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The presenter will maintain a checklist during the course of the presentation and will identify each topic as it has been completed. This will allow the presenter to make sure that all the necessary topics are covered in time and there is room to perform the activities. The presenter will also distribute feedback forms to the participants. They will be required to complete these feedback forms at the end of the presentation and deposit them with the presenter or at a designated desk before leaving. The information on the forms will enable the presenter to assess whether the goals of the presentation have been met. The feedback forms will also have space where the participant may enter an email address so that the presenter may contact them to learn how they are progressing with the implementation of the ideas shared during the presentation.
Intermediate division teachers can create effective…
Blanchard, K. (n.a.). The Seven Dynamics of Change. Inside Management, pp. 81-84.
Bressell, N.C. (n.a.). The Classroom of the 1990s and the New Millennium. Accessed on 26 May 2012 from http://www.icponline.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=110&Itemid=50
Fouts, J.T. And Myers, R.E. (1992). Classroom Enviornments and Middle School Students' Views of Science. Journal of Education Research, July/August 1992, pp. 103-110.
Ontario. (2005). Education for All.
Gokhale, a. (1995). Collaborative Learning Enhancing Critical Thinking. Journal of Technology Education, 7, 22 -- 31.
In the article titled, Collaborative Learning Enhances Critical Thinking, the authors are seeking to understand the true effect that technology will have on what is known as collaborative learning. This is where students will work together to increase the overall amounts of comprehension of the subject matter. In this article, researchers wanted to know if learning was more effective in those environments, where there was more of an emphasis on individual learning. To determine which methods was most effective, researchers would survey 48 students using the individual method and then having the student learn collectively. The results of the study were that both methods were effective, in helping to increase the amounts of learning comprehension. However, when collaborative learning is used, students were more prepared for a variety of situations that they could face…
Edmonton Catholic Schools. (2010). Retrieved June 20, 2010 from ECSD website: http://www.ecsd.net/programs/alternative_education.html
Edmonton Catholic Schools. (2004). Retrieved June 22, 2010 from Microsoft website: http://www.microsoft.com/canada/casestudies/edmonton_catholic_schools.mspx
Smart Technologies. (2006). Interactive White Boards and Learning. Canada, Author. http://www2.smarttech.com/NR/rdonlyres/2C729F6E-0A8D-42B8-9B32-F90BE0A746D8/0/Int_Whiteboard_Research_Whitepaper_Update.pdf
What is Qualitative Research. (2009). Retrieved June 14, 2010 from Market Research World website: http://www.marketresearchworld.net/index.php?Itemid=64&id=10&option=com_content&task=view
In other words, those who are interested in being (or becoming) transformational leaders must focus on successful integration into the environment in such a way as to contribute to a strategy that is successful. Transforming an organization takes time, as well, and with a school there is a great deal of work to be done. One of the best ways to start that transformation is to use a SWOT analysis to see the real issues that have to be addressed in strategic planning (Bass & Avolio, 1994). That can make a strong foundation that can be used for creating a business plan. With a SWOT analysis, a leader can focus on the issues that have to be corrected for the business to succeed. Until a leader is interested in working in a transformational manner, though, determining the issues will not be enough to get the problems corrected (Bass & Avolio,…
Bass, B.M. & Avolio, B.J. (Eds.). (1994). Improving organizational effectiveness through transformational leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Harrison, J.P. (2010). Essentials of strategic planning in healthcare. Chapters 5 & 7. Chicago: Health Administration Press.
Kotlyar, I. & Karakowsky, L. (2006). Leading conflict? Linkages between leader behaviors and group conflict. Small Group Research, 37(4): 377-403
Mintzberg, H. (2005). Strategy safari: A guided tour through the wilds of strategic management. Chapters 10-11. New York, NY: Free Press.
Learning environment and students' behavior
The issue of behavior and environment has been a topic of discussion for a longtime and behaviorists have over time tried to give explanations that tend to kill the argument of nature vs. nurture. It has been fronted by behaviorist or behavior scientists that the genes only predispose the human being to some behavior, but it is the environment that supports the behavior to manifest. This indicates that the genes are not as important as previously thought. If the gene predisposes an individual to some behavior but the environment does not support the behavior then it will not manifest hence genes are not important here, but the environment is (Mutual esponsibility, 2014).
This above argument is hence the center of this discussion as we seek to see the evidential link between the behavior of students at a school and how this behavior within…
Montessori Education (UK) Ltd., (2012). The Outdoor Environment. Retrieved April 10, 2014 from http://www.montessorieducationuk.org/?q=eyfs/enabling-environments/learning-environment/outdoor-environment
Mutual Responsibility, (2014). 3 Ways The Environment Shapes Human Behavior. Retrieved April 10, 2014 from http://www.mutualresponsibility.org/science/3-ways-the-environment-shapes-human-behavior
Weimer M, (2011). 10 Benefits of Getting Students to Participate in Classroom Discussions. Retrieved April 10, 2014 from http://www.facultyfocus.com/articles/teaching-and-learning/10-benefits-of-getting-students-to-participate-in-classroom-discussions/
learning environment requires a consistent and fair approrach to those learning. However, the exact relationship between learning and classroom leadership has not yet been defined. However, Drs. Brown (university of Saskatchewan) and Posner (Santa Clara University) investigate how the templates of learning and leadership interact and are related. Using a quantitative approach with learning tactics inventory and leadership practices inventory, they note that with a sample of 312 individuals the more active and versailte learners and both engaged in robust leadership behaviors and respond to leadership techniques. When one looks at the changes in contemporary culture (e.g. adult learning, life-long learning, change of career, educational budgets), this becomes even more imporant.
Ironically, in a speech John F. Kennedy was prepared to give on that fatefully Dallas day in 1963, he noted, "leadership and learning are indispensable to each other." s the goals of education are more articulated in vision and…
And Leadership," Leadership and Organizational Development. May, 2001: 274-80.
To some, learning is a cognitive function -- a physical and biological function of dealing successfully with environmental stimuli. Piaget, for one, believed that it was organization and adaption that separated the human individual from other animals because humans could remember and learn - and hypothesize the future. Organization as Piaget saw it said that humans are designed to organize their observations and experiences into coherent sets of meanings. Adaptation is the tendency to adjust to the environment - a process by which we create matches between our original observations and new ones that might not seem logical at first, but provide new solutions to unique problems.
But there are other ways of looking at the broad picture of education outside the cognitive norm. Once we have a basic understanding of how learning occurs, we must then turn to the subject of why learning occurs. Richard Rodriguez, in The Achievement of Desire, takes the view that more formalized education (e.g. outside Vygotsky's environmental zone into a more artificial sense of cognition). For Rodriguez, "A primary reason for my success in the classroom was that I couldn't forget that schooling was changing me and separating me from the life I enjoyed before becoming a student" Therein lies the conundrum for Rodriguez; on one hand, it is absolutely necessary for an individual to move forward with their life and education, and particularly so, he says, for minority
This would allow my students to be properly engaged during the time of issuing instructions. The instruction time is also to be maximized while disciplinary cases minimized in order to help in the achievement of academic success.
I will research, evaluate and implement effective instructional strategies in the classroom settings that can help in providing the students with a rich as well as appropriate environment that is appropriate for learning.
I will implement the esponse to Intervention model. In order to analyze as well as use the available student data in the implementation of effective instructions / Interventions.
I will teach on how technology can be utilized in English lessons in order to motivate the students as well as apply the diverse learning styles.
How I will achieve my objectives
I will achieve my objective by sticking to a very strict lesson plans as well as the application of the…
Benjamin, a. (2002). Differentiated Instruction, a Guide for Middle and High School Teachers. Larchmont, NY: Eye on Education.
Ellis, E., Gable, R.A., Gregg, M., Rock, M.L. (2008). REACH: A framework for differentiating classroom instruction. Preventing School Failure, 52(2), 31-47
Glanz, C (2004). The Challenge of Local Language Writers in Uganda
The Case of Two Luganda Authors. in: African Media Cultures.
Managing Supportive Learning Environments
Mode of Enrolment: ONC (Toowoomba) or WEB (Highlight one).
A central message from this advancement is that successful behaviour change requires identification of the events that predict and maintain problem behaviours. Historically, the problem behaviours have been seen as inherent in the child, behaviours which must be controlled and managed. The idea of support proactively focuses on prevention and educating students in different, more appropriate forms of behaviour. The challenge is to teach that poor behaviour goes beyond breaking rules and getting caught -- that it deprives others of their right to feel safe and respected, and to learn without distractions (ogers, 2007). In practice, behaviour support involves "interventions that consider the contexts within which the behaviour occurs . . . that address the functionality of the problem behaviour . . . that can be justified by the outcomes . . . [and] that are acceptable…
Charles, C. (2002). Linda Albert's cooperative discipline. In Building classroom discipline (7th ed., pp. 67-84). Boston, MASS: Allyn and Bacon.
Goodenow, C. (1992). Issues in the creation and coordination of an academic computing help desk. American Educational Research Association: Paper presented at the AERA annual meeting, San Francisco, CA. Retrieved from http://eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED349364.pdf
Horner, R., & Sugai, G. (2005). School-wide positive behavior support. [Web Slideshow]. Retrieved from http://ea.niusileadscape.org/docs/FINAL_PRODUCTS/LearningCarousel/SchoolWidePBS08 .pdf
Jones, V., & Jones, L. (2007). Comprehensive classroom management: creating communities of support and solving problems (8th ed., pp. 73-119). Boston, MA: Pearson Allyn and Bacon.
These authors purport:
Intentional living-learning (LL) communities that expand upon the Oxford and Cambridge models of residential living are higher education's attempt to respond to the student and societal need for a quality and seamless education. These learning communities are not a response to one problem in higher education; they are a response to myriad concerns and fundamental issues identified by a number of national higher education reports. & #8230;Learning communities respond, in part, to the mismatched expectations of students and faculty, as well as to the inadequate amount of intellectual interaction between faculty and students and between students and students (Pasque & Murphy, ¶ 2).
Learning communities may or may not directly or indirectly enhance academic achievement, according to Pasque and Murphy (2005). The authors found from their study, albeit, that for specific students, learning communities did directly relate to academic achievement, even though not significantly.
Eric Daffron and…
Brower, a.M. (2007). Continuing Trends and Long-Term Effects of Living Learning
Participation. Living Learning Programs Conference. National Study of Living Learning
Programs (NSLLP). Oct 15-17, 2007. St. Louis, MO. Retrieved October 27, 2009 from http://www.livelearnstudy.net/images/2007_ACUHOILLC_CLOSING_Plenary.pdf
Daffron, E. & Holland, C.J. (2009). Honors living-learning communities: A model of success and collaboration. Honors in Practice. National Collegiate Honors Council.
Principals must be aware that teachers at times are and may feel isolated; that they need to know what teachers are regularly doing in their classrooms. Teachers and principals both need to be regularly sustained with quality conversation of a personal and/or professional nature (Burmeister & Hensley, 2004). This study reminded the researcher of the value of building positive relationships with classified staff and providing support for them.
Principles need to make a point to communicate with others daily. It proves valuable, the researcher learned, to enlist "office staff, yard monitors / security, maintenance/facilities people, and bus drivers as allies" (Burmeister & Hensley, 2004 ¶ 11). Learning from others in their areas of expertise helps the principle, instead of putting out fires, plan for prevention of problems.
Being the school team's facilitator, cheerleader, communicator, and caretaker of hope, presenting possibilities to overcome barriers also reduces isolation. During the process, others…
Burmeister, LaVern & Hensley, Phyllis. (2004). it's all about relationships: isolation has become part of the organizational culture of schools. But by building solid relationships based on trust, administrators can substantially reduce or eliminate the isolation they experience.
Leadership. Association of California School Administrators. Retrieved March 31, 2009
from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-123675759.html . Florida educational leadership standards understanding and implementing Florida's new principal leadership standards. (2005). Florida Department of Education. Retrieved March 31, 2009 from http://22.214.171.124/custom?q=cache:0jXkGKj9C1cJ:www.fldoe.org/board/meetings/2
05_01_18/PrincipalStandards.pdf+principal+leadership+standards&cd=1&hl=en&ct=cl &gl=us&client=google-coop-np Interstate school leaders licensure consortium standards for school leaders.(1996). Council of Chief State School Officers State Education Assessment Center. Retrieved March 31,
Supportive Vocabulary Learning Environment
As society becomes more socially complex and competitive, an expansive vocabulary takes on greater importance. For children and adults alike, some benefits of an improved vocabulary include the ability to effectively communicate and express oneself, ease of adaptability through more sophisticated social skills, and greater overall success in school or workplace endeavors. One of the most well-known facts about language is that young children, particularly toddlers, absorb and incorporate new words and meanings into their vocabulary at an amazingly rapid rate . However, educators need to take advantage of their position by encouraging ongoing vocabulary improvement at all skill levels by fostering a supportive learning environment. However, studies show that classic methods for vocabulary instruction such as traditional reading-based contextual learning or quizzing based on memorization of new vocabulary lists are not highly efficient or effective . Fortunately, the technologies of today offer may options to…
Harris, R. (2010, 10-14). Some Ideas for Motivating Students. Retrieved 11-20, 2010, from VirtualSalt.com: http://www.virtualsalt.com/motivate.htm
Jaffe-Gill, E., Kemp, G., & Robinson, L. (2010, 11). How to Improve Your Memory. Retrieved 11-20, 2010, from Helpguide.org: http://helpguide.org/life/improving_memory.htm
Kail, R.V., & Cavanaugh, J.C. (2008). Human Development: A Life-Span View. Cengage Learning.
Manzo, K.K. (2009). Studies Support Benefits of Educational TV for Reading. Retrieved 11-20, 2010, from www.education.com: http://www.education.com/reference/article/studies-support-benefits-educational-tv/
Concerns Relating to Challenging Students
The classroom environment comprises different kinds of students from various backgrounds and with differing academic potential and performance. However, students’ behaviors and academic performance are impacted by various factors including poverty, divorce, and dysfunctional family. Actually, these factors enhance a student’s potential for school difficulties though they do not assure it. Nonetheless, teachers need to understand that these factors do not behaviorally or academically impact some students while others are significantly affected by them. This understanding implies that teachers need to change their beliefs that these home situations or factors contribute to a student’s school difficulties. Through this, teachers enhance their interventions and efforts towards creating a safe learning environment for all students to thrive academically.
The difference in the impact of home situations on a student’s behavior and academic performance is attributable to the student’s understanding of these situations. According to the findings of…
Project ACHIEVE. (2011, October). Integrating the School Prevention, Review, and Intervention Team (SPRINT) and Response-to-Instruction/Intervention (RtI2) Process: A Model Implementation Guidebook for Schools and Districts. Retrieved September 19, 2017, from http://www.projectachieve.info/assets/files/pdfs/RtI%20Model%20Guidebook%20Project%20ACH%20Final%20101511.pdf
Science Daily. (2013, May 8). Why Family Conflict Affects Some Children More Than Others. Science News. Retrieved September 19, 2017, from https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/05/130508092835.htm
College life is one of the most memorable experiences in one’s life. When one joins college, she/she begins to enjoy the various academic activities vibrant environment and the company of friends. Besides nurturing adolescents, all these activities combine to prepare one for adulthood. However, from a closer look, while in college, students experience various challenges in their everyday life. The challenges cover the whole idea of a vibrant and exciting college life, contributing to stress. Watson (2012) defines stress as the tension that an individual experiences over a certain duration, which affects all aspects of a person’s life. If not handled properly, stress can escalate and interfere with a student’s social well-being, emotional health, and academic performance.
Sources of Stress
High levels of stress can interfere with a student’s ability to memorize, learn and obtain good grades. Besides these academic impacts, stress can equally affect a student’s emotional, physical and…
Collins, K. M., Onwuegbuzie, A. J., & Jiao, Q. G. (2010). Toward a broader understanding of stress and coping: Mixed methods approach. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Pub.
Heiselt, A., & Hughey, A. (2014). College Student Affairs Journal, Volume 32, Issue 1. Charlotte: Information Age Publishing.
Seaward, B. L. (2017). Managing Stress: Principles and strategies for health and well-being. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Watson, J. C. (April 01, 2012). Managing College Stress: The Role of College Counselors. Journal of College Counseling, 15, 1, 3-4.
Leadership in Action
My Thinking about Professional Development
Talking about professional development has enabled me to rethink my definition of personal development by looking at it from a different angle. Reflecting back on my internship program, I have realized that my thinking of professional development has been transformed as occasioned by the different variables in the workplace. It continues to change as it encounters intense and competitive learning strategies that employees apply in real life situations. I have realized that professional development is dynamic because of the employers’ need to evaluate the knowledge and skills that employees have. In the end, employees are constantly being judged by looking at their capabilities in the changing and competitive work environment. The reasoning arises from the fact that the movement experienced in the workplace resonates to changing the position of the goalpost every season. Such encounters could be related to new technology, legislation,…
Palmer, P. J. (2008). On the edge. Journal of Staff Development, 29(2), 12-16.
Servage, L. (2009). Who is the “professional” in a professional learning community? Canadian Journal of Education, 32(1), 149-171.
Specific teaching strategies are then presented in this article as addressed to each deterrence factor group. As an example, for the groups that suffer from low self-confidence, one strategy might be to make sure, early in the program, that each student knows that his or her own goals are reachable. Make sure they are provided with goals that will be within their reach.
Then the author discusses five real cases of successful adult retention programs, and concludes that it takes total commitment on the part of everyone involved in the program to make it work.
Why is This Information Important?
Education of disadvantaged adults increases their literacy to make them employable. It also increases their self-confidence and capability to become a positive contributor to society.
Kerka, S. (1988). Strategies for retaining adult students: The educationally disadvantaged. ERIC digest no. 76. (ED299455). Retrieved July 23, 2009, from ericdigests.org: http://www.ericdigests.org/pre-929/adult.htm.
Kerka, S. (1988). Strategies for retaining adult students: The educationally disadvantaged. ERIC digest no. 76. (ED299455). Retrieved July 23, 2009, from ericdigests.org: http://www.ericdigests.org/pre-929/adult.htm .
Technology Learning Environ
New technology has become an integral part of the learning environment, and not just an adjunct to it. This article demonstrates the limitations of using technology in the educational profession. First, technology depends on human input and guidance in order to be properly and relevantly developed. Second, technology must be fully integrated with the learning environment; it can't and shouldn't float on top of it. Rather, technology needs to be as mundane as books in order to be an effective media. Third, technology is not limited to the use of computers and their peripherals. Rather, technology gives rise to a multitude of varied media formats that can be used to stimulated enthusiastic learning and critical thinking.
The development of new technologies for the educational sector should ascribe to the ultimate philosophical goals of learning. Educational professionals and engineers should collaborate on the end-user needs, and the technologies…
learning and teaching has drastically changed all over the world, in general, and in America, in particular. This is because of the sudden increase of information technology. Of late, both the teachers and learners, all over the world, have come to the realization that the old technologies cannot compete with the latest technological developments when it comes down to the practice of teaching and the process of learning. Therefore, the old technologies are being quickly replaced by the new multimedia technologies. It is important to note here that multimedia and its ever-increasing technological products have become very popular tools of both teaching and learning. This is because it allows the learners to pace their training in line with their capacity to learn; it allows the learners to gain control over the process of learning; and it allows the learning process to be individualized. The transformation of the methodology and approach…
Sorel Reisman. Multimedia Computing: Preparing for the 21st Century. Harrisburg:IDEA Group Publishing. 1994.
Shousan Wang. Multimedia and Some of Its Technical Issues. International Journal of Instructional Media. Volume: 27. Issue: 3. 2000.
Patricia Deubel. An Investigation of Behaviorist and Cognitive Approaches to Instructional Multimedia Design. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia. Volume: 12. Issue: 1. 2003.
Teaching in an Adult Learning En Vironment
This study will set out thoughts on teaching class in an adult learning environment. Included will be influential variables including classrooms, teachers, and students. The adult learning environment involves a great diversity of individuals from various backgrounds, racial groups and ethnicity as well as being differentiated by their life experience in terms of career background and academic achievement background. The adult learning environment is likely to have individuals whose first language is other than English and these individuals are in various stages of mastering the English language. In addition, the learning environment will be characterized by individuals whose ages are in a wide range from individuals in their early twenties to individuals who are senior citizens as more baby-boomers will stay in the workforce far past retirement age. Added to this the adult learning environment will be inclusive of individuals who are technology…
Article Critique Worksheet
1. Correctly reference the article using current APA format.
Schutt, M., Allen, B.S. & Laumakis, M.A. (2009). The Effects of Instructor Immediacy Behaviors in Online Learning Environments. The Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 10(2), 135-148.
2. What is the purpose of the study? In the present study, the authors sought to assess and evaluate the perception of participants in relation to the social presence as well as immediacy of the instructor and how immediacy relates to social presence in online educational settings.
3. List the hypotheses; then, underline and label the corresponding independent/dependent variables or predictor/criterion variables. Are there any covariates? If so, name them.
Several hypotheses were analyzed by the authors in the context of the highlighted educational settings. The hypotheses have been stated below:
Hypothesis 1i: Participants who view the high-immediacy sessions will indicate higher perception of instructor immediacy than the participants who view the…
Technology and the Learner-Centered Learning Environment
One of the primary goals of teachers and educators is ensuring that student learning is successful. The educational system within the United States is constantly being evaluated and re-evaluated to determine what technologies and programs are best suited to enhance student achievement. In modern times technology has become synonymous with progress, change, and advancement and learning. It has become a staple in the lives of every day citizens, in classrooms and in corporations.
Technology can impact the classroom in positive ways by helping educators and teachers in creating a team oriented learning community where participants are encouraged to explore the world by capitalizing on their own unique skills, abilities and interests. Technology can also help educators and teachers assess student's learning capability, learning style and knowledge frame of reference, all critical elements of a learner-centered classroom environment. The ways that technology facilitates the learner-centered…
Brown, D.M. (2003). "Learner-Centered conditions that ensure students' success in learning." Education, 124(1):99
Burns, M. (2002). "From compliance to commitment: Technology as a catalyst for communities of learning." Phi Delta Kappan, 84(4):295
Dare, D.E. (2001). Learner Centered instructional practices supporting the new vocationalism. New Directions in Community Colleges, 115. 81-91.
Duderstadt, J.J. (1999). "New roles for the 21st century university." Issues in Science and Technology, 16(2): 37
Nurse Educator and Good Learning Environments
Effective learning can only take place under conditions that are convenient for both the student and the teacher. It is imperative to note however, that the effective learning environment can only be created with the collective contribution of both the teacher or instructors and the students. Each faculty must have guidelines that are geared towards creating an environment that enables the learners to get to understand their lessons and avoid situations where the instructional and learning time is wasted for both the instructors and the learners. An effective environment in the instruction halls and classes can be created by the instructors first so that the time allocated to learning and instruction is maximized.
The instructors can create an effective learning environment trough having a proper curriculum planning which will enable the teachers to dwell on the relevant material for the class and at the…
American Association of University Professors, (2015). Sexual Harassment: Suggested Policy and Procedures for Handling Complaints. Retrieved November 9, 2015 from http://www.aaup.org/report/sexual-harassment-suggested-policy-and-procedures-handling-complaints
Gerber C.A., (2008). Seven Strategies for Building Positive Classrooms. Retrieved November 9, 2015 from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/sept08/vol66/num01/Seven-Strategies-for-Building-Positive-Classrooms.aspx
Transitioning and Student Wellbeing
Integration, Wellbeing, and Success of Transitioning of Students Background
Migration is a common phenomenon for many families around the globe. When a family moves, children often face the challenges of adapting to the behavior, culture, and requirements of the new school (Heinlein & Shinn, 2000). Significant evidence shows that the effects of moving affect students and teachers moving to a new school more than it does for the receiving students and teachers. However, those affected by changes in the learning environment are more resilient and can adapt easily to the new environment than their parents and teachers. The influence of mobility on the performance of the students has been an area of focus with a history that dates back to the beginning of World War II.
Significant evidence shows conflicting results on the effect mobility have on the performance of students, with some postulating it reduces…
Franke, T.M., & Hartman, C. (2003). Student mobility: how some children get left behind. The Journal of Negro Education, 72(1), 1-5.
Gruman, DH, Harachi, T.W., Abbott, R.D., Catalano, R.F., & Fleming, C.B. (2008). Longitudinal effects of student mobility on three dimensions of elementary school engagement. Child Development, 79(6), 1833-1852
Hattie, J. (2009) Making learning visible: A Synthesis of Over 800 Meta-analyses Relating to Achievement. London: Routledge
Heinlein, L.M., & Shinn, M. (2000). School mobility and student achievement in an urban setting. Psychology in the Schools, 37(4), 349-357.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate academic achievement of special education students enrolled in Challenger Middle school's inclusion program and the fidelity measured by student progress in CST/CMA scores in reading/language arts and mathematics and the relationship and efficacy of behavioral support. The evaluation of Challenger Middle school's inclusion program will serve as criteria to determine if any adjustments needed in relation to providing adequate and equitable service for special education students in compliance with the federal mandates and regulations of NCLB & IDEA.
There will be three research questions for this study. The research questions are:
What is the success rate of the special education program of Challenger Middle school students in grades seven on the academic proficiency in writing as measured by California's CST/CMA scores?
What is the impact of the special education program designed for Challenger Middle school students in grades six, seven,…
Employ for Successful Distance Learning
In some ways, distance learning and learning in the traditional classroom rely upon the same basic academic skills and study habits. A quality educator, strong classroom materials, and the background education necessary to understand new materials all contribute to student success. However, the distance learning environment offers unique opportunities and challenges for students. Distance learning removes some of the obstacles to the traditional classroom by allowing students to attend classes when they have the time available, increasing learner flexibility. They also provide students with the opportunity to review material as it is being taught, without delaying other learners in the classroom. However, distance learning also injects four primary challenges for the student: planning, time management, communication and technology use. Fortunately, with proper planning, a student can ensure that these challenges, which have the potential of derailing a distance-learning student, can actually become advantages.
Walden University. (n.d.). Technical tips for learning at Walden. Walden e-Guide. Retrieved Walden University. (n.d.). 10 tips for being a successful online learner. Walden e-Guide.
"In a developmentally appropriate classroom, the teacher's role is that of facilitator and enabler," (Crosser). The physical and spatial design of the classroom directly reflects this core philosophy of placing students at the center of their learning environment. However, the learning environment must be a diverse, modular, and highly interactive space that encourages change and flexibility. Teachers are cast in a role of "facilitator and enabler," as well as supervisor to ensure safety and comfort. The design of the classroom and its learning centers is important for study because of the need to strategize, organize, and plan the way the environment looks and feels for both students and the teacher.
This paper addresses four learning centers that are ideal for a classroom composed of four-year-olds. These learning centers will encompass the gamut of needs of preschoolers. Creative enterprises, play, and social interactions are key components of the preschool…
Crosser, S. (2008). . The Butterfly Garden: Developmentally Appropriate Practice Defined. Early Childhood News. Retrieved online: http://www.earlychildhoodnews.com/earlychildhood/article_view.aspx?ArticleID=115
Kostelnik, Marjorie J., Soderman, Anne K., Whiren, Alice P., Contributor, John Q (2012). Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum: Best Practices in Early Childhood Education  (VitalSource Bookshelf), Retrieved from http://online.vitalsource.com/books/9780558706111/id/ch05fig02
The ability to learn is one of man's most important talents, and, in order for one to improve this capacity, the respective person needs to focus on enriching his personal experience through any means available. Similarly, the respective person has to acknowledge that learning should be something that one longs for, regardless of the fact that many individuals tend to end their education after they finish high school. Learning should not be considered as being something exclusively connected to education, as people can gain important information from a series of environments other than educational institutes. Teachers are mainly responsible for the way that learners amass information, thus meaning that they have to develop methods of having students learn individually and on account of their personal values. Moreover, students need to be influenced in seeing learning as something positive and as something that they should gladly take on. In…
Learning Platforms -- K-12 and Beyond
A Comparison of Learning Platforms that Focus on the K-12 and Higher Education Learning Environments
Many of the educational initiatives in recent years have focused on improving the delivery of services by incorporating learning platforms that focus on the K-12 and higher education learning environments, such as WebCT or Blackboard. To determine how these learning platforms are being used today and for what learners, this paper will provide an overview of the features of learning management systems (LMS) that have assumed increasing importance for a wide range of corporate and government-sponsored learning environments. A comparison and evaluation of these platforms and their applicability to the different learning environments is followed by a summary of the research in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Background and Overview. In their book, Handbook of Distance Education Technology, Anderson and Moore (2003) suggest that it just makes good sense…
Anderson, W.G., & Moore, M.G. (2003). Handbook of distance education. Mahwah, NJ:
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Carlivati, P.A. (2002). E-learning evolves. ABA Banking Journal, 94(6), 49.
Granger, D., & Bowman, M. (2003). Constructing knowledge at a distance: The learner in context. In W.G. Anderson & M.G. Moore (Eds.). Handbook of distance education.
Due primarily to the growing trend of globalization, education has now become paramount to the overall success of society. International competition for both jobs and prominent positions poses both threats and benefits. For one, international competition encourages innovations which ultimately increases the overall quality of life for society. Innovations such as the internet have given rise to many unique and attractive markets. However, in order to take full advantage of the opportunities globalization and business presents, society must properly educate itself. Through education, civilization can fill the needed jobs required to utilize growing fields of innovation. The underlying principles within education have now been altered. New techniques are required to retain more information. Alternatively methods must be simple enough that students can utilize it in an effective manner within their respective careers. Many theories have been developed in regards to learning theories. These theories primarily consist of behavior, cognitive,…
Judgment, however, should be suspended long enough to try to determine why someone does something a certain way. If this can be determined, it is another lesson worth having. This is true of the student that is just learning about business, and true of the established businessperson.
Unlike that student learner, the businessperson that has already been working in the world for a while will be much harder to teach. Once someone has gotten used to doing something a particular way, it becomes more difficult to change that person's behavior. However, those that lead others in business, such as human resource personnel, can take many of the suggestions in Vaill's book and use them to show others in their company how they can change only small things and still be more self-directed learners.
As they become more self-directed, their desire for knowledge will rise and they will begin to try…
Vaill, Peter B. (1996). Learning as a way of being: strategies for survival in a world of permanent white water. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Given the capriciousness of the human condition with respect to continuing redefinitions of personal and professional success, human resource managers are faced with some difficult choices in formulating recommendations for best practices. Therefore, the learning journal would undergo a series of draft versions that would be used to solicit feedback from experts in the field who could point out flaws and areas that required additional research or support to be valid and trustworthy. The solicitation of feedback process would follow the guidance provided by Neuman (2003) who recommends having a manuscript reviewed by knowledgeable individuals who possess the requisite credentials to provide informed feedback. This feedback would be carefully reviewed and the collaborative process would result in changes and additions where they were deemed necessary and appropriate.
Outcomes and New Learning
Some of the overriding themes that emerged from the learning episodes outlined above was that the more researchers…
American Psychological Association. (2002). Publication manual of the American Psychological
Association (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Cheverton, J. 2007. 'Holding our own: Value and performance in nonprofit organizations.'
Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 427-428.
') (Tingstrom et al., 226) in correspondence with the example provided by the researchers responsible for this evaluation, it may be deduced that such method of positive reinforcement implementation is best suited to a younger educational context such as grammar school. It may only be considered appropriate to attach the positive consequences of individual efforts with the capabilities of an entire class in settings where future prospects such as class rank and college admissions have not yet entered into the discourse over performance motivators.
Tingstrom et al. also identify the independent group-oriented contingencies, which "involve consequences, and criteria for all group members, but access to reinforcement for each group member is based on each member's performance (e.g., 'whoever makes a 90% or higher on the end chapter math test will be able to pick a prize from the treasure chest.' (Tingstrom et al., 226) in many ways, this has proved…
Bunderson, C.V. (1990). Computers in Educational Assessment: An Opportunity to Restructure Educational Practice. Educational Resource and Information Center.
Eisner, E. (1997). The Promise and Perils of Alternative Forms of Data Representation. Educational Researcher, Vol. 26, No. 6, p. 4-10.
Emerson, J. (1989). Review: Dead PoetsSociety. Jeems Cinepad. Online at http://cinepad.com/reviews/deadpoets.htm.
Florio-Ruane, Suzanne; Marianne George & Taffy E. Rapheal. (2004). Book Club Plus: Organizing Your Literacy Curriculum to Bring Students to High Levels of Literacy. Australian Journal of Language and Literacy, Vol. 27.
Learning Styles and Learning Practices
In general, psychological theorists and educators acknowledge that learning occurs quite differently in different individuals. Some people learn best by observing, whereas others learn best by listening, and still others learn best by participating or experiencing something more tangible in connection with the subject matter (Akkoyunlu, & Soylu, 2008). There are numerous theories about how people learn, and one of the most commonly used is Kolb's Learning Style Inventory (LSI), that categorizes learning according to the following broad distinctions: Concrete Experience or considering things substantially the way they are presented; Abstract Conceptualization or considering things as ideas and theories that represent or incorporate what is represented; Active Experimentation or forming conclusions based on what is represented and conducting experiments to confirm those conclusions; and eflective Observation or determining…
Akkoyunlu, B., & Soylu, M.Y. (2008). A Study of Student's Perceptions in a Blended
Learning Environment Based on Different Learning Styles. Educational Technology & Society, 11 (1), 183-193.
Chickering, A.W. & Gamson, Z.F. (1991). Applying the Seven Principles for Good
Practice in Undergraduate Education. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 47.
Another way of combining these two approaches is by having the students involved in the process of what is learned and how. Each learner brings something different to the classroom, so will want to take away something different as well. The teacher and student can work together to set goals of what is to be achieved. Similarly, the students need continual feedback, so they know how they are accomplishing these goals. Lastly, since all students do learn differently, the classroom environment has to be a place for sharing new ideas. Students can learn considerably by seeing how their peers perceive the same drawing, or science experiment or historical event. They gain both knowledge and acquire new learning about their own abilities and that of others in the room. More importantly, this gives each child a similar opportunity to express him or herself and build self-esteem, regardless of the students' varying…
Within each of these are discriminatory and generalized patterns of learning; and can be incorporated into learning models.
My own learning style is a combination of listening (learning from others) and then doing. It depends on the material; for any tactile operation, I find it easier to understand by touching and manipulating than simply reading in a manual how to perform the task. I believe I make clear use of discrimination in learning; responding to different stimuli with different responses. When the learning task is more scholarly in nature, I tend to combine visual and aural methods with kinesthetic and write down, or outline material.
Burton, N. (March 15, 2012). Hide and Seek: Understanding Self-Deception, Self-Sabotage
nd More. Psychology Today. Retrieved from:
Burton's article is a combination of the psychodynamic and behavioral models of psychological investigation. The major point of the article is that humans are not always rational,…
And More. Psychology Today. Retrieved from:
Burton's article is a combination of the psychodynamic and behavioral models of psychological investigation. The major point of the article is that humans are not always rational, but are rationalizing. For instance, the trauma of 9/11, even for those not directly affected, caused a number of people to commit suicide. Moreover, if someone is the victim of beatings as a child, they tend to repress those memories, internalize some of the actions, and possibly have problems forming attachments. This, according to Dr. Burton, is the mind's way of defending and coping with stress. It becomes part of the unconscious, but often resurfaces in odd forms. The healthy individual can get on a path to deal with these issues; talk through them, analyze, and find coping mechanisms.
Learning and Development Solutions What Factors Would You Take Into Consideration
The environment is one of the factors that enhance the learning process and offering solutions among learners. The environment refers to any physical and psychological presence, which constitutes a surrounding during the time of learning. In every learning endeavor, it is often important to consider the effects that the environment has on the learning that is taking place, the achievement of the learning objectives, and the nature of the solutions derived from the learning process. The environment influences the learner at the process of learning and deriving solutions to problems at hand. The influence of the environment could be either positive or negative. This factor should be considered since it is intrinsic at the point of learning. The environment also includes the physical and natural existence at the process of learning. As such, the learning environment should be…
Armstrong, S., & Fukami, C. V, 2009, The SAGE handbook of management learning, education and development. London, SAGE.
Park, C. C, 2007, Asian-American education: acculturation, literacy development, and learning. Charlotte, N.C., IAP.
If teachers fail to design connected scaffolds than the class will develop only limited capabilities. He explains that this can be done by choosing only those scaffolding tools which have similar structures, assignment objectives, and interactive styles (Tabak, 2004). Hence when considering the scaffolds for developing skills of weak students, I will make sure that the scaffolds are complementing not only the main learning objective but also one another.
Biehler, S.M. (2010). Psychology Applied to Teaching: 12th edition. Wadsworth Publishing.
Bilal, D. (2002). Perspectives on children's navigation of the World Wide Web: Does the type of search task make a difference? Online Information eview, 26(2), 108-127.
Cho, K. & Jonassen, DH (2002). The effects of argumentation scaffolds on argumentation and problem solving. Educational Technological esearch and Development, 50(3), 5-22.
Hogan, K., & Pressley, M. (1997). Scaffolding student learning: Instructional approaches & issues. Cambridge, M.A.: Brookline Books, Inc.
Biehler, S.M. (2010). Psychology Applied to Teaching: 12th edition. Wadsworth Publishing.
Bilal, D. (2002). Perspectives on children's navigation of the World Wide Web: Does the type of search task make a difference? Online Information Review, 26(2), 108-127.
Cho, K. & Jonassen, DH (2002). The effects of argumentation scaffolds on argumentation and problem solving. Educational Technological Research and Development, 50(3), 5-22.
Hogan, K., & Pressley, M. (1997). Scaffolding student learning: Instructional approaches & issues. Cambridge, M.A.: Brookline Books, Inc.
Naturally, visual learners do not enjoy reading books as auditory learners would, as written information is mostly processed in the mind's ears rather than by visualizing the text. Finally, a Kinesthetic or Tactile learner will predominantly learn information through touch and movement. In other words, kinesthetic learners would enjoy hands on laboratory session more than a routine class lecture. They also like to simulate events to understand them better. [Marcia L. Conner, pg 47]
Advantages of Knowing the Learning Style
Now that we have seen the domination of different modalities resulting in different learning styles among students, it is pertinent to understand the implications of such differences in context of their academic performance. Several studies have attested to that fact that only 20% of students learn through their auditory modality while 80% are either visual or kinesthetic. [Donna Walker, pg 16] However, in stark contrast, most of higher education is…
1) Marcia L. Conner, (2004) 'Learn More Now: 10 Simple steps to Learning Better, Smarter and Faster',
2) Richard M. Felder, (2005), 'Understanding Student Differences', Journal of Engineering education, 94(1) 57-72, available online at, http://www4.ncsu.edu/unity/lockers/users/f/felder/public/Papers/Understanding_Differences.pdf
3) Donna Walker Tileston, (2005) 10 Best Teaching Practices: How Brain research, Learning Styles and Standards Define Teaching Competences', Published by Corwin Press.
4) Steve Garnett, (2005), 'Using Brainpower in the Classroom: Five steps to accelerate Learning', Published by Routledge
In conjunction with these perspectives on how to create a highly effective online learning platform that aligns to the specific needs of students, there is a corresponding area of research that concentrates on teaching resiliency in the teaching process. The work of Dr. Carol Dweck of Stanford University underscores the need for leading students to continually challenge themselves to grow and have a very strong growth mindset vs. A limited on. She draws on an empirically-derived research study that shows the greater the growth mindset of even the most talented and gifted mindset, the greater the long-term performance gains they make in life (Dweck, 2006). Her book, Mindset, challenges both students and teachers to create a culture of continual focus on excellence and continual striving to improve, never taking a closed or limited mindset to improvement. It is an inspirational book and shows that there is hope for continual improvement…
Ahlfeldt, S., Mehta, S., & Sellnow, T. (2005). Measurement and analysis of student engagement in university classes where varying levels of PBL methods of instruction are in use. Higher Education Research & Development, 24(1), 5-20.
Basile, a. & D'Aquila, J.M. (2002). An experimental analysis of computer-mediated instruction and student attitudes in a Principles of Financial Accounting course. Journal of Education for Business, 77(3), 137.
Beard, L.A. (2002). Students perceptions of online vs. campus instruction. Education, 122(4), 658.
Dutton, j. d.; Dutton, m.; Perry, j. (2002). How do Online Students Differ from Lecture Students? JALN. Vol. 6, no. 1, July.
The theory of Honey and Mumford, describes the styles and learning strategies. It incorporates much of the theory of Kolb's learning cycle, making it more intelligible.
It is important to discuss these strategies with students. (Marsick and atkins, p132-51) hile this allows the teacher to become aware of the need to vary their teaching because they do not exist in universal, it also allows learners to realize that everyone learns differently.
So its dominant learning strategies can influence its working methods and student personnel can then optimize them. It may also become more self-confidence. Honey and Mumford (1986) take away from Kolb (1984) the idea of an experiential learning model in four stages they call: experience, the return on experience, drawing conclusions and planning. (aring and Evans, p117-28)
According to them, each phase has specific behaviors and attitudes and is important to successfully complete the learning process itself.…
Lam, Y.L. Defining the effects of transformation leadership on organization learning: a cross-cultural comparison: School Leadership & Management, 2002, pp 439-52.
Marquardt, M. Action learning in action: Transforming problems and people for world- class organizational learning. Palo Alto, CA: Davies-Black Publishing, 1999, pp45-49.
Marsick, V.J., and Watkins, KE. Demonstrating the value of an organization's learning culture: The Dimensions of Learning Organizations Questionnaire, Advances in Developing Human Resources, 2003 5, pp132-151.
Evans, C. And Graff, M. "Exploring style: enhancing the capacity to learn?," Education & Training, Vol. 50, 2008, pp. 93-102.
On the same note, if my workplace involves physical labor, I won't quite be able to cope as well as some others. I would rather sit down with some coworkers and work out what needs to be done than run around and figure it out as I go along.
Theses assessments of my personal strengths and weaknesses beggars the question: How can I use this test to make me a better manager? The answer is obvious, work on my weaknesses. As a manager I will have to understand and work well with my coworkers, and in that department I am certainly competent. However in order to be a completely competent manager I'll have to learn to be physical, and more able to visualize plans and ideas.
The answer to becoming more physical is an obvious one: learn to work with my hands. On the workplace I'll have to be able…
Functionalism is now a widely criticized social theory and the large percentage of this criticism is directed against its inability to explain social change. Emile Durkheim and other functionalists were of the view that society works as a whole and each part of this whole contributes towards keeping the entire system as it is. hey felt that each part of society such as the media, family, government and schools work in such a manner as to keep the society in its present shape. Kuper and Kuper have defined functionalism as a "doctrine which asserts that the principal task of sociology and social anthropology is to examine the contribution which social items make to the social and cultural life of human collectivities; it may additionally assert that to examine social phenomena in this way is to explain why those items occur at all, and/or why they have persisted." his is…
The democratic theory of education needs to be effectively implemented in our learning system because it addresses the grievances of all classes in a society. The theory doesn't represent any particular class and thus gives a chance of equal representation to everyone.
1) Amy Gutmann. Democratic Education. Princeton University Press. Princeton, NJ. 1999
The last few decades have seen the healthcare environment change from one that was dictated by physicians to one that is dictated more by big business and government entities. That is particularly problematic, because that puts healthcare into the hands of people who are not really focused on helping people, and are, instead, focused on the financial aspects of ensuring that people get care. While healthcare should be about taking care of people who are ailing, injured, or sick, it becomes who has the most money or the best insurance provider. There are a number of segments to the healthcare environment, as well, and they all play roles in the mission that involves caring for the health and well-being of the greater society. Among these segments is the pharmaceutical industry, which has provided medicines for more than 100 years so that people with disease and health conditions could…
Galloway, S.J., (2009). Simulation techniques to bridge the gap between novice and competent healthcare professionals. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 14(2), manuscript 3. doi:10.3912/OJIN.Vol14No02Man03
Hagler, D., & Wilson, R. (2013). Designing nursing staff competency assessment using simulation. Journal of Radiology Nursing, 32(4), 165-169. doi:10.1016/j.jradnu.2013.10.001
Iacono, M. (2013). The culture of accountability. Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing, 28(2), 107-109. doi:10.1016/j.jopan.2013.01.002
Muller, L. (2013). Integrity and accountability the omnibus final rule: Part 1. Professional Case Management, 18(4), 204-207. doi:10.1097/NCM.0b013e3182950694
In fact it has been proposed that the positive impact observed of PBL on motivation may come from these academically talented individuals rather than the intervention itself (Hwang & Kim, 2006). GPAs and demographic characteristics were not found to be correlated to PBL (Ceconi et al., 2008).
White et al. (2004) found in a study regarding that PBL was not shown to be superior to other learning styles in assisting students to acquire or retain knowledge regarding asthma management. This finding is consistent with the majority of research that has not found greater knowledge acquisition or retention amongst PBL students vs. traditional teaching methods (Albanese, 2000; Beers, 2005; Rogal & Snider, 2008). However, it is not that PBL produces inferior results, most studies have found that there are no significant differences between PBL students and those from traditional curricula on standardized knowledge tests (Beachey, 2007). Beers (2005) points out that…
Many studies have shown that PBL students experience greater motivation toward learning than their traditional counterparts (Hwang & Kim, 2006; Beachey, 2007, Rogal & Snider, 2008). Further PBL has been associated with greater satisfaction in the learning process by physicians than its traditional counterpart (Beachey, 2007; Op't Holt, 2000; Rogal & Snider, 2008). Evaluations of PBL programs have found that not only do students take pleasure in the process, they also believe that they have the capacity to out perform their peers from traditional curricula in clinical settings (Op't Holt, 2005; Kaufman & Mann, 1996). Studies have shown that the teaching method has little bearing on the learning of academically talented students (Hwang & Kim, 2006; Distlehorst, Dawson, Robbs, & Barrows, 2005; Op't Hoyt, 2005). In fact it has been proposed that the positive impact observed of PBL on motivation may come from these academically talented individuals rather than the intervention itself (Hwang & Kim, 2006). GPAs and demographic characteristics were not found to be correlated to PBL (Ceconi et al., 2008).
White et al. (2004) found in a study regarding that PBL was not shown to be superior to other learning styles in assisting students to acquire or retain knowledge regarding asthma management. This finding is consistent with the majority of research that has not found greater knowledge acquisition or retention amongst PBL students vs. traditional teaching methods (Albanese, 2000; Beers, 2005; Rogal & Snider, 2008). However, it is not that PBL produces inferior results, most studies have found that there are no significant differences between PBL students and those from traditional curricula on standardized knowledge tests (Beachey, 2007). Beers (2005) points out that one would expect significant improvement in clinical knowledge and performance in order to advocate for the use of PBL in the classroom due to the extensive resources that are required to utilize PBL curricula.
One would expect that PBL students would be at a significant advantage over their traditional peers due to the clinical application in the classroom (Colliver, 2000). Some
Evolution of RTI and Its Purpose
The response to intervention (RTI) initiative is a multi-tiered program that is designed to facilitate the early identification of students with special educational and behavioral needs (What is RTI?, 2016). The purpose of the RTI initiative is two-fold, with the first being the provision of high-quality educational services and the second being the screening of all young learners in general education classrooms (What is RTI?, 2016). The evolution of the RTI initiative was based on early experiences with differentiated instruction as an alternative to conventional practices. In this regard, Fisher and Frey (2010) report that, "In many schools, instruction and time are constant -- they do not vary on a student-by-student basis. RTI was designed as a way to encourage teachers to vary instruction and time to create a constant level of learning" (2010, p. 15). The RTI program also includes the key assumption…
learn how the law works by memorizing a set of rules or theorems. A misconception lies in the commonly asked question, "What is the law?" -- since it presupposes that it's all laid out somewhere on great stone tablets. The truth is that the answer often is, "It depends." As you'll soon discover the legal system basically is a method of applying abstract rules or social policy to concrete situations. To comprehend its workings, you have to get involved in the process -- it's a little like learning to swim in that you've got to jump in and splash around a bit. It's not an unpleasant sensation, but it may seem little strange until you get used to it and learn to keep your head above water. You'll discover it's a bit like peeling an onion in that as you strip away one layer of complexity you find another one…
Carter, L.H. (1979) Reason in Law.
New York: Little Brown & Co.
Dershowitz, A.M. (2002) Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age.
New York: Little Brown & Co.
Learn, and Gladly ould He Teach -- Teaching Values to Students in the Classroom Today
This quotation from The Canterbury Tales in many ways presents the image of the ideal teacher. (Chaucer, 1981, 17) According to the classical ideal, a teacher teaches his or her students, and learns from his or her students as well as a part of the learning process. However, the ideal role of the contemporary teacher in a public school setting, particularly in the lower grades, has become especially murky in regards to values education. Individuals such as the former Secretary of Education and conservative educator illiam Bennett have suggested in texts such as his The Book of Virtues, that a true education is impossible without children becoming instilled with a society's core set of values. Bennett alleges, in contrast to educators such as Robert Banks' stress upon "Multicultural Education in the New Century," that core…
Banks. (2001). "Multicultural Education in the New Century." Featured Article from Kaleidoscope. Tenth Edition. Accessible on the Web at http://college.hmco.com/education/ryan_cooper/kaleidoscope/10e/students/articles.html
Bennett, William. (1993). The Book of Virtues. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Chaucer, Geoffrey. (1981). The Canterbury Tales. New York: Bantam Books.
Hirch, E.D. (2001). "Seeking Breadth and Depth in the Curriculum." Featured Article from Kaleidoscope. Tenth Edition. Accessible on the Web at http://college.hmco.com/education/ryan_cooper/kaleidoscope/10e/students/articles.html
The natural environment provides students with a calm and quiet place to unwind from the noises of the classroom. It nurtures and supports animal-life all year round. This is critical for areas where commercial and residential development is reducing most natural areas. Wildlife especially needs help during the cold and snowy months. Students can also see how it benefits the environment. It also helps connect students to the world of nature. Increasingly, because children are spending more and more times indoors, they are losing touch with nature.
Humans, because they spent their first 14,000 years in nature, have a special bond with the outdoor world. When they are taken away from this environment, through cities, lack of parks, no outdoor play, there can be psychological affects. When taking time to enjoy nature, children will feel better about themselves and the world at large.
We are also going to put a…
Besecker, I. (June 11, 2000). Greensoboro News and Record. Insanity of Testing Mania.
Bredderman, T. (1985). Laboratory programs for elementary school science: A meta- analysis of effects on learning. Science Education, 69(4), 577-591.
Carpenter, R. (1963). A Reading Method and an Activity Method in Elementary Science Instruction. Science Education, April.
Hake, R. (1992). Socratic Pedagogy in the Introductory Physics Laboratory. The Physics Teacher 30(9), 546-552
Community Colleges in America
In 1983 and 1984, a dozen major reports on the United States' schools were published. All stressed the need for "excellence" in education. These reports are the subject of: Excellence in Education: Perspectives on Policy and Practice. The reports pertaining to higher education were published by The BusinessHigher Education Forum, and saw higher education as "unable to train skilled managers and technicians that they believed industry needed." (Altbach 32) These reports essentially claim that student achievement has declined at technical schools because schools "do not demand enough of their students, do not apply stiff criteria for promotion, do not test students enough, and particularly in high school, provide students with too many choices about what subjects they study." (Altbach 32) These reports are somewhat dated in that they compare American students with Japanese students and focus on technical proficiency vs. The intuitive grasp of problems and…
Altbach, Philip G., Gail P. Kelly, and Lois Weis, eds. Excellence in Education: Perspectives on Policy and Practice. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1985.
Baker, George A., Judy Dudziak, and Peggy Tyler, eds. A Handbook on the Community College in America: Its History, Mission, and Management. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.
Diaz, David P., and Ryan B. Cartnal. "Students' Learning Styles in Two Classes Online Distance Learning and Equivalent On-Campus." College Teaching 47.4 (1999): 130-135.
Miller, Richard I., Charles Finley, and Candace Shedd Vancko. Evaluating, Improving, and Judging Faculty Performance in Two-Year Colleges. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey, 2000.
Learning to ork Together," presents a number of positive and helpful ideas and policies for use in an academic setting. This paper references two of those aspects from Chapter 6.
Starting a Team: Getting a team started is one very important part of this chapter. The first task a team faces is to build relationships -- with each other and with the manager (6-3). hen first chosen to participate in a team, members need a bit of time to get over their uneasiness. Not knowing exactly what is expected of them, and learning what behaviors are acceptable and what behaviors are not is part of the tension mixed with excitement for new team members. In that initial dynamic, "storming" takes place, and it is a crucial stage because there can be frustration and anxiety experienced by team members. But the frustration cannot allow a team in the education milieu to…
Chapter 6 "Learning to Work Together." (2003).
Explain in detail how you will address each of the needs identified in part 2 include changes necessary for environment, engagement, application, and tools. Make sure to include a list of technology resources currently available and those that must be purchased.
State Goals and Objectives with Local Strategies and Measures
Environment The changes necessary for the environment involve going from one based on the physical environment to one that is predicated on a cloud-based environment. In this regard, the change is mostly one of architecture. Virtually all applications and requisite software the students and instructors will use will be accessed through the cloud.
Engagement The means of engagement will be the Bring Your Own Device phenomenon, in which students utilize their own mobile devices for the purpose of working in the classroom. Those without such devices will be provided the most accessible ones (a smart phone) via the…
Learning that is imparted through an educational institution or training company within the workplace setting in known as Work-based learning (WL). WL is administered by an external teacher in professional capacity and supervised by an employee of the company where WL is imparted. An exhaustive literature review indicates that it was only after Moser report's shocking revelations, regarding lack of literacy, language, and numeracy skills in one out every five adults in ritain that U.K took expedited policy actions to introduce WL. WL is relevant for all adult and young learners and more pertinent for instruction of English as a second language (ESL). Since medium of interaction and business transactions in U.K is English, instruction of ESL is essential for empowering vast percentage of population that does not have requisite skills to compete in labor market due to lack of language skills. Increased use of computers and multimedia in teaching…
Anderson, RC & Freebody, P 1981. 'Vocabulary knowledge'. In J.T. Guthrie (Ed.),
Beck, IL, McKeown, MG & Kucan, L 2002. 'Bringing words to life: Robust vocabulary instruction'. New York: Guilford.
Becker, HJ 2000. 'Pedagogical motivations for student computer use that lead to student engagement'. Educational Technology, Vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 5-17. Viewed on 6 Mar 2013, [http://www.crito.uci.edu/tlc/findings/spec_rpt_pedagogical/ped_mot_pdf.pdf]
Brown, HD 2001. 'Teaching by principles: An interactive approach to language pedagogy'. (2nd ed.). White Plains, NY: Longman.
Learning Organization is defined as an organization with an ingrained philosophy for anticipating, reacting and responding to change, complexity and uncertainty. It is an organization where you cannot not learned because learning is interwoven into the fabric of the day-to-day business. The concept of the Learning Organization is increasingly relevant given the increasing difficulty and uncertainty of the global business environment. Unfortunately, the Learning Organization has been a long time in coming, and by most accounts it has not yet arrived. The concept of a learning organization is a paradigm shift from the way business has traditionally been done.
One of the characteristics of a learning organization is that it moves beyond simple employee training to more of an environment that stresses problem solving, innovation, and learning. Organizations that embody the traits of such an environment consist of five areas, or disciplines, that make a learning organization what it is.…
Beller, J. (n.d). The Importance of Shifting to Learning Organizations. Retrieved January 20,2005, from the World Wide Web site: http://126.96.36.199/search/cache?p=%22five+disciplines+of+a+learning+organization%22& ei=UTF-8& fl=0& u=www.justinbeller.com/samples/the_importance_of_shifting_to_learning_organizations.pdf& w=%22five+disciplines+of+a+learning+organization%22& d=BCBF846FF1& icp=1& .international=us
Larsen, K. (1996). Learning Organizations. Retrieved January 21,2005, from the World Wide Web site: http://home.nycap.rr.com/klarsen/learnorg/index.html#tea
Nathans, H. (2000). Double Loop Learning (C. Argyris). Retrieved January 20,2005, from Hannah Nathans and Enneagram Web site:http://188.8.131.52/search?q=cache:vD2jeJuRGosJ:www.iac.wur.nl/iaclo/htmlarea/docs/msp/DoubleLoopLearning.doc+%22concept+of+double-loop+learning+%22& hl=en
Santos, A. (n.d). Peter M. Senge, "The Leader's New Work: Building Learning Organizations," in Sloan Management Review (Fall 1990), pp. 7-23. Retrieved January 21,2005, from Aldo Santos Web site: http://home.nycap.rr.com/klarsen/learnorg/senge2.html
Educators as far back as Aristotle have attempted to determine the most optimal approach to teaching and learning. Any theory of learning must take a constellation of factors into consideration. Evidence-based research on the different components of learning theory, effective instruction, and learning environments abound, yet the one commonality is that individual differences are pivotal to the success of any approach. Additionally, even if perfect learning environments could be created, learning must be applicable to the world outside of the classroom. Indeed, that it its ultimate purpose. In this paper, this author will explore the characteristics of the backwards mapping, or designing for understanding, Common Core State Standards, both of which are integrative frameworks that promote efficient learning and effective teaching.
Learning Theory and Its Importance
A primary consideration of learning theorists is how to effectively address individual differences. Consider that from the 18th century and earlier, learning…
Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Annuals Rev. Psychology, 51(2), 1-26. Retrieved from http://moodle2.cs.huji.ac.il/nu14/pluginfile.php/179670/mod_resource/content/1/Bandura_2001.pdf
Brown, D. (2014). Opening classroom doors to collaborative learning. The Education Digest, 79(7), 19-22. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1506936575?accountid=12085
Fine, L., & Myers, J.W. (2004). Understanding students with Asperger's syndrome. Phi Delta Kappa Fastbacks, (520), 3-39. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/203654515?accountid=12085
Griswold, D.E., Barnhill, G.P., Brenda, S.M., Hagiwara, T., & Simpson, R.L. (2002). Asperger syndrome and academic achievement. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 17(2), 94. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/205061045?accountid=12085
Security is also a major concern in K-12 education, and WebCT's in-program email service will no doubt assuage many parental and administrative fears regarding the privacy of educational information (eed 2006). The reliability of the software itself and the company behind it are also necessary considerations; as both are now owned by the dame company (Blackboard), both WebCT and Blackboard are likely to have solid support for years to come (Jaschik 2005).
Boyd, M. (2000). "Blackboard vs. WebCT atings." University of Texas. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://www.utexas.edu/academic/blackboard/about/atut/ratings.html#decide
Jaschik, S. (2005). "Blackboard vs..." Inside higher ed. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2005/10/17/blackboard
eed, J. (2006). "Blackboard vs. WebCT." Cuyamaca College. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://cis2.cuyamaca.net/jreed//ed214/notes/CMS/CMScomparison.asp
Boyd, M. (2000). "Blackboard vs. WebCT Ratings." University of Texas. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://www.utexas.edu/academic/blackboard/about/atut/ratings.html#decide
Jaschik, S. (2005). "Blackboard vs..." Inside higher ed. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2005/10/17/blackboard
Reed, J. (2006). "Blackboard vs. WebCT." Cuyamaca College. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://cis2.cuyamaca.net/jreed//ed214/notes/CMS/CMScomparison.asp
"Morris goes to School" by B. Wiseman.
Your name, whole group, 5th grade, all, 09/03/2012.
Objectives for Lesson
The students will engage in reading and writing activities with reflection and understanding.
The students will be motivated to connect the story to their own particular cultural/ethnic / routine experiences
The students will be encouraged to generate situations and to apply to new circumstances using the story as their base
The students will be encouraged to imagine a recipient of their story and to direct the writing of their story to this recipient.
CSO's or SOLs (WV New Generation Content Standards and Objectives)
Engage in reading of the text with understanding and motivation
Apply the story to their own circumstance be able to find launch pads from the story with which they can craft their own informative and meaningful tale.
Participate in collaborative conversation with partners and…
A child can learn that pressing a button on remote changes a channel on a television set. The experiment used two set of participants where one set learnt from a machine while the others learnt from a human participant. It was evident that the use of a ghost machine yielded better results compared to the use of a participant (Nairne, 2011).
The method used to learn how observational learning influences children will be the use of questionnaires. Short questionnaires will be sent to twenty baby care centers to evaluate the observational learning skills possessed by the caregivers. The questionnaires will be filled by the participants using three main methods. Centers that are a long distance from researcher's location will be provided with the questionnaires through emails. Centers where the care giver is busy will be called when convenient and the questionnaire filled through a telephone conversation. Centers that are…
Mishra, B.K. (2008). Psychology; the study of human behavior. New Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Nairne, J.S. (2011). Psychology. Australia: Thompson/Wadsworth.
According to the University of Canberra's Academic Skills Centre (2008), learning is a highly complex process that "takes place at different levels of consciousness, and in different ways, in everything we do. Moreover, individual people learn in different ways and have their preferred learning styles." One of the keys to improving student learning is to understand the different types of learning styles and apply that knowledge to study habits and practices. Study skills are themselves behaviors that need to be learned like any other. Using a combination of disciplinary techniques and cognitive shifts, students can improve their capacity for learning. This will, in turn, help boost grades and test scores. However, learning in an academic context is about more than earning grades. Learning should ultimately enhance one's view of the world and increase tolerance of diversity.
The theory of multiple intelligences has formed the theoretical foundation for the study…
Armstrong, T. (2010). Multiple intelligences. Retrieved online: http://www.thomasarmstrong.com/multiple_intelligences.php
Dartmouth College Academic Skills Center (2011). Managing your time. Retrieved online: http://www.dartmouth.edu/~acskills/success/time.html
Gardner, H. (2006). Multiple Intelligences: New Horizons. Perseus.
Langer, J.A. (1986). Learning through writing: Study skills in the content areas. Journal of Reading. Feb 1986.
(3) According to the Multiple Intelligences Survey, I have quite a bit of intrapersonal and interpersonal intellegence and a moderate amount of musical and kinesthetic intelligence. This makes sense because I enjoy analyzing people and situations; and, I decided to leave my old job because I was bored sitting still behind a desk and not talking to anyone for most of the day.
As I was enjoying the surveys so much, also I took Kolb's Learning Styles Inventory and discovered that my learning style consists of doing and feeling or what Kolb would abbreviate as "CE/AE." When these findings are placed on the two-by-two grid by Kolb, my learning style is accommodating. An accommodating learning style is often times referred to as a "hands-on" style and one that relies upon intuition over logic. In fact, these findings also did not surprise me because I have to do something at least…
Codde, PhD, J.R. (2006). Using Learning Contracts in the College Classroom. Michigan State University.
Also, by creating school-centered products for older children, it can lessen the criticism that it is imposing technology upon the young, impressionable minds of preschoolers.
Available action alternatives
LeapFrog could continue to stress its core model, or 'razor and blades' approach. However, given that other educational and toy companies are capitalizing upon the LeapFrog platform model, LeapFrog cannot afford to ignore the fact that this market will eventually shrink, even if LeapFrog remains the industry standard. However, the Obama Administration is expanding the focus of the nation on standards-based education. Thus, shifting LeapFrog's focus to its K-high school Leap Start initiative, ESL programming, and other devices that make teaching standards-based education easier for teachers in crowded and cash-strapped classrooms would seem to be the ideal way to ensure that LeapFrog has a comprehensive market approach that covered all potential 'bases' for the company, regardless of the market environment. Furthermore, even…
Bennett, Haynie, McKelvie, Tarallo, Torrens, Wiklund. (2009). Strategic and entrepreneurial management. McGraw-Hill Primis Custom Publishing.
SWOT or TOWS analysis. (2010). Quick MBA. Retrieved February 3, 2010 at http://www.mba-tutorials.com/strategy/96-SWOT-or-tows-analysis-tows-matrix.html
Learning Power-Myth of Educational Empowerment
Education and empowerment
Education is important and essential for everyone be it formal, informal or even public education. It therefore means that everyone is entitled to education. Education is an entry point to many opportunities and it forms an integral part in the preparation for as well as the legitimization of forms of social life in particular. Education is not only purposed to "achievement" that is measured through standardized tests and assessments.
There are other important purposes of education one of them being empowerment. Empowerment is a process through which an individual's assumptions are challenged about how things can be done and are done. Empowerment challenges ones basic assumption on power, achievement, helping and succeeding in life. At the centre of the empowerment concept is the idea of power. For empowerment to take place there are two things to be considered; first requires that power…
Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, (1996). Finding Common Ground in an Era of Fragile Support. Retrieved February 27, 2013 from http://www.ascd.org/publications/newsletters/policy-priorities/dec96/num07/toc.aspx
The Odysseus Group.(2003). Dumping us Down-Reviews. Retrieved February 27, 2013 from http://www.johntaylorgatto.com/bookstore/dumbdnlapp.htm
During the course of a child's school years they will learn to define themselves as a person and shape their personality, sense of self-concept and perception of their potential for achievement for life (Persaud, 2000). Thus the early educational years may be considered one of the most impacting and important with regard to emotional, social and cognitive development for students of all disabilities. Labeling is a common by-product of educational institutions, one that has been hotly debated with regard to its benefits and consequences by educators and administrators over time. There are proponents of labeling and those that suggest that labeling may be damaging to students in some manner.
Students who are labeled at the elementary and middle school level as learning disabled may face greater difficulties achieving their true potential in part due to a decreased sense of self-esteem, self-concept and personal achievement (Persaud, 2000). The intent…
Beilke, J.R. & Yssel, N. (Sept., 1999). "The chilly climate for students with disabilites in higher education." College Student Journal, Retrieved October 19, 2004 from LookSmart. Available: http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles.mi_m0FCR/is_3_33/ai_62839444/pg_3
Clark, M. (1997). "Teacher response to learning disability: A test of attributional principles." The Journals of Learning Disabilities, 30 (1), 69-79. Retrieved Oct 4, 2004 from LDOnline. Available:
Clark, M. And Artiles, A. (2000). "A cross-national study of teachers' attributional patterns." The Journal of Special Education, 32(2), 77-99.