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Telephone and its impact on Communication and Technology
The humanities generally encompass such subjects as languages, history, philosophy, religion, music and theater, literature, and law; but they also include what is referred to as the "social sciences," which include anthropology, cultural studies, as well as technology and communication. As part of the "social science" discipline, the telephone has had an enormous impact. Not only has the telephone allowed individuals to communicate over long distances, but by the ancillary technologies it has created (wireless communication, internet, etc.), the telephone has completely transformed society. The telephone has also created an entirely new field of study called "digital humanities," or the combination of computer technology and the humanities. ("Manifesto," 2009) This essay will discuss the impact of the telephone, and it's subsequent offspring technologies, and their impact on the discipline of communication and technology.
In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell may have been credited…
"About ADHO." (n.d.) Retrieved from Alliance of Digital Humanities Organizations. http://digitalhumanities.org/
Bruce, Robert. (1973). Bell: Alexander Graham Bell and the Conquest of Solitude. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co.
Coe, Lewis. (1995). The Telephone and it's Several Inventors. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland and Co.
Shulman, Seth. (2008). The Telephone Gambit: Chasing Alexander Graham Bell's Secret. New York: W.W. Norton.
Cellular Telephones Pros and Cons
The esearch Project a separate project student, student researches a topic web produces a report-based research. Assignment: Each student choose topic, list an interest . Several students choose topic, work independent.
The increasing high demand for communication has necessitated the invention of cellular telephones in the world. Advancements in technology have also played a critical part to see to it that communication technology serves the needs of people efficiently. Over the years the use of cellular telephone has moved from a luxurious to an essential. This is to the extent that people consider life without them as impossible. Behind the increasing popularity of Cellular telephones there are dozens of reason that include; technological offers, entertainment, growth in the cellular manufacturing industry and connectivity in the social networks (Aylor, 2012).
The growth in the cellular industry has contributed to higher competition and lower prices…
Aylor, M. (2012). The Mobile Wave: How Mobile Intelligence Will Change Everything. United States Vanguard Press.
Brewin, B. (2009). Report on health risks from cell phones inconclusive: Techno World United States Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute.
Trusov, M., Bucklin, R., & Pauwels, K. (2009). Effects of Word-of-Mouth vs. Traditional Marketing: Findings from an Internet Social Networking Site. Journal of Marketing 73(5), 90-102.
Prestige Telephone Company
The theme of the given case study revolves around the motive of the managing authorities of the Prestige Telephone Company to analyze the standing of the corporation and developing the action plan that will serve the purpose to enhance the profitability and effectiveness of the newly introduced subsidiary, known as the Prestige Data Service. The subsidiary was acquired as a facilitator of the company profits on non-regulatory bases as well as ensuring the computer service in the vicinity of the Prestige Telephone Company. As a matter of facts the case study indicates that Prestige Data service is unable to meet the required task for which it was formulated in the Prestige Telephone Company. But after two years it began its operations at a pace that was required by the organization. In the entire case description the managing authorities of the Prestige Telephone Company are trying to come…
Distance Communication and the Invention of the Telegraph & Telephone
When Scottish-born Alexander Graham Bell invented the first working telephone in 1876, he never could have envisioned the modern masses glued to their wireless devices. The wooden stand, funnel, copper wire, and acid used to form the first telephone could not be farther removed from the digital universe we live in now. What arose out of a general knowledge about acoustics and electricity became a revolution in technology and communications. The age-old human dream of long distance communication became a reality with the invention of the telephone.
What was once termed "talking by lightening" evolved out of many years of investigation into potential voice transmission devices. Samuel Morse's telegraph paved the way for future developments on the telephone, but early phones served more as novelty items than practical devices. Nevertheless, during the late 1800s, a plethora of patents were issued…
Work Flow Analysis
Workflow of Answering a Telephone in an Office
Workflow is a series of tasks that an organization undertakes to achieve the desired outcome. A workflow analysis assists an organization to automate, streamline and improve efficiency. (McGonigle, & Mastrian, 2012). In other words, a workflow analysis assists in maximizing an effective use of essential resources, and minimize the activities that are not adding values to organizations. In the United States, the operations of healthcare environment are increasing and require a streamlined business process to enhance safety and quality of healthcare delivery. Workflow is a crucial aspect of information technology to achieve intended business outcome. In a healthcare environment, a workflow is a process of interaction through which hospitals deliver efficient healthcare to patients. While there are different types of workflow, a flowchart is an effective tool to address inefficiencies. Answering a telephone in an office is a common…
McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. G. (2012). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge (Laureate Education, Inc., custom Ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning.
Strother, J.B. (2006). Call Centers in Health Care: Effect on Patient Satisfaction. IEEE.
Appendix 1: Answering Telephone Flowchart No
Preparing for a Telephone Interview
Telephone interviews are becoming increasingly popular; they may be used for screening of potential applicants, and have been noted as particularly prevalent in agencies specializing in graduate placements (Silvester et al., 2000). The process has the potential to increase efficiency in the recruitment process, allowing screening to take place effectively in terms of time and resource use, which is usually followed by a more in-depth face-to-face interview (Arthur, 2012). For an interview candidate to be successful in a telephone interview there needs to be a careful consideration of what the interviewer will be looking for; this will include interest in the job and the ability to satisfy the relevant criteria needed by a successful candidate (Arthur, 2012).
Before a telephone interview a candidate should ensure they are prepared. This preparation will include thoroughly rereading the job advertisement as well as undertaking some background research.…
Arthur D, (2012), Recruiting, Interviewing, Selecting & Orienting New Employees, AMACOM
Silvester, Joanne; Anderson, Neil; Haddleton, Emma; Cunningham-Snell, Nicole; Gibb, Andy, (2000), A Cross-Modal Comparison of Telephone and Face-to-Face Selection Interviews in Graduate Recruitment, International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 8(1), 16
Security Assessment Services, Inc.
ew York ew York 10201
Ms J.S. Johnson, Security Director
ew York, ew York 10211
Enclosure: Company Z. Security Assessment
etwork security threat assessment
Company Z. is faced with some serious challenges in responding to a number of significant trends that have emerged in recent years that will invariably affect security procedures and processes. For example, in 2013, there were more smartphones in use than personal computers as more telephony customers abandoned their landlines and wired Internet services and replaced them with Web-enabled mobile handheld devices (Booth, 2009). The typical method for the transmission of VoIP digital information between stations is through the use of a network of expensive microwave transmitters (Spasic & esic, 2008).
It is important to point out, though, that even VoIP transmissions that are routinely transmitted between microwave transmitters are frequently routed through analog systems as well as part of…
Network security vulnerability assessment
Because of their near-universal use, telephone networks security systems are vital to telephone service providers as well as their customers. In this regard, Zirille (2009) emphasizes that, "In this high-technology world, the ubiquitous telephone has become a powerful weapon in the hands of thieves. It can be used as a 'key' to unlock a wide assortment of confidential data" (p. 22). Currently, Company Z. simply discards all internally generated paperwork concerning customer accounts and applications. Therefore, it is recommended that Company Z. improve its physical and environmental security by shredding all internal fax sheets and identification codes for telephony applications (Zirille, 2009). According to Zirille, "Some thieves, known in the trade as "dumpster divers," go through garbage dumpsters looking for such proprietary data" (2009l p. 22).
Company Z's security network is also deficient in virus detection and protections for its VoIP services, an issue that has assumed increased importance in recent years (Bagchi & Tang, 2004; van Burken, 2013). According to Panettieri (2009), "More than 100 viruses now target smart phones running mobile operating systems from Microsoft Corp., PalmSource Inc. And Research in Motion Ltd. To name a few" (p. 18). As an example of how such viruses could disrupt Company Z's operations, Panettieri cites the Cabir and Commwarrior worms that target mobile telephones. For instance, Panettieri advises, "Consider the Cabir worm, which targets mobile phones running Symbian OS and Nokia's Series 60 user interface. Once triggered, Cabir uses Bluetooth to send itself from one phone to another" (2009, p. 19). Likewise, the Commwarrior worm also uses Bluetooth and multimedia messaging service to achieve the same outcome that adversely affect network operations and consumer convenience (Panettieri, 2009). In addition, Unuth (2013) reports that, "VoIP is particularly vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attacks, in which the attacker intercepts call-signaling SIP message traffic and masquerades as the calling party to the called party, or vice versa. Once the attacker has gained this position, he can hijack calls via a redirection server" para. 3). Other common types of security threats to
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of self-administered interviewing, face-to-face interviewing, and telephone interviewing?
Interviewing in many instances relies heavily on first impressions and communication amplitude. Depending on the form of interview, non-verbal cues, appearance, and disposition all created a framework in which to properly evaluate an individual. When looking at the three forms of interviewing: self-administered, face-to-face, and telephone, each has its own distinct advantages relative its peers.
To begin, self-administered interviewing arguable provides the most freedom in regards to interviewee response. Self-administered interviewing utilizes a standardized protocol of clear instructions and questions that enable witnesses to provide their own statement. As such, this method is therefore ideal for use when restricted resources mean that a traditional interview is not possible. This form of interviewing is particularly useful in sudden, unexpected events. Examples include, terrorist attacks, insurance claims, or criminal activity. In many of these instances, information is…
Nationwide telephone has been in the business of manufacturing low-cost and high-quality telephones from 2001. The company is reliant on local suppliers in order to minimize lead times and at the same time utilizing the number of suppliers. This facilitates faster delivery times and also decreasing the travel costs. In the past 6 months, Roger Stoga who is the president of the company has seen a decline in sales of the company. Subsequent to further analysis, he was able to determine the issue to be linked to a rise in the prices of plastic components, supplied by ABC Plastics. The main aim of this analysis is to ascertain why the price of the components has increased.
1. What analytical tools can be used by the supply group to determine the right price?
There are different analytical tools that can be employed by the supply group to make a determination…
The means to do business was changing as people realized the phone was a quick and convenient way to order goods and services.
The rest of the world was eager to adopt the use of the telephone. Transatlantic cable, first used in the 1940s, was the beginning of the global telephone network. Telephones are now used around the world and have become one of the most fundamental tools of modern society (Hays, 1991).
IV. Evolution of the Advancement of the Telephone
The telephone, as a device, has evolved from Bell's original model into small, handheld devices that people can use anywhere. They no longer have to be tethered by cords to homes or offices. Phones are used worldwide (Museum of American Heritage, 2010).
Hays (1991) pointed out negative effects of phone communication, claiming that the telephone enables war to be waged more easily and human conflict extended along telephone lines.…
Brooks, J. (1976). Telephone: the first hundred years. New York: Harper and Row.
Hays, D. (1991). The evolution of technology. New York: Connected Education.
Krupa, F. (1992). The evolution of the telephone system: From Bell's electric toy to the internet.
Swimtank.com. Retrieved from http://www/translucency.com/frede/telephone.html
Flea by John Donne
In the 1500's, Europe was a very dirty place, and fleas were a major problem. It was, in fact, fleas that were responsible for the Black Death, or Plague, that had ravaged Europe since the 1300's. However, in the late 1500's, a flea landed on the breast of a certain lady in French Society by the name of Madame Des Roches, a writer of some fame, and this sparked off an obsession with the flea as the subject of literature. hole books were devoted to the flea, and the flea became a subject for comedy, romance, poetry, and all sorts of artistic expression. Around this time an English poet, named John Donne, wrote a poem entitled The Flea, in which he metaphorically compares a flea to the act of sex.
Structurally, The Flea is a poem that alternates its meter between lines of iambic tetrameter, and…
Donne, John. The Flea. Web. July 26, 2011. http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/donne/flea.php
modal time for dropouts in live surveys either short or long is the half-point mark in the survey, the researcher needs to get to the most crucial information needed early in the survey (Cape, 2010). Choosing crucial information depends on the focus of the researcher (except for demographic information, see below). Moreover, the questionnaire is a bit cumbersome and will require quite a bit of training before interviewers can use it effectively (especially sections like section F). Perhaps it would be better to put in more guidelines, simplify some content, and make it a bit more user friendly. The fewer experimenter errors one makes the lower the bias and the better the reliability (and hence validity) of the measure (Bradburn, Sudman, & Wansink, 2004; Kalton & Schuman, 1982). Some of the issues with specific sections are discussed next.
Question A4 asks about reading within the past week, whereas other questions…
Bradburn, N.M., Sudman, S., & Wansink, B. (2004). Asking questions: The definitive guide to questionnaire design -- for market research, political polls, and social and health questionnaires. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Cape, P. (2010). Questionnaire length, fatigue effects and response quality revisited. Survey Sampling International.
Clarke, P.M., Fiebig, D.G., & Gerdtham, U.G. (2008). Optimal recall length in survey design. Journal of health economics, 27(5), 1275-1284.
Kalton, G., & Schuman, H. (1982). The effect of the question on survey responses: A
The objective of this study is to read the case Deal V. Spears United States Court Of Appeals, Eighth Circuit, 980 F. 2D 1153 (1992) and to answer the questions of whether it is lawful to monitor the telephone conversation of an employee if the employee has given prior consent and to answer if in this case whether Deal give her employer consent in this case? This study will additionally examine whether due to the recent burglary of the store, whether the employer had a legitimate business reason to record and review the employee's phone calls made or received at work. Finally, this study will consider what, under the Watkins precedent, is the extent to which an employer can monitor personal phone calls to employees within the ordinary course of business exemption of the federal wiretapping law where is no evidence of express consent here.
Deal V. Spears United States Court Of Appeals, Eighth Circuit, 980 F. 2D 1153 (1992)
Marketing Information system is a management information system that supports decision making processes in marketing (Kotler & Keller, 2006). Marketing data is gathered, stored, and analyzed within this system and distributed on timely basis to managers to enhance decision making processes (Kotler, 1988). It is a continuing and an interactive structure of people, equipment and procedures to gather information that is used in decision making processes in an organization. The major components of management information system are internal reporting systems, marketing research system, marketing intelligence system, and marketing models. Information touching on finances, production, manpower, marketing, stockholding, and logistical data are normally stored in marketing information system. Orders received, stockholdings and sales are also stored in the marketing information system. Other than the above named information, marketers can also get information related to product type, size, and pack by territory, type of account, industry, and customer; average value and volume…
Anonymous (2011). Marketing. Retrieved from http://www.freezingblue.com/iPhone/flashcards/printPreview.php?fileid=119645
Doherty, M. (1994) Probability vs. Non-Probability Sampling in Sample Surveys. The New
Zealand Statistics, 21-28.
Jeff Anderson Consulting (2013). Interviewing and Research Methods. Retrieved http://www.jeffandersonconsulting.com/marketing-research.php/survey-research/research-methods
Marketing Information System
This is a type of management information system that is designed for supporting the process of marketing decision making. This is a system which is planed and entails the collection, processing, storage and dissemination of data in information form required in carrying out management functions.it is also termed as a system made up of people, equipment and procedure which are used in gathering, sorting, analyzing, evaluating and distribution of data to managers according to the required informational needs regularly. There are four main components of marketing information system these are internal records which gives reliable inside information of an organization; marketing intelligence that gives information collected from external sources; marketing research for solving marketing problems in an organization and marketing decision support system comprise of tools that assist managers in data analysis hence better decision making. The marketing decision support system enables marketers to get the information…
Johnson, R. (2011).The 8 different pricing objectives. Retrieved June 26, 2013 from http://vwmarketingsolutions.ca/2012/07/the-8-different-pricing-objectives/
Opdenakker, R. (2006). Forum; Qualitative social research. Advantages and Disadvantages of Four Interview Techniques in Qualitative Research. Volume 7, No. 4, Art. 11. Retrieved June 26, 2013 from http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/175/391
Price, R. (2010). The Basic Steps of the Marketing Research Process. Retrieved June 26, 2013 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/basic-steps-marketing-research-process-30942.html
However, these changes are merely quick fixes, and simply by removing dissatisfaction factors, does not equate to satisfaction, for this reason, to increase productivity, the telesales organization must move forward to intrinsic changes as well (Buhler, 2003).
Once it is ascertained that these hygiene factors are met, organizations can begin to work on the motivation factors, which will really improve productivity for the long-term. "People are most deeply motivated by work that stretches and excites them while also advancing organizational goals" (Levinson, 2003). Praise and recognition and growth and advancement opportunity are powerful motivators (Nelson, 2002). However, the daily grind of a telesales employee's tasks can be mind numbing.
Therefore, the organization will be challenged to make the work exciting and rewarding for the employee. In addition, there should be the ability to move up within the organization and hiring from within, even into other departments such as customer service…
Buhler, P.M. (Dec 2003). Managing in the new millennium. Supervision, 64(12). Retrieved November 6, 2004, from Business Source Premier database.
Creech, R.M. (Summer 1995). Employee motivation. Management Quarterly, 36(2). Retrieved November 6, 2004, from Business Source Premier database.
Frederick Herzber g. (16 Oct 2004). Retrieved November 6, 2004, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_Herzberg .
Gawel, J.E. (Jan 1999). Herzberg's theory of motivation and Maslow's hierarchy of needs. ERIC Digest. Retrieved November 6, 2004, from ERIC Clearinghouse of educational Management database.
Business Database Technology
The focus of this project is to design a database program for a company called Home Sweet Home that specializes in the management of properties on behalf of owners. The company offers a complete rental service for customers willing to rent furnished properties. The services delivered by the Home Sweet Home include advertising of properties in then local and national press. The company also carries out the interview and organize visit to prospective renters as well as negotiating the lease agreement. Once a customer rent a property, the company assumes the responsibilities of carrying out the regular property inspection.
Entities are the object used to track the database, and each entity is stored in the database. The entity assists in designing the ED (entity relation diagram). This paper identifies the entities that need to be used in the database design for the Home Sweet Home. The…
Hoffer, J.A. Ramesh, V. & Hiekki Topi, H.(2012). Modern Database Management (10th Edition) . Prentice Hall.USA.
Establishing personal contact over a widespread demographic area might be challenging, but would be necessary if the research was to be of value: it is likely that the information desired would be part of an academic or business-based study, and thus there would be enough funding for travel. Personal interviews also enable the research to be more thorough and valuable, given that the subjects will usually devote more time, energy, and thought to their responses face-to-face, as opposed to a cursory questionnaire or brief telephone interview. However, interviewers must be well-trained so they know how to probe, ask follow-up questions, and redirect the interviewee to focus on pertinent issues. They must also make the subject feel comfortable and uninhibited.
Question D: A survey of financial officers of the Fortune 500 corporations to learn their predictions for the economic outlook in their industries in the next year.
In this case, it…
Employee Privacy Torts
History of Employee Privacy
Changing Trends of Employee Privacy
Impact of Innovative Technology on Employee Privacy
ole of Social Media towards Employee Privacy
Impact of Changing Community/Society on Employee Privacy
Adaptation to the new Environment pertaining to Employee Privacy
Employee Monitoring and Surveillance
Laws and Employer Policies for Text Messaging and Social Media
Electronic Communication Privacy Act
Monitoring of Employee Conversations over Telephone & Email
ecommendations for creating Effective Policies
Future Implications of Employee Privacy
As years have passed and the human race has penetrated into the epoch of twenty first century, the technological advancements have conquered almost every facet of human life, especially the workplace. The widespread platform of the internet has become the integral part of a person's life, in the same manner as businesses are employing technological advancements to perform numerous activities like internet infrastructure, maintenance of computers and so on. It means that…
Baker, D., Buoni, N., Fee, M. & Vitale, C. (2011). Social Networking and Its Effects on Companies and Their Employees. Retrieved from: http://www.neumann.edu/academics/divisions/business/journal/Review2011/SocialNetworking.pdf
Bergh, N.V.D. (2000). Emerging Trends for Eaps in the 21st Century. Haworth Press, Incorporated.
Campbell, D. (2007). The Internet 2007: Laws and Regulatory Regimes. USA: Lulu.com.
Cate, F.H. (1997). Privacy in the Information Age. USA: Brookings Institution Press.
Southern New England Telephone, a subsidiary of SBC Communications, Inc.
The difficulties in evaluating the relative success or failure of a company in the telecommunications industry, or any government-regulated service, such as telephone service, are numerous. How does one evaluate the overall success of the company, in relation to financial and legal difficulties, even to outright failures of its subsidiaries on a local level? Also, how does one unravel the legal snarls that plague the communications industry in a climate that often fluctuates from state to local ordinances? "Pity the Regulator," wrote The Economist in 1997, when the Internet and communications snarl was just beginning to grip the nation and the world. However, when writing the recent history of Southern New England Telephone, one might want to extend pity to this subsidiary of SBC as well.
Over the course of the last several financial quarters, there has been…
The Connecticut Triennial Review Reporter. (November 13, 2003). "Draft Decision May Provide Insight into the DPUC's Interpretation of the Triennial Review Order."
The Economist. (September 11, 1997) "The Short Arm of the Law: Pity the Telecom Regulator."
Hamerly, David. "SBC: Industry Report" (2004). Hoover's Reports. Austin: Hoover's Inc.
Press Release: SBC. (February 12, 2004) "SBC Applauds FCC For Action On Internet-Based Communication Services." Washington, District of Columbia.
Employee Privacy Torts
Issues relating to employee privacy have been at the forefront of businesses for many years. This has been fuelled by the dynamic workplace which changes constantly and also by employees and employers being more litigation-conscious. Technology has also spurred on employee privacy issues with e-mail and the internet being related to heightened concerns about vulnerability of employers to litigation. Many employers have thus exacerbated their concerns relating to employee privacy and especially monitoring of employee behavior. Employee privacy is respected in many of the large corporations. However, there still exist some breaches in employee privacy. Small business owners are at most risk as a result of their increased monitoring practices and close employer-employee interaction.
oberson v. ochester Folding Box Company
One of the major cases that brought employee privacy to the limelight was oberson v. ochester Folding Box Company
Franklin Mills Co. decided to appeal…
Anderson v. City of Philadelphia, 845 F. 2d 1216 (1988).
Borse v. Piece Goods Shop, 963 F.2d 611 (1991).
Burlington Industries, Inc. v. Ellerth, 524 U.S. 742 (1988).
City of Ontario v. Quon, 130 S.Ct. 2619, 560 U.S. (2010).
Social Work Exercises
Preparing for 3 Clients
Mrs. Nancy Cannon telephoned from her place of work ( the Capital nsurance Company -- phone [HDDEN] She sounded concerned. She said that on the previ-ous Saturday night, her 14-year-old daughter Amy had come home after her 9: 00 p. m. curfew, smelling of alcohol. She says that she " grounded" her daughter but now wants to talk with a social worker about the situation. Mrs. Cannon requested an appointment for herself alone, indicating that she wanted to sort things out with someone before she dealt further with her daughter.
Mrs. C. reported that this was the first such incident. She said, " 've never had any trouble whatsoever from Amy. She's been a wonderful child." She stated that she had not sought pro-fessional help before and that this was her first contact with any social service or mental health agency. She indicated…
I would have to take a moment to breathe and clear my head. My own frustration about the fact I id not get a raise should not interfere with the well being of my upcoming client. I would remind myself that I am in this field not for the monetary benefits, but for the joy of helping real people with real problems. I would tell myself that this is a testing moment; I either need to center myself and help those in need, or stop altogether.
The issue of handling this case is a very sensitive one. Unfortunately, "despite many changes that have occurred in the treatment of rape victims, there still exists in our society ignorance about, and ambivalence towards the rape victim, causing for many an additional stress" (South Eastern CASA, 2012). This is especially true for date rape victims, who are often stigmatized as having not been raped in a traditional sense. Many tend to falsely believe that the victim was either using an excuse after the fact, or simply lost control because of their own vices in regards to drugs or alcohol. This creates a scenario where there needs to be a certain degree of trust built within the empathy provided by the social worker. Thus, "given that the victim's trust in people has been betrayed by the rapist, it may make it more difficult for her to trust others. The counselor needs to indicate that she can empathize with the victim's feelings, that she can listen and acknowledge the intense emotions the victim has, and encourage rather than suppress discussions of these" (South Eastern CASA, 2012). It is crucial that the social worker provide a sense of trust and understanding in order to best help the victim at hand. This trust will help
Yet, every major aspect of the Internet builds on the strengths of those prior media forms.
The development of technology has allowed for cultural acceleration, as each media form starting with the telegraph represents an improvement in the speed and/or scope of communication (Carey, 2010). The telegraph separated transportation from communication, which was the first step. The telephone increased speed further, and wireless telegraph set the foundation for later wireless technologies. Radio and television, for example, were based on wireless broadcast, which enabled communications to reach a broader audience. here the telephone and telegraph introduced an accelerated pace to communications, the impacts of any one given communication were individual. News of the Titanic sinking, for example, was carried through a network of different messages on different media (Carey, 2010). Such large-scale impacts of communication on society became commonplace with radio. Television had yet more potency as a communications…
Carey, J. (2010). Electricity creates the wired world. In possession of the author.
Over time, from one second to the next, human behavior constantly changes, contributing to the fact that human behavior, consequently human cognition, constitutes a dynamic process. (Thelen and Smith, 1994). Communication, also a continuous interactive process, serves as the overtime interaction between the human motivated information processing system and the communication message. (Geiger and Reeves, 1993; Lang, 2000; Rafaeli, 1988)
Media multitasking indicates a user will simultaneously experience exposure to content from various media. As an individual possesses only a limited number of cognitive resources, he/she will not be able to process information at the same level of efficiency as media single use. As a result, the continuing, shifting attention results in less effective retrieval of information, as well as, experiencing challenges retrieving, encoding and storing information.
Statement of Problem
Despite contradictory indications from communication and cognitive psychology, younger adults' fill their lives with multitasking around media, as well…
This plan is focused on financial stability and profitability, through the reduction of operational costs. In this business strategy, outsourcing plays a crucial role.
Dunai, M., 2012, Hungarian town suffers as Nokia announces big layoffs, euters, http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/02/08/us-hungary-nokia-idUSTE8171OU20120208 last accessed on March 21, 2012
Haikio, M., 2002, Nokia: the inside story, Pearson Education, ISBN 0273659839
Layard, ., Nickell, S., Eichorst, W., Zimmermann, K.F., 2011, Combating unemployment, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0199609780
Louis, P.J., Nokia restructuring and issues with outsourcing strategy, Venture Outsource, http://www.ventureoutsource.com/contract-manufacturing/product-market-segments/cell-phones-handsets/nokia-restructuring-and-issues-with-outsourcing-strategy last accessed on March 21, 2012
aby, M., 2012, Nokia announces more major layoffs, TG Daily, http://www.tgdaily.com/mobility-brief/61315-nokia-announces-more-major-layoffs last accessed on March 21, 2012
ugman, a.M., 2007, Multinational enterprises from engineering markets, Berlin oundtable
ugman, a.M., 2009, the Oxford handbook of international business, 2nd edition, Oxford Handbooks Online, ISBN 0199234256
2011, Foreign minister lobbying in Helsinki to keep Nokia in Hungary, Budapest Business Journal, http://www.bbj.hu/politics/foreign-minister-lobbying-in-helsinki-to-keep-nokia-in-hungary-nepszabadsag_61055 last accessed on…
Dunai, M., 2012, Hungarian town suffers as Nokia announces big layoffs, Reuters, http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/02/08/us-hungary-nokia-idUSTRE8171OU20120208 last accessed on March 21, 2012
Haikio, M., 2002, Nokia: the inside story, Pearson Education, ISBN 0273659839
Layard, R., Nickell, S., Eichorst, W., Zimmermann, K.F., 2011, Combating unemployment, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0199609780
Louis, P.J., Nokia restructuring and issues with outsourcing strategy, Venture Outsource, http://www.ventureoutsource.com/contract-manufacturing/product-market-segments/cell-phones-handsets/nokia-restructuring-and-issues-with-outsourcing-strategy last accessed on March 21, 2012
Another option is to forward all calls directly to voice mail. Other voice mail options include forwarding a voice mail with a comment, replying to a voicemail with a new messaged, or directly dialing the sender of the voice mail.
Calls can also be forwarded to other stations within the system, if a person leaves the current location to visit other offices or other locations where the phone system reaches. This function may also be used when there is no answer, or when the line is busy. When this is activated, the call is automatically transferred to another, chosen location when the line is either busy or not answered. This is especially useful when urgent or time sensitive calls come in.
Another useful function of the system is three-way calling, which includes three persons in the same call. This is accomplished by dialing the first person, then depressing the switch-hook…
technologies that are readily available for in-home internet access. You should consider practical as well as technical differences in your comparison. Do not include Frame elay or ATM as these are primarily larger scale business solutions.
Higher-speed standards up to 300+ Mbps
802.11n uses (MIMO) technology and a wider radio frequency channel.
It provides a mechanism called frame aggregation to decrease time between transmissions
Channels operating at 40 MHz are another feature incorporated into 802.11n
The transmitter and receiver use pre-coding & post-coding techniques to achieve the capacity of a MIMO link
A video conference is a set of interactive telecommunication technologies which allow two or more locations to interact via two-way video and audio transmissions simultaneously
ITU H.320 is known as the standard for video conferencing over integrated services digital networks
H.264 SVC is compression standard that enables video conferencing systems to achieve highly error resilient
Automatic Number Identification
The automatic number identification telephone service is good for many reasons. A person can look at the number that is trying to call them, and determined whether or not they want to take the call. This is helpful, for example, during dinner or other activities when people are trying to spend time with their families and telemarketers are calling. It is also extremely helpful in the event of taxi service, pizza delivery, and other businesses that perform deliveries. They can use the ANI system to determine whether or not the order that they have received is legitimate. Callers to 911 are also helped by the service because they are often too frightened to talk to the person on the other end of the line. By having an ANI device, 911 operators can get their phone number as well as their address instead of having to ask…
Medical Affairs Department: Implementing Electronic Database Record Keeping
This project is very feasible as it is a standard updating of record keeping procedures from manual to electronic database -- which is common practice among most records departments today. There is nothing exceptional or impractical about this project and it can be accomplished with relatively little cost, little time devoted to the transition, and few risks.
Technical Feasibility: The project is technically feasible and depends only upon the assistance of the IT division and the training staff/support system to help in the going-online phase of the transition. The database technology is standard for the industry and will be easily obtained and implemented.
Economic Feasibility: The project is economically feasible with systems ranging from low-cost to higher-end or premium packages. A medium-range database system will be sufficient for this project and is within the budget of the Department and can…
For resumes, the most pretentious output method would be transforming the XML file into a PDF file. The same applies for memorandums.
Statistical reports and company annual reports are linked to output methods like: console, file, log file rolling, HTTP Post, TCP broadcast, UDP broadcast, or logging templates.
The hard disk is mostly used for storing large amounts of digital encoded data, like video data, audio data and others. It provides efficient access to large volumes of data. Nowadays, hard disks are included by mobile phones also, not just computers. Hard disk storage is very reliable and independent of particular devices.
The floppy disk is rarely used nowadays, as it is no longer necessary for data storage and transfer. Now it is suitable for storing small amounts of data when dealing with an old computer model that is not equipped with modern device drivers.
The andom Access Memory, better known…
Communication Upgrade Plan
Communications Upgrade Plan
The Abco Company wishes to upgrade its telecommunications technology to a system that is more efficient than the outdated Centrex system now in place. As part of the upgrade plan, the CEO has asked for an explanation of the various systems and technologies available for the upgrade. This research explores various technologies and recommends the proper solution for the business problem at hand.
Communications Upgrade Plan
The Centrex phone system has been the standard in business telecommunications since the 1960s. The system has been the only system of this type for many years. usinesses, such as Abco have had their Centrex System for many years. However, aside from being outdated technology, the Centrex System is no longer the most cost effective solution for businesses. The Abco Corporation has had its Centrex system for as long as anyone can remember. Until recently, no one had…
Callahan, R. (2008). Businesses Move to Voice-over-IP. 12 September 2008. Forbes.com.
Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/2008/12/09/skype-vonage-ringcentral_leadership_clayton_in_rc_1209claytonchristensen_inl.html
This article explores the advantages and move towards VoIP in many businesses.
CISCO. (2011). Quality of Service for Voice over IP. Cisco Systems. Retrieved from http://www.cisco.com/en/U.S./docs/ios/solutions_docs/qos_solutions/QoSVoIP/QoSVoIP.html
Information Systems over the Last Century:
Synchronizing and Streamlining Transportation and Logistics Systems
The pace of change and its complexity continues to drastically redefine entire industries, with those reliant on supply chains, logistics and transportation services seeing the greatest benefits and risks. Globalization is also re-shaping industries the fastest who rely on transportation as a key part of their value chains. United Parcel Service is a company that is representative of the pace and complexity of change that has occurred in business processes, strategies, and information systems over the last one hundred years. UPS was founded in 1907 in Seattle, Washington by Jim Casey, and today is one of the leading transportations services companies globally. The intent of this analysis is to explain the differences between business information systems and methods widely used in 1910 and how they compare to the common enterprise-wide systems and methods of today. The telephone,…
Nabil Alghalith. (2005). Competing with IT: The UPS Case. Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, 7(2), 7-15.
Ata, B., & Van Mieghem, J. (2009). The Value of Partial Resource Pooling: Should a Service Network Be Integrated or Product-Focused? Management Science, 55(1), 115-131.
Barrett, J.. (2007, November). Demand-Driven is an Operational Strategy. Industrial Management, 49(6), 14-19,5.
Das, K.. (2011). Integrating effective flexibility measures into a strategic supply chain planning model. European Journal of Operational Research, 211(1), 170.
Any company that is a leader in an industry knows that what they sell had better be both quality and innovative in order to compete within their designated industry. iordan Manufacturing is no different. iordan has long been a company that offers both quality and innovative products in the plastic molding and parts industry. It also has a strong internal structure that works harmoniously with the objectives of the company. Despite iordan's position as a leader in their industry, the company does face some internal challenges, which work against their company objectives. This paper will look at these areas that require improvement, including finance and accounting, training budget, shipping and receiving, human resources, and the new pyramid bottle cap design for The Taylor Group. The paper will utilize the Issue, ule, Analysis and Conclusion (IAC) method in each distinct area.
Finance and Accounting
Issue: One of the chief…
Association for Automatic Identification and Mobility: Technologies: RFID / What is RFID?.
Retrieved on 19 April 2011:
worked a number years office a family physician retired. You a position a busy surgical floor a local, acute-care hospital. You frequently hear references JCAHO requirements documenting a patient's pain assessment treatment, documenting medication administration, documenting verbal telephone orders.
Documenting patient's pain assessment and treatment
Pain assessment is the first step in managing pain. The suggested method of improving pain care essentially requires that the following procedures are followed properly and meticulously.
a) The pain and its intensity must be measured using an appropriate tool. There are many tools but the best is self reporting by the patient for the pain.
b) The second important thing to be followed is to repeat the assessment consistently and record the same at varying intervals to record the process of the progress of pain. The tool or format for this must be chosen before hand and the same record structure must be maintained…
Aspden, Philip; Institute of Medicine (U.S.) Committee on Identifying and Preventing
Medication Errors. (2007) "Preventing Medication Errors" The National Academies Press.
Joint Commission Resources. (2004) "A guide to JCAHO's medication management
standards" Joint Commission Resources.
Data Input Accuracy
Why Accuracy of Data Input is Important
The continuous operation in today's many systems depends on the accuracy of data that the systems use. As the amount of data increases, it is critical to ensure that every data input and used in a system is error-free to eliminate unwanted system problems.
Computer systems, software, and applications are basically created to provide efficiency in accomplishing a task. If the data used by a system is inaccurate, what help and sense will a computer system provide to its users? Accuracy of data input is important because data is considered as the life of a successful system operation. Jack Olson has the following view on the importance of data. Such importance provides the reason why accuracy of data input is similarly important.
Corporate databases are filled with data that reflects their business activities. This data is collected through routine business…
Olson, J. Data Accuracy: The Challenge.
Retrieved July 31, 2004, from DM Review Online. Web site: http://www.dmreview.com/editorial/newsletter_article.cfm?nl=dmdirect&articleId=6019
Star, J. Data Input.
Retrieved July 31, 2004, from University of California Online. Web site: http://www.geog.ubc.ca/courses/klink/gis.notes/ncgia/u07.html
corpse strangled with the rope still around his neck, the first thing I wanted to do was to remove the rope. Because the look on the dead body's face was horrible, and obviously the rope was what was responsible for the death, and also for the horrible look on the corpse's face, with bulging bloodshot eyes and the tongue sticking out. But Harry went and looked at the body to make sure that he was dead, and then basically Harry told me that this was a crime scene, so we shouldn't disturb any possible evidence. So we didn't take the rope off, and instead we went to talk to the victim's wife. She hadn't moved from the last time we saw her; she was just motionless in her chair. I asked her if she had told anybody about her husband's death, and in a weirdly non-emotional way she said that…
Sampling method -117 patients with primary breast cancer; all who had same-day surgery as part of their treatment.
Appropriateness of sample -- Appropriate for circumstances under consideration.
Results (when applicable: credibility, transferability, dependability, & conformability)
Study found significant differences between the control and experimental group in terms of post-surgery mood, confusion, tension, and home management.
Ethical considerations -- All ethical considerations; privacy, etc. followed- professional study.
Relative strengths of each publication -- Peer reviewed strong work and sense of issues surrounding pain, fatigue and emotional disturbances after surgery.
Relative weaknesses of each publication -- Larger sample than previous study, but still limited in scope, demographics, psychographics and geographic extrapolation.
Application of each article in nursing practices -- Using any intervention that helps patient's after a traumatic surgery is helpful; especially if that patient can ventilate their emotions, angst, and stages of healing. Short-term telephone intervention using the AFSMI technique proves…
Yarbo, C., Wujcik, D., Holmes-Gobel, B. (2010). Cancer Nursing: Principles and Practices.
Philadelphia, PA: Jones and Bartlett Learning.
5 | Page
What are five steps in building a Web Service?
The five steps in building a web service are:
Exposing the code
Writing a service description
Publishing the service
Finding the service
Invoking a Web service d. What is a quick-hit DSS? Define three types quick-hit DSS is a computer-based system that allows decision makers to interact directly with data and analysis models. Three types include data mining, executive information systems, and expert systems.
Question 8 a. Describe three kinds of knowledge representation
One kind of knowledge representation has knowledge as cases. This involves comparing a current case with many other past cases. A second kind of knowledge representation involves neural networks. This involves storing knowledge as nodes in a network. The third form of knowledge representation stores knowledge as rules, where the rules are obtained from experts, laws, or experience.
b. What is a smart tag and how might it…
Lawlor, S.C. (2004). Computer Information Systems. Forth Worth, TX: The Dryden Press. http://www.geocities.com/gqboy1212/***/questions.htm
My boss Yvonne suggested that I send you an email that provides you with a few tips on how to communicate in a more effective manner. To accomplish this goal, I have taken the email you sent me earlier today and rewrote some of it in a much simpler style. The reason I have done this is to ensure that your communication style is more conducive to our culture here at Mosaic. The employees here at Mosaic are much more laid back and less formal than in many corporate situations; therefore you do not need to be as formal as in most corporate scenarios.
To become a good communicator you must be capable of presenting your information in a clear, concise manner. For example; instead of writing, "Pursuant to our conversation yesterday on the telephone, enclosed please find the needed sales figure for the past quarter…
Data Input, Output, Storage Devices and Determining the Speed of a Computer
This paper has made use of the different input and output methods for computers as well as studied the differences between primary and secondary storage. It also checks for the roles of different computer parts in the overall working of the computer.
In computer terminology, data is something that is unprocessed and raw, which does not have a series of clusters within it. On the other hand, information is more detailed and the better form than that of data. It is processed data, whereby it is meaningful data that can be used for manipulation in the computer networks as well as in the computer itself. This paper discusses the different types of methods of data input and output as well as storage devices and also aims at determining the speed of a particular computer.
Data is very significant…
Author Unknown, 2004 General Computer Basic Input/Output System Overview URL 1: http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=299697
Tyson, Jeff, 2004 How BIOS Works URL 2: http://computer.howstuffworks.com/bios.htm
Name 4 practices that commonly require written administrative procedures.
There are many practices which require written administrative procedures. One of those is the practice of placing students into special education programs. Specific guidelines need to be written and adhered to in order to completely adhere to any and all federal and state guidelines. Another example is that of disciplinary procedures for absenteeism. Again, since there are many federal and state guidelines that must be followed dealing with attendance policies, written administrative procedures must be obtained. A third example is that of transportation procedures for all students. These procedures must include transportation of special education students and disabled students. A final example is the practice of field trip organization. Written administrative policies can assist in obtaining proper parental permission, acceptable destinations, as well as planning for transportation to and from the destination.
What is the difference between a policy…
Sergiovanni, Thomas. (2000). "The Principalship: A reflective practice perspective" (4th Edition). New York: Allyn and Bacon.
Over time the cause-and-effect of strategies to increased retention, get reflected in the metrics and KPIs that are rolled up into a single balanced scorecard. All of these metrics also are used for defining the second step in the process the book promotes, which is defining the causes of attrition and working to alleviate them.
The most difficult aspect of customer retention strategies and minimizing the defection rate is equating attrition to lost profits (Wright, iebe, 2010). Measures of lifetime customer profitability are difficult to accurately define and measure over time (Wright, iebe, 2010). The majority of companies attain the first two of these three steps yet stop short of being able to capture lost profits due to attrition (Wright, iebe, 2010). Only in those industries where there are exceptionally high levels of churn, for example with cable television and cellular phone providers, can the profitability be assessed per customer,…
Crosby, L., & Masland, J.. (2009). Customer Experience Innovation. Marketing Management, 18(2), 10.
De Beir, J., Fodha, M., & Magris, F.. (2010). LIFE CYCLE of PRODUCTS and CYCLES. Macroeconomic Dynamics, 14(2), 212-230.
Dedrick, J., Kraemer, K., & Linden, G.. (2010). Who profits from innovation in global value chains?: a study of the iPod and notebook PCs. Industrial and Corporate Change, 19(1), 81.
Elinor Dumont. (2001, April). Problem / solution: Is life cycle marketing outdated? Bank Marketing, 33(3), 12-13.
The fast pace of technological change,
advancements in campus policies and even a varying demographic makeup of
revolving student bodies make for a considerable and interesting challenge
to the leaders in the environment. It requires Barqeuo and his staff to
remain always abreast of standards, practices and policies.
According to his administrative secretary, Barqueo remains in close
and constant contact with the administrative offices of the college, which
he in turn parlays into a direct pursuit of long-term school ambitions
amongst those in the community with respect to campus development.
Particularly, it is his responsibility to find effective ways to help the
board reflect campus, college and community-wide goals. Therefore, he is
in the pressured position of orienting those under his leadership toward
the larger goals of the institution and its numerous affiliates.
For Barqeuo, there appear to be largely positive indicators pointing
to his effectiveness as a leader, with…
Though they can cooperatively work well with other people, they would rather spend time for learning by themselves.
Distant teacher. If traditional education teachers act as directors of learning - telling learners what, when, and how is it to be learned - distant teachers act as resource to the learners. As in traditional education where learners respond to the teachers, in Independent Learning and Teaching it is the teachers who respond to the learners. Teaching is seen as helping and the teacher as helper. They do not instruct students what to do; rather, they guide the learners in making independent decisions by opening their minds to various possibilities. Distinction between help and control are highlighted in the learner-teacher relationship. Their relationship shows that help vs. control trade-off is not necessary; a learner may receive help from the teacher without losing control or responsibility over the conduct of his or her…
Web-based technologies are in fact the essence of distance learning because students from all over the world can attend courses they could not if the were confined to a geographic location.
Organizational and reference tools including digital calendars, dictionaries, translation devices, and journals allow both instructor and student to manage their time more efficiently. Digital calendars can be set with alarms that help students manage their time better: setting intermediate goals for completing large research projects or reading lengthy tomes. Also, digital calendars help distance learning students who have heavy course loads. The calendars allow students to input due dates and other deadlines. Students and instructors have at their fingertips a whole range of resources that would otherwise require large learning spaces and numerous reference materials like dictionaries, thesauri, and other reference guides including atlases. Students who are learning in languages that are not their native tongues can avail themselves…
Evidence of improved access and cost effectiveness should soon follow. Over the next two decades, e-health could deliver patient, provider, and planner/manager interactions for all aspects of health care (Detmer, 2000, p. 181). Detmer continued on to state that this could be a positive move from seeking out errors and problems to information systems whose processes prevent many adverse outcomes. When the problem becomes one of error and miscommunication, one needs to do all that is necessary in order to correct the problem. McKnight et al. continued to report how physicians and nurses both report how there were problems with having updated information both web based as well as written copy (McKnight et al., 2002).
A question that also comes to mind is the concern of training or lack there of. Not only should all current systems of information and resources be overhauled, there is also a need to train…
Detmer, D.E. (2000, July 6). Information technology for quality health care: a summary of United Kingdom and United States experiences. Quality in Health Care, 9, pp. 181-189.
McKnight, L.K., Stetson, P.D., Bakken, S., Curran, C., & Cimino, J.J. (2002, 2002). Perceived Information Needs and Communication Difficulties of Inpatient Physicians and Nurses. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 9, pp. 64-69.
Dear Jet Express Airlines:
This letter is to inform you of my complete dissatisfaction with your customer service, which resulted from my recent experience of booking a trip through your company. Jet Express Airlines came highly recommended to me by a trusted colleague, and so I turned to your company when booking a recent trip. The trip was to be both business and personal in nature, and involved several different flights to different locations on different days. I made the reservations over the telephone, as I thought this would be the quickest and easiest way to book a complicated trip, since I would have the advantage of talking with a real human being. I also hoped that booking a trip directly through your company would be more cost effective than booking it through a travel agent.
Upon my initial call, things seemed to go well. I spoke with a…
First discuss the organization's strategy and classify it according to Porter's three generic competitive strategies.
Then identify the most critical inputs in each of the first three categories and justify WHY they are critical. Also explain what effect the inputs from one category have on inputs from the other categories. How well does the strategy fit with the environmental, resource and historical inputs you identified?
Make a Case for your proposition as to how the Key Inputs support (are congruent with) the trategy. pecifically make a claim: "The inputs at kype consisting of Organizational Environment factors. Internal Resource factors, and Historical Tradition factors are, [highly, partially, or minimally] congruent with the company's strategy."
kype offers product uniqueness. This is one of Porter's competitive strategies. kype has, in fact, received a reputation as being a highly unique company and indeed it works on being innovative and is constantly producing…
Aamoth, D. (May 10, 2011) A Brief History of Skype. Time Techland
Skype eesti keeles http://blogs.skype.com/et/2012/05/skype_seeks_new_employees_from_ukraine.html
ComputerWeekly.com. Interview: The man driving Skype's strategy http://www.computerweekly.com/feature/Interview-The-man-driving-Skypes-strategy
For first responders, having an effective communications system is vital for ensuring the safety of civilians, personnel and utilizing resources efficiently. This improves everyone's ability to respond to emergency situations. While at the same time, it is ensuring that manpower and other reserves are deployed to those areas that need the most assistance. (Stroud, 2011)
One of the better tools for addressing communications needs is the computer aided dispatch service (CAD). To fully understand how this can be implemented (inside a New Jersey community) requires creating a plan that will be presented by showing the way this can address the needs of the community. This will be accomplished through focusing on the specifics and how it will tackle critical issues. (Stroud, 2011)
The CAD System
The CAD system consists of a software program that enables public communications for dispatch services and updating the locations of units in the…
Stroud, I. (2011). Solid Modeling and CAD Systems. London: Springer.
Deliberate and Emergent Strategies
Companies have a number of different options as they chart their course, seeking to maximize their advantages and limit their liabilities. Two of the major strategies that companies can follow are deliberate strategies, which consist of a systematic course of action that is pursued to allow a company to reach a desired object of goal. Another basic strategy approach is that of the emergent strategy, which involves a company's responding to the particular conditions and dynamics of a particular situation. This paper describes three companies (in three different sectors) that are pursuing a deliberate strategy and three that are pursuing an emergent strategy.
Deliberate Strategy deliberate strategy may be seen as one that is initiated from within a company and that accords with the company's intrinsic goals. Of course, it is unlikely to be the case that any company can ever pursue what might…
Griffin, Ricky. Management (7th ed.). New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2001. http://portal.cetim.org/file/1/67/Katzy-1998-Design-and-Implementation-of-Virtual-Organizations.pdf . http://www.celestialseasonings.com/whoweare/csdifference.php
al.). The greatest benefit of implementing a national broadband plan is that it will significantly raise the educational levels of students, as they will have e-learning and online teaching materials available to them. Their teachers and schools will have an enriched learning experience that will allow for individualized instruction that will also lead to many of these students graduating from high school. It has been shown throughout U.S. Census data that dropout rates correlate to per capita income levels of specific regions, with lower-income areas generating the highest rates of high school dropout percentages (Heckman, LaFontaine, 244). Having broadband accessible to these students will give them the chance to break the cycle of poverty that keeps high dropout rates in place. Using broadband for teaching trades in high school for example will give these students and their families a chance to rise out of poverty.
Second, the implementation of a…
Crossman, J., D. Wagle, and J. Wilkins. "Broadband: Improving access. " the McKinsey Quarterly 3 (2009): 59.
Ford, G., L. Spiwak, and M. Stern. "Expanding the Digital Divide: Network Management Regulations and the Size of Providers. " SSRN Working Paper Series: 1 -- 18.
Heckman, J., and P. LaFontaine. "THE AMERICAN HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION RATE: TRENDS and LEVELS. " the Review of Economics and Statistics 92.2 (2010): 244.
Kirby, P., and T. Gotsch. "In FY 2011 Budget, Obama Administration Again Pushes Spectrum Proposals, Seeks Spending Hikes for FCC, NTIA. " Telecommunications Reports 15 Feb. 2010
There is the feeling that Rushdie is toying with the concept of freedom of speech in this story as well as destroying the concept of the East as mysterious. Rushdie uses English to tell his story, but he incorporates the Indian oral tradition without any kind of chronological structure to the story. He deconstruct the binary opposition of East and est. He himself is between the Orient and the Occident and he chooses to use both structures, combining Britain and India (Buran 10).
The factors of race and gender complicate the relations of class in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness, ole Soyinka's "Telephone Conversation," and Jean Rhys "Let Them Call It Jazz" in various ways. In Heart of Darkness, the story is centered on the typical male experience, which tends to alienate the female reader from the very "mannish" story. There is some speculation that Marlow and Kurtz's sexist views…
Achebe, Chinua. Things Fall Apart. Heinemann; Expanded edition, 1996.
Buran, Abdullah. Salman Rushdie's East, West: Deconstructing the Binary Division
Between Orient and Occident. Germany: Druck und Bindung: Books on Demand,
Whichever party files the claim has the initial burden to establish that a valid contract existed (Halbert & Ingulli, 2009). In that regard, any credible evidence such as a tape recording of the original telephone call or of any subsequent calls referring to the existence of the agreement will suffice to establish the existence of a valid enforceable verbal contract for services to be provided by Eddie. Credible testimony in court from witnesses who actually heard the conversation or to whom either party admitted the existence of the agreement would also establish the existence of a valid and enforceable contract (Halbert & Ingulli, 2008).
If Eddie breaches, Grace would be seeking the remedy of the compensation for any benefit of the bargain lost, such as where she subsequently ends up paying more for the same services. If Grace breaches, Eddie would be seeking his lost profit from the sale of…
Friedman, L.M. (2005). A History of American Law. New York: Touchstone.
Halbert, T., and Ingulli, E. (2008). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment.
Cincinnati, OH: West Legal Studies.
Since the reader is quite common in Australia, it is only natural that the offering is vast, leading to the conclusion that Barnes and Noble would encounter serious competition. The general perception over the American companies varies, and a generalization is not possible to achieve. However, most readers would agree to the elimination of the bans, whilst those directly involved with the industry would not. The Australian book industry is in many ways similar to the American one, in the meaning that they suffer the consequences of the same global mutations. "The Australian Book industry is like many industries currently faced with huge challenges. The effect of discounting on growth, the impact of GST on imports as well as the impact of digital media all have a profound effect on what is a very large, and predominantly Australian-based content, industry" (GS1 Australia, 2008). A study conducted by the…
Chettle, N., 2008, Book Industry Debates Cheap Imports, ABC News, http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/07/17/2306228.html . Ast accessed on September 25, 2008
2004, State Premiers Promote Reading Around Australia, Australian Library and Information Association, http://www.alia.org.au/publishing/incite/2004/12/state.premiers.htmllast accessed on September 25, 2008
2008, the World Factbook - Australia, Central Intelligence Agency, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/as.htmllast accessed on September 25, 2008
2008, Book Industry, GS1 Australia, http://www.gs1au.org/industry/book.asplast accessed on September 25, 2008
The ole legal nurse consultant may provide service in a number of roles, including but not limited to:
Trainer and in-service presenter
Quality improvement, risk management, claims management
Liability insurance marketer and clinical resource" (Chizek, 2003)
As standards of care constantly change, medical and nursing staff must keep informed of current standard to develop and/or modify policies and procedures, which must be maintained and secured indefinitely. In the event the facility is sued, these will be used to establish the current standard during the time of the questionable occurrence. Policies and procedures also provide the legal nurse consultant with the foundation for facility documentation to be judged for compliance. (Chizek, 2003)
The minimum length of time the modified policies and procedures should be kept is the time frame of the statute of limitations in the individual jurisdiction. In most jurisdictions,…
Brown, M.R. (1999, February). America's Most Wanted J-O-B-S. Black Enterprise, 29, 109.
Chizek, Mardy. "Can you use a legal nurse consultant? These specially trained and experienced nurses can be frontline protectors against liability suits. (Feature Article)." Nursing Homes, February 1, 2003.
Clark, Scott a.. "Keys on developing the best laid business plans," the Journal Record, April 12, 1999.
Illustrate the differences between a straight rebuy, modified rebuy, and a new task purchase. Why is it important to understand the differences?
A straight rebuy is the purchase of standard parts, maintenance, or repair, and operating supplies, or any recurring need purchased on a routine basis (Kotler, 2006). For example, the routine purchase of printing paper is a straight rebuy. A modified rebuy is a situation in which purchasers have experience to draw on, and consider alternatives to previous purchasing (Kotler, 2006). For example, if a company recently purchased a new printer from vendor A, but was not satisfied, they may decide to purchase from vendor B. In the same situation next time. A new task purchase is a situation in which purchasing does not have previous experience with a requirement, and thus, has no relevant knowledge of product solutions (Kotler, 2006). For example, if a company requires the purchase…
Bell, J. (2006.) Strategic vs. tactical marketing - understand and profit. Retrieved Dec. 14, 2006 from Marketing Strategies. Web site: http://www.businessseek.biz/article-directory/article-531.html .
Entrepreneur.com. (2006.) Researching your market. Retrieved Dec. 13, 2006 from Marketing Basics. Web site: http://www.entrepreneur.com/article/printthis/43024.html .
Keller, K. And Tybout, A. (2002.) The principle of positioning. Market Leader, 19, 65.
Kerin, R. (2003.) Marketing, 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
City and municipal governments can also benefit greatly from the development of a Municipal Wi-Fi network in that fire, police, safety and medical equipment can be more effectively optimized in its used across broad geographic areas (Zhang, Schiffman, Gibbs, Kunjithapatham, Jeong, 2009). Using these forms of communication would also allow for greater responsiveness to emergency situations and a more effective series of strategies for managing ongoing communications across all government agencies in a given metro area. As both private industry and government benefit from a metropolitan Wi-Fi, both need to share in its costs as well (Tang, Baker, 2002).
A Technology Capable of Shared Ownership Across Government and Private Industry
The underlying technological foundations of WiMax concentrate on a consortium-based approach to defining specific aggregation, transmission, measurement of performance and optimal usage scenarios for metropolitan-wide Wi-Fi networks (Zhang, Schiffman, Gibbs, Kunjithapatham, Jeong, 2009). In short, the technology platform lends itself…
Huang, C., & Chang, J.M. (2008). Responding to security issues in WiMAX networks. It Professional Magazine, 10(5), 15-21.
Dan O'Shea (2006, April). WiMAX Puts Service Quality on Display. Telephony, 247(6), S12-S14.
Peng, Y. (2006). WiMax: The emergence of wireless broadband. It Professional Magazine, 8(4), 44-48.
Tang, D., & Baker, M. (2002). Analysis of a metropolitan-area wireless network. Wireless Networks, 8(2-3), 107-120.
These research methods adopt different instruments depending on the suitability of the event.
In the following situations, decide whether you would use a personal interview, telephone survey, or self-administered questionnaire. Give your reasons.
In the first scenario, it would be appropriate to use self-administered questions to reveal the underlying issues concerning the research questions. This is because the target population is large. The experiment seeks to uncover extra information to supplement the research question. This makes it crucial to adopt the use of self-administered questionnaires during the study. The second scenario would require application of personal interview or self-administered questionnaires. This is because the geographical coverage of the study is appropriate for any of the two options or research methods. The third scenario would allow the company to maximize the benefits of telephone survey in seeking to unveil the reasons behind the research questions. This is because the geographical arrangement…
Cooper, D.R., & Schindler, P.S. (2011). Business research methods. New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Hinchey, P.H. (2008). Action research primer. New York: Peter Lang.
Kothari, C.R. (2005). Research methodology: Methods & techniques. New Delhi: New Age
International (P) Ltd.
Technological Convergence in Various Mediums
In the current era, which can be referred to as the Digital Age, the use of technology in our lives for every little purpose has become inevitable. Considering that, in almost every aspect of modern day communication, technology has become an integral part for the world to communicate. The advancements in the fields of digital communications in the past century have witnessed everyone around the globe to have come closer to each other, quickly and effectively. Since the time when the telephone was first invented, communications technology has progressed drastically and has come down a very long way.
Today, we live in a convergent world where there is continuous reforming of all methods of communication and information to adapt to the enduring demand of technologies. The use of gadgets and gizmos like cellular phones, laptops and wireless internet is very common and every day more…
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For printed questionnaires, it is perhaps best to scan the document. This would have the advantage of simply translating the information on the questionnaire directly into the computer, where it can be further processes and used. On the other hand, scanning would have the disadvantage that it does not necessarily check that the information in the questionnaire is correct and one still has to ensure manually that all the questions were answered, etc. Additionally, the scanning method may prove a little bit more expensive than other methods.
For the telephone survey, manual data entry seems the obvious choice, since the operator receives the information directly and I can think of no technology that can actually take over data and transfer it from the telephone to the computer.
In the case of bank checks, due to the high level of accuracy that needs to be reached, I would suggest…
1. Wikipedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_storage
On the Internet at