Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Essay:
Development of Policy Responses
The first step in the development of these policy strategies was to identify that a problem existed with childhood obesity and frame the problem so that it could brought to light and intervention strategies debated. While some of the framing of this issue may have been based upon misinformation, policymakers did attempt to frame the problem which is in line with the Australian policy development cycle. This initial framing is an example of how misinformation can lead to poor policy decisions. When looking at childhood obesity from a policy perspective it is imperative to understand the difference between obesity prevention and obesity treatment and this has often been confused in attempts to develop policies for the Australian people (O'Dea 2005).
The Australian policy cycle is comprised of stages including problem identification, analysis of policy options, policy instrument, consultation, coordination, decision, implementation, and evaluation. While this policy process seems sequential, it is important to note that there may be times when different aspects of the cycle need to be revisited or taken out of order. Where this policy response begins to veer away from the policy development cycle is in the manner in which implements and evaluates the success. Healthy Weight 2008 calls for the engagement of individual, family, community, and organizational stakeholders in the intervention development process as well as collaboration amongst stakeholder groups to ensure the best possible outcomes. However, the strategic plan does not see past its initial four-year phase and does not establish long-term planning or security such as funding streams or success reporting mechanisms. In order for any plan to be truly successful it must have built into it an evaluation process so that progress can be tracked and the plan can be changed to meet the needs of the individuals being serviced.
Key Stakeholders Influence on Policy Response
Stakeholders have played a significant role in the identification of childhood obesity as a problem in Australia as well as ensuring that steps are taken to provide effective intervention programs. These have included community stakeholders such as groups, schools, communities, organizations, sports clubs, and parents. Stakeholders were actively engaged in the policy response process and encouraged to see the mutual benefit that resolution to this epidemic could provide. Stakeholders were encouraged to engage in cross sector collaboration which helped to address the many causal possibilities associated with obesity and to recognize that many of these causes are not health related. This coupled with actions such as the healthy schools canteen program, which regulated what foods can be sold in the school environment, provided valuable motivation for the cultural and behavioral changes necessary to sustain long-term results.
Policy Responses and Evidential Underpinnings
The policy responses have encouraged a shift in focus from looking at obesity as an epidemic that needs to be blamed on something such as poor parenting skills or low socioeconomic status to focus on the views of potential participants in intervention programs (Heshketh et al. 2005). These viewpoints and consultations with engaged individuals has provided valuable evidence into the multi-faceted nature of this epidemic and has allowed for the introduction of multi-level responses so that all causal factors can be addressed resulting in behavioral change.
In Australia, the federal government continues to reject legislation or regulations of the food supply utilizing the argument that it is not the government's role to regulation individuals in this manner (Coveney 2008). Governmental efforts have instead focused on the recruitment of key stakeholders in scenarios like Healthy Weight 2008 who are then given the authority to engage individuals in group in their own self-regulation of individual health efforts (Coveney 2008).
Policy Implementation and Evaluation
While it is widely understood that in order to determine the sustainability of effective intervention programs, one must evaluate their effectiveness, program evaluation was not built into this policy response. While the last decade has shown significant progress in the establishment of best practice strategies and the beginning of prevention and management strategies, there is still a considerable amount of effort that will need to be expended before this issue will find resolution. While the identification of childhood obesity as a national priority has been phenomenal, the lack of action is a frustration
It is important to always look at the many levels of an issue and take into account the influences that can play a role in the development of a problem. This can include major life stage transitions such as childhood into youth and youth to adulthood as these may be significant factors in the search for effective intervention strategies. We can learn from the first stage of policy response and not lose sight of the importance of maintaining reducing childhood obesity as a public health goal. Therefore it will be important for attention to be paid to the development of more comprehensive policy responses that can address the scale and scope of the problem.
Further we have learned that basing interventions on misinformation will not lead to programs that can truly address the issue of obesity (O'Dea 2005). Therefore we can follow the recommendations of O'Dea (2005) who states that a health education approach that is based on solid research and theory is the only way to design, plan, and implement an effective strategy. Rather than utilizing research information to place blame for obesity we should utilize information about the barriers to healthy eating to inform program development and interventions (O'Dea 2005).
Childhood obesity is an epidemic that impacts a large portion of children throughout the world. There has been a great deal of controversy over what the cause of this phenomenon is and who should be blamed. Yet what we have learned is that there are many factors that influence childhood obesity and that rather than looking to place blame we should target programs and initiatives at the many levels and factors that are influencing our youth and their families today. Policy responses to this issue have set this in motion but further efforts will be needed to see these initiatives through as well as to evaluate their effectiveness.
Coveney, J. 2008. The government of girth. Health Sociology Review, 17, pp. 199-213.
De Silva, A.M., Bolton, K., Haby, M., Kremer, P., Gibbs, L., Waters, E., and Swimburn, B. 2010. Scaling up community-based obesity prevention in Australia: background and evaluation design of the Health Promoting Communities: Being Active Eating Well initiative. BMC Public Health, 10, pp. 65.
Henderson, J., Coveney, J., Ward, P., and Taylor, A. 2009. Governing childhood obesity: Framing regulation of fast food advertising in the Australian print media. Social Science & Medicine, 69(9), pp. 1402-08.
Hesketh, K., Waters, E., Green, J., Salmon, L., and Williams. 2005. Healthy eating, activity and obesity prevention: a qualitative study of parent and child perceptions in Australia. Health Promotion International, 20(1), pp. 19-26.
Margarey, A. 2008. Childhood obesity epidemic: further evidence but it's action that we need. Nutrition & Dietetics, 65(3), p190-91.
O'Dea, J.A. (2005). Prevention of childhood obesity: 'First do no harm.' Health Education Research, 20(2), pp. 259-65.
Story. M. And French, S. 2004. Food advertising and marketing directed at children in the U.S. Internaltional Journal of Behavior, Nutrition, and Physical Act, 10, 1-3.
Udell, T. And Mehta, K. 2008. When two sides go to war: newspaper reporting of 'television food advertising restrictions' as a solution to childhood obesity. Health, Risk & Society,…[continue]
"Childhood Obesity In Australia Childhood" (2010, September 05) Retrieved October 27, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/childhood-obesity-in-australia-8544
"Childhood Obesity In Australia Childhood" 05 September 2010. Web.27 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/childhood-obesity-in-australia-8544>
"Childhood Obesity In Australia Childhood", 05 September 2010, Accessed.27 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/childhood-obesity-in-australia-8544
The main question revolving around childhood obesity is "When does childhood obesity become a child endangerment issue?"(Alexander, 2009) Definitions of "neglect" and "medical neglect" (parental neglect of a child's medical needs) are not universally consistent. However, there are generalised concepts and standards that are expected of parents towards their child. Failure to meet these standards may legitimately be considered neglect. Clearly not all obese children are neglected -- indeed, parents
Childhood obesity is becoming prevalent with every passing day, almost uniformly in the developed parts of the world. This problem needs to be discussed on important forums so that substantial solutions can be sort for this issue as this is creating a lot of burden on the government as well as the parents of the children who become obese. Childhood obesity is defined as a condition in which the child has
S. is between $4.8 and $6.1 billion, as is suggested by the analysis presented in the first paragraph of this report, only 3.3% to 4.2% of these children would need to achieve a healthy weight to achieve the break-even point for the cost of the intervention. There is a significant limitation to this health promotion proposal. A moderate-sized study investigating the efficacy of the LEAP program revealed small, non-significant improvements in
During the study a number of factors were considered for the evaluation of the fact that females unlike males in Saudi Arabia constitute a larger proportion. Themes Lifestyle and dietary Adolescent boys and girls were studied for at least two weeks on their feeding habits, for this period, females were observed to consume more snacks than male in that males could only consume snacks once a fortnight unlike their female counterparts who
Obesity Prevention Marketing Plan Obesity Prevention Nonprofit Organizational Marketing Plan The primary purpose of this report is to help investors understand the need for a program which will help reduce obesity throughout the UK and then less developed countries in Eastern Europe. The problem is that the environment that many developed countries have created for themselves advances obesity without intending to. There is also the danger among less developed countries, that are beginning
Obesity n France/ChildhoodOrder Obesity in childhood in France Obesity is a global problem that affects people early on in childhood, and many children never learn about how important their dieting habits are and when they are constantly exposed to whatever they want to especially to the high contents of sugar in soft drinks. In France, there are many families who follow a well-balanced diet because of their parenting, preference, education, or whatever
Obesity is a serious social problem in America. The effects of obesity in childhood are well documented in both the social science literature and medical journals. During the last 30 years, the percentage of obese children between the ages of 6 and 11 has risen 200% while the percentage of obese children between 12 and 19 has tripled (CDC, Preventing Childhood Obesity, 2010). Obesity in the United States has increased