Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Essay:
Designing a Safety System
Safety management system is a management policy to prevent or minimize injury within a workplace. Top organizations across the United States are increasingly investing in safety management because of the general believe that safety is central precondition to market competitiveness and "an integral part of high quality business operations." (Tervonen, Haapasalo, & Niemela, 2009 P. 17). Safety is defined as a state where all the business related risks are managed at acceptable level. Typically, safety management is a management policy used to protect workers from undetermined accidents. Safety management is very similar to corporate safety where corporate safety is a holistic management strategy to protect an organization as a whole against accidents, misuse, harm and crime.
Objective of this project is to design safety management system for Hobart Brothers Co. To design safety management system for the company, the paper provides essential components that could prevent accidents and injury within the organization.
Hobart Brothers Co is a manufacturing company specializing in manufacturing of Metal Cored Wire, Solid Wires Stainless, Stick Electrodes, Hardfacing, Submerged Arc, welding wire and airplane ground power equipment. Within the last few years, the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) announced that the company violated the 55 safety and health worker safety rules. The company violated safety rules that include inadequate fall protection, lockout/tagout programs, noise sampling and safety rule violations. Proposed penalties on the company totaled $174,600. (U.S. Department of Labor, 2012).
Identification and Discussion of Components that could Influence Injury
Several components could influence injury within an organization some of the components are as follows:
Failure to provide worker with protective equipment: This component could influence injury within an organization. An organization such as Hobart Brothers Co where workers are dealing with heavy metal needs to provide protective equipment for workers to protect workers from injury. If workers do not wear protective equipment, and if heavy metals fall on them, the issue may lead to workers' injury.
Failure to develop and implement procedure to control hazardous energy: Lack of procedure to control hazardous substances could lead to injury, which could ultimately affect the health and safety of workers. Hazardous substances could affect the worker's eyes, which could ultimately make worker to fall. Moreover, Hobart Brothers Co has been accused of failing to guard machine as well as failing to provide fall protection for workers required to be working on the oven. The issue may cause a serious injury to workers working on top of the oven. In case of accidentally fall, workers may fall on the oven, which may cause serious injury to workers. Moreover, employees working at the drawbench machine have not been informed about the hazard relating to chemical use in the company. Thus, employees are exposed to chemical and hazardous injuries, which include eyes and skin irritant. Being exposed to chemical could lead to skin burn and may ultimately lead to serious injury. (U.S. Department of Labor, 2012).
Other components that could lead to injury within the company are:
Keeping existing door unlocked
Failing to implement adequate tagout or lockout procedure,
Failing to provide training for workers on hazardous energy source.
According to data from the U.S. OSHA, the Hobart Brother Co injury rates were more than the national average. The company injury rate was 5.9% per 100 workers in 2008 and increased to 6% in 2009. However, the national average injury rate was 3.9% in 2008 and 3.6% in 2009. The paper discusses the risk, hazard and accident to enhance greater understanding on their harm to workers and business.
Outlining and Definition of Risk, Hazard and Accident
A risk is a likelihood of harm being done to an individual, and the harm is a negative health and safety consequences. Hazard is anything that could cause harm within a workplace. Typically, work material, work method & practice and equipment could cause harm in a workplace. Hazards can arise from:
the work environment,
the use of substances machinery, poor work design,
Inappropriate systems & procedures.
Common agents that could cause hazard in a workplace are as follows:
Physical agents, which include:
Physical hazards include:
Among activities that could cause risks, hazard and accidents in a workplace are:
Falling from high places at workplace,
Slips and trips
Struck by a falling object,
Moving heaving loads,
Bad working position in a confined place.
Struck by workplace vehicles,
Injuries from hand tools,
Inhalation of chemical,
Exposure to a dangerous chemical materials,
Work near oven or hot water,
Expose to radiation,
Vibrating machinery or vibration from tools.
Identification of Resources needed to Address Safe Practice in Relation to this Hazard
Several resources needed to enhance safe practice in relation to hazard. Some of these resources are as follows:
Administrative controls which include employee rotation.
Special procedures plans or permit that includes:
Confined space permit
Energized electrical permit and work plan
Personal Protective Equipment for body that include:
Body (FR clothing)
Fall Protection harness.
Personal Protective Equipment for hand that include:
Electrically rated gloves
Chemically resistant gloves which include Nitrile, Vinyl, Butyl rubber, Silver shield
Personal Protective Equipment for eye that include:
Personal Protective Equipment for foot such as:
Personal Protective Equipment for face such as:
Impact face shield
UV/Heat face hood or shield
Chemical splash face shield
Personal Protective Equipment for head such as:
Arc rated hood
Aerial Personnel Powered/lift platform training
Asbestos 8-hour training for specific material
Hoist or Lift & Crane Training
Aerial Personnel lift/Powered
Confined Space Awareness
Confined Space Entry
Blood Borne Pathogen
Fall Prevention and Ladder Safety (University of Washington, 2012).
Propose a Possible Management Plan
Management should take a step to eliminate or control hazard within a workplace to ensure employee's safety and well-being. Regulation pertaining to Occupational Health and Safety of 2001 states that an employer must take appropriate steps to eliminate any foreseeable risks within a workplace. ( Honkasalo, 2000). Management could deal with hazard by:
eliminating the hazard change the material or equipment or materials change work methods
Using PPE (personal protection equipment).
Management plan that this paper suggest for Hobart Brothers Co is as follows:
First, Hobart Brothers Co management should make a thorough investigation and identify all the hazards in the workplace. There are number of ways to identify the hazards in the workplace and these include:
workplace inspections, consultation between employers and employees, monitoring illness and injury records environment and health monitoring recording complaints
Observation. (New South Wales Government, 2012).
After the identification of hazards, the next step is to carry out the risk assessment to determine the priority of hazard and identify the hazards that are likely to cause injury to workers. The risk assessment determines the likelihood occurrence of hazard and could be categorized as follows:
Very likely- Hazard that could happen any time,
Likely- could happen sometime,
Unlikely- Rarely happen
Very unlikely- It may happen, however, probably never happen.
The next step is to rate the identified hazard using risk assessment matrix with a scale of 1 to 6 as follows:
1 is high risk
6 is low risk
Management should implement effective control on the risks falling on high risks than those falling on low risks.
The next step is to implement effective method to control the hazards within the workplace and the techniques to use include:
substitute the system of machinery or work with something safer;
Minimizing the risk and hazard by introducing engineering controls such as Scaffolding, guard rail,
Minimizing the risk by implementing administrative controls such as safe work practices, warning signs, training and job rotation.
Use of personal protective equipment, which include safety glasses, and earmuffs.
To enhance effective control measures, management should use a combination of above named controls to minimize the risks to the lowest level.
Since Hobart Brothers Co is a company dealing with engineering jobs, the company should implement engineering controls, which include:
Design: The Company should design new safe material and equipment. The workplace environment should be planned to enhance safe workplace.
Remove the hazardous material from the workplace or substitute the hazardous material to less hazardous materials, substances or equipment.
Enclose or isolate the hazards materials with remote handling technique or the use of guard.
Provision of effective ventilation using general exhaust ventilation systems. (Azadeh, 2000).
More importantly, the company needs to implement administrative procedures, which include:
job rotation to reduce exposure hazard or boredom, housekeeping procedures and routine maintenance
Implement employee training to correct work procedures.
The company should provide a PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) and deliver worker's training on the procedure to use the equipment.
The company should provide the appropriate work environment that should minimize hazard:…[continue]
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