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Winslet will appear ambitious and independent while also soft enough to fall in love with a man such as Higgins. Eliza becomes increasingly emotional as the story progresses. Because the producers want to build the on-screen chemistry, Act Four is crucial. Eliza loses her temper with Higgins, who reacts with his characteristic coldness. Their mutual anger reveals an underlying tension that can only be resolved by suggesting that the two will be married. The ring offers potent foreshadowing for the resolution of the film. However, Eliza's kissing Freddy (played by a bumbling Hugh Grant) introduces an added dimension of conflict. Hugh Grant is well suited for the one-dimensional character of Freddy: someone not nearly as bright as Eliza. His dullness is offset nicely by the emotional complexity and arrogant intelligence of Henry Higgins. Higgins will begin to appear as being the natural match for Eliza in spite of the degrading…
Pygmalion Effect and the Strong omen ho Prove it rong
Make this fair statue mine…Give me the likeness of my iv'ry maid (Ovid).
In Metamorphoses X, Ovid's Pygmalion prays that his idealized statue will become real. Strong female characters were a threat to Victorian sensibilities. Like the Pygmalion character in Ovid's Metamorphoses X, males in the Victorian age created ivory-like stereotypes of the ideal woman. In late nineteenth and in early twentieth century literature, Victorian culture was frequently lampooned or criticized by creating ivory-maiden characters that broke or flouted the stereotype in various ways in order to deal with the insane male dominated reality.
Like the statue in the original Pygmalion, women have to deal with the stereotypical images dictated by the male society. In all three of our works Riders to the Sea by J.M. Synge (Maurya), Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw (Eliza) and Trifles by Susan Glaspell (Minnie),…
Glaspell, Susan. Trifles. Frank Shay: The Washington Square Players, New York, NY,
Ovid. "Metamorphoses: The Story of Pygmalion and the Statue ." Internet Classics
Archive. Internet Classics Archive, 2009. Web. 31 Dec 2010. .
Myths and Fables in "Pygmalion" and "Sexing the Cherry"
This paper discusses the use of myths and fables in the two books, 'Pygmalion' and 'Sexing the cherry' written by George Bernard Shaw and Jeanette Winterson respectively. While Shaw's play is inspired by the Greek myth of a talented sculptor Pygmalion, Winterson has used the famous fable of twelve dancing princesses as just one part of her novel and hasn't based her story entirely on it. The two have however twisted the stories to suit the modern social and cultural norms.
MYTHS IN 'PYGMALION' AND 'SEXING THE CHERRY'
The two books namely 'Pygmalion' and 'Sexing the Cherry' are widely known for their use of myths and fables in the plot structure and story development. While Pygmalion is entirely based on a Greek mythological figure by the same name, 'Sexing the Cherry' only takes extracts from famous fairy tales, myths and fables…
Capitalism in Pygmalion and Major Barbara -- Even a socialist Shaw must bend his ideological will to real-world demands
George Bernard Shaw called himself a socialist and both his plays "Pygmalion" and "Major Barbara" criticize middle class aspirations and social pretensions. The author's socialist philosophy can be seen when it expressed with a certain irony, by Henry Higgins in "Pygmalion," where Higgins comments, that Eliza's offer to pay him in shillings is the greatest sum he has been ever offered, he who has taught heiresses how to speak. Higgins says that, viewed in relation to what the young woman makes, such a sum is a virtual fortune.
This sentiment echoes the idea that, in a socialist economy, everyone gives whatever he or she can, and receives back what he or she needs. The poor flower girl will pay her tutor what she can, and receive back the great gift of…
Shaw, George Bernard. "Major Barbara." 1907. The E-server Drama Collection. 10 Dec 2004 at http://eserver.org/drama/major-barbara/
Shaw, George Bernard. "Pygmalion." 1905. The E-server Drama Collection. 10 Dec 2004 at http://drama.eserver.org/plays/modern/pygmalion/
This includes pretty much every human being everywhere, in any time and place.
4) One consistent theme in this play is the oddity that is the English language. Some have even argued that Shaw, like the early British Broadcasting System (BBC), wanted to standardize English pronunciation. Do you agree? or, can we read Eliza's dialect in some positive rather than critical way? Eliza's dialect is viewed with a certain negativity in this play. It is highly possible that Shaw wished to standardize English pronunciation. At the same time, Higgins uses dialects to obtain a lot of information about people; it is possible that Shaw enjoyed this fact and wouldn't wish to have it changed. Also, the dialect in no way reflects Eliza's character; Shaw is careful to point out the difference between perceived class and the true worth of an individual.
5) What questions do you have about this text?…
1960, the world of women (especially American women) was limited in very many aspects, from the workplace to family life. American women who were employed in 1960 were largely restricted to jobs such as being nurses, teachers or secretaries. omen were in general not welcome in professional fields. Friedan's work, The Feminine Mystique, captured and detailed the lives of quite a number of housewives from across the United States in the late 1950s to the early 1960s who felt trapped in their marriages (The Feminine Mystique, 1963: I).
Friedan's work had such a huge impact that it re-ignited the American feminist movement. Ira Levin's novella, The Stepford ives, is basically a social satire which is a little bit horror, a little bit spooky, was written and published during the "second wave" of feminism in the United States (ulandari). The Stepford ives is a novel that takes the reader through the…
Balsamo, Anne "Reading Cyborgs Writing Feminism," in The Gendered Cyborg: A ReaderKirkup, Gill Janes, Linda Woodward, Kath, Hovenden Fiona (eds) USA and Canada: Routledge Press, n.d.
Bowlby, Rachel. Carried Away: The Invention of Modern Shopping. London: Faberand Faber, 2000
Butler, Judith. Antigone's Claim: Kinship Between Life and Death. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000.
Chasin, Alexandra. Class and Its Close Relations: Identities among Women, Servants, and Machines. In J. Halberstam and I. Livingston, eds. Posthuman Bodies. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 73 -- 96, 1995.
Jean Reynolds, "A New Speech," from Pygmalion's Wordplay
It is difficult to fully appreciate the radical use of dialect and language for a modern American, when reading Shaw's play "Pygmalion." However, Sally Reynolds' essay upon "A New Speech," from her longer text on Shaw entitled Pygmalion's Wordplay provides a window of insight into what she calls not simply a play, but a creation myth for British English, for the author in question, and the characters of the play. Reynolds stresses that Shaw not only did Shaw introduce mutability and flexibility into the seemingly insurmountable and impregnable British structure of class and language. By highlighting the importance of language in the creation of the human social self, he became an early postmodernist. Shaw brought Marxist class theory to language in a way that Marx never envisioned.
Through this process, Shaw created his first, truly popular and populist play and thus reinvented…
Strong Females in Three orks
The female protagonist in George Bernard Shaw's play Pygmalion is Eliza Doolittle, and she begins her character development from a position of such awkward crudeness, sassiness and social weakness that she has a long, long way to go before she becomes a strong female. This makes her rise into feminism and womanhood and strength all the more dramatic. From rags to riches in a modest sense describes her ascension. She begins the story as a flower girl with terrible speech patterns is bumped into and her flowers fall into the mud.
The interest shown in Eliza at the outset of the play is simply because Henry Higgins, professor of phonetics, wishes to teach her proper spoken English. Eliza is a rebellious young woman, who shows her antisocial side by refusing to pay the taxi fare in the first act. That fact notwithstanding, Eliza shows…
Glaspell, Susan. Trifles. Retrieved Jan. 7, 2011, from http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/eng/eng384/trifles.htm .
Shaw, George Bernard. Androcles and the Lion / Overruled / Pygmalion. New York:
Synge, J.M. Riders To The Sea. Boston: John W. Luce & Company: 1911.
female characters in the two books 'Pygmalion' by George Bernard Shaw and 'Sexing the Cherry' by Jeanette Winterson. The two authors have assigned different attributed to their female leading characters but if studied carefully we would notice that purpose of creating such figures is identical in both cases.
ELIZA AND DOG WOMAN
The two books Pygmalion and Sexing the Cherry are starkly different in their storyline and narrative techniques, yet the only connecting link is the dominance of female characters in both stories. For example in the Pygmalion, it is Eliza Dolittle who is the most important female character while Dog Woman plays the leading role in 'Sexing the Cherry'. We notice that these two women have been presented in a contrasting light, as one happens to be a self-conscious young woman who is beautiful and sophisticated while the other is an ugly-looking person and has been repeatedly described as…
Pygmalion -- George Bernard Shaw
George Bernard Shaw -- one of the most well regarded playwrights -- wrote this comedy and first presented it to the public in 1912. He took some of the substance of the original Greek myth of Pygmalion and turned it into a popular play. In Greek mythology Pygmalion actually came to fall in love with one of his sculptures, and the sculpture suddenly became a living human. But in this play two older gentlemen, Professor Higgins (who is a scientist studying the art of phonetics) and Colonel Pickering (a linguist who specializes in Indian dialects) meet in the rain at the start of this play.
Higgins makes a bet with Pickering that because of his great understanding of phonetics, he will be able to take the Covent Garden flower girl -- who speaks "cockney" which is not considered very high brow in England -- and…
Bennett, A. (2008). The History Boys. London, UK: Farber & Farber.
Glaspell, S. (1921). Inheritors: A Play in Three Acts. Berkeley, CA: University of California.
Glaspell, S. (2008). Trifles. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan
Hellman, L. (2013). The Children's Hour. Whitefish, MT: Literary Licensing, LLC.
Shaw's primary purposes in writing Pygmalion, the story of a phonetics professor who, on a bet, transforms a guttersnipe of a flower girl into a lady, was to educate. The title of the play comes from the Greek myth of Pygmalion, a sculptor who created a statue of surpassing beauty; at his request, the gods animated the statue as Galatea. The myth is updated, and substantially altered, by Shaw; instead of a statue, Galatea is Eliza Doolittle, a Covent Garden flower girl, whose accent immediately marks her out as from the very bottom of the English class structure. Professor Henry Higgins, an expert on accents and pronunciation, represents Pygmalion. He undertakes to transform her speech so that she can be taken for a duchess at a society party and succeeds in spite of the inherent difficulties.
In his foreword to the play, Shaw writes, "It is so intensely and deliberately…
1. Page, E. Postcolonial Discourse in Wide Sargasso Sea http://www.qub.ac.uk/en/imperial/carib/sargasso.htm
2. The Victorian Web, www.victorianweb.org/post/caribbean/dominica/rhys/ripple18.html
3. Romantic Times Book Club, "Plain Jane - What's the Appeal? www.romantictimes.com/f_reader/f3a_49.html
4. Literary Encyclopedia, Article on Jean Rhys www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=8787
Employee Satisfaction with a Company's Review Process
The following research examines the reason for a decline in employee satisfaction regarding the review process at XYZ, Inc. The results of the survey revealed that sample biases may have confounded the results and that the survey will have to be re-administered to reflect the true attitudes and results of the preliminary research leading up to the current survey. The result showed a high degree of satisfaction with the quality and quantity of management feedback. The results of this survey are inconclusive and further research will need to be conducted to eliminate the possible effects of sample bias.
Delimitations (See Leedy)
A. Literature Review
C. General Management Issues
D. Project Related Issues
F. Definition of Terms
H. Project Submission…
Interpretations of Ovid's Love Stories
The first story from Ovid's Metamorphoses to be interpreted is "Echo and Narcissus." There are some traditional elements to the story as a love story paradigm. There are stories of "boy meets girl" and often part of that story is that one or both of the romantic leads like each other, but have difficulty synching together to have a romantic interlude. Narcissus calls out to Echo in the woods for them to meet together. She is excited but she can only repeat the last phrase or so of what Narcissus says, keeping them from meeting together. In another way, the story is a traditional love story, in that the girl loses the boy. What is non-traditional is that the girl loses the boy to himself. Narcissus sees his reflection in water while roaming the forest and falls in love with himself. Thus, this is…
This research study will examine the impact of teachers' expectation on students' overall academic achievement. The research will be conducted at Huntington Park High School, located in the city of Huntington Park. It is one of the largest high schools in Los Angeles Unified School District and has an enrollment of over 5000 students with 3-track calendar. The ethnic backgrounds of the students consist of 98.6% Latino, 0.6% black and 0.3% white. The students of Huntington Park High School (HPHS) have not been challenged to perform to their best abilities. One of the reasons may be that the teachers perceive them as incapable and lacking motivation, and so they feel it is unfair or hopeless to expect more from the students. The subtle messages received from their teachers may make the students feel incapable of handling demanding work. This could also be a factor in the students'…
1.Brehm, S. & Kassin, S. (1996). Social Psychology. Boston: Houghton Muffin.
2.Rosenthal, R. & Jacobson, L. (1968). Pygmalion in the classroom. Retrieved September 9, 2003 at http://fcis.oise.utoronto.ca/-daniel_schugurensky/assignment1/11968rosenjacob.html
3.Tauber, R. (1998). Good or bad, what teachers expect from students they generally get. Retrieved September18, 2003 at http://www.ericfacility.net/databases
4.Thomas, W.(1928). First impressions are lasting impressions. Retrieved September18, 2003 at http://www.ericfacility.net/databases
In this novel, class has more to do with breeding and background than it does with simple wealth. Class is a complex concept, and this has made it very difficult to negotiate shifts and changes in one's class status. The Great Gatsby illustrates that class is capable of producing deep-seated prejudices that cannot simply be altered by external factors like money.
Another very famous novel that affirms these class divisions and the barriers to class mobility is Jane Austen's Emma. The main character thinks of herself as a very good matchmaker, and one of the many conflicts in the novel involves Emma trying to match her friend Harriet up with Mr. Collins, and dissuading her from her romantic feelings for the farmer Mr. Martin. Emma foolishly believes, simply because she likes Harriet as a friend, that Harriet will be accepted into the upper reaches of the eighteenth century British class…
Austen, Jane. Emma. New York: Bantam, 1984.
Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. Mew York: Scribner, 1995.
Shaw, George Bernard. Pygmalion. Mineola, NY: Dover, 1994.
Steinbeck, John. The Pearl. New York: Penguin, 1992.
Women and Eccentricity in Saw
Eliza Doolittle and te Dog-woman project almost opposite images of Britis womanood. Eliza as been turned out by er fater into te slums of London and se longs to live in comfort and security. Se tinks er dreams can come true if se can speak proper Englis. Te Dog-woman, on te oter and, unlike te Cockney flower girl, is practically a misfit, but not quite. Se wears er size and oddness as toug tey were inevitable.
Te title of W.'s Sexing te Cerry is obviously a provocative one. Yet te image actually comes from te sexing of ybrid cerries.
Te Dog-Woman is te perfect image of tat old joke about te 800-pound gorilla wo can sit on te bus werever e likes. Se is a giantess, can old normal-sized Jordan in er palm, and plows er way troug life in a way tat tells everyone…
Higgins triumphs despite an entirely selfish attitude, one that is bred in his secure position in life. He has all that he needs or seeks; when a new challenge erupts, he chooses to bring this new challenge into his world without at all modifying his world to meet the challenge. This almost results in failure at the ball, but in the end, success results because of Eliza Doolittle's sheer energy and willpower; and perhaps even because of her love for Higgins.
Eliza Doolittle changes into a Queen of Sheba, yes, but not through Henry Higgins' doing. His heavy-handed pedagogical techniques send her yearning for her simpler days in Covent Garden. In fact, there is no concrete proof in the play that his techniques motivate Eliza at all. She is not propelled to excel because of any of Higgins' outbursts or cruelties.
Eliza and Higgins are operating on their own wavelengths,…
Eliza Doolittle and Her Problems
At the outset one has to understand that Eliza Doolittle is a character created by George Bernard Shaw, a famous English playwright and to understand her we have to start with Shaw. He was the third and the youngest child of George Carr Shaw, and Lucinda Shaw. He was supposed to have been part of the Protestant group that was rising in England at that time, but he did not succeed in life. He was first prematurely pensioned off from his civil servant job and then he became a grain merchant. Even in that he was not successful and that led to George Bernard Shaw being raised in an atmosphere of genteel poverty. This was felt to be more insulting by him than being poor.
Yet Shaw developed well and became well versed in music, art, and literature. This was due to the influence of…
George Bernard Shaw, 1856-1950. Retrieved from http://www.ompersonal.com.ar/omlibrary/shaw.htm Accessed on 26 May, 2005
Guthrie Theater: Study Guides. Retrieved from http://www.guthrietheater.org/act_iii/studyguide/section_element.cfm?id_studyguide=34699461& ; id_study_category=3 Accessed on 26 May, 2005
Pygmalion. Retrieved from http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/encyclopedia/P/Py/Pygmalion.htm Accessed on 26 May, 2005
Shaw, George Bernard. Britannica Nobel Prizes. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/nobel/micro/541_46.html Accessed on 26 May, 2005
General Dynamics employed WBS to connect their Integrated Product Teams, known as Design Build Teams -- DBTs having the established design goals. Hence every DBT possess a particular design goal allocated by management. The WBS is planned to wholly describe everything inside the program. A WBS defines the product(s) to be developed or produced and connects the constituents of work to be attained mutually and to the final product. Hence the role of WBS is important in planning and assigning management and technical duties; and evaluating and controlling the progress made and also the position of the engineering endeavors, resource allocations, cost estimates, expenses, and cost & technical performance. (Clark; Littrell, 2002)
Giving a logical framework for mentioning the technical purposes of the program, the WBS initially defines the program on the basis of the hierarchically associated, product-oriented factors and the work processes needed for their accomplishment. Every constituent for…
At a Glance: Key Offerings" Retrieved at http://www.gd-ais.com/ . Accessed 25 September, 2005
Author Unknown. (22-28, April 2000) "Doing well by doing good: Is Business ethics an oxymoron? The Economist.
Author Unknown. (17 June, 2004) "General Dynamics Selects Siebel Systems to Support
Command-and-Command Systems for the Department of Defense" Business Wire. pp: 8-11
Factors to Consider in Security Management
1. On meeting new workers assigned to the unit, what topics would the supervisor discuss first? Why?
Regardless of the supervisor’s precise role, many of the problems that occur following the hiring of new employees relate to misunderstandings concerning organizational expectations and the failure to identify optimal candidates (McCrie, 2016). Therefore, supervisors at every level should focus on accurately communicating organizational expectations based on a timely and accurate job description, accident reporting requirements, what safety protocols and procedures are in place and the name and contact information of the relevant safety official(s), the employees’ multiple rights within the organization as well as their responsibilities and obligations with respect to protecting organizational resources and proprietary information. In addition, supervisors should ensure that new employees have the opportunity to ask questions concerning the organization and their responsibilities (McCrie, 2016).
2. What special concerns would a supervisor…
Henry Fielding's Joseph Andrews
The protagonists of Henry Fielding's novels would appear to be marked by their extreme social mobility: Shamela will manage to marry her master, ooby, and the "foundling" Tom Jones is revealed as the bastard child of a serving-maid and Squire Allworthy himself, just as surely as Joseph Andrews is revealed to be the kidnapped son of Wilson, who himself was "born a gentleman" (Fielding 157). In fact Wilson's digression in ook III Chapter 3 of Joseph Andrews has frequently been taken for a self-portrait: "I am descended from a good family," Williams tells Joseph and Parson Adams, "my Education was liberal, and at a public School" (Fielding 157). Goldberg helpfully notes of this passage that such education was defined in Johnson's Dictionary as an education "becoming a gentleman," although fails to note that Fielding himself was educated at the most lordly of all the English public…
Bartolomeo, Joseph. "Restoration and Eighteenth Century Satiric Fiction." In Quintero, Ruben (Editor). A Companion to Satire. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2007. Print.
Davidson, Jenny. Hypocrisy and the Politics of Politeness: Manners and Morals from Locke to Austen. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Print.
Dentith, Simon. Parody. New York and London: Routledge, 2000. Print.
Empson, Sir William. "Tom Jones." In Fielding, Henry and Baker, Sheridan (Editor). Tom Jones. New York: Norton, 1973. Print.
Diversity and Motivation
Human esources Manager of a good company would have an extremely responsible job on his shoulders. He would, in essence, be responsible for the well being of the employees of the company as well as for their efficient working in a manner that would bring profit for the company and not a loss. If he were to neglect his duties, the company would suffer, as would the employees. The success and proper utilization of the tremendous responsibility of the human resources manager lies in his understanding and grasp of the major concerns of the company he is working for, as well as certain management issues that would prove beneficial for the better functioning of the company. The primary concern of the manager of today must be an understanding of 'workplace diversity'.
What is diversity? It is the basic concept that no matter whom you are or what…
Employee Motivation in the Workplace" (2004) Retrieved at http://www.accel-team.com/motivation/. Accessed on 12 September, 2004
Employee Rewards" Retrieved at http://www.accel-team.com/motivation/employeeRewards_00.html. Accessed on 12 September, 2004
Executive Information Systems" Retrieved at http://www-users.cs.york.ac.uk/~kimble/research/ak/eis.html#_Toc329100790Accessed on 12 September, 2004
Improve Your Company Performance" Retrieved at http://www.gainshare.co.nz/. Accessed on 12 September, 2004
Self-Fulfilling Prophecies and Communication
Does the full moon really effect one's behavior? Does Friday the 13th really deserve extra precaution? Is a Harvard professor wiser than say an Appalachian hermit? Or is someone who abandons their life of wealth and fame, suffering from mental illness? Is one race or gender more adept at a particular profession than another? There is no scientific evidence that proves the full moon has any effect on a person's personality or behavior, yet those in law enforcement and the medical profession often say that crime, accidents, and psychotic behavior are higher during the full moon, moreover, many people say they feel more anxious or nervous during a full moon. Henry David Thoreau lived in the woods for several years, St. Francis of Assisi abandoned his wealth and military position for a life of poverty, and many people regard Friday 13th as a lucky day. Self-fulfilling…
Barsoux, Jean-Louis. "The Set-Up-to-Fail Syndrome." Harvard Business Review. March http://ask.elibrary.com/getdoc.asp?pubname=Harvard_Business_Review&puburl=http~C~~S~~S~www.hbsp.harvard.edu&querydocid=:bigchalk:U.S.;Lib&dtype=0~0&dinst=0&author=Jean%2DLouis+Barsoux+%2D+INSEAD+%28France%29&title=The+Set%2DUp%2Dto%2DFail+Syndrome++&date=03%2D01%2D1998&query=effects+of+Self%2Dfulfilling+prophecies+&maxdoc=30&idx=3.(accessed 10-30-2002).
Bushman, Brad J.; Baumeister, Roy F.; Stack, Angela D. "Catharsis, Aggression, and Persuasive Influence: Self-Fulfilling or Self-Defeating Prophecies?" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Volume 76. No. 3 January 1999. http://www.apa.org/journals/psp/psp763367.html.(accessed 10-30-2002).
Feingold, Alan. "Gender Stereotyping for Sociability, Dominance, Character, and MentalHealth: A Meta-Analysis of Findings From the Bogus Stranger Paradigm." Genetic, Social & General Psychology Monographs. Volume 124. August 01, 1998. http://ask.elibrary.com/getdoc.asp?pubname=Genetic,_Social_~A~_General_Psychology_Monographs&puburl=http~C~~S~~S~www.heldref.org~S~mono.html&querydocid=:bigchalk:U.S.;Lib&dtype=0~0&dinst=0&author=FEINGOLD%2C+ALAN&title=Gender+Stereotyping+for+Sociability%2C+Dominance%2C+Character%2C+and+MentalHealth%3A+A+Meta%2DAnalysis+of+Findings+From+the+Bogus+Stranger+Paradigm+%2E++&date=08%2D01%2D1998&query=effects+of+Self%2Dfulfilling+prophecies+&maxdoc=30&idx=24.
A accessed 10-30-2002).
Aphrodite was said to have been the most beautiful and sensual of all the goddesses. There are varying stories of her birth. One story holds that she was born from the loins of Uranus, when his sex was severed from him and thrown into the sea: Aphrodite emerged from the sea foam—a daughter of the sea, which is why one of the most famous images of her in artistic expression is of the goddess emerging from the sea (Graves). Homer in the Iliad indicated that Aphrodite was the daughter of Zeus and Dione. Regardless of her origin story, Aphrodite served a central role in the back story of Greece, particularly when it came to her feud with Hera and Athena over who was the most beautiful of all.
Aphrodite was said to have married Hephaestus, the god of blacksmithing. She was also said to have had many paramours,…
While the functionalist theory and the conflict theory aren't so different in theory, Durkheim's functionalist theory at least offers a bit more hope for students and it doesn't assume that education is meant to keep people in their place. However, preparing students for life is rather elusive as we can see especially today where the quality of education differs so dramatically from state-to-state and even from zip code to zip code.
The interactionist theorists examine how the educator's expectations influence the students' functioning, attitudes and impressions. osenthal and Jackson's groundbreaking study for the interactionist theory approach occurred in 1968 when the researchers studied a group of students of average IQ. The researchers then pointed out a handful of students whom they said would excel dramatically over the course of the coming year. The teachers were told who the students were and the teachers were asked to monitor the students' performance…
Dignan, Patricia. The Pygmalion Principal: The Impact of High Expectations on Students
and Staff Achievement. Author House, 2006.
Rosenthal, Robert., & Jackson, Lenore. Pygmalion in the Classroom: Teacher
Expectation and Pupils' Intellectual Development. Crown House Publishing,
Other positive leaders in this regard are the "priestly" ones, who bring continuity and hierarchy to the goal, delegating to the most powerful and differentiating individuals; the "elected" leaders, who gain authority by being chosen; and the "missionaries," who have a certain kind of mission to achieve -- economic, religious, political or social service (Stewart).
The way that leaders work with individuals in both sports and at work will also reinforce their ability to stay on task; cooperate; use time, talents and resources wisely; embrace diversity; learn from each other and share accomplishments. Dennis Kinlaw, who recommends ways to coach or lead individuals for successful performance, offers what he calls a "coaching skills inventory" that breaks coaching into "shades of coaching" or different methods for driving results. For example, in one inventory, he breaks coaching into five specific categories: Contact and Core Skills, Counseling, Mentoring, Tutoring, and Confronting and Challenging…
goddesses Venus and Juno conspire and interfere in the lives of Aeneas and Dido to carry out their own plans
The struggle between the Gods is main theme of the narrative. There are many times that a reader might even fail to notice the actions of the human characters of the story due to over-interference from the gods. The conflict is between two gods, Juno and Venus. Juno is Saturn's daughter, Jupiter's wife and the patron god of Carthage. In the narrative he doesn't like Trojans because of a decision made by Paris (a Trojan) in a divine beauty competition. Juno is also aware of the prophesy that Carthage will be destroyed by the descendants of Aeneas (the Romans). On the other hand, Venus is the goddess of love, the patron god of Trojans and the mother of Aeneas. The conflict arises when Juno tries to destroy Aeneas (a mortal)…
Matthews, Roy. Experience Humanities. Place of publication not identified: Mcgraw-Hill, 2013. Print.
Chang Edward et al. The Journey of a Restless Heart: A College Student's Guide to Augustine's Confessions. 2014. Web.
Gardner Patrick and Santos Matilda. The Aeneid: Virgil. Web.
"THE AENEID Virgil. "SparkNotes." SparkNotes. Web. 01 Mar. 2016.
" (4) it is unclear how to understand "things are because we see them." Traditionally perception is conceived as a passive process: we open our eyes and receive input from the world. Kant suggests that perhaps it is not so passive: we "organize" the world into temporal and spatial dimensions, attribute cause and effect, etc. But what Wilde suggests here is even more radical. The "things are because" suggests a causal relationship, such that what we see exists as an effect of seeing. It would be as if looking "paints" the world. But this is completely absurd. Onto what would seeing "paint" the world? and, even weirder, notice that it wouldn't be that seeing paints the world so that we could then look at what was painted. Rather, it would be that seeing is painting, so that we always see and paint simultaneously, always just "creating" whatever we see, under…
1. Wilde, Oscar. Intentions. New York: Prometheus Books, 2004. 1-55. Print.
2. Wilde, Oscar. The Picture of Dorian Gray and Other Writings. New York: Pocket Books, 2005. 241-365. Print.
The Decay of Lying was first published in 1889; the Golden Stair is from 1880.
This, he says, is a big challenge considering the fact that all team members along with the top management come from different cultural backgrounds.
Polley and ibbens (1998) in their pioneering research assert that team wellness has got to be tackled in order to create high performance teams. The challenges that need to be over come have been thoroughly researched. The most commonly found problems are: lack of commitment and consideration from top management; probability of sharing enhanced productivity; creation and sustenance of trust (Polley and ibbens, 1998); and skills to deal with conflicts; both within tasks and amongst people (Amason et al., 1995).
Polley and ibbens (1998) assert that emergence of these problems can be either (1) persistent; and/or (2) immediate and/or intense. Extending the team wellness concept, Beech and Crane (1999) outlined a five dimensional strategy to overcome the problems most event managers might face when creating high…
Adair, J.E. And Thomas, N. (2004). The Concise Adair on Teambuilding and Motivation. Thorogood. London.
Amason, A.C., Thompson, K.R., Hochwarter, W.A. And Harrison, A.W. (1995). Conflict: an important dimension in successful management teams. Organizational Dynamics, Vol. 24 No. 2, pp. 20-35.
Argyris, C. (1976). Increasing leadership effectiveness. New York: Wiley.
Avolio, B.J., & Bass, B.M. (1995). Individual consideration viewed at multiple levels of analysis: A multi-level framework for examining the diffusion of transformational leadership. Leadership Quarterly, 6 (2), 199±218.
In an era of terrorism and turbulence in global markets the greater the level of shared risk and transparency, the greater the likelihood financial institutions will be more resilient in the face of greater challenges of operation. This is a critical point that must be kept in mind in the context of the IFI CS Maturity Model, as globalization forces a higher level of inter-process and cross-functional coordination throughout a value chain. The IFI CS Maturity Model also brings up the critical point of the best defense against uncertainty is a strong offense that seeks higher levels of performance through greater synchronization of both financial services value chain data and greater levels of cross-financial services provider coordination.
IFI CS Maturity Model Assumptions
The following are the key assumptions regarding the definition of the IFI CS Maturity Model:
1. The end result for lenders and financial institutions are pursuing higher levels…
Marwan Mohamed Abdeldayem. 2009. An Examination of Social Disclosures by Islamic Banks: Evidence from UAE. Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge 14, no. 2 (March 1): 350-356.
Muhammad Iqbal Anjum. 2008. Islamic world's development policy responses to the challenges of financial globalization. Humanomics 24, no. 1 (January 1): 5-16.
Masudul Alam Choudhury 2001. Islamic venture capital - a critical examination. Journal of Economic Studies 28, no. 1 (January 1): 14-33. http://www.proquest.com (accessed March 28, 2009).
Masudul Alam Choudhury 2006. Islamic macroeconomics? International Journal of Social Economics 33, no. 1/2 (January 1): 160-186.
Projecting higher expectations: A "bad boss" has not developed positive dynamics with all his/her subordinates.
Four key principles, on the other hand, identify practices a "good boss" implements:
Be clear up front
Get to know the individuals
Beware of labeling
Monitor ongoing evaluations
In the article, "How to spot the boss from hell Classic signs of a Mr. Nasty," Oliver Finegold's (2005) notes that a current study "details the 10 signs of a bad boss - from having complete disregard for employees' need for a life away from work to delegating the toughest tasks." (Finegold, 2005) also relates characteristics of a good boss, which include expressing reasonable expectations from teams, along with being positive Findings from a survey of 1000 workers by the Good Boss Company consultancy group note that approximately one in four employees identified their boss to be "bad" or " dreadful." More than two thirds of the…
Barsoux, Jean-Louis. "How bosses reveal their attitudes towards employees: can you tell if your boss really has faith in your ability to solve problems and manage your operation? If you think you can, chances are that the people reporting to you can also read your behaviour. Your low expectations may have more impact on them than you think." European Business Forum, January 1, 2005.
Dealy, M.D., & Thomas, a.R. (2004). Defining the Really Great Boss (B. Lindig, Ed.) Westport, CT: Praeger. Retrieved May 2, 2007.
Dolezalek, Holly. " Dark Side: When Good Leaders Go Bad," (2007). Retrieved 2 May 2007 from:=
Carthage and Rome
Comparing Carthage and Rome
One of the greatest wars Rome ever fought was against Carthage -- and it was actually a war that happened three times. Called the Punic Wars (Punic another name for Phoenician -- the nationality of the men who founded Carthage), the contests revealed much about both nations, and created heroes and legends for all antiquity to marvel over. This paper will compare and contrast the two civilizations of Rome and Carthage from the standpoint of "persons within the community," showing just how such persons helped both powers came to be and how they went on to fare when they both began to war with one another.
Started near Tunis at around the end of the ninth century BC, Carthage took over the rule of "leader" amongst the colonies of Phoenicia nearly three hundred years later when in the sixth century BC Tyre…
Knox, E.L. (n.d.) The Punic Wars. Boise State. Retrieved from http://www.boisestate.edu/courses/westciv/punicwar/
Lendering, J. (2004). Hannibal, son of Gesco. Livius.org. Retrieved from http://www.livius.org/ha-hd/hannibal/hannibal_2.html
Virgil. (1861). Aeneid. [trans. H. Frieze]. New York, NY: D. Appleton and Company.
From the study of treatment for mothers on crack, 50 experts in drug dependency as well as 150 addicted women identify components which they believe are important in the treatment of women effectively. Some of the features that they had identified that are always not present within the current programs are: comprehensive health care such as family planning, prenatal as well as prevention of HIV; service for children such as play therapy, day care, parental training and developmental monitoring of a child; an advocacy role such as contact with protective services of a child as well as welfare; and appropriate staffing such as non-confrontational, female staffing as well as cultural and racial sensitive.
As evident in the finding of the study, there is preference within experts and women for a program that combines medical, drug treatment and therapeutic services for the child and the mother, job training and education, long-term…
MacGi-egor, (1989). Cocaine and prenatal Outcome. Obstetrics and Gyllecology.
Murphy. S.. & Rosenbaum. M., (1999). Pregnant women on drugs: Combating Stereotype.. New York: Guilford Press, 1999.
Reuter, (1994). Setting Priorities: Budget and Program Choices for Drug Control. Reprint h-om Toward a Rational Drug Policy. The University of' Chicago Legal Forum,1994, pp. 14S 173.
Weisdorf, T. Parran. TV., Graham, A. & Snyder, C., (1999). Comparison of pregnancy-specific Interventions to a Traditional treatment Program for Cocaine-addicted Pregnant Women. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment,1999, pp 16(1), 39-45.
Multicultural education researchers and educators agree that preservice teachers' attitudes, beliefs, and understandings are important: foci in multicultural education coursework (Cochran-Smith, 1995; Grant & Secada, 1990; McDiarmid & Price, 1993; Pohan, 1996). Teacher attitudes and beliefs influence teaching behaviors, which affect student learning and behavior (Wiest, 1998)."
1996 study used 492 pre-service teachers to try and gauge the attitudes and beliefs among the group when it came to understanding diversity and cultural differences in students (Wiest, 1998).
A decade earlier leading education experts Hollingsworth was able to identify a method for helping students of teaching to challenge their convictions and apply them to their careers.
Many advocates of multicultural education suggest that field experiences be included in preparing teachers to work with diverse student populations (Pohan, 1996; Sleeter, 1995; Tellez, Hlebowitsh, Cohen, & Norwood, 1995). Sleeter (1995) describes some investigations, such as miniethnographies, that her students conduct: I regard extended…
ZEICHNER, K.M., & GRANT, C.A. (1981) Biography an social structure in the socialization of student teachers, Journal of Education for Teaching, 7, pp. 298-314.
Assessing the consistency between teachers' philosophies and educational goals.
Education; 9/22/1995; DeSpain, B.C.
The program was instrumental in illustrating the importance of preschool on the reduction of crime in this country and now serves as a spoke in the wheel of government funding for preschool programs throughout the nation.
Epstein, Ann S. (1999) Pathways to Quality in Head Start, Public School, and Private Nonprofit Early Childhood Programs.(Statistical Data Included)
Journal of esearch in Childhood Education
Program Outcomes (accessed 10-20-06)
eynolds, a.J., Temple, J.A., obertson, D.L., & Mann, E.A. (2002). Age 21 cost-benefit analysis of the Title I Chicago Child-Parent Centers. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 24: 267-303.
obin, K.B., Frede, E.C., & Barnett, W.S. (2006). Is more better? The effects of full-day vs. half-day preschool on early school achievement. Manuscript submitted for publication.
Stellar, Arthur (2003) Long-Term Studies of Preschool: Lasting Benefits Far Outweigh Costs.
Phi Delta Kappan
Long-Term Study of Adults Who eceived High-Quality Early Childhood Care and Education Shows…
Epstein, Ann S. (1999) Pathways to Quality in Head Start, Public School, and Private Nonprofit Early Childhood Programs.(Statistical Data Included)
Journal of Research in Childhood Education
Program Outcomes (accessed 10-20-06)
Greek Project 1272
ART204 Formal Research Project Summer Term 2012
Ancient Greek sculpture is one of the most famous historical forms of art. Three main forms of life are represented by this sculpture; war, mythology, and rulers of the land of ancient Greece. The main aim of the paper is to revisit the history of the art of sculpturing in ancient Greece and different steps of its development within different time periods. Some of the main developments in Greek sculpture included depiction of changes in forms, depiction of female and male figures, degrees of present realism, and how sculpturing was used to achieve these effects.
Developments in Greek Sculpturing techniques
There are four main periods in which main developments and changes in the Greek sculpturing took place. The first period is referred to as the geometric period; second period is the archaic period, the third one being the classic and…
Dillon, Sheila. Ancient Greek Portrait Sculpture: Contexts, Subjects, And Styles. Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Dillon, Sheila. The Female Portrait Statue in the Greek World. Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Giannakopoulou, Liana. The Power of Pygmalion: Ancient Greek Sculpture in Modern Greek Poetry, 1860-1960, Volume 3 of Byzantine and Neohellenic Studies. Peter Lang, 2007.
Negotiation Strategies for Chemical Company International and Dragon Manufacturing
Negotiations are used to resolve existing and potential conflicts, as well as to help organizations of all sizes and types achieve their goals. In many cases, negotiators fail to achieve all or even most of their goals, though, because of an inability to reach mutually advantageous agreements. In some cases, though, negotiators simply lose sight of what they are after and become embroiled in increasingly heated confrontations that lead nowhere. Successful negotiations are possible, though, by following some proven methods that can help stakeholders avoid these pitfalls and focus on the best available alternative. In this regard, this report provides both parties to the negotiations with an independent detailed report concerning best approaches to the negotiation for two companies currently involved in negotiations, Chemical Company International and Dragon Manufacturing, including a recommended negotiation strategy, negotiation best practices and an appraisal of…
Arnett, R.C. 1996. Communication and Community. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois
Carnegie, D. 1937. How to Win Friends and Influence People.
Fisher, R., Ury, W. & Patton, B. 1991. Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement without Giving In.
New York: Penguin.
fool's love in Naomi by Junichiro Tanizaki
Naomi (1924) by the 20th century Japanese writer Junichiro Tanizaki has often been anachronistically called the Japanese Lolita in that it relates the obsession of a middle-aged man for a much younger woman. (Nabokov's novel was published in the 1950s). Tanizaki's male protagonist Joji is somewhat younger than Nabokov's Humbert and the female heroine Joji is somewhat older (although still a teenager) than Lolita. Rather than a tale of exploitation of a man lusting after a young girl and selfishly indulging his Pygmalion fantasies, Naomi instead functions more as a cautionary tale of the foolishness of patriarchal, idealistic love.
hen Joji first spies Naomi, she is a waitress in a local cafe, and he is entranced by what he sees as her movie star-like appearance. Significantly, he compares her 'white' features to that of the famous American actress Mary Pickford, an adult actress…
Naomi by Junichiro Tanizaki. Kirkus Reviews. 29 Oct 1985. [16 Apr 2013]
Schneider, Jessica. "Junichiro Tanizaki's Naomi Than Vladimir Nabokov's Lolita." Pop Matters.
20 Jun 2010. [16 Apr 2013] http://www.popmatters.com/pm/review/127424-book-review-naomi-by-junichiro-tanizaki/
third grade children of the class bought into the premise that they were superior or inferior based solely on the color of their eyes and the actions of the teacher. Though I knew prejudice was a learned behavior I was astonished at how readily the behavior was adopted.
Elliot's comment at the end of the first day, "I watched what had been marvelous, cooperative, wonderful, thoughtful children turn into nasty, vicious, discriminating little third graders in the space of fifteen minutes," underscored the power that suggestion has over belief.
Expectations are a powerful motivation for both success and failure. The fact that children were able to get though their phonics card pack more quickly when they believed they were smarter is very significant when you think about it. It implies that you are what you believe you are. Though this may sound simple the ramifications for success and failure are…
Elliott, Jane. "Brown Eyes and Blues Eyes." [Video] YouTube. (1970). 21 March 2012.
Aeneas is said to possess spiritual or godlike qualities that make him fit his role as a hero and destined founder of Rome. Critics see this achievement as proceeding both from his destiny and his own actions. He is the son of the Trojan mortal, Anchises, and the goddess of beauty and love, Venus, and as such, enjoys special protection, while remaining mortal.
His most outstanding quality is his respect and fidelity to prophecy. Ever aware of his destiny and role in the founding of a nation, he always takes this into consideration in taking every action. This awareness and devotion to his noble destiny enable him to endure much suffering and difficulty, from the defeat at Troy to his final duel with Turnus in Italy.
His ability and decision to keep his focus on that destiny give his the power to ward off the weakening effects of frustration…
1) BookRags. The Aeneid. BookRags, Inc., 2002
2) SparkNotes. The Aeneid. SparkNotes.com., 2002
3) Stevenson, Daniel C. The Aeneid. Internet Classics Archive: Web Atomics, 2000
Interrelationship of Self-Perceptions, Culturally-Based Perceptions, Impressions, and their effects on Leadership Abilities
Humans have the most highly organized social structure of any creature on earth. In an attempt to ascertain our relative position in a complex social hierarchy, we constantly evaluate and re-evaluate ourselves. e do this by comparing ourselves to other human beings. e use this information to establish our opinions of ourselves, the various social groups to which we belong and our opinions of others. e belong to many social groups, our family, our group of friends at school, a community and a culture that includes our ethnic backgrounds. e must make decisions about our place in each of these groups. These opinions constitute what we think of ourselves, and gives us our self-esteem, or self-worth.
Our attitudes and beliefs regarding ourselves and others effect our ability to learn our acceptance of subordination to authority figures and our…
Baron, R. And Kenny, D. (1986). "The Moderator-Mediator Variable Distinction in Social Psychological Research: Conceptual, Strategic and Statistical Considerations." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6): 1173-1182.
Bugental, B., Blue, J. Cortez, V., Fleck, K., Kopeikin, H., Lewis, J.C., & Lyon, J. (1993). "Social cognitions as organizers of autonomic and affecitive response to social challenge." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, (64)1: 94-103.
Christopher, A. (1998). "The Psychology of Names: An Empirical Reexamination." Journal of Applied Social Psychology, (19): 1173-1195.
Feldman, J., and Lynch, J. Jr. (1988). "Self-generated validity and other effects of measurement on belief, attitude, intention and behavior." Journal of Applied Psychology, (73): 431-435.
all-E's appreciation for the world and his Eden-like naivete (versus the terrible knowledge brought about by Eve's discovery of the living plant that will bring back humanity), shows how false and world-weary the humans have become in their consumerist bubbles.
There is one particularly marked difference between all-E and the traditional Christian vision of divine grace offered in the Bible, thought. The concept of salvation is usually conceptualized as ascending to heaven and losing one's ties to the earth. For all-E, however, the only grace comes when human beings and the robot return to the planet and reconnect with the ability to move in an earthbound way and to love the earth, as embodied in the tiny planet that still survives and leads them there.
French, Phillip. "all-E." The Guardian. 20 Jul 2008. 6 May 2014.
Genesis. Bible Gateway. 6 May 2014.
Murphy, M. "Anatomy of…
French, Phillip. "Wall-E." The Guardian. 20 Jul 2008. 6 May 2014.
Genesis. Bible Gateway. 6 May 2014.
Minister's Black Veil" and "The Birth-mark:" Hubris
Many of Nathaniel Hawthorne's works are seen as a critique of Puritan ideology and the dangers of having a judgmental attitude. "The Minister's Black Veil" illustrates the Reverend Hooper's vindictive and narrow-minded attitude not to others but to himself. He punishes himself in perpetuity for some unnamed sin although at the end of his life, right before his death, he proclaims that all human beings wear a black veil of sin, not just himself. "The Birth-mark," in contrast, depicts the dangerous overconfidence of a scientist who is certain that he can render God's creation better than God himself in his attempts to change his wife's appearance. But while Aylmer's actions are more obviously arrogant, both men are essentially acting as judge and jury over others on earth, rather than leaving that judgment to God himself.
At the beginning of "The Birthmark," Aylmer's quest…
Hawthorne, Nathaniel. "The Birthmark,"1-10
Hawthorne, Nathaniel. "The Minister's Black Veil." From Twice-Told Tales, 1837, 1851,
Socrates and Plotinus also have very similar ideas on how Beauty is recognized, which though intimately related to their ideas on the nature of Beauty are somewhat different, also. For both men, Beauty was connected to the eternal. Socrates, being at least somewhat (and perhaps completely) atheistic, does not immediately or necessarily connect the concept of the eternal with the concept of the divine, however, but rather recognizes the inherent Beauty in the only act of immortality that mortals can engage in -- procreation and generation, which leads to "beauty in birth." The physical act of love between a man and a woman is described by Socrates -- through the voice of Diotima -- as an act of supreme beauty, and its effects are equally beautiful, as it causes immortality and hence touches upon the eternal. Beauty is also connected to love because love cannot occur with deformity; the closer…
I think about that when I look in the mirror, and see my dark hair, olive skin, and wistful smile. My father gave me my name, and that is just another reason I am so proud to carry it. it's an old-fashioned name, to be sure, but that suits me, I think. I don't have old-fashioned values in some areas, but in others, I'm very much the traditional girl. I may be a single mother, but like parents of all ages, I want more for my son, and I want him to appreciate who he is and who he comes from. Sometimes I think that my father named me perfectly, because my name is special, and he wanted me to feel special, too. I do, and not because so many people don't understand my name. I feel special because my father gave me a gift of a wonderful name, that…
Recalling a time when managers or those in authority take a Golem type approach to their employees is something that almost everyone in the workforce will encounter at some time or other. One recent experience shows how that can take place quite easily. A young man was hired by a sales manager in the little town of Zanesville, Ohio (population approximately 25,000). The company that he was to work for was a national firm with offices in every state and almost every city. The manager hired the young man though he had little experience in the field of finance, but had some natural ability and experience in the field of sales. The man worked in Zanesville, traveling approximately 1 hour and 15 minutes a day to work and an equal amount home. This quickly became tedious and the young man requested a transfer to the office in nearby Columbus. It…