Cirrohsis Liver Disease Cirrhosis When Term Paper

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Based on etiologic differences, male-to-female ratio is 1.5-3:1. Primary biliary cirrhosis accounting for only 1.5% of deaths from cirrhosis is mostly found in females and ethanol-related cirrhosis is greatly found in males. Age-specific death rates in the United States tend to be greatest in the older age groups, topping at 49 per 100,000 males aged from 65-74 years and at 26.7 per 100,000 women of the age group from 75-84 years. (Cirrhosis: (www.emedicine.com)

Diagnosis and Imaging Modalities:

Ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and angiography are suggested as imaging modalities for the diagnosis of liver cirrhosis. In cases of patients doubtful for diffuse liver disease, ultrasound of the liver is being used as a screening-imaging tool and it is useful in for follow-up examinations. In order to make the presence of liver disease to be clear, computed tomography is usually carried out and it is detected by ultrasound. Against this background, extrahepatic situation and precise assessment of the vascular structures of the liver are necessary. Making use of contrast-enhanced MR imaging along with liver specific contrast media, the diagnosis of diffuse liver disease and categorization of morphologic variations is being enhanced. Complete assessment of cirrhosis is possible with combined magnetic resonance imaging. (Hammersting; Schwarz; Schmitt; Faust; Dietrich; Zeuzem; Vogl, p. 852)

With this, a superior detection rate and categorization of regenerating nodules can be attained in comparison to imaging modalities like ultrasound and computed tomography. Using un-enhanced and liver-specific-contrast-enhanced sequence protocols, MR imaging can be carried out as a single technique to assess the liver parenchyma. Also, MR cholangiography is used to confirm the bile duct system, and MR angiography is used to identify the vascular situation. This technique is the best protocol for diagnostic imaging in patients who are suffering from liver cirrhosis and the method of choice to arrive at the final diagnosis. (Hammersting; Schwarz; Schmitt; Faust; Dietrich; Zeuzem; Vogl, p. 852)

Treatment:

Treatment for cirrhosis is aimed at averting additional liver damage and at managing the complications of cirrhosis. The following are the treatment methods to be adopted. Alcohol and wrong medications are to be ended. Upper endoscopy with banding or sclerosis is to be used for treating bleeding varices. Surplus abdominal fluid is treated with the help of diuretics, fluid and salt restriction, and removal of fluid. Vitamin K or blood products are used for treating Coagulopathy. Encephalopathy is treated with the help of the medication lactulose and sometimes antibiotics are used and patients should keep away from a diet, which is high in protein. Antibiotics are used to treat infections and finally, a liver transplant should be thought about if cirrhosis advances and becomes grave. (Cirrhosis Treatment)

Conclusions:

To conclude cirrhosis is a liver disease or liver damage. The most prominent cause for this disease is excessive drinking. Unfortunately, no symptoms exist for cirrhosis in its early stage. Cirrhosis cannot be fully cured. It can only be managed or further growth of cirrhosis can be averted by treatments. Hence, it is important to prevent cirrhosis.

Diagrams of the Liver:

a) Digestive system organs:

Retrieved from Digestive System Organs) b) Liver cirrhosis, CT scan

Retrieved from Liver cirrhosis, CT scan)

References

Cirrhosis. Retrieved October 7, 2005, from the World Wide Web http://www.gutdoc.org/Cirrohis.htm

Cirrhosis. Retrieved October 7, 2005, from the World Wide Web http://www.healthcentral.com/ency/408/000255.html

Cirrhosis Treatment. Retrieved October 7, 2005, from the World Wide Web http://health.allrefer.com/health/cirrhosis-treatment.html

Digestive System Organs. Retrieved October 7, 2005, from the World Wide Web http://www.healthcentral.com/ency/408/ImagePages/8710.html

Hammersting, R.M; Schwarz, W.V; Schmitt, E; Faust, D; Dietrich, C; Zeuzem, S; Vogl, T.J. 2001. Diagnostic imaging in liver cirrhosis. Radiologe. Vol: 41; No: 10; pp: 852-67. Retrieved October 7, 2005, from the World Wide Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=11715576&dopt=Abstract

Healthy Steps for Healthy Men. Retrieved October 7, 2005, from the World Wide Web: http://www.uaex.edu/healthy_steps/mens_health/healthy_steps_healthy_men.htm

Liver cirrhosis, CT scan. Retrieved October 7, 2005, from the World Wide Web: http://www.healthcentral.com/ency/408/ImagePages/1176.html

Taylor, Carroline. R. Cirrhosis. 2004. Retrieved October 7, 2005, from the World Wide Web http://www.emedicine.com/radio/topic175.htm[continue]

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