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The fact is, Russian is useful. In this part of the world, it's the language of business and science" said one Ukrainian ("Ukraine's language," PRI, 2009). Ukrainian is sometimes used in popular music, but that is because it is often used as slang rather than as the dominant language of conversation or commerce.
So the dissenting question arises, if Russian is already so dominant, and understood much of the population that is not solely Russian-speaking: hy not teach Ukrainian in school, and leave bilingual speakers to their own devices? However, if the Ukraine school system must neglect Russian, due to the nation's official policy, than the next generation of children will speak inferior Russian to their Russian and other Slavic counterparts. Russian will persist, but more sophisticated use of the language will ebb away. Another problem is class divisions: Russian is weakest in the poorest sections of the Ukraine. Denying…
Khineyko, Ilya. Tempest in the (linguistic) teapot? Ukrainian analysis. March 7, 2007.
November 13, 2009. http://ukraineanalysis.wordpress.com/category/russian-language-in-ukraine/
Kulyk, V. "Constructing common sense: Language and ethnicity in Ukrainian public discourse."
Ethnic & Racial Studies, 29.2 (Mar 2006): 281-314
Political events in Ukraine in November and December of 2004 attracted attention of the world community to this country as the wind of democratic changes came to this former republic of the Soviet Union. Even though the Soviet Union collapsed 13 years ago, historical political and economical bounds between those 15 new independent states where quite strong and even though these countries became independent, their dependence upon the policy of Kremlin remained. All 15 countries chose the way of democratic reforms but their totalitarian past and no experience democracy prevented from any effective realization of their reformative policies. In fact, this 15-year period was characterized by hyperinflation, extreme poverty and sharpening social contradictions. ussia had preserved its dominance over the politics of its close neighbors: Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan dictating them its conditions of economical development which were Moscow-oriented. The corrupted governments of these countries with corrupted legislative and executive branches…
1)EU-Ukraine relations Overview 2005 External Relations ?
2)NATO - Ukraine relation Security cooperation and support for reform March, 25 2005 ?
ussia & Ukraine
The current crisis in Ukraine is a good case study for international relations. The primary actors are Ukraine, ussia, the United States and the European Union. In brief, Ukraine has been splitting politically since independence from the U.S.S.. along ethnic lines. Ukrainians, still seeking for solidify their national identity, are pro-West in their outlook; ussians are pro-ussia in outlook. This schism has defined the country's politics since independence, and has placed the country as the center of a power conflict in Europe between the Cold War powers -- ussia on one side and the West on the other. The West expanded its sphere of influence dramatically when ussia was weak upon dissolution of the U.S.S.., but ussia has recently gained strength, in particular the result of tremendous wealth from natural resources. ussia has especially strong bargaining power over Europe as many European nations are major buyers of…
Jakes, Lara & Burns, Robert. (2014). Kerry: Russia accelerating Ukraine crisis. Yahoo News. Retrieved April 30, 2014 from http://news.yahoo.com/kerry-russia-accelerating-ukraine-crisis-203708665 -- politics.html
Baczynska, Gabriela, Polityuk, Pavel & Kasolowsky, Raissa. (2014). Timeline: Ukraine crisis and Russia's standoff with the West. Reuters. Retrieved April 30, 2014 from http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/04/27/us-ukraine-crisis-events-timeline-idUSBREA3Q0CC20140427
Tang, Shiping (2008) Risk aversion. International Studies Review. Vol. 10 (3) Sept. 2008 451-471.
Fedesenko, Vasily. (2014). Ukraine separatists seize second provincial capital. Reuters. Retrieved April 30, 2014 from http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/04/29/us-ukraine-crisis-idUSBREA3S0F720140429
The downfall of Communism was seen with a sense of optimism and hope. This is because different nations in the former Warsaw Pact countries felt a sense of freedom and self-determination. However, the reality is that new challenges emerged which are continuing to be dealt with to this very day. In its place is the emergence of nationalist beliefs. The video titled Thousands of Ukrainian Nationalists March in Kiev; is showing how this is impacting the both sides in the Ukrainian civil war. ("Thousand of Ukraine Nationalists March in Kiev," 2014)
Inside it shows pro-Ukrainian nationalists marching in Kiev. They are demanding recognition for those who fought against the Soviet Union during World War II. This is because the Soviets were a repressive regime which is known for committing various atrocities on the Ukrainian people. The protestors believe that Ukraine needs to be a strong independent state, which…
Thousand of Ukraine Nationalists March in Kiev. (2014). You Tube. Retrieved from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Os5daR0dBdg
Ukraine has endured many obstacles in progressing advancement within the country. Ukraine has faced an expanding economic recession last year (2014). Despite the efforts of fiscal consolidation efforts, the nation's public debt rises rapidly. Along with economic turmoil, Ukraine experienced a hard hit of security, political, as well as exchange-rate pressures since the start of 2014. Lastly, the resources available to the Ukraine are imbalanced as natural resources, industry and agriculture are unequal within the scope of resource allocation and application. From this stew of unfortunate circumstances, grows an increase lack of social services, poverty, and gender discrimination amidst a growing population.
The Ukraine has suffered several financial crises in past years. One of the earlier ones aside from the one in 2014 is 2008-2009. They have even sought help in the form of bailout money to fix their failing economy. So why does the Ukrainian economy continue to be…
The ongoing crisis in Ukraine provides an opportunity to gain some insight into international relations theories. The conflict is rooted in history, in particular with respect to cultural identity. Ukraine has for much of its history been under imperial rule, either the Hapsburgs or the ussians, and as such has an emerging national identity. The nation of Ukraine, however, was created from the Ukrainian SS when the Soviet Union collapsed. Much of its territory was occupied by ethnic ussians, not ethnic Ukrainians, creating internal political conflict since independence. The Crimean Peninsula was especially contentious because it had only been ceded to Ukraine in the 1950s, having been ussian for a couple of centuries prior to that (Thompson, 2014). In the wake of a political crisis in Ukraine, ussia moved its troops into Crimea and annexed the peninsula. ussia had already had a naval base at Sebastopol the entire…
Schlesinger, J. (2014). The problem with Ukraine's history, the Russian version. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved April 30, 2014 from http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/the-problem-with-ukraine-s-history-the-russian-version-1.2561394
Slaughter, A. (2011). International relations, principal theories. Princeton University. Retrieved April 30, 2014 from http://www.princeton.edu/~slaughtr/Articles/722_IntlRelPrincipalTheories_Slaughter_20110509zG.pdf
The Economist. (2014). A rising Russian tide. The Economist. Retrieved April 30, 2014 from http://www.economist.com/blogs/easternapproaches/2014/04/eastern-ukraine-0
Thompson, M. (2014). What can history teach us about the unrest in Ukraine. PBS.org. Retrieved April 30, 2014 from http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/ukraine/
Rise of the Oligarchs in Russia and Ukraine
How Boris Berezovsky Fled Russia and Supported a Coup in Ukraine
The “expulsion” of Boris Berezovsky from Russia under the Putin Regime sparked a chain of events that led to Ukraine’s upheaval. Though considered an “expulsion” by the Russian billionaire, Berezovsky was actually summoned to appear for questioning by the Prosecutor General but chose to remain in exile in UK and obtain political asylum there (BBC, 2012). The story is worth telling because what followed in the geopolitical spat between Berezovsky and Putin impacted Ukraine and millions of lives there, and the telling reveals the fragile nature of the democracies of Eastern Europe in general in the post-Soviet era. For it was Berezovsky who vowed revenge against Putin and immediately began meddling in Ukraine politics as a way of getting back at the new head of Russia—with the help…
hat role played Polish environmental NGOs in the air pollution policy during the transition to the EU? as their role active? How was the interaction with government structures?
Polish environmental NGO's played a significant role in helping to form the air pollution policy during Poland's transition of the European Union. As stated in the literature review NGO's were responsible for bringing the dangers of air pollution to the forefront. As a result of their efforts new air pollution policies were developed.
As it relates more specifically to the role of NGO's and Poland's ascension to the European Union in the context of environmental policies, NGO's have been instrumental in implementing and enforcing the standards established by the European Union.
Non-Governmental Organizations acted as conduits through which Poland was assisted in meeting the environmental protection requirements of the European Union.
Some of the most influential NGO's included the Polish Ecological…
Institute for Sustainable Development. http://zb.eco.pl/gb/20/institut.htm
The fact that my father's family had managed to hold onto their traditions for so long despite pressures from everywhere to abandon them is a testament to the resolve of my father's family (Magun, 2010).
It did not take long for my family to become a pizza, hot dog, and hamburger style Americans but one of the things that my friends found so interesting about my family were the Ukrainian traditions that we continued to honor and observe. My parents were in their 40s when we emigrated so they were well indoctrinated into the Ukrainian diet and social mores and, despite their willingness to adapt to the American life-style, inside their own home they continued to live in much the same way that they also had. Fresh breads of all varieties were a constant staple in our home. Several blocks from our home was a little bakery that specialized in…
Advameg, Inc. (2011). Russia. Retrieved JUne 30, 2011, from Countries and Their Cultures: http://www.everyculture.com/No-Sa/Russia.html
Bates, S. (2004). "Godless Communism" and its Legacies. Society, 29-33.
Bourdeaux, M. (2006). The Orthodox Church and Communism. In M. Bourdeaux, Eastern Christiainity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dabars, Z. (2002). The Russian Way: Aspects of Behavior, Attitudes, and Customs of the Russians 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
The combination of the factors is showing how the Ukraine is the ideal environment for GE to construct this kind of plant. ("Ukraine's Solar Energy Industry")
Evidence of this can be seen with Activ Solar. This Australian-based firm; is the owner of one of the largest solar power plants in all of Europe. At the same time, they have tremendous operations producing components for the facility. This is allowing the firm to reduce their costs and become one of the largest players (for alternative energy). In the case of GE, this is an ideal location that will help the company to establish itself inside the sector. ("Ukraine's Solar Energy Industry")
The Ukraine vs. The Philippines Political Situation
In contrast to the Philippines, the government has been slow to respond in dealing with challenges such as improving infrastructure. At the same time, they are ineffective in collecting tax revenues and using…
"Philippines." CIA, 2012. Web. 30 Sept. 2012
"Ukraine." CIA, 2012. Web. 30 Sept. 2012
"Ukraine's Solar Energy Industry." Renewable Energy Eilat, 2011. Web. 30 Sept. 2012
MLA Format https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/08/
Current Event Due 11:55p Sunday eek 5 the eek 5 Homework 2 Assignment meets objectives: Apply a sociological perspective social world. Analyze contemporary social issues sociological imagination sociological theories concepts analyze everyday life.
The Ukraine conflict has generated much controversy in recent months as a community of experts has gotten actively involved in discussing the topic and in attempting to provide solution to the crisis. Even with the fact that initial decisions were related to getting an international body to intervene and influence the two belligerent camps to put down their weapons, it gradually became clear that the situation would require more thought and that the people involved are reluctant to yield to their adversaries. Shaun alker and Howard Amos's article "Ukraine civil war fears mount as volunteer units take up arms" provides information with regard to the critical nature of the conflict.
By analyzing matters from a sociological perspective,…
Newman, E., & DeRouen, K. (2014). Routledge Handbook of Civil Wars. Routledge.
Walker, Shaun, & Amos, Howard. Ukraine civil war fears mount as volunteer units take up arms. Retrieved on May 16, 2014, from: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/may/15/ukraine-civil-war-fears-mount-volunteer-units-kiev-russia
In addition, a series of joint ventures in which West German steel firms joined with East German firms and Krupp, Klockner, and Thyssen of Germany was pursuing other developmental initiatives in eastern Europe as well. Likewise, Arbed of Luxemburg was involved in steelmaking facilities in the former East Germany. According to Mangum et al., "The rising market for improved galvanizing for automobiles, appliances, canning, and other uses is producing a rash of joint ventures throughout the world. Some of these are internal to various countries and others involve international partners" (p. 74).
As a result, nearly 30% of the world's steel supply is now produced by plants belonging to companies that did not exist just 3 decades ago (Ahlberg, Pitkanen & Storsch 1999). As these authors point out, "Such upstarts have entered a global market that since 1980 has grown by less than 1% a year -- an average combining…
Ahlberg, J., A. Pitkanen and L.L. Schorsch. 1999. "Forging a New Era for Steel." The McKinsey
Altunisik, M.B. And O. Tur. 2004. Turkey: Challenges of Continuity and Change. New York:
The Crimean crisis of 2014 is an ongoing international crisis, related to the larger issues surrounding Ukraine and ussia. Crimea is a strategically-important peninsula at the southern end of Ukraine. Politically, prior to its annexation by ussia, Crimea was an Autonomous epublic within Ukraine. Its population is a mix of Ukrainian, ussian and Crimean Tatar, and ussian is the predominant language. The city of Sevastopol is an administratively separate municipality, its naval yards on long-term lease to ussia, which has used the city as home to its Black Sea fleet for a couple of centuries. Crimea became part of Ukraine as part of a transfer during the Soviet era. In 2014, armed and masked men, believed to be ussian and operating with military-level effectiveness, seized control of public installations in Crimea (Sengupta, 2014). ussia then oversaw an internationally-invalidated referendum and voted in the Duma to annex Crimea. ussia then…
Conant, E. (2014). How history, geography help explain Ukraine's political crisis. National Geographic. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/01/140129-protests-ukraine-russia-geography-history/
Eckel, D. (2014). In Crimea, Tatars fear a repeat of a brutal history. Al Jazeera America. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2014/4/14/in-crimea-the-tatarsfeararepeatofabrutalhistory.html
Evans, R. (2014). Moscow signals concern for Russians in Estonia. Reuters. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/03/19/us-russia-estonia-idUSBREA2I1J620140319
Felton, A. & Gumuchian, M. (2014). UN General Assembly resolution calls Crimean referendum invalid. CNN. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from www.cnn.com/2014/03/27/world/europe/ukraine-crisis/
globe has people of different backgrounds on basis of religion, culture, beliefs, economy and many other attributes, there is need to have some attributes that will help bind the globe. This is where the international laws come in, these are agreed upon treaties or conventions which nations look upon to bind them, often they have a universal attraction and entrusted into the hands of a global organization to ensure they are implemented. An example is the international law on basic human rights where each individual has the right to life and others that concern protection of women and children as the most vulnerable in times of war. I was aware that there are rules of engagement in war but I never knew of the Jus War Doctrine. This is a doctrine that indicates that war is philosophically based on morals, there is a just war and unjust war. According to…
BBC News Europe, (2014). Ukraine v Russia militaries - in 60 seconds. Retrieved September 17, 2014 from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-26437359
There, I visited a children's hospital where all of the AIDS patients were under eight years old. When I asked how it was possible that such a large population of the afflicted were children, I was informed that their mothers were largely drug users and prostitutes. After the dissolution of communism, and the breakup of the Soviet Union, many persons were driven to desperate means to survive. Society and the formerly state-controlled healthcare system that provided some minimal guarantees of protection care and counseled preventative strategies to prevent infection. All of these had all broken down simultaneously in the 1990s. As if the plight of these children were not a great enough tragedy, the gifts and medical supplies brought to these unfortunate children had to be torn and opened so that they would not be stolen and sold by the staff to enrich themselves. This is a further example of…
Chernobyl Nuclear disaster took place in 1986 in Ukraine which is a former Soviet State. This plant was built back in 1970 and consisted of 4 reactors. The plant was scheduled to undergo a scheduled and controlled shut down so as to test the generator's ability to produce electricity using the plant's safety system. eactor 4 of this plant exploded after interior energy increased beyond control discharging radioactive debris and smoke on close by cities and created a radioactive cloud that spread out to a big region of the U.S.S.. And Europe. This catastrophe involved over 500,000 workers, and over 18 million ubles. It was considered an International disaster due to the large area that it impacted negatively.
Immediately after the incident, firefighters arrived at the scene and tried to put off the fires. Lieutenant Pravik was among the first commandants to arrive at the scene and he died in…
Alexey V.Y.; Vassily B. Nesterenko; Alexey V. (2009). Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences) Wiley-Blackwell.
Berger, E.M. (2010). The Chernobyl Disaster, Concern about the Environment, and Life Satisfaction. Kyklos, 63(1), 1-8
Davletbaev, R (2001). Last shift Chernobyl. Ten years later. Inevitability or chance? Moscow: Energoatomizdat.
Jargin, S. (2012). Debate on the Chernobyl disaster: on the causes of Chernobyl overestimation. International Journal Of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation, 42(1), 29-34
I believe that people respond best when they are offered the tools to help themselves. For example, students need to learn how to think critically and not necessarily to memorize a list of facts. Patients often need to learn about their bodies and how to change lifestyle habits or adapt to certain conditions rather than simply to take pills. As a nurse I intend to help people help themselves, by teaching the patients in my care about their bodies and how they can improve their sense of well-being.
While I do not yet know what areas of nursing I hope to specialize in, I am aware of my special gifts with working with children. This is another reason why my background as a teacher will make me a better nurse. Children would offer an ideal counterpart to my tendency to give enthusiastically because I know how freely and joyfully children…
sex trafficking situation in the Ukraine.
Cho, S., Dreher, A., & Neumayer, E. (2013). Does Legalized Prostitution Increase Human Trafficking?. World Development, 41, 67-82. doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2012.05.023
Connell, N., Jennings, W., Barbieri, N., & eingle Gonzalez, J. (2015). Arrest as a way out: understanding the needs of women sex trafficking victims identified by law enforcement. Journal Of Crime And Justice, 1-10. doi:10.1080/0735648x.2015.1007614
Constantinou, A. (2013). Cyprus and the Global Polemics of Sex Trade and Sex Trafficking: Colonial and Postcolonial Connections. International Criminal Justice eview, 23(3), 280-294. doi:10.1177/1057567713501517
Farrington, D., & Ttofi, M. (2014). 2 Developmental and Life-Course Theories of Offending. The Development Of Criminal And Antisocial Behavior, 19-38. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-08720-7_2
Guth, A., Anderson, ., Kinnard, K., & Tran, H. (2014). Proper Methodology and Methods of Collecting and Analyzing Slavery Data: An Examination of the Global Slavery Index. Social Inclusion, 2(4), 14. doi:10.17645/si.v2i4.195
Reid, J. (2012). Exploratory review of route-specific, gendered, and age-graded dynamics of exploitation: Applying life course theory to victimization in sex trafficking in North America. Aggression And Violent Behavior, 17(3), 257-271. doi:10.1016/j.avb.2012.02.005
Smith, K. (2015). Human trafficking: a global multi-billion dollar criminal industry: International Journal of Public Law and Policy: Vol 4, No 3.International Journal Of Public Law And Policy, 4(3), 293. Retrieved from http://www.inderscienceonline.com/doi/abs/10.1504/IJPLAP.2014.063006?journalCode=ijplap
Williams, A., & Balaz, V. (2011). Migration, Risk, and Uncertainty: Theoretical Perspectives. Population, Space And Place, 18(2), 167-180. doi:10.1002/psp.663
Globalization and Social/Human Injustices
Human slavery/sex trafficking
The menace of slavery and trafficking for purpose of sexual exploitation is a menace that greatly neglected or not talked about by the high and mighty yet it is a problem that ravages families on a daily basis. Across the globe, there are people who benefit from the modern day slavery and there are countries that act as source, most of them being the underdeveloped nations where poverty is high and unemployment is also significantly high. These two factors when combined, often push affected families to willingly or otherwise let go of their daughters into the forced labor or sex slavery in more developed nations. The women and children are the most affected groups in the slavery business since they are the most vulnerable in the society. Against the common belief that slavery is obsolete, the opening up of more borders and easy…
Buchholz T.G., (2007). New Ideas from Dead Economists. An Introduction't Modern Economic Thought. Retrieved December 10, 2014 from http://www.docdroid.net/miuc/newideas-deadeconomists.pdf.html
French H.W., (2013). The Not-So-Great Professor: Jeffrey Sachs' Incredible Failure to Eradicate Poverty in Africa. Retrieved December 10, 2014 from http://www.psmag.com/navigation/books-and-culture/smart-guy-jeffrey-sachs-nina-munk-idealist-poverty-failure-africa-65348/
Gates Foundation, (2012). Theo Sowa: We Need the Voices of African Women-TEDxChange. Retrieved December 10, 2014 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GfIQgPb7pQs
ForaTv, (2008). Muhammad Yunus: The Social Business Model. Retrieved December 10, 2014 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0C3XQ3BTd4o
Former Soviet Satellites and the European Union
Recent decades have been decades of great change for the nations and peoples of Europe. The est has witnessed the gradual demise of interstate rivalries, the former system of wholly independent states being replaced by an increasingly close union of partner nations. Meanwhile, in the East, these same years saw nearly the whole of Europe from the Baltic to the Black Sea fall under the domination of the Soviet Union. However, with the collapse of communism in the early 1990s, these former Soviet satellites were transformed, almost overnight, into a collection of fledgling democracies. And though the nations of Eastern Europe, at least ostensibly, now share the same political values as their neighbors to the est, their transformation has not been without its problems. Years of Communist rule, has left these countries economically backward and underdeveloped. Yet each of these former Communist nations…
Grabbe, Heather. "Enlargement, Ready or Not?" Guardian Unlimited. 8 December 2002. URL: http://politics.guardian.co.uk/comment/story/0,9115,855941,00.html .
Gorobets, Alexander. "Russia Wants to See Ukraine Rich and Prosperous - President Putin." Pravda. Trans. Dmitry Sudakov. 14 December 2001. URL: http://english.pravda.ru/cis/2001/12/14/23674.html .
Patten, Chris. "EU's Relations with Ukraine: Overview." Europa, European Commission, European Union in the World. Directorate of International Relations: January, 2002. URL: http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relations/ukraine/intro/index.htm#top.
Prodi, Romano. "The Final Lap." Commission Press Room, European Parliament. Brussels, 9 October 2002. URL: http://europa.eu.int/rapid/start/cgi/guesten.ksh-p_action.gettxt=gt&doc=SPEECH/02/463|0|RAPID&lg=EN&display=.
* This is a Sample of What a Harvard-Style Title Page Should Look Like
Best Practices for Creating New Sales in a Foreign Market
Best Practices for Creating New Sales in a Foreign Market
This research paper is designed to look at the expansion that Hangzhou Yongheng hopes to make into markets in the Ukraine and how that expansion will work. The goal of the manufacturer is to produce a product that is easily modifiable when it is shipped so that the company does not have to concern itself with the added costs associated with reworking the design to fit the new location. This essay examines the company in question and the products that it already ship. The markets where the product is currently available (such as Western European countries) will also be looked at to determine how well Hangzhou has done…
Baalbaki, I.B., & Malhotra, N.K. (1995). Standardization vs. customization in international marketing: An investigation using bridging conjoint analysis. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 23(3), 182-194.
Hangzhou Youngheng. (2012), About. Retrieved March 13, 2012 from http://www.china- ebicycle.com/
Floyd, L.J. (2010), Employment law in the Ukraine. Retrieved March 13, 2012 from http://www.ehow.com/about_6606682_employment-law-ukraine.html
Friede, O.F. (2002), Consumer behavior and a European perspective, Munich: GRIN Verlag.
International Business Management
eview of International Strategy at Metricum
Overview of the Metricum Company
Metricum is an SME manufacturer of materials handling equipment and intelligent handling systems. It has been based in the east of England for the last 28 years and has been catering to clients in several parts of the world. The company exports equipment to 40 countries around the world and has manufacturing facilities in Sweden and China in addition to the United Kingdom. Metricum has vertically integrated up the value chain by acquiring a key supplier in omania. The omanian subsidiary has great room for expansion. The company has expanded internationally through joint ventures and acquisitions. Manufacturing operations have been decentralized on the basis of local expertise. Standardized products are manufactured in China, which makes up 25% of total production. Innovative products are made in Sweden while a scaled-down labour force in the United Kingdom…
Bannock, G., 2005, The Economics and Management of Small Business: An International Perspective. New York. Routledge Briscoe, D.R., Schuler, R.S., & Claus, L., 2008, International Human Resource Management. Taylor & Francis
CIA, 2012. The World Factbook: Ukraine. Available at: < https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/up.html > [Accessed 20 April 2012].
Contractor, F.J., & Lorange, P., 2002, Cooperative Strategies in International Business. Rutgers University
Copsey, N., 2010. Ukraine. In D.O. Beachain, ed. 2010. The Colour Revolutions in the Former Soviet Republics: Successes and Failures. Taylor & Francis, p. 30.
Firearms Legislation and Firearms-Related Violence in Europe
This paper examines the relationship between firearms legislation and gun-related violence across countries and regions in Europe. The focus of the paper is to identify possible sources of literature to help answer questions regarding whether legislation is an effective tool in reducing firearms-related violence. The paper focuses on variance of gun violence rates throughout Europe, gun legislation, and possible national strategies for addressing the issue of gun violence. It finds that there are many variables that impact regions and can effect greater or lesser rates of gun violence -- factors such as education, culture, economic stability, political instability, and so on. No two countries are the same in terms of people, customs, traditions, ideals, and execution of the law. It is therefore important to better understand how culture plays a role in determining the effects of firearms-related violence in throughout Europe. This information…
Trafficking and Prostitution in the Developing orld
The world can be a harsh place, especially if you live in a developing nation, and especially if you are a woman. Lack of food and adequate housing, lack of access to good educational and medical facilities, an oppressive, often male-dominated social system - these are just some of the problems faced by millions of women each and every day of their lives. For most there is no hope of escape. Each new dawn brings with it the same sense of despair; the same feeling that one is a prisoner of one's fate. Change is slow in the developing world. Progress, if it comes at all, comes only very gradually, painfully, and often at a high price. Many of the nations of the Third orld were only recently communist, or colonies of the estern powers. Many still have one foot in…
1. Binder, David. "Country Report: Albania - Country Sends Its Own to Europe and Beyond." MSNBC News. MSNBC.com, 2002. URL: http://www.msnbc.com/news/736680.asp
2. Binder, David. "Country report: Bosnia - In a Post-War Zone the Sex trade Flourishes." MSNBC News. MSNBC.com, 2002. URL: http://www.msnbc.com/news/736679.asp
3. Binder, David. "Country Report: Yugoslavia - After Milosevic, Country Still Mired in Crime." MSNBC News. MSNBC.com, 2002. URL: http://www.msnbc.com/news/736678.asp .
4. Binder, David and Mendenhall, Preston. "Sex, Drugs, and Guns in the Balkans." MSNBC News. MSNBC.com, 2002. URL:
Ethnic nationality comes when a "consciousness of a shared identity within a group, rooted in a shared culture and a belief in common ancestry. Ethno-nationalism is a term that refers to nationalism based on this consciousness of ethnic nationality, as opposed to civic nationality" ("Week 1"). This is in direct contrast to civic nationality.
Civic nationality centers on the shared territory of the group of people. It matters little what each individual's ancestry is, as long as the person was born or is permanently residing within a geographic area ("Week 1"). For the Ukraine, it mattered little that the ussians were permanent residents, or that many had been born within the Ukrainian borders, what mattered was the shared culture of the Ukrainian people, and their ancestry.
It should have been little surprise that ethnic nationalism took hold over civic nationalism. Civic nationalism usually occurs in well-institutionalized democracies ("Week 1"). However,…
Developments in Selected Non-Member Economies: The Russian Federation." OECD Economic Outlook (Dec 2001). June 7, 2005 http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m4456/is_2001_Dec/ai_83566086 .
History of Post-Soviet Russia. 25 May 2005. Wikipedia.org. June 7, 2005 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_post-Soviet_Russia .
Ringo, Ringvee. "Religious Freedom and Legislation in Post-Soviet Estonia." Brigham Young University Law Review (2001). June 7, 2005 http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3736/is_200101/ai_n8947384/pg_2 .
Russia. 4 Jun 2005. Wikipedia.org. June 7, 2005 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russia .
Ukrainian bond market, specifically seeking to determine the factors that are restraining its development. The Ukrainian bond market is underdeveloped, with relatively poor liquidity. Several different factors contributing to this are examined.
What we know already is that there is a low level of liquidity in the Ukrainian debt market. This serves to suppress demand for the nation's debt, and it increases the cost of borrowing because low liquidity means higher risk for buyers. We also know that the country's banking sector has also been a contributor to the slow growth of the debt markets. The main issue with the banking sector is that it is a barrier to investors to buying these bonds -- the banks should act as intermediary but does note.
What we need to find out is what other factors are contributing to the overall sluggishness of the Ukrainian debt markets. Some of the specific issues…
5. The data being gathered is from 2000-2010. Some of this might be available online from the above-mentioned sources. If not, these ministries will be contacted to provide the data. Obviously, things might not be running as normal in Ukraine right now. Under normal circumstances it would take weeks to get this data back from government officials there but significant government disruption is occurring and it might take longer under these circumstances. The cost should not be high -- it is not anticipated that anybody will need to fly to Kiev to get this information -- it can all be transmitted via email or registered mail.
6. The research is socially acceptable. There are no human subjects so no worries about informed consent. The study is based on past data, all of it macroeconomic in nature, so current study of this data does not seem to have any ethical implications. Socially, it is valuable to know what the influences on the markets for different financial products are. In this case, with debt restructuring in Ukraine ongoing, understanding the pricing dynamics of Ukrainian debt has high value to existing or potential lenders.
7. The main benefit of this research is to shed light on the drivers of pricing on Ukrainian debt issues. The market is underdeveloped and this research will help to shed light on what policy options can be implemented in order to build and improve this market. The investment community will benefit from this report. The Ukrainian government and people will also benefit, because they will have a more robust market for sovereign debt should the recommendations be adopted -- this will help the country's budget as it will be able to raise capital at lower rates.
One can only imagine how sick his mind must have been to be standing in front of students, paid to impart educational knowledge to them, but in fact unable to be effective because he was having fantasies.
In a eb site called Serial Killers, Chikatilo's name is spelled "Andrej Tsjikatilo," perhaps closer to the actual Russian name he was given at birth. The site explains that he was known to eat the genitals of his victims, and when he had them as captives, he would gouge out their eyes while they were still alive. During the court trial, Chikatilo was kept in a steel cage in the courtroom "...to protect others from Chikatilo as well as [protecting] Chikatilo from relatives of his victims.
Crime Library. "The Devil's Trail." Retrieved March 4, 2008, at http://www.crimelibrary.com.(2003).
Hater, Jill. "Potvin Spotlight: Andrei Chikatilo." Potvin Newsly. Retrieved March 3, 2008, at http://thepotvinreport.wordpress.com.(2005).…
Crime Library. "The Devil's Trail." Retrieved March 4, 2008, at http://www.crimelibrary.com.(2003).
Hater, Jill. "Potvin Spotlight: Andrei Chikatilo." Potvin Newsly. Retrieved March 3, 2008, at http://thepotvinreport.wordpress.com .(2005).
Mark F. "Biography: Andrei Chikatilo." Crime and Investigation Network. Retrieved March 4, 2008 at http://www.crimeandinvestigation.co.uk .(2005).
Rawlins, Heather. "The Life of a Cannibal: Andrei Chikatilo." IMDB. Retrieved March 4, 2008, at http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1330232/bio .(2004).
CNN, referring to the decision by the Russian Federation to call to Moscow its ambassador for NATO, for consultations (http://edition.cnn.com/2014/04/03/world/europe/ukraine-crisis/). This comes as a measure against rising tensions, following Russia's actions in Ukraine and it decision to annex Crimea.
Before starting a discussion as to how a strong governing structure would have handled a situation such as the one in Ukraine, a first comment needs to be made about the statement "one of the defining features of contemporary global politics is the lack of a strong central governing structure" can be seriously nuanced. Certainly, this is true at a global level, but it becomes more and more applicable at a regional level and not for any region, but for Europe, a populated and developed continent.
The European Union is a good example in this sense: it is an organization that has continuously integrated, economically at first and, subsequently, politically. It…
President Obama's foreign policy towards Russia has attracted huge concern among policymakers and the public in light of recent events in Ukraine. Russia's aggression has challenged the administration's foreign policy since it is in the process of gulping up the Ukraine one step at a time with very minimal cost and less risk. Obama's foreign policy towards Russia has been accused of enabling the gradual acquisition of Ukraine rather than hindering it. This article focuses on examining this policy and demonstrating why it is largely ineffective, especially in light of President Obama's plans to promote a policy for a globalized 21st Century. In addition to assessing the ineffectiveness of this foreign policy, the article also proposes some of the changes that could be made to promote and enhance its effectiveness.
Russia's aggression that has enabled the country to slowly acquire Ukraine is an issue that has generated huge…
Gaouette, Nicole. "Russia's Aggression Challenges Obama's Foreign Policy." Bloomberg.com. Bloomberg L.P., 26 May 2014. Web. 07 June 2014. .
Maroscher, Gerhard. "VIEWPOINT: Our Foreign Policy toward Russia Is Ineffective." Circleville Today. Circleville Herald, 9 May 2014. Web. 07 June 2014. .
The German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941 is perhaps one of the most crucial turning points of World War II, as hubris of Adolf Hitler and the German high command was rewarded with an unexpected defeat. Code-named Operation Barbarossa, after a medieval German ruler, the German invasion was doomed from the start, based as it was upon a number of assumptions regarding the Soviet ability to repel an attack and the estimated length of the operation. By examining the immediate context of Barbarossa as well as the planning and outcome of the operation, one is able to see how the catastrophic German defeat in the Soviet Union set the stage for the Nazi's eventual downfall.
The plans for Operation Barbarossa were first drawn up in February of 1941, but Hitler's desire to invade ussia had been made clear years before, such that one may view Barbarossa…
Dziewanowski, M.K. (1994). Polish intelligence during world war II: The case of barbarossa.
East European Quarterly, 28(3), 381-381.
Hooker, R.D., J. (1999). "The world will hold its breath": Reinterpreting operation barbarossa.
Parameters, 29(1), 150-150-164.
Note that the figure given in the above source corresponds with the figure of Russian military dead in Table one, which further adds validity to that table.
With regard to Germany, there are a number of disparate figures and tables. The figures given from intensive research of actual wartime and administrative documents are as follows:
Total Wehrmacht Losses, September 1, 1939-January 31, 1945: Eastern Front 1,105,987
Scandinavia 16,639 - Southwest 50,481 Southeast 19,235 - West 107,042 - Navy 48,904 - Air Forces 138,596. Total Wehrmacht 1,810,061 in the West Since D-Day (June 6, 1944), German Armed Forces Lost: Army 66,321 Air Force 11,066 Additional Total Deaths 2,001,399.
Using these monthly rates, the total Wehrmacht toll reached 2,150,000, of which 1,960,000 were killed in action.
The following extract shows the detailed way in which this information was gathered.
The German army, all through the war, maintained a monthly…
Chambers, John Whiteclay and David Culbert, eds. World War II, Film, and History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. http://www.questia.com/ PM.qst?a=o&d=24132278
Divine, Robert a., ed. Causes and Consequences of World War II. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1969.
World War II in Ukraine. Accessed November 15, 2004. http://www.infoukes.com/history/ww2/page-29.html www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=37750012
Meeting the Objectives of the EU: What They Are, What They Entail for Member Nations, and Why They Are Difficult to Attain Without Absolute Supremacy
That it would be difficult for the European Union (EU) to meet its objectives effectively without the principle of supremacy is true enough, but what are the objectives that the EU desires to meet? Can what is good for Croatia be equally good or even relevant to nations like UK, France or Spain? If supremacy is important, who is supreme? In modern times, behind federalist powers always lurks a deeper state (Scott, 2007). Identifying the deeper state then becomes necessary in understanding the EU's objectives. However, if the objectives of the EU are to preserve the sovereignty and dignity of its member states, the principle of supremacy may not be the best option, as the Treaty of Lisbon appears to recognize. This paper will discuss…
BBC News (2014). Germany 'would accept UK exit from EU' to protect migration rules.
BBC. [Accessed 24 Jan 2015]. Retrieved from: http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-29874392
Bonde, J (2008) The Treaty of Lisbon: an impact assessment. London: Stationery Office.
Broadberry, S, O'Rourke, K (2010) The Cambridge Economic History of Modern
ussian Public Debt Downgrade
The ussian economy is heading into a deep recession: the projected average growth over the next three years has been estimated at 0.5%. The years of the ussian oil boom are fading fast and tensions continue to rise with the West, in light of ussian pugilistic actions in the Ukraine. Standard & Poor's has judged the ussian government's prospects for servicing the debt as continuing to narrow, with few options left for the central bank of ussia to employ: available mechanisms are scaffolding for the teetering ussian banking sector or propping up the ruble. Following the credit downgrade, the ruble fell 7% in after-hour trading to reach a new low of 68 rubles to the dollar.
In what appears to be a terrible and perfect storm, the ussian economic growth prospects are diminished, the flexibility of the monetary policy of the ussian Federation has weakened, and…
Kramer, A.E. (2015, January 26). S.&P. cuts Russian debt one notch to junk level. The New York Times.
Krugman, P. (2014, December 18). Notes on Russian debt. The New York Times.
Meola, A. (2015, February 23). Yandex N.V. (YNDX) stock falls today on Russia debt rating downgrade, possible Ukraine sanctions. Retrieved from http://www.thestreet.com/story/13055112/1/yandex-nv-yndx-stock-falls-today-on-russia-debt-rating-downgrade-possible-ukraine-sanctions.html
Panin, A. (2105, January 12). Russian banks plead for interest rate cut as borrowing costs spiral. The Moscow Times. Retreived from http://www.themoscowtimes.com/business/article/russian-banks-plead-for-interest-rate-cut-as-borrowing-costs-spiral/514253.html
United Nations is an example of what kind of non-State actor?
The United Nations is an international organization; it is usually referred to as an international governmental organization (IGO), it may also be referred to as an intergovernmental organization. It is an organization that adopts a multilateral approach.
Which type of non-state actor is defined as "sets of actors engaged in voluntary, reciprocal interactions of communication and exchange across national borders"?
Non-state actors that are undertake voluntary work will usually be a non-governmental organization. These are frequently special interest groups that are set up with specific social or environmental concerns. Examples of these include Amnesty International, The Red Cross, and World Wildlife Fund for Nature, Greenpeace.
For which of the following purposes does an NGO organize for?
NGO's are citizen-based groups which are non-profit making, and are organized for specific purposes, such as a humanitarian cause, to support community or…
Business: International Business
International Business: Business
The IMF often provides financial assistance to ailing economies after a crisis to enable them return to their pre-crisis levels of income. However, whether or not these bailout programs are able to achieve this objective is dependent on a number of factors. This text reviews the recovery processes of four European countries to obtain a view of what these factors are.
dollar = 102.28 Japanese Yen (¥); 0.75 Euros (€); and 0.6 British pounds (£)
Converting $1,500 into:
=$1,500 X 102.28
= $1,500 X
= € 1,125
= $1,500 X
What is the price in U.S. Dollars of purchasing:
A computer costing ¥167,000
= ¥ 167, 000/¥102.28
= $1, 632
Euro desks/chairs costing €1, 125
iii) Printer costing 575 Pounds
Part Two: Effects of the Global…
Dapontas, D. (2011). Currency Crises: The Case of Hungary (2008-2009) Using Two Stage Least Squares. The Bank of Greece. Retrieved January 4, 2016 from http://www.bankofgreece.gr/BogEkdoseis/SCP201113.pdf
Hammar, K. (2015). Iceland Makes Strong Recovery from 2008 Financial Crisis. The International Monetary Fund. Retrieved January 4, 2016 from http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/survey/so/2015/car031315a.htm
IMF. (2015). IMF Executive Board Concludes Article IV Consultation with Hungary. The International Monetary Fund. Retrieved January 4, 2016 from https://www.imf.org/external/np/sec/pr/2015/pr15156.htm
Lipton, D. (2015). The Case for Supporting Ukrainian Economic Reforms. The International Monetary Fund. Retrieved January 4, 2016 from https://www.imf.org/external/np/speeches/2015/040715.htm
Eilperin, J. & Dennis, B. (2017). rump administration to approve final permit for Dakota Access pipeline. Washington Post. Feb 7, 2017. Retrieved online: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2017/02/07/trump-administration-to-approve-final-permit-for-dakota-access-pipeline/
Although not a scholarly source or a primary source, this article in the Washington Post directly addresses the core political concerns related to the proposed Dakota Access pipeline. he article includes a map showing what lands the pipeline would traverse, and the author addresses the land use and land access concerns by Native American stakeholders. Because it talks about the core political, social, and economic issues, this article will be used as a current events resource when developing my argument related to energy pipelines and globalization.
Ericson, R.E. (2013). Eurasian Natural Gas Pipelines: he Political Economy of Network Interdependence. Eurasian Geography and Economics, 50:1, 28-57
his is a scholarly article that places energy pipelines into a global economic context. My research will show how energy pipelines…
This is a primary source publication, a joint effort by the United States Department of Transportation and the Steering Committee on Energy Pipelines and Research. In the 70-page document, the authors provide readers with important background information on energy pipelines, showing how about two-thirds of American energy needs come from oil and gas that relies on pipelines for transportation. This is because crude oil is rarely refined and sold where it is produced. With every American as a stakeholder in energy pipeline issues, it is critical that information related to pipeline safety and security be made completely transparent. As a primary source, this publication will become instrumental in my research.
Ziegler, C.E. (2006). The energy factor in China's foreign policy. Journal of Chinese Political Science 11(1): 1-23.
This scholarly article is unique because it examines the politics of energy pipelines from a Chinese perspective. China is an energy importer, almost totally dependent on other countries for receiving oil and natural gas. This means that energy pipelines play a key strategic role in China's foreign policy. This article examines China's energy-related foreign policy from multiple angles and points of view. The author addresses various international relations between China and its energy producer partners around the world. As I want to show the interface between globalization, politics, and energy, this article helps to showcase how energy pipelines symbolize interdependence.
The nationalism furthered by Hamas is a direct salvo against oppression and occupation. Its foundation is premised on blame and hatred of the "other." Again, instability leads the uncertain from away from foreign and in the direction of the known, this being especially powerful, when meshed with the concrete assuagements of religion.
The efficacy of religion as an instrument of nationalist ideology can also be seen in the Islamist movement. hile lacking a state, there is still clearly an Arab nation which coheres to a distaste of foreign influence. The Al-Qaeda organization seems to be premised on exactly this, with Osama Bin Laden's impetus being derived from a scorn of estern presence in Saudi Arabia, and moreover, the Muslim world. Religion, here, is used to offer succor. It is analogous to the comfort provided in pre-ar Germany of through the idea of a superior kultur.
Muslim communities scattered about the…
Boose, Lynda E. 2002. Crossing the river drina: bosnian rape camps, turkish impalement, and serb cultural memory. Signs 28(1), 71-99.
Brinkman, Richard, L. (2008). Globalization and the nation-state: dead or alive. Journal of Economic Issues, 42(2), 425-434.
Kuzio, Taras. (2008). Democratic breakthroughs and revolutions in five postcommunist countries: comparative perspectives on the fourth wave. Demokratizatsiya, 16(1), 97-109.
Molchanov, Mikhail, A. (2000). Post communist nationalism as a power resource: a russia-ukraine comparison. Nationalities Papers, 28(2), 263-288.
Lastly, a loss of Ajaristan (Ajaria) would weaken Georgias buffer with Turkey and increase loss of lack Sea shoreline:
In the conflict between the Ossetians and Ingush, the Russian government favored the "always loyal Ossetians" over the discontented Muslim Ingush. The conflicts with the Georgians in the south and the Ingush in the west have fueled the growth of Ossetian nationalism, but the majority hope for autonomy, not full independence, fearing the loss of Russian protection in the volatile region they have inhabited since ancient times. The Ossetians, although needing Russian protection in the mostly Muslim region, continue to work for the unification of their small nation in a single political entity. In 1996, the governments of North and South Ossetia signed a treaty of friendship and cooperation. Relations between the South Ossetians and the Georgian government improved in the late 1990s. The Georgian government of Eduard Shevardnadze proposed in…
Abbott, Wilbur Cortez. The Expansion of Europe: A History of the Foundations of the Modern World. Vol. 2,. New York: H. Holt and Company, 1918.
Atal, Yogesh, ed. Poverty in Transition and Transition in Poverty: Recent Developments in Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Georgia, Russia, Mongolia. New York: Berghahn Books, 1999.
Black, Cyril E., Robert D. English, Jonathan E. Helmreich, a. James McAdams, and Paul C. Helmreich. Rebirth: A Political History of Europe since World War II. 2nd ed. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000.
"Bulgaria, Romania Pledge Support in Georgia's EU Aspiration" May, 9th 2005, http://www.washprofile.org/en/node/6355
Ashley, Assistant Director, Criminal Investigative Division of the FI relates that in 1991: "...the U.S. Attorney's office in Los Angeles charged 13 defendants in a $1 billion false medical billing scheme that was headed by two Russian emigre brothers. On September 20, 1994, the alleged ringleader was sentenced to 21 years in prison for fraud, conspiracy, racketeering, and money laundering. He was also ordered to forfeit $50 million in assets, pay more than $41 million in restitution to government agencies and insurance companies victimized by the scheme." (2003) Ashley relates that the first Eurasian organized crime investigation of a significant nature involved a major underworld figure in the United States and specifically, Vyacheslav Ivankov who is a powerful Eurasian organized crime boss. Ashley states that Ivankov "...led an international criminal organization that operated in numerous cities in Europe, Canada, and the United States, chiefly New York, London, Toronto, Vienna, udapest,…
Albini, Joseph L. And R.E. Rogers. "Proposed Solutions to the Organized Crime Problem in Russia." Demokratizatsiya Winter 1998: p. 103.
Crime Without Punishment." (1999) the Economist August 28, 1999 the Makings of a Molotov Cocktail. The Economist 344, no. 8025.
Edward H. Sutherland (nd) Differential Association Theory. Online Criminology FSU.EDU available at http://www.criminology.fsu.edu/crimtheory/sutherland.html
Eurasian, Italian and Balkan Organized Crime (2003) Testimony of Grant D. Ashley, Assistant Director, Criminal Investigative Division, FBI Before the Subcommittee on European Affairs, Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate. 30 Oct. 2003. Federal Bureau of Investigations. Online available at http://www.fbi.gov/congress/congress03/ashley103003.htm
Keller also instituted a very aggressive distributor support and service program to the retail level, which includes all the elements any channel partner would love: high margins, excellent quality service, heavy advertising, strong promotional strategies and extensive information technologies (it) support. Keller also unified all of these diverse initiatives into a very focused and aggressive service-oriented commercial strategy to win over Ukrainian distributors. Keller also realized that distributors ruled his market and industry and if his company was ever going to be successful they would need to serve the distribution sales forces daily. In addition to all of these factors about Keller, he clearly understands he is in a battle for mindshare and only by continually adding more value to distributors will he win.
Amidst all of his accomplishments and excellent insight into how to make Konigsbrau's business succeed, he is also challenged with managing Dmitri Brodsky. Dmitri is leading…
Ethics in Software and Copyright Infringements in the Balkans
The first point one has to look at is the situation in these countries and their position in terms of development as also the size of the potential market. There are a total of eight countries and most of them have been in political turmoil till about ten years ago. These countries are all breakaway portions of other bigger countries, or the soviet empire. The software market is small but there are already participants in it from United States which means that there is a lot of future potential development. On the side of the governments there are definite efforts to legalize the situation of software, though full achievement will take quite sometime. At the same time, there are a lot of conflicts within the big names in the industry -- Microsoft and Linux -- and this is leading to advantages…
A country-by-country looks at the Balkans. (1999) The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved from www.csmonitor.com/durable/1999/03/16/p12s2.shtml Accessed on 2 August, 2005
58 items found for Balkans. Retrieved from http://search.ebay.com/Balkans Accessed on 1 August, 2005
Jovanovski, Mirche. (2003) Government Chooses Microsoft, Irritating the Open Source Software Proponents. Retrieved from http://www.realitymacedonia.org.mk/web/news_page.asp?nid=2767 Accessed on 1 August, 2005
Mellon supports expanding subsidiaries with Altitude Software. (2005) Retrieved from http://www.strategiy.com/inews.asp?id=20050711092211 Accessed on 1 August, 2005
Turkey Security Threats
Turkey faces several economic, social and political threats in both the near (5-year) and long (10-20-year) term. Its geopolitical situation in the Middle East makes it particularly sensitive not to only local contexts but to global contexts as well. Bordering Georgia to the north, Armenia and Iran to the east, and Syria and Iraq to the south, it has been neighbor to some of the most controversial courses of action in recent history. It is only natural that its own security should be affected by that of its neighbors as well as by superpower interests in the region. This paper will analyze the security threats as they apply to Turkey in both the near-term and the long-term.
The latest and nearest term security threat is the rise of IS, the Islamic State, whose self-appointed caliphate has declared a religious war against Shia Muslims in the Iraq and…
Catholic Online. (2014). ISIS begins killing Christians in Mosul. Retrieved from http://www.catholic.org/news/international/middle_east/story.php?id=56481
Dawson, R. (2012). Syrian Super Thread. Anti-Neocons. Retrieved from http://www.rys2sense.com/anti-neocons/viewtopic.php?f=11&t=29233&start=7
Escobar, P. (2011). Playing Chess in Eurasia. Asia Times Online. Retrieved from http://www.afgazad.com/Zabanhaye-Eropaei/122211-Playing-Chess-in-Eurasia.pdf
Frizell, S. (2014). President Obama Explains Why the U.S. is Bombing ISIS. Time.
In 2012, the European Union (EU) was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for its work in "the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe" for more than half a century (The Nobel Peace Prize for 2012). Lauded by the Norwegian Nobel Committee for its commitment to reconciling Germany and France in the post-war period, the EU joined such notable persons as Barack Obama, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2009. Ironically, however, Obama has gone on to be criticized as one of the worst violators of human rights in 21st century and as a worse war criminal than G.W. Bush. The same critics aim similar remarks at the EU. The documentary film EUphoria takes a critical look at the EU and its "peace" efforts and shows how as in the case of the American President, one swallow does not a summer make.…
Bagnai, A., Granville, B., Soy, A. (2015). The Economic Consequences of Greece.
Project Syndicate. Retrieved from http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/greece-eurozone-breakup-by-alberto-bagnai-et-al-2015-02
Brenner, N. (1999). Globalisation as Reterritorialisation: The Re-scaling of Urban
Governance in the European Union. Urban Studies, 36(3): 431-451.
Governments make and break alliances, treaties, and agreements for financial and political gains, as well as for power and control, all in a constantly fluid manner. Such changes have been taking place as long as there have been countries, so the maneuverings should not be of any surprise; what this paper seeks to do is determine how those ongoing changes reflect the current environment as well as how the alliances will influence governments over the next several years, and decades.
Historical Context -- World War I (1914 -- 1919)
A recent historical report states that "with deliberate deceptions, lies and attempts on all sides to appear as the wronged, it is little wonder that, after a hundred years, there is still no consensus on why the July Crisis escalated into the First World War" (Mombauer, 2014, p. 23). World War I was known as the war to end all wars,…
Bilefsky, D. & Baumejan, M.; (2015) Terrorists strike Charlie Hebdo, newspaper in Paris, leaving 12 dead, NY Times accessed on February 27, 2015 at http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/08/world/europe/charlie-hebdo-paris-shooting.html
Bogdanor, V.; (2014) The shadows lengthen, History Today, 64(8)19-25
Bosco, D.; (2014) Assessing the UN Security Council: A concert perspective, Global Governance, 20(4) 545-561
Brinkley, J.; (2013) Islamic terror, World Affairs, 176(2) 43 -- 55
U.S. Policy and the War on Terror: An Ineffective Strategy
Since 9/11 the U.S. government has pursued a policy of combating terrorism with all of its resources (intelligence, technology, military, economic sanctions, etc.). However, the question remains, nearly a decade and a half later, with terror attacks occurring more and more frequently around the world, whether the U.S. has been effective in its countering of terrorism. According to various studies, it can be shown how far from actually eradicating terrorism, the policies of the U.S. government have actually helped to foster the spread of terrorism. Now, as Russia steps into the Middle East to fight ISIS at the request of Syria, a disinformation campaign in the West has been put into practice by the mainstream media to show how Russia and Syria are hurting the war against terrorism, when the reality is that Russia has been far more effective in…
Barzegar, Kayhan. "The Terror Plot, An Ideological War for Geopolitical Interests," Iran
Review. 24 Oct 2011. Web. 12 Dec 2015.
Britton, Neil. "Dog or Demon?" in What is a Disaster?: New Answers to Old Questions,
Ed. Ronald W. Perry & E.L. Quarantelli. International Research Committee on Disasters, 2005.
There is much to the assertion by Nachman Syrkin that the Jews have persisted in history because the performed a socio-economic function that other peoples did not want to do or could not do. In his 1898 "The Jewish Problem and the Socialist Jewish State, " Syrkin lays out these ideas. Regarding this, Syrkin argued that a classless society and national sovereignty were the only means of solving the Jewish question completely. He felt that this social revolution would be the key to the normalization of the Jewish condition. ith this in mind, he argued that the Jew must therefore join the proletariat as the only way to end class struggle and redistribute power justly. Since the bourgeoisie betrayed the principles of liberalism, then Jews must be the torchbearers of Socialism.
hile Syrkin is many times seen as working on his own, however he had predecessors and contemporaries who had…
Borochov, Ber. "The national question and the class struggle." 1997. In the Zionist idea.
Edited by Arthur Hertzberg, 355-360. New York: Jewish Publication Society.
Hess, Moses. "Rome and Jerusalem." 1997. In the Zionist idea. Edited by Arthur
Hertzberg, 120-139. New York: Jewish Publication Society.
These types of trips accounted for 33% in 2004, a major increase since 2002, when they only accounted for 17% in all international trips. Finally, the third most common stimulus for trips abroad was that of visiting family and friends. In 2002, the rate of these trips was of 28%, but by 2004 it had declined to 22%.
Another trend obvious in the past recent years is that of Polish tourists visiting destinations considered untraditional so far. This is generally the result of intensified marketing efforts and the most relevant example in this sense is the still growing number of Polish individuals traveling to the African countries, namely Kenya. Also, the results are due to a long historical relationship between Poland and Kenya, basically the fact that Poland has offered scholarships to the Kenyan students and that they have also helped defend the British territories in Kenya against Germany, during…
Ebrill, L.P., 1994, Poland: The Path to a Market Economy, International Monetary Fund
Smith, M.K., Robinson, M., 2006, Cultural Tourism in a Changing World: Politics, Participation and (Re)presentation, Cahnnel View Publications
Thomas, R., Augustyn, M., 2006, Tourism in the New Europe: Perspectives on Some Policies and Practices, Elsevier
2002, Number of Polish Tourists Up, Polonia Global Fund, http://pgf.cc/2002/06/15/number-of-polish-tourists-up/last accessed on January 13, 2009
In the months following the accident, although questions were raised about possible adverse effects from radiation on human, animal, and plant life in the TMI area, none could be directly correlated to the accident. Thousands of environmental samples of air, water, milk, vegetation, soil, and foodstuffs were collected by various groups monitoring the area. Very low levels of radionuclides could be attributed to releases from the accident. However, comprehensive investigations and assessments by several well-respected organizations have concluded that in spite of serious damage to the reactor, most of the radiation was contained and that the actual release had negligible effects on the physical health of individuals or the environment. (United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission).
hile the Three Mile Island incident did not cause the same type of damage as Chernobyl and the destruction from Chernobyl was less than people initially believed it would be, it is clear…
Kinley, D, Ed. Chernobyl's Legacy: Health, Environmental, and Socio-Economic Impacts and Recommendations to the Governments of Belarus, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine.
Chernobyl Forum: Vienna, 2006.
TXU Energy. "Nuclear FAQS." TXUCorp.com. 2008. TXU Energy. 8 June 2008 http://www.txucorp.com/power/faqs.aspx.
United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission. "Fact Sheet on the Three Mile Island Accident."
But as for the modern version of ARTEK, the writer claims "...the camp has little in common with the ideology that reigned at ARTEK in Soviet times... [and] is similar to boy and girl scout camps in the est."
Indeed, Bransten writes that during the 80th anniversary of ARTEK (August 18, 2005), show business stars like soccer player Andrei Shevchenko and pop music star Ruslana along with movie star (of Ukrainian origin) Milla Jovovich arrived for the celebration. Also attending: Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko, Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski, Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili, and Lithuanian President Valdas Adamkus.
Tim Jackson, a British electronics professional and technical programmer visited ARTEK Pioneer Camp in August 1965, when the camp was still under the control of course of the Communist Soviet Union authorities. On his eb site Jackson write poignantly about his stay at ARTEK. He remembers boarding a bus in Simferopol and saying…
Berman, Nathan. (1943). The Place of the Child in Present-Day Russia. Social Forces, 21.4,
Bransten, Jeremy. (2005). Ukraine: Artek Celebrates Its 80th Anniversary. Radio Free Europe /
Radio Liberty. Retrieved Feb. 7, 2008, from www.rferl.org.featurearticleprint/2005/08/605cba43-6c5b-42dd-9b86-2f0cb9a9376f.html.
Historical Boy's Uniforms. (2001). Individual Pioneer Summer Camps: Artek. Retrieved Feb. 8, 2008 at http://histclo.com/youth/youth/org/pio/nat/rus/act/camp/ic/ipc-artek.htm .
After the end of the cold war, the experts are of the opinion that the United Nations has escaped from the influence of the super powers, and every member country has realized their potential, interests and priorities. The forum of United Nations is expected to offer substantial relieve to the countries, and has the capability to offer protection, security and stability to the respective countries, which are vulnerable to the threat of aggression (Hans, 2001).
One of the regional examples of the Collective Security has been the forum of Collective Security Treaty Organization, which comprises of Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, ussia, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Moldova, Ukraine and Uzbekistan as its member countries (Ademola, 2004). The organization was established in May, 1992. However Azerbaijan, Georgia, Ukraine, Moldova and Uzbekistan cancelled their membership, once their realized that threat of military aggression was not imminent, and therefore the concept of the military integration…
Hans Kelsen. Collective Security under International Law. 2001. The Law book Exchange Ltd. pp. 187-198.
Ramesh Chandra Thakur. The United Nations, Peace and Security: From Collective Security to the Responsibility to Protect. 2006. Cambridge University Press. pp. 97-108.
Ademola Abass. Regional Organizations and the Development of Collective Security. 2004. Hart Publishing. pp. 198-209.
Having all these in mind, I cannot see any reason for which a person would decide not to work for the Russian Company. Actually, "a good salary is each employee's ultimate goal." In addition, the international development the company has experienced might provide many opportunities to travel and even the leisure activities it organizes are a good reason why Lukoil employees should be proud of their workplace. On the other hand, the fact that the company is relatively young is in direct connection with the existence of young employees within its structures. Therefore, the atmosphere would surely be a pleasant one. esides this, the retirement and insurance benefits would also be an important argument; the table elaborated above has proven that not all the companies of the same kind provide such offers, just as it happens in the case of the health benefits as well.
All in all, I consider…
Rory O'BRIEN, "Normative vs. Empirical theory and Method," New York American Library, 1981;
General Information about Lukoil, at www.lukoil.com/static_6_5id_29_.html
Lukoil-Company Mission, at www.lukoil.com/static_6_5id_297_.html
Lukoil Staff Retirement Plan, at www.lukoil.com/static_6_5id_265_.htm
companies operating inside the United States attempt to conduct this business legally have become far and few between. The issues that will be investigated will include outsourcing the work offshore by these to places such as Pakistan, the Ukraine and the Philippines, the legal and ethical issues facing the students who use the service and the mechanics of the term paper writing industry. Frankly, due to these legal and cost issues, it is becoming less and less profitable for stateside companies to exist and this as much as legal pressure is propelling the offshore exodus. hile the laws may have not been totally effective, the lure for these companies for cheaper operating costs overseas is making the decision to leave the borders of the U.S. easier and making student term-paper cheating an international phenomenon.
Simple cut and paste plagiarism is an issue that technology has dealt with…
Costello, Carol, perf. CNN American College Students Outsource Their Essays to India, Pakistan and the Philippines . You Tube, 2009. Film. .
"The Plagiarism Checker." Dustball. Dustball.com, 2010. Web. 13 Dec 2011. .
"S1940-2011: Relates to the Unlawful Sale of Dissertations, Theses and Term Papers ." New York Senate. Nysenate.gov, 02 March 2011. Web. 13 Dec 2011. .
Shvartsman, Shulamit. "Term Papers for Sale Text Size:." Lawyers.com. Education-law.lawyers.com, 2011. Web. 13 Dec 2011. .
Hungary is located in Central Europe, northwest of Romania (CIA 2012, EEA 2012). It measures 93,000 square kilometers. It is bordered by Romania, Croatia, Austria, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine. Its capital is udapest (CIA, EEA).
Hungary has a Republican form of government (FCO 2012). Its Constitution was adopted on April 18 last year and took effect in January this year. Its four branches of government are the executive, legislative, judicial and a Constitutional court. The President is the head of state. The Prime Minister is the head of government. A cabinet is also part of the executive branch. The legislative branch consists of a National Assembly of 386 members with a four-year term. The judicial branch is a Curia or a Supreme Court. The President since August 6, 2010 is Pal Schmitt and the Prime Minister since May 29, 2010 is Viktor Orban. Hungary has 19…
BEEA. Hungary. Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs: U.S. Department of State,
2012. Retrieved on March 24, 2012 from http://www.sate.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/36566.htm
CIA. Hungary. The World Fact Book: Central Intelligence Agency, 2012. Retrieved on March 24, 2012 from http://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/hu.html
EOE. Hungary. The Encyclopedia of Earth: Central Intelligence Agency, 2012. Retrieved
These new laws applied to native-born Jews only; foreign, that is, Russian, Jews still suffered from restrictions. This division between native and foreign Jews was of importance then and still exists in present-day German law as it did in the days of the German empire, the eimar Republic, and the Nazi regime. (Cohn 10)
These old standards left the door open for new and modern forms of the same archaic segregations and prejudices.
hen the Nazis rose to power, they revived many of the old evils. Restrictions on Jews owning businesses or entering certain professions were instituted, ghettos were reestablished, and special taxes were placed on the Jewish community at large rather than on individuals. The new ghettos were governed by Nazi-appointed Jewish officials, the Judenrat, right up to the point when the entire ghettos were "cleansed" and the inhabitants either shot out of hand or deported to extermination camps.…
Christie, Clive. "Unity and Diversity: A Critique of Religion and Ethnicity in Europe." The Ecumenical Review 47.1 (1995): 12+. Questia. 23 Oct. 2004 http://www.questia.com/ .
Cohn, Michael. Jewish Bridges: East to West. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1996.
Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup
Fall of the Soviet Union: Internal Causes Were to lame, Not External
In December of 1991, as the world watched in sheer perplexity and wonder, the mighty Soviet Union disintegrated into fifteen separate smaller countries. Its collapse was hailed by the west as a convincing victory for freedom, a triumph of democracy over totalitarianism, and evidence of the final proof of superiority of capitalism over socialism. The United States rejoiced as its sworn enemy was brought to its knees, thereby ending the unprecedented Cold War which had hovered over these two superpowers like a thunderhead since the end of World War II. In fact, the end of the Soviet Union transformed the entire world political situation, leading to a complete reformulation of political, economic and military alliances all over the globe, not to mention spurred a whole new set of political-economic theories.
What were the causes of this monumental historical…
Bibliography www.nytimes.com www.washingtonpost.com www.brookingsintitute.com
The Times of London.
The Volume Library.
Sakwa, Richard. Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union.
ussia has accused Georgia of allowing Chechen rebels to move freely and providing safe haven to them for launching terrorist attacks from across the border.
elations with Neighboring Countries
The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) was formed by 12 of the 15 former Soviet epublics after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 to preserve some of the political and economic ties. ussia's relations with the CIS countries have, however, been dogged by mutual distrust. Sources of tension between ussia and CIS members include the issue of claim over military assets belonging to the Soviet Union and the status of ussians settled in the former Soviet republics. Most of the disputes about assets have now been settled but such disputes have left a bad taste in the mouth and the initial optimism about the CIS becoming even a loose confederation has not been realized. ("ussia: Foreign elations," 2005)
Politics: Recent Political Events," (2004) Country Profile Russia 2004 Main Report
Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). Retrieved on February 16, 2005 from Economist.com
Russia at a Glance (2005-2006)." (2005). Country Report Russia January 2005 Updater. Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). Retrieved on February 16, 2005 from Economist.com
Russia: Foreign Relations." (2005) Political Overview Section from Countrywatch. Retrieved on February 16, 2005 at http://www.countrywatch.com/cw_country.asp?vCOUNTRY=142
Maya Deren: An Experimental Life
Maya Deren, born Eleanora Derenkowsky on April 29, 1917 in Kiev, Ukraine, has been referred to as "the high priestess of experimental cinema." (1) Even though she was a dancer, choreographer, poet, writer and photographer, she is still considered a pioneer not only in experimental filmmaking, but also a voice for the feminist film community.
In 1922, the Derenkowsky family fled the threat of anti-Semitism in the Ukraine, arriving in New York where they changed their name to "Deren." The family, though, was frequently unhappy and at odds. As an adolescent, Maya was sent to Geneva to attend The League of Nations International School while Maya's mother, Marie Deren, studied languages in Paris and her father, Solomon Deren, practiced psychiatry in New York City.
After attending school in Geneva, Deren studied journalism and political science and became active in student politics at Syracuse University. She…
4. P. Adams Sitney, Visionary Film: the American Avant-Garde 1943-1978, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979, p.10
5. Nichols, Maya Deren and the American Avant-Garde, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001, p.5
6. Deren, p. 33
prospective members of the European Union pecified by the Nice conference, Poland bears the distinction of both having the largest population at 38.6 million, and the largest GDP at 176 billion. From 1997 through 2001, the Polish economy has grown at a steady 4.1% a year and is in many ways beginning to resemble its new western partners rather than its still-troubled eastern neighbors. (Economist, Jul. 29, 2002) Despite this, Poland differs from the traditional continental powers in several distinct ways. Perhaps most unique is the Republic's relationship with the United tates.
It may surprise those that know little of Polish history that the republic owes its existence to the United tates. In 1918, the country was re-established by the treaty of Versailles after 123 years of Prussian and Russian control of the region. This was achieved primarily in light of the lobbying activities of the Polish emigre population living…
Poland: Factsheet. Economist, Jul. 29, 2002
Poland: Economic Structure. Economist, Nov 19th 2001
Warm Feelings Toward the United States in Central Europe. Economist, Jan. 30, 2003.
Europe's Mexico Option. Economist, Oct 3, 2002.
Polish Companies Reacted to Ethical Issues and Changes in usiness Standards Since the Fall of Communism in 1989?
Poland's Economy Pre-Communism's Fall
Poland's Natural Resources
Minerals and Fuels
The Polish Economy Under Communism
The Centrally-Planned Economy
Establishing the Planning Formula
Retrenchment and Adjustment in the 1960s
Reliance on Technology in the 1970s
Reform Failure in the 1980s
Poland's Economy After the Fall of Communism
Poland After the Fall of Communism
Fall of Communism
Marketization and Stabilization
Required Short-Term Changes
Section 2.3.2. The Shock Strategy
Section 2.3.3. Initial Results
Section 2.3.4. Long-Term Requirements
Section 2.4. Macroeconomic Indicators for 1990-91
Section 2.4.1. Price Increases
Section 2.4.2. Impact on Productivity and Wages
Section 2.4.3. Statistical Distortions
Section 2.4.4. Agricultural Imbalances
Section 2.4.5. Causes of Decline
Section 2.5.The Polish Post-Communism Privatization Process
Section 2.6. Structure of Poland's Economy: Post-Communism
Section 2.6.1. Fuels and Energy
Bowie E. (1999) Business Ethics a Kantian Perspective Oxford: Blackwell
Ciszewska B. (1998) Unethical behaviour Warszawa: Rzeczpospolita
Cryssides G.D.; Kaler J.H. (1999) Introduction to the ethics of business. Warszawa: PWN
Davies W.F. (1997) Current issues in business ethics London: Routledge
labor policies of the former Soviet Union and how they contributed to the downfall of the Soviet Union. The writer explores the labor policies that were in force at the time and explains their contribution to the eventual downfall. There were ten sources used to complete this paper.
It was one of the more historic moments in recent world history. As the world watched in awe, the Soviet Union began to dismantle itself so that it could rebuild from the ground up. After many decades of communist regime, the government was taken apart from the inside out, the entire nation brought itself to the ground and the process to rebuild began. For years it had been accepted as a superpower and those who lived there felt that the United States was its only rival.
American residents had been raised to fear the Soviet Union and believe that they were the…
On the Development of the Productive Forces http://www.mltranslations.org/Germany/susr04.htm and the Class Relations in the Soviet Union by Elisabeth Wagner
Understanding political change in post-Soviet societies: A further commentary on Finifter and Mickiewicz. (response to Ada W. Finifter, American Political Science Review, vol. 90, p. 138, March 1996)
Arthur H. Reisinger, William M. Hesli, Vicki L.
Furtado, Charles F. 1994. "Nationalism and Foreign Policy in Ukraine." Political Science Quarterly 109:81-104.