Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Essay:
Competency of Offender
Evaluating an individuals competence to stand trial can become a daunting task when hideous crimes have been committed. From a forensic psychologist's point-of-view, complete unbiased, non-judgmental, and purely scientific fact must be considered when providing such an evaluation (Greene & Heilbrun, 2011). In the given case, many things are to be taken into consideration before being able to fully judge the extent of the disturbance in the offenders state of mind.
In order to make a complete judgment about the offender's competency to stand trial, there are a couple of things that I would like to ask him or know more about in order to make a better decision about the issue. I would want to know what his actions were a couple of weeks or days before he committed his crimes. This would give me an idea of how he was behaving before committing the crimes, and if he was showing any signs of vulnerability and/or any signs that could have tipped someone off in order to avoided the crime in the first place. I would also want to know how other people who knew him would describe him, as that would give me insight into how he was as an interactive person. Given that the crime was committed toward his parents, I would be immensely interested in how his relationship was with his parents. Regardless of his state of mind during the actual crime, knowing what and how his relationship with his parents were before, would give some insight into why the crime was committed and how much influence the actual mental illness had on murdering them. I would also want to know whether he had thoughts of violence against his parents before because that could be an indication of premeditated murder, which could invalidate his instability to stand trial (Kapardis, 2010). But most of all, I would want to know why he stopped taking his medication. Was it something that he personally chose to do, or was it because even while taking his medication he was already symptomatic. Knowing why he stopped taking the medication could say a lot about his previous and current state of mind (Ewing & McCann, 2006).
There are quite a few people that I would want to interview as collateral contact. In order to provide a complete picture of who this person really was, I would need to know just about everything about him. His past actions, and his previous behaviors will give a picture into the type of individual that he was, and how and why it got to the point where he eventually murdered his parents (Ewing & McCann, 2006). This evaluation of other's perspective will allow me to determine whether he could be prone to violence in the future. Given that he had a pretty extensive mental health history at such a young age, I would want to know as much about him as I could. Since he lived at home with his parents and was most likely home all the time given his illness and schizophrenic state, I would want to interview his neighbors. If he was the type of individual to want to stay home, then his neighbors would probably be the people who would be most likely to see him. There is no mention of any outside family members, such as aunts, uncles, cousins, or even grandparents, but if there were any who had contact with him, I would like to interview them since they lived outside the household, but could probably say something about him from a family perspective and from people who saw him grow up and knew how he was before he was diagnosed with schizophrenia. Knowing about his past and his family history could give a clearer view into how he became to be who he became to be (Zapf & Roesch, 2009). These interviews would be giving an even clearer picture to how he could actually be given the proper medication and the adequate treatment he needs to come out of his hallucinogenic and delusional state of mind.
Taking the previously mentioned features would give me a clearer picture to determine competency to stand trial. Going from the direct information given, it can be difficult to analyze and determine whether he is competent enough to withstand a trial. He needs to know what it is that occurred, and even if he does know what occurred, he needs to fully understand how grave his actions were (Elkins, 2010). He needs to fully comprehend that he did not just get rid of a delusion or a hallucination, but he actually killed his parents. In order to apply a complete evaluation and diagnosis into the situation, everything needs to be taken into consideration (Zapf & Roesch, 2009). It is my personal evaluative decision that he is indeed not competent enough to stand a fair trial. There have been many factors that were involved in arriving at this decision. First off, he was in a complete delusional and hallucinogenic state. He was unaware of his surroundings and the true identity of his parents, his victims. This gives him the sense that he could have been committing crimes as a form of self-defense because he honestly thought that his safety was at risk. Beginning at a relatively young age, he was delusional and had delusional thoughts, so it can be assumed that given his pattern he will be most likely to repeat his actions and his delusions will continue.
In order to arrive at this conclusion I would first ask him if he was aware of everything that had occurred. He needs to fully comprehend the extent of the damage that was done by his actions, and first of all needs to even know what his actions were to even begin to analyze whether he full understood what was occurring (Zapf & Roesch, 2009). I would also want to know if anything was purposely premeditated. Premeditation means that there was some comprehensive thought that went into murdering his parents and therefore needs to be discussed fully before proceeding any further (Elkins, 2010). I would also ask him why he had stopped taking his antipsychotic drugs. As aforementioned, him not taking his psychotropic medications made him more vulnerable to his illness and therefore lead him to murdering his parents. Had he been on the medication, there would have probably been a different outcome, although admittedly, that is an assumption as I do not know what actual role the medication played in all this. But getting to the root of the issue, as to why he had actually stopped taking the medication, I would be able to fully comprehend what lead him to commit the crime, and even more so, if he is competent to stand trial. In needs to be noted however, that assigning him with incompetence to stand trial does not necessarily release him of the crime of murdering his parents, it does not by any measure declare him criminally insane, but it does mean that more careful measures need to be taken in order to fully restore his mental state to one in which he will fully comprehend his irreversible actions and the severity of his crime (Zapf & Roesch, 2009). The medication situation will also help me fully determine whether he was already having his delusional and hallucinatory problems while he was on his medication, leading to a better treatment plan in order to restore him back to a position of being able to finally understand his actions and the consequences associated with them, and finally be able to get a fair trial.
Given that he has committed violent crimes in the past that eventually led to the murdering of his parents, I would say that he is a violent individual…[continue]
"Competency Of Offender Evaluating An Individuals Competence" (2011, August 09) Retrieved October 22, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/competency-of-offender-evaluating-an-individuals-51759
"Competency Of Offender Evaluating An Individuals Competence" 09 August 2011. Web.22 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/competency-of-offender-evaluating-an-individuals-51759>
"Competency Of Offender Evaluating An Individuals Competence", 09 August 2011, Accessed.22 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/competency-of-offender-evaluating-an-individuals-51759
The 22-item clinical instrument that resulted -- the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool - Criminal Adjudication (MacCAT-CA) -- was field-tested on a sample of 107 criminal defendants in a jail and in a forensic hospital in Virginia and found to possess psychometric integrity. The MacCAT-CA is now available for clinical use (Various, 2005). Current Usage Research on the adjudicative competence of juvenile offenders, conducted by the MacArthur Program on Adolescent Development and Juvenile
Couples were surveyed again at six-month intervals for a total of six assessments, and were offered a small stipend for their participation. Measures included marital satisfaction, which was controlled for in the current research. To measure marital satisfaction, the Semantic Differential was used. The Semantic Differential uses a 7-point scale to rate perceptions of the marriage. Physical aggression was measured with the Violence subscale of Form N. Of the Conflict
This makes her angry and she probably tends to isolate the mother. The mother understands the rejection thus becoming angry with the daughter. All communication is interrupted and the relationship is maintained at an artificial level. Returning to the father figure, the desperate actions through which he tries to impose and demonstrate his power are directed more at himself than at the ones he harms. The truth is that he
(1999) which are: 1) Those with serious mental illnesses such as schizophrenia, bi-polar disorder with major depression and who use alcohol and drugs to self-mediate to cope with the symptoms; and 2) Those with borderline personality and anti-social personality disorders including anxiety disorder that is complicated by use of alcohol and illicit drugs. (Mather et al. 1999) Presenting further difficulty is the establishment of problems with alcohol and illicit drug use
Diversity and Psychology There were two major developments that influenced the field of psychology and the professions' views regarding multicultural competence, emphasized in 2003. The American Psychological Associations' 2002 Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct and the Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice and Organizational Change for Psychologists published in 2003 both stressed the importance of moving from a mono-cultural school of thought to a multicultural perspective and that these
For example, they should be required to complete at least 20 hours of training on brain disorders. It is ideal if consumers and family members become part of the activity and process. It must also be emphasized that, in most cases, dangerous or violent acts committed by persons with these brain disorders are the consequence of neglect, inappropriate or inadequate treatment of their illness (NAMI). The Alliance also contends that
Correctional Psychology Duties of a Correctional Psychologist An increasing rate of violation of crimes characterizes the current global environment. Different forms of violence and aggression, including drug trafficking and abuse, robbery, and rape cases among other forms of violence necessitates the need for analyzing the roles of a correctional psychologist. The special roles played by the correctional psychologists such as providing environments that improve the safety of the staff and inmates, psychological