Bonsanto, MM, et al. "3D ultrasound navigation in syrinx surgery - a feasibility study." Acta Neurochirurgica 54.4 (2005): 540-1.
This article talks about the different designsmof the ultrasounds. It deals with the construction, and assessment of a three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound system which is utilized for the treatment of kidney tumors which are using high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). This tpye of method contains of a therapeutic ultrasound distribution unit (power amplifier, matching circuit, driver, and transducer (1 MHz)) and a 3D positioning of the different component ( microcontroller and stepper motors). The article talks about the structure comprises of software that projects a treatment preparation in keeping with the tumor directs. In order to confirm the competence of the structure for touching the transducer, the placing module was positively driven so that it would cover the cylinders of sizes that are as large as 30 cm (diameter) x 10 cm (height) with step sizes that are as low as 0.05 mm. this artic.
This article is helpful because it discusses the several exposimetry experiments that have been done which displayed a very close match that was among experimental and theoretical outcomes. The article did well in talking about the Ex-vivo experiments were achieved and designated the competence of the system to yield a single graze of 0.27 cm width and 0.45 cm measurement, in addition as five abrasions (all that have a diameter of 0.3 cm) at prespecified places. It was hepful in discussing the tempatures. Throughout the ex-vivo trials, temperature checking which was indicated as an upsurge in high temperature that had derived from 37°C to around 60°C inside the cut, while when outside it the temperature stayed about under 39°C.
Coyne, Lucy, Kannamannadiar Jayaprakasan and Nick. Raine-Fenning. "3D ultrasound in gynecology and reproductive medicine." Women's Health 12.3 (2008): 67-90.
This article discussed the advances that were occurring in medicine on a day-to-day foundation, it was just a matter of time before vital gynecological inquiries, for instance ultrasound, were adapted. Numerous clinicians continue to stay unconvinced by its supposed compensations and 3D ultrasound is not deprived of disadvantages. These mostly narrate to the cost inferences and exercise requirements. The article talks about the 3D ultrasound imaging and how it is still at a comparatively early phase in relationships of its part as an ordinary imaging modality that is in gynecology and reproductive medicine. The article displays how the 3D imaging has more than a few clear assistances that tell to an enhanced three-dimensional orientation and the protest of multiplanar views, of which the coronal plane is particularly useful. It offers a more impartial and reproducible dimension of capacity and vascularity of the area of attention, and an enhanced valuation of usual and pathological pelvic structures through additional post-dispensation modalities, counting tomographic ultrasound imaging and numerous interpretation modalities. It likewise has the advantage of proposing reduced skimming time, the choice of tele-discussion and storing of descriptions for re-evaluation.
On the other hand, other than its application in the assessment and differentiation of uterine anomalies, this article very helpful because there is very little indication representing that 3D ultrasound outcomes that are in a clinically pertinent advantage or refutes the necessity for additional study. Upcoming work would guarantee that 3D ultrasound is associated with conventional imaging in randomized tests where the viewer is sightless to the result, merely after which will we actually be capable to evaluate its part in an evidence-based manner.
Lweesy, Khaldon, et al. "Design and ex-vivo kidney evaluation of a high-intensity focused ultrasound transducer and 3D positioner." Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 48.3 (2010): 269-76.
The transducer probe is supposed to be the chief section of the ultrasound machine. The device is what will cause the sound waves and then take in the reverberations. It is, in a manner of speaking, the ears and mouth of the ultrasound machine. The too produces and accepts sound waves by means of a code named the piezoelectric (compression power) outcome, which was revealed by Pierre and Jacques Curie in 1880. Inside of the probe, there are many quartz crystals named piezoelectric crystals. When an electric current is put to these crystals, they start to alter in their shape very fast.
This is a good article and very helpful to the reader because it enlights the reader on the quick form moves, or sensations, of the crystals create sound waves that travel external. On the other hand, when sound or pressure waves begin to knockout the crystals, they start to create electrical flows. The author did a good job in making sure in displaying for that reason, the similar crystals can be recycled to direct and obtain sound waves. The author also makes sure that they explain that the device also has a sound gripping material to eradicate back likenesses from the probe itself, and an audio lens to aid emphasis the produced sound waves.
Muns, Andrea, et al. "Integration of a 3D ultrasound probe into neuronavigation." Acta Neurochirurgica 533.40 (2011): 56-78.
This article talks about the Intraoperative ultrasound (iUS) which certainly permits the cohort of real-time information sets all through surgical involvements. It goes into detail depictring how the current innovation of 3D ultrasound probes really has been able to permits the gaining of 3D data sets that are without the necessity to rebuild the capacity by 2D shares. This article describes the incorporation of a tracked 3D ultrasound probe that goes into a neuronavigation. It also explains that an ultrasound device, delivered with both a 2D segment probe and a 3D endocavity transducer, was combined in a steering arrangement with an visual tracking method. Navigation was accomplished by combination of preoperatively which was acquired by MRI data and intraoperatively assimilated ultrasound data that goes on during the course of an open biopsy.
This article is very helpful because it explains how the data sets with both probes and how they were learned transdurally and associated. The attainment with the 3D probe, dispensation and imagining of the capacity would just take about 2 min for the entire time. The volume data set which was developed by the 3D probe acts more homogeneous and deals with image that has better quality in contrast with the appearance data learned by the 2D investigation. The addition of a 3D probe into neuronavigation is likely and has sure compensations likened with a 2D probe. The danger of wound can be reduced, and the presentation can be mentioned for convinced cases, chiefly for small craniotomies.
Muscatello, A, et al. "Correlation between 3D Ultrasound Appearance and Postnatal Findings in Bilateral Malformations of the Fetal Hands." 11.6 (2012): 138-40.
This article discusses how the ultrasounds are used in malformations. It goes into detail explaining how the Malformations of the hand have an occurrence of 1 in about 1,600 births. Ultrasound analysis and cataloging of the incongruity is not continuously stress-free for the reason that of the numerous positions which were taken by the hand. The article describes the circumstance of a 23-year-old patient that had a fetus that was affected by a proportioned and bilateral hand oligodactyly related with malformations of the other fingers.
The article was very helpful because it showed how the 3D ultrasound assessment endorsed an exact forecast of the malformation and presented faultless communication with postnatal discoveries. The case exemplifies the involvement of 3D ultrasound to the assessment of fetal limb irregularities.
Mahmoud, Ahmed M, et al. "High-Resolution 3D Ultrasound Jawbone Surface Imaging for Diagnosis of Periodontal Bony Defects: An In Vitro Study." Annals of Biomedical Engineering 78.4 (2010): 533-545.
This article makes the point that although medical subjects have documented the position of expending ultrasonic imaging, dentistry is only starting to determine its advantage. This has chiefly been significant in the field of periodontics which educates infections that are in the gum…