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Thematic Error Qualitative Research According to Agostinho

Words: 532 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 33349794

Thematic Error

Qualitative esearch

According to Agostinho (2005), educational research which focuses on the efficacy of e-learning classes has lagged behind the implementation of this teaching approach and therefore a great need exists in this area. Although the integral use of computers and software in e-learning courses renders them ideally suited for quantitative research approaches, Agostinho argues that qualitative or naturalistic forms of investigation can play an important role in e-learning research as well. For example, qualitative research could provide details about the experience of online learning environments from the perspective of students and teachers, thus generating ideas on how to promote innovation that enhances e-learning efficacy.

Towards the goal of providing a deeper understanding of the value that qualitative research can offer to e-learning research, Agostinho (2005) analyzed an e-learning study in terms of its methodological structure using an intrinsic case study approach (Creswell, Hanson, Plano, and Morales, 2007,…… [Read More]


Agostinho, Shirley. (2005). Naturalistic inquiry in e-learning research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 4, 2-13.

Creswell, John W., Hanson, William E., Plano, Vicki L., and Morales, Alehandro. (2007). Qualitative research designs: Selection and implementation. Counseling Psychologist, 35, 236-264.
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Thematic Comparison

Words: 2071 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 20477675

Thematic Comparison: Divine Intervention in Homer & Virgil

Both works decently portray the horrors of warfare, and (albeit it in a reverent fashion) place the blame for this horror soundly at the feet of the gods. However while in Homer this intervention is largely capricious and relatively unmotivated, in Virgil's work it takes on a more motivated and historical turn in which the gods may actually be seen as working to some form of higher end.

Part of the difference between these two takes on divine interference relates to the purpose of the two works. Homer's epic, so far as can be told, was designed to educate and amuse and perhaps to make a statement about the meaning of warfare and deity. However, it was not designed so much to create a national myth of identity. The Greeks and the Trojans they faced were more or less of the same…… [Read More]

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Thematic Apperception Test Tat the Tat Thematic

Words: 2992 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 91621107

Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)

The TAT (Thematic Apperception Test) has long been used to assist psychoanalysts elicit fantasy material from their patients (Morgan & Murray, 1935). According to Belleck and Murray (1973), the TAT was designed to bring forth interpretations by subject of social situations. Stories and pictures reveal some of the dominant drives, emotions, sentiments, conflicts, and complexes of a personality. The original cards used in the test were drawn or painted in color (Morge, 1995), but over time and much use, they became more and more achromatic. This achromatic appearances of the cards has caused many to speculate about their validity, especially, in patients suffering from depression. The question being asked by some researchers was, "would the achromatic appearance of the cards cause a depressed story whether or not the subject was depressed?

The Thematic Apperception Test is an untimed, individually administered psychological test used for personality assessment.…… [Read More]

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Thematic Concern As Reported in

Words: 837 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Critique Paper #: 99777303

Students on the sidelines (collections of "aborigines" and "settlers") will be encouraged to observe the interaction and critique the leaders when they digress from historical accuracy, when they go out of character, and when they do not like what their leader is doing. This, we hope, will open better and livelier discourse among students.

At the close of each day, conclusions will be drawn, including students' answers to the question "What would life be like today here in Australia if this was what actually happened in the nation's early days?"

The instructor will refrain as much as possible from lecturing throughout this process within the experimental classrooms, instead interacting with the role players and student observers in much the same way as the students, but only when deemed necessary. However, when there are impasses, the instructor will ask probing questions to move the process along. That is, he or she…… [Read More]

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Managing Human Resources Analysis of

Words: 1901 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Methodology Chapter Paper #: 30159816

Based on the method the researcher use to conduct analysis, the data analysis presented is appropriate because the researcher use combination of both qualitative and quantitative methods in the data analysis.

Interpretation of esults

The interpretation of results is critical in the research studies. Based on the objective of the study, the researchers have been able to draw a significant correlation between research results and research aim and objectives. esearchers emerge the total combination of 2,991 themes to evaluate the opinion of students towards their tutors. The findings are presented in meta-theme and four meta-themes as being revealed in table 2.

Table 2: Findings in Meta-theme and four Meta-Themes combined


Endorsement ate (%)









Four Meta-themes Combine









Based on the effectiveness of TEF as a strategy to evaluate students perception on their tutors, the…… [Read More]


Chow, M.Y.K. Quine, S. & Li, M. (2010).Bene-ts of using a quantitative with qualitative mixed methods approach- -to identify client satisfaction and unmet needs in an HIV healthcare centre. AIDS Care. 22 (4): 491-498.

Fisher, W.P. & Stenner, A.J. (2011). Integrating qualitative and quantitative research approaches via the phenomenological method. International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches.5(1): 89 -- 103.

Onwuegbuzie, A.J. Witcher, A.E. Collins, K.M.T. et al. (2007). Perception of Students Characteristics of Effective College Teachers: A Validity Study of a Teaching Evaluation Form Using a Mixed-Methods Analysis. American Educational Research Journal, 44(1): 113 -- 160.

University of South Alabama (2011): Mixed Research: Mixed Method and Mixed Model Research. USA.
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Carver's Cathedral an Analysis of Theme and

Words: 1072 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7133761

Carver's "Cathedral"

An Analysis of Theme and Plot in Carver's "Cathedral"

Raymond Carver states that by the mid-1960s he had tired of reading and writing "long narrative fiction" ("On riting" 46). Shorter fiction, he found, was more immediate. Flannery O'Connor states a similar idea in The Habit of Being: for her, the novel was a literary medium that could bog down all of one's creative powers. Turning to a short story was a way of escape: "My novel is at an impasse. In fact it has been at one for as long as I can remember. Before Christmas I couldn't stand it any longer so I began a short story. It's like escaping from the penitentiary" (O'Connor 127). This mode of thought may help us to understand why Carver turned to composing shorter works of fiction like "Cathedral," a work that acts as a brief glimpse into how one man's…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Carver, Raymond. "Cathedral." 1983. Web. 25 Sept 2012.

Carver, Raymond. "On Writing." Mississippi Review, vol. 14, no. 1/2 (Winter, 1985), pp.

46-51). Print.

O'Connor, Flannery. The Habit of Being. NY, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1979.
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Victor Frankenstein - Thematic Explorer

Words: 922 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87769835

With this confession, Victor is telling Walton that he is a broken man because of his inner desires to explore the unknown and by pretending that like God he has control over his own destiny and that of the creature he created. Thematically, Victor is relating that the pursuit of knowledge can often be a very dangerous affair.

At the point when the creature begins to show some movement upon the laboratory table, Victor realizes that he has made an abomination to nature. Later on, he relates a portion of what he calls his "wildest dreams": "I thought I saw Elizabeth, in the bloom of health... I embraced her, but as I imprinted the first kiss on her lips, they became livid with the hue of death... her features appeared to change, and I thought I held the corpse of my dead mother in my arms; a shroud enveloped her…… [Read More]


Shelley, Mary W. Frankenstein. New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1993.
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Passover Theme an Analysis of

Words: 1846 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23219052

The Jews, of course, were as antagonistic to hearing Stephen preach the life of Christ as they were to Christ Himself -- ho is the way of salvation, and hom they have rejected. Stephen's speech is fiery and full of love and fury -- love for Christ, fury for the Jews who rejected Him: "You stiff-necked people! Your hearts and ears are still uncircumcised." (Here Stephen as much as says, "You are not real Jews. Real Jews would have recognized their Redeemer.) "You are just like your ancestors: You always resist the Holy Spirit!" The reaction of the Jews is to stone Stephen to death. Stephen accepts his martyrdom and dies as Christ died, with a prayer for his persecutors -- and out of that prayer comes (through the mercy of God) the conversion of St. Paul.

In conclusion, "we may say that perseverance as a Christian is the only…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fitzmyer, Joseph. The Gospel According to Luke (I-IX), vol. 28. Garden City, NY:

Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1981. Print.

Hamm, Dennis. "Are the Gospel Passion Accounts Anti-Jewish?" Journal of Religion

and Film vol. 8, no. 1 (Feb, 2004). Print.
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Soviet-Afgan War Conflict Analysis Focus

Words: 5116 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 10933340

(Harvey, 2003) the suspicion of the United States of the "Soviet Expansionist tendencies" had increased by the 1970s and Harvey states as well that "The pervasive mentality of Washington officials during these years was dominated by the communist domino theory which led many Washington politicians to believe that the Soviet Union sought to take over the entire world." (2003) the United States had always received a safeguard provided by the shah for their Middle East interest of oil and it was this that resulted in the United States perceiving the Soviet-Afghanistan relations as a "considerable threat...before 1979." (Harvey, 2003)

Harvey reports that while Department of State records from the early 1970s report that the United States was indifferent to the relationship that was developing between the Soviet Union and Afghanistan that the truth is that "...Recently declassified ntelligence reports also reveal that the "official history record is false."

[26] Contrary…… [Read More]

Isby, David C. (1999) War in a Distant Country. New York: Arms and Armour Press, 1989. Rashid, Ahmed (2000) Taliban. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.

Terrorism Project. (2001) "Lessons from History: U.S. Policy Towards Afghanistan, 1978-2001." 5 October 2001. Online available at; .

United States Department of State (1976) Annual Policy Assessment, March 9, 1976.
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Ot Analysis -- Numbers 15

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 80877042

According to Hebraic tradition, the chronological period in the book consists of the second month of the second year (measured from Exodus) to the beginning of the eleventh month of the fortieth year -- in all, roughly 39 years 9 months of wandering, with, of course, fewer in number at the end of the journey than at the beginning. Again, according to tradition, Moses was the author of all five books of the Torah, but stylistically, at least in both Hebrew and then Aramaic, the prose in Numbers is far dryer and more scholarly, leading most to believe that this particular section was derived from several priestly sources tentatively dated at 4th-6th century BC (Harris, 1985).

Since Numbers is divided into three parts, it is useful to provide an overview of the literative focus and consequences of each section:

Number's the eople of the Lord -- God ordered Moses to…… [Read More]

Preparations for crossing the River Jordan -- Moses disobeys God and is punished, as are the tribes for speaking against God and Moses, and a new census is taken to be used to organize the tribal units into their new home. The Israelites conquer the Midian population, and the land of the Jordan is divided among the tribes.

Numbers ends with a summary technique, common in ancient Middle Eastern writings, called a colophon. Their usage as both a literary and historical tool was not understood until recently, and their form is more of an oral legal tradition, designed to state the place and circumstance of each composition, thus also organizing the story for posterity (Friedman, 2005).

Part II -- Analysis of the text -- the story of Numbers is actually rather simplistic -- it is a recounting of transition, and, like Job, a psychological organization of the manner in which God, through Moses, tested the Israelites to see if they were worth of having their own land. There are repeated trials and tribulations suffered by the people if they either do not obey God or Moses, or simply move apart and try to accomplish their own sense of organizing the world (Spence and Excell, 2009).. The message is quite clear: "Obey God and you will be rewarded, it may take some time, but eventually it will happen. Doubt God, and you will be punished." Structurally, it is more chronological than thematic, symbols are used within the original language of place names, events, and even phrases "the land of milk and honey," likely meaning, for instance, fertile land that will support
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Store Layout and Design Analysis

Words: 1920 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 11840244

The store uses empty space wisely by filling it with store specials, and when designs are in progress the area has a sign that tells the consumer what is coming soon. Music is non-discernable (I don't remember if there is any at all) but there is so much for the eye it is not needed. The whole store smells like baking cinnamon buns, a store specialty (offered in the Cafe and in the Bistro as you leave). This makes the place really smell like home! Every inch of the store (excluding the warehouse for utility sake) it taken up by a display of some sort and everything is pleasing to look at and dissect. Special displays, such as the "living in 480 sq ft" full home layout are fantastic and feel very complete, as if you could simply kick off your shoes and watch television or lay down and take…… [Read More]

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Leger City an Analysis of

Words: 533 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77166900

Formal Elements:

As to its formal elements, one of the most compelling and distinguishing aspects of the Leger work is its volume. Even as a hodge-podge of geometrical shapes spans the canvas without any illusion of dimensionality, the manner in which the painter has layered these shapes does given the impression of a clustered downtown area. Its depth is self-apparent by the sharp and definite lines separating objects as well as the manner in which certain objects appear almost to lurk or peek out from the background. The oil on canvas work, originally displayed at 91 x 117 1/2 inches and currently viewable in the Philadelphia Museum of Art, proposes enormity in its landscape, its depth and its height.


As to the height especially, we are moved to think of pillars and skyscrapers. Leger toys with the iconography of evolving urban life. Scaffolding, commercial type-set, bits of road, telephone…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Horsley, C.B. (1998). Fernand Leger. The Museum of Modern Art.
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Frame-By-Frame Analysis The First Ten

Words: 2599 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72033106

This 'floating' use of body parts and fluid use of human and mouse anatomical characteristics is another distinct feature of the graphic style of Maus.

Frame 6

In this frame, we discover the source of the father's displeasure with Mala. Mala was putting Artie's coat on a wire hanger. The petty nature of this tantrum indicates the stress under which Artie's father labors. He is angry about small things, despite having recently suffered some permanent tragedies (heart problems and the suicide of his wife) and tragedies in the past. This suggest that the father projects his frustrations and anger about the past into the present and gets angry at relatively minor matters because of his inability to deal with his past experiences. It also is a clue as to why he has heart trouble.

The father's irascible character traits are underlined in the explanatory voice-over by the narrator Artie, who…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Spiegelman, Art. Maus: A survivor's tale. New York: Penguin, 2003.
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Art Analysis ART21 After Reviewing the Artists

Words: 968 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25242092

Art Analysis: Art21

After reviewing the artists from Art21, the artists chosen are Pierre Huyghe and AI Weiwei as the subjects of this paper. The pieces the paper will be "This is not a time for dreaming" by Huyghe and "Forever" by Weiwei. Both pieces are installation pieces although the artists are not classified under the same grouping on the Art21 website. Weiwei is listed as "Featured in Change" and Huyghe is listed as "Featured in omance." Though they are not featured or classified in the same group, their respective groups are related. There are several different kinds of people in the world for whom change is romantic. Weiwei is a renowned activist as well as renowned artists. Artists typically have a deep passion within that they express via their art. Therefore, Weiwei could see the connection between romance and change. For the native Parisian Huyghe, romance may very well…… [Read More]


Art21, Inc. (2012) Explore Artists. Available from: . 2012 July 10.

European Graduate School. (2012) Pierre Huyghe -- Biography. Available from: . 2012 July 11.

Wines, Michael. (2009) Ai Weiwei, China's Impolitic Artist. The New York Times, Available from: . 2012 July 12.

Pierre Huyghe, "This is not a time for dreaming," 2004.
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Isaiah 6 Analysis

Words: 1286 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97500426


Isaiah Chapter 6 addresses Isaiah's commission, and is a perfect example of the use of narrative structure, format, and style in the Hebrew Bible. A plethora of Tate's literary elements pertain directly to Isaiah, and reading Isaiah with Tate's elements in mind enhances understanding of the text. In particular, Isaiah 6 reflects Old Testament narratology: the method by which the story is being told. Hebrew narratology retains core elements, some of which are adhered to and some of which are subverted in Isaiah 6. Isaiah 6 is told from a first person point-of-view, evident from the first line: "In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord, high and exalted, seated on a throne; and the train of his robe filled the temple," (Isaiah 6:1). The first person point-of-view establishes a literary, thematic, and semantic bond between implied reader and implied narrator. Moreover, the first person point-of-view…… [Read More]


Tate, W.R. (2012). Handbook for Biblical Interpretation. Baker.
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Mrs Dalloway by Virginia Woolf Analysis

Words: 1309 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13812309

Virginia Woolf’s novel Mrs. Dalloway contains many of the hallmarks of the author’s style and thematic concerns, including a critique of gender roles and concepts of mental illness. Protagonist Clarissa, the eponymous Mrs. Dalloway, reflects on the trajectory of her life. Self-reflection is a lens through which she develops a cogent critique of the entire social system in which she lives. Clarissa’s reflections, catalyzed by her observations of men and women in her social circle, comprise a pessimistic point of view. Septimus’s suicide then highlights the fact that there is no way out of the patriarchal structure; there are only ways of coping with its immutable power. In Mrs. Dalloway, Woolf employs Clarissa as a vehicle for critiquing patriarchy and all it entails: including class-based social hierarchies, gender bias, and heteronormativity.

In Mrs. Dalloway, one of the themes is the way patriarchy constrains the organic evolution of relationships. Clarissa has…… [Read More]

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Irish Stage Drinkers an Analysis

Words: 2293 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74475381

It is the context of Catholic Ireland (and not so much the Hays Production Code) that allows Ford's characters to enjoy the light-heartedness of the whole situation.

Such context is gone in O'Neill's dramas. O'Neill's Irish-American drinkers have left the Emerald Isle and traded it over for a nation where religious liberty denies the right of any religion to declare itself as true and all others as false. The Constitution, in fact, has been amended to keep government from declaring the truth of any religion. If no religion is true, how can the Tyrone's be expected to know the difference between Baudelaire's "spiritual drunkenness" and "physical drunkenness"?

O'Neill has Edmund quote Baudelaire in Long Day's Journey into Night as an attempt to rationalize his characters' drunkenness: "Be always drunken. Nothing else matters: that is the only question. If you would not feel the horrible burden of Time weighing on your…… [Read More]

Works Cited

O'Neill, Eugene. Long Day's Journey into Night. Yale University Press, 2002. Print.
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Articles as Well as an Analysis of

Words: 1358 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Article Critique Paper #: 46773775

articles as well as an analysis of the three articles that have been chosen. There will also be a reflection on the connections that these three articles have towards the best practices in the social studies context and field in general. The three articles to be reviewed and analyzed are;

"Technology and classroom practices: An international study." By obert B. Kozma

"Using poetry in social studies classes to teach about cultural diversity Social justice." By Ava L. McCall.

"How to teach thinking skills in social studies and history." By Barry K. Beyer.

Technology and classroom practices: An international study. By obert B. Kozma

The main focus of the paper is how technology is used in classrooms all over the world and how it has changed the practice in class and general approach to learning by both students and teachers. According to the article the use of technological tools in classrooms…… [Read More]


Beyer, B. K (2008). How to teach thinking skills in social studies and history

McCall, A.L. (2004). Using poetry in social studies classes to teach about cultural diversity

Kozma, R.B. (2003). Technology and classroom practices: An international study
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Film Juno Analysis

Words: 1404 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52771716

Jason Reitman's 2007 film Juno addresses a difficult and potentially controversial topic: unwanted pregnancy and the challenges of deciding whether to terminate the pregnancy or carry it to term. Braha and Bryne describe Juno as a "comedy-drama," but it is also a young adult film because its protagonist is a teenager and because it frankly addresses coming-of-age issues linked to uniquely adolescent sexuality and gender identity. The film focuses on titular character Juno MacGuff (Ellen Page) and her decision to carry the pregnancy to term and give up the baby for adoption. Focusing on Juno empowers the protagonist and shows that Reitman deliberately sets out to make a film that is as much about the politics of sexuality and gender as it is about the specific issues related to decisions related to abortion. Juno remains fully in control of her decisions about whether or not to stay with Paulie and…… [Read More]

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Student of Prague Film Analysis

Words: 2113 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 10568186

Student of Prague and German Cinema

The Germany film industry revolution

The Film industry in Germany has come a long way and is seen as one of the ancient film industries that gave a portrayal of both the artistic as well as the aesthetic and the economic value of films in Germany in the early 1900s. The paper will hence not only look into the history of the Germany film industry, but also select a relevant film to demonstrate the significance of the film selected to the subject matter it covered, the people and the relevance to the time that it was produced and it depicted. The film that will be used in this demonstration is "The Student of Prague" which would be analyzed to see the kind of contribution that it brought to the film industry in Germany at that given moment in time.

The films of the early…… [Read More]


Brockmann Stephen. (2010). A Critical History of German Film. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from 

Kracauer Siegfried (1947). From Caligari to Hitler: A Psychological History of the Germany Film. Princeton and Oxford, Princeton University Press. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from

Paul Wegener, (1913). Der Student von Prag. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from 

Pulver A., (2011). New Europe: A history of German cinema in clips. The Guardian. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from
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Frankenstein an Analysis of Mary

Words: 1625 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32354673

It has "… taken on a life of its own independent of Mary Shelley's text, and indeed even independent of certain parts of her narrative." (Goodall 19) This has resulted in film and stage play versions of the novel.

The reason for this continuing popularity lies largely with the relevance of the themes; particularly with regard to the theme of man 'playing God' through his application of scientific knowledge and his need to manipulate and control nature. This then can be linked to many questions and issued of contemporary importance. One could, for example, take modern scientific attempts at cloning animals and the possibility of human cloning. The question arises whether science will create monsters in the future through scientific knowledge. As one critic notes; "The public debate on cloning continues to be littered with references to Frankenstein." (Goodall 19)

Furthermore, "Mary Shelley's story has been taken variously to illustrate…… [Read More]


Britton, Jeanne M. "Novelistic Sympathy in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein." Studies in Romanticism 48.1 (2009): 3+. Questia. Web. 16 Feb. 2011.

Frankenstein by Mary Shelley. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. ( )

Frankenstein: Introduction. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. )
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Olivier and Shakespeare An Analysis

Words: 1684 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47405462

Olivier's philosophy of taking a body of work, molding it into an actor's own style and visual taste, and then regurgitating it in a way that incorporates both classical theater and modern dramatic actions and reactions, was something he was famous for. He remained true to Shakespeare's intentions of his plays acting as both entertainment and as warnings to humankind that in the proper settings and situations, human interactions can become quite insane or illogical. This is the eternal message that Shakespeare intended be delivered by the actors that would play his roles both in the old times and in more modern times (Cottrell, 199). Olivier makes good on his promise as an actor to deliver these messages of humanity to every audience member.

Overlap and Conclusion

Nearly all of Olivier's work overlaps in some ways. Many impersonators, including Peter Sellers were able to take Olivier's style and dramatic character…… [Read More]


Cottrell, John. Laurence Olivier. London: Hodder Stoughton Ltd., 1977.

Spoto, Donald. Laurence Olivier: A Biography. New York: Harper Collins, 1993.
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Collaborative Learning Community Evidence Hierarchy Pyramid Each

Words: 726 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4343471

Collaborative Learning Community

Evidence Hierarchy Pyramid

Each of these studies had strengths that should be mentioned:

(1) Jefferies, et al. (2012) -- This study contained information about safety in relation to information transfer through collaboration between nurses that was sound specifically regarding oral transfer of information and the variables that can affect effective information transfer.

(2) Jukkula, et al. (2012) -- This study set out a clinical microsystem framework for improving information transfer between nurses at shift change.

(3) Friesen, et al. (nd) - This study covered the various factors affecting the passing of instructions between nurse at shift change in what was an overview of literature in this area of inquiry.

(4) Chapman (2009) -- This study encourages nursing staff to effectuate change through their own actions.

(5) Evans, et al. (2012) -- This study relates the development and evaluation of an intervention which took the information exchange between…… [Read More]


Chapman, KB (2009) Improving Communication Among Nurses, Patients, and Physicians. American Journal of Nursing, 21-25.

Evans, D. et al. (2012) Bedside Shift-to-Shift Nursing Report: Implementation and Outcomes. MedSurg Nursing. Sept -- Oct. 2012. Vol. 21, No. 5.

Friesen, et al. (nd) Chapter 34: Handoffs: Implications for Nurses. Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses: Vol. 2.

Jefferies, D. et al. (2012) Comparing Written and Oral Approaches to Clinical Reporting in Nursing. Contemporary Nurse (2012) 42(1): 129 -- 138.
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Disintegrating Relationships Between Organizational Leaders and Employees

Words: 3181 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 83778048

Disintegrating elationships Between Organizational Leaders and Employees

Organizational leadership behavior towards employees can significantly affect their perception of the workplace, and contribute to the organization high performance and most essentially create and maintain a proper organizational culture that lead to the success of the organization . The good health of the organization depends greatly on the relationship between leaders and employees. However, the relationship that exists between organizational leaders and employees are failing at a high rate in today's workplaces and the reasons for this are not clear. Leaders in organizations have a tendency to use employees in the time of the organizational needs and them to simply ignore the employee's commitment and their potential. Committed employees should be rewarded with committed organizational leadership. Critical in organizational leadership interaction with employees is communication. Communication keeps employees informed and results in a feeling of connectedness and inclusiveness in the organizational operations,…… [Read More]


Abrrow, H.A., Ardakani, M.S., Harooni, A. & Pour, H.M. (2013, July). The Relationship Between Organizational Trust and Organizational Justice Components and Their Role in Job Involvement in Education. International Journal of Management Academy, 1(1), 25-41.

Albrecht, S.L. (2010). Handbook of employee engagement: perspectives, issues, research and practice. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Broner, S. (2009). Employees' perceptions of leaders' attitudes and employee retention: a quantitative study on perceived attitudes. Ann Arbor, MI: ProQuest LLC.

Creswell, J.W.(2007). Qualitative inquiry & research design: Choosing among five approaches .(2nd ed.).Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
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Psychobiography A Case Study Is Research That

Words: 969 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12879998


A case study is research that describes an individual -- usually a person, but also possibly a setting such as a business, school, or neighborhood (Crozby, 2009, 115). It can also be an event, "such as a model school that failed" (Cozby, 2009, 115). rochim describes it as "an intensive study of a specific individual or specific context" (2008, 147).

A typical case study of a person focuses on an individual with a rare or interesting condition and may cover her history, symptoms, characteristic behaviors, reactions to situations, or responses to treatment (Cozby, 2009, 115). In other words, a case study is used when a "naturally occuring" situation is seen to have the potential of providing valuable new scientific data.

Historic examples of case studes include that of "S," a man with an incredible ability to recall information, and "Genie," a child who was isolated from birth until 13…… [Read More]

Trochim also describes three different types of content analysis as related to textual data (2008, 151). The first is "thematic analysis of text," which identifies the "gist" of a document or set of documents (Trochim, 2008, 151). The second is "indexing," which is an automated method that indexes specific occurances in text documents, such as key words (Trochim, 2008, 151). The third is "quantitative descriptive analysis," used to quantify features of a text (Trochim, 2008, 151).

There a number of phases in content analysis (Trochim, 2008, 151). A researcher must first pick which texts to analyze, then, in a process known as "unitizing," separate each text into "chunks' that will be treated as separate units of analysis" (Trochim, 2008, 151). Next, the researcher codes each text segment, and then goes on to analyze the coded data (Trochim, 2008, 151).

Trochim states that content analysis is valuable because it is unobtrusive and provides a rapid method of analyzing text (2008, 151).
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Social Contracts Media Articulation of the Rites

Words: 3049 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 46858953

Social Contracts:

Media Articulation Of The ites Of


In the Land of the Free where the Bill of ights is supreme, all marital unions between consenting adults should be accorded the same level of societal respect and legality under federal and state laws. It was just a few decades ago when the Gay ights Movement was born in a raucous Greenwich Village bar, but homosexuals have become increasingly accepted in mainstream American society in the years since and a growing number of states are legalizing same-sex marriage in response to this trend. Unfortunately, the path to equal rights for all American citizens has been hampered by negative media coverage of homosexuals in the United States in recent years in ways that are frequently subtle but which are discernible through careful analysis. This type of analysis is important because prejudicial public information or notice of the…… [Read More]


Black's law dictionary. (1999). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.

14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. (2011). Library of Congress. Retrieved from http://

Gallagher, M. (2006, May 15). Banned in Boston. The Weekly Standard, 11(33), 3.
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Gendered Violence the Intersection of

Words: 1733 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 81690462

By examining violence and women in both Sin City and the Tekken series, one is able to see how seemingly similar representations of gender and violence actually create wildly different meanings depending on the particular medium. While Sin City and Tekken participate in the visual language of gender, when it comes to the relationship between gender and violence, Sin City focuses on the victimization of women's bodies at the hands of men while Tekken disavows any connection between the violence committed and the gender of those committing it. This analysis reveals an important distinction between violence committed by or against gendered individuals and violence committed because of gender, because as Tekken demonstrates, the former situation actually offers the possibility for a more expansive representation of gender.


Bryce, J.O., & utter, J. (2003). Gender dynamics and the social and spatial organization of computer gaming. Leisure Studies, 22(1), 1-15.

Funk, J.B.,…… [Read More]


Bryce, J.O., & Rutter, J. (2003). Gender dynamics and the social and spatial organization of computer gaming. Leisure Studies, 22(1), 1-15.

Funk, J.B., Baldacci, H.B., Pasold, T., & Baumgardner, J. (2004). Violence exposure in real-life, video games, television, movies, and the internet: is there desensitization? Journal

of adolescence, 27(1), 23-39.

Namco Bandai (2009). Tekken 6 [videogame]. Tokyo: Katsuhiro Harada.
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Romantic Relationships IT's Up and Down All

Words: 3852 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Article Critique Paper #: 5331606

omantic elationships: It's Up and Down, All Around" by Dailey, ossetto, Pfiester, and Surra (2009). Overall, the study was considered to be of good quality, with appropriate application of qualitative theory and methods. Criticism of the conceptual framework included a reductionist approach to theoretical models, and a lack of any discussion of an audit trail.

Purpose / Significance of the Study

The researchers have clearly stated the purpose of the study, how it relates to the literature, and what phenomenon will be explored. The research questions fundamentally express the puzzle that the researchers wish to explore and provide a preliminary look at what they hope to glean from the study.

The corpus of research on dating relationships is substantial; however, the variant of couple relationships characterised by the occurrence of breakups and renewals, and the concomitant dynamics and bases of relational stability, has not received much empirical attention. The study…… [Read More]


Barbour, R.S. (1998) Mixing qualitative methods: Quality assurance or qualitative quagmire? Qualitative Health Research, 8 (3), pp. 352-361.

Braier, H.B., & Kelley, H.H. (1979) Conflict in the development of close relationships. In R.L. Bugress & T.L. Huston (Eds.), Social exchange in developing relationships, pp. 135-168. New York, NY: Academic Press.

Daily, R.M., Rossetto, K.R., Pfiester, A., & Surra, C.A. (2009) A qualitative analysis of on-again / off-again romantic relationships: It's up and down, all around. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 26, 443.

Denzin, N.K. & Lincoln, Y.S. (2005) The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Retrieved
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Inclusion on Autistic Children the Inclusion of

Words: 2136 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55360248

Inclusion on Autistic Children

The inclusion of autistic children raises some important questions concerning the effects of inclusion, not only on the autistic child, but also on the entire classroom. Children with autistic spectrum disorders ranging from Kanners syndrome to Ausbergers Syndrome sometimes find external stimulation to be excruciating. e must then question the logic of placing them in an environment where their bodies must constantly result to the defensive behaviors, so characteristic in autistic children. e must question whether treating them like everyone else will make them healthy, happy adults, or will they have sacrificed a special education tailored to their needs in order to satisfy social trends of today? ould inclusion be beneficial to the mildly effected? hat are the effects of inclusion on the children in the classroom without special needs? Another important question is the measurement of our progress. Do we use improvement in grades, or…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gray, Peter (2002) Rethinking Support for Inclusive Schools. Dfee/Nasen supported research in progress. National Association for Special Needs (NASEN)  / Accessed February 2002.

Simpson, Ian (2001) Support for Inclusive Schooling. Hummersknott School -- S.E.N.- Effective Inclusion. / accessed February, 2002.

National Autistic Society (2001) Inclusion and autism: is it working? accessed February 2002.
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Social Implications of the Animated

Words: 1312 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 6011566


.This is not to say, though, that these themes and others are not examined. For example, Hank Hill's relationship with his father, Cotton ("I killed me fifty men") Hill explores the role of the elderly in modern American society, and even presents a poignant episode in which his father dies and he is forced to confront the mixed-blessing of this loss. Likewise, Homer manages to become more than a bungling parent from time to time and actually connect with his children in ways that would not be feasible in traditional sitcom formats. Homer and Lisa breaking into the Springfield Museum to see the Egyptian exhibit, only to discover the secret to an ancient music box by accident is a good example. Similarly, Bart and Homer even manage to overcome their differences and become a team when it comes to thwarting the good-natured advances of Ned Flanders (who is still…… [Read More]


Harrison, C. (2010). American culture in the 1990s. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Mills, B. (2009). The sitcom. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Pehlke, T.A. & Hennon, C.B. (2009, Spring). Does father still know best? An inductive

thematic analysis of popular TV sitcoms. Fathering, 7(2), 114-118.
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Children and Youth Services

Words: 1523 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 46502813

youth transition out of foster care as they "age-out" of the system. This can prove to be a very challenging and difficult phase for young people as they are expected to take on adult responsibilities and make their own way in the world. Whether youth successfully transition from foster care to independent living is multifaceted, and requires detailed investigation in order to illuminate how the foster care system can facilitate change throughout the "aging-out" process.

Keller et al. (2007) utilized person-oriented research methods in order to investigate how well adolescents transition from life as part of the child welfare system to independent living as adults. This research method was chosen for the study in order to appropriate capture and understand the various and diverse ways these youth may be prepared for the transition among a sample that is large and representative of the population of youth aging-out from foster care.…… [Read More]


Ahrens, K.R., Dubois, D.L., Richardson, L.P., Fan, M.Y., Lozano, P. (2008). Youth in foster care with adult mentors during adolescence have improved adult outcomes. Pediatrics, 121(2), e246-52.

Keller, T.E., Cusick, G, R., Courtney, M.E. (2007). Approaching the transition to adulthood: distinctive profiles of adolescents aging out of the child welfare system. Social Services Review, 81(3), 453-84.

Kushel, M.B., Yen, I.H., Gee, L., Courtney, M.E. (2007). Homelessness and healthcare access after emancipation: results from the Midwest evaluation of adult functioning of former foster youth. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 161(10), 986-93.

Munson, M.R., Smalling, S.E., Spencer, R., Scott, L.D., Tracy, E. (2009). A steady presence in the midst of change: nonkin natural mentors in the lives of older youth exiting foster care. Child and Youth Services Review, 32(4), 527-35.
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Older Adults and Their Outlook on Life

Words: 2513 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 54797677

Narrative Case Analysis: Older Adults Perception of Their Roles in Society Over Their Lifespan

Narrative Case Analysis

Many societies have been described as holding up a stereotypic and sometimes negative perception of older adults. With that said research to determine older Adults perception of their roles in society over their Lifespan, has not been explored that much in the research. Most of the research has been about grand parenting, role transitions and ageism. However, this study used qualitative research in the form of a single case study of a 75-year-old woman, who is a grandmother and housewife. The investigation led utilized an explanatory phenomenological method. This study was selected to determine the perceptions and lived experience of perception of their roles in society over their lifespan throughout U's life and discover if these experiences aided her in handling life surprises in old age. Emerging themes exposed were neglect to family,…… [Read More]

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Quantitative and Qualitative

Words: 6879 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 12570660

Vaismoradi, 2013)

Qualitative thematic and content analyses represent two widely utilized nursing data analysis techniques. However, no explicit boundaries have been identified between them. That is, researchers utilize them interchangeably and, apparently, find it hard to choose one of the two. In this regard, Vaismoradi's paper explains and deliberates on the borders between qualitative thematic and content analyses, presenting implications for improving the uniformity between information analysis techniques and related researches' purpose. The discussion paper comprises of a logical outline and examination of thematic and content analyses' objectives, definitions, philosophical context, data acquisition and analysis, also dealing with their methodological nuances.

With respect to study setting, this qualitative study doesn't afford any scope for discussions on sample attributes and size. The researcher has founded it on thematic and content analyses concepts. Content analysis aims at describing document content features by studying the speaker, the target audience, and the intended and…… [Read More]


Ayres L. Qualitative research proposal -- part I: posing the problem.

J. Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs. 2007a; 34: 30 -- 32.

Ayres L. Qualitative research proposals -- part II: conceptual models and methodological options. J. Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs.

2007b; 34: 131 -- 133.
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different points of view

Words: 4801 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 57634272

Eat, Pray, Love

Into the Wild

Motorcycle Diaries

Wild: From Lost to Found on the Pacific Crest Trail

Theories/ Frameworks

epresentation from Media Studies -- Culture and its elevance

Post Modernism Literature

Thematic Analysis

Importance of Culture in Analysis

Theory and Methodology

Thematic Analysis -- Framework

Thematic analysis is appropriate for the following situations

Detective and inductive approaches

Analysis of two different phased of data

Thematic Process

Analysis and Process of Comparing Literary Works of Post-Modern Period

Post Modernism Writers

Post Modern Literary Theory

A person's personal, work, and family life and how they relate to nature all define how well the person knows himself. This article will explore how one comes of age and life stages by comparing three movies and three novels. The books are Motorcycle Diaries (Che Guevara), Wild: From Lost to Found on the Pacific Crest Trail (Cheryl Strayed) and Into the Wild (John Krakauer). The…… [Read More]


Bhuvaneshwari. "THE THEORY OF POSTMODERNISM IN THE INTERPRETATION OF LITERATURE." Research Journal of English Language and Literature (2015): 629-637. Journal.

Clifford, Amber. "Book Review: The Motorcycle Diaries: Notes on a Latin American Journey." International Journal of Motorcycle Studies (2005).

Kaplan, Jeffrey. "Young Adult Literature in the 21st Century." The Research Connection (2005): 11-18. Review Paper.

Kim, Farah. Life Lessons to Learn from Hector and the Search for Happiness. 29 January 2015. Online Document. 17 October 2016.
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Beyond Creswell's Five Approaches the First Approach

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98716491

Beyond Creswell's Five Approaches

The first approach identified other than the five approaches identified by Creswell is Thematic analysis is the method that stresses on describing and organizing rich data sets. It goes beyond counting words and phrases to recognizing explicit and/or implicit ideas within collected data (Guest & MacQueen, 2012, p. 12). Researchers review data, take notes and sort these notes into categories. It helps researchers as a strategy data move to analyze from a comprehensive reading of the data to developing themes and determining patterns. Understanding these codes usually include relating theme frequencies, recognizing theme co-occurrences, and vividly displaying relationships between different themes (Guest & MacQueen, 2012, p. 17). Thematic analysis is usually done inductively or deductively (Braun & Clarke, 2006). In an inductive thematic analysis approach, the themes that are identified are very linked to the data because assumptions are data-driven; coding very often occurs without the…… [Read More]

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Motivation Attitude and Satisfaction of Volunteers in Philanthropic Organizations

Words: 4628 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71060936


Data collection is a set of information obtained through a systemic investigation (Depoey and Gitlin 1998). This study proposes to attain an in-depth understanding of the motivation factors possessed by people who make a commitment to voluntary work, in order to be able to maintain or increase their current level of involvement using a qualitative approach. The study would be somewhat restricted since the sample would be taken from only three voluntary organizations, though the decision to reserve the three subsets to those who are the most represented in the Maltese system of NGO's will attempt to lesson the limitation and bias of the study. The work will focus upon the most largely represented of the four types of NGO's who employ a large number of volunteers; Social work activities with accommodation social work activities without accommodation support and pressure activities. According to Bailey (1991), by highlighting the limitations…… [Read More]

References /PM.qst?a=o&d=5001895962" target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">
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Assignment 2 Case Study DB

Words: 585 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42054085

thematic analysis and content analysis. More specifically, themes were identified and clustered into categories. Content analysis was then conducted to deconstruct the observations made. Thematic analysis is a common data analysis technique in qualitative research. The technique essentially involves identifying themes and patterns within a set of data and grouping the themes into categories (Bryman, 2008). Thematic analysis is advantageous as it allows the researcher flexibility in data analysis. In addition, the researcher is able to go beyond individual experiences. Nonetheless, there could be a number of limitations. For instance, the researcher may miss some nuances. In the original research in Agostinho's (2004) article, for instance, it is possible that the researcher missed some nuances relating to the use of e-learning in the higher education setting. The analysis involved not only thematic analysis, but also content analysis. This can be viewed as one of the major strengths of the data…… [Read More]


Agostinho, S. (2004). Naturalistic inquiry in e-learning research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 4(1), Article 2. Retrieved May 18, 2017, from 

Bryman, A. (2008). Social research methods. 3rd ed. Buckingham: Open University Press.
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Types of Study used in each Article

Words: 1712 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99910999

Outpatient Transition Clinics: A Mixed-Methods Study Protocol

This a mixed method study with a controlled and retrospective design that involves interviews that are semi structured among healthcare experts, consultation observation focused on young people, and transferred between 2 to 4 years before the date of collecting data. Questionnaires among the youth are incorporated in the interviews (Sattoe, Peeters, Hilberink, Ista, & Staa, 2016).

Patient experiences of decentralized acute healthcare services

The study was qualitative. Data analysis was done through done through thematic analysis (Leonardsen, et al., 2016).

Study on the impact of patient satisfaction on a rural hospital

A qualitative method was applied to analyze historical patient contentment surveys and the accompanying revenue collection statements from a hospital in a rural area in the North Eastern part of Oklahoma for a period stretching 25 months (Jacobs, 2011).

Discuss the types of statistical tests used within each article and why they…… [Read More]


Abdulazeez, A. (2014). Differences and Similarities between Parametric and Non-Parametric Statistics. Academia.

Jacobs, K. E. (2011). A quantitaive correlational study on the impact of patient satisfaction on a rural hospital. The Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice.

Leonardsen, A.-C., Del Busso, L., Grondahl, V., Ghanima, W., Barach, P., & Jelsness-Jorgensen, L.-P. (2016). A qualitative study of patient experiences of decentralized acute healthcare services. Scand J. Prim Health Care, 317 -- 324.

Robson, C., 1994. Experiment, Design and Statistics in Psychology, Chapter 7: Parametric and Nonparametric tests. [PDF] Available at:
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Understanding Early Readmission Through Qualitative Measures

Words: 1725 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Peer Reviewed Journal Paper #: 2966373

eadmission of patients with diabetes is a problem that warrants consideration of the contributing factors. eadmission of patients within 30 days of discharge is considered to be an indicator of healthcare quality -- along with other circumstances, such as patient lifestyle -- that needs to be addressed from a patient care perspective and from a cost of care perspective (Dungan, 2012). A dismal statistic starkly represents the problem: oughly 8% of the U.S. population is represented by patients with diabetes, yet this group accounts for 23% of the hospitalizations in the nation (Dungan, 2012). On top of this figure, between 14.4% to 21% of diabetic patients are readmitted, compared to 8.5% and 13.5% of U.S. hospital patients overall (Dungan, 2012). The problem is exacerbated by the rise in national rates of diabetes means that more patients will present from the general population and, accordingly, more patients with diabetes will experience…… [Read More]


Donnell-Jackson, K., Ram M. Jhingan, R.M. And Rubin, D.J. (2013). Early Readmissions among hospitalized patients with diabetes: A qualitative assessment of contributing factors. Paper presented at Diabetes: Diagnosis, Complications & Outcomes, The Endocrine Society's 95th Annual Meeting and Expo, from June 15 -- 18, 2013, in San Francisco, California.

Dungan, K.M. (2012, September). The effect of diabetes on hospital readmissions. Journal of Diabetes Science Technology, 6(5), 1045-1052. Retreived from 

Dye, J. G, Schatz, I.M., Rosenberg, B.A., and Coleman, S.T. (2000, January). Constant comparison method: A kaleidoscope of data. The Qualitative Report, 4(1/2).

Hellman, R. (2014, October). An individualized inpatient diabetes education and hospital transition program for poorly controlled hospitalized patients with diabetes. Endocrine Practice, 20(10), 1097-1099.
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Lee Driscoll & Nelson How

Words: 893 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 58143930

This finding was extremely relevant in the given context as it helped create a better image over the study of distance education. Otherwise put, the three authors were able to reveal the most important forces which impact the study of distance education. They found that whereas theory plays a vital role in the formation of opinions and the conducting of research, the most significant source is the actual practice and the largest parts of the results have been retrieved through empirical studies.

3. How valuable and how interesting did you find this research?

The research conducted by the authors of the Past, Present, and Future of esearch in Distance Education: esults of a Content Analysis is interesting as it offers a historical approach over the topic at hand. The numerous references to previous studies and various other authors give it credibility and make it a relevant piece within the specialized…… [Read More]


Lee, Y., Driscoll, M.P., Nelson, D.W.. The Past, Present and Future of Research in Distance Education: Results of a Content Analysis, Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems, Florida State University
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Words: 989 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47104723


In Physics II Chapter Three, Aristotle outlines the term nature as a source or cause of being moved and of being at rest in which it belongs primarily. He contrasts two kinds of nature, and these are nature as matter and nature as a form or definition. Aristotle outlines four causes, including material, efficient, formal, and final. Material cause is delineated as that out of which a thing becomes and what continues is said to be a cause. Secondly, formal cause is defined as a form or example, and this is a formula of essence and parts that are in the formula. Third of all, the efficient cause is the main beginning point from which change or rest emanates. Lastly, final cause can be considered the purpose or the sense of an end, specifically, what something is meant for (Cohen, 2006).

Thematic Analysis

In accordance to Aristotle, the aforementioned…… [Read More]

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Film Behind the Lines Is

Words: 1427 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Movie Review Paper #: 92719536

He was twenty-five when he died." ("ilfred Own," 2005)

One figure, however, besides the more aristocratic poets, who is entirely fictional is a working class man named Billy Prior, a who had risen through the ranks to become an officer, but is now mute. This character is used, not for historical accuracy, but as a symbolic state of the working class during this period, and as a contrast to the highly articulate, and also upper-class experiences of Sassoon and Owen. The film thus transposes reality, when it is visually or verbally suitable for conveying its theme, with occasionally flights of fictional 'poetic' reality. In other words, it would have been dishonest to only show the experience of psychotherapist, poets, and the upper classes of a war that was fought by large numbers of ordinary working class men, many of whom became officers like Prior, as more of the aristocratic 'officer…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bowman, James. "Behind the Lines: Regeneration." Film review. Directed by Gillies Mackinnon from a screenplay by Allan Scott and based on the novel by Pat Barker. 1997 

Sassoon, Siegfried." World Book Online Reference Center. 2005. World Book, Inc. 10 Nov. 2005

Behind the Lines: Regeneration." Directed by Gillies Mackinnon from a screenplay by Allan Scott and based on the novel by Pat Barker. 1997.
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Contemporary Conflict

Words: 3277 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 88843044


The Situation

Conflict is something that we come across in our everyday life-be it at the workplace or in our homes or with the neighbor. The basic source of conflicts is disagreements. In this paper we would restrict ourselves to the conflicts at workplace. There are several aspects in which conflicts at workplace can happen. Conflicts can be between co-workers and between workers and the management or between the management and the union (Lansford, 2008).

The way to resolve conflict at workplace-or for that matter at any other place, is through negotiations. Negotiation is the term that is given to the process of dialogues to resolve disagreements two persons or two groups of persons and when the disagreement is based on interest, goals, values or beliefs (Deutsch & Coleman, 2000). The process through which such parties arrive at a common goal or a possible agreement is termed as negotiation.…… [Read More]


Barkun, M. (1964). Conflict resolution through implicit mediation. Journal Of Conflict Resolution, 8(2), 121-130. doi:10.1177/002200276400800203

Behrens, M. (2007). Conflict, arbitration, and dispute resolution in the German workplace. International Journal Of Conflict Management, 18(2), 175-192. doi:10.1108/10444060710759363

Coffey, J., & Matthewes, C. (2002). Religion, law, and the role of force. Ardsley, NY: Transnational Publishers, Inc.

Csiernik, R. (1990). Mediation and the workplace: Creating an awareness within employee assistance programs. Conflict Resolution Quarterly, 8(2), 161-167. doi:10.1002/crq.3900080208
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Criminology and the Use of Statistical Evidence

Words: 940 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90843203

Criminological Theory and Statistical Data


Criminological theory is not always based on evidence—that is, on statistical evidence. Sometimes it is based on ideas that seem logical at the time. Theorists will notice correlations in the ways in which crime emerges in certain communities and they will base their theories of crime on these observances, though no statistical evidence is actually accumulated to verify the theory. The theory simply makes sense from a logical or rational point of view and in this manner it can be promoted. Its basis of evidence is qualitative (i.e., content-related, conceptual or thematic) rather than statistical and empirical (i.e., data that can be measured, quantified and verified through testing). Broken Windows Theory is one example of criminological theory that was based on qualitative assessments rather than on statistical data (Jean, 2008). While the theory has been embraced over the years since it was first developed,…… [Read More]

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Project Management Is it Really

Words: 10950 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 88347281

To date, little eseach exists on the actual costs and benefits of poject management. Much of the infomation that exists is a poduct of advetising mateials distibuted though the poject management fims. Little unbiased infomation egading the value of poject management exists. This eseach will povide an unbiased view of the benefits and costs of the poject manage. Aviation manages will be able to use this infomation to make decisions about whethe to use a poject manage o whethe to find anothe way to pefom those duties that may be moe cost effective.


This study will use quantitative analysis to detemine if aviation officials feel that poject manages epesents an opeational efficiency in tems of cost-effectiveness o if they epesent inefficiency and waste. The eseach will use a suvey methodology that will ask aviation manage's questions that will ask them to quantify both the tangible and intangible benefits of…… [Read More]

references and further reading you must purchase this article.

International Journal of Project

Management. 28 (5): 461-468.

Cresswell, J. (1994). Research Design: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches.

London: Sage..
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Business Productivity the Affects of

Words: 6188 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 88863479

The objectives of this project will result in a reduced security risk due to incoming spam and junk email messages. Achievement of the objective will be difficult to measure because it represent something that will not happen if the project is successful. A reduction in threats due to the actions or inactions of employees will result in achievement of these objectives. An employee questionnaire or survey would be useful in determining if the policies result in a greater awareness and adherence to prescribed policies regarding how to treat spam in the company. Increased awareness and willingness to take actions to increase security, as measured by a survey conducted some time after the policies are in place will provide insight into the success or failure of the prescribed measures.


There are several contributing factors that will affect the outcome of the project and the ability to achieve the intended objectives…… [Read More]


D'Antoni, H. 2003. Span Tests Employees' Productivity, Patience. Information Week. May 13, 2003. [online]  [Accessed 17 March 2009].

McCusker, R. (2005). Spam: nuisance or menace, prevention or cure? Trends and Issues in crime and criminal justice. March 2005. No. 348. [online]  [Accessed 17 March 2009].

Winslow, L. 2005. SPAM Killing Small Business Productivity. Ezine Articles. [online]
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Mentoring of African American Male

Words: 6879 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Methodology Chapter Paper #: 41418993

School African-American Males Who Are Attending a Community-Based After-School Program


A qualitative case study would be conducted by the researcher. As described by Gay, Mills, and Airasian (2009), a case study explores and analyzes the behavioral patterns of an exclusive group over an extended period of time. In this approach the researcher analyzes the behavior of the participants while they participate in the intended activities and their response to the outside stimuli. (Gay, Mills, & Airasian, 2009) Case studies are bounded in an approach that connects time (existence) with a place (environment) (Stake, 2005). The case study approach provides the researcher with a stage to examine the patterns of behavior that the individuals portray.


The purpose of the study is to explore the behaviors of middle-school African-American males who are attending a community-based after-school program. In addition to that, the study will explore…… [Read More]


Afterschool Alliance (2004). After-School alert: Poll report. Retrieved from 

Apsler, R. (2009). After-school programs for adolescents: A review of evaluation research. Adolescence, 44(173), 1-19.

Baker, J., Rieg, S., & Clendaniel, T. (2006). An investigation of an after school math tutoring program: University tutors+ elementary students = A successful partnership. Education, 127(2), 287-293.

Baker, P. (2005). The impact of cultural biases on African-American students' education: A review of research literature regarding race-based schooling. Education and Urban Society, 37(3), 243-256.
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Organizing Data in Qualitative and Quantitative Studies

Words: 576 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24201868

Tracking Data

In research, data and information collected needs to be organized in a manner that makes sense for the researcher at the analysis and report writing stages. Data can be organized depending on the data analysis objectives of the researcher. The researcher would organize qualitative data differently than a survey or quantitative data. It is through data organization that the researcher, at times, would make sense of the data at hand and would either confirm or change the direction or focus of the data analyses (while keeping in mind that any changes should still be aligned with the study's objectives).

Organizing data collected using qualitative methods require a different kind of organization or approach to data analysis. Qualitative data are made up of text relevant to the study at hand, and may be in the form of a key word, phrase, sentence, or passage from a specific discussion into…… [Read More]


Creswell, J. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Reisman, J., Gienapp, A. And S. Stachowiak. 2007. A Handbook of Data Collection Tools: Companion to "A Guide to Measuring Advocacy and Policy." Organizational Research Services.
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Alcohol Drinking Among Young Jews

Words: 23454 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 67540801

Paenting Style Influence on Excess Alcohol Intake Among Jewish Youth

Clinical Psychology

The health hazads that ae associated with adolescent alcohol use ae well documented, and thee is gowing ecognition among policymakes and clinicians alike that moe needs to be done to addess this public health theat. The pupose of this study was to examine the effects of diffeent paenting styles on alcohol consumption levels among Jewish college students in the United States. The study daws on attachment theoy, social leaning theoy, and a paenting style model as the main theoetical famewoks to evaluate the effects of diffeent paenting styles on alcohol consumption levels among Jewish adolescents to develop infomed answes to the study's thee guiding eseach questions concening the elationship between peceived paenting style and excess alcohol use of male, Jewish, college students aged 18-26 yeas, the elationship between academic achievement and the alcohol use fequency of male Jewish…… [Read More]

references to gender.

Scoring: The PAQ is scored easily by summing the individual items to comprise the subscale scores. Scores on each subscale range from 10 to 50.

Author: Dr. John R. Buri, Department of Psychology, University of St. Thomas, 2115

Summit Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55105.

Source: Buri, J.R. (1991). Parental Authority Questionnaire, Journal of Personality and Social Assessment, 57, 110-119
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Alcohol Drinking Among Young Jews

Words: 23424 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 99740327

Paenting Style Influence on Excess Alcohol Intake Among Jewish Youth

Clinical Psychology

The health hazads that ae associated with adolescent alcohol use ae well documented, and thee is gowing ecognition among policymakes and clinicians alike that moe needs to be done to addess this public health theat. The pupose of this study was to examine the effects of diffeent paenting styles on alcohol consumption levels among Jewish college students in the United States. The study daws on attachment theoy, social leaning theoy, and a paenting style model as the main theoetical famewoks to evaluate the effects of diffeent paenting styles on alcohol consumption levels among Jewish adolescents to develop infomed answes to the study's thee guiding eseach questions concening the elationship between peceived paenting style and excess alcohol use of male, Jewish, college students aged 18-26 yeas, the elationship between academic achievement and the alcohol use fequency of male Jewish…… [Read More]

references to gender.

Scoring: The PAQ is scored easily by summing the individual items to comprise the subscale scores. Scores on each subscale range from 10 to 50.

Author: Dr. John R. Buri, Department of Psychology, University of St. Thomas, 2115

Summit Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55105.

Source: Buri, J.R. (1991). Parental Authority Questionnaire, Journal of Personality and Social Assessment, 57, 110-119
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Drinking With Younger Jews

Words: 24280 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 42632920

Paenting Style Influence on Excess Alcohol Intake Among Jewish Youth


Maste of Science, Mental Health Counseling, College, Januay, 2008

Clinical Psychology

Anticipated; Decembe, 2016

The health hazads that ae associated with adolescent alcohol use ae well documented, and thee is gowing ecognition among policymakes and clinicians alike that moe needs to be done to addess this public health theat. The pupose of this study will be to examine the effects of diffeent paenting styles on alcohol consumption levels among Jewish college students in the United States. The study daws on attachment theoy, social leaning theoy, and a paenting style model as the main theoetical famewoks to evaluate the effects of diffeent paenting styles on alcohol consumption levels among Jewish adolescents to develop infomed answes to the study's thee guiding eseach questions concening the elationship between peceived paenting style and excess alcohol use of male, Jewish, college students aged 18-26…… [Read More]

references to gender.

Scoring: The PAQ is scored easily by summing the individual items to comprise the subscale scores. Scores on each subscale range from 10 to 50.

Author: Dr. John R. Buri, Department of Psychology, University of St. Thomas, 2115

Summit Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55105.

Source: Buri, J.R. (1991). Parental Authority Questionnaire, Journal of Personality and Social Assessment, 57, 110-119
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E-Learning vs F2f Traditional Learning the

Words: 1770 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 3197314

Ethnography and in-depth interviews are the methods that will be applied for the educators group, while ethnography, in-depth interviews, and experimental methods will be used for the students group. Meta-analysis would simply include an analysis of all quantitative studies conducted proposing new measures and tools that will help evaluate the effective of online and/or traditional learning approaches.

For the ethnography and in-depth interviews, thematic analysis will be used to dimensionalize the variables and concepts used in the study, specifically those relevant to describing the nature and dynamic of online and traditional learning. Multivariate analysis, meanwhile, will be applied in determining the effectiveness of the learning approaches in providing quality education among students.


Hughes, J. (2007). "Academic achievement and perceptions of the learning environment in virtual and traditional secondary mathematics classrooms." The American Journal of Distance Education, Vol. 21, No. 4.

Keller, C. And J. Lindh. (2009). "The impact of…… [Read More]


Hughes, J. (2007). "Academic achievement and perceptions of the learning environment in virtual and traditional secondary mathematics classrooms." The American Journal of Distance Education, Vol. 21, No. 4.

Keller, C. And J. Lindh. (2009). "The impact of national culture on e-learning implementation: a comparative study of Argentinean and a Swedish university." Educational Media International, Vol. 46, No.1.

Rossett, a. And J. Marshall. (2010). "e-Learning: What's old is new again." T+D.

Todd, S. And K. Schwartz. (2009). "Thinking through quality in field education: integrating alternative and traditional learning opportunities." Social Work Education, Vol. 28, No. 4.
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MA or Phd Level Is Designed to

Words: 1054 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 8987093

MA or PHD level is designed to develop and new argument on a particular subject. Within the overall presentation, a literature review is a section in which previously published information in a particular subject area, time period, or focus level, is discussed. ather than a summation of sources, a literature review should have an organizational pattern that combines both summary and analysis -- summary to recap the information from the particular author's point-of-view, analysis to provide a way to interpret material and synthesize new information (Literature eviews, 2004).

Case Studies -- Literature eview Outlines-

Teacher's Perceptions of Strategies and Skills Affecting Learning of Gifted 7th Graders in English Classes (Noble, 2010)


Historic Influences on Gift Education

b. Defining Giftedness

c. Precursors to Gifted Performance

Identification of Gifted Students

a. Teacher/Student Motivation

b. Instructional Strategies

c. elationship between strategies and learning skills

III. Teacher perceptions of giftedness

a. Factors affecting…… [Read More]


Alstron, A. (2011). Having Our Say: Thoughts, Perspectives and Perceptions of Graduates of Satellite East Junior High School for the Gifted and Talented. Teacher's College, Columbia University.

Jordan, K.A. (2010). Gifted Student Academic Achievement and Program Quality. College of Education -- Louisiana Technical University.

Literature Reviews. (2004). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved from: 

Noble, J.P. (2010). Teacher's Perceptions of Strategies and Skills Affecting Learning of Gifted 7th Graders in English Classes. University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.
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Research Approaches in Education

Words: 1763 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 84885030

Educational Leadership

Qualitative research is an assortment of various approaches, which have differences and commonalities. In qualitative research, the truth is not considered as an objective but as a subjective reality where various individuals experience differently. The aim of qualitative research is to address any of the problems found in the society. Psychology, education, and sociology are the subjects in which qualitative research methods are used. Qualitative research methods attempt to know why human beings exhibit specific behaviors and make certain choices unlike in the quantitative research method where such details are not shown (Lewis, 2015). The contents of a research paper written using qualitative method vary depending on the methods incorporated and focus in the study.


The introduction is the first part of the process, which sets down the direction of the paper. It lays out exactly what the researcher is trying to achieve at the end of…… [Read More]


Brooks, J. S., & Normore, A. H. (2015). Qualitative Research and Educational Leadership: Essential Dynamics to Consider When Designing and Conducting Studies. International Journal of Educational Management, 29(7), 798-806.

Demeh, W., & Rosengren, K. (2015). The Visualization of Clinical Leadership in the Content of Nursing Education -- A Qualitative Study of Nursing Students' Experiences. Nurse Education Today, 35(7), 888-893.

Kilpatrick, J. E., & McCarthy, M. H. (2015). Global Education and School Leaders' Role in Equitable Access for All Students: Synthesis of Two Qualitative Studies from Massachusetts, USA.

Lewis, S. (2015). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches. Health Promotion Practice, 1524839915580941.
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Qualitative Nursing Studies for babes

Words: 1035 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 69430782

Iceberg Attachment for Infants

The concept analysis article reviewed in this document is "Attachment icebergs: Maternal and child health nurses' evaluation of infant-caregiver attachment" by Bryant et al. This article explores salient phenomena pertaining to the concept of infant attachment. However, it analyzes this phenomena from the perspective of nurses who are observing and working with infants and caregivers. The researchers were essentially attempting to solicit information from the nurses to explicate the phenomena of infant attachment, while determining what factors proved the most influential in this occurrence. As such, the researchers were able to glean a fair amount of insight not only about infant attachment, but about how to best treat it. Additional insight was also gleaned into factors that were germane to the nurses who observed infant attachment and who attempted to mitigate it with various degrees of success.

Method of Analysis

The method of analysis revolved around…… [Read More]


Bryant, E., Ridgway, L., Lucas, S. (2016). Attachment icebergs: Maternal and child health nurses' evaluation of infant-caregiver attachment. Community Practitioner. 89(5) 34-43.
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Statement of the Phenomenon of Interest

Words: 2248 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 92689802

quality where data is gathered through interviews, surveys and observations, while quantitative study establishes its results on the basis of surveys, questionnaires and statistical data. A quantitative study "Study of Nurses' Knowledge about Palliative Care: A Quantitative Cross-sectional Survey" by Prem et al. can be compared with the qualitative study in question to understand the difference. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge of nursing professionals about palliative care through a palliative care knowledge test (PCKT) (Prem et al., 2012).

A cross-sectional survey has been done amongst 363 nurses working in a multi-speciality hospital by using a questionnaire PCKT, unlike qualitative study done by Dykes et al. that utilized a sample of 23 Ns and 19 NAs which can be easily interviewed, questioned and observed. A general finding of the quantitative study was in agreement with the previously established facts of poorer knowledge of palliative care but…… [Read More]


Dykes, P. C., Carroll, D. L., Hurley, A. C., Benoit, A. & Middleton, B. (2009). Why Do Patients in Acute Care Hospitals Fall? Can Falls be prevented." J. Nurs Adm., 39(6), 299 -- 304.doi: 10.1097/NNA.0b013e3181a7788a. Retrieved 19 September 2016 from 

Lobiondo-Wood, G. & Haber, J. (2014). Nursing Research: Methods and Critical Appraisal for Evidence-Based Practice. (ed. 8). Missouri: Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. Retrieved 19 September 2016 from

Prem, V., Karvannan, H., Kumar, S. P., Karthikbabu, S., Syed, N., Sisodia, V. & Jaykumar, S. (2012). Study of Nurses' Knowledge about Palliative Care: A Quantitative Cross-sectional Survey. Indian Journal of Palliative Care, 18(2), 122-127.doi: 10.4103/0973-1075.100832

Wyse, S. E. (2011). What is the Difference Between Qualitative Research and Quantitative Research? Snap Retrieved 21 September 2016 from