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Animal testing is not only for the benefit of the humans but is also beneficial to the animals themselves. "The research of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences benefits animals because NIEHS research contributes to protecting the environment for all the life that shares the earth - companion animals, farm animals, wildlife, marine life - and plant life as well" (Anonymous). Much more animals are consumed as a food source by humans and only a small percentage are used for animal testing. Some of these animals are also the ones that are abandoned and are kept in pounds or shelters (Kate Kristoff). Animal testing has been proved to be beneficial regarding a lot of diseases and this cannot be denied by anyone. Scientists do not love to put animals to testing for no reason whatever. There are legislations that prevent any cruelty and thus animals are kept under humane conditions. It is no wonder that recently "500 top UK scientists and doctors today signed a declaration defending the use of animals in medical research and scientific testing" (Finfacts Team).
Many do express their concern that animals are put through pain when they are killed but this is only a misconception. Animals are killed in such a way that they do not feel any pain. They die before they can even suffer. It is important for animal testing to continue for the benefit of humans as well as animals. Some of the benefits which animal testing has brought about are the vaccines of rabies, mumps, polio, TB and it has also made it possible to perform open-heart operations as well as organ transplantation.
People might talk about the benefits of animal testing but it is established that animal testing can delay the production of drugs which would be beneficial to the humans because they expressed adverse reactions in the animals. Such was seen in the case of Protease inhibitor drugs and their delay causing the deaths of numerous people who were suffering from HIV infection. There are other alternatives which include test tube experimentations of human tissue cultures. These should be opted for and used rather than the inhumane treatment of animals which no legislation can prevent. The scientists might say that no pain is caused but is there any way to measure whether any pain is caused or not? What about the stress that the animal is put through in isolation? We cannot measure these and it is immoral and unethical to use animals and put them through torture and sufferings so that our scientists can develop drugs that do not benefit us and might cause a delay in discovering effective medicines. Deaths through experimentation are no less than murder and are absolutely unnecessary. The animals have a right to live freely and no one should snatch this right of theirs.
Anonymous - Animal Testing 101. [Online website] Available at http://www.stopanimaltests.com/animalTesting101.asp[Accessed on: 25/09/2005]
Karen Lee Stevens - Animal Testing Alternatives. [Online website] Available at http://www.allforanimals.com/alternatives1.htm[Accessed on: 25/09/2005]
Peter Tatchell - Article Title: Why Animal Research Is Bad Science: The Government Is Wrong to Support Vivisection -- And Not Only Because of the Suffering Caused to Non-Human Creatures. Most Human Diseases Are Unique to Us, and Testing on Other Species Is Downright Misleading. Magazine Title: New Statesman. Volume: 133. Issue: 4700. Publication Date: August 9, 2004. Page Number: 18+.
Andrew N. Rowan - Article Title: Ethical Review and Te Animal Care and Use Committee. Journal Title: The Hastings Center Report. Volume: 20. Issue: 3. Publication Year: 1990. Page Number: 19+.
Anonymous - Uncaged Campaigns: End Vivisection. [Online website] Available at http://www.uncaged.co.uk/[Accessed on: 25/09/2005]
Anonymous - Benefits of Animal-Based Science. [Online website] Available at http://anzccart.rsnz.govt.nz/text/benefits.html[Accessed on: 25/09/2005]
Anonymous - Why Animal Research? [Online website] Available at http://www.niehs.nih.gov/oc/factsheets/wrl/home.htm[Accessed on: 25/09/2005]
Thomas Dixon - Animal Experimentation. [Online website] Available at http://www.debatabase.org/details.asp?topicID=7[Accessed on: 25/09/2005]
Kate Kristoff - Animal testing bears human benefits. [Online website] Available at http://www.gazette.uwo.ca/1998/November/19/Focus1.htm[Accessed on: 25/09/2005]
10) Finfacts Team - 500 UK scientists back animal testing despite continued pressure from animal rights groups. [Online website] Available at http://www.finfacts.com/irelandbusinessnews/publish/article_10002981.shtml[Accessed on: 25/09/2005][continue]
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Animal Testing: Pros and Cons Animal testing is when animals are used in scientific experiments (Richards). Most animal testing is done by universities, pharmaceutical companies, and medical schools. Most animals used for research are breed for the specific purpose of testing and few animals used for testing are captured from the wild. Some animal testing is done for basic research such as behavior studies and genetics while other animal testing is
Animal Testing: Cosmetics and Toiletries Animal testing is the use of non-human animals in a variety of experiments (Wikipedia, 2005) Many experiments aim to test certain substances to determine their effect on humans, or to test medical or psychological hypotheses. Animal testing is a very controversial and well-researched topic. Proponents and opponents constantly argue over both ethical concerns and the effectiveness of the practice of using animals for scientific research. The term "vivisection"
In this case those supporting testing might proclaim there is no evidence suggesting the animal always suffers ill-effects, therefore testing is not always wrong. This methodology however is flawed. Proponents of animal testing fail to consider the number of animals that experience reduced life span or reduced quality of life resulting in the confined environment in which they must live while testing. Further, proponents of testing fail to identify what
By using animals in research, and through animal research science learns how certain chemicals "interact with living systems"; this knowledge can be "translated into protection of humans, animals, and the environment from toxic levels of natural -- as well as man-made -- exposures (SOT, 6). Legal and professional accountability In Canada there are Research Ethics Boards (REBs) that have the power to authorize or reject funding for experiments with animals; when
However, it is also characteristic for them to be in total agreement with the procedure when it involves their well-being or the welfare of someone close to them. Ed Owen's (2005) testimony regarding his daughter and how she manages to stay alive due to the large amount of medicine that she takes is certainly breathtaking. Even more amazing is the fact that most of the medicine that she uses
These experiments are done to see how the humans fair on with the treatment or the diseases without putting much consideration to whether it would survive or die FRAME Reduction Committee, 2005() Some other ways in which animals are unethically used for scientific purposes include in cases where Genetically modification is done on animals where some of their genes are added or removed as per type of experiment done, use
This is what makes drug testing on animals so very important in the pharmaceutical industry. References Cami, Jordi. (1991). Perspectives and future on testing for abuse liability in humans. British Journal of Addiction. 86(12), p1529-1531. De Boer, Bonita. (2009). HIV Drugs, Vaccines and Animal Testing. Retrieved March 19, 2010, from Avert Web site: http://www.avert.org/hiv-animal-testing.htm Greaves, Peter, Williams, Andrew and Eve, Malcolm. (2004). First dose of potential new medicines to humans: how animals help. Nature