Equal Pay Act EPA No essay

Download this essay in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from essay:

Representative Rosa DeLauro first introduced an identical bill in the House of Representatives on the same day. These Congresswomen have introduced identical legislation in their respective chambers annually since 2005. The Act was most recently introduced on March 6, 2007. (Absoluteastronomy.com, n.d.)

The Congress did not ignore the EPA's economic consequences on the salaries and employment opportunities for both men and women. First, as an amendment of the FLSA, the EPA is part of the same legislative structure that houses the federal minimum wage laws. The EPA acts as a wage equalizer between men and women for equal jobs, and has the potential of acting as a price floor on the salaries of men or women for particular jobs. As such, the EPA had the potential of causing some of the same problems observed by minimum wage laws: unemployment, and additional discrimination. (Absoluteastronomy.com, n.d.)

Litigation

From the EEOC's initial enforcement of the Equal Pay Act in 1979 through the end of May 2003, the Commission has filed approximately 364 lawsuits under the EPA and under EPA/Title VII alleging unlawful discrepancies in wages based on gender. The Commission has resolved 359 of these suits obtaining over $28 million in monetary relief for charging parties and securing significant injunctive and remedial relief. (EEOC, 2003)

During the 1970s two court cases further defined the Equal Pay Act of 1963. Schultz v. Wheaton Glass Company was heard by the Third Circuit of the U.S. Court of Appeals, and Corning Glass Works v. Brennan was heard by the U.S. Supreme Court. In Schultz v. Wheaton, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals determined that jobs do not need to be identical but rather substantially equal in order to be protected under the Equal Pay Act. (Encyclopedia of Business, 2nd ed., 1999)

Furthermore, in 1974 the Supreme Court determined in Corning Glass Works v. Brennan that women could not be paid less simply because they would work at a lower pay rate than men. At the same time the Supreme Court confirmed the constitutionality of the Equal Pay Act.

Equal Pay Today? An Update variety of explanations for a persistent wage gap have been offered. One is that older women are factored into the wage gap equation, and many of these women from an older generation work in jobs still subject to the attitudes and conditions of the past. In contrast, the rates for young women coming of age in the 1990s reflect women's social and legal advances. In 2005, for example, women under 25 working full-time earned 93.2% of men's salaries compared to those 25 and older, who earned 79.4% of what men made. (Brunner, n.d.)

Does this imply that once the oldest generation of women has retired the wage gap will shrink considerably? Perhaps. But even the narrow wage gap of 92.1% that applies to women under 25 looks less rosy when you consider commentator Katha Pollitt's take on it:

Young men and women have always had earnings more compatible than those of their elders: starting salaries are generally low, and do not accurately reflect the advantages that accrue, or fail to accrue, over time as men advance and women stay in place, or as women in mostly female kinds of jobs reach the end of characteristically short career paths." (the Nation, April 14, 1997)

Women have made enormous progress in the workforce since the Equal Pay Act, but the stubborn fact remains that four-and-a-half decades later the basic goal of the act has not been realized. (Brunner, n.d.)

Bibliography

Absoluteastronomy.com. (n.d.). Equal Pay Act of 1963. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from Absolute Astronomy: http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Equal_Pay_Act_of_1963

Brunner, B. (n.d.). The Wage Gap. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from Infoplease:

http://www.infoplease.com/spot/equalpayact1.html

EEOC. (n.d.). Equal Pay and Discrimination. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from U.S. Equal

Employment Opportunity Commission: http://www.eeoc.gov/types/epa.html

EEOC. (2003). Highlights of Equal Pay Act Cases. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from Equal

Employment Opportunity Commission: h ttp:/ / www.eeoc.gov/epa/anniversary/epa-highlights.html

Encyclopedia of Business, 2nd ed. (1999). Equal Pay Act of 1963. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from BNet Business Network: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_gx5209/is_1999/ai_n19125698

Equal Pay Act of 1963. (n.d.). Retrieved February 10, 2009, from Answers.com:

http://www.answers.com/topic/equal-pay-act-of-1963

Novelguide.com. (n.d.). Equal Pay Act of 1963. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from Novelguide.com: http://www.novelguide.com/a/discover/weal_04/weal_04_01638.html[continue]

Cite This Essay:

"Equal Pay Act EPA No" (2009, February 11) Retrieved November 29, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/equal-pay-act-epa-no-24887

"Equal Pay Act EPA No" 11 February 2009. Web.29 November. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/equal-pay-act-epa-no-24887>

"Equal Pay Act EPA No", 11 February 2009, Accessed.29 November. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/equal-pay-act-epa-no-24887

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Labor Discrimination Equal Pay

    Goodyear which effectively denied employees the right to sue for wage discrimination after the passing of 180 days that "Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg was so incensed she read her scathing dissent aloud from the bench. She defended Lilly Ledbetter's right to sue her employer, Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., Inc. For pay discrimination on the basis of sex, giving a not-so-gentle reminder of the realities of the American workplace."

  • Equal Employment Opportunity and Anti Discrimination Laws

    features of a major area of law. The second part of the scholarly paper presents a thorough review of an organizational problem based on the rules and regulations presented in the first part of the research paper. The reference page appends twelve sources in APA format. Equal Employment Opportunity and Anti-discrimination Laws The academic world as well as the world of profession and occupation offers uncountable options in the form of innumerable

  • Policy for XYZ

    Employment Law Policies for XYZ Describe and explain all the possible employment laws that could govern the employment at XYZ. Job discrimination. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits hiring, firing or pay discrimination based solely upon a person's race, religion, sex or national origin. It also prohibits sexual harassment. Employees and applicants must be treated equally and harassment will not be tolerated. Age discrimination. The Age Discrimination in Employment

  • Human Resources Recruitment and Selection

    The key issue is what skills are required to do the job and not what skills the individual employees may have. Effort -- is the quantity of physical or mental exertion that is needed to perform the job. If the job requires more effort than the other jobs and if that extra effort is substantial and is a regular part of the job then it would not be a violation

  • Federal Laws as Help and Hindrance

    Human Resources: Employment Laws and Employee Rewards Law dictates some basic elements of business relationships and wages are no exception. Employers must adhere to certain minimum requirements, particularly if they wish to do business with the federal government. These laws both help and hinder a company's ability to attract, motivate and keep employees. How Laws Affect Wages (Specific private sector examples) Laws govern some parameters of some basic elements in the employer-employee relationship

  • Employment Law

    Employment Law Hypothetical Case: John is an employee in a private sector organization. He wants to file a discrimination complaint against his employer. How will he proceed? Laws Prohibiting Job Discrimination There are several U.S. federal laws that prohibit job discrimination. These include Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964: The law prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. Equal Pay Act of 1963: Prohibits sex-based wage discrimination. Age Discrimination in Employment

  • EEOC According to Henderson 2006 Sex Discrimination

    EEOC According to Henderson (2006) sex discrimination, other blatant bigotry is a risky proposition for an organizational strategy. He wrote " of all the different kinds of legislation enacted in the past 70 years, laws barring discrimination in employment practices have placed the most pressure on human resources." In the case of Patricia Cosby, a35-year-old woman who has been repeatedly discriminated against throughout her 7 years at her company, this type


Read Full Essay
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved