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Employee Privacy

Words: 1267 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 22130665

Employee Privacy

The objective of this study is to read the case Deal V. Spears United States Court Of Appeals, Eighth Circuit, 980 F. 2D 1153 (1992) and to answer the questions of whether it is lawful to monitor the telephone conversation of an employee if the employee has given prior consent and to answer if in this case whether Deal give her employer consent in this case? This study will additionally examine whether due to the recent burglary of the store, whether the employer had a legitimate business reason to record and review the employee's phone calls made or received at work. Finally, this study will consider what, under the Watkins precedent, is the extent to which an employer can monitor personal phone calls to employees within the ordinary course of business exemption of the federal wiretapping law where is no evidence of express consent here.


The basis…… [Read More]


Deal V. Spears United States Court Of Appeals, Eighth Circuit, 980 F. 2D 1153 (1992)
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Marketing Information System Is a Management Information

Words: 1482 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18892426

Marketing Information system is a management information system that supports decision making processes in marketing (Kotler & Keller, 2006). Marketing data is gathered, stored, and analyzed within this system and distributed on timely basis to managers to enhance decision making processes (Kotler, 1988). It is a continuing and an interactive structure of people, equipment and procedures to gather information that is used in decision making processes in an organization. The major components of management information system are internal reporting systems, marketing research system, marketing intelligence system, and marketing models. Information touching on finances, production, manpower, marketing, stockholding, and logistical data are normally stored in marketing information system. Orders received, stockholdings and sales are also stored in the marketing information system. Other than the above named information, marketers can also get information related to product type, size, and pack by territory, type of account, industry, and customer; average value and volume…… [Read More]

References List

Anonymous (2011). Marketing. Retrieved from

Doherty, M. (1994) Probability vs. Non-Probability Sampling in Sample Surveys. The New

Zealand Statistics, 21-28.

Jeff Anderson Consulting (2013). Interviewing and Research Methods. Retrieved
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Marketing Information System This Is a Type

Words: 1408 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94764540

Marketing Information System

This is a type of management information system that is designed for supporting the process of marketing decision making. This is a system which is planed and entails the collection, processing, storage and dissemination of data in information form required in carrying out management is also termed as a system made up of people, equipment and procedure which are used in gathering, sorting, analyzing, evaluating and distribution of data to managers according to the required informational needs regularly. There are four main components of marketing information system these are internal records which gives reliable inside information of an organization; marketing intelligence that gives information collected from external sources; marketing research for solving marketing problems in an organization and marketing decision support system comprise of tools that assist managers in data analysis hence better decision making. The marketing decision support system enables marketers to get the information…… [Read More]


Johnson, R. (2011).The 8 different pricing objectives. Retrieved June 26, 2013 from

Opdenakker, R. (2006). Forum; Qualitative social research. Advantages and Disadvantages of Four Interview Techniques in Qualitative Research. Volume 7, No. 4, Art. 11. Retrieved June 26, 2013 from 

Price, R. (2010). The Basic Steps of the Marketing Research Process. Retrieved June 26, 2013 from
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Herzberg's Two Factor Theory Applications

Words: 1663 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5730314

However, these changes are merely quick fixes, and simply by removing dissatisfaction factors, does not equate to satisfaction, for this reason, to increase productivity, the telesales organization must move forward to intrinsic changes as well (Buhler, 2003).

Once it is ascertained that these hygiene factors are met, organizations can begin to work on the motivation factors, which will really improve productivity for the long-term. "People are most deeply motivated by work that stretches and excites them while also advancing organizational goals" (Levinson, 2003). Praise and recognition and growth and advancement opportunity are powerful motivators (Nelson, 2002). However, the daily grind of a telesales employee's tasks can be mind numbing.

Therefore, the organization will be challenged to make the work exciting and rewarding for the employee. In addition, there should be the ability to move up within the organization and hiring from within, even into other departments such as customer service…… [Read More]


Buhler, P.M. (Dec 2003). Managing in the new millennium. Supervision, 64(12). Retrieved November 6, 2004, from Business Source Premier database.

Creech, R.M. (Summer 1995). Employee motivation. Management Quarterly, 36(2). Retrieved November 6, 2004, from Business Source Premier database.

Frederick Herzber g. (16 Oct 2004). Retrieved November 6, 2004, at .

Gawel, J.E. (Jan 1999). Herzberg's theory of motivation and Maslow's hierarchy of needs. ERIC Digest. Retrieved November 6, 2004, from ERIC Clearinghouse of educational Management database.
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Business Database Technology

Words: 665 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18425964

Business Database Technology


The focus of this project is to design a database program for a company called Home Sweet Home that specializes in the management of properties on behalf of owners. The company offers a complete rental service for customers willing to rent furnished properties. The services delivered by the Home Sweet Home include advertising of properties in then local and national press. The company also carries out the interview and organize visit to prospective renters as well as negotiating the lease agreement. Once a customer rent a property, the company assumes the responsibilities of carrying out the regular property inspection.

Entities are the object used to track the database, and each entity is stored in the database. The entity assists in designing the ED (entity relation diagram). This paper identifies the entities that need to be used in the database design for the Home Sweet Home. The…… [Read More]


Hoffer, J.A. Ramesh, V. & Hiekki Topi, H.(2012). Modern Database Management (10th Edition) . Prentice Hall.USA.
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Residents of a New Subdivision

Words: 973 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 40899599

Establishing personal contact over a widespread demographic area might be challenging, but would be necessary if the research was to be of value: it is likely that the information desired would be part of an academic or business-based study, and thus there would be enough funding for travel. Personal interviews also enable the research to be more thorough and valuable, given that the subjects will usually devote more time, energy, and thought to their responses face-to-face, as opposed to a cursory questionnaire or brief telephone interview. However, interviewers must be well-trained so they know how to probe, ask follow-up questions, and redirect the interviewee to focus on pertinent issues. They must also make the subject feel comfortable and uninhibited.

Question D: A survey of financial officers of the Fortune 500 corporations to learn their predictions for the economic outlook in their industries in the next year.

In this case, it…… [Read More]

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Employee Privacy Torts

Words: 8246 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 78841111

Employee Privacy Torts

History of Employee Privacy

Changing Trends of Employee Privacy

Impact of Innovative Technology on Employee Privacy

ole of Social Media towards Employee Privacy

Impact of Changing Community/Society on Employee Privacy

Adaptation to the new Environment pertaining to Employee Privacy

Employee Monitoring and Surveillance

Laws and Employer Policies for Text Messaging and Social Media

Electronic Communication Privacy Act

Monitoring of Employee Conversations over Telephone & Email

ecommendations for creating Effective Policies

Future Implications of Employee Privacy

As years have passed and the human race has penetrated into the epoch of twenty first century, the technological advancements have conquered almost every facet of human life, especially the workplace. The widespread platform of the internet has become the integral part of a person's life, in the same manner as businesses are employing technological advancements to perform numerous activities like internet infrastructure, maintenance of computers and so on. It means that…… [Read More]


Baker, D., Buoni, N., Fee, M. & Vitale, C. (2011). Social Networking and Its Effects on Companies and Their Employees. Retrieved from: 

Bergh, N.V.D. (2000). Emerging Trends for Eaps in the 21st Century. Haworth Press, Incorporated.

Campbell, D. (2007). The Internet 2007: Laws and Regulatory Regimes. USA:

Cate, F.H. (1997). Privacy in the Information Age. USA: Brookings Institution Press.
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Stock Performance

Words: 1217 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61219938

Financial Performance:

Southern New England Telephone, a subsidiary of SBC Communications, Inc.

The difficulties in evaluating the relative success or failure of a company in the telecommunications industry, or any government-regulated service, such as telephone service, are numerous. How does one evaluate the overall success of the company, in relation to financial and legal difficulties, even to outright failures of its subsidiaries on a local level? Also, how does one unravel the legal snarls that plague the communications industry in a climate that often fluctuates from state to local ordinances? "Pity the Regulator," wrote The Economist in 1997, when the Internet and communications snarl was just beginning to grip the nation and the world. However, when writing the recent history of Southern New England Telephone, one might want to extend pity to this subsidiary of SBC as well.

Over the course of the last several financial quarters, there has been…… [Read More]

Works Cited

The Connecticut Triennial Review Reporter. (November 13, 2003). "Draft Decision May Provide Insight into the DPUC's Interpretation of the Triennial Review Order."

The Economist. (September 11, 1997) "The Short Arm of the Law: Pity the Telecom Regulator."

Hamerly, David. "SBC: Industry Report" (2004). Hoover's Reports. Austin: Hoover's Inc.

Press Release: SBC. (February 12, 2004) "SBC Applauds FCC For Action On Internet-Based Communication Services." Washington, District of Columbia.
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Developing Best Employee Performance Assessment for Call Centers

Words: 1421 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 4440228

Telephone Customer Service epresentatives

Employment Assessment - Telephone

How do you interpret the reliability results for the clerical test and work sample? Are they favorable enough for the company to consider using them for keeps in selecting job applicants?

A primary objective of evaluating two new methods of assessing candidates for positions as telephone customer service representatives for the Phonemin Company is to improve the caliber of the employment pool from which new hires are selected. The participation of customer service representatives in the telephone ordering system of the company is critical to this endeavor. Moreover, the company will be adding roughly 40 employees to the call center in order to meet the anticipated growth in phone order sales. From this, it is readily apparent that effective means of assessing candidates for the positions of telephone customer service representatives is needed. The reliability figures for the current employee candidate system,…… [Read More]


French, A., Macedo, M., Poulsen, J., Waterson, T., & Yu, A. (2008). Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA). San Francisco, CA: San Francisco State University. Retreived 

Shoukri, M.M. (2010) Measures of interobserver agreement and reliability (2nd ed). Boca Raton, FL: Chapman & Hall/CRC Press.

Validity evidence: Types of validity. (2014). New York, NY: The College Board. Retrieved
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Employee Privacy Torts

Words: 7119 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 96826900

Employee Privacy Torts

Issues relating to employee privacy have been at the forefront of businesses for many years. This has been fuelled by the dynamic workplace which changes constantly and also by employees and employers being more litigation-conscious. Technology has also spurred on employee privacy issues with e-mail and the internet being related to heightened concerns about vulnerability of employers to litigation. Many employers have thus exacerbated their concerns relating to employee privacy and especially monitoring of employee behavior. Employee privacy is respected in many of the large corporations. However, there still exist some breaches in employee privacy. Small business owners are at most risk as a result of their increased monitoring practices and close employer-employee interaction.

Historical background

oberson v. ochester Folding Box Company

One of the major cases that brought employee privacy to the limelight was oberson v. ochester Folding Box Company

Franklin Mills Co. decided to appeal…… [Read More]


Anderson v. City of Philadelphia, 845 F. 2d 1216 (1988).

Borse v. Piece Goods Shop, 963 F.2d 611 (1991).

Burlington Industries, Inc. v. Ellerth, 524 U.S. 742 (1988).

City of Ontario v. Quon, 130 S.Ct. 2619, 560 U.S. (2010).
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Social Work Preparation Exercises

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 41306475

Social Work Exercises

Preparing for 3 Clients

Mrs. Nancy Cannon telephoned from her place of work ( the Capital nsurance Company -- phone [HDDEN] She sounded concerned. She said that on the previ-ous Saturday night, her 14-year-old daughter Amy had come home after her 9: 00 p. m. curfew, smelling of alcohol. She says that she " grounded" her daughter but now wants to talk with a social worker about the situation. Mrs. Cannon requested an appointment for herself alone, indicating that she wanted to sort things out with someone before she dealt further with her daughter.

Mrs. C. reported that this was the first such incident. She said, " 've never had any trouble whatsoever from Amy. She's been a wonderful child." She stated that she had not sought pro-fessional help before and that this was her first contact with any social service or mental health agency. She indicated…… [Read More]

I would have to take a moment to breathe and clear my head. My own frustration about the fact I id not get a raise should not interfere with the well being of my upcoming client. I would remind myself that I am in this field not for the monetary benefits, but for the joy of helping real people with real problems. I would tell myself that this is a testing moment; I either need to center myself and help those in need, or stop altogether.

Case 1

The issue of handling this case is a very sensitive one. Unfortunately, "despite many changes that have occurred in the treatment of rape victims, there still exists in our society ignorance about, and ambivalence towards the rape victim, causing for many an additional stress" (South Eastern CASA, 2012). This is especially true for date rape victims, who are often stigmatized as having not been raped in a traditional sense. Many tend to falsely believe that the victim was either using an excuse after the fact, or simply lost control because of their own vices in regards to drugs or alcohol. This creates a scenario where there needs to be a certain degree of trust built within the empathy provided by the social worker. Thus, "given that the victim's trust in people has been betrayed by the rapist, it may make it more difficult for her to trust others. The counselor needs to indicate that she can empathize with the victim's feelings, that she can listen and acknowledge the intense emotions the victim has, and encourage rather than suppress discussions of these" (South Eastern CASA, 2012). It is crucial that the social worker provide a sense of trust and understanding in order to best help the victim at hand. This trust will help
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Media the Telegraph Marked the

Words: 1110 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 4011455

Yet, every major aspect of the Internet builds on the strengths of those prior media forms.

Cultural Acceleration

The development of technology has allowed for cultural acceleration, as each media form starting with the telegraph represents an improvement in the speed and/or scope of communication (Carey, 2010). The telegraph separated transportation from communication, which was the first step. The telephone increased speed further, and wireless telegraph set the foundation for later wireless technologies. Radio and television, for example, were based on wireless broadcast, which enabled communications to reach a broader audience. here the telephone and telegraph introduced an accelerated pace to communications, the impacts of any one given communication were individual. News of the Titanic sinking, for example, was carried through a network of different messages on different media (Carey, 2010). Such large-scale impacts of communication on society became commonplace with radio. Television had yet more potency as a communications…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Carey, J. (2010). Electricity creates the wired world. In possession of the author.
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Change Management Online Multitasking Perhaps

Words: 11474 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46897960


Over time, from one second to the next, human behavior constantly changes, contributing to the fact that human behavior, consequently human cognition, constitutes a dynamic process. (Thelen and Smith, 1994). Communication, also a continuous interactive process, serves as the overtime interaction between the human motivated information processing system and the communication message. (Geiger and Reeves, 1993; Lang, 2000; Rafaeli, 1988)

Media multitasking indicates a user will simultaneously experience exposure to content from various media. As an individual possesses only a limited number of cognitive resources, he/she will not be able to process information at the same level of efficiency as media single use. As a result, the continuing, shifting attention results in less effective retrieval of information, as well as, experiencing challenges retrieving, encoding and storing information.

Statement of Problem

Despite contradictory indications from communication and cognitive psychology, younger adults' fill their lives with multitasking around media, as well…… [Read More]

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International Business the Nokia Corporations

Words: 1504 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33248698

This plan is focused on financial stability and profitability, through the reduction of operational costs. In this business strategy, outsourcing plays a crucial role.


Dunai, M., 2012, Hungarian town suffers as Nokia announces big layoffs, euters, last accessed on March 21, 2012

Haikio, M., 2002, Nokia: the inside story, Pearson Education, ISBN 0273659839

Layard, ., Nickell, S., Eichorst, W., Zimmermann, K.F., 2011, Combating unemployment, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0199609780

Louis, P.J., Nokia restructuring and issues with outsourcing strategy, Venture Outsource, last accessed on March 21, 2012

aby, M., 2012, Nokia announces more major layoffs, TG Daily, last accessed on March 21, 2012

ugman, a.M., 2007, Multinational enterprises from engineering markets, Berlin oundtable

ugman, a.M., 2009, the Oxford handbook of international business, 2nd edition, Oxford Handbooks Online, ISBN 0199234256

2011, Foreign minister lobbying in Helsinki to keep Nokia in Hungary, Budapest Business Journal, last accessed on…… [Read More]


Dunai, M., 2012, Hungarian town suffers as Nokia announces big layoffs, Reuters,  last accessed on March 21, 2012

Haikio, M., 2002, Nokia: the inside story, Pearson Education, ISBN 0273659839

Layard, R., Nickell, S., Eichorst, W., Zimmermann, K.F., 2011, Combating unemployment, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0199609780

Louis, P.J., Nokia restructuring and issues with outsourcing strategy, Venture Outsource,  last accessed on March 21, 2012
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Telephony System Used at the

Words: 695 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28668782

Another option is to forward all calls directly to voice mail. Other voice mail options include forwarding a voice mail with a comment, replying to a voicemail with a new messaged, or directly dialing the sender of the voice mail.

Calls can also be forwarded to other stations within the system, if a person leaves the current location to visit other offices or other locations where the phone system reaches. This function may also be used when there is no answer, or when the line is busy. When this is activated, the call is automatically transferred to another, chosen location when the line is either busy or not answered. This is especially useful when urgent or time sensitive calls come in.

Another useful function of the system is three-way calling, which includes three persons in the same call. This is accomplished by dialing the first person, then depressing the switch-hook…… [Read More]

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Technologies That Are Readily Available for In-Home

Words: 1951 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27593797

technologies that are readily available for in-home internet access. You should consider practical as well as technical differences in your comparison. Do not include Frame elay or ATM as these are primarily larger scale business solutions.

Higher-speed standards up to 300+ Mbps

802.11n uses (MIMO) technology and a wider radio frequency channel.

It provides a mechanism called frame aggregation to decrease time between transmissions

Channels operating at 40 MHz are another feature incorporated into 802.11n

The transmitter and receiver use pre-coding & post-coding techniques to achieve the capacity of a MIMO link

Video Conferencing

A video conference is a set of interactive telecommunication technologies which allow two or more locations to interact via two-way video and audio transmissions simultaneously

ITU H.320 is known as the standard for video conferencing over integrated services digital networks

H.264 SVC is compression standard that enables video conferencing systems to achieve highly error resilient

The…… [Read More]


1. http://www.*****/viewpaper/93331.html


3. http://www.*****/viewpaper/43194.html

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Automatic Number Identification Pros The Automatic Number

Words: 324 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3648258

Automatic Number Identification


The automatic number identification telephone service is good for many reasons. A person can look at the number that is trying to call them, and determined whether or not they want to take the call. This is helpful, for example, during dinner or other activities when people are trying to spend time with their families and telemarketers are calling. It is also extremely helpful in the event of taxi service, pizza delivery, and other businesses that perform deliveries. They can use the ANI system to determine whether or not the order that they have received is legitimate. Callers to 911 are also helped by the service because they are often too frightened to talk to the person on the other end of the line. By having an ANI device, 911 operators can get their phone number as well as their address instead of having to ask…… [Read More]

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Electronic Database for Records Medical Division

Words: 756 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31752919

Medical Affairs Department: Implementing Electronic Database Record Keeping

Feasibility Analysis:

This project is very feasible as it is a standard updating of record keeping procedures from manual to electronic database -- which is common practice among most records departments today. There is nothing exceptional or impractical about this project and it can be accomplished with relatively little cost, little time devoted to the transition, and few risks.

Technical Feasibility: The project is technically feasible and depends only upon the assistance of the IT division and the training staff/support system to help in the going-online phase of the transition. The database technology is standard for the industry and will be easily obtained and implemented.

Economic Feasibility: The project is economically feasible with systems ranging from low-cost to higher-end or premium packages. A medium-range database system will be sufficient for this project and is within the budget of the Department and can…… [Read More]

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Accuracy of Data Input Any

Words: 1348 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38677874

For resumes, the most pretentious output method would be transforming the XML file into a PDF file. The same applies for memorandums.

Statistical reports and company annual reports are linked to output methods like: console, file, log file rolling, HTTP Post, TCP broadcast, UDP broadcast, or logging templates.

The hard disk is mostly used for storing large amounts of digital encoded data, like video data, audio data and others. It provides efficient access to large volumes of data. Nowadays, hard disks are included by mobile phones also, not just computers. Hard disk storage is very reliable and independent of particular devices.

The floppy disk is rarely used nowadays, as it is no longer necessary for data storage and transfer. Now it is suitable for storing small amounts of data when dealing with an old computer model that is not equipped with modern device drivers.

The andom Access Memory, better known…… [Read More]

Reference List

Dickinson, Holly & Star, Jeffrey, L., Data Input (course) 1997. University of California at Santa Barbara. Retrieved March 13, 2007 at #SEC7.5" target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">
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Communication Upgrade Plan Communications Upgrade Plan the

Words: 4058 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78456599

Communication Upgrade Plan

Communications Upgrade Plan

The Abco Company wishes to upgrade its telecommunications technology to a system that is more efficient than the outdated Centrex system now in place. As part of the upgrade plan, the CEO has asked for an explanation of the various systems and technologies available for the upgrade. This research explores various technologies and recommends the proper solution for the business problem at hand.

Communications Upgrade Plan

The Centrex phone system has been the standard in business telecommunications since the 1960s. The system has been the only system of this type for many years. usinesses, such as Abco have had their Centrex System for many years. However, aside from being outdated technology, the Centrex System is no longer the most cost effective solution for businesses. The Abco Corporation has had its Centrex system for as long as anyone can remember. Until recently, no one had…… [Read More]


Callahan, R. (2008). Businesses Move to Voice-over-IP. 12 September 2008.

Retrieved from 

This article explores the advantages and move towards VoIP in many businesses.

CISCO. (2011). Quality of Service for Voice over IP. Cisco Systems. Retrieved from
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Information Systems Over the Last Century Synchronizing

Words: 2187 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62790446

Information Systems over the Last Century:

Synchronizing and Streamlining Transportation and Logistics Systems

The pace of change and its complexity continues to drastically redefine entire industries, with those reliant on supply chains, logistics and transportation services seeing the greatest benefits and risks. Globalization is also re-shaping industries the fastest who rely on transportation as a key part of their value chains. United Parcel Service is a company that is representative of the pace and complexity of change that has occurred in business processes, strategies, and information systems over the last one hundred years. UPS was founded in 1907 in Seattle, Washington by Jim Casey, and today is one of the leading transportations services companies globally. The intent of this analysis is to explain the differences between business information systems and methods widely used in 1910 and how they compare to the common enterprise-wide systems and methods of today. The telephone,…… [Read More]


Nabil Alghalith. (2005). Competing with IT: The UPS Case. Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, 7(2), 7-15.

Ata, B., & Van Mieghem, J. (2009). The Value of Partial Resource Pooling: Should a Service Network Be Integrated or Product-Focused? Management Science, 55(1), 115-131.

Barrett, J.. (2007, November). Demand-Driven is an Operational Strategy. Industrial Management, 49(6), 14-19,5.

Das, K.. (2011). Integrating effective flexibility measures into a strategic supply chain planning model. European Journal of Operational Research, 211(1), 170.
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Irac Riordan Any Company That Is a

Words: 2995 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67901343

IAC (iordan)

Any company that is a leader in an industry knows that what they sell had better be both quality and innovative in order to compete within their designated industry. iordan Manufacturing is no different. iordan has long been a company that offers both quality and innovative products in the plastic molding and parts industry. It also has a strong internal structure that works harmoniously with the objectives of the company. Despite iordan's position as a leader in their industry, the company does face some internal challenges, which work against their company objectives. This paper will look at these areas that require improvement, including finance and accounting, training budget, shipping and receiving, human resources, and the new pyramid bottle cap design for The Taylor Group. The paper will utilize the Issue, ule, Analysis and Conclusion (IAC) method in each distinct area.

Finance and Accounting

Issue: One of the chief…… [Read More]


Association for Automatic Identification and Mobility: Technologies: RFID / What is RFID?.


Retrieved on 19 April 2011:
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Worked a Number Years Office a Family

Words: 828 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67663966

worked a number years office a family physician retired. You a position a busy surgical floor a local, acute-care hospital. You frequently hear references JCAHO requirements documenting a patient's pain assessment treatment, documenting medication administration, documenting verbal telephone orders.

Documenting patient's pain assessment and treatment

Pain assessment is the first step in managing pain. The suggested method of improving pain care essentially requires that the following procedures are followed properly and meticulously.

a) The pain and its intensity must be measured using an appropriate tool. There are many tools but the best is self reporting by the patient for the pain.

b) The second important thing to be followed is to repeat the assessment consistently and record the same at varying intervals to record the process of the progress of pain. The tool or format for this must be chosen before hand and the same record structure must be maintained…… [Read More]


Aspden, Philip; Institute of Medicine (U.S.) Committee on Identifying and Preventing

Medication Errors. (2007) "Preventing Medication Errors" The National Academies Press.

Joint Commission Resources. (2004) "A guide to JCAHO's medication management

standards" Joint Commission Resources.
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Data Input Accuracy

Words: 912 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 390384

Data Input Accuracy

Why Accuracy of Data Input is Important

The continuous operation in today's many systems depends on the accuracy of data that the systems use. As the amount of data increases, it is critical to ensure that every data input and used in a system is error-free to eliminate unwanted system problems.

Computer systems, software, and applications are basically created to provide efficiency in accomplishing a task. If the data used by a system is inaccurate, what help and sense will a computer system provide to its users? Accuracy of data input is important because data is considered as the life of a successful system operation. Jack Olson has the following view on the importance of data. Such importance provides the reason why accuracy of data input is similarly important.

Corporate databases are filled with data that reflects their business activities. This data is collected through routine business…… [Read More]


Olson, J. Data Accuracy: The Challenge.

Retrieved July 31, 2004, from DM Review Online. Web site: 

Star, J. Data Input.

Retrieved July 31, 2004, from University of California Online. Web site:
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Corpse Strangled With the Rope Still Around

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 60871959

corpse strangled with the rope still around his neck, the first thing I wanted to do was to remove the rope. Because the look on the dead body's face was horrible, and obviously the rope was what was responsible for the death, and also for the horrible look on the corpse's face, with bulging bloodshot eyes and the tongue sticking out. But Harry went and looked at the body to make sure that he was dead, and then basically Harry told me that this was a crime scene, so we shouldn't disturb any possible evidence. So we didn't take the rope off, and instead we went to talk to the victim's wife. She hadn't moved from the last time we saw her; she was just motionless in her chair. I asked her if she had told anybody about her husband's death, and in a weirdly non-emotional way she said that…… [Read More]

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Evidence-Based Nursing Assessment Item Critical

Words: 1304 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Questionnaire Paper #: 40218100

Sampling method -117 patients with primary breast cancer; all who had same-day surgery as part of their treatment.

Appropriateness of sample -- Appropriate for circumstances under consideration.

Results (when applicable: credibility, transferability, dependability, & conformability)

Study found significant differences between the control and experimental group in terms of post-surgery mood, confusion, tension, and home management.

Ethical considerations -- All ethical considerations; privacy, etc. followed- professional study.

Relative strengths of each publication -- Peer reviewed strong work and sense of issues surrounding pain, fatigue and emotional disturbances after surgery.

Relative weaknesses of each publication -- Larger sample than previous study, but still limited in scope, demographics, psychographics and geographic extrapolation.

Application of each article in nursing practices -- Using any intervention that helps patient's after a traumatic surgery is helpful; especially if that patient can ventilate their emotions, angst, and stages of healing. Short-term telephone intervention using the AFSMI technique proves…… [Read More]

Yarbo, C., Wujcik, D., Holmes-Gobel, B. (2010). Cancer Nursing: Principles and Practices.

Philadelphia, PA: Jones and Bartlett Learning.

5 | Page
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Michael Porter the Only Way

Words: 1689 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33186444

What are five steps in building a Web Service?

The five steps in building a web service are:

Exposing the code

Writing a service description

Publishing the service

Finding the service

Invoking a Web service d. What is a quick-hit DSS? Define three types quick-hit DSS is a computer-based system that allows decision makers to interact directly with data and analysis models. Three types include data mining, executive information systems, and expert systems.

Question 8 a. Describe three kinds of knowledge representation

One kind of knowledge representation has knowledge as cases. This involves comparing a current case with many other past cases. A second kind of knowledge representation involves neural networks. This involves storing knowledge as nodes in a network. The third form of knowledge representation stores knowledge as rules, where the rules are obtained from experts, laws, or experience.

b. What is a smart tag and how might it…… [Read More]


Lawlor, S.C. (2004). Computer Information Systems. Forth Worth, TX: The Dryden Press.***/questions.htm
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Orem's Nursing Model Patients Perception

Words: 1355 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 34445373

" (Meade, nd) The studies were conducted in various medical settings and with various patient-types and as well some were "very scientific designs assigning patients to control and intervention study groups, while others were less scientific and more qualitative." (Meade, nd)

The report of Meade states that: "it is clear the findings reveal that discharge follow-up phone calls provide an invaluable opportunity to evaluate patient education, identify trends that may require improvements in practice, improve patient quality of care, determine patient's compliance with discharge instructions and access overall impressions of hospital performance." (Meade, nd) In fact many of the studies show that discharge phone calls."..significantly increase patient satisfaction when compared to those not receiving discharge phone calls." (Ibid)

In the study of Ahrens, et al. (2003 in the work entitled: "Improving Family Communication at the End of Life: Implication for Length of Stay in the Intensive Care Unit and Resources…… [Read More]


Orem Theory of Nursing (2006) Wikipedia Online available at 

Banfield, Barbara E. (1997) A Philosophical Enquiry of Orem's Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory. UMI ProQuest Digital Dissertations. Online available at 

Mayo, Ann (nd) Orem's Self-Care Model: A Professional Nursing Practice Model. Online available at 

Value of Technology to transfer Discharge Information (2005) Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Jan 2005. Online located at .
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Business Real Estate

Words: 481 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82049315

Communication Skills

Dear Steve;

My boss Yvonne suggested that I send you an email that provides you with a few tips on how to communicate in a more effective manner. To accomplish this goal, I have taken the email you sent me earlier today and rewrote some of it in a much simpler style. The reason I have done this is to ensure that your communication style is more conducive to our culture here at Mosaic. The employees here at Mosaic are much more laid back and less formal than in many corporate situations; therefore you do not need to be as formal as in most corporate scenarios.

To become a good communicator you must be capable of presenting your information in a clear, concise manner. For example; instead of writing, "Pursuant to our conversation yesterday on the telephone, enclosed please find the needed sales figure for the past quarter…… [Read More]

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Methods of Data Input Output Storage Devices and Determining Speed of a Computer

Words: 1671 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31322390

Data Input, Output, Storage Devices and Determining the Speed of a Computer

This paper has made use of the different input and output methods for computers as well as studied the differences between primary and secondary storage. It also checks for the roles of different computer parts in the overall working of the computer.

In computer terminology, data is something that is unprocessed and raw, which does not have a series of clusters within it. On the other hand, information is more detailed and the better form than that of data. It is processed data, whereby it is meaningful data that can be used for manipulation in the computer networks as well as in the computer itself. This paper discusses the different types of methods of data input and output as well as storage devices and also aims at determining the speed of a particular computer.

Data is very significant…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Author Unknown, 2004 General Computer Basic Input/Output System Overview URL 1: 

Tyson, Jeff, 2004 How BIOS Works URL 2:
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Educational Situations

Words: 1576 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49419244

School Situations

Name 4 practices that commonly require written administrative procedures.

There are many practices which require written administrative procedures. One of those is the practice of placing students into special education programs. Specific guidelines need to be written and adhered to in order to completely adhere to any and all federal and state guidelines. Another example is that of disciplinary procedures for absenteeism. Again, since there are many federal and state guidelines that must be followed dealing with attendance policies, written administrative procedures must be obtained. A third example is that of transportation procedures for all students. These procedures must include transportation of special education students and disabled students. A final example is the practice of field trip organization. Written administrative policies can assist in obtaining proper parental permission, acceptable destinations, as well as planning for transportation to and from the destination.

What is the difference between a policy…… [Read More]


Sergiovanni, Thomas. (2000). "The Principalship: A reflective practice perspective" (4th Edition). New York: Allyn and Bacon.
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Competing Concepts Under Which Organizations

Words: 2865 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5237993

Over time the cause-and-effect of strategies to increased retention, get reflected in the metrics and KPIs that are rolled up into a single balanced scorecard. All of these metrics also are used for defining the second step in the process the book promotes, which is defining the causes of attrition and working to alleviate them.

The most difficult aspect of customer retention strategies and minimizing the defection rate is equating attrition to lost profits (Wright, iebe, 2010). Measures of lifetime customer profitability are difficult to accurately define and measure over time (Wright, iebe, 2010). The majority of companies attain the first two of these three steps yet stop short of being able to capture lost profits due to attrition (Wright, iebe, 2010). Only in those industries where there are exceptionally high levels of churn, for example with cable television and cellular phone providers, can the profitability be assessed per customer,…… [Read More]


Crosby, L., & Masland, J.. (2009). Customer Experience Innovation. Marketing Management, 18(2), 10.

De Beir, J., Fodha, M., & Magris, F.. (2010). LIFE CYCLE of PRODUCTS and CYCLES. Macroeconomic Dynamics, 14(2), 212-230.

Dedrick, J., Kraemer, K., & Linden, G.. (2010). Who profits from innovation in global value chains?: a study of the iPod and notebook PCs. Industrial and Corporate Change, 19(1), 81.

Elinor Dumont. (2001, April). Problem / solution: Is life cycle marketing outdated? Bank Marketing, 33(3), 12-13.
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Edison State College Organization Leadership

Words: 1728 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 26273019

The fast pace of technological change,
advancements in campus policies and even a varying demographic makeup of
revolving student bodies make for a considerable and interesting challenge
to the leaders in the environment. It requires Barqeuo and his staff to
remain always abreast of standards, practices and policies.
According to his administrative secretary, Barqueo remains in close
and constant contact with the administrative offices of the college, which
he in turn parlays into a direct pursuit of long-term school ambitions
amongst those in the community with respect to campus development.
Particularly, it is his responsibility to find effective ways to help the
board reflect campus, college and community-wide goals. Therefore, he is
in the pressured position of orienting those under his leadership toward
the larger goals of the institution and its numerous affiliates.
For Barqeuo, there appear to be largely positive indicators pointing
to his effectiveness as a leader, with…… [Read More]

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Independent Learning & Teaching Toward

Words: 797 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 32191692

Though they can cooperatively work well with other people, they would rather spend time for learning by themselves.

Distant teacher. If traditional education teachers act as directors of learning - telling learners what, when, and how is it to be learned - distant teachers act as resource to the learners. As in traditional education where learners respond to the teachers, in Independent Learning and Teaching it is the teachers who respond to the learners. Teaching is seen as helping and the teacher as helper. They do not instruct students what to do; rather, they guide the learners in making independent decisions by opening their minds to various possibilities. Distinction between help and control are highlighted in the learner-teacher relationship. Their relationship shows that help vs. control trade-off is not necessary; a learner may receive help from the teacher without losing control or responsibility over the conduct of his or her…… [Read More]

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Technologies for Teaching at a

Words: 1075 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 83023891

Web-based technologies are in fact the essence of distance learning because students from all over the world can attend courses they could not if the were confined to a geographic location.

Organizational and reference tools including digital calendars, dictionaries, translation devices, and journals allow both instructor and student to manage their time more efficiently. Digital calendars can be set with alarms that help students manage their time better: setting intermediate goals for completing large research projects or reading lengthy tomes. Also, digital calendars help distance learning students who have heavy course loads. The calendars allow students to input due dates and other deadlines. Students and instructors have at their fingertips a whole range of resources that would otherwise require large learning spaces and numerous reference materials like dictionaries, thesauri, and other reference guides including atlases. Students who are learning in languages that are not their native tongues can avail themselves…… [Read More]

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Nature of Health Information the

Words: 955 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51951254

Evidence of improved access and cost effectiveness should soon follow. Over the next two decades, e-health could deliver patient, provider, and planner/manager interactions for all aspects of health care (Detmer, 2000, p. 181). Detmer continued on to state that this could be a positive move from seeking out errors and problems to information systems whose processes prevent many adverse outcomes. When the problem becomes one of error and miscommunication, one needs to do all that is necessary in order to correct the problem. McKnight et al. continued to report how physicians and nurses both report how there were problems with having updated information both web based as well as written copy (McKnight et al., 2002).

A question that also comes to mind is the concern of training or lack there of. Not only should all current systems of information and resources be overhauled, there is also a need to train…… [Read More]


Detmer, D.E. (2000, July 6). Information technology for quality health care: a summary of United Kingdom and United States experiences. Quality in Health Care, 9, pp. 181-189.

McKnight, L.K., Stetson, P.D., Bakken, S., Curran, C., & Cimino, J.J. (2002, 2002). Perceived Information Needs and Communication Difficulties of Inpatient Physicians and Nurses. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 9, pp. 64-69.
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Communication Dear Jet Express Airlines This Letter

Words: 847 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97684035


Dear Jet Express Airlines:

This letter is to inform you of my complete dissatisfaction with your customer service, which resulted from my recent experience of booking a trip through your company. Jet Express Airlines came highly recommended to me by a trusted colleague, and so I turned to your company when booking a recent trip. The trip was to be both business and personal in nature, and involved several different flights to different locations on different days. I made the reservations over the telephone, as I thought this would be the quickest and easiest way to book a complicated trip, since I would have the advantage of talking with a real human being. I also hoped that booking a trip directly through your company would be more cost effective than booking it through a travel agent.

Upon my initial call, things seemed to go well. I spoke with a…… [Read More]

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Business First Discuss the Organization's Strategy and

Words: 1596 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 88881424


First discuss the organization's strategy and classify it according to Porter's three generic competitive strategies.

Then identify the most critical inputs in each of the first three categories and justify WHY they are critical. Also explain what effect the inputs from one category have on inputs from the other categories. How well does the strategy fit with the environmental, resource and historical inputs you identified?

Make a Case for your proposition as to how the Key Inputs support (are congruent with) the trategy. pecifically make a claim: "The inputs at kype consisting of Organizational Environment factors. Internal Resource factors, and Historical Tradition factors are, [highly, partially, or minimally] congruent with the company's strategy."


kype offers product uniqueness. This is one of Porter's competitive strategies. kype has, in fact, received a reputation as being a highly unique company and indeed it works on being innovative and is constantly producing…… [Read More]


Aamoth, D. (May 10, 2011) A Brief History of Skype. Time Techland 

Skype eesti keeles Interview: The man driving Skype's strategy
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Technical Officer for First Responders Having an

Words: 631 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78737870

Technical Officer

For first responders, having an effective communications system is vital for ensuring the safety of civilians, personnel and utilizing resources efficiently. This improves everyone's ability to respond to emergency situations. While at the same time, it is ensuring that manpower and other reserves are deployed to those areas that need the most assistance. (Stroud, 2011)

One of the better tools for addressing communications needs is the computer aided dispatch service (CAD). To fully understand how this can be implemented (inside a New Jersey community) requires creating a plan that will be presented by showing the way this can address the needs of the community. This will be accomplished through focusing on the specifics and how it will tackle critical issues. (Stroud, 2011)

The CAD System

The CAD system consists of a software program that enables public communications for dispatch services and updating the locations of units in the…… [Read More]


Stroud, I. (2011). Solid Modeling and CAD Systems. London: Springer.
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Organization and Management

Words: 3984 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34133694

Organizational Strategies

Deliberate and Emergent Strategies

Companies have a number of different options as they chart their course, seeking to maximize their advantages and limit their liabilities. Two of the major strategies that companies can follow are deliberate strategies, which consist of a systematic course of action that is pursued to allow a company to reach a desired object of goal. Another basic strategy approach is that of the emergent strategy, which involves a company's responding to the particular conditions and dynamics of a particular situation. This paper describes three companies (in three different sectors) that are pursuing a deliberate strategy and three that are pursuing an emergent strategy.

Deliberate Strategy deliberate strategy may be seen as one that is initiated from within a company and that accords with the company's intrinsic goals. Of course, it is unlikely to be the case that any company can ever pursue what might…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Griffin, Ricky. Management (7th ed.). New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2001. .
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Technology and Society Implications of

Words: 1191 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71392983

al.). The greatest benefit of implementing a national broadband plan is that it will significantly raise the educational levels of students, as they will have e-learning and online teaching materials available to them. Their teachers and schools will have an enriched learning experience that will allow for individualized instruction that will also lead to many of these students graduating from high school. It has been shown throughout U.S. Census data that dropout rates correlate to per capita income levels of specific regions, with lower-income areas generating the highest rates of high school dropout percentages (Heckman, LaFontaine, 244). Having broadband accessible to these students will give them the chance to break the cycle of poverty that keeps high dropout rates in place. Using broadband for teaching trades in high school for example will give these students and their families a chance to rise out of poverty.

Second, the implementation of a…… [Read More]


Crossman, J., D. Wagle, and J. Wilkins. "Broadband: Improving access. " the McKinsey Quarterly 3 (2009): 59.

Ford, G., L. Spiwak, and M. Stern. "Expanding the Digital Divide: Network Management Regulations and the Size of Providers. " SSRN Working Paper Series: 1 -- 18.

Heckman, J., and P. LaFontaine. "THE AMERICAN HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION RATE: TRENDS and LEVELS. " the Review of Economics and Statistics 92.2 (2010): 244.

Kirby, P., and T. Gotsch. "In FY 2011 Budget, Obama Administration Again Pushes Spectrum Proposals, Seeks Spending Hikes for FCC, NTIA. " Telecommunications Reports 15 Feb. 2010
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Postcolonial Literature Everytime I Think

Words: 1042 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23762671

There is the feeling that Rushdie is toying with the concept of freedom of speech in this story as well as destroying the concept of the East as mysterious. Rushdie uses English to tell his story, but he incorporates the Indian oral tradition without any kind of chronological structure to the story. He deconstruct the binary opposition of East and est. He himself is between the Orient and the Occident and he chooses to use both structures, combining Britain and India (Buran 10).

The factors of race and gender complicate the relations of class in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness, ole Soyinka's "Telephone Conversation," and Jean Rhys "Let Them Call It Jazz" in various ways. In Heart of Darkness, the story is centered on the typical male experience, which tends to alienate the female reader from the very "mannish" story. There is some speculation that Marlow and Kurtz's sexist views…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Achebe, Chinua. Things Fall Apart. Heinemann; Expanded edition, 1996.

Buran, Abdullah. Salman Rushdie's East, West: Deconstructing the Binary Division

Between Orient and Occident. Germany: Druck und Bindung: Books on Demand,

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Business Law and Enforcing Contracts

Words: 1016 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87990401

Whichever party files the claim has the initial burden to establish that a valid contract existed (Halbert & Ingulli, 2009). In that regard, any credible evidence such as a tape recording of the original telephone call or of any subsequent calls referring to the existence of the agreement will suffice to establish the existence of a valid enforceable verbal contract for services to be provided by Eddie. Credible testimony in court from witnesses who actually heard the conversation or to whom either party admitted the existence of the agreement would also establish the existence of a valid and enforceable contract (Halbert & Ingulli, 2008).

If Eddie breaches, Grace would be seeking the remedy of the compensation for any benefit of the bargain lost, such as where she subsequently ends up paying more for the same services. If Grace breaches, Eddie would be seeking his lost profit from the sale of…… [Read More]


Friedman, L.M. (2005). A History of American Law. New York: Touchstone.

Halbert, T., and Ingulli, E. (2008). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment.

Cincinnati, OH: West Legal Studies.
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Barnes and Noble Going to

Words: 1213 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 60785090

International Competitors

Since the reader is quite common in Australia, it is only natural that the offering is vast, leading to the conclusion that Barnes and Noble would encounter serious competition. The general perception over the American companies varies, and a generalization is not possible to achieve. However, most readers would agree to the elimination of the bans, whilst those directly involved with the industry would not. The Australian book industry is in many ways similar to the American one, in the meaning that they suffer the consequences of the same global mutations. "The Australian Book industry is like many industries currently faced with huge challenges. The effect of discounting on growth, the impact of GST on imports as well as the impact of digital media all have a profound effect on what is a very large, and predominantly Australian-based content, industry" (GS1 Australia, 2008). A study conducted by the…… [Read More]


Chettle, N., 2008, Book Industry Debates Cheap Imports, ABC News, . Ast accessed on September 25, 2008

2004, State Premiers Promote Reading Around Australia, Australian Library and Information Association, accessed on September 25, 2008

2008, the World Factbook - Australia, Central Intelligence Agency, accessed on September 25, 2008

2008, Book Industry, GS1 Australia,  accessed on September 25, 2008
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Legal Nurse Consultant Business Plan

Words: 5420 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24690003

(Chizek, 2003)

The ole legal nurse consultant may provide service in a number of roles, including but not limited to:

Consulting expert

Testifying expert

Facility-based investigator

Trainer and in-service presenter

Peer reviewer

Quality improvement, risk management, claims management

Liability insurance marketer and clinical resource" (Chizek, 2003)

As standards of care constantly change, medical and nursing staff must keep informed of current standard to develop and/or modify policies and procedures, which must be maintained and secured indefinitely. In the event the facility is sued, these will be used to establish the current standard during the time of the questionable occurrence. Policies and procedures also provide the legal nurse consultant with the foundation for facility documentation to be judged for compliance. (Chizek, 2003)

The minimum length of time the modified policies and procedures should be kept is the time frame of the statute of limitations in the individual jurisdiction. In most jurisdictions,…… [Read More]


Brown, M.R. (1999, February). America's Most Wanted J-O-B-S. Black Enterprise, 29, 109.

Chizek, Mardy. "Can you use a legal nurse consultant? These specially trained and experienced nurses can be frontline protectors against liability suits. (Feature Article)." Nursing Homes, February 1, 2003.

Clark, Scott a.. "Keys on developing the best laid business plans," the Journal Record, April 12, 1999.
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Marketing the Competing Concepts Under

Words: 2331 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66607518

Illustrate the differences between a straight rebuy, modified rebuy, and a new task purchase. Why is it important to understand the differences?

A straight rebuy is the purchase of standard parts, maintenance, or repair, and operating supplies, or any recurring need purchased on a routine basis (Kotler, 2006). For example, the routine purchase of printing paper is a straight rebuy. A modified rebuy is a situation in which purchasers have experience to draw on, and consider alternatives to previous purchasing (Kotler, 2006). For example, if a company recently purchased a new printer from vendor A, but was not satisfied, they may decide to purchase from vendor B. In the same situation next time. A new task purchase is a situation in which purchasing does not have previous experience with a requirement, and thus, has no relevant knowledge of product solutions (Kotler, 2006). For example, if a company requires the purchase…… [Read More]


Bell, J. (2006.) Strategic vs. tactical marketing - understand and profit. Retrieved Dec. 14, 2006 from Marketing Strategies. Web site: . (2006.) Researching your market. Retrieved Dec. 13, 2006 from Marketing Basics. Web site: .

Keller, K. And Tybout, A. (2002.) The principle of positioning. Market Leader, 19, 65.

Kerin, R. (2003.) Marketing, 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
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Municipal Wi-Fi Be Pursued Municipal

Words: 799 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 35351308

City and municipal governments can also benefit greatly from the development of a Municipal Wi-Fi network in that fire, police, safety and medical equipment can be more effectively optimized in its used across broad geographic areas (Zhang, Schiffman, Gibbs, Kunjithapatham, Jeong, 2009). Using these forms of communication would also allow for greater responsiveness to emergency situations and a more effective series of strategies for managing ongoing communications across all government agencies in a given metro area. As both private industry and government benefit from a metropolitan Wi-Fi, both need to share in its costs as well (Tang, Baker, 2002).

A Technology Capable of Shared Ownership Across Government and Private Industry

The underlying technological foundations of WiMax concentrate on a consortium-based approach to defining specific aggregation, transmission, measurement of performance and optimal usage scenarios for metropolitan-wide Wi-Fi networks (Zhang, Schiffman, Gibbs, Kunjithapatham, Jeong, 2009). In short, the technology platform lends itself…… [Read More]


Huang, C., & Chang, J.M. (2008). Responding to security issues in WiMAX networks. It Professional Magazine, 10(5), 15-21.

Dan O'Shea (2006, April). WiMAX Puts Service Quality on Display. Telephony, 247(6), S12-S14.

Peng, Y. (2006). WiMax: The emergence of wireless broadband. It Professional Magazine, 8(4), 44-48.

Tang, D., & Baker, M. (2002). Analysis of a metropolitan-area wireless network. Wireless Networks, 8(2-3), 107-120.