Overcrowding in the U S Prison System

Length:  4 pages (1613 words) | Sources:  5  | Subject:  Criminal Justice - Prisons | Type: Capstone Project | Paper: #62453996 | Author:  

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Excerpt from Capstone Project:

This equates to roughly 1,000 new prisoners per week. The Justice Department Bureau of Statistics estimates a total inmate population of 2,186,230, a rapid increase over previous years.

June: A sudden change in state policy by the California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger prompts the sudden resignation of to administrators of the California Department of Rehabilitation and Corrections. This is reported by a watchdog organization charged with supervising the California penal code and the general progress of California state prison reform over previous years.

October: Governor Schwarzenegger publishes an urgent proclamation declaring the possibility of providing relief for overcrowded state prisons and penitentiaries through the transfer of inmates to prisons in other states.

October: A federal judge grants a restraining order with the intention of relieving "unspeakable conditions...? in state prisons. The target is the Los Angeles County prison system.

November: California initiates the process of transferring prisoners to other states, based upon the terms of Governor Schwarzenegger's urgent proclamation.

December: Federal District Judge Lawrence Karlton gives the state of California 180 days to fix its prison over-population problem. The prison system in California is 70 per cent beyond capacity at this point, with a population of 173,000. The consequences for failure to fix the problem will be a three-member arbitral panel formed to recommend further action to alleviate the problem.

2007

February: The Sacramento County Superior Court nixes Gov. Schwarzenegger's proposal of exporting prison inmates to out-of-state prisons.

February: Gov. Schwarzenegger issues a plan to release inmates from their prison terms to alleviate pressure on overcrowded prisons.

April: The California state assembly issues a plan to build new prison facilities. The plan will cost state taxpayers $8.3 million.

May: The Public Safety and Offender Rehabilitation Services Act is signed into law, allocating $7.7 million for the building of new prisons.

November: A research group in Washington called the JFA Institute issues a report stating that the U.S. prison systems currently have a population more than eight times as high as it was in 1970.

December: The Department of Justice issues a report stating that more than 7 million Americans were incarcerated…[continue]



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