Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Research Paper:
Among these statements include:
1. "We must oppose this action now, or we do a disservice to our members and will regret it later."
2. "I had lunch the other day with a group of members, and everyone was in agreement that if you opposed this measure, they would vote for you…. This will set the stage for your re-election next year at the end of your present term." The lace of threat of a negative consequence for the decision maker is also palpable in this statement, as it appeals to self-preservation.
3. "I speak for truth and common sense…" is also a shot at arguing based on the fallacy of glittering generality.
While statistics are used to support the arguments, questionable authority on the matter are used such as the case of the brother-in-law, who has not demonstrated as an expert on the issue at hand, and Wikipedia, which is a helpful tool but whose contents are not an entirely credible source of value-free information. Lastly, the fallacy of red herring is committed as in the statement: "If the Governor wants to save money, she should abandon that wasteful convention center project, and leave our Union alone."
7. How good is the evidence?
The substantial information is omitted when citing cases such as the author's brother-in-law's experience to support the argument that outsourcing is the cause for the recession that resulted to his dismissal from service. Why was the brother-in-law laid off? Was it based on his performance? What was the management's policy on dismissing employees from service? These important information were completely absent in the entire text. In citing the brother-in-law's statement that "management uses a promise for rehire to gain union support for outsourcing and 80% of the time they don't keep their promise," what was the basis for this assertion? Are there any studies that support this? Instead of citing Wikipedia and another person's experience, legal cases and other objective and readily verifiable public data could have been used to support the conclusion. Referring to a Wall Street newspaper to claim that additional costs will be incurred as a result of "overseeing third-party contractors" without plainly identifying which broadsheet falls short of providing a credible source for such a potentially publicly verifiable data. Studies may be referenced from the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, which oversees the implementation of the Federal Activities Inventory Reform Act of 1998, as well as studies on privatization and outsourcing of purportedly sensitive services such as defense (see Taibl, 1997).
8. Are there rival causes?
Privatization and the subsequent outsourcing are presented as the threat to union members' job security, which is used as a basis of opposing the proposal. Little is said, however, about the contents of the governor's proposal itself. Causal oversimplification is committed by presenting privatization and outsourcing as the primary source of threat to union members' job security and other supposedly negative repercussions. Because of the paucity of plausible arguments in the memorandum, it makes it particularly challenging to pinpoint rival causes to the author's conclusion. In presenting the case of another person (brother-in-law's dismissal from service and continued unemployment), a rival cause may be poor performance and lack of effort to grab other employment opportunities. Privatization and outsourcing in the cases cited by the author may have created instability, for instance, because of several reasons such as peace and order situation in a particular locality, the liquidity of the company undertaking the contract, or the failure on the part even of the state in implementing regulatory measures of privatization and outsourcing contracts. Communication problems and culture clash resulting from outsourcing may be brought about by poor training of human resources in terms of providing adequate information on the client country.
9. Are the statistics deceptive?
The memorandum contained limited statistics, which are not even sourced from credible references. This further places the arguments at a weak point because assertions are not supported by readily verifiable and objective information. For instance, the statement "management uses a promise for rehire to gain union support for outsourcing and 80% of the time they don't keep their promise" demands that it be supported by credible studies that demonstrate such assertion. Eighty percent is a significant statistic considering that the information it intends to convey say that majority of companies that take over government services through privatization would deceive other parties to close the deal.
10. What significant information is omitted?
Apart from this apparent lack of statistics based on credible sources, there are no details about the governor's proposal. Also, there is paucity of more quantifiable data, which will clearly prove why the proposal will be detrimental to the welfare, in this case, the security of tenure of union members, and the union itself. Responding point-by-point to the contents of the proposals may have provided the platform for strengthening the case to endorse the opposition or rejection of the proposal.
11. What reasonable conclusions are possible?
Going back to the original conclusion that the proposal to privatize to the information management system of the DoT, the question as to whether to accept, reject, or even negotiate around it can be answered in different possible ways. First, the proposal should be rejected when negotiations for the terms of the contract do not include inputs from the union. On the converse, it should be accepted if both management (in this case, the State) and the union will agree to represent the counter-proposals of the union. Second, the proposal should be rejected if, based on hard and conclusive studies and evidence, that previous undertakings to privatize public services show that such action would not bring efficiency is service delivery. Third, the proposal should be rejected on the basis that the supposed state savings will be not used for social services such as health and education, as supported by official declaration (i.e., executive order signed by the governor).
Browne, M. And S. Keeley. (2007). Asking the Right Questions: A Guide to Critical Thinking. NJ: Prentice Hall.
O' Connor, B. (2004). A Brief history of anti-Americanism: From cultural criticism to terrorism. Australasian Journal of American Studies, 77-92.
Hollander, P. (2002). The Politics of Envy. The New…[continue]
"Browne And S Keeley What" (2010, June 08) Retrieved December 9, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/browne-and-s-keeley-what-10426
"Browne And S Keeley What" 08 June 2010. Web.9 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/browne-and-s-keeley-what-10426>
"Browne And S Keeley What", 08 June 2010, Accessed.9 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/browne-and-s-keeley-what-10426
Social Science There are, of course, a number of theoretical approaches to social science -- and a number of sub-theories that construct a larger, more detailed template that helps us critique the differences between critical social science, and the positivist and interpretive views. Really, as noted, there are a number of means to an end. There are some fundamental questions that social scientists must answer that have been seminal questions
Curriculum The learning and skills sector (LSS) is an Essential part of educational development in the United Kingdom. For many years this educational program faltered and was not taken seriously. However in recent years Legislators in the UK have dedicated a great deal of time and resources to improving LSS. According to Maxwell (2009) The Learning and Skills Sector (LSS) in England is diverse, comprising further education (FE) colleges, sixth-form colleges, personal
Critical Thinking for Homeland Security Everyone navigates their way through the world using a set of preconceived ideas, stereotypes, notions and beliefs concerning how things work and how others will behave in any given situation. Not surprisingly, many people are surprised and even shocked to learn that some of the things they have firmly believed to be true all of their lives are inaccurate or even false. These frailties of the
The Shared Information Principle is also the most reliant on technologies, with the Human Resource Information Systems (HRIS) and communications technologies being the most crucial within this specific principle. The Principle of Knowledge Development The most strategically important aspect of any HPWS, this principle is where the greatest value is delivered to an enterprise. Knowledge Development is heavily dependent on the training aspects of an organization, including instruction in broad skills,
The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) which was previously called the National Crime Survey (NCS), has been collecting data on personal and household victimization since 1973. It is the primary source of information on the characteristics of criminal victimization and on the number and types of crimes not reported to law enforcement authorities. It provides the largest national forum for victims to describe the impact of crime and characteristics of
Business Plan for Health Care Informatics The purpose of this paper is to present a business plan for the implementation of syndromic surveillance system. The major sections of the business plan are: identification of the key objectives and scope of the project; the project life cycle, budget estimate, staff planning, and activity timeline; major risks and vulnerabilities of the project; success evaluation methods, and communication plan for the primary stakeholders. This
Oceanography Diurnal tides are the daily ones, and have a single high tide and low tide, respectively, each day. Semidiurnal tides have two high tides and low tides each lunar day, both of which are always at the same height. Mixed tides are when there's two high tides and two low tides, but the high tides are at different heights and the low tides are at different heights. Ocean depth and rotational