On the other hand, his wife said that they dated for about nine months and then were engaged for about a year before they got married. There was some discrepancy in the Personal and Progress notes of Mr. W pertaining to the involvement of Mr. W in women during his time in high school, however, which does not have much role to play in this case. Mr. W claimed that the reason why he and his wife got divorced was because she was a very dominating woman and she had all the control in their relationship. He also said that she would spend luxuriously and would pressurize him to make more money. Later, he also made a claim that he thinks that he was under a lot of pressure to make a lot of money and that is one of the reasons why he had to indulge in criminal activities. On the other hand, his ex-wife said that she did spend with a free hand but it was only because he said that he was earning more than 200,000 dollars every month. Moreover, she went on to say that if he had told her that he was not earning as much, she would have helped him and looked up for a job for herself. His mother claimed that his ex-wife was an extremely nice person. On the other hand, it was also found out that one of the children of Mr. W takes medication because he suffers from Attention Deficit Disorder.
Now we shall give a general account of the criminal activity of Mr. W and try to make an analysis about the criminal behavior of Mr. W. As written in his self-report and the two Guilty Plea Memoranda, it has been revealed that he was involved in many white-collar crimes over a period of two years. As a professional in the department of tax and also because he was an attorney, he had the special knowledge and skills that put him in positions with great responsibility and power and where he also had the power to endanger the rights and trust of the people. He used his position and power to commit many fraudulent acts. In the beginning, he was successful in deceiving his individual clients through many means that included false settlement contracts, agreements, lawsuits and real estate investment schemes. These were his activities that resulted in a brief imprisonment in a set up that is a federal correctional facility and likewise a small period of time on house arrest. Finally, the clients of Mr. W got suspicious and began to ask for their money that they had paid. When he felt the pressure of these obligations, he then started deceiving IRS, so that he could produce fake tax credit schemes and offer people fraudulent business loans, engaged in massive money laundering schemes along with business associated and forged judicial signatures.
In his personal interview, he said that he knew what was wrong and what was right but he had to keep deceiving the people because he expected every next deal to be bigger than the previous one and so he thought he could settle what he had done wrong. However, this was not the case and he continued deceiving people and kept on committing white-collar crimes.
It has been proved that he was going through a mental state in which he was feeling extremely depressed, probably because he knew what he was doing was wrong. He also attended counseling sessions with his wife and it was also told that he was on anti-depressant medication. Therefore, it can be said that he does deserve a lower sentence; however there is no denial in the fact that he did commit white-collar crime and thus he is a criminal.
Case 3: Sexual Offender
This case is about a 24-year-old guy, John D., who was a Caucasian and was sentenced for a case of sexual battery. The theoretical approach that is applicable in this case is that if young children are molested early in their childhood, then chances are high that they would indulge in some kind of inappropriate behavior in the future because they are so frustrated and they feel the need to take out this frustration. Moreover, another theory that is also applicable in this case is that when children are born to unwed, divorced or separated parents, they have a tendency to indulge in offensive behavior when they grow (Marshall et. al, 1991).
The need for the psychological and psychiatric evaluation of this guy was important because he had a very extensive psychiatric history to present. He reported in the personal interview that he was born to unwed parents. He said that the way his mother acted towards him was very inappropriate. He said every time she hugged or kissed him, it was very long and it always made him feel uncomfortable. He said that he hated and loved his mother at the same time but he does not think he had any sexual fantasies with his mother. Moreover, he also said that his mother's inappropriate behavior became even more intense when his father passed away, when he was nine years old. He claimed that his mother started calling him "Daddy" and every time that she would come to kiss him a goodnight, she would always stick her tongue out. Furthermore, he said that he moved in with his maternal grandparents because of the way his mother used to act around him. However, the situation at his grandparent's house was not very different. He claimed that his grandmother practiced a rather intrusive behavior and would always walk in on him every time he would be changing his underwear or would be in the bathroom. These were some of the reasons why he felt extremely angry and frustrated and he did not know what to do about it.
Then he also mentioned that he loved school because this was the place where he felt somewhat relieved from the frustration. He said that he was best friends with a guy with whom he thought he was infatuated. He also claimed that his friend was not aware of this infatuation. Furthermore, he also explained that he had a habit of playing with feet of guys ever since he was a little child. John felt the need for attention and this is one of the main reasons why he also lied to his friends and colleagues at high school and college that he had Huntington's disease. He said he told people this lie so that they could feel sorry for him. John said that every time he told someone that, people would hug him and that made him feel extremely good. After completing his high school, he went to college. However, he dropped out while he was still a sophomore because he started taking drugs. He also had to go to a rehabilitation center because of his dependence of drugs. When he was convicted for his offence, he was already on anti-depressant medication because he has found to be suffering from severe depression.
When an analysis is made on people who commit offenses to label them as criminals, there several factors that need to be taken in consideration. In this particular case, I believe that this guy is not a criminal but is just suffering from some psychiatric problems since his childhood. He has had a bitter past due which he has become extremely frustrated and thus has committed some offences. It cannot be said that whether or not he will be given any sort of lower sentence for what he has been convicted, but one thing is for sure and that is that he cannot be completely blamed for his offensive actions.
Every criminal, from the very beginning, has some kind of personality characteristics that can be identified. It is important for the forensic specialists to carry out psychological and psychiatric evaluation to make sure that there are no other factors involved behind the actions of these people (Anastasi, 1998).
American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law. (1995). Ethical guidelines for the practice of forensic psychiatry. Greenfield, CT: Author.
American Psychological Association. (1992). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct.American Psychologist, 47.
Anastasi, a. (1988). Psychological testing (6th ed.). New York: Macmillan.
Marshall, W.L., Jones, R., Ward, T., Johnston, P. & Bambaree, H.E. (1991). Treatment of sex offenders.Clinical…