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This learning experience will allow the participant the chance to gauge the accuracy of this traditional method and understand what each component includes and ensures.
Observation of a Committee Meeting: For this portion of the assignment, I will be observing a committee meeting via web cast discussing the accuracy of the new technologies to the Center for Disease Control. The purpose of this observation is two fold. First, to learn about the new technologies for the purposes of the second learning experience and secondly, to understand the research that has already been accomplished in this area and what attempts have succeeded or failed.
Learning Experience #2: The second learning experience will involve comparing the current technology results at the time of labor with those from an earlier swab. For this learning experience, technology will need to be acquired from the companies developing the technology. The lab work will be saved…
Colbourn T, Asseburg C, Bojke L, Philips Z, Claxton K, Gilbert R (2007). Prenatal screening and treatment to prevent group B. streptococcal and other bacterial infections in early infance: cost-effectiveness and expected value of information analysis. Health Technology Assessment, 11(29).
Montague N, Cleary T, Martinez O, Procop G (2008). Detection of Group B. Streptococci in Lim Broth by Use of Group B. Streptococcus Peptide Nucleic Acid Fluorescent in Situ Hybridization and Selective and Nonselective Agars. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 46(10): 3470-72.
Redfern, Crystal J. MT & Sautter, Robert L. PhD, HCLD (2009). Near-Patient Testing for Group B. Streptococci Screening. The Journal of Near-Patient Testing & Technology, 8(1): 25-28.
However, flexibility towards approaching the patent-child relationship may be necessary. The teacher must, having conditioned him or herself to assume authority without question, try a different learning technique, having met with an obstacle. Essentially, the teacher must look towards other methods of reinforcement for both the parent and child, to bring the pair back into his or her sphere of authority. One possible method is to try other ways to reinforce the child's behavior. Rather than relying upon the parent to provide discipline, the teacher can use other, positive methods of reinforcement to encourage the child to obey in class. For example, the teacher can recruit the other students to encourage the child to attend school and do work, stating that if everyone attends class all week, or does all of the assigned homework, the class will get a pizza party or a trip to the zoo.
The teacher can…
Classical Conditioning." September 15, 1996. Retrieved 21 Oct 2006 at http://www.as.wvu.edu/~sbb/comm221/chapters/pavlov.htm
Huitt, W., & Hummel, J. (1997). An introduction to operant (instrumental) conditioning
Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved 21 Oct 2006 from http://chiron.valdosta.edu/whuitt/col/behsys/operant.html
Katz, M. "Preventing and Resolving Parent-Teacher Differences." Kid Source. Retrieved 21 Oct 2006 at http://www.kidsource.com/kidsource/content3/parent.teacher.3.html
Mr. West also mentioned that the former quality assurance director was the wife of the facility's chief of staff, a fact that may have accounted for the oversight; however, the chief of staff was not disciplined in this matter as was still serving in this position. In fact, Mr. West informed me that the former QA director's falsified credentials were only discovered by accident while performing an unrelated personnel action. In response to this incident, Mr. West emphasized that all applicants had their credentials thoroughly checked and verified before they were allowed to proceed to the interview phase.
Insights gained into the leadership behaviors or style of the individual you accompanied as a result of your observations and interactions
In some organizations, the human resources service has unjustly earned a reputation for being uncaring and cold-blooded about the people who work there. Nothing could have been further from the truth…
Bekemeier, B. (2007, September). Credentialing for public health nurses: Personally valued ...
but not well recognized. Public Health Nursing. 24(5), 439-448.
Singh, M.D. & Sochan, a. (2010, March). Voices of internationally educated nurses: policy recommendations for credentialing. International Nursing Review, 57(1), 56.
When there is a conflict between any employees within the organization, the employees can go to H for advice on how to proceed, either through company-based mediation or to seek other legal channels of redress if necessary. H staff must be well-versed in the laws pertaining to employee conduct as well as the psychology of how persons interact daily in a hospital environment.
Another important component of H leveraging its influence to improve recruitment and retention is providing counseling and support for nurses as they cope with the inevitable symptoms of nursing burnout. "Since the mid-1980s, however, nurses' work stress may be escalating due to the increasing use of technology, continuing rises in health care costs, and turbulence within the work environment" (Jennings 2008). Offering counseling to nurses, enabling them to balance their shifts with life demands, and attempting to instate fair and equitable compensation and leave policies are all…
Jennings, Bonnie M. (2008). Work stress and burnout among nurses. From Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
Maxwell, M. (2004). Recruitment realities. Medscape, 22(4). Retrieved:
Tzeng, H., & Yin, C. (2009). Historical trends in human resource issues of hospital nursing in the past generation. Nursing Economics, 27(1), 19-25.
learning experience related to end of life care surrounded two particular issues: communication with the patient and family members and the concept of caregiver grief. This internal grief fits well with the communication issue because communication with the client and family are external, while caregiver grief is internal. The focal point of the assignment, however, is to examine the way in which I applied these learning issues to my practice, nursing a patient with Alzheimer's disease at the end of life and then analyzing my own communication skills when interacting with the patient and family members. Reflection is defined as a process of reviewing an experience of practice in order to describe, analyse and evaluate to inform externally and develop internally regarding a practice, theory, or set of events (Reid 1993).
Significantly, end of life issues are often critical incidents for health care professionals and often cause a person to…
Caregivers, as we have seen, are well aware that the person to whom they are giving care is often in a terminal stage of illness. Most have accepted this mentally, long before any end-stage of life issues occur (Waldrop 2007). However, despite accepting the nature of the terminal nature of the illness menatlly, there is still a psychological shock when the caregiver is confronted with traumatic grief. Despite this trauma, most caregivers perceive that they are coping fairly well- under the circumstances (Grace 2010). There does seem, however, to be a significant correlation between the quality of information and support services extended to the carefiver prior to and after the demise of the patient, and the caregiver's ability to process the grief and move on with their own lives (Hudson 2006).
Family Situation- Mary was well-known to the Distric Nursing Team due to having long-term ulcers. The daughters were both unable to meet me during my first visit, and upon the first visit, patient was found sitting in her chair alone, with a note to remind her to eat and drink. This was certainly important and beside pain issues, it is common to find dementia patients with problems keeping hydrated and their blood sugar up (Alzheimer's Society 2012). Dementia patients, in fact, have not only diminished pain cognition, but their hunger and thirst senses are diminished, often resulting in more serious issues when combined with their advanced age and other health concerns (National Council for Pallative Care 2012).
Based on Mary's chart notes, it appeared that Mary was sad and depressed, not the normal cherry and chatty individual noted. Attempts at communication were unsuccessful, but there was a sense patient was trying to make herself
Learning Experiences: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Online vs. In-Class Instruction
After having had several courses that were entirely delivered online and the majority being delivered in traditional in-class environments, the relative strengths and weaknesses of each approach to instruction emerge. Comparing and contrasting each approach to instruction is based on an evaluation of the advantages and disadvantages of each approach to teaching. One of the most interesting courses combined in-class and online learning, which further added to greater insights into the more complex concepts and theoretical foundations of the course. After having completed courses delivered in all three forms (online, in-class and hybrid) it is apparent that the online courses excel where individual repetition of complex concepts is critical to learning a complex subject. This was specifically the case with the math and statistical analysis courses taught in hybrid format. The purely online courses were best used for learning fundamental…
Akladios, Magdy, Gino Lim, and Parsaei, Hamid R, PhD., P.E. "Comparing the Effectiveness and Students Learning in an Introductory Engineering Economy Course Offered Online vs. in-Class Format." IIE Annual Conference.Proceedings (2010): 1-5.
Bates, Constance, and Maida Watson. "Re-Learning Teaching Techniques to be Effective in Hybrid and Online Courses." Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge 13.1 (2008): 38-44.
Hansen, David E. "Knowledge Transfer in Online Learning Environments." Journal of Marketing Education 30.2 (2008): 93.
Hsieh, Sheng-Wen, Nian-Shing Chen, and Kinshuk. "Using Mathematical Model and Empirical Study to Compare the Face-to-Face Interaction between the Physical and Cyber Environments." Journal of Information & Optimization Sciences 30.3 (2009): 525.
Students can be asked to research and bring in newspaper articles pertaining to their country of origin and hang them on a class bulletin board. This reinforces the idea that reading can help students better understand the world around them. Students can be asked to give formal and informal presentations about cultural differences and practices relevant to their home country. Involving parents is a critical part of learning, and asking parents to come in to give brief talks about unfamiliar holidays and foods from their nation of origin establishes a connection between the classroom and the home environment. It increases the comfort of the parent coming to the school to talk with the teacher, even if English is not the parent's first language.
Regarding students coming from different educational systems abroad, the teacher must understand the perspective of the child: not all educational systems are as participatory as in the…
learning experiences in my life was going through the stages of dying with my family when my grandfather was diagnosed with cancer. The lessons learned through this experience have proven to be invaluable and I know will continue to be one of the most meaningful experiences of my life.
My grandfather was ill for approximately two years. He went through several treatment options to reduce the tumors in his lungs, and with each treatment, he and the family endured a roller coaster of emotions. Everyone, including my grandfather, tried to remain optimistic and project a positive attitude, however, underneath the surface, everyone knew the odds of success were very slim, and at best would only buy precious little time. Moreover, options were somewhat limited due to his age and overall health. After all reasonable options were exhausted, the decision was made to bring him home, under hospice care, to live…
This was powerful stuff for a young person and these readings helped fuel my interest in pursuing other outside and more formal research into these areas. There was a certain attraction to real-life people that intrigued me as well. For example, superheroes such as Superman, the Metal Men, the X-Men and the Flash were fine, of course, but I was drawn to heroes who were "super" without any special "superpowers" because of their other personal attributes such as Batman and especially the Green Arrow. In fact, I recall securing my first archery set and practicing relentlessly in the hopes that I too could be as good as the Green Arrow someday, and although this would never happen, I did become a proficient archer in the process.
Throughout my childhood and well into early adolescence, I continued to spend an inordinate amount of my allowance on comic books and expanded my…
The categories are:
Written feedback on work from academic staff;
Lecture, seminar and small group activities;
Individual study time, reading; and,
Personal reflection upon performance.
Though all four categories have a large bearing upon my development, it was the interaction with other individuals that led me to better conduct activities by myself.
Another important part to mention, and one that is stressed throughout my classes, is that focusing on strengths and weaknesses. As this is a reflective paper, it is important to include these facets. As aforementioned in the example provided in the previous paragraphs, my strength has always been good organization of ideas. This is because I was always an organized individual, and despite my lack of English communication skills, at first, I was still able to organize my thought. Thus, if given time, and a dictionary, I could translate these in English, which also helped me become a…
Psychology Learning Experience
Understanding Psychology through Learning Experiences and Learning Theories
Homo sapiens are referred to as human beings because they possess a complex mind that processes and stores information received as stimulus. While learning may seem easy to some people, psychologically it happens through certain processes. The learning theories are not just theoretical; they are applicable to our daily professional and personal lives. It is important to understand that learning is not only something that teachers make us do. It is also what experiences make us do. We learn through everything that we experience and then we react accordingly to similar situation.
Describing a Learning Experience
People go through different experiences. Some of the experiences are so unique that you start observing the experience process unconsciously. Due to the same reason, some people develop phobias and some develop likes and dislikes for certain things. It wouldn't be…
Kunz, M., & Lautenbacher, S. (2011). Operant Conditioning of Facial Displays of Pain. Psychosomatic Medicine, 422-431.
University of Phoenix. (2012). Organizational Behavior. Wiley and Sons Inc.
The police department, by its very nature, cannot embrace all seven of Vaill's way of being/learning at all times. However, most are actually covered, at least in the progressive departments:
Way of Being
Example in Police Department
Probably the most prominent characteristic; in order to grow in the job, or even keep up with the requirements, officers must be self-directed as part of a larger scheme in learning. For an officer to advance into management, they must be self-directed to study and pass certain exams; but to keep up with new techniques, technology, psychology, etc., self-directed learning is vital.
In one sense, unofficially, police officers are exploring creative learning daily. There are not necessarily any strict goals per shift, but one learns about sociological, cultural, ethnic, and legal issues depending on the day -- which is never the same twice in a row.
The more sense of where the company is and where it wants to go that can be instilled early on, the more the value of the teamwork can be leveraged.
In terms of addressing the weaknesses, perhaps it would be beneficial to allow students to stray from the structure, just to get a feel for two things. One, what the students are capable of accomplishing on their own. The other is the value of the structure itself. I feel that it is very important to encourage creative, critical thinking and sometimes overreliance on following structure discourages this. That creativity and critical thinking may also result in more in-depth exploration of certain aspects of the case as well.
The team did not function well initially. There were some problems with regards to communications and role assignments. Some members seemed unclear on what the expectations of the assignment were going to be,…
Conceptually, many agree as to what constitutes a servant leader, although many variations of these characteristics can be found in the literature. The terms "servant" and "leader" may seem contradictory, which is one of the greatest barriers to operationalizing the concept of the servant leader in modern organizations. The following will examine key literature regarding the ability to operationalize the concept of the servant leader.
What Distinguishes the Servant Leader?
The largest body of literature on the servant leader comprises those articles that attempt to define it at its most basic level. The concept of the servant leader is abstract and subjective at best. Several themes arise in an attempt to define the servant leader and their distinguishing characteristics. Lists of subjective characteristics often serve as the basis for the definition of the servant leader. Whether a person actually possesses these traits, or how many of the traits are required…
Baldomir, J. (2008). Servant Leadership as a Model for Unifying First and Second Generation
Chinese-American Churches. Servant Leadership Roundtable. May 2008. Regent
University. Retrieved July 28, 2009 from http://www.regent.edu/acad/global/publications/sl_proceedings/2008/baldomir.pdf
Gorman, M, Duffy, J. & Hefferman, M. (1982). Service Experience and the Moral Development
Learning Platforms -- K-12 and Beyond
A Comparison of Learning Platforms that Focus on the K-12 and Higher Education Learning Environments
Many of the educational initiatives in recent years have focused on improving the delivery of services by incorporating learning platforms that focus on the K-12 and higher education learning environments, such as WebCT or Blackboard. To determine how these learning platforms are being used today and for what learners, this paper will provide an overview of the features of learning management systems (LMS) that have assumed increasing importance for a wide range of corporate and government-sponsored learning environments. A comparison and evaluation of these platforms and their applicability to the different learning environments is followed by a summary of the research in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Background and Overview. In their book, Handbook of Distance Education Technology, Anderson and Moore (2003) suggest that it just makes good sense…
Anderson, W.G., & Moore, M.G. (2003). Handbook of distance education. Mahwah, NJ:
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Carlivati, P.A. (2002). E-learning evolves. ABA Banking Journal, 94(6), 49.
Granger, D., & Bowman, M. (2003). Constructing knowledge at a distance: The learner in context. In W.G. Anderson & M.G. Moore (Eds.). Handbook of distance education.
"In a developmentally appropriate classroom, the teacher's role is that of facilitator and enabler," (Crosser). The physical and spatial design of the classroom directly reflects this core philosophy of placing students at the center of their learning environment. However, the learning environment must be a diverse, modular, and highly interactive space that encourages change and flexibility. Teachers are cast in a role of "facilitator and enabler," as well as supervisor to ensure safety and comfort. The design of the classroom and its learning centers is important for study because of the need to strategize, organize, and plan the way the environment looks and feels for both students and the teacher.
This paper addresses four learning centers that are ideal for a classroom composed of four-year-olds. These learning centers will encompass the gamut of needs of preschoolers. Creative enterprises, play, and social interactions are key components of the preschool…
Crosser, S. (2008). . The Butterfly Garden: Developmentally Appropriate Practice Defined. Early Childhood News. Retrieved online: http://www.earlychildhoodnews.com/earlychildhood/article_view.aspx?ArticleID=115
Kostelnik, Marjorie J., Soderman, Anne K., Whiren, Alice P., Contributor, John Q (2012). Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum: Best Practices in Early Childhood Education  (VitalSource Bookshelf), Retrieved from http://online.vitalsource.com/books/9780558706111/id/ch05fig02
This program experience, concurrent with my faith-based experience developing an additional residential treatment program provided the core of my personal and professional learning of both direct patient care and cemented my belief in the need for such programs to exists and grow to better meet the needs of the growing drug problem in my community and many others.
Upon completion of the position of Director of Residential Programs for the Jefferson County Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse, I sought out in 2006 another position that would further my learning as a community service provider. My new task would be based around not the management of one county facility but the development of regional programming needs in the are as a member of the Southeast Texas Regional Planning Commission -- Quality Management-Substance Abuse Division. I currently hold this position which includes a variety of tasks and learning opportunities: Conducting organizational…
When children are given the option between a reward they would like and the internal desire to learn something, most children would rather have the reward. That is also true of many adults, whether they are in an educational setting or a business setting. Still, that does not mean that intrinsic interest cannot come along with extrinsic reward, or that operant theory is completely wrong. Many educators mix operant theory with cognitive theory in an effort to provide those with different learning styles more of an opportunity to learn and develop. This helps to reach the largest number of students per educator, improving the overall educational goal.
ognitive Theory of Learning
The cognitive theory of learning has been part of education since the late 1920's, when a Gestalt psychologist focused on the issue of Gestalt teaching and learning, and what that could offer to students who were not learning…
Carton, J.S. (1996). The differential effects of tangible rewards and praise on intrinsic motivation: A comparison of cognitive evaluation theory and operant theory. The Behavior Analyst, 19, 237-255.
Cavalier, a.R., Ferretti, R.P., & Hodges, a.E. (1997). Self-management within a classroom token economy for students with learning disabilities. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 18, 167-178.
Davidson, P., & Bucher, B. (1978). Intrinsic interest and extrinsic reward: The effects of a continuing token program on continuing nonconstrained preference. Behavior Therapy, 9, 222-234.
The theory of Honey and Mumford, describes the styles and learning strategies. It incorporates much of the theory of Kolb's learning cycle, making it more intelligible.
It is important to discuss these strategies with students. (Marsick and atkins, p132-51) hile this allows the teacher to become aware of the need to vary their teaching because they do not exist in universal, it also allows learners to realize that everyone learns differently.
So its dominant learning strategies can influence its working methods and student personnel can then optimize them. It may also become more self-confidence. Honey and Mumford (1986) take away from Kolb (1984) the idea of an experiential learning model in four stages they call: experience, the return on experience, drawing conclusions and planning. (aring and Evans, p117-28)
According to them, each phase has specific behaviors and attitudes and is important to successfully complete the learning process itself.…
Lam, Y.L. Defining the effects of transformation leadership on organization learning: a cross-cultural comparison: School Leadership & Management, 2002, pp 439-52.
Marquardt, M. Action learning in action: Transforming problems and people for world- class organizational learning. Palo Alto, CA: Davies-Black Publishing, 1999, pp45-49.
Marsick, V.J., and Watkins, KE. Demonstrating the value of an organization's learning culture: The Dimensions of Learning Organizations Questionnaire, Advances in Developing Human Resources, 2003 5, pp132-151.
Evans, C. And Graff, M. "Exploring style: enhancing the capacity to learn?," Education & Training, Vol. 50, 2008, pp. 93-102.
2. True learning organizations allocate the time and resources that are required to develop a competitive advantage based on the lifelong learning and training opportunities that are provided to everyone in the organization.
3. A learning organization not only develops the opportunities for learning but it also provides a corporate culture that encourage all of its members to become self-actualized, thereby contributing to the advancement of the larger society in which the organization competes. .
4. The leadership of true learning organizations ensure that the corporate vision is communicated to all members and provides a framework in which their feedback is welcomed and acted upon, as well as ensuring that an environment exists in which there "are no bad questions" concerning the direction in which the enterprise is headed.
5. Learning organizations make it possible to consolidate work and learning as well as encouraging all members of the enterprise to…
Albert, M. 1998 "Shaping a Learning Organization through the Linkage of Action Research
Interventions." Organization Development Journal, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 29-31.
Avolio, B.J., & Bass, B.M. 2002 Developing potential across a full range of leadership:
Cases on transactional and transformational leadership. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence
learning can be categorized into three distinct groups: behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism. Behaviorism refers to the student's interaction with the environment and focuses on the external aspects of learning and on that which encourages learning such as positive reinforcement on the one hand and punishment on the toehr. Cogntivism, on the other hand, focuses on attitudes, motivation, and ideas and refers to the brain's interaction with the academic environment and with subject taught. Finally, constructivism represents and describes the situation where the learner actively builds new ideas or constructs learning situations.
Other approaches include humanism (where the focus is placed on respecting and motivating the individual student as encouragement to learning) and social / situational (namely those situational / social constructs interact in shaping a student's motivation and classroom attitude.
Behaviorism believes that external actions and manner dominate if not replace cognition. adical behaviorists believe that mind / cognition…
Brown, B. & Ryoo, K (2008). Teaching Science as a Language: A "Content-First" Approach to Science Teaching. Journal of Research in Science Teaching 45 (5): 529 -- 553.
Charles, C. (2005). Building classroom discipline. USA: Pearson Pub.
Baron, R.A., Byrne, D., & Branscombe, N.R. (2006). Social Psychology (11th Ed.). Pearson Education, Inc.
Benson, N.C. (1998). Introducing Psychology. U.K: Totem Books.
In conjunction with these perspectives on how to create a highly effective online learning platform that aligns to the specific needs of students, there is a corresponding area of research that concentrates on teaching resiliency in the teaching process. The work of Dr. Carol Dweck of Stanford University underscores the need for leading students to continually challenge themselves to grow and have a very strong growth mindset vs. A limited on. She draws on an empirically-derived research study that shows the greater the growth mindset of even the most talented and gifted mindset, the greater the long-term performance gains they make in life (Dweck, 2006). Her book, Mindset, challenges both students and teachers to create a culture of continual focus on excellence and continual striving to improve, never taking a closed or limited mindset to improvement. It is an inspirational book and shows that there is hope for continual improvement…
Ahlfeldt, S., Mehta, S., & Sellnow, T. (2005). Measurement and analysis of student engagement in university classes where varying levels of PBL methods of instruction are in use. Higher Education Research & Development, 24(1), 5-20.
Basile, a. & D'Aquila, J.M. (2002). An experimental analysis of computer-mediated instruction and student attitudes in a Principles of Financial Accounting course. Journal of Education for Business, 77(3), 137.
Beard, L.A. (2002). Students perceptions of online vs. campus instruction. Education, 122(4), 658.
Dutton, j. d.; Dutton, m.; Perry, j. (2002). How do Online Students Differ from Lecture Students? JALN. Vol. 6, no. 1, July.
Naturally, visual learners do not enjoy reading books as auditory learners would, as written information is mostly processed in the mind's ears rather than by visualizing the text. Finally, a Kinesthetic or Tactile learner will predominantly learn information through touch and movement. In other words, kinesthetic learners would enjoy hands on laboratory session more than a routine class lecture. They also like to simulate events to understand them better. [Marcia L. Conner, pg 47]
Advantages of Knowing the Learning Style
Now that we have seen the domination of different modalities resulting in different learning styles among students, it is pertinent to understand the implications of such differences in context of their academic performance. Several studies have attested to that fact that only 20% of students learn through their auditory modality while 80% are either visual or kinesthetic. [Donna Walker, pg 16] However, in stark contrast, most of higher education is…
1) Marcia L. Conner, (2004) 'Learn More Now: 10 Simple steps to Learning Better, Smarter and Faster',
2) Richard M. Felder, (2005), 'Understanding Student Differences', Journal of Engineering education, 94(1) 57-72, available online at, http://www4.ncsu.edu/unity/lockers/users/f/felder/public/Papers/Understanding_Differences.pdf
3) Donna Walker Tileston, (2005) 10 Best Teaching Practices: How Brain research, Learning Styles and Standards Define Teaching Competences', Published by Corwin Press.
4) Steve Garnett, (2005), 'Using Brainpower in the Classroom: Five steps to accelerate Learning', Published by Routledge
(Singer, 2003, p. 36) Education should be a constructive process. Palinscar states that the teacher must assume an active and directive role by establishing the pace, content, and goals of the lesson. (Palincsar, 1998) Byra also described such a process of "task progression" through which content is broken down and sequenced into meaningful learning experiences. (Byra, 2004) the lesson learned from receiving fifty percent credit on a late assignment is not necessarily the lesson intended.
Each step in the academic process contributes to the learning process. An assignment is not merely research. It is not merely a grade. It is the sum total of the student's entire experience vis-a-vis that experience. (Bailey, Hughes & Moore, 2004, p. 32) a student who receives a grade of fifty percent because he or she completed an assignment late sees that arbitrary judgment of his or her work as a "lesson" too. Studies show…
Alderman, M.K. (2004). Motivation for Achievement: Possibilities for Teaching and Learning (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Bailey, T.R., Hughes, K.L., & Moore, D.T. (2004). Working Knowledge: Work-Based Learning and Education Reform. New York: RoutledgeFalmer.
learning centered classroom conducive to collaborative learning and student involvement.
EXAMPLE: I believe that student participation is essential, particularly in a classroom of adult learners who have personal and professional experiences they can relate to the lesson at hand. I try to scaffold upon learners' existing knowledge to make lessons seem relevant to students. Compelling discussion requires a dialogue between teachers and students. Students must be treated with respect and be encouraged to act as full participants in the learning process. For example, one of my students was a nursing assistant who had valuable input regarding the changes in technology that had occurred in the medical field.
Performs Student Assessment of Learning Objectives
(B):Definition: Performs student assessment of learning objectives based on course curriculum and exit competencies.
EXAMPLE: Students are made aware of the grading criteria at the beginning of the course and before every assignment.
They are also made…
(F):Definition: Has knowledge of and utilizes available academic resources and directs each student in ways that foster a successful learning experience; integrates career-focused education into course.
EXAMPLE: I direct students to additional resources (including credible websites) where they can locate additional course- related information. I
Google is a Learning Organization
Worth more than General Motors, Disney and McDonald's combined, Google is a leading provider of information services today. This company achieved its meteoric growth in large part due to its ability to respond to changes in the marketplace and provide innovative solutions to consumer and business information needs (Morrison, 2003). Innovation, though, requires creativity and experimentation, but Google has learned how to accomplish this effectively by encouraging a reinforcing loop process throughout its organization (Sungkhawan, 2011). In fact, engineers and managers at Google are allowed 20% of their work time to devote to their own personal projects and tacit knowledge is shared in a reinforcing feedback fashion (Tidd & Bessant, 2013). For example, Tidd and Bessant report that, "Technical employees are expected to spend 20% of their time on projects other than their core job, and similarly managers are required to spend 20% of their…
Morrison, D. (2003). E-learning strategies: How to get implementation and delivery right first time. New York: Wiley.
Senge, P. (1994). The fifth discipline. New York: Doubleday.
Signorelli, P. & Reed, L. (2011, May-June). Professional through growth learning communities:
Knowledge comes with teamwork, and fun-all across the organization. American Libraries, 42(5-6), 56-59.
Explain in detail how you will address each of the needs identified in part 2 include changes necessary for environment, engagement, application, and tools. Make sure to include a list of technology resources currently available and those that must be purchased.
State Goals and Objectives with Local Strategies and Measures
Environment The changes necessary for the environment involve going from one based on the physical environment to one that is predicated on a cloud-based environment. In this regard, the change is mostly one of architecture. Virtually all applications and requisite software the students and instructors will use will be accessed through the cloud.
Engagement The means of engagement will be the Bring Your Own Device phenomenon, in which students utilize their own mobile devices for the purpose of working in the classroom. Those without such devices will be provided the most accessible ones (a smart phone) via the…
here are many challenges that college students face as they transition from high school to the higher standards and level of responsibility goes up significantly. here are also things that set some students apart when it comes to what schools they do (or do not) get into as well as what scholarships they get when it comes to the same. he author of this essay will go into detail about both of these aspects of educational and academic life as a means to justify why the author is entitled to the ring.
One big adjustment that any student needs to deal with when going to college as compared to high school is that the academic prowess and dedication has to go up a lot. he burden to get a high school diploma is a lot lower than it is to get a college degree and this is as it…
The author of this report holds that the author should be awarded the ring because the author is ready and willing to learn, experience and grow through what is being taught, explained and shown to the author. Rather than behave in a xenophobic or intolerant way, the author instead wishes to gain cultural competence, the ability to work and network with people of all sorts of diverse cultures and learn more of the thought patterns and worldviews that have led this planet to be where it is politically and socially. So often, family life and the news media likes to focus on what they feel is important and they leave out a lot of details and things to learn when they do so. College life is superior in that most of them are non-profit and the incentive to sweep things under the rug or otherwise ignore the facts as they are, both past and present, is not there for most people. The author wants the ring because the author wants to be a beacon for thinkin, feeling and acting the right way and that takes a proper education and an open mind. The author certainly has the latter but wants all the help and time the author can get with the former of those two.
As the election year of 2016 has so far proven, things are very chaotic in this country. They are equally chaotic in the world at large. It will take people and leaders that know the full story of what is really going on, what people are hiding and the perspectives that are truly in play. Some people like to think that the learning process can stop at 18 or 22 but the learning process should never stop at any time. The author of this essay wants to be a beacon and example of this idea and in any way possible and practical.
Educators as far back as Aristotle have attempted to determine the most optimal approach to teaching and learning. Any theory of learning must take a constellation of factors into consideration. Evidence-based research on the different components of learning theory, effective instruction, and learning environments abound, yet the one commonality is that individual differences are pivotal to the success of any approach. Additionally, even if perfect learning environments could be created, learning must be applicable to the world outside of the classroom. Indeed, that it its ultimate purpose. In this paper, this author will explore the characteristics of the backwards mapping, or designing for understanding, Common Core State Standards, both of which are integrative frameworks that promote efficient learning and effective teaching.
Learning Theory and Its Importance
A primary consideration of learning theorists is how to effectively address individual differences. Consider that from the 18th century and earlier, learning…
Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Annuals Rev. Psychology, 51(2), 1-26. Retrieved from http://moodle2.cs.huji.ac.il/nu14/pluginfile.php/179670/mod_resource/content/1/Bandura_2001.pdf
Brown, D. (2014). Opening classroom doors to collaborative learning. The Education Digest, 79(7), 19-22. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1506936575?accountid=12085
Fine, L., & Myers, J.W. (2004). Understanding students with Asperger's syndrome. Phi Delta Kappa Fastbacks, (520), 3-39. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/203654515?accountid=12085
Griswold, D.E., Barnhill, G.P., Brenda, S.M., Hagiwara, T., & Simpson, R.L. (2002). Asperger syndrome and academic achievement. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 17(2), 94. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/205061045?accountid=12085
Color coding words and researching notes.
Using highlighters, circle words and underlining (Fleming, 2010).
If one focuses more on illustrative or graphical knowledge than on the expressions of what is being taught, they put themselves at a distinctive weakness since verbal and written knowledge is still the chief favored option for delivery of knowledge. One should apply their note taking and try to find occasions to make clear information to others by way of using words. A visual learner learns best when knowledge is given to them visually and in a printed language arrangement. In a classroom location, they profit from teachers who employ the blackboard or overhead projector in order to register the vital parts of a lecture, or who supply them with an outline in order to follow along with throughout the lecture. They profit from knowledge attained from textbooks and class…
"DVC Online," 2000, viewed 23 October2010,
Fleming, Grace. 2010, "Learning Styles," viewed 22 October 2010,
"Visual Thinking and Learning," 2010, viewed 23 October
Learning a language: Gaining fluency in a language to be free
The acquisition of language is never a culturally neutral process. When someone learns his or her first or even a second language, that individual also acquires a status in the eyes of the world, based upon how that language is perceived. The race of the speaker, his or her perceived level of education, gender, and race all interact with the stereotypes that exist in the gazer's mind. In Christine Marin's essay "Spanish Lessons," Marin chronicles how her unsteadiness in Spanish did not initially bother her, given the fact that she grew up in a society that prized whiteness. Gradually, as she grew older and her attitude towards her heritage changed, her lack of fluency in her native tongue became a burden. Similarly, Malcolm X was forced to grapple with his complex relationship with the English language. On one hand,…
A child can learn that pressing a button on remote changes a channel on a television set. The experiment used two set of participants where one set learnt from a machine while the others learnt from a human participant. It was evident that the use of a ghost machine yielded better results compared to the use of a participant (Nairne, 2011).
The method used to learn how observational learning influences children will be the use of questionnaires. Short questionnaires will be sent to twenty baby care centers to evaluate the observational learning skills possessed by the caregivers. The questionnaires will be filled by the participants using three main methods. Centers that are a long distance from researcher's location will be provided with the questionnaires through emails. Centers where the care giver is busy will be called when convenient and the questionnaire filled through a telephone conversation. Centers that are…
Mishra, B.K. (2008). Psychology; the study of human behavior. New Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Nairne, J.S. (2011). Psychology. Australia: Thompson/Wadsworth.
Given the capriciousness of the human condition with respect to continuing redefinitions of personal and professional success, human resource managers are faced with some difficult choices in formulating recommendations for best practices. Therefore, the learning journal would undergo a series of draft versions that would be used to solicit feedback from experts in the field who could point out flaws and areas that required additional research or support to be valid and trustworthy. The solicitation of feedback process would follow the guidance provided by Neuman (2003) who recommends having a manuscript reviewed by knowledgeable individuals who possess the requisite credentials to provide informed feedback. This feedback would be carefully reviewed and the collaborative process would result in changes and additions where they were deemed necessary and appropriate.
Outcomes and New Learning
Some of the overriding themes that emerged from the learning episodes outlined above was that the more researchers…
American Psychological Association. (2002). Publication manual of the American Psychological
Association (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Cheverton, J. 2007. 'Holding our own: Value and performance in nonprofit organizations.'
Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 427-428.
During the course of a child's school years they will learn to define themselves as a person and shape their personality, sense of self-concept and perception of their potential for achievement for life (Persaud, 2000). Thus the early educational years may be considered one of the most impacting and important with regard to emotional, social and cognitive development for students of all disabilities. Labeling is a common by-product of educational institutions, one that has been hotly debated with regard to its benefits and consequences by educators and administrators over time. There are proponents of labeling and those that suggest that labeling may be damaging to students in some manner.
Students who are labeled at the elementary and middle school level as learning disabled may face greater difficulties achieving their true potential in part due to a decreased sense of self-esteem, self-concept and personal achievement (Persaud, 2000). The intent…
Beilke, J.R. & Yssel, N. (Sept., 1999). "The chilly climate for students with disabilites in higher education." College Student Journal, Retrieved October 19, 2004 from LookSmart. Available: http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles.mi_m0FCR/is_3_33/ai_62839444/pg_3
Clark, M. (1997). "Teacher response to learning disability: A test of attributional principles." The Journals of Learning Disabilities, 30 (1), 69-79. Retrieved Oct 4, 2004 from LDOnline. Available:
Clark, M. And Artiles, A. (2000). "A cross-national study of teachers' attributional patterns." The Journal of Special Education, 32(2), 77-99.
(3) According to the Multiple Intelligences Survey, I have quite a bit of intrapersonal and interpersonal intellegence and a moderate amount of musical and kinesthetic intelligence. This makes sense because I enjoy analyzing people and situations; and, I decided to leave my old job because I was bored sitting still behind a desk and not talking to anyone for most of the day.
As I was enjoying the surveys so much, also I took Kolb's Learning Styles Inventory and discovered that my learning style consists of doing and feeling or what Kolb would abbreviate as "CE/AE." When these findings are placed on the two-by-two grid by Kolb, my learning style is accommodating. An accommodating learning style is often times referred to as a "hands-on" style and one that relies upon intuition over logic. In fact, these findings also did not surprise me because I have to do something at least…
Codde, PhD, J.R. (2006). Using Learning Contracts in the College Classroom. Michigan State University.
This study investigates how ESL students' perception affects the teacher-student interaction in the writing conferences. The multiple-case study explores: ESL students' expectations of the writing conference and factors contributing to the expectations, participation patterns of ESL students in the conferences, and ESL students' perception of the effectiveness of teacher-student conferences. A questionnaire, distributed to 110 (65 NS and 45 ESL) students enrolled in the first-year composition classes, examines students' previous writing experience and expectations of the writing conferences. Pre-conference interviews with 19 focus students (8 NS and 11 ESL) were conducted to verify the survey results. Students' participation patterns were investigated via the video-recorded writing conferences of the 19 focus students. Students' perceptions of the conference were investigated through the post conference interviews with the 19 focus students and follow-up interviews with six Chinese students.
esults of the research that Liu (2009) conducted determined that ESL students and NS students…
Beare, K. (n.d.). ESL Writing Workshop 2. Retrieved from http://esl.about.com/od/writinglessonplan/a/l_wwshop2.htm
Bitchener, J., & Knoch, U. (2009). The value of a focused approach to written corrective feedback. ELT Journal: English Language Teachers Journal, 63(3), 204-211. doi:10.1093/elt/ccn043.
Liu, Y.. ESL students in the college writing conferences: Perception and participation. Ph.D. dissertation, The University of Arizona, United States -- Arizona. Retrieved September 06, 2010, from Dissertations & Theses: Full Text.(Publication No. AAT 3359771).
Matthews-Aydinli, J. (2008). OVERLOOKED AND UNDERSTUDIED? A SURVEY OF CURRENT TRENDS IN RESEARCH ON ADULT ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS. Adult Education Quarterly, 58(3), 198. Retrieved from MasterFILE Premier database.
" The advantages of such a curriculum is that the material stays with the student longer than mere memorization; the students experience prevails over the teachers (thus the student teaches themselves); and the information learned is customized to the needs of the individual learner. Disadvantages of such an approach is frustration on the part of the student for their being a lack of a "right and wrong answer (or instant gratification); there is immense responsibility on the individual student and therefore requires a certain level of maturity; and there is not defined start and finish to the learning process.
However, Bonoma cites numerous examples of case studies, in both administrative and health care situations, in various fields where the statistics show a higher level of learner comprehension of the subject. Bonoma then concludes his paper by laying out instruction on how to set up, implement, run and evaluate a marketing-based…
The ability to learn is one of man's most important talents, and, in order for one to improve this capacity, the respective person needs to focus on enriching his personal experience through any means available. Similarly, the respective person has to acknowledge that learning should be something that one longs for, regardless of the fact that many individuals tend to end their education after they finish high school. Learning should not be considered as being something exclusively connected to education, as people can gain important information from a series of environments other than educational institutes. Teachers are mainly responsible for the way that learners amass information, thus meaning that they have to develop methods of having students learn individually and on account of their personal values. Moreover, students need to be influenced in seeing learning as something positive and as something that they should gladly take on. In…
According to the University of Canberra's Academic Skills Centre (2008), learning is a highly complex process that "takes place at different levels of consciousness, and in different ways, in everything we do. Moreover, individual people learn in different ways and have their preferred learning styles." One of the keys to improving student learning is to understand the different types of learning styles and apply that knowledge to study habits and practices. Study skills are themselves behaviors that need to be learned like any other. Using a combination of disciplinary techniques and cognitive shifts, students can improve their capacity for learning. This will, in turn, help boost grades and test scores. However, learning in an academic context is about more than earning grades. Learning should ultimately enhance one's view of the world and increase tolerance of diversity.
The theory of multiple intelligences has formed the theoretical foundation for the study…
Armstrong, T. (2010). Multiple intelligences. Retrieved online: http://www.thomasarmstrong.com/multiple_intelligences.php
Dartmouth College Academic Skills Center (2011). Managing your time. Retrieved online: http://www.dartmouth.edu/~acskills/success/time.html
Gardner, H. (2006). Multiple Intelligences: New Horizons. Perseus.
Langer, J.A. (1986). Learning through writing: Study skills in the content areas. Journal of Reading. Feb 1986.
Judgment, however, should be suspended long enough to try to determine why someone does something a certain way. If this can be determined, it is another lesson worth having. This is true of the student that is just learning about business, and true of the established businessperson.
Unlike that student learner, the businessperson that has already been working in the world for a while will be much harder to teach. Once someone has gotten used to doing something a particular way, it becomes more difficult to change that person's behavior. However, those that lead others in business, such as human resource personnel, can take many of the suggestions in Vaill's book and use them to show others in their company how they can change only small things and still be more self-directed learners.
As they become more self-directed, their desire for knowledge will rise and they will begin to try…
Vaill, Peter B. (1996). Learning as a way of being: strategies for survival in a world of permanent white water. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Due primarily to the growing trend of globalization, education has now become paramount to the overall success of society. International competition for both jobs and prominent positions poses both threats and benefits. For one, international competition encourages innovations which ultimately increases the overall quality of life for society. Innovations such as the internet have given rise to many unique and attractive markets. However, in order to take full advantage of the opportunities globalization and business presents, society must properly educate itself. Through education, civilization can fill the needed jobs required to utilize growing fields of innovation. The underlying principles within education have now been altered. New techniques are required to retain more information. Alternatively methods must be simple enough that students can utilize it in an effective manner within their respective careers. Many theories have been developed in regards to learning theories. These theories primarily consist of behavior, cognitive,…
Learning to read and write are complementary skills. While in the younger years, writing depends on reading skills, by middle and high school, they are complementary skills: reading is necessary to do writing assignments, while writing about what has read increases comprehension of the reading materials. For this reason, separating reading and writing instruction from content areas is arbitrary and will eventually interfere with the students' progress in those content areas.
From the day children are born, parents are told by doctors, teachers and other experts to read to them, and to read to them every day. They are told to do this because hearing language that contains story lines, rich language and vivid imagery facilitates language development and develops a desire to read. From "The Poky Little Puppy" to Rudyard Kipling, children's literature exists that uses language in exciting and colorful ways. Good children's literature doesn't sound the same…
Erickson, Lawrence.Jan. 11, 1998. "Informational literacy in the middle grades." The Clearing House.
Foley, Regina M. Winter, 2001. "Academic Charateristics of incarcerated youth and correctional educational programs: a literature review." Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders.
Gardill, M. Cathleen, and Jitendra, Asha K.April 15, 1999. "Advanced Story Map Instruction: Effects on the Reading Comprehension of Students with Learning Disabilities." Journal of Special Education: Vol.33.
Nourie, Barbara; Livingston, Lenski, and Davis, Susan.July 17, 1998. "The (in)effectiveness of content area literacy instruction for secondary preservice teachers." The Clearing House: 71: 372-375.
Security is also a major concern in K-12 education, and WebCT's in-program email service will no doubt assuage many parental and administrative fears regarding the privacy of educational information (eed 2006). The reliability of the software itself and the company behind it are also necessary considerations; as both are now owned by the dame company (Blackboard), both WebCT and Blackboard are likely to have solid support for years to come (Jaschik 2005).
Boyd, M. (2000). "Blackboard vs. WebCT atings." University of Texas. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://www.utexas.edu/academic/blackboard/about/atut/ratings.html#decide
Jaschik, S. (2005). "Blackboard vs..." Inside higher ed. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2005/10/17/blackboard
eed, J. (2006). "Blackboard vs. WebCT." Cuyamaca College. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://cis2.cuyamaca.net/jreed//ed214/notes/CMS/CMScomparison.asp
Boyd, M. (2000). "Blackboard vs. WebCT Ratings." University of Texas. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://www.utexas.edu/academic/blackboard/about/atut/ratings.html#decide
Jaschik, S. (2005). "Blackboard vs..." Inside higher ed. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2005/10/17/blackboard
Reed, J. (2006). "Blackboard vs. WebCT." Cuyamaca College. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://cis2.cuyamaca.net/jreed//ed214/notes/CMS/CMScomparison.asp
Visual learning - the students need to see the information which can be accomplished by writing the information on the board or using a video with a screen, computer projection etc., 3). Kinesthetic - the instructor will need to present the students with events and activities that will require hands-on practice in the classroom. A disaster situation facing a security guard might take on all three; hands on experience coming from making quick decisions, seeing exactly what is happening and reacting to it, and listening to reports from others that help the guard in understanding the situation. One recent study concludes; "Knowledge in this millennium is increasingly characterized by the creative integration of information and learning from diverse disciplines" (Oon-Seng, 2007, pg 101). This could be especially true for security guards, and it is important to keep in mind that constraints on the ways and methods in which these individuals…
Diaz-Lefebvre, R.; (2004) Multiple intelligences, learning for understanding, and creative assessment: Some pieces to the puzzle of learning, Teachers College Record, Vol. 106, No. 1, pp. 49-57
Tan, Oon-Seng, (2007) Problem-based learning pedagogies: psychological processes and enhancement of intelligences, Educational Resources Policy Practice, Vol. 6, pp. 101-114
Wolf, P.J.; (2007) Academic improvement through regular assessment, Peabody Journal of Education, Vol. 82, No. 4, pp. 690-702
This will be accomplished by studying the following problem:
What specific tools and tactics can be the most successful in helping field psychologists to maximize their total amounts of learning comprehension?
Once this query has been answered, is when actuaries can find data that will identify the best approaches and how they can be applied (in a real world environment) by mental health professionals.
The research method that will be used is the mixed approach. This is when there is a focus on specific tactics that will look at previous studies (i.e. The quantitative method). At the same time, actuaries are collecting specific samples from field psychologists (i.e. The qualitative methodology). These techniques were selected, because they can provide everyone with a background of key concepts. This will be used to establish a foundation of what processes are the most effective. ("Mixed Method esearch," 2011)
The Expected esults…
Mixed Method Research. (2011). Diversified Topics. Retrieved from: http://diversifiedtopics.com/tag/mixed-methods-research-definition/
Helms, J. (2011). Majoring in Psychology. Chichester: Wiley.
Mumford, a. (1997). Action Learning at Work. Aldershot: Gower.
Learning: Exploring Pavlov's Notion Of Conditioning
There are enormous differences between unconditioned and conditioned responses. Unconditioned responses are those natural reactions that occur without thought or planning. These reactions are not a product of training, but rather a natural response of the body and mind when exposed to certain stimuli. In unconditioned responses, there is no training that would alter an individual's behavior. One of the most infamous examples of an unconditioned response is Pavlov's dog. The dog, as any dog would, naturally salivates at the idea of food. The dog was hungry, and thus naturally reacted to the stimulus of food. We all have had similar reactions to food that perked our interest in any given state of hunger. Another example of this would be the strange, but familiar leg jerk when one is forced to endure a tap on the knee. It is a natural response of the…
Learning Needs Assessment and Analysis
The University of San Diego Counseling Center (USDCC) has been established to provide enrolled students with access to quality counseling and healthcare services. Employing a diverse selection of the university's most accomplished psychiatrists, psychologists, medical doctors, registered nurses, and other healthcare professionals, the USDCC operates a high-volume Critical Intensive Care Unit with the assistance of a 50-member nursing staff. Although the USDCC has built a reputation for delivering competent and qualified critical care services across a number of years, the organization's management structure has become concerned that educational priorities have not been updated to reflect modern advancements in the field. To that end, the USDCC recently elected to conduct a comprehensive Learning Needs Assessment and Analysis to identify the paramount educational needs in place, and the institutional forces working to facilitate or impede the implementation of these needs. Empirical research on the efficacy of various…
Lewin, K. (1939). Field theory and experiment in social psychology: Concepts and methods.
Journal of Sociology, 44, 868-896. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2769418?uid=3739552&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=7
Morrison, G.R., Ross, S.M., Kalman, H.K., & Kemp, J.E. (2011). Designing effective instruction (6th ed). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Douglass' tenacity reminds me of Martin Luther King, who lived in a world where African-Americans knew how to read and write but were still suffering under the weight of racism. King did not become violent and irrational in order to win people to his way of thinking. Even when he was arrested and put in jail for nonviolent protests, he spoke with a calm and unwavering voice. He knew in his heart what was right and he was smart enough to figure out a way to make his dreams come true without violence. King face adversity but he never gave up and he chose to seek his dream in an unconventional way, much like Douglass. He saw the obstacles and, rather than let them stop him, he found another way.
I think Douglass' persistence and perseverance are examples for anyone who wishes to do anything. Douglass' goal, learning to read…
Douglass, Frederisck. "Learning to Read and Write. The Blair Reader. New Jersey: Pearson. 2004.
"Morris goes to School" by B. Wiseman.
Your name, whole group, 5th grade, all, 09/03/2012.
Objectives for Lesson
The students will engage in reading and writing activities with reflection and understanding.
The students will be motivated to connect the story to their own particular cultural/ethnic / routine experiences
The students will be encouraged to generate situations and to apply to new circumstances using the story as their base
The students will be encouraged to imagine a recipient of their story and to direct the writing of their story to this recipient.
CSO's or SOLs (WV New Generation Content Standards and Objectives)
Engage in reading of the text with understanding and motivation
Apply the story to their own circumstance be able to find launch pads from the story with which they can craft their own informative and meaningful tale.
Participate in collaborative conversation with partners and…
Learning Power-Myth of Educational Empowerment
Education and empowerment
Education is important and essential for everyone be it formal, informal or even public education. It therefore means that everyone is entitled to education. Education is an entry point to many opportunities and it forms an integral part in the preparation for as well as the legitimization of forms of social life in particular. Education is not only purposed to "achievement" that is measured through standardized tests and assessments.
There are other important purposes of education one of them being empowerment. Empowerment is a process through which an individual's assumptions are challenged about how things can be done and are done. Empowerment challenges ones basic assumption on power, achievement, helping and succeeding in life. At the centre of the empowerment concept is the idea of power. For empowerment to take place there are two things to be considered; first requires that power…
Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, (1996). Finding Common Ground in an Era of Fragile Support. Retrieved February 27, 2013 from http://www.ascd.org/publications/newsletters/policy-priorities/dec96/num07/toc.aspx
The Odysseus Group.(2003). Dumping us Down-Reviews. Retrieved February 27, 2013 from http://www.johntaylorgatto.com/bookstore/dumbdnlapp.htm
Choosing the most effective style that relates to one's individual personality is very useful in terms of increasing one's learning strengths. I have personally found that in reality most people combine a number of learning styles in developing their unique approach to learning. From my perspective I have found that a combination of both imaginative and analytical learning styles best suits my needs. The emphasis in my approach is however on the imaginative style as I am more comfortable with a learning style that explores various sources and views of reality in a discursive and open-ended way. At the same time the more considered and careful analytical approach is also useful in that it tends to 'ground' one in reality.
Durbin G. (2002) Interactive Learning in Museums of Art and Design.
etrieved February 23, 2009, at http://188.8.131.52/search?q=cache:2V3DNJpxFKkJ:www.vam.ac.uk/files/file_upload/5752_file.pdf+%22dynamic+learning+style%22&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=10&gl=za&client=firefox-a
Exploring Psychology. Learning Styles. etrieved February 23, 2009, at http://www.dushkin.com/connectext/psy/ch06/learnsty.mhtml www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000308203
Durbin G. (2002) Interactive Learning in Museums of Art and Design.
Retrieved February 23, 2009, at http://184.108.40.206/search?q=cache:2V3DNJpxFKkJ:www.vam.ac.uk/files/file_upload/5752_file.pdf+%22dynamic+learning+style%22&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=10&gl=za&client=firefox-a
Exploring Psychology. Learning Styles. Retrieved February 23, 2009, at http://www.dushkin.com/connectext/psy/ch06/learnsty.mhtml www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000308203
Guild, P. (1994, January). Making Sense of Learing Styles. School Administrator, 51, 8. Retrieved February 26, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000308203 www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002522655
') (Tingstrom et al., 226) in correspondence with the example provided by the researchers responsible for this evaluation, it may be deduced that such method of positive reinforcement implementation is best suited to a younger educational context such as grammar school. It may only be considered appropriate to attach the positive consequences of individual efforts with the capabilities of an entire class in settings where future prospects such as class rank and college admissions have not yet entered into the discourse over performance motivators.
Tingstrom et al. also identify the independent group-oriented contingencies, which "involve consequences, and criteria for all group members, but access to reinforcement for each group member is based on each member's performance (e.g., 'whoever makes a 90% or higher on the end chapter math test will be able to pick a prize from the treasure chest.' (Tingstrom et al., 226) in many ways, this has proved…
Bunderson, C.V. (1990). Computers in Educational Assessment: An Opportunity to Restructure Educational Practice. Educational Resource and Information Center.
Eisner, E. (1997). The Promise and Perils of Alternative Forms of Data Representation. Educational Researcher, Vol. 26, No. 6, p. 4-10.
Emerson, J. (1989). Review: Dead PoetsSociety. Jeems Cinepad. Online at http://cinepad.com/reviews/deadpoets.htm.
Florio-Ruane, Suzanne; Marianne George & Taffy E. Rapheal. (2004). Book Club Plus: Organizing Your Literacy Curriculum to Bring Students to High Levels of Literacy. Australian Journal of Language and Literacy, Vol. 27.
Learning and Cognition
Definition of Learning
Merriam-Webster defines learning as "knowledge or skill acquired by instruction or study; modification of a behavioral tendency by experience (as exposure to conditioning)" (Merriam-Webster, 2011). Other experts defines learning as a process, one that leads to behavioral change or potential behavior change that is relatively permanent. That is, as people learn, his or her learning alters the way one perceives the environment, the way he or she interprets incoming stimuli, and therefore, the way one interacts or behaves (Introduction to Learning Theory, 2004). According to Cherry (2011), learning is a permanent change in behavior that is the result of experience. The common characteristic that all these definitions share is their identification of a behavioral component as part of the process of learning. In other words, for learning to occur, a change in behavior takes place.
The ole of Behavior
For the early part of…
Bietz, K. (2011). The relationship between learning and cognition. Bright Hub. Retrieved June 26, 2011 from http://www.brighthub.com/education/early-childhood/articles/101060.aspx
Cherry, K. (2011). Learning Study Guide. About.com Psychology. Retrieved June 26, 2011 from http://psychology.about.com/od/psychologystudyguides/a/learning_sg.htm
Introduction to Learning Theory and Behavioral Psychology. (2004). Retrieved June 26, 2011 from http://allpsych.com/psychology101/learning.html
Merriam-Webster. (2011). Learning. Retrieved June 26, 2011 from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/learning?show=0&t=1309112968
Learning Teams; Website Assigned Facilitator
E-Campus Website -- Phoenix.edu
The ecampus website that governs the user portal for the University of Phoenix is an aggressive and modern website design. The Phoenix brand has integrated a marketing approach that incorporates Macromedia flash as a primary means to engage the user to identify the mobile web for use to integrate learning with mobility. The website is able to effectuate the transition from user activity to the classroom by using the Macromedia to visually accentuate the transition.
The use of web design to convey a message regarding the use, convenience, and service of the website is at the heart of proper design. "For organizations engaged in electronic business, the corporate website has emerged as the single most important interface through which transactions are carried out. This being so, appropriate design characteristics are required to make websites effective. Customers expect websites to be designed…
Fonseca, A., Macdonald, A., Dandy, E., & Valenti, P. (2011). The state of sustainability reporting at canadian universities. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 12(1), 22-22-40. doi:10.1108/14676371111098285
Kovacs, P., & Rowell, D. (2001). The merging of systems analysis and design principles with web site development: One university's experience. T.H.E.Journal, 28(6), 60-60-65. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/214800316?accountid=13044
Monideepa T., Jie, Z. 2006. "Analysis of Critical Website Characteristics: A Cross-Category
Nelson, J.L. (2011, Help from higher education. New Jersey Business, 57(4), 53-53. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/863372809?accountid=13044
Learning Differences and Learning Needs
Learning Styles and Learning Preferences
For many years a great debate has existed in the field of education. Teachers and educators have attempted to uncover the best method for teaching students. The majority of evidence available suggests that multiple factors influence a student's ability to achieve in the classroom, none the least of which is learning styles and preferences. There is ample evidence supporting the notion that intelligence aside, most students have a learning preference related to their cognitive style of thinking that is ingrained or innate.
Because of this students will react to material presented to them in the classroom in different ways. It is vital that teachers begin recognizing the significance of these individual learning differences and uncover methods for coping with and addressing learning style differences and preferences within the classroom. Only then will all children be afforded the opportunity to learn…
Fields S.C. ( 1985, April 15-18). Assessment of aptitude interactions for the most common science instructional strategies. Paper presented at the 58th annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, French Lick Springs, IN.
Grabowski, B.L. & Jonassen, DH (1993). Handbook of individual differences in learning and instruction. Hillsdale, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Merrill M.D. ( 1973). "Content and instructional analysis for cognitive transfer tasks." A
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Learning Specialized Vocabulary
Educators that provide instruction in English as a Second Language (ESL) must provide students with the primary concepts of English in the early stages of language development. As students progress and become more familiar with the language and its idiosyncrasies, advanced training is likely to acclimate students to much of the daily slang as well as complex vocabulary that they hear from native English speakers in routine conversation. It is the responsibility of the ESL instructor to provide this teaching at the appropriate juncture, and the most advantageous route is specialized vocabulary. The following paper will provide a discussion of the concept of word elements in the English language. The paper will continue with an analysis of the methods by which ESL instructors teach technical or specialized vocabulary in their coursework, including various learning strategies for students. Finally, a brief discussion of the importance of specialized vocabulary…
American Guidance Service, Inc. (1997). Building Vocabulary
Skills. Minnesota: American Guidance Service, Inc.
Cohen, A., & Steinberg, J. (1983). Effects of three types of vocabulary on readability of intermediate grade science textbooks: an application of Finn's transfer feature theory. Reading Research Quarterly, 19(1), 87-101.
Coxhead, A. (2000). A new academic word list. TESOL
.. than grown-ups understanding, caring and self-motivation of children [are] what should be] cultivated... It can be very damaging for a person's development to be treated as a child until the age of 21... children can make very valuable contributions to society with their fresh perspectives and playful attitudes. This is to be supported and treasured.
Instead, however, since childhood independence and autonomy often are not encouraged, today's young students often become inflexible, non-adaptive, and non-spontaneous, therefore operating based on confusion, fear, or "by rote" within new or unfamiliar environments. The example Rich gives of the elementary school-aged boy who was not expected to clear his own dishes from the table, at home or at school, and who is surprised about being asked to do so by the author (and initially reluctant to do so), is illustrative in that respect.
It is not surprising that in the school environment, as…
Children." Worldtrans.org. Retrieved October 1, 2005, from: http://www.worldtrans.org/hw/children.html >.
Enjoying and Achieving." Early Years: Firm Foundations. Ofsted Better
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Learning Styles and Learning Practices
In general, psychological theorists and educators acknowledge that learning occurs quite differently in different individuals. Some people learn best by observing, whereas others learn best by listening, and still others learn best by participating or experiencing something more tangible in connection with the subject matter (Akkoyunlu, & Soylu, 2008). There are numerous theories about how people learn, and one of the most commonly used is Kolb's Learning Style Inventory (LSI), that categorizes learning according to the following broad distinctions: Concrete Experience or considering things substantially the way they are presented; Abstract Conceptualization or considering things as ideas and theories that represent or incorporate what is represented; Active Experimentation or forming conclusions based on what is represented and conducting experiments to confirm those conclusions; and eflective Observation or determining…
Akkoyunlu, B., & Soylu, M.Y. (2008). A Study of Student's Perceptions in a Blended
Learning Environment Based on Different Learning Styles. Educational Technology & Society, 11 (1), 183-193.
Chickering, A.W. & Gamson, Z.F. (1991). Applying the Seven Principles for Good
Practice in Undergraduate Education. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 47.
Learning Growth Perspective
The success or failure of any business entity is greatly dependent on how well align its goals and management systems are with its strategic plans. There have been cases reported where businesses failed to make it big despite of having excellent strategic plans. This was because they failed to keep their management systems and activities in line with their strategic plans. While management in itself is a small term, it covers various dimensions of business activity that include both internal and external influences. These include management of business processes, financial management, customer satisfaction, human resource management and the internal and external communications pertaining to the business. All these management aspects must be integrated into a well balanced management system such that it keeps the overall business activity in line with the strategic plans of the business. Many businesses get on the…
Gumbus, A. & Johnson, S.D. (2003). The balanced scorecard at Futura Industries. Strategic Finance. Retrieved from http://www.allbusiness.com/finance/3591611-1.html
Balanced Scorecard Institute (n.d.). Balanced Scorecard Basics. Retrieved from http://www.waikato.ac.nz/library/learning/g_apaguide.shtml#Webpages
Niven, P. (n.d.). Learning and growth perspective. EPM Review. Retrieved from http://www.epmreview.com/Resources/Articles/Learning-and-Growth-Perspective.html
Business Balls (n.d.). Balanced Scorecard. Retrieved from http://www.businessballs.com/balanced_scorecard.htm
Learning Log: Organizational Culture
An increasingly globalized marketplace and multicultural society demand a solid understanding of others' cultures, particularly with regards to interpersonal communications. These issues are especially important in the workplace where effective communication requires a careful balance of appreciation and recognition of cross-cultural differences that may affect the exchange. Although common courtesy and common sense will go a long way in preventing inadvertent cross-cultural communications gaffs, it is also important to understand the more salient workplace behaviors that may be regarded as offensive by people from other cultures.
Questions that resulted
What types of workplace behaviors are universally acceptable, if any, irrespective of the culture(s) involved?
What types of workplace behaviors are generally prohibited based on cultural factors?
How can the views of cultural theorists such as Geert Hofstede and others help inform the cross-cultural communication process in the workplace?
Relative positions with respect to the presented…