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People are fed up, I believe, with government bail-outs and as taxpayers are reeling from the recent Wall Street Bailout, Obama's poll numbers have declined as people begin to feel that taxpayers will again foot the bill for the BP oil spill cleanup.
My cartoon shows Obama trying to tread water, first of all, all the while holding up his accomplishments for the world to see. He struggles to even keep his head above water and as he begin to reach people with these accomplishments, a huge tidal wave of an oil slick is bearing down upon him. This symbolizes the fact that the oil spill has tarnished his accomplishments and overshadowed much of the positive that he has worked so hard (treading water against the political currents) to make people aware of. The person in this cartoon is real and the artist's cartoon inspired me to create a response…
Political cartoon recently released by Barsdale depicts a news anchor relaying a news story. The anchor is in front of a green screen and is wearing a pinstripe suit. The news anchor has a picture to the right of him of the state of Idaho turned onto its side. The news anchor is reporting that lawmakers banned the state of Idaho because it looks like a gun when placed on its side.
This cartoon is clearly a prime example of exaggeration to make a point. Being privy to current events, this political cartoon is poking fun at the current legal trend that public schools are taking in expelling young children for any actions that remotely refer to or make inferences about guns. In the most recent actual news story, a kindergarten child was expelled from school for biting his sandwich into the shape of a gun. This cartoon takes the…
Only a few can see and hear everything that he had said, only a few citizen attends the debate and usually only selected citizens were invited to listen to him. So he thought of political cartoon where he can post his political platform and political agenda. He knew that through this cartoons every American citizen will have a knowledge of who he is, what he wants, and his plans for the country of United States. Even those people in the different states will know who this person is. And another reason is that since the United States is so big, he cannot go to every state in just a short period of time so if he do the cartoon ads, people all over the country will get a grasp of him. ased on Smith, A. (2004):
The language of political pamphlets and cartoons has always been the raw material with…
Backer, D. "A brief history of political cartoons" [Online] Available at:
Bartleby.com. "Lincoln, Abraham," The Columbian Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. [Online] Available at:
Megan C, et al. "Lincoln's Main Goal" [Online] Available at:
An Analysis of Tom Toles' Gay ights Cartoon
Tom Toles' most recent cartoon for the Washington Post shows a wedding cake with -- instead of the traditional bride and groom figurines -- a groom and a groom, smiling and holding hands. One of the figurines is playing on the Sinatra tune, "New York, New York," saying, "If we can make it here…" suggesting that gay marriage can make it anywhere. This paper will analyze the strength of Tom Toles' 2011 political cartoon commenting on New York's recent legalization of gay marriage, and show how Toles makes a good and subtle argument for the big impact that we can expect from New York's decision: gay marriage may soon be legal everywhere.
The cartoon is simple enough: the wedding cake is labeled "NY Gay Marriage," the groom and groom holding hands are in tuxedoes, and beside them at their feet…
Confessore, N., Barbaro, M. (2011). New York Allows Same-Sex Marriage, Becoming
Largest State to Pass Law. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com /2011/06/25/nyregion/gay-marriage-approved-by-new-york-senate.html?pagewanted=all
Seifman, D. (2011). Mike hail$ gay-nup GOPers. New York Post. Retrieved from http://www.nypost.com/p/news/local/mike_hail_gay_nup_gopers_bpmgdIQVtWqzwI6HGCq5HO
Toles, T. (2011). NY Gay Marriage. Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/toles
Political Cartoon on Obamacare
A political cartoon is a type of drawing that utilizes imagery and text to present comments, opinions or criticisms on a contemporary national or social issue, individual or event. In most cases, these drawings provide important information that is presented in a visual and memorable manner. Generally, cartoonists use various techniques to portray their messages including caption, symbols, and caricature. However, an individual needs to examine the pictorial components of the cartoon i.e. imagery and text in order to understand its message. An example of a political cartoon that has been utilized to present opinion on a national issue is the cartoon by Scott Stantis on Obamacare. Scott Stantis uses imagery, text, and irony to show how Obamacare health policy is failing through contradictory court decisions.
Context of the Stantis' Cartoon
One of the national issues that have become increasingly controversial in the United…
Hetherington, Naomi. "Creator and Created in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein." Keats-Shelley Review 11 (1997): 1-39. University of Pennsylvania. University of Pennsylvania. Web. 11 Mar. 2016. .
Romantic Circles. "The Literary Panorama, and National Register, N.S., 8 (1 June 1818): 411-414." Romantic Circles: A Refereed Scholarly Website Devoted to the Study of Romantic-period Literature and Culture. University of Maryland, n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2016. .
Scott, Walter. "Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine 2 (March 1818): 613-20." Romantic Circles: A Refereed Scholarly Website Devoted to the Study of Romantic-period Literature and Culture. University of Maryland, n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2016. .
An Analysis of a Political Cartoon in the Washington Post
In the political cartoon depicted in Figure 1 below, Signe Wilkinson, editorial cartoonist for the Washington Post, uses a religiously inspired triptych design to show a sexual abuse victim, the predatory clergy member perpetrating the offense and the blind eye being turned toward the affair in a sequential fashion to emphasize the ongoing controversy rocking the Catholic Church. The purpose of this paper is to provide an analysis of the techniques used, points made, and what lessons can be learned from this cartoon. In addition, a discussion concerning the use of colors and their meaning as well as the ironic language used is followed by a summary of the analysis in the conclusion.
Fig 1. Political Cartoon by Signe Wilkinson August 20, 2018
Source: https://www.washingtonpost.com/resizer/Zr8U9ZErYxEP_MFzKtIiEptxNR4=/ 1024x0/arc-
Review and Analysis
In the political cartoon depicted in Figure 1 above, Wilkinson uses…
Mazzoni, Cristina. “A Roman Triptych of Holy Women.” Magistra. vol. 22, no. 1, Summer 2016, pp. 73-77.
Wasserman, Benjamin D. “Searching for Adequate Accountability: Supervisory Priests and the Church\\'s Child Sex Abuse Crisis.” Duke Law Journal, vol. 66, no. 5, pp. 1149-1153.
The backing of the warrant includes the drawing of different parachutes. If the artist only drew one parachute then the reader would infer that the stimulus package is monolithic. Instead, the artist portrays the stimulus package as being multifaceted and potentially saving jobs in multiple business sectors. The fear on the skydiver's face and the cry of "Faster! Faster!" are used to back the claim that Americans may be worried for nothing.
Possible rebuttals to the cartoon include the following. First, a reader might note that many of the parachutes appear not to be working or have yet to be deployed. Second, the artist does not show how close to the ground the jumper is. These two facts add doubt as to how effective and efficient the stimulus plan is. Opponents and critics of the existing stimulus plan are directly addressed and will also identify strongly with the skydiver.
There was once a time when Greeks, for example, prided themselves over their national identity which was obviously based on the piece of land that Greeks occupied. However with the passage of time, this piece of land is losing its significance. Land is still important for other reasons but it is no longer the factor that sets one group of people apart from another. This is an interesting development and one that explains why geography is gradually becoming history.
Everywhere nation-states are dying and this death has contributed to rapid decline in the significance of geographical demarcations. We can blame the information age as well as globalization for this change. But according to civilization theories postulated by Huntington, this change is grounded in religious and cultural differences/similarities. West is now better known for its identity as westerns rather than as North Americans or Europeans. This is due to the fact…
Samuel Huntington: Clash of Civilizations. Retrieved online 6th June 2006 at http://www.alamut.com/subj/economics/misc/clash.html
cartoon in the Albuquerque Journal on September 15, 2009. The gist of the article revolves around choices in healthcare and who is responsible for those choices. In the first panel, and insurance salesman is talking with an average American asking, "Are you tired of having your health care decisions made by a big, unfeeling corporate bureaucracy?" In the next frame, his wife asks, "ho was that?" -- The husband, holding a brochure entitled Obama Care, responds, "Somebody from a huge, unfeeling government bureaucracy, offering to make our health care decisions."
This is clearly focused on the healthcare debate and the fact that American is under pressure from all sides in its healthcare conundrum. e know that at least twenty percent of America's population has either no insurance or is underinsured -- and that this is the highest percentage in the developed world. This is particularly alarming noting that more money…
Obama's Health-Care Plan: Pros and Cons Debate. (2012). My Family Doctor.com. Retrieved from: http://familydoctormag.com/doctors-office/1291-obamas-health-care-plan-doctors-debate-pros-and-cons.html
Underinsured in America: Is Health Coverage Adequate? (July 2002). Kaiser Commission
on Key Facts -- Medicaid and the Uninsured. Cited in:
Still another depicts him with a black patch over his eyes and he is carrying a machete. The fact that the cartoons mock the prophet is part of the reason for the anger in the Muslim world; but moreover, many Muslims despise estern values, estern politicians and the est in general (partly because of the est's support of Israel), and so Muslims are outraged that estern journalists would publish these cartoons. The angry Muslims believe estern values have crept into their culture already, and they resent it (Arab politician wearing estern-style suits and ties, for example). Now with the U.S. invasion of Iraq, and the est's support of the U.S., add derogatory cartoons into the mix and an explosion of rage occurs; it is a clash of principles and values.
My personal opinion: I agree with journalist Reza Aslan, that the conflict isn't just about "secular democratic freedoms" versus "arcane…
Aslan, Reza. (2006). Depicting Mohammed. Slate. Retrieved April 5, 2011, from http://www.slate.com .
Cohen, Patricia. (2009). Danish Cartoon Controversy. The New York Times. Retrieved April
5, 2011, from http://www.nytimes.com .
Political satire has long been a standard method of political and social commentary. Jonathan Swift's essay "A Modest Proposal" is a prime example of how satire is a powerful vehicle for raising awareness about critical social and political issues, but doing so in a relatively nonthreatening and accessible way. In the United States, political cartoons have long been the bastion of political satire. Howeve, r as allachy puts it, "American satire has changed a great deal since Benjamin Franklin's 'Join or Die' cartoon," (1). Technology is one reason why political satire in America has changed its approach. Both Jesse atters and Samantha Bee have traditional television shows on the one hand, but both also benefit from new media both to find fodder for their discussions but also to propagate their ideas. However, there are critical differences between these two political humor shows. The most glaring difference is that Bee offers…
Batalion, Judy. "Jewish Joke's On You." Jewish Quarterly, Vol. 64, No.1, 2017, pp. 33-35.
Becker, Amy B. and Bode, Leticia. "Satire as a source for learning? The differential impact of news versus satire exposure on net neutrality knowledge gain." Information, Communication, and Society, 2017, DOI: 10.1080/1369118X.2017.1301517
Bee, Samantha. Full Frontal. [Various Episodes].
Johnson, Derek. "Activating Activism." Critical Studies in Media Communication, 2017, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15295036.2017.1298142
Authors Donald Lively and ussell Weaver describe Hustler Magazine as Falwell's "antagonist (p. 79)," no doubt representing for Falwell abuses of our Constitutional freedoms.
"In 1983, Hustler Magazine decided to parody Falwell using a Campari Liqueur advertisement. The actual Campari ads portrayed interviews with various celebrities about their 'first times.' Although the advertisement actually focused on the first time that the celebrities had sampled Campari, the ads portrayed the double entendre of the first time that the interviewees had engaged in sex. Hustler mimicked the Campari format and created a fictional interview with Falwell in which he stated that his 'first time' was during a drunken incestuous rendezvous with his mother in an outhouse (p. 79)."
The Oregon Commentator, May, 2007
There is probably no limit to the outrage that was felt by Falwell, and by his support base, both of which would have been offended, first, by using Falwell…
Block, H. (Artist) (1979). Spiritual Leader, Washington Post, Field Newspaper
Syndicate, April 8, 1979. Found online at Pop Art Machine, http://popartmachine.com/item/pop_art/LOC+1158615/SPIRITUAL-LEADER-/-HERBLOCK.-UNPROCESSED-%5BITEM%5D-%5BP&P%5DREPRODUCTION ..., retrieved March 1, 2010.
Chunovic, L. (2000). One Foot on the Floor: The Curious Evolution of Sex on Television
From I Love Lucy to South Park. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI.
American president as a king would have been one of the greatest insults in the early 19th century, merely decades after the United States won its independence from the British crown. Andrew Jackson's policies and leadership style both reminded the American public of monarchic rule. Here, Jackson is depicted as a loathsome king who tramples on the American constitution and wants to veto any legislation Congress tries to pass. The veto power refers to Jackson's vetoing of several congressional bills including those related to the creation of federal banking systems. At the top of the cartoon, the words "Born to Command" underscore the comparison with Jackson and a dictatorial ruler. Interestingly, Jackson touted himself as being the "man of the people," not "King Andrew." One reason why Jackson did engage his veto power as often as he did was that he viewed his role as being to protect the people,…
"Andrew Jackson, (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://americanhistory.si.edu/presidency/timeline/pres_era/3_668.html
"King Andrew." [Political Cartoon]. Available online: http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/treasures_of_congress/Images/page_9/30a.html
Thompson, et al. (n.d.). An overview of healthcare management. Retrieved online: http://samples.jbpub.com/9780763790868/90868_CH01_FINAL_WithoutCropMark.pdf
I am also very confused by the author's decision to switch over to talking about the impact a Danish publication had especially because it did not relate to music and it did not deal with issues in the U.S. While the author intended to demonstrate the power of the press, he/she should have chosen an example applicable to the U.S. Moreover, the author appears to confuse a political cartoon that deliberately sets out to polarize the audience with traditional art, which sets out to be a tool for an artist's expression of thoughts, beliefs, and experiences.
The concluding paragraph is fraught with hypocritical inconsistencies. The author began by claiming that the First Amendment gives individuals the right to free speech and yet, he/she set out immediately to determine what an artist could and could not say, and what they should and should not say. Furthermore, in this last paragraph, the…
uh.edu). He also made the electing process more democratic by having conventions where he had representatives from every state nominate a presidential candidate to represent their individual parties. This would provide a more accurate representation of who the people themselves saw as President.
Jackson also had great influence on the economic situation of that era. In order for Americans to start to buy more American goods, Jackson wanted to pass a tariff on all English goods. Although this meant that America would get more of their things sold and purchased, it also meant that Americans had to pay more for necessary goods that came from abroad (McGraw-Hill, p.338). This angered the South who owned property and were most affected by the rise in these tariffs. This was the beginning of the Nullification Act. This act was made as a compromise to steadily reduce the tariff placed throughout the years, but…
McGraw Hill. The American Republic to 1877: Unit 5: The Growing Nation:
Chapter 11: The Jackson Era. The McGraw Hill Companies and Glencove.
2004, 2nd edition. Print.
"Learn about the Jacksonian Era." Digital History. n.d. n.p. 27 May 11
World War I
The First World War began in the summer of 1914 with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. The conflict lasted through late 1918, concluding with the treaty of Versailles. The war to end all wars, as it was commonly known, was dominated by trench warfare. Due to numerous advances in defense technology and a lack of tactical advances, both the Allied Nations and the Central Powers, were stymied by a lack of military advances. Early victories in France, by the German army, and in Serbia by the Austrian/Hungarian forces proved to be less than decisive, due to miscommunication between the two Central powers.
Not only was this the First war between so many great world powers, additionally this was the first war to be affected by, and ultimately fought, not only on the battle field but also in the press rooms. Due to expansion in…
H.P. Lovecraft wrote him fan letters and composed a poem about his art. The fine hatching and pebble board were all used to give his images a texture and depth beyond anything seen in the field. Finlay and another illustrator at this time named Lee F. Conrey (see above) both provided lots of imaginative drawings for both magazines and books (BPIB).
Comics were another genre that started hiring illustrators. Born in Humbolt, Minnesota, Austin Briggs studied at the Wicker Art School in Detroit, and then attended the Art Students League in New York City. He settled there and worked for an advertising agency and freelanced for various magazines, like the Dearborn Independent, Collier's, McClures and Pictorial eview. He started his comic strip career as an assistant on Flash Gordon, then took over the Secret Agent X-9 strip, and began anonymously illustrating the Flash Gordon daily in the 1940s and early…
American Art Archives. 16, November 2007. http://www.americanartarchives.com/
Ask Art Blue Book. Oscar Edward Cesare, Artist. 16, November 2007. http://www.askart.com/askart/c/oscar_edward_cesare/oscar_edward_cesare.aspx
BPIP. Jessie Wilcox Smith Biography. 16, November 2007. http://www.bpib.com/illustrat/jwsmith.htm
Comic Art Fans. 16, November 2007. http://www.comicartfans.com/forums/topic.asp?TOPIC_ID=1127
This provision is based on the rationale that general damages do not represent financial loss to the injured person. A number of changes have also been made to the law in respect to assessment of damages for past and future economic loss.
4. The maximum amount of damages for economic loss due to loss of earnings or the deprivation or impairment of earning capacity is fixed at a rate of three times the average weekly earnings in New South Wales for the most recent quarter occurring before the date of the award.
5. Future economic loss predictions, for the purpose of making an award, must be based on assumptions that accord with the claimant's most likely future circumstances but for the injury. If the court makes an award for future economic loss, it must adjust the amount determined by reference to the percentage possibility that, but for the injury, certain…
Amponsah, P.N. 2004. Libel Law, Political Criticism, and Defamation of Public Figures: The
United States, Europe, and Australia. New York: LFB Scholarly Publishing.
Bailey, R.J. 1976. "Trespass negligence and Venning v Chin." The Adelaide Law Review, vol. 5,
no. 4, pp. 402-427.
Dominik's Killing Them Softly
Andrew Dominik's 2012 American film Killing Them Softly is a screen-adaptation of George Higgins' 1974 crime novel Cogan's Trade. Dominik's screenplay sets the action in modern America during the 2008 election campaign, which serves as a backdrop to the action of the film and allows both director/screenwriter Dominik and his cast of characters to ironically and wittily juxtapose their own agendas, ends and pursuits with those of the political world. Indeed, the film's subtext or undertone is really as pronounced as the main drama, paralleling the narrative in the final race to the showdown: the execution of the robbers of the card game and the election of a new ring leader (aka President of the United States). This paper will show how Dominik uses the underground world of organized crime to parallel and criticize the state of American politics and economics.
Storytelling, Editing, Style and Directing…
Bradshaw, P. (2012). Killing Them Softly -- review. Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2012/sep/20/killing-them-softly-review
Ebert, R. (2012). Killing Them Softly. Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved from http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20121128/REVIEWS/121129985
Kirk, J. (2012). Review: Dominik's 'Killing Them Softly' Drives Message Hard and Well. First Showing. Retrieved from http://www.firstshowing.net/2012/review-dominiks-killing-them-softly-drives-message-hard-and-well/
Pezzotta, E. (2010). Film Analysis: A Comparison Among Criticism, Interpretation,
This accounts for the durable popularity of the superhero -- Superman can fight Nazis during orld ar II and terrorists today. A comic hero can remain the same, yet always seem relevant to the reader's daily life, just like the daily work of a newspaper political cartoonist. The reason that this type of popularity is spurned is because of the fears of mass production of written material. McCloud agrees with Kunzle that mass production is critical to the genre. McCloud calls comics "juxtaposed pictorial and other images in deliberate sequences, intended to convey information and/or to produce an aesthetic response in the viewer" (McCloud 9). This response it elicits from all readers on a visceral level, however, should not be undervalued. Part of the reason for McCloud's trumpeting of the medium, however, may be his broader-reaching focus, while Kunzle tends to focus on more narrow historical or political works designed…
Kunzle, David. History of the Comic Strip. Volume 1: The Early Comic Strip. Berkeley:
University of California Press, 1973.
McCloud, Scott. Understanding Comics. Princeton, WI: Kitchen Sink Press, 1993.
What they did not anticipate was the levees breaking nor were they aware of the level of immediate need of the people. He also says that with Hurricane Andrew, about two million residents were evacuated and only about 10% we left homeless whereas with Hurricane Katrina approximately the same number of residents were evacuated yet over 90% were left homeless (Halton, 2006). This was much more of a burden than FEMA had anticipated and it was a result of poor emergency response at lower levels of government.
Even still, FEMA should have been better prepared to handle the situation. They should have been called in earlier than they were and if this were the case they situation would have been easier to manage. Paulison says that FEMA was not fully aware of what was needed and where. This is a result of poor communication. y the time they were called…
Halton, B. (2006). FEMA's response to Hurricane Katrina. Fire Engineering, 159(5), 213-218.
Kelley-Romano, S. And Westgate, V. (2007). Blaming Bush: An analysis of political cartoons following Hurricane Katrina. Journalism Studies, 8(5), 755-719.
Perry, R.W. And Lindell, M.K. (2003). Preparedness for emergency response: Guidelines for emergency planning process. Disasters, 27(4), 336-350.
Realist Painting Style and Realism
The Realist style owes its existence to the Realist concept. "Realism is democracy in art," Courbet believed. (Nochlin, xiii) Taking that as the credo upon which the works of the artists were constructed, the style itself can be nothing if not anti-academic, anti-historical, anti-conservative. Indeed, whether brushstrokes or pen markings or etching into stone or metal form the image, the underlying attitude is one of freedom, attention to the gross characteristics of form, dismissal of mere decoration for its own sake, and obvious celebration of anything. The self-consciousness of the finely chosen brushstroke or marking is gone, in favor of a brushstroke or marking that favors expression of the interplay between what is seen and the seer. Gone is any demand from outside the artist to make things appear lovelier, grander, more stately than they perhaps really are. It is, in short, art with the…
Crook, Malcolm "French elections, 1789-1848." History Today, 1 March 1993.
Daumier, Honore. The Columbia Encyclopedia, 10 January 2004.
Dolan, Therese. Honore Daumier. (Review) The Art Bulletin. 1 March 1998.
Dorozynski, Alexander. "Audacity: 200 years of French innovation 1789-1989. (AMERICAN HERITAGE Magazine Special Report), Forbes, 24 July 1989.
This public visibility had an extremely positive effect on the movement, reaching people their more passive campaign would never have touched.
Needless to say, the strategy of marching in the streets was not one typically associated with normal female behavior. Yet, through this brazen tactic, suffragists were able to elevate their public image to a position where they were seen as legitimate participants in the public political arena. Onlookers began to see suffragists as serious and dignified, and as individuals who had courage to make public appearances, presenting themselves to onlookers (McCammon). Much of the effectiveness of these parades was due to the manner in which they were held.
As McCammon notes, woman suffrage parades were neither festive nor frivolous. The women typically marched in formation. They wore white dresses and carried signs and banners stating reasons why women should have the right to vote. In eastern parades, primarily, a…
Beck, E., Dorsey, E., & Stutters, a. "The Women's Suffrage Movement: Lessons for Social Action." Journal of Community Practice 11(3) 2003: p. 13-33. Academic Search Premier database. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. March 9, 2008 http://web.ebscohost.com .
Borda, J. "The Woman Suffrage Parades of 1910-1913." Western Journal of Communication 66(1) Winter 2002: p. 25-52. Academic Search Premier database. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. March 9, 2008
death toll rises in Iraq and questions are raised regarding the foreign policies practiced by the United States, books like Jack Donnelly's International Human Rights become particularly relevant. American intervention in Iraq has become one of the salient political issues of our time, one that begs a thorough investigation of the need for international human rights policies. In his book, Donnelly presents a thorough overview of the politics of human rights, tracing its role in domestic and foreign policies since the Second orld ar. In fact, the author notes that before the 1940s, international human rights were of little importance. Isolationism and strict respect for national sovereignty guided foreign relations policies and precluded nations, individuals, or organizations from taking action to promote human rights outside of their own communities. Pointing out how the Holocaust moved human rights into the realm of international politics in conjunction with a burgeoning global economic…
Donnelly, Jack. International Human Rights. Boulder: Westview, 1993.
Statement of the Issue
Beginning with a discussion of Social Darwinism's inherent logical fallacy, this study examines whether or not wealthy industrialists of the nineteenth century actually practiced what Social Darwinism called for. By considering the history of the concept and its relation to capitalism, it becomes clear that not only did wealthy industrialists practice Social Darwinism, but that they embraced it precisely because it provided a justification for the unethical business practices they were already engaged in.
Statement of the Issue
Social Darwinism was a major force in the political, economic, and social landscape of the nineteenth and early twentieth century, but it represents something of a conundrum for the historian attempting to determine whether or not the wealthy industrialists who were proponents of Social Darwinism actually practiced what they preached. The difficulty stems from the fact that Social Darwinism is itself an example of a formal…
Bannister, R. (1993). Social darwinism: Science and myth in anglo-american social thought.
Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Klein, S. (2003). The natural roots of capitalism and its virtues and values. Journal of Business
Ethics, 45(4), 387-401.
Battle Analysis of the Vietnam ar: The Tet Offensive
The Tet Offensive
The Vietnam ar was one of the most costly conflicts in the history of the United States, with Americans fighting and investing resources in the region for almost two decades. Many consider this conflict to have been one of the best examples of proxy-wars fought as a consequence of the Cold ar. ith Russia and the U.S. being hesitant about challenging each-other directly, proxy wars were one of the most effective tools for each country to display its armament and determination. The Tet Offensive was among the most violent battles in the war, with an allied group of Viet Cong guerrilla fighters and People's Army of Vietnam soldiers organizing a large-scale offensive against South Vietnamese military, U.S. soldiers, and a series of other communities allied with South Vietnam.
U.S. involvement in Vietnam has drawn a significant amount…
"WALTER CRONKITE'S "WE ARE MIRED IN STALEMATE" BROADCAST, FEBRUARY 27, 1968," retrieved March 1, 2015, from https://facultystaff.richmond.edu/~ebolt/history398/Cronkite_1968.html
"Vietnam Veterans Against the War Statement," Retrieved March 1, 2015, from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/vietnam/psources/ps_against.html
"American Policy in Vietnam," Retrieved March 1, 2015, from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/vietnam/psources/ps_policy.html
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Race and the eb: Jack and Jill Politics and Making Race Manifest
According to author Lisa Nakamura, during the original, heady days of the Internet, it was hoped that the anonymous nature of the virtual medium would allow for the creation of a post-racial identity. Theoretically, no one 'needed' to reveal their visual appearance online, and thus race would become less important (Nakamura 106). The disembodied nature of the medium would allow for a more fluid and expansive conception of the self. However, the Internet has instead allowed for a plethora of subcultures resurrecting old racist stereotypes. hites have been able to try on such false personas and thus perpetrate them more easily than members of historically discriminated-against groups have been able to temporarily 'set aside' their race online. Nakamura suggests that people who masquerade as members of other races and use their posturing to advance such outmoded notions are…
Jack and Jill Politics. [3 Dec 2012]
Manjoo, Farhad. "How black people use Twitter." Slate. 10 Aug 2012. [3 Dec 2012]
http://www.slate.com /articles/technology/technology/2010/08/how_black_people_use_twitter.2.html' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Matilda Joslyn Gage, (1826-1898) is one of the foremost advocates of women's rights and women's suffrage. She and her colleagues did the United States a great service in the furtherance of rights for women. Though her voice is often one that goes unheard in the histories about her era its strength has been recently noticed and its wisdom upheld. One of the most important messages of the women's rights movement was the need for the recognized value of the women in vocation and education. Most women's rights advocates believe that the full strength of any society could never be realized if half of the persons in it where not given full ability to contribute to it, not only in the voice of their vote but in the voice of their strength as productive and employed members of the society they live in.
... The boasted civilizations of antiquity were eminently…
Brammer, Leila R. Excluded from Suffrage History: Matilda Joslyn Gage, Nineteenth Century American Feminist. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.
Campbell, Karlyn Kohrs, ed. Women Public Speakers in the United States, 1800-1925: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993.
Man Cannot Speak for Her. Vol. 2. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1989.
Crowell, Kathy (contributor) Obituary: Matilda Josyln Gage. The Weekly Reader
An additional note on invisibility comes with the manner in which visual symbols communicate (or do not communicate) messages. For instance, what should the symbol in Figure 1 represent? For someone in the developed world, this represents many things -- sound, amplification, radio, communication, and so on. ut, like in the movie The Gods Must be Crazy, in which a Coke bottle falls from a plane and is picked up by a ushman, what reference would some cultures have to the symbol? Now, if we contrast that with Figure 2, we find a more universal, but still subjective icon -- could it be growth, love (a Western concept), gardens, beauty, purity, sorow, etc. Each one of these is "invisible" in the sense that there can be as many interpretations as there are readers. When one combines this with a multi-panel comic (say in a newspaper or magazine) or graphic novel,…
Horrocks, D. "Inventing Comics." June 2011. Comics Journal. Web. Feburary 2013. .
McCloud, S. Understanding Comics: The Invisible Art. New York: William Morrow, 1994. Print.
Technology in History Classes]
Since the beginning of education in the U.S., the classroom setting has remained the same: Students have sat quietly in their seats with just a pencil, textbook and lined paper to practice their "readin', riting and 'rithmetic." However, the advent of new technologies is heralding a change. In a growing number of schools, technological innovations are beginning to significantly change the way that information is conveyed and students learn. Depending on the creativity of the teacher, the advent of computers, CD-ROMs, videodiscs, multimedia, and cable networks is expanding the breadth of the curriculum -- from mathematics to the social sciences. For example, teachers have found multiple ways to restructure technology into high school history that have made an often very dry topic come to life.
In 1983 Howard Gardner, a Harvard University professor, introduced his theory of "multiple intelligences" (MI). His book Intelligence Reframed showed that…
Loewen, J. (1995) Lies My Teacher Told Me. New York: New Press.
Norton, P. (1999) Teaching with Technology. New York: Hartcourt Brace.
Warren, W. (1999) "Using the World Wide Web for primary source research in high school history classes." Journal of the Association for History and Computing.Vol. 2, No. 2.
Duncombe, Stephen. 2005. The Bobbed Haired Bandit. New York: New York University Press.
Stephen Duncombe, an Associate Professor in the Department of Media, Culture and Communications at the Gallatin School of New York University, wrote a true story of a dark-haired woman in Brooklyn in January 1924. He, teaching politics of media and history wrote The Bobbed Haired Bandit to show snippets of 1924 life from the perspective of the small, dark-haired woman robber. The woman wore a fur coat with a beaded dress underneath and as she was about to pay for the eggs and took out an automatic pistol from her coat pocket to rob the grocery store worker. It was here that reader gets to see the scope of not just the story, but also the character. The character and the argument of the book shows how a woman could overcome her circumstances through daring and risky…
World War I: Dada
The literary and artistic movement known as Dada originated in the Swiss city of Zurich, at the time of the First World War, as a response to the War as well as the nationalism considered by many to have sparked the war. Inspired by Futurism, Cubism, Expressionism, Constructivism, and other innovative movements, Dadaism's output ranged from poetry, collage, and painting, to performance arts and sculptures (Jones, 2002; Hulsenbeck, 1988). The movement's aesthetic, characterized by contempt for nationalistic and materialistic attitudes, strongly influenced artists in major cities across the globe, such as Berlin, Paris, Cologne, Hanover, and New York, and all ended up creating their own separate groups. Surrealism led to Dadaism's degeneration.
Sickened by the nationalism that triggered WWI, Dadaists were constantly against the idea of authoritarianism, and all kinds of guiding ideologies or group leadership. Their main concern was revolting against the apparent middleclass…
Buskirk, M., & Nixon, M. (1996). The Duchamp Effect. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Elder, B. (2013). Dada, Surrealism, and the Cinematic Effect. Waterloo, Ontario, Canada: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.
Hulsenbeck, R. (1988). "En avant Dada: A history of Dadaism." In R. Motherwell (Ed.), The Dada painters and poets (pp. 23-48). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. (Original work published 1920)
Jones, A. (2002). Equivocal Masculinity: New York Dada in the context of World War I. Art History, 25(2), 162.
In recent times, researchers and practitioners are focusing more and more in understanding the role of meta-cognition in reading. This is evidenced by the opinions proposed by researchers like Brown and Palinscar and Gracia and Pearson. As there exists dissimilarity between teachings of distinct expertise and making learners conscious of the inner processes that are carried on in the mind through meta-cognition, this field of research is significant on the whole. Individual readers, more frequently, encounter trouble in gathering together the right tactics to acquire holistic comprehension of text even though they may be able to carry out distinct abilities such as skimming and scanning, tolerating ambiguity, finding meanings from context and drawing inferences. eciprocal Teaching is one technique that has established to counteract this trouble and internalize the process of comprehension. (amaiyah, 1992)
What is eciprocal teaching?
For training students to develop into active readers, reciprocal teaching…
Davis, Chris. (Fall/winter, 2000) "Literacy in the Social Studies Classroom" Center X Forum. Vol: 1; No: 1. Retrieved from http://www.centerx.gseis.ucla.edu/forum/fall00/socialstudies.htm
Accessed on 18 February, 2005
Edwards, Julie. (Winter, 1995) "Reciprocal Teaching in the Fourth-Grade Science Program" Retrieved from http://education.umn.edu/carei/Reports/Rpractice/Winter95/reciprocal.htm Accessed on 18 February, 2005
Hartman, H. (1997) "Reciprocal Teaching: Human Learning & Instruction" Retrieved from http://condor.admin.ccny.cuny.edu/~hhartman/Reciprocal%20Teaching.doc Accessed on 18 February, 2005
The Renaissance was more than a "re-birth," it was something new and exciting - the ideas and outlooks represented by Titian and the leading lights of his time have continued to shape estern Civilization and the world, helping to create a culture in which we are all - "open-minded and free to take up quarters in an open world."
It is for these reasons and others that Venus and Adonis is the subject of this paper. Titian's captivating painting style, mastery of technique, color, and movement, instantly attract the viewer to the artwork. The subject matter, too, is appealing and compelling. As it did centuries ago, it does today - it tells a story and imparts a lesson. Yet, Titian's work can be instructive eon a thousand different levels. The master's art speaks to the motions, and makes each of us think about what is happening on the canvas;…
Cole, Bruce. Titian and Venetian Painting, 1450-1590. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1999.
Elkins, James. What Painting Is: How to Think about Oil Painting, Using the Language of Alchemy. New York: Routledge, 2000.
FCC & EEO
Federal Contract Compliance & EEO
Many foreign cultures associate the words United States of America with the vision of freedom and equality. People of many different races, disabilities and creeds have come to the United States seeking the impartiality upon which this country was founded. owever, the road to these favorable conditions of today has not been easy. The relentless pursuit of equality by Americans is written in history more than once. The most famous struggle for equality is Thomas Jefferson's Declaration of Independence. When the British began pressuring the American Colonies for more taxes, and generally becoming prejudiced, the colonists began writing poetry, drawing political cartoons, and painting patriotic pictures. The founding fathers gathered to take initiative to pursue their rights as a new country and as individuals. This paper will discuss the EEO compliance requirements necessary to become a Federal contractor as well as focus…
Hall, F.S. 1977. Gaining EEO Compliance with a Stable WorkForce. Personnel Journal. 56:454.
Landau, B.W. 2002. State Employees and Soverign Immunity: Alternatives and Strategies for Enforcing Federal Employment Laws. Harvard J. On Legis. 169(39).
Maltby, L. And Yamada, D. 1996. Beyond Economic Realities: The Case for Amending Federal Employment Discrimination Laws to Include Independent Contractors. Boston College Law Review. 38(2).
Arts at Tijuana-San Diego-Tijuana Border and Its Economic Impacts
The objective of this document is to develop the annotated bibliography of the peer-reviewed articles related to the arts at San Diego -- Tijuana border and its impact on economic activities. The study carries out the analysis of the articles to reveal the method each article fits together. The study also provides the evidence of how the articles fit into the project proposal.
Bibliography of Scholarly Articles
Chavez, Carolina Pineda, and Roberto Ham Chande. "The Economically Active Population in Tijuana and that of Mexican Origin in San Diego from 1970 to 2010. " Frontera Norte 19.37 (2016): 59-84. eb.
This article shows that there is a strong socioeconomic dynamic and cross-border demographic between San Diego and Tijuana revealing that job opportunities at San Diego have assisted in the growth of the population of the Mexican origin. The source reveals that San…
Chavez, Carolina Pineda, and Roberto Ham Chande. "The Economically Active Population in Tijuana and that of Mexican Origin in San Diego from 1970 to 2010. " Frontera Norte 19.37 (2016): 59-84. Web.
Hershberger, Andrew E. "Bordering on Cultural Vision(s): Jay Dusard's Collaboration with the Border Art Workshop/Taller de Arte Fronterizo." Art Journal 65.1 (2006): 82. Web
Rodney, Lee. "Tijuana Dreaming: Life and Art at the Global Border." Canadian Journal of Latin American & Caribbean Studies (Canadian Association of Latin American & Caribbean Studies (CALACS)) 37.73 (2012): 269-271. History Reference Center. Web.
In the text, Blair asserts that rhetoric and argument have been conventionally linked to the verbal. In turn, he purposes to consider whether visuals can be arguments. An argument in this context encompasses the reasons for accepting a particular point of view. He elucidates the erudition that indicates that arguments are not just verbal in the same ways to the arguments made by Birdsell and Groarke. Despite this, Blair goes on to proclaim that even though there can be purely visual arguments, a great deal of communications that contend to be visual arguments are amalgamations of the visual and the verbal. Owing to this, Blair goes on to examine verbal and visual arguments. He labels the grouping of these two arguments as visual. On the other hand, he labels verbal to be stringently verbal. Bearing this in mind, he delineates that a visual/verbal is an argument contrasted with…
Art through the Ages
1. (Ch. 27) What is the interpretation of Goya's Saturn Devouring his Children?
The interpretation of Goya’s Saturn Devouring his Children is based on the myth of Saturn who feared that his children would overthrow him, so he devoured them one by one to avoid that risk. Goya lived many centuries after this ancient myth of antiquity originated. However, his own contemporary situation reflected the old myth in terms of the way the powerful rulers of the time were frantically lashing out, trying to preserve their own power by destroying the least possible threat. The wild-eyed and frenzied look of Saturn in Goya’s painting, produced between the years of 1819 and 1823, reflects what was happening in his own time. The effects of the French Revolution had spread throughout Europe and Spain had gotten to enjoy the Napoleon’s conquests. Goya’s painting reflected the insane frenzy for…
Can you determine the position and viewpoint of the artist based on the message and meaning of the cartoon? Explain.
While good political cartoonists will likely exploit any opportunity to convey a point of topical interest irrespective of their political affiliation, this editorial cartoon depicted in Figure 1 above suggests that the artist is a staunch Republican who views the president and his political party as being highly ineffective to the point of malfeasance. After all, the country's credit rating has been adversely affected, and this translates into higher interest rates for government borrowing in the future, adding further constraints to the country's economic recovery following the Great Recession of 2008. he political cartoonist in this case also makes it clear that the Republicans are well situated to take advantage of this ineffectiveness on the part of the Democratic leadership in general and the president in particular in the future.…
The "twist" in this comic is the apparent inability or unwillingness of the president to stay the course set by his party in the negotiations over the debt ceiling. In the end, the cartoonist makes it clear that the president caved and the Republican leadership prevailed, prompting the unenthusiastic "oops" response from the Democrats and the "spineless" characterization by the Republicans.
Can you determine the position and viewpoint of the artist based on the message and meaning of the cartoon? Explain.
While good political cartoonists will likely exploit any opportunity to convey a point of topical interest irrespective of their political affiliation, this editorial cartoon depicted in Figure 1 above suggests that the artist is a staunch Republican who views the president and his political party as being highly ineffective to the point of malfeasance. After all, the country's credit rating has been adversely affected, and this translates into higher interest rates for government borrowing in the future, adding further constraints to the country's economic recovery following the Great Recession of 2008. The political cartoonist in this case also makes it clear that the Republicans are well situated to take advantage of this ineffectiveness on the part of the Democratic leadership in general and the president in particular in the future. In the final analysis, this editorial cartoon portrays the sorry state of political affairs that exists at a certain point in time during this critical juncture in the country's history.
His dedication and intelligence allowed him to eventually become not simply passable in his English speaking skills, but a lawyer, a U.S. Congressman, one of the best journalists of his era (and, according to some biographers, of any era), and an incredibly eloquent (if somewhat bombastic) speaker and letter writer -- not to mention one of the wealthiest men in the world, especially in the field of newspaper publishing (Brian; Seitz).
In 1878, not even fifteen years since his arrival in the country, Joseph Pulitzer bought his first newspaper company -- the St. Louis Dispatch. The paper was in disarray, but fate intervened in the form of the Evening Post and its owner, John Alvarez Dillon. The two papers were combined and began issuing a joint newspaper that very same day, with Pulitzer immediately taking over the editorial page, which he was quick to put to use then and after…
Boylan, James. Pulitzer's School: Columbia University's School of Journalism, 1903-2003. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.
Campbell, W. Joseph (a). The Year that Defined American Journalism. New York: Routledge, 2006.
Campbell, W. Joseph (b). Yellow Journalism: Puncturing the Myths, Defining the Legacies. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2001.
Douglas, George. The Golden Age of the Newspaper. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1999.
..hile older children and adults understand the inherent bias of advertising, younger children do not, and therefore tend to interpret commercial claims and appeals as accurate and truthful information," said psychologist Dale Kunkel, Ph.D., Professor of Communication at the University of California at Santa Barbara and senior author of the task force's scientific report. (Kunkel, et.al, 2004)
The Lego ads, when seen by younger children who "do not understand persuasive intent in advertising," might feel as if the balance of the world really does hang in their hands -- and an older child might be confused by the overlapping techniques of advertising, which blur the lines between advertising with a persuasive ulterior motive to encourage consumption, and entertainment in the form of cartoons. This confusion might be another reason for the greater efficacy of movie and product tie-ins with children's advertising."(Briesch, Bridges, & Kim, 2004) This fact is seconded by…
Briesch, Richard, Eileen Bridges, & Chi Kin (Bennett) Yim. (Nov 2004) "Advertising
Decisions and Children's Product Categories." SMUCox. Retrieved 6 Dec 2006 at http://www.cox.smu.edu/article/research/research.do/114
Campbell, Margaret & Amna Kirmani. (2000). Consumers' Use of Persuasion
Knowledge: The Effects of Accessibility and Cognitive Capacity on Perceptions of an Influence Agent." Journal of Consumer Research. Vol. 27. Pp.69-83. Retrieved 6 Dec 2006 at http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/resolve?id=doi:10.1086/314309&erFrom=8138845525183247928Guest
4. Do you think that Astro Boy will be successful? Why?
This is a difficult question to answer simply and unequivocally. On the one hand, it is relatively certain that the character of Astro Boy will be a success in a financial and commercial sense. Part of the reason for this is that the impetus and popularity of global youth culture is behind anime and characters like Astro Boy. The large companies like Sony have taken cognizance of this global enthusiasm and popularity and they are fully prepared to exploit it and to raise the character to the level of cult status through marketing, advertising and film.
However, there is a certain degree of danger in this commercialization. It may have the effect of alienating the hardcore fans and fan base. Anime as a global youth culture has been firmly rooted in the unconventional aspects of the medium and in…
Kahn R. And Kellner D. Global Youth Culture. November 12, 2007. http://184.108.40.206/search?q=cache:Q5IwlKLQ-4UJ:www.gseis.ucla.edu/faculty/kellner/essays/globyouthcult.pdf+Japanese+indicative+of+the+emergence+of+a+global+youth+culture%3F&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=5&gl=uk
Boycotting British goods meant that American women were going to have to make sacrifices, and stop consuming goods that were imported from Britain. The cartoon of the women of Edenton, NC signing a non-consumption agreement represent American women involving themselves in the political and economic boycott of Britain by the American colonies. ("A Society of Patriotic Ladies") However, it is actually a criticism of women's involvement in political affairs by representing the women who signed as silly women engaging in silly activities. The entire cartoon is designed to give the impression that women are not able to take on political issues seriously and deal with them effectively. Instead, the women in the cartoon are engaging in sex, playing, drinking, and are generally distracted from the important issue at hand.
"A Society of Patriotic Ladies- North Carolina Digital History." LEARN NC. eb. 14
Oct. 2011. http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-revolution/4305
"A Society of Patriotic Ladies- North Carolina Digital History." LEARN NC. Web. 14
Oct. 2011. http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-revolution/4305
"Laws on Indentured Servants." Virtual Jamestown. Web. 14 Oct. 2011.
Race and gender might have always been rigidly determined social categories, but class was more mutable when it came to access to cultural emblems like the visual and literary arts (Levine).
In "Cartoon and Comic Classicism," Smooden argues that scholars are deeply conflicted about the boundaries between high and low art. Cartoons, and the analysis of cartoons, are a perfect example of how, when, and why the boundaries between highbrow and lowbrow become blurred. Cartoons are artistically discreet modes of visual culture, and they often convey social and political commentary that is far more in depth than canvases hanging on the walls of art museums. Some mass-produced popular art carries with it an element of subversion, buried beneath the surface and only visible as satire by those keen enough to notice it -- whether high or low on the social ladder. Artists like Mark Ryden embody lowbrow, popular art and…
Levine, Lawrence. Highbrow/Lowbrow: The Emergence of Cultural Hierarchy in America. Harvard University Press, 1988.
Peterson, Richard A. "Understanding Audience Segmentation: From Elite and Mass to Omnivore and Univore." Poetics 21 (1992).: 243-358.
Smoodin, Eric. "Cartoon and Comic Classicism: High-Art Histories of Lowbrow Culture." American Literary History, Vol. 4, No. 1 (Spring, 1992), pp. 129-140
children, television and American values. The writer collects and reviews empirical evidence about the way television affects American values in the children of the nation. The writer uses a survey approach and conducts a study of children age 5- to 10-year-old and combines the results in this paper.
American values are as American as apple pie. When one has children one of the things they hope for is that they can raise those children to have strong American values, which might include respect for others, hard work and the ability to accept diversity. Often times the lack of American values is blamed on the things that children watch on television. Experts claim that the television shows that are popular today with children send a message to the children that they do not have to have values to be well liked and successful in life. Research is firmly divided on the…
Pop Art on Society
During the fifties, America experienced tremendous growth in many aspects of society. As a result, technological advancements led to sophisticated aspects of American life. Media and advertising became mass media and the invention of the television paved the way to a new generation of communication. This was also an era of exploration among generations. Traditional forms of art began to experience growth and "culture" expanded into many sub-cultures.
Some of the trends that surfaced were New York City turning into an "international center for painting and architecture" (Davidson 1147), mass circulation of paperback books, network television suddenly becoming the world's most powerful form of mass communication, and rock and roll becoming the language of youth (Davidson 1147).
The explosion of such artistic expression was greeted with optimism, but mostly with pessimism, "warning against moral decadence and spiritual decline" (1147). On one had, the "highbrow intellectuals" argued…
Davidson, Gienapp, Heyman, Lytle, and Stoff. Nation of Nations. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, 1990. 17 December 2002.
Metrailler, Edouard. High in Saccharine, Low in (Moral) Fiber. The Harvard Salient. 7 October 1996. http://www.digitas.harvard.edu/~salient/issues/961007/mediocrity.html17 December 2002.
Morse, Margaret. Pop Art. Biddingtons. 17 December 2002. http://www.biddingtons.com/content/pedigreepop.html17 December 2002.
Myers, Ken. What Distinguishes "popular" Cultures From Other Varieties of Culture? Modern Reformation. http://www.modernreformation.org/mr97/janteb/mr9/01distinguishes.html17 December 2002.
That is the viewer must be more attuned to pop culture to enjoy each episode because they're not watching the show for it's story arc or character development within each show (like in the earlier years), they're watching it to see what snarky political and social commentary the show will make or what movie the storyline of the episode will parody. This reflects a change in the media cultural milieu. We've become a society that watches former reality TV stars on new reality shows. In other words, it was once enough to comment on a bad movie or a pop-culture meme within an episode, but now animation shows must fully parody these phenomena. In a sense it's beyond post-modernism and intertextualization, it's an attempt of defining a show exclusively in terms of pop-culture.
It was Churchill who said, "Change is the price of survival." And perhaps The Simpsons needed to…
Such ads have become increasingly common within the last fifty or so years, as other elements of cultural life tell Americans that the western frontier is closed. Therefore, commercialism is playing off our yearning for a new frontier, one which we can still romanticize.
The next step of the western frontier is through the World Wide Web. As print advertising has moved into massive online advertising, the western romanticized image has also gone digital. The online world itself represents a new frontier to be conquered, both by capitalism and the individual consumer; "Like the western frontier, the e-frontier is vitally significant to American economic and strategies of interests that were manifested first in continental (and now wired) expansion;" (McLure 458). It embodies the feeling of discovering a whole new world, a whole new playing ground which is then to be settled and explored. According to research, "the cyber frontier also…
McLure, Helen. "The Wild, Wild Web: The Mythic American West and the Electronic Frontier." The Western History Quarterly. 2000. 31(4):457-476.
Limerick, Patricia Nelson. "What on Earth is the New Western History?" Trails: Toward a New Western History. 1991.
West, Elliot. "Selling the Myth: Western Images in Advertising." Montana: The Magazine of Western History. 1996. 46(2):36-49.
This is, however, surprising because his thinking is antisocial and he is generally in favor of immorality. It is difficult to understand how society tolerates a character as art Simpson and accepts it for the trend that he virtually is. The fact that his father constantly uses violence against him is even more worrying, as children might be inclined to believe that violence is the only solution in certain cases. However, when looking at matters from an objective point-of-view, one can discover that this is merely an exaggeration of stereotypes presumably meant to educate the public in regarding to the difference between right and wrong. Or at least this is what producers are likely to say in order to get away with promoting antisocial behavior. The bottom line is that the persons behind these sitcoms are mainly motivated by profits and as are willing to put any kind of concepts…
Groening, Matt, The Simpsons, Gracie Films & 20th Century Fox Television (1989-present).
Dir. William Hanna and Joseph Barbera, The Flintstones, Hanna-Barbera Productions (1960-1966).
Dir. William Hanna and Joseph Barbera, The Jetsons, Screen Gems (1962-63) & Worldvision Enterprises (1985-87).
movie proposals. These would be the mission for the firm and its basic proposals, the company's "must" objectives, the company's "want" objectives and the estimated ROI for each of the for movies. This report will evaluate each of the movies as perceived by the four criteria previously mentioned and will subsequently make an overall evaluation and reason the best choice for the company.
The first movie, "My Life with Dalai Lama," perfectly complies with the main ideas of the company's mission. First of all, from a creative point-of-view, the idea to present the life of a personality through the eyes of a snake and through the eyes of other animals befriending him is new, interesting and creatively a positive aspect. Further more, to some degree it is also championing environmental concerns by presenting the role of animals in the life of a personality of 20th century history, bringing the animal…
e. those that are contrary to the intent of the marketing material) are taken (Wesley & Barczak 2010). Psychological knowledge has allowed this balancing act in video game marketing to be much more finely tuned than it would be otherwise.
The first three principles discussed herein relate to the efficacy of various marketing efforts, and the considerations that must be taken into account in order for marketing to reach the people intended and be responded to in the desired manner. When it comes to the ethical principles of marketing it is less about direct efficacy and more about the overall social benefit and cultural values being upheld in marketing materials and efforts. The ethics of marketing are essentially limiting factors on the types and precise design of marketing materials that can be utilized for a given product or industry, but viewing them only as limitation does not really…
Carroll, R. (2010). "Video games business and marketing,." Accessed 8 August 2010. http://vgbm.blogspot.com/
Global Media. (2010). Principles of marketing. New York: Global Media.
Higgins, L. (2009). Principles of marketing. Accessed 8 August 2010. http://www.principlesofmarketing.com/
KnowThis. (2010). "Consumer buying behavior." Accessed 8 August 2010. http://www.knowthis.com/principles-of-marketing-tutorials/consumer-buying-behavior/
A try to help my Little Brother find positive voluntary associations. I encourage him to volunteer at his local church, and to seek afterschool enrichment programs and tutoring. But this is not always easy. He often says that he feels that people do not care -- his teachers, his parents, and even his friends who try to uphold a 'straight and narrow' path. He also says that he wants to feel as if he is accepted by other people, and sometimes his drive to feel accepted right now is more powerful than pursuing long-range goals and the promise getting into college, of 'making it' in a larger American social context. I try to provide a positive role model for him, but it can be difficult to describe to him that sometimes you need to get through the present to move into the future, when many of the images of the…
Getting liberal legislation passed into law was LBJ's benchmark of effective leadership. He knew how to do it. The most successful at this of any president ever, he followed every detail of legislation and demanded that his aides not simply think they had the support of a representative in Congress but know they had it! "You've got to know you've got him, and there's only one way you know'...Johnson looked into his open hand and closed his fingers into a fist. 'And that's when you've got his pecker right here.' The president opened his desk drawer, acted as if he were dropping something, emphatically slammed the drawer shut, and smiled" (p. 88). Meanwhile, Congress complained it was "bullied, badgered, and brainwashed" (p. 91) by President Johnson's strong-arm Texan tactics.
Schulman (1995) argues that Johnson's liberalism changed national social policy "profoundly" and "permanently altered the nation's political landscape" (p. 121).…
Schulman, B.J. (1995). Lyndon B. Johnson and American liberalism: A brief biography with documents. Boston: Bedford Books of St. Martin's Press.
Yes, the Oedipus complex aspect of Shakespeare it gives us and which in turn invites us to think about the issue of subjectivity, the myth and its relation to psychoanalytic theory. (Selfe, 1999, p292-322)
Hemlet and Postcolonial theory
Postcolonial theory was born as a result of the publication of the famous work of Edward Said, Orientalism (1978). This theory claim that some authors (Paul Gilroy, Achille Mbembe, Francoise Verges, etc.) and that seem so elegant in its formulation, in my opinion raises three fundamental problems: At a time when we are witnessing the emergence of new expressions of colonialism (colonialism, cultural, political and economic globalization, neo-colonialism nestled in the relationship between the hegemonic colonial past and their old colonies, colonialism in disguise that structure the relationship between international institutions and developing countries, institutions from the rest behest of the former colonial powers according to their interests), speak of post-colonial era…
Aragay, Mireia, and Gemma Lopez. 2005. "Inflecting Pride and Prejudice: Dialogism, Intertextuality, and Adaptation." Books in Motion: Adaptation, Intertextuality, Authorship. Ed. Mireia Aragay. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, p201-19.
Aragay, Mireia, ed. 2005. Books in Motion: Adaptation, Intertextuality, Authorship. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, p88-96.
Baetens, Jan. 2007. "From Screen to Text: Novelization, the Hidden Continent." The Cambridge Companion to Literature on Screen. Ed. Deborah Cartmell and Imelda Whelehan. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, p226-38.
Balides, Constance. 2000. "Jurassic Post-Fordism: Tall Tales of Economics in the Theme Park." Screen 4 I .2: p139-60.
Tammany Hall: Mirror of Human Greed
e often hear the road to hell is paved with good intentions and we can certainly use the history of Tammany Hall as an example of how this occurs. Tammany Hall was born from good intentions for the residents of New York, primarily the immigrants and lower working class. Helping others find work and shelter sounds like a way to improve the situations for many in the Lower East Side and this fact only brings us to question how a political party moves from this mindset to one of corruption so quickly and easily. The answer lies with the nature of man. hile the road to hell is paved with good intentions, we also know that power is one of the most destructive elements known to man. hen it comes to personal greed and the welfare of others, greed often wins. Tammany Hall demonstrates…
Bailey, Thomas and Kennedy, David. (1994). The American Pageant. Lexington D.C. Heath
Davidson, James, et al. Nation of Nations. (1990). New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing
Kafka's Joseph K. goes through a confusing and bizarre experience over the course of the novel, learning more and more about the legal bureaucracy surrounding him without ever actually learning anything about it. In a sense, Joseph K.'s experience mirrors the human experience in any society, because it demonstrates how the justification for legal and political authority is ultimately an illusion; there is no inherent justification for human political power, but rather it depends either on the consent of the governed or coercive force, and both of these actually serve to isolate the individual (Panichas 86).
In the case of the former, consent of the governed, the individual is isolated due to the fact that he or she must give up some agency and power to the state, and thus lose some small bit of individuality. The individual essentially becomes a constituent element of the state, and thus, like the…
Chekhov, Anton. "The Lady with the Lapdog." An Anthology of Russian Literature From
Earliest Writings to Modern Fiction. Ed. Nicholas Rzhevsky. M.E. Sharpe Inc.: New
Chekhov, Anton. "The Man in a Case." Trans. Rosamund Bartlett About Love and Other Stories.
ho Had the Habit of Dining on His ives"
"the Story of the Lizard ho Had the Habit of Dining on His ives"
"The Story of the Lizard ho Had the Habit of Dining on His ives" seems to be a short, simple, strange story at first. But if a person looks into Eduardo Galeano's biography, the story makes much more sense and seems to say a lot more than just lizard-eats-women/woman-eats-lizard. The story actually says a lot about "be careful what you wish for," "what goes around comes around," the relationships between men and women, and political symbolism about South America. Maybe even most important is the theme of "rich against poor" because of Galeano's background and Marxist political beliefs.
Analysis of a short story is sometimes helped by studying the author, so this analysis will begin with a look at Eduardo Galeano.…
ABC Radio National - Australia. "Sunday Story | The Story of the Lizard Who Had the Habit of Dining on His Wives by Eduardo Galeano." 2 January 2011. ABC.net.au Web site. Web. 21 March 2012.
Dagerman, Lo. "Annual Award." 2011. Dagerman.us Web site. Web. 22 March 2012.
Galeano, Eduardo. "The Story of the Lizard Who Had the Habit of Dining on His Wives." Halpern, Daniel, (Editor). The Art of the Story: An International Anthology of Contemporary Short Stories. New York, NY: Penguin Putnam, Inc., 1999. 291-294. Print.
Global Exchange. "Three to Be Awarded for Extraordinary Contributions in Human Rights, Community Building and Economic Justice." 26 May 2006. Globalexchange.org Web site. Web. 22 March 2012.
Effectively, then, the insurgency is leftist, and in the cases of these films, the left wins, either by proxy or by morality and the world is once again a better place.
EFEENCES and WOKS CONSULTED
Braudy, L. And M. Cohen, eds., (2009). Film Theory and Criticism. Oxford University
Burgoyne, . (2010). Film Nation: Hollywood Looks at U.S. History. University of Minnesota Press.
Hayward, S. (2006). Cinema Studies: The Key Concepts. outledge.
Santas, C. (2007). The Epic in Film: From Myth to Blockbuster. owman and Littlefield.
TAILES and PEVIEWS
Brown, Todd. (2007). "Footage from Taras Bulba." Twitch. Cited in:
"Cossack Brotherhood." (1962). Taras Bulba. Cited in:
"Lion of the Desert." (1981). Film Clip. Cited in:
"Michael Collins," (1986). Cited in:
"Taras Bulba." (1962). Cited in:
"The Patriot." (1998). Cited in: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0120786/
"The Patriot." (1998) Film Clips. Cited in:
"V for Vendetta." (2005). Film Clips.…
REFERENCES and WORKS CONSULTED
Braudy, L. And M. Cohen, eds., (2009). Film Theory and Criticism. Oxford University
Burgoyne, R. (2010). Film Nation: Hollywood Looks at U.S. History. University of Minnesota Press.
Hayward, S. (2006). Cinema Studies: The Key Concepts. Routledge.
The creation of the state of Israel in Palestine lent Jews in America a degree of legitimacy. And Jewish-Americans were now on the cusp of a new reality.
Unit IV: 1946-1976
In the 1950s the Anti-Defamation League sought to have the immigration laws of decades prior repealed. President Truman was sympathetic to the millions of displaced persons, a good portion of which were Eastern Europeans of Jewish descent. Even though America was largely outraged at news of the Holocaust, many Americans reserved the suspicion that Jews were crooked bankers secretly poised for world domination. The immigration laws were not repealed.
The 1950s also saw a debate concerning the census of 1960: should it contain religious questions? Here was an issue that embraced social, political and religious points all at once. The way Jewish-Americans faced the issue had repercussions for the entire nation. The book Protestant-Catholic-Jew had helped establish the idea…
General Grant's Infamy. (2010). Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved from http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/anti-semitism/grant.html
Goodkind, S.B. (1918). Prominent Jews in America. Toledo, OH: American Hebrew
Hollinger, D. (2009). Communalist and Dispersionist Approaches to American Jewish
hen thirty-year-old Maximilien Robespierre arrived at Versailles to represent the Third Estate of Artois, he seemed an unlikely revolutionary. In his home town of Arras, he was known as a solid, though not particularly inspiring lawyer. His manner of dress was simple and conservative. His high-pitched, atonal voice placed him at a disadvantage as an orator (Jordan 66). He was not, however, entirely lacking in strengths. According to Jordan, Robespierre loved words and had a gift for stringing them together into stirring sentences (64). Furthermore, he was persistent, making speeches on a variety of issues in spite of his own fears and the jeering of hecklers (67). Finally, he carried in his mind and heart a glowing vision of a just, economically stable, democratic post-revolutionary France (34).
Through his speeches, Robespierre emerged as one of the more influential figures of the Revolution. This paper will examine Robespierre's evolving political, social,…
Deutscher, Isaac. Lenin's Childhood. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970.
Jordan, David P. The Revolutionary Career of Maximilien Robespierre. New York: The Free Press, 1985.
Service, Robert. Lenin: A Biography. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000.