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" (nd) This theory is one that defines the "complex 'layers' of environment, each having an effect on a child's development." (Paquette and Ryan, ) As the factors in the child's environment interact with the child's biology which is maturing "his immediate family/community environment, and the societal landscape fuels and steers his development. Changes or conflict in any one layer will ripple throughout other layers." (Pacquette and Ryan, nd) The following illustration labeled Figure 1 shows the theory of Bronfenbrenner relating to the ecological systems theory.
Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory
Source: Paquette and Ryan (nd)
Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory contains the microsystem, the mesosystem and the exosystem. This theoretical framework is one that considers the impacts of factors within the microsystem which include the individual's body, behavior, and other such factors while the mesoystem is comprised by the school, the family, and religious factors. The exosystem is comprised by the factors of community, society, and culture while the macrosystem is comprised of global issues of community, society and culture.
One example of the ecological systems approach is illustrated in an approach reported in the work of Robyn Gould entitled: "An Ecological Approach to National Education Reform: Recommendations for the Reauthorization of No Child Left Behind" in which it is related that in order "...to fashion solutions that will improve education for all children. Specifically, the NCLB must accommodate the human dimension of education and the interdependent structures that influence student learning." (Gould, 2007) This work relates that in the beginning of the 1980s "on-going reports that youth in the United Sates were performing at lower levels in school than youth in other nations sparked a national focus on education. Policymakers and educators expressed concerns that student achievement was not 'high enough or widespread enough' to meet the demands of an increasingly competitive global economy. In response, Congress passed, in 2002, the most aggressive, federal education law ever passed, No Child Left Behind (NCLB)." (Gould, 2007)
The work of Gould relates that NCLB reform should be based on educational theory instead of market principles and states that "Opponents of…[continue]
"Typologies" (2008, January 29) Retrieved April 23, 2014, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/Typologies-32605
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"Typologies", 29 January 2008, Accessed.23 April. 2014, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/Typologies-32605