles -the Nature of Managerial Work 1973.
Finally, the free reign style sees that the manager allows the staff members to make most of the decisions, with his responsibility revolving around the final outcome.
All the achievements of Dr. Manmohan Singh point out to the fact that he has managed to successfully implement all leadership styles when the situations arose and required a specific approach. Otherwise put, it becomes obvious that when he possessed all the information and a decision had to be taken rapidly, he implemented an autocratic leadership style. Then, when he needed additional data, he listened to those around him and based his decisions on what others had to say. Finally, whenever he was facing tough situations and could not resolve all problems on his own, and most importantly, when he was surrounded by capable and trustworthy staff members, Dr. Manmohan Singh implemented the free reign style by delegating responsibilities to his subalterns.
2008, Leadership Styles, The Skagit Watershed Council, http://www.skagitwatershed.org/~donclark/leader/leadstl.html last accessed on July 15, 2009
2009, Manmohan Singh Reminds the World Not to Forget Africa in the Race for Development, Thaindian News, http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/world-news/manmohan-singh-reminds-the-world-not-to-forget-africa-in-the-race-for-development_100218458.html last accessed on July 15, 2009
2009, Dr. Manmohan Singh -- The New Prime Minister of India, Indian Elections, http://www.indian-elections.com/dr-manmohan-singh.html last accessed on July 15, 2009
2009, Profile: Manmohan Singh, BBC News, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/3725357.stm last accessed on July 15, 2009
Response to Post #1
Your example of Shaar Mustaf, founder and leader of the Take Charge Juvenile Diversion Program, Inc. does exemplify the value of programs dedicated to helping at-risk individuals, especially young people, to overcome some of the most serious challenges they face in becoming productive and law-abiding members of society. However, I am not clear from your post what style or personal philosophy of leadership Mr. Mustaf uses to achieve the worthwhile objectives of the Take Charge Juvenile Diversion Program. I would be curious to know how much of his success and that of the organization and program is a function of his substantive knowledge and the effectiveness of the organization in other areas and how much of the success of the organization and program might be directly related to leadership style or leadership effectiveness on the part of Mr. Mustaf and, more generally, within the hierarchy…
Leadership and Management
Over time, the terms management and leadership have been used interchangeably but in reality; these two terms are essentially different in regard to roles, characteristics as well as functions. In this text, I concern myself with a number of leadership and management issues I have studied so far and their application in enhancing my leadership capabilities.
Approaches to Leadership and Management
It is important to note that a number of issues dictate the leadership approach one would most likely adopt as a preferred style. In my case, these issues include but of course are not limited to the way I prefer making decisions, feedback mechanisms available as well as the tasks under consideration. With that said, I would consider adopting the directive approach. According to Nohria and Khurana (2010, pp. 18), in a directive approach, the leadership position is taken to be the basis of power. When…
Bennis, W., 2009. On Becoming a Leader. Basic Books
Lussier, R.N. & Achua, C.F., 2009. Leadership: Theory, Application, & Skill Development. Cengage Learning
Northouse, P.G., 2009. Leadership: Theory and Practice. Sage Nohria, N. & Khurana, R., 2010. Handbook of Leadership Theory and Practice. Harvard Business Press
Singh, B.R., 2004. Management: Theory and Practice. Anmol Publications
In most cases, autocratic leadership is contrasted from democratic leadership where participation from all players involved in a given task is encouraged.
In my opinion, though the leadership exemplified by the U.S. In the operation that led to the killing of Osama Bin Laden has its strong points on many fronts, some deficiencies can be identified. In terms of ethicality, the lack of consultation can be justified on the grounds that secrecy was of the essence if the U.S. was to kill the man blamed for the innocent deaths of thousands of people across the world. Hence the authoritarian leadership exemplified in this scenario was for the greater good. Further, it can be noted that based on the circumstances of the case, quick decisions had to be made and swift action was of the essence. According to Ghuman (2010), authoritarian or autocratic leadership allows quick decisions to be made.
Daft, R.L. & Lane, P.G. (2007). The Leadership Experience. Cengage Learning.
Ghuman, K. (2010). Management: Concepts, Practice & Cases. Tata McGraw-Hill Education.
Leadership style being employed in the case study covering the City Academy Bristol is what some experts might call participative and/or collaborative leadership. A collaborative leadership style allows for all participants to have a voice, and in this case study, the students are asked to assume the role of leader and participant while engaging in activities that call for collaboration, and participation. As one recent study determined "collaborative leadership practices that involve employees in workplace decision-making have been shown to increase commitment" (Steinheider, Wuestewald, 2008, p. 145), and in this study increasing the commitment level of all the stakeholders (including; students, teachers, administrators and parents) is one of the primary goals of the study.
One of the benefits derived from a collaborative leadership style is that it fosters creativity. Students (and other participants) are often called upon to work together and become highly engaged in projects and the decision-making process.…
Hallingera, P. & Heck, R.H.; (2010) Collaborative leadership and school improvement: Understanding the impact on school capacity and student learning, School Leadership & Management, Vol. 30, Issue 2, pp. 95 -- 110
Steinheider, B. & Wuestewald, T.; (2008) From the bottom-up: Sharing leadership in a police agency, Police Practice & Research, Vol. 9, Issue 2, pp. 145 -- 163
Leadership and Change Management
History and experience suggest that effective leadership is integral to organizational success, as well as the success of individual members within the organization. Well, studies have given different perspectives as to what exactly constitutes effective leadership; however, what they all agree on is that effective leadership aids in the effective and efficient management of organizational resources and relationships as well as in the building of power and strength in the organization. Employees need leadership to inspire and motivate them to align their personal goals with those of the organization, and to give their all in the conduction of their duties. In the same way, clients and customers need leadership to inspire confidence and trust in an organization's output. Investors too need leadership to inspire confidence in the organization's stocks and assets. Good leadership, therefore, invariably produces greater benefits for the organization in terms of motivated employees,…
Daft, R., The Leadership Experience. 6th ed. Stamford, CA: Cengage Learning
Griffin, R., 2012. Management. 11th ed. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning
Hamilton, C., 2010. Communicating for Results: A Guide for Business and the Professions. 9th ed. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning
Hitt, M., Ireland, R.D., and Hoskisson, R., 2006. Strategic Management: Concepts and Cases. 7th ed. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning
The consequence of participative leadership can also be successful decisions suggested by specialists in the particular field. In this type of business management, the supervisor does not only engage team members, but can also take leadership from his peers (ampur, 2010).
One of the most appropriate participative leadership examples can be when a supervisor segregates project work in his team associates including himself converses the project necessities and prospects with the team manager and other associates, and then they work on it together. Participative leadership definitely augments worker approval, decreases the workload of administrators, and generates better collaboration; with all this ultimately contributing to high-quality work in the project (ampur, 2010).
The major advantage of participative leadership style is that this method encourages the resolve and progress of possible leaders who are already present in the team. Since this method of leadership and management necessitates all the team associates to…
Leadership Styles. (2010). Retrieved December 6, 2010, from Web site:
McCrimmon, Mitch. (2007). What is Participative Leadership? Retrieved December 6, 2010,
from Suite 101 Web site: http://www.suite101.com/content/what-is-participative-leadership-a23335
One reason has to do with the intellectual hurdles that senior executives jump in obtaining their jobs. It takes at least an IQ of about 110 to 120 to get an advanced degree such as an MBA. There is thus a high selection pressure for IQ in order to enter the executive ranks." (p. 250)
The text goes on to argue that the result is that there is not a great deal of variation in the intellectual properties possessed by most leaders. In a sense, this is a further confirmation that certain qualities are inborn, insofar as most leaders can be expected to fall within a specific range of proven intellectual capacity. To go a step further to this point though, Goleman et al. indicate that the difference between the excellent, the average and the inadequate leader will be founded on the high variance of emotional intelligence capabilities. This suggests…
Avolio, B.J. (2005). Leadership Development in Balance. Psychology Press.
Goleman, D.; McKee, a. & Boyatzis, R.E. (2002). Primal Leadership: Realizing the Power of Emotional Intelligence. Harvard Business Press, 1st Edition.
Koestenbaum, P. (2002). Leadership: The Inner Side of Greatness, a Philosophy for Leaders, New and Revised. Jossey-Bass; 2nd Edition.
Kouzes, J.M. & Posner, B.Z. (2003). The Leadership Challenge. Jossey-Bass, 3rd Edition.
Leadership Challenge -- Leadership Credibility
The catalyst of all successful leadership is trust and the ability to stay consistent, transparent and honest even in the midst of exceptionally challenging and stressful situations. Paradoxically this is why there is such a crisis of confidence in leadership today; the landscape many companies and their leaders travel over daily is uncharted and it takes exceptional insight, intellectual, maturity and leadership skill to stay on course. The four characteristics as defined by Kouzes and Posner (2012) are how honest, forward-looking, inspiring and competent a leader is as perceived by their subordinates and peers. Contrasting these attributes are the skills and trait-based approaches defined by Northouse (2013). The skills-based frameworks that supports much of the theoretical models of leadership Northouse relies on to explain his theories lacks a definition of how leaders mature over time however. Taken to an extreme, the skills and traits-based approaches…
Kouzes, J.M., & Posner, B.Z. (2012). The Leadership Challenge (5th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Northouse, P. (2013). Leadership: Theory and practice (6th ed.). Thousand Oaks: SAGE.
Leadership in My Community
In my community, our church had always wanted to do something to give back and provide assistance to people but no one in the parish could decide on an appropriate task. I came up with the idea of having a ravioli dinner to celebrate the community's Italian heritage and having an all-day benefit by selling pots of ravioli (the community could come in with whatever size pot they had and fill it up with ravioli for $10 a pot) and giving the proceeds to the local homeless shelter. I utilized my servant leadership skills to help move this idea into action by leading others through giving them whatever assistance they needed. I surrounded myself with like-minded individuals from the parish -- about half of dozen (to help organize) and asked them what they needed to make this idea a reality; through these discussions I was able…
Leadership in the Girl Scouts
Before becoming involved as a Girl Scout Leader, I would have minimized the amount of leadership necessary for the position. ather than being a true leader, I envisioned that a Girl Scout Leader would simply be the person organizing Scouting activities. What I did not realize is that leading a Girl Scout troop is a true exercise of one's leadership skills. After all, a Girl Scout troop leader must lead not only girls, but also the other parents in the group. Moreover, while troops are generally organized by age, they generally contain girls with a variety of backgrounds and experiences, so that the skills necessary for leading in one scenario are not the same ones required for leading in another scenario. Therefore, while I had hoped to be a transformational leader when I began my role as troop leader, inspiring each of the girls to…
Cherry, K. (2011). Transformational leadership: what is transformational leadership? Retrieved
April 18, 2011, from About.com website: http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/a/transformational.htm
Girl Scouts of the United States of America. (2011). Girl Scouts cookie program. Retrieved from http://www.girlscouts.org/program/gs_cookies/
Girl Scouts of the United States of America. (2010). Safety tips. Retrieved from
Leadership and Change Management
Consider a change that has been recently introduced in your organization. Using relevant change and leadership theories, critically analyze the benefits and problems that introduction of this change has brought. TO WHAT EXTENT HAS LEADERSHIP CONTRIUTED TO THE RESULTS OF THIS PROCESS?
RasgGas is a joint venture gas company between Qatar Petroleum, the State of Qatar's national oil and gas company (majority stakeholder), and ExxonMobil, an American Integrated Oil and Gas company. The company is about fifteen years old and has been involved in all aspect of exploration, development, production, liquefaction and marketing of gas from the North Field. RasGas is a major contributor to the State of Qatar's worldwide leadership in the production and marketing of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) export. The company has utilized technologies to drill high capacity gas well and build the largest and most efficient liquefaction trains in the world. These…
Brisson-Banks, C.V. 2010. "Managing Change and Transitions: A Comparison of Different Models and the Commonalities." Library Management, Vol. 31, No. 4/5, pp.241-52.
Brown, A.D. 1994. "Implementing MRPII: Leadership Rites and Cognitive Change." Logistics Informational Management, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 6-11.
Drew, S. And C. Coulson-Thomas 1996. "Transformation through Teamwork: The Path to the New Organization?" Managerial Decision, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 7-17.
Eisenbach, R. et al. 1999. "Transformational Leadership in the Context of Organizational Change." Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 80-88.
However, while I see that Boy Scouts has helped develop my empathy and my planning ability, I know that I continue to struggle with my ability to frame concepts for a group. Servant leadership is not about asserting power, but about developing rightful authority. ather than force a group to do the leader's bidding, a servant leader's role is to persuade people to follow the leader's path. However, it is not really the leader's path that he asks people to follow. On the contrary, because a servant leader listens to people, respects all members of the group, and considers short- and long-term consequences, the path that the servant leader proposes should be one that is best for the group. Of course, that path may not seem best to the group because of competing interests, short-term worldview, or the fact that every plan is going to have pluses and minuses for…
Bennis, W., and Thomas, R. (2007). Leading for a lifetime: how defining moments shape leaders of today and tomorrow. Boston: Harvard Business Press.
Cress, C., Collier, P., and Reitenauer, V. (2005). Learning through serving: a student guidebook for service-learning across the disciplines. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.
Greenleaf, R. (2002). Servant leadership: a journey into the nature of legitimate power and greatness. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press.
Komives, S., and Wagner, W. (2009). Leadership for a better world: understanding the social change model of leadership development. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
United States had been involved with the world affairs from 18th century to the present and its most prominent role was during the pre-world war era and post-world war affairs of the world.
Particularly when President Dwight Eisenhower and John Kennedy ruled, the economic prosperity of the United States began to grow on a vast scale. Their eras were considered the most successful era for United States in relation to economic prosperity. President Eisenhower and Kennedy ruled United States from 1953 to 1961 and 1961 to 1963. In their time of governance, United States took a revolutionary step in bringing change in the way people brought up lives in America (Moss & George, 2010). These Democrats controlled Congress for a period however; they could not pass liberal legislations due to the enforcements of Conservative Coalition.
The involvement of United States with worldly affairs in the light of President Eisenhower…
Bush, G.W. (2001). Public paper of the presidents of the United States. Chicago: Government Printing Office.
Moss, & George. (2010). Vietnam: An American Ordeal. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Shapiro, R.Y., Kumar, M.J., & Jacobs, L.R. (2000). Presidential Power. New York, NY [u.a.]: Columbia Univ. Press.
At nnocent right from onset, they have embraced customer feedback as a tool to drive its product, brand values and strategic direction. They have engaged the services of the customers in brand naming through an easy and interactive channel of communication to take their advices in every activity of the company in order to stay abreast with the ever changing customer tastes and preferences. This long-term perspective is a characteristic of leadership style as compared to a manager whose goals are short-term and works towards achieving short-term goal with unclear vision into the future.
Managers have always relied on control to handle their duties whereas leaders inspire trust on people. At innocent the employees are empowered and they have embraced the culture of creativity, the employees feel involved in every aspect of the company's decision making hence a sense of company-wide commitment to success. The company has monthly and weekly…
In conclusion as Richard Reed, Jon Wright and Adam Balon the founders of Innocent puts it, certain principles might have worked for them which does not necessarily mean they can work the same way when replicated into a different business. Management characteristics can still be beneficial and can be blended with leadership for the success of an organization.
Bennis, W. (1989), Leadership. Retrieved 12th April 2012 from http://www.managementupdate.info/management-leadership
Leadership and Management in Healthcare
Models of management and leadership in health care contexts
As when it comes to modern company structures, management and leadership play a main function in health care as well, specifically focusing on reform motions, kinds of services offered, quality of services and capital use. As we specified earlier, there is no universal dish for effective management and leadership, contextual aspects like political system and socio-economic elements play a substantial part in the results.
In basic terms, a health care system has to complete 2 standard things (adjusted from Dorros, 2006):
Enhance the wellness condition of the population (according to specific requirements and targets);
Provide services in the most reliable method possible in order to achieve the first objective.
Furthermore despite the condition of the economy and nation, when attempting to reform health care systems, governments have to ask themselves 3 standard concerns: Who spends for…
Collins, J.C. (2001). Good to Great. New York, NY: HarperCollins: 17 -- 40.
Collins, J.C. And Porras, J.I. (1997). Built to Last. New York, NY: HarperCollins; 173 -- 174.
Contino, D.S. (2001). Budget training: it's overdue. Nurs Manage; 32:16 -- 17.
Contino, D.S. (2004). Leadership Competencies: Knowledge, Skills, and Aptitudes Nurses Need to Lead Organizations Effectively. Critical Care Nurse; 24: 52-64.
log 1: Theories and Models of Leadership and Management
An organization is a collection of multidimensional components and there are complex equations between all of these components. It encompasses various individuals, business practices, visions, missions, goals, performance standards, an organizational culture, ethical frameworks, hierarchies based on command and control, working methods, management styles along with relevant theories and models and a considerable number of other factors. Different organizations perform their operations under the influence of distinguished and diverse rules, conditions, circumstances, goals and factors (Cherry n.d.). Since the modus operandi and culture associated with every organization are tailored to its requirements, therefore, the models and theories allied with management style of an organization can also be also distinctive, unique and different from what accomplishes favorable outcomes for another organization.
Ibarra and Hansen (2011, p.p.71) reveals a research-based fact that has consistently shown that diverse teams produce better…
1. Kotter, JP (2007), Leading change: Why transformation efforts fail, Harvard Business Review.
2. Studzinski, J (2010), BVO - World class CEOs master the art of listening. Available from < http://bvo.com/topics/communication-skills-for-leaders/programmes/john-studzinskiworld-class-ceos-master-the-art-of-listening. > [16 July 2012]
3. Ibarra, H, & Hansen, M (2011), 'Are You a Collaborative Leader?' Harvard Business Review [online], 89, 7/8, pp. 68-74.
4. Kent, S (2005, November), Better behavior, PM Network, 19(11), 4+.
The author of this report has been asked to answer four major questions when it comes to business, leadership and the skill sets required to excel in both. The first question will center on the role of Chief Executive Office. The role itself will be defined. There will also be a listing of the comptentcies and skills that a typical or desirable CEO should demonstrate and have. The second question will center on what the effective communication skills are. Indeed, it will be defined what skills will be mastered and displayed if a business and its leadership wishes to engage its employees and excel in business overall. Third, there will be an identification and definition of three different leadership styles and how each of those styles is best applied based on the circumstances and what is needed at the time. Finally, there will be a discussion of the role…
Baumgartner, J. (2016). The Innovation Process. Creativejeffrey.com. Retrieved 21 May 2016, from http://www.creativejeffrey.com/creative/innovationprocess.php?topic=creative
Beck, R. (2012). Building a Talent Machine. Gallup.com. Retrieved 21 May 2016, from http://www.gallup.com/businessjournal/153683/building-talent-machine.aspx
Belbin. (2016). Belbin Team Roles -- Belbin. Belbin.com. Retrieved 21 May 2016, from http://www.belbin.com/about/belbin-team-roles/
Chartered Accountants. (2016). Why business ethics matter...to your bottom line. Chartered Accountants. Retrieved 21 May 2016, from http://www.charteredaccountants.com.au%2F~%2Fmedia%2FFiles%2FIndustry%2520topics%2FBusiness%2520management%2FWorking%2520in%2520Business%2F041320%2520CC%2520Ethics%2520Paper_WEB_FAi.ashx&usg=AFQjCNF71q2uc43ie5ypm-RQ2Z_1LC4EhQ&sig2=FIHE2XzKKOhZIkW15N-uPg
The concept of leadership is an issue that has elicited considerable debate in the recent past to an extent that there is an extensive body of research and literature that addresses the issue. Some of the most common issues in the wide range of literature on this issue include scientific investigation, fiction, and biographies (Truckenbrodt, 2000, p.233). This concept has generated such concerns because leadership influences politics, academics, organizations, military, and government. As a result of its influence, the leadership abilities of individuals has not been conceptualized but also tested in behavioral psychology and other fields. The tests care carried out because the existing numerous studies are relatively difficult to classify into various approaches such as traits, behaviors, and styles. Some examples of leadership tests include the LMX (leader-member exchange) questionnaire and Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ). In addition to determining the various types of leadership approaches and styles, these…
Northouse, P.G. (2010). Leadership theory and practice (5th ed., pp.145-201). Thousand Oaks,
CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Truckenbrodt, Y.B. (2000). The Relationship between Leader-Member Exchange and Commitment and Organizational Citizenship Behavior. Acquisition Review Quarterly, 233-244. Retrieved from http://journals.humankinetics.com/AcuCustom/Sitename/Documents/DocumentItem/467.pdf
Situational approach to leadership issues and challenges is one of the most commonly recognized approaches to leadership. This approach was developed in 1969 by Hersey and Blanchard and based on concepts from 3D management style theory by eddin in 1967 (Northouse, 2010, p.89). As the name suggests, situational leadership emphasizes on leadership in situations based on the fact different conditions require different types of leadership. This implies that an effective leader needs to be an individual that adapt his/her leadership style and skills to the demands of various situations. This approach to leadership emphasizes that leadership consists of a directive and supportive dimension, and that each dimension has to be applied effectively in a particular situation. Notably, when addressing a leadership situation through this approach, the process usually involves applying development level and style in the particular issue or situation.
Example of Leadership Situation:
An example of a…
Northouse, P.G. (2010). Situational Approach. In Leadership theory and practice (5th ed., chap
5, pp.89-109). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Wine, S. (2013, November 6). Leadership Vacuum? Ex-players Wonder Why No Players
Intervened in Dolphins Case. The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 21, 2014, from http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2013/11/06/leadership-vacuum-ex-pla_n_4227157.html
Effective Approaches Leadership Management
Different personalities practice different management styles, while different management styles are suited to different personalities. It is very important for a manager to make sure that their employees are motivated and their work rates are up to the mark. The employees of any organization need to be motivated in order to maintain a fair attendance at the office along with enough motivation that employees would want to continue to carry on working. This motivation can be maintained by different managerial techniques for example keeping the employees involved in the decision making of the organization-having an autocratic leadership style of management is not likely to make employees feel part of the business; in fact, giving them more responsibility and a greater role in the activities of the organization should make them feel more involved and also they will feel more encouraged and motivated if the…
Principles of Management: Situational Approaches to Leadership . (n.d.). Get Homework Help with CliffsNotes Study Guides . Retrieved July 26, 2012, from http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/Situational-Approaches-to-Leadership.topicArticleId-8944,articleId-8914.html
Shih, W.C., Kauffman, S.P., & Christensen, C.M. (2008). Innovation Killers. Harvard Business Review, 1, 104.
Shih, W.C., Kauffman, S.P., & Christensen, C.M. (2008). Innovation Killers. Harvard Business Review, 1, 100.
Verbal Communication Model. (n.d.). Virtual Teacher Aide. Retrieved July 26, 2012, from http://www.vtaide.com/lifeskills/verbalC.htm
leadership is a concept of leadership based on the proposition that the right leadership style for optimal productivity and efficiency in working groups may be different in different situations and circumstances (ussell-Whalling, 2008). The best choice of leadership style often depends on various specific criteria pertaining to the skills and comfort zones of leaders, the maturity level of their subordinates, and the relative degree of commitment and competence of the individuals in the work group. In that regard, situational leadership can be thought of in terms of a conceptual matrix (ussell-Whalling, 2008) according to which all of the factors and circumstances must be considered to derive the most productive possible working relationships between a given leader and his or her subordinates.
Elements of Situational Leadership and Considerations of Appropriate Application
With respect to the individual skills, abilities, and comfort zones of leaders, individual leaders typically differ substantially in their reliance…
Daft, R. (2005) Management. 7th Edition. Mason: Thomson South Western.
Russell-Whalling, E. (2008). 50 Management Ideas You Really Need To Know. London:
For example, a commander of a Navy ship should be able to use a participatory and responsive leadership style in day-to-day affairs, and allow the crew enough autonomy to feel invested in the experience of running the vessel. But that same commander must be able to use a more authoritarian style when commanding the ship during the intensity of a battle situation. Switching between both leadership styles makes for a better crew. Even when under the tight watch of a commander, units must be able to make intelligent, split-second independent decisions. This quality is fostered by using participatory leadership techniques during the everyday life on the ship.
But switching between leadership styles and changing one's fundamental leadership approach is more easily said than done. Furthermore, the organizational hierarchy of the organization in which one is a participant may be hostile to such alterations. The military tends to celebrate tradition and…
Clark, Don. (2010, April 18). Concepts of Leaders. Big Dog/Little Dog.
Retrieved September 26, 2010 at http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadcon.html
"Our leadership development and training programs push each and every delegate to gain a rigorous personal insight into what makes them tick and then, with that understanding of themselves, to stretch the boundaries of what's comfortable for them" (Leadership development - Leadership skills and training, 2008, Impact Factory). Leadership training through the organization stresses emotional rather than technical skills, unlike GE. Human perception, creativity and out-of the box thinking is what is defined as leadership skills by Impact Factory and by the companies that use its services to train new and older employees alike, employees defined as leaders, and lower level employees as well. Key to success for individuals and the organization as a whole include: "Determining how well you perceive what's going on around you...polishing interpersonal skills and communication skills" (Leadership development - Leadership skills and training, 2008, Impact Factory).
The influence of leadership theory of a 'great man'…
General Electric: Imagination at work. (2008). GE. Retrieved 1 Sept 2008. http://www.gepower.com/commitment/en/integrity.htm
Ethos. (2008). The Impact Factory. Retrieved 1 Sept 2008 at http://www.impactfactory.com/ factory.shtml
Impact Factory. (2008). Impact Factory Homepage. Retrieved 1 Sept 2008 at
In contrast, a "selling and coaching" (S2) approach is demanded when the leader knows the follower may be uncertain about how to perform the task, but the subordinate has a high level of commitment, as in the case of an intern or a new hire. S2 is a motivational or mentoring approach. The employee craves direction, but will be motivated more by personality and praise than 'carrots and sticks' versus the S1 situation (Straker 2004).
A "participating/supporting" leadership situation (S3) is when the leader knows that the employees can complete the task but the manager wants more of an emotional investment or a higher level of excellence. An example of this approach might be a manager of a fast food establishment with a teenage, low-skilled workforce. The employees can do the job, but needs more motivation to perform at a high level rather than task-specific direction. Finally, an (S4) situation…
Avolio, B.J., & Yammarino, F.J. (2002). Transformational and charismatic leadership: The road ahead. San Diego, CA: Emerald.
DISC. (2010). Retrieved July 1, 2010 at http://www.discprofile.com/
Homrig, Mark a. (2001, December 21).Transformational leadership. Retrieved July 1, 2010 at http://leadership.au.af.mil/documents/homrig.htm
Straker, David. (2004). Hersey and Blanchard's situational leadership theory. Changing Minds. Retrieved July 1, 2010 at http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/styles/situational_leadership_hersey_blanchard.htm
Organizational Leadership and Performance
The environment in which leaders of today operate is increasingly global. It is important to note, from the onset, that today's globalized environment significantly differs from the environment business operated in a couple of decades ago. In addition to being fast-paced, today's business environment is also more competitive and complex. The demands of the current era have meant that leaders of today must embrace new leadership approaches -- different from those applied by their predecessors two or three decades ago.
The Need to Appreciate Diversity
Today, every leader, as Daft (2014, p. 326) points out, "needs to understand the complexity of diversity issues, learn to create an inclusive culture, and support the development of minorities…" Unlike was the case a few decades ago, today's leaders are expected to lead teams of individuals, all of whom come from diverse backgrounds, ethnic roots, and have different motivations. It…
Adair, J. (2009). Leadership and Motivation: The Fifty-Fifty Rule and the Eight Key Principles of Motivating Others. Philadelphia, PA: Kogan Page Publishers.
Bell, A. (2011). Great Leadership: What it is and What it Takes in a Complex World. Mountain View, CA: Davies-Black Publishing.
Cancialosi, C. (2014). Today's Leaders Must Learn to Thrive in Disequilibrium. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/chriscancialosi/2014/07/28/todays-leaders-must-learn-to-thrive-in-disequilibrium/
Daft, R. (2014). The Leadership Experience (6th ed.). Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning
Leadership Styles of Sam Damon and Courtney Massengale
In the military setting, it is very common to hear statements like 'you are acting like a Courtney (Sam) on that issue'. Courtney Massengale and Sam Damon are the two main characters in the novel, Once an Eagle by Anton Myrer. The two are portrayed as significantly different army officers in a story that revolves around the key themes of unchecked ambition, devotion to country, career over family, corruption of power, ethics and morality, good vs. evil, and heroism. Both are portrayed as ambitious, dedicated, and aggressive men dedicated to the service of their country and its people; however, whereas Sam acts as a selfless, caring, and kind commander, Courtney presents himself as his exact opposite -- a charming professional out to portray a can-do image at whatever cost, even if it means stepping on his subordinate's toes just to get things…
ATTP. "Commander and Staff Officer Guide." Department of the Army, 2011. Web. 3 June 2015 https://fas.org/irp/doddir/army/attp5-0-1.pdf
Bass, Bernard and Riggio Ronald. Transformational Leadership 2nd ed. Mahwah, NJ: Psychology Press, 2006. Print
JROTC. "Principles and Leadership." JROTC, n.d. Web. 6 June 2015 http://www.dimondjrotc.org/Leadership/Chapter1/Chapter1Lesson4/U2C1L4A0_Text.pdf
Mayer, Holly. Belonging to the Army: Camp Followers and Community during the American Revolution. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press. 1999. Print
unning Head: Situational Approach and Path-Goal TheorySituational Approach and Path-Goal Theory 4What is a situational approach to leadership?The situational approach, which Blanchard and Hersey developed, has the primary premise that varied situations require different leadership styles. According to Blanchard and Hersey, a situation refers to attitudes and values from which a group of people or individuals has to deal with the occurrences, planned occurrences, and the results embraced; That a tangible activity is the solution to a situation. However, situations are complex and have five elements (Thompson & Glas 2018). The elements include: The features of a group Structure of the interpersonal links within the group. Physical challenges on the group The features of a groups environment where members originate. The perceived representation among the group members and the group itself of values and attitudes engendered by them.Therefore, the situational influences inhibit a leader who has to implement his leadership…
ReferencesBans-Akutey, A. (2021). The Path-Goal Theory of Leadership.Academia Letters, 2.Thompson, G., & Glas, L. (2018). Situational leadership theory: a test from a leader-follower congruence approach.Leadership & Organization Development Journal.
Effect on Leadership Role with His Officers
Sheriff Jones’ priorities influence his leadership behavior and the conduct of the other officers. His leadership style would resemble a transactional model as discussed in the management module. This leadership approach is premised on the idea that a quid pro quo occurs between a leader and his followers (Scott & Byrd, 2012). In such a case, the leader specifies the conditions under which the subordinates must work, and the subordinates perform what is expected of them. Moreover, his leadership role could be affected by his junior officers since his actions will directly influence their beliefs, attitudes, and values. It is believed that subordinates could significantly affect the Sheriff’s leadership of his people .and the judiciousness with which he uses his coercive authority. Such an influence could generate greater congruence between the officers’ attitudes and the Sheriff’s expectations hence increase the consistency between the…
The Army offers unparalleled opportunities for leadership development, and not just at the theoretical level but also at the practical and applied stages. Nowhere is leadership more important than in the military, which is why the principles taught in this course will continue to resonate with me as I progress in my career. While every lesson has something to offer, the modules on leadership theories and on ethics have proved especially helpful for me to gain insight into different styles and approaches. For example, Big Man theory, trait theory, and situational leadership theories all apply to the Army. Because I have a better understanding of the diversity of leadership styles, my attitudes about leadership have changed since taking this course. Some leaders are more effective as transactional managers, focused on specific tasks and goals, but lack the big picture vision that sets apart servant leaders and visionary leaders. I appreciate…
Leadeship Skills Impact Intenational Education
CHALLENGES OF INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION
Pactical Cicumstances of Intenational schools
THE IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP IN EDUCATION
What is Effective Leadeship fo Today's Schools?
Challenges of Intecultual Communication
Challenges of Diffeing Cultual Values
Impotance of the Team
Cuent Leadeship Reseach
APPLYING LEADERSHIP IN AN INTERNATIONAL SETTING
Wagne's "Buy-in" vs. Owneship
Undestanding the Ugent Need fo Change
Reseach confims what teaches, students, paents and supeintendents have long known: the individual school is the key unit fo educational impovement, and within the school the pincipal has a stong influence upon the natue of the school, the conditions unde which students lean, and upon what and how much they lean. Despite this ageement about the cental ole of the pincipal, thee is little eseach concening the chaacteistics of pincipals associated with effective leadeship and with pupil accomplishment, and even less insight…
Allen, K.E., Bordas, J., Robinson Hickman, G., Matusek, L.R., & Whitmire, K.J. (1998). Leadership in the twenty-first century. Rethinking Leadership Working Papers. Academy of Leadership Press. http://www.academy.umd.edu/scholarship/casl/klspdocs/21stcen.html
Bennis, W.G. (1997). "The secrets of great groups." Leader to Leader, No.3. The Peter F. Drucker Foundation for Nonprofit Management. http://www.pfdf.org/leaderbooks/L2L/winter97/bennis.html
Crowther, F., Kaagan, S., et. al. (2002). Developing Teacher Leaders. Thousand Oaks: Corwin Press.
leadership requirements 3.2 plan development future situations requiring leadership 4.1 plan development leadership skills a specific requirement 4.2 report usefulness methods plan development leadership skills assessing McDonald.
Leadership at McDonald's
McDonald's has often been blamed for the negative impact its foods products have upon the population. And in the context in which more and more people suffer from nutrition related illnesses, McDonald's is becoming the emblem of fast food to be avoided (Kaufmann, 2010).
Still, the demand for its products continues to increase and this is explained by a wide array of social and economic changes. For instance, women's emancipation and the choice to work outside the home leave them with little time to cook (Parasecoli, 2004). Then, the experience of dining out has changed dramatically throughout the past recent years and it is exacerbated by the economic crisis, which decreases the population's access to traditional restaurants and drives them…
Alon, I., Alpeza, M.., Erceg, A., Opportunities and threats regarding the development of the franchising business model in Croatia, Fransiza, http://www.fransiza.hr/Opporurtunities%20and%20threats%20regarding%20the%20development%20od%20the%20franchising%20business%20model%20in%20Croatia.pdf last accessed on November 22, 2011
Armstrong, G., Harker, M., Brennan, R., 2009, Marketing: an introduction, Pearson Education, ISBN 0273713957
Boonstra, J.J., 2004, Dynamics of organizational change and learning, John Wiley and Sons, ISBN 0471877379
Garfinkle, A.M., 2000, Politics and society in modern Israel: myths and realities, 2nd edition, M.E. Sharpe, ISBN 0765605147
Different Modes of Leadership
It seems that one of the most effective collaborative approaches to leadership involves situational leadership. Situational leadership, of course, is a paradigm in which leaders vary their leadership style and methodology according to the various situations they encounter (Wright, 2017, p. 27). In this respect, this form of leadership is highly effective for situations in which there are rapid changes, such as leading others during a merger or an acquisition. Moreover, it is collaborative in that the input from one’s followers regarding the sort of changes impacting situational leadership affects the type of leadership model one chooses to deploy next. Thus, both the situations and their consequences for followers informs the type of leadership involved, which is a collaborative means of implementing this flexible type of leadership.
Additionally, it also appears that transformational leadership is an efficacious approach to collaborative leadership. This particular leadership approach typically…
leadership and change management are very crucial factors in the determination of an organization's success. One of the main causes of organization failure is poor leadership. This coupled with the lack of appropriate change management program can quickly send an otherwise profitable business venture into the dreaded domains of bankruptcy and losses. This paper is therefore dedicated to the investigation of the effects of leadership and change management on organizational culture and organizational performance in the case of corporations undergoing mergers and acquisitions The role played by an organization leader is to align the organization's resources, envisioning of the future of the organizations and the motivation of the employees in the firm in order to achieve better results in terms of performance and profitability. A viable leadership strategy must therefore be devised and coupled with an effective change management strategy in order to ensure that businesses remain profitable in this…
Carnegie Bosch Institute (2010) Leadership and Change Management in a Multicultural Context
Chatterjee, S., Lubatkin, M., Schweiger, D. And Weber, Y. (1992). Cultural Differences and Shareholder Value in Related Mergers: Linking Equity and Human Capital, Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 13, 319-334
Covin, T., Kolenko, T., Sightler, K. And Tudor, R. (1997). Leadership style and post-merger satisfaction, Journal of Management Development, Vol 16, No.1, 22-33
An analysis of an article is required for any class that is missed (as listed below). The analysis of an article will be 1-2 pages, single spaced, with one-inch margins. The analysis will include four topic headings:
I. Article reference. List the bibliography information so that the instructor can find the article if he or she so desires. The article should be chosen from a respected journal or scholarly website. Furthermore, the article must relate to the corresponding chapter reading of that particular week.
II. Summary. In this section briefly summarize the content of the article, identifying what makes this article unique.
III. Relationship to readings. Describe the relationship between the article and the chapter readings.
IV. Application. Describe how the content of the article could be used to change your workplace. Describe how the concepts could be applied to improve your organization.
The company you use should…
Leadership and Teams
Even in the absence of any practical examples highlighting the relationship between leadership and resilience, authors have managed to fill in the gap by a number of well-thought theories. In this matter, Luthans and Avolio (2003: 256) and Sutcliffe and Vogus (2003) are all in the same boat. Luthans and Avolio (2003: 256) have explicitly linked leadership to resilience, stating that the essence of authentic leadership development is to enhance flexibility and resilience amongst employees. Along with this, they also highlighted the fact that the relationship of leadership and resilience has not received the attention and level of interest that it is worthy of. Similarly, Sutcliffe and Vogus (2003) have advocated the effect of leadership by stating that resilience improves the effectiveness of organization as a whole. They are also of the view that the link has been neglected by authors and if exploited more,…
Bass, B. 1990. Handbook of Leadership, 3rd Ed. New York, NY: Free Press.
Bass, B. 1998. Transformational Leadership: Industrial, Military, and Educational Impact. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Bass, B., & Avolio, B. 2000. Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire: Sampler Set, 2nd Ed. Redwood City, CA: Mind Garden.
Luthans, F., & Avolio, B. (2003). Authentic leadership development. In K.S. Cameron, J.E. Dutton, & R.E. Quinn (Eds.), Positive Organizational Scholarship: Foundations of a New Discipline: 241-258. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.
Leadership Styles in Movies / Management Lessons about Leadership styles in Movies
Leadership is a major organizational resource, demonstrated by individuals via a wide range of skills and talents (Lester, 2015). Leadership represents a key means by which individuals change others' minds, moving people and organizations forward for achieving established aims (IAAP, 2009). Several leadership models exist, with some of them proving to be rather effective and helpful. However, rapid transformations in the world, particularly in the last decade, owing to emergence of globalization and extensive adoption of information technology, have led to drastic changes in workforces' behavior and expectations. One cannot now lead a workforce using conventional techniques of the past, if one desires to leverage staff talents and achieve optimal performance. A majority of successful companies today seek knowledge workers -- well-trained, skilled and experienced individuals desiring to utilize their abilities to their optimum potential in a work…
Argintar, L. (2014). The Devil Wears Prada, A Boss, Not AB*tch: Why Women In the Workplace Get A Bad Rep. Elite Daily. Retrieved from http://elitedaily.com/women/devil-wears-prada-boss-btch-women-workplace-get-bad-rep/
Balzac, S. (2015). Princess Bride Problem Solving. LinkedIn. Retrieved from https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/princess-bride-problem-solving-steve-balzac
Batke, k. (2015). How Not to Manage Like Bill Lumbergh. Jostle Corporation. U.S.. Retrieved from http://www.jostle.me/blog/how-not-to-manage-like-bill-lumbergh
Casse, P & Claudel, P. (2011). Leadership styles: a powerful model. Training Journal. www.trainingjournal.com.
Leadership and Performance in the Workplace
The problems at Woody's Veneer are fundamental in nature. They speak to a completely toxic organization, so in that sense a diagnosis of minor issues of motivation is actually insufficient to describe this work environment. At the most basic level, there is no respect between workers, management and ownership. None of these levels are working together towards a common goal; instead they are working against each other at every turn. It has been theorized that participative management results in the highest level of motivation among workers, but this organization does not involve the workers in any way, and they are lashing out (Magloff, 2016).
Leadership is also responsible for setting the tone in an organization, both respect to organizational culture and with respect to organizational norms. In this case, it is clear that leaders are setting very poor norms, and the followers within the…
Beslin, R. & Reddin, C. (2004). How leaders can communicate to build trust. Ivey Business Journal. Retrieved March 4, 2016 from http://iveybusinessjournal.com/publication/how-leaders-can-communicate-to-build-trust/
Cherry, K. (2016). What is transformational leadership? About.com. Retrieved March 4, 2016 from http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/a/transformational.htm
Magloff, L. (2016). Organizational motivation theories. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved March 4, 2016 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/organizational-motivation-theories-4961.html
Wengrzyn, R. (2016). Group norms influence us. Study.com. Retrieved March 4, 2016 from http://study.com/academy/lesson/how-types-of-group-norms-influence-individual-behavior.html
Leadership Approach Analysis
Description and Analysis of Style and Situational Approaches to Leadership
Style Approach to Leadership
This is the approach which focuses on the leader's behavior in terms of what he/she does and how they actually do it, viewed as what is important. Behaviors are classified as those which are related to the task at hand as well as those which are seen in the leader's relationship with the other staff members. The first classification relates to how the objective of the firm is achieved and how the leader aids the team to achieve this objective. The classification on relationships is about the leader being able to influence the team to feel settled in their roles, in their work with their colleagues and in their pursuit of the firm's objectives. Therefore, style approach looks at how the leader conducts himself/herself in terms of tasks and relationships in order to…
Northouse, P. G. (2007). Leadership: theory and practice (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Roberts, F. (2016, January 16). Situational Approach to Leadership. Retrieved from Fred Roberts: https://sites.google.com/a/stgregoryschool.org/mr-roberts/home/theoretical-and-applied-leadership/situational-leadership
Scholl, R. W. (2003). What is Leadership? Retrieved from University of Rhode Island: http://www.uri.edu/research/lrc/scholl/webnotes/Leadership.htm
Virkus, S. (2009). Leadership Models. Retrieved from Tallinn University: http://www.tlu.ee/~sirvir/IKM/Leadership%20Models/trait_approach.html
For a business or an organisation to be successful, there is a need for well trained and effective executives / leaders. An organization without proper leadership will find it very difficult to achieve sustainable success. Leaders help in drafting and disseminating information about new visions or directions and providing staff with the right motivation to boost productivity in this age of intense competition. Therefore, it is necessary for companies to continuously train their leaders so as to ensure that their skills are up-to-date and that their organisations are being led in the right direction (Gitlow, 2004). Based on these observations, this paper seeks to explore the finer issues of leadership through insights of an interview with an acknowledged leader, who trained to be a leader through experience and diligence he gained in different occupations throughout his career.
Throughout his life he has experienced various things that have…
Dmock, V., & McGree, K. (1995). Leading Change From The Classroom: Teachers As Leaders. Retrieved from http://www.sedl.org/change/issues/issues44.html
Gitlow, A. (2004). Being the Boss: The Importance of Leadership and Power. Beard Books.
Kadalie, D. (2006). Leader's resource kit: Tools and techniques to develop your leadership. Nairobi: Evangel Publishing House.
Sanders. (1967). Natural and Spiritual Leadership. Spiritual Leadership, 35-42.
Leadership and the ole of Sex and Gender
Previous studies have revealed that gender roles and gender may both be predictors of the emergence of leadership. This paper will examine the impact of the above variables, using role congruity and expectation states theories. With respect to gender, males will most likely emerge as the leaders in case of gender-neutral and masculine tasks, while females more likely dominate the domain of feminine tasks. The process may be explained in terms of performance expectations the society has for females and males with regard to specific tasks. In the gender role context, androgynous and masculine personalities will most probably come forward in the leadership role across a range of tasks. This arises out of congruence between androgynous and masculine gender roles, as well as the stereotypical example of the leadership role. It appears that (in western societies, at least), model leaders remain stereotyped…
Catalyst, (2016). Women CEOs of the S&P 500. New York. Retrieved from http://www.catalyst.org/knowledge/women-ceos-sp-500 on 19 May 2016
Dawson, M., Burrell, D. N., & Rahim, E. (2010). Deep Dive into Understanding the Theory of Military Organization, Military Leadership, Skill Transfer, Aspects of Program Management, and Decision Support Systems. International Handbook of Academic Research and Teaching, 33.
KENT, R. & MOSS, S.E. (1994). EFFECTS OF SEX AND GENDER ROLE ON LEADER EMERGENCE. Academy of Management Journal, 37(5), 1335-1346.
Laurence, J. H. (2011). Military Leadership and the Complexity of Combat and Culture. Military Psychology, 23, 489-501. doi:10.1080/08995605.2011.600143
Leadership and Change
Leadership is defined as the ability of an individual to influence and guide his or her followers. Therefore, the leader is required to make sound decisions, create and articulate a clear vision, establish goals that are achievable, and provide the followers with the necessary knowledge and tools for them to achieve goals. There are different leadership styles that leaders follow or adhere to. The most common of them being the command and control leadership style. While it might be the most common leadership style in use today, that does not mean that it is the most effective style of leadership. This kind of leadership style has its roots in the military. In the command and control leadership style, the leader is always in command and they are also in control of the employees. According to Smith et al. (2016) the command and control leadership style is authoritative…