Fascism and Communism Although Fascist Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

Communism was supposed to be the final product of human civilization, which went through certain socio-economic-political stages and would culminate in communism. Socialism would, however, represent a transitional state system. In certain countries, communism manifested as a highly regimented, state-regulated system but such forms of government cannot be truly called communist. Rather, they are more like authoritarian or totalitarian socialist states. Like many fascist regimes, communist states have been headed by dictators and run as military dictatorships or police states. The heavy-handed government, the control and suppression of governmental opposition, and the use of propaganda to promote the needs of the ruling party are all aspects common to both fascism and communism, in spite of their ideological differences. To garner support from among detractors in the working classes, fascists relied on a clever and systematic use of propaganda. In fact, the use of propaganda is one of the major similarities between fascist and communist authoritarian regimes, both of which rely heavily on the use of sophisticated propaganda and spin-doctoring. Both types of regime also rely on the stable implementation of one mass party, creating a type of unilateral authoritarianism.

Fascism was and is historically supported by different social groups than communism. Because fascism was a reaction against attempts to quell capitalism, such as labor unions, the primary supporters of fascist regimes in Europe tended to be capitalists, industrialists, aristocrats, corporatists, and conservative intellectuals ("Fascism"). Communism, on the other hand, began as a working-class socialist revolutionary ideology that found major support among organized labor. Communists view the capitalist control of the market as detrimental to the working classes; fascists view the capitalist market as an essential vehicle of the state. Private property is permitted in a fascist regime but not in a strictly communist one, although communist regimes like those in Eastern Europe degraded into authoritarian, totalitarian governmental systems that rather than create egalitarianism instead created a harsh imbalance in power. Soviet-style communism more resembled fascism than its Marxist-Leninist roots; post-Maoist Chinese communism more resembles capitalism than its defunct Soviet-style counterparts. Fascism and communist socialism are essentially at different ends of a right- and left-wing political and economic spectrum because of their conflicting economic philosophies.

While communism is based on a doctrine of egalitarianism, fascism is based on segmentation and stratification. "The most notable characteristic of a fascist country is the separation and persecution or denial of equality to a specific segment of the population," (Lewis). In fascist regimes, one group, the ruling group, is deemed superior to all others based on class, creed, or race. Nazism was one of the offshoots of fascism and unlike Mussolini's brand of fascism Hitler's was based on race. Fascistic regimes may attempt to impose distinct legal systems on different groups of citizens, by expressly denying legal rights to some citizens (Lewis).

From a purely economic standpoint, fascism differs from communism in its focus on corporatism. Private ownership of corporations is permitted in fascist regimes if those corporations are regulated by the state and if they serve the needs of the state. Communism, on the other hand, discourages corporatism and denies the right to private ownership. However, communism has rarely if ever been implemented in its ideal form; rather, nations with communist governments like China practice an amalgamation of economic and political philosophies. China, for example, supports a capitalist market even with its underlying communist and socialist institutions.

Fascism and communism differ in their core philosophies, political and economic ideologies, and histories. Communism is a broad category of belief systems that has ancient roots. Its doctrine was first codified by Marx and Engels and while communist ideals have been infused into many so-called communist parties and socialist governments, a truly communist state does not exist. Rather, communism has found clearer expression in smaller communities like religious communes ("Communism"). Fascism is more narrowly defined than communism and basically entails the idolatry of the state. The two systems have taken on authoritarian and totalitarian forms, but communism and fascism remain at opposite ends of the political spectrum.

Works Cited

Communism" Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communism.

Fascism." Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fascism.

Lewis, Laura Dawn. "What is Fascism?" Government Structures. http://www.couplescompany.com/Features/Politics/Structure3.htm.[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Fascism And Communism Although Fascist" (2004, December 30) Retrieved October 23, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/fascism-and-communism-although-fascist-60784

"Fascism And Communism Although Fascist" 30 December 2004. Web.23 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/fascism-and-communism-although-fascist-60784>

"Fascism And Communism Although Fascist", 30 December 2004, Accessed.23 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/fascism-and-communism-although-fascist-60784

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Totalitarian Governments Although No Exact

    It is necessary to control the workers and make them dependent on the government. The policy also makes it possible for the government to direct all its resources on a single project -- typically the major "goal" of a regime such as war. Complete government control on weapons, although not an exclusive characteristic of totalitarian governments precludes the chances of successful uprisings. Case Studies: Specific Examples of Totalitarian Regimes The Soviet Communist

  • Fascism of the Strong Fascism

    The closest one could come to putting a date on the beginning of Fascism in Italy would be to magically zip back in time to March 23, 1919, where in a Milan's Piazza San Sepolcro, the founding fathers of Fascism. As their ideas evolved, they began to be more vocal. In 1921 they developed a plan for action for the nation of Italy. That plan evolved as time progressed,

  • Why Was the Political Impact of Fascism in Britain so Marginal and...

    rise of fascist states in Germany and Italy during the post World War I era was accompanied by similar movements in nations across the world; but most of these never achieved the same prominence. Great Britain saw the emergence of the British Union of Fascists, which gained thousands of supporters, but the organization never came to power. Largely this was for economic reasons: Britain did not suffer as severe

  • Life Under Communism if the

    The population of Britain and London would be much smaller today, for a couple of reasons. Many would have been killed defending the island. Many more would have fled, first to the Free Irish State and then when that was inevitably overrun many would have attempted to flee to America or Canada. While Britain today attracts millions of immigrants from around the Commonwealth, that would not be the case if

  • Marx and Historical Materialism Karl Marx Rejected

    Marx and Historical Materialism Karl Marx rejected the philosophical Idealism of Hegel and the utopianism of the early socialists in favor of a theory of history thoroughly grounded in materialism. For Marx, ideas, cultures, political systems were all part of the superstructure of society while economics and the social relations of classes represented the base that truly drove history forward. Economic forces were the motor of history, not ideas, philosophies or

  • Ultra Nationalist Ideologies Were Far More Threatening on

    ultra-nationalist ideologies were far more threatening on a worldwide scale than communism to the liberal belief in individual rights from 1920-1945," because it is unequivocally true. One of the principle means of corroborating this statement is to analyze the atrocities and events that led up to and included World War II, which took place during the aforementioned time frame. World War II was largely about the propagation offFascism, which

  • Both of These Center on the Authors Experiences During the Spanish...

    Spanish Civil War The famous Spanish Civil War fought from the year 1936 to 1939. This war was fought between two groups; the Republicans and the Nationalists. The Republicans were the supporters of the established Spanish republic; meanwhile the latter were a group of rebels who were led by General Francisco Franco. Franco emerged victorious in this war and ruled Spain for the next 36 years as a dictator. After a group

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved