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Just a half century ago, though, the country was brought to its knees after becoming the first - and only - country to ever be attacked with nuclear weapons. hile the pundits continue to debate whether the two atomic bombs used to end orld ar II were truly necessary, the fact remains that they were used because policymakers in the est believed that the Japanese people would defend their homeland to the last Japanese citizen, resulting in perhaps millions more casualties than those experienced in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This spirit of defending the homeland to the death was the proximate result of the bushido spirit engendered throughout Japanese society by the samurai tradition that had such a profound impact on the country's culture over the years. Other aspects of Japanese culture were also shown to have been influenced by the samurai, including arts and theatre, as well as the popular…
Lebra, Takie Sugiyama and William P. Lebra. - Japanese Culture and Behavior: Selected Readings. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1986.
Rodeghier, Kathy. (2001, February 4). "Day in Tokyo Offers Glimpse of Edo Culture." Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, IL):8.
Samurai." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th Ed. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
Smith, Robert J. And Richard K. Beardsley. Japanese Culture: Its Development and Characteristics. Chicago: Aldine Publishing, 1962.
One of the most brutal crimes in North Carolina occurred in 1984 when a young white newspaper reporter, Deborah Sykes, was assaulted, raped, sodomized, and stabbed to death a few blocks from her workplace in Winston-Salem (Stern & Sundberg, 2006). Darryl Hunt, a 19-year-old black man was charged with this crime despite the absence of any physical evidence linking him to the crime. Hunt’s charges were largely based on an eyewitness’ identification that was made by a former member of Klu Klux Klan. He was later convicted of the crime and sentenced to life imprisonment by a jury of 11 whites and one black. However, in 1994, DNA testing showed that Hunt did not rape the victim, which generated significant doubts on his involvement in the murder of Deborah Sykes. Despite these findings, Hunt stayed behind bars for another decade for a crime he did not commit before his release…
Organized Crime and Its Impact
What are some of the ways that organized crime impacts you and a community or city (of your choice) directly?
Organized crime details a conspiracy among criminal elements who wish to enter into an enterprise engaged in illegal activities as a way of generating dirty money (Dirks & Snyman, 2010). An organized crime is organized as a group with a structure that is similar to some pyramid hierarchy. The groups employ bribery and violence to ensure their operations continue. They also use retribution threats to ensure they maintain external and internal control in the community, and mobilization and thievery to acquire political power during campaigns in order to get immunity from prosecution and exposure (Dirks & Snyman, 2010). The activities of organized crime groups include gun running, kidnapping to get ransom, vehicle theft, smuggling, racketeering, prostitution, pornography, fraud related to credit cards, illegal gambling, narcotics…
PTSD in the Middle East
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is one of the most common mental health or psychological disorders facing people in the Middle East region. This condition emerges from episodes of social upheaval, combat, and violence that have become common in the Middle East over the past few years. Some of the major areas in the Middle East that have been characterized by increased conflicts in recent years include Palestine, Iraq, and Lebanon. Given increased conflicts and combat in the Middle East, PTSD and other trauma-related mental health conditions are expected to become public health crisis in the Arab world (Suto, 2016). Therefore, public health professionals in the Middle East face the need to develop appropriate measures for diagnosis and treatment of PTSD and other trauma-related disorders. However, the treatment of this condition and other traumatic mental health disorders is significantly affected by culture. This paper examines how…
This paper will outline some of the high-level issues in the American health care system. At this level, the discussion centers around issues such as the political environment, the influence of key stakeholders and power structures. By analyzing the health care system through these lenses, the observer is able to better understand why (or why not) good ideas are implemented (or not). There are five central questions that will be addressed in this discussion, starting with the impact of socioeconomic and sociopolitical factors on US health care policy.
Socioeconomic / sociopolitical factors
One of the most critical issues in the US health care system is the socioeconomic disparity in health outcomes. This is typically driven by access to care. Lantz, House & Lepkowski (1998) found that mortality risk was a function of income, with the lowest-income groups in their study having the highest mortality risk. While there…
The Effect of Interactive Word Walls on Literacy Development of English Language Learners (ELL) in Middle School – Data Collection Completion and Potential Actions
Part 1 – Data Collection
As previously indicated, a qualitative descriptive research design will be employed to examine the effect of interactive word walls on literacy development of ESL learners in middle school. Since the nature of the research issue is exploratory, the study will collect and analyze qualitative data to help answer the research question. Qualitative data for this study will be collected from existing data relating to this issue. The use of existing data sources is suitable for the study because of the time and finance constraints facing the research. Moreover, the researcher believes that existing data already contains significant insights on this issue and would help answer the research question. As previously indicated, existing data on the research issue will be collected from…
Hollingsworth, H. & Heard, J. (2018, December 10). Teacher Comments in School Reports: What’s Effective? Retrieved November 25, 2020, from https://www.teachermagazine.com/au_en/articles/teacher-comments-in-school-reports-whats-effective/
Piro, J.S. (2011, January). Data Literacy for Student Achievement. National Social Science Journal, 36(1), 114-119.
Schildkamp, K. (2019, June 12). Data-based Decision-making for School Improvement: Research Insights and Gaps. Educational Research, 61(3), 257-273.
Pergault and the sales managers will receive, and many sales managers have
no doubt worked for years with these accounts. Asking them tell these
accounts to order only on the Web through an online ordering system is like
asking the sales managers to walk away from one of the most major
commitments they have made in their professional lives.
In addition to that critical dynamic of account ownership, it makes the
most sense to put the most seasoned and highly trained members of the sales
force on those accounts that are the most profitable. There is also the
fact that in these larger accounts the purchasing decisions are more
complex, require a greater breadth of support across the product lines, and
are often project-based in scope. All of these reasons underscore the need
for personalized service.
What Ken Sutton needs to do is to explain to the new CEO…
Three Strikes Law on the African-American Community
Three Strikes legislation, which imposes sentencing enhancement on repeat offenders, often culminating with mandatory life sentences for third-time offenders, has gained popularity throughout the United States. The legislation began in California, where two highly publicized murders committed by convicted felons prompted an outcry against allowing recidivists to return to the community. California did see a decrease in crime rates following its institution of the Three Strikes policy, though there is considerable debate about whether the Three Strikes laws were responsible for that decline. Many other states adopted the legislation, so that about half of all states now have three strikes legislation. While these laws may not necessarily have the desired deterrence effect on crime, the general consensus appears to be that they are not harmful to society; therefore, even if they cannot be proven to be helpful, they should remain in place. However,…
Brown, B. & Jolivette, G. (2005). A primer: Three strikes- the impact after more than a decade.
Retrieved February 13, 2012 from Legislative Analyst's Office website: http://www.lao.ca.gov/2005/3_strikes/3_strikes_102005.htm
Goodno, N.H. (2007). Career criminal targeted: The verdict is in, California's Three Strikes law proves effective. Golden Gate U.L. Rev., 37(2), 461-485.
Jones, B. (1999). Why the Three Strikes law is working in California. Stanford Law & Policy
" (Rosser, et al., 1999) Furthermore, Rosser et al. (1999) relates that these changes are overwhelming for some students and "…can overtax their capacity to cope, thereby compromising academic and emotional functioning." Unfortunately, there remains a paucity of recent research, especially longitudinal studies, concerning the experiences of adolescents during their transition to high school. According to Isakson and Jarvis, "The amount of time spent in school serves not only to educate students, but also to shape their social world, contributing to overall development. Yet, changing schools represents a specific life transition that is acknowledged as a challenging and potentially stressful life event" (p. 1). In fact, that transition to high school represents a profound challenge for many young learners no matter what their primary school organization. For instance, Isakson and Jarvis note that, "Whether the eighth-grade year was spent in a kindergarten through eighth-grade school (Grades K-8), a middle school…
The impact of social pressures and cultural influences on human development are not fully know. Only pieces of information are available for us to understand as there is much to be learned and gathered from this subject. The purpose of this essay is to examine two distinct articles directly related to socio-cultural influences on the development of the human species. This essay will first review and summarize each article on its own merits before offering new conclusions about the feasibility, practicality and overall usefulness of these two arguments presented.
Bakermans-Kranenburg et al. (2004) article about attachment security and minority children helped to expose some important information about the ways culture has a direct and sometimes profound impact on human development. Through statistical analysis gathered from qualitative means, certain patterns of relationships were identified through this study. The study eventually found that there are significant differences in the way…
Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. et al. (2004). Differences in attachment security between African- American and white children; ethnicity or socio-economic status? Infant Behavior & Development,27 (2004) 417-433.
Varela, R. et al. (2009). Parenting strategies and socio-cultural influences in childhood anxiety; Mexican, Latin American descent, and European-American families. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23, 2009, 609-616.
The purpose of this research is to fill in the gap discovered in the literature review. The impact the Sarbanes-Oxley Act on companies is measurable. However, not much is known about how these companies adjusted in order to absorb the impact of compliance. In order fully to understand the impact of Sarbanes-Oxley on corporations, one must understand how they absorbed the expenses and the impact that it may have had on other departments. This research focuses on the methods used to negate the consequences of compliance with Sarbanes-Oxley.
Carpenter, T., Fennema, M., Fretwell, P., & Hillison, W. (2004). A Changing Corporate Culture. How Companies are adjusting to Sarbanes-Oxley. Journal of Accountancy. March 2004. etrieved February 8, 2009 at http://www.journalofaccountancy.com/Issues/2004/Mar/AChangingCorporateCulture.htm
Crosley, G. (2005). Selling to Audit Committees. Journal of Accountancy. February 2005. etrieved February 8, 2009 at http://www.journalofaccountancy.com/Issues/2005/Feb/SellingToAuditCommittees.htm
Daks, M. (2006). Companies 'Go Dark' to Avoid SOX Compliance, New Jersey…
Carpenter, T., Fennema, M., Fretwell, P., & Hillison, W. (2004). A Changing Corporate Culture. How Companies are adjusting to Sarbanes-Oxley. Journal of Accountancy. March 2004. Retrieved February 8, 2009 at http://www.journalofaccountancy.com/Issues/2004/Mar/AChangingCorporateCulture.htm
Crosley, G. (2005). Selling to Audit Committees. Journal of Accountancy. February 2005. Retrieved February 8, 2009 at http://www.journalofaccountancy.com/Issues/2005/Feb/SellingToAuditCommittees.htm
Daks, M. (2006). Companies 'Go Dark' to Avoid SOX Compliance, New Jersey Law Journal, Aug. 3, 2006. Retrieved February 8, 2009 at ( http://www.law.com/jsp/ihc/PubArticleIHC.jsp?id=1154509535896 ).
Edison, a / (2006). Exploring the Impact of Sarbanes-Oxley. Oil & Gas Financial Journal. 3 (10). Retrieved February 8, 2009 at http://www.ogfj.com/display_article/275018/82/ARCHI/none/none/1/Exploring-the-impact-of-Sarbanes-Oxley/
Through its innovation strategy, the company has been consistent in manufacturing products with greater reliability even with its decline to make its music protection software and operating system available to others. The company locks its engineer away for them to develop new ideas and incorporate the results in elegant software and stylish design ("Lessons from Apple," 2007). Innovation has largely impacted the company's products since it focuses on designing new products centered on users' needs instead of the demands of technology. Through user-centric innovation, Apple Inc. has merged clever technology with simplicity that allows customers to dictate product designs.
Innovation at Hyundai Motors:
Innovation has had a significant impact on the strategy, process and products of Hyundai Motors whose vision involves innovation for humanity. Through its commitment to innovation, Hyundai Motors has worked hard to improve quality and brand value ("Hyundai Motor Company," n.d.). Consequently, the company invests part of…
Farren, C. (n.d.). Innovation and Engagement -- Learning from the Olympics. Retrieved July 28,
2011, from http://www.masteryworks.com/newsite/clientimpact/impact_archives_oct08.html
"Hyundai Motor Company." (n.d.). Siemens PLM Software. Retrieved July 28, 2011, from http://www.plm.automation.siemens.com/en_us/about_us/success/case_study.cfm?ComponentTemplate=1481&Component=82378
"Lessons from Apple." (2007, July 7). The Economist. Retrieved July 28, 2011, from http://www.economist.com/node/9302662
Dropping the interest rates and doing other things to make consumers breathe a little easier when they make a purchase shows that the country is pulling together, which is something that the recession is teaching almost everyone in America - that people are all alike in many ways, and they need to help each other out as much as possible.
Is the fiscal policy maneuvering a good idea? Many people think that using fiscal policy is not a good idea to try to stimulate the economy. The reason for this is that fiscal policy has a built-in system of checks and balances. For example, when the unemployment rate rises, the amount paid out in unemployment benefits also rises. It is just the way the system works. Many think that people mess with that system at their own peril. The concern is that the whole thing will get out of balance…
Baucus, Max. (2002). Economic Stimulus Package for 2003. United States Senate. http://finance.senate.gov/press/pr121902a.pdf .
Becker, G.S. (1968). Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach. Journal of Political Economy 76:169-217.
Bertot J. (2001). Measuring Service Quality in the Networked Environment: Approaches and Considerations. Library Trends, 49(4):758-775.
Blitz B, Hamasu C, Sandstrom H. (2001). The Focus Group: A Tool for Programme Planning, Assessment, and Decision-Making -- an American View. Health Information and Libraries Journal, (1):30-37
No efforts have been made to create a strong consumer base in the Philippines itself by improving the lot of the Filipino workers (Bello 3). Had a local market been created and some protections afforded to Filipino workers, development may well have proceeded in a more positive direction as the nation would have been better able to take advantage of those aspects of globalization that offered true benefits, rather than sinking all economic hopes into the long shot that the small nation could compete with nations like India and China as a source of cheap labor. Despite this reality, economic reform in the Philippines has consistently focused on re-creating the nation as an export economy, specifically in the it industry. It probably seemed like a natural extension of economic development in the 1980s and 1990s when the Philippines was attempting to embrace globalization. Globalization offered a way to integrate with…
Austria, Myrna S. "Assessing the Competitiveness of the Philippine it Industry." The Philippines Institute for Development Studies. Jan. 2000. 2 Dec. 2007 http://dirp4.pids.gov.ph/ris/dps/pidsdps0003.pdf .
Austria, Myrna S. "Competitiveness of the Philippine it Industry: What Lies Ahead." Philippine Institute for Development Studies. Feb. 2000. 2 Dec. 2007 http://dirp4.pids.gov.ph/ris/pdf/pidspn0002.pdf .
Austria, Myrna S. "Liberalization and Regional Integration: The Philippines' Strategy to Global Competitiveness." The Philippines Institute for Development Studies. Apr. 2001. 2 Dec. 2007 http://dirp4.pids.gov.ph/ris/dps/pidsdps0109.pdf .
Austria, Myrna S. "The Philippines in the Global Trading Environment: Looking Back and the Road Ahead." Philippine Institute for Development Studies. Nov. 2002. 2 Dec. 2007 http://dirp3.pids.gov.ph/ris/dps/pidsdps0215.pdf .
Invention of Gun Powder and the Impact it Had on the Chinese Society and Warfare
The invention of gunpowder was driven by the quest for unending life. Gunpowder, however, ended up being more or less a death potion, responsible for the development of the deadliest war weapon, after the atomic bomb. An invention dating back to the Song and Tang Dynasties, between the 9th and 11th centuries, gunpowder came to be considered one of China's "Four Great Ancient Inventions,' alongside the compass, printing, and papermaking. Due to its explosive nature, gunpowder was first used for fireworks, and later, as an explosive in war. Prior to gunpowder invention, the Chinese military used fire as their main war weapon. Fire, however, had limited coverage, and Chinese strategists sought to develop a weapon with wider coverage.
Gunpowder was employed in warfare in the 15th century. It evolved from the ancient cannon to the…
Black, Jeremy. War: a Short History. Maiden Lane, NY: Continuum, 2009.
Chase, Kenneth. Firearms: a Global History to 1700. West Street, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Gunpowder and Firearms. Washington University. http://depts.washington.edu/chinaciv/miltech/firearms.htm
Panciera, Walter. "Venetian Gunpowder in the Second Half of the Sixteenth Century: Production, Storage, Use." In Gunpowder, Explosives and the State, edited by Brenda Buchanan, 93-120. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing Company, 2006.
World War Analysis
WWI analysis examining the significance and impact of WWI on U.S. history
In the early 20th Century, a general fear existed that a huge war would break out due to the circumstances existing at that time and therefore every small incident was considered deadly. However the triggering factor was the assassination of Austrian Archduke Ferdinand in June 1914 resulting in World War I (WWI) or the Great War. WWI took place from 1914 to 1918 and major countries took part in it; war resulting in drastic consequences such as collapse of economies and death of millions of people. The two main groups fighting against each other were Triple Alliance and Triple Entente (also known as the Western Powers). The U.S. did not participate in the war in the beginning and tried its best to remain neutral. However, it was forced to join the Triple Entente when German…
Maryland Prison System
Crime is expensive. But so too is punishment. The state of Maryland, like the majority of states across the nation at the moment, is facing a period of slow economic growth and shrinking economic resources even as it continues to have to meet the needs of its citizens. This paper examines the effect on the state's overall budget of the cost of incarcerating prisoners.
The treatment of prisoners causes few legal problems for the government of a dictatorship. A government that refuses to acknowledge the human rights of even its law-abiding citizens is not likely to show too many qualms about shoving its criminals into overcrowded and unsafe prisons - or even to worry about whether the niceties of due process were considered in getting the person to prison to begin with. But the rule of constitutional law changes all that. Because we live in a country…
Feely, M. And Edward, R. (1998). Judicial policy making and the modern state: How courts reformed. Cambridge: Cambridge University.
Hafetz, J. (1995). Tough justice. New York Empire State Report. http://188.8.131.52/search?q=cache:5haT4coRUqgJ:www.mdgreens.org/montgomery/pdf/schoolsnotprisons.pdf+maryland+state+budget+prison&hl=en&ie=UTF-8
September 11, 2001 have had a significant impact on the way people view security. A recent study has indicated that there are two major tendencies that people experience after a major traumatic event like the terrorist attacks on the Twin Towers and Pentagon: "a long-term lasting search for security…and a medium-term risk avoiding behavior in the loss domain." (Sacco, 2003, p. 1113) In other words, terrorist attacks can alter the way people view security as well as the way people behave afterwards. And it is not only the people directly involved in the incident that are affected, but it has been demonstrated that the emotional and psychological effects of terrorism are have spread across the nation as whole. (Silver, 2004, p. 47) Therefore it is important to study the effects on 9/11 on the decision making of local emergency responders in response to the attacks and see what changes were…
"Arlington County After-Action Report on the Response to the September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack on the Pentagon." Arlington County Homepage. Retrieved from https://www.arlingtonva.us/departments/Fire/Documents/after_report.pdf
"Arlington County (ARCO) Conference Report: Local Response to Terrorism" Arlington
County Homepage. Retrieved from https://www.arlingtonva.us/departments/EmergencyManagement/pdf/ARCO_
Impact on Equity
One major point regarding equity as applied to performance-based assessment is made by Yale Professor Emeritus Edmund Gordon (Dietel, Herman and Knuth, 1991). "We begin with the conviction that it is desirable that attention be given to questions of equity early in the development of an assessment process rather than as an add-on near the end of such work....The task then is to find assessment probes (test items) which measure the same criterion from contexts and perspectives which reflect the life space and values of the learner."
According to obert Linn (Dietel, Herman and Knuth, 1991), "The criterion of equity needs to be applied to any assessment. It is a mistake to assume that shifting from standardized tests to performance-based assessments will eliminate concerns about biases against racial/ethnic minorities or that such a shift will necessarily lead to equality of performance. Although many at-risk students come to…
American School Board Journal. (February, 2006). Questions About NCLB's Effectiveness. Education Vital Signs. American School Board Journal.
Dale Holt, Mary Rice and Christine Armatas. (2003). The emergence of an online learning community in first year tertiary studies in psychology. Australian Journal of Educational Technology, 19(2), 161-175.
Heath, Suzanne. (2002). No Child Left Behind Act. Wrightslaw.
Kandlbinder, P. (2003). Evaluating Assessment Performance. A Paper presented at Learning for an unknown future: 2003 Annual International Conference of HERDSA, July 6-9, Christchurch, New Zealand.
ehavioral Finance and Human Interaction a Study of the Decision-Making
Processes Impacting Financial Markets
Understanding the Stock Market
Contrasting Financial Theories
Flaws of the Efficient Market Hypothesis
Financial ubbles and Chaos
The stock market's dominant theory, the efficient market hypothesis (EMH) has been greatly criticized recently for its failure to account for human errors, heuristic bias, use of misinformation, psychological tendencies, in determining future expected performance and obtainable profits.
Existing evidence indicates that past confidence in the EMH may have been misdirected, as the theory's models do not show a thorough understanding of trading operations in a realistic light.
Researchers have suggested that a variety of anomalies and inconsistent historical results demand that traditional financial theories, namely the EMH, be reconstructed to include human interaction as a key decision-making process that directly affects the performance of financial markets.
This research paper aims to determine whether or not there is a…
Barrett, Larry. (January, 2001). Emotional investing a recipe for disaster. CNET News.com.
Bernstein, Peter. (1998). Against the Gods: The Remarkable Story of Risk. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Brennan, Phil. (March 12, 2002) The Great Stock Market Scam. NewsMax.com.
Business Week. (September 29, 1997) The Perils of Investing Too Close to Home.
Sociology and the Internet
The rise of the Internet has been one of the most significant events of the recent past. It has effected society in a massive range of ways, with few people being unaffected by the Internet. The following paper will consider how the Internet has impacted society from a social psychology perspective. With this focus, it will be shown that the Internet has impacted the way people interact with information, has given people greater control over their own lives, has increased the social support available to people, has impacted media and communication, and has created greater censorship issues.
The Internet has resulted in a major change in how people respond and interact with information. Hammerich and Harrison describe the online reader saying,
Online readers are in a big hurry. esearch shows that they hop, skip, and jump over text; avoid fluff such as promotional writing, logos, and…
Graham, A., & Davies, G. Broadcasting, Society and Policy in the Multimedia Age. Luton: University of Luton Press, 1997.
Hammerich, I., & Harrison, C. Developing Online Content: The Principles of Writing and Editing for the Web. New York: Wiley, 2002.
McQuail, D. Audience Analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1997.
Meyrowitz, J. "The Separation of Social Space from Physical Place." The Media Studies Reader. Eds. Tim O'Sullivan & Yvonne Jewkes. London: Edward Arnold Ltd., 1997.
Social Media on Teenagers -- Literature eview
The recent technological advancements have transformed modern communications by generating new ways for interactions. One of the by-products of these advancements is the emergence of social media, which has become an important communication tool in today's society, especially among teenagers. Teenagers are increasingly using social media networks for interactions because of the numerous advantages of social networking sites. However, the substantial use of social media by teenagers has become an alarming issue that is characterized by concerns regarding privacy and security. Actually, the impact of social media on teenagers aged between 13 and 19 years has become the focus on numerous studies. This is primarily because teenagers are increasingly trying to be socially active and struggle to cope up with school. The existing studies have attempted to determine the various impacts of social media on teenagers and how negative impacts can…
Daclan, J.R.L. (2013, October). Online Social Networking-based Health Education: Effects on Students' Awareness and Practice of Laboratory Safety. TOJET: The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 12(4).
Dimitriou, D., Knight, F.L. & Milton, P. (2015, December 1). Social Media and Drinks Before Bed Affecting Teenagers' School Performances. Community Practitioner: The Journal of the Community Practitioners' & Health Visitors' Association, 89, 1.
Eckles, J. E., & Stradley, E.G. (2012). A Social Network Analysis of Student Retention Using Archival Data. Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 15(2), 165-180.
Jimoyiannis, A., Tsiotakis, P., & Roussinos, D. (2013). Social Network Analysis of Students' Participation and Presence in a Community of Educational Blogging. Smart Education, 10(1), 15-30.
Discrimination and Prejudice Affects Families
Discrimination is basically defined as the unfair or prejudicial treatment of various kinds of people or things, particularly on the basis of age, race, sex or ethnicity. In contrast, prejudice can be described as a preconceived opinion about a person or a group of people that is not based on experience or research. Discrimination and prejudice occur in various societies as various groups of people are wrong preconceived opinions and unfair treatment that is fueled by various factors. Some of the most common factors that generate discrimination and prejudice include cultural differences, religious differences, socio-economic differences, racial differences, differences in sexual orientation and preferences, and differences in nationality. As a result of its spread, discrimination and prejudice continues to have considerable impacts on families and child rearing practices, which necessitate the development of measures to address it.
How Discrimination Affects Families
Generally, the effect of…
Ambrosino, R., Heffernan, J., Shuttlesworth, G. & Ambrosino, R. (2011). Brooks/Cole
empowerment series: social work and social welfare: an introduction (7th ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.
Davies, M. (2008, November). Eradicating Child Poverty: The Role of Key Policy Areas.
Retrieved November 22, 2014, from http://www.jrf.org.uk/sites/files/jrf/2271-poverty-exclusion-discrimination.pdf
Audit in isk Management
Agelova, B., Koleva, B. (2015). The role of internal audit in risk management system of the companies. Economic Development, 3: 1-10.
This study shows that the purpose of the internal audit is increasingly oriented towards mitigating risk so that the firm in question can reduce uncertainty and exercise adequate, effective and appropriate decision making processes. The focus of the study is, therefore, on the internal audit aspect of a company's risk management. The purpose of the study is situated in evaluation research -- here, that which is evaluated is the "contribution of the internal audit in the management of risks in the Macedonian enterprises" (Angelova, Koleva, 2015, p. 1).
The sample used for this included the managers of 30 Macedonian enterprises along with 48 internal auditors in the epublic of Macedonia. The survey method was used for gathering data and the finding of the study was…
Agelova, B., Koleva, B. (2015). The role of internal audit in risk management system of the companies. Economic Development, 3: 1-10.
Organizational Development and Change
With so much competition in the modern day business, every company or institution has to invest in some elaborate adaptation plan if it is to stay afloat. With changes and evolution becoming mandatory, executives are under increased pressure to initiate and manage changes that will make their companies stronger and more competitive. Consequently, any analysis related to organizational changes has now taken precedence in organizational research. Nonetheless, the market still suffers from little or no research on the impact of organizational change on its growth and performance.
At present, organizational change research is inconclusive as most studies have established that very few organizational change programs lead to anticipated results. These studies have shown that organizational change programs generally do not lead to any short-term growth or boost in firm's performance. Even though there are a number of papers published to address and conceptualize organizational change models,…
Buchanan, D. And Huczynski, A. (2013). Organizational Behavior. 8th ed. Pearson.
Burnard, K. And Bhamra, R. (2011). Organizational resilience: development of a conceptual framework for organizational responses. International Journal of Production Research, 49(18), pp.5581-5599.
Brazier, A. (2014). Organizational change. Loss Prevention Bulletin 239, pp.3-6.
Cabrey, T. And Haughey, A. (2014). Enabling Organizational Change through Strategic Initiatives. PMI's Pulse of the Profession In-Depth Report:, pp.2-12.
The San played into this as it was expected of them and as they did so they began to accept the expectations and beliefs of the rest of the world with regard to their identity. As a group it became what was expected of it and the individuals of the group did the same.
Two years ago the bushman took their government to court because they alleged they had been effectively evicted from the land that was rightfully theirs. In a catch 22 they seem to be losing their identities on all fronts as they work to embrace modern society and culture, while at the same time feel themselves being pushed out of the land that they have occupied for many centuries as the tourism industry and the government take over (Leithead, Alastair (2004) Botswana's Bushmen Battle for Land (http://www.globalpolicy.org/nations/sovereign/sover/emerg/2004/0712bushmen.htm).
Thousands of bushmen used to live traditional hunter-gatherer lives inside…
Cameron, David (2000) SUPPLEMENT/NUMeRO SPeCIAL 2, 2000
Globalization, Culture and Society: The State as Place Amidst Shifting
Spaces Department of Political Science University of Toronto
Leithead, Alastair (2004) Botswana's Bushmen Battle for Land
Another expample, as Dahlin (2007) notes, WorldCom was in the heart of one of the largest accounting scandals in history. Add to this the Wal-Mart effect of business in general, with companies having to compete with Wal-Mart's low costs, made possible partially due to their low wages, failure to pay overtime, nonexistent benefits, and resistance to unionization, and a ripple effect has been cast on the waters, causing other companies to follow suit, in an effort to be competitive.
Changing Society Equals a Changing Demand for Corporate Social esponsibility:
Today's changing society has increased the demand for corporate social responsibility. The decades of ethical abuse, coupled with the recent financial soul shattering scandals, has called for businesses to renew their social contract with society (Basu & Palazzo, 2008). Society now demands that corporations take responsibility for their interactions with the world.
A generation ago, most people didn't think tobacco was…
Basu, K. & Palazzo, G. Jan 2008, "Corporate social responsibility: A process model of sensemaking," Academy of Management Review vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 122-136.
Daboub, a. & Calton, J. Dec 2002, "Stakeholder learning dialogues: How to preserve ethical responsibility in networks," Journal of Business Ethics vol. 41, no. 1/2, pp. 85-98.
Dahlin, L. 2007, "Where have all the ethics gone? Business ethics and corporate social responsibility through the years," Proceedings of the Northeast Business & Economics Association pp. 360-366.
Porter, M. & Kramer, M. Dec 2006, "Strategy & society: The link between competitive advantage and corporate social responsibility," Harvard Business Review vol. 84, no. 12, pp. 78-92.
Rise and Spread of Christianity on the Classical World
It's often assumed that the religion of Christianity perhaps greatly and generously impacted the classical age; after all, it was in this period that its foundations were established and it ultimately became the formal religion of the classical age. But corroborating this understandable supposition isn't easy. One might realize the fact that Jesus's religion was a considerable progress from the paganism followed since ancient times. The eventual success of Christianity proved to be a blessing for humanity. Nevertheless, revealing the precise level and nature of its benefit to humanity is tricky[footnoteRef:1]. One can easily indicate individual lives in Christianity which were aided and purified. However, proving that it improved the overall society, political principles, economic standards and civil customs, the level of overall living, and overall moral standards is an entirely different matter. [1: McGiffert, Arthur Cushman. "The Influence of Christianity…
Thank you for your consideration of our company as your trusted Certified Public Accountant (CPA) and we hope that this is the beginning of a mutually beneficial relationship. Our company provides superior accounting services to clients with a wide range of accounting issues and needs. Therefore, we are ready to provide excellent accounting guidance and expertise that will help you achieve personal and financial success. In addressing your issue of irrevocable trusts, estate tax and gift tax, we will utilize a six-step procedure to provide you with the most reliable professional assistance.
Based on your request to establish an irrevocable trust for your two grandchildren, the determination of the impact of such a trust on gift tax and estate tax is important. An irrevocable trust is one with specified terms that cannot be changed even by the grantor once the agreement has been signed (Garber, 2017). In your case, there…
The Chinese currency was selected as the focus of this study for several reasons. The primary reason behind this selection is the rising importance of the Chinese currency's valuation compared to other major world currencies. This is because of China's already large and still-growing trade presence in all global markets and the artificial nature of its currency's valuation, as the government manipulates the exchange rate for the enminbi by tying it to certain other currencies rather than allowing it to "float" with market forces as do most other countries in the developed and developing world (India Times 2010). Despite this artificial hold on the currency, however, the enminbi has been allowed to appreciate in value at an increasing rate, and this is beginning to have an effect on the significant trade surplus that the country has long maintained (India Times 2010). The fact that China is the world's second…
India Times. (2010). U.S.-China trade and currency row rumbles on at APEC summit. Accessed 27 January. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/international-business/U.S.-China-trade-and-currency-row-rumbles-on-at-APEC-summit/articleshow/6921709.cms
Lin, J. (2004). Lessons of China's Transition from a Planned Economy to a Market Economy. Leon Kozminski Academy of Entrepreneurship and Management (WSPiZ) and TIGER Distinguished Lectures Series n. 16.
Health Care -- Impact Evaluation and Accountability
Accountability to stakeholders should be an integral aspect of any health-related government program. This is achieved by systematic and objective assessment of how a program's effectiveness, evaluation normally involves measuring and documenting a program's effectiveness; calculating a program's outcomes; documenting a program's execution and cost effectiveness; strengthening a program's impact. In the case of health-related government programs, the stakeholders to whom accountability is owed typically are those served by the program, those conducting the program, and those who will use evaluation findings to make decisions about the program. The importance of evaluations for accountability is underscored by the resources provided by state and federal governments for ongoing evaluations to ensure ongoing accountability to all stakeholders. Evaluation for the purpose of accountability can assist stakeholders and specifically those in charge of the programs in a number of ways, all of which in program continuation,…
Chatterji, M. (2008, Jan/Feb). Synthesizing evidence from impact evaluations in education to inform action. Retrieved on December 2, 2012 from search.proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com/docview/216902584/13AC6E704D753569CAD/1?accountid=28844
MacDonald, G., Starr, G., Schooley, M., Yee, S.L., Klimowski, K., & Turner, K. (2001, November). Introduction to program evaluation for comprehensive tobacco control programs. Retrieved on December 2, 2012 from www.cdc.gov Web site: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/tobacco_control_programs/surveillance_evaluation/evaluation_manual/pdfs/evaluation.pdf
Main State Legislature. (2009, January 2). OPEGA Home. Retrieved on December 2, 2012 from www.main.gov Web site: http://www.maine.gov/legis/opega/index.htm
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2011, November 10). Program Evaluation - DASH - Resources/HealthyYouth. Retrieved on December 2, 2012 from www.cdc.gov Web site: http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/evaluation/resources.htm
The project in question that of Building a reduced-sulfur generating, coal-fired plant by GHECO-One in Map Ta Phut, Thailand was examined for potential environmental impact due to the possible damage that the plant could cause. The company has stated throughout that their wish is to construct a plant that will be both environmentally and physically safe for the people, plants and animals that live within the region. This evaluation looks at that report with a specific view towards whether this environmental assessment is overly politicized in order to pacify the examining board of the country, and whether the site will have a cultural impact for the regions fishermen and others who either work in the area or are in some way affected by it. This evaluation is conducted to determine if the impact assessment met all of the requirements of a truthful and straightforward telling of the facts.…
EBR., 2009. Construction of GHECO-One coal-fired IPP power plant continues in Thailand. Retrieved from http://www.energy-business- review.com/news/construction_of_ghecoone_coalfired_ipp_power_plant_continu es_in_thailand_090526
Fujitsu., 2012. Fujitsu's ICT helps to solve environmental issues in Thailand. Retrieved from http://www.fujitsu.com/global/news/pr/archives/month/2012/20120207 - 02.html
GHECO-One., 2010. Thermal power plant project. Retrieved from http://www.glow.co.th/OurProject/EN/GHECO- ONE/Summary%20report%20of%20GHECO-ONE_English.pdf
Hariharan, M., 2011. Thailand's Map Ta Phut crisis -- The NGO side of the story. Retrieved from http://www.icis.com/blogs/asian-chemical - connections/2010/03/thailands-map-ta-phut-crisis -- .html
The impact of IS/IT on manufacturing begins with an analysis of firm's value-chain analysis.
Well-structured information systems allow companies to integrate and coordinate information with the value-chain activities, identify significant changes and trends in the company performance and compare similar activities performed in different locations (Bashein, Markus, and iley, 1994). These information systems also allow managers to make non-programmed manufacturing decisions, as Decision support systems and EP systems can aid management in handling complex manufacturing decisions by providing quick and proper solutions of non-recurring manufacturing problems.
The use of IS networks are also necessary to support just-in-time (JIT) inventory management systems, which dramatically reduce inventory costs by closely coordinating suppliers' deliveries and manufacturers' production schedules. Similarly, external IT networks make it practical to improve business delivery processes. IS/IT offers an organization the ability to effectively leverage information resources for manufacturing activities (Tomasko, 1993).
Traditionally, product development processes have been…
Bashein, B.J., Markus, M.L., and Riley, P. (1994). Preconditions for BPR success, and how to prevent failures. Information Systems Management, 10(1): 7-13.
Boar, B. (1994). Information technology and business alignment: A strategic assessment. In B. Voss and D. Willey (Eds.), Handbook of Business Strategy. New-York: Faulkner & Gray, pp. 173-188.
Davenport, T.H. (1993). Process innovation: Reengineering work through information technology. Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard Business Press.
Tomasko, R.M. (1993). Rethinking the corporation: The architecture of change. New York: Amacom.
Blogs on Business Communications
Business communications is a field that has drawn the interest of theorists and practitioners interested in improving the results of communication within the business activity. Communications in business has significantly evolved and changed throughout the decades. Business communications is also influenced by technological advancements. The Internet has improved the way individuals communicate in their business or private lives.
Therefore, technology plays an important role in the development of business communications. This refers to the quality of communications, but also to its efficiency. The impact of successful communication can be mostly observed on the success of the company or organization in case. In order to be successful, companies must focus on improving their communication style (Nielsen, 2013). This means that they must invest in technology developments, but also in the know how required in order to efficiently use these technologies in their attempt to improve communication.
1. Nielsen, L. (2013). Importance of Communication in the Business World. Retrieved July 28, 2013 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/importance-communication-business-world-2877.html .
2. The Benefits of Instant Messaging for Your Business (2013). National Federation of Independent Business. Retrieved July 29, 2013 from http://www.nfib.com/business-resources/business-resources-item?cmsid=54733 .
Exchange Rate Volatility on Trade Flows
Exchange Rate Volatility
Impact on International Trade Flows
Exchange Rate Volatility
Impact on International Trade Flows
Trade Flow Responsiveness
The dissolution of the Bretton-oods system in 1973 introduced a new era for international markets. No longer would the exchange rates be pegged and fluctuating exchange rates changed the game for international trade and investment. The newly introduced increase in volatility in the foreign exchange markets also increases the risk of uncertainty for all international transactions. The floating rates produce new complexities that have implications for any individual or organization who buys sells, makes, or trades goods or currencies. These implications directly affect nation's balance of trade; however they also literally indirectly affect every individual's lives in one way or another.
The exchange rate volatility has had mixed theories produced by academia in terms of its effects on trade flows.…
BAHMANI-OSKOOEE, M., & KARA, O. (2003). Relative Responsiveness of Trade Flows to a Change in Prices and Exchange Rate. International Review of Applied Economics, 293-308.
Bahmani-Oskooee, M., & Wang, Y. (2008). IMPACT OF EXCHANGE RATE UNCERTAINTY ON COMMODITY TRADE BETWEEN THE U.S. AND AUSTRALIA. Australian Economic Papers, 235-258.
Cheong, Chongcheul, (2004) "Does the risk of exchange rate fluctuation really affect international trade flows between countries?." Economics Bulletin, Vol. 6, No. 4 pp. 1?8
Hegerty, M.B.-O. (2007). Exchange rate volatility and trade. Journal of Economic Studies, 34 No. 3, 211-255
economy of the East Africa area
Economic growth literally involves critical issues pertaining to life and death. oughly 1.374 billion individuals survive on lower than 1.25 dollars/day, at America's 2005 purchasing power parity (PPP). Around 2.6 billion individuals (which constitute 40% of global population) survive on lower than 2 dollars/day. These individuals struggle with poor health and malnutrition; reside in areas with poor, degraded surroundings; are social outcasts; have low literacy levels or are wholly illiterate; have little voice over political matters; and struggle to earn meager wages as laborers, or on tiny, marginal farms, or in shabby slum areas (Todaro & Stephen, 2012). From 2010-2012, 15% of global population came under the 'chronic undernourished' category of individuals. Most of these individuals, numbering 850 million, belonged to developing countries (FAO, WFP, and IFAD 2012: 9).
This paper will deal with ways by which economic evaluations can explain the issue, and…
Bardy, R., Rubens, A., & Massaro, M. (2015). The Systemic Dimension of Sustainable Development in Developing Countries. Journal of Organizational Transformation & Social Change, 12(1), 22-41. doi:10.1179/1477963314Z.
Cypher, J.M. (2014). The Process of Economic Development (4th Edition), Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.
FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations), WFP (World Food Programme), and IFAD (International Fund for Agricultural Development). (2012). The State of Food Insecurity in the World. Rome: FAO.
Mah, J.S. (2015). R&D Promotion Policies of Developing Countries and Fairness in International Trade Relations. Journal Of Economic Issues (M.E. Sharpe Inc.), 49(1), 179-196. doi:10.1080/00213624.2015.1013886
Long-Term Effects of Social Promotion on Student and Teacher
There is a problem in an urban elementary school in Eastern New York. This problem specifically is the social promotion of fifth grade students. Currently, nothing is being done to address the issue of social promotion which is supported by state education policies that benefits from children being passed to the next grade level. There is a lack of training for teachers who teach students who are at risk learners. Teaching at risk learners is one of the areas that require high quality teachers to enhance learner outcomes. However, at risk learners have teachers who are not adequately trained to meet the standards of effective teaching to meet their needs (Grant, Stronge & Popp, 2008). The current educational system/framework does not align such learners with expert teachers, but with average teachers with inadequate training, average skills, and less experience (Grant, Stronge…
Aldridge, J. & Goldman, R. (2014, May 7). Current issues and trends in education (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Allyn & Bacon.
Education Week. (2004, August 4). Social Promotion. Retrieved December 22, 2016, from https://www.edweek.org/ew/issues/social-promotion/
Grant, L., Stronge, J.H. & Popp, P. (2008, May). Effective Teaching and At-Risk/Highly Mobile Students: What Do Award-Winning Teachers Do? Retrieved from Sonoma State University website: http://www.sonoma.edu/TRIO-training/research/homeless/mobile.pdf
Hernandez-Tutop, J. (2012, May). Social Promotion or Grade Repetition: What's Best for the 21st Century Student. Retrieved from Institute of Education Sciences website: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED532287.pdf
Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 in reducing fraudulent financial reporting
Introduction to Fraudulent Financial eporting
Available research on financial statement fraud relies mostly on anecdotal evidence (for example, Wells, 2001, 2002, 2004a, and 2004b; ezaee, 2003). This evidence offers advice on how mechanisms related to the fraud triangle can be curtailed. It leads to theoretical sense to reduce factors which lead to more instances of fraud. However, deterrence and established deterrence methods in place within organizations have not been examined in proper detail. Neither have the secondary issues which can influence a person's chance of committing financial statement fraud. But there are multiple researches where deterrence models have been tested on other types of fraud e.g. tax fraud, fraudulent reports of environmental violations etc. Generally speaking, a clear consensus regarding the level of effectiveness of prevention mechanisms, such as those stated in GDT, is not present. There are two key parts…
Abbott, L.J., S. Parker, and G.F. Peters. 2004. Audit committee characteristics and restatements. Auditing: A Journal of Practice & Theory 23 (1): 69-88.
AICPA: 2002, Statement on Auditing Standards (SAS) No. 99: Consideration of Fraud in a Financial Statement Audit (American Institute of Certi-ed Public Accountants, Durham).
Albrecht, W. And Albrecht, C. (2004). Fraud examination and prevention. South- Western, Mason Ohio.
Albrecht, W.S. And M.B. Romney. 1986. Red flagging management fraud: A validation. Advances in Accounting 3: 323-333.
AIDS on South African Development
Today, the chromium, platinum, gold and diamond mining sectors provide the largest percentage of export revenues for South Africa. One of the inevitable consequences of these natural resource extraction industries is the proliferation of mining camps that house the migrant domestic and foreign workers from neighboring countries that support the industry. Although conditions vary, most mining camps are squalid affairs that lack running water, electricity or the other basic amenities of modern life that most people take for granted. These harsh living conditions, combined with the loneliness that results from being forced to spend long periods of time away from family and friends, create an ideal environment for the spread of communicable diseases, especially human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV / AIDS). This paper provides a review of the related primary and secondary literature concerning mining camps and their role in the spread…
Boe, Hans-Petter and Crush, Jonathan. HIV / AIDS, Population Mobility and Migration in Southern Africa: Defining a Research and Policy Agenda. Pretoria: Regional HIV / AIDS
Programme for Southern Africa of the Netherlands' Embassy in Pretoria, 2005.
Lurie, M. et al. (1999). "Circular Migration and Sexual Networking in Rural KwaZulu-Natal:
Implications for the Spread of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases." Health
3G mobile technologies on teenagers
Mobile communication technology (e.g., wi-fi, the 3G cell phone, Music player) uses in American youth are omnipresent (Aoki and Downes, 2003; Chen, 2006; Katz, 2008). Among numerous modern mobile interactive technologies, the 3G cell phone is understood to be "the most radiative domestic appliance ever invented" (Coghill, 2001, p. 28). Various reasons, for example comfort, convenience, mobility, security, as well as networking put together why the 3G cell phone was preferred by its customers (Palen et al., 2000; Ling, 2004). Early studies from the 3G cell phone demonstrated that safety and ease of access were the main explanations why people adopted communication technology (Palen et al., 2000). ecent reports (Ling, 2004 and 2008) discovered that networking appears to become the main reason 3G cell phone customers depended upon this communication device.
The 3G cell phone can also be an essential communication technology in everyday existence.…
Aoki, K., Downes, E.J., 2003. Ananalysis of young people's use of and attitudes toward cellphones. Telematics and Informatics, 20(4), 364 -- 394.
Chen, Y.F. 2005. The relationship of mobile phone use addiction and depression among college students: American and Taiwanese cases. Paper presented at the meeting of the 91st annual convention of the National Communication Association, Boston, MA.
Chen, Y.F., 2006. Social phenomena of mobile phone use: an exploratory study in Taiwanese college students. Journal of Cyber Culture and Information Society 11, 219 -- 244.
Coghill, R., 2001. Inappropriate measures. The Ecologist, 31, 28 -- 29.
Societal Forces on Education
Childhood obesity is a serious social problem in America. The effects of obesity in childhood are well documented in both the social science literature and medical journals. During the last 30 years, the percentage of obese children between the ages of 6 and 11 has risen 200% while the percentage of obese children between 12 and 19 has tripled (CDC, Preventing Childhood Obesity, 2010). Obesity in the United States has increased among all cohorts and ethnicities, spans across generations, and is not limited to income or educational levels. For the purposes of this paper, I have chosen to identify a video game-based learning model in the classroom to combat the effects of childhood obesity. Specifically, this proposal involves implementing a Nintendo motion-based video game, Dance evolution that involves mimicking dance moves provided by onscreen commands.
This paper will first identify the significant issues of childhood obesity…
Gee, J.P. (2003). What Video Games Have To Teach Us About Learning And Literacy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Johnson, S. (1997). Interface culture: How new technology transforms the way we create and communicate. San Francisco: HarperEdge.
Kuroneko (2008). Using Dance Revolution (DDR) in Schools and the Classroom. Retrieved from: http://blog.classroomteacher.ca/59/dance-dance-revolution-ddr/
Lee J., Luchini, K., Michael, B., Norris, C., & Soloway, E. (2004). More than just fun and games: Assessing the value of educational video games in the classroom. In Proceedings from Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 1375-1378). Retrieved from http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=985921.986068
Batteries and the Environment
BATTERIES AFFECT ON THE EVIRONMENT
A Study of the Impact of Batteries on aste and the Environment
The disposal of batteries can led to negative consequences for human health. There are various types of batteries and most contain some form of a heavy metal that react with chemical electrolytes to produce the battery's power. hen batteries are improperly disposed of they can release these metals into the environment and contaminate the land, air, and water supplies. The most common heavy metals that can be found in batteries that have the worst adverse effects for human health are mercury, lead, cadmium, and nickel. Most of the developed world has instituted regulations which aim to enforce proper disposal to limit contamination. However, some of the new generations of materials have yet to fall under these regulations. Any exposure to these heavy metals can lead to adverse health effects…
Battery University. (N.d.). What's the Best Battery. Retrieved from Battery University: http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/whats_the_best_battery
Bellis, M. (N.d.). What is a Nickel Cadmium Battery? Retrieved from Inventors: http://inventors.about.com/od/bstartinventions/ss/How-A-Battery-Works_2.htm
Brian, M., Bryant, C., & Pumphrey, C. (N.d.). How Batteries Work. Retrieved from How Stuff Works: http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/everyday-tech/battery3.htm
Dictionary.com. (N.d.). battery. Retrieved from Dictionary.com: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/battery
On December 11th, parliament will make a decision on whether or not to accept Britain’s withdrawal agreement with the European Union. What are the ramifications for businesses, most specifically financial firms? From a PESTEL analysis perspective, it is important to note that financial firms ought to not only assess, but also analyze the relevant macro-environmental factors likely to impact the way they do business. Four factors will be taken into consideration in this discussion, with the context being the article; Financial Firms have Quietly Prepared for Brexit. There said factors are political, social, economic, and legal factors.
This has got to do with the degree (and impact) of government intervention in the economy. In reference to Brexit, the Dec 11 parliamentary decision will impact financial firms and how they conduct business. Although an event of this nature ought to trigger uncertainty in the industry, the article argues…
According to The orld Commission on Environment and Development (CED), "Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." There are many issues related to this important concept that have global implications. The purpose of this essay is to discuss the issue of consumption and how it affects the ability of the environment to continue sustainable living. This essay will first describe the issue and illustrate key points that relate consumption with sustainability. The next part of this argument will discuss the role of businesses and corporations and their relationship with this issue. The essay will conclude with commentary and conclusions about the current trends and future responses to consumption and the potential implications for businesses.
The Issue of Consumption
Consumption is a unique term that relates to the sustainability of any system. It…
Baumgartner, R.J., & Ebner, D. 2010. Corporate sustainability strategies: sustainability profiles and maturity levels. Sustainable Development, 18(2), 76-89.
Doppelt, B. & Mcdonough, W. 2010. Leading change toward sustainability: a change- management guide for business, government and civil society, (Updated 2nd ed.), Sheffield: Greenleaf, pp57-74.
Friedman, M. 1970/2009. The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Profits. In W. Cragg, M.S. Schwartz and D. Weitzner (Eds.), Corporate social responsibility 31-36. Farnham, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
Ihlen, O. & Roper, J. 2011. Corporate Reports on Sustainability and Sustainable Development: We Have Arrived. Sustainable Development, 2 Mar 2011. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/1775004/Corporate_reports_on_sustainability_and_sustainable _development_We_have_arrived
Low Vision Literature Review
The impact of low vision on a person's quality of life can be devastating… people with low vision can improve their quality of life through rehabilitation services to teach them how to use their remaining vision more effectively. Using a variety of visual aids may bring them back or help them keep their independence (Kupfer, 1999 as cited in indsor & indsor, 2001).
Low vision or vision loss has been operationally defined most commonly as that associated with macular degeneration due to age that accounts for more than half of all reported cases of visual impairment. There are other known causes of vision loss that include but may not be limited to corneal degeneration, eye injuries, traumatic brain injury, brain tumors, stroke, toxoplasmosis, optic atrophy, glaucoma, retinal dystrophies, retinal detachment, retinopathy of prematurity, achormatopsia and histoplasmosis (indsor & indsor, 2001). Moreover, visual impairment is described as…
Alliance for Eye and Vision Research. (1995). A vision of hope for older Americans' progress and opportunities in eye and vision research. An official report to the White House Conference on Aging. Alliance for Eye and Vision Research.
American Optometric Association. (1997). AOA Clinical Practice Guidelines Care of the Patient with Low Vision. St. Louis: American Optometric Association.
Kupfer, K. (1999). Announcing the National Low Vision Education Program. National Eye Institute.
Scott, I., Smiddy, W., Schiffman, J., Feuer, W., & Pappas, C. (1999). Quality of life
tax cuts it the State of Tennessee faced in the year 2002. It uses 3 sources in MLA format.
The issue of income tax has become the most significant for Tennessee in the recent years. After thousands of angry taxpayers upset claims at a plan to implement income tax the government has finally built the courage to address it. Tennessee is one of the only nine states without a state income tax. After the protest last year, there exist a split opinion about the income tax rate and the many varied views how it should be implemented. Tennessee is one of the lowest earning states with the ranking of 44th in employment and earnings among the other states.
A large number of Tennesseans view things very different from the protestors that storm Capitol in Nashville to intimidate legislators and disrupt peace. While the Governor of Tennessee in 1999 was against…
The President's Budget & Tennessee at http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/usbudget/states/tn.html
Stewart, John and Gill, Steve "Tennessee Tax tug-of-war" by http://www.cityviewonline.com/linkedpages/tntax.html
Hopper, Tommy Why We Do NOT Need an Income Tax by at http://home.att.net/~dc3/FOTCtransmiss07.htm
Sarbanes-Oxley act on auditing
Changes as a result of the 2002 Sarbanes-Oxley law
In the wake of numerous corporate accounting scandals, several of which involved the famed and trusted accounting firm of Arthur Anderson, the U.S. Congress instituted the 2002 Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOA). The Act was designed to reduce the likelihood of "cooked books, exorbitant [undisclosed] salaries and loans to CEOs, conflicts of interest by auditors, and hyped-up stock reports by securities analysts at some of America's highest-flying companies and investment firms" (Has Sarbanes-Oxley made a dent in corporate America's armor, 2004, Knowledge @Wharton). One of the reforms of SOA was to demand "significantly higher responsibility from audit committees of publicly traded companies" while amending the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 "to make the audit committee of a reporting company an important participant in the financial reporting process of the company" (Pandit, Subrahmanyam, & Conway 2005). Audit committees have been…
Has Sarbanes-Oxley made a dent in corporate America's armor? (2004).
Knowledge @ Wharton. Retrieved August 26, 2011 at http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=823
Pandit, Ganesh M. Vijaya Subrahmanyam, & Grace M. Conway. (2005). Audit committee reports before and after Sarbanes-Oxley. CPA Journal. Retrieved August 26, 2011 at http://www.nysscpa.org/cpajournal/2005/1005/essentials/p42.htm
ince most of the drafters of Arizona's Constitution were Progressives, the state's constitution included the initia-tive, referendum, and recall. However, since President Taft condemned recall of judges, and, a therefore, vetoed Arizona statehood, Arizona eliminated the recall of judges until after they became a state when they consequently pushed it through.
Part II-Write a reflective analysis on the amendment process for the Arizona Constitution. Is this a "fair" process? Does it give too much power to the people? Do you think the Progressive framers would approve of the way the process has been used thus far? Why? Defend your rationale.
The Arizona Constitution has undergone more amendments than the American Constitution itself has since Arizona became a state in 1912. ince the Progressive framers wanted to give rights to the people and since many of the amendments deal with curtailing the power of the judges and authorities, they would have…
Arizona: state history http://www.shgresources.com/az/history/
Arizona's Direct Democracy
What is the process for amending the Arizona Constitution - JustAnswer http://www.justanswer.com/law/1hc03-process-amending-arizona-constitution.html#ixzz1vruo6Q2z
Neo-Liberalistic Legal Concepts on Nations ith Distinct Legal Tradition (Common, Civil, Socialist)
This review of the related literature focuses on broad definitions of the law as historically legislated and then as practiced in three countries: Malaysia, Indonesia and China. Common law, civil law and socialist law will be defined separately and then as they each apply to the country which has used that system as its focus for legal practice. The effect that neo-liberalism had after the Asian financial crisis on these three nations will be then be examined. Finally, this review will determine if there has been a change post-crisis in merger and acquisition or public finance law.
It is necessary to begin by defining terms that will occur throughout this review. The three systems of law to be initially discussed in the review are common law, civil law and socialist law. Of course, many dispute the fact…
Agami, Abdel M. "The Role that Foreign Acquisitions of Foreign Companies Played in the Recovery of the Asian Financial Crisis." Multinational Business Review 10, no. 1 (2002): 11-17.
Batra, Madan M. "The Dark Side of International Business." Competition Forum 5, no. 1 (2007): 306-313.
Berman, Alan. "The Anwar Saga: Sexuality and Politics in Contemporary Malaysia." Gay & Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review 4, no. 3 (2008): 188-193.
Chan, Anita, and Jonathan Unger. "A Chinese State Enterprise Under the Reforms: What Model of Capitalism?" The China Journal 62 (2009): 1-15.
online learning module with the goal of developing a stand-alone learning module designed to teach Kindergarten-level students the basic colors. This paper will also address some learning gaps that are associated with this learning module in general, and what some of the performance and knowledge gaps of a color-teaching program in particular. A description of a desirable learning environment is followed by a discussion of some of the implications of technology involved, including bandwidth availability, as well as hardware and software availability. An assessment of potential problems with the availability of student access to technology is followed by a discussion of the merits of providing such a stand-alone program as an online application or presented as a computer-based training module. Finally, a summary of the research will be provided in the conclusion.
eview and Analysis
Background and Overview. Learning colors and shapes are important steps for young learners in general;…
Albers, P., Austin, T., Begoray, D., Carr, K.C., Goldberg, M.R., Kinzer, C.K., Labbo, L.D.,
Leu, D.J., Jr., Mckenna, M.C., Miller, S., Pailliotet, A.W., & Richards, J.C. (2003).
Integrating multiple literacies in K-8 classrooms: Cases, commentaries, and practical applications. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Carter, J.D., & Swanson, H.L. (1995). The relationship between intelligence and vigilance in children at risk. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 23(2), 201.
United States, in accordance with crime and violence, has been having highest rates of crime and violence in the world, and largely most of them violence are related to gun. U.S. Department of Justice has indicated that in the United States, violence related to guns consists of the largest violence rate. For example, back in year 1995.
Homicides who were involved in gun violence were about 68% out of which 60% were the cases related to handguns. Another example is that more than 34 thousand peopled died due to the gunfire in 1996 out of which 41% were outcomes of homicide in the United States (Shay et al., 1999).
The first law on gun control came about in 1911 in the State of New York. However, the most significant law on gun control was the rady bill which was passed in 1994. According to this law there is a restriction…
Box, G.E.P. And G.M. Jenkins. (1976). Time-series Analysis: Forecasting and Control. San Francisco: Holden-Day.
Campbell, R.E., Tour, O., Palmer, A.E., Steinbach, P.A., Baird, G.S., Zacharias, D.A. And Tsien, R.Y. (2002) A monomeric red fluorescent protein. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 99, 7877- 7882.
Cook, P.J. (1983). The Influence of Gun Availability on Violent Crime Patterns. In N. Morris and M. Tonry (Ed.), Crime and justice: An annual review of research, Vol. 4. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Cook, P.J. (1980) Reducing Injury and Death Rates in Robbery, Policy Analysis 6: 21-45
ADS in South Africa
Those of us living in the United States became used to the face of ADS a generation ago. We learned to recognize the particular gauntness that characterized those who had been struck by it, and who would soon be taken away by it. And then, after years of people dying from this disease, we learned that people who had this terrible disease could be healed; not cured, for they still contained the viruses within their bodies, but they could live lives that were happy and meaningful - and long. The terror of ADS subsided, becoming one of only many of the perils of modern life rather than one of the predominant ones.
But the trajectory of ADS in South Africa (as well as in other parts of the developing world, has been very different. Even in the first years of the disease the manifestations of it…
In already unstable societies, this cocktail of disasters is a sure recipe for more conflict. And conflict, in turn, provides fertile ground for further infections (http://www.nkosi.iafrica.com/aids_sa/).
AIDS is both the enemy in South Africa and a potential aid to other enemies. One of the reasons that AIDS has been successfully fought in the United States and Europe is the wealth of these nations; this has certainly been their primary advantage. But they have also benefited in the fight against AIDS from a high degree of social stability; public health measures can only be effective when used in a stable society.
One of the terrible ironies of AIDS in South Africa is that the nation does not have strong enough social structures to allow (at least so far) for the necessary public health measures to be taken. And as AIDS takes a greater and greater toll, the necessary social structures will only become weaker and weaker.
likeability is effected by management in the international workplace. It assumes a phenomenological approach to the notion of likeability, and is based on the idea that likeability in management is fundamental to achieving "connectedness" among employees and to inspiring the drive needed to ensure an organization's success. By conducting a survey of employees and managers from every major business continent of the globe (Asia, Europe, America, the Middle East), it seeks to understand the different ways in which likeability is manifested, discerned, appreciated, and utilized in the cross-cultural international workplace. Its aim is to fill a gap in likeability research regarding the importance of international managerial likeability and hopes to raise awareness about the essentiality of likeability to success. It also aims to identify the phenomenon of likeability as it appears in different cultures. Identifying that phenomenon and coming to terms with it will help business managers to better develop…
Data Analysis: A Phenomenological Approach
The methodology for this study is based on a phenomenological approach, rooted in the Moustakas (1994) model. The Moustakas model focuses on the idea that the "wholeness of experience" should form the essence of the research (Simon, 2011). Moustakas recommends a heuristic process that allows the researcher to immerse himself in the world/sphere he is observing, to "intuit" the relevant data, to use active learning as an illuminative process, to explicate, and to synthesize the information (Simon, 2011). A phenomenological approach will allow for an understanding of likeability "through the eyes of the participants in the study" (Simon, 2011). The phenomenon under consideration is the effect of likeability in the international workplace -- how it is effected, how it is perceived, and how it helps to advance business success.
Observing likeability "through the eyes of the participants in the study" presents a unique and novel opportunity to investigate the subjective aspect of likeability as opposed to an objective, empirical aspect of the concept. With the argument of Weaver (1984) in mind, that universality is a difficult concept for modern scientists to grasp because the existence of truth is essentially debated on philosophical, scientific, and metaphysical grounds, a study of likeability through the eyes of the participants provides the researcher with an opportunity to record the various ways that perception and reality meet and depart. Is there a reality of likeability or is likeability always merely a perception? Studies have argued that likeability can be controlled in the same way that EI can be controlled (Mayer et al., 2001). If such a claim can indeed be made, perhaps likeability is no more real than one's perception is true. In other words, if a manager can convince subordinates of likeability in order to "get ahead," it is possible that subordinates can convince themselves of their superior's "likeability" in order to appear as a "team player" and one who will not "rock the boat." Furthermore, such a suggestion may carry repercussions for what is meant by authenticity and whether or not this term carries any meaning of honesty or realness or whether it is
social psychology: Stanley Milgram's shock experiments and Philip Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Experiment. Both experiments were conducted, at least partially, to help explain why seemingly normal people became Nazi collaborators in the World War II era. The experiments help demonstrate how individual authority over another allows individuals to exercise their own proclivities for cruelty and how being under the direction of authority figures causes people to engage in behavior that they find distasteful or cruel. The paper also examines Jane Elliot's Brown Eye / Blue Eye experiment and what it says about the establishment of hierarchies.
Milgram and Zimbardo
After the end of World War II, as more and more information became available not just about the atrocities committed by the Nazis, but also about how seemingly normal individuals acted as collaborators to aid the Nazis in their pursuits, psychologists and sociologists became fascinated with how seemingly normal people could be…
Another Boring Week. (2013, January 4). Feature Film- The Stanford Prison Experiment.
Retrieved November 30, 2014 from YouTube website: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L_LKzEqlPto
Big History NL. (2013, March 19). Milgram Experiment. Retrieved November 30, 2014 from YouTube website: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xOYLCy5PVgM
Ludwing Media. (2012, November 19). Brown Eyes and Blue Eyes Racism Experiment
Media Has Shaped the Ages through Music:
Music is a medium that has shaped the ages in relation to its significant role in social movements. Actually, music has acted as one of the various methods and vehicles through which social movements have existed and developed. The role and significance of music in shaping the ages is primarily attributed to the fact that it represents more than entertainment as it has spoken for generations and exemplified belief systems. Generally, music has had a tremendous relationship to and impact on social movements in every decade from the 1960s through 2000-2010. Music has been used as a means of exemplifying the mood of the decade in terms of high profile events or movements that took place in the respective decade.
Music through the Decades:
As previously mentioned, music has played a significant role through the ages by shaping social movements and exemplifying the…
Hector, H. (2013, June 14). Understanding the History of Slavery through Bob Marley's 'Redemption Song.' Retrieved August 2, 2014, from http://www.one.org/us/2013/06/14/the-true-meaning-of-bob-marleys-redemption-song/
Holz, A.R. (2010, October 18). Musical Decades: The Revolutionary 1960s. Retrieved August 2,
2014, from http://www.pluggedin.com/upfront/2010/musicaldecades5-therevolutionary1960s.aspx
Suddath, C. (2011, October 21). ALL-TIME 100 Songs. Time Magazine. Retrieved August 2,
Globalization on Firms Expansion in Foreign Markets
The objective of this paper is to advance knowledge on globalization using empirical evidence to present the impact on the expansion of firms on foreign markets. By drawing support from different kinds of literature, the paper argues that the globalization acts as two-edged swords: Globalization is both beneficial and detrimental to firms with reference to the acquisition of foreign markets. Thus, firms are required to design effective business strategies and innovations to enjoy market opportunities from global markets while carefully managing inherent risks and threats associated with globalization. (Amonrat,. & Patriya, 2007).
Impact of Globalization of Firms Market Opportunities
As firms extend their businesses outside their home countries to access markets, well, services and resources across the borders, the negative and positive effects of globalization are increasingly affecting them. Globalization is defined as an ongoing economic, social and political process among nations. (Clougherty,…
Awuah, G.B. & Amal. M. (2011). The impact of globalization. European Business Review. 23.1 (2011): 120-132.
Amonrat, T . & Patriya, T. (2007). Globalization Effects and Firms Performances. Journal of International Business Research. 6.(2): 43-58.
Brooks, I. Weatherston, & Wilkinson, G.(2012). Globalization, challenges and changes. Pearson Education.
Chetty, S.(2014). Effectuation and Foreign Market entry of Entrepreneurial Firms. European Journal of Marketing, 49 ( 9/10): 1436-1459.
Domestic violence is a major problem in today's society that has significant effects in the well-being and proper functioning of the family and society. Generally, domestic violence and threat of violence contributes to the emergence of fear that basically destroys the normal functioning of the family and eventually affects the society. omen, children, and young people are the most commonly targeted and affected by violence or the threat of violence at home. The effect of domestic violence on individuals is attributed to the fact that exposure to violence in the immediate social environment generates considerable challenges and difficulties for the individual. The home or family environment acts as the immediate social environment for the growth and development of a person.
Brief Description of Domestic Violence:
Domestic violence has traditionally been regarded as a personal problem rather than a social problem. However, violence or the threat of violence has increased significantly…
Ooms, Theodora. "A Sociologist's Perspective on Domestic Violence: A Conversation with Michael Johnson, Ph.D." CLASP - Center for Law and Social Policy. Center for Law and Social Policy, 2006. Web. 20 Mar. 2014. .
"Sociological Effects on Women - Violence Against Women." Violence Against Women. Weebly.com, n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014. .
Social E-Commerce on the Innovative and Entrepreneurial Capabilities in the GCC
The advancement of social media has changed how individuals and companies conduct their business. The increase in use of smartphones has made it possible for more users to advertise their products on social media and provide links to their sales pages. Statistics indicate that by 2015, goods and services sold through online social networks globally attained the $30 billion mark. The research aims at evaluating the effects of social e-commerce on the innovative and entrepreneurial capabilities in the GCC. This research study indicates that social e-commerce has had a positive impact on the level of innovation and entrepreneurship in Gulf nations. It is recommended that through social e-commerce, entrepreneurs ought to lay more emphasis on engagement, which is generating relationships, communication and connections with an audience. What is more, embracing comments and conceptions from users, far and wide, is…
References Comment by babyliza: Not in alphabetical order
Al-Alawi, A. I., & Al-Ali, F. M. (2015). Factors Affecting eCommerce Adoption in SMEs in the GCC: An Empirical study of Kuwait. Research Journal of Information Technology, 7(1), 1-21. doi: 10.3923/rjit.2015.1.21
Crowther, D. & Lancaster, G. (2008) Research Methods: A Concise Introduction to Research in Management and Business Consultancy. Butterworth Heinemann
Davis, F. D. (1989). Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use and User Acceptance of Information Technology. MIS Quarterly 13(3), 319-340.
Hashim, N. A., Nor, S. M., & Janor, H. (2016). Riding the waves of social commerce: An empirical study of Malaysian entrepreneurs. Malaysian Journal of Society and Space, 12(2): 83-94.
programs and actions taken by health agencies to support cities and communities in their fight against the spread of HIV and AIDS virus. It will also discuss the demographic information of cities with high rate of HIV / AIDS, as well as other statistics in relation HIV / AIDS. Particular in this study is a discussion on one of the HIV / AIDS major areas - Miami.
Moreover, this section will provide the reader with an overview of the benefits that the health programs provide in different states and what they bring to communities of HIV / AIDS. It will explore on the success of such programs in terms of combating the disease.
A combat against HIV and AIDS, through an increased funding for health centers and services, is the main objective of this study. This specifically focuses on areas where most of the HIV / AIDS patients are financially…
Miami-Dade County Neighborhood Profiles.
Miami-Dade County Health Department. 25 May 2004. http://www.dadehealth.org/hiv/HIVprofiles.asp
Health Education and Risk Reduction Program.
Miami-Dade County Health Department. 26 May 2004. http://www.dadehealth.org/hiv/HIVed.asp
advances are made in technology, an increasing number of different forms of technologies, new uses and changes are being made in integrating new technologies into special education so as to benefit learners with disabilities. Research has made tremendous contributions in developing new technologies. Policymakers, too, have enabled the faster adoption of new technologies in special education so as to help learners with different kinds of behavioral and academic challenges. For instance, as early as 1994, James Kulik utilized meta-analysis to collect and analyze the results of over 500 different studies on computer-based learning. Technology-based learning, particularly through the use of computers, individualizes the learning process, so as to accommodate inclinations, knowledge systems, styles of learning, interests and needs of learners. Different forms of computer-based education software have been developed for such purposes, for instance, the Integrated Learning Systems. James Kulik made several conclusions upon the completion of the meta-analysis: that…
Best, S. J., Heller, K. W., & Bigge, J. L. (2005). Teaching individuals with physical or multiple disabilities (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson
Browder, D.M., Spooner, F., Wakeman, S., Trela, K., & Baker, J.N. (2006). Aligning instruction with academic content standards: Finding the link. Research & Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 31(4), 309-321
Butler-Kisber, L. (2013). Teaching and Learning in the Digital World: Possibilities and Challenges. Learning Landscapes.
Clercq, C. K. (2015). Digitally Enhanced Classrooms: Understanding the Effect of Individualized Technology on Language Arts Instruction in Elementary Schools. University Honors Theses .