European Union and Turkey There Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

S. have two different approaches. While the EU represents the "soft power" the United States is the proponent of the "hard power" (Kagan, 2003). However, it is considered that the issue of soft power is representative for the way in which states would later on develop their foreign policy and their strategic coordinates. However, in the case of Iraq and Iran it can be said that the current hard power approach cannot be used to the maximum because the U.S. In particular does not take into consideration the actual implications of culture, for instance. On the other hand however, the soft power of the EU could make better use of the influence and position of Turkey in the attempt to deal with issues such as terrorism,

However, one of the most important aspects of the geopolitical position of Turkey is its closeness to Iraq and Iran. Since the 9/11 attacks these two countries and the Middle Eastern region are considered to be of maximum risk for the European Union but more importantly for the EU. Indeed, it is often considered that the issue of terrorism affect the EU to a smaller scale that the U.S. And for the EU there is little need to take serious measures to counter the phenomenon. Yet, recent events have proven that this policy is by no means a viable one in the conditions in which the EU demands to have a particular defense identity, one which is not connected to the U.S. (Kagan, 2003). It is a matter of European identity and in terms of the security threats there are too many opinions and the need for a single voice. Therefore, should there be a strong connection point with the Middle East through Turkey the dialogue would be ensured much easier because there would be an unmediated relation between the two.

Another aspect of the necessity of the European Union to integrate Turkey in its communitarian structures is the issue related to the democratization of the Middle East area. Indeed, it is rather hard to consider the fact that a state which is experiencing problems in its own political and social structures would be a useful tool for the promotion of democracy elsewhere. However, the Turkish accession demands a certain sense of consolidation of the democratic process. In this sense thus, "the consolidation process is much more likely to be successful if the EU does start accession negotiations with Turkey (...) the current government extremely aware of this reality has embarked upon policies, especially in the foreign policy arena that one could not have dreamed of" (Kirisci, 2004, 215).

The European Union has long desired to expand the horizons of its construction. The current situation of the European Communities is both an intergovernmental one and a supranational one. However, there are more and more aspects which must be addressed at the supranational level. Depending on the opinions stated at the national levels, there can be more pros than cons in regard to the issue of increasing the supranational level of discussion inside the Union. Nonetheless, the issue of foreign policy has yet to surpass the desires of the national states to maintain at least some of the attributes of a sovereign state. Even so, the issue of Turkey can be subscribed both to the issue of the supranational dimension of the EU's security as well as the national one. In this sense, more precisely, the New Neighborhood policy of the EU "accession to membership is ruled out, for the non-European Mediterranean countries; but for other cases remain open, such as those European countries which have clearly stressed their desire to join the EU" (Tashan, 2004). However, in order to have such a partnership viable it is important that a greater cultural diversity exist in the European Union so that partner states and future members have an element with which they can identify.

Finally, of particular importance for the case of Turkey to gain access inside the EU is the fight against terrorism which is underway in the world, following the criminal terrorist acts of 2001 onwards. It is important for the European Union that Turkey shares the same values and norms concerning the fight against terrorists and the way in which these actions must be fought against. Therefore, the fact that under these circumstance, Turkey can offer unconditional access for the European Union and its allies in an eventual direct fight with the Iranian state is an essential issue that the EU must take into account. At the same time however, the issue of Iraq is indeed a problematic situation for Europe because of the Kurdish problem in the North. Still, many have argued that this would be a good reason for rejecting the membership option to Turkey. More precisely, "northern Iraq is a flashpoint that has the potential to trip Iraq into another round of civil war. It is also the one area of the country that, if engulfed in violence, could result in the intervention of some of Iraq's neighbors. The issues bound up in the Kurdish region, from the status of Kirkuk and the related issues of Kurdish nationalism to the Kurdistan Workers' Party's (PKK) struggle with Turkey and the Party for a Free Life in Kurdistan's (PJAK) confrontation with Iran to the long-awaited oil law are fraught with risk for Turkey, Iraq, the Kurds of both countries and the United States." () Therefore, it is clear that the region is indeed a volatile one from the point-of-view of the security aspect; still, without the support and supervision of the European Union, violence can escalate and can affect indirectly the borders of the EU without Turkey as a member state.

Overall, it can be concluded that the European Union needs the membership of Turkey from different reasons. One of the most important one is related to the matter of security in the region and in the world. In this sense, with Turkey as a member state, the EU can have a representative voice in the fight against terrorism, in the region, as well as in the direct contacts with the Mediterranean states.


Barkey, H.J. And P.H. Gordon."Cyprus: The predictable crisis." The National Interest. 2001. Accessed 7 May 2008, at

Calvocoressi, P. World politics since 1945. Budapest: Open Society Institute, 1996.

Cook, S.A., Douglas Dillon. "Turkey's Problematic Middle East Role." Council on Foreign Relations. 2008. Accessed 7 May 2008, at

Jung, S., and S. Kubacek. (2005) "Economic Aspects of Turkey's Accession to the EU - How Turkey's Membership Is Challenging the EU." Student Economic Review, Vol. 19.

Kagan, R. Of Paradise and Power: America and Europe in the New World Order. New York: Alfred a. Knopf, 2003.

Kirisci, K. "Turkey, the EU, and the Middle East." In Turkey and the European Union: 2004 and beyond. Edited by Armand Clesse and Seyfi Tashan. Luxemburg Institute for International and European Studies, 2004.

Tashan, S. "The European Union's New Neighborhood Policy." In Turkey and the European Union: 2004 and beyond. Edited by Armand Clesse and Seyfi Tashan. Luxemburg Institute for International and European Studies, 2004.

Taspinar, O. (2003) "Europe Needs Turkey." The Daily Times. Accessed 7 May 2008, at

Tekin, a. And Walterova, I. "Turkey's Geopolitical Role: The Energy Angle." Middle East Policy. 2007. Accessed 7 May 2008, at

The European Commission. "External Relations." The EU's Mediterranean and Middle East Policy. n.d. Accessed 7 May 2008, at

Turkey's Geopolitical, Geostrategic and Ecostrategic Importance. N.d. Accessed 7 May 2008, at[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"European Union And Turkey There" (2008, May 07) Retrieved December 5, 2016, from

"European Union And Turkey There" 07 May 2008. Web.5 December. 2016. <>

"European Union And Turkey There", 07 May 2008, Accessed.5 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • European Union Enlargement to Include

    These reasons and the opposition met in the public opinion must be taken into consideration by the governments of each members state and so there is a great impact over the admission of new members, such as Croatia. The date of the accession of Croatia in the European Union seems to provide great debate, not only because the country is not considered ready to join the Union, but most importantly

  • European Union Business in Europe

    European Union - Business in Europe European Union * Competitive advantages of a European area in a chosen Industry and Porter's Five Forces * Personal impressions and reflections on what was learned? The European Union is made up of several countries, and all these countries have one single aim, which is to promote and develop business relationships within Europe and also with the rest of the world, in today's world of globalization. When one wishes

  • European Union Marks the Most

    In 1957, the Treaty of Rome led to the creation of the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) and the European Economic Community (EEC), which would become better known as the European Community. These early federations were direct predecessors of the European Union, which was formally established through the Treaty of Maastricht in 1992. The Maastricht treaty strengthened the powers of the intra-national federation and created cooperative realms of defense,

  • European Union A History and

    "Lingering concern persists about the incorporation of 10 mostly East European countries last year, which some feared would dilute EU prosperity" (Rice-Oxley 2005). When Turkey desired to join the EU, member nations questioned its ability to be integrated into the common culture of the other member nations (Rice-Oxley 2005). Turkey's human rights record made it controversial as did its: "striking difference from the European norm in terms of economics,

  • European Union EU Today Is

    Eight more countries join the EU in May, 2004 (Czech Republic; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Hungary; Poland, Slovenia and Slovakia); soon after, Malta and Cyprus are welcomed into the EU. In 2007, Bulgaria and Romania were welcomed as members of the EU. In October, 2004, the now twenty-five EU countries sign a "Treaty Establishing a European Constitution" which is "designed to streamline democratic decision-making and management" of the EU ( The

  • Should Turkey Join the European Union

    Turkey Join the European Union The accession of Turkey to the European Union has long been a subject of contention. The route of Turkey's membership to the European Union has been in process since 1959, but the consideration of Turkey being a part of the European Union is still an unresolved issue. A clear difference of point-of-view, regarding Turkish accession to the European Union prevails among the entire world, but

  • European Union Single Market Philosophy

    These new goods and services will be marketed across national lines and cultural differences. Unlike before, Germany is now a stabilizing factor and sets the standard for the integration of the continent, unlike its radical past. It is the opinion of this author that the future can be considered bright (save with conservative optimism). With true irony, the solution to the German problem has been to unleash their accountants

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved