Christianity Compared to Hinduism Essay

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Christianity and Hinduism are among the major religions in the world. Christianity being one of the world tremendous religions has the largest number of followers. This is as a result of forces that accompanied the civilization of the western world, which has contributed a lot in terms of social and material hence, out doing other religions. Many people have attained highest levels of spiritual realization, faith and beatitude through the practice of Christianity. This has lead to self-evident work and teachings contributing to the understanding that God is unquestionable[footnoteRef:1]. Hinduism can also be associated with the Hindus civilization which spread throughout Asia and the rest of the world. It is from Hinduism that emerged the Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism. Many Hindus find themselves in a majority of Christian nations, Due to ever increasing need to migrate and this has lead to isolation of many Hindus from the existing communities, therefore; they do not have time and the chance to cultivate their skills and knowledge of Hinduism. Christianity and Hinduism have so many things in common as well as differences. The comparison of these two religions helps us to understand their beliefs in relation to what or who is divine, and its meaning as well as the implication to the human prayer or worship. Both religions believe in one Supreme God, who is invisible and can be passionately concerned with humankind[footnoteRef:2]. This means a lot to the prayer as well the worshiper, and they must show respect to him by praising him who is holy[footnoteRef:3]. This also shows the only and he protects all humans as well as the whole world, since he is the creator of the universe. They are also differences between the two religions based on certain beliefs and cultures. [1: Davies, A.P. The First Christian: A Study of St. Paul and Christian Origins. (New York: Farrar, Straus and Cudahy,1957), 99-105] [2: Davies, A.P. The First Christian: A Study of St. Paul and Christian Origins. (New York: Farrar, Straus and Cudahy,1957), 99-105] [3: ]

Introduction

Christianity and Hinduism are among the religions found in the world, with Hinduism being the oldest (Davies 99-105). The histories of Hinduism dates back about 6000 years ago, and still exist. This religion has mostly evident in India where it remains the majority religion. The social, cultural and spiritual as well as linguistics influences have widely spread across the world. Hinduism has great to other religions such as Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism (O'Flaherty 20-59). Hinduism as a religion does not have a clear ways on how it's emerged and therefore, it's difficult to define Hinduism but in most cases it is referred to a way of life or a family of religion.

Christian tradition can be said to be a collection of beliefs associated with Christianity. They are different groups of Christianity which includes; the Catholics, Orthodox and Protestants (Davies 99-105). Christianity can be seen as way of life aiming at worshiping one God as shown to the world by Jesus. In other words we can say that Judaism gave rise to Christianity which is the world's tremendous religion, and has the largest number of followers. Through Christianity, many people have gained high levels of spiritual realization, faith as well as beatitudes.

They are differences between Christianity and Hinduism when it comes to their traditions, and they are similarities that exist between the two religions (Wolfe 150-167). This helps in understanding the two religions as well as those involved in worship and prayers. The comparison and the similarities can be seen in terms of who or what is divine to this two religions and the impact of the divine power to those involved in worshiping or praying.

Comparison

Christianity believes in one living, and true God, personal but with no body parts or passions, has divine power and is everlasting. God is the creator and protects all things both invisible as well as the visible. God is separate from the world and is greatly concerned with the human (Davies 99-105). There are three persons; the father, the son and the Holy Spirit making the trinity. God is seen as ultimate reality, unconditional and knowable through self-revelation. Christianity was founded by Jesus Christ and the Bible is the holy book which contains infallible word of God that binds all Christians. They see the universe as God's creation which will be recreated and occupied by those who are Holy, as people are living in the last days.

Hinduism believes in one Supreme Being called Brahman. He cannot be described by words and one who omnipresence meaning that he fills every part of the world[footnoteRef:4]. Brahman is the ultimate reality, indefinable, impersonal and unknowable (O'Flaherty 20-59). In Hinduism, they are also the Trinity or Three-in -- one -- God. They include; Brahman, Vishna, and Shiva. Hinduism has no founder, and they are no single scripture that bind all Hindus, but the Vedas can often be used (O'Flaherty 20-59). Hindus understand the creation of the universe as periodically created and recreated. They also believe that life in the universe has four cycles (Yugic), and that people in their final cycle the Kali Yuga (Wolfe 150-167). [4: O'Flaherty, W.D. The Rig Veda: An Anthology. ( London: Penguin Books 1981), 20-59Schaefer, Jame. "Appreciating the Beauty of the Earth," Theological Studies 62: 1 (March 2001): 23-52.]

Differences

Christians understands God the father of the universe and the entire humankind. God has divine power to control all what happens on the universe. In Christian world God does not have any wife neither do the three persons in the trinity have wives (Wolfe 150-167). This means that God is the sole creator and the entire human are accountable to him only, and people praise, worship and pray to unto him. In contrast to Hinduism, where the three in one God have wives; Brahma the creator has a wife the name Sarasvati who is the Goddess of learning and the arts, Vishnu the sustainer has a wife by the name Lakshmi as well as Shaki the personification of mother nature is the wife to Shiva the destroyer (O'Flaherty 20-59). The other difference can be seen in relation to the scripture which can be used in governing all the followers. In Christianity they use The Holy bible while the Hindus use a number of Vedas (O'Flaherty 20-59).

Implication of the differences and similarities to the human prayer and worship

The similarities in this case indicate that people from both religions have to worship there God. Since, they are the Supreme Being and have power over everything in the universe[footnoteRef:5]. This means a lot to the human prayer and those who worship because God has the control over the entire human beings[footnoteRef:6]. That is all the worshipers praise and prays to God and can gain high levels of spiritual, faith and beatitudes. [5: Michael K. Wilson www.facetofaceintercultural.com.au July 2007O'Flaherty, W.D. The Rig Veda: An Anthology. ( London: Penguin Books 1981), 20-59Schaefer, Jame. "Appreciating the Beauty of the Earth," Theological Studies 62: 1 (March 2001): 23-52.] [6: ]

The differences also ensure different motives and aim of praying and worshiping. In Christianity people are created to glorify God and sever him forever and involve transformation of people into likeness of God. They use the bible as the holy book which contains the word of God that governs all Christians in their ways of praying and worship. But in Hinduism people are created to gain pleasure, economic gains, liberation as well act in accordance with the Dharma (O'Flaherty 20-59). In Hindus, they are no single scripture that bind all Hindus, but the Vedas can often be used and includes Rig Veda. Meaning that worshiper can be governed by different teaching from the Vedas (O'Flaherty 20-59). These scriptures guide the prayers and worshipers, and both the Gods and…[continue]

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