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Socialization by the ook And the ed
Sociologists define socialization as "the process by which, through contact with other human beings, one becomes a self-aware, knowledgeable human being, skilled in the ways of a given culture and environment." (Giddens, Duneier, & Appelbaum) There are many ways in which we socialization occurs. Interaction with parents, family, neighbors and community members, teachers and fellow students, and religious leaders all contribute to socialization. Other contributors may include cultural influences such as TV and other media, the influence of a child's native language, religious mores, and various racial, ethnic, or gender messages that arrive from various sources. While psychologists often focus on the influence of early life experiences (such as the relationship between the mother and the infant during breast-feeding and weaning) in socialization, many sociologists tend to focus on broader family and cultural issues.
Certainly for many people, especially those who attend daycare…
Giddens, Anthony; Duneier, Mitchell; & Appelbaum, Richard. Introduction to Sociology (Chapter 4: socialization and the life cycle). W.W. Norton & Co.; 2003. http://www.wwnorton.com/giddens4/chapters/chapter4/welcome.htm
Kasper, Loretta (Ph.d). "Socialization and Culture." http://kccesl.tripod.com/hypertextstudy/printtext.html
Moore, Raymond. "Socialization." Home Educated Family Times Vol 11, # 2. http://www.homeeducator.com/FamilyTimes/articles/11-2article2.htm
The teacher can be part of the community that helps to guide the child along in the role of life. It is an important responsibility, but it is just one role to be played. Other members of the community may be equally as responsible, although homeschool moms might beg to differ. One recent study showed that homeschool moms are sometimes fearful about teachers and the community overreaching their boundaries. Concerning homeschool moms, the authors wrote, "they are far too informed to allow their children to participate in the manipulation of numbers as they relate to school performance" (Sanborn, Santos, Montgomery, Caruthers, 2004, pg. 27).
The onslaught of data available through the internet, as well as through other media has informed the latest generation with a relatively large amount of information, more so than at any other time in man's history. Students are more prepared to learn than they were in…
Durkin, K.; (1995) Socialization, The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Social Psychology, (ed A.S.R. Manstead and M. Hewstone), pp. 614-18. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell.
Medlin, R.G.; (2000) Home schooling and the questions of socialization, Peabody Journal of Edcuation, Vol. 75, No. 1 and 2, pp. 107-123
Romanowski, M.H.; (2006) Revisiting the common myths about homeschooling, The Clearing House, Vol. 79, No. 3, pp. 125 -- 129
Staff, J.; Kreager, D.A.; (2008) Too cool for school? Violence, peer status and high school dropouts, Social Forces, Vol. 87, No. 1, pp. 445 -- 471
review (2008) suggest that professional mentors and role models have a strong influence on the development of professional nurses and that committed, ethical, and empathetic service on the part of those mentors and role models is associated directly with the development of similar approaches on the part of new nurses. That review also indicated that mentors and role models play an important role in helping new nurses form realistic career expectations that minimize dissatisfaction, disillusionment, and diminution of empathy in clinical settings (Murphy, Jones, Edwards, et al., 2008).
The implications of the Price study (2009) suggest that while individuals who choose nursing as a career do exhibit higher levels of empathy and caring as a group than the general population, those qualities are more likely to diminish through the entire course of professional nursing training. This result runs counterintuitive to expectations that professional nursing training would foster those predispositions and…
Murphy, Fiona; Jones, Steve; Edwards, Mark; James, Jane; and Alan Mayer. "The impact of nurse education on the caring behaviours of nursing students" School of Health Science, Swansea University August 23, 2008.
Sheri L. Price. "Becoming a nurse: a meta-study of early professional socialization and career choice in nursing" Journal of Advanced Nursing Vol. 65, No.1: 11-19; (2009).
..that gender differences entry into science and engineering can arise both from differences in the socioeconomic backgrounds of individuals and from differences in access to education." (2001) the following table labeled Figure 1 lists the total number of Ph.D.s in the Labor Force by Sex, Field, and Year of Survey as stated in the work of Long (2001)
Total Number of Ph.D.s in the Labor Force, by Sex, Field, and Year of Survey (Long, 2001)
Engineering Men Women Men Women
Mathematical Sciences Men Women Men Women
Probability & Statistics
Physical Sciences Men Women Men Women
Long (2001) states that evidence exists supporting the idea that inequitable treatment of women in science and engineering is a reality and that the study of Long (2001) accomplished this through: "....citations of historical events and anecdotal accounts. Such information makes…
Ramirez, F.O. And Wotipka, C.M. (2001) Slowly but Surely? The Global Expansion of Women's Participation in Science and Engineering Fields of Study, 1972-92
Sociology of Education, Vol. 74, No. 3 (Jul., 2001), pp. 231-251
American Sociological Association.
Gender Differences in the Careers of Academic Scientists and Engineers: A Literature Review (2003) National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics
Piaget stated that he believed some 'primitive' peoples never achieve the final stage of formal operations, reflecting his Eurocentric bias -- and his bias in prioritizing abstraction over concrete reasoning as a theorist. Lawrence Kohlberg has been accused of a similar bias in his conceptualization of moral development. According to Kohlberg, children proceed through a series of six stages in which they first obey out of a fear of punishment, then out of devotion to 'rules,' and only later do they formulate higher ethical principles. In Kohlberg's analysis, at the highest moral level of development, "laws are evaluated in terms of their coherence with basic principles of fairness rather than upheld simply on the basis of their place within an existing social order. Thus, there is an understanding that elements of morality such as regard for life and human welfare transcend particular cultures and societies and are to be upheld…
Nucci, Larry. (2008). Moral development and moral education: An overview. Studies in social and moral development and education. Retrieved October 22, 2010 at http://tigger.uic.edu/~lnucci/MoralEd/overview.html
Stages of intellectual development in children and teenagers. (2004). Child development
Institute. Retrieved October 22, 2010 at http://www.childdevelopmentinfo.com/development/piaget.shtml
Socialization Into the Profession
Independent Activity # 2 Socialization
Socialization into the Profession of Nursing
Feng, . & . (2012). Socialization of New Graduate Nurses to Practicing Nurses. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 13(14), 2064-2071.
The purpose of this study was to discover the socialization involvements of new graduate baccalaureate nurses to practicing nurses. According to the article, "Socialization of New Graduate Nurses to Practicing Nurses" by Feng, the way that nurses struggle with the stress of their specialized role has been of interest to both researchers and healthcare administrators over the past 30 years. Work stress of clinical nurses comes mainly from organizational and professional factors. However, few studies have explored the professional and organizational socialization experiences of new graduate nurses. After considering the difficulties in my socialization and into my new role as a N holding a new BSN, it is apparent that the transition needs to be stress…
Feng, R. & . (2012). Socialization of New Graduate Nurses to Practicing Nurses. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 13(14), 2064-2071.
Goodare, P. (2014). Literature review: "Are you ok there?" The socialisation of student and graduate nurses: do we have it right? AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING, 33(1), 38-42. Retrieved from http://www.ajan.com.au/Vol33/Issue1/5Goodare.pdf
Pei Kuan Lai, P. H. (2012). Concept of professional socialization in nursing. IeJSME, 6(1), 31-35. Retrieved from http://web.imu.edu.my/ejournal/approved/7.Research_Lai_p31-35.pdf
Twibell, R. (2012, June). Tripping over the welcome mat: Why new nurses don't stay and what the evidence says we can do about it. American Nurse Today, 7(6). Retrieved from http://www.americannursetoday.com/tripping-over-the-welcome-mat-why-new-nurses-dont-stay-and-what-the-evidence-says-we-can-do-about-it/
socialization is the process by which we learn to live in a given culture, and the practice of "resocialization."
esocialization." There is something about the term that sounds just a bit "Big Brotherish." While there may be some instances where this practice is valuable, such as in the case of habitual violent criminals, it seems like a practice that should be avoided for most of society. The implications of this process are many. For example, who is ultimately to say that one set of beliefs and values is "wrong" and must be resocialized with a new set of "right" beliefs and values. Who decides what is right and what is wrong? Who has the ultimate power to make those life-changing decisions? The ethics of this practice clearly come into question, as do the methods. How do we judge the effectiveness of this practice, and how do we choose who is…
Barge, J. Kevin, and David W. Schlueter. "Memorable Messages and Newcomer Socialization." Western Journal of Communication 68.3 (2004): 233+.
Yawkey, Thomas D., and James E. Johnson, eds. Integrative Processes and Socialization: Early to Middle Childhood. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1988.
African-American families are close through many generations and branches of the family tree, often more so than other ethnic and social groups and the proverbs these families share seems to be the twine that binds them together and makes them strong.
In an American society that tends to ignore the influence of elders as they age, it is refreshing to see the important role African-American grandparents play in their family and the transmission of culture, history, and socialization skills. The text notes that grandparents are "the essence of family bonds," and in our country, for a majority of society, that is not always the case. In our mobile society, families draw farther and farther apart, and often, these rich relationships between grandparents and their grandchildren do not take shape. Many ethnic cultures maintain these bonds, creating a tight-knit fabric of family that is much more prone to passing on information,…
McWright, Linda. "African-American Grandmothers' and Grandfathers' Influence in the Value Socialization of Grandchildren." 27-44.
Linda McWright. "African-American Grandmothers' and Grandfathers' Influence in the Value Socialization of Grandchildren." 27.
socialization agents you selected and explain how these agents influence gender role development across two different cultures. Then, describe two socialization agents that influenced your own gender role development and explain how. Finally, explain how your gender role development might have been affected if you were raised in a different culture.
Culture and gender: The socialization agents of the schools and the popular media
While students may often debate issues related to gender equality in school, schools can also reinforce gender-based stereotypes. Teachers may unintentionally reinforce traditional gender roles by the types of stories they select to read in literature classes; the students they call upon to answer math problems; and the different types of expectations they set for their students. Even within the relatively egalitarian United States, these practices have been observed. In fact, in merica the myth of equality may be far more dangerous in some respects, because…
According to David Sadker in 1999, sexual segregation still existed in the United States educational system -- women are likely to major in the far less lucrative fields of the humanities, and concentrating in these subjects lead to far dimmer employment prospects (Sadker 1999:23). Although women today have outnumbered men by a narrow percentage at many universities, this barrier (psychological and logistical) to women making inroads in STEM fields remains in 2013. Employment prospects for humanities and social science graduates are even worse than in the 1990s. Rather than fight the problem of sexism, many schools are creating single-gender classrooms as a way of coping with the fact that girls' performance in math and science tends to falter at puberty. Sadker sees this as a Band-Aid solution, rather than truly addressing the problems of gender equity in the classroom 'head on.' After all, real life is not segregated by sex.
Sadker has a point: even though single-gender classrooms may show greater gains for students in the short run, many nations with gendered educational systems (such as those in traditional societies, in the Middle and Near East, or nations such as Japan where private single-sex schools are more actively patronized) do not show demonstrably more equity between men and women in performance on tests of math and science. In fact, in only two nations do women outperform males in STEM subjects: Sweden and Iceland, where traditionally males have focused on hunting and fishing as a way of life, versus white collar jobs (Can girls excel in math and science, 2009, Education in Japan Community Blog). But this should not be seen as evidence that women are innately uninterested in or poor in math. "Records from top schools in Boston show that girls outperformed boys in physics in the mid-19th century" and female enrollment was higher in these classes while "Latin and Greek…were considered the province of gentlemen -- until the 20th century, when lucrative opportunities began to open up in the sciences" (Can girls excel in math and science, 2009, Education in Japan Community Blog). Schools can have a powerful shaping influence in determining what subjects are gendered male and female, and thus indirectly affect the future of students in terms of what career paths they choose and what salaries they eventually earn.
The popular media can also have a profound influence upon gender perceptions. Children consume many hours of television per day, often at ages before they can exercise their critical faculties to evaluate the accuracy and
While, many of the adults are continuing to cling to the ideas of the past and they are attempting to impose them upon their children. The information from the source that was written by Sherrod, is illustrating the differences in opinions between the various generations. As, the younger generation is more open minded and will look beyond the typical stereotypes. This is significant, because one could argue that the conflict that occurred from Paulus and Thebedi are larger issues surrounding the differences in opinions about the overall role that race is playing within society itself.
Moreover, the woman is Walker's story is an illustration of how racism is used as a tool to be able to maintain the status quo within society. Evidence of this can be seen with observations from Chin (2004), who found that racism is used as a tool to deny particular groups of people access to…
Chin, J. (2004). The Psychology of Prejudice and Discrimination. Westport, CT: Prager Publishers.
Qunitana, S. (2008). Handbook of Race, Racism and the Developing Child. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Sherrod, L. (2006). Youth Activism. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Smetna, J. (2010). Adolescents, Families and Social Development. Chichster, West Sussex: Wiley Blackwell.
Extended families and the support they provide is essential to the continuation of African-American culture, customs, and heritage, and the mothers, grandmothers, aunts, and nieces of the family, (as the previous article indicated) are often the messengers of these elements of their family's history and preparation for the future.
While many Black parents discuss race with their children, and believe that is an important life lesson for the future, many families do not, as they feel their children will learn this hard lesson on their own, and do not need to make their children feel inferior or lesser than their White counterparts. Others believe if their children do not know about the concept of race and racial inequity, it will not harm them in the future.
Of course, these are all personal parenting choices, and they indicate, that just as in any ethnic group, there are differences in how parents…
McAdoo, Harriette Pipes. "The Village Talks: Racial Socialization of Our Children." 47-54.
Harriette Pipes McAdoo. "The Village Talks: Racial Socialization of Our Children." 47.
Typical socialization agents that most people are exposed to from a young age include family—mother, father, brothers or sisters, grandparents, cousins, uncles, aunts and so on—then there are neighbors, teachers, peers at school. Other socialization agents include people at church, people on the TV that the children watch—even if they are cartoon characters, they still represent a socialization agent in a way. Over time these socialization agents will change. The individual will stop relying so much on family and start focusing more on technology or mass media or peers or school or religion for socialization. Family is probably the most important agent of socialization in the younger stages of development, but once the individual begins to have a sense of independence, that socialization process kicks over into a different direction and the individual wants to be more accepted in other groups than just one’s family. So a church group…
They will be trained in what the employee needs to know right away. So whether this is certain functional skills or for a low-level retail job it is more likely to learn about the organizational culture, that manager will be able to convey only the needed information during this initial encounter phase.
An important component during the encounter phase is to have a series of seminars over the first few weeks -- perhaps with multiple new employees -- where the employees can receive supplemental training that reinforces what they are learning from their supervisors and from the first trainer. It is also important to have a mentor at this stage. I find that the mentor can be somebody who is in the same position, but who has been around a while and is a good representative. The role of the mentor is just to help the new recruit learn more…
Feldman, D. (1981). The multiple socialization of organization members. The Academy of Management Review. Vol. 6 (2) 309-318.
Components of Socialization
Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory consists of five components of socialization. They are the microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem and chronosystem. This creative effort attempts to demonstrate each of these components and there effects on an individual in the context of a divorce from the perspective of a child.
Divorce and Collateral Damage
Penny curled up in a ball under the blankets as the angry voices of her parents slipped under the door to her bedroom and attacked her pretty pink ears.
"You're a whore!"
She closed her eyes and covered her ears. The war had been building for as long as the nine-year-old could remember. She suddenly jumped from her bed and ran sobbing into the living room of their middle class suburban home. "Stop!" she sobbed. "Just stop, stop, stop, stop, stop!"
"Screw it," said her father and he walked out the door for the last…
Regardless of this her parents were shocked and disappointed when she became pregnant in 1966. They assigned blame on each other, the degenerate music, the hippy culture, and a general lack of morals in our society. Neither one blamed them self. Penny dropped out of high school and went to live with her aunt in a neighboring state. When the child was born she signed some papers and gave it up for adoption.
In the years to come Penny then went through a string of boyfriends; however she never was able to establish a lasting relationship with any of them. This pattern continued through two marriages and five more pregnancies (two abortions, one miscarriage, and two live births) by four different men. They say you never really grow up until you learn to forgive your parents. Penny did this when she was 35.
However by then her own children were young teenagers and quite used to parenting themselves…..
Family, Mass Media and Education as Socialization Factors
A growing body of evidence confirms that agents of socialization play crucial roles in the social development of an individual. Certain agents are identified as being more influential than others, with these agents being responsible for causing the most influence in our lives and playing a major role in the altering of our self-images over the course of our lives. Some of these agents include family (especially parents), schools and peers, work environment, gender and the mass media, among others. The development of a social life and the social relationships of an individual are inextricably related to the influence from these respective agents and how they are manifest in people's day-to-day lives (Henslin, 2013). There are several agents of socialization that have most significantly affected my life, including most especially family, mass media and education. These socialization agents were selected based on…
Henslin, J. (2013). Sociology: A down-to-earth approach. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Social Order: Institutions, Socializations, And the Performance of Social Roles
Erving Goffman dramaturgical theory is a seminal theory in the field of sociology. An example of "micro-sociological analysis," it forced sociological analysis back into the examination of things which actually exist, individual behavior, instead of mere concepts. Goffman demonstrated that the examination of real things can not only clarify existing lines of thought, but open up new avenues for the study of social behavior. Thesis: Through his emphasis on the individual's performance of social roles, Goffman demonstrates that, although social organization and dynamics do influence individual behavior, it is the individual herself who determines the final shape of this behavior.
Summary of the Theory
Erving Goffman's work, often classified as "symbolic interactionism," is highly valuable for the study of socialization and the performance of social roles. Erving studied how individuals used symbols in the performance of their social roles and…
Calhoun, C.J. (2002). Contemporary sociological theory. Oxford: Blackwell
Kozol states that these high school students: "...seem far less circumspect than their elders and far more open in their willingness to confront these issues." (2006) in fact, it is stated by a fifteen-year-old-girl named Isabel that Kozol reports having et in Harlem who attempted to give an explanation to the manner in which social segregation was understood by Isabel and her classmates: "It's as if you have been put in a garage where, if they don't have room for something but aren't sure if they should throw it out, they put it there where they don't need to think of it again." (2006) When Isabel was asked "if she thought America truly did not 'have room' for her or other children of her race..." (Kozol, 2006) Isabel's friend also being interviewed stated: "Think of it this way...If people in New York woke up one day and learned that we…
Winker, Margaret a. (2004) Measuring Race and Ethnicity: Why and How? Journal of American Medical Association Vol. 292. No. 13 Oct 6, 2004. Online available at http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/292/13/1612
National Institutes of Health. Social and Demographic Studies of Race and Ethnicity in the United States January 16, 2003. Available at http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-03-057.html . Accessed August 18, 2004 as cited in Winker, Margaret a. (2004) Measuring Race and Ethnicity: Why and How? Journal of American Medical Association Vol. 292. No. 13 Oct 6, 2004. Online available at
Sociology and Socialization: Gender Differences Examined
Go to any card shop and take a look at the birthday cards. Birthday cards display numerous messages about society's attitudes toward gender, age, mental status and more. Most of the birthday cards available in a typical Hallmark store, the store examined, display what might be considered gender 'norms'. For example, girl's birthday cards are mostly offered in pink, showing pictures of flowers or bunnies or other soft items. Male birthday cards often depict pictures of sporting items, blue colors, or even women. The cards available suggest that differences exist between what men and women like, and emphasize that these 'norms' have become social institutions. The messages provided in cards suggest that women want to hear flowery messages of love and caring, whereas men would rather here a good joke or look at a picture of a member of the opposite sex.…
Shepard, J.M. (2001). Sociology, 9th ed. West Publishing Company.
Diversity Socialisation for Newcomers
Head of Human Resources
XYZ Investment Limited
Re: Diversity Socialisation for Newcomers
The significance of organisational socialisation cannot be overemphasised. Through the process, new employees are equipped with the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours necessary for successful organisational membership (Cable, Gino & Staats, 2013). In most cases, however, the process of socialisation focuses on aspects such as the goals of the organisation, individual role and responsibilities, behavioural patterns, as well as rules and principles pertaining to the organisation. Often, there is little or no attention to workplace diversity issues (Mcmillan-Capehart, 2005; Graybill et al., 2013). This is particularly true for XYZ Investment Limited, a hypothetical investment firm with operations across the U.S. The organisation could be at a considerable disadvantage given that workplace diversity has increasingly become a vital source of competitive advantage for organisations of different sizes and in diverse sectors and industries. Though…
Agents of Socialization on One's Personality and Perception of the orld
Socialization is a never-ending process that helps us to become what we are capable of becoming and shapes our destination to a great extent. This essay highlights the effects of the potential agents of socialization on the personality and perception of the world around.
Sociology: Agents of socialization
At the age of 39 and the father of three highly indispensable marvelous works of our Creator, life has taught me innumerable lessons. Life that offers beauty, dignity of work, enlightenment from education, affection of parents, love of the beloved, awareness from external exposure, guarantees as long as we keep trying hard, hard enough to remain determined and socializing through moving in a society. Society that shapes our destiny offers friends and foes and helps us change, grow, improve and become what we are today. I personally believe that "man's main…
Fromm E. Man for Himself. Retrieved February 07, 2003 at http://www.quoteland.com/topic.asp?CATEGORY_ID=108
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company
Agents of socialization. Retrieved February 07, 2003 at http://www.nwmissouri.edu/nwcourses/martin/general/socialization/tsld020.htm
Myth About Men and Women
Gender Differences esults from Socialization and Culture
The development of an individual's personal identity is influenced by the socialization process and culture of respective society. The socialization process guides individuals in how they interact with each other. It teaches one on interaction behavior including how to ask, whom to ask, in what circumstance, and the appropriate language and words to use (Devor, 2001). Culture defines the way of doing things and the measures in coming up with norms in the society. In the each and every society, the members ascribed to a particular way of life defined by their culture and taught through a socialization process. The culture and socialization process ensures that members of a society relate to each other in harmony and cohesion. In the society members are socialized to uphold certain norms and adopt specific culture (ways of doing things).
Bebel, A. (2004). Woman under Socialism. United States: University Press of the Pacific, 2004.
Colombo, G., Cullen, R., & Lisie B. (2007). Rereading America. Cultural Contexts for Critical Thinking and Writing. Seven Edition. Boston, New York: Bedford/St. Martin's.
Devor, H. A. (2001). "Becoming Members of Society: Learning the Social Meanings of Gender" Rereading America, 9th ed Ninth Edition Ed. Gary Colombo, Ed. Robert Cullen, Ed. Bonnie Lisle Boston/New York: Bedford ST. Martin's,
acial Socialization Practices on the Cognitive and Behavioral Competence of African-American Preschoolers: Article eview
In the September issue of Child Development, the article The Influence of acial Socialization Practices on the Cognitive and Behavioral Competence of African-American Preschoolers discusses how African-American children are affected by their parent's acclimation to the African-American culture. In other words, how do young children react to being black in a predominantly white society. According to the authors of this study "African-American children and the parents raising them face many challenges, both unique to them as a specific ethnic group and shared across all racial or cultural groups." (O-Brien-Caughy et al., 2002)
African-Americans have a unique dilemma in raising their young children. They must deal with three realms of experience: mainstream society, being a minority in mainstream society, and maintaining their own African culture in mainstream society. Based on these three realms, the authors presented a…
Amatruda, Catherine S., et al. (1940). The First Five Years of Life: A Guide to the Study of the Preschool Child, from the Yale Clinic of Child Development. New York, NY: Harper & Brothers Publishers.
Consortium for Longitudinal Studies (1983). As the Twig Is Bent: Lasting Effects of Preschool Programs. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Daniel-Tatum, Beverly (1999). Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria? And Other Conversations about Race.: Basic Books.
Kearse-Brookins, Geraldine (1985). Beginnings: The Social and Affective Development of Black Children. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Rewards of Solitude and Socialization
America has always idolized outsiders in its literary imagination. Consider the figures of the heroic outsider, the rugged individualist, and even the stalwart homesteader upon the frontier. All of these individuals are positive constructions of the solitary outsider in American society. These lonely ideals span the range from Emerson's essays to Thoreau's life at alden Pond, to Hemingway's fiction. But in reality, and in ordinary conversation, solitude and solitary people are often suspected by the neighborhoods in which they might choose live. The other side of the outsider in American life is the television camera pointed at the glazed features of the neighbors of a serial killer, as the police dig up the individual's backyard. Invariably, they respond. 'He was quiet. He always kept to himself.'
The poet and essayist May Sarton offers neither extreme in her positive view of living outside the societal fold,…
Sarton, May. "The Rewards of Living a Solitary Life." From Chapter 7. Hands Across Borders: A Multicultural Reader for Writers. New York: Pearson, 2004.
Such a culture will help the employee to become familiar with the work environment much more quickly.
Employee retention should also be higher in this type of organization. The reasons for this can be found in the reasons why employees generally leave organizations. New employees are usually excited about their work, as it is unfamiliar and new. Once familiarity and routine set in, employees become bored, and the quality of their work could suffer. This can work concomitantly with feelings of being isolated from the goals and objectives of the company. A new recruit is generally aware of these goals and objectives, or at least those of his or her own part of the work. oredom and routine could result in recruits seeking the realization of their ambitions elsewhere.
This can be prevented during the organizational socialization phase. A new employee who is excited about the new company and work…
Belilos, Claire (1997). The Learning Organization. CHIC Hospitality Consulting Services. http://www.easytraining.com/learning.htm
Chopp, Steve & Paglia, John K. (2002). Build a Culture of Value Creation: Three essential steps for value-based management. Graciado Business Report, Vol. r, Iss. 1. Graciado School of Business Management, Pepperdine University. http://gbr.pepperdine.edu/021/vbm.html
Mallinger, Mark & Rizescu, Ileana. (2001). Personality Traits and Workplace Culture. Graciado Business Report, Vol. 4, Iss. 1. Graciado School of Business Management, Pepperdine University. http://gbr.pepperdine.edu/011/culture.html
nurse is difficult and tedious. It involves a lot more than a mere succession of skills and business activities. In fact, nursing is a part of the many processes, one of which is the process of socialization that is development and internalization of professional identity. This level of socialization, professional socialization is required for connecting with students and newcomers in professional practices. Therefore, it is important to increase the understanding of one of nursing's most important aspect, professional socialization, and explore the interconnected factors from the standpoint of a nursing student. This essay will examine Benner's five stages and provide personal reflection the topic of role socialization in nursing.
Patricia Benner wanted to understand how nurses make the transition from inexperienced novice to confident expert. She developed five stages in order to express her thought on such a transition. The stages she described are:
2. Advanced Beginner
Black, B., & Chitty, K. (2014). Professional nursing. St. Louis, Mo.: Elsevier.
Melrose, S., Miller, J., Gordon, K., & Janzen, K. (2012). Becoming Socialized into a New Professional Role: LPN to BN Student Nurses' Experiences with Legitimation. Nursing Research And Practice, 2012, 1-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/946063
Jean Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development do you believe are most affected by social isolation? Explain your reasoning. 200 words.
Although social isolation will affect a person's cognitive development at all stages, the earliest stages of cognitive development might be the most severely impacted. During the sensorimotor stage and the preoperational stage, the infant needs to hear language and this can only be done through regular contact with other people. In the absence of social contact, the infant's language growth may be seriously stunted and could impact the child's development at later stages. It is certainly possible that social isolation during the first few stages of development could lead to impaired ability to learn. Social isolation might also minimize the infant's contact with information and objects that help fundamental learning processes. Social isolation naturally implies fewer stimuli necessary for cognitive and social development. If social isolation occurs at a later…
Fisher, G.A. & Chon, K.K. (1989). Durkheim and the social construction of emotions. Social Psychology Quarterly 52(1): 1-9.
Macionis, J. (2014). Society: The Basics.
Macionis, J. (2011). Sociology. 13th Edition. Lecture notes: http://www.ivcc.edu/uploadedfiles/_faculty/_mangold/soc%201000%20chapter%205%20lecture%20notes.pdf
Sills, S.J. (2010). Sociology 101: Introduction to sociology. Retrieved online: https://uncgsoc101.wordpress.com/module-4-groups-and-organization/part-2/
Our media is a major element of socialization for a number of reasons. The first is that it is, to some degree, a representation of the world we live in. While much of what is depicted is fiction, the way that people's home and work lives are presented on television is an influencer with respect to how we view our own lives, and the types of things to which we aspire. We pick up behavioral cues from the characters on TV shows, for example, but also cues about social structures and how we interact with one another. Our media is the means by which the majority of ideas are transmitted to us in the modern world, with television, the Internet and radio all receiving hours every day of exposure.
An example of this can be found in the sitcom. The sitcom as a medium is intended to generate…
Kendall, D. (2015) Sociology in Our Times, Tenth Edition. Cengage.
Homelessness in America has been a problem for a very long time. The homeless are a vulnerable population therefore something has to be done to make sure that the situation is either controlled or improved. One suggestion I would make is putting the homeless up in a local shelter and tries to re-integrate them back to the society very rapidly. The shelter encourages the people to look out for themselves by requiring that the homeless take part in the upkeep of the shelter if they want to stay. The second suggestion would be enabling these homeless people at these shelters go back to work. Social workers can help the homeless get their birth certificates or proof that they are citizens and a social security card hence they can be bale to get work. These ideas can make the homeless more responsible and hence they can be able to stand out…
Rebecca Bay, (2014). Testing for the Chivalry Hypothesis within the Central Nebraska Drug Court System. University of Nebraska at Kearney. Retrieved July 24,2014 from http://www.lopers.net/student_org/SSRP/papers/pdf/crj_bayr.pdf
Socialization, Deviance & Social Control
Socialization in Children
Human beings are essentially born without culture, they have what is commonly referred to as Tabula rasa by psychologists, meaning and empty and receptive mind or brain. It is the society that plants the relevant culture into this empty mind and makes the child a member of a certain culture. It is the society that makes the individual a socially and culturally aware individual or animal. This process of generally acquiring culture is known as socialization. Generally, during the socialization process, the individual learns the language of the culture they are born in and also the roes that they are expected to play or undertake within that society. It is at the early ages of childhood that the children also learn of the occupational roles that they are expected to assume once they grow up and the behaviors that are held by…
Maurice Sendak, (1963).Where the Wild Things Are. Harper Trophy Publishers. Retrieved July 28, 2014 from http://ebooks.booklikes.com/post/8903/where-the-wild-things-are-by-maurice-sendak
Merriam Webster, (2014). Definition: Enculturation. . Retrieved July 28, 2014 from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/enculturation
Building Political Support Through Church:
How Politics Affects Community
America is a country founded on the right to religious freedom. Upon the creation of its laws, the founding fathers created a religious-based constitution. Throughout the many decades, lawmakers have found it just to change particular portions in order to make it more generally accepted by all religions. The lines between law and religion have been skewed, and the way in which a politician may build support through religion has become extremely sensitive. Because religion affects community, as does the politician, it is important to examine as to how and how much.
Whether or not one is religious or of a particular religion, they may benefit from the religious community's efforts. Religion has long been a force of unity, and those with strong religious practices are often good citizens and good neighbors in a community (McKanan, 2010). Religion contributes to its…
Despite America's devotion to faith, there has been growth in violent crime, illegitimacy, substance abuse, and welfare dependency (Fagan, 1996). There are very few topics that divide a room quicker than politics and religion (Managing Communities, 2011), but the two must be addressed in respect for one another when policy makers create law (Fagan, 1996). When recently questioned about his faith, President Barack Obama replied, "My faith shapes my values, but applying those values to policymaking must be done with principles that are accessible to all people, religious or not (Obama, 2006)." However, despite America's comfort with religion and churches expressing themselves politically, intertwining the two has become a sensitive subject (People Press, 2000). In fact, many political figures use their religion to relate to potential voters (Cline, 1998), while some politicians use their opponents religion as a weapon to use against their opponent (The Economist, 2010).
How politicians must demonstrate their faith is best exemplified through Thomas Jefferson. He declared his religion, and doubts thereof, and did not impose it on others (Kim, 2010). When considering law, policymakers should do the same, and must be aware of how religion affects their community. First, there is often considered to be a link between family strength and practice of religion. Religious beliefs help form one's morals, as religion often demotes suicide, drug abuse, out-of-wedlock births, crime, and divorce. The regular practice of religion is said to also help mental health, self-esteem, and family and marital happiness. It also assists in strength and recovery from alcoholism, drug addiction, marital breakdown, and killer disease (Fagan, 1996). Without considering these factors when signing in new laws, policymakers will be ignoring crucial facts about their community.
Religion plays a key role in a community in America. Though the lines between law and religion are gray, policy makers must determine how to use religion to their advantage. The people they represent are of different religions, and not respectfully listening to all of them could harm or insult the community.
3-stage model of organizational socialization, how would you describe the way you were socialized into an organization where you have worked? Evaluate how well the model fits your experience.
The three stages of the socialization process include anticipatory socialization before entry into the organization (typically in the form of orientation, but which can also take place even in graduate school or through other forms of personal preparation); the encounter with the organization itself; and finally the metamorphosis when the individual has been permanently changed by the socialization process. (Werner & DeSimone 2005) For friends of mine who have entered into very institutionalized workplaces such as law or medicine, this model rings particularly true -- they are socialized by a professional school, by studying to pass licensing exams, and then are subjected to the orientation of the organization itself. By the time they are prepared for the actual encounter, they have…
How employee training benefits everyone. (2014). HC Careers. Retrieved from:
In this instance, the stronger culture can easily consumer the lesser culture. Employees tend to be more receptive due primarily to the lack of culture and also by the prestige and power of the acquiring firm. Assimilation often occurs will smaller, less established companies being acquired by much larger competitors. As the company is just beginning to emerge, many culture qualities have not become entrenched. Assimilation however, is very rare in the context of mergers.
What is a more common strategy is that of deculturation. This is due primarily to the fact that employees usually resist organizational change, particularly when they are asked to throw away personal and cultural values. Under these conditions, some acquiring companies apply a deculturation strategy by imposing their culture and business practices on the acquired organization. The acquiring firm strips away artifacts and reward systems that support the old culture. People who cannot adopt the…
Applying Organizational Psychology
ecruitment is the procedure of seeking out prospects for work and encouraging them to get employment within the organization. ecruitment is the task that connects the companies and the potential candidates. It is a procedure of searching for and drawing in capable candidates for work. The procedure starts when brand-new employees are explored and ends when their applications are given to the company. The outcome is a collection of applications from which brand-new staff members are picked. It is a procedure to find workforce sources to fulfill the current workforce needs and to use efficient measures for drawing new potential recruits in ample numbers to assist the company in making an efficient recruitment choice. ecruitment of prospects is the feature preceding the selection, which assists develop a pool of potential staff members for the organization so that the management can pick the right prospect for…
Borman, W.C., & Motowidlo, S.J. (1993). Expanding the criterion domain to include elements of contextual performance. In N. Schmitt & W.C. Borman (Eds.), Personnel selection in organizations (pp. 71 -- 98). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Campbell, J.P. (1990). Modelling the performance prediction problem in industrial and organizational psychology. In M.D. Dunnette & L.M. Hough (Eds.), Handbook of industrial and organizational psychology (2nd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 687 -- 732). Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.
Conway, J.M. (1999). Distinguishing contextual performance from task performance for managerial jobs. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84, 3 -- 13.
Jex, S.M., & Britt, T.W. (2008). Organizational Psychogy: A Scientist-Practioner Approach. Second Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.
In such situations, it becomes a necessity to have all the fields of learning and engagement to be within the identified fields for the youth. The society is a diverse avenue or entity that needs a clear pathway for understanding (Clinton 72). If the youth and all the people in the world are subjected to religious teachings without making affirmed considerations of the needs of the society, it becomes a hard way for many people to be successful.
The religious teachings must appreciate the importance of its followers interacting with the other members of the secular society. This establishes a fair ground where the young can grow and develop. If the society becomes very restrictive like within a Christian atmosphere, it becomes hard for the available avenues of growth and development to be executed by the available members. The young will not be at a stable avenue of relaying their…
Benton Mark Steven. Adolescent Faith Development as Related to the Influence of Christian School Teachers in Church of Christ K -- 12 Schools. ProQuest, 2008. Print 109
Bowen Kurt. Christians in a Secular World: The Canadian Experience. McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, 2004. Print 204
Clinton, Tim, and Hawkins Ron. The Popular Encyclopedia of Christian Counseling: An Indispensable Tool for Helping People with Their Problems. Harvest House Publishers, 2011. Print
Cocklin, Sarah, Bruess, Clint and Greenberg, Jerrold; Exploring the dimensions of human sexuality. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett, 2011 print.
Occupational socialization is said to be the process by which "a person acquires the values, attitudes, and behaviors of an ongoing occupational social system" (Stojkovic, Kalinich, & Klofas, 2008, p. 222, cited in lecture notes). Within many police organizations, there is a strong ethos of not reporting the misconduct of other officers: the phrase often used is the 'blue code of silence.' "The Blue Code of Silence is an unwritten rule among police officers in the U.S. not to report on the errors, misconducts or crimes of one of their fellow officers. According to the unwritten code, if an officer is questioned about an incident of misconduct involving another officer, the officer being questioned will claim to be unaware of another officer's wrongdoing" (Breaking the code of silence, 2014, Houston Forward Times). Officers who challenge the Blue Code risk being 'shut out' socially and emotionally from their fellow officers and…
Breaking the code of silence. (2014). Houston Forward Times. Retrieved from:
Lecture notes. Online.
New Nurses and Managers: Organizational Analysis
As the nursing profession evolves and rises to meet modern demands, we are faced with growing complexities in our profession and in our workplaces. From the orientation and socialization of new nurses and managers, to the selection processes for preceptors and mentors, to continuing education, to legal and ethical issues, the modern nurse is faced with complicated situations and elaborate organizations that require his/her continuing dedication.
Examining the concepts included in "professionalism": a profession is a vocation, usually involving science or a unique education; the heart of professionalism per se is twofold: a professional has a distinct type of knowledge and a self-imposed responsibility to serve the community (Donelyn, 2004, Slide 16). Applying those concepts to the Nursing Profession, professionalism is the continual pursuit of knowledge, a self-imposed sense of responsibility for human concerns, development through our unique education, accountability to…
Allnurses.com. (2003). Tuition Reimbursement Programs. Retrieved from Allnurses.com Web site: http://allnurses.com/ny-nursing-programs/tuition-reimbursement-prgms-44721.html
American Nurses Association. (2011). Continuing Professional Development. Retrieved from American Nurses Association Web site: http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/CertificationandAccreditation/Continuing-Professional-Development
American Nurses Association. (2011). Staff and Working Environment. Retrieved from American Nurses Association Web site: http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/WorkplaceSafety/Work-Environment
Briddon, M. (2008, May 12). Preceptor Place: Finding Your Way Thanks to Mentors and Preceptors. Retrieved from Stressedoutnurses.com: http://www.stressedoutnurses.com/2008/05/preceptor-place-finding-your-way-thanks-to-mentors-and-preceptors/
successful aging as viewed by Generation X versus Baby Boomers over the age of
Successful Ageing: Generation X versus Baby Boomers
Numerous studies have focused on understanding and defining the constituents of successful aging. The term "successful aging" is popular in the gerontological literature to cover processes in aging. The processes of aging are positive, and at times, the term has shown relations to "vital aging" or "active aging" implying that later life is characterized by sustained health and vitality. According to Moody (2005), "successful aging" suggests main ideas including life satisfaction, longevity, freedom from disability, mastery, and growth, active management with life and independence.
According to Dubey et al. (2011), as people grow older, they have incidences of illnesses. However, an older population has numerous needs as compared to a younger population. Life satisfaction continues to be an important aspect in the study of aging. This is because it…
AARP. (2007). Leading a multi-generational workforce. Retrieved from http://assets.aarp.org/www.aarp.org_/cs/misc/leading_a_multigenerational_workforce.pdf
Berkman, L., Unger, J.B., McAvay, G., Bruce, M.L., Seeman, L., (1999). Variation in the impact of social network characteristics on the physical functioning in elderly persons.
The Journals of Gerontology, 54(B), 245-251
Bovbierg, V.E., McCann, B.S., Brief, D.J., Follette, W.E., Retzlaff, B.M., Dowdy, A.A.,
academic research on this topic, present a causal argument, identify key variables, operationalize these variables, identify between 2 and 3 research hypotheses, specify and justify the relevant research method to test the given hypotheses, address possible obstacles or problems this research might confront and how to overcome these, and a correctly formatted and relevant 10 source bibliography.
Youth unemployment in Armenia.
Youth unemployment rates in Armenia are at an all-time high, but what is leading to its increase? Unemployment rates in countries are defined by individuals who are currently jobless but are seeking active employment within the last four weeks (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2009). It is particularly interesting to see such a high youth unemployment rate because statistics show that the general unemployment rate within adults in Armenia has decreased from 7.1% in 2007 to 5.9% in 2011 (Index Mundi, 2012) yet unemployment amongst the youth contuse unabated and…
West BankWorldBank. Org. (2010)WorldBank. Org. (2010)
(CIA (2012) World Factbook Snapshot of Global Youth Challenges https://www.cia.gov/news-information/featured-story-archive/2012-featured-story-archive/snapshot-of-global-youth-challenges.html )
Integration of Social Networks Changed Society and How People Socialize?
The objective of this work is to examine how the integration of social networks has changed society and the ways in which people socialize. This work will answer the question of how the new forms of socialization and communication have affected people and if this effect is positive or negative and will answer as to whether the social networks have served to make life better or alternatively, make life worse.
Despite the positive aspects of social networking sites, the negative aspects of social networking sites have provide to make life worse in many ways.
Pros and Cons of Social Networking Sites
Social networking sites have both positive and negative effects on the lives of individuals. For example, social network positively enables people to "create new relationships and reconnect with friends and family." (Procon.org, 2012, p.1) Studies show that increased communication…
Are Social Networking Sites Good For Our Society? (2012) Social Networking. Procon.org. Retrieved from: http://socialnetworking.procon.org/
Sigman, A. (2009) "Well Connected?: The Biological Implications of 'Social Networking'," Biologist, Feb. 2009
Derbyshire, D. (2009) "Social Websites Harm Children's Brains: Chilling Warning to Parents from Top Neuroscientist," Daily Mail, Feb. 24, 2009.
National School Boards Association (2007) "Creating and Connecting: Research and Guidelines on Online Social - and Educational - Networking," NSBA.org, July 2007.
Effects of Socialization
Socialization by its very definition involves the assistance individuals receive when becoming members of a social group. This would include the "acquisition of rules, roles, standards, and values across the social, emotional, cognitive, and personal domains" (Grusec 1). In short, socialization is the process that prepares humans to function in social life. This includes the development of impulse control as well as a conscience, role preparation, and the understanding of a system of value. For a person to become an acceptable member of a society, they must understand what is expected of them by the other members of that society, but also adhere to those expectations. Socialization is the process by which people do this, and scientific studies have demonstrated that "personality dispositions, parent -rearing styles and social values are all related to socialization." (Garcia 1680)
As crime and violence are a blight on society, it…
Garcia, Luis, et al. "The effects of personality, rearing styles and social values on adolescents' socialisation process." Personality and Individual Differences 40: 1671-1682. Web 9 July 2011. http://web.udl.es/usuaris/e7806312/publi/pu_69.pdf
Grusec, Joan, and Paul Hastings. Handbook of Socialization: Theory and Research. New York: Guilford. 2007. Print.
Harris, Judith. "Where is the Child's Environment? A Group Socialization theory of Development." Psychological Review 102.3: 458-489. Web. 9 July 2011.
As practitioners of the law, court officials and subordinates are bound by the single powerful system of the law and governmental policy. Lawyers are bound by regulation rather than occupational socialization. Their interaction with the general public is also much more significant than that of the police, which provides a lower level of occupational intra-organizational loyalty than might be found among police officers.
Court decisions are obliged to abide by the law. The issue is however complicated by the fact that the upreme Court is partial towards the power-wielding authority in the White House. This tends to detract from objectivity when making constitutional decisions. The issue is further complicated by the 9/11 attacks and other similar factors.
The devastating attacks during 2001 have not only influenced political power, but also the way in which this power was used to influence decisions by courts, the police, and individuals working within these…
Bibas, Stephanos. (2005, Nov). Originalism and Formalism in Criminal Procedure: The Triumph of Justice Scalia, the Unlikely Friend of Criminal Defendants? Georgetown Law Journal. FindArticles.com: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3805/is_200511/ai_n16013090
Clayton, Cornell W. (2006, June). Politics of Criminal Justice. Georgetown Law Journal. FindArticles.com:
Harrison, Stephen J. (1998) Police Organizational Culture: Using Ingrained Values to Build Positive Organizational Improvement. http://www.pamij.com/harrison.html
From the perspective of the new employee, understanding organizational psychology provides a means of avoiding potentially damaging questions during the process of learning exactly what is expected of employees (Cooper-Thomas & Anderson, 2002);.
Typically, new employees employ a variety of direct and indirect solicitation of fellow employees as well as observational and deductive techniques designed to increase their understanding of the organizational social environment. Examples of the former would include disguising the purpose of conversations to elicit important information indirectly; examples of the latter would include observing how much time colleagues take for lunch and whether they include transit time in a lunch "hour." (Cooper-Thomas & Anderson, 2002; Jex & Britt, 2002).
Bernerth, J.B., and Walker, H.J. (2009). "Propensity to trust and the impact on social
exchange: An empirical investigation" Journal of Leadership and Organizational
Studies, 15, 217-226.
Cooper-Thomas, H., Anderson, N. (2002). "Newcomer adjustment: the relationship between organizational…
Bernerth, J.B., and Walker, H.J. (2009). "Propensity to trust and the impact on social
exchange: An empirical investigation" Journal of Leadership and Organizational
Studies, 15, 217-226.
Cooper-Thomas, H., Anderson, N. (2002). "Newcomer adjustment: the relationship between organizational socialization tactics, information acquisition and attitudes" Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. Retrieved September 13, 2009 from HighBeam Research at:
ooley and Mead's theories on the process of socialization as opposed to that of Freud
harles ooley and George Herbert Mead are proponents of a similar theory of socialization. ooley uses the metaphor of the looking glass to explain how a child uses others' perception of himself to understand himself and develop an identity. According to ooley, each of us closely monitors how others react to us and adjust our behavior to get the most desirable response -- like looking at ourselves in a mirror and adjusting our posture or expression.
Mead also explains the process of socialization in a similar manner by theorizing that children internalize the feelings of others while developing the "Self." He says that children imitate the behavior of others by role-playing in the Play Stage (ages 3-4), which helps them to define themselves. In the Game Stage (school going age) they are exposed to…
Conrad Kottack quoted in "Ethnocentrism vs. Cultural Relativism" available online at http://www2.eou.edu/~kdahl/ethnodef.html
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology." Available online at http://cas-courses.buffalo.edu/classes/apy/anab/apy106/handouts/relativism.htm
ColonialWebb is a construction company that has developed to become a leader in the Mid-South through superior construction as well as installation and service of developing mechanical systems. The company has experienced tremendous growth and profitability across its operations because of various factors including its unparalleled and wide range of capabilities, industry experience, and technical expertise. The company is operating in the construction industry, which is a branch of the commercial enterprise sector that focuses on the development of buildings and mechanical systems. This industry is regarded as one of the booming industries across the globe given the proliferation of real estate properties and is expected to continue growing in the foreseeable future. However, it is characterized by a increase in skills shortage, which has enhanced the demand for competent and productive construction workforce.
ColonialWebb has currently advertised for the position of Helpers for its commercial construction projects…
Perhaps the best example of a structural-functionalist theory in action is at Google, where specific types of organizational institutions, such as free lunches and yoga classes, create a common organizational culture and generate a community of freedom, openness, tolerance, and constant mutual exchanges of thoughts and ideas. A negative example of organizational structures, such as the cutthroat competition that encouraged irresponsible lending practices at many investment banking firms, also demonstrates how organizational structures create certain commonly-accepted standards that people tend to obey to promote social harmony.
Conflict theory, however, would emphasize how within organizations there is often intense factionalism between different groups of people. Particularly in modern organizations where historically discriminated-against groups are gaining traction within managerial positions, but still often experience discrimination, the struggle between opposing forces of change and stasis is manifest (Smith & ogers 2000). Conflict may also be seen after two large organizations merge, meshing two…
Conflict theory. (2011). About sociology. Retrieved January 9, 2011 at http://www.aboutsociology.com/sociology/Conflict_theory
Smith, Aileen & Rogers, Violet (2000, Nov). Ethics-related responses to specific situation vignettes: Evidence of gender-based differences and occupational socialization.
Journal of Business Ethics. 28(1). 73-87
Symbolic interactionism. (2011). Intro Theories. Grinnell College.
I think this is an issue that should be judged through the actual cost efficiency viability of each of the solutions proposed.
7) I think that career management and development is a concept that should be discussed in correlation with issues such as training the employees and commitment to improving their quality as employees. Career management and development can probably ensure a higher degree of employee retention within the organization, because the respective employee will most likely have a fixed career development plan in front of him, something he can relate to and something that can assure that he is likely to stay with the company for a longer period of time, because he knows he has discussed with upper management the way he will move ahead in the company.
The advantage for the company is two-fold in this case. First of all, it has made sure that one of…
Such relationships in childhood begin with the parents, and for Asher, these early relationships are also significant later, as might be expected.
However, as Potok shows in this novel, for someone like Asher, the importance of childhood bonds and of later intimate bonds are themselves stressed by cultural conflicts between the Hasidic community in its isolation and the larger American society surrounding it. For Asher, the conflict is between the more controlled religious environment of the community and the more liberal environment of the art world he joins. What Potok shows about this particular conflict might seem very different from what others experience, others who are not part of such a strict religious background and who are not artists. However, children always find a conflict between the circumscribed world of their immediate family and the world they join as they strike out on their own. This conflict is often portrayed…
Belkin, L. (2004). The Lessons of Classroom 506. New York Times Magazine, 40-53.
Bowlby, J. (1988). Developmental psychiatry comes of age. American Journal of Psychiatry, 145, 1-10.
Erikson, E.H. (1963) Childhood and Society. New York: Free Press.
Kim, W.J., Kim, L. & Rue, D.S. (1997). Korean-American Children. In G. Johnson-Powell & J. Yamamoto (Ed.) Transcultural Child Development: Psychological Assessment and Treatment (pp. 183-207). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
" This temporary lesson actually applies on a wider scale to life. Clothing, in our society, is closely integrated with sexuality and gender definition. Men often determine who they will have a sexual interest in based on the clothing of the person in question. A woman in a housecoat is not generally seen as a sexual target in the same way that a woman in a leather miniskirt is. ecause women are seen as weaker than men and as belonging to them sexually based on the gender roles of our society, men tend to think they have power over people wearing women's clothes, whether that person be a boy or a girl. This is a power they would not assume that they have over boys, and it is the association with femininity and the stereotypes that are perpetrated about females in general that causes this.
A reflection of how gender…
Kortenhaus, Carole. "Gender Role Stereotyping in Children's Literature: An Update." Sex Roles a Journal of Research. February, 1993. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2294/is_n3-4_v28/ai_13810759
Peters, John. "Gender Socialization of Adolescents in the Home: Research and Discussion." Adolescence. Winter, 1994. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2248/is_n116_v29/ai_16477249
Witt, Susan. "Parental Influence on Children's Socialization to Gender Roles." Adolescence. Summer, 1997. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2248/is_n126_v32/ai_19619406
Gerber (2001) studied 75 precincts of New York City and 154 police teams to determine whether male and female police officers appeared to have different personality traits because male officers typically have a higher status than do women in American society; this investigation made it clear that the personalities individuals adopt are fluid, and that the status model of police personalities suggests that officers' perceptions of their personality traits vary with their status. "The critical test of the model involves individual status," she says, "the status of each officer vis-a-vis the partner" (p. 39). While everyone is probably familiar with the "good cop-bad cop" interrogation techniques used in motion pictures and television productions, this dichotomy of personalities is actually a standard characteristic of police personalities, although perhaps not to this degree or purpose (Gerber, 2001).
Based on the status model of personality, there is a distinct "pecking order" in place…
Farr, J.L., Schuler, H., & Smith, M. (1993). Personnel selection and assessment: Individual and organizational perspectives. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Gerber, G.L. (2001). Women and men police officers: Status, gender, and personality. Westport, CT: Praeger.
Johnson, C.D., & Zeidner, J. (1991). The economic benefits of predicting job performance, Vol. 1. New York: Praeger Publishers.
Kurke, M.I., & Scrivner, E.M. (1995). Police psychology into the 21st century. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Cultural Observation of Dress
Why do all humans engage in the act of dressing the body? Consider how dress relates to both the physical and the social needs of the wearer.
Everyone dresses according to social factors and to make themselves more physically appealing to other. This helps them to be seen as hip and enhance their appearance. These variables ensure that the social and individual needs of the person are met. This is when they will have greater amounts of self-confidence. (Eicher, 2008)
f all humans dress themselves for the same basic reasons, why do we look so different from each other? Consider the influences of culture, age, gender, and other factors that distinguish people from one another.
People look different based upon their cultural background, age and gender. These elements are combined together to provide the person with a unique sense of style. This is used to make…
Inside a corporate atmosphere everyone is expected to dress in a suit and tie. This helps them to appear to be more professional. These cultural variations are different from what I wear in normal society. They require distinct ensembles and do not overlap into these areas. (Eicher, 2008)
Update Miner's article on Nacirema (Reading I.2), and describe a currently popular and familiar grooming or dressing activity using Miner's technical writing style. Avoid ordinary words -- that is, lay terminology -- where a more abstract or scientific word will more accurately describe the activity to someone who is totally unfamiliar with the activity. Next, read what you've written and write down your reactions to how this changes your perception of the dressing activity.
Miner's article is discussing the appearance
Amanda is a former southern belle, who enjoyed a very comfortable and somewhat decadent upbringing. After her husband leaves, and she struggles to raise and financially support her children alone, her social life suffers, making her frustrated and lonely just like her highly introverted daughter. This is perhaps why she is so focused upon finding a suitor (and eventually husband) for Laura. She does not want her daughter to suffer the same kind of social marginalization she has suffered as a single woman, in addition to the social marginalization Laura already suffers as a result of her personality and social disorders.
It seems fairly obvious that Amanda does not have many if any friends of her own and of her age group, particularly when Tom introduces her to Jim, and she immediately begins to, in almost hysterical fashion, give him her life story. In the 21st century American slang, young…
Barnard, D. Brent. "The Symbolism of Tennessee Williams' the Glass Menagerie': An Inductive Approach." Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College. 2007. Print.
Price, Lindsay. "Analysis and Exercise -- Tennessee Williams." Theater Folk, Issue 44, Web, Available from: https://www.theatrefolk.com/spotlights/analysis-and-exercise-tennessee-williams. 2013 June 28.
Smith, Nicole. "Analysis and Plot Summary of "The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams." Article Myriad, Web, Available from: http://www.articlemyriad.com/analysis-summary-glass-menagerie/ . 2013 June 28.
Williams, Tennessee. "The Glass Menagerie." Provided. 1945. Print.
Gilman was a social activist and herself experienced mental illness. These elements infuse her story "The Yellow Wallpaper" with greater meaning and urgency for Feminism and for plight of females then and now.
Gilman as social activist
Gilman advocates for woman. The woman owned by males and disallowed by husband, male physician, and brother from leaving the room becomes mad.
The woman is imprisoned -- locked in. Males stunt and kill her life. In the end she steps over them; Gilman is telling females to do so too.
Gilman's experience with mental illness and its treatment
Description of Gilman's experience
Elaboration of the haunting description of the wallpaper. Gilman's familiarity with the psychosis
E. Typical 19th century views/treatments of mental illness.
Description of contemporary treatment
b. Treatment of the character. It matched social beliefs and was created by males
How this knowledge enhances our understanding of the story and…
Bio.com Charlotte Perkins Gilman biography
http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/c/charlottep402139.html#gXQCICbA9RaGTyI9.99 Charlotte Perkins Gilman The Yellow Wallpaper
That is, until an infant ealizes that she is looking at heself in the mio athe than anothe baby, the concept of self cannot begin to fom (Johnston, 1996). As childen matue, the link between cognition and self-concept becomes moe illuminated. In olde childen, pat of the matuation pocess is the ability to solve poblems and pocess infomation (Siegle and Alibali, 2004). The fact that childen use a vaiety of stategies and behave diffeently when ovecoming obstacles to each a common goal eflects diffeences not only in thei cognitive abilities but also how they see themselves -- "I don't give up easily; I always ty my best; I lean well; I don't like myself," etc. (Measelle et al., 2005).
If, as ealie suggested, by five to seven yeas of age, childen ae able to give accuate self-desciptions of themselves, then the pecusos of self-concept clealy evolve aound the toddle and…
references, discussing negative emotions, engaging children in conversations, discovering unique attributes, and the like all have Western upbringing tones. In other cultures, these norms may not be norms at all and hence the psychometric procedures used to generate traditionally Western self-description may not apply, say among Chinese or Asian children (Wang, 2004). The Chinese, as opposed to the autonomy-oriented European-Americans, are interdependent and put value in kinship such that a person's identity is often tied to his social responsibilities. Social rules exist in the Chinese culture that promotes humility and self-criticism for the sake of social harmony (Chin, 1988, in Wang, 2004). This, of course, is in contrast to Western culture that promotes self-enhancement.
A recent study on the comparative autobiographical memories and self-description in 3- to 8-year-old American and Chinese children considered the following differences and used a relatively novel, open-ended narrative method to examine the development of self-constructs. The results of the study are consistent with the cultural outlines above. American children tend to describe themselves in terms of their personal attributes and inner disposition in a generally light tone. Chinese children, on the other hand, focused on specific relationships, social roles, observable behavior, and situation bound features in a modest tone (Wang, 2004). The implication of this study is that self-concept is culture-specific and that the early emergence of cultural self-constructs may prepare children to become competent members of their respective societies (Wang, 2004).
In summary, this paper illustrates that the development of self is a product of cognitive achievement, everyday experiences, and cultural values. The role of child-parent interactions and differing cultural beliefs are emphasized as crucial in shaping self-concept among children.
atch movie Sex •atch movie Sex City COLLECT ANALYSIS ? 1-2 pages (250-500 words) analysis. Answer research hypothesis: hat impact media gender socialization society?
Use sociological terms text chapters chapter 3 socialization chapter 9 Inequalities Gender Age.
Gender and the City: Setting Expectations through Popular Film
The film Sex and the City is an example of popular culture taking aim at its impressionable female fans, socializing them to believe that being a woman means being consumerist, romance-starved, and accepting of second-class status. The two primary dramatic storylines feature female protagonists who must decide whether to forgive a man who has mistreated them. In both instances, the man wins out, and viewers are left with the message that these women, for all their independent posturing, live lives subject to the whims of their significant others.
The viewer is told that "women come to New York for the two L's: labels and…
Sex and the City. Dir. Michael Patrick King. Perf. Sarah Jessica Parker, Kim Cattrall, Kristin
Davis, and Cynthia Nixon. New Line Cinema Corporation, 2008.
Anderson, RW & Chantal K. 1998, Transition banking: financial development of central and eastern Europe, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Barley, 1983, emiotics and the study of occupational and organizational cultures, Administrative cience Quarterly, Vol.28, pp.393-413.
Blount, E 2004, Bad rap on Russian banking? ABA Banking Journal, no.12, pp.47-52.
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Bullis, CA & Tompkins, PK 1989, The forest ranger revisited: A study of control practices and identification, Communication Monographs, Vol. 56, Issue.4, pp.287-306.
Chorafas, DN 2000, Reliable Financial reporting and Internal Control: A Global Implementation Guide, Wiley, New York.
Collins, EM 1998, Myth, manifesto, meltdown: communist strategy, 1848-1991, Greenwood Publishing Group, Westport.
Czarniawska, B & Joerges, B 1996, Travels of ideas, pp.13-48, ee Czarniawska & evon 1996.
Denison, D 2003, Reviews on Organizational Culture: Ashkanasy, Wilderom, and Peterson (ed.) The Handbook of…
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Woodbury, G 2001, An Introduction to Statistics, 1st edition, Duxbury Press, George Woodbury.
Betrayed by the American compatriots whom he helped, he languished in England in his climactic years, poor and lodged by a prostitute aided by a former student, until he died on a sea voyage back home. His death was mysterious in that shortly before his death he demonstrated signs of both depression and optimism.
Reasons for his depression were unclear. His optimism may have been due to the fact that he had prospects on the horizon.
Why then did he commit suicide, as details seemed to indicate? Or was he killed by his friend who was a double spy? There are numerous details of his life that will forever be unknown since they remain beyond our lens of experience.
Another story that is riddled with mystery is that of Mary Rogers.
In 1841, Mary Cecilia Rogers, a 21-year-old beautiful Connecticut-born girl disappeared from her mother's new York City boarding house.…
Davidson JW & Lytle, MH. The strange death of Silas Deane, 1992
Srebnick, Amy Gilman. The Mysterious Death of Mary Rogers. Oxford University Press, 1995.
College -- Importance, Values, and Goals
The global labor market has changed dramatically over the last half century. Increasingly, access to jobs in technology and Internet communications don't require college degrees so much as the ability to successfully contribute to a technology start-up. A recent trend shows technology entrepreneurs hiring savvy undergraduates who have become disenchanted with college (William, 2012). These young whiz-kids -- often programmers who spend their days inventing new software applications and writing code -- reject the idea of spending years in classes that seem irrelevant to their interests and result in enormous student load debt (William, 2012). The problem with this mass migration away from higher education is that there are only so many jobs in the labor market that fit this mold. Like a "one and done" college-age hoopster who shows up on campus just to get noticed, with the hope that they will be…
Hacker, A. (2012, February 28). Is Algebra Necessary? The Sunday Review. The New York Times. Retrieved http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/29/opinion/sunday/is-algebra-necessary.html
R.A. [Washington Correspondent]. (2011, January 18). The value of college. Free exchange: Education. The Economist. Retrieved http://www.economist.com/blogs/freeexchange/2011/01/education_0
Williams, A. (2012, December 2). The old college try? No way. The New York Times, ST, 1, 16. New York, NY: The New York Times.
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Styles attachment often represent reciprocal interactions between the parent and child. For example, the child with a resistant attachment who becomes highly upset when the parent leaves but shows little interest in the parent when they return is often associated with a lack of parental affection. The children recognizes the parent as a source of security; however, since they receive little affection from the parent when the parent is present they learn not to approach the parent.
The child with an avoidant attachment style often treats the parent and strangers similarly. Often these children receive very little interaction with the parent when the parent is present and they have learned not to rely on them for stimulation. Likewise this lack of interaction does not allow the child to differentiate well between a stranger and their own parent other than having some form of mild familiarity with the parent.
Impressions of the Teaching Profession
The profession of a teacher and a teacher's role in an educational system is assuming new dimensions as the children's learning and family environment is getting more complex day by day. A few years ago, teaching was primarily concerned with imparting academic knowledge and this was often done with little consideration to the learning capability of the student, leading to high dropout rates and student alienation in schools and families, even resulting in the development of anti-social behaviour in children. Aggression, bullying and the increasing school violence are all considered as the result of such inappropriate teaching methodologies. If the student has learning disabilities, the consequence is even worse. Hence, the educational system presently lays much emphasis on the student's general developmental issues, (Smith, Cowie and lades 1998), requiring the teacher to understand the learning capability of students and formulate such learning aids and teaching…
Grusec, J.E. (1982). The socialisation of altruism. In N. Eisenberg (ed), The Development of Prosocial Behavior, 135-57.New York: Academic Press
Good, T., and J. Brophy. (1995). Contemporary Educational Psychology. (5th ed.) New York: Harper Collins.
Hartup, W.W. (1996) The company they keep: Friendships and their developmental significance. Child Development, 67, 1-13
Jones, V. (1996). Classroom Management. In J. Sikula, T. Buttery, and E. Guiton (Eds.), Handbook Of Research On Teacher Education. New York: Macmillan.
For his trouble, Murphy receives a frontal lobotomy as a "treatment" for his unwillingness to cooperate and abide by the rules and norms, a touch that gives him a Christ-like quality that gives his ultimate fate as that of a martyr to the cause of the promotion of humanity. Indeed, humanity is ultimately indebted to those brave few in the human race who defiantly dare to confront and challenge the conventional thinking patterns and then willingly (or unwillingly) suffer the ultimate price for their ideals (McEver, 1998).
To recap, the author in this paper, has will applied sociological concepts such as groupthink, doublespeak and doublethink, and sociological experiments that speak to us as social groups about socialization and religion in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest by Ken Kesey. Although this book was originally made for entertainment purposes, this author finds that it is a key factor in the learning…
Anderson, M. (2003). 'one flew over the psychiatric unit': mental illness and the media.
Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 10, 297 -- 306.
Kesey, K. (1962). One flew over the cuckoo's nest. New York, NY: Signet.
Lena, H., & London, B. (1979). An introduction to sociology through fiction using