Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design Term Paper

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Project Timeline

Finalize all preliminary building design element and prepare for submission to the City Planning Division, Aviation Division, and Mayor's Office

Schedule an informational meeting for all stakeholders to unveil the plans

Due date to submit commentary on the new designs and to provide any suggestions or concerns

Meet with key stakeholders to discuss results of public hearing and submissions. Discuss these changes and decide what to do with them.

Submit designs for approval to licensing and permits entities

Complete any necessary changes and re-submit until final approval is achieved

Complete revision and draft final version of plans

January 15, 2010

Final design approval by all stakeholders.

January 30, 2010

Complete scheduling of phases of project

February 15, 2010

Send out call for bids and proposals to needed contractors

April 15, 2010

Choose contractors from proposals submitted

April 30, 2010

Notify selected contractors of their status and award

March 15, 2010

Schedule contractor meeting to begin work on project

April 1, 2010

Begin work on first phases of project

January 1, 2013

All phases of project complete

Project Implementation

An airport redesign project is complicated from an implementation standpoint. It is not feasible of shut down the entire terminal while the project is being completed. The project must maintain public safety and restrict access to construction areas. It must provide assurance that employees, passengers and others will not be harmed by environmental hazards inherent in construction projects, such as excessive noise or dust. The project cannot create a security risk or jeopardize the ability to shops to conduct business. The project must meet conflicting needs of many different entities.

In order to meet the needs of these various entities, a phased approach is the most effective means to achieve the goals of everyone involved. This no guarantee that the project will not create difficulty for some at various stages, but it will ensure that steps have been taken to minimize the impact of these inconveniences. It is important to gain the support of various shareholders to ensure that they are in support of the project. This will make them more tolerant of minor inconveniences than they would be if none of these measures were taken.

In many projects, the entire implementation phase can be divided into several large pieces. However, due to the size and needs of this project, the work will have to be divided into major phases, and these phases will have to be further divided into smaller chunks of work. This method of project management will help to ensure that the airport will remain open and functional as the building redesign is being implemented. This method will create the greatest potential for smooth operations, and an assurance that inconveniences will be short-lived and minor.

Public safety and security will remain at the top of the list in the implementation phase of the redesign process. Contractors chosen will have to submit a plan with their bids detailing how they intend to maintain public safety during all phases of their portion of the project. They will be responsible for coordinating with other contractors and the primary General contractor to ensure that these needs are being met. The reputation and plan for maintaining public safety will play a major role in the selection of contractors for various phases of the operation.

Another major concern is the ability to allow shops to maintain business as usual during the implementation phase. There may be times when a shop may have to move operations or cease for a short time during the implementation phase. It is the goal to minimize these disturbances as much as possible. This will take a coordinated effort between the merchants and construction staff.

It is impossible to provide a detailed plan for an entire project with this large of a scope. The details cannot be determined until the final plan has been submitted and approved. It will be the job of the General contractor and project engineers to determine the details of the construction phases. There are simply too many logistical considerations that cannot be worked out until the final design is complete.

The implementation of the building redesign must not interfere with existing checkpoint operations and must not restrict access for these personnel. The worst case scenario would be for construction to create a security hole that would allow terrorists to breech and conduct activities. The ability to maintain current security operations is a key element to the success of this project. Additional security cameras, mirrors, and extra guards may need to be posted during the construction phase of the project to ensure that current safety standards are being met and exceeded.

In general, the project will be divided into five major phases. The first phase will involve getting the major building systems and components in place. The final four phases will involve dividing the atrium, before the checkpoint into four different areas. The building will be divided into four quadrants, with each quadrant representing the focus of a different construction phase. Each phase will be closed out and completely reopened for business before the next phase begins. This will allow the other three quadrants to remain completely functional during that phase of the project.

This phased construction process will allow the building to remain at ae operating capacity. The normal volume of the building is a key reason for this approach to the building design. The building must be able to maintain operations to the maximum extent possible. However, it is impossible to eliminate every inconvenience in a project this large. A scale model of the final design and the importance of the project will be on display in the atrium for guests to view. This will help to maintain good project relations throughout the entire process. The public will be informed through signs posted throughout the airport of the major changes that will take place throughout the implementation process. Increased public security will be highlighted in information about the campaign.

Post-Project Measurement and Monitoring

The goal of the atrium redesign of the Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport is to incorporate design elements of CPTED into the new design process. The ultimate goal is to improve pre-check point safety for employees, the general public and shop owners. In order to make certain that the project meets its goals in this area, it will be necessary to devise a plan for measurement of these goals after completion of the project.

The most direct measurement technique would entail a quantitative assessment of reported crimes in the atrium area. This measurement technique would compare crime prior to the redesign to that after the project is complete. This measurement technique would involve examining actual records and using regression analysis to monitor crime rates in that occur in the atrium area. When a crime is reported to airport security, the reporting officer must carefully record all details of the crime that are available, including where the crime took place and how the criminal got away. This information is already available from the security office database and will provide an excellent source of data that will provide quantifiable results.

Quantitative monitoring of criminal activity in the atrium area will be an ongoing monitoring process. Computer software will be purchased to help aid in this task. Keeping track of major tends will be continual and will extend indefinitely into the future. Formal monitoring of crime statistics will become a part of daily operations and will become an integral part of the planning process. Quantitative monitoring of crime statistics that occur in the atrium area will provide the security force with a view of crime trends so that they can take preventative steps as needed.

Quantitative monitoring of crime patterns is the most direct and reliable means to monitor the new CPTED building design. However, airport security also has a qualitative element to it as well. It is important that employees and passengers feel safe within the confines of the airport. These entities are not always aware of the crime statistics, but they know when they feel safe and when they do not. If passengers do not feel safe, then they may choose not to use the airport. Customer surveys will be conducted on a yearly basis for five years after implementation of the new building design. This will allow researchers to examine the impact of the new building design on the customers. This will not carry as much weight as the quantitative assessment of crime in the atrium area, but it will complement the information obtained by these means.

The atrium redesign of the Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport is complex and there are many stakeholders to be considered. Security and safety of the passengers and crew are key concerns for airport terminals. Terrorists and major threats to life have been the primary focus of new security measures. However, major terrorist activities are not the only threat to public safety in these crowded public areas. Crimes such…[continue]

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