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Disengagement theory was one of the earliest theories written on aging and it was formulated by Cumming and Henry in 1961. This theory states that the society should find avenues for older people to actively disengage from authority to give way for younger people to take over. Through this way, the society creates a smooth transition for the younger generation to take over the active roles while the elders are expected to lead a sedentary life. Though this augured well for the society as a whole, it began to create negative impressions about older people. The primary negativity is that disengagement can happen at different times for different individuals and it was difficult to define a range (Morgan & Kunkel, 2011). Also, the media began to show older people as inactive with no responsibilities and this eventually led to their biased portrayal.
The activity theory was…
Nelson, Todd. (2004). Ageism: Stereotyping and Prejudice against Older Persons. Boston: MIT Press.
No Author. (2001). Commentary: Sexuality in the Older Person. British Geriatrics Society. Vol 30(1). pp 121-124.
Morgan, Leslie; Kunkel, Suzanne. (2011). Aging, Society, and the Life Course. Fourth Edition. New York: Springer Publishing Company.
Hillier, Susan; Barrow, Georgia. (2010). Aging, the Individual and Society. Independence, KY: Cengage Learning.
Media Analysis -- Your Media Analysis is due this week. For this assignment, you will conduct a sociologica
This analysis focuses on the 2006 film Bordertown, which starred Antonio Banderas, Jennifer Lopez and was directed by Gregory Nava. The movie was widely panned by critics, and received limited publicity in the U.S. Such adversity was largely due to the political nature of this film, which widely depicted a series of brutal, unsolved murders (which were still prevalent during the time the film was made) of young women -- from mid-adolescence to their early 20's -- in Mexico's Ciudad Juarez. There is a reporter from Chicago who travels to Juarez specifically to write a story about these occurrences, and the major media outlet that she writes for (The Chicago Tribune) refuses to publish the story. Despite the fact that the star witness for the story has her life threatened to cooperate…
McLelland, K. (2000). Functionalism. www.web.grinnell.edu. Retrieved from http://web.grinnell.edu/courses/soc/s00/soc111-01/IntroTheories/Functionalism.html
Nava, G., Lopez, J., Fields, S., & Nava, G. (2006). Bordertown. United States: Capitol Films.
Schaefer, R.T. (2010). Sociology: A Brief Introduction. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Part of this is due to the fact that mainstream periodicals are written by full-time professional journalists, whereas blogs are usually not. It is also because of the higher expectations placed on mainstream periodicals. Reputation and credibility are huge assets to a mainstream periodical. Mainstream periodicals are scrutinized by rival periodicals and by their own readership through the "Letters to the Editor" section. logs face much less scrutiny because people do not rely on blogs for basic factual information.
The expectations of a publication's audience are also important. Readers of a mainstream periodical will typically read the periodical as a matter of habit, of finding out what is going on for that day. ecause of this, it is the periodical that will suggest to the reader what is important. Readers of a special interest blog, on the other hand, know what topic the special interest blog is covering and are…
Romer, C. (Sep 24, 2011). A Plan on Jobs Deserves a Hearing. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/ 2011/09/25/business/economy/obamas-jobs-plan-deserves-a-hearing.html
Reynolds, A. (Sep 22, 2011). The Spend Now, Tax Later Jobs Bill. Wall Street Journal Online. Retrieved from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424053111904194604576583151431651920.html
Raum, T. (Sep 24, 2011). Obama Jobs Plan: American Jobs Act Would Make Small Dent In Unemployment Rate. The Huffington Post. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/09/24/obama-jobs-plan_n_978956.html .
CNN Wire Staff (Sep 24, 2011). Obama says jobs bill will have immediate impact. CNN. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2011/09/24/politics/obama-bet/index.html?hpt=po_bn1 .
Howeve, it seems that customes ae not inteested in the motives of these companies, they just want thei poblems addessed.
It is impotant that media companies focus on such activities. The fact that the activity of Faifax Media allows the company to each a lage numbe of uses, this can be consideed an advantage in pomoting its copoate social esponsibility activities. This stategy can help the company incease its numbe of customes, because they want to be associated with companies that eflect thei inteest in thei communities' situation by making significant investments.
The educed level of pofits is anothe poblem that Faifax Media must addess. Thee ae seveal factos that detemined this situation. Some of the most impotant factos in this case ae epesented by the financial poblems detemined by the cisis that has affected most media companies, but also the stategy of the company.
In situations whee the incomes…
references of customers. This means that the company must establish the customer segments that it is recommended to be addressed. Fairfax Media must analyze the characteristics of this customer segment and determine the purchasing behavior and the needs that are reflected by this behavior. This is important in increasing the number of customers.
The company must also increase its investments in technological advancements. This is because the development of the digital media industry requires that Fairfax Media focuses on addressing the Internet and mobile phones customers. It is important that the company orients its research and development activity towards digital media products.
In order to improve its performance, it is important that the company increases the motivation of its employees. In other words, the success of Fairfax Media on the media industry relies on the quality of the work of its employees. This objective can be reached by investing in training programs intended to develop the skills of these employees that can be used in addressing the digital media market. T is important to focus on employees and on improving their performance.
1. Fairfax Media (2012). My Share Trading. Retrieved August 17, 2012 from http://www.mysharetrading.com/fairfax-media-fxj.htm .
In this way they are getting a 360 degree of their customers over the purchasing lifecycle (Field, 2008).
Integrated Marketing Communications (IMC) in a Web 2.0 Era
The experiences of BabiesRUs in managing digital and print media in a multichannel strategy illustrate how critical it is to manage each channel to its unique strengths while paying attention to customers' changing preferences for how they purchase products. This retailer has been successful by concentrating on the respective roles of online media to drive upper funnel interest and traffic, with print media and couponing to drive lower-funnel selling and repeat purchase activity. The combination of these approaches also allows for flexibility in how consumer's choices in how they purchase are changing very rapidly -- too rapidly to predict in fact. That is why IMC strategies must concentrate on how to have enough agility of selling process to compensate for any rapidly changing…
• Consumer Wikis enable users to comment on content, in addition to editing content
• Wikipedia, a community Wiki encyclopedia, includes approximately 1.3 million English-language articles
Sources: (Bernoff, Li, 2008); O'Reilly, 2005. What is Web 2.0. Design Patterns and Business Models of the next generation of Software. Tim O'Reilly. Published September 30, 2005. http://www.oreillynet.com/pub/a/oreilly/tim/news/2005/09/30/what-is-web-20.html
' Also, the target audience seems to be single females, given that almost all the recipes are in single servings, and seems unlikely to be palatable to anyone but a dieter.
One exception to this single-serving focus is a burger recipe (a presumably unfeminine food) which is introduced with the tag like: "There are some days when a silly little salad or steamed chicken & veggie dish isn't gonna be enough to satisfy you. That's why we've whipped up some Hungry Girl MANLY MEALS! Get ready for some guilt-free stuff that'll have your boyfriends, brothers, handyman knockin' at your kitchen door!" ("Ready for a little manly meal action from HG?! (2007). eekly eigh-in: Hungry Girl) of course, women are always hungry in a frightening way that they must deny, but if they must indulge, they will do it to attract a 'manly man' with a sure crowd-pleasing meal involving red…
Ready for a little manly meal action from HG?! (2007). Weekly Weigh-in: Hungry Girl. Retrieved 12 Apr 2007. http://www.hungry-girl.com/week/weeklydetails.php?isid=1074
Strip Tease." (2007). Chew on This: Hungry Girl. Retrieved 12 Apr 2007. http://www.hungry-girl.com/chew/chewdetails.php?isid=1065
Who is Hungry Girl?" (2007). Hungry Girl. Retrieved 12 Apr 2007. http://www.hungry-girl.com/meet/index.php
it's just how one presents the numbers. Besides story selection, Fox News often picked information to present in stories in an effort to persuade viewers to hold a specific opinion. Proponents of such practices claim this was an example of Fox News being hard hitting and not kowtowing to the liberal media's agenda (Anderson, 2004). In an excerpt published in the American Enterprise from his book We're Not Losing the Culture Wars Anymore Fox News senior vice president for news John Moody told Brian Anderson that Fox News would opt to begin a story on an upcoming execution by telling about the crime the person committed while the network news channels or CNN would start the story with footage of death-penalty protestors (Anderson, 2004).
According to the documentary, Fox would also use framing to appeal to its audience. For example, it made the American flag its background and had its…
Anderson, B. (2004). Why FOX News beat the mainstream media. The American Enterprise 15.: 52+. Academic OneFile. Web. 21 Mar. 2011.
Farhi, P. (2003). Everybody wins: Fox News Channel and CNN are often depicted as desperate rivals locked in a death match. In fact, the cable networks aren't even playing the same game. There's no reason they both can't flourish. American Journalism Review 25.3: 32+. Academic OneFile. Web. 21 Mar. 2011.
Rieder, R.(2008). In the tank? John McCain more than earned his negative coverage. American Journalism Review 30.6: 4. Academic OneFile. Web. 21 Mar. 2011.
Study: (2003). FNC viewers show ignorance. The Quill 91.9: 6. Academic OneFile. Web. 21 Mar. 2011.
Diversity in Multimedia Analysis
There are various immediate factors that easily give away the age of a person by looking at the skin elasticity, wrinkles, height, the clothing one is wearing, the activities the person participates in, energy and level of speed. In most instances, if a person sees a child in an elementary school who is three feet tall and has roughly 40 pounds running it is equally safe to assume that the learner is below ten years or ten. At times if one is walking slowly using a cane, many people would conclude that the person is aged. Clothing might give a clue to a person class, sexual preference, age, gender in most cases.
On the other hand, it is not a trusted way of evaluating a person as it gives room for many assumptions (2012). If a man is putting on a skirt and high heels, a…
Resources: Myplace: The Place for Diversity multimedia, Retrieved August 14, 2012,
Lind, R.A. (2010). Race/gender/media: Considering diversity, across audiences, content, and producers. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Advertisers recognize that brand loyalties and consumer habits formed when children are young and vulnerable will be carried through to adulthood.
However, by shifting children's preferences and their preferences as adults, the way of American eating has changed. Snacking on convenience foods advertised on television has replaced mealtimes, and the American preference of sweeter and blander foods has also increased. Before the mass media came to dominate American life, economics, culture, and parental dictates determined what food was served, and how it was served to children. Now children, under the persuasive influence of advertising, persuade their parents to eat more meat, processed foods, and to eat more snack foods like pizza rather than mealtime foods that require preparation.
Beder, Sharon "A Community View', Caring for Children in the Media Age, Papers from national conference." Edited by John Squires and Tracy Newlands, New
1998. pp. 101-111. 11 Oct 2007.…
Beder, Sharon "A Community View', Caring for Children in the Media Age, Papers from national conference." Edited by John Squires and Tracy Newlands, New
1998. pp. 101-111. 11 Oct 2007. http://www.uow.edu.au/arts/sts/sbeder/children.html
Coon, Katharine a., Jeanne Goldberg, Beatrice L. Rogers, & Katherine L. Tucker.
Relationships between Use of Television during Meals and Children's Food Consumption Patterns." Pediatrics. 107.1 January 2001, p. e7. 11 Oct 2007. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/full/107/1/e7
"Doctor Gordon twiddled a silver pencil. "Your mother tells me you are upset." I curled in the cavernous leather chair." (Plath, 1999, p.128) "A few more shock treatments, Mrs. Greenwood," I heard Doctor Gordon say, "and I think you'll notice a wonderful improvement." (Plath, 1999, p.145) Insulin therapies merely make her miserable and gain weight. Only her own bonding with the female psychiatrists on staff, and overcoming her sexual frustrations and hang-ups provides her with some tenuous relief at the conclusion of the book.
Thus, the Bell Jar can be seen as a portrait of a uniquely feminist crisis of the self, of the adolescent self in a normal but fragile and frustrating juncture of development, or of modern psychiatry's inability to deal with such a crisis, except in very ineffectual ways. Esther feels conflict as a woman frustrated to choose between masculine professional ideals and maternity, although upon closer…
Borgen, William a. And Norman E. Amundson. (2005) "Stages of Adolescent Development." (2005) From Amundson, N.E., Borgen, W.A., & Tench, E. "Personality and intelligence in career education and vocational guidance counseling." In DH Saklofske & M. Zeidner, Editors. International Handbook of Personality and Intelligence. New York: Plenum.
Kaplan, Cora. (1990) "Language and Gender." The feminist critique of language. Routledge: London and New York.
Plath, Sylvia. (1999) the Bell Jar. New York: HarperPerennial.
Plath, Sylvia. (1992) the Collected Poems. New York: HarperPerennial.
Media as the Linguistic Discourse Analysis Object
esearch in Discourse Analysis - Linguistics
Discourse analysis' focus is noteworthy semiotic events. Discourse analysis aims to understand not only the nature of the semiotic event, but also the socio-psychological traits of the participants of the event. The proposed subject of research is media discourse analysis or media as the linguistic discourse analysis object. Media is highly relevant and almost fundamental to life in the 21st century. There is no doubt that there are social, perceptual, psychological, linguistic, and behavioral affects of technology and media upon users and communities. Objects of discourse analysis vary in their definition of articulated sequences of communication events, speech acts, etc. Media is nothing but a series of coordinated sequences of various communications events operating semiotically. Therefore, media discourse analysis is a worthwhile linguistic research endeavor. The hypothesis of the research contends that media discourse analysis, as part…
Chen, L. (2004) Evaluation in Media Texts: A Cross-Cultural Linguistic Investigation. Language in Society, 33(5), 673 -- 702.
Chigana, A., & Chigana, W. (2008) Mxit It Up in the Media: Media Discourse Analysis on a Mobile Instant Messaging System. The South African Journal of Information and Communication, 9, 42 -- 57.
Constantinou, O. (2005) Multimodal Discourse Analysis: Media, modes and technologies. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 9(4), 602 -- 618.
Gamson, W.A., Croteau, D., Hoynes, W., & Sasson, T. (1992) Media Images and the Social Construction of Reality. Annual Review of Sociology, 18, 373 -- 393.
Arguably, the raw data at ikiLeaks is far more powerful than anything that can be found in traditional media or satire news. The audience here must also acquire the tools necessary to properly digest the information, as an audience accustomed to uncritical digestion of mainstream media will be challenged by the raw information presented devoid of spin and context.
Feldman, L. (2007). The news about comedy. Journalism. Vol 8 (4) 406-427.
Ludlow, P. (2010). ikiLeaks and hacktivist culture. The Nation. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/7669895/771113000/name/ikileaks.pdf
McCue, D. (2009). hen news breaks, "the Daily Show" fixes it: Exposing social values through satire. University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl%3furl_ver=Z39.88-2004%26res_dat=xri:pqdiss%26rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation%26rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:1456354
Postman, N. & Power, S. (2008) How to watch TV news. Penguin Books.
Reilly, I. (2011). Satirical fake news and the politics of the fifth estate. University of Guelph. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl%3furl_ver=Z39.88-2004%26res_dat=xri:pqdiss%26rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation%26rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:NR71829
Feldman, L. (2007). The news about comedy. Journalism. Vol 8 (4) 406-427.
Ludlow, P. (2010). WikiLeaks and hacktivist culture. The Nation. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/7669895/771113000/name/Wikileaks.pdf
McCue, D. (2009). When news breaks, "the Daily Show" fixes it: Exposing social values through satire. University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl%3furl_ver=Z39.88-2004%26res_dat=xri:pqdiss%26rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation%26rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:1456354
Postman, N. & Power, S. (2008) How to watch TV news. Penguin Books.
Media Presentation Analyzation: Design & Ethical Relationships
The war in the Middle East is an example of an on-going media presentation that is covered in the radio, television and on the Internet. More recently covered are the accounts of the beheadings of those kidnapped and in yesterday's news, of numerous people killed or wounded in the Iraqi car blasts in Najaf, Iraq. This paper will examine the design and ethical relationships of the media's presentation of the war in Iraq using the attached article downloaded off the Internet for the analysis. It will examine television and the new media environment of the Web, for both have become central in determining both the design and ethical dimensions of the media's coverage of the war in the Middle East.
Turning on the television means establishing a connection with the place of broadcasting and being literally and continually present at the birth of…
Bruce, B.C. (2000), "Credibility of the Web: Why we need dialectical reading," Journal of Philosophy of Education, vol. 34, no. 1, pp.97-109.
Design -- Media Presentation Analysis
In the novel, Howad is foced to seve as an U.S. secet Agent by the Blue Faiy, a caee that eventually led to his own death.
Mothe Night epesents the fictional memois of Howad W. Campbell J., an Ameican who seved as a secet agent fo the Ameican Amy duing the Second Wold Wa. Giving that the actual autho of the novel seved himself as a soldie duing the same wa, the question of whethe o not the autho esembles the potagonist in the novel is undestandable. Pehaps one of the visions they shae is the eality of facts, Mothe Night being Vonnegut's only novel that does not featue fantastic elements. Vonnegut wote "We ae what we petend to be, so we must be caeful about what we petend to be," as the final moal fo his novel and one thing Campbell and Vonnegut shae afte all is thei vocation…
references to such stories like "Jack the Giant Killer" and uses the image of some demons and serpents to create the background. The tone of the play is quite humourous and ironic, thus explained by the existence of the Fool. However, the King himself is quite intelligent, even though Shakespeare uses his insanity to address nonhuman objects. Like in many of his other writings, Shakespeare's style of writing is poetic, using iambic rhythms and free verse.
Therefore, it is quite interesting to observe that such aspects of human nature depicted in King Lear resemble other works like that of Vonnegut's and his Mother Night. The technique used by the later is ultimately different from that of Shakespeare's, less dramatic, but tragic nonetheless, written in a first-person journal style. This confessional style is bound to credit the protagonist-narrator because we only get his version of the events. Interesting enough though, it seems as though Campbell discovers more things about himself as the story unfolds than does the reader.
A in millions)
Current in millions)
Provided by Federal ureau of Investigation as of September 18, 2006. www.whitehouse.gov/goodbye/3ae6b1ac94aa97e6650780f280890a7c81100e47.html"
CHART: National Correctional Populations
National Correctional Populations
The number of adults in correctional population has been increasing.
A in millions)
Current million in millions)
Provided by ureau of Justice Statistics as of November 30, 2006. (Social Statistics riefing Room, 2006)
Violence in the Media
Huston and colleagues have estimated that the average 18-year-old will have viewed 200,000 acts of violence on television (Huston, a.C., Donnerstein, E., Fairchild, H. et al. ig World, Small Screen: The Role of Television in American Society. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1992.)
41% percent of American households have three or more televisions (Nielsen Media Research, 2000).
56% of children ages 8-16 have a television in their rooms (Annenberg Public Policy Center, 2000. Media in the Home 2000)
Percentage of television-time children ages 2-7 spend…
Alter, Jonathan. "Moving Beyond the Blame Game. (Panel Discussion)," Newsweek, May 17, 1999.
Beyer, John. "PERSPECTIVE: How movie and TV violence hits children; Is there too much violence on television and is it time to curb it? John Beyer, director of the organization mediawatch-uk argues that media viol," Birmingham Post, March 21, 2007.
Chatfield, Joanne E.. "Influence of Media Violence on Children." American Family Physician, February 15, 2002.
Children's Hospital Boston. "Teen-Rated Video Games Loaded With Violence;
Yes, the Oedipus complex aspect of Shakespeare it gives us and which in turn invites us to think about the issue of subjectivity, the myth and its relation to psychoanalytic theory. (Selfe, 1999, p292-322)
Hemlet and Postcolonial theory
Postcolonial theory was born as a result of the publication of the famous work of Edward Said, Orientalism (1978). This theory claim that some authors (Paul Gilroy, Achille Mbembe, Francoise Verges, etc.) and that seem so elegant in its formulation, in my opinion raises three fundamental problems: At a time when we are witnessing the emergence of new expressions of colonialism (colonialism, cultural, political and economic globalization, neo-colonialism nestled in the relationship between the hegemonic colonial past and their old colonies, colonialism in disguise that structure the relationship between international institutions and developing countries, institutions from the rest behest of the former colonial powers according to their interests), speak of post-colonial era…
Aragay, Mireia, and Gemma Lopez. 2005. "Inflecting Pride and Prejudice: Dialogism, Intertextuality, and Adaptation." Books in Motion: Adaptation, Intertextuality, Authorship. Ed. Mireia Aragay. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, p201-19.
Aragay, Mireia, ed. 2005. Books in Motion: Adaptation, Intertextuality, Authorship. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, p88-96.
Baetens, Jan. 2007. "From Screen to Text: Novelization, the Hidden Continent." The Cambridge Companion to Literature on Screen. Ed. Deborah Cartmell and Imelda Whelehan. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, p226-38.
Balides, Constance. 2000. "Jurassic Post-Fordism: Tall Tales of Economics in the Theme Park." Screen 4 I .2: p139-60.
Since Facebook has a lage numbe of uses, eachability of taget maket can be ensued in a moe cost effective way. A fee Facebook page can be used fo a moe inteactive maketing with consumes.
Justification of Rationale
The buying bief is of immense impotance to the plan. The economic cisis has inceased maketing costs of businesses significantly. Most bands that exist in competitive makets look fo cost effective but pime media slots. The maket foces that detemine the advetising costs in vaious media ae vey active. Moeove, the allocated budget fo Geat Smell is limited and the sales have gone down by 2% in the past yea.
The impotance of the buying bief is that it addesses the two most citical aspects of the poduct that is the declining sales along with the competition that exists and the limited budget. Keeping the citical aspects in view, the buying bief…
Jan Feb March Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Total
Prime Time 40/wk 40/wk 1250000
Thirdly, the growing up-to-the-minute exposure of the journalists to the physicality of the war detracted from the big picture and instead exaggerated the importance of singular happenings and specific events.
It is in the loss of the big picture that the Bush regime is most able to capitalize on its military's control of the press. While in the 1990s, the President's father struggled with "pooled" journalists and the lack of coherent and stable eye witness accounts, the current President instead embedded an army of over 700 journalists inside the United tate's military campaign as they waged war on the unsuspecting Iraqis.
There is a pretty fine line between being embedded and being entombed," observed Dan Rather in response to the Gulf War of the 1990s.
With the American journalists and those internationally desiring the protection of the winning force fully embedded with the American soldiers at war, the military operation…
Sides, Hampton. "Unembedded." The New Yorker. March 24, 2003.
Jamail, Dahr. "Fallujah: How not to Handle Insurgency." The Arab-American News, April 27th.
Morford, p. 2.
Media Negatively Affects the Body Image Concerns of Adolescent Girls
Among adolescent girls, body image concerns are not uncommon. The hypothesis of this paper believes that media negatively affects the body image concerns of adolescent girls. The independent variable is the adolescent girls and the dependent variable is the media. This is because adolescent girls can be affected by a lot of other things when it concerns body image, this can come in the form of their peers, society and even history. These variables can affect the concerns on body image of adolescent girls in both a positive and a negative way. However, this paper will only discuss the negative affects which body images are supplied by media to adolescent girls with.
The theoretical approach which best suits this study is the Psychodynamic Approach. This is because the concerns regarding body images are implanted in the minds of these adolescent…
Anschutz, D.J., Van Strien, T., & Engels, R.C. (2008). Exposure to Slim Images in Mass Media: Television Commercials as Reminders of Restriction in Restrained Eaters. Health Psychology. 27(4); 401-408.
Cheng, H.L. & Mallinckrodt (2009). Parental Bonds, Anxious Attachment, Media Internalization, and Body Image Dissatisfaction: Exploring a Mediation Model. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 56(5); 365-375.
Clark, L., & Tiggemann, M. (2008). Sociocultural and Individual Psychological Predictors of Body Image in Young Girls: A Prospective Study. Developmental Psychology. 44(4); 1124-1134.
Dohnt, H. & Tiggemann, M. (2006). The Contribution of Peer and Media Influences to the Development of Body Satisfaction and Self-Esteem in Young Girls: A Prospective Study. Developmental Psychology. 42(5); 929-936.
Providing a strong cultural and personal role model may be more important than attempting to socially engineer the messages teens and all citizens receive. The lesser susceptibility of certain ethnic groups to media pressures to live up to an ideal of thinness or physical perfection highlights the complex interplay between cultural, social, and psychological factors that produce self-esteem and what might be called body image. The interplay of these factors is more important in creating a 'body image' than what constitutes an individual's media exposure.
This is an important topic of research because it highlights the fact that censorship of media has limited value in engineering positive social results. hile it would be tempting and easy to suggest that developing minds and bodies should be shielded from toxic media influence as though it were the plague, this type of isolation would have a limited effect. It would not screen out…
Girls get anorexia 'because their brains are wired differently' (17 Dec 2007). The Daily Mail. Retrieved 26 Oct 2008 at ttp:/ / www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-502705/Girls-anorexia-brains-wired-differently.html
Holmstrom, Amanda J. (2004). The effects of the media on body image: A meta-analysis.
Entrepreneur. Retrieved 26 Oct 2008 at http://www.entrepreneur.com/tradejournals/article/118953907_5.html
Media's effect on girls: Body image and gender identity. (2008). National Institute on Media and the Family. Retrieved 26 Oct 2008 at http://www.mediafamily.org/facts/facts_mediaeffect.shtml
Media Portrayal of Sexes
abies, when born, have no inherent knowledge about how girls and boys, men and women, are "supposed to act." They learn their cultural roles from the culture around them -- their adult and older-child role models, and more and more, through the media. As one writer quoted lum, "Nothing in biology labels behaviors as right or wrong, normal or abnormal. Any stereotypes we impose on children -- and by extension, adults -- are purely cultural, not biological" (Abels, 2002). Depiction of males and females in popular media is in a constant change of flux, partly based on inaccurate stereotype but partly reflecting the very real diversity seen in both sexes.
Experts in the field believe that children begin to learn what gender role is expected of them early in childhood, and that these expectations are communicated to them both purposefully and in unintended lessons. Part of…
Abels, Lori. 2002. "Sex-role stereotypes in TV Programs aimed at the preschool audience: an analysis of Teletubbies and Barney & Friends." Women and Language, Sept. 22.
Giuliano, Traci A. 2003. "Blood, sweat, and jeers: the impact of the media's heterosexist portrayals on perceptions of male and female athletes." Journal of Sport Behavior, Sept. 1.
MacKenzie, Nancy R. 1998. "Effects of television viewing on children's development." Pediatric Nursing, Sept.
Shugart, Helene A. 2003. "She shoots, she scores: mediated constructions of contemporary female athletes in coverage of the 1999 U.S. women's soccer team." Western Journal of Communication, Jan.
The Content Dominance of Reality TV
Few forces have emerged with greater dominance or less artistic appeal than that of reality television, which has largely defined primetime content for the last decade. hat at one time appeared to be a fad, or a phenomenon at worst, ultimately reached a crescendo as the best path to high ratings, bid advertising dollars and household names. This is the pattern of media content which perhaps best reflects certain cultural qualities distinct to our time and place. Indeed, our collective embrace of this form of television, which allegedly depicts real individuals living real lives or facing real problems in front of national viewing audiences, suggests both a desire to see ourselves on the screen and, simultaneously, a desire to feel better about ourselves by observing the lurid, embarrassing and pathetic moments experienced by the 'stars' of reality television.
This idea is…
Elite Daily. (2012). The Detrimental Effect Of Reality TV On Our Society. Elitedaily.com
Fahner, M. (2012). The real effects of reality TV. USA Today College.
Miller, A. (2013). Hook, Line and Sinker: Reality TV and Its Impact In Our Culture. In the Mix.
MEDIA WORLD & CULTURE
The Media World in Today's Culture
The Media World and Today's Culture
The Media World and Today's Culture
The media is the most indispensable medium that most urbanized and developing countries have adapted to accessing first hand and vital information. It is also in the branch category of the most growing industries in today's global economy. However, the industry is faced with controversies from other sectors such as culture and politics. Implications of the social media and media personalties have always been at the limelight, especially with how the youth and children perceive what they see and hear from the media. It is therefore, necessitated to review how the current global culture allows for the continuity of the world of media.
According to Kaya and Cakmur, media has been a centre-stage in Turkey die to the linkage it has to politics. Turkish media is…
According to Erika Engstrom: "because there are no legal rules for the wedding as a social event itself, wedding media such as found in The Knot's offerings provide informal, though structured, instruction (etiquette) to women regarding the correct way weddings should be conducted. In this sense, the uniform weddings portrayed and described in detail in such media, in the form of easily accessible magazines and etiquette books, television programs, and popular films, thus become the dominant version" (Engstrom 62). In other words, popular culture, the media, and websites that seamlessly merge advice and advertising now structure our view of what is a normal wedding, filling in for what was once dictated by religion or local culture. Ironically, although more marriages end in divorce, more couples live together before marriage, and the roles of the genders are being increasingly questioned in society, marriages are getting more expensive and elaborate.…
Media With the Military in Battle
There must be a cost-benefit analysis performed before formally agreeing to attach reporters to military units during active engagements. There are pros and cons for the side of the press and on the side of the military. It has become practice or tradition since the Vietnam War for journalists to be permitted to accompany and document the activities of various military units. Therefore, there is a fairly substantial precedent set for this form of cooperation. When considering this situation, imagining the outcome can assist in adequately preparing both sides for the accompaniment.
The military units that would have journalists should be provided as much notice as possible. This would give the commanding officers a chance to prepare assignments that would both satisfy the journalists and provide a respectable amount of operational secrecy. The journalists should receive some kind of basic military training and…
Constitutional Rights Foundation. (2012). Press Freedom vs. Military Censorship. Web, Available from: http://www.crf-usa.org/america-responds-to-terrorism/press-freedom-versus-military-censorship.html . 2012 November 09.
Ricchiardi, S. (2006). Dangerous Assignment. American Journalism Review, Web, Available from: http://www.ajr.org/article.asp?id=4003 . 2012 November 10.
Some of the topics addressed by Einstein in his writings include his views on government, education, human morality and social ethics. One of the most interesting areas addressed by Einstein is his personal beliefs about the existence of God and the merits of theistic religion in human society. Besides the fact that his intellect alone makes his philosophical beliefs (about almost anything of consequence) relevant, the fact that Einstein's scientific accomplishments imply certain conclusions in connection with the notion of a timeless God makes his writings especially relevant. In fact, any Internet search of the terms "Einstein" and "God" will reveal that much has been made by proponents of theistic religion of a statement of Einstein that "God doesn't play dice with the universe." Other Internet references suggest that Einstein once suggested that only a divine actor could ever have designed a structure as complex as the human eye.
Einstein, a. (1954). Ideas and Opinions. New York: Crown
Einstein, a. (1956). Out of My Later Years. New York: Citadel.
Einstein, a. (1979). The World as I See it. New York: Citadel.
Smith H.W. (1952). Man and His Gods. Boston: Little Brown & Co.
Media & Society
Media can have a strong influence on society. Media has the ability to shape how people view the world, how they perceive different issues and media can also have a direct influence on behavior in society as well. With political ads, the objective is direct behavioral influence, the behavior being voting, so the media role with these ads is a content-dependent relationship. The ads are intended to bring about a specific behavior, but the ads are also intended to change perspectives and dialogue, both about candidates and about the issues for which those candidates stand. This paper will examine two advertisements from the 2012 Presidential election campaign, one from each side, in order to illustrate this concept.
The Romney ad "Stand up to China" works primarily on the affective level. The copy of the ad is hilariously childish to anybody who understands anything about foreign policy…
Similarly, women today feel the need to appear beautiful and perfect all the time in order to be a part of a class in society. According to what Kilbourne suggests, women use their bodies as masks or objects that need to be taken care of all the time and kept in perfect shape and condition. The media and the advertisements program their minds to think that their appearance is not perfect and they need to change themselves in a particular manner (Kilbourne, 2002).
One of the main roles that media has played in this subject is to make an individual perceive themselves from the eyes of others and to take it as a responsibility to be appealing to the eyes of the audience instead of what they themselves want to do. Advertisements today sell the bodies of women, not in the literal sense but metaphorically speaking, all advertisements have women…
Dahlberg, J. (2008). Sexual Objectification of Women in Advertising. Journal of Advertising Research .
Galician, M. (2004). Sex, Love and Romance in the Media: Analysis and criticism of the unrealistic portrayal of women in mass media. Lawrence Elbaum Associates.
Gammel, I. (1999). Confessional politics: Women's self representations in life writing and popular media. Southern Illinios University Press.
Hall, a.C. (1998). Delights, Desires and Dilemmas: Essays on Women and the Media. Praeger Publications.
93 (Hispanicism), .89 (Americanism); test-retest (6weeks) .50 (H)/.79 (a). This Likert scale involves rating of 1-5, in which scale 1 represents not feeling comfortable and scale 5 indicates very comfortable at accepting the American music, TV programs and English printed media.
This relational study incorporates statistical devices of Multiple egression Analysis to test the hypothesis. Correlations between variables will be performed as well. Each predictor derived from individual analysis represents time spent on each of these three specific media, with the criterion variable being acculturation level. Hours per viewing per day and per week with moderators such as English proficiency level, are included in each of the analysis presented.
Fox, S., ainie, L., Larsen, E., Horrigan, J., Lenhart, a., Spooner, T., & Carter, C.
(2001). Wired Seniors. The Pew Internet and American Life Project. etrieved from http://www.pewinternet.org/pdfs/PIP_Wired_Seniors_eport.pdf
Furlong, M.S. (1989). An electronic community for older adults: The SeniorNet…
Fox, S., Rainie, L., Larsen, E., Horrigan, J., Lenhart, a., Spooner, T., & Carter, C.
(2001). Wired Seniors. The Pew Internet and American Life Project. Retrieved from http://www.pewinternet.org/pdfs/PIP_Wired_Seniors_Report.pdf
Furlong, M.S. (1989). An electronic community for older adults: The SeniorNet network.
Journal of Communication, 39 (3), pp. 145-153.
Through a school-based project, students within the proposed COMA program would watch popular videos under supervision and then talk about the images afterwards, to assess different rapper's portraits of women, violence, crime, and sexuality. Students would also analyze rap lyrics in their English classes. This would encourage teens to not simply mindlessly listen to the music, without critically analyzing rappers' overt messages and rap lyrics' subtexts.
Bringing rap into the school would help to erase the 'us vs. them' divide that is part of much of rap's violent, negative, outsider appeal. It could also offer a springboard in which to discuss larger social issues about racism and sexism. Students would be asked to create their own rap music videos and rap songs to talk about issues that were important to them on a personal level. Incorporating rap as an expressive medium has been proven to be effective in many contexts.…
Iwamoto, Derek K. (2007). Feeling the beat: the meaning of rap music for ethnically diverse midwestern college students: A phenomenological study. Adolescence. Retrieved July
25, 2010 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2248/is_166_42/ai_n27343301/
King, Samantha (et al. 2009). Effects of rap and heavy metal music lyrics on adolescent
Behavior. Missouri Western State University. Retrieved July 25, 2010 at http://clearinghouse.missouriwestern.edu/manuscripts/325.php
media / favorite form media. You choose . Analysis
In my opinion, the most preferable form of mass media is the fairly conventional compact disc. CDs are an excellent sociological tool in learning about one's environment and the relevant issues that affect society today. Additionally, CD's allow for a highly limited form of intervention between the message that the music artist is attempting to convey and its reception by the listener. Conversely, I believe that one of the least preferable forms of media is the internet. Despite the fact that there are vast amounts of information accessible to users on it, there are a number of ways in which using the internet inherently impinges on the privacy of a particular user. Cookies and other sorts of intelligence metrics track the particular activity of people. Moreover, this capability of the internet, when combined with aspects of data governance, data stewardship, and…
Godwin, Allotey. "Libertarian V. Social Responsibility." Allotey Godwin. http://alloteygodwin.blogspot.com/2009/05/libertarian-v-social-responsibility.html
No Author. "Introduction to Mass Communication." Zeepedia.com. No date. Web. http://www.zeepedia.com/read.php?media_theories_libertarian_theory_social_responsibility_theory_introduction_to_mass_communication&b=78&c=39
No author. "Theories of Communication." www.peoi.org. 2012. Web. http://www.peoi.org/Courses/Coursesar/mass/mass2.html
Naveed, Fakhar. "Normative Theories of Mass Communication." Ask For Mass. 2012. Web. http://mastermasscommunication.blogspot.com/2012/02/normative-theories-of-mass.html
New Media Implications
The improvement of internet and other technology and its ready availability to more and more people has revolutionized the structure and population of the media around the world. People that would normally be members of the audience have become the creators of news and vice versa. The lines that separate news makers and people that normally would be making news or expected to make news have blurred significantly and in several different ways. There are many examples of countries that could be focused on for this subject but one of the best is the United States.
There are multiple ways in which the structure of news creators has changed and evolved over recent months and years. One way in which the idea regarding audience and news sources has been altered significantly is the corporate structure of the people that are providing the news. The companies…
Babad, E. (2005). The Psychological Price of Media Bias. Journal of Experimental
Psychology. 11 (4), 245-255.
Barkow, J., O'Gorman, R. & Rendell, L. (2012). Are The New Mass Media Subverting
Cultural Transmission. Review of General Psychology. 16 (2), 121-133.
Accounting analysis is an important step in determining the overall health and well being of a particular business organization. Accounting practices must be correctly aligned with the larger, overall business strategy as laid out by the leadership of the organization. Accounting analysis feeds into the larger financial picture of the company and provides a means to audit and improve the often difficult task of keeping track of the many exchanges and trades.
To successfully analyze Fairfax media, is ultimately necessary to perform a solid accounting analysis on the company's practices. This being an external evaluation, requires a certain amount of circumstantial inference to help fully describe the implied accounting methods used in this large company.
Fairfax must incorporate four important financial documents to fully gain an understanding of their accounting practices. The income statement, the balance sheet, the cash flow statement and the statement of changes in equity must…
Fairfax Media 2011 Financial Report
Fairfax Media 2012 Financial Report.
Fairfax Media Full Year Results Presentation 2013. Aug 22, 2013.
King, M. (2013). Fairfax reports $128m profit. The Motley Fool, 22 Aug 2013. Retrieved from http://au.finance.yahoo.com/news/fairfax-reports-128m-profit-023222418.html
The argument being advanced is that since, the Muslim extremists were responsible for the 9/11 disaster, the construction of the Muslim religious center would inculcate the jihad teachings and dishonor to the memory of the 9/11 victims. The question one would ask is this, what about the strip clubs, bars and other activities that are zero blocks away from the hallowed ground, do they honor the victims of the attacks. Consequently, it can be argued that Politicians and anti-Muslim groups found an easier way to agitate the crowds by exploitation of their Islamophobic instincts with the aid of the media framing of the issue. In same the interview, what comes out clearly is that Pamela fights against what she perceives as Islamization of America as opposed to Americanization of Islam. he later describes the center, which she refers to as ground zero mosque as a war memorial against the Americans…
Stone, D.A. (2002). Policy paradox: The art of political decision making. New York: Norton.
Payser, a (May 13, 2010).Mosque madness at Ground Zero.
Communications Media -- Media Culture
Meet the Press June 24, 2012 (NBC)
The mainstream news program, Meet the Press June 24, 2012 (NBC), focused primarily on some of the different views about the most important needs of the nation between Republicans and Democrats. More specifically, the moderator raised the issues of racial profiling laws in various states, immigration policy reform, the potential consequences of a pending Supreme Court decision on President Obama's Affordable Care Act that has been the source of so much conflict in political circles since the first months of the current presidential administration. Other topics of discussion included the national budget in connection with the need to generate revenue, the current conflict over the "Fast and Furious" debacle and the bizarre allegations leveled against the U.S. Attorney General, and predictions about the different challenges faced by the respective presidential campaigns of President Obama and the…
As Gaye Tuchman points out in “The Symbolic Annihilation of Women by the Mass Media,” our society’s new pulpits are the ones that come with television screens and societies messages are those pronounced like epistles from these screens. What people learn about themselves and each other is that which is projected for them to see every day and night on the television screen. The mass media is the purveyor of modern culture. It is not surprising, therefore, to realize that our conception of woman in the modern sense is formed by and large by what the mass media asks us to think about her.
Tuchman notes that the primary lesson that TV promotes is that “women don’t count for much” (12) essentially because “they are underrepresented in television’s fictional life” (12)—i.e., they are annihilated from life portrayed on TV and therefore consigned to oblivion in modern culture. This lack of…
There are several theoretical approaches that are utilized in explaining personality based on the different traits relating to an individual. These theoretical approaches are divided into two major categories i.e. the five domains and complex models domains. The five domains (psychodynamic, humanistic, behavioral, trait and type, and learning) are approaches that focus on how individual traits are developed and how behavior is formulated. On the other hand, the complex models domains basically focus on how traits could impact an individual's personality. These two categories can be utilized in developing a personality profile of an individual based on interactions with him/her and the information on he/she posts on social media.
TinaShazzy's Personality Profile
The chosen theoretical approach that I will utilize in developing TinaShazzy's personality is the behavioral domain, which suggests that an individual's behavior is a reflection of his/her personality trait since personality is behavior (Phelps, 2015). Additionally,…
In all, over 3,000 people died in the attacks, the overwhelming majority civilians, including nationals from over 90 different countries ("Bin Laden Claims esponsibility," 2004).
Clearly, this was a tragedy of global proportions. Just as clear, this was a tragedy that was far from simple; it was complex in its planning, its execution, and in the players involved. Instead, however, the message became quite clear in the media:
epetition -- Again and again the terrible footage was shown, usually in slow motion, of the plane hitting the World Trade Center.
Simplicity -- the simple message: "America is under attack from the World of Islam."
ewards for Believing -- America has a reason to launch a global war on terror, including but not limited to further action in Iraq. The need to believe and be patriotic will override the need for personal freedom and allow government action.
"Bin Laden Claims…
Cosgrove, R. "Critical Thinking." The Critical Thinking Company. 2009. Cited in:
< http://www.criticalthinking.org/research/index.cfm >
Glaser, T. "The Power of Advertising." St. Petersburg Online. (May 10, 2001). Cited in:
< http://www.sptimes.com/News/051001/NIE/The_power_of_advertis.shtml >
Images of Youth
Media Representations of Young Australians
Any minority group is bound to have its own image, and its own problems. The difficulties faced by ethnic, racial, and religious minorities are well-known, but there is another group that is equally disadvantaged, but that is really even considered among the minority population. Across Australia, young people -- in particular secondary school students -- constitute a distinct minority group that is frequently maligned and exploited. Media accounts give little thought to smearing all children as irresponsible, drug-ridden, delinquents. Few media outlets bother also to consider the ways in which youthful employees are exploited through overwork, low pay, and substandard job conditions. Yet this special minority group is one of Australia's largest. Its members belong to every other racial, ethnic, and religious group. Its members are the future of us all. hen will the media begin to honestly explore the real predicament…
Brannen, Julia, and Margaret O'brien. Children in Families: Research and Policy. London: Falmer Press, 1996.
Burgmann, Verity. Power, Profit, and Protest: Australian Social Movements and Globalisation / . Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin, 2003.
Cowdery, Nicholas. Getting Justice Wrong: Myths, Media and Crime / . St. Leonards, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin, 2001.
Cox, Katherine E. "The Inevitability of Nimble Fingers? Law, Development and Child Labor." Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 32.1 (1999): 115..
To say that pears was exploited or hounded by the press is understatement. It is perhaps more accurate to say she was manufactured by the press and advertising industries. While pears no doubt had problems, the extent and depth of her problems were compounded by the press and advertising media that capitalized on every possible invasion of privacy and whatever normalcy in life she attempted to pursue. omething that many of do, going to tarbucks for coffee each day, became an image of a caffeine addict who was putting her children at risk because she chose to drive herself to the coffee shop. urrounded by hundreds of paparazzi whenever she ventured beyond the security of her gated home, perhaps she was jeopardizing the safety of her children who also became targets of incessant and seemingly deranged paparazzi. Never before has the media played such an integral role in destroying the…
Spears established a media precedent, and we see a pattern emerging as the young singing star Miley Cyrus transitions from adolescent to a young woman. The photos below, found online, show the transition of Cyrus from virginal, to sexual, to hedonistic.
Found online at http://images.google.com/images?hl=en&um=1&q=images+miley+cyrus+sexy&sa=N&start=18&ndsp=18
Like Spears, Cyrus began her career as a talented young, beautiful role model in the television character of Hannah Montana. A sensation with the "tweens," Cyrus has, like Spears, amassed a fortune in product lines and has a large fan base to sustain those products in combination with her singing talent. Like Spears, we see the paparazzi following the young woman's every move, and working relentlessly to sensationalize her personal life and follies. This is sending the worst kind of messages to the young star's fans: emerging womanhood is about risque and scanty dress, over indulgence, and promiscuity -- even though the young star's dating is probably normal for her age group. It also tells young people that they are entitled to not just the entertainment of the star's talent, but to
British vs. American newspapers and journalistic styles
The popular stereotype that 'the British' are more erudite, well-spoken and intelligent than Americans persists, as can be seen in the tendency to bestow a British accent upon any characters who are intended to be perceived as cold, aloof, and intellectual in American sitcoms. In the world of newspapers, however, such stereotypes evaporate. The British possess some of the most widely-read newspapers in the world. However, it is often American papers like New York Times that are considered the superior newspapers of record, even more so than the London Times in the eyes of most British journalists. Despite the homogenization of the news due to the permeation of online media culture, British and American newspapers continue to have distinctly different characters. In Great Britain, newspapers are expected to be far more partisan and far less scrupulously fact-checked than their American counterparts.…
"American vs. British newspapers." Rhetorica. 19 Nov 2002. [8 Jul 2012]
"British vs. American Journalism." Britain and America. 1 Jun 2007. [8 Jul 2012]
Moreover, adolescence and young adulthood are periods of both increased anxiety about appearance and social acceptance as well as of greater dependence on the opinions and perceptions of others (Jones, Vigfusdottir, & Lee, 2004). That would seem to suggest that exposure to media images associated with beauty would have the greatest influence on the individual. This proposal is designed to test the relationship between exposure to images and other visual representations associated with physical beauty and the development of self-perception in the individual.
It is hypothesized that self-perception among adolescents and young adults with respect to relative physical attractiveness will vary directly in proportion to their degree of interest in and exposure to media images of beauty. The independent variable will be the exposure of subjects to various forms of media associated with a high degree of emphasis on physical attractiveness. The dependent variable will be the measure of…
Gerrig R. And Zimbardo P. (2008). Psychology and Life. Upper Saddle River, NJ:
Henslin JM. (2002). Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach.
"Exploring sites of memory:" the Kennedy assassination
According to Barbie Zelizer's review article entitled "Exploring sites of memory," "public history emerges simultaneously from the commonplace and mundane, the eccentric and comic, the background of the everyday, and the splendor of life on high" (Zelizer 1999:202). There is a collective memory that shapes our individual memory, and vice versa. While Ziegler's review is applied to a book on recent French history, her analysis is equally trenchant within an American context. Take, for example, the assassination of John F. Kennedy. This is a public memory of record. But for many Americans of an earlier generation it is also a very personal memory. Most people who grew up during the early 1960s say that they know exactly where they were when Kennedy died, and have a very vivid visual picture of what transpired.
However, the public nature of this 'memory'…
Zelizer, B. (1999). Realms of memory. Journal of Communication. 49 (4). 202-205.
Cyberterrorism, illegal (and legal) espionage, piracy, and cybercrimes differ from their pre-digital counterparts in serious and meaningful ways. For one, the nature of online social interactions diverges from that of face-to-face or even voice-only interactions due to the shields of anonymity. Second, technological prophylactics ranging from encryption to skillful network architecture can add multiple levels of protection to shield perpetrators while exposing the weaknesses in a less advanced consumer public. Third, the rapid advancement of artificially intelligent systems creates new possible realities and problems, as non-human actors become part of increasingly complex systems. Finally, digital media has enabled formal and informal surveillance and other forms of illicit behavior, transforming the relationship between actors and objects in ways that could alter political and social realities. Actor-network theory is an ideal lens and process by which to better understand the complex gamut of cybercrime. Developed initially in the 1980s and solidified…
Zain Telecommunications Kuwait
The purpose of this group project is to provide an opportunity for students to make the application of concepts covered in this course to a real Kuwaiti firm. The firm considered in the project is Zain Telecommunications Kuwait. Zain is a top mobile telecommunications provider in the Middle East and North Africa. The company was initially established in the year 1983 in Kuwait and was known as Mobile Telecommunications Company (MTC). The company made major strides by becoming the first mobile operator in the Middle East region. As the company instigated its expansion approach in 2003, Zain experienced immense growth rate in not only the Middle East, but also in Africa. This is predominantly owing to the acquirement of numerous mobile operators across the region. Four years later, Mobile Telecommunications Company underwent a rebranding to become Zain. This was purposed to better mirror the company's improving position…
Unraveling the Knot: Political economy and cultural hegemony in wedding media," cultural theorist Erika Engstrom suggests that the bridal industry perpetuates itself by creating an ideal of femininity that women feel pressured to fulfill. By presenting images of weddings as 'the happiest day of a woman's life,' and showing how women are the centers of their special day in elaborately coiffured dresses, websites and television programs convince ordinary women that it is normal and desirable to spend $20,000 on a wedding. Meanwhile, websites such as The Knot profit handsomely off of the cultural anxiety they generate about female perfection.
This sense of cultural anxiety can also be seen in the modern diet industry. Perhaps the concept of insecurity generating revenue is most obvious in television shows like The Biggest Loser, where the contestants are seen eating foods and using other products that sponsor the show as part of their weight…
e., "Christian Choate was 13 years old when he died two years ago in a dog cage and was buried in a plastic bag near an Indiana trailer park" and "They also believe Christian's father, who led police to the grave, had for years beaten the boy and kept him in a cage") in an effort to alert readers to the problem of child abuse and neglect at the national level, and emphasizes time and again that the problem is likely underreported and current statistics most likely just represent "the tip of the iceberg" (p. A7).
Having prefaced her article with this disturbing example of the extremes that child abuse can assume, Wetzstein goes on to explain the differences in definitions used by different states makes precise national prevalence estimates difficult, but all signs indicate that there is a national problem that is expected to increase unless and until something…
Hays, A., Shultz, M. & Todahi, J. (2011, February 3). Together, we can reduce child abuse in county by 90%. The Register-Guard, A7.
Radich, J. (2011, April 7). Repairing families is the key to addressing child abuse. The Register-
Region's child abuse Complaints on Rise. (2011, November 24). The Gympie Times, A7.
shifting seas of global social consciousness and worldwide political hierarchy have only recently brought the word 'terrorism' to the quotidian mind of Americans, it has long enjoyed a cemented place in the construct of civilization. Daily associations between the word terrorism and the frightening images of gore and destruction rampant on the 24-hour news networks affirm the complicated understanding of terrorism in the modern world; bombings on an Israeli bus, explosions outside a Pakistani supermarket, and subway atrocities mingle with recent memories of the World Trade center and recollections of the bloody IRA, Black Liberation Army, and Basque independence movements. Personal reaction and affiliation to the events, movement, and goals of each group's paradigm resonates inside a loose definition of political violence, while governmental response is chiseled, monochromatic, and decisive. While the motives and end-results always differ, the path to terrorism is marked by similar goal posts. These similarities and…
O'Brien, Sean P. "Foreign Policy Crisis and the Resort to Terrorism: A Time-Series Analysis of Conflict Linkages." The Journal of Conflict Resolution. Vol. 40, No. 2. (Jun., 1996.) p. 329.
Ibid, p. 330.
advocate a qualitative methods of analysing a text - like those who advocate quantitative methods for such an analysis - often appear to be fighting for the soul of the reader and even of literature themselves as they passionately argue for one form of analysis over the over.
But, while the impassioned literary warriors on either side might not want to admit to this fact, it might well be that there is no single correct way to analyze a text. Or rather there may well be no single correct way to analyse every text. There may be one best way for each text, requiring us to consider local definitions of analysis rather than universal ones.
Before we look more generally at this issue, let us attempt to apply this principle to an actual example. We may perform a qualitative analysis of a Jeanette Winterspoon novel as a way of demonstrating…
Mattel is a producer of children's toys, including the well-known industry brands Fisher Price, Barbie and Hot Wheels. The company has strategic partnerships with several other major brands such as Disney, WWE, Nickelodeon and Warner Bros. The company did nearly $6.5 billion in revenue in the last fiscal year, and turned a profit of just of $900 million. Nearly half of its revenues come from international markets.
The Barbie brand is the most important for the company, with just over $1 billion in annual revenues. The company's marketing is focused around the end-of-year, when gift-buying for children reaches its peak. The company utilizes most forms of media for its advertising, including traditional 30-second television spots. Mattel spent $733.2 million, or 12.2% of net sales, on its marketing efforts in the last fiscal year (Mattel 2014 Annual eport). In terms of distribution, its three largest customers are Walmart,…
Mattel 2014 Annual Report. Retrieved November 30, 2015 from http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/MAT/0x0x820303/68C602DD-88F3-47F8-ABB5-46635E8495D8/Mattel_-_Bookmarked_2014_Annual_Report_Final_.PDF
Ad link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TULVRlpsNWo
future entertainment ... is to model synergistic interactions of determinants and dimensions of media entertainment across levels of analysis," (Berger, oloff, & oskos-Ewoldsen, 2010, p. 356). One of those levels of analysis has to do with the relationships audiences develop with characters on the shows they watch regularly. These audience-to-character relationships are one-sided, because the character is (a) fictitious and not possible to have a bilateral relationship with; and (b) even the actor remains unaware that the individual audience member actually exists. The technical term for these one-sided relationships is parasocial relationships. For example, I have developed a parasocial relationship with James McGill, the protagonist of Better Call Saul. One of the reasons why I developed a relationship with this character is because Better Call Saul is a spin-off show of Breaking Bad, which I watched religiously for years. While the "Saul" character on Breaking Bad was not someone who…
Berger, C.R., Roloff, M.E. & Roskos-Ewoldsen, D.R. (2010). The Handbook of Communication Science. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Gilligan, V. & Gould, P. (2015). Better Call Saul. [Television Series].
Davis Health Care/QI Plan
Data Collection Tools
Explain data needed to monitor improvements.
There exist several data sources concerning Davis Health Care that one can utilize to aim at an aspect for improvement. Data sources vary from nursing home rates for CM' Nursing Home Quality Measures on internal data which are gathered by CNAs on check sheets to follow their work with the individual residents (GMRF, 2015).
Explain at least three data collection tools you can use to collect performance information
Various tools can be utilized to collect information. Examples of Qualitative and quantitative tools utilized to assemble information are questionnaires and surveys, unobtrusive measure, participant and observation behavior (Farifax County, 2007).
Explain the types of information each tool collects.
Quantitative Data (GMRF, 2015)
Questionnaires and surveys usually comprise of questions which contain structured response groups and might entail a few which are open-ended. The survey might be conducted via…
SPC Excel. (2011). The Purpose of Control Charts. BPI Consulting, LLC. Retrieved on 19th September, 2015 from https://www.spcforexcel.com/knowledge/control-chart-basics/purpose-control-charts
Sonkiya, S. (2015). Check Sheet as a Component of Seven Basic Quality Tool. General. iZenBridge: PMI Agile Certification. Retrieved on 19th September, 2015 from http://www.izenbridge.com/blog/check-sheet-as-a-component-of-seven-basic-quality-tool/
Woodall, W.H. (2006). The Use of Control Charts in Health-Care and Public-Health Surveillance. Journal of Quality Technology.38 (2). Available on www.asq.org
The company selected is Dar Almanthour for Fragrance. The company was established in the year 2000 by the owner, Mr. Therar AlTararwa. The key products retailed by the company comprise of Bakhour, perfumes, scents, perfume oil and designed boxes for formal events. It started off with his friend at work wanting to sell his own made up fragrance and offered Mr. Therar AlTararwa to sell these fragrances to his family and when he did Mr. Al Tararwa saw an opportunity that selling these fragrances made money and so he wanted to get in the game he bought dozens of fragrances from his friend and made a guy sell them and he had his percentage of the sales. So then and there, Mr. Al Tararwa saw an opportunity and offered his friend money to sell him the mixture ingredients of the fragrance so he can open up a fragrance…
New Marketing Strategy for Caribou Coffee
To survive firms need to adapt and change in line with the general marketplace. Many successful firm have been able successful deal with dominant competition and high levels of challenge. One firm which faces these challenges is Caribou Coffee, although the second largest coffee house chain in the U.S. it is an underdog when compared to Starbucks, with just over 400 stores across 18 states in the U.S. and 203 stores in 10 international countries, many of which are franchises (Caribou Coffee, 2016). The company has faced some setbacks due to the high level of completion within the coffee house market, closing some 80 stores in 2013, and a further 88 were converted to Peets Coffee and Tea (Leavitt, 2014; Leonard, 2013). This indicates the firm needs to…
Baye, M. (2007). Managerial Economics and Business Strategy. New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Caribou Coffee, (2016), Home Page, retrieved http://www.cariboucoffee.com
Chaffey, D., & Smith, P. R. (2013). EMarketing Excellence. Abingdon: Routledge.
Dolgui, A., & Proth, J. (2010). Pricing Strategies and Models. Annual Reviews in Control, 34(1), 101-110.
UEFA Certificate in Football Management -- The Turkish Edition
Each participant is expected to submit his/her assignment for Module 1, 2 & 3 by the 07.05.2017 directly to IDHEAP project manager. Participants should provide concrete evidence facts and references) to consolidate observations and assess the feasibility of the recommendations made. We emphasise the fact that these observations should be personal ones, drawn from their own assessment and not necessarily reflecting those of their institution. You are expected to write 250 words or more) for each of the questions.
Criteria for Grading Assignments
Assignment grades will be communicated three weeks after they have been submitted which will give participants ample opportunity to take into consideration the constructive feedback they have been given and use this to improve their subsequent submission. The criteria for grading are listed in the table below.
Criteria for Grading Written Assignments
(Hughen, Lulseged, & Upton, 2014)
(Jimoh & Danlami, 2011)
SWOT analysis for Apple
Apple has a name renowned throughout the world as a pioneer of technological innovation and an extremely loyal customer base. There are people who will wait in line for hours to buy the newest Apple product and purchase virtually whatever Apple manufactures. Apple also has a reputation for producing quality products, as honed by its founder Steve Jobs for many years. Its iPhone, iPod, iPad, and other devices dominate the market in all their respective spheres. Apple has fanatically dedicated employees who are willing to work 60-70 hours per week to bolster Apple's creative offerings (Orlitzky, 2016, p. 6). Apple is extremely efficient in its use of organizational resources in generating new research and development, which results in considerable financial savings for the organization (Orlitzky, 2016, p. 7).
The sudden loss of Steve Jobs meant that the guiding creative force which had shaped Apple's…
Orlitzky, M. 2016. Strategy and management research.
Supersize Me, Morgan Spurlock undergoes one of the most masochistic eating experiments imaginable, eating only McDonald's food for thirty days. He tracks his mental and physical health throughout the experiment to reveal the drastic ill effects of regular fast food consumption. Both his girlfriend and his doctors are appalled at the rapid changes taking place in Spurlock, not just to his body but to his emotional and sex life as well. The film is engaging, persuasive, and often intentionally nauseating. It critiques American culture while decrying the fast food industry's marketing tactics. The filmmaker wants viewers to feel disgust and revulsion at fast food in general.
Supersize Me reflects growing awareness among Americans about the harmful nature of a diet filled with processed foods and particularly fast foods like McDonalds. The film is one of many that illustrate the power of the media to promote positive change, counteracting and subverting…
Gimenez, E.H. & Shattuck, A. (2011). Food crises, food regimes and food movements. Journal of Peasant Studies 38(1): 109-144.
Spurlock, M. (2004). Supersize Me. [Feature Film].
The following will be a critique of the case of Julian Assange. It will look into it to see if he was a hacker or a supporter for human rights and freedom of speech.
Assange talked about a grandiose vocation: "If we get the chance to live only once, then it has to be a very daring adventurous life that draws from every available power... Men at their peak, once they are convicted, get tasked to take action." He made his potential fans know about his clandestine fresh plans: "This is one very confidential internal growth mailing list for the site w-i-k-i-l-e-a-k-s-.-o-r-g. Please ensure you avoid making a direct mention of that word in this whole discussion; instead, you can use the initials, 'WL.' On the 9th of December, 2006, Daniel Ellsberg got an email signed with the initials, 'WL' from the blues, renown Vietnam War…
Leigh, D., & Harding, L. (2011). News, sport and opinion from the Guardian's global edition -- The Guardian. Julian Assange: the teen hacker who became insurgent in information war -- Media -- The Guardian. Retrieved May 23, 2016, from http://www.theguardian.com/media/2011/jan/30/julian-assange-wikileaks-profile
Voting is a privilege and a right. A right that was denied for millions of people. Only until the passing of the Voting ights Act did minorities have a chance to not only vote, but change the face of the government. Before 1965, minorities, especially blacks, faced violent opposition in an attempt to stifle their voices and control the way the government nominates its officials.
Now that President Obama has shown what can happen when minorities are given a voice in politics, there have come some major setbacks. The nation in the next presidential election will adopt one of two sides, a far left or a far right. With the recent death of Head Justice Scalia and the refusal of Congress to allow the nomination of Merrick Garland, it is safe to say the nation is in turmoil in several ways. To understand how things became so unstable it is…
DeSilver, D. & DeSilver, D. (2015). U.S. voter turnout trails most developed countries. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 24 May 2016, from http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/05/06/u-s-voter-turnout-trails-most-developed-countries/
Justice,. (2016). History Of Federal Voting Rights Laws -- CRT -- Department of Justice. Justice.gov. Retrieved 24 May 2016, from https://www.justice.gov/crt/history-federal-voting-rights-laws
Meko, T., Keating, D., Urhmacher, K., & Stamm, S. (2016). Everything you need to know about appointing a Supreme Court justice. Washington Post. Retrieved 24 May 2016, from https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/politics/scotus-nominees/
Super PACs -- OpenSecrets. (2016). Opensecrets.org. Retrieved 24 May 2016, from https://www.opensecrets.org/pacs/superpacs.php
The media is often assailed for a number of failings. These failings include focusing on the wrong things, not focusing on the right things nearly enough and focusing on the proper things in the wrong overall way. While the media certainly mishandles class issues and other problems of import, their usual goal is probably not comedy but instead pushing one worldview and viewpoint over another and specifically instead of another. While media in general is largely ineffectual and problematic on a number of levels, some of their activities border on the insidious and starkly negative.
The pull quote from the test pretty much summarizes Diana Kendall's summary of American media in a nutshell. To show the quote again and in its entirety, it was "rather than providing a meaningful analysis of inequality and showing realistic portrayals of life in various social classes, the media either play…
Baum, M.A., & Groeling, T. (2008). New Media and the Polarization of American
Political Discourse. Political Communication, 25(4), 345-365.
Colombo, G. (2013). Rereading America: cultural contexts for critical thinking and writing (9th ed.). Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martins.