Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Research Paper:
Discriminatory Treatment of Women in Public Safety
Women can face gender discrimination in public safety on a number of different fronts. They can face job discrimination in workplaces that are related to public safety, such as police departments, fire departments, and emergency medical work units. They can also face discrimination as crime victims. Finally, they can face discrimination as perpetrators; being treated unfairly due to their gender. This research will focus on how women face discrimination as crime victims, specifically as victims of gender-based crimes. Domestic violence and sexual assault are primary public safety risks for women, and that women are, therefore, more likely to receive assistance for gender-based violence than men are.
Cooper, R. (2012). Lack of state accountability in acts of domestic violence: Understanding the contrast between the U.S. And international approaches. Arizona Journal of International and Comparative Law, 29(3), 657-689.
This article focuses on legal responses (criminal and civil) to domestic violence in the United States and whether those responses are in the best interests of domestic violence victims. In addition, it contrasts the treatment of domestic violence in the United States with the international treatment of domestic violence.
Franklin, E. (2010-2011). When domestic violence and sex-based discrimination collide: Civil rights approaches to combating domestic violence and its aftermath. DePaul Journal for Social Justice, 4(2), 335-348.
Franklin examines the intersection between civil liberties and domestic violence, suggesting that the failure to prosecute gender-based violence represents a civil rights violations for female victims.
Goldfarb, S. (2010). Symposium presentation: Rutgers School of Law- Newark and the history of women and the law: Viewing the Violence Against Women Act through the lenses of feminist legal theory. Women's Rights Law Reporter, 31(2/3), 198-205.
Goldfarb examines the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) through different feminist perspectives.
Hines, D. & Douglas, E. (2011). The reported availability of U.S. domestic violence services to victims who vary by age, sexual orientation, and gender. Partner Abuse, 2(1), 3-30.
Hines and Douglas examine the availability of domestic violence services to at-risk populations, finding that males and adolescents had the least access to domestic violence services.
Stark, E. (2010). Do violent acts equal abuse? Resolving the gender parity / asymmetry dilemma. Sex Roles, 62(3-4), 201-211.
Stark confronts the idea that acts of intimate partner violence equate into abuse, challenging the notion that women are more likely to be victims of intimate partner violence than men. However, Stark suggests that gender parity in violence does not equate to gender parity in abuse because of the surrounding context for the violence.
Are heterosexual women who report being victims of intimate partner violence within the last 12 months more likely than heterosexual men who report being victims of intimate partner violence in the last 12 months to subsequently receive assistance under the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA)? Hypothesis: Female victims of intimate partner violence are more likely than male victims of intimate partner violence to receive assistance under VAWA. Null hypothesis: There is no relationship between gender and the availability of assistance to domestic violence victims under VAWA.
The hypothesis was developed after observing that domestic violence differentially impacts women, despite some evidence that males and females are victims of intimate partner violence at similar rates. This suggests an additional component to domestic violence beyond an act of intimate partner violence. Federal and state responses to domestic violence have been aimed at stopping, not only intimate partner violence, but the social conditions that perpetuate a cycle of violence. Therefore, one would expect that female victims of intimate partner violence would be more likely to access VAWA resources because they are more likely to be victims of cyclical and systemic domestic violence when victimized by intimate partner violence, while men are more likely to be victims of isolated intimate partner assaults.
This project is a qualitative study that examined statistics that had been compiled for grant reporting and crime statistic reporting purposes in Brazos County, Texas for the year 2011. The participants in the study consisted of all adult victims of intimate partner violence where an opposite- sex partner was arrested for the underlying assault during the year 2011. Those numbers were then compared with the rates of accepted applications for protective orders through the Family Violence Unit of the Brazos County Attorney's Office, an office that is funded by VAWA. The percentages of male and female victims of domestic violence…[continue]
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controversial issue debate Public Safety vs. Civil Rights. Prepare a word paper cultural diversity race relate public safety efforts law enforcement security services The debate over the confrontation between public safety and civil rights is nowadays considered a subject that may take the headlines in most newspapers and news television channels. This is largely due to the fact that more and more cases of abuse or racial discontent are placed
Under these circumstances, an ethical dilemma is born. Should society control its development or leave it to chance? And in the case that it should control it, which categories should it help? If the person in the above mentioned example is helped, we could assume that in a certain way, the person who was not helped because he or she already disposed of the necessary means, the latter one might
The United States Supreme Court ruled in favor of Illinois and argued that the Fourteenth Amendment was designed to protect against race discrimination only…" Gibson, 2007, Background to Muller v. Oregon section ¶ 1). The Court ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment did not include the protection of women's rights. The following depicts Justice Bradley's concurring opinion regarding Bradwell's Man is, or should be, woman's protector and defender. The natural and proper
Indeed, the most serious health issue related to domestic violence of course is mortality, and the California Women's Law Center (CWLC) conducted a survey of 100 murders of women by their male intimate partners. The results are very germane for those interested in health-related gender fairness through the law in California. CWLC found that in 59% of the surveyed cases of women homicide victims the murder was not the first
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Women in Prison Major Legal Issues Concerning Female Inmates Problems in corrections: Dealing with the unique needs of women in the prison system The number of female prison inmates in America and internationally is growing. Although men still outnumber women in the prison population, the rates of female incarceration, once considered relatively nominal, have skyrocketed. "In the U.S., where the prison and jail population reached two million in the year 2000, women's incarceration is
Transgender Employment Discrimination There is a growing body of evidence that transgender individuals frequently experience some type of discrimination during the employment process in the United States today. Although there are only a few high-profile cases, there are a significant number of employment claims being asserted. In terms of numbers, the high was reached in 1994 when almost 92,000 discrimination charges were filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Since that