Army Reserve Retention Impact 'Literature Review' chapter

Excerpt from 'Literature Review' chapter :

Army Reserve Retention Impact

Due To Deployments

The requirement for the BACHELOR OF SCIENCE

Business Administration

This thesis has been

Accepted for the faculty of Endicott College Van Loan School of Graduate and Professional Studies by:

Prof. Terence Lynn, M.Ed., C.A.G.S., L.M.H.C

Professor Lawrence O'Toole, M.Ed.

Sub-Problems and Supporting Information Page ?

Technical and Other Terms Page ?

Passion for Research Page ?

Dependent Variable Page ?

Independent Variable Page ?

Chapter Two, Literature Review Page ?

The History and Importance of the Reserves to the U.S. Army Page ?

Potential Effects of Deployment on Reservists Page ?

Family Page ?

Morale and Health Page ?

Finance and Employment Page ?

Social Aspects Page ?

Miscellaneous Effects Page ?

Summary of Effects Page ?

d. Solutions: Policies and Interventions Page ?

Mental Health, Physical Health, and Family Factors Page ?

General Incentives Page ?

e. Deployment Effects on Reenlistment of Reservist Page ?

i. Summary of Solutions and Recommendation Page ?

f. Conclusions Page ?

5. Chapter Three, Research Methods Page ?

a. Introduction Page ?

b. The Questionnaire Page ?

c. Research Tools Page ?

d. Conclusion Page ?

6. Chapter Four, Findings and Analysis Page ?

a. Introduction Page ?

b. Question 1 Page ?

c. Question 2-Page ?

d. Question 3-Page ?

e. Question 4-Page ?

f. Question 5-Page ?

g. Question 6-Page ?

h. Question 7-Page ?

i. Question 8-Page ?

j. Question 9-Page ?

k. Question 10-Page ?

l. Question 11-Page ?

m. Question 12-Page ?

n. Question 13-Page ?

o. Question 14-Page ?

p. Question 15-Page ?

q. Question 16-Page ?

r. Analysis of the Data Page ?

s. Conclusion Page ?

7. Chapter Five, Conclusions and Recommendations Page ?

a. Introduction Page ?

b. Conclusions based on the Literature Review Page ?

c. Conclusions Based on the Survey Results Page ?

d. General Recommendations Page ?

e. Conclusion Page ?

8. References Page ?

9. Appendix A Page ?

10. Appendix B Page ?



The United States Army Reserve (USAR) can be traced back to April 23, 1908, since Congress passed a Senate Bill 1424. This authorized the Army to establish a reserve corps of medical officers. The Secretary of War had the power to order these officers to active duty during time of emergency. This first Federal Reserve and years later, a provision of the Army

Appropriations Act of 1912, created the Regular Army Reserve. This was a Federal Reserve outside the Medical Reserve Corps authorized in 1908. (Jensen, n.d.)

The USAR is a key element of The Department of the Army's multi-component force. The Army Reserve's primary mission is to provide trained and ready personnel with the skills necessary to support and defend the nation during peacetime, emergencies, and war. Reserve soldiers perform only part-time duties as opposed to full-time (active duty) soldiers, but rotate through mobilizations to full-time duty. When not on active duty, reserve soldiers typically perform training and service one weekend per month, known as inactive duty for training (IADT) and currently referred to as Battle Assembly, and for two continuous weeks at some time during the year referred to as Annual Training (AT). Many reserve soldiers are organized into Army Reserve troop program units (TPU), while others serve in active Army units as Individual Mobilization Augmentees (IMA), or are in non-drilling control groups of the Individual Ready Reserve (IRR). ( (punctuation comes after the citing)

As stated above those are the typical duties of a Reservist. However, since the horrific acts of terrorism on 9/11, Reservists are more demand than ever. Increased mobilization, have caused the soldier to think twice when it is time for him or her to reenlist. This ultimate proposes an ongoing issue for the retention of Army Reservists.

Background of the Problem

Problem Statement

The Army Reserves have increased the mobilizations, which has negatively impacted retention.

Background Information

Beginning in 1992, Congress had approved a systematic reduction in Active Component (AC) Army when compared to the National Guard (NG) (Lakhani, 1995). In 1995, the projections by 2000 had a 26% decrease in Active Component Army and only 13% reduction in the National Guard; decreasing the National Guard from 422,700 soldiers to 367,000 soldiers (Lakhani, 1995). Former President Clinton's targeted reduction of 575,000 Army Reservists by 2000 was projected to bring Reserve strength to Cold War…

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