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Instead, physical education professionals must remain more directly involved to prevent the more athletically inclined students from excluding those students who are less athletically inclined. More importantly, it is the role of the modern physical education professional to recognize that the traditional sports that have always been the main staples of physical education may not necessarily interest all students. Instead of restricting the available choices to those traditional games and activities, physical education teachers must initiate sufficient interaction with students to understand their preferences and to provide them with possible options that interest them more than the relatively few options within the framework of traditional physical education programs.
Similarly, it is not helpful for physical education professionals to focus their efforts on the students who are most naturally inclined to doing well in sports. This is a natural tendency of physical education professionals because it is more rewarding to work…
The importance of a good education cannot be underestimated. Children spend their most formative years attending school full time, and it is vital that the education and experiences received there are sufficient for preparing students for the complete range of life situations that lie ahead of them. Schools focus on the development of academic skills in traditional subjects such as language, mathematics, and the sciences. In fact, schools depend on the achievement of their students in these subjects for funding and federal support due to such campaigns as President ush's "No Child Left ehind" program, which bases the rating and therefore financial need of a school on its standardized test scores. Yet an important aspect of childhood development and preparation for their future has also been a part of traditional school curriculum. Physical Education is an essential part of the well-balanced class schedule for school children and is…
AHA (2004). American Heart Association: Exercise (Physical Activity) and Children. Retrieved October 31, 2004, at http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4596
American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). (1994, November 1). Physical activity in children - U.S. Public Health Service. American Family Physician.
Balady, G., Blair, S.N., Blumenthal, J, Caspersen, C., Chaitman, B., Epstein, S., Fletcher, G., Froelicher, S & V, Pina, I.L., Pollock, M.L., & Sivarjan, E.S. (1996) Statement on Exercise: Benefits and Recommendations for Physical Activity Programs for All Americans: A Statement for Health Professionals by the Committee on Exercise and Cardiac Rehabilitation of the Council on Clinical Cardiology, American Heart Association. Circulation, 94: 857-862. Retrieved October 31, 2004, at http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/94/4/857
BUPA. (2004, February). Avoiding childhood obesity. Health information factsheet. Retreived October 31, 2004, at http://hcd2.bupa.co.uk/fact_sheets/html/child_obesity.html
Physical Education Lesson Plan
One of the more overwhelming needs of society today is without a doubt to effectively address and curb the ever-present danger of childhood obesity. Without a doubt, childhood obesity is one of the biggest health concerns of our time, particularly because it leads to a range of other more serious and debilitating health issues. Furthermore, finding a way to address childhood obesity in a successful manner is just so important because it is such a preventable condition, and one which absolutely does not have to be such a scourge upon society as it is. "Over the past 40 years, rates of obesity have doubled in 2- to 5-year-olds, quadrupled in 6-to 11-year-olds, and tripled in 12- to 19-year-olds. The causes of childhood obesity are complex and interconnected. The environment created by the intersection of culture, societal norms, media and technology, community assets and practices within the…
Humphrey, M. (2006, January 16). Balance Stations. Retrieved from Pecentral.com: http://www.pecentral.org/lessonideas/ViewLesson.asp?ID=6350#.Uwu9v_ldVIE
Nellen, M. (2010, March 3). Scooter Scramble. Retrieved from Pecentral.org: http://www.pecentral.org/lessonideas/ViewLesson.asp?ID=8755#.Uwu9rPldVIE
Neporent, L. (2013, May 23). More PE in School, New Report Recommends. Retrieved from abcnews.go.com: http://abcnews.go.com/Health/fight-child-obesity-pe-school-report/story?id=19241298
Whitman, N. (2013, October 10). Physical Activity in Schools is Essential to Reversing Childhood Obesity. Retrieved from huffingtonpost.com: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/nate-whitman/physical-activity-in-scho_b_4039563.html
At times, they were angry with another student because did not throw ball right direction, or correctly. Teamwork has to improve.
The teams were pretty evenly matched and both improved after playing several times.
The teacher made suggestions when she saw that changes had to be made; the students were asked to talk together and develop strategies once they understood how the game worked.
Some children were more aggressive than others. As often happens, some students are more competitive.
LESSON PLAN (See blue for my changes to game)
Goal: Students throw balls to hit a moving target over their goal line.
Students must 1) Follow directions; 2) Play with other team members together defining and accomplishing a joint strategy; 3) Improving aiming of ball toward target; and 4) Gaining a strong aerobic workout.
Small rubber balls
Large plastic crate
The game is played in…
General Education & Special Education Dance
Socialization is a key part of personal and professional success in the 21st century. The adolescent period especially can be influential with regard to an individual's social development and social intelligence. People who develop healthy social behaviors during adolescence & early adulthood practice and refine them as adults. Effective and meaningful socialization does not occur purely by accident; there is an art, skill, and a science to socialization. The paper proposes to create a dance or appropriately aged social event for the students, staff, and parents. The research paper would be a document reflecting processes of event planning and organizational behavior. There is no reason why the party cannot be fun and memorable while also performing some kind of academic, intellectual, and/or social function as well. Therefore the proposed social event will be a leisure activity with some relative structure, direction, or…
Schiesel, Seth. "P.E. Classes Turn to Video Game That Works Legs." The New York Times. 2007 April 30,-Page 2.
Irrespective of the established advantages of the physical activity more than 50% of the American adults are not associated with sufficient physical exertion to entail the desired health advantages. Only the grown ups are not associated with the inadequate physical exertion. It has been observed that more that one third of the young children in the age group of 9-12 is not involving themselves in the healthy physical activity. The involvement in the high school physical education classes reduced from 42% in 1991 to 32% in 2001. (Physical Activity and Good Nutrition: Essential Elements to Prevent Chronic Diseases and Obesity at a Glance)
Two instructors engaged in Osseo Area Learning Center, those were associated with 350 junior and senior high school students in Minnesota's Osseo School District honestly opined it to be a matter of great concern to infuse the advantages of physical exertion among the students especially among the…
Children's Need for Physical Activity: Fact Sheet" (November 5, 2004) Retrieved at http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=771
Elliott, Eliose; Sanders, Steve. "The Issues: Children and Physical Activity"
From the Start. Retrieved at http://www.pbs.org/teachersource/prek2/issues/202issue.shtm . Accessed on 3 November, 2004
Ewing, Georgia. (Fall-Winter, 2002) "Physical Education in an Alternative School Setting: An Exercise in Creativity" Melpomene Journal. Volume: 12; No: 1; pp: 37-42
When teachers give students a voice, they are empowered and primed for success. According to Holdsworth (1998), giving students a voice means much more than consulting them and letting them speak. Students need to be made to feel they are valued. They need to feel appreciated and as though they make a difference in the community to which they belong.
Three levels have been identified within physical education at which students can have a voice. The highest level is curriculum, in which students have a say about the course content over the semester and/or school year. Obviously, students' opinions must be reasonable, as the curriculum must satisfy state standards. It may be more realistic to involve students in Level 2, project-based learning, where students design their own projects and assess their own process and performance. Easiest for the teacher to implement is Level 3, in which students make…
Brain Gym. (2011). Brain Gym International. Retrieved from http://www.braingym.org/
Dyson, B.; Placek, J.H.; Graber, K.C.; Fisette, J.L.; Rink, J.; Zhu, W.; Avery, M.; Franke, M.;
Fox, C.; Raynes, D.; and Park, Y. (2011). Development of PE metrics elementary assessments for national physical education standard 1. Measurement in Physical Education & Exercise Science 15(2), pp. 100-118.
Physical Education Curriculum
In the Physical Educator journal article "Students' perspective in the design and implementation of the physical education curriculum" (Ha et al.), twenty five secondary schools were chosen to survey the views of both male and female students on the current state of the curriculum in the physical education programs of each high school, each of which implemented a similar physical education program and made use of similar facilities and equipment. While 7000 questionnaires were distributed, a total of 5283 students responded to the survey out from the Hong Kong national school system; males comprised 46% of the respondents and females comprised 54%. The survey used consisted of ten questions, and the most significant respondents were those in grades nine, ten, and eleven. This survey found that approximately one third of high school students from this district would chose not to participate in physical education classes at all…
This activity promotes teamwork, sportsmanship, cardio-respiratory endurance and special awareness.
Using Team Jump Rope will teach both basic jumping and coordination skills, along with adding and subtracting. In this activity, students work together to predict how many jumps they can complete as a team per minute. At the end, they add up their totals and determine how close their predictions were.
The game Space Invaders teaches students how to identify and successfully pass a ball to a receiver. For rules, visit www.pecentral.org/lessonideas/ViewLesson.asp?ID=5871
The game Basketball Bingo allows students to practice basketball chest and bounce pass skills. Students pair up and each pair is given a basketball and bingo card. Students find tasks cards that correspond with their bingo card. After completing the task, they mark their card and keep going until they get bingo.
The game Catch 100 helps students with catching and throwing skills. Hoops our set on the…
From these research projects, the authors of the article will drawn conclusions by also drawing on the biopolitical landscape of the cultures, governmentality and citizenships.
Some similarities that exist between the two articles that are discussed is the general subject matter of trying to find a correlation between physical activity and sport as well and the cultures and religions that individuals find themselves in. It seems that both articles have concluded that there is definitely a correlation between the cultural and religious perceptions and how they eventually translate into a more negative or positive attitude towards physical activity. For example, the Walseth and Fasting article conclude that the informants who did no use veil or who used a hijab said that God encouraged while who with a nikab or krimar veils said that they had to engaged in exercise and sport. Similar to that, the other article in their exploration…
These strategies primarily deal with adjusting to the large number of students, who may then become uncooperative based on a low student to faculty ratio. This is a common problem in the case of urban schools, and must be dealt with accordingly in order to save the program itself. The primary strategy Henniger and Coleman present in the case of large classes and misbehaving students is that of de-escalation. According to the article itself, "De-escalation consists of two skill sets, proactive and reactive techniques designed to minimize or detract from the energy that disruptive situations add to the classroom," (Henniger & Coleman 2008:13).
Both articles aim to help try and improve physical education programs within schools around the country. Although Hill And Hulbert (2007) do not provide strategies on how this can be commenced, the article aims at helping schools pick out what factors may be causing the decline of…
Henniger, Mary & Coleman, Mario. (2008). De-escalation: how to take back control in your urban physical education classes. Journal for Physical and Sport Educators. 21(3):21-33.
Hill, Grant & Hulbert, George. (2007). Using a physical education environmental survey to identify areas of concern and improve conditions. A Journal for Physical and Sport Educators. 21(1):21-28.
The leisure and physical fitness importance persists to pressure public school and community park playgrounds today. Companies saw occasions for financial occasions and enormous steel structures or manufactured appliances like see-saws, slides, swings, merry-go-rounds, jungle-gyms and giant steps began to take over play places in city parks and schools. By 1908, a Massachusetts law necessitated all cities of 10,000 people or more to institute public playgrounds. In 1917, cities managed 3,940 playgrounds and made use of 8,748 managers (Frost, n.d.).
On no additional educational or child development concern has the body of confirmation been clearer. Play is critical to the fit development of children and to their adaptation to their civilization, society and world. Starting with the practices of the huge reformers of the pre-twentieth century age, and enduring through many years of scholarly research, the conclusion has been time after time that pro-play is the best thing for children…
Butler, Allison. (2003). The Culture of Play: In Search of Utopia through the American
Playground. Retrieved October 25, 2010, from New York University Web site:
Dickason, Jerry G. (2004). Playground Movement. Retrieved October 25, 2010, from Encyclopedia Web site: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3402800331.html
Findings such as these point to the importance of the implementation of structured and organized physical fitness programs at schools and colleges..
The necessity and importance of improving physical education programs is also related to other facets affecting student health. This is made clear from a study entitled, Contribution of physical education and sport to health-related fitness in high school students (2005). In this study, health related variables of high schools students were compared. It was found that Reduced physical activity during childhood and adolescence represents a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Cross-sectional and longitudinal research has established a positive relationship between participation in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and increases in cardiovascular fitness, weight management, and reduction of adult-like risk factors such as obesity, hyperlipidemia, and high blood pressure for chronic diseases. (Pitetti, 2005)
The above statement therefore highlights the important of physical education in terms of many…
Works Cited www.highbeam.com/Search.aspx?q=author:%5bDrane%2c+J.+Wanzer%5dDrane, J. Wanzer; www.highbeam.com/Search.aspx?q=author:%5bPaxton%2c+Raheem+J.%5dPaxton, Raheem J.; www.highbeam.com/Search.aspx?q=author:%5bValois%2c+Robert+F.%5dValois, Robert F. Correlates of body mass index, weight goals, and weight-management practices among adolescents. Journal of School Health; 4/1/2004. November 13, 2007. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-117323451.html
Pitetti K.H. Contribution of physical education and sport to health-related fitness in high school students. Journal of School Health; 1/1/2005. November 13, 2007. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-129354480.html
Pivarnik James M. And Pfeiffer Karin a. The Importance of Physical Activity for Children and Adolescents. Michigan Fitness Foundation. November 13, 2007. http://22.214.171.124/search?q=cache:BWrp3p8wXNwJ:michiganfitness.org/Publications/documents/Adolescents.pdf+Pivarnik+James+M.+and+Pfeiffer+Karin+a.+the+Importance+of+Physical+Activity+for+Children+and+Adolescents.&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=1&gl=uk
There is also a clear sense that abuses will occur, especially when the activity is part of unstructured play and children seek to emulate the competitive cutthroat manner in which they see adults playing the game in popular tv and movies. There is simply no way to ensure that every application fo this type of game is done in a manner that feeds children's desire to live and active and long life, rather than limiting their early ideas about the nature of sports and physical activity. Even the contrary evidence offered by the long time physical ed instructor, who is a proponent of dodgeball in the curriculum is convincing to the contrary position:
On many levels and from many perspectives, I can find few re deeming qualities in dodgeball. In elementary school, my wife dreaded dodgeball days in physical education class because she couldn't throw and was almost always the…
Children's Games-for Adults Only?." JOPERD -- the Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance 72.7 (2001): 11.
Conn, James H., and Dennis M. Docheff. "Dodgeball: Beware of Litigation." JOPERD -- the Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance 76.9 (2005): 6.
National Association for Sport and Physical Education "Position on Dodgeball in Physical Education"
Shoemaker, Michael T. Ed. "Is There a Place for Dodgeball in Physical Education?." JOPERD -- the Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance 72.4 (2001): 17.
The above specific suggestions correlate well with Langan and Wheater's response to the common concern that peer assessment is unreliable: it depends very much upon how it is handled within the classroom. The authors also suggest that, before students are empowered by peer assessment, there needs to be an open dialogue between educators and students. As Johnson mentions, it is vital that close monitoring take place, if not throughout the peer assessment process, then at least in its early stages. When this is done correctly, enormous benefits can be derived from the process.
Another problem associated with peer assessment, even when done for the maximum benefit of students, is that it requires a large amount of preparation to implement. The teacher needs to take time to thoroughly prepare documents such as the assessment rubric and instructions, and class time is often taken up to a large extent by training assessor…
Johnson, Randall. "Peer Assessments in Physical Education." October, 2004.
Langan, a. Mark & Wheater, C. Philip. "Can students assess students effectively?." Learning & Teaching in Action. Vol. 2, Iss 1: Assessment. Feb, 2003.
They analyzed the data by sex, so that obesity rates for boys and girls could be separated out. Figure 1 shows the findings of their study.
Figure 1. Increased Numbers of Overweight and Obese Children in Canada, 1981-1996
As can be seen from viewing Figure 1, the rates of obesity for boys are higher than for girls at these early ages. Tremblay and Willms suggest that "environmental" factors such as diet and leisure lifestyles are largely the culprit, and they hint that perhaps at these early ages boys have a less healthy lifestyle than girls, especially in light of the prevalence of video-game play among boys. In any event, the discrepancy seems significant, since Tjepkema (2005) finds that, by adulthood, the relationship has reversed. Figure 2 presents his findings, taken from the national Canada Community Health survey. By age 35, women have caught men in terms of the prevalence of…
Coleman, L., Cox, L., and Roker, D. (2008). Girls' and young women's participation in physical activity: psychological and social influences. Health Education Research 22(4): 633-647.
Creswell, J.W. (2002). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. Upper Saddle Creek, NJ: Pearson Education.
Felton, G., Saunders, R., Ward, D., Dishman, R., Dowda, M., & Pate, R. (2005). Promoting physical activity in girls: A case study of one school's success. Journal of School Health, 75(2), 57-62.
Finkelstein, E.A., Fiebelkorn, I.C., and Wang, G., (2003).. "National medical spending attributable to overweight and obesity: How much, and who's paying?" Health Affairs;W3, 219 -- 226.
Physical Education Teacher
If you think back to when you were taught physical education in school, undoubtedly you will have been taught by a number of different teachers and these teachers may have had quite different instructional techniques. What is likely is that certain types of teaching appealed to you more than others, which in turn may have colored your own thoughts about that particular sport or physical education activity. So, for example in hockey or soccer, the teacher may have used a lot of skill-drill activities where you were encouraged to practice various skills relevant to the game. In gymnastics perhaps the teacher's approach was more formal and you were expected to do exactly as that teacher instructed.
The debate centers around the notion of "teaching styles" and this brief paper sets out firstly to clarify some of the confusion that exists regarding the term itself and secondly, shows…
Bennett, N. "Recent research on teaching: A dream, a belief, and a model." British Journal of Educational Psychology 48. 1978: 127-47.
British Association of Advisers and Lecturers in Physical Education. Teaching and Learning
Strategies in Physical Education. Leeds: White Line Press, 1989.
Coates, B. "Refining your Style." Sportsteacher. Spring 1997.
The study demonstrated that regular physical fitness activities dramatically decreased some of the behaviors responsible for poor academic performance. The study also reiterated some of the prior literature such as those previously discussed in this review pertaining to the direct physiological changes associated with physical activity that correspond to increased cognitive learning and academic performance as well.
The results of the study indicated that regular exercise was associated with dramatically reduced behavioral problems such as oppositional defiance, arguing, in addition to also improving attention span while reducing both hyperactivity and impulsivity among adolescent students. The researchers reported that anecdotal parental evaluations also corroborated the empirical results of measurements on a rating scale for comparing student behavior. One of the most interesting findings of this study was that the positive behavioral and academic performance changes associated with participation in the exercise labs evaporated almost immediately upon cessation of the program trials.…
2. Health Education Standard: Students demonstrate knowledge of physical fitness concepts, principles, and strategies to improve health and performance.
This lesson will teach children about the heart and how heart rate increases during exercise. The students will first be taught how to take their resting pulse. They will place their fingers on their wrist or neck and count the beats while the teacher uses the timer. After writing down their pulse, the children will perform an aerobic activity such as jumping jacks for several minutes. While they are exercising the teacher will ask the children to be aware of the changes taking place in their bodies: noticing how they are breathing faster, and how they are starting to feel tired and energized at the same time. The teacher will ask the children to stop after a few minutes and then take their pulse again. After the exercise lesson the teacher…
Their organization is going to be more centered on those that come from maybe middle class families with a more laid back structure. Since Salem State University does not have to compete with an Ivey league type of status then their organization is going to be a little less rigid than Harvard would be.
Differences affecting the student's educational experiences would be hard to say. Actually, it would depend on the student and what they are trying to get out of their college life. Rather it is Ivey League or not in the end they are receiving legitimate education. However, it could have an effect after graduation when it comes down to job hunting. It is possible with Harvard written on one application and Salem State University written on the other that employees could grab towards that brand.
As far as the differences effecting faculty experiences, probably would not be…
Salem Stae University. (2012, June 23). Retrieved from Facts and Figures: http://www.salemstate.edu/about/4349.php
Salem State College will replace closed library. (2012, June 23). Retrieved from Boston.com: http://www.boston.com/news/education/higher/articles/2009/01/15/salem_state_college_will_replace_closed_library/
The Official Website of Salem Stae University Athletics. (2012, June 23). Retrieved from Salem State University: http://www.salemstatevikings.com/
U.S News Report. (2012, June 23). Retrieved from Salem State University: http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-colleges/salem-state-2188
1. What are the similarities between Billy’s and Harry’s experiences of injury? (100 words/5 marks)
There are perceptible similarities between the experiences of injury faced by both Harry and Billy. Both of these athletes find it hard to come to terms with the injury sustained. Billy and Harry are unable to cope with the fact that this injury will negatively impact their competitive careers and aspirations. Both of these individuals have the fear that the injury would lead to a lengthy lay off from active competition and that this might result in losing a place in the team. In addition, there is the fear that such injuries might lead to a further spell of injuries in the forthcoming periods.
2. Discuss how psychological factors could have led to Billy’s injury. (300 words/15 marks)
There are different ways in which psychological factors could have resulted in Billy’s injury. According to Williams…
Andersen, M.B. and Williams, J.M., 1988. A model of stress and athletic injury: Prediction and prevention. Journal of sport and exercise psychology, 10(3), pp.294-306.
Brewer, B.W., 2010. The role of psychological factors in sport injury rehabilitation outcomes. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 3(1), pp.40-61.
Reese, L.M.S., Pittsinger, R. and Yang, J., 2012. Effectiveness of psychological intervention following sport injury. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 1(2), pp.71-79.
Tracey, J., 2003. The emotional response to the injury and rehabilitation process. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 15(4), pp.279-293.
Williams, J.M. and Andersen, M.B., 1998. Psychosocial antecedents of sport injury: Review and critique of the stress and injury model\\\\'. Journal of applied sport psychology, 10(1), pp.5-25.
People Express's (PE) System
People Express's (PE) System, Style Skills Strategy Implementation and perspectives
People Express (PE) views itself as the largest and profitable economical, short-haul airline from North America. From this Vision, the Company came up with the corporate strategies which will help PE to achieve what it wants to become in the future.
People Express (PE) needs to expand its operations continuously country wide through the development of new routes and a new hub, as the company adapts internal structure and capabilities to fit with the strategic growth. Also the employees remain the force behind growth, just as the low rates, efficiency and customer experience are keys to success in order to continue being an economical and short haul airline.
People Express (PE) does not follow the traditional management control or the conventional budgetary systems. Instead it opts for a new system that extends beyond financial…
Learning in theory and practice: Vygotsky’s ZPD and physical education in primary education
Age-graded schooling is one of the most common and conventional features of today’s academic environment. For younger learners in the primary education levels, this separation of young children from adolescents may seem on the face of it like a common sense approach to education—yet, as Gray and Feldman (2004) point out, separation such as this actually is more restrictive to the educative experience than it is facilitative. The reason is found in Vygotsky’s zone of proximal development (ZPD) theory. Vygotsky was an early 20th century Soviet thinker who articulated the idea that individuals learn most effectively when they are aided by other skilled individuals who know how to perform a certain task. Child learners can benefit, for example, from being placed in a zone of proximal development: alone or confined to a sphere in which they…
8-15.6-15.6-15.5-15.6-15.6-15.8-16.1 Subtotal pre-1996 154 15.6-15.5-15.5-15.5-15.5-15.5-15.5-15.9 adapted from PriceWatersHouseCoopers 2008)
1996 Vintage Funds Onwards
No of funds to ec
Venture 72 -1.6 -0.6 -1.9 -2.4-8.7-29.7-42.0-86.7 Small MBO* 16 7.3-3.2-1.9-0.3-3.2-1.3-2.6 -14.2 Mid MBO 73-14.9-13.2-9.3-5.9-4.3-3.6-8.0-17.6 Large MBO 1-23.7-21.0-18.0-13.9-14.3-16.5-30.6-25.2 Subtotal 1996 onwards 182 18.9-16.4-13.2-9.4-9.7-1-1.7-19.8-25.9 Grand total all funds
336 17.3-16.0-14.4-13.0-13.6-14.6-16.2-16.4 adapted from PriceWatersHouseCoopers 2008)
Subcategories (All Vintages)
No of funds to ec
UK 252 14.6-14.4-14.0-13.6-14.1-14.5-15.4-16.2 Non-UK 84-20.2-1-7.9-14.9-11.8-12.6-15.1-18.7-17.5 Pan-European 77-21.6-19.7-17.4-14.0-14.9-16.9-20.9-20.4 Technology 95-0.1-1.0-0.1-0.9-7.4-10.7-12.1-12.8 Non-Technology 241 18.7-17.3-15.7-14.2-14.5-15.3-17.0-17.3
Includes development capital adapted from PriceWatersHouseCoopers 2008)
No of to ec
No of funds to ec
1980-84-13 9.5-9.5-9.5-9.5-9.5-9.5-9.5-9.5 1985-89-68-13.8-13.8-13.8-13.8-13.8-13.8-13.8-1-3.8 1990 13-11.3-11.3-11.1-11.1-11.1-11.6-11.5-11.8 1991 14-23.4-23.4-23.4-23.3-23.3-23.3-23.3-23.7 1992 7-20.3-20.3-20.3-20.3-20.2-20.1-20.0-19.7 1993 10-15.3-15.3-14.8-14.0-14.6-14.6-14.6-16.0 1994 20-34.3-34.3-34.4-34.4-34.3-34.3-34.9-36.9 1995 9-23.1-22.2-21.9-21.9-21.8-22.8-25.7-32.1 1996 15-18.7-18.7-18.6-1-8.5-19.0-20.1-22.0-26.3 1997 25-15.6-14.7-14.9-14.3-14.3-13.7-17.6 n/a 1998 16-12.5-12.2-10.8-10.6-9.3-6.3 n/a n/a 1999 28-15.8-8.8-6.2-1.5 -2.0 n/a n/a n/a 2000 29-16.7-14.9-8.7-4.8 n/a n/a n/a / a 2001 29-29. 1-28.3-23.4 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2002 20-32. 1-23.4* 22.2* n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a Total 336…
Drawing on its long experience of successfully bringing its unique skills to new markets, Apax Partners opened offices in Stockholm in 2004, Hong Kong in 2005, and Mumbai in 2006 (Apax Partners Story 2008).
One of Apax's success stories, Yell and Computacenter, a telephone directories group "had a strong run after joining public markets.." New Look, Similarly, a fashion chain, in a similar sense, projected to be sold or refloated at a huge profit this year,
Community Health Education Project
The Healthy People 2020 topic selected for this community health education project is Physical Education. According to the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (2018), the goal of Physical Education for Healthy People 2020 is to “improve health, fitness, and quality of life through daily physical activity.” The windshield survey of the population in Maricopa County in Phoenix, Arizona, reveals that very few people in the community are outdoors exercising—few people are seen talking walks, riding bikes, playing sports on playgrounds or on courts, and many people are seen who appear to suffer from obesity. This indicates that there is a need to educate the community on the importance of physical activity.
The objective this project aims to achieve is: “PA-1—Reduce the proportion of adults who engage in no leisure-time physical activity” (Healthy People 2020, 2018). This issue is a priority for the community of…
Title: The title includes the precise identification of the problem; it contains the independent and dependent variables and target population. It must be clear, concise, and fully descriptive of the study. The recommended length is 12 words.
The Difference Between Fourth Grade Boys and Girls Attitudes Toward Physical Education
Abstract/Overview: The abstract summarizes the contents of the manuscript. The abstract should begin by broadly summarizing the problem and importance of the study in 2-3 sentences. The abstract should then clearly and concisely state the purpose of the study. Next, the abstract should contain a brief description of the target population, sampling methodology, description of the sample, and sample size. The abstract should also identify the research design and methodology. Finally, the abstract should name the instrument and explain the procedures for data collection and statistical analysis. The abstract should not contain any in-text citations. The recommended length is 200–250 words.…
50, this "would indicate that the company really lost $0.50 of cash per share vs. The reported $1.00" (yman 2009).
A company could very easily show a positive EPS because of a one-off sale of an unprofitable venture. But if the company did not change its poor management policy, or was in a poorly-performing sector of the economy, this would not bode well for investors in the coming years. Thus, industry trends are another potential guideline for investors. Even if a company posts a strong showing one year, this is no guarantee that the trend upward will continue, if it is located in a potential 'black hole' of the economy. For example, a luxury company might sell off a division of its holdings, and post strong earnings, but if its core operations were showing a loss, this would be even more troubling for investors than if the company was part…
Wyman does not use a specific, real-world example to illustrate his points. This is one critical weakness of his article, given that there are so many real-world examples of companies that have borrowed too much to show inflated earnings, or companies that are using borrowed funds or funds earned from selling off critical assets to boost their apparent earnings. Wyman also only includes a cursory discussion of how price to earnings (P/E) as an estimated forecasted are useful when deciding to invest in a company.
The reason Wyman shies away from specific examples may be that he wishes to give generalized advice that is useful for investors under all economic conditions. For example, a company may be in a relatively positively-performing industry during an expansionary phase of the business cycle, which means that its EPS might need to be viewed with less suspicion than one in a relatively weak industry, during an economic downturn. Additionally, "a negative cash flow may not necessarily be illegitimate" if the entire industry is generating negative operating cash flow "due to cyclical causes" (Wyman 2009). This may be the case with a retail operation that makes the bulk of its revenue during the Christmas season. For a truly holistic evaluation, an investor must also consider how a company spends its revenue, as well as how much it has borrowed and spent. Operating cash flows may be negative because a developing company is investing in critical research and development. New technology and infrastructure may result in cost saving later and marketing to promote the product may generate revenue gains in the upcoming years.
"Evaluating trends will also help you spot the worst case scenario, which occurs when a company reports increasingly negative operating cash flow and increasing GAAP EPS. As discussed above, there may be legitimate reasons for this discrepancy (economic cycles, need to invest for future growth), but if the company is to survive, the discrepancy cannot last long. The appearance of growing GAAP EPS even thought the company is actually losing money can mislead investors
It is now recognized that individuals learn in different ways -- they perceive and process information in various ways. The learning styles theory suggests that the way that children acquire information has more to do with whether the educational experience is slanted toward their specific style of learning than their intelligence.
The foundation of the learning styles methodology is based in the classification of psychological types. The research demonstrates that, due to heredity factors, upbringing, and present circumstantial demands, different students have an inclination to both perceive and process information differently. These different ways of learning consist of: 1) concrete or abstract perceivers, where concrete perceivers acquire information through direct experience of doing, sensing, and feeling, and abstract perceivers, instead accept new ideas through analyzing, observing and thinking; 2) active or reflective processors -- active processors understand a new experience by immediately utilizing new information, and reflective processors analyze an…
Bruner, J. (1973). Going Beyond the Information Given. New York: Norton.
Dewey, J. (1910) How We Think. Boston: Heath.
Dryden, G. And Vos, (1999) Jeannette. The Learning Revolution. Austin, TX: Jalmar
Gardner, Howard (1983) Frames of Mind: The theory of multiple intelligences, New York: Basic Books.
The State has also established a string of both general and specific policies for improving and developing special education and set aside special funds for this purpose. Consequently, just like regular education, special education has also developed rapidly. Although local governments are encouraged to provide compulsory education to children with and without disabilities, the enacted policies do not necessitate that education be provided to all students.
Despite the fact that students with disabilities were earlier educated in special schools, China has adopted new channels of special education including the integration of disabled children into general education classes. Currently, the number of disabled children enrolled in schools has continued to experience a big increase since 1987. Although many articles in the laws formulated by the Chinese government call for the overall education of handicapped children, special education for children with autism or severe disabilities is not directly mentioned in these policies…
Baker, M. (2007, November 17). China's Bid for World Domination. Retrieved April 11, 2010,
Mu K, Yang H & Armfield A (n.d.). China's Special Education: A Comparative Analysis.
Retrieved April 11, 2010, from http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_storage_01/0000019b/80/13/16/25.pdf
Education - Classroom Management
Relationship etween the Use of ehavior Contracts and Student's Ability to Stay on Task
An Introduction to ehavioral Contracting
In dealing with children, there are cases when a teacher encounters a child who does not behave in a normal way as other children do. For instance, a child may show constant inattentiveness to learning, or may demonstrate irresponsiveness to discipline. A child with such disruptive behaviors oftentimes requires special attention and monitoring as part of a process of modifying an unpleasant behavior into an appropriate one. One strategy used to deal behavioral difficulties of a child is ehavioral Contracting. From Family Education Network (online), the following is a definition of behavioral contracting.
A behavioral contract is a written contract that specifies the child's behavioral obligations in meeting the terms of the contract and the teacher's (or parent's) obligations once the child has met his or her…
Watson, Christopher. Behavior Modification, A Proactive Intervention for the Classroom.
2003. University of Minnesota. 28 November 2003. http://ici2.umn.edu/preschoolbehavior/tip_sheets/behmod.htm
Gale Encyclopedia of Childhood & Adolescence. 28 November 2003. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/g2602/0000/2602000079/p1/article.jhtml
Apex Middle School, part of the wake county public school system in aleigh, NC has implemented a rigorous curriculum for grades 6, 7 and 8. The curriculum for Apex Middle School includes the following: Language Arts, Math, Science, Social Studies, Computer Education, Health and Physical Education (Wake, 2003). The objectives of each of these programs are stated below. The Apex Middle School curriculum and objectives outlined in this paper are similar to the curriculum and objectives for most public middle schools in NC. How does this differ from the middle school curriculum typically seen in New York middle schools?
According to the New York State Education Department, the objective or mission of educators is "That all students will meet or exceed high learning standards at the elementary, middle, secondary and continuing education levels" (NYSED, 2003). Major reform is currently occurring in New York. These reforms will have the potential…
Wake County Public Schools/Middle School Curriculum/Raleigh, NC/
New York State Education
There is no subject that exists in isolation of others. This is especially true for social studies, which is inherently cross disciplinary. Social studies encompass economics, politics, sociology, history, geography, religion, and culture. Cross-curricular integration allows students to see the inter-connectedness between the Social Studies and the other subject areas in the school curriculum. The following analysis of a course on Trinidad and Tobago provides a detailed example of how Social Studies integrates with other subjects in the curriculum. Other subjects in the curriculum include mathematics, social sciences (psychology and sociology), hard science (chemistry, physics, and biology), art, art history, music, and physical education.
The syllabus of the course on Trinidad and Tobago includes the following: history and geography; culture and people; government, politics, and transnational issues; and the economy.
History and Geography
This section of the course addresses the history and geography of Trinidad and Tobago. It is…
"Trinidad and Tobago," (2012). CIA World Factbook. Retrieved online: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/td.html
"Values and Benefits of Interdisciplinary/Cross-Curricular Teaching." (1997). Retrieved online: http://www.eduplace.com/rdg/res/literacy/interd1.html
"What is Interdisciplinary/Cross-Curricular Teaching?" (1997). Retrieved online: http://www.eduplace.com/rdg/res/literacy/interd0.html
The obvious implication is that the pairing of hands-on, inquiry-based active-learning teaching methods with cooperative learning holds tremendous potential for improved learning and social development of grade school students. Naturally, that would be an appropriate and likely productive area for future research in the area of effective teaching methodologies.
Cooperative learning has demonstrated tremendous beneficial potential as a modern educational method capable of increasing learning. Evidence also strongly suggests that cooperative learning is an equally valuable tool for increasing the educational value of academic programs for mildly disabled student populations, as well as for their integration into the mainstream student population. Beyond academic achievement, cooperative learning seems to benefit students emotionally and in terms of their development of communications and cooperation skills. Ultimately, its greatest value may be in conjunction with the more general shift toward active learning instead of the traditional focus on passive learning that has long…
Adams D. And Hamm M. (1994). New Designs for Teaching and Learning: Promoting
Active Learning in Tomorrow's Schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Huber RA. And Moore CJ. "A Model for Extending Hands-on Science to Be Inquiry
Based." School Science and Mathematics, Vol. 101, No. 1 (2001): 32-35.
Sample Worksheet for Field Data Collection
Walk No. 1
Walk No. 2
Walk No. 3
The researcher performs these walks on six consecutive days at the same time each day (this approach is to ensure that the walker is "fresh" and in comparable physical condition for each walk; in the event of inclement weather such as rain, snow or other elements that would impede the experiment, the walk should be postponed to another day with similar weather as the other walks).
Attacks by stray dogs, interference by bystanders or other pedestrians or acts of God will invalidate any given walk which would then have to be repeated to ensure the reliability of the results.
It is the hypothesis of this experiment that a researcher will require more time to complete 500 steps walking uphill than walking on a similar surface that is…
brain development opens up tremendous opportunities to improve education. In some aspects, the education community has embraced this research and used it to develop profoundly different approaches to learning. At the same time, the research conflicts with many systemic practices among school administrators and education policy-makers.
Five significant conclusions about the developing brain affect education. First, the capacity for lifelong learning begins during "critical periods" (temporary windows of opportunity for development). Once a critical period is over, it is too late to develop that part of the brain. Throughout, optimal learning occurs when the brain is appropriately challenged. Second, music and art help children develop brain functions related to logic/spatial abilities, illustrating that subject disciplines previously thought to be mutually exclusive are not. Third, emotions experienced while learning affect brain development for that particular type of knowledge. A more meaningful experience with which a student can identify results in more…
Begley, Sharon. "Your Child's Brain," Newsweek, Inc. 1996.
Hancock, LynNell. "Why Do Schools Flunk Biology?" Newsweek, Inc. 1996.
Learning Styles." Exceptional Children, Vol. 49, No. 6, April 1983
Explain what steps you would take to avoid conflict and misunderstanding with others in the work place, thinking particularly about students and colleagues from other cultures and backgrounds.
The five styles of dealing with conflict are: "Problem-Solve/Collaborate, Fairness, Efficiency, Be Done with It/Compromise, Force/Compete, Choose not to engage/Avoid, Serve/Accommodate." (Culture at Work, n.d.) Each of these methods has advantages and disadvantages. For example, problem solving is best used when the final resolution to an issue has long reaching consequences. But for any advantage there is also a draw back. For example, problem solving often takes time, energy, effort, and a commitment from all those involved and that is not always easy to get.
Therefore, one must be prepared to use all of the five styles of dealing with conflict because sometimes it is good to be forceful and other times it is best to avoid the conflict all together.…
Unknown, n.d.) Culture At Work. (n.d.). 5 Styles of Dealing with Conflicts. Retrieved at http://www.culture-at-work.com/5styles.html
Physical Security Controls
Using attached Annotated outline provide a 5-page paper Physical Security Controls. I attached Annotated Outline Physical Security Controls. You references I Annotated Outline.
The advancement in technology has given rise to numerous computer security threats. It has become quite difficult to identify people online because many people use the internet with fake identities. This has made it easy for people to conduct criminal activities online. Online security of computer systems should be combined with physical security to ensure that no unauthorized person gain access to the systems. A physical security control can be termed as any obstacle used to delay serious attackers, and frustrate trivial attackers. This way a company or organization can be assured of the security if its information and computer systems. Majority of organizations use computer systems to store sensitive company information and employee data. This data needs to be properly secured to ensure…
Backhouse, J., Hsu, C., & McDonnell, A. (2003). Toward public-key infrastructure interoperability. Communications of the ACM, 46(6), 98-100.
Boatwright, M., & Luo, X. (2007). What do we know about biometrics authentication? Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 4th annual conference on Information security curriculum development, Kennesaw, Georgia.
Shelfer, K.M., & Procaccino, J.D. (2002). Smart card evolution. Communications of the ACM, 45(7), 83-88.
Physical Security Controls
To document the importance of physical security controls as it relates to the massive pervasiveness of online theft and cyber crime
Background information on the identification and authentication of people.
With the advent of the internet it is often very difficult to properly identify the individual in which business is conducted with. With the extreme ease of the internet comes the secrecy of potential criminal lurking through the shadows. Identification and authentication therefore have profound impacts on how to better protect assets from criminals.
The importance of information systems security and how it relates to globalization
Information systems, particularly those that store personal information, often are very senstivie to criminal activity. Therefore physical store techniques mandate that sensitivity information be locked away and under intense surveillance. Aspects such as disposable drives, printers and workstations should also be considered.
C. Brief overview of the paper.
i. The remainder…
1. Backhouse, J., Hsu, C., & McDonnell, A. (2003). Toward public-key infrastructure interoperability. Communications of the ACM, 46(6), 98-100. Retrieved April 25, 2009, from ACM.
2. Bala, D. (2008). Biometrics and information security. Proceedings of the 5th annual conference on Information security curriculum development, 64-66. Retrieved March 31, 2009, from ACM.
3. Boatwright, M. & Lou, X. (2007). What do we know about biometrics authentication? Proceedings of the 4th annual conference on Information security curriculum development, 31, Retrieved March 31, 2009, from ACM.
4. Chan, A.T. (2003). Integrating smart card access to web-based medical information systems. Proceedings of the 2003 ACM symposium on Applied computing, 246-250.Retrieved February 13, 2009, from ACM.
Physical Attraction in the Internet Age
Since its inception the internet has affected nearly every aspect of society so it is only natural that it would eventually impact on our most intimate of relationships: romance. In just a short twenty years the internet has nearly revolutionized the dating process and determined who and how we meet each for purposes of establishing both casual and permanent romantic relationships. The internet dating business is one of the few to not only survive but also prosper in these precarious economic times (Carpenter). By 2012, the industry is expected to reach $1.9 billion in consumer sales (D. Card).
In the context of this paper internet dating is defined as the use of a database of potential dating partners, usually located in close geographical proximity, to find someone with whom one feels some connection.
The format of most dating services is similar. The sites, whether…
Card, David. U.S. Paid Content Forecast, 2007 to 2012. Research. Cambridge, MA: Jupiter Research, 2008.
Carpenter, Susan. "No recession for online dating sites." Los Angeles Times 28 December 2008.
Epstein, Robert. "The Truth about Online Dating." Scientific American (2007): 28-35.
Franks, Christiana. "Whey Do We Fall In -- and Out of-Love?" Biography Magazine (2001): 86.
Education Literature eview
Whenever the disturbing news of yet another school shooting shatters the adolescence of innocent teenagers, the national media, concerned parents and strained educators alike once again focus their collective attention on the epidemic of bullying which is crippling American schools. In the wake of the Columbine High School massacre which claimed 13 lives and the 2007 Virginia Tech shootings that killed 32 students and faculty, recent tragedies like that which occurred at Sandy Hook elementary bring the consequences of rampant bullying in schools back to the forefront of the national consciousness. Although the loss of life associated with these terrible incidents, and the erosion of self-confidence that results from unchecked bullying, are tragedies that cause society to collectively mourn, it is possible that the diminished safety of our nation's schools has also reduced the ability of modern students to achieve academic excellence. While a causal link between…
Cuero, K.K., & Crim, C.L. (2008). You Wish It Could Speak for Itself. Issues in Teacher
Education, 17, 117-140. Retrieved from www.eric.edu.gov.
Eipstein, M., Atkins, M., Cullinan, D., Kutash, K., & Weaver, R. (2008). Reducing Behavior
Problems in the Elementary School Classroom. IES Practice Guide. What Works
Education of Abbasid
Today, the majority of high school students hope to finish college one day. This is a realistic dream for many, as there is an established education system that gives students a choice of career paths and training. The modern world if full of universities and training centers. However, the world was not always like this. Many centuries ago, education was limited to the privileged and even the privileged did not have many opportunities in learning. Today's existing modern educational system has been influenced by traditions of the past, particularly by the great advances that occurred during the Abbasid Dynasty in the Muslim world.
One of the achievements of Muslim culture during the Abbasid Dynasty was the widespread spread of literacy. Elementary education was almost universal, especially in the cities. Emphasis on the value of reading and writing stems from the very first revelations of the Qur'an, which…
With Kim's help, I saw that I had a knack for helping people. I was able not just to be supportive of others, but I could really connect with people and help them. I also had a great knowledge of course planning for almost every major at UConn, because I liked to read through the course booklet and see what kinds of classes were out there and see the different majors and what the requisites were for each. Also, I realized that I often helped my friends with their course selections and major planning before they went to their own advisors. Therefore, I decided to major in Human Services, where my concentration was in academic advising.
Thus, in my own way, I was able to travel through each of the seven vectors identified by Chickering and elucidated by eisser, ultimately arriving at the final point: the development of purpose in…
Chickering, a.W. Education and Identity. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1969.
Straub, C. And Roberts, R.F. "An Exploration of Chickering's Theory and Women's
Development." Journal of College Student Personnel, 1986, 27, pp. 216-224.
Reisser, L. "Revisiting the Seven Vectors." Journal of College Student Personnel, 1995, 36, pp.
Dr. Frank Pajares, writing in Reading and riting Quarterly (Pajares 2003), points out that in his view of Bandura's social learning theory, individuals are believed to possess "self-beliefs that enable them to exercise a measure of control over their thoughts, feelings, and actions."
As has been mentioned earlier in this paper, but put a slightly different way by Pajares ("Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Motivation, and Achievement in riting: A Review of the Literature") based on Bandura, behaviorists can better predict what individuals are capable of based on "their beliefs about their capabilities" than by what they are actually capable of accomplishing.
This aspect of self-efficacy carries over into a student's writing abilities; and a writer with a "strong sense of confidence" may excel while writing an essay because there will be less apprehension over the quality of what the writer is trying to express. The writer may have some doubts about whether…
Brandon, Thomas H.; Herzog, Thaddeus a.; Irvin, Jennifer E.; & Gwaltney, Chad J. (2004).
Cognitive and social learning models of drug dependence; implications for the assessment of Tobacco dependence in adolescents. Addiction, 99(1), 51-77.
Center on English Learning and Achievement. (2002). Scaffolding Student Performance of New and Difficult Tasks. Retrieved March 10, 2007, at http://cela.albany.edu/newslet/fall02/scaffolding.htm.
Demant, Meagan S, & Yates, Gregory C.R. (2003). Primary Teachers' Attitudes Toward the Direct Instruction Construct. Educational Psychology, 23(5), 483-489.
Education is a basic need and a fundamental right of every human being regardless of what background or class he belongs to. An important nurturing ground for any child is his primary educational institute. This is a place where a child is groomed and prepared into a confident human being in order to face the world practically in future. However, for many young children this very place becomes a source of damaging their confidence and esteem and pushing them towards isolation by subjecting them towards constant physical and/or verbal abuse. This paper highlights such forms of bullying that is prevalent in schools not only in Canada, but in many parts around the world. The paper evaluates the actions that could and that could not be classified as an act of bullying. Furthermore, the paper also evaluates the causes and effects of bullying. Finally, the paper discusses the ways in which…
Education, and that too, a quality education is a right of every human being regardless of gender, race, cast, color, creed or socio economic background. Education plays an important role in the grooming, upbringing, nurturing and mental nourishment of a person. Good education does not only guarantee good living, but also builds one's confidence and esteem. Unfortunately, the double standards and inequality in the provision of education has led to a lot of social problems. These inequalities lead to serious social gaps, and in many cases, the ones who are not among the privileged lot, face social discrimination and are treated as inferiors. There are various forms of inequality in the education system that exists. These include inequality in terms of class and economical background, racial and religious discrimination and discrimination on account of one's mental or physical abilities. The victims of these double standards usually fail to get into the same institution as their superior and privileged counter parts. However, even if they somehow manage to make into those superior institutions, they many a times are subjected to severe discrimination, both intentional, and unintentional, which makes them feel alienated and leads to their isolation. These issues, in turn have serious psychological impact on the victim (Pivik, McComas & Laflamme, 2002). Many a times, this discrimination takes an extreme form and as a result, offends and abuses the victim. This is referred to as bullying.
Bullying is one of the most common, and at the same time,
Finding out about other peoples and cultures, through technology, will be an essential part of education in the years to come.
Numerous aspects of the current educational system will need to be improved in future years. The focus must be on children's individual needs and abilities. Today, standardized tests and general requirements frequently restrict students' opportunities to learn. Many youngsters do not get the attention they need, or the enrichment they deserve. Teachers often lack the necessary resources to prepare children for the real world, or to deal with children's real world problems. "Teaching to the test" creates its own difficulties for the educator, leaving many unprepared for atypical classroom situations. Young people have difficulties at home, or in their personal lives, and educators do not have the training to deal with these potentially serious problems. Disruptive and violent behavior can lead to tragedy. Children do not receive sufficient ethical…
Education of the Heart, Soul, And Mind
This paper explores the personal meaning of an education of the heart, mind, and soul.
An Education of the Heart, Mind, and Soul: Personal Meaning true education is so much more than simply learning certain facts and figures. While such rote information is useful and has its place, a true education is enriching for the entire person. All five senses are engaged and enlivened, the mind is opened up to a universe of ideas and possibilities, and the emotions are touched in many subtle, magic ways. A true education is not one of merely learning, but one of enrichment for the heart, mind, and soul. When an educational experience engages and uplifts the heart, mind, and soul, it affects the whole person in ways limited only by the imagination.
Music, art, and drama need to be included in this type of whole-person education.…
This task can be performed with the support of animated movies. The teacher can introduce a certain character within the documentary, and seek the participation of the students for understanding of the traits and behavior of the particular character, and at the end of the day; the teacher can relate those traits with the essence of moral and ethical values. (Aristotle: (http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-arist.htm)
It is also important that the rights of the teachers are protected, and this can be achieved only if the teachers under their limited capacity are able to make and understand the students their importance and significance, not only within the premises of the school, but also in the society. This is an important aspect that has to be handled and treated with due diligence, because unless the teacher is successful in making their students respect them, it will be difficult to communicate and teach the students, otherwise.…
Margot Kaplan-Sanoff, Renee Yablans. Exploring Early Childhood: readings in theory and practice. 1963. Collier Macmillan. pp.63
Robert James Havighurst, Hilda Taba, University of Chicago Committee on Human Development. Adolescent Character and Personality. 1986. University Publications. pp.54
California Committee for the Study of Education Subcommittee on the Development of Moral and Spiritual Values in the Schools. Developing Moral-spiritual Values in the Schools. 1957. University Publications. pp.254
John R. Meyer, Brian Burnham, John Cholvat. Values education: theory, practice, problems, prospects. 1979. Longman. pp.54
While popularly associated with the advent of web-based technologies, DE is not a new phenomenon (agusa et al. 2009, 679)." The author asserts that during the nineteenth century many universities had correspondence programs. These programs remained popular for many years because they were different from more conventional learning environments. At the current time, distance education is driven by the pace of technological change and such changes are occurring globally in a manner that is rapid and complex. There are currently more than 130 countries in which institutions of higher learning provide students with distance courses (agusa et al. 2009). These courses often have as a foundation new information and communication technologies. The author also explains that
"In Australia, DE has particularly been embraced, at institutional and policy levels, as a means of extending higher education to rural, isolated, and often structurally disadvantaged learners (little or no access to a reliable…
Bradley. Review of Australian Higher Education. Retrieved online from: http://www.deewr.gov.au/HigherEducation/Review/Documents/PDF/Higher%20Education%20Review_one%20document_02.pdf
Filan, G.L., & Seagren, A.T. (2003). Six critical issues for midlevel leadership in post-secondary settings. New Directions for Higher Education, (124), 21 -- 31.
Gray K. & RadloffA. (2010). Higher Education Research & Development
Vol. 29, No. 3, 291 -- 305
A group that is, by its very nature, mentally defective, will also easily be viewed as incapable of supporting itself without help - a strain on the larger society. In terms of modern day American society, this could be seen as declaring that African-Americans, and other similarly impoverished and marginalized groups, are likely to remain forever within the care of the social welfare system. Believers in such ideas might easily raise the question - why bother with caring for these people at all? More to the point; however, is the question of whether there is really anything wrong with most of these individuals at all? Clearly, a large part of their "mental disabilities" derive from internal and external assumptions about what it means to be African-American, or a member of some similarly tagged minority group. A multicultural approach to the educational process helps to guarantee that all individuals are ranked…
Allen, J., & Hermann-Wilmarth, J. (2004). Cultural Construction Zones. Journal of Teacher Education, 55(3), 214+.
Block, P., Balcazar, F., & Keys, C. (2001). From Pathology to Power: Rethinking Race, Poverty and Disability. Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 12(1), 18.
It is no longer necessary to attend a class in person, but instead attendance is online at the student's convenience, and that means it is much more possible for students to get an education and support an institution at the same time. Thus, technology has revolutionized education, and has made it much more possible for everyone to attend a university or other school, and that is certainly something to celebrate, rather than grumble about.
It is certainly true that every culture must deal with technology in their own way. Americans have embraced technology, and it makes sense that it would spread to education. Today's young people are a familiar with technological devices as they are with their own families, and this makes them ideal candidates for more distance education in the future. They are already whizzes at texting, camera photography, and video games, so developing additional methods of delivery and…
There are others though that believes that learners are born with certain innate capabilities that are then shaped and formed from the outside (Montessori theory, 2011)
No matter which theory one looks at though the bottom line is that each philosophy is based on the idea that everything possible should be done to encourage as much learning as possible. All philosophies are based on the fact that education should be about learning and that no matter how the learning takes place, what environment is takes place in or under what circumstances the edn result should be something was learned. Educational philosophy in general believes that in order for people to be successful and productive they must learn as much as possible and that this should be done by way of formal education.
Chinn, C. (2012). Epistemological Beliefs. etrieved from http://www.education.com/reference/article/epistemological-beliefs/
Evers, W.M. (2012). How Progressive Education Gets it Wrong.…
Chinn, C. (2012). Epistemological Beliefs. Retrieved from http://www.education.com/reference/article/epistemological-beliefs/
Evers, W.M. (2012). How Progressive Education Gets it Wrong. Retrieved from http://www.hoover.org/publications/hoover-digest/article/6408
Gray, P. (2009). Rousseau's Errors: They Persist Today in Educational Theory. Retrieved from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/freedom-learn/200902/rousseau-s-errors-they-persist-today-in-educational-theory?page=2
Jean-Jacques Rousseau on nature, wholeness and education. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-rous.htm
However, it is now up to me to develop my own "reasonable cause" rather than relying solely on hearsay. An interview with Mr. Brown might help me to clarify the issues. I would request his assistance, by asking for the names of his daughter's friends. I would endeavor to meet privately and confidentially with those students, and with no pressure placed upon them.
Next, I would contact my superintendent. The policy of the Trenton School District is that the principal must notify the superintendent in any case involving suspected abuse. This way, law enforcement can take over the investigation if and when that is necessary. I would consult my superintendent about how to proceed while continuing to gather as much evidence as possible before launching a formal investigation. When sure about how to proceed, I would then consult with Tom Brown. Because Tom Brown is a friend of the alleged…
New Jersey Coalition Against Sexual Assault (n.d.). New Jersey Law. Retrieved online: http://www.njcasa.org/sexual-violence-nj/new-jersey-law
Resignation of Professional Staff Members (n..d). Retrieved online: http://policy.msbanet.org/trenton/showpolicy.php?file=GCPB-C.TNT
Trenton Public School District (2012). Personnel. Retrieved online: http://www.trenton.k12.nj.us/qsac/Personnel_09.htm
Trenton R-IX School District (2012). Reporting and investigating child abuse/neglect. Retrieved online: http://policy.msbanet.org/trenton/showpolicy.php?file=JHG-C.1L
The ease of use of email systems for example generally tend to relate to high satisfaction levels. According to the study, students find it extremely convenient to be able to contact instructors at any time according to their convenience and available time frame. This does away with the inconvenience of specific office hours or telephone availability. This satisfaction is however also related to the ability of the instructor to respond to email in a speedy fashion. In Enockson's study, for example, the instructor made an effort to consistently respond within 24 hours. Students also experienced the online system as particularly convenient, as physical barriers to communication were eliminated, and students were able to set their own hours for instruction and communication. The time and costs of commuting are also eliminated by the use of such a system. This is the basic advantage of a generally online system of instruction as…
Over the last several years, educators have been facing considerable challenges in meeting rising expectations for performance. This is because a host of solutions (such as the No Child Left Behind Act) have not addressed the lack of student achievement. Instead, academic performance has continued to linger and become worse in some areas (i.e. mathematics and science). (Hannah, 2012)
In New Jersey, the Core Content and Common Core Curriculum standards is designed to provide clarity on specific subjects and topics students must learn in order to graduate from high school. To fully understand how this occurring requires examining the way it is related to the concepts from Mary Zimmerman's Metamorphoses and a contemporary issue. This will be accomplished by focusing on the modes of communication, its shape and the way the literature can provoke cultural insights. Together, these elements will highlight how the Core Content and Common Core Curriculum…
Science Standards. (2013). NJ. Retrieved from: http://www.nj.gov/education/cccs/standards/5/
Hannah, D. (2012). 5 Ways No Child Left Behind Act. American Progress. Retrieved from: http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/education/news/2013/04/08/59542/5-ways-no-child-left-behind-waivers-help-state-education-reform/
Rich, M. (2012). U.S. Students Still Lag. New York Times. Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/11/education/us-students-still-lag-globally-in-math-and-science-tests-show.html?_r=0
Wandberg, R. (2000). Communication. Mankato, MN: Life Matters.
In a classroom setting, there are different sets of people; they may vary from ethnic backgrounds, genders and abilities (Gravells, 2008). The constant need for equality in the classroom should be addressed, and no bias towards individuals should be displayed. Diversity must be well embraced; however this is not that easy. When introducing a set of individuals to each other, they may all react in different ways, some may be reserved and some may openly reject group conformity. A way to get by this is through ice-breakers. This is a form of team building which students can take part of and get to know each other. Ice breakers break down barriers and encourage teamwork and inclusion. Inclusion in the classroom is necessary, for no student should be left out in any way, especially because of their uniqueness; for example, they come from a different country, or they are generally…
Gravells, A. (2008). Preparing to teach in the Lifelong Learning Sector, 3rd ed. Learning Matters.
While both gender and race are positionalities that are difficult to hide (not that one should need or want to, anyway), sexual orientation is not necessarily something that is known about a person, and its affects on the learning process can be very different. The very fact that sexual orientation can be hidden can create a situation where the learner closes off, hiding not only their sexuality but demurring away from other opportunities of expression and engagement as well. Conversely, if an individual with an alternative sexuality was open about this fact, it could very well cause discomfort in other adult learners who have a marked generational bias against many alternative sexualities and lifestyles (Cain). Both situations could provide useful grounds for personal growth in self-acceptance and self-security, for the learner of a minority sexual orientation and for the other learners in the class, respectively (Cain).
Situated Cognition v. Experiential…
Cain, M. "Theorizing the effects of class, gender, and race on adult learning in nonformal and informal settings."
Cranton, P. (2002). "Teaching for transformation." New directions for adult and continuing education 93, pp. 63-71.
Hansman, C. (2001). "Context-based adult learning." New directions for adult and continuing education 89, pp. 63-71.
Isopahkala-Bouret, U. 92008). "Transformative learning in managerial role transitions." Studies in continuing education 30(1), pp. 69-84.
Education and Society About Gender
The Perception of Gender Value Among Children
In Myra Sadker's book, Failing at Fairness, gender issues in the classroom are studied to evaluate how sexism is presented and to what extent it impacts female self-esteem. In a study entitled, "Help Me, God. I'm a Girl," the response to the hypothetical consideration of gender change was examined for eleven hundred Michigan children between 1988 and 1990. When asked what life would be like if they experienced a change to the opposite sex, the general conclusion that was drawn found that both girls and boys recognized weaknesses with the female sex as compared to males. This raises concern over the social impact of sexism that appears to exist even at a young age as the value of the female gender is compromised by views that males present the more advantageous sex. Thus, the evidence of sexism among…
Sadker, Myra. "Help Me, God. I'm a Girl." Failing at Fairness. New York: Scribner, 1994.
Other models for the proposed school include increased use of hands-on active learning instead of the traditional reliance on the passive learning-by-lecture model and rote memorization of facts from textbooks.
Technology would be integrated in two specific ways: (1) the use of electronic media and computers to increase interest and learning in traditional academic areas; and (2) with the goal of providing practical training in the use of technology systems and the development of high-tech skills that are necessary for professional success and that also ensure the continued academic success in higher education or immediate employability after high school graduation where appropriate. Activity Plan, Physical Organization, Discipline, and Play: The envisioned program would implement the Multiple Intelligences approach to academic learning in the manner described and successfully demonstrated by Gardner (2000). ecause the school would emphasize early exposure to substantive lessons presented through intelligence-type-specific modules, the physical organization would be…
Adams, D. & Hamm, M. (1994). New Designs for Teaching and Learning: Promoting
Active Learning in Tomorrow's Schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Gardner, H. (1993). Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. New York:
Basic Books. Gardner, H. (2000). The Disciplined Mind: Beyond Facts and Standardized Tests: The K-12 Education That Every Child Deserves. New York: Penguin Putnam.
Education Project Proposal (Nursing)
This study is intended to educate the patients (within the age group of 8-12) about the post operative treatment approaches and to prepare them to face the situation. As the main audience is the pediatric patients who have gone trough a kidney transplant, we will focus on the recovery issues with respect to this audience. This study will help these patients to learn about the general issues related to recovery of their wounds, the nutrition they are supposed to adopt during the recovery stage and the physical activity that is expected to be maintained by them. This educational activity is important for the patients because a thorough understanding of the recovery process is very important for the patient.
With an understanding of the process the patient will be able to cooperate with the nursing staff and will more actively participate in the process. From this program,…
Barbara A. Nilsen: Week by Week: Plans for Observing and Recording Young Children: Delmar Learning, January 1997
Evelyn A. Petersen: Practical Guide to Early Childhood Planning, Methods and Materials, A: The What, Why and How of Lesson Plans: Allyn & Bacon, November 1995
Linda M. Bambara & Tim Knoster: Designing Positive Behavior Support Plans: Amer Assn Mental Retardation: January 1998
Barbara Stevens Barnum: Teaching Nursing in the Era of Managed Care: Springer Publication Company, March 1999
Fifth, the NCLB is devoid of any meaningful consequences for failing to achieve federal objectives other than the publication of such failures in conjunction with the rights of parents to request transfers of their children to better-performing academic institutions (Darling-Hammond 2004). Critics have suggested that the most likely result of enforcement of such limited consequences for noncompliance is the overcrowding of institutions who fulfill the federal requirements to their detriment by virtue of diminution in their ability to meet the educational needs of increased enrollment of low-achieving students (Sonnenblick 2008). Likewise, the NCLB Act authorizes increased federal funding of home schooling and for-profit institutions that further reduces necessary funds to public institutions.
Sixth, whereas George H. Bush articulated the connection between adequate nutrition and access to healthcare and preparedness to learn in school, the NCLB Act ignores this element entirely. Many critics and career educators believe that any proposed educational…
Adams, D. & Hamm, M. (1994). New Designs for Teaching and Learning: Promoting Active Learning in Tomorrow's Schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Caillier, J. (2007) No Child Left Behind Act: Are States on Target to Make Their Goals?; Journal of Negro Education, Fall 2007 Issue. Retrieved June 26, 2008, at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3626/is_200710/ai_n25139930/pg_10
Crawford, J. (2004) No Child Left Behind: Misguided Approach to School Accountability for English Language Learners. National Association for Bilingual Education. Retrieved June 26, 2008, at http://www.nabe.org/documents/policy_legislation/NABE_on_NCLB.pdf
Darling-Hammond, L. (2004) NCLB Implementation Challenges: The Local Superintendent's View; Peabody Journal of Education, 80, 156-169. Forgary, R. (1997) Brain Compatible Classrooms. Andover, MA: Skylight Publishing.