Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Research Paper:
Air Cargo Security
Since the events of 911, airport security has been an important issue. The Transportation Security Administration (TSA)" is responsible for ensuring the security of all modes of transportation, including cargo placed aboard airplaines and particularly focuses on passenger-carrying planes" (TSA). The TSA is part of the Department of Homeland Security. According to the latest information available, the TSA employs 620 Cargo Transportation Security Inspectors who are exclusively dedicated to the oversight of air cargo. One hundred twenty of these are canine teams. The numbers of security inspectors and canine teams has increased significantly since 2006 (TSA).
Obviously, no one wants to see another tragedy. Terrorism continues to be a threat and security measures must try to keep pace with ever-changing strategies that terrorists try to employ. There has been much in the news about passenger screening, x-ray technology, and rights to privacy. Passengers do not present the only possible means through which terrorists can accomplish their deadly missions. For this reason, air cargo security is also a focus for those seeking to keep people safe in the sky and on the ground.
Millions of packages travel the world by airfreight every day ("How air cargo is checked," 2010, p. 48). ABC News reported in late 2010 that nearly 32 billion pounds of cargo is flown into the United States annually (Harris, 2010). A package can take several routes before it is put on a plane. Approximately one-third of U.S.-bound cargo is on passenger flights, with the cargo going directly to the plane. While some companies pass screening responsibilities to air carries, about 1,200 U.S. companies were certified, as of October 30, 2010, to do their own screenings with oversight by the TSA.
Whether cargo is transported within, into, or out of the United States, the majority of it (84%, according to Time magazine) travels on all-cargo planes. For security reasons, the screening requirements are not disclosed. Making this information public would provide potential terrorists valuable knowledge that they could then use to circumvent security systems. Much of the world's airfreight is handled by third parties. The TSA has no authority over overseas carriers, some of whom do not always screen. For those third party handlers who do business in the U.S., the TSA is pushing for them to open certified scanning facilities.
Beginning May 1, 2010, 75% of all air cargo on passenger planes in the U.S. had to be screened under the TSA's then-new Certified Cargo Screening Program (CCSP). CCSP-certified facilities are required to have a multi-layered security program that includes abides by the standards set forth in the 9/11 Act (signed into law in 2007), ensuring chain of custody, strict access controls, security coordinators, verification of the credentials of key personnel, and TSA inspections. The CCSP was a tremendous undertaking, and one that is not fully in place. Time magazine reported in November 2010 that eighty percent of cargo put on passenger planes is screened ("How air cargo is checked, 2010, p. 49). It is a long way toward ensuring the security of the cargo, but there is still 20% that is not screened. The TSA had called for 100% by August 2010, but that did not happen. It is a gamble we take as a nation because security is expensive in terms of work-hours needed for screenings and the time delays that screenings cause. It is a difficult situation that can be remedied only with the development of more effective and efficient screening techniques. Charles Slepian, CEO of Foreseeable Risk Analysis Center, says it is essential that the nation makes the investment in the proper technology to do the job (Harris, 2010). Gamma ray machines, which can see through steel and detect explosives, are expensive, but they are needed. According to ABC News' Jeremy Hubbard, who quoted an anonymous source, all the TSA agents and trained canines cannot "even scratch the surface" when it comes to checking air cargo for explosives (Harris, 2010). One cannot put a price on human life, yet there is the practical question of who will pay to protect it?
There are several techniques already in use. The most low-tech method is the physical search: airline, freight and government personnel can open and…[continue]
"Air Cargo Security" (2011, July 22) Retrieved December 8, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/air-cargo-security-43495
"Air Cargo Security" 22 July 2011. Web.8 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/air-cargo-security-43495>
"Air Cargo Security", 22 July 2011, Accessed.8 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/air-cargo-security-43495
Human Factor in Cargo Security Is Human Factor important Cargo Security Cargo security I one of the major issues handled with priority by Homeland security department in United States of America. It is regarded as a positional facilitator in terrorism activities. Another notable factor in implementing security measures for cargo was theft as a direct business cost for U.S. It is observed that businesses lost $15b to $30 billion as a loss
2). Air Cargo, Inc. only flew cargo from December, 1941 (when Pearl Harbor was attacked) through November, 1944. At that time, Siddiqi explains that individual airline companies authored their own freight services, and on page 2 the author of this article notes that in time the major passenger airlines began offering freight forwarding service and that pretty well eliminated the need for a whole fleet of airline companies that just
This process of prescreening travelers before they board the plane is one of the most important parts of the security system. Electronic Privacy Information Center, 2008); (United States Government Accountability Office, 2007) Another system which was in use since the late 1990s and discontinued after 9/11, was the Threat Image Protection -- TIP system. TSA has also implemented the PMIS or Performance Management Information System which helps to gather
air traffic has continued to increase and it now constitutes a considerable proportion of the travelling public. The amount of long-hour flights has increased significantly. Based on the International Civil Aviation authority, air traffic can be anticipated to double amid till 2020. Airline travel, especially over longer distances, makes air travelers vulnerable to numerous facets that will impact their health and well-being. Particularly, the speed with which influenza spreads
In response, companies are using technology to create nimbler workforces, enhance customer service, and personalize services. All the while, they're making hard choices about which projects get funded and which don't. Last month, FedEx introduced software that lets customers print jobs directly from Microsoft Office on their PCs to any of the 1,200 Kinko's stores -- then FedEx delivers the jobs to clients. FedEx bought the copy-shop chain for $2.4
' 'The International Outreach Plan' provides a comprehensive framework to solicit international support for an improved global aviation security network. All these specially suggested plans addresses the need of different aspects of aviation security, yet, these security plans support and complement each other and that is why all have been properly integrated with the designing plan of the airport (Transportation Security Administration, 2010). The designed plan for the airport includes all aspects of
Like the airline industry, it seems as if the airport industry is moving towards consolidation and more airport cooperation and alliances seem likely in the future. (Graham, 2003) One approach in which civil aviation can contribute in ensuring peace amid the countries of the world is principally through its key role of facilitating communication and international discourse. The ICAO -- International Civil Aviation Organization has played a large part in