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Technological innovations around the world have had a significant impact on the way of living of people across the world. The effects of technology to the society vary from one technology to another. This paper seeks to elaborate the influence three different technological innovations had on society. These innovations cut across different industries.
The automated teller machine
The ATM came at a time when banking halls were only for the elite. This is a networked device that offers financial services to clients. The transactions that can be accomplished through the machine include but not limited to cash withdraws, cash deposits, and mini bank statements. The supporting data networks allow users to access their bank accounts from multiple locations. This technological development dates back almost five decades ago. However, enhancement of the initial idea of self-service in financial institutions has made the innovation thrive over the years. The innovation made it…
Fischer, J. (2011). Banking basics. Broomall, Pa.: Mason Crest Publishers.
Guerin, L. (2009). Smart policies for workplace technologies: email, blogs, cell phones & more. Berkeley, CA: Nolo
Kettlewell, C. (2004). Electric dreams: one unlikely team of kids and the race to build the car of the future. New York: Carroll & Graf
This helps the nation to be able to protect its most vital secrets, by having a system that determines how and when information is released.
Identify and discuss at least three modern-day security applications that help both private and public security personnel secure locations and facilities.
Three different security applications that are being currently used include: network, host and anomaly-based protocols. A network-based solution is when you are analyzing the traffic patterns at your servers. This is important, because many unfriendly regimes will often try to conduct cyber attacks as a way to gain access to sensitive information. One way to monitor for this is to analyze the traffic patterns, where you are looking for unusual spikes. This will tell an organization early, if they are being targeted. A host-based protocol is when you are watching user logins and the kind of pages that people are visiting. In this case,…
Bell LaPladula Model. (2006). University of North Carolina. Retrieved from: http://www.cs.unc.edu/~dewan/242/f96/notes/prot/node13.html
Maximum Security. (2003). Indianapolis, IN: Sams.
Technology Innovation Write a (2-3) page paper: Analyze major technological innovations (5) years determine significant innovation entrepreneurs. Provide specific examples technology encouraged business creation growth.
Major technological innovations in the last five (5) years:
The rise of mobile technology and tablet computers
The rise of mobile technology is undoubtedly the most significant technological innovation to occur within the past five years. Fewer and fewer people are using standard desktops or even laptops to satisfy their computing needs. Instead, they are using their phones or tablet-style devices like iPads and Kindles to do everything from pay bills, to play games, to communicate with friends. It is increasingly essential that advertisers know how to communicate using this relatively narrow platform. The surge of interest in Twitter (at the expense of the more visually-oriented Facebook which requires a large viewing area) has been linked to the 'smaller is better' phenomenon manifested…
Boorstin, Julie. (2012). Facebook vs. Twitter: Who has edge in mobile ad wars?
CNBC. Retrieved at: http://www.cnbc.com/id/48929705/Facebook_vs_Twitter_Who_Has_Edge_in_Mobile_Ad_Wars
Brooks, Chad. (2011). PC is dead. CS Monitor. Retrieved at:
technological innovations have had the greatest impact on this area in the last 100-200 years?
Technology and air war fare-
Originally, warfare was mainly perpetrated on ground due to the challenges in perpetrating war form the air. Within the last 100 years, however, huge progress has been made in technology that has led to a radical change in the field of air warfare in general leading to huge developments in that field. Three of the greatest inventions have been stealth technology, Rapture, and the drone.
tealth technology, also known as LO technology (low observable technology) involves a range of techniques that camouflages factors of air war such as personnel, aircraft, ships, submarines, and missile and helps make them more invisible to preceptors on the ground. It also makes them more immune to radar, infrared, sonar and other detection methods. (Rao & Mahulikar, 2002). tealth technology was first developed…
Calo, M. (2011). The Drone as Privacy Catalyst. Stanford Law Review Online. 64 Stan. L. Rev. Online (29)
Mahulikar S.P., Sonawane H.R., & Rao G.A. (2007). "Infrared signature studies of aerospace vehicles." Progress in Aerospace Sciences 43 (7-8): 218 -- 245.
Rao G.A., & Mahulikar S.P. (2002). "Integrated review of stealth technology and its role in airpower." Aeronautical Journal 106 (1066): 629 -- 641.
Richelson, J.T. (2001). Science, Technology and the CIA. The National Security Archive. The George Washington University
Technological Innovation -- at what Cost?
Even though technological innovations hold much promise for productivity, there is a price to pay in our educational and social activities. With all the information and entertainment we become distracted and shallow. We don't learn as much as we can and we don't connect to others on a meaningful level.
Our parents had a deeper knowledge of the topic they wrote about. Not too long ago, our parents had to go to the library and spend hours researching a topic, jotting notes on file cards, and getting photocopies of articles that they would use in their research paper. Then they would spread the cards and notes and copies of articles on a desk or table and put together their paper. This was a long and tedious process. Finally, they would type their papers on a typewriter unless they were lucky enough to have access…
The foolishness of this reversal of priorities would be clearly demonstrated in the contrast between the results of intelligence efforts on 9/11 and those just two years prior.
After the resignation of Tenet, who submitted as his official reason for departure the desire to spend more time with his family, his spokesman noted that "no one in the U.S. government was more aggressive in calling attention to and dealing with the threat of terrorism prior to 9/11 than was George Tenet.' The CIA's counterterrorism budget increased 50% between fiscal 1997 and fiscal 2001, while staffing went up 60%."
This ultimately resulted in an increased level of effectiveness during those years of assessing and averting terrorist plots, highlighted by the 1999 foiling of al Qaeda's millennium hijacking plan. Here, a carefully synchronized set of airliner takeovers was to strike at prominent and highly populated points within the U.S. Or utilize the…
Bowden, C. 2002. Closed Circuit Television for Inside Your Head: Blanket traffic data retention and the emergency anti-terrorism legislation. Duke Law & Technology Review.
Enderle, R. 2004) Fighting Terrorism Through Technology. TechNewsWorld. Online at http://www.technewsworld.com/story/33460.html?wlc=1243220640
Force Protection Equipment Demonstration (FPED). 2009. Demonstration Features Commercial Technology for Combating Terrorism. PR Newswire. Online at http://news.prnewswire.com/ViewContent.aspx?ACCT=109&STORY=/www/story/05-08-2009/0005022313&EDATE=
Ham, S. & Atkinson, R.D. 2002. Using Technology to Detect and Prevent Terrorism. Progressive Policy Institute. Online at http://www.ppionline.org/ppi_ci.cfm?knlgAreaID=124&subsecID=307&contentID=250070
The question to be addressed in this paper is: should society hold back technology in order to protect those workers that are unskilled? It is true that many unskilled laborers have no opportunity to learn digital and other kinds of technology, and indeed many workers who lack skills in modern technology struggle to learn when they are given the opportunity. Hence, in order to protect unskilled workers and their potential, should technology be somewhat scaled back so those unskilled workers are not left out of the economy, and basically denied the opportunity to make a livable wage?
First of all, there can be no holding back of technology no matter how just and fair the reasons might be for doing that. Technology has done so much in a positive light to enhance communication and information worldwide, it would make no sense to attempt to hold it back. Secondly, the…
Business Dictionary. (2014). Technology. Retrieved September 27, 2014, from http://www.businessdictionary.com .
Oxford Dictionaries. (2014). Technology. Retrieved September 27, 2014, from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com .
Sanders, M. (2005). Technology and the Decline in Demand for Unskilled Labour: A
Theoretical Analysis of the U.S. And European Labour Markets. Northampton, MA:
Education is being revolutionized by the use of tablet PCs and smart devices as well. The iPad is now considered by many college and university students as the preferred approach to getting their textbooks delivered as well (Weisberg, 188). Thankfully the day is soon coming when all textbooks will be delivered electronically to the device of a student's choice, whether it is an Amazon e-reader like the Kindle or Fire, or to an Apple iPad, iPad2 or subsequent generation of tablet PCs they are planning today. Instead of having to have a backpack stuffed with 50 lbs. Of books all that will be needed is a folder and a slim line iPad or Kindle to carry all textbooks from class to class. Universities continue to experiment with teaching courses entirely on iPads with Georgia State University's obinson College of Business and Hult International Business School distributing entire course material including…
Tim Bradshaw. "iPad takes over as the lecture hall aid of choice. " Financial Times 14 Mar. 2011,
Castelluccio, M.. "The Tablet at Work. " Strategic Finance 92.5 (2010): 59-60.
Geyer, M., and F. Felske. "Consumer Toy or Corporate Tool: The iPad Enters the Workplace. " Interactions 18.4 (2011): 45.
Weisberg, M.. "Student Attitudes and Behaviors Towards Digital Textbooks. " Publishing Research Quarterly 27.2 (2011): 188.
innovation and using technology to make better products. It discuses several tactics taken up by companies and they used the plans for their growth and success. The long-term impact of strategies is discussed and emphasized. Furthermore, personal opinions about the implementation of strategies are also discussed.
Due to the increase in the rate of technological enhancements and globalization, technological innovation is something crucial to the growth and survival of any company. A business environment is very competitive, complex and ever changing. The strategies taken up by an organization to manage the ongoing innovation play a very crucial role in all of the technology-based companies. This process is basically used to manage the production of a certain product and how that production is organization within in the company. There are many tools that engineers and managers have to implement. This clearly states that both the upper level and the…
Andrew, J. And Sirkin, H. (2003) Innovating for Cash. Harvard Business Review, September p.76 -- 83.
Hof, R. et al. (2004) Building an Idea Factory. Business Week, October 22.
Schilling, M. And Hill, C. (1998) Managing the New Product Development Process: Strategic Imperatives. Academy of Management Executive, August p.67 -- 81.
Additionally, aside financial resources, they also used their assets. The most relevant example in this sense is the selling of part of its interests in Mazda. It as such transformed its assets into liquidities -- the 20% shares in Mazda were converted into $540 million (Murphy) -- that better allowed them to pursue their innovation objectives.
The matter of technological innovation is not only a core focus of Ford's, but of all players within the American automobile industry. The reasons for the rivalry in terms of &D are numerous, the most outstanding however being constituted by the desire to attract and satisfy as many customers as possible, managing as such to increase organizational revenues. "&D efforts in the U.S. Auto industry are channeled into a variety of processes such as stamping, casting, machining, and assembling. Within the time-frame of our investigation, &D efforts had to embrace sudden changes in taste…
Brighton, G., July 17, 2006, Ford to Drive Revolution with £1bn R&D Project, PSFK, http://www.psfk.com/2006/07/ford_to_drive_g.html last accessed on May 6, 2009
Murphy, J., November 18, 2008, Ford Cuts Mazda Stake, The Wall Street Journal
Ramrattan, L.B., 1998, R&D Rivalry in the U.S. Automobile Industry: A Simultaneous Equation Model Approach to Bain's Hypothesis, American Economist, Vol. 42
Ramsey, J., October 7, 2007, Ford is Biggest Spender on R&D, AutoBlog, http://www.autoblog.com/2007/10/07/ford-is-biggest-spender-on-randd / last accessed on May 6, 2009
technological advances of today's society seem to grow as rapidly as the human population itself. Human interaction with this technology defines its culture and allows a certain way of life to flourish or diminish. In today's world, usiness Intelligence (I) represents a tool for those within economic markets. This technique combines the raw power of computers and the ability to acquire and sort events amounts of data with the human management element that uses data to improve the efficiency or effectiveness of the organization. It seems however that the technological advances have far out reached the human understanding of what they can actually do. I is an underused technology in my opinion and the purpose of this essay is to explore this idea by suggesting ways that businesses can use I to their best advantage. I have created a three-step plan that simplifies this process and can practically improve any…
The Business Intelligence Guide. "Common Mistakes of BI Programs." Retrieved from http://www.thebusinessintelligenceguide.com/bi_program/Mistakes/index.php
Garner, B. (2011).Poor communication to blame for business intelligence failure, says gartner. Computer Weekly 10 January 2011. Retrieved from http://www.computerweekly.com/Articles/2011/01/25/244807/Poor-communication-to - blame-for-business-intelligence-failure-says.htm
McGeever, C. (2000). Business intelligence. Computer World 24 June 2000. Retrieved from http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/47371/Business_Intelligence?taxonomyId=120 &pageNumber=3
The World Wide Web has wreaked its own cataclysmic changes. For $500, an aspiring musician can turn his laptop into a studio, whilst music -- tons of it -- can be garnered for free from over the web, and musicians can disseminate tunes without interference from record companies through e-mails and file-sharing programs.
All of this originated just from Edison's phonograph. One invention was securely placed on the footing of another, until one reaches a climax where technology has so changed music that the computer, when compared to the piano, are worlds (as indeed they are) apart.
The future is still on the march, and those believing that the past + innovation = future, claim that the whole idea of popular music could itself be transformed into something that is utterly new. Pioneering synthesizer designer oger Linn, for instance, suggests that individuals will 'learn' how to play the computer --…
Karr, R. TechnoPop: The Secret History of Technology and Pop Music, NPR, 2011. Web. January 30, 2011.
Levine also notes that the result of the government patchwork of funding is that private firms jump into the technological progress market, with even worse economic results. "Private firms focus their research efforts according to short-term, market-driven priorities, motives which often contradict long-term sustainable development and economic growth" (Levine 1998 675). Result=inequality/scarcity.
Further, Levine (1998 675) notes that large academic institutions that are more likely to consider long-term concerns are put in the position of directing national innovation systems; please see above for the problems inherent in that (turf wars).
Despite all that, Levine does still believe technological progress is the answer to scarcity, at least in environmental arenas. Levine notes that "As far back as 1911, Joseph A. Schumpeter integrated innovation into economic development theory by showing a positive correlation between involvement in a commercial transaction and the generation of new products, devices or systems" (1998 675). But in…
Bakker, Karen J. "Privatizing Water, Producing Scarcity: The Yorkshire Drought of 1995" Economic Geography 76.1 (2000): 4. Questia. 3 Dec. 2004 .
Caselli, Francesco. 'Technological Revolutions." American Economic Review 89.1 (1999): 78-102.
Clark, Charles M.A. 'Wealth and Poverty: On the Social Creation of Scarcity." Journal of Economic Issues 36.2 (2002): 415+. Questia. 3 Dec. 2004 .
Dosi, Cesare, and K. William Easter. "Market Failure and Role of Markets and Privatization in Alleviating Water Scarcity." International Journal of Public Administration 26.3 (2003): 265+. Questia. 3 Dec. 2004 .
Innovation & Creativity
FedEx was founded as an innovator in a logistics field that had never seen overnight delivery before. The company has always positioned itself as a premium provider in the business, based on its sophisticated technology, superior network size and quality of service. However, as the company has matured, its ability to be an innovation leader is being threatened. There are a few different issues at play. The first is that, as in any mature industry, the pace of innovation is generally slow. And as the only company that genuinely seeks to position itself as premium to its competitors, FedEx is the only firm truly trying to compete on innovation. Over the years, it has had some tremendous innovation successes, pioneering the ability to maintain communication with its drivers on road, with its tracking that allows customers to see where their packages are at every step of the…
Andersen, H.; Barker, P. And Chen, X. 2006. The Cognitive Structure of Scientific Revolutions Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cooper, R.G. 2008. Perspective: The Stage-Gate® Idea-to-Launch Process-Update, What's New, and NexGen Systems Journal of Product Innovation Management 25 (3) 213-232.
Edquist, C. & Hommen, L. 1999. Systems of innovation: Theory and policy for the demand side. Technology in Society. 21 (1) 63-79.
Gatignon, H.; Tushman, M.L.; Smith, W. And Anderson, P. 2002 A Structural Approach to Assessing Innovation: Construct Development of Innovation Locus, Type, and Characteristics. Management Science 48 (9) 103-122.
The cable modem is also being considered a hub for Voice-over-IP (VoIP) as well. The cable model could in fact become the new platform of digital content delivered into the home (Fowler, 2006).
Inherent in any approach to creating technological convergence is the need for creating enough agility and flexibility in the design to support the multiplicity of needs customers have (Bores, Saurina, Torres, 2003). This has to be accomplished while sneering a high degree of integration and connectivity across all the associated technologies in the new product. This is apparent in how rapidly smartphones are gaining adoption, as the integration of digital content, voice technologies and enhanced screens are making smartphones grow exceptionally fast compared to other technologies today (uan, Gopinath, 2010). The creating of synergies has to be based on a tight integration of these factors together to ensure the highest levels of usability and reliability…
C Bores, C Saurina, & R. Torres. (2003). Technological convergence: A strategic perspective. Technovation, 23(1), 1-13.
Gavin Cameron, James Proudman, & Stephen Redding. (2005). Technological convergence, R&D, trade and productivity growth. European Economic Review, 49(3), 775-807.
Carlisle George, & Navin Chandak. (2006). Issues and challenges in securing interoperability of DRM systems in the digital music market. International Review of Law, Computers & Technology, 20(3), 271.
Dennis Fowler. (2006). it's called convergence, baby. NetWorker, 10(1), 5-9.
The airline industry is a service industry, but one where several firms have been able to innovate their service offering. Such innovations have been to create viable low-cost carriers (RyanAir, EasyJet, Air Asia) while other innovations have led to the creation of high-service airlines (Emirates, Qatar, Singapore). In either case the process of innovation has been roughly the same for all of these companies. The first component of the map is searching. All of these companies searched for niches that were either not being served at all (such as price-focused customers in Europe and Asia) or were not being served effectively (passengers traveling on routes between Europe and Asia).
Of the six airlines mentioned above, only Singapore is a legacy carrier. The others have entered their markets in the few couple of decades, and brought with them a number of critical service innovations. After identifying a core market whose…
Phong, G. (2011). Building on strong. IATA -- Airlines International. Retrieved November 5, 2012 from http://www.iata.org/pressroom/airlines-international/april-2011/pages/ceo-singapore.aspx
Tidd, J. And Bessant, J. (2009). Managing Innovation: Integrating Technological, Market and Organizational Change 4th Ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons.
Technological Globalization Methodology
IT as it Links to Corporate Strategy
IT is essentially at the very heart of new and innovative business strategy. With such rapid advancements in technology continuing to unfold, it is crucial that IT be at the center of development and design for any organization, especially ones entering new global market environments as businesses continue to expand internationally. IT departments help keep organizations at the forefront of corporate strategy (Arora et al., 2004). As such, "information technology is playing its significant role in the betterment of organizations" (Ahmed et al., 2012). It is strengthening corporate strategy on a global scale. Technology is thus helping drive new and innovative strategies for expanding market environments. In their research, Ahmed et al. (2012) found that "global vision is positively correlated with IT" and "IT and global corporate strategy are positively correlated" as well. This ultimately suggests that innovative IT departments…
Ahmed, Irfran, Qadri, Akmal S., Shazad, Rana K., & Khiliji, Bashir A. (2011). Information Technology: Its Impact on Global Management. World Applied Sciences Journal, 12(7): 1100-1106.
Arora, Ashish, Fosfuri, Andrea, & Gambradella, Alfonso. (2004). Markets for Technology: The Economics of Innovation and Corporate Strategy. MIT Press.
Bijker, W.E., Hughes, T.P., Pinch, T., & Douglas, D.G. (2012). The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology. MIT press.
Cano, Cynthia R., Carrillat, Francois A., & Jaramillo, Fernando. (2004). A Meta-Analysis of the Relationship Between Market Orientation and Business Performance: Evidence from Five Continents. International Journal of Research Marketing, 21(2): 179-200.
This were then replaced with larger big band orchestras as technology allowed such large groups to be clearly recorded, "As the swing era began, shorts were made of many of the top orchestras," (Yanow 2). Big band orchestras began showing up in all the major Hollywood productions. They featured pre-recorded songs where the musicians lip singed. It is interesting to have such a crucial period on film. The Swing Era "was fortunately captured for feature films and short subjects at the time it was all happening," (Behlmer 1). Big bands became incredibly popular in feature films during the 1930s and 40s. Benny Goodman, "The King of Swing," had a movie- Hollywood Hotel in 1937 "the full orchestra plays an abbreviated version of that quintessential Swing Era arrangement of 'Sing, Sing, Sing' in the film," (Behlmer 1). From big Hollywood productions came popularity on the small screen. As televisions became the…
Behlmer, Rudy. "Big Bands in the Movies." Turner Classic Movies. 2009. Retrieved 16 Nov 2009 at http://www.tcm.com/thismonth/article/?cid=199314
Gridley, Mark C. Jazz Styles: History and Analysis. 9th ed. Prentice Hall. 2006.
History Link, "The Jazz Singer, the First Successful Feature Film with Sound, Debuts in Seattle at the Blue Mouse on December 30, 1927." The Free Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 15 Nov 2009 at http://www.historylink.org/index.cfm?DisplayPage=output.cfm&file_id=2485
Schoenherr, Steven E. "Recording Technology History." San Diego University. 2005. Retrieved 16 Nov 2009 at http://history.sandiego.edu/GEN/recording/notes.html#origins
Getting back to the three main reasons that people in the U.S. are resistant to public health insurance one must also consider the idea that quality and technological advance might be damaged by prioritization of care. The Canadian system does not seem to mirror this concern, as though some complain about prioritization of services provided by the public plan as many as 65% of the Canadian public carries supplemental insurance that covers procedures and services that are not paid for by public insurance. In truth this would likely be the case here to and if people opted to receive the most advanced medical care available then they could do so, at their own expense, much in the same way they do now, only basic care would be covered so more people would be able to choose to have private supplemental insurance. ("Health Care System in Canada" 2007, NP) it must…
Canadian Institute for Health Information, (2005) "Explaining the 70/30 Split: How Canada's Health Care System is Financed." Retrieved January 20, 2008 at http://secure.cihi.ca/cihiweb/products/FundRep_EN.pdf
Cutler, D.M. (2004). Your Money or Your Life: Strong Medicine for America's Health Care System / . New York: Oxford University Press.
Health-Care Reform: Be Patient." (2006, March 26). The Washington Times, p. B04.
Health Care System in Canada," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2007
The development of Google G-Mail is one of the best-known as is the creation of Picasa and Google Scholar as well. Google's senior management team realizes that to the extent they can continually deliver new applications is the extent to which they will become a platform, not being relegated to only a search engine (Gawer, Cusumano, 2008). The development of Chrome, a Web-based operating system that can work within a browser, to the development of Google Office, and Translate, an incredibly powerful tool for translating documents of all types from one language to another all came into existence due to the ule of 20%.
All of these innovations have over time completely re-ordered the definition of strategy within the company as well, concentrating the focus more on services and extension to enterprises on the one hand, and being the replacement of individual operating systems on the other. Google's single largest…
THE WORLDS 25 MOST INNOVATIVE COMPANIES. (2007, May). Business Week,(4034), 54-55.
Leaders: Lessons from Apple; Innovation. (2007, June). The Economist, 383(8532), 9.
Annabelle Gawer, Michael a Cusumano. (2008). How Companies Become Platform Leaders. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(2), 28-35.
Von Johnson, & Pierre Ollivier. (2007). The Technology Disruption Conundrum. Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, 12(1), 215-221.
Innovation and Theories of Management.
Managerial Planning and Leading in Organizational Innovation
The account presented here is intended to examine the role of innovation in modern business practices. Particularly, this will be examined from the perspective of management and with a focus on the two primary management functions of Planning and Leading. The literature review hereafter considers these functions of management in direct relation to the complex questions pertaining to innovation. Primary areas of consideration are the decision-making which enters into the determination of whether to innovate or to follow market patterns; the impact of market externalities and economic cycles on this decision; and the correlation of internal factors and personnel matters on this decision. The discussion ultimately produces the finding that innovation is only suited for those firms possessing the right mix of internal and external conditions.
Corporate innovation is often thought of as an inherency in the…
Abramson, Mark A. & Ian D. Littman. (2002). Innovation. Rowman & Littlefield.
Audretsch, David B. (1995). Innovation and Industry Evolution. The MIT Press.
Audretsch, David B. (2006). Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Economic Growth. Edward Elgar Publishing.
Barnett, Homer Garner. (1906). Innovation: The Basis of Cultural Change. McGraw-Hill.
In the middle of the 20th century, a single exercise enthusiast who would later become nationally known as Jack LaLane single-handedly revolutionized weightlifting by virtue of an original inspiration that Drucker would likely regard as being attributable to genius and as functions of process needs, industry market changes, and new knowledge. Specifically, Jack LaLane was (probably the first modern) professional fitness trainer in American history. As a young man, he was a fitness enthusiast who, before becoming famous, earned a living teaching others how to build their bodies through resistance training.
At the time, there were very few weightlifting gyms and those that existed were not particularly welcoming to novices or to recreational users; they were dingy, dirty, and frequented more by competitive athletes like boxers and wrestlers than by ordinary people hoping to change the way they looked. Jack LaLane recognized that there was a demand for an accessible…
Drucker, Peter, F. "The Discipline of Innovation." 1985 in The Innovative Enterprise,
Chapter Three: "Types and Patterns of Innovation"
The shifts in line with this innovation have enforced corporation give back to the environment.
One of the major developments in consumption habits has been use of recycled material in our everyday life. Consumers have been encouraged to participate in recycling materials that would otherwise require depletion of global resources and putting strain on the environment when these products are dumped in the natural atmosphere. Consumption patterns among consumers have also been influenced through campaigns for recycling by environmental friendly activists
The conservative use of energy among consumers has been encouraged to reduce the need for production of energy that was otherwise not optimally used. The conservation of energy is also encouraged by car polling systems and use of public transport system. Basically these are innovations touching on habits of consumption. Although it is argued that consumption is not easily controlled, there have been appreciable changes.…
Fischer F. (1995). Evaluating public policy Chicago USA: Nelson-Hall Publishers.
Tukker a. (2005). Leapfrogging into the future: developing for sustainability International. Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development, 1(1), 65-84.
Discuss your research methodology process and experience
The basic research method will concentrate on utilizing meta -- analysis. This is when there is a focus on looking at different sources and identifying patterns in the study. These findings help to determine key trends and enable actuaries to more effectively analyze the problem. The process involves understanding the issues, reviewing the various forms of literature, cataloguing them into specific segments, using the findings to create common patterns and discussing what was uncovered during this process. These different elements are working together to promote objectivity. These experiences offer a better understanding of the subject and allow everyone to see which factors are influencing the outcome of the project. (Cooper, 2009)
Discuss your literature review findings regarding the topic you researched.
The research is showing that information technology (IT) is having an impact on the kinds of strategies which are utilized…
Baumann, D. (2007). Global Rules and Private Actors. International Management, 10, 3 -- 39.
Cooper, H. (2009). The Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta Analysis. New York, NY: Russell Sage
Griffith, D. (2008). Emerging Themes in International Business Research. Journal of International Business Studies,
Technological Globalization esults
Expanded Efficiency in Service of a Diversified Customer Base
IT plays a huge role in adapting corporate strategy in order to increase the efficiency and service towards a new, and more diversified consumer base. Essentially, "greater efficiency can be achieved by dividing the overall problem-solving effort into tasks, showing maximal interaction" with the new market environment (Arora et al., 2004). IT must take over and assign esearch and Development tasks accordingly to better understand the market. Through comprehensive investigation of new markets, IT can then provide the most successful strategies to go after the primary characteristics of the chosen market demographic. IT strategies that are proven successful can then serve as a model for other firms. Here, "the idea is that &D investments by a firm spill over into other firms, thereby increasing the productivity of &D in other firms, or directly improving efficiency and productivity in…
Arora, Ashish, Fosfuri, Andrea, & Gambradella, Alfonso. (2004). Markets for Technology: The Economics of Innovation and Corporate Strategy. MIT Press.
Bijker, W.E., Hughes, T.P., Pinch, T., & Douglas, D.G. (2012). The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology. MIT press.
Yunker, J. (2002). Beyond borders: Web globalization strategies. New Riders.
Innovation in its simplest form can be termed as something new or newly introduced into the market. Innovation in the business field is quite necessary since it forms the backbone of a company's growth and that of the economy as a whole. Innovation is the success of every business and must be managed effectively and efficiently (Limerick, 2002).
The ever changing technology and instant global communication have made it easier for companies to find answers to some problems they encounter and more so come up with innovations to improve on the current ones. Companies are also faced with pressures arising from global competition and by this; most of them are seeking the need to manage their innovations. Companies are nowadays attracting and managing innovations by having rewards or prizes for individuals within the company who manages to come up with brilliant and innovative concepts. This will give the…
AFUAH, A. 2003. Innovation Management: Strategies, Implementation, and Profits, New York and Oxford, Oxford University Press.
ALEXY, O. & REITZIG, M. 2012. Managing the business risks of open innovation. McKinsey Quarterly, 17-21.
BROWN & HELEN 2008. Knowledge and innovation: a comparative study of the U.S.A., the UK, and Japan London Routledge.
DANNEELS, E. 2002. The Dynamics of Product Innovation and Firm Competences. Strategic Management Journal, 23, 1095-1121.
Global Business 8081
Technological and Economic Changes in Educational Sector of North America
Impact of Technological Change in Education Sector of North America
Impact of Economic Change in Education Sector of North America
Impact of Technological and Economic Changes in Educational Sector of China
The paper is providing the impact of changes in the aspects of economic and technology in the educational sector of North America. The discussion is further followed with the identification of the impacts of technology and economy changes in the China similar to that of North America.
Impact of Technological Change in Education Sector of North America
It is observed that the popularity of Massive Open Online Courses or MOOCs along with the other types of distributed learning is the form of major drivers of technological change in education sector of North America. The potential of MOOC provided the potential to open higher education to several…
Altbach, P.G., Gumport, P.J. & Berdahl, R.O., 2011. American Higher Education in the Twenty-First Century: Social, Political, and Economic Challenges. s.l.:JHU Press.
Apple, M.W., 2012. Can Education Change Society?. s.l.:Routledge.
Bangay, C. & Blum, N., 2010. Education responses to climate change and quality: Two parts of the same agenda?. International Journal of Educational Development, 30(4), pp. 359-368.
Betz, F., 2011. Managing Technological Innovation: Competitive Advantage from Change. s.l.:John Wiley & Sons.
). Within the context of healthcare diffusion, the authors posit that the drivers for healthcare technological diffusion really flow more from a relative advantage. For example, x-rays were discovered in 1895 and within a year or two, the negative effects studied. Within a few years, x-ray technology diffused into the medical world until now, it is something that everyone expects, and technology somewhat keeps up with the system (x-ray direct to digital viewer, etc.). Still other examples abound in the way the public now expects a particular technology. Now, the paradigm of choice is minimally invasive surgery coupled with smaller amounts of times in the hospital -- day surgery for instance. adical changes in surgical gear, imaging techniques, and physician training now result in the expectation that this will be the norm, rather than the exception. The medical field communicates the diffusion through its personnel -- new drugs for new…
Cain, M. And Mittman, R. (May 2002). Diffusion of Innovation in Health Care. The Cato Institute. Retrieved from: http://www.chcf.org/~/media/MEDIA%20LIBRARY%20Files/PDF/D/PDF%20DiffusionofInnovation.pdf
Moore, S. And Simon, J. (December 15, 1999). The Greatest Century That Ever Was.
Cato Institute Policy Analysis #364. Retrieved from: http://www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa364.pdf
Rogers, E. (2003). Diffusion of Innovation, 5th ed. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Chapters 8, 9 and 10 in obert Burgelman's book help answer one of the questions posed for this assignment: "How do you resolve the apparent conflict between innovation as abandonment and strategy as persistence?"
Burgelman points out (151) that some big corporations seem to cling to highly conservative goals such as "minimal fluctuation, stability, and predictability" - which explains why the U.S. automobile industry was sluggish back in the 1970s and 1980s when it came to innovations. And because of that recalcitrance, the auto industry (123) was subsequently forced into change by the stunning success the Japanese auto industry's more efficient cars achieved.
To avoid those kinds of corporate hindrances, Burgelman suggests a "new-venture division" (NVD) should be part of corporate strategy. And so, within the structure of a visionary company, one should expect to see "two structures and associated cultures" (125): one, for existing technologies and a…
Burgelman, Robert A. Inside Corporate Innovation: Strategy, Structure, and Managerial
Skills. New York: Free Press, 1986.
Foster, Richard N. Innovation: the Attacker's Advantage. New York: Summit, 1986.
Moore, Geoffrey A. Crossing the Chasm: Marketing and Selling Technology Products
Potentially, this changes the way profit is used to build a larger network of computer users who now wish to harness the power of technology to develop a new world.
Chapter: 9 Socioeconmics
Berlin Wall Falls/Soviet Union Collapses
Citation: Koeller, D. (2003), Fall of the Berlin Wall. WebChron.
Tags: Political innovation, political/social upheaval, modernism in Europe
Summation: By the end of 1989, the Soviet-backed regimes of Eastern Europe no longer existed and the Berlin Wall, the quintessential symbol of the Cold War, had been decimated. This dissatisfaction with communism as practiced Soviet style was now being openly criticized, even in the ussian epublic, the so-called "homeland of communism." Extreme vocal critiques came first from the outlying republics and the ethnic minorities, many of who had been living in a tradition of autocracy for centuries. Gorbachev's message of change and openness, despite the appeal in the West, stripped the…
1972 in Review." (January 1973). UPI.Com.
Retrieved from: http://www.upi.com/Audio/Year_in_Review/Events-of-1972/1972-Election/12305688736666-2/#title
Butterworth, T. (May 24, 2007). Fifteen People Who Changed The World. Forbes.
Retrieved from: http://www.forbes.com/2007/05/23/people-changed-world-tech-07rev_cz_tb_0524changers.html
innovation is a group of steps and activities visualized for translating ideas into actual products / services / processes. The innovation process commences with identifying and defining the source problem (Sva?, 2012).The building blocks of an innovative culture are as follows:
These aforementioned building blocks are linked. For instance, the values of an enterprise affect the employee's behavior, workplace climate, and how success is perceived and quantified.
An innovative culture inherits ideas from research conducted by multiple authors. For promoting innovation, most enterprises generously invest time in resources, processes, and quantifying success. However, most companies have neglected to evaluate the more difficult to identify and/or measure factors of innovative culture with respect to people - including climate, behavior, and values.
To date, apparently, most companies have quantified innovative culture in terms of processes, management of resources, and measuring success of innovation rather than measuring building…
Curtis, S. (2013, October 15). The Innovations That Took Amazon from Online Bookseller to Dominant Global Marketplace. Retrieved from www.businessinsider.com: http://www.businessinsider.com/the-innovations-that-took-amazon-from-online-bookseller-to-dominant-global-marketplace-2013-10
Eaton, K. (2013, Febuary 05). Fast Feed. Retrieved from www.fastcompany.com: http://www.fastcompany.com/3005481/samsung-bets-billion-innovation-and-investment
He, L. (2013, March 29). Google's Secrets Of Innovation: Empowering Its Employees. Retrieved from www.forbes.com: http://www.forbes.com/sites/laurahe/2013/03/29/googles-secrets-of-innovation-empowering-its-employees/
IBM. (2006). Five barriers to innovation: Key questions and answers. IBM Global Business Services.
Policy Strategy Innovation
A Policy Strategy of Innovation
Organizational survival and success are predicated on the establishment of a strategic orientation and a set of clear, realistic and relevant policies intended to drive this strategy. From these features, an organization will ultimately derive goals, procedural norms, role designation, organizational culture, leadership orientation and a host of other defining features. It is thus that the Policy Strategy driving a company will ultimately come to define the company itself, with the resultant productivity, reputation and industry position helping to project a certain identity, image or set of consumer expectations. As the discussion hereafter will show, many times the selected policy strategy of an organization can be the long-term difference between success and failure. As a subsequent section of this discussion will show, there is a direct connection between a meaningful policy strategy and the opportunity for long-term viability and success.
Apple. (2007). Steve Jobs: CEO Apple. Apple Press Info.
Boyd, D. (2009). Corporate Innovation Strategy Template. Innovation in Practice.
Crum, R. (2006). As iPod sales slow, Apple looks to next big thing. Bradenton Herald.
Goodell, J. (2003). Steve Jobs: The Rolling Stone Interview. Rolling Stone.
life stories in it in forming one's own DNP project.
Diffusion can be described as the procedure through which an innovation is conveyed via particular channels over time amidst members of a social system. An innovation, on the other hand, can be described as a practice, idea, or even object regarded as new by somebody or adoption unit (ogers, et.al). The process of diffusion basically entails both interpersonal communication and mass media channels. In the current world, information technologies like mobile phones and the internet are a representation of remarkable diffusion tools. Think of the following encounter of co-author Singhal in the Philippines.
In May 2006, as Singhal walked down Epifanio de los Santas Avenue (known as "Edsa") in Manila, Philippines, a Filipina associate noticed that "Edsa" was actually the street where cell phones brought down President Estrada's government. Taking in the bewildering look on Singhal's face, she explained that…
Cain, M., & Mittman, R. (2002). California Health Care Foundation -- Health Care That Works for All Californians. Diffusion of Innovation in Healthcare. Retrieved March 10, 2016, from http://www.chcf.org/~/media/MEDIA%20LIBRARY%20Files/PDF/PDF%20D/PDF%20DiffusionofInnovation.pdf
Rogers, E., Singhal, A., & Quinlan, M. (n.d.). Diffusion of Innovations. Retrieved March 10, 2016, from http://188.8.131.52:8088/2155562/Article_for_diffusion_and_innovations.
Thrower, T. (2014, December 7). Linked In. Disruptive Reinvention of Health Information Technology (HIT). Retrieved March 11, 2016, from http://www.linkedin.com/pulse/20141207004502-21163620-disruptive-reinvention-of-health-information-technology-hit
It is yet to be seen whether alternative energy will eventually replace petroleum products or whether they will simply enhance the efficiency, cost effectiveness, and availability of energy in the future. BP's move into alternative energy will help it to position itself as a leader regardless of which direction the market decides to go. BP's move makes sense from many perspectives. It makes sense for a marketing perspective because it will help to improve BP's image to one that is more environmentally friendly and in line with current public consciousness. It will help it to make better use of natural resources from production to end use of all of its product lines.
One advantage that BP has over many of the other companies entering into the alternative energy field is that it has experience in providing the needs of mass consumers. It understands the technical difficulties of supplying energy to…
BP Solar International Inc. BP Solar has over 30 years experience in the solar industry: a legacy of quality, service, performance and innovation all around the world. 2006. http://www.bp.com/genericarticle.do?categoryId=3050457&contentId=3050613 .
Accessed October 29, 2006.
BP. http://www.bp.com/extendedgenericarticle.do?categoryId=3&contentId=7005342 BP' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
MacDonald's STEP analysis
In this paper, we explore the concept of STEP analysis by means of illustration. We perform an elaborate STEP analysis of McDonald's, the world's fast food giant. This is then followed by a recommendation on what actions McDonald's can do in order to take care of the issues that have been exposed via the STEPanalysis.
McDonald's is a food and beverage franchise that by 2001 boasted of close to 28,700 outlets spread in 120 nations Karen,2005). The company's food outlets are very popular among the youth. It offers an environment which is perceived to be safe for families as they can enjoy quality food at an affordable price in a clean environment. The food chain offers its client a familiar environment that is characterized by a McDonald's clown as well as stunning interior worldwide as pointed out by Debres (2005). The company has…
Aswathappa, A (2006): International Business: Tata McGraw-Hill: p, 226
Barriaux, M (2007).McDonald's goes green - but not all customers are lovin' it. The Guardian
Greider, W (2003): Victory at McDonald's: The Nation: 277 (5): p, 8
Daniels, K (2010). PESTLE analysis http://www.cipd.co.uk/hr-resources/factsheets/pestle-analysis.aspx
law comm. tech
Innovations in Database Communication Technologies for Law Enforcement
The proliferation of computer, digital and web technology have all had a significant impact on how civil and public administration functions are performed. The ability to engage in real-time communication through an array of media, the opportunity to access enormous databases of information from the field and the capacity to capture sound, video, photo and other data all have enhanced productivity, efficiency and sophistication in many fields of great sociological importance. Certainly, few functions of public administration are more important than law enforcement and the administration of justice. Here, we consider some of the technological innovations in computer databasing that have had a direct impact on the way that police officers perform their job responsibilities with a specific focus on the enhanced communication opportunities emerging in the field.
Mobile Data Terminals and Facial Recognition:
Both Mobile Data Terminals and…
Cedres, D. (1997). Mobile data terminals and random license plate checks: the need for uniform guidelines and a reasonable suspicion requirement. All Business.
Hess, E. (2010). Facial Recognition: A Valuable Tool for Law Enforcement. Forensic Magazine.
Monopoli, D.M. (1996). Mobile Data Terminals: Past, Present and Future. National Criminal Justice Reference System.
Wallace, H., & Roberson, C. (2009). Written and interpersonal communication: Methods for law enforcement (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Skullcandy: Developing Extreme Headphones
Innovation is the only way a business can be sustained in the changing world of technology -- especially the entertainment business. The process of innovation and market testing and the final marketing will determine the success of not only the new innovation but also the entire business itself. Therefore utmost care must be taken in determining the demand, and the market need of the proposed innovation.
Purpose of paper: The purpose of this paper is to research and throw light on the way innovation is being attempted at Skull Candy and the ways and means it can be improved and also the pitfalls that ought to be avoided and the future of the latest innovation attempt.
Overview of paper: This paper will scrutinize Skullcandy's size and growth rate, and the new product sought to be developed and the development team competency, and the way the employees…
Acemoglu, Daron; Rogoff, Kenneth; Woodford, Michael. (2006) "Volatility and Dispersion
in Business Growth Rates: Publicly Traded vs. Privately Held Firms" NBER Macroeconomics Annual, vol: 21, no. 1, pp: 17-21.
Datta, Avimanyu. (2011) "Managing New Product Development Teams" McGraw-Hill
New Ways of Workplace Development and Innovation by Using Work Technology
This work in writing proposes a research study on technology in terms of its impact on workplace development and workplace innovation.
The work of Meckl (2008) states that innovation system theory "indicates a transition from individual study to systematic research. The innovation system theory combines the dynamic and complexity of innovation. According to this theory, technological innovation interacts with institutional innovation, and the key factors in this system include knowledge, learning, and ability." (p.134) Meckl (2008) states that the entrepreneur is "a core factor in a firm's technological innovation and competitiveness; it is a necessity in technological innovation." Additionally reported in the work of Meckl is that in practice "not only a firm is embedded in the social structure as an organization, but also the entrepreneurs' innovation activities are socially embedded." (Meckl, 2008)
According to Meckl (2008) the technological…
Benko, C. And Weisberg, A.C. (2007) Mass Career Customization: Aligning the Workplace with Today's Nontraditional Workforce. Harvard Business Press. 2007.
Claver E. et al. (1998) Organizational Culture for Innovation and New Technological Behavior. Journal of High Technology Management Research 1998 (8) 55-68 in: Meckl, Reinhard (2008) Technology and Innovation Management: Theories, Methods and Practices from Germany and China. Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag 2008.
Freimuth, J et al. (2002) Organizational Memory and Betriebliche Wissenstruktur, ZfG, 2002 (2), 96-104 in: Meckl, Reinhard (2008) Technology and Innovation Management: Theories, Methods and Practices from Germany and China. Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag 2008.
Glynn (1996) cited in: Meckl, Reinhard (2008) Technology and Innovation Management: Theories, Methods and Practices from Germany and China. Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag 2008.
EClinicaWorks at ikers Island
ikers Island is a correctional facility that currently utilizes eClinicalWorks, which has emerged as a leader in medical software solutions. This paper examines the use of this electronic health records software at this correctional facility in relation to hospitalized inmates. The author includes an overview of how this software is run by Corizon Health and how the correctional facility works with Bellevue Hospital, which also has eClinicalWorks. The discussion includes an evaluation of how this software has been characterized by a workflow challenge that hinders effective workflows. The use of paper documentation by hospital staff because of inability of this software to visualize findings, discharge instructions or recommendations is discussed. This is followed by discussion of a proposed innovation and how it can be implemented using a project management approach. The final sections discuss strategies for going live and ongoing maintenance of the proposed innovation.
Corizon Health Website. (2015). About Corizon Health. Retrieved 26 November, 2015 from: http://www.corizonhealth.com/S=0/About-Corizon/Who-We-Are-History-and-Today
Miller, R.H. (2012, March). Satisfying Patient-Consumer Principles for Health Information Exchange: Evidence From California Case Studies. Health Affairs, 31(3), 537-547.
Pantaleoni et al. (2015, February 11). Successful Physician Training Program for Large Scale EMR Implementation. Applied Clinical Informatics, 2015(6), 80-95.
Stazesky, R., Hughes, J. & Venters, H. (2012, April). Implementation of an Electronic Health Record in the New York City Jail System. Retrieved April 18, 2016, from http://www.cochs.org/files/hieconf/implementation-ecw-new-york.pdf
These efforts include: expansion of international efforts to prevent terrorist acquisition of biological agents, initiated Bioatch program to detect initial releases of biological weapons within the environment, launched food programs to carefully inspect foods for potential bioagents (with greater focus on foreign foods), expanded bioterrorism research (including Project Bioshield, a program to develop medical ripostes to biological agents), and increased medical stockpiles and training for dealing with bioterrorism attacks (Cordesman; Lindler, Lebeda, & Korch; Petsko; Fidler & Gostin). These efforts will help to both prevent the initial release of any biological agents within the general populace or environment, as well as effectively treat afflicted individuals and slow spread through appropriate treatments.
Once biological agents are released into the general population, the extent of disease spread and number of individuals afflicted will be significantly affected by the role and effectiveness of the government through quarantine and treatment (Cordesman; Lindler, Lebeda, &…
Cole, Leonard A. The Eleventh Plague. Macmillan, 2002. Print.
Cordesman, Anthony H. The challenge of biological terrorism. CSIS, 2005. Print.
Fidler, David P., and Lawrence O. Gostin. Biosecurity in the global age. Stanford University Press, 2008. Print.
Kortepeter, MG, and GW Parker. "Potential biological weapons threats." Emerging Infectious Diseases 5.4 (1999): 523-527. Print.
On the plus side, though, the research also showed that innovations in technology, both high- and low-tech, hold enormous promise for improving miner safety by providing early warnings of impending disasters and by providing rescuers with better techniques for locating and rescuing trapped miners. In the final analysis, the technology already exists to accomplish these improvements and it remains a matter of establishing the relevant priorities at the state and federal levels to ensure that all mines are equipped with these devices before disaster strikes, and that these technologies are available for rescue efforts when the inevitable does occur. Future studies should investigate how these technologies can be deployed more cost effectively for developing nations and what steps should be taken ahead of time to ensure that these devices provide the maximum amount of protection for the investments involved.
Cooper, S., yan, J., & Sinback, M. (2003). Employment-related crimes.…
Cooper, S., Ryan, J., & Sinback, M. (2003). Employment-related crimes. American Criminal Law Review, 40(2), 367.
Kravitz, J.H., Kovac, J.G., & Duerr, W.H. (1994). Advances in mine emergency communications. Proceedings of the International Emergency Management and Engineering Conference, 23-26.
Mining disaster incidents and fatalities, 1900-2006. (2007). National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (2007). Retrieved October 2, 2007 at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/statistics/disasters.htm .
Peters, C. (2006, March). The other mine disaster. Washington Monthly, 38(3), 8.
Accounting for Disruptive Technologies
There is a significant amount of insight found in Christensen and Overdorf's "Meeting the challenge of disruptive change," especially for those in a managerial position or studying to be in such a position. The article is useful because it combines theoretical knowledge with a solid application of real-world examples, so that the reader is best able to grasp the author's concepts. Moreover, the article takes a wide and integrative approach at addressing the various challenges and potential solutions organizations can implement pertaining to a very real facet of conducting business in the 21st century, "disruptive changes," typically in the form of technological innovations.
Quite frankly, however, a number of points that the authors make are trenchant and can aid those who are looking to prevent disruptive change from ruining their organization or its method of conducting business. One of the more notable of these is the…
Bower, J.L., Christensen, C.M. (2000). Disruptive technologies: catching the wave. Harvard Business Review.
Christensen, C.M., Overdorf, M. (2000). Meeting the challenge of disruptive change. Harvard Business Review.
In his book, Beyond the obvious: killer questions that spark game-changing innovation, Phil McKinney (2012) argues that most innovation efforts fail because the right questions are never asked -- people are taught and do not stray from the obvious. McKinney asserts that in a rapidly changing world, people ought to ask the right questions about their businesses -- they must stretch beyond the basic or usual. Indeed, asking the right questions is the heart of innovation (Berger, 2014). Asking the right questions causes a fundamental shift in how a business sees its products and customers, and the way the two interact. In addition to asking the right questions, innovation involves creating an environment that supports innovation and having the right leadership practices. These three themes constitute the focus of this paper. The paper particularly highlights important questions that drive the innovation process and the role of leadership in creating a…
For example, recent innovations in knowledge management systems software has been praised because it enables users to do more than search for information and store and provide access data. Knowledge management software is a tool of empowerment because it allows users "to create and share expert profiles and submit questions to be answered by the pros. Knowledge management systems have to be continually updated. Expertise management software is inherently dynamic, and it puts the burden on the software -- not the user -- to sort through information and determine its value, and its author's merit as an expert. And because most expertise management systems point to content rather than store it, it requirements are minimal" and more cost-efficient (Kaplan- Leiserson, 2008, p.1). To deploy the value of such a new type of software, however, a manger must not simply say to him or herself: 'a less costly and more interactive…
Bort, Julie. "10 Tips for Technology Management." CIO Magazine. May 7, 2007. http://www.cio.com/article/108057/_Tips_for_Technology_Management?page=1
Brau, James C. "
Supply-chain management important." Desert News. Mar 9, 2008.
FindArticles.com. 26 Jul. 2008. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4188/is_20080309/ai_n24918020
administered to 50 respondents. The data obtained from these participants was credible for analysis since there were no substantive missing values. The questions were based on a Likert Scale that made it easier for participants to provide their responses and enhance reliability. Data obtained from this instrument was analyzed using descriptive statistics and measures. In this case, the researcher utilized Cross Tabulation analysis and Chi-Square analysis.
This study had 50 respondents working in German and Swiss labor markets though the research was not restricted to participants from German or Swiss origins. Actually, the respondents were from different nationalities though they were working in German or Swiss labor markets as shown in the table below.
Table 1: Nationality of espondents
Number of espondents
Aas, T.H. & Jorgensen, G., 2016. Open vs. Closed Innovation: Advancing the Debate. Proceedings of ISPIM Conferences, pp. 1-12.
Aranha, E. A., Garcia, N. P. & Correa, G., 2015. Open Innovation and Business Model: A Brazilian Company Case Study. Journal of Technology Management and Innovation, pp. 91-98.
Brunswicker, S. & Ehrenmann, F., 2013. Managing Open Innovation in SMEs: A Good Practice Example of a German Software Firm. International Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, pp. 33-41.
Creswell, J.W 2014, "The selection of a research approach," in Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches, 4th ed., Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, California, pp.3-24.
production and consumption of material resources is an often overlooked but very important aspect of human life on earth, as we are increasingly fighting to maintain sustainability of the global population. The capital of natural resources is being drained as economic and political factors influence the production and consumption of material resources. Developed nations have fared much better than poor undeveloped nations in terms of moving towards being able achieve sustainability. Two production habits related to material resources that can be discussed and that are important for the sustainability of the global population; are the production of vehicles for transportation and also the production of electrical appliances. These two types of material resources have great impact on the potential sustainability of the world's population. The production habit of vehicles for transportation, specifically cars is driven by a global economy that demands the production of millions of new vehicles every year.…
Eljarrat, E., Barcelo, D., & Alaee, M. (2011). Brominated flame retardants. Berlin: Springer.
Mulvaney, D. (2011). Green technology: an A-to-Z guide. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications.
Role of Leadership Styles in Organizational Innovation
Andre Alexandre, Jr.
Dr. Amy Burkman
Revised prospectus outline
The Role of Leadership Styles in Organizational Innovation and Success
The study will research the role of leadership styles in organizational innovation and success. A number of studies have shown that transformational leadership positively influences organizational innovation. However, there is a lack of studies examining the contextual conditions under which this effect occurs or enhance organizational success.
Purpose Statement / Problem Statement
The purpose of this study is to explore and provide a deeper understanding of the relationship between leadership styles and organizational innovation.
It is not known to what extent leadership styles impact innovation and enhances organizational success. Therefore, this study will investigate to provide a deeper understanding of the relationship between leadership styles and organizational innovation and success.
III. Literature Review
a) Theory: Transformational Leadership Theory. This study aims to investigate the…
Csh 21, La: Challenges and Innovations in Its Construction
Case Study House 21, LA. Challenges and Innovations in Its Construction
The Case Study House 21 (ailey House) epitomizes an icon in the Case Study program. It was implemented as a visionary project aimed at re-establishing the modern living that was implemented by John Entenza for arts and architecture magazine. After its completion in 1959, Arts and Architecture appreciated it as one of the immaculate imaginations in the development of the small contemporary house. It is pertinent to mention the development remains a vital global influence for architects. The purpose of this article is to explore the challenges and innovations experienced in building by the time Case Study House 21 was developed. In this case, the paper analyzes the condition of the building industry regarding the materials and technologies available for construction.
As mentioned, the establishment of the above program was…
Dhir, R. K. et al. (2002). Innovations and Developments in Concrete Materials and Construction: Proceedings of the International Conference Held at the University of Dundee, Scotland, UK on 9-11 September 2002. Thomas Telford
Koenig, G. (2000). Iconic LA: Stories of LA's Most Memorable Buildings. New York: Balcony Press
Llinares-Millan, C., Fernandez-Plazaola, I. & Hidalgo-Delgado, F. (2014). Construction and Building Research. New York: Springer Science & Business Media
Rothstein, Mignon E. A Study of the Growth of Negro Population in Los Angeles and Available Housing Facilities between 1940 and 1946. University of Southern California.
Innovation and Change
Innovation is important in today's world. Indeed, innovation is an important element in the formula for success and even for survival, sometimes. It is for that reason that this subject is a top agenda for many organizations across the globe (American Management Association, 2006).
While entrepreneurship involves the will to risk starting and managing a business, innovation has to do with coming up with a new idea or just taking an old idea and making better use of it so that it becomes more valuable. Innovation entails the pursuit of new opportunities. Entrepreneurship and innovation are more like two sides of the same coin. They are essential ingredients of creativity. Creativity is about transforming ideas to reality. Social reality finds expression in organizations. It is in these set ups that intentions are grown for the sake of a better future.
The central reason that motivates change in…
American Management Association. (2006). A Global Study of Innovation Management. The Quest for Innovation .
Plante, L. (2012, March). A Guide to Entreprenuers who lead and Manage Change. Technology Innovation Management Review .
Research Team. (2015). Research Team 101. Reasons why Entrepreneural Organization seek Innovation Opportunities
As a consequence, the government created the National Innovation Agency. This agency focuses on ensuring collaboration between different important players in the innovative field in order to improve the results of innovative processes in Thailand.
The most important sectors that the agency focuses on are represented by bio business, like biotechnology, bio-based materials, and natural products, and by energy and environment, design and branding. The strategic programs developed by the agency refer to building the national innovation system, cluster grants and venture capital schemes, innovation management and entrepreneurship professional development program, and promoting an innovation culture. This reveals the country's strong interest in supporting innovation processes.
Regarding the activity of building the national innovation system, the National innovation Agency has supported the establishment of the University Business Incubator. This program must reach the objective of supporting and developments of commercial value and innovation from research and development. The principles that…
4. Lorlowhakarn, S. & Ellis, W. (2005). Thailand's National Innovation Agency. CACCI Journal. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
5. Sander, F. (2011). Thailand's Innovation Challenge: Complex Products, Simple Tasks. The World Bank. Retrieved April 9, 2012 from http://blogs.worldbank.org/eastasiapacific/thailands-innovation-challenge-complex-products-simple-tasks .
6. Lack of Innovation as Thai R&D Falls Flat (2011). Bangkok Post. Retrieved April 9, 2012 from http://www.bangkokpost.com/business/economics/222395/lack-of-innovation-as-thai-r-d-falls-flat .
Strategy for Innovation at Proctor & Gamble
It may seem self-apparent to speak of Innovation as an aspect of a business process or of business process re-engineering. Indeed, it is perhaps a common misconception that innovation is a standard part of every business organization's internal structure and approach to its goals. However, patterns of innovation suggest this to be a specialized approach to business, reserved only for those organizations that are structurally and culturally suited to the adoption of new approaches, whether through technology, philosophical orientation, customer service or employee treatment. Indeed, some organizations may be better suited to improving existing models or finding ways to make existing models function at lower costs to the consumer. However, in the manufacturing, retail and service industries, there is a distinct movement toward innovation amongst many organizations seeking to remain abreast of changing patterns relating to global trade, technology and corporate…
Huston, L. & Sakkab, N. (2006). P&G's New Innovation Model. Harvard Business School: Working Knowledge.
Leipnik, D. (2008). Energy Efficient Companies To Be Rewarded With New 'Green Leader' Environmental Labeling Program. Green Leader. Online at http://www.greenleader.ca/press.htm
McKibben, B. (2007). Deep Economy: The Wealth of Communities and the Durable Future. MacMillan Press.
Proctor & Gamble (P&G). (2009). Innovation is P&G's Life Blood. PG.com.
Henry W. Chesbrough uses this exact notion of "permeable boundary," when he gives his definition of open innovation: "In the open innovation model a company commercialises both its own ideas as well as innovations from other firms and seeks ways to bring its in house ideas to market by deploying pathways outside its current business. Note that the boundary between the company and its surrounding environment is porous, enabling innovations to move more easily between the two." (MIT Sloan Management Review: The era of open innovation, Henry W. Chesbrough) Having this in mind Procter and Gamble created their "Connect and Develop" innovation model.
In order for "Connect and Develop" to become what Procter and Gamble envisioned the company realized it was of the outmost important not to use time and valuable resources on ideas that may be interesting at first but later on prove to have no concrete, specific application.…
MIT Sloan Management Review: The era of open innovation, Author: Henry W. Chesbrough (undated) Available. Online. HTTP://sloanreview.mit.edu/wsj/insight/pdfs/4435.pdf (accessed 6th May 2007)
Harvard Business Review: Connect and Develop, Authors: Larry Huston and Nabil Sakkab (undated) Available Online HTTP: http://custom.hbsp.com/custom/INNOCR0603C2006032833.pdf;jsessionid=YVENOB4MC1EKCAKRGWDSELQBKE0YIISW (accessed 6th May 2007)
P&G Connect+Develop Homepage Available Online HTTP:
http://pg.t2h.yet2.com/t2h/page/homepage (accessed 6th of May 2007)
Innovation in an Organization Is Easier Said Than Done
Creativity and innovation are considered the sources of the competitive advantages for a company, as Higgins (1996, p. 374) predicted that managing innovation would become the most important organizational task of the future. Therefore, presently, the management attention has focused primarily on how organizations generate creative ideas and carry out innovation projects successfully.
However, majority of managers are finding that creativity and innovation in an organization is easier than said. They are finding that in practice the creative ideas and new development activities fail to achieve their anticipated level of success and some of these projects actually end into failure (Belbin, 1981, p. 31). Therefore, the question arises what are the main factors that contribute to the failure of creativity and innovation in the companies.
The paper looks at some of these issues, including management roles, team management, and internal and…
Alder, H. (1993), The Right Brain Manager, Piatkus, London.
Anderson, N., Hardy, G. And West, M. (1992), "Management team innovation," Management Decision, Vol. 30, No. 2, pp. 17-21.
Belbin, R.M. (1981), Management Teams: Why They Succeed or Fail, Heinemann, London.
Cleland, David I. (1996), Strategic Management of Teams, John Wiley & Sons, Danvers, MA.
Business innovation and enterprise -- Innovation in China
The buzzword of today is represented by the internationalized economic crisis which has commenced from within the American real estate sector and soon expanded to impact all sectors across the entire globe. Before the emergence of the crisis however, the buzzword was that of globalization, understood as the process by which boundaries between states are gradually eliminated and the values, beliefs, cultures and resources of one region can easily transcend to another region.
Globalization has impacted all aspects of life, from the means in which one spends their leisure time to the means in which one completes their professional tasks. Globalization has generated effects on all fields of life, from politics, to economics and culture.
Within the business community, globalization has translated into a myriad of impacts. For once, the phenomenon allowed economic agents to transcend boundaries and benefit from the comparative…
Ashton, A., 2010, 7 technologies where China has the U.S. beat, GreenBiz, http://www.greenbiz.com/blog/2010/12/07/7-technologies-where-china-has-us-beat last accessed on November 8, 2011
Chang-Rong, K., Fu-Yu, L., 2011, Cultural innovation industry exports talent to China, Want China Times, http://www.wantchinatimes.com/news-subclass-cnt.aspx?cid=1504&MainCatID=15&id=20110207000010 last accessed on November 8, 2011
Li, W., 2011, Applying Grey relational analysis to evaluate the factors affecting innovation capability: evidence from Chinese high-tech industries, Canadian Social Science, Vol. 7, No. 3
Lin, C.Y., 2007, Factors affecting innovation in logistics technologies for logistics service providers in China, Journal of Technology Management in China, Vol. 2, No. 1
They buy more goods from local businesses, can afford more luxuries, and this encourages the growth of local enterprises. The spillover effect must be strong enough for this to work, however. Thus, it may be necessary for the government to fuel the economic development of local production through tax relief and to carefully select certain types of foreign investment to emphasize in its 'recruitment efforts' to ensure that the nation does not simply remain a source of cheap labor. Accumulation of capital is important, but the capital must be used to improve the minds of the populace and the infrastructure of the nation. Still, to achieve this objective, openness rather than protectionism is essential. The downturn in global fortunes may mean that cheaper labor costs are even more desirable on the part of multinationals so allowing such investment to prevent the nation from being even more stricken by economic contraction…
Technology enables students to learn process without divorcing it from the factual information and data inherent to traditional educational expectations.
Technology can be used in a variety of different contexts and with many different overall instructional paradigms in place, and as long as it is effectively integrated into existing teaching plans and styles -- or if new overall instructional methods are built with a technological focus -- a high degree of efficacy has been found from most technological applications (Hartley 2007). By rooting all learning in direct interaction with media and peers rather than relying on the largely passive instructional methods of traditional education, it inherently and almost automatically becomes more effective as true learning only occurs with interaction in the constructivist perspective (Hartley 2007). As students engage in repeated learning activities that require critical thinking skills in the locating and selection of information, they will also become better able…
Cain, J. (2008). Online Social Networking Issues Within Academia and Pharmacy Education. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 72(1): 10-4.
Hartley, J. (2007). Teaching, learning and new technology: a review for teachers. British Journal of Educational Technology 38(1): 42-62.
Subrahmanyam, K., Reich, S., Waechter, N. & Espinoza, G. (2008). Online and offline social networks: Use of social networking sites by emerging adults. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 29(6): 420-33.
Woo, Y. & Reeves, T. (2007). Meaningful interaction in web-based learning: A social constructivist interpretation. The Internet and Higher Education 10(1): 15-25.
The Cost of Technological Advances
The development of technological advances has been significant in the last 50 years but more so in the last 30. According to Moore an early pioneer in silicone technology, the capacity for engineering technology innovation is clearly rapid. Moore set a benchmark for silicone technology claiming that capacity would double the number of transistors on a chip, which determines the capacity for memory every 24 months. This law served as a standard for Intel and other chip manufacture companies, creating a demonstrative goal that was followed almost to the letter from its inception to now (Intel, 2011). This rapid advancement of technology has made many functions and aspects of technology capabilities possible as computers and servers can process more and more tasks and information more rapidly than ever. The result of these advances has been both an extreme learning curve cost as well…
Ford, G.C. (2012, January 15). Demand for allied health professionals creating shortages.
Gazette, The (Cedar Rapids, IA).
Staff Writer (March 17, 2012) Stockton bankruptcy: City would be largest in American history to declare bankruptcy. Huff Post, San Francisco, CA. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/23/stockton-bankruptcy-biggest-in-american-history_n_1298055.html
Intel. (2011). Moore's Law inspires Intel innovation. Retrieved from http://www.intel.com/about/companyinfo/museum/exhibits/moore.htm
Baran and Sweezy agreed with Veblen's primary thesis about the "subdued conflict between workmanship and salesmanship," in which workmanship is being pursued in the interests of sales of often superfluous goods rather than those that are socially necessary. Baran and Sweezy went so far as to say that Veblen's view of the matter (published in 1923) "as a description of the situation in the 1950s and 1960s... is 100 per cent on target." (O'Hara, Anthony, 2004)
Under monopoly capitalism, true innovation, according to Veblen, is often separated from sales and profit. The engineers produce innovations that can be used by the whole community and the capitalists often destroy technological progress. Baran and Sweezy stress the sabotage of this industry by businesses wasting capitalism such as planned obsolescence, where engineers design a product, light globes, and other commodities that will break down after a certain length of time or use. Another…
Fahrer, Marion. (2005, February 1). "The innovation outlook: Graham Fletcher, a senior executive with IBM, one of the world's leading technology originators, examines the latest technologies and those ahead, as a new on-demand era of innovation emerges.(Innovation Supplement)," Journal of Banking and Financial Services.
O'Hara, Phillip Anthony;Sherman, Howard Jay. (2004, December 1) "Veblen and Sweezy on monopoly capital, crises, conflict, and the state.," Journal of Economic
Report shows Europe has trouble narrowing economic gap with United States," AP
The innovative solution to resolving the conflict would have been to create a mixed working team between the two teams, with the common objective of coming up with a solution that would take the best out of the two solutions the teams had proposed. Such a solution to the problem would have had several advantages. First of all, it would have allowed the two teams to interact and communicate in the scope of reaching a coming objective rather than each of them working out separately to obtain the implementation of its own solution.
On the other hand, it would also have likely created the best technological solution out of the two proposed by bringing together more resources to debate the best alternative.
3. What practices of or observations about managing conflict do you find offered by your leader - Carly Fiorina? How would they react to the concept of "healthy…
(1000 Ventures, 2008)
The work of Kaplan and Palmer (2007) entitled: "Strategic Imagination: External Thought Leaders Inspire Breakthrough Innovation" published by Innovation Point relates the fact concerning innovation efforts that they "often deliver disappointingly short-term ideas and fail to identify longer-term growth platforms. An organization's inwardly-focused and historically-biased view of the world limits its capacity for 'strategic imagination'. Bringing in fresh, future-oriented perspectives from outside the organization is an essential catalyst for innovative 'stretch thinking'." (Kaplan and Palmer, 2007) Bringing in what are termed to be 'external thought leaders' derived from various domains will assist the innovation process and assist the team in the development of 'Industry Foresight' and in identification of: "...non-obvious opportunities." (Kaplan and Palmer, 2007) External thought leaders are described as "...inspirational provocateurs and visionaries..." And are said to be the "...essential catalyst for teams that seek breakthrough innovation." (Kaplan and Palmer, 2007) the work of Wagner…
Herzberg, Torsten (2005-2006) Toward a Mid-Range of Method Selection for Innovation Pre-project Activities" School of Industrial Manufacturing Science Enterprise Integration.
Cranfield University. Online available at: https://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/bitstream/1826/1059/1/060429_PhD_Torsten_Herzberg.pdf
Kaplan, Soren and Palmer, Derrick (2007) Strategic Imagination: External Thought Leaders Inspire Breakthrough Innovation. Innovation Point. LLC. Online available at http://www.innovation-point.com/Strategic%20Imagination.pdf
Profitable Innovation in High Tech: Innovate to Compete, Innovate Profitably to Win (2008) Oracle. Online available at http://www.oracle.com/industries/high_tech/Profitable_Innovation_for_High_Tech.pdf