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Had the significance of the issue not been eclipsed immediately by the terrorist attack on the World Trade
Center that September, it is more likely than not that the focus on shark attacks would have continued and grown further despite the fact that most experts disputed the claim that the incidence of shark attacks on humans had increased at all (Broad, 2001).
uch of the increased attention on shark attacks was probably linked to circumstantial coincidence in relation to the Fourth of July and Labor Day holidays, when attacks in Florida and North Carolina (respectively) made holiday weekend news headlines. Those attacks ensured continued attention on shark attacks, especially after all the (understandable) extra attention and sympathy associated with the July attack in Florida on an eight-year-old ississippi girl whose arm required surgical reattachment after a Bull shark bit it off while she was vacationing in Florida (Broad, 2007).
Museum of Natural History, the global numbers of shark attacks were actually decreasing, and not increasing at the time. Statistics from that institution indicated that in September of 2001, only 52 shark attacks had been reported compared to previous years in which 84 had been reported in 2000, 58 in 1999, and 54 in 1998. Since the yearly average for the entire decade of the 1990s was 54 shark attacks per year, several other years (especially 2000) merited much more attention strictly based on statistics than the so-called "summer of the shark" in 2001. (Broad, 2007).
Scientists point to other factors such as the increasingly crowded beaches and the rise in popularity of various water sports as the cause of increases in shark attacks from one year to the next, further connecting the coincidence by reference to the fact that the most notorious incidents tended to occur on holiday weekends when many people spent their weekends on the beaches. Similarly, as news of each attack spread over conventional media and the Internet, each successive attack magnified the growing perception.
Statistical experts like mathematician John Allen Paulos of Temple University agree. His book Innumeracy detailed the fallacious conclusions resulting from incorrectly applied mathematical and statistical analyses. According to Paulos, the intense media focus on
Sharks Are Dangerous to People:
Finally, with respect to the argument that sharks constitute a genuine danger because they often attack and eat human beings, that point is both inaccurate and simplistic. Sharks actually avoid human beings except where drawn to us, either by the scent of blood in the water or perceptible signs of physical stress, both of which they evolved over many millions of years to detect (Perrine 1995). The evidence actually suggests that many fatal attacks on humans are the result of sharks' mistaking us for their usual prey; that accounts for the relative frequency with which sharks initiate only one test bite without pursuing the attack further (Stevens 1999). In fact, the vast majority of shark attacks on human are attributable to the ridiculous practice of feeding sharks in the open ocean, such as in conjunction with tourist cruises and diving expeditions. These practices condition sharks…
Bright, M. (1994) Intelligence in Animals: The Earth, Its Wonders, Its Secrets.
Montreal: Reader's Digest Books
Broad, W. Scientists Say Frenzy Over Shark Attack Is Unwarranted; the New York Times (9/5/01). Accessed April 29, 2008, at: http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0DE3D61439F936A3575AC0A9679C8B63&n=Top/News/Science/Topics/Sharks
Gerrig, R, Zimbardo, P. (2005) Psychology and Life. 17th Edition.
ehavioral Finance and Human Interaction a Study of the Decision-Making
Processes Impacting Financial Markets
Understanding the Stock Market
Contrasting Financial Theories
Flaws of the Efficient Market Hypothesis
Financial ubbles and Chaos
The stock market's dominant theory, the efficient market hypothesis (EMH) has been greatly criticized recently for its failure to account for human errors, heuristic bias, use of misinformation, psychological tendencies, in determining future expected performance and obtainable profits.
Existing evidence indicates that past confidence in the EMH may have been misdirected, as the theory's models do not show a thorough understanding of trading operations in a realistic light.
Researchers have suggested that a variety of anomalies and inconsistent historical results demand that traditional financial theories, namely the EMH, be reconstructed to include human interaction as a key decision-making process that directly affects the performance of financial markets.
This research paper aims to determine whether or not there is a…
Barrett, Larry. (January, 2001). Emotional investing a recipe for disaster. CNET News.com.
Bernstein, Peter. (1998). Against the Gods: The Remarkable Story of Risk. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Brennan, Phil. (March 12, 2002) The Great Stock Market Scam. NewsMax.com.
Business Week. (September 29, 1997) The Perils of Investing Too Close to Home.
The child I observed at the park seemed to be a toddler aged around three years. This study will focus on the aforementioned preschooler's game-playing trends, gender identity development, parenting style exhibited by his parents, language development and personality and cognitive developmental stages. At the park, the subject in question was largely seen playing the following games.
Sardines represents a unique form of the traditional game of hide and seek. A single player hides whereas the remaining are to turn the other way and count. When the hiding player is found by any one seeker, the latter joins him/her. One by one, all players crowd into the player's hiding place and this marks the end of the game.
• Blob tag
When the "It" player tags another player, both join hands with each other and begin pursuing the remaining together. Ultimately there is an entire crowd of players…
If Heike tends to trust her parents and her family for their closeness and similarities, then the confirmation bias could also come into play in this situation. This psychological bias tends to make people believe what they already believe, only stronger; any inkling that Heike has that she might be feeling depressed is now more likely to convince her that she truly is depressed, perhaps even chronically so. Because the information is coming to her from her parents, whom she is likely to trust, the information regarding her likelihood of developing chronic depression (false though it may be) will probably be believed and taken to heart. Even if she then comes across more accurate information that suggests a far lower familial incidence of chronic depression, lowering her actual chances of developing the condition, Heike will be likely to discount this information in favor of the preconceived notions she has already…
Pre Paid Legal Services
"Why won't sharks attack lawyers?" asserted the comedian- the answering is obvious, "professional courtesy." The stigma attached to lawyers has been vastly negative for as long as most can remember but what if that all changed? People have long feared the doctor but pay for medical insurance, people fear the dentist but continue to get dental coverage- these professionals protect people from pain and further bodily distress. Lawyers have the ability to provide the same safety net that doctors and dentists provide. In a society where the legal system has so many nuances and complexities that may overwhelm someone, a lawyer can provide the protection that a person might need to navigate the murky waters that they might find themselves in.
Pre-paid legal services, or a legal insurance plan, so to speak would provide the comprehensive legal care that someone would need- to protect a worker's…
Dracula is a far more traditional Gothic novel in the classic sense than the four books of the Twilight series, in which Bella Swan and her vampire lover Edward Cullen never even fully consummate their relationship until they are married in the third book Eclipse, and Bella does not finally get her wish to become a vampire until the fourth and final book Breaking Dawn. Far from being Edward's victim, or used as a pawn and discarded, she is eager to leave her dull, empty middle class life behind and become part of the Cullen vampire family. When she nearly dies giving birth to their half-vampire daughter, Edward finally does 'turn' her to save her life, and to paraphrase the title of the old song, we can only hope that she is satisfied. Bella in fact is a very traditional and conservative character, including her religion and even…
Branch, L. 2010. "Carlisle's Cross: Locating the Past in Secular Gothic" in A.M. Clarke and M. Osburn (eds). The Twilight Mystique: Critical Essays on the Novels and Films. McFarland & Company Publishers: 60-79.
Byron, G. 2008. "As One Dead': Romeo and Juliet in the Twilight" in J. Drakakis and D. Townshend (eds) Gothic Shakespeares. Routledge: 167-86.
Meyer, S. 2005. Twilight. Little, Brown and Company.
Meyer, S. 2006. New Moon. Little, Brown and Company.
Bioluminescence can be discovered across an extensive selection of some of the key categories of organisms. This includes classifications such as bacteria and protists and also squid as well as ?she's, with numerous phyla amid them. In many of these organisms, luminescence is made by these organisms themselves and never by bacterial symbionts. A few organisms in this category that are not considered to be self-illuminescents are (1) terrestrial vertebrates, such as birds, mammals and amphibians (2) ?owering plants. Luminescence is usually higher in deep-living species along with planktonic ones than in shallow organisms (Haddock et al., 2010).
A summary of known luminous organisms had been documented by Herring (1987). However, since that time there have been a number of new discoveries of luminous organisms. In some instances, it is very difficult to determine that the species are nonluminous. Amid ?lter-feeding species, luminescence is very difficult to inspect.…
Bush SL, Robison BH, Caldwell RL. 2009. Behaving in the dark: locomotor, chromatic, postural, and biolu- minescent behaviors of the deep-sea squid Octopoteuthis deletron Young 1972. Biol. Bull. 216:7 -- 22
Carnevale G. 2008. Miniature deep-sea hatchet-sh (Teleostei: Stomiiformes) from the Miocene of Italy. Geol. Mag. 145:73
Fleisher KJ, Case JF. 1995. Cephalopod predation facilitated by dino-agellate luminescence. Biol. Bull. 189:263 -- 71
Fristrup KM, Harbison G. 2002. How do sperm whales catch squids? Mar. Mammal Sci. 18:42 -- 54
The moment when the line first cut into his hands in similar to the one when Christ's hands were nailed to the cross. Most readers are likely to make a connection between the two images at this point as the stigmata is an element which is present in both Santiago and in Christ.
Hemingway himself wants readers to be certain that the injured hand is an essential factor working as support to the comparison made between Christ and Santiago. The "Ay" exclamation also reinforces this belief. "There is no translation for this word and perhaps it is just a noise such a man might make, involuntarily, feeling the nail go through his hands and into the wood" (Hemingway, 1984, p. 82). Both the sufferings experienced by Christ and by Santiago have been made so that life will go on in peace.
Santiago stands as a living martyr (if such a…
1. Clark Pratt, John "My Pilgrimage: Fishing for Religion with Hemingway," The Hemingway Review 21.1 (2001).
2. Hemingway, Ernest. (1984). The old man and the sea. Barron's Educational Series.
3. Dunlavy Valenti, Patricia ed., Understanding the Old Man and the Sea: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002).
John Clark Pratt, "My Pilgrimage: Fishing for Religion with Hemingway," The Hemingway Review 21.1 (2001).
Iceland's Economic Crisis
The purpose of banking in Iceland: speculation and hedging
The central issue: too much too soon
eplicating Wall Street
Taking on foreign "assets" at a ratio to GDP of 10:1
Is debt an asset?
Easy credit and the role of the Housing Financing Fund
Low interest rates
g. The end of short-term financing in the wake of Lehman's collapse
h. The bubble bursts
The plight of the average citizen
j. Aliber's speech
k. Left holding the bag
The effects of financial deregulation
A prime opportunity for shorting
Iceland and Nationalization
Not Bailing out the Banks
Introduction: Statement of Purpose
The bankruptcy of Iceland in 2008 can be explained in one line from Michael Lewis's Boomerang: Travels in the New Third World. The line is stated by a representative of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) who is tasked with assessing whether…
Aliber, R. (2011). Preludes to the Icelandic Financial Crisis. UK: Palgrave
Christiansen, L. (2011). Iceland: Geyser Crisis. Preludes to the Icelandic Financial
Crisis. UK: Palgrave: 89-106.
Danielsson, J. (2008). The first casualty of the crisis: Iceland. The First Global
American Pit Bull Terrier
What is the American Pit Bull Terrier? What are its origins and what is its history? The American Pit Bull Terrier has most often been described as the dog that is closest to the human race, in its likeness to the human race. This endearing breed of dog has the most charming and pleasing of personalities, in that it is very individualistic and independent, as well as intelligent and friendly. It has an innate strength, is extremely tenacious, and is also full of beans, and when all these traits are combined with its basically soft and charming nature, this is a breed that is very close to the human race, and it closely resembles an ordinary human being. All the character traits that have been found in the American Pit Bull Terrier not only make it an easy breed to own and train, but also make…
American Pit bull Terrier, Breed and Health Information. Retrieved From
http://www.pupcity.com/dog-breeds/american-pit-bull-terrier.asp Accessed on 2 January, 2005
American Pit Bull Terrier: Bull Dog Breeds.com. Retrieved From
http://www.bulldogbreeds.com/americanpitbullterrier.html Accessed on 2 January, 2005
gambling/poker and culture. Poker, and gaming in general, permeate our culture today. The World Series of Poker is a huge event when even a decade ago it was barely known on a world scale, and poker players are the new "role models" for many in society. What does this say about our society and culture that reveres people whose only skill may be based on luck and a turn of the cards? It says a lot about our culture and what we worship, and that may be frightening to contemplate.
"The game [poker] exemplifies the worst aspects of capitalism that have made our country so great."
-- Walter Matthau
First, it is necessary to define poker. Poker is a card game, played in casinos for pleasure and hopefully profit. There are many different games of poker, from Texas hold 'em to Seven-card stud. Each game follows a different format, but…
Alvarez, A. The Biggest Game in Town. San Francisco, CA: Chronicle Books, 1983.
Chick, Garry. "Writing Culture Reliably: The Analysis of High-Concordance Codes." Ethnology 39.4 (2000): 365.
Editors. "Gamblers Anonymous." GamblersAnonymous.org. 2009. 24 Oct. 2009.
However, such strategy has the outcome in compliance in absence of commitment and feelings of frustration and resentment.
The fourth strategy is I lose a little, you win a little. The placate yield style represents a concern for the effects of conflict on the welfare and durability of all relationships that is entered. The hypothesis is that human relationships are so flexible that they cannot endure the trauma of working through normal differences. Therefore, the inclination is towards withdrawing from the conflict and pleases others by ignoring, denying and avoiding conflict. When the differences continue it is found worthwhile in placating and submitting oneself to ones objectives being seen as effective modes of self-protection and safeguarding our relationships with others. One-sided domination in ones relationship is evident in such type of strategies.
Finally, the strategy is 'I win, you win'. This approach to conflict resolution is regarded as the dominant…
Conflict Management Styles" (2002) Retrieved at http://www.njit.edu/activities/conflict.pdf . Accessed 14 September, 2005
Hartwick, Jon; Barki, Henri. "Conflict Management Styles of Users and Analysts, and Their
Impact on Conflict Resolution" (1999) Retrieved at http://csdl2.computer.org/comp/proceedings/hicss/1999/0001/07/00017036.PDFAccessed 12 September, 2005
Lingren, Herbert G. "Managing Conflict Successfully" Retrieved at http://ianrpubs.unl.edu/family/heg181.htm . Accessed 12 September, 2005
S. interests. What is different is that we have names and faces to go with that warning."3 This emphasis on recognizing the adaptability
3 Dennis C. Blair, Annual Threat Assessment of the U.S. Intelligence Community for the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, (U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee, 2010).
of the terrorist is central to the government's overall response, in terms of both planning and execution, as evidenced by findings presented in the wealth of threat assessment material released to the public each year.
With the oft mentioned terrorist training camps and secret underground bases littered throughout the Middle East long since located and reduced to rubble, jihadists the world over have increasingly turned to the internet to lure potential borrowers and launder funds on a global scale.4 the last Homeland Security Threat Assessment, delivered to the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence in 2008 and covering the period from that date…
Bennetch, Paul. 2012. "Terrorism expert: al-Qaida's 9/11 tactics an 'abject failure'." Cornell Chronicle [Ithaca, NY] 13 Mar 2012. Retrieved from http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/March12/BergenCover.html
Blair, Dennis C. 2010. United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. Annual Threat Assessment of the U.S. Intelligence Community for the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, Retrieved from http://intelligence.senate.gov/100202/blair.pdf
Esposito, Richard, Matthew Cole, and Brian Ross. 2009. Officials: U.S. Army Told of Hasan. ABC World News. Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/fort-hood-shooter - contact-al-qaeda-terrorists-officials/story?id=9030873
Holt, B. 2010. Islamic wealth management. Unpublished raw data, Thomas Jefferson School of Law, San Diego, CA.
This decision was a wise one from a business standpoint and it allowed him to drastically reduce costs, which in turn reflected in lower prices for cocaine. Soon enough then, Lucas became the preferred drug provider, selling the quality Blue Magic at low prices. He even became the wholesaler for other drug dealers in the city.
This desire to cut the middle man and deal with operations directly is also present with ichie obinson. Not once is he met with the frustration of the bureaucracy that slows him down. And when he finally manages to better follow the illicit activities, he becomes head of a new department that follows drug dealers directly, rather than focusing on the middle men.
Then, there is the theme of discipline and strong character. ichie oberts is not himself a very disciplined man. His marriage is falling apart and his colleagues dislike him. Still, in…
Benshoff, H.M., Griffin, S., America on film: representing race, class, gender and sexuality at the movies, John Wiley and Sons, 2011
Gambetta, D., The Sicilian mafia: the business of private protection, Harvard University Press, 1996
DiCanio, M., Encyclopedia of violence: frequent, commonplace, unexpected, iUniverse, 2004
Sifakis, C., The mafia encyclopedia, 3rd edition, Infobase Publishing, 2005
After several self-described "false starts," Danielle determined to become an educator. She returned to university study for a Masters in Education.
In the wake of her injury, Danielle recovered, learned to use a prosthetic arm, got married to illie Byrd, and became an essential part of her local school system's athletics program all while continuing to keep athletics in her daily life.
Relatively recently, Danielle took up golf. "Since the injury, I've taken a liking to it, forces me to be patient. Golf, just like having one arm, forces you to be patient with yourself, don't put too much pressure on yourself, that's why I'm beginning to like the game," says Danielle. Her attitude toward life and her injury has changed dramatically as well, She says it's all about perseverance and rolling with the punches that life throws your way...Although I have a missing arm, I do feel more whole,…
Browder, Laura. Her Best shot. UNC Press, 2006.
Department, Notre Dame Athletic. Former Irish Women's Basketball Player Danielle Green Wounded in Iraq. May 27, 2004. http://und.cstv.com/sports/w-baskbl/spec-rel/052704aaa.html (Accessed November 24, 2008).
Fitzpatrick, Lauren. "Memorial Day: Star Spangled Salute." Southtownstar.com. May 29, 2005. http://www.southtownstar.com/news/soldier_stories/636172,dst_ebbers_052905.article (Accessed November 24, 2008).
Macur, Juliet. "Two Women Bound by Sports, War and Injuries." NYTimes.com. The New York Times. April 10, 2005. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/04/10/sports/othersports/10soldiers.html?pagewanted=print&position= (Accessed November 24, 2008).
humans as a concept.
The arguments in favor of the uniqueness of humans
Language, culture, and symbolic production.
Thinking about the future and other behaviors.
The arguments against the uniqueness of humans/tool use, language, culture, and cognition in other animals.
Apes and dolphins.
The arguments in favor of the uniqueness of humans.
Tool use -- Munger and Shaw.
Language and culture -- Munger, Shaw, & Shipman.
Thinking about the future -- Munger.
Non-reproductive heterosexual intercourse -- Sapolsky.
"The animal connection" -- Shaw & Shipman.
Tool use increases human hunting capability and understanding of animals.
Symbolic behavior/representation of animals.
Domestication of animals.
Argument against the uniqueness of humans: tool use and culture in apes and dolphins.
A. Tool use and cultural transmission in apes -- Joyce and Munger
B. Tool use and cultural transmission in dolphins - Retica
IV. Argument against the uniqueness of humans: language and…
Binns, Corey. "Case Closed: Apes Got Culture." Live Science. 28 Feb 2006. Web. 16 Jun 2011.
Harmon, Katherine. "Monkey see; Monkey regret." Scientific American. 14 May 2009. Web. 16
Jun 2011. .
Old Man and the Sea, by Ernest Hemingway, narrates the story of an older man named Santiago who fishes for his living. Frustrated by his failure to catch anything for many days, Santiago ventures out into the ocean, in a very small boat, further than he ever has before, facing multiple struggles and crises. Throughout the story we see references and images to both youth and to the determination to fight great battles against all odds. He repeatedly dreams of seeing young lions playing on a beach in Africa, multiple images of Christ's crucifixion appear throughout the story, and he revels in the stories of an American baseball player who fights through the effects of age to continue playing. Santiago emphasizes his fixation on growing older by calling his young friend Manolin a "boy" when the story indicates that Manolin is actually a young man. Santiago's story is the story…
Given the strong and increasing competition in the gaming and entertainment industry, Mandalay should apply a more aggressive strategy. The group should continue to expand the business. This will attract more clients, and it will expand Mandalay's number of target segments, which will eventually lead to increased incomes.
As mentioned above, Mandalay's strategy should focus on social responsibility also. By involving in the lives of its customers, Mandalay will be a more present figure in the customers' minds, which should lead to an increased degree of loyalty. Customer loyalty can also be reached by increasing customer satisfaction.
As a consequence, Mandalay's marketing department should seriously focus on discovering and analyzing customers' needs that have not yet been fulfilled. Implementing something new could help Mandalay gain serious competitive advantage over other gaming and entertainment industry players.
Mandalay should continue to exploit the advantage gained by addressing the entertainment oriented customers and…