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Thoracic Manipulation on Patients with Chronic Mechanical Neck Pain: A andomized Controlled Trial
The objective of this work in writing is to critique the study reported in the work of Lau, Chiu, and Lam (2011) entitled "The Effectiveness of Thoracic Manipulation on Patients with Chronic Mechanical neck pain -- A andomized Controlled Trial" reported in the Journal of Manual Therapy.
The aim of the study reported by Lau, Chiu, and Lam is stated to be assessment of the effectiveness of "thoracic manipulation (TM) on patients with chronic neck pain." (2011, p.141) Lifetime prevalence of neck pain is stated at 66.7% and 12-month prevalence at 53.6%. (Lau, Chiu, and Lam, 2011, p.141) Neck pain is expensive to treat in addition to the suffering of the individual and lost work time due to employee absenteeism. (Lau, Chiu, and Lam, 2011, paraphrased)
There is growing evidence, which has demonstrated that manipulation with exercise…
Barrett, AJ and Breen, AC (2000) Adverse Effects of Spinal Manipulation. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 2000;93;258-9.
Cagnie, B et al. (2004) How Common are Side Effects of Spinal Manipulation and Can These Side Effects be Predicted? Manual Therapy 2004;9:151-6.
Cleland, JA, et al. (2004) Immediate effects of thoracic manipulation in patients with neck pain: a randomized clinical trial. 24 Jul 2004. Manual Therapy. Retrieved from: http://academic.regis.edu/clinicaleducation/pdf%27s/Cleland_tx%20manip%20for%20neck%20pain.pdf
Flynn, T. et al. (2007) The immediate effect of thoracic spin manipulation on cervical range of motion and pain in patients with primary complaint of neck pain -- a technical note. Orthopedic Division Review: 2007;32-6.
Human manipulation of biological information
Human manipulation of biological information
In this paper, I did Google searches on transgenic animals, spider goats, and glow-in-the-dark monkeys. A transgenic animal is one that carries a foreign gene that has been deliberately inserted into its genome. The foreign gene is constructed using recombinant DNA methodology. In addition to a structural gene, the DNA usually includes other sequences to enable it to be incorporated into the DNA of the host and to be expressed correctly by the cells of the host.
Transgenic sheep and goats have been produced that express foreign proteins in their milk. For example, spider goats are goats in which the gene from spiders that causes certain cells to produce silk into goats has been introduced, tricking the goats' mammary glands into producing silk along with milk. The goats would become biological factories for BioSteel, an incredibly light…
......shaping the ethical bottom line? Identifying factors influencing young readers' acceptance of digital news photo alteration" discusses digital ethics as it relates to photo manipulation in the digital age. More specifically, the authors aim to understand and examine what affect young readers' rejection/acceptance of news images that have been digitally altered. The authors discover key influencers in readers' choices. "The major finding is that the perceived prevalence of photo alteration, media credibility, and personal Photoshop use and knowledge are the major influencers of "non-professional" standards of acceptance of photo alteration." (Yao, Perlmutter and Liu 124)
The authors imply the need for intervention from a professional and scholarly level as well as participation by ethical activists to advocate for ethical standards as well as provide a public discussion of photo alteration. In a day and age where social media has proliferated and anyone with a camera can make a name for…
Along the same lines incivilities deals with the notion that low level breaches of community standards indicate erosion of conventionally accepted norms and values enhancing people's fear of crime and signaling that a particular area is out of control, possibly increasing the incidence of crime (298).
Worrall notes that CPTED works to inhibit criminal activity in areas such as residences and areas surrounding residences, businesses, public transportation locations, such as bus terminals and airports, parking garages, and open spaces through target hardening interventions environmental modifications, and increased awareness of law abiding citizenry. These interventions include; access control -- that practice of limiting access to only legitimate users and target hardening, that is efforts to make it more difficult for criminals to target specific locations, surveillance - defined as any method of ensuring that offenders will been seen, activity support -- functions that assist and enhance interaction between citizens and other…
Worrall, J.L. (2008). Crime control in America:What works? Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Advertising Information Manipulation?
Advertising is an important part of commerce the world over. The scope and the reach of advertising have undergone vast changes from bill boards to internet advertising and marketing. Everything is being advertised these days. Does this create mere information that is neutral, or does this inform and also manipulate? For example, if an advertisement for soap is endorsed by a celebrity- is that type of advertisement manipulation especially if the celebrity does not use the product at all? Secondly what are the details and benefits of product information? These questions have to be looked into to answer if advertising is manipulation or mere information.
hat is Advertising?
Advertising has been defined by many and the apt definition is that it is simply a method of selling a concept goods or ideas. Thus the major role of advertising is 'salespeak' which is defined as any message that…
When Advertisement is Information?
The question comes when advertisement becomes information. The information about the harm from tobacco that is advertised by a charity has no intention of generating a market, and the advertisement for public good is packed with useful information while the opposite can be said of an advertisement for cigarettes. The advertisement for cigarettes does not give any information on tobacco use but manipulates the user into contacting the smoking habit -- where there is no information or negative information W.D. Wells in 1980 introduced what was called transformational advertising where the advertising provided a motive and relevant information. Thus for business purpose, the transformational advertisement would bring out the emotion that the figure in the advertisement associates with the consuming of the advertised brand and this would relate to a unique set of psychological characteristics and the consumer is persuaded that they too can have this experience. (Agres; Edell; Dubitsky, 1990, p. 69)
The persons who argue that advertising is information contend that all advertising is information and where an advertising is shown where there is no much information content, the argument is that there is some irrefutable information that every advertisement carries and in that sense it is information. Information can also be enlarged to include many things making its reach wider. (Phillips, 1997, p. 34) This could also be the
Meanwhile, "False Balancing" is where "both sides are seldom accorded equal prominence," Parenti asserts. As an example of this tendency, Parenti writes that when it comes to a conservative issue, NPR (National Public Radio), perceived as a liberal institution, interviews a "right wing spokesperson" alone. But when it's a liberal issue being discussed, NPR has a liberal and a conservative on together.
Endorsement / Disparagement: Some media use "labels" like "the president's firm leadership" and "a strong defense" without offering any details as to why the president's leadership is "firm" or the defense is "strong." The campaign in California (Proposition 226) against unions used the phrase "union bosses" often, to give a negative tone to unions, but corporate executives were never alluded to as "corporate bosses."
Framing: Another kind of manipulation mentioned by Parenti is "Framing": this involves "bending the truth rather than breaking it." Examples of framing include:…
Aufderheide, Patricia. (1999). General Principles in Media Literacy. Media Literacy:
Goldstein, Patrick. (2005). 2 reminders that journalists once pursued greatness. LA Times
Calendarlive.com (October 18, 2005).
The author of this brief essay was asked to read the work of C. Wright Mills and then consider a question. The work of Mills is about the “promise” of sociology. The question to be answered is how the author would go about collecting and deciphering the news. The two questions might not seem related. At the very least, the specific work and verbiage of Mills and the question might not be related, at least in the eyes of some. However, they most certainly are. The people that emerge and trumpet their viewpoints in the media hold a certain amount of power. This would include what is said (or not said) in a given news story. While the statement of mills about which men and will “prevail” may seem mundane to some, it is something that absolutely explains the chaotic and often toxic news and media sphere that…
However, Iago usually stuck to plan so he could count precisely upon the results. After all, he was a military man, schooled in the tactical planning and execution of battle plans and motions. This planning and execution reflected the aspects of his personality that flourished well in the military and political world of the Italian city states. A Machiavellian schemer, he manipulates all around him and stays in character so that no one suspects him. All around him count on him as a person most likely to be truthful.
A.C. Bradley, a Shakespearean critic, remarks that "evil has nowhere else been portrayed with such mastery as in the evil character of Iago (Bradley 169)." This manipulating, evil and unremitting character is precise and stays with the plan. Only when the plan falls apart does he fail. This manipulative character is at the center of illiam Shakespeare's manipulation of the plot…
Bradley, a.C. Shakespearean Tragedy. 1974. Basingstone: Macmillan Press, 1904.
Raatzsch, Richard. The apologetics of evil: the case of Iago. Princeton: Princeton
University Press, 2009.
Shakespeare, William. Othello. Naperville: Sourcebooks, Inc., 2005.
10, 84). This validation is what drives Emma to continue manipulating.
Emma recognizes her own delusion when it becomes clear that Mr. Elton in fact loves Emma. This is clear in her imagination, where she continues to think of him as Harriet's lover and not hers. His response is: "I never thought of Miss Smith in the whole course of my existence" (ch. 15, 121). This shows the level to which Emma has deluded herself. She claims never to have encouraged him and rebuffs him. She feels it as "Such an overthrow of everything she had been wishing for" (ch. 16, 123). She is angry that she was self-deceived. In shame, Emma swears off setting people up, thinking that "it was wrong . . . It was adventuring too far, assuming too much, making light of what ought to be serious -- a trick of what ought to be simple"…
Austen, Jane. Emma. New York: Bantam Books, 1981.
Manipulation in Never Let Me Go
Manipulation is a relatively dark part of interpersonal relationships that occurs when the manipulator has certain motivations or inner uncertainties. It generally stems from a feeling of insecurity or other forms of unhappiness. The manipulation process is then used to overcome or overshadow these feelings. According to Handelamn (2009, p. 45), "manipulation is not exactly coercion or persuasion or deception." Instead, according to the author, it lies somewhere inbetween the three mentioned actions. This is why manipulation can occur in so many different forms and manifestations. uth's actions in Never Let me Go, for example, take a particularly aggressive aspect when she constantly bullies Kathy and Tommy to do what she wants. By the end of the novel, however, her actions clearly stem from a deep sense of uncertainty based upon the fact that she is a clone rather than a person in her…
Austin, E.J., Farrelly, D., Black, C, and Moore, H. (2007, Jan 26). Emotional Intelligence, Machiavellianism and emotional manipulation: Does EI have a dark side? Personality and Individual Differences. 43. Retrieved from: teamvdf.free.fr/TER%20M1/Emotional%20intelligence%20does%20EI%20have%20a%20dark%20side.pdf
Coxall, M. (2013). Human Manipulation: A Handbook. Spain: Cornelio Books.
Furtner, M.R., Rauthmann, J.F., and Sachse, P. (2011). The Self-Loving Self-Leader: An Examinaition of the Relationship between Self-Leadership and the Dark Triad. Social Behavior and Personality. 39(3). Retrieved from: researchgate.net
Handelman, S. (2009). Thought Manipulation: The Use and Abuse of Psychological Trickery. Santa Barbara, CA: Library of Congress.
Manipulation is the primary theme of Joyce Carol Oates' short story, "here are You Going, here Have You Been?" Through the careful development of her characters, Oates presents us with details that enhance a tale of violent manipulation thrust upon an innocent girl. This paper will examine Oates' technique and how it contributes to the overall effect of the story.
Oates spends a considerable amount of time describing Connie. Our first indication that this might be a tale of terror is the first sentence, which tells us that her first name was Connie instead of is Connie. Connie is a typical young teenager, filled with typical emotions. For instance, just as every teenager, Connie does not always get along with her mother. e are told that sometimes Connie's mother would pick at her "until Connie wished her mother was dead and she herself was dead and it was all over"…
Oates, Joyce Carol. "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" The Heath Anthology of American Literature. Lexington D.C. Heath and Company. 1990.
For example, Torvald often refers to his wife as a "squirrel," indicating that she spends a great deal of money. She has to hide the macaroons that she purchases and wipe the evidence from her mouth when she asks him to come see what she has bought. At first, Torvald replies, "Don't disturb me," (Ibsen 1) and closes the office door. He then returns with a pen in his hand, questioning her. "Bought, did you say? All these things? Has my little spendthrift been wasting money again?"
In addition, Torvald makes statements like, "That is like a woman," (Ibsen 2). His attitude toward women and toward his wife in general is rather traditional and formal, and Nora does not appear to be that way. Breaking free of him seemed to her to be the best thing to do under the circumstances. In the end, Nora chooses to leave her husband…
Unconsented Facebook Behavioral User Research
Facebook's 2012 involvement in a behavioral experiment on a series of its unknowing users
There is much controversy with regard to Facebook's role in a scandal involving users being followed and exploited. The company is responsible for performing a study where 689,003 individuals on Facebook were manipulated in an attempt to determine how particular ideas influenced them. These respective users were divided in two groups: one of them was provided with news feeds containing positive information while the other was provided with news feeds containing negative information. As a consequence of the experiment, analysts determined that the first group was more likely to make positive posts while the second was inclined to post negative ideas.
Facebook's attempt to interfere with people's lives and analyze how this affected them raised a series of questions:
as this experiment ethical?
as this experiment legal?
Bakan, J. "Childhood Under Siege: How Big Business Targets Children." (Simon and Schuster, 9 Aug 2011)
Hill, K. "Facebook Added 'Research' To User Agreement 4 Months After Emotion Manipulation Study." Retrieved November 17, 2014, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/kashmirhill/2014/06/30/facebook-only-got-permission-to-do-research-on-users-after-emotion-manipulation-study/
Jacobsen, D., & Idziorek, J. "Computer Security Literacy: Staying Safe in a Digital World." (CRC Press, 27 Nov 2012)
Kramer, A.D.I. Retrieved November 17, 2014, from https://www.facebook.com/akramer/posts/10152987150867796
Movement: Feldenkrais Method
The Feldenkrais Method® of somatic education considers itself to be an educationally-based therapy, as distinct from massage. According to the official website of the trademarked method, its use "is a distinct profession based on the principles spelled out in the International Feldenkrais® Standards of Practice" (FGNA position on regulation, 2011, Official Website). The Method is self-regulated, although regulating an educational practice, even one based in movement, could prove unwieldy given how many other movement-based therapies exist that are self-policed like yoga, Pilates, the Alexander technique.
Whole medical system: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM).
Most states require national board certification for TCM practitioners if they are not licensed physicians. "Practitioners must complete at least three years full-time schooling" (Is TMC egulated, 2011, University of Minnesota). Candidates "must complete at least 2,625 hours (about 4 years of full-time study) of didactic and clinic coursework in both acupuncture and Chinese herbal…
FGNA position on regulation. (2011). Feldenkrais Method. Retrieved January 11, 2011 at http://www.feldenkrais.com/profession/fgna_position_on_regulation/
Is TMC regulated? (2011). Taking charge of our health. University of Minnesota.
Retrieved January 11, 2011 at http://takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/explore-healing-practices/what-traditional-chinese-medicine/-tcm-regulated
Scientific acupuncture clinic center. (2011). Official Webpage. Retrieved January 11, 2011 at http://www.scientificacupuncture.com/usregulation.htm
The psychotherapist's role is then to enhance the already existing tools to help those who need it develop their intelligence and problem-solving abilities in order to promote the healing process.
Both the cognitive and affective domains are important considerations within psychotherapy. Indeed, the two often function within a causal relationship to each other. In the Communicative Theory of emotion, as expounded by Brett et al. (2003), for example, emotions are directly related to conscious or unconscious cognitive evaluations. These cognitive evaluations then cause an emotional response, which might include happiness, sadness, or anger. The subconscious internalization of the original cognitive evaluation and accompanying emotion could then result in behavior-related problems such as prejudice. Sometimes such behavior problems are so deeply seated that they need to be treated by means of psychotherapy.
Cognitive therapy, as explained by Michael Herkov (2010), acknowledges the relationship between thought (the cognitive aspect)…
AudioEnglish.net. (2010). Cognitive Neuroscience. http://www.audioenglish.net/dictionary/cognitive_neuroscience.htm
Brett, a., Smith, M., Price, E., & Huitt, W. (2003). Overview of the affective domain. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved [date], from http:/www.edpsycinteractive.org/brilstar/chapters/affectdev.doc
Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. http://web.uvic.ca/psyc/tuokko/Ethical%20Principles%20of%20Psychologists.pdf
Eysenck, Michael W. & Keane, Mark T. (2005). Cognitive Psychology: a student's handbook. East Sussex: Psychology Press Ltd.
Business Organization Be Made Moral?
Ethical and Moral Issues
This work will operate under the assumption of being a staff member under one of Enron's Senior Vice Presidents during 1997, a year characterized by the first major accounting misrepresentation and/or financial manipulation uncovered. The misrepresentation and/or manipulation was the use of "market-to-market" accounting with the objective being the adjustment of the value recorded in company purchases for the purpose of covering up a shortfall in the expected earning of the energy trading division of the colossal amount of $180 billion, quiet a shortfall as compared to the earliest mis-accounting. This makes a further assumption that the senior vice president or the higher-up one is under supervision of had perchance heard something of this transaction and its accompanying facade and then stated quiet clearly in a staff meeting called for the express purpose of addressing the fact that if:
Leadership; Facing Moral and Ethical Dilemmas (2005) Advantage Executive Coaching and Organization Development The Center for Business and Ethics at Loyola Marymount University. Online available at: http://www.leadershipadvantage.com/moralAndEthicalD ilemmas.shtml.
Leadership; Facing Moral and Ethical Dilemmas (2005) Advantage Executive Coaching and Organization Development The Center for Business and Ethics at Loyola Marymount University. Online available at: http://www.leadershipadvantage.c om / moralAndEthicalDilemmas.shtml
Mead, Margaret as cited by: Ibid
Free Are American Media
Events occur and become news, news circulate all around the globe. In early times it was almost impossible to convey these happening with in short period of time but with the advent of time technology grew exponentially and gave a fast source of communication called "media."
Media has played a very important role throughout. Any event occurring in one side of the globe gets to the other side within a span of minutes. They cover events such as politics, sports, entertainment etc. And telecast it to the other regions. Every event that had occurred in the past has been covered by the regions local and international media. The point lies in the contradicting news telecasted by the media i.e. one event coverage contradicting to the same event covered by another channel.
The process of broadcasting consist of many events such as coverage, filtration, etc. A channel…
Czitrom, Daniel J. Media and the American Mind: From Morse to McLuhan. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1982. Questia. Web. 28 July 2012.
Davis, Richard, and Diana Owen. New Media and American Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Questia. Web. 28 July 2012.
Entman, Robert M., and Kimberly A. Gross. "Race to Judgment: Stereotyping Media and Criminal Defendants." Law and Contemporary Problems 71.4 (2008): 93+. Questia. Web. 28 July 2012.
Fox, Julia R., and Byungho Park. "The "I" of Embedded Reporting: An Analysis of CNN Coverage of the "Shock and Awe" Campaign." Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media 50.1 (2006): 36+. Questia. Web. 28 July 2012.
history political philosophy sources political stability instability Machiavelli? Source: The Prince (Machiavelli), cited work the Prince My thesis Statement:The Prince, written 1513, intended a guide gave advice effective ruler stay power.
Niccolo Machiavelli's 1513 political treatise "The Prince" deals with a series of matters concerning political stability and the means available to make it possible. Considering that the writer lived in a period dominated by political instability, it is not surprising that some of the methods he proposed in order to restore order were somewhat unorthodox. From his perspective, moral acts were in certain situations pointless, as people actually needed to be controlled with the help of manipulating techniques. Machiavelli was basically interested in promoting the concept of evil, even with the fact that he attempted to mask this by posing in a person deeply concerned about his nation. He considered that in order to be able to control a…
Machiavelli, Niccolo. "The Prince," Plain Label Books, 1952.
Nederman, Cary, "Niccolo Machiavelli," The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2009 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.)
It is in coordinating all of these elements towards the goal of providing an appropriate education towards which administrators are constantly working, while confronting numerous obstacles.
Determining whether or not an appropriate education is being delivered depends first and foremost on whether or not the specified umber of credit hours for various areas of education are being met. Again, this comes down directly to scheduling or programming issues, and thus it is in schedule development that that foundations of an institution's educational appropriateness is found. If credit requirements are not being fulfilled through current programming, reassessments and realignments of budgets in order to provide for enhanced scheduling (or at least a major reevaluation and redesign of the schedule itself to better meet the credit requirements of the school's various programs) would be required. Meeting credit requirements should be seen as the primary goal of scheduling.
Credit recovery is also an…
online purchases?" using the two-part approach provided below.
Description of the Participants
In most cases, the more subjects that are surveyed, the more trustworthy the results, but there are some diminishing returns involved in qualitative analyses that limit the usefulness of increasingly larger sample sizes. In this regard, Neuman (2003) reports that, "One principle of sample size is the smaller the population, the bigger the sampling ratio has to be for an accurate sample. Larger populations permit smaller sampling ratios for equally good samples. This is because as the population size grows, the returns in accuracy for sample size shrink" (p. 232). esearchers who employ survey methods for data-gathering purposes may have a general idea about how many subjects they would like to recruit, but the harsh realities of recruiting sufficient numbers of subjects to participate in surveys means that sometimes researchers must simply accept what they get…
Chaudron, D. (2008). Master of all you survey: Planning employee surveys. Organized Change.com. Retrieved from http://www.organizedchange.com/pdfs/employee surveys.pdf.
Darlington, Y., & Scott, D. (2002). Qualitative research in practice: Stories from the field.
Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin.
Mauch, J.E. & Park, N. (2003). Guide to the successful thesis and dissertation: A handbook for students and faculty. New York: Marcel Dekker.
AGE GROUP PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT MILESTONES
There are many milestones for each age. I have selected some that have to do with movement on a small and large scale because I believe that they have to do with the way in which children may be inclined to move a good deal and perhaps exercise in later life.
Infants: [footnoteRef:1] [1: American Pregnancy. First Year Development: Infant Development. American Pregnancy Association. http://www.americanpregnancy.org/firstyearoflife/firstyeardevelopment.html, accessed January 28, 2012.]
Fine (Small) -- hands clench, strong grasp reflex, holds objects, pulls on clothing or blankets.
Gross (Large) -- Turns head, rolls back and forth on stomach, holds weight on feet, bounces when held standing, sits well by about nine months.
Toddlers:[footnoteRef:2] [2: Toddler Developmental Milestones. Parenting Magazine. http://www.parenting.com/article/toddler-developmental-milestones?page=0,1, accessed January 28, 2012.]
Fine -- filling up and dumping out small items, trying to dress and undress, drawing or scribbling, stacking or sorting objects, poking and…
Art Analysis: Art21
After reviewing the artists from Art21, the artists chosen are Pierre Huyghe and AI Weiwei as the subjects of this paper. The pieces the paper will be "This is not a time for dreaming" by Huyghe and "Forever" by Weiwei. Both pieces are installation pieces although the artists are not classified under the same grouping on the Art21 website. Weiwei is listed as "Featured in Change" and Huyghe is listed as "Featured in omance." Though they are not featured or classified in the same group, their respective groups are related. There are several different kinds of people in the world for whom change is romantic. Weiwei is a renowned activist as well as renowned artists. Artists typically have a deep passion within that they express via their art. Therefore, Weiwei could see the connection between romance and change. For the native Parisian Huyghe, romance may very well…
Art21, Inc. (2012) Explore Artists. Available from: http://www.pbs.org/art21/artists . 2012 July 10.
European Graduate School. (2012) Pierre Huyghe -- Biography. Available from: http://www.egs.edu/faculty/pierre-huyghe/biography/ . 2012 July 11.
Wines, Michael. (2009) Ai Weiwei, China's Impolitic Artist. The New York Times, Available from: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/28/world/asia/28weiwei.html?pagewanted=all . 2012 July 12.
Pierre Huyghe, "This is not a time for dreaming," 2004.
In the 15th century, the most prominent family in the developed world was probably the Medici, whose wealth, power, and political connections kept them in power for many decades and even centuries. When examining the stability of this regime, however, several factors, including war and their connections with ethically questionable persons like Cosimo, it becomes clear that there were significant storms within the regime, echoing the turbulence of war.
According to Kaborycha (111), for example, Cosimo became not only wealthy, but also a highly powerful figure in Florence due to his association with the Medici and other powerful political entities in the country. Specifically during the war effort, his status as money lender changed from a contributing role during the war to dictating political and military policy. Due to his many unethical actions in cultivating this status while also filling his own treasury, Cosimo's trouble began by being…
Kaborycha, Lisa. "Chapter 6." A Short History of Renaissance Italy. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2011. 102-14. Print.
He describes how wild grains and animals were domesticated, as well as the new technologies that made farming possible (sickles, baskets, pestles, gourds, irrigation, the wheel, the plow). He uses a chart to plot these movements. His evidence is mainly archeological, historical, and botanical with heavy doses of appeal to imaginary scenarios. Its power to convince is narrational. His ultimate point in cataloguing this change is to assert how, for first time in history, humans become a prime factor in altering earth's natural landscapes. Land was now exploited and degraded through deforestation for crops and soil erosion.
Summary: Ruddiman summarizes the history of how humans began to shape the earth through technology and landscape transformation. He relies on the credibility of his narrative.
Ch. 8, pp. 76-83: His main claim is that humans rather than nature have created a rise in atmospheric methane. He presents several lines of argument, beginning…
This suggests another realm from which I might be able to draw, using both design elements and textures. Clothing, whether truly traditional or the modern degradations of the older textile traditions, could also prove to be a source of materials for my own work.
My research will involve both academic research into contemporary and past art and craft practices in Saudi Arabia as well as an artistic exploration into the incorporation of unconventional materials into works relevant for today's society. I plan to use unconventional materials in my sculptures such as waste and discarded materials, leather, wood, plastic, and glass. This is the new point in my work, using materials that many people will not see as being properly the building materials of art. Making art that reclaims discarded materials will be one by which I will make work that is -- especially within the realm of Saudi…
Facey, W. Building on the past. Retrieved 24 April 2010 from http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/199904/al-.udhaibat-building.on.the.past.htm
McNiff, J. (n.d.) Learning with and from people in townships and universities. A paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting, as part of the symposium Communicating and testing the validity of claims to transformational systemic influence for civic responsibility.
Nawaab, N.I. (1998). The suqs of 'Asir. Retrieved 24 April 2010 from http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/199804/the.suqs.of.asir.htm
Ross, H.C. The fabric of tradition. Retrieved 24 April 2010 from http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/198705/the.fabric.of.tradition.htm
The fact that a novel in the sentimental and seduction genre attained such heights of popularity is, in the first instance, evidence its impact and effect on the psyche and minds of the female readers of the novel. As one critic cogently notes:
hy a book which barely climbs above the lower limits of literacy, and which handles, without psychological acuteness or dramatic power, a handful of stereotyped characters in a situation already hopelessly banal by 1790, should have had more than two hundred editions and have survived among certain readers for a hundred and fifty years is a question that cannot be ignored.
The initial question that obviously arises therefore is what made this book so popular and in what way does this novel speak to the feelings and aspirations of the readers to make it such a perennial favorite. As Fudge ( 1996) notes,
Barton, Paul. "Narrative Intrusion in Charlotte Temple: A Closet Feminist's Strategy in an American Novel." Women and Language 23.1 (2000): 26. Questia. Web. 10 Dec. 2011.
Fiedler, Leslie A. Love and Death in the American Novel. Rev. ed. New York: Stein and Day, 1966. Questia. Web. 10 Dec. 2011.
Fudge, Keith. "Sisterhood Born from Seduction: Susanna Rowson's Charlotte Temple, and Stephen Crane's Maggie Johnson." Journal of American Culture 19.1 (1996): 43+. Questia. Web. 10 Dec. 2011.
Greeson, Jennifer Rae. "'Ruse It Well": Reading, Power, and the Seduction Plot in the Curse of Caste." African-American Review 40.4 (2006): 769+. Questia. Web. 10 Dec. 2011.
Rosie to Lucy
An Analysis of Today's TV Sitcom, Media, and Reality
As is noted in "From Rosie to Lucy," Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique was, to some extent, concerned about the image of woman as presented by the mass media. hat Friedan reported was a kind of transformation from the woman of the 30s in magazines like Ladies Home Journal into the woman of the 50s -- the kind of hare-brained ditz of I Love Lucy. This paper will look at that relationship that struck Friedan so forcefully -- the relationship between media and reality -- and it will also argue that media tends to manipulate gender codes.
hat Friedan observed in the magazines of the 30s showed a professional woman much like the nurses of Florence Nightingale's nurse corps. She was devoted to an activity that was respected and needed. hat Friedan observed in the television sitcoms of…
"From Rosie to Lucy: Retreat from Revolution: The Role of Mass Media."
Krauss, Tina. The L Word: Love It or Leave It. Rhizomes 14. 2007. Web. 3 July
This is an opportune time to establish a foothold in China for the United States' knowledge economy. The longer the United States has to wait, the smaller its advantage will be upon entering the Chinese market, which it will eventually have to do.
It appears now that the United States did not benefit much from China's WTO accession. China's inadequate Intellectual Property framework diminishes the U.S. advantage in high tech industries. (Harvard, 8). Computer software, from such companies as Microsoft, are some of the most profitable products in the world, but they are often used by Chinese consumers without Microsoft being paid for it. Software products, often delivered through compact discs or even online, cost next to nothing to copy and transfer, as Chinese bootleggers have demonstrated.
The research and development costs that go into such software products is huge. Actually, they are the very epitome the United States' factor…
Feenstra, Robert C. Advanced International Trade: Theory and Evidence. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press, 2004. Print.
Feenstra, Robert C, and Alan M. Taylor. International Trade. New York W.H. Freeman, 2008. Print.
Abrami, R. "China and the WTO: What Price Membership?" Harvard Business School April 9, 2008. Cambridge: Harvard Business School Publishing.
Furthermore, he argues, a technological culture is not an inevitable feature of human evolution. If other cultures had achieved ascendancy, then science and technology would not have emerged as a reference point for measuring intelligence. SETI's requirement for an almost identical technology, although scientifically understandable, is based on an impoverished concept of intelligence.
According to Munevar, the development of a scientific culture, with access to radio communication, is highly contingent, requiring a number of lucky breaks from the environment and human natural and social history. In this context Munevar cites the development of mammalian intelligence. It is widely believed that the dinosaurs were wiped out by the immediate effects of an asteroid or cometary impact or possibly volcanic eruption. But mammals who survived the years of darkness caused by the dust of the impact or eruption then evolved to occupy the niche held by the dinosaurs. If the dinosaurs had…
Lamb, D. Discovery, Creativity and Problem Solving, Aldershot: Ashgate. 1991
Lamb, D. Crop patterns and the greening of Ufology, Explorations in Knowledge, XI, 2: 12-46. 1994
Munevar, G. Radical Knowledge, Aldershot: Avebury. 1981
Munevar, G. Extraterrestrial and human science, Explorations in Knowledge, VI, 2: 1-8. 2005
Google pps for Business
Edward F. Palm, Ph.D.
The recipient of the justification report is the Department of Transportation Federal Railroad dministration (FR) located in Washington, DC. This is a really small agency that currently utilizes Microsoft products throughout its enterprise. The purpose of this report is to justify implementing Google pps for Businesses within FR specifically due to increased cost savings and seamless and real-time collaboration. This report will highlight key components of why and how the aforementioned benefits can be successfully realized.
s the Federal Government continues to see an increasing influx in budget cuts, cost savings continues to become a top priority. Google's web-based messaging and collaboration apps require no hardware or software and need minimal administration, creating tremendous time and cost savings for businesses.
In addition to cost savings benefits, Google pps provides seamless and real time collaboration through the use of cloud services. This suite…
Also at this level, it is important to note the limitations of Google Apps, namely the lack of control over the system, the limitations of the storage capacity or the latency, which is still present, regardless of the improvements made to Google Apps and their integration among devices (Crowder, 2011).
The current section is dedicated to assessing the costs and benefits of implementing Google Apps in the detriment of the Windows
hat is AI?
Future of AI
The Expert System
hat is an Expert System?
Three Major Components of an Expert System
Structure of an Expert System
Field and Benefit
Debate on Comparison
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the Expert System Defined
Consulting applies a knowledge-based system to commercial loan officers using multimedia (Hedburg 121). Their system requires a fast IBM desktop computer. Other systems may require even more horsepower by using exotic computers or workstations. The software used is even more exotic. Considering there are very few applications that are pre-written using AI, each company has to write it's own software to determine the solution to their specific problem.
An easier way around this obstacle is to design an add-on. The company Fuziare has developed several applications which act as additions to larger applications. FuziCalc, FuziQuote, FuziCell, FuziChoice, and FuziCost are all products…
Barron, Janet J. "Putting Fuzzy Logic into Focus." Byte April (1993): 111-118.
Butler, Charles, and Maureen Caudill. Naturally Intelligent Systems. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1990.
Bylinsky, Gene. "Computers That Learn By Doing." Fortune 6 Sep. 1993: 96-102.
Liebowitz, Jay. "Roll Your Own Hybrids." Byte July (1993): 113-115.
Dow is not the most ethical company to begin with, given their production and distribution of toxic chemicals. The products Dow produces can destroy the environment and potentially threatens the health of their employees as well as their consumers. However, as Greg Miller points out in his article, "Fired by Big Brother: Fearing Sexual Harassment Lawsuits, Dow Chemical Co. In Michigan Fired Workers who Forwarded Lewd E-Mail. Could Your Company Do the Same?" Dow might be guilty of violating further ethical codes, those that pertain to employee relations and basic human rights. A number of Dow employees, a disproportionate number of which were union members, were fired without warning due to their forwarding lewd e-mails. The terminated employees suffered considerable hardships as a result of being fired. Some of them had worked at the company for decades and lost their pensions along with their dignity; many could barely…
This makes it easier for investigators to identify connections by clicking on a particular item in the three-dimensional link.
The difficulties of this process of proving such a chain indicates the importance of creating steps that can help companies simplify the task of conducting a computer forensic investigation, should one ever be required. The article stresses that the most important step is to ensure that network logging devices are turned on, even though these devices use disk space and processor time. If they are turned off, investigations can become impossible. Closing any unneeded ports on the company firewall and patching systems regularly, are also helpful.
This article paints an overall benign portrait of law enforcement, zealously protecting user privacy and safety. It demonstrates how an apparently invisible crime can be rendered visible through the use of technology, and both the law and law enforcement's attempts to stay one step ahead…
Burke, Dan. "Transborder Intellectual Property Issues on the Electronic Frontier." Volume 5. Stanford Law & Policy Review
Lang, David. "A Graphic Picture of Crime." ASIS. Sept 2002.
Measurement Error Issue
In the study done by Bargh, Chen, & Burrows (1996), measurement error was an issue when looking at whether priming concepts of old age caused people to walk out of the room more slowly. This issue came about because the measurement method that was used was imprecise. It relied on a person measuring walking speed with a stopwatch. While the stopwatch itself was accurate, the issue was focused on whether the person doing the measuring was pressing the start and stop buttons at the same point for each person he or she was measuring. Based on what the person was thinking, feeling, and doing, he or she could have easily pressed the button sooner or not as quickly for any particular person being observed. This may have been an unconscious behavior, but would still have a strong effect on the results of the study and…
Image Enhancement Techniques
Research shows that out of the five senses which are hearing, smell, sight, touch, and taste -- which humans utilize to observe their environment, sight is the most influential (Jeong, 2011). Analyzing images and getting them really does form a huge part of the unchanging cerebral activity of human beings during the course of their lives. Actually, beyond 98% of the activity of the human brain is included in managing images from the visual cortex (Guruvareddy & Giri Prasad, 2011). In today's communications system it is vital to recognize that the multimedia is an area that is continually increasing.
Basically, it is a field that is growing more and more each day. Many are starting to see the various avenues that a person can go into when it comes to image enhancement techniques. There used to be an era when the options were very limited, but now…
Botser, I.B., M.D., Herman, A., Nathaniel, R., Rappaport, D., & Chechik, A. (2009). Digital image enhancement improves diagnosis of nondisplaced proximal femur fractures. Clinical Orthopaedic and Related Research, 467(1), 246-53.
Gorgel, P., Sertbas, A., & Ucan, O.N. (2010). A wavelet-based mammographic image denoising and enhancement with homomorphic filtering. Journal of Medical Systems, 34(6), 993-1002.
Guruvareddy, A., Sri, R.K., & Giri Prasad,, M.N. (2011). An effective local contrast enhancement technique by blending of local statistics and genetic algorithm. Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis, 21(4), 606-615.
Jeong, C.B., Kim, K.G., Kim, T.S., & Kim, S.K. (2011). Comparison of image enhancement methods for the effective diagnosis in successive whole-body bone scans. Journal of Digital Imaging, 24(3), 424-36.
Executive Stock Option Plans
"If the company does not do better than its competitors, but the stock market goes up, executives do very well from their stock options. This makes no sense." Discuss viewpoint. Can you think of alternatives to the usual executive option plan that take the viewpoint into account?
Executive stock options are performance-based incentive plans that became popular in the 1950s and 1960s. They declined due to the stock market crash of the 1970s, but returned aggressively returned in the 1990s (Kole, 1997). Today, most companies grant stock options to their top officers as part of executive compensation, along with salary and bonuses. Options that are awarded as part of a compensation package can be very valuable to executives when stocks are performing well. The challenge comes in when stock value is realized for executives even when a company is not faring well at all. This is…
Cicero, D.C. (2009). The manipulation of executive stock option exercise strategies: Information timing and backdating. Journal of Finance, 64(6), 2627 -- 2663.
Collins, D.W., Gong, G., & Li, H. (2009). Corporate Governance and Backdating of Executive Stock Options. Contemporary Accounting Research, 26(2), 403-445.
Hamilton, S. And Wise, D. (2008). Adding performance criteria to your stock options. Hay Group. Retrieved from http://22.214.171.124/haygroupusmkting/e_article001162460.cfm.
Hess, D. (2012). More Stock Rewards Tied To Performance. Crain's New York Business, 28(31), 0015.
Corporation Transactions and Misrepresentation of Financial eports
Business law also called commercial law is a branch of civil law that governs business as well as, commercial transactions, and deals with both the private and public law. The branch created to ensure that, they are no exploitation and manipulation of people as well as rules and regulation in order to benefit some members of a business. This means that should one break or manipulate the rules and regulation in his favor. The or she must face the court in accordance with the law. With legal rights of all investors considered as an important element of the business law, we examine the board changes within the filling of the shareholder derivative lawsuits and might not be frivolous. Also, lack of highly competent employees within a business can lead to tremendous losses and to some extent closure of the business in accordance with…
Arlen, J. (1994). The Potentially Perverse Effects of Corporate Criminal Liability, the Journal of Legal Studies 23 (June), 833.
Becker, G.S. (1968). "Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach." Journal of Political Economy 76 (March/April), 169-217.
Zingales, L. (2004). The Costs and Benefits of Financial Market Regulation, European Corporate Governance Institute working paper 21/2004
movie ( snapshot). Then, elaborate Typeface printin
The 2009 film Typeface, which was directed by Justine Nagan and produced by Kartemquin Films, is a thoroughly fascinating documentary about the decline of traditional woodblock type and printing. The movie also focuses on the ramifications of that decline, which occurred in the wake of the transition to digital type and modern printing presses. There is a great deal of history in this film, which is centered on the Hamilton ood Type and Printing Museum located in Two Rivers, isconsin. Most importantly, the movie highlights some of the intangible benefits of traditional wood type that are not found in the technologies used today. The result is the viewer gets a comprehensive overview of the benefits of the traditional method, and the reasons why it was forsaken for contemporary ones.
Another fairly intriguing aspect about this film is the fact that, despite the patent…
Morris, Wesley. "Movie Review: Typeface." www.boston.com. 2011. Web. http://www.boston.com/ae/movies/articles/2011/01/07/stop_the_presses_for_a_loving_look_at_the_history_of_type/
Jeffery, Sally. "Typeface, The Movie." Eye Magazine. 2010. Web. http://www.eyemagazine.com/blog/post/typeface-the-movie
Typeface. Dir: Nagan, Justin. Perf: None (documentary). 2009. Kartemquin Films.
Weissman, Dyana. "Review of the Documentary Typeface." Font Bureau Blog. 2011. Web. http://www.fontbureau.com/blog/review-documentary-typeface/
motivation." To pursue my passion for chiropractics in my homeland I have had to be supremely motivated. Currently, there is no chiropractic college of any kind in my country of Taiwan. I hope to bring my interest, dedication, and belief in chiropractics back to Taiwan, after grounding my knowledge base of this medicinal science and art at Cleveland Chiropractic College.
At present, I believe I have exhausted the full potential of study in my country for the discipline of chiropractics. While studying SCUHS, I learned a great deal about the body, and received something of a foundation in chiropractics in some of basic science courses. But to become a true chiropractor a student must learn the philosophy behind the history and practice of chiropractics and the full diversity of its techniques.
One reason I am so strongly motivated to come to Cleveland Chiropractic College is that SCUHS only teaches the…
Memory and Witness Retrieval
Odinot, G., Memon, A., La Rooy, D., & Millen, A. (2013). Are two interviews better than one? Eyewitness memory across repeated cognitive interviews. PloS one, 8(10),
This research article presents the methodological framework, documented results and conclusions of an experimental examination of eyewitness memory accuracy when subjected to variable delays between cognitive interviews. By separating subjects who previously viewed the same video into three groups, each of which being interviewed twice but with varying periods of delay between the initial and follow-up interview, the researchers attempt to test the presence of hypermnesia, reminiscence, accuracy and error as dependent variables, with the delay between interviews representing the independent variable. The experiment serves to confirm many aspects of cognitive interview theory, showing that the repeated interviewing of eyewitness consistently results in new items of information being recalled after the initial testimony.
Operational Definitions in order carry research, researchers define variables terms actual procedures measure manipulate . Operational definitions provide details procedures needed measure a variable written precisely, increase
Variables and operational definitions
The independent variables for the topic social media and technology are availability of technology, social media access, and availability of internet. Technology availability is vital for someone to access and use social media. Without technology, the subjects would have to rely on traditional methods for communication, and the results would differ from those who have technology access. The popularity of social media sites available is independent since it determines the level of access and usage. Internet availability is critical because without internet connectivity it would not be possible to connect on social media with others. The dependent variables are sense of community, and enjoyment. Subjects who have access to social media and technology are bale to connect with their…
Cozby, P., & Bates, S. (2011). Methods in Behavioral Research. 2445 McCabe Way: McGraw-Hill Education.
McKenzie, D., Stillman, S., & Gibson, J. (2010). How important is selection? experimental vs. non-experimental measures of the income gains from migration. Journal of the European Economic Association, 8(4), 913-945.
Rucker, D.D., Preacher, K.J., Tormala, Z.L., & Petty, R.E. (2011). Mediation analysis in social psychology: Current practices and new recommendations. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 5(6), 359-371.
The practice of manipulative thrust therapy can be dangerous and cases of injuries and tragic events have been recorded. Cases of vertebral artery dissection (VAD) have been recorded in people that had the cervical spine manipulation technique done and research on the cases from 1966 to 1993 concluded 30% could be attributed to the procedure (Cleland 2007). VADs are spontaneous and can be normally present at the initial onset of headaches or neck pain. This represents the conclusion that the VAD was present before the technique is performed on a patient complaining of neck pain. The debate over the truth is still being waged. Even authors have joined the debate but they are touted as biased and do not support the evidenced based in research (User's Guide 2008).
Other debates rage as well. The risks of the manipulative thrusts therapies are actually no worse the risks from NSAIDs and cervical…
Anonymous. "Activator turns 35." Dynamic Chiropractic. Dynamic Chiropractic CA. 2001. HighBeam Research. 24 Apr. 2010 .
Anonymous. "Study Finds "Manual Therapy" Effective for Shoulder Dysfunction/Pain." Dynamic Chiropractic. Dynamic Chiropractic CA. 2004. HighBeam Research. 24 Apr. 2010 .
Anonymous. "Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics." Dynamic Chiropractic. Dynamic Chiropractic CA. 2006. HighBeam Research. 24 Apr. 2010 .
Australian Journal of Physiotherapy 2001 Vol. 47-163-24 April 2010
UK's Membership of EU and its Impact on Insider Trading
The European Union has recently introduced criminal sanctions in all its member countries in cases of market manipulation and insider trading. The new regulations are quite strict and are essential in reforming the financial markets. There are two directives Market Abuse and Criminal Sanctions [footnoteRef:1]and MFID [footnoteRef:2] have been introduced recently by EU in their pursuit to eliminate market manipulation and insider trading. [1: Criminal sanctions include fines up to £5million with a limit of the minimum amount of all the profits that are made through insider trading. ] [2: MFID stands for Markets in Financial Instruments Directive, this directive was introduced to protect insider trading dealings]
The criminal sanctions already exist in UK laws, however these sanctions are meant to have a greater impact on those member countries where leniency have been obtained in cases o insider trading and…
Benchmark-esearch Critique and PICOT statement
This article is a research critique on the paper titled 'Home Telehealth for Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): An Evidence-Based Analysis' by J. Franek. The research paper under review was published by the Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series.
Although there isn't a direct statement that refers to Problem statement, there is a title that highlights the "Objective of the Analysis." There is an excerpt of the objectives below. The discussion in the objective statement is only centred on the evaluation steps. There is evidence in the literature that the effects of COPD were openly revealed as being core elements of the problem statement in the first place.
"For patients experiencing multiple comorbidities, it is essential to observe routine self-management support. Such support consists of the necessary education to enlighten parents to pick out the symptoms in good time. They will consequently manage their…
Bernocchi, P., Scalveni, S., Galli, T., Volterani, M., & Vitacca, M. (2016). A multidisciplinary telehealth program in patients with combined chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and chronic heart failure: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials.
Brown, J. (2014). Improving care for COPD. North East Quality Observatory System.
Irzarry, R., Peng, R., & Leek, J. (2013, August 28). Evidence-based Data Analysis: Treading a New Path for Reproducible Research. Retrieved from Simply Statistics: http://simplystatistics.org/2013/08/28/evidence-based-data-analysis-treading-a-new-path-for-reproducible-research-part-2/
Riva, J., Malik, K., Burnie, S., Endicott, A., & Busse, J. (2012). What is your research question? An introduction to the PICOT format for clinicians. Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association, 167-171.
This provides two strong disincentives to innovate. hat is left is a Chinese state that discourages the development of the most tried-and-true means of economic development -- competition and innovation -- and instead relies on wealth transfer due to currency manipulation as the foundation of its success.
The role of government in an economy, therefore, should be limited if long-term sustainable growth is the objective. For totalitarian capitalism to be the superior system would require that system to develop competencies that enable its economies to compete globally. Thus far, these competencies have only emerged in the Chinese firms that have access to estern systems -- Lenovo's Hong Kong roots place it into estern-style competition for example. ithout competencies, you have short-term success built on an artificial and unsustainable economy, rather than long-term success. The estern style emphasizes a limited role for government and the power of market forces. The totalitarian…
Huang, Y. (2008). Just how capitalist is China? MIT Sloan Research Paper 4699-08.
No author. (2008). The long march backwards. The Economist. Retrieved March 21, 2010 from http://www.economist.com/culture/displaystory.cfm?story_id=12333103
No author. (2010). The spirit of enterprise fades. The Economist. Retrieved March 21, 2010 from http://www.economist.com/business-finance/displaystory.cfm?story_id=15331470
Krugman, P. (2010). Taking on China. New York Times. Retrieved March 21, 2010 from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/15/opinion/15krugman.html?hp
Pressure on Performance
The Effects of Time Pressure and Performance Pressure on the Ability to Solve Anagrams in College Students.
Anxiety and stress have been demonstrated to affect test performance and cognitive performance. Previous research has suggested that anxiety interferes with test performance by means of cognitive interference. Often, especially in individuals with high levels of test anxiety, stress leads to anxiety which leads to inattention, self-absorption, and focus on self-evaluation rather than on task-relevant behaviors. Stress is most often induced by a high pressure environment and can vary from situation to situation. The purpose the current study is to examine whether stress induced from a high pressure environment negatively affects testing performance. The current study investigated the effects of time pressure (being timed) and performance pressure (being evaluated) on the ability of college students to solve anagrams. It was hypothesized that pressure would lead to stress that would result…
Holroyd, K.A., Westbrook, T., Wolf, M., & Badorn, E. (1978). Performance, cognition, and physiological responding in test anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 4, 442-451.
Morris, L.W., & Liebert, R.M. (1969). Effects of anxiety on timed and untimed intelligence tests: another look. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,
Sarason, I.G. (1984). Stress, anxiety, and cognitive interference: reactions to tests. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 4, 929-938.
Combination Therapeutic Exercises with Manipulation for Reliving
Pain and Increasing Range of Motion for Non-Specific Chronic Low Back Pain
The lumbar spine is composed of the vertebrae as well as the ligaments beside the discs, nerves and muscles. This area is a common source of pain. This is one of reasons why people visit their physicians. Around seventy percent of people who live in advanced countries will have lower back pain at some point. Each year, approximately half of adult population present with low back pain and five percent of these patients see a clinician when a new episode occurs. Out of this population, ten percent still cannot work and twenty percent have persistent pain for a year.
There is no study combining these two interventions so we may have superior results if we combined both therapeutic and manipulation because therapeutic exercise and manipulation are the most…
Charges are oftentimes leveled that geneticists are playing the role of God. One can only wonder if the geneticists are genetically disposed towards acting that way, and if so, can their behavior be changed through gene manipulation?
Aberg, K.; Sun, G.; Smelser, D.; Indugula, S..; Tsai. H.; Steele, M.S.; Tuitele, J.; Deka, .; McGarvey, S.T.; Weeks, D.E.; (2008) Applying novel genome-wide linkage strategies to search for loci influencing Type 2 Diabetes and adult height in American Samoa, Human Biology, Vol. 80, No. 2, pp. 99-123
Acosta, M.T.; Castellanos, F.X.; Bolton, K.L.; Balog, J.Z.; Eagen, P.; Nee, L.; Jones, J.; Palacio, L.; Sarampote, C.; ussell, H.F.; Berg, K.; Arcos-Burgos, M.; Muenke, M.; (2008) Latent class subtyping of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and comorbid conditions, Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 47, No. 7, pp. 797-807
Duren, D.L.; Sherwood, .J.; Czerwinski, S.A.; Chumlea, W.C.; Lee, M.;…
Aberg, K.; Sun, G.; Smelser, D.; Indugula, S.R.; Tsai. H.; Steele, M.S.; Tuitele, J.; Deka, R.; McGarvey, S.T.; Weeks, D.E.; (2008) Applying novel genome-wide linkage strategies to search for loci influencing Type 2 Diabetes and adult height in American Samoa, Human Biology, Vol. 80, No. 2, pp. 99-123
Acosta, M.T.; Castellanos, F.X.; Bolton, K.L.; Balog, J.Z.; Eagen, P.; Nee, L.; Jones, J.; Palacio, L.; Sarampote, C.; Russell, H.F.; Berg, K.; Arcos-Burgos, M.; Muenke, M.; (2008) Latent class subtyping of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and comorbid conditions, Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 47, No. 7, pp. 797-807
Duren, D.L.; Sherwood, R.J.; Czerwinski, S.A.; Chumlea, W.C.; Lee, M.; Demerath, E.W., Sun, S.S.; Siervogel, R.S.; Townf, B.; (2008) Genetic architecture of knee radiographic joint space in healthy young adults, Human Biology, Vol. 80, No. 1, pp. 1-9
Harmon, A,; (2008) The DNA age, The Saturday Evening Post, Vol. 280, No. 4, pp. 74-76
structure' theories by making use of a new method. To achieve this, the case study shapes strategies of bond investment centered on diverse term-structure models to decide the best performing strategy. When making use of a "Manipulation-Proof Performance Measure," the case study attains the finding that in agreement with preceding literature, a pro-active method that is grounded on time-changing term premiums may create the foundation of an effective bond strategy, which outdoes an impartial anticipation inspired passive bond "buy and hold" tactic. Nonetheless, this turns out to be accurate for a previous spell when the literature primarily made this assertion. Later on, the study discovers that the passive "buy and hold" method is considerably superior in comparison to all active bond strategies. Generally, it seems that the impartial expectation model has been the most probable justification of the behavior of the term structure for the duration of more current periods.…
Ang, A., Piazzesi, M., Wei, M. (2006). What does the yield curve tell us about GDP growth? J. Econ, 131:359 -- 403.
Cochrane, J., Piazzesi, M. (2005). Bond risk premia. Am Econ Rev, 95:138 -160.
De Bondt, W., Bange, M. (1992). Inflation forecast errors and time variation in term premia. J Financial Quant Anal 27:479 -- 496
Diaz, A., Navarro, E., Gonzales, M., Skinner, F. (2009). An evaluation of contingent immunization. J Bank Finance, 33:1874 -- 1883.
Clearly, the article that was written by Eichengreen (titled 27 Up the Implication of China Abandoning its Dollar Peg), is highlighting how China needs to change their current approach. This is because numerous studies have shown; that those nations that remove their peg against the dollar will see consistent economic growth after this occurs. This is due to the fact that market forces are able to make adjustments to the financial system (which allows them to function smoothly). Evidence of this can be seen with the average rate of growth in nations who embraced this policy on year later with a 4.7% GDP rate. This is important, because it is showing that despite the fears that China has about what will happen, the reality is that it will have positive impact on the economy. As, the nation is able to more effectively adjust to changes on a real…
China Media Like Yuan, 2011, Reuters. Available from: [11 October 2011].
Congress Tackles Chinese Currency Manipulations, 2011, Fox News. Available from: [11 October 2011].
Forcing Yuan Appreciation, 2011, China Daily. Available from: [11 October 2011].
The Kind of Currency Manipulation the U.S. Likes, 2011, WSJ. Available from: [11 October 2011].
This is also known as a vulnerability assessment (Shimonski, 2005).
Enlisting senior management support so that security is taking seriously within the organization and so that employee and manager alike understand the value of assets and the seriousness threats that may exist (Shimonski, 2005; Schwartz, 2003).
Establish a security budget so that from year to year an organization has the finances necessary to deal with security threats as they occur but also take measures to prevent security issues (Shimonski, 2005; Garcia, 2000).
Create a task force that can respond successfully and expediently to security emergencies (Shimonski, 2005). Along these lines a security breech plan of action should be developed and all employee informed of the proper steps to take if a security breech occurs.
Establish a recovery plan that will help protect assets. This should include establishing back up so a company has somewhere to go and can restore systems…
Darlington, Y. & Scott, D. (2002). Qualitative research in practice: Storms from the field. Crows Nest, Allen & Unwin.
Garcia, M.L. (2000 - Jun). "Truth & Consequences." Security Management, 44(6): 44.
Grassie, R.P. (2000 - Nov). "Are companies properly addressing threats?" Security
Management, 44(11): 146.
Motor Processes in Sport
Tom is an 18-year-old goalkeeper who recently moved up in class from youth to adult football. He was an early maturer and has a history of being more advanced in soccer than his peers but now a weakness is exposed. He never learned to kick with his left foot and this has been a problem at this level. The current paper discusses the proposed reasons for his difficulty and outlines a plan of intervention.
Understanding the Effects of Early Maturation as They Apply to Tom
The traditional view holds that early maturation in boys has more positive consequences for psychosocial adaptation than late maturation. The early literature by researchers like Mussen and Jones (1957) described early-maturing boys during late adolescence (17 -- 18 years) as having higher self-esteem and self-confidence, a more positive self-image, and as being more socially mature, which may have led to more…
Baddeley, A. (2003). Working memory: Looking back and looking forward. Nature Reviews: Neuroscience 4 (10), 829 -- 839.
Banister, E.W. (1991). Modeling elite athletic performance. In H. Green, J. McDougall and H. Wenger (Eds.), Physiological testing of elite athletes (pp. 403 -- 424). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Brewer, J., Balsom, P.D., & Davis, J. (1995). Season birth distribution amongst European soccer players. Sports Exercise Injury, 1, 154-157.
Castaneda, B. & Gray, R. (2007). Effects of focus of attention on baseball batting performance in players of differing skill levels. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 29 (1), 60-77.
Strategic Perspectives in Management Accounting and Finance
The main reason for differentiation in the accounting studies seemed to occur due to the functionalist perceptions in the expertise of social studies. According to Dellaportas and Davenport (2008) professions are being separated by occupation on the basis of the level of distinctiveness one occupation has from another; a model first designed by Greenwood in 1975.
Abercrombie et al. (1994, p. 335) in their study explained that such distinctiveness is surrounded by the concept which results in more beneficiary outcomes for the public than for an individual's professional interest in providing services. This simply means that it was an original human demand that gave birth to all professions. There's an equality on profession's social compulsion i.e. there is a balance between a professional's job and his obligation to serve the public. In this regard Carey (1965, p. 376) asserted that it was in…
Abbott, A. The system of professions: an essay on the division of expert labor. Chicago: University of Chicago Press (1988).
Abercrombie, N., Hill, S., Turner, B.S. The penguin dictionary of sociology. 3rd ed. Ringwood: Penguin Books (1994).
Bedard, J. The disciplinary process of the accounting profession: protecting the public or the profession? The Quebec experience. Journal of Accounting and Public Policy; 20 (2001) (4/5): 399 -- 437.
Bivins, T.H. Public relations, professionalism, and the public interest. Journal of Business Ethics; 12 (1993) (2): 117 -- 26.
It seems that our challenge for finding an applicable question for using ANOVA is at least partly an artifact of not having access to more data, such as other performance measures, with which comparisons can be constructed. It might be interesting to analyze the mean scores of students in the course of interest with their mean scores from the courses they took just before enrolling in the current course. Alternately, the mean scores of final grades from students currently enrolled in the course and students enrolled last term could be analyzed. The second option would likely be easier to implement since the course instructor would have easy access to both sets of data. An additional independent variable to examine would be the number of concurrent courses that students in the select course were taking during the term.
Since the students enrolled this term and last term are two…
Campbell, D.J., Bommer, W., & Yeo, E. (1993). Perceptions of appropriate leadership style: Participation vs. consultation across two cultures. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 10 (1), 1-19. Proquest DOI: 947394.
Europe witnessed a flowering period in the 18th century that historians call the Age of Enlightenment. A period filled with experimentation as well as intellectual curiosity, people relied on the power of human reason in order to understand society and nature. One specific manifestation of the Enlightenment was a steadfast faith in the stable progression of civilization via scientific development. Because of this religious judgment went to the wayside. Instead, people wanted improvement through freedom, equality, and tolerance. French writers/thinkers expressed these sentiments and notions through their work. These philosophers devoted their passion to useful thought and not speculation. Towards the latter half of the 18th century (1782), such thinking took the form of a highly scandalous story, Dangerous Liaisons.
ritten by Pierre Ambroise Choderlos de Laclos, a member of minor nobility and a French intelligence officer within the army, Dangerous Liaisons describes French nobility and the search for sex…
Burns, William E. The Enlightenment. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Print.
Duchovnay, Gerald. Film Voices. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2004. Print.
McAlpin, Mary. Sexuality And Cultural Degeneration In Enlightenment France. Routledge, 2016. Print.
His stance is also one of superiority as he presents himself as the victim of his own vision and artistic expression. In this context, the generic pronoun "they" symbolizes Craig's detachment from the world around him as he feels superior which he believes, is what causes his isolation.
Craig's wife, Lotte, is perhaps the most radically changed as a result of traveling through the portal. She becomes convinced that she is a transsexual, and consequently, feels the only way she can be true to herself is to assume a new sexual identity, i.e. that of a man. However Lotte abandons her desire of sexual reassignment when she becomes aware that by starting a relationship with Maxine, she can in fact assume a different gender role simply by falling in love with Maxine. Maxine, on the other hand, embarks on a sexual relationship with Malkovich so she can be with Lotte.…
Weeks, Jeffrey. 2003. The Invention of Sexuality. In Sexuality, 11-28. New York: Routledge.
Dragunoiu, Dana. "Psychoanalysis, Film Theory and the Case of Being John Malkovich." Film Criticism 26.2 (2001): 1-7
Gauntlett, David. 2002. Michel Foucault. In Media, Gender, and Identity: An Introduction, 115-134. London: Routledge.
He does so to mask his true malicious intentions. Here he shows how his manipulation is actually paying off, "[...] He [Othello] holds me well; / the better my purpose shall work on him," (I.3.382). Iago shows his audience yet another motivation for his ensuing treachery in this passage as well. Earlier in the play, Iago spoke about his own jealousy towards Cassio when Othello choose him over Iago for the position Iago desperately wanted. Despite Othello's reasoning behind his decision, Iago's jealousy has obviously not subsided at this point in the play, "Cassio's a proper man. Let me see now: / to get his place, and to plume up my will / in double knavery-" (I.3.384-386). Iago reveals that he will commit double treachery, ruining both Cassio and Othello in his plot to frame Desdemona's betrayal with the innocent Cassio.
The last chunk of the passage is where Iago's…
Shakespeare, William. Othello. (Complete with exact pages and publication of the version of the First Folio which you used... The line numbers cited in the text do not need to be changed.)
"As in the pre-testing, Amazon.com (M= 6.87) and Barnes & Noble (M= 7.18) brands were found to be significantly more familiar than Maximo.com (M= 4.44) and Suprema (M= 5.26; ps < .001).5 Lastly, 92.3% of respondents correctly classified the seller into the appropriate physical presence category. A 4 (consensus) x 2 (physical presence) x 2 (brand familiarity) ANOVA was computed for all dependent variables."(Benedicktus, Brady, Drake & Voorhees 2010)
For further clarification, an ANOVA is an analysis of the variation present in the experiment. This is a means for testing a hypothesis that implies the variation in an experiment is no greater than that due to normal variation of individuals'characterstics and error in their measurment. The ANOVAs performed in the study indicated significant main effects of the consensus manipulation on each measure which I found significantly important to the discovery of amount of trustworthiness in consumer population. The comparisons made…
Benedicktus, R., Brady, M., Darke, P., & Voorhees, C. (2010). Conveying trustworthiness to online consumers: Reactions to consensus, physical store presence, brand familiarity, and generalized suspicion. Journal of Retailing, 86(4), 310-323.
China announced on Oct. 28, 2004 the first interest rate rise in nine years. In this manner, Beijing is showing its willingness to adopt additional market-oriented reforms in order to have a tighter macro-economic control on the already overheated economy. Although the news regarding the evolution of the Chinese interest rate were contradictory, it would appear that North American economists are welcoming this interest rate increase.
The Chinese economy is rapidly becoming one of the most important in the world, with an annual 8% growth-rate, constant expansion in the preceding years and a history of twenty years of economic reforms. The global economy and especially neighboring countries such Taiwan and Hong Kong are feeling the pressure of the Chinese machine. Investors have made public their fears, since April 2004, that the economy will overheat and are now expecting the austerity measures by the Government to slow the growth and provide…
. "China economy: Beijing considers rate rise to cool economy";
EIU ViewsWire. New York: Apr 20, 2004. pg. n/a (c) 2004 The Economist Intelligence Unit Ltd.,Source: Financial Times
2. "Chinese interest rise shakes international market";
The English version of the Chinese People's Daily Online
It is evidenced that soon after lapse of two months of treatment about 67% of the patients administered with manual therapy and 27% of the patients administered with exercise therapy could return to work revealing substantial difference through the follow up period. The study concluded that improvements are noticed in both the groups. However, the improvements in respect the patients administered with manual therapy are more prominent than that with exercise therapy. (Aure; Hoel Nilsen; Vasseljen, 2003)
Thus even though manual therapies are beneficial, it has been debated upon. However irrespective of the fact that delaying methods taking into consideration the reality that it compels the athlete to a therapeutic machine, still then it is acknowledged to have the significant techniques in alleviating pain, rehabilitating the common range of motion, and treating specialized conditions like myofascial pain syndrome. (Holt, 2004) However, such advantages are to be exploited from the physical…
Aure, Olav Frode; Hoel Nilsen, Jens; Vasseljen, Ottar. (15 March, 2003) "Manual Therapy and Exercise Therapy in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized, Controlled Trial with 1-Year Follow-up" Spine. Vol: 28; No: 6; pp: 525-531.
Beeton, Karen. (2003) "Manual Therapy Masterclasses"
Elsevier Health Sciences.
BMJ: Manual therapy beats out traditional treatment." (August, 2003) Journal of the American