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Less than a year after Reagan left office after the end of his second term, the Berlin all fell, and the Cold ar essentially ended in 1991 after the Soviets experienced the Chernobyl disaster, the Baltic rebellions, and consumer demands for better quality products (Hoffman 2004).
According to David illiamson in the December 2003 issue of History Review, Berlin had become a symbol of the Cold ar. The construction of the wall had divided East and est Germany for several decades however this long period of detente in Europe was based on the status quo in German and Berlin, "which was underwritten by what was perceived to be nuclear parity between the superpowers" (illiamson 2003). Yet when it became clear that Russia was no longer strong enough to maintain this status quo, the East German state crumbled and Berlin once again became the capital of a united Germany (illiamson 2003).…
Hoffman, David E. (2004 June 06). Global Legacy: Hastening an End to the Cold War.
The Washington Post. Pp. A01. Retrieved December 27, 2006 at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A19040-2004Jun5.html
Somin, Ilya. (1994 September 22). Riddles, mysteries, and enigmas: unanswered questions of communism's collapse. Policy Review. Retrieved December 27, 2006 from HighBeam Research Library.
Williamson, David. (2003 December 01). Berlin: the flash-point of the Cold War, 1948-
He even falls in love with Julia and they have an affair, something expressly forbidden by the Party, and so, it is clear throughout the book that Winston is searching for an end to the repression. In his own way, he is a rebel, even if he is a fearful one. He knows the Party and its actions are wrong, and he desperately wants to make a change, but it is impossible to topple the government, they have too much power and have instilled too much fear in the people to ever lose control. In fact, they have so much control that he even questions his own sanity. Orwell writes, "He wondered, as he had many times wondered before, whether he himself was a lunatic" (Orwell 80). He knows rebellion is right, but he questions its' sanity, which indicates the power the Party has over everyone. Ultimately, Wilson is caught,…
Orwell, George. 1984. New York: Signet, 1977.
Democracy and Politics
From Palmer's perspective, the confessions made by an accidental citizen bring to light a different definition of the word citizenship. This new definition eliminates the politics ascribed to having citizenship and demands for individuals to embrace their membership to "a vast community of human and nonhuman beings" and by being in the world rooted in the knowledge, I depend on it for essentials. Hence, I must celebrate, affirm, and express gratitude toward that community in all aspects of life, and try being responsive to its every need. As such, my immediate self-interests are set aside to allow for the success of my community's vision and goal. The goal of true citizenship entails uniting together for a common goal and pulling resources that contribute to attaining solutions that are beneficial to all citizens of a given community, state, and or country (Palmer 2014).
Palmer also contributes to the…
Brad, Paisley Feat LL Cool J. "Accidental Racist (With Lyrics)" Online Video Clip. Youtube. YouTube, 10 April 2013. Web 16 Oct. 2015.
Palmer, Parker. Healing The Heart Of Democracy: The Courage to Create a Politics Worthy of Human Spirit. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2014. Print.
I recently went on a trip to the Joshua Tree National Park. Even with the fact that a trip to a national park is not an earth-shattering or major event, it is still important nonetheless because of the raw beauty and splendor that is to be found from such parks. Even so, my trip to the Joshua Tree park was significant and life-changing on a number of levels. Indeed, the part itself is a metaphor if one looks at it the right way. Whether it be culture, the confluence of nature's forces or other things like that, taking things in at too small a perspective and/or without metaphorical comparisons in mind is less than wise. I will explain what I mean by that and that explanation will have two main facets.
First, it should be noted that when I went on the trip, I was not alone. I was…
However, he steers relatively clear of muscular economic writing in Conscience of a Liberal, preferring the position the book as something of a call to arms for the liberal movement. While this approach allows him to cover a wide range of ground and be fairly convincing in doing so, it also hampers his arguments by removing what should be the key to his credibility. His economic arguments strike more as a recitation of facts and figures rather than the heavy lifting he of which he is obviously capable. As his credibility stems from his work as a prize-winning economist, and this book lacks that to some extent, it seems as though the book is a long-form blog or other such opinion piece.
There is an element of urgency in his work, however, best evidenced in the chapter about health care. Krugman ties the demise of conservatism to universal health care…
conservative intellectual movement, but also the role of William uckley and William Rusher in the blossoming of the youth conservative movement
Talk about structure of paper, who not strictly chronologically placed (ie hayek before the rest) - in this order for thematic purposes, to enhance the genuiness of the paper (branches of the movement brought up in order of importance to youth conservative revolt) For instance, Hayek had perhaps the greatest impact on the effects of the movement - uckley and Rusher. These individuals, their beliefs, their principles were extremely influential in better understanding the origins, history, and leaders of American conservatism.
Momentous events shape the psyche of an individual as the person matures. A child grows up in poverty vows to never be like his parents, and keeps this inner vow to become a millionaire. A young woman experiences sexual trauma as a teen, and chooses a career that…
George Nash, The Conservative Intellectual Movement in America Since 1945 http://www.nationalreview.com/22dec97/mcginnis122297.html . National review online The Origins of Conservatism George Mc Ginnis
Volume Library #2, p. 2146
Schneider, Cadres for Conservatism
McGinnis, National Review Online
For John Locke, government "…should be limited to securing the life and property of it citizens"; and government should allow freedom of religion and freedom of conscience. He was opposed to "hereditary monarchy" and supported human rights (especially in his more mature years).
As to how these political theories connect with environmental policy in the U.S.: first, the environmental policies in the U.S. are under attack by the Republicans in the House of Representatives. Their recent bill, H.R. 1, passed in February 2011, contained 19 anti-environmental riders that would "negatively affect air, water, and environmental quality," the Sustainable Energy & Environmental Coalition explained. The right wing in Congress wants to take power away from the Environmental Protection Agency as well. Hume would likely approve of the Tea Party and GOP as to their disavowal of global climate change; he would agree that the U.S. federal government is too big and…
Bartleby.com. (2009). Athenian Ephebic Oath. Retrieved April 5, 2011, from http://www.bartleby.com/73/100.html .
Bohn, Henry G. (1854). The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke. Volume I (London:
Henry G. Bohn), pp. 446-8.
Hume, David. (2007). David Hume, That Politics May Be Reduced to a Science. The Founders
Political, Social and Economic Plan
Our country has the potential of becoming one of the most important nations of the world since it has all the resources that few others have been blessed with. We have countless mineral reserves, a rich soil and a supportive climate that makes it ideal for agriculture.
Most of all, we have a young and talented population that is a priceless resource. In order to transform this undoubted potential into a concrete reality, however, we need to adopt the right policies. We are passing through a critical phase of not just our own history but also the history of the entire mankind in which we have the choice of either seizing the moment or missing the opportunity. The 'opportunity' is offered by the unprecedented technological developments in communication technologies and the lowering of trade barriers around the world.
Our failure in the past has been…
Khan, Imran. (1999) "The Case for a Reform Government." Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf Web site. Retrieved on January 14, 2003 at http://www.insaf.org.pk/articles/the_case_reform_govt.htm
Samuelson, Robert J. (2002). "Deflation: The Global Economy's Downside." Washington Post, September 4, 2002. Retrieved on January 14, 2003 at http://www.globalpolicy.org/globaliz/econ/2002/0904deflation.htm
There is a definite chance that both parties could resolve the prolonged conflict successfully if they find and act on ways to be in command of their shared lack of trust. On the other hand, if the conflict is seen in terms of a neoliberal point-of-view, Israel's military efficiency and powerfulness is a great threat for Israelis. To cut a long story short, the main goal on which all the main five parties agree is the achievement of peace between Israelis and Palestinians but it is only possible if they give up their most preferred results; Israel giving up its favorite result of unrestricted occupation of Palestinian land and Palestine holding back its preferred outcome of unconditional withdrawal. The conflict could be resolved if both parties could also find some common solutions for complex and convoluted detachable issues including "the degree of sovereignty of a Palestinian state, the distribution of…
Adler, E, ed. Israel in the World: Legitimacy and Exceptionalism. Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon.: Routledge, 2013.
Aronoff, M.J. Cross-Currents in Israeli Culture and Politics. New Jersey: Transaction, Inc., 1984.
Asa-El, a. "Israel's Electoral Complex." Azure - Ideas for the Jewish Nation. http://www.azure.org.il/article.php?id=419 (accessed June 9, 2013).
Bard, M.G. & Schwartz, M. One Thousand and One Facts Everyone Should Know About Israel. Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2005.
There is some hope within some countries but maybe no hope between countries. As long as there are disparities within the economic balances of different countries there will always be food being used as a political weapon. Those countries that do have adequate supplies of food though, have a hope to balance their food politics out within themselves. There is the possibility of providing more food for the poor within countries in order to better balance the accessibility across the nation.
Food Security and Political Stability in the Asia-Pacific. (n.d.). etrieved July 29, 2010, from Web site: http://www.apcss.org/Publications/eport_Food_Security_98.html
Kassem, Yara. (2005). Food: A Political or Nutritional Tool? etrieved July 29, 2010, from Panorama Web site:
Political Economy of Food. (2010). etrieved July 29, 2010, from Answers Web site:
Smyth, Paul. (2009). Michael Pollan Makes Food Political. etrieved July 29, 2010, from City
Beat Web site: http://www.citybeat.com/cincinnati/article-18861-michael-pollan-makes-food-political.html
Food Security and Political Stability in the Asia-Pacific. (n.d.). Retrieved July 29, 2010, from Web site: http://www.apcss.org/Publications/Report_Food_Security_98.html
Kassem, Yara. (2005). Food: A Political or Nutritional Tool? Retrieved July 29, 2010, from Panorama Web site:
Political Economy of Food. (2010). Retrieved July 29, 2010, from Answers Web site:
Cuellar, Mariano-Florentino. "The International Criminal Court and the Political Economy of Antitreaty Discourse." Stanford Law Review 55.5 (2003): 1597+.
Dahl, Richard. "A Changing Climate of Litigation." Environmental Health Perspectives 115.4 (2007): 204+.
Fromkin, David. "International Law at the Frontiers." orld Policy Journal 15.4 (1998): 59-72.
Koh, Harold Hongju. "Foreword: On American Exceptionalism." Stanford Law Review 55.5 (2003): 1479+.
Scharf, Michael P. "The ICC's Jurisdiction over the Nationals of Non-Party States: A Critique of the U.S. Position." Law and Contemporary Problems 64.1 (2001): 67.
Stacy, Helen. "Relational Sovereignty." Stanford Law Review 55.5 (2003): 2029+.
Tiefer, Charles. Veering Right: How the Bush Administration Subverts the Law for Conservative Causes. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2004.
David Fromkin, "International Law at the Frontiers," orld Policy Journal15.4 (1998): 59. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002006259
Mariano-Florentino Cuellar, "The International Criminal Court…
Cuellar, Mariano-Florentino. "The International Criminal Court and the Political Economy of Antitreaty Discourse." Stanford Law Review 55.5 (2003): 1597+.
Dahl, Richard. "A Changing Climate of Litigation." Environmental Health Perspectives 115.4 (2007): 204+.
- these actions are not punished by the law because, while immoral according to many, they do not cause injury to the rights of others.
Adam Smith further emphasizes the centrality of property rights. For Smith, the ownership and acquisition of private property is an essential right that contributes to and maintains individual well-being. Individuals who do not own property are individuals with no real say in their own affairs, and no voice in their government. Smith cites the case of the plebeians in the Roman Empire as an example of a class of people who were purposely kept from ownership of the land as a means of keeping power in the hands of the patricians.
He also makes reference to the slaves of his own day, and to residents of nations where a king may, at his own discretion, dispose of his subjects' property, as examples of conditions under…
Kant, Immanuel. Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals. Trans. Thomas K. Abbott. New York: Liberal Arts Press, 1949.
Locke, John. A Letter concerning Toleration. 2nd ed. Indianapolis: Liberal Arts Press, 1955.
John K. Horowitz. "The income-temperature relationship in a cross-section of countries and its implications for predicting the effects of global warming." Environmental and Resource Economics 44(4) December, 2009
Ian Moffatt. "2 Global arming," in the Economics of Climate Change. Edited by Owen, Anothony D. And Nick Hanley, 6-34. New York: Routledge, 2004.
Louis Putterman. "Agriculture, Diffusion and Development: Ripple Effects of the Neolithic Revolution." Economica, 75(300):729 -- 748, November 2008.
Jeffrey D. Sachs, John . Mcarthur, Guido Schmidt-Traub, Margaret Kruk, Chandrika Bahadur, Michael Faye, and Gordon Mccord. "Ending Africa's Poverty Trap." Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, no. 1 (2004): 117-129.
Eugene R. ahl and Caspar M. Ammann. "Robustness of the mann, bradley, hughes reconstruction of northern hemisphere surface temperatures: Examination of criticisms based on the nature and processing of proxy climate evidence." Climatic Change, 85 (1-2):33 -- 69, November 2007.
John C. Bluedorn,,Akos Valentinyi, and Michael Vlassopoulos. The Long-Lived Effects…
John C. Bluedorn, Akos Valentinyi, and Michael Vlassopoulos. The Long-Lived Effects of Historic Climate on the Wealth of Nations University of Southampton, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (the central bank of Hungary) 17 November 2009.
Melissa Dell, Benjamin F. Jones, and Benjamin a. Olken. "Climate Change and Economic Growth: Evidence from the Last Half Century." NBER Working Paper, (14312), June 2008.
Olivier Desch'enes and Enrico Moretti. "Extreme Weather Events, Mortality, and Migration." NBER Working Paper, (13227), July 2007. 2
John Luke Gallup, Jeffrey D. Sachs, and Andrew D. Mellinger. "Geography and Economic Development." International Regional Science Review, 22(2):179 -- 232, 1999.
The original inhabitants of Jamaica are long forgotten, their name barely a footnote in Caribbean history. The main legacy of the Arawak Indians has been the word "Xamayca," meaning "land of wood and water," ("A Brief History of Jamaica"). Xamayca gradually became rendered as Jamaica, an island nation with a tumultuous but vibrant history. The first non-native settlers on Jamaica were the Spaniards. Christopher Columbus included it in Spain's territorial acquisitions in 1494. Soon thereafter, a small Spanish settlement existed on the island until 1655. The Spaniards killed every last Arawak, either via use of force or exposure to disease. Moreover, the Spaniards bought African slaves and brought them to Jamaica to work on the budding sugar plantations. Growing interest in sugar was fueling the Age of Imperialism. Britain was poised to strike the Caribbean.
In May 1655, a convoy of British ships arrived and startled the Spanish settlement.…
"A Brief History of Jamaica." Retrieved online: http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~beckf20s/classweb/History.html
"Brief History of Jamaica." Retrieved online: http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/History/Jamaica-history.htm
Draper, N. The Price of Emancipation: Slave-ownership, compensation and British society at the end of slavery. Cambridge studies in economic history. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Holt, Thomas C. The Problem of Freedom. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.
Political Issue and Tourism
Over the years, there has been concern over the fats shifting weather pattern occasioned by the global warming. Extreme and erratic weather conditions have been experienced in almost every part of the world. This essay will review the literature that is available on the definition of Global warming, the causes of global warming, effects of global warming on the community and nations, what the government is doing to stop global warming, as well as what Non-Governmental Organizations or Non-State Organizations are doing to stop global warming and finally what should be done to stop global warming.
The essay will also review the impact of global warming and community of Nations on tourism and how the changing weather patterns have impacted on the tourism trends from the human perspective as well as from the flora and fauna perspective. This will show how global warming has affected the…
Admin, (2011). Definition of Global Warming. Retrieved November 11, 2011 from http://www.definitionofglobalwarming.com/
African Safari Vacation, (2010). Effects of Global Warming on Tourism in Africa. Retrieved November 11, 2011 from http://www.kenyaonetours.com/african-safari/events/global-warming-on-africa.htm
Anita Pleumaron, (2007). Tourism Feels the heat of Global Warming. Retrieved November 11,
2011 from http://www.google.co.ke/#sclient=psyab&hl=sw&source=hp&q=+effects+on+global+warming+on+tourism&oq=+effects+on+global+warming+on+tourism&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&gs_sm=e&gs_upl=94883l112644l1l113205l35l34l4l0l0l14l3892l25307l5-188.8.131.52.4l22l0&bav=cf.osb&fp=a55a91a0191aef52&biw=12
The Existential Threat
Climate change, besides being a natural phenomenon, has been greatly induced by humans since ancient times. With the advent of technology, factories came into being and became the reason for greenhouse emission, which was deducted to be the major source of environmental depletion. Cyclones, storms, floods, and tsunamis have been accounted for the repercussions of human intervention in climate change. Although humans, now in the form of global corporations, such as oil and fossil companies, have been working for human betterment, they have been deceptively producing great harm to their environment. World Climate Conferences were held, and many political leaders set scientific teams to investigate causal complications and ask scientists to find answers and make pacts with parties to reduce the catastrophic effects of climate change (Butler). Planting trees was promoted, and the use of fossil fuels was discouraged.
It seems as if climate change…
Butler, Colin D. \\\\"Climate Change, Health and Existential Risks to civilization: A comprehensive review (1989-2013).\\\\" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 15, 10, 2266. 16 Oct.2018, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15102266
Chua, Liana, and Fair, Hannah. \\\\"Anthropocene.\\\\" The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Anthropology, 2019, https://www.anthroencyclopedia.com/entry/anthropocene. Accessed 12 Oct. 2020.
Cook, John, et al. \\\\"Exxon has Misled Americans on Climate Change for Decades. Here\\\\'s How to Fight Back.\\\\" The Guardian, 23 Oct. 2019, https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/oct/23/exxon-climate-change-fossil-fuels-disinformation
Sawyer, Suzana. \\\\"Human Energy.\\\\" Dialect Anthropol, vol. 34, 2010, pp. 67-75, DOI: 10.1007/s10624-009-9122-9
political and social climate of the U.. during the 1920s and what brought about the 'roaring '20s."
The apocalyptic environment of World War I with its finale brought about a relief throughout Western Europe and the U..A. And the feeling that the world was about to start anew. This led to excesses of spending, behavior, hedonistic indulgences, and revolutions in sexual conduct, morals, and cultural trends such as music. The economic boom also attributed to the description of this decade as the Roaring 20s.
A series of insignificant and troubled presidents ran the state during this time ranging from Harding to Hoover. Whilst their presidency was unremarkable, the times themselves were not. This was the period of the flappers and jazz with break from traditions and a surge of modern technology. Ford came out with his automobile for he masses. The moving picture (and Charlie Chaplin) made its appearance. Radio…
Allen, Frederick Lewis. Only Yesterday:An Informal History of the Nineteen-Twenties. Retrieved on12/21/2011
Joseph A. Schumpeter, "The Decade of the Twenties," American Economic Review vol. 36, No. 2, (May, 1946)
Kallen, Stuart A. The Roaring Twenties (2001) Greenhaven Press, USA
My family already recycles, and I am working with my community association to change garbage service providers to one that takes a broader range of recyclable materials, to encourage more recycling in my neighborhood. At home, my family has also stopped drinking bottled only eats organic free-range meat and poultry products, though we still drink bottled water and eat factory-farm products when dining out. While none of these changes can completely eliminate my carbon footprint, I think that if all Americans embraced these types of changes, we could see a noticeable difference in the continued rate of climate change and environmental destruction.
While it may be difficult to forecast the environmental future, it seems like making a ten-year financial forecast would be impossible in these difficult financial times. However, I think that I can accurately predict that I will be doing well financially in ten years. I am fortunate…
For many people, global warming is primarily relevant to them in regards to the weather. They assume that when it is excessively hot, this is reflective of a shift in the global climate and when it is cold, this is a sign that global warming is not really as bad as it might be. However, this is far from the truth. While changes in weather may still be present during our era of global warming, climate refers to sustained and prolonged shifts in temperature. According to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), although the earth has always experienced periods of cooling and warming, the current trend has a probability of a staggering 95% to have been generated by human intervention (“Climate Change”).
The fact that the current change has been generated by human activity and intervention is what makes the shift so especially worrisome. Industrialization since the nineteenth century…
Nova Scotia Government and Politics
The government's environmental discourse of "sustainable prosperity" emphasizes that in Nova Scotia the province's financial future is intensely attached with the task of making a cleaner environment. The province's Environmental Goals and Sustainable Prosperity Act pursue to "validate global leadership by having one of the cleanest and most maintainable Environments in the world by the year 2020."
The choice to relax an environmental target is perplexing for a province that has recognized this broad-minded environmental and economic vision, and from a new government that has been getting honors for its green energy wits. Nova Scotia is known to be one the first jurisdiction in Canada to put caps on Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions inside its electricity subdivision and it has lately propelled a strategy concentrated on making renewable energy a strategic sector for growth.
In the past there have been some promises made to the…
Conrad, Catherine. 2006. Towards meaningful community-based ecological monitoring in nova scotia: Where are we vs. where we would like to be. Environments 34, (1): 25-36,
Korosi, Jennifer B., and John P. Smol. 2011. Distribution of cladoceran assemblages across environmental gradients in Nova Scotia (Canada) lakes. Hydrobiologia 663, (1) (03): 83-99,
Thompson, Shirley. 2004. from a toxic economy to sustainability: Women activists taking care of environmental health in Nova Scotia. Canadian Woman Studies 23, (1) (Fall): 108-114,
Bill 146, Environmental Goals and Sustainable Prosperity Act, Bill 146, 1st sess., 60th Leg., Nova Scotia,
Reagan era economics and uses the economic era as a foundational support for the economic boom of the 1990's. The writer explores various published works regarding the Reagan Economic era including discussions about the trickle down theory and voodoo economics to lay the building blocks to explain the boom of the 1990's.
The economic boom of the 1990's brought America to heights it had not seen in many years. People were able to purchase what they wanted, when they wanted and in the quantity they wanted. The housing market soared and the quality standard of life seemed to improve more many Americans. It was a decade of self-discovery, and a decade of exciting stock, housing, auto and other economic avenues to explode. It lasted long enough for residents of this nation to become comfortable spending and that comfort drove the spending up. This in turn drove the economy forward and…
ASK SOMEONE ABOUT THE REAGAN YEARS AND YOU'RE LIABLE TO HEAR A VARIETY OF ANSWERS... (Accessed 10-10-2002). http://members.tripod.com/~BluEyedMan/
Author not available, Reagan economics didn't work in U.S. - or here., The Toronto Star, (1999): May.
Author not available, REAGAN TAX CUTS WERE FAIR TO EVERYONE., The Record (Bergen County, NJ),(1994): February. pp b04.
Author not available, The rising tide. The Washington Times (1999): July. pp B2.
Climate Change and Moral Responsibility
The position that will be supported in this paper is that climate change is a fact and Americans in the U.S. have a moral responsibility to address it.
The background to this issue includes the following: since the 19th century, scientists and researchers have been looking more closely at changes in the climate and the impact of greenhouse gases on the atmosphere. As Meyer and Roser point out, "the emission of greenhouse gases causes climate change" (223). Since the rise of industrialization, greenhouse gases and pollutants have surged, leading to global warming, which has resulted in polar ice caps melting, sea levels rising, and temperature and weather patterns changing -- all of which has major ramifications for the planet.
From the standpoint of distributive justice, specific questions arise when looking to address climate change. For instance, many people believe there should be a cap on…
Javeline, Debra. "The Most Important Topic Political Scientists Are Not Studying:
Adapting to Climate Change." Perspectives on Politics, vol. 12, no. 2 (2014): 420-434.
Meyer, Lukas; Roser, Dominic. "Distributive Justice and Climate Change: The
Allocation of Emission Rights." Analyse & Kritik: Journal of Philosophy and Social Theory, vol. 28, no. 2 (2006): 223-249.
causes of Climate Change?
It is ideal to focus on the primary causes of climate change with the aim of understanding the influence or implication on the growth and development of the planet earth. This paper seeks to unveil the major or primary causes in relation to climate change. This is through evaluation of natural and artificial events/activities with massive implication on climate thus changes in the climatic conditions within the modern society. I have chosen this topic because of its sensitivity to the growth and development of the humanity. Modern society associates itself with constant debates on the concept of global warming. This is a reflection of the significance of the topic of the research with reference to the examination of the primary causes of climate change. It is ideal to understand the primary causes of climate change with the aim of adopting and implementing various critical issues in…
"CEH Protects People from Toxic Chemicals and Promotes Business Products and Practices That Are
Safe for Public Health and the Environment." Center for Environmental Health. N.p., n.d.
Web. 01 Mar. 2013.
"How Much Does Human Activity Affect Climate Change? | NCSE." How Much Does Human Activity Affect Climate Change? | NCSE. N.p., 5 Jan. 2012. Web. 05 Feb. 2013.
Thus, since we are a major contributor to the problem, we need to be the first to step up with global solutions.
In addition, the country (and the world) needs to start to encourage the development of alternative energies on a large scale. Homes that utilize solar, geothermal, and/or wind power should receive tax breaks, and there should be significant incentives to build "green" in the future. In addition, we need to stop our dependence on foreign oil NOW, as the recent spike in oil prices clearly indicates. We need to develop alternative fuel sources, alternative power sources, and much more environmentally friendly ways of generating the power we need for our homes, schools, and businesses, and we need to do it as soon as possible.
There is mounting evidence that extreme weather events that have recently occurred are at least partly due to global warming. There have been studies…
Author not Available. "About the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change." IPCC.ch. 2008. 14 March 2008. http://www.ipcc.ch/about/index.htm
Editors. "Climate Change." EPA.gov. 2008. 14 March 2008. http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/
Johansen, Bruce E. The Global Warming Desk Reference. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002.
Jordan, Stuart. "The Global Warming Crisis." The Humanist Nov.-Dec. 2005: 23+.
social, economic, and political changes the country as experienced since 1783 are fulfilling the promises of the Revolution?
The American revolutionary war is one of the most significant events in the history of today's United States of America. It involved a war between the American colonies and Great Britain. This great historical event took place in the years 1775 to 1783 and led to the formation of United States of America. Conflicts leading to the war of independence arose from the tension between the 13 colonies of North America's residents and the Britain colonial government. The tensions leading to the America's independence war emerged from attempts by British government to raise revenue by taxing her colonies.
The war with Great Britain created awareness to Americans and pushed the nation into the search for a new and long-lasting society based on equality, liberty and independent ideas. Following the war of…
Morton, C.J. The American Revolution. United States of America: Green wood press, 2003. Print
Frank, A. American Revolution: People and perspectives. California: ABC-CLIO, Inc. Print
In March of 1921, with the help of her husband Humphrey Roe, she opened the first birth control clinic in England (riant, 1962). It was located in North London and remained open until 1977 (Rose, 1992). The only reason that it was closed down then was because reproductive health care in England was nationalized. One thing that helped Stopes, however, was that she had many political connections with upper-class individuals and she was able to create and enforce a number of very strict rules regarding her clinic so that she did not experience the kinds of problems that were seen in clinics of the same type in other countries such as the United States (riant, 1962). One of the main rules of Stopes' clinic was that she would not offer birth control to anyone who could not prove that she had already born at least one child. Not everyone liked…
Briant, Keith. Marie Stopes: A Biography. London: Hogarth, 1962.
Hall, Ruth. Passionate Crusader: The Life of Marie Stopes. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1977.
Maude, Aylmer. The Authorized Life of Marie C. Stopes. London: Williams & Norgate, 1924.
Rose, June. Marie Stopes and the Sexual Revolution. London: Faber and Faber, 1992.
A closer look at a soap bubble basically reveals swirling colors that are usually in motion with the forces that keep these colors swirling being likened to those that create weather. The weather is moved around by very delicate forces which are the variations between cool and warm areas and their slight variations in constituents. Similar to the complexity of these processes, it's difficult to understand the nature of human influenced climate change.
Carbon dioxide and methane which are primarily greenhouse gases are the derivatives of industrial activities. These greenhouse gases basically gather in the atmosphere and bring changes in the way the earth absorbs and discharge heat. One of the major examples of the effect of these gases is Venus than is hotter than Mercury regardless of the fact that it is farther from the sun. While human beings didn't create the greenhouse gases on Venus, the effects of…
"Disagreement on Human-caused Climate Change." (n.d.). Climate Change & Global Warming
Fact Sheet. Retrieved November 4, 2010, from http://climatechange.110mb.com/intro-debate-climate-change.htm
"Global Climate Change: Is it Human Caused?" (n.d.). Sierra County Prospect: 21st Century
News. Retrieved November 4, 2010, from http://www.sierracountyprospect.com/Global_Climate_Change.html
Geography on Political, Cultural, and Economic Development of Early Civilization in Mesopotamia, Egypt and the Indus Valley
The focus of this study is the effect of geography on the political, cultural, and economic development of early civilization in Mesopotamia, Egypt and the Indus Valley. The characteristic that Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley all have in common is that they were all river valleys. Therefore, the geography of these locations was very much alike and likewise their culture, political landscape, and economic development were all very much the same.
Statement of Thesis
The civilization of Mesopotamia, Egypt and the Indus Valley were highly affected by the geography of these regions, which resulted in rapid expansion, and growth of these civilizations and which affected the cultural, political, and economic environment of these areas of the world.
Mesopotamia & Egypt
What is known as the Urban revolution occurred in Mesopotamia and Egypt…
Ancient Civilizations to 300 BC Introduction: The Invention and Diffusion of Civilization (2006) The University of North Carolina at Pembroke. Retrieved from: http://www.uncp.edu/home/rwb/lecture_ancient_civ.htm
Guisepi, R.A. (nd) The Indus Valley and the Genesis of South Asian Civilization. Retrieved from: http://history-world.org/indus_valley.htm
Economic, Political, Legal and Social Influences on McDonalds
McDonalds is a well-known fast food chain which is impacted by a wide range of macro environmental influences. To remain successful it is necessary for the firm to be able to adjust and adapt to these changes. Some of the most important factors include economic, political, legal and social issues. The aim of this paper is to assess the way in which these factors may impact on the firm and assess the way that the firm has responded and may respond in the future.
key influence within the global economy which has impacted on many firms has been the recession. The general pattern seen in economies during a recession is a decrease in income leading to an aggregate decrease in demand (Nellis and Parker, 2006). The goods and services which are most sensitive to a decrease in demand are the non-essential…
A key influence within the global economy which has impacted on many firms has been the recession. The general pattern seen in economies during a recession is a decrease in income leading to an aggregate decrease in demand (Nellis and Parker, 2006). The goods and services which are most sensitive to a decrease in demand are the non-essential goods and services bought out of discretionary spending (Nellis and Parker, 2006). McDonald's food is convenience and is not essential, so it is susceptible to a decrease in demand. The firm did see a decrease in some sales in some areas following the start of the recession. The overall results for the firm demonstrated a decreased by 3.3% in 2009, when the turnover fell to $22,745 million compared to $23,522 million in 2008 (McDonalds, 2010). However, the firm showed a smaller decrease compared to many other fast food firms and also managed to recover with a range of strategies.
The menu was adapted and the firm introduced a specific menu selection for the budget conscious; in the U.S. this was the dollar saver menu, in the UK it was the pound saver menu. This included a number of existing items highlighted as well as small specific items introduced, such as the Chicken Mayo in the UK. The firm has also tapped into the provision of alternate products competing with firms that traditionally had higher prices, benefiting from the downshifting of spending. This has included increased ranges of gourmet coffee to provide a lower cost alterative to Starbucks (Newsweek, 2010). There has also be the introduction of other premium drinks, such as smoothies, which is also credited with helping to increase sales by up to 15% in the U.S. (New York Post, 2011). This extension into related goods, which fit in with the menu, but may be seen as a value offering compared to other market suppliers appears to be a very successful strategy which may be extended. As the economy improves and more income is available this may also be a strategy which may also be used to increase the range at the upper end of the menu range.
There are also political influences. A major influence is value added tax, (VAT), a sales tax added by government, In the UK this was recently increased to 20%, which effectively increased the price of products. Many of the measures dealing with the economic issues will be useful here; due to the influence tax has on price. However the firm may also face an interest choice in the future; in a recent European case brought by a German fast food burger seller saw a ruling which stated that VAT should not be paid on food sold for immediate consumption (Bridge, 2011). So far governments, including the UK government have not made any changes, in the UK the government claims this would not have any impact, but it appears that the firm,
Socio-Political Factors of 911: Motivations and esponses
Whereas terrorism against American targets abroad has been all too common, most Americans have tended to believe themselves safe from such horrors at home. However, September-11 terrorists' attack on World Trade Center at New York ended this illusion (White, 2003).
To end the threat of terrorism against the American people, we must know the true reason why we American are so hated in other parts of the world. Modern technology makes mass murder and terrorism so ridiculously easy that just about anyone can do it. Terrorism cannot be stopped by military might. In fact, we are already witnessing the sign of enough worldwide hatred against America to give rise to a thousand new terrorists for every one terrorist we kill. We must not blame Muslims or Arabs in general for the Sept.11th attack. The criminals are those people who are trained in a…
Ajami, Fouad (2002).. America's Burden, U.S. News & World Report, 133 (39): 39-40.
Ennes, James M. (1979). Assault on the Liberty; The True Story of the Israeli Attack on an American Intelligence Ship. N. Y: Random House.
Kreiser, John (2004). Techs And Small Caps Advance In A Nervous Market; Fears of a possible terrorist attack and worries about the economy kept investors anxious. InformationWeek, May 26, p NA.
McGhie, Gerald (2004). Masterminds of Terror: the truth behind the most devastating terrorist attack the world has ever seen. New Zealand international review, 29 (2): 31-33.
Global warming, or more accurately, climate change, is the phenomenon that has been scientifically observed over repeated studies that the planet is experiencing warming and changing climates at a pace much more rapid that has been observed in any prior era. The increase in the pace of the climate change has been correlated with the coming of the industrial age, and in particular with the mass adoption of fossil fuels. The burning of hydrocarbons to create energy unleashes a chemical reaction that ends with carbon entering the atmosphere, where it then traps solar radiation in the atmosphere, leading to the warming process. This paper will outline this process and the evidence supporting the fact of anthropogenic global warming.
Observations of Climate Change
The first step in understanding climate change is understanding how it is determined to be occurring. Weather is an observable phenomenon, and over a long period of time…
Antonio, R. & Brulle, A. (2011). The unbearable lightness of politics: climate change denial and political polarization. The Sociological Quarterly. Vol. 52 (2011) 195-202.
Cox, P., Betts, R., Jones, C., Spall, S. & Totterdell, I. (2000). Acceleration of global warming due to carbon-cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate change model. Nature. Vol. 408 (9 November 2000) 184-187.
Crowley, T. (2000). Causes of climate change over the past 1000 years. Science. Vol. 289 (14 July 2000), 270-277.
Dansgaard, W., Johnsen, S., Clausen, H. Jensen, D., Gundestrup, N., Hammer, C., & Oeschger, H. (1984). North Atlantic climate oscillations revealed by deep Greenland ice cores. Climate Processes and Climate Sensitivity.
Judges are in charge of prosecution and criminal investigation, which permits greater independence. The Spanish prosecution structure allows for successive appeals to a higher Court of Justice. The European Court of Justice can hear the final appeal (Dimireva, 2009).
Contractual disputes that occur between American companies and Spanish entities are normally handled fittingly. There is no U.S.-Spain agreement on the mutual recognition of judgments, so U.S. citizens seeking to execute American court judgments in Spain must follow Spanish law, in this instance a complicated procedure known as the exequatur process. In light of the Embassy's past experience in attempting to assist American citizen claimants with the process, the Embassy recommends that Americans who conclude contracts with Spanish entities specifying the U.S. As the venue for adjudicating disputes also come to an agreement regarding how a possible U.S. judgment will be executed in Spain (Dimireva, 2009).
Both on the mainland and…
Dimireva, Ina. (2009). Spain Investment Climate 2009. Retrieved August 22, 2010, from EUbusiness Web site: http://www.eubusiness.com/europe/spain/invest
Doing Business in Spain. (2007). Retrieved August 22, 2010, from Communicaid Web site:
Spain. (2009). Retrieved August 22, 2010, from Infoplease Web site:
Politics Behind Climate Change and What Can and Should Be Done
Climate change has been a major problem experienced by various countries globally. Many factors contribute to climate change problems experienced including manmade and natural factors. Many researchers in different countries have concentrated on studies with the aim of finding strategies that help in dealing climate change problem. From the increasing climate change problems, many policy questions are arising regarding the methods used in addressing the issue. Different countries have directed more funds, climate professionals, and other resources to the approaches aimed at dealing with the climate change. With such efforts, no significant impact is felt from the commitment (McLean et al., 2016). Additionally, policy matters are the weakest part of all the approaches adopted and implemented when addressing the issue. Some of the questions arising include availability of the policies, their implementation, punishment to the policy offenders, civic education,…
Barker, T. (2017). The economics of avoiding dangerous climate change. In Green Economy Reader (pp. 237-263). Springer International Publishing.
McLean, J. E., McLean, J. E., Fuller, S., & Fuller, S. (2016). Action with (out) activism: understanding digital climate change action. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 36(9/10), 578-595.
Shreck, B., & Vedlitz, A. (2016). The Public and Its Climate: Exploring the Relationship Between Public Discourse and Opinion on Global Warming. Society & Natural Resources, 29(5), 509-524.
doubt seen the most profound transformation of the human relationship with the natural world in the history of humankind," ("Great Acceleration," 2015). Technological and environmental progress has been a tremendous boon for humanity, but came at the price of environmental degradation and disaster. Looking back from the vantage point of 2117 to the success of sustainable economic growth around the world that occurred since 2017, it is a relief to see how humans were able to withstand the temporary, loud, but ultimately divisive and ineffective movements like the "Cooler Heads Coalition" that flourished around the time Obama was President of the United States.
Climate change denial organizations and other conservative coalitions resisted change and government interventions to the point where they were almost willing to sacrifice their grandchildren's planet and human welfare in general just for the sake of making their political opponents work harder. In a PBS Frontline episode…
"Great Acceleration," (2015). Retrieved online: http://www.igbp.net/globalchange/greatacceleration.4.1b8ae20512db692f2a680001630.html
McKibben, B. (2012) Global Warming's Terrifying New Math. Rolling Stone, July 19, 2012
Mooney, C. (2015). The Magic Number: Holding Warming Under Two Degrees Celsius is the Goal. But is it Still Attainable?" The Washington Post, November 25, 2015.
PBS Frontline, "Climate of Doubt," (2012)
Personal, Local, or National Issue;
Climate change has become one of the most debated subjects that mark the current political agendas throughout the world. The international community, the international and regional NGOs as well as the public opinion are constantly flagging more and more issues on the negative impact the lack of sustainable development has on the environment. Among other perspectives, one that has been rather often considered in relation to this subject is the role international organizations and in particular the ones at the level of the United Nations have mitigating the risks of climate change at the global level. This is in my opinion an important matter to discuss from several points-of-view; firstly, the issue of climate change affects the world at a global level and its perspectives are grim in comparison to the efforts made by every state individually in addressing the particularities of the situations; secondly,…
Korean History: The Climate and Culture of Foreign Business
The challenge of any cultural history undertaken to determine the foreign business fitness of a location is to make sure that there is due respect afforded the society with regard to issues that might not be seen as directly affecting the bottom line. So much of the time in the business world we are collectively focused on the ideas that surround the continued development of the global world economy, without regard for the existence of prior national issues. An easily made mistake for a researcher addressing issues of Korea from the United States would be to distill Korean history into a form that only include the interests of this country after the Korean-American ar.
This account will attempt to address those issues by addressing the culture through its earliest history to its present state through modern demographics, religion, education, housing, leisure…
North Korean crisis starts to hurt South Korea economically." February 11, 2003. American
City Business Journals Inc. February, 11 2003 ( http://tampabay.bizjournals.com ).
South Korea gross national income soars." February 9, 2003. American City Business Journals
Inc. February 11, 2003. (
21st century underwent many changes. There were political events; civil unrest and terrorism that made countries like the United States take precaution. Although globalization became prevalent within the last decade, economic globalization has taken precedence. The issues surrounding countries and governance as well as the outcomes of such problems have sparked publicized negotiation situations. One in particular will be covered in this essay.
An article by John M. Broder explains the devastating effects of climate change and the need for governments globally to work together. Included in some of the possible repercussions of uncontrolled climate change are possible destabilization of entire countries and the feeding of terrorist movements. Climate change could affect nations through drought, mass migration (animals and insects) and food shortage. Broder continues explaining which areas around the world could be critically hit. Places in the Middle East, South Asia, and Africa could face water crises, food shortages,…
Dingwerth, K. (2014). Global democracy and the democratic minimum: Why a procedural account alone is insufficient. European Journal Of International Relations, 20(4), 1124-1147. doi:10.1177/1354066113509116
Gray, K., & Murphy, C. (2013). Introduction: rising powers and the future of global governance. Third World Quarterly, 34(2), 183-193. doi:10.1080/01436597.2013.775778
Stiglitz, J. (2004). The Future of Global Governance. Columbia.edu. Retrieved 16 January 2015, from http://academiccommons.columbia.edu/catalog/ac%3A126569
Presidential power is thus a matter of persuasion of the public and the other branches and actors within the government. Today in particular, because of the ability of the President to invoke the information of the intelligence agencies, information which the President has special authority over, he can persuade members Congress that if they do not do his bidding, they are jeopardizing America. hen the presidential office was first created, the federal army and navy were far smaller than today -- and only Congress has the power to declare war. Yet many undeclared wars have been waged subsequently, and Congress has ceded some of its powers of controlling these institutions, from the Gulf of Tonkin resolution during Vietnam, to being persuaded by faulty intelligence it is assured it is true, as in Iraq. Presidents like Gerald Ford have limited the prosecutorial abilities of the nation by bestowing pardons, even changed…
Neustadt, Richard E. Presidential Power and the Modern President. New York: Free Press,
Other perspectives, such as the realist perspective, find that the threats posed by climate change are still uncertain and largely unsubstantiated, and other factors such as the global geopolitical situation also lead them to believe that now is not the time to pursue major hanges in energy production or industry. As international cooperation becomes more and more difficult, it will also become more difficult for to agree on international climate change regulations and rules, let alone enforce them, making an establishments of these rules now premature and effectively useless, according to this view. The fact that this perspective persist in many minds is a major barrier to the passing of effective climate change legislation.
Finally, many businesses show very little interest in adjusting their activities without federal mandates to do so. Carbon trading has failed as a voluntary enterprise, and the businesses and regions that have banded together in attempts…
Global Law and Politics:
Political and legal institutions and communications have played an integral role in the development and provision of legitimacy in contemporary societies. This has been through the development of obligatory collective decisions, general legal principles, exercise of political power, and resolution of conflicts. In the new global system, these legal and political institutions have created and conveyed social values, political power, and social meaning in every sector of the society. Both of the institutions are considered as legitimate because they have been established on core values that are related to essential freedoms, the rule of law, and democracy.
Aspects of a New Global System:
Modern societies across the globe are faced with critical issues and problems that are dealt with at the global level by the establishment of laws and policies, which are developed in various institutions. Global law and politics has had a significant impact on…
Concannon, T (2004), Chapter 5 - Resource Exploitation in Nigeria, Pambazuka News, viewed
27 December 2011,
Ejimeke, A (2010), The Oil Spills We Don't Hear About, The New York Times, viewed 27
In international policy, as in the course of daily human life, self-interested actors must carefully weigh competing and often equally valid choices, and make for themselves some compromise between opposed values. It seems that as often as one is able to solve a problem, one notices that the very solution causes problems of its own. An unmitigated good is difficult to find even in one person's individual life, and it is even harder (if not impossible) to discover a national plan of action which will prove beneficial for every citizen and for the world at large. It seems inevitable that any policy which creates significant benefits somewhere along the line must at another spot be creating significant detriments for at least some subsection of the community. (This is even true with crime control, which benefits most citizens and penalizes those whose selves or families depend on illegal…
Andreas, Peter. "The escalation of U.S. immigration control in the post-Nafta era." Political Science Quarterly v113, n4 (Winter 1998):591
Art, Robert and Jervis, Robert. International Politics: Enduring Concepts and Contemporary Issues. New York: Pearson Longman, 2002.
Bush, George H.W. "Address to the Nation Announcing the Deployment of United States Armed Forces to Saudi Arabia," The White House, Washington, D.C., August 8, 1990 and George H.W. Bush "Remarks and an Exchange With Reporters on the Persian Gulf Crisis," Kennebunkport, Maine, August 11, 1990 http:bushlibrary.tamu.eduWeb accessed on 10 April 2003.
Global Warming Information." Global Warming. 2004. http://www.globalwarming.org
There is a concerted effort to bring developing nations into the global trade system. There are certainly success stories of nations that have been able to enjoy advantages from joining this system -- China in particular comes to mind -- but there is room for debate as to whether or not the neoliberal trade system is actually desirable for developing nations. There are a lot of issues at play, starting with the basic economics.
In general, the theory of comparative advantage argues that nations should open up trade, so that they can produce the goods in which they have a comparative advantage and sell them to buy the goods in which they do not. There are some fairly significant real world limitations to this theory, however. One is that trade is usually governed by absolute competitive advantage, not comparative advantage. If a company wants a good at a low…
Masnick, M. (2016). Countries sign the TPP ... whatever happened to the debate we were promised before signing? TechDirt. Retrieved April 20, 2016 from https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20160203/15151133510/countries-sign-tpp-whatever-happened-to-debate-we-were-promised-before-signing.shtml
Nguyen, J. (2016). 5 economic effects of country liberalization. Investopedia. Retrieved April 20, 2016 from http://www.investopedia.com/articles/economics/11/economic-benefits-country-liberalization.asp
My first strategy will endeavor to address the mean income of the country concerning marketing front load washers and dryers. To penetrate the market, I believe price reduction should ensure inevitably to capture a wider customer base. The gas-powered dryers are the main target for ABC in venturing into the Czech epublic. Currently, front load washers and dryers retail at about $2,000, depending on the manufacturer. The machines of ABC Company will depict high efficiency attributed to wastage of less power. Additionally, the machines would be star rated, observing minimum energy performance standards and ratings. As the CEO, I will ensure that the machines introduced to the Czech epublic market will conform to electrical ratings of the nation based on factors like volts, watts, and amperes.
ecently, Czech consumers have remained careful in their choices of purchasing home laundry appliances. The economic crisis has…
Euromonitor International (2015). Consumer Appliances. Retrieved from http://www.euromonitor.com/home-laundry-appliances-in-the-czech-republic/report
The World Bank (2015). The Czech Republic. Retrieved from http://data.worldbank.org/country/czech-republic
Vance, C. & Paik, Y. (2015). Managing a Global Workforce. New York: Routledge.
It is not under doubt that the style of Muscovite government as full scale bureaucracy comes directly from the style of division and local governing which was so common to the Mongol empire. Some of the practices which were used heavily in the Muscovite governments of the mid thirteenth century are so like obscure Mongol practices as to be indistinguishable. There is, however, no explanation for this borrowing and no easy explanation why as no sociopolitical texts from the era exist.
In Ostrowski's paper, it is noted that toward the end of the basquaq system of government, many of the Muscovite grand princes made frequent trips to the center of the Mongol empire, staying there in residence for extended periods of time. These visits are chronicled and in fact the Grand Prince Semen traveled to Sarai at least five times during his reign. As was previously noted, many of the…
Farmers grow food in a variety of ways. Local food production can be done through traditional farms, urban farms, even greenhouse farms. For a beef steak to make it to a person's plate, it must come from a cow. This cow is either fed corn or allowed to graze and eat grass. Then the cow is slaughtered and its body is portioned out and turned into various cuts of meat. The same goes for butter, milk, and cheese. These three items come from the female cow's utters as she lactates and is milked. The milk is pasteurized and sold as milk and the other portion of milk is turned to butter and cheese. Potatoes, strawberries, grapes, and peanuts can be grown in a traditional farm or greenhouse. The potatoes can be turned into potato chips through processing, the grapes into grape juice and then grape jam, and the peanuts into…
Clark, A. (2016). Food Facts. Eat Green: Our everyday food choices affect global warming and the environment. Retrieved 1 June 2016, from https://www.nrdc.org/sites/default/files/eatgreenfs_feb2010.pdf
Hampton, H., Fayer, S., & Flynn, S. (1990). Voices of freedom. New York: Bantam Books.
Jacobs, J. (2016). Black students ejected from Trump rally in Ga.. USA TODAY. Retrieved 1 June 2016, from http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/elections/2016/02/29/donald-trump-georgia-rally-valdosta/81129964/
Long, B. (2012). The EZ guide to aeroponics, hydroponics and aquaponics. Texas: Bonjour Limited Holdings LLC.
Georgia suffered severe political and economic turbulence during the years following the re-establishment of its independence in 1991 (Suny, 1994). In the mid-1990s Georgia began to experience modest but increasing levels of GDP growth and foreign investment. Until 1998 Georgia's economy grew on average 7%. This growth was attributable to the introduction of a new, stable currency, reduced rates of inflation, and the re-establishment of both economic and political stability (Gregson, 2008).
Economic growth and reform slowed in 1998, due to the ussian financial crisis, drought, and political events, including a major outbreak of hostilities in Abkhazia and an assassination attempt against the President. However, the period also saw completion of the first major infrastructure project, the Baku-Supsa early oil pipeline. Growth through 2002 was positive, and Georgia's economic performance is slowly improving, with GDP growth of 3% in 1999, 2% in 2000, 4.5% in 2001, 5.3% in…
Gregson, J. (2008). Power Play. Global Finance, 22(9), 37.
Suny, R.G. (1994). The Making of the Georgian Nation, (2nd Edition), Bloomington and Indianapolis.
White, G.L., Miller, J.W., & Meichtry, S. (2008). Russia Raises Ante on Separatist Georgia Regions. Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition.
Should the United States Normalize elations with Cuba?
It has been more than forty years now since Fidel Castro and his communist insurgents captured control of the Island of Cuba. Originally supported by the American government, Castro quickly lost United States backing once the communistic nature of his government became clear. The evolution did its work, and thousands upon thousands of Cubans were deprived of their property, property that was taken over by the Cuban State, and in accordance with Marxist tenets, "redistributed" among the workers. In response, huge numbers of Cuban citizens fled the country. Many settled in the United States, especially in and around Miami, where they quickly came to constitute a powerful bloc with strong influence over American policy toward their homeland. Of course, over the years, attitudes have softened. Originally cut off from all except its fellow communist nations, and from the non-aligned states of…
Augustine, Jean P.C., M.P. Secretary of State. "Speaking Notes on the Occasion of The 7th Annual Toronto-Cuba Friendship Day," Toronto, Canada: 24 August 2002.
Buaza, Vanessa. "
Comedians and Levity Have Their Limits." The Sun Sentinel. 16 February 2003.
Feehan, Colleen E. "Prague in the '90's: The Paris of the '20s?" 1995. URL:
The government has rather low environmental expectations. In fact, the consultant found that they are about as lenient as the Mexican restrictions, though the Philippines presents no public relations nightmare as protestors are not rallying against health concerns, as they were in Mexico.
Although the conditions in the Philippines may seem even more ready for outsourcing then the conditions in Mexico, the ethical costs of operating the company in the country are once again too high. Like the situation in Mexico, workers in the Philippines may work for lower wages than workers in the United States, but owners are not being provided with the same level of skill that they would be if continuing to operate the factory in the United States. Because the factory workers would consist mainly of underfed adults and impoverished children, the company would be lucky if workers managed to produce sufficient amounts of products throughout…
Esselaar, Jeanne. (2002). The Debate over Outsourcing in South Africa: Evidence from a case study. Proceedings from Development Policy Research Unit Conference '02. Muldersdrift, Johannesburg.
Casale, Frank J. (2006). The Outsourcing Institute: Mexico Trends & Opportunities.
Retrieved June 1, 2008, from, http://www.outsourcing.com/mexico_trends/mexico.html
Roberts, Russell (2000). The Choice. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
During the Eisenhower Administration, America underwent a number of radical changes in its political and social arenas, the most important being the rapid rise in consumerism which before Eisenhower was limited to the wealthy and those in the upper classes. When World War II ended, American factories began to manufacture a huge range of goods which were then purchased by average Americans for use in their homes and businesses. This immense increase quickly led to the creation of millions of jobs which allowed consumerism to climb to new heights, thus creating an economic boom for all Americans.
In the late 1950's, the Civil ights Movement became a powerful American entity, mostly due to the influence of the Brown v. The Board of Education decision by the Supreme Court which made school segregation illegal. After the passage of a bill by Congress which enforced the 14th and 15th amendments of the…
Lubell, Samuel. (1956). Revolt of the Moderates. New York: Random House.
Politics of Consensus." (2006). FAQFarm. Internet. Retrieved at http://www.faqfarm.com/Q/What_is_meant_by_the_term_political_consensus .
Schultz, Stanley K. (1999). "Dynamic Conservatism." American History 102. Internet. Retrieved at http://us.history.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture25.html.
Managerial Assessments of the Applications of egression
The commentary of the article begins with the subject of the research in the article: Organizational Politics within Academic Departments. This subject is valid of research as it is a factor of which many students are unaware, yet are apart of and by which they are affected. Uninformed views or stereotypes of academia may not include the order of politics evident among faculty and staff within each department, yet they exist. Therefore the first piece of criticism is to validate the subject matter of the study. Furthermore, the authors argue for the importance of their study as there is little research in the area, for reasons that some of which are obvious and self evident.
The specific behavioral focus for the article is conflict. The authors wish to understand the nature of conflict within organizations and the impact conflict has upon perceptions.…
Darr, W.A., & Johns, G. (2003) Political climates: Theoretical processes and multi-level antecedents. In Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Administrative Sciences Association of Canada, Organizational Behavior Division, 24(3)., 36 -- 50. Halifax, Nova Scotia. Retrieved from http://luxor.acadiau.ca/library/ASAC/v24/Proceedings/OrganizationalBehaviour.pdf. 2012 April 14.
Garson, G.D. (n.d.). Regression statnotes: Topics in multivariate analysis. Retrieved from http://www2.chass.ncsu.edu/garson/pa765/regress.htm . 2012 April 10.
This advertisement policy has to be subtle because any overt bombardment by an American company will likely cause a severe anti-American backlash for the product. However, subtle methods such as billboard ads and culturally sensitive advertisements could be an effective method for American cosmetics to be slowly and carefully introduced to the market. Distribution is another key point to consider because if the product is to be successful it must have a much better distribution infrastructure than local competitors. Furthermore, if distribution outlets employ Iraqis on the local level who are already culturally in sinc with what consumer needs are then it will be much easier to establish a foothold within the market. An effective distribution plan would be to create a multi-tiered marketing effort and give local Iraqis heavy monetary incentive to sell this product locally. Using this method, distribution occurs through local channels that take advantage of personal…
Internet Cafe in India
To set up a new business or expand existing business operations into some international market, a comprehensive analysis of the business environment of that market is essential (Lambin). This analysis constitutes the issues and challenges which an organization may face in that new market. These issues and challenges may be described in terms of different forces; like political, legal, social, cultural, religious, financial, and technological aspects.
This paper presents a complete marketing plan for an American service organization that wishes to set up an internet cafe in the Indian market. It starts with a brief country profile and explains how it will prove to be a potential market for this specific business. This marketing plan also explains the competitive environment, economic and political climate, marketing and promotional strategies, managerial and labor climate, and other important factors that may affect this business one way or another.
BBC News. India Country Profile. 31 Mar, 2011. Web. 4th Oct, 2011.
Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs. India: Profile. U.S. Department of State. July 14, 2010. Web. 4th Oct, 2011.
Cherunilam, Francis. International business: text and cases. India: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., 2007. Print
Executive Planet. About India. 5 Dec, 2006. Web. 4th Oct, 2011.
Changes in and to children's literature mirror, as well as construct, changes in social norms. For example, the 1908 book by Kenneth Grahame, Wind in the Willows, is a frolicking fantasy tale starring a cast of anthropomorphic animals. Themes of camaraderie, friendship, and adventure do not serve as vehicles for political discourse. When Jan Needle published Wild Wood nearly a century later in 1981, the author imbued the basic structure of Grahame's story with political awareness. Issues like social justice are explored in Wild Wood, issues that were not touched upon in Wind in the Willows. A similar vehicle of storytelling was used for a different literary function. Both 1908 and 1981 were times ripe for the exploration of labor issues and class-consciousness, and it is in many ways ironic that Needle would have been more overtly political than his forebear.
There seems to have been a deliberate awakening of…
"Children's Book of the Year Awards." Retrieved online: http://cbca.org.au/awards.htm
DAWCL. Website retrieved: http://www.dawcl.com/introduction.html
Leland, C., Harste, J., Ociepka, A., Lewison, M. & Vasquez, V. (1999). Exploring critical literacy: You can hear a pin drop. Language Arts, v77 n1 p70-77 Sep 1999.
Shor, I. (1997). What is critical literacy? Journal for Pedagogy, Pluralism, and Practice. Retrieved online: http://www.lesley.edu/journals/jppp/4/shor.html
International Corporation Walmart
Because of the abilities of the internet and the expansion of global interests, there are many more international corporations today than there were in the past. One of the largest and most recognized of those corporations is Walmart. It operates in nearly all developed countries in the world, and is one of the largest retailers on the planet (Fishman, 2006; Zook & Graham, 2006). While it started out small, the company has grown to enormous proportions. It has become so large that some countries and some communities have taken strong and significant steps to keep the company out. Not everyone is a fan of the company, and not all countries think Walmart is good for business. The way the company comes in and "takes over" is sometimes a problem for much smaller, "mom and pop" businesses that are not able to sell as inexpensively as Walmart. For…
Fishman, C. (2006). The Wal-Mart Effect: How the World's Most Powerful Company Really Works -- and How It's Transforming the American Economy. NY: Penguin.
Ingram, P., Yue, L.Q., & Rao, H. (2010). Trouble in Store: Probes, Protests, and Store Openings by Wal-Mart, 1998 -- 2007. American Journal of Sociology, 116(1): pp 53 -- 92.
Lichtenstein, N. (2009). The Retail Revolution: How Wal-Mart Created a Brave New World of Business. NY: Macmillan.
Vance, S.S. & Scott, R.V. (1997). Wal-Mart: A History of Sam Walton's Retail Phenomenon (Twayne's Evolution of Modern Business Series). NY: Twayne Publishers.
By way of introduction to the topic, Legro examines the general presumption that a state's sense of identity defines the parameter of its national interests, thus directing its domestic or international conduct. Rather than subscribing blindly to this fundamental precept of neorealism, Legro offers a competing theory of identity and its influence on international relations, surmising that "states become what they do as much as they do what they are, they desire what they do as much as they do what they desire" (20). It is Legro's contention that a state's distinct set of cultural norms, social values, and other markers of identity can direct governmental actions on the world stage, but that these actions will inevitably influence this identity, thus providing an entirely different contextual framework for international relations as time progresses and circumstances change.
Legro cites the example of America's divergent approaches to participation in each of the…
Dunne, Tim, Kurki, Milja, and Smith, Steve. International relations theories: discipline and diversity. Oxford University Press, USA, 2007.
Ikenberry, G. John. After victory: institutions, strategic restraint, and the rebuilding of order after major wars. Princeton University Press, 2009.
Keohane, Robert O. Neorealism and its Critics. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986.
Legro, Jeffrey. Rethinking the world: great power strategies and international order. Cornell University Press, 2005.
art is changed by the changes that occur in political culture. The writer presents examples and contrasts two of the following areas Baroque, ococo, Neoclassicism, and omanticism and argues the point of how the eras drive changes in artwork. In addition the writer devotes two pages to comparing three works of famous artists.
Art has always been influenced by the masses. Political culture, and change have been driving forces behind the changes in art that history has witnessed. When political and cultural changes occur it is generally because of changing attitudes of those who live in the era and drive those changes. This extrapolates to changes in many things including taste in artwork. Two periods in history provide classic examples of such change occurring and being directly related to political and cultural changes that were taking place in society during the time.
The Neoclassical period and the omantic era are…
http://www.oceansbridge.com/art/customer/product.php?productid=38385& cat=4037& page=19& maincat=M
Pierre Bonnard The Terrace
Costumes and decorative arts, oral history, photographs, paintings and real objects narrate the history. Besides, toys clothing, watches, weapons, ceramics, coins, items made of glass, and lot of other items of civilization make up these objects. ("London Travel Guide," 2007) v) the National Gallery: This gallery houses one of the greatest collections of western European paintings in the world. In excess of 2300 painting adore the gallery representing the years between 1250 and 1900. In order to provide assistance to the visitors, various trails and audio guides are given. enowned painter's collection includes those of Monet, embrandt, and Leonardo Da Vinci. Van Gogh's Sunflowers and John Constable's "The Hay Wain" constitute part of the Collection. Besides, there are collections of other painters such as Michaelangelo and Van Dyck. (vi) Big Ben: This is a must-see in London which is a famous clock tower with Victorian Gothic structure which houses about…
Baker, Gerard. (2007, Jun, 20) "Meet Britain's New Prime Minister" Retrieved 11 July, 2007 at http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2007/06/meet_britains_new_prime_minist.html
Crabtree, Vexen. (2007, Jul 5) "Religion in the United Kingdom: Diversity, trends and Decline." Retrieved 11 July, 2007 at http://www.vexen.co.uk/UK/religion.html#OrganizedReligion
Gladkowski, Bethany. (1994, Apr 21) "British perception of Americans" Reporter, Vol. 25, no. 25, pp: 21-24.
Howells, W.D. (1911) "London Films and Certain Other Delightful English Towns." Harper
The problems with the budget are said to arise from politicians who are unable to make difficult decisions. The problem with these laws is that they do not explicitly force politicians to make those decision. GRH provides targets for the politicians to work towards, creating motivation, and the BEA provides a framework for penalizing inaction, but neither truly forces politicians to make the tough choices.
Real political solutions involve actually making those tough choices. This is not to discount the value of having these frameworks to guide the negotiations and hold Congress to the outcomes of those negotiations, but the negotiations themselves are the critical component to the budget problem. For example, if the sequester is initiated, Congress can follow it up with laws to build back some of those spending cuts, and it would likely do so quickly. There are no provisions in the BEA, for example, that call…
Bancroft Library. (2011). 1985 Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act. University of California at Berkeley. Retrieved November 28, 2012 from http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/ROHO/projects/debt/1985grammrudmanhollings.html
Mitchell, D. (1989). Sequestration Gramm-Rudman's potent weapon for spending restraint. Cato Institute. Retrieved November 28, 2012 from http://www.cato.org/publications/policy-analysis/sequestration-grammrudmans-potent-weapon-spending-restraint
Reischauer, R. (1993). CBO Testimony. Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved November 28, 2012 from http://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/cbofiles/ftpdocs/103xx/doc10382/1993_05_13reischauertestimony.pdf
Sahadi, J. (2012). What's in the fiscal cliff? CNN. Retrieved November 28, 2012 from http://money.cnn.com/2012/11/08/news/economy/fiscal-cliff/index.html
The private financing initiatives
When the Private Finance Initiative was launched in 1992, it was seen as a mechanism to achieve extra public-sector investment by bringing in private finance for capital projects as well as a means to improve the public procurement process that was routinely criticized for poor project management and construction cost overruns. PFIs cut across a range of public services, including hospitals, prisons, public transport, roads, and schools. Each PFI depended on the public-sector purchaser to specify the outputs or outcomes it hoped to achieve, and put private-sector capital at risk for the delivery of those outputs or outcomes. By relaxing the emphasis on input specification, PFIs sought to mobilize innovation and optimize whole-life costs and quality to meet the public requirements. The financing mechanism served to reinforce the long-term nature of the relationship by linking payments to the achievement of outputs over the life…
Chung, Demi. 2009. "Developing an Analytical Framework for Analysing and Assessing Public-Private Partnerships: A Hospital Case Study." Economic and Labour Relations Review 19:69+. Retrieved September 26, 2011 ( http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5033188311 ).
Flemming, John, and Peter Oppenheimer. 1996. "Are Government Spending and Taxes Too High (or Too Low)?." National Institute Economic Review. Retrieved September 26, 2011 ( http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001637892 ).
Forrer, John, James Edwin Kee, and Zhibin Zhang. 2002. "Private Finance Initiative: A Better Public-Private Partnership?." The Public Manager 31:43+. Retrieved September 26, 2011 ( http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000818745 ).
Gibb, Kenneth, and Duncan Maclennan. 2006. "Changing Social Housing: Economic System Issues." Public Finance and Management 6:88+. Retrieved September 26, 2011 ( http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5045014514 ).
Accounting for Postretirement Health Care and Life Insurance Benefits necessitates disclosures regarding an employer's accounting. These include a delineation of the provision of benefits and the groups of employees given coverage, a delineation of the employer's prevailing accounting and financing policies for such benefits and lastly the cost of such benefits acknowledged for the period. In particular, this is effective for the financial statements prepared by organizations for the financial period ending subsequent to December 15, 1984 with respect to postretirement health care and life insurance benefits that are provided not only in the United States but also international nations. Nonetheless, for financial periods prior to June 15, 1985 that lack data and information regarding benefits provided in foreign nations, it is not mandatory to include them (FASB, 2017).
Moreover, the net pension liability or net pension assets have to be included in the financial statements as an asset or…